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for 79 year olds
Maturing Mathematician
BOOK 1
Sailing
Into
Mathematics
Kim Freeman
From the publisher  Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
We hope you enjoy these sample pages from the Mighty Math series.
The actual eBook is 64 pages and can be purchased from our website
www.mahobe.co.nz, from many other ebook websites or other book
websites. It provides a structured, easytofollow series of fun activities to
stimulate and challenge the maturing mathematician. The full book
contains pages on methods of multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and
counting up to 1000, adding and subtracting strategies, fractions and
money calculations. Go hard, play fair and enjoy your mathematics!
Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics
Author, Kim Freeman
eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
P.O. Box 109760
Newmarket, Auckland 1149
New Zealand.
Www.mahobe.co.nz
© Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd.
ISBN10: 1877216879
ISBN13: 9781877216879
MAHOBE
MightY Math
for 79 year olds
Maturing Mathematician
BOOK 1
Sailing
Into
Mathematics
Kim Freeman
Mighty Math, Maturing Mathematician Book 1, Sailing Into Mathematics
Author, Kim Freeman
eBook Version First Published in 2007 by:
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
P.O. Box 109760
Newmarket, Auckland 1149
New Zealand.
www.mahobe.com
© Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd.
ISBN10: 1877216879
ISBN13: 9781877216879
2
What is found in this book?
In this book you look at:
Methods of Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction.
5H
4 = 20
30
20
half of 4 = 2
add the zero
39
+
10
2 H
3 = 6
50
18
8 H
7 = 56
30+ 9 + 10 + 8
40 + 17
40
= 57
Money
Fractions
20
50
20
10
10
=
$1
one
Maturing Mathematician
4
10
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SUDOKU
The challenge of Sudoko is to fill the grid with numbers.
The big grid has the dimensions 9 x 9. This is separated into
9 smaller boards of 3 x 3. Here are the rules:
1. You can only use the numbers 1 to 9.
2. Within each 3 x 3 grid you must place ALL the numbers from 1  9.
3. You cannot use the same number twice in any row or column.
This means ALL the numbers from 1  9 must appear on each
row and each column.
Now complete the Sudoku challenge.
1 5 4
7 8
3 6
3
2
5
9 6
6 4 5
8 2
1 7
Mahobe
MaturingResources
Mathematician
(NZ) Ltd
6
1 9
8
7 8 6
4 1 9
5
2
9 7 1
4
2 3
6
8 2 9
5
3
4 7
5
2
7 3 6
4 1
2
3
7
6 5 4
Mahobe
Maturing
Resources
Mathematician
(NZ) Ltd
LEARNING THE 4s
To multiply by 4 : Add the number 4 times.
or
Double the number, then double again.
4H
12 12 doubled is 24
24 doubled is 48
ˆ
4H
12 = 48
22 = ........................
4H
3 = ........................ 4H
25 = ........................
4H
7 = ........................ 4H
32 = ........................
4H
9 = ........................ 4H
34 = ........................
4H
13 = ........................ 4H
47 = ........................
4H
15 = ........................ 4H
55 = ........................
4H
18 = ........................ 4H
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9
Maturing Mathematician
LEARNING THE 5s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
To multiply by 5:
1.
If the number is even, take half the number and put a zero
after it.
5H
4 = 20
5H
16 = 80
half of 16 = 8
add the zero
half of 4 = 2
add the zero
2.
If the number is odd, subtract 1 from the number, halve it
Then put a five after it.
5H
7 = 35
5H
13 = 65
7  1 = 6
half of 6 = 3
Maturing Mathematician
13  1 = 12
half of 12 = 6
add the 5
add the 5
10
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Even Numbers
Odd Numbers
5H
6 = ........................ 5H
9 = ........................
5H
8 = ........................ 5H
11 = ........................
5H
14 = ........................ 5H
15 = ........................
5H
18 = ........................ 5H
17 = ........................
5H
20 = ........................ 5H
19 = ........................
5H
22 = ........................ 5H
21 = ........................
5H
26 = ........................ 5H
23 = ........................
5H
28 = ........................ 5H
25 = ........................
5H
30 = ........................ 5H
31 = ........................
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11
Maturing Mathematician
FINGER MULTIPLICATION
We all carry a calculator around with us that is simple to use and
easy to learn. We can all use our fingers to learn the multiplication
tables for the hardest number combinations  6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Step ONE: Remember these finger values.
6
7
8
9
10
Step TWO: Now try multiplying 8 H
7=
8 H
7
Step THREE: Count the extended fingers  these are 10s
20 30
40
50
10
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13
Maturing Mathematician
Step FOUR: Multiply the folded fingers.
2 H
3 = 6
Step FIVE: Finally, add the two numbers together.
50 + 6 = 56
8 H
7 = 56
You have now found the answer.
7
H
9
40
20
30 50
60
10
3H
1=3
7
Maturing Mathematician
14
H
9 = 63
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Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.
7H
7 = ...............
6H
8 = ...............
9H
9 = ...............
8H
7 = ...............
6H
10 = ...............
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
15
Maturing Mathematician
Use your finger calculator to multiply the following.
7H
8 = ...............
7H
10 = ...............
9H
8 = ...............
9H
6 = ...............
8H
8 = ...............
8H
6 = ...............
9H
7 = ...............
6H
9 = ...............
9H
10 = ...............
6H
6 = ...............
7H
9 = ...............
8H
10 = ...............
6H
7 = ...............
8H
9 = ...............
7H
6 = ...............
9H
9 = ...............
Maturing Mathematician
16
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MORE MULTIPLICATION
Multiplication by 9: Method 1
This method is called fingers multiplication by 9.
The previous finger multiplication works for combinations of 6, 7,
8, 9 and 10. This method only works for the 9 times tables.
Step ONE: Put your two hands on the table in front of you.
Your fingers can each represent the numbers 1 to 10.
1
2
789
34
5 6
10
Step TWO: Try multiplying 9 H
3.
Curl under the finger representing 3.
1
4 56
1
2
2 3
7
Step THREE: The first digit in the answer is the number of
fingers before the curled under finger.
The second digit in the answer is the number of
fingers after the curled under finger.
9 H
3 = 27
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17
Maturing Mathematician
Fingers Multiplication by 9
Use the fingers method to calculate these 9 x multiplications.
9H
3=...............
9H
8=...............
9H
5=...............
9H
7=...............
9H
2=...............
9H
9=...............
9H
10=...............
9H
6=...............
Maturing Mathematician
18
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
Multiplication by 9: Method 2
This is called the one less = nine method.
Step ONE: Subtract 1 from the number you are multiplying 9 by.
This is the first digit.
Step TWO: The two digits that make up the answer add to give 9.
Calculate the second digit.
9 H
4 = 36
41=3
3+6=9
Remember that these methods only work up until 9x10.
Find a calculator and write out the 9 times table up to 30.
Can you see a pattern emerging?
9H
3=............... 9H
7=...............
9H
8=............... 9H
2=...............
9H
5=............... 9H
9=...............
9H
10=............... 9H
6=...............
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
19
Maturing Mathematician
NUMBER RELATIONSHIPS
Complete the tables.
2
31
41
51
61
28
5
+2
56
9
15
22
32
42
52
7
82
+5
+7
15
25
35
45
37
44
Put the circled numbers above in order  smallest to biggest
...................................................................................
Complete these additions
50
+ 43
37
+ 52
+
+
56
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50
26
21
+
77
45
86
Maturing Mathematician
ARITHMETIC
Use the diagrams to complete the sums.
16 + .......... = ...............
21  .......... = 16
17 + .......... = ...............
25  .......... = 17
......... + 5 = ...............
..........  .......... = 41
......... + 16 = ...............
..........  .......... = ...............
Maturing Mathematician
22
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
15 + .......... = ...............
27  .......... = ...............
......... + 8 = ...............
..........  .......... = 24
1.
1.
5, 10, 15, ....., 25
1.
100  78
3.
8, 6, 4, ....., 0
2.
100  4
4.
1, 2, 4, 8, ....., 32
4.
100  90
5.
10, 20, 30, .....
5.
100  58
6.
3, 6, 9, ....., 15
7.
100  91
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23
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Maturing Mathematician
= 50
+
+
= ...............
= 30
= 20
+

= ...............

+
= ...............
Circle 2 numbers that add up to 20
19
15 4 18
11 3
5
4 17 1
6 3 10
3 6 9 12 14 15
Circle 3 numbers that add up to 50
20
18 11 25
32
45
5
If
and
9
22
2
15
12
13
20 5 32
44 11 2
8
10
+ = 50
+ + = 36
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then
25
+
= ..........
Maturing Mathematician
NUMBERS to 1000
The blocks shown are arranged in 3 different ways  in single units,
in groups of ten and groups of one hundred.
1 group of 100 units (hundreds)
2 groups of 10 units (tens)
6 single units (ones)
1 2 6
One hundred and twenty six
2 0 4
4 single units
2 group of 100 units
zero groups of 10 units
Two hundred and four
Maturing Mathematician
26
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Write down the number that each picture represents.
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
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27
Maturing Mathematician
PLACE VALUE
Write the number of objects in each placevalue table.
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29
H
T
U
H
T
U
H
T
U
H
T
U
Maturing Mathematician
PLACE VALUE
Write the correct number.
10
100
10 10
135
100
100 10
100 10
1
1 1
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
.......................................................
100
10 10
100 100 10 10
100 100 10 10 1 1
100 10 10 10 10
100 10 10 10 10 10
.......................................................
.......................................................
100 11 11
100 100
100 100 10 10 1
1 1 1 1
100 100 10 1 1 1 1
.......................................................
.......................................................
100 100
100 100
100 100
100 100 10
10
100 100 10 10 1 1
1 1
100
100
10 10 1 1
100
100
.......................................................
Maturing Mathematician
10 10
1 1
10
1
10
.......................................................
30
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PLACE VALUE
Write the number and the number word.
H
T
O
H
T
O
342
three hundred and forty two
H
T
H
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
T
O
O
31
H
T
O
H
T
O
Maturing Mathematician
NUMBERS to 1000
Which numbers have been labelled?
a
150
160
b
170
e f
c d
180
190 200 210
g
h
220 230 240
i
250
one hundred and sixty four
a = 164
...........................................................................................
b = ...........................................................................................
c = ...........................................................................................
d = ...........................................................................................
e = ...........................................................................................
f = ...........................................................................................
g = ...........................................................................................
h = ...........................................................................................
i = ...........................................................................................
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
35
Maturing Mathematician
PARTITIONING NUMBERS
Write in the missing digits.
452
348
601
794
= 4 0 0 +
=
+
=
+
=
+
0 +
+
+
+
Now, write in the missing numbers.
351 =
+ 50 + 1
867 =
+
+ 7
422 = 400 +
+
105 =
+
+
Finally, write the answers.
400 + 50
700 + 60
900
200
Maturing Mathematician
+
+
+
+
8
2
3
10
=
=
=
=
36
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ADDITION
Arithmetic is always easier when the sum is broken into smaller bits.
26 + 18 =
20+6 + 10+8
Which is easier to calculate?
or
= 30 + 14
= 44
Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.
39
+
18
30+ 9 + 10 + 8
+
47
+
25
40+
+
+
=
+
=
65
+
26
26
+
54
60+
+
+
20+
+
+
+
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=
+
37
=
Maturing Mathematician
SUBTRACTION
Arithmetic is easier when the sum is broken down into smaller bits.
73

7 = 66
73  3  4
70  4 = 66
Write in the missing numbers and find the answers.
65

9 =
65  5 60 52
=
 8 =
52  2 50 Maturing Mathematician
=
44
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Fraction Man is here to introduce...
This square is divided into 4 parts
with 1 part shaded.
Therefore 41 is shaded.
Write the fraction that is shaded.
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
....................
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47
Maturing Mathematician
FRACTIONS
Shade the shape to show the fraction.
one half
two thirds
one quarter
one fifth
one tenth
five sixths
Maturing Mathematician
50
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Colour each fraction.
Compare the two rectangles and fill in the missing sign with
greater than (>), less than (<) or equals (=).
2
4
...............
1
8
...............
1
4
...............
3
8
...............
3
4
...............
1
2
...............
4
8
...............
1
2
...............
2
3
...............
1
2
...............
3
5
...............
3
4
...............
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
51
Maturing Mathematician
ESTIMATING NUMBERS
Write what you think the number in each of the boxes would be.
0
10
30
40 60
80
150
250
400
500
Mark on the number line below where you think the following
numbers would be: 5, 12, 27, 33 and 39.
0
Maturing Mathematician
10
20
52
30
40
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HALF WAY BETWEEN
Write in the numbers that are halfway between.
1
5
3
9
10
50
30
90
100
500
300
900
4
10
1
7
40
100
10
70
400
1000 100
700
2
10
2
6
52
60
92
96
182
190
332
336
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
53
Maturing Mathematician
DIVISIONS BETWEEN
Write the missing numbers on each number line.
0
100
0
30
0
80
0
20
0
60
0
70
0
100
0
90
Maturing Mathematician
54
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
MONEY EQUIVALENTS
Different countries have different types of coins. Here are the most
popular. Draw a line to show each equivalent value.
$1
C
C
50
one
20 20 20
10
C
20 20
C
10
25
50 50
20 10
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
C
C
50
5 5 5
C
C
5 5 5
C
C
10 10 5
55
Maturing Mathematician
ADDING MONEY
10 10
5 5 5
+
25
$1
$1
one
one
20
+
50
20
10
20 20 +
10
$1
one
one
20
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
= ................................
50
5 5 = ................................
10
$1
= ................................
+ 50
2050
57
= ................................
Maturing Mathematician
SUBTRACTING MONEY
20 10 5

20 = ................................
20
25
5
10 10 10
5
5 5 5 10 10
10
$1
$1
one
one
20
 50
50
20
= ................................
10
$1
one
one
Maturing Mathematician
20
5 5
= ................................
$1
$1
50
= ................................
50 10  50
20
20 10
one
50
58
20 20
10
= ................................
Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd
MightY Math
MATURING MATHEMATICIAN for 7  9 year olds
Book 1: Sailing Into Mathematics
Builds an awareness of numbers and number relationships. It covers methods of
multiplication, number patterns, ordinals and counting up to 1000, adding and
subtracting strategies, fractions and money calculations. By the end of this book
children will have more confidence when manipulating larger numbers.
Book 2: Sailing On With Mathematics
Introduces more number sequences, arithmetic strategies, measurement and fractions.
By the end of this book children will have gained confidence with arithmetic and will
recognize the value of each digit that makes up a number.
Book 3: Sailing Away With Mathematics
Reinforces all the work covered in the previous two Maturing Mathematician books.
There are more arithmetic strategies, more fractions and more measurement. By the
end of this book children will be confident in their ability to manipulate numbers.
The MIGHTY MATH series is a structured, easytofollow series of fun activities designed
to stimulate and challenge.
Beginner Mathematician (for 4  6 year olds), look for the RED books.
Developing Mathematician for (5  7 year olds), look for the YELLOW books.
Advancing Mathematician for (6  8 year olds), look for the BLUE books.
Maturing Mathematician for (7  9 year olds), look for the GREEN books.
MAHOBE
Give your children a powerful head start at
school. Make sure any Math book that you
purchase has the Mighty Math logo and is
published by: Mahobe Resources (NZ) Ltd.
Are you looking
to give your child
a powerful head start at school?
Introduce your child to mathematics with
Mighty Maths.
This is a structured, easytofollow series of fun activities designed to
stimulate and challenge the advancing mathematician.
This book covers:
C
methods of multiplication
C
number patterns
C
ordinals and counting up to 1000
C
adding and subtracting strategies
C
fractions
C
money calculations
By the end of this book children will have a better awareness of numbers
and number relationships and more confidence when manipulating
larger numbers.
Choose Mighty Maths and observe a marked improvement in your
child’s mathematical ability. Success and confidence in mathematics
will lead to an increase in motivation and an enjoyment of learning.
Mighty Maths reinforces the mathematics that children are
studying at school. Study habits begin at home, complement school
work and have an enormous impact on future academic achievement.
Mighty Maths
Maturing Mathematician
for 7  9 year olds
BOOK 1
ISBN 1877216879
9 781877 216879
MAHOBE