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10™ GRADE VOCABULARY #101-120 101. GLUTTON (n.). one who eats or consumes a great deal, having capacity to receive or withstand something (also GLUTTONY (n), GLUTTONOUS (adj))_—_(LINK: GUT TON) Jack was a glutton for punishment; he kept getting knocked down in the fight, but he kept getting up IFyou're a glutton, your gut could weigh a ton! Harry Potter had trouble fiting into his cousin Dudley's clothes; another problem arising from Dudley's gluttony was that Harry often wasn't left with much food to eat! The lunch crowd often eats in such a gluttonous manner that one wonders if they ever eat at home! y 102. GRANDIOSE (adj): grand and impressive, especially flashy and showy (LINK. GRAND HOSE) ur coach had a grandiose plan to beat the Cowboys, but they had a grandiose plan of their own. The grandiose Alaskan Pipeline resembles nothing more than a grand hose Henry went to the hospital because he was having grandiose delusions that he was Julius Caesar! y103. GUISE (n ): appearance, semblance (LINK. DISGUISE) Every night the undercover detective entered the toughest part of town in the guise of a junkie. ‘A master of disguise, Sherlock Holmes concealed his real guise. wi04. HARANGUE (\). to deliver a long, noisy speech; to lecture, to berate (LINK: MERINGUE) Synonyms: rant, declaim The demagogue often harangued his subordinates when he fell they weren't following his policies. (0): a loud, tiresome speech ‘Synonym: tirade The Puritan clergyman responded to the outsider who questioned him with an unrelenting harangue The mayor's harangue that women should stay home more was met with meringue pies 105. HARBINGER (n): a forerunner, an announcer, something that foreshadows what is coming ‘Synonyms: precursor, herald, portent After ihe cold, severe winter, hope was restored when we saw the robin, harbinger of spring. Disagreement over trade policies was a harbinger of long-lasting conflict between the two nations [slong ago as the 12° century, "hartinger" was used to mean ‘one who provides lodging" or host” (archaic definitions by todays standard) By the late 1300s, ts meaning had been extended to refer to a person sent ahead of a main party to seek lodgings, often for royalty or a marching army. The Middle French parent of the word, “herberge” meant ‘hostel. The earliest documented use of the Word as it stands today didr't appear in English unt the mid-1600s. 4108. HARROWING (adj): extremely distressed; disturbing or frightening (LINK: HARE ROWING) Eddie vowed never to jump again after his harrowing experience — his main parachute didn't open! The shark behind him presented a harrowing experience for the little hare rowing his boat 107. HEINOUS (adj ): wicked; hateful Synonyms: atrocious, monstrous, odious, abominable The psychopath committed many heinous crimes. 4yl08. HIATUS (n) a gap or vacancy, break Reruns of tv shows are broadcast in the summer because the actors are on hiatus. 4]09. HISTRIONIC (adj ): pertaining to the theater, designed for show (LINK: HISTORY) "Synonyms: dramatic, theatrical The histrionic laughter of the deferential subjects was obviously intended to please the king. Professor Bradley liked his history on the histrionic side, so he offen acted out scenes for his class. 140. HOVEL (n). a dirty or wretched dwelling (LINK: SHOVEL) Dally Parton is @ celebrity who stil tells her story about her poor childhood when she lived in a hovel. The mice’s hovel was an old, rusted shovel x HYPERBOLE (n). extravagant exaggeration for effect, Synonym: overstatement Antonym: understatement “Absolute Minimum Prices” and "The Greatest Movie Ever Made" are examples of hyperbole “Jam so hungry thet | could eat a horse" is an example of hyperbole, too 412. IDIOSYNCRASY (n): a personal peculiarity (LINK. SINK CRAZY) Synonyms: eccentricity, mannerism, quirk Rubbing his ear and touching the back of his baseball hat twice before throwing the baseball was the idiosyncrasy of one of the most successful pitchers last season Waldo’s artistic idiosynerasy is he's sink crazy. 113 IMMINENT (ad}). likely to occur soon Synonym: impending The Mississippi River is in imminent danger of flooding when there's a fast spring thaw or heavy rain. 4/114. IMPEDE (v): to obstruct or interfere with; to delay (LINK: SPEED) My uncle fold me no matter what, not to let anyone impede my ambition fo go fo medical school. The job of highway patroimen is to impede speeding motorists 115, IMPLICIT (adj): implied but not clearly expressed, unquestioning ‘Synonyms: tacit, implied Antonym: explicit Although the neighbors rarely spoke to one another, there was an implicit agreement that no fences would be constructed between their properties. Comprehending difficult material in order to learn the implicit meaning of an author is an important skill vie INGITE (v): to arouse to action (LINK: FIGHT) The mob was incited to riot when the police arrived and began hitting people with their nightsticks. The pitcher's bean ball incited the batter to fight INCREMENT (n): an increase Synonyms: a raise AA thermometer is divided into increments You may eam an hourly increment of $1.00 an hour after you have been employed for six months "118. INFAMOUS/INFAMY (adj/noun). having an evil reputation; extreme disgrace (LINK: FAMILY) Blackbeard the Pirate's family will live in infamy. Western oullaws such as Jesse and Frank James have been made heroes in movies, but in reality they were infamous for their bad deeds The great white shark has been made infamous by the movie Jaws 119. INFERENCE (n). a conclusion reached by reasoning from data or premises Synonyms: deduction, implication Randy drew the correct inference from the third "D" he received on a math test he did not understand the unit! 44/20. INNOCUOUS (adj): harmless; inoffensive Antonyms. injurious, damaging ‘Sue's comment, ‘Oh, you got your hair cut” was meant to be innocuous, but Marie took the comment as an insutt GLUTTON (GLUT en) one who eats or consumes a great deal; having capacity to receive or withstand sométhing Link: GUT TON “If you’re a GLUTTON, your GUT could weigh a TON.” Q Every day at school lunch the Pitts children behave in a GLUTTONOUS manner, so much so, it made one wonder if they were ever fed at home. Q Jack was a GLUTTON for punishment; no matter how many times he was knocked down in the fight, he kept getting up. Q A baseball freak, JoAnne GLUTTONOUSLY reads every sports book on baseball she can get her hands on. een aaHC eae