Approval tests for welders working to approved welding procedures – part 1 Fusion Welding of steel IS 7310 part I - 1974

1. The standard is applicable to the following types of weldings • • • • • • Manual metal arc Inert gas tungsten arc (TIG) Gas metal arc (MIG / CO2) Submerged arc Electro slag and Gas welding

2. Extent of approval: • • • • • • Shall be the same as approved welding procedure When a change in welding procedure due to change in welding process, change in parent metal, thickness/pipe diameter/dimension, any change in gap, root face of backing, fundamental welding position, welding technique i.e., change from the vertical-upward to verticaldownward method • • change in type of electrode,filler material, flux or shielding gas any change in size of MMAW electrode used for root run of an unbaked weld • • welding current change from dc to ac or change in poliarity change in preheating temperature (except for an increase of less than 100°C), post weld heat treatment.

5 t 5. 4. approval of a welder on material of thickness t shall include approval for thickness in the range 0. • a test in vertical – down position gives approval only for that position. horizontal – vertical and flat positions. the approval of a welder on material of thickness t shall include approval for thickness in the range 0. • For processes other than gas welding.75 t to1. • a test in the vertical – up position includes approval for the vertical – up and flat positions. Thickness: • For gas welding.3. Test pieces: • • • a butt joint (plate or pipe) (size of the specimen 100 x 225mm min) a fillet weld (plate) (size of the specimen 100 x 100mm min) a branch connection (pipes) forming the minimum angle Ѳ likely to be involved in production (size of the specimen 200mmx350mm min) 6. Position – Approval of a welder on a test joint welded shall give approval in the following position • • a test in the flat position gives approval only for that position a test in the horizontal – vertical position includes approval for the horizontal – vertical and flat positions • a test in the overhead position includes approval for the overhead. Examination and testing : • Non-destructive testing  Visual examination .5 t to 1 t.

Acceptance criteria • Non destructive testing  Planar defects like cracks. lack of root fusion. Testing Facility available in AWTI lab  Macro etching – available  Penetrant testing – procurement in progress . tungsten inclusion.  Cavities.2 of IS 7210 part 1 /1974  Bend test – when bent through 90°. side fusion. root penetration and copper inclusions are not permitted. slag inclusion. Magnetic particle(IS 5334/69) or penetrant testing (IS 3658/66) and/or  Ultrasonic (IS 4260/69) and/or radiographic examination (IS 4853/68) • Destructive testing  Macro examination  Root bend & face bend test for material less than 10mm thick  Side bend test for material at least 10mm thickness  Fillet weld fracture – only for single side weld 7. profile defects shall be within the limits specified in table 2 of IS 7210 part 1 /1974 • Destructive testing  Macro examination and fillet weld fracture test shall be as per 8.2.5mm max. inter run fusion. lamellar tears. shall not show signs of failure except a slight opening out of 1.

 Magnetic particle testing – procurement in progress  Ultrasonic & radiographic testing – facility available in CMT/Shell  Bend test – Procurement of Universal tensile testing machine is proposed in M&P Lumpsum Currently done at CMT/Shell .

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