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Rand Paul's S. 1037

Rand Paul's S. 1037

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Published by Adam Bitely
A bill to ensure adequate protection of the rights under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
A bill to ensure adequate protection of the rights under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

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Published by: Adam Bitely on Jul 31, 2013
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07/12/2014

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II

113TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION

S. 1037

To ensure adequate protection of the rights under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
Mr. PAUL MAY 23, 2013 introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL
To ensure adequate protection of the rights under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. 1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 4
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Fourth Amendment

5 Preservation and Protection Act of 2013’’. 6 7
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

Congress finds that the right under the Fourth

8 Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of
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9 the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, 10 and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures is

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2 1 violated when the Federal Government or a State or local 2 government acquires information voluntarily relinquished 3 by a person to another party for a limited business pur4 pose without the express informed consent of the person 5 to the specific request by the Federal Government or a 6 State or local government or a warrant, upon probable 7 cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly 8 describing the place to be searched, and the persons or 9 things to be seized. 10 11
SEC. 3. DEFINITION.

In this Act, the term ‘‘system of records’’ means any

12 group of records from which information is retrieved by 13 the name of the individual or by some identifying number, 14 symbol, or other identifying particular associated with the 15 individual. 16 17
SEC. 4. PROHIBITION.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subsection

18 (b), the Federal Government and a State or local govern19 ment is prohibited from obtaining or seeking to obtain in20 formation relating to an individual or group of individuals 21 held by a third-party in a system of records, and no such 22 information shall be admissible in a criminal prosecution 23 in a court of law.
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24

(b) EXCEPTION.—The Federal Government or a

25 State or local government may obtain, and a court may
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3 1 admit, information relating to an individual held by a 2 third-party in a system of records if— 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (1) the individual whose name or identification information the Federal Government or State or local government is using to access the information provides express and informed consent to the search; or (2) the Federal Government or State or local government obtains a warrant, upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Æ

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