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Original Title: Different Simple Mathematics Problems

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Number problems

1.) If the average of 6 numbers is 21 , what is the average of the first 5 numbers?

2.) The sum of 3 consecutive integers is 549. What is the middle number?

3) When a number is added to 4 times itself the result is 16 more than the number?

4.) Paul has half as many pieces of candy as Jennifer. Jennifer has half as many as Charles. Charles has 12 times as many as Susan. Susan has 4 pieces. How many pieces do they all have together?

5.) The average of 7 numbers is 39. Two of the numbers whose sum is 83 are removed. What is the average of the remaining numbers?

6.) In a 100-item test, Ricky didnt answer 6 questions. His number of correct answers is 4 more than 4 times his mistakes. How many correct answers did he get?

7.) The average of 12 numbers is 54. If 65 and 85 are added to the set, what will be the resulting average?

8.) The sum of two numbers is 157. One number is 17 more than the other. Find the product of the two numbers.

9.) Pat ate a total of 100 peanuts over a period of 5 days. Each day she ate 6 more peanuts than on the previous day. How many peanuts did Pat ate at the first day?

10.) Two numbers when added together gives you 246. The larger number is 24 less than twice the smaller number. What are the two numbers?

Digit problems

1.) The ones digit of a number is 3 less than its hundred digit and the tens digit is 1 more than the ones digit. If you reverse the number, it will be a two digit number, and then subtract it from the original number, the difference will be 297. What is the number?

2.) The tens digit of a certain number is twice its hundred digit. The ones digit is the same as the hundred digit. The sum of the digits is 16. Find the number.

3.) The sum of the digits of a certain 2-digit number is 13. When you reverse the number, the new number is 9 less than the original number. The difference between the 2 digits is 1. Find the original number.

4.) The tens digit of a number is three times the ones digit. The sum of the digits in the number is 8. What is the number?

5.) The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. If we interchange the digits then the new number formed is 45 less than the original. Find the original number.

6.) A two-digit number is 6 more than 4 times the sum of its digits. The digits from left to right are consecutive even integers. Find the number.

7.) A two digit number is 5 times the sum of its digits. When 9 is added to the number, the result is the original number with its digits reversed. Find the number.

8.) The units digit of a two-digit number is 2 less than the tens digit. The number is two more than 6 times the sum of the digits. Find the number.

9.) The sum of the digits of a two digit number is 9. The number is 27 more than the original number with its digits reversed. Find the number.

10.) A two-digit number is five times the sum of its digits. The digits from left to right name consecutive integers. Find the number.

Age problems

1.) Mr. Tan has two daughters. If their total age is 95, and his elder daughter is 1/3 of his age while his younger daughter is of his age, how old is Mr. Tan?

2.) In 2000, my husband John was eleven times as old as my son William. In 2012, he will be three times as old as my son. How old was my son of 2000?

3.) In three more years, Miguel's grandfather will be six times as old as Miguel was last year. When Miguel's present age is added to his grandfather's present age, the total is 68. How old is each one now?

4.) One-half of Heather's age two years from now plus one-third of her age three years ago is twenty years. How old is she now?

5.) Al's father is 45. He is 15 years older than twice Al's age. How old is Al?

6.) Karen is twice as old as Lori. Three years from now, the sum of their ages will be 42. How old is Karen?

7.) A man is 13 times as old as his son is. In 10 years he will be 3 times as old as his son will be. How old are they now?

8.) Frank is eight years older than his sister. In three years he will be twice as old as she is. How old are they now?

9.) Jan is twice as old as Jake. The sum of their ages is 5 times Jakes age less 48. How old are Jan and Jake?

10.) Lucy is 4 times as old as Amy. Three years ago, Lucy was 13 times as old as Amy. How old is Lucy now?

Coin problems

1.) A collection of 35 coins, consisting of dimes and quarters, has a total value of $6.35. How many of each type of coins are in this collection?

2.) Maria has $1-coins and 50-centavos coins. If she has 3,600 coins in all, and amounting to $2250, how many coins of each kind does she have?

3.) There are twenty-six coins in his pocket. They are dollars and quarters, and they add up to seventeen dollars. How many of each coin does he have?

4.) A collection of 33 coins, consisting of nickels, dimes, and quarters, has a value of $3.30. If there are three times as many nickels as quarters, and one-half as many dimes as nickels, how many coins of each kind are there?

5.) A wallet contains the same number of pennies, nickels, and dimes. The coins total $1.44. How many of each type of coin does the wallet contain?

6.) Tony has 11 more nickels than quarters. How many coins does he have if the total value of his coins is $2.65?

7.) Jessica has 16 dimes and quarters. Whitney has twice as many dimes and 1/3 as many quarters as Jessica has. They both have the same amount of money. What coins does each have?

8.) There are twice as many nickels as pennies and 5 times as many dimes as pennies in Joans drawer. In all, she has $1.22. How many coins of each type does she have?

9.) Jennifer had 35 coins which consisted of nickels, dimes, and quarters. The coins were worth $5.55. The number of dimes exceeds the number of nickels by 5. How many nickels, dimes, and quarters does she have?

10.) Liz received change of $1.15 in nickels and dimes at the supermarket. The cashier gave her back 20 coins. How many of each kind of coin did she received?

Investment problems

1.) Joan put $4,500 into savings account where the money earns 3 % interest per year. How much interest will the money earn in one year?

2.) Ms. dela Paz borrowed $4,500 for 6 months with a yearly interest of 8%. How much money did Ms. dela Paz pay back in all?

3.) Mr. Manalo paid a total of $1,260 interest on $6,000 that he borrowed for a period of 3 years. What was the monthly rate of interest?

4.) Mr. Tan has $4,500 invested in a cooperative that pays a 5% yearly interest. In how many years will his investment earn $900?

5.) Vener loaned Carlito some money at the rate of 7% per year. When Carlito paid back the loan at the end of 5 years, he had to pay a $1,575 interest. How much money did he borrow?

6.) Walters father borrowed $50,000 from a credit union. At the end of 2 years he paid back $53,000. What was the rate of interest?

7.) Mr. Zobel has $108,000 deposited in the bank. If the bank pays 7% interest annually, how much interest will be earned if he plans to withdraw the money after 6 months?

8.) Mrs. Serafico paid a $225 interest on $7,500 that she borrowed for a period of 3 months. What was the yearly rate of interest?

9.) Mr. Chua borrowed $35,000 from Mr. Badillo at an interest of 6% per year. Mr. Chua paid the loan after 2 years.

a.) How much interest did Mr. Chua pay in all? b.) What was the total amount that he paid?

10.) Emil put $2,000 into a savings account in January. Six months later, he put $500 more into the account. The interest rate is 4% per year. How much money does ha have in his account at the end of the year?

Mixture problems

1.) How many kilogram of fine glucose must be added to 25 kilograms of a 12% sweetened juice concentrate to prepare instead a light syrup 20% sweet?

2.) How many kilograms of tin must be added to 75 kilograms of an 18% tin alloy to produce an alloy which is 50% pure?

3.) How much water must be added to 150 liters of denatured alcohol 85% pure to dilute it into 75% alcohol content?

4.) How much quantity of a 15% acid solution must be added to 8 liters of a 30% solution to obtain a 25% solution for duty cleaning?

5.) How many liters of musk skin oil must be added to 15 liters of olive oil which is 85% pure to make the resulting solution 60% olive oil?

6.) How many kilograms of 70% copper ore must eventually be added to 80 kilograms of an alloy of zinc and tin, 40% of which is pure zinc to obtain an alloy 25% zinc pure?

7.) How much quantity each of pure tin and iron must be added to 600 kilograms of an alloy containing 20% tin and 40% iron to make an alloy which is 25% tin an 50% iron?

8.) A mixture of 70 liters of wine and water contains 10% of water. How much water must be added to make the water 12 %of the resulting mixture?

9.) How many kilograms of each 50% silver alloy and 10% silver alloy must be mixed to obtain 24 kilograms of a 25% silver alloy?

10.) A certain vat contains 90 kilograms of powdered milk and 10 kilograms of sugar. How much sugar must be added to the mixture to make it 25% sweet?

Geometry problems

1.) A grass lawn is 56 meters long and 42 meters wide. Near the end of each corner there is a flower plot 6 meters by 4 meters. How many square meters of the lawn are covered with grass?

2.) An angle is 240 more than its complement. Find the angle.

3.) The area of a trapezoid is 35 ft.2 . Its bases are 3 1/3 ft and 5 ft respectively. What is the trapezoids height?

4.) The sum of the compliment and the supplement of an angle is 1720. Find the angle, its supplement, and its complement.

5.) The complement of an angle is 400 less than of its supplement. What is the measure of the angle?

6.) The base of an isosceles triangle is 15 meters long. One of the equal legs is 10 meters long. What is its perimeter?

7.) The area of a square is 676 m2. What is the perimeter of the same square?

8.) A living room which is 6 meters by 5 meters has a carpet 4 meters by 3 meters in the middle. What is the area of the room that is not covered by the carpet?

10.) Find the cost of painting the outer surface of 24 oil containers at $2.50 per square meter, the dimensions of each container being 60 centimeters by 40 centimeters by 56 centimeters.

Motion problems

1.) A man can cover a certain distance in 2 hours 45 minutes if he walks at a rate of 4 km/h. if he covers the same distance on cycle at a rate of 16.5 km/h, find the time taken by him.

2.) A train traveled the first 1/6 of the distance from station A to station B at an average speed of 90 km/h, 2/3 of the distance at an average speed of 120 km/h, and the remaining 9 km at an average speed of 90 km/h. Find the average speed at which the train was traveling from station A to station B.

3.) Cyclist A started his journey on cycle at 7:30 a.m. at a speed of 8 km/h. After 30 minutes, cyclist B started from the same place but with a speed of 10 km/h. At what time did B overtake A?

4.) A train leaves City L at 4:30 p.m. on Friday and reaches City G at 6:30 p.m. the next day. If the distance between Cities L and G is 1430 km, find the average speed of the train.

5.) A shuttle bus leaves Province A at 7:30 p.m. and reaches City L at 9:45 a.m. What is the distance between Province A and City L, if the average speed of the bus is 32 km/h.

6.) Brenda and Angela took part in a cycling race. Brenda cycled at an average speed of 30 km/h the first of the distance. She cycled the remaining distance at 25 km/h. Angela cycled at an average speed of 25 km/h in the first 2/3 of the distance, and she cycled the remaining 10 km at a speed of 40 km/h. Who came first in the race?

7.) Driving at an average speed of 66 km/h, a motorist covers a certain distance in 28 minutes. Find the distance.

8.) A car is running at 42 km/h. What time will it take to cover a distance of 350 meters?

9.) If a man covers a distance of 10.2 km in 3 hours, find the distance covered by him in 5 hours.

10.) The time taken by a boy to run 10 meters is the same as that taken by a car to cover 25 meters. Find the distance covered by the boy during the time the car covers 1 km.

Work problems

1.) John estimates that he could paint Mrs. Cathys barn in 6 days. Adam, his assistant, calculated that he could do it in 9 days. How long would it take both of them to finish the job if they worked together?

2.) A pipe can fill a tub alone in 12 min. time; another can do it in 15 min, and the drain if opened could do the contrary in 20 minutes. How long would it take the two pipes to fill the tub (completely emptied at the beginning) if at the same time the drain was left opened?

3.) In mowing the backyard lawn, it takes James and Chris, each with his own mower, 3 hours and 20 minutes to do the job. Working alone, Chris would need 5 hours longer than James to finish the job. How long would it take each of them alone to do the job?

4.) Two microprocessors linked to a main computer can process a certain customers financial statements for the fiscal year all in 8 seconds. If it takes one of the microprocessors twice as long as the other to produce the statements, how long would it take each alone to do the job?

5.) A term paper consists of 10,000 words. Martha can type 60 words per minute, while Jess can type 40 words per minute. In how much time can they finish the job if they started together?

6.) Pablo can finish paining a fence in 6 days. His son, Aldrich, can finish painting the same fence in 4 days. If they worked together, how long would it take?

7.) A father and son can build a fence in 30 days. The father can finish the in 40 days. How many days are needed if the son was to put the fence himself?

8.) Abraham can paint a house in 10 days. His son, Jacob, can paint the same house in 25 days. If they work together, how many days are needed to paint the house?

9.) A girl can type a book in 2 hrs and her brother in 1 hrs. How many minutes will take both of them to finish a book if they work together?

10.) In knitting a tapestry, it would take Mrs. Cole and Mrs. Jones 3 days to finish it; 4 days for Mrs. Jones and Mrs. Smith; and Mrs. Cole and Mrs. Smith could do it in 6 days. How long would it take all of them working together?

Percent problems

1.) A carpet originally priced at $2,000 is on sale at 15%. What is the sale price?

5.) The price of pork increased from P120 to P140. What was the percent of increase?

6.) 60% of the students in a school do not wear glasses. 80% of those who wear glasses are boys. If there are 48 who wear glasses, how many pupils are there in the school?

7.) A man and his wife earn $49,000 a year. The wife earns 40% of what his husband earns. In addition, their two children each earn of what their father earns. How much does the family earn in 2 years?

8.) A number decreased by 40% of itself is equal to 27. What is 5 times the number?

9.) All gasoline prices increased by 10%. If one liter of unleaded gasoline costs $38.50 now, what was the price before the increase?

10.) A vendor bought watermelons at P45 each. He sold them with 25% profit, how much did he sell each watermelon?

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