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Common Errors in English

Common Errors in English


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E nlli.sh


Erols n

Common Errors in English
Paul Hancock

Penguin Ouick Guides Series Editors: Andy Hopkins and Jocelyn Potter

pÉxculll ELollsH


Getting staÉéd


Moving around

hom. s|rangď/foEigner


TEv.l l.arel/t.aElling



outsid.mr|d natuft/úe Óunty




briĎs/bké ' conť ba.k/eÓ bácl



@mpinďanpgité' shadodsbadé snúll erd. by/witb ny ůr . by/on foot . ivlo spain aInE tďjÍ/ar. ÓpPositďň lront of

schooland Yíork IdEtiÓn sludent/chilďPuPil
lam^gch. dďýclasrcon



tťi'rl d jobs wolk aďIike c.rpÚi6 chieímnag€..
Morq l{biL
P.'/buy . wag€^a]



w.k ú'aor. Pe$onaypísnnel


táL . bavé

th.t 8o togíhď naL

. do .


. sh€ Deťibin8 p.lÓrb/doth€s Comuiorior mtch/F . 8rcw lp/grcw . parstýrel'tives M. shÓúr oaábour ' bylon my hás 16 yás/she is 16 biďtil . coÓl€ícmk M.oPl€ symPáthetiď. how is she?/ . to know háin/hair aúo Mn 61 Lsing things Ígl/rcb/bur8]e ' nmu&/bad t€mpďéd .y rš'stay .dt falings fiighteneďfŤigntnin8 forgeťleavé ĎďbuýneŘes . loF/6te tin€ rcm€nbe'r€mind Diífi .ť/tons.b snbll Plite/disb . . nou*/hoúe ďri}e/Elurdg. cbmdE ÉlationýEl'tiolship whaťs s}'e liké?. aooďňal. Eňind tBink abouťof .Fmily aÍVMs bom Hom. .. wiós ere aboll/ble lmt aor/aatér rďli€d with/to People 49 . sy/tell .n/tidy good in/at . m2t h/suit/fit.ň. snalvsho knodgď .ťcon€ hone Gu6ts fordiMq ldt l'o/foÓd. cle. explain snď word.ie clótňá iÍn . md Home lií€ 37 . d6eďde*rt cďe of .

fi.yirg mÓre idď also .'in úe md ' at la5t/6mlly otPsir€ on the othg side/bed ' .sin md í € d om.Life's ca.r afur all/in lhc .ms woundeďňjúred ' sicvill ' cure^Éat snr. .ulti4 support/put !p wiln 6 Íme P.t .t sufidb"áíýánd' dimcuhy/pÍÓblen M.ioaL wtm @..il'l idon . foíduli nB ' sincďfor ' b€íoft/a8Ó Ni8hl llÍe night/ďoing ' )€ýerday ereninýlďt nighl goodnigbv8ood ďenjng 73 Nď úd old lasťlatesr ' Óld-fashion€d/our the Óf dáte 7 Linksrs .Ithou8h bď*Í ' despite/in spite of l^'laÉ Ú tháVso ' for Gaminýlo laln s.ch/Flb for' tbrcw aťtÓ diffi. ne*/this ' the di' aft€.ďcd prebl. ronomw PlaMingtifu agc.ř @Óthď at mommt 85 fuý/frnt ' aft.ll {oÍds *a.ft€.da/diary' tinet$lďschedule/itineŘiy Óf rim. rctually/át B.nd ''' jns' aliď/ifictralds .ctuďcúrrc./in . fultbemoÉ/'hát\ moE .

nu. Prfe/rather 11] To or _ijrď Toor_ing! r íop/rfremb. Posiiion of adverbs 10 Gřammař cmd Muó Good ed too.h/. su8g€ý 2 adjativ4 d vďbs fÓlowed by to word Órd.r/lry b dÓ/doing. énouEh . statire vcrbs clmginghrbirs usd lo FutlG dÓ^o be used to don'B Ýi]Vgoins to/Plemt continuouýpr6ňt simPle 9 Grammařll Yo! mo.ry? EÍ lll 123 lid.Í I I I i s orammar r"tt'e-iaau p.nl t 99 sihPl€ Past ed premt pst sinPlé/PEsenl Pcrfecl present perfďt simPle ánd rňtinlous and co.VsÓ adj&1iy6 and adve.. muínl be/aďi be Do you or muld yÓú? l like!'d liké .. lol of . su.tinúÓN Paý sinPle and continuoB .\eÍy .fel' .omPJml'. Jnd uPerldi\? ád]<i4' aew ...tlrt get tbii Wn8! dort naE to/nuýnl nusvháve to .bs snd bmď or m.


How can this book help you? Everyone who learns English makes the same mistak€s at first. and this book shows you examples ofthese mistakes and how to coÍrect them. Many ofthe mistakes are illustrated. work. . such as travel. Each chaptel has five sections and altosether there aře moťe than 300 examp]es of t}?ical mistakes' includinS confused words. What's in this book? TheŤe are ten chapters covering different areas. prepositions and 8rammar There are also Reúew exercises to give *. so you can see exactly what people are really sýng when they make them! This helps you ro und€ntand why they're wrong' and to stop making them. education and family.

Choose a section which interests r-be you.\'ou more practice in noticing mistakes and saying what you want to say correctly. Each page can be studied on its own. you can choose any page and sPeDd a few miautes learning about those mistakes. Enioy illlrstratioD aDd then read the explanation and the other examples on that page. and b€cause there are not too many examples on one page. I . why is it called a Quick Guide? The explanations ofthe mistakes are short and simple. Try looking at a few mistakes every day and see how you begin to remember them. You'll learn more by doing some quick study like this regularly. How to use the book .

The following symbols are used: t a sentence containing an eror I a sentence that is not incorrect but is often y' used incorrectly a correct sentence. Do the R€vi€w s€ction exercises and check the Answeis at the back of the book. Go to the Index and your own language. . at the mistakes again and cover the . . Look explanations so that )'ou caťt see them' Can you remember why it's a mistake and how to correct ít? Keep testing yourself like this until you remember and aŤe ready to mov€ on to another section. w te down the examples in I hope you find the book both useful and amusing! ío .


For maryexamples oÍ sometiing' sáy common. so avoid it. We don't want Íoreigrels here! Í |ohn is a very usual name in Britain. not usllal. u$lal mmn0n slrange ÍoÍei9n y'It was interesting to have class discussions with people fiom othel countries. y' fohn is a very common name in Britain 12 .Away from home l stlan9eí foreign€Í lt was interestin8 to have c]áss discussions with otheř stlan8eÍs. stsangers aíe people you've neveÍ mel beÍore' People ď obeÍ nationalities are íolrigneÍs' bul bis is often used neqalively.

l Thele were a lot of stŤan8e students in my class. someť ng stran9é is not noÍmal aíd makes you UncoÍíorlable' sudents Írom otieÍ counbies aÍe forsign sludents' ýThere were a lot of fofeign students in my class. .

l' you visí á lď of diffeíent places bv bus. . it is cálled a n y'we went on buí a bus tour Ťound the city.Travel f tlavel ioUm€y trip I love travet When you aíe speakino geoeÍally. business ttip next ffigfit Í w€ went on a iouíney round tlre citt' bY bus. it is more y'l love trav€l|ing' going on a business trsv€l Í I'm next lour slrcet řoad TÍável is uncoÚntable (wňhout d]'\ou can go on or /'ale á journey' lf you go and come back y'I'm going on afteÍ a shoÍt l'me' itš called a a tip.

y'The řoads b€tw€en beautifrrl.X The streets betweeo Oxford and Barh are b€autifrí. y'Did you have a good ioujnýflight? . Wih houses oo lhem Belween towns' theÍe are aoads. oxford and Bath are ! Did you have a good voyage? Voyage is an oldJashioned wod for lonq joumeys by ship. stsEots aíe in lowns ánd villaqes.

a lot of {É .it{ lhirus to $€ pla€e wheÍe you ďe speaking' t/t brought clothes lvith me when I cam€ to En8laÍd. This is wmg if youte in Brilain and ialkjÍq to someone in Btltain' You usually coíle to and h.Here and there X I'll have to bring a lot of books with me when l ome hack to FŤánce.

y'I'll have to take a lot of books with me when I go back to France. wjreÍe you ďe speaking' . c0m0 (back) g0 (back) YoU usually !o to and t'le bings to a difl€r€ít place íÍomtne pbc.

o(lt a tme wien yo! will be anobeÍ place' you can Us? come and bÍln!' iÍl y' I'll have to bring a lot of books with me when I come back to ltaly.I you'Íe talking lo someone 3l'. oo co Rome. y'You must come and visit me in * .


ll you lovefelds and trees. stadow shedé Í We found a camping near the toýr'n' cen!6ib. Landsc{pe is normally used by arlists oÍ geooraphers' When you go to lhe counÍy you enjoy lhe beautitul scenery. fie countsy y'I llafure is lhe WoÍld of planls and animals lhal bioloqists sfudy. y'The scenery in the Lake District is very beautiftrl. you qo Íor wall6 in lňe coUnlry' love going for walks in the country landscapé scenery camping campsitE f The landscape in the Lake District is very beautiful. . A place to put a tenl is a y'We found a campsite near the town.Outside worl x I love going nafure foŤ walks in nature.

I I sat outside Á in the shadow. you sit in he sňade (made by ýI sÚmelhing bigger. sňadow is made by youÍ body or your hand and is too gnall10 sit in' lf itš loo hot. Íbr example)' sat outside in the shad€.a buildiÍg or a tÍee. .

Small words X She goes to work with her car. ií Írcnt oÍ opposi!E y'I hope you'll come to Spain soon. y'She goes to work by car. bul on ímt' y'You cán get to the hote] on íoot' arive at Í I hope yoďll YoU can YoU come in spain soon. th€ office late. by car mis meáns that the car aclrompanies you| You go to Work by caí (without mx etc')' 'e{ I You can get to the hotel by foot. x she aŤrived to YoU come and go in a Íoom or house' Íávelio a counÍy or toltn. y'she ařrived late at the office iň pig can nev€Í arrive lo a place' You can anive in a town oí counlry oÍ at other places' !* . or fuot come b You go by car' by plane' etc'.

. say: ýTheÍe\ a cinema oPPosite my house. l' tieíeš a cinema on the olheÍ side ď the Íoad.! There's a cinema in front of my house.

ome) here soon. car or '..nl. the station just in time.... B Complete lhese sentences. I really love (trat ell travellíng) ' I enjoy long tÚain (yoyagesl journeys).. The locals sit in the . Could you give me a (tourljo tnef) of the city?.'. . #$ .. I'm in Ly.. Only the English sir in the sun in summer. 4 They arrived . ( IatelBnrg) your family with you.. We often have (sttangerslforeignersl peopte other co Those cloties are very ( usuall commofi) in ul|tri es) stay]. I'm coming to Rome on abnsiness (tíipltrave|]. foot? 3 I went ..Review A 1 choose the coÍÍeclanswer. America last year.. 2 Áre you comin8 . I hope you can (gol.vríth \rs' from lapat.on...


Education . class GlassÍoom schoo] teacheÍs weie Íiiendly_ Í My English teacher learnt me a lot. there were 20 class. . children in my learn teach Í My y'My school professors were ftiendly. . 0nly universilies have pmíessoÉ or lecluréís' schools have téácfiéí6. sludents aÍe older leameís. over 1 6 and at univeÍsily' ln s.hool heíe aíe sahoo|childÍcí or iust childíon (pupil6 is moíe íoímal)' prcÍessoÍ teaGh€Í y' .í When I started school aged seven' there w€re student chitd 20 students in my class.n liem' y'My English T€achers teacher laught me a lot. iaach you things and }ou lea. a .

Í There The are some nice pictufes in my class' class leam is y'Thele lie dássÍoom. & . is the group ď people leaming' The place where you are some nice pjctures in my classřoom.

Work and jobs a .

Jou4 y' I go to work by bicYcle. xl go to my wolk by bicycl€. like neans sinilar to e. David? ocaupalion is a íoÍmal word' usuďly used in wífing (ďicial foÍms etc')' ljsé iob' y'whatš your iob?/what do you do? . ' What's youŤ occupation. l woÍk /ike a s/ayelTo tell someone youÍ po6ition al y' I work as a waitress on FridaYs.k. \bu can finish some work and fien do some diÍferent woÍk' A job (árchitec! teacheÍ etc') is lie same every day. rrork as lfor* is uncountable. Í l have a good work.g.Í I work like a waitress on Fridays' lnuo lltí. work lob occuPatioll y' I have a good iob. tis etc You go to wo. witnout my.

r There aíe two chiefs in my office. work you have a boss or a manager.Companies otrte. í) . \ou can ha\E a chEl PrecutÚe' o| chleÍ accounťant' bu| a chie' is Usuallv lhe |eád€roÍá Inbe oÍAmencan lndians'At y'There ar€ tivo managers in my oífice.

Ýork foÍ . Personál means connecbd wilh your plNale liÍe.t The labourers have asked the managers for more moneY ln industry' pay and condÍtioís are discussed by w!Íkers and managp ent' y'The !ďorkers have asked the management for moŤe moneř chiď managel woÍkar management YJort in/loa Í I wolk in a finance company' Use in 10 say WheÍe e'áďly you woÍk in a conpany' e'g' in he accounb deparínent Ío tell someone about your employeí: y' l \. The departmenl thai helps individuals at woÍk is he peísonnel depaíÍnent' . frnance comPaÍy' ÍI \'řork in the pelsonal department. e'g' can I ask personal peŤsoínal peBonď W a y'I work in the PeŤsoínel department.

l'lJ buy rhe drinks' g . (you can pdy he bi]l and uy ta.Money f If you pay the food. I It buy the drinks. becaus€ you don't buy things') y'lí you pay for thes€ thc food. Itu have b pay someone for somethino whcn you buy it.

especially pÍoÍessionals' get a nonl''salary' y'DoctoÍs 8et a 8ood salaiy' pay íor r Wď have to rise the price of this wa9e salaay product. y'we'll have to rais€ the pfice of this pÍoduct. some woÍkeÍs.X DoctoB get a good wage. . rise raise price cost ď living Í The price of living is vely high in London. we say: YoU pay a y' The cost oí living is very high in London. usually doing physicaljobs' gď a Í€eklywage' Most people nowadaF. pric€ in oíder to have somethinu' To say how expensive a city or counÍy is. A price Íisas when il increases. but ií someone increases a pÍice' lhey ňbe lhe pÍice.

Words that go together .

We i. We do busines mak6 do with somebody. We take a day off make an we have an interýiew.ko have donl We take an exam. w€ mske a mistake. We do a job or sorne make an exercise. We take a course. work. maLe an We bnve a lesson. we hare a m€ďin8.ffi do a mistake. We make a speech. we máke a phone call. We donl we do an exercise. I .

an interview to test your spoken English. He's the (clri'rlboss). She works (litďas) a secretary and in a café. this exam without ... 3 I can't .. B completB lh€6s With .nake. you'Il ......Review 2 A choosé lhe coÍÍeď answeř.. I My geography (prolessorlteacher) at schoolwas very nice. but he goes (Ío t'islÍo) Teachers get a good (salarylwcge) inlapan but the (coslprice) ofliving is also higher there.. a phone call now. |atehastwo (jobslworks)' by bicycle. She (aughtl leaí'f) us a lot' What (do you tlol are you doing)? . that exam. take oÍ have I Can you . any mi 2 If you .I work (itrl a television compány... we're ....


say: r I have many pařents in my town' pařents' otieÍ íami! You can only have two 3 y'I have many relatives in my town.Fami Í I am boln in Madrid' his only as a past aďion' y'I was born in Madrid. when childíen 9ď physically bigger. membeís aÍe r€laťvos' .they grow up means to become an ádult and act parcnt aelalive slÍong like one. y' l want to be a nuŤse v/hen I gŤow up. slrict y'Your children are much taller they Ťeally have groriŤ. To . born gÍow (up) ln English we s€e t Your children are much taler really have grown up.

iňo stsoílg.t My father was veÍy stron8with us lÍ someone is as childÍen. it's a physical chaÍacteÍistic' A peÍson makes childreníollow ÍUles is íÍicl' ýMy father was Very strict with us as children. 39 .

Home and away 10 .

Í I'm Iesting at my friend's house all you'Íelired' lí youte livinq in You ÍRst when someone's house. or to }oUÍs?When you ď€ lired. ýe you later I'll r€tuin home about eight. at . ]bu only say my house ifyou aÍe choosing. I want to go home. you want to go homs' ýI'm tired. ) l rll ) . (I'1l get hom€/l'll come hom€ . usé slay' ýI'm stayin8 at my frjcndt house all rest stay house home t I'm tired.'. I want to go to my house. 8€lum home and anive homé are Íormal' can say: ýl'll mímally you behome at about eight. e'g' sl.allwe go to fiy house.

Guests for dinner .

(without úé) is lhe room wheÍe you cook| You say Fíench cui6inr' but you Usually say: caí kilchco kitchcn Í00d l My sister is a veíy 8ood cookei. 's . ! The guests will be here soon. cookol cook y' My sist€r is a very good cook. just clean the living řoom' I'll doan tidy y'I'll just tidy the living room.Í I really The love the French kitchen. A cooker is a machine (gás oí eleclnc)!A peÍson !Ýho cool(s is a caok.ench food. We usuallv dGan usino waler YoU cán quickly tidy a room by putting everyhinq in ils place. y'I ]ove F.

Wten you cook food in a padiculaí way. itš called a dish- 4 .Meals X Deliciousl This is my favourire plate! y'This is my favourite dishl The hing you put food on is ca ed a ptale.

- that's Food is what you buy and can use to make your favouíle meal' A meal can have one' 1w0. Í we doďt All meals are Without á (beakfast. you usually say you havs brlaklast' nď eat it' ýwe don't usua]ly haYe breakfást.' Pizza foltowed by ice cÍeam my favourite food. vou ]ike some des€řt? Í Wonlá Á désen a phce tiat's all sand' e'0' t'e sáhara deserL The sweet lhing you eal at lhe end oÍ a meal is tie dessBrl' l deseň dess€Ít have breakÍast /Would you like some dessert? usually €at a bŤeakfasÍ. Also. fiÍee or more co|jrsés' y' Pizza followed by ice-cream that's !latE dish meal my favourite meal. /mcf and dt'nei. .

are good or bad at somehing' sister is very good at cooking. x My sistel y'My P€ople is veŤy good in cooking. .Small words X \{hen my mother went to work. . my aunt took €are of us. l l didn't know You can live that Ánna was married with Paul.€ oí maÍried !o good at look íoÍ ÍoÍ bem' care aboul someone means to have Íeelinqs someone you y' lÍyoule phtsica||y Íesponsible toí Lke cáí€ oÍlhem' ' . wilh someone' but you ďe maííiedlo somebody' y' I didďt know that Anna was aÍbr look married to Paul. Garc To about také ca. my aunt caled about us.

look íoÍsomething.. you try 1o fnd Ll' lf you aÍe íesponsible Íoísomelhino.r Jim's away' so l'm looking íor his houseplants.. so l'm looking after his houseplants. .you loot aíteÍit' lÍ you y'.

. much more than going to my other (s) . .. . so my grandmother looked (a) .. My mother had to leav€ (r) .. sometimes w€ (5) '. houses.. . playing with childŤen. and left (rr) . . .. to go to univeřsity' my grandmother was very sad.'..... born in Lisbon.. because although she was quite (e) . I (l) ..Review 3 Complete the gaps... . but when I was small. very early to Bo to work and she didnl {3) .I enjoyed going to her 1r. a boy who lived near her house! ( . home until late.. When I grew 0r) . ..... I cried because I wanted to 8o (ó) .. at my 8randmother's house for the night. . us children during the day... '. ... . with us when we behaved badly. She was very happy when I got married 13) . Later. she was good (lo) . '..


Character Í I have good y'I 50 relations with my father ln politlcs' counlri€s can have good Íelationswith each othel WithÍamily and fÍiends you have a good/bad Íélalionship' have a good relationship with my father .

. . y'It takes Firsl you have to gď to tnow new p€ople. AÍter hat. whaťs she like? ' relďons Íelationship Í t en'oyed the party eÁv meeting your bÍother at A sympeth4lic person lndeÍstands youí pÍoblems and feels solíy for you A person - he's veŤy sympalhetic' whatš she like? syrnpathďic nice gct to kíolY whn ls t0 hke. you know hem. It takes a feií days to know ne\a people.l new people.. E veÍv nicé oÍ likeablé' y'.í I've neveř met youl sister how is she? You only ask w€ll The answeí miqm be sheš someone you 'iďyery To ask about lhe chaÍacter of íow is sie? iÍ you know heí' y'. a íe\4 days to get to know S. x he's very nice...

Describing people .

16.t My fuiend is two metres high! You can talk about a peíson's y'My íÍiendis two say someone is two metÍes láll' h€igm' but you metťes tďl! Í I'm very tall. but my mother and father are both quite small.. my mother and father slnall opposib of big oí largo' The high quite shořt.. is lhe opposil€ of l'll is sioň' y'. are both tall Small short Í I've got brown YoU only say haiÍs' y'I've got brov/n hair. X My daughter has YoU hails íyou can counlthem' e'q' There arc L|o hai/s ín ny souplTf. mn ňave yeaÍs ď exleÍience' but you say someone is I 6 (years old).e |l.aiJ on yoÚÍ head is usually uncountable' hairs heiÍ y'My daughter is 16 yeam. .

Clothes l tousers mrtch suit Íit cloth clothes This tlouseř is nice. looks good on you. il suils you. ď lrcusé|$' or lňese y'These trousers are nice. I This is the right pelfectly. X That dress rcally matches you. jacket can mald! youÍ lrousers. \bu can say a pai. size it suits me y'This is the right size ir frrs me perfectly. Íf lie colours aÍe siÍnilaílf someťIng you weaÍ YoUr y'That dress really suits you. # . tousers (pluml). lÍ something you weaÍ is the Íiqlrt size' you say rt lits you.

Í I hope I can End



cloů to wear

cloli is a piece ol malerial' People wear clolies, but lieÍe is no singulaí You have to say a dr'ss, á sultetc' ln ÍoÍÍnal language you can talk about an item oÍclothing'

y'I hope I can find some nice clothes to

X I watched a car accident yesterday.
watch also means you decide to give your atlenlion to somehing f0í some time' You Bee



somefiing even if you don't wantlo.

satý a car accident yesteŤday.

tell explain hear lislen

X He said me that I was wrong.
say wilhout me, you elc.: He said that lwas wrong,yo|J $n tatk about whal sJmeone said toyot He sakl hďlo to ne' lÍ someone gives you informatjon, you say ta told ne that l w6 wrong Íwilhout b)'
You usually use

y'He said that

I rar'as


me that I was wrong.

wrong./He told

x she explained m€

the pÍob]em.

y' She explďned the problem to me.


I oÍlen hear jazz at



when yo! hear somelhinq, you don'ldecide 1o' it just coÍnes 10 yolrears'When you decide1o give your atlention foÍ a lonqer peÍiod ďlim€, you lislen to somelhing'

often listen to iazz at home.

_ lf you aÍe . you remind them atoul it.they have vely sinilar faces' lí you Want to be sure someone d{resn't forgel something.Small words l Í Peter becaus€ reminded me of the chicken in the oven' y'Peter reminded me about rhe chicken léminded ď someone or somehing' you hink ď it lhere's a similarily. _. e'o . Peter renincls ne oI ny bqlher .

you aÍe thintiío ď doing it' thinking áboot somelhinq' it is remind me about on my think about y'Our secretary is thinkng of leaving.. meď ouÍ secŤetary is thinkin8 aborrt leaving.aq . of t That's my friend on the other side the street. nobody 1o help you..I'll shout at him You think ď shoul shoul at someone when you're anory' To attÍact someone's altention. . shout to him. lÍ you'Íe happening in your head al this moment. eg YtM hlk woÍied' steven' |ýhaÍ are you lhkking abouť2 lf you have a plan but you\e nď sure about it yet.. t put the tent up all bY mY own litiere is yorlr own oÍ by youÍs€lí. you shoÚt lo them' t'11 y' -.you do things on y' I put the tent up all on mY own remind .

. It really . 1 a good relationshiďoood relations a) BŤitain has . 2 3 4 5 How is a) I don't know fimmy's wife. It .. me perfectly' a) I think I . . '. b) This shiŤt is the right siz€.. sympathďiďnice she?Mhatš she |ike? a) Trevor listens to your problems . with Argentina now...Beview 4 complete each s€nlence wilh these phÍases.... Íits/suits a) You look good in that iacket. b) Barbara has .. person... ... him.... ffi . .. erening and \^'e're hear/listen to going to . b) l'm loolting forward ro seeing Mar) again... you. ' ..he's very ... .. with her boss. somebody cryin8! b) lack's plaving piano ar úe pub thi. b) Iill has many friends she's a very..


t [ouses' rcbbeís mb banl?é and thieves íeal lhinqs írom y'Someone burgled a house yesteřdař 62 .Losing things Í Someone stole a house in London yesterday. awaÍ Burglars b(ltole I you gteál somefiing' you lake .

learn a lot because don't want to lose my time. you l refiind waste time y' . io do something. ll}1)u don'tspend yourtime usefully. but you rcmind anolher p€rson to do il' b ng Í I hope I will wasb lime. YoÚ remember me to bring y'Annette remind€d me to some cups.X I've forgotten my lunch at homel \ou can say lýe f. I don't want to waste rny time. - . .ÍqotEn to bÍing nv lunch! but you léavélhinos in anďheípláce' y' I've left my lunch at home. sleal rob buÍglc Í0Íget leáve remembeí x Ann€tte remember€d some cups.

.Difficult feelings ry.

lf you aÍe getting hefuelinq fÍom someone or somefiinQ'you are Írioilentd. boring' tiring etc'.liÍld etc' y'Young childÍen are oíten frighteÍed X My boss is difficult to work for she's always very n€rvous.! Young children are often frightening.ausing he fuelino. lleÍlotls neans worrieal and lackng confidence (usually before somefiina important. lÍ someone oí somethino isfÍiqhEning. boÍEd. . gel on my neÍves Í His sin8ing is making me nervous! y'His singing ll someone hás a bad habit' it can get on yo{r neívrs or aníoy or iÍÍitale you' is getting on my nerves. like an exam)' lf someone a/}ýa]/s has a dimcut chanctel you c€n say hey are bad_temp€red' Ííighteniíg fÍightened ll€ÍYous bad!empered y'My boss is difficult to work forshet always very bad-tempered. lhey aíe .

* . but il (tolerate is ÍoÍmal)' sJppoÍl means 10 hold somehing up' we just have to put up with them.. ll you have to live wÍfi sonethino you don'l like' you pul up wilh y'.Lifers difficulties f The peopte upstairs are a problem. but we just have to support them..

Us€ á prob|em instead' cant stand y'They have a big problem ivith theii teenage son. Please lf yo$ dislike someone very sÍongly' you y'.I really can't suffeř him. so you can't usé it witi lrá'y' You would say bat somďhing has cáu6éd a lď ď toublo' difficulty problem touble cause y'The new system has caus€d oftroubl€ at woik' a lot ffi . but you cán't have a difficully. suppon with put up Í They have a bi8 difEculty with teenage son.x doťt invite Robert to the paÍty. TÍouble is Usually uncounlable. their YoJ have diÍlicutly oÍ diííicullies wiťl sometňino. I leally caťt srand him' cantt stand or canrt bear fiem. '. X The nei{ system has made many troubles at work.

ť were in|ured in the tŤaffic accident.Med cal problems Í Two people were wounded in the traffic accident' People aÍe woundeí in a fight oÍ wa! by guns or knives etc' lÍ peopleš bodies a. hey ďe injured' /Two people $. .e damaqed in an accident.

People can be cured oÍ a dÍs€ase' ií the disease disapp€aÍs complelely' But all people in nospital aÍe tsoaisd by doďors' sick i Gut€ /The iniured Hospital. were tÍesred at city tÍeat Í€c€ipt prescaiption . wounded iniurcd t The injured were cured at City Hospital. s . lí someone has been 3ick' it usually means lhey have vomiled food fÍom lheir stomach' When someone is nď al work because ď illness they aÍe olÍ sick' but qenerally say| y'Anna has been iI| for thr€e da}'s. rEcsipl when you pay iÍ a shop' A doctor qives you á pÍe6cripťon' Pheímacy is a loímal woíd.! Ánna has been sick for three days. We usually say he chémistbYoU gel a y'The doctor gave me a prescription and I took it to the chemist's.í The do€tor 8ave me a r€ceipt and I took it to the pharmary.

Small words .

. by lhe peÍson using it' ý The man was killed with a knife.X The police are searching the missing teenager. The clÁfo. í The man was ki|led by a knife' The mán was kjlled with a knife. limw something al someone aggÍ€ssively' e'q' /vercr firow stores at peqple/ ll }ou Want b be heIpÍul' you can liÍow something to somebody' kill by killwith y' She threw the ball to me. lÍ somehing is missing' you s€arch íol' or look foÍ il' y'The police are searching for the missing teenager search s€aÍch Íor ' we Practised thro\ťing the ballat You lhÍow ď thÍolv to each other.ns qÍÍiceÍsearched the car Íol d/U(6. To searci someone or somefiing means to examine every part ď it to look foÍ some1hing' c'g.

9) diífidltyl problern it is when people are off work! ffi . A putting up withl suppotting the other people in the ofnce.Review 5 choose the cořÍ€ct wořd(s). colleagues is a very {:) ůough. One of my ( z erýouslbad-tempeÍed person and anolher one really Lt. Last week her personal assistant was so (t illlri. But the only thiřr8 the boss could talk about was what a big (. It's the boss I real]y can't o súfferl stand. because she! always t' makinglmusing trouble. l find my woÍk veÍy l ) i ntefesteilJ intenesifig so I don't mind.& that she ended up being B) telltedl cureil in hospital. gers on ny nemeslmakes me neryour with his stupid iokes.


When exactly? ila 74 Itr .

You sav in y' I'll see you on Monday morning. lho Úoming. so you say on Monday in May on May on May 181i.t ['ll see you in Monday morning. y'Your grandmother is coming next Thursday. ! tomolmw The conference is next Thursday the day after tomorrow. You say in May bul on lňé'l8lh. ll youte lalking about lhis week. you say l'/š lňUrsday exl ÍhuíMay is fie following week.te . X Your grandmother is coming on next Thursday. but on llonday' so vou say on lllonday mominq. :. You don't use a pÍeposilion before l8Íl nert next Thursday lhe day aÍte. y' we'ie meeting on May l8th. X we're meeting in May l8th.

Planning time .'anuary's production flfu rAŠ Tea8ets Íoř MaŤch 3 lÍow pÍ'oduď plans >É+ol\ ogpintrroi tu sday 3. otheŤ business X I've put my doctort appointment in my agenda.aloD!o' IŤodrrcdoE rca'n _ ..3€ '!ía Íof f.y' Án AGENDA .. y'I've put the appointment in my diařy.H!é rsla/or I .j5 Ár5. 6!6nda is a list ď í'ngs to be discussed at a meeling' You write yoÚr appoinlments in a dia.

Í w€'ve Íeceiv€d th€ schedule for your touŤ of Germany. y'I'm afraid the manager is busy at . The plan Íof travellino to many places on a tour is called an ilinéráry' agenda diary limetable schedule y'we've leceived the itineÉry for youř tour of Germany. (e'g' an ďice)is occupied wien people aÍe an it' ftcupléd is ralheÍ íormal foÍ people' We say thev ďe busy oÍ wesaya place unavailabl4. iťnerary 0cclrpi€d busy f t'm afraid the manageŤ is occupied at the moment. foÍ buses oÍ lrains and schools' People have busy sclEdul€s.Í Top managers have busy timetables. limebbles ďe y'Top managers have busy schedules.

y'l go rkiing for two weeks durinýin .Periods of time ' ?8 I8o skiing foř the winter. For tells vou how long somelhing happens you when it happened. duÍinďn tells rhe Winler.

n04 during sincG ag0 use ago. We don'l usually Ús€ sime Wih ago' You can say either of hese. use íor. f Dávid's been here since six months ago. tol four days' y' she's lived heie for thrce years. e'o' Íor Ílree yeaÉ. x They went to live in the Stat€s before two years.eÍore y'They went to live in the States two yearc a8o. To say how long somelhing happened íor .I She's lived here since three years. Use since to say when á pres€nt aďion hegan' e'g' since 1997. y'David's been here since |uý :iř . y' Davjd came here six months ago. since Monday'ÍotAlk about peíiods of tiíne lrow /orq].

ýeep'nq l0Í it wákes you Up)' YoU cín qo Íol a mea|in the évening (bei/Veen aboW6 pm and ]0 pm)' tie niglí' il's when you aÍe i& .Night time f We often go for a meal in the night. llsomefiinq hápp€ns in y' We often go for a meal in the eveÍing.

Can I intmduce you to my wife? ftoodnaght means goodb!é when you leave someone al nioht. and go lo bed át night' y'What time do you go to bed at Dight? nigm evoring l Did you go out y€steiday night? \h ne{eÍ 9y yesterfuy niqhtoí last evenkg. Can I introduce you to my wife? . Mi stevens. We say yesteÉay evot|itt!' which is eaílier y6st rday evening y'Did you 8o out yest€rday eveniný last night? han last nigm. lasi night goodnight good X Goodnight.I What time do you go to bed in the evenrnS? You Usuá]ly do hings in tne evoning. Mr stevens.when you meetsomeone formally in the evenino' yoÚ say Good evéning' eveíing y' Good €vening.

New and old

)í of course' everyone wants to buy the last rnobile phone.
The mobile phone wit\ the newesl developmenls is the latest mobib phone.

y' Everyone wants

ůe latest mobile phonc.


Í We

year and

bought this computer system last it\ aheady old-fashioned. last

0ld-'a3l'io''ed means bejongj'g lo aD ojdeÍ period' somethjno can be quit6 new' but ií itš
nol the lalest technology, it's out ol dale.

y' Our computel system is out oí date.


Mr Zapdos is the actud President.
Acluál me?ns real (not imaojned oí llanned) e.g. W said the bidge would cost ,4n, but fi8 á.t'ál cost nas f6m The Přesident now is he cuíont oÍ p'€se0t PÍesident' is the

out ď date


y'Mr Zapdos

current President.

acfual cuÍÍónt


They lived in Rome for a few years, but sctually they're in Pisa.
Actjally Íneans in lacl and is used to corÍect a
wÍong idea, e'g- sheš not ny wife sl]e's ny girtfÍiend, actuauy'Io say ýýhal soneone is doing now ..-

at the m0rnem




' they'ře in Pisa at the moment.


Review 6
Compleb each sentence with thesa words.



a) I'll seeyou.... the moÍning' b) She\ leaving.... Monday morning.


a) I'll check her birthday it'sinmy..... b) This is imPortant. Put it on the .'.' foť the
next meeting.

3 4 5

a) I was in Bngland .... three weeks. b) He learnt to swim .... the summer.

a) I've been working heře .... thlee years. b) H€š lived in Flance '.'. 1998.

a) . '.. and welcome b) .... I sleep well!

Goodnaohvcmd evening

to the Ro}'al Álbert HaI.


bL. but then it becamc difficult' For an action lial happens and Íin]sh€s before anotherone.'l Atíirsttelsyou howsomething itchanges and y'Át fiřst it doesn'1íinish this Waý was easy.Begin and end Í At fiŤst We had soup./First we had soup. begins. say: . 86 .

tio end (oÍ b€glnning) sometfinO. At the end we went home. €íd eíd ' Át last' I wi[ end my talk with in the some statistics. In the end' we went at fiÍst fiíst at lhe home. use y'Finally.X We spent tlvo hours trying to find the restaurant. ora holiday lf a sÍfualion chanqes and ends in an unexp€cEd way' you cán use in lhe end' You can only say at of y' we spent two hou$ trÉg to find the Íestaurant. At last means thal you have waited bo long Íor soÍnething' at laď fiÍally y' We waited over 25 minutes at the bus stop.g. e. íinally' I will end mY talk with statistics. a booMilm. some . a bus came For the lasl oí a numbeí oÍ acllons. At last.

anoiheÍ witl Aítor list. afleÍ You lie sentence' '.ing aíleÍ that y'Áfier I switched th€ li8ht on. the comput€ř stopped working. or AÍlarwards. .One after another Í Afier switching YoU can only Use the li8ht on' the computer stopped working.. and past tenses as usual. Áfter*'ards' we went for a pizza..ing if lhe sal'e y'Áfier switching the li8ht on' I closed the curtains. iave to Us€ boťl subjects iÍ they aÍe diffeÍent. w€ went for a piŽŽa. sUá'l?atdoes bďh actions in AÍlcÍ.. After' AfteÍ talking about one action' intÍoduce y'We saw a reďy good film. afbrwaÍds Í We saw a really good film.


q) .

I'tl come back again in úree weeks'time. After ď. (tmB). Altď all means you shouldn't fo0et impodam point: !ÝeÍe so many probl€ms with we ií . x There booking the holiday.. lf tlÍngs happen to make you chanoe plans' y' In the end we decided to cancel it. y' Goodbye..afteÍ all. I'!l come back again aftel Ío say how lono b€íoíe something will happen in the fl'lure. tlme albr all in the end liis y'Í doťt think Daniel should be allowed out late . us? itl.. he's only 16. .Í Goodbye. decid€d to cancel it..

Saying more .

Atso UsJally comes beÍore to bel. sh€ lhe erd of a senEnce. fie verb (bul aíler y'saÉh speaks German alm spealc French. Furthermore. she's bringing lane! tuÍÚrenlore is Uséd in moÍe foÍmal language to inlmduce anolher ideá' íllalhg'rn0íe rYhat'5 molE y' The proposed bridge would be more efl'icient.. you can Use l0o 0í also x Great! sallťs coming to th€ party.f Sarah speaks German well. A1 \Ýell. ffi . it would have cost advantaSes. FuÍthermole. She speals French also. When youle sp€ákinq to use infoÍmally' it's better y'Greatl sally s coming to the paŤty. what\ morq she's bÍinging lane! Whatš moít ..

Opposite ideas )í Your mothert startins to look old. she\ 'lill beauliÍu'' . shet still beautitul. y'. On the other side. ca An aíqumenl does have two sid€s' ' but we say: ' on úe other hand.

'.lthough I did enjoy it. we can't he]p. we managed to frnish on time. howeÝel iti on the expensive. bÚt ltš é. y'ln 0r you can say: spite of the pÍoblem' we .. Use but in infoÍmal language: /tŠa nice car. allhough links opposite ideas i/' one settence y'Álthoúgh the film was too lon8' I did enjoy it.rjpe'gve Horr€ver (more íormal) goes with olheÍ hand althouoh howaYer y'We unde.stand your Problem How€veÍ.a Despite of the problem. .Í The fiIm was too lon8.a It's a nice car.. Don't usé ď after despito' lie second opposile idea in anďher senlence' despite in spite ď y'Despite the pÍoblem' we . . A. .

so I had to wear a difierent one. io y' I came here to learn English. lÍ you Waol lo say úyyou do somefiinq' use íor doing do' nď Íoídoing. lJse so (wih liát means to do one lhinq becáuse yotl want s0 that y' My mother spilt ketchup on my dress. y'This knife is for cutting meat.) bďoÍe it)Íor a resJÍlthat peÍhaps no_one Mnted' so to do X I came here for leaming Inglish.whv? x My mÓther sPilt ketchup on my so dress so thst I had to wear a different one. a comma (. a.oher thing to hapgen. is used foÍ íor doino to explain wiat somelhing . t This knife is to YoU can Use clt meat.

{ ..

btying |t.use it's (Ío 4 punch holeslfor punching holes). (Jolso Íl'al) I called the helPline. Yes. bec. but that wasnl the reason (ofl for) l My PC crashed. B chooso the coÍr€ct answer. it was cheap.Beview 7 A conect l lhe woÍds in ÁÍÍrJfwewent to iblics' iÍ neceesary. 3 This is called a hole-punch. We spent an hour waitttgfot abw. At the end we decided to walk. 2 l wenl lo lown (íoř doing lo do) my shoppin|o. a plb and aftenva swe 2 3 4 5 went to a disco. Those ale al] the practical problems. . and aÍ ldsÍ ther€ is the question of cost' I'm goin8 to France ifi thÍee !r'eeks' ifne You shouldn't expect her English to be good afer al| she's orrly been leařning it for a year.


Then I came here. For lwo paý aclions after each othel use 1wo pasl simples' r/I lived in Italy íor two yeals. f I'm understanding this grammar now. . y' I was living in ltaly wh€n I met my $'ife.ln the middle? Paď ďmde and Ítrsr{ sinpla cmťnuous siaťYe r'rrbs and continrots x I woŤk in scotland this week' y'I'm working in Scotland this weckThisiemporary activity willfinish afler a period of time. undeEland somelhinq is peÍmanent' l]se píesenlsimp1e' llse paslcontnuous when you need lo saythatsomefiing happened in lhe middle ď the aclion. so use present conlinuous. To y'I understand this grammar now.

I sell computers. someone's job' use /What do you do? . Íhe present conlinuous heÍe describesWhatis happening at the moment' ForpeÍmanenl routlnes. computers. €'0.selliflg f What are you doing? _ I'm s€lling presentsimple. 1&t .

lie past. y'. use pastsimpte. Foí lr]i|e including ihe past and present.. for three 1i'r' You sáy íor a peÍiod oÍ tiÍne and since a poim in time' years..Past and present Í I've been in LondoÍ yesterday' in Totalkabouta parlicutar lime y' I was in London yesteŤday. . f How long are lÍ you pu in Cambriil8e? y'How longhave you been in Cdmbridge? Since May.. since t998. say HoW lorp are you in Canbidge? you arc 1alking about tjme that includes the fuluíe' e'g' Until May. . use pr€sent perfuct' ..\ince Váy. X I've lived here since three years.

y'I've b€€n Ío descÍibe aclivity oveí a peÍiod of lime' Use continuous' painting all afternoon. .. Use present peíect simple' y' I've paint€d three řooms today.í I've been paintin8 three rooms todaý To say how mích you have done.

Changing habits




came to Bngland in 1986. I used to dŤive on the left.
lf you used to do somelhing, it's a pasl habit that you don't

do any more,

y' I used to drive a French car, but I sold it.
lf somelhing was once a diÍficuli change' but fuels normal


no\ý' use to be useal to + ing.

came to England in 1986. I'm used to driving on the left.


Brazil people are used to drinking


lot of

fuain, use pÍesenl simple to talk aboul peopleš usual Way ď life.

y' In Brazil people drink a lot of coffee. |J* to be u,ed t0 úing only when fieíe is a chanqe lhat

y'I caďt drink

makes life difficult.

coffee here in ln8]aÍd because drinking Brazilian coffee. I'm used to


win' going

b aŇ qÍesflli Gonliíud's as luhlÍo :
+ pres€nt


l'11 speak to he fufure' llse y'Wheo he arrives tomorrow.I'll8et it.t I'll visit our Lisbon office next week! ll you use will lo talk about íufuíeplans. FoÍ plans you have already made' lieíe are (in tvýo possibililjes: y' I'm going to yisit our Lisbon office next week. y'The phone's ringing. lJse a píesent tense aíleÍwhén to lalk about will foí lhe ober futuÍe action' t'lJ speď to him' . he v. he Í when him.ill arrive tomorrow. This means you've deíinitely ďranqed tne visit wih people in Lisbon. it means you aÍe deciding úe plan al the momenl you aÍe speďinq. tie plan fie people youí head) but This means you've decided not have aÍíanged it výith mal in Lisfun yet' y' I'm visiting our Lisbon offrce next week.

t'd (would) buy that car see him' y'lf It's not very likely. so you should sav: Í lf I will You I'll give him your message.I'llgive him your message.I'll buy rhat car.lÍ il. y'If lJnless youte extremely optimistic. you came. you would meet him. you probably mean: win the lottery.. you would meet him. Don't Use would afteÍ il Use a past lense and woíld in lhe be senlence. ooidlÚm'k t When I I I win the lottery.I'll buy that car.. I s y'lf other part of If you would come. won the lottery. seílence' y'If Úsé will mustl't use will atbr lÍ' llse a present tense and lhen in the olher part of the I see him. .

/ . Use past peíecl. lf you had phoned me last week. When imagining a diÍfeÍenlpast' you need moÍe han the pasl simple. I would have Úw\ WŇi /ů&.B @ter^- WW : g@!. and $ould have (done)inlhe olheí part oÍ the sentence' rold you. I would told you.f y' If you phoned me last week.

2 what ''ie do you do? Ill' worting in a bank. 7 \ďe'll m€et you at the aiportwhen you uill 8 9 IÍ they would offer me theiob. I . I would d€finitely accept it.Ll hat e toldyott. 5 ['ve just spoken to lim.I'lI meetlhe company president at 10 o'clock on Tuesday. If I had known. 1/ in London foÍ a couple of months.Review B Aí€ these veňs co]Í€ďl lÍ not Glrect them. 6 I've just checked th€ sched!|e. He's corning to dlnnet on Saturday night. I /or. 3 we've seen a]] the tonrist sights yesterdař 4 she's interyieýled II people so far this morning.


iudlhaw Mt stt't be/can't l b b .You mustn't get this wrong! Dohl have to/nust .

y' I must to home soon. x That mustďt be Richard l'lrsln'l not possible' use he's in America. Don't use to aÍter muBl (or oher modal verbs' e'g' can't should. - cán't' t* . lÍ you canl choose. say: y' You musuťt/can't take Photos in the gallerý X I must to go home soon. y'You doďt have to come if you doďt want to. yesterday' Í I must go to the doctor\ The pasl ď must is had to' y' I had to go to the doctoÍ's yesterday.I You dont have to take photos in the gallery lf you don'l have lo do somefiing' you can choose whetheÍ you wanl lo do it or not. nignt). means lhal something isforbidden' lf someťÍngis y'That caďt be Richard hef in America.

Do you or would you? I likell't' ike PÍďaI/nttEI sB .

wih preígr' Usé to' y'l prefer milk When you aÍe comparing two lhinqs to cream. I like some fiuit iuice. lf you y' Do Wh€n pu like liké something. Í I prefer milk than cream. . y'ťd like some řuit juice.. please. Would you like apple or orange? ofleÍing oÍ askino íoísomething now. and prefer togethel Í I'd ratheŤ prefď You can't Ús€ y'I'd Íather worlJl'd prefer to work with Anne. lpreÍer meansalwavs' oenerally' tol one paíticular de( ision. to work i{ith Anne. il means always' gÉnenlly. Use wwld pr€íer' y' I'd prefer to walk today. fruit juice? I like apple juice.Really! How nice. raliď . use vrould liké' I I prefer to walk today.

i' orderIo sleep' y'My x y' I worked for most of the niSht . boss told me I must stop sleeping at work.I just stopped (woÍkin8) to sleep for two hours.toing Í My boss told me l must stop to sleep at wolk' This means you st0p doing anofieí áclivily.' b dol. Mnqnbet W 1 sllggest + -ing' saggest írat .. the Please I€membeÍ lo€kin8 You remember doing door y'Please remember to lock the door. somehing af[ewads Beíue' sAy: x Have you tried to take some aspiřin? y'Have you 9 This means vou don'lknow lÍ can oo rl' ltsomelhinq is easy. but you don't know wha1the 'oU Íesult wi|l be' use lry + -ing- t ed taking an aspirin? .To or -ing? Sbp.

you aíe oíe of be people y' He sugtested that I (should) take exercise. .lí The doctor suggested taking lf you exercise. suggesl doino somďhing.

lí I m very happy seeing you.) ďe íollowed y'She wants me to go. folloťed by ln' and prepcilioB are always ÍollowEd by dďng' y' I'm interest€d in taking this exam. Adjectives are usually follou/ed by !o do. yo{r' . b do. VéÍbsfollowed bt a person (ne.x I'm inteÍested lÍtcí€3bd is to t6ke this exam.ery happy to see you. y'I'm r. X She wants that next by Happy is an adjeclive. I go.im etD. T .

some verbs aíe Usuallv followed by lo do: pronise. dectde. some veós are UsuallyÍollowed by dolng| enky. refuse nanage y'I promis€d to help him. í{' .Í l pIomised helpin8 him. t I enioy to swim in th€ sea. finish' keep' avo|d' pqchse y'I enjoy swimning in the sea. spe l tÍre. hope. agree.

They don'lgo beÍore They g0 aíteÍ. d0n't0o bďore íobe: ftey /She go afler lo re| is often ill. rz I like dancing very * . Th€y X she(@ii} . y'We have many tourists in Ibiza.áye and bďore x l@6Ía. theverb: y' ] have never se€n it.za (many tounsrt /They /They l I lil€Gřiň-uíň dancingr- often play tennis.) X We haverin [b. both: They qo beíore 0r aÍleÍ them x rneyfr!(ri. play tennis often. it.Word order Posfion ď rdt erb6 Adverbs can be of lim€ (Íoday)' íÍequenc1(ofre')' quanlity (yery nuch) and plŤe (in the garden).tseen They don't go between a verb and objecl.


itt - a secret. meat when I was 21.. .. ffi atbt . a) 1... ..Review 9 choosé lhe 1 clr€ct . tell anybody about this. b] l .... to the supermarket on 5 to usďusing a) Have you tried . most Íoreign l"ood. to ballet the way home? classes when I was a child. . . ... veÍt ÍoÍm. going.. . b) Did you remember .. your left hand I know it's dificult.. an ice-cream please. but you .... . .{o 0o a) I remember .. this shampoo? It's really nice. don't have to/muslÍl't 2 3 b) You lik€^/vould a) You can take this exam if you want. especially lndian' ealing/to eat like 4 a) I stopped. b) Try ...'.. b) we walk€d for 4 hours and then we stopped '.


Good and well loolýeíy EMagh slMhlso Adjeclives and adverbs .

ad)iPcÍlyes tell you how someone is' looks' or séems' r4dyeÓs1ell you how someone does soÍnething' y' He works slowly.4flernouns' use so + adjeďive' . X Are you enough hungry to eat all this? Bli Enough goes bďore nouns: e'oqh nolvy. Í He works slow.eíore tlre noln they descíbe' it goes after adieďves: enough' biq enough' 'U'Úry y'You have such a tidy hous€. enwn thajíŠ y'Are you hungry mough to eat all this? X Your house is such tidy.Í Your Too + garden is too beautiful. y'Your house is so tiď. sÚch + adjective come . adjective means lheÍe's a pnbl'en This soÍab too big to y'YouÍ gaŤden is very beautiÍirl. YoÚ sáy someone is slow . .

Good and better GofiÉa'ď't€ ďld 6''F.ffiu &ivcs .

x l need a more smalleř cal. t He's very taller than I am. X I prcfer this car it's comfortabler' y'l Wilh long adjeďves. e'o' comÍoÍlable' intercsting'use comf ortablé. r/ Hďs much tďlď than I am. moÍé inlDlesting' fioÍe prefer this caŤ it's morc comfortable. . !€ry l24 but much beÍoÍe comparalives. l]se véry with adjectves. e'o. y'l Donl use more and -eÍ togelher' need a smaller car.X Everything is more cheap in this shop.a . To compare shoít adj€{tives' e cnsap€Í' biggEÍ' smallg!' 'g' cheap' bjg' sÍnall'gá\ y' EverFhing is cheÉper in this shop.

hdrlá lot ď =m= 1?B .Much or many? ulrklhule Íea .

lhe opposlte oÍ many is M Í My new computer has been gÍeat a f€w A Í€w means quile á lot' Few means not enough' or less than you expecled. - I've had y' My new computer has been great few problems with it. Lilťe Wilh p/uňl nfllrs means snall. Do you have much work to do A lot of can be uséd wifi negatves' queslions and in po€ílve todý y' He has a lot of money. y'He hasn't got much money. Problems with it. &t . use il in neoatives and Don'1 use m ch questions.Í Ther€ were vely little people on the train today. e'g' Look at those loýely 'ltle l'|c e'g' dogs' Litllo with U'counláble nouns means noÍ muah' very ftne Íree tjne foday Witň countable nouns' lew y'There were very few p€ople on the train today. in Do6itive senlences. - I've had lí He has mu€h money.

A and the AÍť.L8 & .

lr{ťloltthe' would y'TheŤe's a pro8ramme on TV about dogs.icle. Í The life can be difficult sometimes. ln English we don'l use lie íor ab6tsac1 ideas such as /líq half. Use no a. you go to !i! y' Chris's mother went to the p son to visit him. love. be about doos in general. A TV pÍoqramme Tlre dogs means some parliculaÍ doos. r We had a good weatheÍ yesterday' You canl us€ a before w€alier and ofieí common uncountable nouns such as advice. .Íffinafdn' perni$]on' acco n nodatton and fun ttu re. y' we had good weathď yesteŤday. Í Chris's mother went to plison to visit him' lf someone ooes to prison' they aÍe a cÍiminal (a studenl qoes to univsrsity or to scnool)' lÍ you visit he building but don't íeceive pÍison (lhe univeÍsity or lhe school)' lhe seNice.iness.x There's a piogramme on TV about th€ do8s. Wrk" ir. y'Life can be difficult sometimes.l.

Too many words! ilqÍÚtnc Pio''o'Ir8 Ío úé caů ti ffi .

TB . x My bŤotheř You he ]ikes football.( This is the book riřhich I bou8ht it. lf vou use which to give infoÍmalion about soÍnehing' you don'1 need to say it.t Nobody caťt fly. not an adjeclive. so you don'l need befoÍe it b be l a9Íee. You can't use lwo neqalives (nobody and can't)ioqelheí it would make a positivel r/ Nobody can fly. y'My brother likes football. . Agreo is a veab. don'lneed to say he atler you've sód my bmlhet' Í I'm y' agree. y' This is the book which I boughl.

1 I like yow house . UndeÍline it.iti too big.Beview 1O A coÍ]ect the mistakes in lhes€ sentences. 2 I can't believe that you can read so quick. 3 He gave me an advice on buying a 4 My parents they never 8o out. 5 I think you are agree? car 6 Those dre lhe CD< which you lent me them. 3 Do you think the room is enough warm? 4 My salary is more higher than it used to be. 5 I've got much work to do todaý B one WoÍd in each s€nlence is unnecessary. 'l he money isn'l úe mo5l lmporlanl lhing in life but it helps! I'm going to travel for a year bďore I go to the univ€Ťsity. ffi .


. ffi .e slept' /ád5endá/ p76 Here's the agend!] foÍ the meetifi* ago legaul p79 got this compuťer sk fior1ths ago' also /. /o:f(á čEt/ p88 ýle ate' flm./a' b & I liked it.íseiJ/ p93 although Altho sh Iafl speak French.ing /o:ft! . aÍter .. Aftet that' aÍteÍwa]ds/ojft'wádz/ p88 agenda I we had lunú. AftefuaÍds i.iÍl/ p88 AIter seeifrg the aÍter that We saw a fln' ýe ate.actuál /EktJUel/ p83 The acfual cost of ťhe bridge ý9as acfuálly /ěktJuáli/ p8] '6rn' It look s/nall but actually it\ quite bi& after all /o:fierJÍ/ P91 He caÍ't dňýe' AÍer all. he's only I5.. /]:lÓeU/ p95 ťhe flň ý.. He ako speak'Ihai.

nyselÍ l'n my oýr11 boss! bÍing /bÍr]/ Pló l'tl bÍins it l1'ith me Á. burgke /brg3l/ p62 .leÍa'v aÍl p22 she aÍÍiyed at the ofire at alrive ď 4 pn' at first /át f3sý p86 Ať frst ď l waited an houÍ' At last. it was easr' but then it ýasn't. a bus came. last /et lorsv p87 at lhe end /at ói end/ p87 we wentho e at the enA of the fln át the moment /et óe maumánt/ p8] They're bving ifl Rone aÍ th? mondl' bad-tempered /bed lempéd/ p65 Shet 5o a gy a11d bad tefipeÍed.oÍk ÍoÍ . boín /b.d p38 boss /bDs/ p30 I i.hen l cofie bacÍ.

. Can you cill latet? buy /bar/ p32 I'll buy the hy w ťÍaifi. camping /kempr!/ p20 we ýe1t Únping in haly' camÍrsite /krcmpsalt'/ p20 We spekt the night at a she goes to school ka dÍillj.nt cause třouble /kJrz tÍ^bev p67 chief /rJijt p30 child /tJa The chongu have causen a ht oí tÍoubk. d/ p2ó TheÍe are ofrIy 16 chiaÍen in heÍ chss. she\ the íhieÍexacunye oí a conPan/. can'l stand /kont stěnd/ p67 I can't stand that man! He's aýÍu caře about /keÍ abauí p46 I arc about the e ý'irrftfr.busy lbnil p77 I'n afiaid he\ busy. p22 canpsik.

clean /kliin/ p43 I can't clea the caÍ. cloth /klDe/ p55 Here\ a cloth' c1'a11 the windoýs! clothes /kléÚĎz/ p55 He lik?s deíigneí clothes.class /klčs/ p27 TheÍe aÍe te\ oÍ us ifl the English class' T9ýo classroom /klo:srum/ p27 new classÍro s haye been built. There\ 4o ýýateÍ.k Íor11 the pany at ten' got a za' cook"Í' . cooker /koká/ p43 \r''|e'!e corne ba./ith no moÍey. come back /k^m bEk/ pl6 I' come to /k^m ia/ pl7l22 l came to tlis @ rltlf l. cook n(Uk/ p43 I'fi qu'ite a goor1 ínok. common /komán/ pl2 Iohn k a very comnon nane.

I'n 4etti g Íať. desso./ashi g? ffi .t /dlať P45 No desseťt for I n rite in iry lliary e1. dospité /dlspad p95 Despite the rain.ery day.cost oÍ living /kost áv llvlÍ]/ p33 The coý oÍ liying is 1)eíy high. diary ldaÉil p76 ne . cuře /kjue/ p69 Those pilh hale íuÍeá fre! cuřÍent /k^Řní p83 KLthy Freeman k the cuÍrent champio1|. diÍÍiculty /dlfi kalti/ p67 He n os havins difrallr/ bÍd|thing. dish /dr! p44 do Deliciou. des€íl lóezAÍl p45 The deseÍt is hot and duý. we had a good time.! This is ny falo1lÍik dish! /du:/ p35 Haýe you done lhe \.

duÍing /djuán{/ p78 I take two ýeek oÍíduing Auzust. Íirst /f3:st/ p86 Ílight /fla'ť pl5 ouÍ Íight took off lale. Íil lÍltl p5a k doesÍ't Jit ' t's a bit bis. l ýi\l e d nly talk ýith She evening /irv rll p80/8I we ofte go foÍ a y]alk in explain /rksplen/ p56 the eýenifrg a jokt. finally /famali/ p87 Finally. erplained ne probbn. food /fud/ p43 Íor lfx|/ p7a I'n 4oing to Balj foÍ ťwo week'' tor doing /fa duxd p96 Thb knife k foí cutting freaL .

go /geu/ pl7 I'm going to Fntnce next !r'eek. ntains yeÍy íÍightefiing' ÍuÍthe]mor€ /f3ňam3í p93 h's expensiye. Í]ightening /fÍalten{i p65 I Íorgotten to blins my lunch. F ÍrheÍnoÍeit\ uely' rtnd high no get on my néÍvés /get Dn mar mivzl p65 yoÍ1t sil. Ío]5ignor /foÍlná/ p12 we're all foreignerc soney]heÍe.ÍoEign /fonÚ/ pl3 qord hB a lot of foreisn students.ging is +efti g o11 fi/ nefles gď to know /get te nau/ p5r vou h! e to get to k11o!.htened in ďowded places. ffi ./ people here. Íorget /feget/ p63 I'ye fÍightened ffraÍand/ p65 I set Íi.

go back /geu

I'm goin{back to my hr good at /gud atl p46




Bob is ýery good at cooki,1g.

good evening /gud l.vnut/ p8t
Good eleiing. HoN are you? Goodnight. sleep v/ell.

goodnight /gud nalt/ p8l
gÍow /gÍáU/ p38
You're 50 taIl! How you'ýe


grow up /qráU
/hee/ p53



hairs /heázl P53
have /hev/ p35

There are sone hairs in ml souq!

were hfuine a fieenng ofl satuÍd..y. have b]€aKast /hev bÍeklbsv p45
I haye bÍeakfast 1|ery eatly.

héar lhial p57 I heaftl abndsi gisg. high /ha{/ ps3
That mour}taís i5 5,0N fietres high.

homé /háUm/ p4| I like cofii g hone aÍlrf a houaa/' housé /haus/ p41
My house

buih 1N yea6 ago.
't help.

howovor /balreve/ p95 l usdetstLnd. Hoý]e'reÍ, I ca

I'w ben i1l for week. in Íront oÍ fr^nt áv/ p23 There\ a tree^n in fÍont oí the wisdoý'

ill ltll



/'nd3ed/ p68

she ýas isjureí] in the


in May /m mer/ p75
we'Íe on holiday

in spite ď /m spart av/ p95




I{e enjoye,l it in spite of the rain.

in tho end /tn ói end/ p87l9r

lt ýa' Íai\'ing ln the end ýe didfl't 80. in ... time /n ... talm / p9r l'll cone bac* in ttuee week' nrne. itinořary /alttmťeÍi/ p77 HeÍe\ the'itinerary fot yolÍ tÍip. iob l&nbl p29 what\ fouÍ job? what do you áo?

ioumoy /d33Íli/ Pl4
joÚney takes

t\ao houÍs by .4r.

kill by /kl ba/ p71 He was kilka by a drunk.
kill wiih /kll wň/
He was

ki en úth a knife. kitchén /kÍJáď p43



sua y eat in the kichen.

landscape /lEndskep/ p20
Likes to

paint bndscaPe'


/lo:st/ p82

We'ye sot ose left. This is the

hst one.


tu1cher learn lbr'l p26 I leadt a lot fiom my nusn leave /li:v/ p63 I'ye Iď tlf lunch at home! listen to nlsán t3/ p57 I Lbtened to the Íadio. look aÍter /luk o:fta/ p47 I'll look aÍer the dos Nhen you'Íe away. he? look Íor /luk fe/ p47 I'rn lookiry íoÍny dog. managsmént /m€nld3mánt/ manageí /mEnld3á/ p3o My ňanagel is p31 The ňanagernenť agred to paf them. where k make /merk/ p35 I flever inake mistakes.last night /lo:st na / p8l WheÍe werc you last Íight? lďest /leltast/ p82 This k the latest model lt\ just anived. younzeÍ thafi fie! .

married to /merid ia/ p46 Anna's martied to a Fíenthrna . mďch /mĚtj/ p54 My ia. She's coming nert ThursAay. wi neruous /n3. next Thurcday /neks.véý pó5 He's too neryou| to biýe abÍoad.ket and nouseís atch' meal /mirl/ p45 you stay Íor a neal? natuíe /neltIe/ p20 Po unon is dadagíne to nafuÍe. o3lzdi/ p7s nice /nars/ p5l night /nalť p80/8r He often wakes up in the nishť occupation /okjupelJán/ p29 whar\ your occupation? occupied /okju:pard/ p77 Room 4 is occupied at the onení .

I'm haPpy' on lonl p22 He soes to work oí íoot' opposite /opesrt/ p23 Lt out oí date /aut ev house is oppÉite the Park. pařent /peáÍJnt/ p38 |/' paÍefrts dre both Íron scothnd.^če ofl the otheÍ hand. on ÍÚonday /Dn m^ndel/ p75 on my own /Dn mal éon/ p59 on tho otheř hand hend/ p94 /on ói I'm oa.old-Íashioned /auld feJenď p83 Her clothes are so oa-Íashioned! on May í8th /on mel ói eÍino/ p75 The muting\ on Maf I8th. It\ out of date. ffi . d€It/ P83 This eonputer is usebss.

ls./orks in the pelsonnel department. youhaye to put p ýith Professot Joses tauxht me at u |ýeísiE.pay Íof lpel fel p32 Í'ořsonal /p3:sanal/ CaÍ I ask p3 you a peÍsonal quenion? l Íreřsonnel /p3Š.nel/ p31 she ý. pÍicé/pÍals/ p33 The prie oÍÍood k eoing up. clasl has about 30 pupik' pÚt up wiih /pUt wlč/ p67 ^p pÍobbr.dos't dÍop those plates! prgscription /pÍJsknpJáď p69 Take this prescnpnofl tu the chemist\. plďé /plelť p44 Be careÍul .y haýe a pÍoble ýith theiÍ sos. problem /pmblem/ p67 Th. pÍoÍossor /pÍJfese/ p26 pupil /pjrlpél/ p26 The pnmaÍ. .

raise /ÍeI' p33 I asked my boss to raise my salary.tth. Íemind me about /Ímand mi ebaut/ p58 He Íerntnded fie about colleíti11s lohn' This Íenind! fie of ouÍ líst holiday. řemind me oÍ /Írnamd mi av/ p58 ffi . Íeceipt /ŤIsiť p69 I'ýe paid but I hayen't had a rceipi Íélations/nleljenz/ p50 spain and Italy have gooa rchtions.reá tÓ Š.e a good Íebnofiship n ith Ted' Elative /reláhv/ p38 Us. ]elationship /íleIJaďIp/ p50 I ha1. Íemembér/Ímembá/ p63 I í.mPmb. ýidň' Íemind /Ímand/ p63 I've got rclitives in the Remifld me to call Josie latet.

is closed. get salary /sElari/ pl3 l Paid a moflťhly salarf. schedule /JedjuJ/ p77 seářch /s3ÍJ/ p7l seařch fo] /$xJ nanagers haye busy scheílules' The police sdtrched the teenagers fá/ p7l eýerywhere They seathed Iol their úL . ]oad /ÉUd/ p15 The roarlto !1ay' Chano i. say /ser/ p56 He said that I wíL' ýro g' scenery /sirari/ P20 The scenery 1n the Alps Top k y]onderÍul. fob |Ínbl p62 They robbed thebank.rcst /rest/ p41 l i.as so tiftd' 1just íenen !]ll rise lmtzl p33 PetÍol Ptices are tking daily.

shoň /lc:t/ p53 shout 4auv p59 she's quite shoÍt - about 1'5 metÍes.see /sii/ p56 I síW aÍ accident. so I mised the ýai.as sick. so that /se) s det/ p96 I ýent upsn]irs so that l coua be alone. shade {erd/ p2l It's too hot. kt's sit in the shadow {adau/ p2l shade. . sincé /sns/ p79 she's lilea here sifiťe 1999' smáll /smclu p53 Mf caÍ\ ťite srnall. she sltt in the shadovt oIrhe ho se. Stop it!Don't sho t at me! /srk/ p69 sick I ate sofltething bad and i. so /sau/ p96 I pt thele hte.

000. stranger /strelndsá/ pl2 He's a stranseí. p13 strange /strendý He's a bit straflge. suit /sjuÍ/ p54 That dras looks great. It suits you. He's elý herc' stoet /stril/ pl5 The statiot'' at the efid oÍ ouÍ stť@t' strict /stnkt/ p39 gtÍong My father\ s''i. support /sepcx/ p67 Millio11s supPott MLfrchester Ufriteď r5i . I haýe to stay in.stay /ste/ p4r I ýay?n at fry They síole ďeal /stij/ pó2 funa\ house lnst night '2.r. I don't like him. My fLther /stmÍ]/ p39 ýd' a ýery stÍong 4n' student /stju:dánt/ p26 Most studenx lite away from hone.

sympathďic /slmpe€et'k/ She p5 itas very srypatheic about it. take /terk/ p35 she's takisg heÍ ?:xarns next week.'s almoý ťwo rnetes tall. teach tiitl/ p26 teacheř /d{á/ p26 He's a t acher 4t a s?Íofldary school. tell He toa ^el/fle that I i'as ý/rcng I p56 the counřy /če k^ntÍi/ p20 tho day aÍtéltomoÍÍow so foÍ bfi{ walks in the coulltlr. tall /brl/ ps3 H. . she teaches chernistry at a giÍls' school. l keř avl p4ó také caíéoÍ Hel rnl onry son n]ke caÍe of him! ^elk take /te ď p17 I'm taking hin to kaly.

tour He went on a toul Íoultd orford' ] Ioýe nayellin* /tua/ p14 travél /trevál/ p]4 ffi . B oÍ cha|sing think oÍ /0l1nk ávl p59 Ihthinki ny job./óá del o:fta temDFU/ p75 l'll see you the day afteÍ tonotroý' think about /€r]k ebaut/ p59 l'n thiflkins about bst nighťs notch.l rne! throw to /oÍeu te/ p71 lidy lÍaldil p43 whatamess!Ca you rib your timetable /tamteůal/ p77 Íoorn? Haýe you íot 4 trai tifietabb? to do /t3 ďr:/ p9ó I cane to England to lcarn English. thrcw at /oráU át/ p71 Thef thÍew \tones at the windoýs' Thro'ý/ the ball t.

watch /\*DtJ/ p56 We watched the'rV last night. waste timé /welst tam/ p63 I don't yýant to ýýosťe my lime.]s to PaÍis on a business ťlip' třouseřs /tÍauzás/ p54 usual /juJuál/ pr2 l'l] have my Áual dnnh wage /werd3/ p33 I think I'l|wear my sreen tro sers. iť's weL p51 woÍk /w3''k/ p29 I ýatteá y/oík at the a4e oÍ 14.t€at tdp /tÍp/ pl4 /tri:t/ pó9 The doťtot\ treanng ne for back pain' I'. please' l seť paid weeHy' My y]ase isn\bad. what's frorc.n goi. . whatš moro whatb she lik ? /$Ťts Ji: lalk/ Your sister? What's she like? /wots mc/ P93 h's coa.

kl a. wolk I work i8 th.lerc shot and wounded. ýanspott dePaÍtment.ofrDuter softýarc co ban. p3 in /w3* rlý workor /w3lká/ workers ýýork and mawgers rnanoge! Fiye \oaieÍs y.work as /w3lk ezl p29 I work as t wftk wořk Íor /w3:k ^ ýýaitess in the fe/ p3r p3 I eýe ngs. l woundod /wu:ndéď p68 yesie]day évening /jest di ivn{/ p81 Didyouso out yeste ay evenirs: .

Answers Reviéw í A l travďin8 6 people coDřies B t shade 2 by/on 3to 4at from other 2 joÚneys 3trip 4tour 7 5 comďBring common Á Review 2 4 2do)oudo/for 3 jobýď bosýto 5 salary/@st B l taldmakin8 2 tak€/have 3 makeÁavin8 Review 3 l was 2home J set/come 4after 5 stáyed ó home 7 bous 8 relatives' 9 strict 10 at ll up 12 home t t€acher/tau8ht 13 to Review 4 2 3 l a 5 a)good relations b) a 8ood řelationshiP a) whatš she like? b)Howisshe? a) symparhetic b) nice a) a) suits b)fits hear b) listen to t .

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