# MightY Math

for 7-9 year olds
Maturing Mathematician
BOOK 1

Sailing
Into

Mathematics
Kim Freeman

From the publisher - Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
We hope you enjoy these sample pages from the Mighty Math series.
The actual eBook is 64 pages and can be purchased from our website
www.mahobe.co.nz, from many other ebook websites or other book
websites. It provides a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities to
stimulate and challenge the maturing mathematician. The full book
contains pages on methods of multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and
counting up to 1000, adding and subtracting strategies, fractions and
money calculations. Go hard, play fair and enjoy your mathematics!

Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics
Author, Kim Freeman
eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
P.O. Box 109-760
Newmarket, Auckland 1149
New Zealand.
Www.mahobe.co.nz
ISBN10: 1877216879
ISBN13: 9781877216879

MAHOBE

MightY Math

for 7-9 year olds
Maturing Mathematician
BOOK 1

Sailing
Into

Mathematics
Kim Freeman

Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics
Author, Kim Freeman
eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
P.O. Box 109-760
Newmarket, Auckland 1149
New Zealand.
www.mahobe.com
ISBN10: 1877216879
ISBN13: 9781877216879

2

What is found in this book?
In this book you look at:
Methods of Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction.

5H
4 = 20
30
20

half of 4 = 2

39

+

10

2 H
3 = 6
50

18

8 H
7 = 56

30+ 9 + 10 + 8
40 + 17

40

= 57
Money

Fractions

20

50

20
10

10
=
\$1
one

Maturing Mathematician

4

10
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

SUDOKU
The challenge of Sudoko is to fill the grid with numbers.
The big grid has the dimensions 9 x 9. This is separated into
9 smaller boards of 3 x 3. Here are the rules:
1. You can only use the numbers 1 to 9.
2. Within each 3 x 3 grid you must place ALL the numbers from 1 - 9.
3. You cannot use the same number twice in any row or column.
This means ALL the numbers from 1 - 9 must appear on each
row and each column.
Now complete the Sudoku challenge.

1 5 4
7 8
3 6
3
2
5
9 6
6 4 5
8 2
1 7
Mahobe
MaturingResources
Mathematician
(NZ) Ltd

6
1 9
8
7 8 6
4 1 9
5
2
9 7 1
4
2 3
6

8 2 9
5
3
4 7
5
2
7 3 6
4 1
2
3
7
6 5 4
Mahobe
Maturing
Resources
Mathematician
(NZ) Ltd

LEARNING THE 4s
To multiply by 4 : Add the number 4 times.
or
Double the number, then double again.

4H
12 12 doubled is 24
24 doubled is 48
ˆ
4H
12 = 48

22 = ........................
4H
3 = ........................ 4H

25 = ........................
4H
7 = ........................ 4H

32 = ........................
4H
9 = ........................ 4H

34 = ........................
4H
13 = ........................ 4H

47 = ........................
4H
15 = ........................ 4H

55 = ........................
4H
18 = ........................ 4H
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

9

Maturing Mathematician

LEARNING THE 5s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
To multiply by 5:
1.

If the number is even, take half the number and put a zero
after it.

5H
4 = 20
5H
16 = 80
half of 16 = 8

half of 4 = 2

2.

If the number is odd, subtract 1 from the number, halve it
Then put a five after it.

5H
7 = 35
5H
13 = 65
7 - 1 = 6
half of 6 = 3

Maturing Mathematician

13 - 1 = 12
half of 12 = 6

10

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Even Numbers

Odd Numbers

5H
6 = ........................ 5H
9 = ........................

5H
8 = ........................ 5H
11 = ........................

5H
14 = ........................ 5H
15 = ........................

5H
18 = ........................ 5H
17 = ........................

5H
20 = ........................ 5H
19 = ........................

5H
22 = ........................ 5H
21 = ........................

5H
26 = ........................ 5H
23 = ........................

5H
28 = ........................ 5H
25 = ........................

5H
30 = ........................ 5H
31 = ........................
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

11

Maturing Mathematician

FINGER MULTIPLICATION

We all carry a calculator around with us that is simple to use and
easy to learn. We can all use our fingers to learn the multiplication
tables for the hardest number combinations - 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Step ONE: Remember these finger values.

6

7

8

9

10

Step TWO: Now try multiplying 8 H
7=

8 H
7
Step THREE: Count the extended fingers - these are 10s

20 30

40
50

10
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13

Maturing Mathematician

Step FOUR: Multiply the folded fingers.

2 H
3 = 6

Step FIVE: Finally, add the two numbers together.

50 + 6 = 56

8 H
7 = 56

You have now found the answer.

7

H
9
40
20
30 50
60
10
3H
1=3
7

Maturing Mathematician

14

H
9 = 63
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Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.

7H
7 = ...............

6H
8 = ...............

9H
9 = ...............

8H
7 = ...............

6H
10 = ...............
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

15

Maturing Mathematician

Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.

7H
8 = ...............
7H
10 = ...............

9H
8 = ...............
9H
6 = ...............

8H
8 = ...............
8H
6 = ...............

9H
7 = ...............
6H
9 = ...............

9H
10 = ...............
6H
6 = ...............

7H
9 = ...............
8H
10 = ...............

6H
7 = ...............
8H
9 = ...............

7H
6 = ...............
9H
9 = ...............
Maturing Mathematician

16

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MORE MULTIPLICATION
Multiplication by 9: Method 1
This method is called fingers multiplication by 9.
The previous finger multiplication works for combinations of 6, 7,
8, 9 and 10. This method only works for the 9 times tables.
Step ONE: Put your two hands on the table in front of you.
Your fingers can each represent the numbers 1 to 10.

1

2

789

34
5 6

10

Step TWO: Try multiplying 9 H
3.
Curl under the finger representing 3.

1

4 56

1
2
2 3

7

Step THREE: The first digit in the answer is the number of
fingers before the curled under finger.
The second digit in the answer is the number of
fingers after the curled under finger.

9 H
3 = 27
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

17

Maturing Mathematician

Fingers Multiplication by 9
Use the fingers method to calculate these 9 x multiplications.

9H
3=...............

9H
8=...............

9H
5=...............

9H
7=...............

9H
2=...............
9H
9=...............

9H
10=...............
9H
6=...............
Maturing Mathematician

18

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

Multiplication by 9: Method 2
This is called the one less = nine method.
Step ONE: Subtract 1 from the number you are multiplying 9 by.
This is the first digit.
Step TWO: The two digits that make up the answer add to give 9.
Calculate the second digit.

9 H
4 = 36
4-1=3

3+6=9

Remember that these methods only work up until 9x10.
Find a calculator and write out the 9 times table up to 30.
Can you see a pattern emerging?

9H
3=............... 9H
7=...............

9H
8=............... 9H
2=...............

9H
5=............... 9H
9=...............

9H
10=............... 9H
6=...............
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

19

Maturing Mathematician

NUMBER RELATIONSHIPS
Complete the tables.

-2

31
41
51
61

28

-5

+2

56

9

15

22
32
42
52

-7

82

+5

+7

15
25
35
45

37
44

Put the circled numbers above in order - smallest to biggest
...................................................................................

50
+ 43

37
+ 52

+

+
56

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

50

26

21

+

77

45
86

Maturing Mathematician

ARITHMETIC
Use the diagrams to complete the sums.

16 + .......... = ...............
21 - .......... = 16
17 + .......... = ...............
25 - .......... = 17

......... + 5 = ...............
.......... - .......... = 41
......... + 16 = ...............
.......... - .......... = ...............
Maturing Mathematician

22

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

15 + .......... = ...............
27 - .......... = ...............

......... + 8 = ...............
.......... - .......... = 24

1.

1.

5, 10, 15, ....., 25

1.

100 - 78

3.

8, 6, 4, ....., 0

2.

100 - 4

4.

1, 2, 4, 8, ....., 32

4.

100 - 90

5.

10, 20, 30, .....

5.

100 - 58

6.

3, 6, 9, ....., 15

7.

100 - 91

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23

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Maturing Mathematician

= 50

+

+

= ...............

= 30
= 20

+

-

= ...............

-

+

= ...............

Circle 2 numbers that add up to 20

19
15 4 18
11 3
5

4 17 1
6 3 10

3 6 9 12 14 15

Circle 3 numbers that add up to 50

20
18 11 25
32
45
5
If
and

9
22
2
15
12
13
20 5 32
44 11 2
8
10

+ = 50
+ + = 36

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

then

25

+

= ..........
Maturing Mathematician

NUMBERS to 1000
The blocks shown are arranged in 3 different ways - in single units,
in groups of ten and groups of one hundred.

1 group of 100 units (hundreds)
2 groups of 10 units (tens)
6 single units (ones)

1 2 6
One hundred and twenty six

2 0 4
4 single units

2 group of 100 units

zero groups of 10 units

Two hundred and four
Maturing Mathematician

26

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

Write down the number that each picture represents.

.....................

.....................

.....................

.....................

.....................
.....................

.....................

.....................
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27

Maturing Mathematician

PLACE VALUE
Write the number of objects in each place-value table.

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

29

H

T

U

H

T

U

H

T

U

H

T

U

Maturing Mathematician

PLACE VALUE
Write the correct number.

10
100

10 10

135

100
100 10
100 10

1

1 1
1 1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

.......................................................

100
10 10
100 100 10 10
100 100 10 10 1 1

100 10 10 10 10
100 10 10 10 10 10

.......................................................

.......................................................

100 11 11
100 100

100 100 10 10 1
1 1 1 1
100 100 10 1 1 1 1

.......................................................

.......................................................

100 100
100 100

100 100
100 100 10
10
100 100 10 10 1 1
1 1
100
100
10 10 1 1

100
100

.......................................................
Maturing Mathematician

10 10
1 1
10
1
10

.......................................................
30

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PLACE VALUE
Write the number and the number word.

H

T

O

H

T

O

342
three hundred and forty two

H

T

H

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T

O

O

31

H

T

O

H

T

O

Maturing Mathematician

NUMBERS to 1000
Which numbers have been labelled?

a
150

160

b
170

e f

c d
180

190 200 210

g

h

220 230 240

i
250

one hundred and sixty four
a = 164
...........................................................................................
b = ...........................................................................................
c = ...........................................................................................
d = ...........................................................................................
e = ...........................................................................................
f = ...........................................................................................
g = ...........................................................................................
h = ...........................................................................................
i = ...........................................................................................
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

35

Maturing Mathematician

PARTITIONING NUMBERS
Write in the missing digits.

452
348
601
794

= 4 0 0 +
=
+
=
+
=
+

0 +
+
+
+

Now, write in the missing numbers.

351 =
+ 50 + 1
867 =
+
+ 7
422 = 400 +
+
105 =
+
+

400 + 50
700 + 60
900
200
Maturing Mathematician

+
+
+
+

8
2
3
10

=
=
=
=
36

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

Arithmetic is always easier when the sum is broken into smaller bits.

26 + 18 =
20+6 + 10+8

Which is easier to calculate?
or

= 30 + 14
= 44
Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.

39

+

18

30+ 9 + 10 + 8
+

47

+

25

40+

+

+

=

+

=

65

+

26

26

+

54

60+

+

+

20+

+

+

+
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

=

+
37

=
Maturing Mathematician

SUBTRACTION
Arithmetic is easier when the sum is broken down into smaller bits.

73

-

7 = 66

73 - 3 - 4
70 - 4 = 66
Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.

65

-

9 =

65 - 5 60 52

=

- 8 =

52 - 2 50 Maturing Mathematician

=
44

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

Fraction Man is here to introduce...

This square is divided into 4 parts
Write the fraction that is shaded.

....................

....................

....................

....................

....................
....................
....................
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47

Maturing Mathematician

FRACTIONS
Shade the shape to show the fraction.

one half
two thirds
one quarter
one fifth
one tenth
five sixths
Maturing Mathematician

50

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Colour each fraction.
Compare the two rectangles and fill in the missing sign with
greater than (>), less than (<) or equals (=).

2
4
...............

1
8
...............

1
4
...............

3
8
...............

3
4
...............

1
2
...............

4
8
...............

1
2
...............

2
3
...............

1
2
...............

3
5
...............

3
4
...............

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

51

Maturing Mathematician

ESTIMATING NUMBERS
Write what you think the number in each of the boxes would be.

0

10

30

40 60

80

150

250

400

500

Mark on the number line below where you think the following
numbers would be: 5, 12, 27, 33 and 39.

0

Maturing Mathematician

10

20

52

30

40

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HALF WAY BETWEEN
Write in the numbers that are halfway between.

1

5

3

9

10

50

30

90

100

500

300

900

4

10

1

7

40

100

10

70

400

1000 100

700

2

10

2

6

52

60

92

96

182

190

332

336

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

53

Maturing Mathematician

DIVISIONS BETWEEN
Write the missing numbers on each number line.

0

100

0

30

0

80

0

20

0

60

0

70

0

100

0

90

Maturing Mathematician

54

Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

MONEY EQUIVALENTS
Different countries have different types of coins. Here are the most
popular. Draw a line to show each equivalent value.

\$1

C
C

50

one

20 20 20

10

C
20 20
C
10

25

50 50
20 10
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

C
C
50

5 5 5
C
C
5 5 5

C
C
10 10 5
55

Maturing Mathematician

10 10
5 5 5

+

25

\$1

\$1

one

one

20

+

50
20

10

20 20 +

10
\$1

one

one

20
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

= ................................

50

5 5 = ................................

10

\$1

= ................................

+ 50

2050
57

= ................................
Maturing Mathematician

SUBTRACTING MONEY
20 10 5

-

20 = ................................
20
25
5

10 10 10
5
5 5 5 10 10
10
\$1

\$1

one

one

20

- 50

50
20

= ................................

10

\$1
one

one

Maturing Mathematician

20

5 5

= ................................
\$1

\$1

50
= ................................

50 10 - 50

20

20 10

one

50
58

20 20
10

= ................................
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd

MightY Math
MATURING MATHEMATICIAN for 7 - 9 year olds

Book 1: Sailing Into Mathematics
Builds an awareness of numbers and number relationships. It covers methods of
multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and counting up to 1000, adding and
subtracting strategies, fractions and money calculations. By the end of this book
children will have more confidence when manipulating larger numbers.

Book 2: Sailing On With Mathematics
Introduces more number sequences, arithmetic strategies, measurement and fractions.
By the end of this book children will have gained confidence with arithmetic and will
recognize the value of each digit that makes up a number.

Book 3: Sailing Away With Mathematics
Reinforces all the work covered in the previous two Maturing Mathematician books.
There are more arithmetic strategies, more fractions and more measurement. By the
end of this book children will be confident in their ability to manipulate numbers.

The MIGHTY MATH series is a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities designed
to stimulate and challenge.

Beginner Mathematician (for 4 - 6 year olds), look for the RED books.
Developing Mathematician for (5 - 7 year olds), look for the YELLOW books.
Advancing Mathematician for (6 - 8 year olds), look for the BLUE books.
Maturing Mathematician for (7 - 9 year olds), look for the GREEN books.

MAHOBE
school. Make sure any Math book that you
purchase has the Mighty Math logo and is

Are you looking
a powerful head start at school?

Introduce your child to mathematics with

Mighty Maths.

This is a structured, easy-to-follow series of fun activities designed to
stimulate and challenge the advancing mathematician.

This book covers:
C
methods of multiplication
C
number patterns
C
ordinals and counting up to 1000
C
C
fractions
C
money calculations
By the end of this book children will have a better awareness of numbers
and number relationships and more confidence when manipulating
larger numbers.
Choose Mighty Maths and observe a marked improvement in your
child’s mathematical ability. Success and confidence in mathematics
will lead to an increase in motivation and an enjoyment of learning.

Mighty Maths reinforces the mathematics that children are
studying at school. Study habits begin at home, complement school
work and have an enormous impact on future academic achievement.

Mighty Maths
Maturing Mathematician
for 7 - 9 year olds

BOOK 1

ISBN 1-877216-87-9

9 781877 216879

MAHOBE