EVLN Model of Job Dissatisfaction Exit-Voice-Loyalty-Neglect Model

In organizational behavior, the Exit-Voice-Loyalty-Neglect (EVLN) Model is a template that identifies ways that employees respond to dissatisfaction. These concepts first appeared in Albert Hirschman's more broadly focussed 1970 book, Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States[1]