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Customer relationship management (CRM)

Term applied to processes implemented by a company to handle its contact with its customers CRM is a software-based approach to handling customer relationships Store information on current and prospective customers

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Control over buying process

Information, comparison, selection, easy to find

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Best possible price

Delivery (free), quality

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All payment options

Secure

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Communication designed to suit needs

Computerized, complex, caring

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All forms of trading
     

Direct Traditional Retail E-commerce Wholesale Combination

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New convergence
    

Telephony & telemarketing Internet Mobile, SMS Digital TV Cable & satellite

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Control over buying process

Information, comparison, selection, easy to find

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Best possible price

Delivery (free), quality

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All payment options

Secure

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Communication designed to suit needs

Computerized, complex, caring

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All forms of trading
     

Direct Traditional Retail E-commerce Wholesale Combination

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New convergence
    

Telephony & telemarketing Internet Mobile, SMS Digital TV Cable & satellite

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Customer relationship management (CRM)

From the outside, customers interacting with a company perceive the business as a single entity, despite often interacting with a variety of employees in different roles and departments CRM is a combination of policies, processes, and strategies implemented by a company that unify its customer interaction and provides a mechanism for tracking customer information
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Information in the system can be accessed and entered by employees in different departments)
      

Sales Marketing Customer service Training Professional development Performance management Human resource development
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Details on any customer contacts can also be stored in the system

The rationale behind this approach is to improve services provided directly to customers To use the information in the system for targeted marketing and sales purposes

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Many inter-related aspects
   

Front office operation Back office operations Business relationships Analysis

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Direct interaction with customers
Face to face meetings Phone calls E-mail Online services etc

   

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Operations that ultimately affect the activities of the front office
      

Billing Maintenance Planning Marketing Advertising Finance Manufacturing
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Interaction with other companies and partners
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Suppliers/vendors Retail outlets/distributors Industry networks (lobbying groups, trade assn’)

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This external network supports front and back office activities

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Key CRM data can be analyzed in order to plan
  

Target-marketing campaigns Conceive business strategies Judge the success of CRM activities (e.g., market share, number and types of customers, revenue, profitability)

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CRM initiatives often fail

Implementation was limited to software installation Inadequate motivations for employees to learn, provide input, and take full advantage of the information systems

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Three key phases
  

1. Customer Acquisition 2. Customer Retention 3. Customer Extension

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Three contextual factors
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4. Marketing Orientation 5. Value Creation 6. Innovative IT.

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Attracting our customer
 

For the first purchase We have acquired our customer

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Growth
 

Market orientation, innovative IT & value creation Aim is to increase the number of customers that purchase from us for the FIRST TIME

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Re-purchase
 

Our customer returns and buys for a second time This is most likely to be the purchase of a similar product or service, or the next level of product or service.

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Growth
 

Market orientation, innovative IT & value creation Aim is to increase the number of customers that purchase from us REGULARLY
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Additional, supplementary purchases
 

Our customers are regularly purchasing We introduce products and services to our loyal customers different from original purchase Once purchased, our goal is to retain them as customers for the extended products or services

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Growth
 

Market orientation, innovative IT & value creation Aim is to increase the number of customers that purchase ADDITIONAL products
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Focused upon the three levels of needs of customers
  

Actual, tangible product Core product and its benefit Also the augmented product such as a warranty and customer service

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Core Benefit
Basic Product Expected Product Augmented product Potential Product 26

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Generation of shareholder value

Based upon the satisfaction of customer needs (as with marketing orientation) Delivery of a sustainable competitive advantage

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Updated IT
 

Efficient, speedy and focus upon customer needs Whilst IT and/or software are not the entire story for CRM, it is vital to its success CRM software collects data on consumers and their transactions Organizations will track individuals, and try to market products and services to them based upon similar buyer behavior seen in other individuals

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1. Validation 2. Discovery 3. Action

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1. Validation 2. Discovery 3. Action

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Correct data

Ensuring that the data you have on your customers is not only correct Also, in a suitable state for targeting communications programs

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Use of data mining techniques
 

To find relationships that you did not know existed Sometimes conventional analysis is impaired by your own natural assumptions and prejudices Discovery techniques help to solve these issues by starting from ground zero They simply search for relationships in the database against a set of objectives

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Right communication

Your customers and prospects need to have the right messages communicated to them Quality Inter-Action drives quality Trans-Action This is done with a Campaign Management tool that can automatically select the right targets and the right messages via the right channels The responses are then fed back into the Validation process for evaluation and refinement

 

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CRM is corporate strategy composed of applications, technology and products that fulfill three essential requirements
  

1. Organization perspective 2. Customer perspective 3. Front office staff perspective

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360° view of each customer

For consistent and unified contact with that customer whenever anyone anywhere in the enterprise deals with that customer This knowledge increases the opportunities for sales and the effectiveness of customer service

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2. Customer perspective
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Customers to have a consistent view

To enable your customers to have a consistent view of your enterprise, regardless of the way the customer contacts you This improves customer satisfaction and customer retention

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Staff performance

To enable front office staff to perform sales, service and marketing tasks more efficiently as a team Increasing expertise and reducing costs

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Important

Business starts with the acquisition of customers However, any successful CRM initiative is highly dependent on a solid understanding of customers

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Understand
   

Demographics, purchase patterns & channels Segmentation to identify logical unique groups Primary research to capture needs and attitudes Customer valuation to understand profitability

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Differentiate

Based on the value customers are expected to deliver

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Develop

Products, services, channels and media can be customized based on the needs of quantitative customer segments

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Customize

Based on the potential value delivered by customer segment

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Interact
 

Not just through marketing, sales and media Distribution, shipping, customer service & online

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Deliver
 

Delivering value is a cornerstone Factors including quality, convenience, speed, ease of use, responsiveness and service excellence
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Acquire

Learning about customers makes it easy to identify those producing the greatest value

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Retain
  

Maintain interaction; Deliver on value Customers change as they through differing life stages Modify the service
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move

Subconscious Expectations
Pizza with specified toppings Take 10 minutes Come in a packed box Remain warm till you reach home Charges – standard and acceptable price Pizza will taste reasonably good

You will come back is all the above are met

 If

you go regularly
Rapport with employees You forgive if they mess up with one or two expectations

 Degree

of confidence determines tolerance
If using first time, and even one expectation is not met You will never go again

Exceeded

expectations

Deliver on all expectations Give you a garlic bread FREE !

You

will tell everyone about it

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