This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
A COMPARISON PAPER: EFFECTIVE BIBLICAL COUNSELING: A MODEL FOR HELPING CARING CHRISTIANS BECOME CAPABLE COUNSELORS BY LARRY CRABB
A PAPER SUBMITTED TO DR. JOHNNY BAKER IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE PACO 507 D01– THEOLOGY AND SPIRITUALITY IN COUNSELNG
BY ROBERT E. TEVIS III
BELLEFONTE, PA TUESDAY, JULY 23, 2013
page 22). 2.” He lays out a counseling plan for the local church to use in his book. SUMMARY: The author’s theory/methodology 1. 72). adequacy.” The real goal of life and thus the path of happiness is glorifying God and serving others. The counselor’s goal should be to help the person find their significance by helping them understand who they are in Christ (Crabb. he reminds us that people “will never be happy if [they are] concerned primarily with becoming happy (Crabb. In this standard textbook for Christian counselors. MI: Zondervan.2 A COMPARISON PAPER: CRABB’S EFFECTIVE BIBLICAL COUNSELING Dr. accepted and cared for. and “moving up” is about developing character (attitudes. 28). Larry Crabb believes that “God has ordained the local church to be His primary instrument to tend to his people's aches and pains. A person also needs assistance finding security. 1977). purposes) that conforms to Christ (Crabb. 71). beliefs. 31). now and forever [by God] (Crabb. “Moving over” deals with any immediate problems. People have one basic personal need (that is “personal worth”) that requires two kinds of input for its satisfaction: significance (purpose. importance. Primary goal (What is the desired outcome?) Dr. 63). 29). Development of problems and personal need (How do the issues come about?) As shared above. Crabb shares that the biblical goal of counseling goals should be to help people move over to the path of righteousness (Crabb. Effective Biblical Counseling: A Model for Helping Caring Christians Become Capable Counselors (Grand Rapids. etc.) and security (love) (Crabb. a person has two types of needs (or longings): primary (significance and security) and secondary (acquired needs or those things that have been the means of meeting . The counselor should seek to help meet these needs through biblical teaching and counseling techniques. and help them move up in their maturity to be like Christ (Crabb. which is the demand that they be unconditionally loved.
Crabb believes “only Christians have the resources to reach the fifth stage and be truly well-adjusted” (Crabb. 83). and Fear of Failure (causing anxiety) (Crabb. Crabb strongly warns that anti-biblical and anti-God psychology must be rejected. Dr. Love (Crabb's "security") 4. The first four stages of human need to be met in order for a person to reach the last. Crabb teaches that “significance and security” are the “basic human longings that can only be met by God. 125). Crabb also relies heavily on Abraham Maslow's classical need hierarchy to explain how problems develop (Crabb. 81). creative and self-expressing person). Since only Christ provides eternal security and significance. The key element to help in counseling is to help the person learn what “obstacle interferes with reaching the individual's chosen goal” (Crabb. The hierarchy of a person’s needs is as follows: 1.” Without God the highest longings which can be met are Power and Pleasure. There are three categories of obstacles: Unreachable Goals (which results in guilt or feelings of self-derogation). Biblical integration (How much of the Bible is used in this methodology?) Dr. 125). 3. 112). Purpose (Crabb's "significance") 5. 2. 74). He warns that there are inevitable long-term consequences of a life without God: Violence and Immorality (Crabb. Physical . After he lists several approaches to counseling: “separate but equal (where psychology and biblical teaching are equivalent). problems arise when needs are not met. Self-actualization (development into a full. Crabb. According to Dr. Security .reasonable confidence that physical needs will be met 3.3 our primary needs) (Crabb. External Circumstances (resulting in resentment).elements necessary to maintain life. Dr. Dr.” “tossed salad (where a little each of psychology and biblical .
2. Crabb’s Eight Stages of Biblical Counseling are: 1. 17. Enlightenment . 152). 163).deals with Biblical Behavior . He does not give suggestions as to how long each of these stages would take. 4. Identify goal-oriented (problem) behavior (Crabb.” “nothing buttery (where psychology is ignored or irrelevant). Plan the Difference / Carry out biblical behavior (Crabb. Identify problem feelings (Crabb. 146). 157). Crabb gives several stages of counseling that are centered on teaching biblical thought patterns.deals with Biblical Thinking . or what form they should take. and 3. behaviors and feelings. Change the assumptions / clarify biblical thinking (Crabb. 4. Exhortation . 3. 148). Formula for change (the author’s stated steps to the desired outcome) Dr. 49). 154). 7.teaching of biblical principles by trained church leaders and couples. Dr.” This approach includes three levels of counseling: 1. 150). 5.” he gives his approach entitled “Spoiling the Egyptians” (Crabb. and integrating only those components of psychology that are consistent with the Bible. Encouragement .deals with Biblical Feelings – “one-another-ing” performed by the church body. . 6. 2.specialized ministry by trained counselors who involved deeper exploration into stubborn problems (Crabb. This is where “problems should be viewed using biblical foundations.4 teaching is used without evaluation). TEACH (Crabb. Identify problem thinking (Crabb. Secure Commitment to the change.
Basic Direction (Heart) which is our choice to live for self or to live for God Will which is the choice of how one behaves Feelings. 105). “Personality Structure . His plan in this book does not address counseling non-Christians who cannot secure security and significance outside of Christ. which should be tempered with compassion (Crabb. The development of human action are explained in “The Needs Cycle. we are still lost! 6. While he does deal with some helpful theology when dealing with biblical feelings (Crabb. 105). Crabb teaches that problems should be viewed using biblical foundations.5 8. Crabb lays out what he believes the structure of human personality. 5. He believes that humans are made up of: The Conscious Mind. 93). Dr. overall the book is more about spirituality (developing your spiritual maturity with God in Christ). which is the evaluation of what happens to us The Unconscious Mind which are basic assumptions which a person firmly and emotionally hold about how to meet their needs of significant and security (Crabb. Human personality (development and structure) In his fifth chapter. 89).Taking Apart the Watch” (Crabb. Identify Spirit-controlled biblical feelings (Crabb. our emotions (even painful ones). Balance of theology and spirituality (Does the author lean more to theology or spirituality?) Dr.” which includes: Step One: Personal Need (Secondary or Primary) . He would agree with the sentiment: if we lose our soul to save our mind. 157). and integrating only those components of psychology that are consistent with the Bible.
130). This means the counselor must know Christ and the Bible. 31). Once people meet the goals. Crabb is clear that “nothing apart from relationship with Christ will ever satisfy” (Crabb. 24). Dr. 123). Dr. This means that teaching is the counselor’s greatest tool (Crabb. 17). They must counsel out of their own spiritual life and provide training for others. The most basic problem of every human being is his separation from God. Crabb suggests that the “goal of all true counseling is: to free people to better worship and serve God” (Crabb. †Note also: There is a branch off here as well. 122). This means that the counselor strives for “enlightenment” and deals with biblical . they can branch off and reach the “pitiable but honest stage of utter despair” (Crabb. 71). a gulf made necessary by the fact that God is holy and we are not. Counselor’s function & role (What does counselor/counselee relationships look like?) The function of Christian professionals will be twofold: “(1) train gifted Christians in the local church to counsel. The role of the counselor is to correct wrong patterns of living developed from wrong philosophies of life (see Proverbs 23:7).6 Step Two: Motivations Step Three: Basic Assumptions Step Four: Goal-Oriented Behavior Step Five: *†Meeting the Goal Step Six: Partial or Temporary Satisfaction Step Seven: Vague Sense of Emptiness Step Eight / One: Back to Step One (Crabb. *Note: Obstacles can prevent people from reaching goals (Crabb. This is what it means to counsel people by helping them to be mature Christians (Crabb. 122). and (2) offer backup resources where needed” (Crabb. 7.
Limitations of this counseling theory (What are the practical boundaries of this methodology?) Dr. 24). Crabb’s counseling theory has limitations that are self-imposing. Conviction #2: We have a problem: our rebellion from turning to God. They are the professionally trained counselors that can deal with deep persistent problems (Crabb. This stems from his convictions. Dr.7 thinking.Life revolves around knowing the Triune God and relating with each Person in the community of God (Crabb. Conviction #5: Our deepest problems are most effectively addressed within the Christian community. 163). He truly believes that the goal of all true counseling is “to free people to better worship and serve God” (Crabb. 9). Conviction #4: Psychology is not sufficient. This means that the goal is to help people to be mature Christians (Crabb. Major contribution to counseling (How does this theory impact counseling?) Dr. It must come under the authority of Scripture. He limits counseling’s benefits to Christians only. 31). They are: Conviction #1: God . 9. Conviction #3: The Bible is true and sufficient. which may be an even greater influence in counseling. Crabb does believe that “mental health is best defined in terms of a person's genuine interest in expressing himself for the good of . Crabb’s major contribution to counseling is his “Spoiling the Egyptians” approach: using only the best of psychology that fits into a biblical model. How do you help people in counseling who do not want to be “mature Christians?” The answer: you cannot. 8.
This involves love and support. 10. Dr.8 others” (Crabb. We should integrate psychological tools that do not conflict with the Scriptures. 82). (2) Make sure that the church leaders and certain couples are trained in counseling. Crabb does not believe that the nouthetic (confrontational) approach as popularized by Jay Adams is sufficient.) Dr. He truly believes that God has ordained the local church to be his primary instrument in healing people through counseling. Also: be an example in it. Christian psychology. PRACTICAL APPLICATION 1.much like the Holy Spirit is called the Paraklete (Helper or Counselor). etc. Larry Crabb’s Effective Biblical Counseling: A Model for Helping Caring Christians Become Capable Counselors is an excellent work. Dr. Possibly create curriculum for exhortation on Biblical Behaviors. Crabb’s counseling theory is both integrational and biblical. not just confrontation (Crabb. There was great encouragement to implement certain ministries in the ministry and my life: (1) Consistently preach and teach on the “one-anothers” in the Bible so that the whole church body practices encouragement. overall discipline of counseling and the specific potential influence upon your life and ministry. . while constantly using the Bible as our guide. 144). He believes that counseling should include a paramuthetic (supportive) approach . Christian. Give practical application to the author’s material as relates to the utility for the Classification (nouthetic. biblical. If a person cannot look beyond themselves then biblical counseling would not be for them. This is probably a good limitation. integrational. Offer back-up resources for these specifically trained leaders.
adequacy. Give a brief example of how this author’s book might impact a counseling moment. (4) See that everyone. A Christian counselor’s job is to help people discover how their primary needs are met in Christ.9 (3) Make myself more available as a trained counselor. It must come under the authority of Scripture. They will state that a false assumption is the problem while really they are seeking security or significance. importance. but primarily women. Psychology falls under general revelation. 118): “I will be significant if: I have money I excel I never make a mistake I am a steady worker My kids turn out well . the Respect He Desperately Needs as material. Emerson Eggerich's Love & Respect: The Love She Most Desires. and so it is not sufficient. (6) Teach people to identifying problem feelings. behaviors and thinking by helping them to think “biblical. understand their significance (purpose. understand the security and love they find in Christ. In counseling. but primarily men. the presenting problem may be a symptom of a primary need not being met.” (7) Don’t just accept any teaching from psychology. Crabb gives as an example common false assumptions (Crabb. Dr. the flesh (their own innate resistance to seeking after God). (5) See that everyone. etc. Possibly use Dr.) in Christ. 2. and the devil sadly often contribute to teach people false basic assumptions about how personal needs are met. The world.
only Christ does! .” These false assumptions make people to latch on to ungodly goals.10 I am granted recognition by my peer group I am included in important circles.” “I will be secure if: I have a loving husband I am never criticized Everyone accepts me No one frowns or hollers or in some way rejects me. Biblical teaching in counseling would help people see that external circumstances or other people will not bring security nor significance.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.