# Outline of Presentation

 What is a Gyroscope?  History of Gyroscope  Properties  Axis of Gyro  Why should we install Gyro in Aircraft & its Positions

A device consisting of a spinning mass. . mounted on a base so that its axis can turn freely in one or more directions and thereby maintain its orientation regardless of any movement of the base. typically a disk or wheel. gyration. Gyro is a term derived from Egypt.

American Walter R. - In 1832. Johnson developed a similar device that based on rotating disc. which was visible in the 8-10 minutes before friction slowed the spinning rotor. based on rotating massive sphere in 1817. - In 1852.- The earliest gyro was built by German Johann Bohnenberger. . French mathematician Leon Foucault who named his device as Gyro invented world’s first Gyro to research the Earth’s rotation. the invention of electric motors made it possible for a gyro to spin indefinitely and this led to the first prototype Gyro compass. - In 1860.

World’s first Gyro of Leon Foucault .

.Angular momentum ( L ) can be expressed as the product of the body’s moment of inertia ( I ) (a measure of an object’s resistance to change in its rotation rate) and its angular velocity ( w ) .

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- The fundamental properties of a gyroscope are as follow. The rate of precession also depends on three factors: (i) the strength & direction of the applied force ( ii) the moment of inertia of the rotor (iii) the angular velocity of rotor . It is dependent on three factors: (i) the mass of rotor (ii ) the speed of rotation (iii) the distance at which the mass acts from the center (b) Precession The angular change in direction of plane of rotation under the influence of an applied force. (a) Rigidity in Space The property which resists any force tending to change the plane of rotation of its rotor. The change in direction will not take place with the applied force but always at a point 90 away in the direction of rotation.

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- The three axis of Gyro are as follow. (a) .