ŞARPANTĂ

INCARCARI
1. Permanente – tigla solzi, argila arsa, pe 2 randuri – 850 N/m²
2. Zapada (COD CR 1-1-3-2005)
Sz = Sok x Cv x Ct x μ1(α) (2.3)
Sok = 1500 N/m² - incarcare normata zona A, Aiud (tabel)
Cv = 1,0 – coeficient de expunere – expunere partiala (tabel 2.1)
Ct = 1,0 – coeficient termic (acoperis fara topire zapada)
μ1(α) = coeficient de forma acoperis si unghi α = 35º (tabel 3.1) – acoperis cu 2
pante
μ1(α) = 0,8 (60 - 35) x 1/30 = 0,666 ≈ 0,67
Sz = 1500 x 1 x 1 x 0,67 = 1005 N/m²

MATERIALE
- molid (brad)
- clasa II de calitate
- clasa 1 de exploatare cu umiditate φ ≤ 65%
Conform NP-005-2003 cap. 1.4.3
Ri = mui x mdi x Ri / γi

E = 11000 N/mm² tabel 2.2
Ri = 16,8 N/mm² tabel 2.1

mui = 1 – coeficientul conditiilor de lucru pt. incovoiere rasinoase clasa 1 de
exploatare (tabel 2.3)
mdi = 0,55 – permanente
mdi = 0,65 – lunga durata
mdi - coeficient de lucru in functie de durata de actiune a incarcarilor (tabel 2.4)
mdi = 0,55 x 850 + 0,65 x 1005 / 850 + 1005 = 0,61

medie ponderata

γi = 1,1 – coeficient partial de siguranta pt. incovoiere (tabel 2.5)
Ri = 1 x 0,61 x 16,8/ 1,1 = 9,32 N/mm² = 9,32 10 N/m²
A. SIPCA

60 X 60 mm

1. Permanente
qpx = gp sin α d1
qpx = 850 x sin 35 x 0,25 = 122 N/m = 122 x 10 N/mm
qpy = gp cos α d1
qpy = 850 x cos 35 x 0,25 = 174 N/m = 174 x 10 N/mm
2. Zapada
qzx = 1005 x sin 35 x 0,25 = 215 N/m = 215 x 10 N/mm
qzy = 1005 x cos 35 x 0,25 = 307 N/m = 307 x 10 N/mm
Ipoteze de incarcare
Gruparea incarcarilor pt. veroficare la starile limite ultime
q = 1,35 ∑P + 1,5 Z + ∑ 1,5 Ψ U

(4.9)

Ψ – coef. de simultaneitate

Ip. I = P + Z
q = 122 + 215 = 337 N/m ????
q = 174 + 307 = 481 N/m
q1x = 1,35 x 122 + 1,5 x 215 = 487 N/m
q1y = 1,35 x 174 + 1,5 x 307 = 695 N/m
Calculul momentelor – de calcul

incarcari de calcul

Mx = 487 x 0,7² /8 = 30 Nm = 30000 Nmm
My = 695 x 0,7² /8 = 43 Nm = 43000 Nmm
Caracteristici sipca
Ix = Iy = b x h ³/ 8 = 6 x 6³/ 8 = 108cm = 108 x 10 mm
Wx = Wy = b x h ²/ 6 = 6 x 6²/ 6 = 36 cm = 36 x 10 mm
Verificarea capacitatii portante
Mefx / Mcapy ± Mefy/ Mcapx ≤ 1
Mcapx = Mcapy = W x Ri x mt x mL = 36 x 10 x 9,32 x 1 x 1 = 335520 Nmm
mt = coeficient de tratare (tabel 2.1.2)
mL = coeficient de stabilitate laterala
30000/ 335520 ± 43000/ 335520 = 0,22 < 1
pt. sipca de 38 x 38 mm
30000/ 85231 ± 43000/ 85231 = 0,85 < 1

mai economic

Verificarea rigiditatii la incovoiere (sageata)
Gruparea incarcarilor
q = ∑P + Z

(4.14 – incarcari normate)

fpinstx = 5/384 x qpy x d / E x Ix
fpinstx = 5/384 x (174 x 10 x 700/ 11000 x 108 x 10 ) = 0,046 mm
fpinsty = 5/384 x qpx x d / E x Iy
fpinsty = 5/384 x (122 x 10 x 700/ 11000 x 108 x 10 ) = 0,032 mm
fzinstx = 5/384 x qzy x d / E x Ix
fpinsty = 5/384 x (215 x 10 x 700/ 11000 x 108 x 10 ) = 0,84 mm
fzinsty = 5/384 x qzx x d / E x Iy
fpinsty = 5/384 x (307 x 10 x 700/ 11000 x 108 x 10 ) = 1,20 mm
ffinal = f (1 + Kdef) (2.3)
Kdef = 0,8 – permanente
Kdef = 0,45 – zapada

(tabel 2.7)

fpx = 0,046 (1 + 0,8) = 0,08 mm
fpy = 0,032 (1 + 0,8) = 0,06 mm
fzx = 0,84 (1 + 0,45) = 1,22 mm
fzy = 1,20 (1 + 0,45) = 1,74 mm
Calculul sagetii (ip. I de calcul)
f1x = fpx + fzx = 0,08 + 1,22 = 1,3 mm
f1y = fpy + fzy = 0,06 + 1,74 = 1,8 mm
fmaxfinal ≤ fadm
fadm = d/150 = 700/150 = 4,66 mm
2,22 mm < 4,66 mm
fmaxfinal = √ f1x + f1y = √1,3² + 1,8² = 2,22 mm
B. CAPRIOR
d = 70 cm distanta dintre capriori
qp = gp cos α d = 850 x 0,70 x cos 35 = 487 N/m = 487 x 10 N/mm
qz = gz cos² α d = 1005 x 0,70 x cos² 35 = 705 N/m
qu = U cos α = 1000 x cos 35 = 819 N
Stabilirea ipotezelor de incarcare
Ip. I = P + Z
q1 = 487 + 705 = 1192 N/m ?????
q1 = 1,35 ∑P + 1,5 Z = 1,35 x 487 + 1,5 x 705 = 1715 N/m - calcul
Ip. III

q31 = 1,35 x qp = 657 N/m
q32 = 1,5 x U = 1,5 x 819 = 1229 N

Calculul momentelor (eforturi)
Ip. I

M1 = q1 x l ²/ 8 = 1715 x 3,11²/ 8 = 2073 Nm

Ip. III

M3 = q31 x l ²/ 8 + q32 x l / 4 = 657 x 3,11²/8 + 1229 x 3,11/4 = 1750 Nm

M1 = Mmax = 2073 Nm

Verificarea capacitacii portante

Mmax ≤ Mcap

Mcap = Ri x mt x W
Wx = b x h ²/ 6 = 0,1 x 0,15²/ 6 = 3,75 x 10 m
mt = 0,9 (tabel 2.12, pag 12)
Ix = b x h ³/ 12 = 0,1 x 0,15 ³/ 12 = 2,81 x 10 m = 2,81 x 10

mm

Mcap = 9,32 x 10 x 0,9 x 3,75 x 10 = 31,46 x 10² Nm = 3146 Nm
Mmax = 2073 < Mcap = 3146 Nm
Verificarea de rigiditate la incarcari (sageata)
f1 = fp + fz
fpinst = 5/384 x qp x l / E x I
fpinst = 5/384 x { 487 x 10 x (3,11 x 10 ) }/ 11 x 10 x 2,81 x 10 = 1,92 mm
fzinst = 5/384 x qz x l / E x I
fzinst = 5/384 x { 705 x 10 x (3,11 x 10 ) }/ 11 x 10 x 2,81 x 10 = 2,78 mm
fp = fpinst (1 + Kdef) = 1,92 x 1,8 = 3,46 mm
fz = fzinst ( 1 + Kdef) = 2,78 x 1,45 = 4,03 mm
f1 = 3,46 + 4,03 = 7,49 mm
7,49 mm < 15,55 mm
fadm = l / 200 = 3,11 x 10 = 15,55 mm
C + D. PANA CENTRALA SI PANA INTERMEDIARA
PC = 15 X 15 cm (0,15 x 0,15 m)
l = 3,5 – 0,70 = 2,8 m (2,1 m)
d = 10,20/ 4 = 2,55 m
Stabilirea incarcarilor
qp = gp d 1/cos α + b h ρ0,95
qp = 850 x 2,55 x 1/cos35 + 0,15 x 0,15 x 4800 = 2754 N/m = 2754 x 10 N/mm
qz = Sz x d = 1005 x 2,55 = 2563 N/m = 2563 x 10 N/mm
qu = 1000 N

Stabilirea ipotezelor de incarcare
Ip. I

q1 = 1,35 ∑P + 1,5 Z = 1,35 x 2754 + 1,5 x 2563 = 7562 N/m - calcul
q1 = P + Z = 2754 + 2563 = 5317 N/m

Calculul momentelor
M1 = q1 x l ²/ 8 = 7562 x (2,8 ²/8) = 7411 Nm
Ix = b x h³ /12 = 0,15 / 12 = 4,21 x 10 m = 4,21 x 10 mm
W = b x h² /6 = 0,15³/ 6 = 5,62 x 10 m
Mcap = Ri x mt x W
Mcap = 9,32 x 10 x 0,9 x 5,62 x 10 = 47,14 x 10 Nm = 4714 Nm
M1 = 7411 > Mcap = 4714 NU verifica
Luam atunci l = 2,8 – 0,70 = 2,1 m
M1 = 7562 x (2,1²/8) = 4168 Nm < Mcap = 4714 Nm
Verificarea de rigiditate (sageata)
fpinst = 5/384 x qp x l / E x I
fpinst = 5/384 x { 2754 x 10 x (2,1 x 10 ) }/ 11 x 10 x 4,21 x 10 = 0,717 mm
fzinst = 5/384 x qz x l / E x I
fzinst = 5/384 x { 2563 x 10 x (2,1 x 10 ) }/ 11 x 10 x 4,21 x 10 = 0,667 mm
fp = fpinst (1 + Kdef) = 0,717 x 1,8 = 1,29 mm
fz = fzinst ( 1 + Kdef) = 0,667 x 1,45 = 0,98 mm
f1 = fp + fz
f1 = 1,29 + 0,98 = 2,27 mm
2,27 < 10,5 mm
fadm = l /200 = 2,1 x 10/ 200 = 10,5 mm
E. POP CENTRAL
pop = 15 x 15 cm (0,15 x 0,15 m)
l = 2,8 t = l
D = 16 cm = 0,16 m

qp = gp d t + b h ρ0,95 t + π (D ) ²/ 4 ρ0,95 H
qp = 880 x 2,55 x 2,8 + 0,15 x 0,15 x 4800 x 2,8 + 3,14 x 0,16 ²/ 4 x 4800 x 3,42
= 6283 + 302 + 330 = 6915 N
qz = Sz x d x t = 1005 x 2,55 x 2,8 = 7176 N
tg 35 = H / 5,1 H = 3,57 m
H

= 3,57 – 0,15 = 3,42 m

Stabilirea ipotezelor de incarcare
Ip. I

q1 = 1,35 ∑P + 1,5 Z = 1,35 x 6915 + 1,5 x 7176 = 20099 N/m – calcul
q1 = P + Z = 6915 + 7176 = 14091 N/m ????

R = 1 x 0,61 x 12/ 1,25 = 5,85 N/mm = 5,85 x 10 N/m
qcap = Acalc x R x mt x φ
Acalc = π D²/ 4 = 3,14 x 0,16 ²/ 4 = 0,02 m
i = 0,25 x D = 0,25 x 0,16 = 0,04 m

λ ≤ 75; φ = 1 – 0,8 x (λ/100)²
φ = f(λ)
λ ≥ 75; φ = 3100/ λ²
λ = lf/ i = 3,42/ 0,04 = 85,5 > 75

φ = 3100/ 85,5² = 0,42

qcap = 0,02 x 5,85 x 10 x 0,9 x 0,42 = 0,0442 x 10 N = 44200 N
qmax ≤ qcap qmax = q1 = 20099 ≤ 44200 N

F. TALPA
Acalc = π D²/ 4 – (0,03 x 0,03) =
= 3,14 x 0,16 ²/ 4 – 9 x 10 =
= 0,02 – 0,0009 = 0,019 m²

Verificarea la strivire pop
N ≤ Qreazem
N = q1 = 20099 N

20099 < 39946 N

Qreazem = Acalc x R x mt x mr
Qreazem = 0,019 x 1,46 x 10 x 0,9 x 1,6 = 39946 N
R = 1 x 0,61 x 3/ 1,25 = 1,46 N/mm² = 1,46 x 10 N/m²
Verificarea la strivire talpa
Acalc = 0,019 m²

Qreazem = Acalc x R x mt x mr
Qreazem = 0,019 x 4,59 x 10 x 0,9 x 1,6 = 125582 N
R = 1 x 0,61 x 9,4/ 1,25 = 4,59 N/mm² = 4,59 x 10 N/m²
N ≤ Qreazem

20099 < 125582 N