You are on page 1of 8

FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS

1. Which of the following is true about the impact of price inflation on financial ratio analysis? a. Inflation has no impact on financial ration analysis b. Inflation affects financial ratio analysis for one enterprise over time but not comparative analysis of enterprises of different pages. c. Inflation affects financial ratio analysis for one enterprise overtime, as well as comparative analysis of enterprises of different ages. d. Inflation affects comparative analysis of enterprises of different ages but not financial ratio analysis for enterprise over time 2. When using common size statements a. Data may be selected for the same business as of different dates, or for two or more business as of the same date. b. relationships should be stated in term of ratios c. peso changes are reported over a period of at least three years d. All of the above are correct 3. A useful tool in financial statement analysis is the common-size financial statements. What does this tool enable the financial analyst to do? a. Evaluate financial statements of companies within a given industry of approximately the same value. b. Determine which companies in the same industry are at approximately the same stage of development. c. Compare the mix of assets, liabilities, capital, revenue and expenses within a company over time or between companies within a given industry without respect to relative size. d. Ascertain the relative potential of companies of similar size in different industries. 4. Which of the following financial statements best describes the use of financial statement analysis? a. Financial statement analysis techniques are merely guides to interpretation of financial data. b. Financial statement analysis can eliminate the risk in investment decision. c. Measurements for a specific company should be compared only with data from past periods. d. All of the above are correct.

5. In comparing the current ratios of two companies, why is it invalid to assume that the company with the higher current ratio is better company? a. b. c. d. The current ratio includes assets other than cash. A high current ratio may indicate inadequate inventory on hand. A high current ratio may indicate inefficient use of various assets and liabilities. the two companies may define working capital in different terms.

6. Kairus Corporation had a current ratio of 2.0 at the end of 2007. Current assets and current liabilities increased by equal amounts during 2008. The effects on net working capital and on the current ratio, respectively, were, a. no effect, increase b. increase, increase c. no affect, decrease d. decrease, decrease 7. Which of the following ratios does not measure liquidity? a. Net cash flow to current liabilities b. Current ratio c. Working capital to total assets d. Quick ratio 8. Pulse Company wrote off a P800 uncollectible account receivable against the allowance for doubtful accounts with a balance of P 2,100. The current ratio after the write off of the uncollectible accounts a. would be less than before the write-off of the account. b. would be greater than before the write off of the account. c. would be the same as before the write off the account. d. cannot be determined with the information given. 9. How would the quick ratio be affected by a prepayment of P 30,000 for fire and liability insurance? a. b. c. d. The quick ratio would increase. The quick ratio would decrease. The quick ratio would change. The effect cannot be determined from the information given.

10. Which of the following is true regarding the debt to equity ratio? a. The debt equity ratio is a stringent measure of liquidity b. The debt to equity ratio measures the productivity and desirability of the equity investment. c. The debt to equity ratio measures the managements ability to productively employ all its resources. d. The debt to equity ratio measures the capital structure of the entity.

11. Which of the following is not correct regarding the rate of return on assets? a. The rate of return of assets measures managements ability to productively employ all its resources. b. The rate of return on assets measures all the return on all assets used regardless of how the assets are financed. c. The rate of return on assets is a measure of profitability. d. The rate of return on assets measures the rate of return on the investment made by the owners of the entity. 12. Which of the following ratios would not be affected by the choice of depreciation method. a. Price-earning ratio b. Debt to equity ratio c. Earning per share of common stock d. Working capital turnover 13. Expenses per peso of sales are indications of a. Operating efficiency b. Operating ratio c. Equity ratio d. leverage 14. A high inventory turnover indicates that a. A relatively big amount of inventory is being carried in relation to sales b. a relatively small amount of inventory is being carried in relation to sales c. Slow moving or obsolete goods are included in the inventory d. Answer not given 15. A firm financial risk is a function of how it manages and maintains its debt. Which one of the following sets of ratios characterizes the enterprise with greatest amount of financial risk? a. High debt-to-equity ratio, high interest coverage ratio, stable return on equity. b. Low debt-to-equity ratio, low interest coverage ratio, volatile return on equity. c. High debt-to-equity ratio, low interest coverage ratio, volatile return on equity. d. Low debt-to-equity ratio, high interest coverage ratio, stable return on equity 16. Which of these ratios are measures of a companys profitability? 1. Earnings per share 5. Return on assets 2. Current ratio 6. Inventory turnover 3. Returns on sales 7. Receivables turnover 4. Debt-equity ratio 8. Price-earning ratio a. All eight ratios. b. 1,3,5, and 8 only c. 1,3,5,6,7 and 8 only d. 1,3 and 6 only

17. Return on investment may be calculated by multiplying total assets turnover by a. Average collection period. c. Debt ratio b. Profit margins d. Fixed-change coverage 18. A service companys working capital at the beginning of January of the current year was P70,000. The following transactions occurred during January. Performed services on account P 30,000 Purchased supplies on account 5,000 Consumed supplies 4,000 Purchase office equipment for cash 2,000 Paid short-term bank loan 6,500 Paid salaries 10,000 Accrued salaries 3,500 What amount of working capital at the end of January? a. P 90,000 b. P80,500 c. P.50,000 d. P47,500

19. Dana Corporations books disclosed the following information for the year ended December 31, 2008: Net credit sales Net cash sales Accounts receivables at beginning of year Accounts receivables at end of year Danas account receivable turnover is a. 3.75 times. b. 4.35 times P 1,500,000 240,000 200,000 400,000 c. 5.00 times d. 5.80 times

20. Selected information from the accounting records of Thorne Company is as follows: Net sales for 2008 P 900,000 Cost of goods sold for 2008 600,000 Inventory at December 31, 2007 180,000 Inventory at December 31, 2008 156,000 Thones inventory turnover for 2008 is a. 5.36 times b. 3.85 times c. 3.67 times d. 3.57 times 21. Selected information from the accounting records of the Vasaar Company is as follows: Net accounts receivables at December 31, 2007 P 900,000 Net accounts receivables at December 31, 2008 1,000,000 Accounts receivables turnover 5 to 1 Inventories at December 31, 2007 P1,100,000 Inventories at December 31, 2008 1,200,000 Inventory turnover 4 to 1 What was Vasaars gross margin for 2008? a. P 150,000 b. P 200,000 c. P 400,000 d. P 500,000

22. The following data were abstracted from the records of Johnson Corporation for the year: Sales P 1,800,000 Bond interest expense 60,000 Income taxes 300,000 Net Income 400,000 How many times was bond interest earned? a. 7.67 b. 11.67 c. 12.67 d. 13.67 23. Selected information for Henry Company is as follows: December 31 2007 2008 Common stock P 600,000 P 600,000 Additional paid-in capital 250,000 250,000 Retained earnings 170,000 370,000 Net income for year 120,000 240,000 Henrys return on common stockholders equity, rounded to the nearest percentage point for 2008 is a. 20 percent b. 21 percent c. 28 percent d. 40 percent 24. Selected information from the accounting records of Ellison Manufacturing as follows: Net sales P3,600,000 Cost of goods sold 2,400,000 Inventories as January 1 672,000 Inventories at December 31 576,000 What is the number of days sales in average inventories for the year? a. 102.2 b. 94.9 c. 87.6 d.68.1 25. Orchard Corporations capital stock at December 31 consisted of the following: (a) Common stock, P2 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding. (b) 10% non-cumulative, nonconvertible preferred stock, P100 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding. Orchards common stock, which is listed on major stock exchange was quoted at P4 per share on December 31. Orchards net income for the year ended December 31 was P50,000. The yearly preferred dividend was declared. No capital stock transactions occurred. What was the price-earning ratio on Orchards common stock at December 31? a. 6 to 1 b. 8 to 1 c. 10 to 1 d. 16 to 1

26. Selected financial data of Kairen Corporation for the year ended December 31, 2008 is presented below: Operating income Interest expense Income before income tax Income tax expense Net Income Preferred stock dividends Net income available to common stockholders P 900,000 (100,000) 800,000 (320,000) 480,000 (200,000) P 280,000

Common stock dividends were P 120,000. The times interest earned ratio is: a. 2.8 to 1 b. 4.8 to 1 c. 6.0 to 1 d. 9.0 to 1 27. During the year, the Grap Company purchased 1,920,000 of inventory. The cost of goods sold for the year was P 1,800,000 and the ending inventory at December 31 was P360,000. What was the inventory turnover for the year? a. 5.0 b. 5.3 c. 6.0 d. 6.4

28. On December 31, 2007 and 2008. Taft Corporation had 100,000 shares of common stock and 50,000 shares of non cumulative and nonconvertible preferred stock issued and outstanding. Additional information: Stockholders equity at 12/31/2008 P 4,500,000 Net income year ended 12/31/2008 1,200,000 Dividends on preferred stock year ended 12/31/2008 300,000 Market Price per share of common stock at 12/31/2008 144 The price-earning ratio on common stock at December 31, 2008 was a. 10 to 1 b. 12 to 1 c. 14 to 1 d. 16 to 1 29. Alumbat Corporation has P800,000 of debt outstanding and it pays an interest rate of 10% on its bank loan. Alumbats annual sales are P 3,200,000 its average tax rate is 40%, and its net profit margin on sale is 6%. If the company does not maintain a TIE ratio of atleast 4 times, its bank will refuse to renew its loan and bankruptcy will result. What is Alumbats current TIE ratio? a. 3.4 b. 3.6 c. 4.0 d. 5.0 30. Last years asset turnover ratio for Wuerful Airlines was 2.5.This year sales increased by 20% and average total assets increased by 10%. What is the current asset turnover ratio? a. 2.50 b. 2.59 c. 2.73 d. 3.00

31. The Wilson Corporation has the following relationships Sales/Total assets 2.0 Return on Assets (ROA) 4% Return on Equity (ROE) 6% What is Wilsons profit margin and debt equity ratio? a. 2%; 0.33 b. 4%; 0.33 c. 4%; 0.67 32. Lombartidi Trucking Company has the following data: Assets: P10,000 Profit Margin: 3.0% Debt Ratio: 60.0% Interest rate: 10.0% What is Lombartidis TIE ratio a. 0.95 b. 1.75 c. 2.10

d. 2%.0.67 Tax rate: 40% Total assets turnover 2.0 d. 2.67

33. The equity section of Jones Corporations statement of financial position is presented below Preferred stock, 6%, P100 par P 40,000,000 Common stock, P4 par 10,000,000 Additional paid-in capital 20,000,000 Retained earnings 10,000,000 Equity P 80,000,000 The preferred stock is cumulative and nonparticipating. All preferred dividends have been paid and liquidation value is P110 per preferred share. What is the book value per share of Jones Corporation common stock? a. P100 b. P 16 c. P 14.40 d. P4

34. Deb & Co. has a debt ratio of 0.50, a total assets turnover of 0.25 and an profit margin of 10%. The president is unhappy with the current return on equity and he thinks it could be doubled. This could be accomplished (1) by increasing the profit margin to 14% and (2) increasing debt utilization. Total assets turnover will not change. What new debt ratio, along with the 14% profit margin is required to double the return on equity. a. 0.75 b. 0.70 c. 0.65 d. 0.55

Question 35 and 36 are based on the following information. The Dawson Corporation projects the following for the year 2005. Earnings before interest and taxes P 35,000,000 Interest expense P 5,000,000 Preferred stock dividends P 4,000,000 Common stock dividends payout ratio 30% Common shares outstanding 2 million Effective corporate income tax 40% 35. The expected common stock dividend per share by Dawson Corporation for 2005 is a. P2.34 b. P2.70 c. P1.80 d. P2.10

36. If Dawson Corporations common stock is expected to trade at a price-earning ratio of eight, the market price per share (to the nearest peso) should be a. P 104 b. P 56 c. P72 d. P68 37. Beatnik Company has a current ratio of 2.5 and a quick ratio of 2.0. If the firm experienced P2 million in sales and sustains an inventory turnover of 8.0, what are the firms current assets? a. 1 million b. P500,000 c. P1,500,000 d. P1,250,000 38. Last years asset turnover ratio for Wueffel Airlines was 2.5.This year sales increased by 20% and average total assets increased by 10%. What is the new asset turnover ratio? a. 2.50 b. 2.59 c. 2.73 d. 3.00 39.Using the data presented below, calculate the cost of sales for the Beta Corporation for the year just ended. Current ratio 3.5 Acid Test ratio 3.0 Current liabilities at year end P 600,000 Beginning inventory P 500,000 Inventory Turnover 8.0 a. P1,600,000 b. P2,400,000 c. P 3,200,000 d. P4,600,000

40. JC Goods, Inc. has a total assets turnover of 0.30 and a profit margin of 10%. The president is unhappy with the current return on assets, and he thinks it could be doubled. This could be accomplished (1) by increasing the profit margin to 15% and (2) by increasing total assets turnover. What new asset turnover ratio along with the 15% profit margin is required to double the return on assets? a. 35% b. 45% c. 40% d. 50%