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From archaeostronomy to supernovae.pdf

From archaeostronomy to supernovae.pdf

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Published by Fabien Legeron

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Published by: Fabien Legeron on Aug 03, 2013
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01/28/2015

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RAStar
2000

Sirius today

Polaristoday

Spica today

Spica
Hipparchus

Spica
Timocharis

Periodof the
Precession

RAStar

RAMoon
2000

RAMoon

Time

Date

RA = Right Ascension

Workshop 2, withSalsa J

Workshop 2, withSalsa J

Purpose:to drawthe light curveof a supernova

Data: File SUPERNOVA_ LIGHT_CURVE

12 images of M51, SN1994I, whichisa SN 1a supernova

You maycheck image information in Salsa J/ Date in Image/ Information

Technique seenpreviously: Drawa line and Plot Profile

To beprecise, zoom beforepractising

Purpose:to drawthe light curveof a supernova

Data: File SUPERNOVA_ LIGHT_CURVE

12 images of M51, SN1994I, whichisa SN 1a supernova

You maycheck image information in Salsa J/ Date in Image/ Information

Technique seenpreviously: Drawa line and Plot Profile

To beprecise, zoom beforepractising

WithSalsaJ

1 -File / Open / Supernovae/

SUPERNOVA_LIGHT_CURVE /

SNIMG1.FTS

2 –Click Image/ Information

You get:

-the nameof the object

-the observingday: 02/04/1994

and someothersinformations.

3-Open the 12 images and detectthe

«guest»star.

4 -Plot profiles (seenextslide) and

measurebrightnesses.

5 -Drawthe light curve: ratio

Supernova/ Coreaccordingto date

Supernova

Coreof the galaxy

Nearerstar

1-Open 12 imagesSUPERNOVA_LIGHT_CURVES (12 images/ Read dates in Image Info)
2 –Automaticphotometryisnot preciseenough; open and enlargeeveryimage(zoom)
3 -Analyse /Plot Profile, followthe line withthe mouse, readintensitieson the curve.

Supernova/Core

Supernova(Brightness)

Coreof the galaxy
(Brightness)

407

349

576

658

883

913

665

823

923

2103

819

217

0.365

0.381

0.543

0.532

0.748

0.818

0.595

1.076

1.345

1.443

1.460

0.552

1115

916

1060

1237

1181

1116

1117

765

686

1457

561

393

34

31

26

25

21

20

19

12

11

9

5

0

Date (Image Info)

12

Core of galaxy

Supernova

Takemagnifyingglass and

bringitwhereyouwantto

zoom. Click.

Drawthe light curveof supernova SN 1994 I accordingto date

(makingreferenceto the coreof the galaxy)

Date

Type 1a supernovae are veryregular=> standard candlesto measuredistances of galaxies
=> WereceiveLight emitted/ (4 πd²)=> wecancalculatethe distance d of the galaxy

Ordinate= Brightnessof the supernova/ Brightnessof the core
of the galaxy

SN 1994I in

galaxyM 51

Whirpool galaxy

The Supernova CosmologyProject,

directedby Saul Perlmutter, includingCarl

Pennypacker, founderof Hands-on-

Universe.

The High-Z Supernovae SearchTeam,

directedby Brian Schmidt ,

Theystudieddistant Type Iasupernovae.

By lookingatthe brightnessand colorof

light comingfromthesesupernovae, the

scientistswereable to figure out thatthe

Universehas expandedfasterin the past5

billion yearsinsteadof slowingdown, as it

wasbeforethat.

2011:
2011:
2011:

2011: Exploring
Exploring
Exploring

ExploringSupernovae
Supernovae
Supernovae

Supernovae Leads
Leads
Leads

LeadsTo
To
To

To Physics
Physics
Physics

PhysicsNobel
Nobel
Nobel

Nobel Prize
Prize
Prize

Prize

2011:
2011:
2011:

2011: Exploring
Exploring
Exploring

ExploringSupernovae
Supernovae
Supernovae

Supernovae Leads
Leads
Leads

LeadsTo
To
To

To Physics
Physics
Physics

PhysicsNobel
Nobel
Nobel

Nobel Prize
Prize
Prize

Prize

Seekey-wordDark
Dark
Dark

Dark energy
energy
energy

energy(or black energy)

Far galaxies: distance measuredwithSN1a isdifferentfrom
distance estimatedwithHubble law. It soundslikean

abnormalredshift

As if an unknownpotentialenergywasmodifying

the expansion of the universe

So Hubble constant isnot soconstant!

Far galaxies: distance measuredwithSN1a isdifferentfrom
distance estimatedwithHubble law. It soundslikean

abnormalredshift

As if an unknownpotentialenergywasmodifying

the expansion of the universe

So Hubble constant isnot soconstant!

A sort of anti-gravitationenergyismodifyingexpansion, soHubble constant isnot soconstant!

Dark energyand the future of ourUniverse

The Puzzle: Supernovae SN1a, giveabnormalredshifts

The clue:2 potentialenergies

Normal gravity:

for a sphericalhomogenousUniverse,

EP1= -16 π2

ρ2

G R5/15

Dark energy, lookinglikeanti-gravitation

dE

P2 = ΛΛΛΛc²r²dm et dm = 4π ρ r²dr=> E

P2= 4 ΛΛΛΛπ ρc²R5

/15

Total potentialenergyisnullif Λ = 4 π ρ
Λ = 4 π ρ
Λ = 4 π ρ

Λ = 4 π ρ G/3 c², whichisthe cosmologic

constant thatEinstein hadimagined(hisΛwas4 π ρ G/c²) and saidit

nonsense!

Someof Michel Faye’sstudents, nearVLT ( VeryLarge Telescope, Chile)

WithFrance-Hands On Universe, archaeoastronomy
as a window, and CCD as an eye…

Drawyourowntimeline☺☺☺☺

Drawyourowntimeline☺☺☺☺

Thankyoufor yourattention

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