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"Art Thou That Prophet?" by Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaal (Jason Galvan)

"Art Thou That Prophet?" by Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaal (Jason Galvan)


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"Art Thou That Prophet?" is the most vital, absolutely indispensable information you need for truly understanding God's plan for Ishmael and his progeny. Developed by a self taught "student of Knowledge", this unique, easy to understand guide gives you clear crisp insights into the Bible through Muslim eyes.
From the Old Testament to the New, each chapter of "Art Thou That Prophet?" lays out the Bible clearly and engagingly in a way that is unique to Biblical exegesis.

Ideal for use as a standard reference handbook, "Art thou That Prophet?" is a valuable resource for any Bible study, however you use it, this richly informative volume will assist you on your journey toward the truth.

"Art Thou That Prophet" by Mr. Jason D. Galvan is an astute religious manual. In it, Mr. Galvan thoroughly explores his Islamic faith, defending Muhammad as the true prophet.
His work is more than just his own deductions, but also includes a multitude of passages from the Bible and the Qur’an, evidence from secondary sources and experts, as well as many lessons in the history of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. "A.rt Thou That Prophet"
serves as a spiritual guide, a history lesson, and an intellectual exercise.
Mr. Galvan includes biographical background on Muhammad that is sufficiently in depth to provide his lineage. There is also a brief history of the Muslim faith. Mr. Galvan dissects the Bible and finds Old Testament prophesies that many people believe have been fulfilled by Jesus. He attempts to show how the passages instead refer to
Muhammad, not to Jesus. The author believes that previous generations have attempted to disguise prophecies about Muhammad. He also includes many Arabic quotations from The Qur’an accompanied by their English translations.
The author scrutinizes the Bible for passages in which a prophet is mentioned. He uses not only the King James Version, but alternate versions as well. Mr. Galvan explains why he believes the passages cannot logically refer to Jesus. He supports his argument
not only with his own intellectual judgment, but with historical evidence and outside sources. Though by no means a mean-spirited attack on the Christian faith, Mr. Galvan does explain why he believes that Islam follows the true teachings of the Bible, and even those of Jesus, more than Christianity does. For example, the author claims that Jesus
taught that only God should be worshiped. He points out that evangelists focus on worshiping Jesus.
"Art Thou That Prophet" is obviously a piece intended for a Muslim audience, or at least an audience considering the Muslim faith. However, because of its many historical lessons, its in-depth consideration of the Bible, and its elucidation of one of the world’s
largest religions, "Art Thou That Prophet" might appeal to a cerebral reader who enjoys learning. A person interested in current events might also enjoy Mr. Galvan’s work, as the Islamic world weighs heavily in many of today’s top news stories.

Quote from: Jean Wahlborg, Editorial Coordinator at Dorrance Publishing CO.
"Art Thou That Prophet?" is the most vital, absolutely indispensable information you need for truly understanding God's plan for Ishmael and his progeny. Developed by a self taught "student of Knowledge", this unique, easy to understand guide gives you clear crisp insights into the Bible through Muslim eyes.
From the Old Testament to the New, each chapter of "Art Thou That Prophet?" lays out the Bible clearly and engagingly in a way that is unique to Biblical exegesis.

Ideal for use as a standard reference handbook, "Art thou That Prophet?" is a valuable resource for any Bible study, however you use it, this richly informative volume will assist you on your journey toward the truth.

"Art Thou That Prophet" by Mr. Jason D. Galvan is an astute religious manual. In it, Mr. Galvan thoroughly explores his Islamic faith, defending Muhammad as the true prophet.
His work is more than just his own deductions, but also includes a multitude of passages from the Bible and the Qur’an, evidence from secondary sources and experts, as well as many lessons in the history of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. "A.rt Thou That Prophet"
serves as a spiritual guide, a history lesson, and an intellectual exercise.
Mr. Galvan includes biographical background on Muhammad that is sufficiently in depth to provide his lineage. There is also a brief history of the Muslim faith. Mr. Galvan dissects the Bible and finds Old Testament prophesies that many people believe have been fulfilled by Jesus. He attempts to show how the passages instead refer to
Muhammad, not to Jesus. The author believes that previous generations have attempted to disguise prophecies about Muhammad. He also includes many Arabic quotations from The Qur’an accompanied by their English translations.
The author scrutinizes the Bible for passages in which a prophet is mentioned. He uses not only the King James Version, but alternate versions as well. Mr. Galvan explains why he believes the passages cannot logically refer to Jesus. He supports his argument
not only with his own intellectual judgment, but with historical evidence and outside sources. Though by no means a mean-spirited attack on the Christian faith, Mr. Galvan does explain why he believes that Islam follows the true teachings of the Bible, and even those of Jesus, more than Christianity does. For example, the author claims that Jesus
taught that only God should be worshiped. He points out that evangelists focus on worshiping Jesus.
"Art Thou That Prophet" is obviously a piece intended for a Muslim audience, or at least an audience considering the Muslim faith. However, because of its many historical lessons, its in-depth consideration of the Bible, and its elucidation of one of the world’s
largest religions, "Art Thou That Prophet" might appeal to a cerebral reader who enjoys learning. A person interested in current events might also enjoy Mr. Galvan’s work, as the Islamic world weighs heavily in many of today’s top news stories.

Quote from: Jean Wahlborg, Editorial Coordinator at Dorrance Publishing CO.

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Published by: Jason Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaal) on May 27, 2009
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  • Introduction
  • Preface
  • The lineage of Muhammad
  • Acknowledgement
  • Prologue
  • Chapter One:
  • Chapter Two:
  • Chapter Three: Part One
  • Chapter Four: Part Two
  • Chapter Five:
  • Chapter Six:
  • Chapter Seven: Part One
  • Chapter Eight: Part Two
  • Chapter Nine: Part One
  • Chapter Ten: Part Two:
  • Chapter Eleven:
  • Chapter Twelve:
  • Chapter Thirteen:
  • Chapter Fourteen:
  • Conclusion

Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

Art Thou That Prophet?
By: Jason D. Galvan
(Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaa’il)

‫أﺑﻮ ﻧﻮح اﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ اﺑﻦ ِﻴ َﺎل‬ َ ‫ﻣﻜ‬

© 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the publisher.

Title: Copyright: Email: ISBN:

Art Thou That Prophet? All Rights Reserved abu_noahsantana@yahoo.com 978-0-557-00033-3

© 2008 Jason Galvan


What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith. I am not.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “And this is the record of John. but confessed. and denied not. when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him. And they asked him. I am not the Christ. Art thou that prophet? And he answered. Who art thou? And he confessed. No.” (John 1:21) © 2008 Jason Galvan 3 .

so his uncle Abu Talib would raise him until adulthood. of which could neither benefit nor harm him. the widow he worked for. his uncle got him a job working for an older widow and on a couple of occasions leading her caravans to Syria. he was to be born into a community of which was respected throughout Arabia. in the town of Makkah. And this is where his tradition of going to the mountain cave derived. as was much of Arabia. During his childhood and young adulthood. The Most Merciful It is my great pleasure to introduce this book to the populace of the believers and the non-believers alike. All praise is due to Allah. for this time he would have company inside the cave. I would like to open up this book by introducing the beloved Muhammad to those who are not familiar with him. After his mother died he was to be looked after by his grandfather ‘Abdul Muttalib and three years later he also passed away. Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah was born in 570 C. In the year 610 C. in what is modern day Saudi Arabia.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Introduction ‫ﺑﺴﻢ اﷲ اﻟﺮﺣْﻤﻦ اﻟﺮ ِﻴﻢ‬ ِ ‫ِ ْ ِ ِ ﱠ ِ ﱠﺣ‬ In The Name Of Allah. and to Muhammad. there was a © 2008 Jason Galvan 4 . At the age of twenty-five. Muhammad lived a quiet life. and Muhammad said. trying to live a descent life and make a descent living by being a Shepard. “But I cannot read!” Again.E. His father died before he was born and his mother fell ill and died when he was six years old. who has taught man to contemplate on His signs and to study his books. As Muhammad was meditating. Muhammad went up to the cave Hira on the mountain. past and present. but would return in a state of which he had never returned…terrified! You see. it didn’t quite make much sense or feel right to worship idols. but this visit would be different. he was startled by a voice that commanded him to “read!” but Muhammad replied. whose name was Khadijah. When he returned. to gain knowledge. Khadijah was fifteen years his senior.E.” So a force was pressed up against him and he was told to read again. “I cannot read. Makkah. so he never did. and other labors. Muhammad used to go into seclusion from time to time to meditate and think about life in Makkah and life in general. in which Muhammad grew up. wisdom and to pay heed to His words. may peace and blessings be upon him. was so impressed with Muhammad that she proposed to him and they were married. was an idolatrous and corrupt society. The Most Gracious. as he usually would ever so often to meditate.

of course.” After this. © 2008 Jason Galvan 5 . killed. When Muhammad had described to her uncle. After this. Yathrib.E.E.E.” (The Qur’an: Al-Alaq: 1-5) This would be his first revelation and his first encounter with the angel Gabriel. the angel would come more frequently and Muhammad was reassured that he was the messenger of God and he was going to be responsible for preaching God’s message. “What shall I read?” Then he was told: ‫اﻗﺮأ ِﺎﺳﻢ رﺑﻚ اﻟ ِي ﺧﻠﻖ }1{ ﺧﻠﻖ اﻟ ِﻧ َﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻖ }2{ اﻗﺮأ ورﺑﻚ اﻟﺄآﺮم }3{ اﻟ ِي‬ ‫ﱠﺬ‬ ُ َ ْ َْ َ ‫ْ َ ْ َ َﱡ‬ ٍ َ َ ْ ِ َ ‫َ َ َ ْﺈ ﺴ‬ َ َ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ﺑ ْ ِ َ ﱢ َ ﱠﺬ‬ {5} ‫ﻋﻠﻢ ِﺎﻟﻘﻠﻢ }4{ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟِﻧ َﺎن َﺎ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ْ َْ َ ْ َ ‫َﱠ َ ْﺈ ﺴ َ ﻣ‬ ِ ََ ْ ‫َﱠ َ ﺑ‬ “Read in the name of your Lord who has created (all that exists). Muhammad asked. Waraqah. Read! And your Lord is Most Generous. on top of everything. Muhammad raced home and covered himself in garments. when Muhammad got wind of an assassination plot to kill him. She told him that Allah would not disgrace him for he is a good man. He had no idea what had just happened and was in a state of shock. right here in Makkah. “this is similar to what was given to Moses. what had happened. Waraqah replied. but his wife would not let him convince himself of such things. The persecution of the believers continued until the year 622 C. began to preach in public. Over the next seven years Muhammad and his followers would be persecuted. Abu Talib died. but that would soon change as he started to denounce their gods (idols) and evil way of life. honest. She suggested that they go to her uncle and ask him of what he thought. Muhammad supposed himself to be possessed or had encountered an evil spirit. and just.E. boycotted.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il force pressed up against him and once again he was told to ‘read!” Terrified and confused. He ordered his followers to head to Yathrib. to start with. He taught man that which he knew not. his wife Khadijah and his beloved uncle. to the dissatisfaction of the Makkans. He was met with little opposition at first. After giving it some thought. During this period. would be his home. for the people had thought he’d gone mad. tortured and in some instances. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen. From this time on until Muhammad’s death in 632 C. truthful. or Madinah as it would come to be known. He has created man from a thing that which clings (zygote). Muhammad began to preach to his relatives and close friends and then in 613 C. the prophet of God. a town situated north of Makkah about three hundred miles. Muhammad had sent some of his followers to Abyssinia for a safe haven and in the year 618 C. and he recited what was given to him by this “spirit” (angel).

while defending against the Makkans on one front they had to also defend against the Jews from behind and within the city itself. against odds. So. struck a deal with the third and last Jewish tribe that lived in Madinah. the Khazraj. and they could gather only gather one thousand men to fight a makkan force of three thousand. the Makkans retreated back to Makkah. Shortly after. the Makkans got word of a caravan returning from Syria to be intercepted by the Muslims and they gathered a force of one thousand men to march forth to protect the caravan. At the suggestion of salman Al-Farsi. This would be a victory for the Makkans. and blinded the eyes of the Makkans with sand. after failed attempts to enter the city and attack from within. Khalid ibn Al Walid. © 2008 Jason Galvan 6 . i.E. but it would not last. in what some would call an unlikely victory. the Muslims were fighting the enemy on both fronts. and turned the scales of victory against them. Now. The Makkans. They would be exiled from Madinah by the Muslims with the permission of their Arab protectors. The Muslims again got advance warning of the makkan army and decided to fight from with the city this time. the Bani Qaynuqa. but with God anything is possible.e. They had sieged Madinah for a month to no avail. In 626 C. The Muslims defeated the Makkans. So with seven hundred men the Muslims engaged the Makkans with great results until the archers Muhammad had instructed not to leave their posts saw their chance to gain spoils and disobeyed Muhammad’s command and gave up their positions. an area not too far from Madinah. the Muslims dug trenches at all the key entry points of Madinah to prevent the Makkans from entering the city. in which the Makkan’s tents were overturned put out all the camp fires. These were the Bani Nadir. Both sides took a large number of casualties and the prophet himself was wounded. the general of the Makkan Calvary. the Muslims would also clash with one of the Jewish tribes that inhabited Madinah. The Muslims began to live in peace. The Muslims were again out numbered. In 642 C. the Makkans with ten thousand plus men advanced towards Madinah to finish what they had started at Uhud. They met around three hundred Muslims at Badr. turned his men back from retreat and ordered his men to circle around from behind. A few months later another Jewish tribe clashed with the Muslims and they were also exiled.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Muhammad was accepted by the town’s people and gained many converts very quickly. The Muslims got word of the approaching army and decided to leave Madinah in favor of meeting the enemy at mount Uhud.. After a violent storm. three hundred of which deserted them before the battle began.E. This was to give the Makkan’s an element of surprise. The next year the Makkans decided to get revenge on the Muslims for their defeat in the Battle of Badr. so they assembled three thousand warriors to attack Madinah. Because of this mistake.

The Makkans.E.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il At this point. and he had to watch a lot of other prominent © 2008 Jason Galvan 7 .E. but the Makkans got word of it and barred their way. Most likely. but agreed to let them make pilgrimage the following year. home. which broke the treaty.E. all the men of the Jews were put to death. Muhammad made one last pilgrimage to Makkah from Madinah and after he returned he fell ill and died the eighth of June. one filled with war upon war. but just. Muhammad led his followers to Makkah to perform pilgrimage. you would not be in danger of losing your life. the Muslims had the Jewish tribe of Bani Qurayza judged by their protecting Arab tribe. Most likely. but Muhammad thought it to be a victory and progress. however. I wanted to introduce you to the real Muhammad. still held their ground and denied the Muslims attempt to make pilgrimage. In 628 C. This resulted in the treaty of Hudaibiyyah in which both sides agreed to peace for ten years and also granted peace to anyone allied to either group. one filled with death. the Makkans surrendered without incident. He out lived five of his children. This was among the terms of the contract and Muhammad agreed to it. you would not be exiled out of your city. the Aws. they were judged by their protecting Arab tribe and their judgment was to be carried out and so would the decree of the Aws. Muhammad assembled a force of over ten thousand warriors and to Makkah they marched. opposition an hatred towards a desire. for how can you defend against ten thousand or more warriors allied by God himself? In 632 C. Well. the world is a lot easier today then it was back then. The Muslims were disappointed of course. grandfather. The Muhammad who was of flesh and blood like all of us. The Muhammad who stood alone and preached God’s message under duress and threat. 632 C. his mother. There are many a “scholar” who would say he was a tyrant or a liar or possessed or even a man driven by his desires. the Makkans attacked a tribe allied with the Muslims. then he could not have known he would succeed in the end or on the scale that he succeeded. but not before he fulfilled his mission. And when the Muslims reached Makkah. The judgment was fierce. Toward the end of 629 C.E. for their treason against the city of Madinah and teaming with the enemy to fight the Muslims. so imagine the adversity that Muhammad had to overcome. Think how you would do today if God called you out and ordered you to preach against the atrocities committed today. his father. as in the case with the first two Jewish tribes. You would undoubtedly be met with opposition and it would be easy to give up and quit your mission. what kind of man would endure so much persecution. Do not think for one moment that Muhammad’s life was a desert paradise! His life was hard. status and disowned by your own family members. for which there is no guarantee? If Muhammad was a man driven by worldly gains and not ordained by God. but to that I have to ask.

Muhammad was commanded to obey his Lord and convey His message and rid Arabia of idol worship and paganism.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il family members pass away. Sometimes it was at the hands of the opposing Makkans that his family members perished. who were content with their living style of a barbaric nature. Contrary to what great the “great minds” have said about Muhammad. When the Makkans offered Muhammad a top position amongst them. He was a rock. Hamzah and Abu Talib. he never quit. and he never hesitated. and how did he know he would complete his mission? Because God told him he would. Florida May 15. Jason D. including his two beloved uncles. The truth is. What did he want. Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaa’l) Alligator point. the truth is. but he endured. he turned them down. 2008 © 2008 Jason Galvan 8 . nor would he be deterred until he completed his mission. I end with stating: This is the real Muhammad. and likewise when they offered him fortune. if not power and fortune? What could be his motive if not fortune and power? Could it be fame? Does fame lead one to give credit to God for every victory? Does the pursuit of fame drive a man to establish a kingdom for another and not for himself? I should think not. the man was isolated in a desert peninsula where conditions are harsh enough without the added responsibility of preaching God’s message to a bunch of pagans.

61. 87. but the truth is that it should be said ‘Yahuwah’. 83. The name ‘Allah’ parallels with ‘Elohim’. Elohim. So. you can go to any Bible dictionary and they will tell you that YHWH means ‘He is’. in Arabic ‘He is’ is HUWA or HOWA. Elohim is actually only ‘Eloh’. 48. The ‘im’ suffix is to magnify greatness or honor. 111. rather than numbers. and ‘Rabb (Lord)’. In Josh McDowell’s book ‘More Evidence That Demands a Verdict’. 86.’ meaning. And when spoken. 32. 64. the name never occurs in the following Suras: 4. 55. 107. © 2008 Jason Galvan 9 . 92. 58. ‘O He is’ and in its conjunction with Elohim. 103.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Preface A few things need to be discussed before we start this book. and Elah. 68. and Aramaic stem from one another and have an insurmountable number of words that they share or derive from one another. so the proper pronunciation of YHWH should be ‘Yahowah. 93. 88. 105. they sound similar. The King James Version of the Bible says in the footnote of verse 28:58 of Deuteronomy: “…one of the oddities of history and revelation is the loss of the proper pronunciation of the Hebrew word YHWH…” You see. 99. 59. 24. and Elah. First of all. 56. 89. we need to clarify the name of God. No one questions the single authorship of these Arabic scriptures. 113. 106. yet they display the same phenomenon as their Hebrew relative. 9. 104. 57. He says: “The Koran provides a helpful parallel to the irregular distribution of the divine names on the Pentateuch. As for YHWH or ‘Yahweh’. it is known as the plural of majesty. 95. 78. 75. 100. we get Yahweh Elohim or ‘O He is Elohim’. or it’s rendering in English as ‘Jehovah’. 49. Arabic. but most pronounce it ‘Yahweh’. 63. Well. 62. For example. corresponds to ‘Adonay (Lord)’ which the Jews used later to refer to ‘Yahweh’. 102. This pairing of Yahweh and Elohim is frequent. are linguistically related. 94. The names Allah. 54. In the Bible the names for God are YHWH or ‘Yahweh’ and Elohim. Eloh. they are titles with which any being can be called by. while the name “Allah” is never used in these Suras: 15. but in others only the one or the other appears. 33. ‘The Lord’ and ‘God’ are not names and are impersonal. this word over centuries has lost its true pronunciation. 114. for Hebrew. 109. and ‘ya’ is translated as ‘O’ as in ‘O Muhammad’. In some Suras (chapters) the names are intermingled. or ‘Yahowah’. 108. 112. and in Aramaic God’s name is said Elah. 101. we can recognize some similarities between the words: Allah. Page 128. In the Qur’an God’s Name is Allah.

but in doing so he meets ours as well. They will be used to help explain my point as secondary commentary and not as my evidences. when referring to ‘Before Christ’. I will be using the word ‘God’ when quoting or referring to the Bible and Allah when quoting or referring to the Qur’an throughout this book. would be applicable.E. and Elohim. Florida May 15. yet with one author. Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaal) Alligator Point. are one and the same and parallel to each other. in translation means ‘Anno Domini’. The quotations I do use will be sourced and can be verified. He’s doing so to meet his own needs. when A. The reason is that A. Arab Christians use Allah when referring to God.C. Another thing I would like to mention is that I will be using B. also. he can not fall back on the ancient Semitic literature argument.E.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This conclusive evidence that ancient Semitic literature was capable of using two names for God. and C. and since I am a Muslim. 2008 © 2008 Jason Galvan 10 . because an ancient Hebrew or Arabic writing can not substantiate a writing or dictation from God. Ironically. for how can you use a book created by humans to substantiate a book created by God? So therefore. both are created by man or both by God.D. While using the Qur’an to substantiate the Bible he equates the two. 2) I would like to state that Josh McDowell is using the Qur’an to substantiate the Bible. or ‘Common Era’. I will also be using quotations from the Wikipedia Encyclopedia. I will be using C. referring to Jesus. or ‘Year of Our Lord’. Jason D. With that being said.D.” Two points that I would like to point out are: 1) Josh McDowell is a prominent Christian scholar ad he points out that Allah.

bin Yahzid bin Yalhan bin Ar’awi bin Aid bin Deshan bin Aisar bin Afriad bin Aiham bin Muksar bin Nahith bin Zarih bin Sami bin Mazzi bin ‘Awda bin Aram bin Qaidar (Kedar) ibn Ishmael son of Abraham. [Rahmat-ul-lil’Alameen 2/ 14-17] * The word ‘bin’ means ‘son of’ in Arabic.Athar. 2.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il The lineage of Muhammad Muhammad bin* ‘Abdullah bin ‘abdul-Muttalib (who was called Shaibah) bin Hashim (named ‘amr) bin ‘ad Munaf (called Al.] ‘Adnan bin Add bin Humais. Talqeeh Fuhoom Ahl Al.Mugheera) bin Qusai (also called Zaid) bin Kilab bin Murra bin Ka’b bin lo’I bin Ghaib bin Fahr (who was called Quraish and whose tribe was called after him) bin Malik bin An-Nadr (so called Qais) bin Kinana bin Khuzaiman bin Mudrika (who was called ‘amir ) bin Elias bin mudar bin ma’ad bin ‘Adnan. © 2008 Jason Galvan 11 . 5-6. bin Salaman bin Buz bin Qamwal bin obai bin ‘Awwam bin Nashid bin Haza bin Bildas bin Yadlaf bin Tabikh bin jaham bin Nahish bin Makhi bin Aid ‘Abqar bin ‘Ubaid bin Al-Da’a bin Hamdan bin Sanbir bin Yathrab. [Ibn Hisham 1/1. p. Rahmatul-lil’ ‘alameen 2/11-14’52.

I would like to thank Dennis Frechette for proof reading my rough hand written copy and for all his advice and suggestions. Florida May 19. I beg that He accepts this work from me and by it leads more men and woman to the fold of Islam. Thank you Jake for helping me to type this up. Jason D. 2008 © 2008 Jason Galvan 12 . And lastly. I would also like to thank John Hernandez for keeping my original manuscript safe and making sure I got it back when I had thought it was lost. Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaal) Alligator Point. who also happens to be my wife for believing in me and helping me to believe in myself.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Acknowledgement First I would like to begin by thanking Allah. Thank you Urica Ann Galvan for every day you’ve blessed me with your companionship. I would like to thank my fourteen year old brother for helping me in my task of transferring this book from a pencil written document to what we have today. a woman who supports me in every day of my life and in every situation. I love you. I would like to thank my best friend. saving me from the Hell-fire. for giving me the intellect to accomplish this work and also for blessing me with Islam and thus. The Most High. Next.

I have written this book. Apostle of Allah. peace and blessings be on him and on his kinfolk. so these who utilize it will not have to search through The Bible themselves and try to explain each and every prophecy about our beloved messenger. but I’ve also numerous times been confronted with the task of flipping through every book of The Bible to track down these scriptures pertaining to Muhammad. and he whom He did not guide. there are substantial amount of prophecies that people would point in the direction of Jesus. no one can guide. Surely. We seek His help and forgiveness and seek His refuge from ourselves and from our evil deeds. analogy and finally through the same method of deduction that is also used for the prophecies concerning Jesus.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Prologue ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﱠﺎس اﺗ ُﻮا ر ﱠﻜﻢ اﻟ ِي ﺧﻠﻘ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ َاﺣﺪة وﺧﻠﻖ ﻣﻨ َﺎ زوﺟ َﺎ وﺑﺚ ﻣﻨﻬ َﺎ ر َﺎﻻ‬ ً ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ﻨ ُ ﱠﻘ ْ َﺑ ُ ُ ﱠﺬ ََ َﻜ ﻣ ﱠ ْ ٍ و ِ َ ٍ َ ََ َ ِ ْﻬ َ ْ َﻬ َ َ ﱠ ِ ْ ُﻤ ِﺟ‬ ‫آ ِﻴﺮا وﻧ َﺎء َاﺗ ُﻮا اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟ ِي ﺗ َﺎءُﻮن ﺑﻪ َاﻷر َﺎم إن اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎن ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ر ِﻴ ًﺎ‬ ‫َﺜ ً َ ِﺴ و ﱠﻘ ْ ّ َ ﱠﺬ َﺴ ﻟ َ ِ ِ و َ ْﺣ َ ِ ﱠ ّ َ آ َ ََ ْ ُ ْ َﻗ ﺒ‬ “O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord. which we know indisputably to be in The Bible for Allah says in the Qur’an: © 2008 Jason Galvan 13 . because when he came into this world he was the exact picture that was painted hundreds of years before him (even though.” (Qur’an: 4:1). We testify that there is no deity save Allah. then more non-Muslims accept this and Islam altogether without much opposition. We know that Jesus was the fulfillment of many Old Testament prophecies. Many times I am confronted with my duty as a Muslim to preach the message of Islam to non-Muslims and I’ve found that if it is made apparent and crystal clear that Muhammad was indeed in The Bible and was indeed a prophet to all of mankind to be followed unquestionably. And we testify that our master Muhammad. was His slave and messenger. the conclusion is that Jesus is not the one indicated. All praise be to Allah. He whom Allah guided. Although. Jesus' name was never mentioned in the Old Testament). Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah’. who created you from a single person and from him He created his wife (Eve). who has no associates. I know that these prophecies are pertaining to Muhammad through reasoning. and (do not cut off the relation of) the womb (kinship). Allah is Ever an All Watcher over you. and fear Allah through whom you demand (your mutual rights). no one can misguide. and from them both He created many men and women. For this reason. the One. but a word picture about an event or a person in the future and you come to realize whom or what it is pertaining to when the particulars are fulfilled in the future. A prophecy is nothing. but after a close examination.

because they are not interchangeable under close scrutiny. was both. said: ‘O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah unto you. A prophet is a person whom Allah talks to and makes known His Will and is charged with reforming his people from wrong doing. if you will. there has come to you from Allah a light (Muhammad) and a plain book (this Qur’an). confirming the Torah before me. And: ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﺗﻴ َﺎهﻢ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮﻧﻪ آ َﺎ ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮن أﺑ َﺎءهﻢ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺧﺴ ُوا َﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺆﻣ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ﱠﺬ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ُ ْ ِﺘ َ َ ْ ِﻓ َ ُ َﻤ َ ْ ِﻓ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ُ ﱠﺬ َ َ ِﺮ ْ أ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ {20} © 2008 Jason Galvan 14 . but a prophet is not necessarily a messenger.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il ‫َﺎ أهﻞ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻗﺪ َﺎءآﻢ ر ُﻮﻟ َﺎ ﻳﺒ ﱢﻦ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻋَﻰ ﻓﺘﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻞ َن ﺗ ُﻮُﻮا َﺎ َﺎء َﺎ ِﻦ ﺑ ِﻴﺮ‬ ٍ ‫ﻳ َ ْ َ ْ ِﺘ ِ َ ْ ﺟ ُ ْ َﺳ ُﻨ ُ َﻴ ُ َ ُ ْ َﻠ َ ْ َ ٍ ﱢ َ ﱡ ُ ِ أ َﻘ ﻟ ْ ﻣ ﺟ ﻧ ﻣ َﺸ‬ {19} ‫وﻻ ﻧ ِﻳﺮ ﻓﻘﺪ َﺎء ُﻢ ﺑ ِﻴﺮ وﻧ ِﻳﺮ َاﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ آ ﱢ ﺷﻲء ﻗ ِﻳﺮ‬ ٌ ‫َ َ َﺬ ٍ َ َ ْ ﺟ آ َﺸ ٌ َ َﺬ ٌ و ّ ُ َﻠ ُﻞ َ ْ ٍ َﺪ‬ “O people of the scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our messenger (Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you. (Qur’an: 5:19). ‘This is plain magic.” (Qur’an: 5:15). And Allah said: ‫َﺎ أهﻞ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻗﺪ َﺎءآﻢ ر ُﻮﻟ َﺎ ﻳﺒ ﱢﻦ ﻟﻜﻢ آ ِﻴﺮا ﻣ ﱠﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﺨ ُﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜ َﺎب وﻳﻌ ُﻮ َﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْ َ ْ ِﺘ ِ َ ْ ﺟ ُ ْ َﺳ ُﻨ ُ َﻴ ُ َ ُ ْ َﺜ ً ﱢﻤ آ ُ ْ ُ ْﻔ َ ِ َ ْ ِﺘ ِ َ َ ْﻔ ﻋ‬ ‫آ ِﻴﺮ ﻗﺪ َﺎء ُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ ُﻮر وآ َﺎب ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٌ ‫َﺜ ٍ َ ْ ﺟ آ ﱢ َ ّ ِ ﻧ ٌ َ ِﺘ ٌ ﱡﺒ‬ “O people of the scriptures (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our messenger explaining to you much of that which you used to hide from the scripture and pass over much. Muhammad.’ But when he (Muhammad) came to them with clear proofs.’ And Allah is Able to do All Things”.’” (Qur’an: 61:6). Indeed. and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me. is a prophet who has been given a book and a Law to introduce to his people. after an absence of a prophet or messenger for around five-hundred years. And: ‫وإذ َﺎل ِﻴ َﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ َﺎ ﺑ ِﻲ إﺳ َا ِﻴﻞ إﱢﻲ ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ إﻟﻴ ُﻢ ﻣﺼﺪ ًﺎ ﻟ َﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻳﺪي ﻣﻦ‬ َ ِ ‫َِ ْ ﻗ َ ﻋ ﺴ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ﻳ َﻨ ِ ْﺮ ﺋ َ ِﻧ َﺳ ُ ﱠ ِ َِ ْﻜ ﱡ َ ﱢﻗ ﱢﻤ َ ْ َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻮ َاة وﻣﺒﺸ ًا ﺑﺮ ُﻮل ﻳﺄ ِﻲ ِﻦ ﺑﻌ ِي اﺳﻤﻪ أﺣﻤﺪ ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ َﺎء ُﻢ ِﺎﻟﺒﻴ َﺎت َﺎُﻮا ه َا ﺳﺤﺮ‬ ٌ ْ ِ ‫ﱠ ْر ِ َ ُ َ ﱢﺮ ِ َﺳ ٍ َ ْﺗ ﻣ َ ْﺪ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ُ ََﻤ ﺟ ه ﺑ ْ َﱢﻨ ِ ﻗ ﻟ َﺬ‬ {6} ‫ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٌ ‫ﱡﺒ‬ “And (remember) when ‘Isa. son of Maryam. I use the words prophet and messenger separately. whose name shall be Ahmad. our beloved light. lest you say: ‘There came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and a warner. From the above verse we gather that Allah (God) sent Muhammad as another prophet and/or messenger. In essence a messenger is a prophet. they said. after a break in (the series of) messengers. A messenger. however.

And also: ‫وإ َا ﺳﻤ ُﻮا َﺎ ُﻧﺰل إَﻰ اﻟﺮ ُﻮل ﺗ َى أﻋﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺗ ِﻴﺾ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪﻣﻊ ﻣ ﱠﺎ ﻋﺮ ُﻮا ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻖ ﻳ ُﻮُﻮن‬ َ ‫ﱠﺳ ِ َﺮ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َﻔ ُ ِ َ ﱠ ْ ِ ِﻤ َ َﻓ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ﱢ َﻘ ﻟ‬ ‫َ ِذ َ ِ ﻌ ْ ﻣ أ ِ َ ِ ﻟ‬ {83} ‫رﺑ َﺎ ﺁﻣﱠﺎ َﺎآﺘﺒ َﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺸﺎه ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫َﱠﻨ َﻨ ﻓ ْ ُ ْﻨ َ َ ﱠ ِﺪ‬ {84} ‫و َﺎ ﻟ َﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ و َﺎ َﺎء َﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﻖ وﻧﻄﻤﻊ َن ﻳﺪﺧﻠ َﺎ رﺑ َﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻘﻮم اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫َﻣ َﻨ َ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﺑ ّ ِ َﻣ ﺟ ﻧ ِ َ ْ َ ﱢ َ َ ْ َ ُ أ ُ ْ َِﻨ َ ﱠﻨ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﺼ ِﺤ‬ “And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the messenger (Muhammad) you see their eyes overflowing with tears. for they both spring from a common root word ‘hamd’. we have some note worthy points worth mentioning: 1) The Bible has an abundance of prophecies about Prophet Muhammad that the past generations have tried to cover up and disguise. ‘Our Lord! We believe. then ask those who are reading the Book (the Torah and the Injeel) before you.” (Qur’an: 6:20). They say.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “Those to whom We have given the scripture (Jews and Christians) recognize him (Muhammad) as they recognize their own sons. From the above verses. 2) That Jesus even foretold of Prophet Muhammad’s coming and called him by the name ‘Ahmad’ which is in the same nature as Muhammad. Those who have lost themselves will not believe. So be not of those who doubt it. this one and the four preceding it. © 2008 Jason Galvan 15 . And: ‫ﻓِن ُﻨﺖ ِﻲ ﺷﻚ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﻧﺰﻟ َﺎ إﻟﻴﻚ َﺎﺳﺄل اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﺮ ُون اﻟﻜ َﺎب ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻚ ﻟﻘﺪ َﺎءك اﻟﺤﻖ ِﻦ‬ ‫َﺈ آ َ ﻓ َ ﱟ ﱢﻤ أ َ ْﻨ َِ ْ َ ﻓ ْ َ ِ ﱠﺬ َ َ ْ َؤ َ ْ ِﺘ َ ﻣ َ ِْ َ َ َ ْ ﺟ َ ْ َ ﱡ ﻣ‬ {94} ‫رﺑﻚ ﻓﻼ ﺗ ُﻮﻧﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻤﺘ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ﱠﱢ َ َ َ َﻜ َ ﱠ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ َﺮ‬ “So.” (Qur’an: 10:94). 3) That the Jews and Christians know this to be true and know that Muhammad is the one indicated in numerous prophecies of The Bible and that when he appeared they recognize him as they recognize their own sons. the truth has come to you from your Lord. Verily. And why should we not believe in Allah and in that which has come to us of the truth? And we wish that Our Lord will admit us (in paradise) along with the righteous people.’” (Qur’an: 5:83-84). and why? Because. because of the truth they have recognized. he was also the exact picture that was painted of him hundreds of years prior to his advent. so write us down among the witnesses. if you (Muhammad) are in doubt concerning that which We have revealed unto you [that your name is written in the Torah and the Injeel].

Insha’ Allah. You see. the Christians went astray and with a pure heart and enough evidence.” (Qur’an: 1:6-7). they know you. 5) And finally. May Allah accept it from me. Florida May 15. Old and New Testaments. And may Allah open the eyes of our Christian brothers to see that Muhammad is the last and seal of all prophets. which I decided to put into one compilation. that most Christians are not proud. and you (Muhammad) do not doubt it. Jason D. For Allah said: ‫اهﺪ َــــﺎ اﻟﺼ َاط اﻟ ُﺴﺘ ِﻴﻢ }6{ ﺻ َاط اﻟ ِﻳﻦ َﻧ َﻤﺖ ﻋَﻴﻬﻢ َﻴﺮ اﻟ َﻐ ُﻮب ﻋَﻴﻬﻢ وﻻ‬ َ َ ْ ِ ‫ِ ﺮ َ ﱠﺬ َ أ ﻌ َ َ ﻠ ِ ْ ﻏ ِ ﻤ ﻀ ِ َ ﻠ‬ َ ‫ﱢﺮ َ ﻤ َﻘ‬ ‫ِﻧ‬ {7} ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎﱢﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻀﻟ‬ “Guide us to the straight way. they will accept the proofs from our Lord compiled into this one book. This sums up the reasons I’ve embarked on this mission to bring to light that which a lot of our Christian counter-parts do not know or cannot see or understand. The Jews and Christians. Allah says so many times in so many places that Muhammad is in The Bible. nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians). they accept it. not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews). 2008 © 2008 Jason Galvan 16 . They are looking for the truth and when they see it.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 4) And Allah told Muhammad that if he was in doubt about him being foretold in The Bible then to ask those who know. and save themselves from a day about which there is no doubt. for they recognize you. The way of those on whom you have bestowed Your Grace. Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim ibn Mikaal) Alligator Point.

the brethren of the Israelites. And it shall come to pass. one jot © 2008 Jason Galvan 17 . God of The Bible told Moses that He would raise up a prophet from among their brethren. that whosoever will not hearken unto My Words which he shall speak in My Name. Jesus in fact said in Matthew: 5:17-19: “Do not think that I came to destroy The Law or The Prophets. but let’s examine each and every statement to reveal in fact who this prophecy is describing. And if that is hard to swallow. when I am finished it should go down smooth. So. God specifically designated the people of whom this prophet would arise from. The significance is that. For assuredly. i. but to fulfill. God willing.” (Deuteronomy: 18:18-19) This prophecy in itself is so abundantly packed with meaning that we will take it point by point and hopefully not miss or pass over anything. namely the Ishmaelites. Moses was a lawgiver and in essence the leader of his people… Jesus was neither of the two and in fact was persecuted by his own people. more so than one would think. like unto thee and I will put my words in his mouth. but from amongst their brethren. I did not come to destroy.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter One: Like unto Moses “I will raise them up a prophet from amongst thy brethren. but powerful statement. I say to you. then. God told Moses that this prophet would be like him or “like unto thee”. and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. Firstly. by saying ‘brethren’. we have to look at who is like Moses from among the known prophets. till Heaven and Earth pass away.e. Moses migrated from Egypt to the doorstep of Palestine… Jesus did not migrate at all unless you include migrating to Heaven. I will require it of him. This is a significant statement and specific. Insha’ Allah. Most would say Jesus and would argue that this whole prophecy is about Jesus. Moses was given a book and commandments… Jesus was not given the like of what Moses was given and on the contrary to bringing some new law. Moses had children (Exodus: 2:21-22. God did not tell Moses that He would raise up a prophet from among themselves. Moses was married…Jesus was not.)…Jesus had none. another small. Moses was a man born of a mother and a father…Jesus on the other hand was not. Secondly.

And finally. Moses died natural and non-violent death. after vigorous analysis. this prophecy would depict every prophet between Moses and Jesus. Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madinah…like unto Moses (Moses migrated from Egypt to Palestine). Muhammad had children…like unto Moses. Whoever breaks one of these least commandments and teaches men so. How confusing! Would God actually be so vague as to whom He was referring? And last. that they were both Israelites! And in that case. through his examination of this prophecy at hand gives us three requirements that the would be prophet of Deuteronomy 18 must fulfill to indeed be this prophet.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il or one tittle will by no means pass from the Law till all is fulfilled. They are as follows: © 2008 Jason Galvan 18 .” (Matt: 5:17-19) Moses was. Numbers: 12:1). but not least. let us compare Muhammad with Moses: Muhammad was married and actually had more than one wife…like unto Moses (Exodus: 2:21. there is a man by the name of Silas who wrote an Essay called “WHO IS THE PROPHET OF DEUTERONOMY 18:18?” in which he. he shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. Now. but whoever does and teaches them. Muhammad was of ‘their brethren’ (Muhammad was a descendant of Ishmael. as was Moses.e. shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven. Now. but a man and a prophet. Ishmaelites are the Israelite’s brethren]) as God had spoken of to Moses. Jesus was either the son of God or. I’ve come to the conclusion that the only similarities Moses and Jesus share are. whereas Jesus’ death or lack thereof. Muhammad was a man and a prophet and no more. Can we equate the two? In fact. was and still is surrounded by much controversy. Muhammad was a lawgiver and also a leader to his people. Muhammad died at the ripe old age of sixty-two of natural causes. at the tongues of some ‘scholars’. may Allah protect us from such heresy. but according to the Christian theologians. Muhammad was born of a mother and a father…like unto Moses. as was Moses. God Himself. but one. He was given The Noble Qur’an which is very similar to what was given to Moses. the brother of Isaac [i.

For Allah said: ‫ُﻞ ﻟﻮ َﺎء اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﺗﻠﻮﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ وﻻ أد َا ُﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻟﺒﺜﺖ ِﻴﻜﻢ ﻋﻤ ًا ﱢﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ أﻓﻼ ﺗﻌﻘُﻮن‬ َ ‫ﻗ ﱠ ْ ﺷ ّ ُ ﻣ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْر آ ِ ِ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ُ ﻓ ُ ْ ُ ُ ﺮ ﻣ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ ﻠ‬ {16} “Say (O Muhammad). But on the contrary. I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. signs. nor would He have made it known to you. Noble Qur’an is the exact speech of God as revealed to Muhammad. you will see it is full of ‘inspired’ scriptures and accounts of what God said. Have you then no sense?’” (Qur’an:10:16) And also: ‫ُﻞ ﻟﺌﻦ اﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ا ِﻧﺲ َاﻟﺠﻦ ﻋَﻰ َن ﻳﺄ ُﻮا ﺑﻤﺜﻞ َـ َا اﻟﻘﺮْﺁن ﻻ ﻳﺄ ُﻮن ﺑﻤﺜﻠﻪ وﻟﻮ َﺎن‬ َ ‫ﻗ ﱠ ِ ِ ْ َ َ َ ِ ﻹ ُ و ْ ِ ﱡ َﻠ أ َ ْﺗ ْ ِ ِ ْ ِ ه ﺬ ْ ُ ِ َ َ ْﺗ َ ِ ِ ِْ ِ ََ ْ آ‬ {88} ‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻇ ِﻴ ًا‬ ‫َ ْ ُ ُ ْ ِ َ ْ ٍ َﻬ ﺮ‬ “Say. Verily. 3) This future prophet would perform miracles. 2) This future prophet would speak with God face to face. ‘If Allah had so willed. we will amass much more evidences in support of Muhammad being this prophet. ‘if the jinn and mankind were to agree upon producing something similar to this Qur’an. they will not be able to produce anything similar to it’” (Qur’an: 17:88) And: ‫وﻣﻦ أﺻﺪق ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺣ ِﻳ ًﺎ‬ ‫َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ِ َ ّ ِ َﺪ ﺜ‬ © 2008 Jason Galvan 19 . through the angel Gabriel. I should not have recited it to you. If you read through the Bible. Silas' list: And then.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 1) This future prophet is to speak the words that God puts in his mouth. but for now let us deal with number one on Mr. the Glorious. When we are finished with this book. God said: “…And I will put My Words in his mouth and he shall speak to them all that I command him…” (Deut: 18:18) This part of the prophecy reveals to us that the prophet of whom God spoke of would in all actuality be a vessel of whom God would speak through. not to. and wonders. but it is not a word for word rendition of what God said.

Silas' list is that this future prophet would speak to God face to face.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “And who can be more truthful in speech?” (Qur’an: 4:87) And He said: ‫ﻓﺄ ُﻮا ﺑ ُﻮرة ﱢﻦ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ‬ ِ ِْ ‫َ ْﺗ ْ ِﺴ َ ٍ ﻣ ﱢ‬ “Say. God tells Moses that no man may see God and live. as a man speaketh unto his friend. but did he? In Exodus 33:18-23. ‘Bring a chapter similar to it. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy. here God explains that no man may see him and live. he spoke with God face to face. When my glory passes by. Allah confirmed that it was His speech to Muhammad and that the like thereof could not be reproduced. and I will proclaim my name. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua. This is on Mr. While he was on earth. in your presence. but in Exodus 33:11.' But. you can see that the Qur’an is Allah speaking to Muhammad and Muhammad conveying His exact Words to his people unaltered. © 2008 Jason Galvan 20 . a young man. I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by. the LORD. Why would he lie to them now? Now.' Then the LORD said. Silas' own evidence he uses. 'There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock. And He also told Muhammad to tell his people that he had been among them for forty years preceding this revelation and was known as ‘Al-Amin’ (The truthful one). Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back.’” (Qur’an: 2:23) From the above verses in the Qur’an.'” (Exodus: 33:18-23) So. departed not out of the tabernacle. it says that Moses spoke with God face to face: “And the LORD Spake unto Moses face to face. for no one may see me and live. the son of Nun. but He does tell Moses that he may see his back: “Then Moses said. 'Now show me your glory. 'you cannot see my face.' And the LORD said. and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. He says that Deuteronomy 18:18 applies to Jesus and states the following as proof: “Jesus was with God prior to being revealed on earth.” (Exodus 33:11) So we can conclude from these two verses that this is not sufficient for us to use to measure this future prophet. he said. but my face must not be seen. number two on Mr. Silas' assumption that Moses spoke to God face to face. 'I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you. because these two verses contradict themselves and contradict Mr.

Well. if Jesus has. glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had in your presence before the world existed. I only wanted to show that his grasp of this prophecy is lacking and he cannot be trusted to represent this prophecy as an authority. then we can conclude that it was an evil spirit that was deceiving Muhammad. Mr. according to Jesus. Silas has an idea in his head that he is trying to make manifest. "This is my Son. You see."So now.The entire Quran was given to him through a medium . In Sahih Al-Bukhari.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il John 1:18 . You see. It is obvious from reading Mr. and from the cloud a voice said. suddenly a bright cloud overshadowed them. Nevertheless. with him I am well pleased. 'Fifty prayers have been enjoined on me." Matthew 17:5 . Silas is in fact defeated in his accusation that Muhammad never spoke to God directly. by the same name. 'What have you done?' I said. Muhammad never spoke with God directly. And then he goes on to show how Jesus has. Silas Makes this statement to widen the gap between Muhammad and Moses. Mr. It is recorded in the seventeenth chapter of the Qur'an. Silas goes on to say: “As stated before. Silas' work that he has not done an in depth study of Islam or the Qur'an."No one has ever seen God. for an intricate part of the Muslim’s belief is AlIsra. 'I © 2008 Jason Galvan 21 . I descended till I met Moses who asked me. or Night journey. and most Jewish sources agree that this would not be a requirement to fulfill this prophecy."While he was still speaking. he spoke to Allah directly. This would automatically discount the need for this prophet having to speak directly to God. for we have shown that Moses had not seen God. because what God says to describe this future prophet is that He (God) will put His words in his (the future prophet’s) mouth. no one has. by proving that Muhammad did not speak to God directly. but this only strengthens our position.” The first thing that I notice is that Mr. listen to him!" From the above evidence that Mr. it happened and while Muhammad was in the heavens. Silas provided. Father. It is God the only Son who is close to the Father's heart.then fifty prayers were enjoined on me. we see right from the beginning that No one has ever seen God. as the sign would be that this prophet would speak God’s words.Was the spirit from God? If not. the Beloved.' He said. Do not misinterpret my words to mean that Muhammad saw Allah for he did not." John 17:5 . There is a difference of opinion if Muhmmad went with his body and spirit or the spirit alone. it narrates an incident in which the Prophet Muhammad meets Moses in the heavens: “. then this is just an extra evidence against him being like Moses.a spirit. The Night Journey is when Muhammad ascended to heaven. Nevertheless... Mr. but actually succeeds in doing the opposite. who has made him known. but he spoke with Him behind a screen of light.

Silas' list. Allah’s apostle was addressed by Allah. then twenty. I would not qualify him to be in a position of authority to make requirements in regards to Deuteronomy 18:18. His veil is the light. neither does it identify this future prophet unless he is going to do the exact same miracles as Moses. it is fire. The deeds in the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day. we will deal with the issue of miracles later as it is not relevant at this point. As for number three on Mr. for otherwise the Bible contradicts itself. Silas. Number 0343) The veil is nothing new as we find in the Bible that Moses spoke to God at the Burning bush. it will also have to be accepted that this is another similarity between Moses and Muhammad. thus widening the gap between Moses and Jesus. we will deal with that in subsequent chapters. nevertheless. All prophets performed miracles and I cannot see how this distinguishes one prophet from another. and then returned again to Allah for reduction and He made it thirty. because I had the hardest experience to bring Bani Israel to obedience. for he has been negligent in several issues. and this is what we can gather from the verses that Moses spoke face to face. In the hadith narrated by Abu Bakr. return to your Lord and request Him (to reduce the number of prayers.' I returned and requested Allah (for reduction) and He made it forty. So. If he withdraws it (the veil). I will require it of him…” (Deut: 18:19) © 2008 Jason Galvan 22 . the splendour of His countenance would consume His creation so far as His sight reaches. instead of the word ‘light’.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il know the people better than you. that whoever will not hearken unto My Words which he shall speak in My Name. then ten. we can conclude that Moses did not speak to God face to face unless from behind a screen (i. Silas does. “…And it shall come to pass.(Sahih Al-Bukhari 4:429) There is also another Hadith that explains Allah's veil: “Abu Musa reported: The Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) was standing amongst us and he told us five things. After reviewing Mr. Your followers cannot put up with such an obligation. In any event the prophecy does not list this as one of its requirements. but from behind a screen just like Moses and to this dislike of Mr. Book 001. I returned and (met Moses) and had a similar discussion. 'Allah has made it five only. He lowers the scale and lifts it. he said. Silas’ work. And if we accept that what is meant is that Moses spoke directly to God through the Burning bush then. Burning bush) and that Muhammad also spoke to Allah directly. but I will say this.e. and then I came to Moses who repeated the same advice. as I said. When I came to Moses again. So. 'What have you done?' I said. He said: Verily the Exalted and Mighty God does not sleep. and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night.' He repeated the same advice but I said that I surrendered (to Allah's Final Order). and I shall reward a single good deed as if it were ten good deeds. and it does not befit Him to sleep.”(Sahih Muslim. ‘I have decreed My obligation and have reduced the burden on My slaves.’" . Ultimately Allah reduced it to five.

the Most Gracious. Jesus. he had not appeared by this point in The Bible and the Jews were still waiting for him. there were priests and Levites who were curious as to his identity and the nature of his mission.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Here we see that God is going to punish whoever does not listen to the words this prophet speaks in His Name. they know of whom they were waiting. ‘What then. ‘I am not. excluding chapter nine for it is believed by some that chapter nine was once joined with chapter eight.’ So. It will suffice to say that every chapter of the Qur’an starts with: In the Name of Allah. he said he was not ‘that prophet. Second. are you Elijah?’ He said. Son of Mary. and he (the prophet) is mentioned in verse John 1:25 as being endowed with the authority to baptize.’ Art thou that prophet?’ And he answered. Now on to the next prophecy: “Now this is the testimony of John. when Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him (John the Baptist).” (John 1:19-21) From this passage we see that when John the Baptist came as a precursor of Jesus. we have Jesus. I ask. ‘No’. ‘I am not the Christ. Surely. Again. he said he was not the Christ or in other words. who is this prophet? Another point we can make is that whoever he is. And third and most importantly. The Messiah. I will not expound on this in great detail. “Are you the prophet?” (NKJV: John: 1:21). since he is one of the three inquired of by the priests and Levites. The relevance of this occurrence in every chapter is of a great magnitude and these proofs are overwhelming! May Allah keep us of those who are guided.” And they asked him. but who is ‘That Prophet?’ Or in some translations it is: “Are you the prophet we are expecting?” (Abundant life Bible: John: 1:21). And: “Art thou that prophet?’ (King James Version: John: 1: 21) Who is this prophet? He is obviously of some importance. They asked him if he was any of the long awaited persons that God had promised them in the scriptures. the Most Merciful. And he answered them “No” three times to three questions concerning three distinctly different persons. ‘Who are you?’ He confessed. Elijah of whom we know. he said he was not Elijah or Elias in some translations. so © 2008 Jason Galvan 23 . First.

that it is not applicable to a spirit. the comforter will not come unto you. Are you the prophet? See Deuteronomy 18:18. Muhammad did all these things as he came and © 2008 Jason Galvan 24 . Of judgment. there shall come another comforter. because I go to my father. And when he is come.” That truly is amazing. which would necessitate that there had been a previous comforter. if the first comforter was a man. that he may abide with you forever. if I do not go away. for he said: “For. because they believe not on me. Helper.”(John: 16:7-11) Again. and also ‘Holy Spirit’.” (John: 14:16) This is Jesus speaking shortly before he is to leave this world. but if I depart. Also. for it is of the same nature as Deuteronomy:18:18 and John:1:21. this shows us that one comforter needed to leave. but in the original Aramaic. then the second comforter would also be a man and not a spirit or a ghost. This word was deleted by later interpreters and translators and changed to ‘Spirit of truth’. so our next task would be to find out who this first comforter was. he will reprove the world of sin. and He shall give you another comforter. because the prince of this world is judged. or more appropriate: “One who is sent”. meaning Advocate. “Nevertheless. and this is indeed what Jesus spoke. so the next one could come. We look to the reference and find that it says: “John: 1: 21. Well. and ye see me no more. One last point worth mentioning is that on the eve of Jesus’ appearance. ‘Helper’. and of judgment: Of sin. and there is a star or a reference mark as to who the prophet is. righteousness and judgment. With that being said. and of righteousness. I will send him to you. the word ‘comforter’ is the word ‘paraclete’ in the Greek. verses 16:7-14. the comforter is foretold and this time he says. it is quite obvious that it is Jesus who was the first comforter. ‘comforter’.” The meaning would be applicable to the word Muhammad in Arabic.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il we look next to the word prophet in verse 1:21. namely: Aramaic. because I’ve explained in great detail who these verses (Deut: 18: 15-18) are speaking of. I tell you that it is expedient that I go away: for if I go not away. this prophet spoken of had not yet made his entry into the world and we will soon see that it would be shortly before Jesus’ departure that this prophet would be mentioned again. Of righteousness.” (John: 16:7) So. He is saying that after he leaves. it means: “one whom the people praise exceedingly. the comforter will not come to you. that he will reprove the world of sin. “And I will pray the Father. but we can see after we look at the whole of John. Designate.

Amin’ or in English. I want to stop and point out that up until Muhammad was forty years old and before revelation had been bestowed on him. that shall he speak: and will shew you things to come. All Wise. they believed Mary to be unchaste and a harlot and Jesus to be her bastard son. but you cannot bear them now. when it…this shows gender and specifically the male gender. i. And if it said that the Hebrew word for ‘it’ and ‘he’ are the same word.’-but they killed him not. when he. but it was made to appear as such. But Allah raised him (Jesus) up unto Himself. As Allah said: ‫وﻗﻮﻟﻬﻢ إﱠﺎ ﻗﺘﻠ َﺎ اﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ ِﻴ َﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ و َﺎ ﻗﺘُﻮﻩ و َﺎ ﺻﻠ ُﻮﻩ وَـ ِﻦ ﺷﺒﻪ ﻟﻬﻢ‬ ْ ُ َ َ ‫َ َ ِْ ِ ْ ِﻧ َ َ ْﻨ ْ َﺴ َ ﻋ ﺴ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ َﺳ َ ّ ِ َﻣ َ َﻠ ُ َﻣ ََﺒ ُ َﻟ ﻜ ُﱢ‬ {157} ‫وإن اﻟ ِﻳﻦ اﺧﺘﻠ ُﻮا ِﻴﻪ ﻟ ِﻲ ﺷﻚ ﱢﻨﻪ َﺎ ﻟ ُﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻢ إﻻ اﺗ َﺎع اﻟﻈﻦ و َﺎ ﻗﺘُﻮﻩ ﻳ ِﻴ ًﺎ‬ ‫َِ ﱠ ﱠﺬ َ ْ ََﻔ ْ ﻓ ِ َﻔ َ ﱟ ﻣ ْ ُ ﻣ َﻬ ِ ِ ِ ْ ِ ْ ٍ ِ ﱠ ﱢﺒ َ ﱠ ﱢ َﻣ َ َﻠ ُ َﻘ ﻨ‬ {158} ‫َﻞ رﻓﻌﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ إﻟﻴﻪ و َﺎن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ ِﻳ ًا ﺣ ِﻴ ًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑ ﱠ َ َ ُ ّ ُ َِ ْ ِ َآ َ ّ ُ َﺰ ﺰ َﻜ ﻤ‬ “And because of their (Jews) saying (in boast) ‘We killed Messiah.”(Qur’an 4: 157-158) “I have many things to say unto you. by the fact that Jesus said “Howbeit when he….Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il corrected the ill beliefs of the Jews about Mary. the spirit of truth. then it will be replied by me that someone translating the Hebrew into English would know the context in which it is necessary to apply the word ‘it’ © 2008 Jason Galvan 25 . And Allah is Ever All Powerful. Jesus.” (Qur’an: 4: 156) Muhammad also clarified the issue of Jesus. so he told them that the one that came after him. but he concluded that they were not ready. he was known as ‘Al.’). but conjecture. nor crucified him. so we know he would be another prophet. For Allah said: ‫وﺑﻜﻔﺮهﻢ وﻗﻮﻟﻬﻢ ﻋَﻰ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻬ َﺎ ًﺎ ﻋ ِﻴ ًﺎ‬ ‫َ ِ ُ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ِْ ِ ْ َﻠ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْﺘ ﻧ َﻈ ﻤ‬ “And because their (Jews) disbelief and uttering against Mary a grave false charge (that she had committed illegal sexual intercourse).” (John: 16:12-14) From the above verses. And those who differ therein are full of doubts. ‘spirit of truth being applicable to a human. Howbeit. is come. Jesus and that the second ‘comforter’ would also be human and not a spirit (the title.e. ‘the spirit of truth or truthful one. son of Mary. as to being crucified and/or killed. we gather that Jesus had a lot to discuss with his disciples. Howbeit.’ Also. they killed him not.e.” he did not say. The messenger of Allah. i. the comforter or spirit of truth would be able to fill in all the blanks. They follow nothing. he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself. For assuredly. but whatsoever he shall hear. whereas. the mother of Jesus. meaning: ‘a pure soul. we point out that this ‘spirit of truth’ is the other ‘comforter’ in which we know the first ‘comforter’ to be human. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine and shew it unto you.

that. which refers us back to the faithful verse of Deuteronomy: 18:18: “…And I will put my words in his mouth. when he. “…for he will not speak of himself. but whatsoever he shall hear. and the same man was just and devout. we have to look elsewhere to see clearly who this ‘comforter’ is. we can see that the Holy Ghost had already appeared prior to Jesus’ departure and this would void the connection between the ‘Comforter’ and the Holy Spirit.”(Luke: 1:41) And: “And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost…” (Luke: 1:67) And lastly: And. John: 1:21. when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary. I will send him to you. is come. for Jesus told them: “I have many things to say unto you. John: 14:16 and John: 16:7-14 are the same individual. And remember. behold. we can come to the conclusion that either Jesus lied to his disciples. waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.” (John: 16:7) The reason I repeat this. and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. therefore giving this figure a gender.” (Deuteronomy: 18:18) This is overwhelming evidence that the one spoken of in Deuteronomy: 18:18. the babe leaped in her womb. Furthermore. So. there was a man in Jerusalem. but will be a vessel by which God will convey His Message. it is translated as ‘he’. Isn’t God Great that He gave man the intellect to use for the benefit of himself? “ © 2008 Jason Galvan 26 .” So. that the Holy Spirit had already come: “And it came to pass. This ‘comforter’ will repeat what God says. the question I have to ask is.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il or the word ‘he’ and in every translation of the Bible. I tell you that it is expedient that I go away: for if I go not away.” (Luke: 2:25) So. but if I depart. Jesus is saying that he has to depart. he will guide you into all truth. before this ‘comforter’ can come. but you cannot bear them now. that shall he speak…” (John: 16:13) Here we have an individual who will not talk on his own. and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost. Jesus said: “Nevertheless. no more or no less. is because. the spirit of truth. for it is said several times in the book of Luke. Howbeit. what are the many things that Jesus had to say that the “Holy Spirit would make known to us? It has been two thousand years and no one can answer that question. the comforter will not come unto you. whose name was Simeon. so to apply this title ‘comforter’ to the Holy Spirit would be incorrect.

THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF RELIGION. it is said by Jesus that this ‘comforter’ would glorify him.. but must believe in him (Jesus). Macmillean Publishing Company) Reverend James L.” (John: 16:14) Again.”(Qur’an: 4:159) I shall conclude this chapter with two quotations out of the "THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF RELIGION" and out of “The Collins Dictionary”.The Only Man in history who can be compared even remotely to him is Mahomet.. we read: "MOSES IS HIGHLY REGARDED IN ISLAM AS THE GREAT PROPHET WHO FORETOLD THE COMING OF MUHAMMAD. for He (Allah): ‫وِن ﻣﻦ أهﻞ اﻟﻜ َﺎب إﻻ ﻟﻴﺆﻣﻨﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ وﻳﻮم اﻟﻘ َﺎﻣﺔ ﻳ ُﻮن ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺷ ِﻴ ًا‬ ‫َإ ﱢ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ِﺘ ِ ِ ﱠ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ﱠ ِ ِ َ ْ َ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِﻴ َ ِ َﻜ ُ ََ ْ ِ ْ َﻬ ﺪ‬ “And there is none of the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians). and shall shew it unto you. Page 403) © 2008 Jason Galvan 27 .” (P121. son of Mary...Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “…he shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine. And on the Day of Resurrection he (Jesus) will be a witness against them. that JESUS is not like MOSES.THERE IS MUCH IN THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD THAT IS IMPLICITLY REMINISCENT OF THE MOSES TRADITION. before his death. but MUHUMMAD is like Moses: ". Dow in Collins Dictionary of the Bible gives further proof. Under Moses in Islam." (Collins Dictionary of the Bible. HIS SUCCESSOR. Mircea Eliade (EDITOR IN CHIEF) Volume 10. And Muhammad did glorify Jesus by Allah’s instruction.

But when the husbandmen saw the son. he sent other servants. and went into a far off country: And when the time of the fruit drew near. This is the case throughout the Bible. they denied him. I say unto you. It is a very enjoyable story. come let us kill him. but there’s more to the story. killed them. This is the heir. If you read the Old Testament. Did ye never read the scriptures. you will discover that for thousands of years God has sent prophets one after another to the Children of Israel with little or no results until He sent their Messiah that they had been waiting for. messengers and reformers to the Children of Israel and more times than not they belied the messengers. the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing and it is marvelous in our eyes? Therefore. than meets the eye. The Kingdom of God shall be taken from you. “Hear another parable: There was a certain householder. Again. saying. beat one. and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen. more than the first: And they did unto them likewise.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Two: The Kingdom of God Shall be taken from you. what will he do unto those husbandmen?” They said unto him. who wished to take advantage of the man by denying him his own fruit and also robbing the man’s son of his inheritance. The stone which the builders rejected. and killed another. it will grind him to powder” (Matthew: 21:33-44) Moving to the New Testament. When the lord. and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. which shall render him the fruits in their seasons. belittled him and set out to murder him. they said among themselves. ‘He will miserably destroy those wicked men. that they may receive the fruits of it. And the husbandmen took his servants. and stoned another. and hedged it round about and digged a winepress in it. exiled them or in the worst cases. and cast him out of the vineyard. to when Jesus is telling a fantastic parable about a householder who lends out his property to evil men. and let us seize his inheritance. and let it out to husbandmen. but when Jesus came to reform their evil ways. which planted a vineyard. The parable is describing how God over thousands of years has sent prophets. and slew him. they will receive and accept him. therefore of the vineyard cometh. They will reverence my son. but on whomsoever it shall fall. Surely. © 2008 Jason Galvan 28 . and built a tower. he sent his servants to the husbandmen.’ Jesus saith unto them. But last of all he sent unto them his son. And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken. And they caught him.

it was no different. “…When the lord. He had his disciples and some among the poor who also believed him.” (Matthew: 21:45-46) Two things need to be stressed here: 1) That the Children of Israel as a whole were the “husbandmen”. they perceived that he spake of them. and kill His messengers.” Who were these husbandmen? We only need to go a few verses down to Matthew: 21:45. And: 2) At the time of Jesus. Instead. God sent Jesus to get them to respond to His (God) call. especially the Messiah? © 2008 Jason Galvan 29 . Jesus or “the son of the householder” was the last to come to them. exiled. It was only a select few who ever believed in their messengers. what will he do to those husbandmen?” (Matthew: 21:40) Jesus asked his people. because they took him for a prophet. the “husbandmen. God.e. i. for God gave every man intellect to decide his own path. Ignorance is no excuse in religion. for Allah in the Qur’an says: ‫ﻻ إآ َاﻩ ِﻲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ َﺪ ﺗﺒﻴﻦ اﻟ ﱡﺷﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﻲ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻳﻜﻔﺮ‬ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َ ‫َ ِ ْﺮ َ ﻓ ﺪ ِ ﻗ ﱠ َ ﱠ َ ﺮ ْ ُ ِ َ ْ َ ﱢ‬ “There is no compulsion in religion. they feared the multitude.” (Qur’an: 2:256) The common folk have many a time participated in the exiling of prophets and/or killing them throughout the Bible. what will God do to those who belied. learned men and common folk alike.”(Matthew: 21:46) You see. where it says: “And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables.e. And when Jesus came. to follow the Messiah. Jesus was the Children of Israel’s last chance. they turned against him (Jesus) and once again disobeyed The Command of their Lord. they feared the multitude. the multitude of people who believed in him took him for a prophet only. therefore of the vineyard cometh. verily the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. because they took him for a prophet. But when they sought to lay hands on him.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il As in the parable. but most belied and slandered him. for the verse Matthew: 21:46 it says: “…But when they sought to lay hands on him. i.

Abundant life Bible) © 2008 Jason Galvan 30 . but they did not do any of these things. the Kingdom of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. God gave the Jews every chance to obey Him.” (Matthew: 10: 5-6. it is marvellous in our eyes. At first glance it would be assumed that it is Jesus who is the rejected stone or in some translations.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “They said unto him.” (Matthew: 15: 24) And he also told his disciples when. so Jesus said they would be destroyed: Jesus saith unto them. and let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen. but they didn’t need it. but only to the people of Israel. to turn back to Him. for he even stated several times throughout the New Testament that he was not sent to any. because following verse 42. and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. he commissioned them with going forth and spreading his (Jesus) word: “Go not into the way of the Gentiles. ‘the stone which the builders rejected.” (Matthew: 21: 43) To explain this I will reiterate that Jesus was the Jew’s final hope and their last chance.” (Matthew: 21:41) These people of whom Jesus spoke to did not have the inside scoop of what God would do to those evil men. but it is not so. God’s lost sheep. ‘He will miserably destroy those wicked men. but the lost sheep of the house of Israel. verse 43 says: “…Therefore.”(Psalms: 118:22-23) In the context of which this scripture is found in Psalms. he told her: “I am not sent to any. “Did ye never read the scriptures.” (Matthew: 10:5-6 KJV) Or in another translation: “Don’t go to the Gentiles or the Samaritans. the same is become the head of the corner: this is The Lord’s Doing and it is marvellous in our eyes?’” (Matthew: 21:42) Jesus was referring to Psalms: 118: 22-23. When the Canaanite woman came to Jesus to seek his help concerning her daughter. which says: “The stone which the builders refused is become the headstone of the corner. but in the context of Matthew: 21: 33-44. ‘The stone which the builders cast out’. this is The Lord’s Doing. to love Him and to fear Him. who was vexed with a devil. but the lost sheep of Israel. it is much more apparent. which shall render him the fruits in their seasons. it is not clear as to whom this statement is made. I say unto you. It was apparent that God would not stand for this blatant disobedience.

if you will. then would my servants fight. from this we can deduct that the Kingdom of God was not going to be taken from the Jews and given to Jesus and his followers.” (Matthew: 21:44) The significance of this passage is but one word… “Stone”. This will be apparent in subsequent commentary. but given to another nation bringing the fruits thereof. dogs! “But. this cornerstone. The people go round about it and wonder at its beauty. for he shall… “Reprove the world of sin.’” (Sahih Al Bukhari. And two points I would like to mention are that: 1) Jesus was an Israelite. that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.” (Matthew: 15:26) So. but say: Would that this brick be put in its place. Jesus told his disciples to stay away from the Gentiles and it is even reported that Jesus called the non-Israelite people. Hadith.” (John: 16:8) Furthermore the prophecy says: “The Kingdom of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. ‘My similitude in comparison with the other prophets before me is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully. it will grind him to powder. “Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s messenger said. so I am that brick and the last of all prophets. except for a place of one brick in a corner. VOL 1. and of righteousness and of judgment. the Kingdom of God will be taken from the Children of Israel and given to another nation who will comply with God’s commandments.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il You see. Number 735). he answered her and said it is not meet to take the children’s bread and cast it to dogs. whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall.” (John: 18:36) So. © 2008 Jason Galvan 31 .” (Matthew: 21:43) So. “My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world. “And. And 2) That Jesus said himself that his kingdom was not of this world. we can comprehend this to show that Jesus was not sent to any other than his people as was every other prophet before him except the one who comes after him.

Firstly. this corner stone was rejected and then come to be the most important of all. her maid. he went into Hagar. This (Ishmael’s birth) is the beginning of Abraham’s strength. And it is a bold statement indeed! So. the right of the first born is his.” (Deuteronomy: 21:17) And a final word on these verses that need to be explained is that Abraham took Hagar to be his wife. Talqeeh Fuhoom Ahl Al. Abrams wife. [Ibn Hisham 1/1. So. [Rahmat-ul-lil’Alameen 2/ 14-17] This is the beginning of the controversy. but was her husband and she. we must research this further to see how he is so confident to make such a statement. not his concubine or his love slave. 2. or in other words. Rahmatul-lil’ ‘alameen 2/11-14’52. after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan.] ‘Adnan son of Add son of Humaisi son of Salaman son of Aws son of Buz son of Qamwal son of obai son of ‘Awwam son of Nashid son of Haza son of Bildas son of Yadlaf son of Tabikh son of jahim son of Nahish son of Makhi son of Aid ‘Abqar son of ‘Ubaid son of Al-Da’a son of Hamdan son of Sanbir son of Yathrabi son of Yahzid son of Yalhan son of Ar’awi son of Aid son of Deshan son of Aisar son of Afriad son of Aiham son of Muksar son of Nahith son of Zarih son of Sami son of Mazzi son of ‘Awda son of Aram son of Qaidar (Kedar) son of Ishmael son of Abraham. To bring all this together we must go into the past a few thousand years: “Then Sarai. the Egyptian. and gave her to her husband Abram. nor did our patriarch Abraham commit illegal sexual intercourse with Hagar. “For he is the beginning of his strength. “the Chief Corner Stone”.Mugheera) son of Qusai (also called Zaid) son of Kilab son of Murra son of Ka’b son of lo’I son of Ghaib son of Fahr (who was called Quraish and whose tribe was called after him) son of Malik son of An-Nadr (so called Qais) son of Kinana son of Khuzaiman son of Mudrika (who was called ‘amir ) son of Elias son of mudar son of Nizar son of ma’ad son of ‘Adnan. to be his wife. p. took Hagar. and she conceived…” (Genesis: 16:3-4) I make mention of these verses.Athar. because this is the exact point in time in which we can trace Prophet Muhammad’s ancestry back to: Muhammad son of ‘Abdullah son of ‘abdul-Muttalib (who was called Shaibah) son of Hashim (named ‘amr) son of ‘ad Munaf (called Al. which still prevails today. © 2008 Jason Galvan 32 . which quotes the prophet Muhammad as saying that he is the final brick to be placed in a beautiful building. 5-6.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This is a tradition passed down to us preserved and ruled on as authentic. his wife for ten years in the land of Canaan.

Ishmael. Two questions I would like to ask: 1) Was not Ishmael of Abraham’s seed? 2) Was he not the firstborn and the beginning of his father’s strength? “This is My covenant. This is obviously absurd and without foundation or facts. “When Abram was ninety-nine years old. Kedar. which ye shall keep. so that they shall not be numbered. Ishmael. and you shall bear a son. that God had a plan for Ishmael and sent out an angel to Hagar to reassure her that her son would be significant. it is just another way to diminish Ishmael’s importance in this whole affair we call God’s Plan. “… But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn. And I will establish My covenant between Me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant. because the Lord has heard your affliction. to be a God unto thee. i.” (Genesis 17:1-2) “And I will make thee exceedingly fruitful. we can say with certainty that Ishmael’s blessings would be much more than a multitude of descendants. by giving him a double portion of all that he hath. walk before Me and be blameless and I will make My covenant between Me and you.” (Genesis: 16:15) A few points to emphasize and reiterate: 1) Ishmael was Abraham’s firstborn.” (Deuteronomy: 17:6-7) Here God tells Abraham that He would make a covenant between Abraham and his seed and Himself. it will be evident from this. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of © 2008 Jason Galvan 33 . for he is the firstborn. And the angel of the Lord said to her. between Me and you and thy seed after thee. you are with child. You shall call his name.’. “Then the angel of the Lord said to her (Hagar). 2) And that Muhammad is a direct descendant of Ishmael through his (Ishmael’s) second son. every man child among you shall be circumcised. because people learned and unlearned alike have charged Abraham with committing illegal sexual intercourse with Hagar and resulting in an illegitimate son.’” (Genesis: 16:9-11) These verses do not need a lot of explanation. and to thy seed after thee. and I will make nations of thee and kings shall come out of thee. and Abram named his son Ishmael. ‘I am Almighty God.e. Hagar bore Abram a son.” (Deuteronomy: 21:17) “So. and will multiply thee exceedingly. ‘Behold.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il I emphasize this. the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him. ‘I will multiply your descendants exceedingly. And surely.

” (Genesis: 17:23) “And My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.” (Genesis: 17:13-14) From the above we see that: 1) Ishmael was of those circumcised. his son and all that were born in his house. who he loved and had come to cherish over the last thirteen years. And: 3) God’s covenant and subsequent covenants were to be complied with from the side of Abraham and his descendants and that an everlasting covenant could be broken if not fulfilled by the house of Abraham and his seed and in that case. and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the self same day as God had said unto him. God replies to Abraham: “Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed. Following this. he hath broken My covenant. And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised. This is where the scriptures get tricky. and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt Me and you. And: 2) Whoever has this circumcision would be bound to God’s covenant forever. That was how you could tell who was involved in this covenant God was describing. he was. “Abraham took Ishmael. And Abraham said: “O that Ishmael might live before Thee!” (Genesis: 17:18) This was Abraham’s plea for his son. God tells Abraham that he will also have a son by Sarah. the sign of the covenant between God and Abraham and his descendants was that they be circumcised. all bets are off. Was not Ishmael circumcised? Yes. and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant and with his seed after him.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il your foreskin. and all that were bought with his money.” (Genesis: 17:19) © 2008 Jason Galvan 34 . that soul shall be cut off from his people.” (Genesis: 17:10-11) Here. every male among the men of Abraham’s house.

‘We are wise. for we have the law of the Lord. because we have the Word of the Lord. The discrepancies are obvious and many. Wherefore she said unto Abraham.’ when your teachers have twisted it by writing lies?” (Jeremiah: 8:8. We know that he has been circumcised. which she had born unto Abraham mocking. even with Isaac. be called and to a greater degree. For in Jeremiah: 8:8. We know that he was the firstborn and thus. certainly. God says that He shall bless Ishmael and multiply him and make him into a great nation. God would send messengers and prophets. that the Bible is not free from corruption.And this account of Esau selling his birth right to Jacob is enough to foil those who would say that the right of the firstborn was not retroactive before Moses’ time. since Esau and Jacob were also before Moses’ time. And right afterwards there is mention of Isaac being the one in which God would make His covenant with. I have blessed him. the Egyptian. the pen of the scribes is in vain. but My covenant will I establish with Isaac. we see the scribes being rebuked for their falsehood and lies: “How do you say. I have heard thee: Behold. KJV) Or in another translation: “How can you say. (Genesis: 21:910) © 2008 Jason Galvan 35 . So. twelve princes shall he beget. Ishmael’s descendants would also. and will make him fruitful. as we can clearly grasp that Ishmael has been given the short end of the stick by the scribes throughout the years. shouldn’t Ishmael get a double portion of whatever Isaac was given? Remember Deuteronomy: 21:17? Let’s see what God Says about it: “And as for Ishmael. in due time. ‘We are wise. and we also know that Ishmael did not sell his birth right of the firstborn like Esau did with Jacob (in the account in the Bible [Genesis: 25: 30-35]) . in vain made he it. Abundant Life Bible) Or: “How can you say. so he had not broken the covenant.” (Genesis: 17:20-21) Again. and I will multiply him exceedingly.” (Jeremiah: 8:8. “And Sarah saw the son of Hagar. being fruitful. God again reiterates His covenant with Abraham and his seed. against popular belief.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Now. ‘We are wise. but this time He specifies Isaac and seems to exclude Ishmael. and the law of the Lord is with us?’ Lo. but we know that Ishmael has been blessed. we can see that. NKJV) So. From my perspective it would seem as some sort of cover up or conspiracy to hide the fact that even though Isaac was called by God to be His vice-generate on earth by which. has the right of the firstborn. cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my own son.’ when actually the lying pen of the scribes has handled it falsely? (Jeremiah: 8:8. and I will make him a great nation.

because when man’s resources are depleted or withheld. Sarah devised a way to cut off the ties of kinship between Abraham and his son. for he was ‘grievous’ over Ishmael and Hagar’s departure. both the beloved and the hated. God is rich. and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated: then it shall be. because of his son. And God said unto Abraham. so that she might hide her tracks from Sarah. but it is quite possible Abraham knew what we know not. Some people devise plots. was enough to assure Abraham that God had a plan. excluding Ishmael…Or so she thought.” (Deuteronomy: 21: 15-17) So. the right of the firstborn is his. During those days there was nobody in Makkah. at the highest place in the mosque. Ishmael while she used to nurse him at her breast. Abraham brought her and her son.zam. She used a girdle. because he is thy seed. by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: For he is the beginning of his strength. good or bad. nor was there any water. so he © 2008 Jason Galvan 36 . VOL. but it was alleviated by God’s promise to make Ishmael a nation. “And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’s sight. for verily God had a plan. because of the lad. but we shall see that this was not the end for Ishmael. because even though Sarah was the first wife and even more beloved. Would Ishmael receive nothing at all? Would Sarah’s demand of Abraham seal the deal on Ishmael? A lot of “scholars” would have you believe so. it is written: “If a man have two wives. It is recorded in a tradition according to the prophet Muhammad that God and not Sarah had actually told Abraham to take Hagar and Ishmael elsewhere: “Narrated ibn ‘Abbas [on the authority of the prophet (see Fath Al-Bari. free of all wants and can give without measure and makes sure every person gets what he deserves.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il We can deduct from this that Sarah knew Ishmael should have the double inheritance and Isaac would not be the only heir. but God is the best of those who plot. thus securing Isaac’s inheritance. Ishmael. and because of thy bondwoman…” (Genesis: 21:11-12) I want to make note that Abraham was very upset about this ‘casting out’ of his son and bondwoman. let it not be grievous in thy sight. 7. Is that enough to make you cast out your firstborn? Probably not.” (Genesis: 21:13) This only. “And of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation. when he maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated which is indeed the firstborn: But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn. page 210)]: ‘The first lady to use a girdle was the mother of Ishmael. one beloved and the other hated. and they have born him children. near the Ka’bah under a tree on the spot of Zam.

Now Kedar is mentioned several times throughout the Old Testament in reference to a prophet of some sort. which was one of the clans that made up the Quraish tribe which is a tribe that can be traced all the way back to Ishmael. and gave it unto Hagar. ‘Has Allah ordered you to do so?’ He said ‘yes. Then she asked him. and now: “The stone which the builders rejected has now become the chief cornerstone.’ And returned while Abraham proceeded onwards. but uncovered by those who seek the truth. Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘AbdulMuttalib. putting it on her shoulder. but mentioned in the same prophecies as the foretold. and raising both hands invoked Allah…” “And Abraham rose up early in the morning. through Isaac and Jacob came the Israelite prophets. but we will not delve into that now. ‘Then He will not neglect us. and dwelt in the wilderness. and the child. messenger of Allah was of the Hashemite clan.” (Genesis: 21:20-21) Now.” (Matthew: 21:43) © 2008 Jason Galvan 37 . he opted to send them away alone to wander in the wilderness. and set out homeward (to Palestine). leaving us in this place where there in no person whose company we may enjoy. but Jesus said: “The Kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to another nation bearing the fruits thereof. and sent her away: she departed. In later chapters my commentary will be totally devoted to this light for the Gentiles.” (Matthew: 21:42) I would like to take a minute to state a fact. and on reaching the Thaniyyah where they could not see him. through his second son Qaidar (Kedar). (not being the prophet himself. he faced the Ka’bah. Ishmael was cast out by God’s decree and rejected afterwards by those who would say. mimicking the words of Sarah aforetime.” (Genesis: 21:14) The same account as the one above attributed to Muhammad. my point that I’ve been illustrating is that Ishmael was the rejected stone of Matthew: 21:42. and became an archer. and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-Sheba. but God’s Plan has come full circle. prophet) to be a light for the Gentiles. the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with Isaac. Ishmael’s mother followed him saying. “God was with the lad and he grew. The reason I mention Muhammad’s lineage is to make the connection between him and Ishmael and the connection between Ishmael being the rejected stone and Muhammad being the chief cornerstone. You see. and took bread and a bottle of water. It has been covered up by those who were bias of Isaac. nor is there anything (to enjoy)?’ She repeated that to him many times. instead. ‘O Abraham! Where are you going. except the Bible states Abraham did not accompany Hagar and Ishmael. but he did not look back at her. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of Egypt.’ She said. and a small water-skin containing some water.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates.

Idol worship was the prevalent ideology in the deserts of Arabia. so we must conclude that The Kingdom of God had passed from Isaac’s descendants to Ishmael’s and therefore the Arabs. for Isaiah made mention of Kedar and then a reference to the Inhabitants of the Rock: © 2008 Jason Galvan 38 . the pagan Arabs had maintained the Ka’bah (House of God in Makkah). It is said that it was originally white and turned black as a consequence of the sins of mankind.e. Kedar.Another nation bearing the fruits thereof. i. was definitely nowhere to be found. Ishmael and of the little known Zimran. the black. would get a prophet of their own to follow and be “. because in the time to which this prophet would arise. Ishbak. in the past. One thousand years is like a day with God. that The Kingdom of God or the gift of prophecy was not given to them unless to a lesser degree.e. Abraham and his seed are an intricate part in God’s Plan and Ishmael never broke the covenant God had made with his father Abraham and Abraham’s seed. or his descendants. It is about the size of a basketball and is said to be a piece of meteorite.. he would find a people so committed to ignorance and sin that it would truly take ‘a light’ to lead these people out of darkness.. which has been there since the time before Abraham and Ishmael.” or be no more than another nation which rejected its messenger. cube shaped building). Now. the covenant was only given to Abraham and his descendants who would be: Isaac. Midian. now in Ishmael’s descendants would God give a double portion of everything that Isaac inherited. of which we have no proof either for. the brethren of these Israelites. and He never forgets. Ishmael. and Shuah. Well.” (Matthew: 21:44) The stone in reference is in my opinion. the Arabs. it will grind him to powder. Jokshan. Now. It is a symbol of the Muslims.. to our knowledge.. “And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall. on account of this blessing being bestowed on Ishmael’s descendants.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il So. Mention of a stone as pertaining to ‘the Blackstone’ would unquestionably be a reference made towards the Arabs and specifically. the Blackstone which is stored inside the Ka’bah (The sanctuary in Makkah. of whom we’ve ruled out. i. but before them. So. Medan. the Kingdom of God will be taken from the Jews and given to another nation bearing fruits. nor against. May Allah protect us from pride and ignorance. and therefore the Blackstone. Whatever Ishmael had taught of God in these areas. (Genesis: 25:2) Of these later sons of Abraham we can say. God would need to choose the best of Ishmael’s descendants. The God of Abraham and Ishmael had totally disappeared from their doctrines.e. i.

the primary meaning of gentile is ‘non-Jew’. Today. Amin.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice. © 2008 Jason Galvan 39 .נכרי‬It is also used to translate the New Testament Greek word εθνοι/ethnoi. May Allah open our eyes and Guide us to the Straight Path. the Arabs are to be considered Gentiles: “The word Gentile is an anglicised version of the Latin word gentilis. and give thee for a covenant of the people. as an English translation of the Hebrew words goy / ‫ גוי‬and nochri / ‫ . meaning of or belonging to a clan or tribe. the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the Inhabitants of the Rock sing…” (Isaiah: 42:11) And earlier in this same prophecy it is stated that this person to come would be ‘a light for the Gentiles’: “I. and will hold thine hand and will keep thee. In the King James and various other versions of the Bible it is used to refer to non-Israelite tribes or nations.”(From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia) This is all I can offer on verse 21: 44 of Matthew.”(Isaiah: 42:6) Let me clarify that a gentile is not white or black or Chinese exclusively. but it is a non-Jew and includes all peoples and thus. the Lord have called thee in righteousness. for a Light of the Gentiles.

unto the Name of the Lord. and see: All they gather themselves together. the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. and flow together. and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace. and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. I will bring silver. and they shall call thee. and be enlarged. and thine heart shall fear. Then thou shalt see. Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles. Who are these that fly as a cloud and as the doves to their windows? Surely. a joy of many generations. thy God. and for iron. For brass I will bring gold. the Mighty One of Jacob. because He hath glorified thee. The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee. the Lord am thy Savior and thy Redeemer. The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee. yea. to bring thy son’s from afar. Violence shall no more be heard in thy land. and His glory shall be seen upon thee. to beautify the place of my sanctuary. For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish. Therefore. they shall not be shut day nor night. the pine tree. and I will glorify the house of My glory. and kings to the brightness of thy rising. The multitude of camels shall cover thee. but in My Favor have I had Mercy on thee. the isles shall wait for Me. shine. and the box together. their silver and their gold with them. the rams of Ne-bai-oth shall minister unto thee: They shall come up with acceptance on Mine Alter. And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls. the Zion of the Holy One of Israel. but thou shalt call thy walls salvation.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Three: Part One And The Gentiles shall come to thy light “Arise. the darkness shall cover the Earth. all they from Sheba shall come: They shall bring gold and incense. for thy light is come. Lift up thine eyes round about. they come to thee: Thy sons shall come from far. wasting nor destruction within thy borders. I will make thee an eternal Excellency. so that no man went through thee. and the ships of Tar’shish first. those nations shall be utterly wasted. and for wood brass. and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet. the city of the Lord. Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light. and thine exactor’s righteousness. © 2008 Jason Galvan 40 . and that their kings may be brought. the dromedaries of Midian and E’phah. and I will make the place of My Feet glorious. and thy gates praise. thy gates shall be open continually. For Behold. the fir tree. and shalt suck the breast of kings: And thou shalt know that I. and their kings shall minister unto thee: For in My Wrath I Smote thee. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee. and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles. and gross darkness the people: but the Lord shall arise upon thee. and to the Holy One of Israel. Because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee.

who were the people covered in darkness? Surely. We see just in these couple of verses that the one of whom God would choose would be totally unaware of how great he would be and how great he would need to be to lead these people out of the darkness that covered the Earth. but one question. and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. They will come willingly or unwillingly. so we will take it piece by piece and hope to cover the most important parts. for it is God’s Will that prevails. I have. behold. and see: All they gather themselves together. Thy people also shall be all righteous: They shall inherit the land forever. and a small one. they come to thee: Thy sons shall come from afar. a strong nation: I. This is a long prophecy. and gross darkness the people: But the Lord shall rise upon thee and His glory shall be seen upon thee. and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: For the Lord shall be thine Everlasting Light. but would integrate themselves amongst the believers and would be brothers. For. shine. and thy God thy glory. neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: But the Lord shall be unto thee an Everlasting Light. “And the Gentiles shall come to thy light. it is not God saying these things to Isaiah. sisters and friends. but Isaiah narrating a future situation in which God would talk to His chosen one. the darkness shall cover the Earth. A little one shall become a thousand. the stage is set for us to see who was in darkness and in need of a light to lead them out. and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. and kings to the brightness of thy rising. the Lord will hasten it in his time. the branch of My Planting.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Thy sun shall be no more thy light by day. for thy light is come.” (Isaiah: 60:3) Here.” (Isaiah: 60:1-22) Chapter sixty of Isaiah describes a person of whom God holds in high esteem. “Arise. And in the last part of this verse there is a hint that these people that are coming would not be slaves or servants. but not ignorant of God. We shall see in this next verse who was of the ignorant. that I may be glorified.” (Isaiah: 60: 1-2) This is Isaiah prophesying of one whom God would talk to in the future sometime. A person who would be hand picked for this job of leading the Gentiles. the work of My Hands. Thy sun shall no more go down.” (Isaiah: 60:4) Here God tells this prophet to look around and see that all these non-believers shall come to him. © 2008 Jason Galvan 41 . “Lift up thine eyes round about. not the Israelites! They may have been disobedient.

brothers. © 2008 Jason Galvan 42 . become as one. the Ghulam system. because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee.Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il I make this assertion. for who lets their children be suckled at the side of one whom is not a family member or a friend at the very least? “Then. or nobles than to the sultan or caliph. Mamluks were also frequently used as mercenaries. invented by the Caliph al-Mu'tasim. most of whom were Kipchak Turks) and of Yoruk background. Most of those captured were of non-Muslim origin. This system ended in disaster in the 860's with the murder of 4 caliphs in a row. At first. It was replaced by a new system in which the young Turks were bought or recruited and brought up in Islam to insure loyalty. so you’ll buy His book. He puts in the details. and thine heart shall fear and be enlarged. because of their inherent skill for battle. The mamluk slave-troops were strangers of the lowest possible status who could not conspire against the ruler and who could easily be punished if they caused trouble. within one hundred years. in my opinion this verse is describing how these different types of people would come to call each other believers. or kidnapped by slave-traders. thou shalt see. especially their skill of shooting arrows while riding on their horses. The Abbasids "recruited" them mainly from areas near the Caucasus (mainly Circassian and Georgian) and in areas north of the Black Sea (mainly Turkic. and the Mamluk system was created on its ruins. Many mamluks had been sold into slavery by their impoverished steppe families. in other words. because to me it is clear that the children of these newcomers and believers would be equal as God said: “And thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. The main difference was that the Mamluks were captured as children. so you will be able to know without a doubt who or what He is talking about. If a commander conspired against the ruler. God is not like an author who must put in all types of details to capture your attention and imagination. And then God talks of an abundance of the sea shall be converted unto this prophet’s religion and then finally the forces of the Gentiles. because it is mentioned in this prophecy specifically. the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. we read where God tells this prophet that ‘they’. these countries were all or majority Muslim as were their Gentile forces and the Arabs used to import young Turks just for the purpose of fighting in the Muslim armies. making them a great military asset. The Mamluk system was an evolution of a previous system. and flow together. when Islam arose. This new system was called the Mamluk system and the new generation of Gentile Forces was known as the Mamluks: “The first mamluks served the Abbasid caliphs at the end of the 9th century Baghdad. “the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee”? Because. friends.” (Isaiah: 60:5) Again. their families. sisters or at the very least. This was implemented by the Caliph Al-Mu’tasim. from Spain to Africa to India. meaning the disbelievers and the believers shall flow together.” (Isaiah: 60:4) This obviously has some significance. in which Turkish prisoners of war became the caliphal guard. This was known as the Ghulam system. the Turkish prisoners of war were converted into the Caliphal guard (the Muslim king’s guard). it was often not possible to deal with the conspiracy without causing unrest among the nobility. So. Local non-mamluk warriors were often more loyal to their tribal sheiks. Why would God say. and then trained and moulded within the Islamic world to ensure their loyalty to their masters. The mamluk system gave rulers troops who had no link to any established power structure.

Art Thou That prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il After mamluks had converted to Islam. which served the Ottoman Sultan directly. Those enrolled in the Military would become either part of the Janissary corps. the Scribes. and this is where you get the Mughal Dynasty of Muslims in India and Pakistan.) A thought worth mentioning is that when the Mongol forces (Gentiles also) invaded and conquered the Muslim lands. the mamluk forces became linked to existing power structures and gained significant amounts of influence on those powers. (See Çandarlı Halil) the Ottoman ruling class slowly came to be ruled exclusively by the Devşirme. were divided into two main groups: cavalry and infantry. At first their status remained non-hereditary and sons were strictly prevented from following their fathers. a code that included values such as courage and generosity. The Sultan kept them as an outsider force. you see Mongols=Mughals. While they were no longer actually slaves after training. However.” (Zürcher. including army command. Their entertainments included sporting events such as archery competitions and presentations of mounted combat skills at least twice a week. Many mamluks rose to high positions throughout the empire. Erik (1999). At first. Upon reaching adolescence. Mamluks had to follow the dictates of furusiyya. in places such as Egypt.) Erik Zurcher said: “Although the influence of Turkic nobility continued in the Ottoman court until Mehmet II. they also converted to Islam eventually. the Religious and the Military. they were still obliged to serve the Sultan. and also cavalry tactics. independent of the regular army. The elite forces. Stanford (1976). meaning "the New Corps". creating a separate social class. Volume I. The cavalry was commonly known as the Kapıkulu Süvari (The Cavalry of the Servants of the Porte) and the infantry were the popular Yeni Çeri (translated in English to Janissary). or part of any other corps. Murat 1 also had a similar system to the Maluk system in which he developed Christian vassal soldiers and converted kapıkulları as his personal troops. The Sultan could also send them as far as the Muslim regions of Iberia. The intensive and rigorous training of each new recruit helped ensure continuity of mamluk practices. Mamluks lived within their garrisons and mainly spent their time with each other. under his direct command. so in all actuality the Conqueror became the conquered. these children were enrolled in one of the four royal institutions: the Palace. archery and treatment of wounds. many were trained as cavalry soldiers. the soldiers to serve in these corps were selected from the slaves captured during warfare. to use in the event of local tribal frictions. Arming the State. but lesser amirs could have their own troops as well. ( Reference: Shaw. A similar evolution occurred in the Ottoman Empire with the Janissaries” (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) The Ottoman Ruler. However over time. Sultans had the largest number of mamluks. the system commonly known as "devşirme" was soon adopted: in this system non-Muslim children of the rural Christian populations of the Balkans were conscripted before adolescence and were brought up as Muslims. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. horsemanship. The Wikipedia says this about their early history: © 2008 Jason Galvan 43 . etc. These are the descendants of the Mongols.

and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. Babur defeated the last of the Delhi Sultans. but was most likely introduced into these other areas from Arabia. Babur focused on setting a good example for the Mughal Dynasty by emphasizing religious tolerance. Its native range is unclear. the Arabian camel is spread from Arabia to north Africa. Mongolian and Rajput backgrounds. God was vague in describing these Gentiles. the Arabs relied more on utilizing pack animals. However. Now. Upon invading this region. because when the chariots and horses were used in abundance.” (Isaiah: 60:6) Now. (The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires the Mughal Empire) And then it (Wikipedia) goes on to describe the religion of the Mughals in India: “The official State religion of the Mughal Empire was Islam.e. when he took control of Doab and in 1526. To my knowledge. though the government tended to support Islamic institutions. all they from Sheba shall come: They shall bring gold and incense. horse-mounted archers. originating in two lands. in our time. Ibrahim Shah Lodi. but these three will suffice. To elaborate further. the Arabian camel. creating a dynasty of combined Turko-Persian. It is often referred to as the one-humped camel. but now we can clearly see that at least some of these Gentiles and their forces would be from the Arab nations and their lands. In accordance to Islamic values. the Mughals inter-married with local royalty once again. with the preference to the jurisprudence of the Hanafi Madhab (Mazhab). there are two kinds of camels. mobility.” There are plenty of other “Gentile forces” in which we could describe. Before. the world's only population of dromedaries exhibiting wild behaviour is an introduced feral population in Australia. i.Around the second millennium BC.“The foundation for the Mughal Empire was established around the early 1500sbythe Timurid prince Babur. After the invasion of Persia by the Mongol Empire. there is the Arabian Camel from as you might have guessed…Arabia. have been attributed to their cohesion. During the reign of all the Emperors except Akbar . the dromedaries of Midian and E’phah. King Babur and his descendants did this to create peace among the different religions in the region. Non-Muslims were obliged to pay the Jizya tax. The first Mughal King. which is also called dromedary: “The Dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a large even-toed ungulate. it is starting to become very clear as to which people will be coming to and converting to this prophet. verse number six describes the multitude of camels covering the land of this prophet. throughout its history. Babur was invited to invade the Delhi Sultans by [[smaller than its opponents. Arabian camel. Just as eastern Mongol dynasties inter-married with locals and adopted the local religion of Buddhism and the Chinese culture. or simply as the "dromedary". at the First Battle of Panipat. a regional Turko-Persio-Mongol dynasty formed. The domesticated form occurs widely in northern Africa and the Middle East. “The multitude of camels shall cover thee. this group adopted the local religion of Islam and the Persian culture. and use of artillery. Babur. signifying their status as Dhimmis. camels had become established in the Sahara region but 44 . a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur. established the Mughal dynasty in regions spanning parts of present-day Pakistan and India. First. but it was probably the Arabian Peninsula. subjects had complete freedom to practice any Religion of his choice.

so we can derive from this. the Bactrian camel has two. and the Romans maintained a corps of camel warriors to patrol the edge of the desert. however. And also of E’phah. While the invasion was accomplished largely on horseback. this camel is spread from central Asia. that so far. E’phah and from Sheba. from Afghanistan to China. “The dromedaries of Midian and E’phah. These camels were well-suited to long desert journeys and could carry a great deal of cargo. The stronger and more durable Dromedaries first began to arrive in Africa in the fourth century. The Persian camels. so from this I would conclude and pronounce that the land that the camels and/or dromedaries would cover as foretold in the prophecy would be Arabia. And the Wikipedia Encyclopedia says: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 45 . the new links to the Middle East allowed camels to be imported en masse. that these camels became common. with its surrounding territory. So. And all they from Sheba shall come. It was not until the Islamic conquest of North Africa. however. While the Arabian camel has one. from the Arab lands who would come and convert unto this prophet. We know Midian to be the son of Abraham (Genesis: 25:2) and his settlement was right outside of Palestine in Northern Arabia. Southern Arabia to be exact. but it only says that: “So. not the Queen of Sheba. it would be they. were not particularly suited to trading or travel over the Sahara. made up part of Midian. I’ve searched vigorously to find out where the land of Sheba was located in the Bible. she (The Queen of Sheba) turned and went to her own country…” (2Kings: 10:13) But in Islam it is recorded that she (The Queen of Sheba) was from Yemen and her name was Bilquis. And where are they coming from? Midian. rare journeys made across the desert were made on horse-drawn chariots.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il disappeared again from the Sahara beginning around 900 BC. they would also come and be converted unto this prophet. which we’ve come to know is another name for the Arabian camel. who was one of the son’s of Midian (Genesis: 25:4) and also had a settlement named after him. For the first time this allowed substantial trade over the Sahara. And where is Yemen located? In Arabia. The Persian invasion of Egypt under Cambyses introduced domesticated camels to the area. A major difference between the two is the number of humps. on the east shore of the Dead Sea.” (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) The second is the Bactrian camel which originates from what was called Bactria in central Asia and now. all they from Sheba shall come…” (Isaiah: 60:6) Again. This city. Domesticated camels were used through much of North Africa. there is mention of dromedaries.

46 Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan . their camels. The Roman historian Josephus calls her. the son of Cush. both locations for Havilah are thought by these scholars to have been located in present day Ethiopia” “All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered unto thee. the son of Raamah. a tradition of the history of nations is preserved in Beresh't 10 (Genesis 10). In addition to Sheba. Avi-Yonah. Hazarmaveth. that it’s talking only of the animals of these places and people. To King Solomon of Israel she was the Queen of Sheba. Kedar and Ne-bai-oth. the New Testament. the son of Ham. Aharoni. and Jobab as the descendants of Joktan. Nicaula. it is becoming obvious that these Gentiles who would be led by this chosen prophet would be none other than the Arabs and especially Ishmael’s descendants. the son of Eber. the son of Arphaxad. Havilah. and Safrai placed the Semitic Sheba in Southern Arabia in geographic proximity to the location of the tribes descended from their ancestor. but in reality that would be an argument to be defeated by verse number seven. In Islamic tradition she was Bilqis. descendant of Ham. She is thought to have lived in the 10th century BC. Uzal. refers in Ethiopian history. Semitic Havilah was located in Eastern Africa. and I will glorify the house of My glory.” (Isaiah: 60:7) Now. Hazarmaveth and Ophir were identified. the rams of Ne-bai-oth shall minister unto thee: They shall come up with acceptance on Mine Alter. Semitic Havilah (Beresh't 10:29) is to be distinguished from Cushite Havilah (Beresh't 10:7). Sheleph. the son of Shelah. the descendant of Shem.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “The Queen of Sheba. Jerah. Abimael. The location of the historical kingdom may have included both Ethiopia and Yemen. I want to delve further into this verse to point out that: 1) The two names mentioned in this verse are. and the Qur'an to the woman who was the ruler of the ancient kingdom of Sheba. Known to the Ethiopian people as Makeda ( mākidā). These are Ishmael’s first two sons or in all actuality the people and towns which sprang up from them. Ophir. son of Noah. the Hebrew Bible. this queen has been called a variety of names by different peoples in different times. Hadoram. so far are those of Arab nations. listed along with Almodad. in which it states very plainly: “The rams of Ne-bai-oth shall minister unto thee. Joktan. Obal. 2) In Ishmael’s line would this prophet be called or from among ‘the Israelite’s brethren’. Diklah. 3) All named above. Rainey. modern day Ethiopia. In Beresh't 10:26-29 there is a reference to another person named Sheba. if somebody wanted to. the descendant of Cush.” (Isaiah: 60:7) Do rams minister? The answer to this question is quite obvious. In the Hebrew Bible. And it can be argued. In Beresh't 10:7 there is a reference to Sheba. It is obvious for numerous reasons: 1) The Arabs were in fact Gentiles. another son of Noah. dromedaries and rams.

” (Isaiah: 60:7) Not much commentary is needed here. when Muhammad took control of Makkah. for he is Ishmael’s descendant through Kedar. and the box together to beautify the place of My sanctuary…” (Isaiah: 60:13) Here again. before his firstborn brother. the fir tree. is of the lineage of Kedar. Muhammad proceeded to the Ka’bah and broke all of them and threw them in the street. and Tema. Mibsam and Misma. but here in verse seven. would understand. it should suffice to say that every year two million people make pilgrimage to the Ka’bah in Makkah. God’s House contained three-hundred and sixty idols. To present my evidence. and Kedar. according to their generation: The firstborn of Ishmael. there is mention of these foreigners participating in the business of the town. the pine tree. Jeter.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 2) I would like to make note that Ne-bai-oth was the firstborn and Kedar is the second son of Ishmael. because it implies that Kedar is more important in the scheme of things. Muhammad. “Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles. and Ke-de-mah. “The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee. and Adbeel. bare unto Abraham: And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael by their names. and Dumah. God’s chosen one. who Hagar the Egyptian.” (Genesis: 25:12-15) “And I will glorify the house of My glory. This is important. Na’phish. God mentions Kedar first and then Ne-bai-oth. the second born. Who can say with certainty that there is another house more glorified than this? And furthermore. 3) In other words. there is a reference to an Arab nation coming to this land to convert to this prophet. The one of whom God is speaking to. so he would understand why God mentions Kedar. and Mass. Ne-bai-joth. that through him shall all this be fulfilled. Abraham’s son. and shalt suck the breast of kings…” (Isaiah: 60:16) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 47 . Sarah’s handmaid. I will mention here the sons of Ishmael: “Now these are the generations of Ishmael. Hadar. Is this not glorifying God’s House? “And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls. and their kings shall minister unto thee…” (Isaiah: 60: 10) Again.

they shall overcome two thousand with the leave of Allah: And Allah is with the Patient. that this prophet being one in number. would multiply rapidly into a multitude of believers and that his small stronghold in Madinah would be attacked by those who wished to annihilate Islam from Arabia. they shall overcome two hundreds. but I take it to mean. can be looked at from a lot of different views. Madinah would prove to be a force to be reckoned with. in which they were out-numbered again. believers and non-believers intermingling and suckeling together. urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you. they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve.E. for He knows that there is weakness in you. And Allah Almighty said: ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺣﺮض اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ِﻴﻦ ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻘ َﺎل ِن ﻳ ُﻦ ﱢﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﺸ ُون ﺻﺎﺑ ُون ﻳﻐﻠ ُﻮا ﻣﺌﺘﻴﻦ وِن‬ ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ﱠ ِ ﱡ َ ﱢ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ َ َﻠ ْ ِﺘ ِ إ َﻜ ﻣ ُ ْ ِ ْﺮ َ َ ِﺮ َ َ ِْﺒ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ِ َإ‬ {65} ‫ﻳ ُﻦ ﱢﻨ ُﻢ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻳﻐﻠ ُﻮا أﻟ ًﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ آﻔ ُوا ﺑﺄﻧﻬﻢ ﻗﻮم ﻻ ﻳﻔﻘ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َﻜ ﻣ ﻜ ﱢ َ ٌ َ ِْﺒ ْ َ ْﻔ ﱢ َ ﱠﺬ َ َ َﺮ ْ ِ َ ﱠ ُ ْ َ ْ ٌ ﱠ َ ْ َﻬ‬ “O prophet (Muhammad). a strong nation. and if there are a thousand of you.” (Qur’an: 8:65) Then Allah says: ‫اﻵن ﺧﻔﻒ اﻟﻠﻪ َﻨﻜﻢ وﻋﻠﻢ أن ِﻴﻜﻢ ﺿﻌ ًﺎ ﻓِن ﻳ ُﻦ ﱢﻨ ُﻢ ﻣﺌﺔ َﺎﺑﺮة ﻳﻐﻠ ُﻮا ﻣﺌﺘﻴﻦ وِن ﻳ ُﻦ‬ ‫َ َ ﱠ َ ّ ُ ﻋ ُ ْ َ َِ َ َ ﱠ ﻓ ُ ْ َ ْﻔ َﺈ َﻜ ﻣ ﻜ ﱢ َ ٌ ﺻ ِ َ ٌ َ ِْﺒ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ِ َإ َﻜ‬ {66} ‫ﱢﻨﻜﻢ أﻟﻒ ﻳﻐﻠ ُﻮا أﻟﻔﻴﻦ ﺑﺈذن اﻟﻠﻪ َاﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻊ اﻟ ﱠﺎﺑ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻣ ُ ْ َ ْ ٌ َ ِْﺒ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ْ ِ ّ ِ و ّ ُ َ َ ﺼ ِﺮ‬ “Now.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Again. so if there are of you a hundred steadfast persons. the Muslims organized a force of one thousand warriors to meet the disbelievers in battle. Sadly. I will make a few references here: 1) The Battle of Badr in the year 624 C. in the context of whom this is concerned. one thousand against three-thousand.E. the Muslims mustered up 313 men to engaged a thousand of the pagan Arabs of the Quraish. and endure until all of Arabia was Muslim…A small one.” (Qur’an: 8:66) And this was to be fulfilled in later battles of which the Muslims were always outnumbered. but in fact. The Battle of Uhud in the year 625 C. and if there be a hundred steadfast persons. Allah has lightened your (task). because they (the disbelievers) are a people who do not understand. they will overcome two hundreds. three- 2) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 48 . in which the Muslims were victorious. “A little one shall overcome a thousand and a small one a strong nation…” (Isaiah: 60:22) This being the last verse of the prophecy. mention is made of the two groups.

In the year 636 C. After small battles.” (Isaiah: 60: 22) And this would be tested. in which the pagan Arabs assaulted the city of Madinah with ten-thousand warriors and almost became victorious. or Eastern Roman Empire. the Persians: 4) In the year 633 C. including Damascus. There were a few towns here and there. for the most part. the Byzantines.E. ancient and enduring. This battle ended in a stalemate. there were in fact. depleting the army of one thousand to seven hundred. the Muslims would now face the greatest army they’ve seen yet. the believers prevailed and repelled the disbelievers and humiliated them. but by the Help of Allah. It needs to be stated that the Arabs were a nomadic or Bedouin people. but there was no army or centralized government or kingdom. Next.E. but as God said in the Bible: “A little one shall become a thousand and a small one a strong nation. they encountered one of the world’s Superpowers. Abu Bakr sent eight-thousand men to meet the Persians in battle at the border of Iraq and within a year most of Southern Iraq was in Muslim hands.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il hundred of “the Muslim” fighters. at a place called Yarmuk. 3) The Battle of the Trench in the year 637 C. for not long after Arabia was united under the banner of Islam. great kingdoms. in which most of Syria was taken (by the Muslims).E. who were hypocrites fled. 5) Chapter Four: Part Two Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 49 . but on each side of them. steadfast Muslims. The Muslims defeated an army of twohundred and fifty-thousand Byzantine soldiers at the hands of a mere fortythousand. Allahu-Akbar.

‫‪Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il‬‬ ‫‪Arise and warn‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺺ }1{‬ ‫آ َﺎب ُﻧﺰل إﻟﻴﻚ ﻓﻼ ﻳ ُﻦ ِﻲ ﺻﺪرك ﺣﺮج ﱢﻨﻪ ﻟ ُﻨﺬر ﺑﻪ وذآ َى ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣ ِﻴﻦ }2{‬ ‫ِﺘ ٌ أ ِ َ َِ ْ َ َ َ َﻜ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َ َ َ ٌ ﻣ ْ ُ ِﺘ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ْﺮ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ َ‬ ‫اﺗﺒ ُﻮا َﺎ ُﻧﺰل إﻟﻴ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﱠﱢﻜﻢ وﻻ ﺗﺘﺒ ُﻮا ِﻦ ُوﻧﻪ أوﻟ َﺎء ﻗِﻴﻼ ﱠﺎ ﺗﺬآ ُون }3{‬ ‫ﱠ ِﻌ ْ ﻣ أ ِ َ َِ ْﻜ ﻣ رﺑ ُ ْ َ َ َ ﱠ ِﻌ ْ ﻣ د ِ ِ َ ِْﻴ َﻠ ً ﻣ َ َ ﱠﺮ َ‬ ‫و َﻢ ﱢﻦ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ أهﻠﻜ َﺎ َﺎ ﻓ َﺎء َﺎ ﺑﺄﺳ َﺎ ﺑ َﺎ ًﺎ أو هﻢ َﺂﺋُﻮن }4{‬ ‫َآ ﻣ َ ْ َ ٍ َ َْ ْﻨ ه َﺠ ه َ ْ ُﻨ َﻴ ﺗ َ ْ ُ ْ ﻗ ِﻠ َ‬ ‫ﻓ َﺎ َﺎن دﻋ َاهﻢ إذ َﺎءهﻢ ﺑﺄﺳ َﺎ إﻻ َن َﺎُﻮا إﱠﺎ آ ﱠﺎ َﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }5{‬ ‫َﻤ آ َ َ ْﻮ ُ ْ ِ ْ ﺟ ُ ْ َ ْ ُﻨ ِ ﱠ أ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ِﻧ ُﻨ ﻇ ِﻤ َ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻨﺴﺄﻟﻦ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ أرﺳﻞ إﻟﻴﻬﻢ وﻟﻨﺴﺄﻟﻦ اﻟﻤﺮﺳِﻴﻦ }6{‬ ‫َ َ َ ْ َ َ ﱠ ﱠﺬ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ﱠ ْ ُ ْ َ ﻠ َ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻨﻘ ﱠ ﱠ ﻋﻠﻴ ِﻢ ﺑﻌﻠﻢ و َﺎ آﱠﺎ َﺂﺋ ِﻴﻦ }7{‬ ‫ََ َ ُﺼﻦ ََ ْﻬ ِ ِ ْ ٍ َﻣ ُﻨ ﻏ ِﺒ َ‬ ‫َاﻟﻮزن ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ اﻟﺤﻖ ﻓ َﻦ ﺛﻘﻠﺖ ﻣ َا ِﻳﻨﻪ ﻓﺄوَـﺌﻚ هﻢ اﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮن }8{‬ ‫و ْ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َ ِ ٍ ْ َ ﱡ َﻤ َ َُ ْ َﻮ ز ُ ُ َُ ْﻟ ِ َ ُ ُ ْ ُ ِْﺤ َ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ﺧﻔﺖ ﻣ َا ِﻳﻨﻪ ﻓﺄوَـﺌﻚ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺧﺴ ُوا َﻧﻔﺴ ُﻢ ﺑ َﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ِﺂ َﺎﺗ َﺎ ﻳﻈﻠ ُﻮن }9{‬ ‫َ َ ْ َ ﱠ ْ َﻮ ز ُ ُ َُ ْﻟ ِ َ ﱠﺬ َ َ ِﺮ ْ أ ُ َﻬ ِﻤ آ ﻧ ْ ﺑ ﻳ ِﻨ ِ ِْﻤ َ‬ ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﻜﱠﺎآﻢ ِﻲ اﻷرض وﺟﻌﻠ َﺎ ﻟﻜﻢ ِﻴ َﺎ ﻣ َﺎﻳﺶ ﻗِﻴﻼ ﱠﺎ ﺗﺸﻜ ُون }01{‬ ‫ََ َ ْ َ ﱠﻨ ُ ْ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َ َ َ ْﻨ َ ُ ْ ﻓ ﻬ َﻌ ِ َ َﻠ ً ﻣ َ ْ ُﺮ َ‬ ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﻠﻘ َﺎآﻢ ﺛ ﱠ ﺻﻮر َﺎآﻢ ﺛ ﱠ ﻗﻠ َﺎ ﻟﻠ َﻶﺋﻜﺔ اﺳﺠ ُوا ﻵدم ﻓﺴﺠ ُوا إﻻ إﺑِﻴﺲ ﻟﻢ ﻳ ُﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ََ َ ْ ََ ْﻨ ُ ْ ُﻢ َ ﱠ ْﻧ ُ ْ ُﻢ ُ ْﻨ ِ ْﻤ ِ َ ِ ْ ُﺪ ْ َ َ َ َ َﺪ ْ ِ ﱠ ِ ْﻠ َ َ ْ َﻜ ﱢ َ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎﺟ ِﻳﻦ }11{‬ ‫ﺴ ِﺪ َ‬ ‫َﺎل َﺎ ﻣﻨﻌﻚ أﻻ ﺗﺴﺠﺪ إذ أﻣﺮﺗﻚ َﺎل أﻧﺎ ﺧﻴﺮ ﱢﻨﻪ ﺧﻠﻘﺘ ِﻲ ِﻦ ﱠﺎر وﺧﻠﻘﺘﻪ ِﻦ ِﻴﻦ }21{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ﻣ َ َ َ َ َ ﱠ َ ْ ُ َ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ُ َ ﻗ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ٌ ﻣ ْ ُ َ َ ْ َﻨ ﻣ ﻧ ٍ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ ﻣ ﻃ ٍ‬ ‫َﺎل َﺎهﺒﻂ ﻣﻨ َﺎ ﻓ َﺎ ﻳ ُﻮن ﻟﻚ َن ﺗﺘﻜﺒﺮ ِﻴ َﺎ َﺎﺧﺮج إﻧﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻏ ِﻳﻦ }31{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ﻓ ْ ِ ْ ِ ْﻬ َﻤ َﻜ ُ َ َ أ َ َ َﱠ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﻓ ْ ُ ْ ِﱠ َ ِ َ ﺼ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫َﺎل َﻧﻈﺮ ِﻲ إَﻰ ﻳﻮم ﻳﺒﻌ ُﻮن }41{‬ ‫ﻗ َ أ ِ ْﻧ ِﻟ َ ْ ِ ُ ْ َﺜ َ‬ ‫َﺎل إﻧﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ُﻨﻈ ِﻳﻦ }51{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ِ ﱠ َ ِ َ ﻤ َﺮ َ‬ ‫َﺎل ﻓﺒ َﺎ أﻏﻮﻳﺘ ِﻲ ﻷﻗﻌﺪن ﻟﻬﻢ ﺻ َاﻃﻚ اﻟﻤﺴﺘ ِﻴﻢ }61{‬ ‫ﻗ َ َ ِﻤ َ ْ َ ْ َﻨ َ ْ ُ َ ﱠ َ ُ ْ ِﺮ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َﻘ َ‬ ‫ﺛ ﱠ ﻵﺗﻴﻨ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ أﻳ ِﻳﻬﻢ وﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ وﻋﻦ أﻳ َﺎﻧﻬﻢ و َﻦ ﺷﻤﺂﺋﻠﻬﻢ وﻻ ﺗﺠﺪ أآﺜﺮهﻢ َﺎآ ِﻳﻦ‬ ‫ُﻢ ِ َ ﱠﻬ ﻣ َ ْ ِ َ ْﺪ ِ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْﻤ ِ ِ ْ َﻋ َ َ ِِ ِ ْ َ َ َ ِ ُ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ﺷ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫}71{‬ ‫َﺎل اﺧﺮج ﻣﻨ َﺎ ﻣﺬ ُو ًﺎ ﻣﺪ ُﻮ ًا ﻟ َﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻚ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻷﻣْﻸن ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ِﻨﻜﻢ أﺟﻤ ِﻴﻦ }81{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ْ ُ ْ ِ ْﻬ َ ْؤ ﻣ ﱠ ْﺣ ر ﱠﻤ َ ِ َ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ﱠ َ َﱠ َ ﻣ ُ ْ َ ْ َﻌ َ‬ ‫و َﺎ ﺁدم اﺳﻜﻦ َﻧﺖ وزوﺟﻚ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﻜﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺷﺌﺘ َﺎ وﻻ ﺗﻘﺮ َﺎ َـﺬﻩ اﻟﺸﺠﺮة ﻓﺘ ُﻮ َﺎ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫َﻳ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ أ َ َ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َﱠ َ َ ُ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ ْ ُﻤ َ َ َ ْ َﺑ ه ِ ِ ﱠ َ َ َ َ َﻜ ﻧ ِ َ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }91{‬ ‫ﻈ ِﻤ َ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺳﻮس ﻟﻬ َﺎ اﻟﺸﻴ َﺎن ﻟﻴﺒﺪي ﻟﻬ َﺎ َﺎ ُوري ﻋﻨﻬ َﺎ ِﻦ ﺳﻮ َاﺗﻬ َﺎ و َﺎل َﺎ ﻧ َﺎآ َﺎ رﺑﻜ َﺎ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫َ َ ْ َ َ َ ُﻤ ﱠ ْﻄ ُ ِ ُ ْ ِ َ َ ُﻤ ﻣ و ِ َ َ ْ ُﻤ ﻣ َ ْء ِ ِﻤ َﻗ َ ﻣ َﻬ ُﻤ َﱡ ُﻤ َ ْ‬ ‫َـﺬﻩ اﻟﺸﺠﺮة إﻻ َن ﺗ ُﻮ َﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﻴﻦ أو ﺗ ُﻮ َﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟ َﺎﻟ ِﻳﻦ }02{‬ ‫ه ِ ِ ﱠ َ َ ِ ِ ﱠ أ َﻜ ﻧ ََ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َﻜ ﻧ ِ َ ْﺨ ِﺪ َ‬ ‫و َﺎﺳﻤﻬ َﺎ إ ﱢﻲ ﻟﻜ َﺎ ﻟﻤﻦ اﻟﱠﺎﺻ ِﻴﻦ }12{‬ ‫َﻗ َ َ ُﻤ ِﻧ َ ُﻤ َ ِ َ ﻨ ِﺤ َ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﻻه َﺎ ﺑﻐ ُور ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ َا َﺎ اﻟﺸﺠﺮة ﺑﺪت ﻟﻬ َﺎ ﺳﻮ َاﺗﻬ َﺎ وﻃﻔ َﺎ ﻳﺨﺼ َﺎن ﻋﻠﻴﻬ َﺎ ِﻦ ورق‬ ‫َ َ ﱠ ُﻤ ِ ُﺮ ٍ ََﻤ ذ ﻗ ﱠ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ُﻤ َ ْء ُ ُﻤ َ َ ِﻘ َ ْ ِﻔ ِ ََ ْ ِﻤ ﻣ َ َ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻨﺔ و َﺎ َاه َﺎ رﺑﻬ َﺎ أﻟﻢ أﻧﻬﻜ َﺎ َﻦ ﺗﻠﻜ َﺎ اﻟﺸﺠﺮة وأ ُﻞ ﻟﻜ َﺎ إن اﻟﺸﻴ َﺂن ﻟﻜ َﺎ ﻋﺪو ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ‫ْ َﱠ ِ َﻧ د ُﻤ َ ﱡ ُﻤ ََ ْ َ ْ َ ُﻤ ﻋ ِ ْ ُﻤ ﱠ َ َ ِ ََﻗ ﱠ ُﻤ ِ ﱠ ﱠ ْﻄ َ َ ُﻤ َ ُ ﱞ ﱡﺒ ٌ‬ ‫}22{‬ ‫َﺎﻻ رﺑ َﺎ ﻇﻠﻤ َﺎ َﻧﻔﺴ َﺎ وِن ﻟﻢ ﺗﻐﻔﺮ ﻟ َﺎ وﺗﺮﺣﻤ َﺎ ﻟﻨ ُﻮﻧﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟ َﺎﺳ ِﻳﻦ }32{‬ ‫ﻗ َ َﱠﻨ ََ ْﻨ أ ُ َﻨ َإ ﱠ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ َﻨ َ َ ْ َ ْﻨ َ َﻜ َ ﱠ ِ َ ْﺨ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫َﺎل اهﺒ ُﻮا ﺑﻌﻀﻜﻢ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻋﺪو وﻟﻜﻢ ِﻲ اﻷرض ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ وﻣ َﺎع إَﻰ ِﻴﻦ }42{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ْ ِﻄ ْ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ ِ َ ْ ٍ َ ُ ﱞ ََ ُ ْ ﻓ َ ْ ِ ُ ْ َ َ ﱞ َ َﺘ ٌ ِﻟ ﺣ ٍ‬ ‫َﺎل ِﻴ َﺎ ﺗﺤﻴﻮن و ِﻴ َﺎ ﺗ ُﻮ ُﻮن وﻣﻨ َﺎ ﺗﺨﺮ ُﻮن }52{‬ ‫ﻗ َ ﻓ ﻬ َ ْ َ ْ َ َﻓ ﻬ َﻤ ﺗ َ َ ِ ْﻬ ُ ْ َﺟ َ‬ ‫‪Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan‬‬ ‫05‬ .

‫‪Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il‬‬ ‫َﺎ ﺑ ِﻲ ﺁدم ﻗﺪ َﻧﺰﻟ َﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻟ َﺎ ًﺎ ﻳ َا ِي ﺳﻮ َاﺗﻜﻢ و ِﻳ ًﺎ وﻟ َﺎس اﻟﺘﻘﻮى ذﻟﻚ ﺧﻴﺮ ذﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ َﻨ َ َ َ ْ أ َ ْﻨ ََ ْ ُ ْ ِﺒ ﺳ ُﻮ ر َ ْء ِ ُ ْ َر ﺸ َِﺒ ُ ﱠ ْ َ َ َِ َ َ ْ ٌ َِ َ ِ ْ‬ ‫ﺁ َﺎت اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻳﺬآ ُون }62{‬ ‫ﻳ ِ ّ ِ َ َﱠ ُ ْ َ ﱠ ﱠﺮ َ‬ ‫َﺎ ﺑ ِﻲ ﺁدم ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﻨﻨﻜﻢ اﻟﺸﻴ َﺎن آ َﺎ أﺧﺮج أﺑﻮﻳ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ َﻨﺰع ﻋﻨﻬ َﺎ ﻟ َﺎﺳﻬ َﺎ ﻟﻴﺮﻳﻬ َﺎ‬ ‫ﻳ َﻨ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ َ ﱠ ُ ُ ﱠ ْﻄ ُ َﻤ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْﻜ ﱢ َ ْ َﱠ ِ ﻳ ِ ُ َ ْ ُﻤ ِﺒ َ ُﻤ ِ ُ ِ َ ُﻤ‬ ‫ﺳﻮ َاﺗﻬ َﺎ إﱠﻪ ﻳ َاآﻢ هﻮ وﻗ ِﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻻ ﺗﺮوﻧﻬﻢ إﱠﺎ ﺟﻌﻠ َﺎ اﻟﺸ َﺎ ِﻴﻦ أوﻟ َﺎء ﻟﻠ ِﻳﻦ ﻻ‬ ‫َ ْء ِ ِﻤ ِﻧ ُ َﺮ ُ ْ ُ َ َ َﺒ ُ ُ ِ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ِﻧ َ َ ْﻨ ﱠﻴ ﻃ َ َ ِْﻴ ِﱠﺬ َ َ‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻣ ُﻮن }72{‬ ‫ُ ْ ِﻨ َ‬ ‫وإ َا ﻓﻌُﻮا َﺎﺣﺸﺔ َﺎُﻮا وﺟﺪ َﺎ ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ ﺁ َﺎء َﺎ َاﻟﻠﻪ أﻣﺮ َﺎ ﺑ َﺎ ﻗﻞ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ِﺎﻟﻔﺤ َﺎء‬ ‫َِذ َ َﻠ ْ ﻓ ِ َ ً ﻗ ﻟ ْ َ َ ْﻧ ََ ْﻬ ﺑ ﻧ و ّ ُ َ َ َﻧ ِﻬ ُ ْ ِ ﱠ ّ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ﺑ ْ َ ْﺸ‬ ‫أﺗ ُﻮُﻮن ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻠ ُﻮن }82{‬ ‫َ َﻘ ﻟ َ َﻠ ّ ِ ﻣ َ َ َْﻤ َ‬ ‫ﻗﻞ أﻣﺮ رﱢﻲ ِﺎﻟﻘﺴﻂ وأ ِﻴ ُﻮا و ُﻮهﻜﻢ ِﻨﺪ آ ﱢ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ َاد ُﻮﻩ ﻣﺨﻠ ِﻴﻦ ﻟﻪ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ آ َﺎ ﺑﺪأآﻢ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ َ َ َﺑ ﺑ ْ ِ ْ ِ ََﻗ ﻤ ْ ُﺟ َ ُ ْ ﻋ َ ُﻞ َ ْ ِ ٍ و ْﻋ ُ ُ ِْﺼ َ َ ُ ﺪ َ َﻤ َ ََ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﺗ ُﻮ ُون }92{‬ ‫َﻌ د َ‬ ‫ﻓ ِﻳ ًﺎ ه َى وﻓ ِﻳ ًﺎ ﺣﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ اﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ إ ﱠﻬﻢ اﺗﺨ ُوا اﻟﺸ َﺎﻃﻴﻦ أوﻟ َﺎء ِﻦ ُون اﻟﻠﻪ وﻳﺤﺴ ُﻮن‬ ‫ﱠﻴ ِ َ َ ِْﻴ ﻣ د ِ ّ ِ َ َ ْ َﺒ َ‬ ‫َﺮ ﻘ َﺪ َ َﺮ ﻘ َ ﱠ ََ ْ ِ ُ ﱠ ََ ُ ِﻧ ُ ُ ﱠ َﺬ‬ ‫أﻧ ُﻢ ﻣﻬﺘ ُون }03{‬ ‫َ ﱠﻬ ﱡ ْ َﺪ َ‬ ‫َﺎ ﺑ ِﻲ ﺁدم ﺧ ُوا ِﻳﻨﺘﻜﻢ ِﻨﺪ آ ﱢ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ وآُﻮا َاﺷﺮ ُﻮا وﻻ ﺗﺴﺮ ُﻮا إﱠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺤ ﱡ اﻟﻤﺴﺮ ِﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ َﻨ َ َ ُﺬ ْ ز َ َ ُ ْ ﻋ َ ُﻞ َ ْ ِ ٍ ُﻠ ْ و ْ َﺑ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ِﻓ ْ ِﻧ ُ َ ُ ِﺐ ْ ُ ْ ِﻓ َ‬ ‫}13{‬ ‫ﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮم ِﻳﻨﺔ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺘﻲ أﺧﺮج ﻟﻌ َﺎدﻩ َاﻟﻄﻴ َﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮزق ﻗﻞ ِﻲ ﻟﻠ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ ُﻮا ِﻲ اﻟﺤ َﺎة‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ ز َ َ ّ ِ ﱠ ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ِﺒ ِ ِ و ْ ﱠﱢﺒ ِ ِ َ ﱢ ْ ِ ُ ْ ه ِﱠﺬ َ َﻨ ْ ﻓ ْ َﻴ ِ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻧ َﺎ َﺎﻟﺼﺔ ﻳﻮم اﻟﻘ َﺎﻣﺔ آﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﻔ ﱢﻞ اﻵ َﺎت ﻟﻘﻮم ﻳﻌﻠ ُﻮن }23{‬ ‫ﱡ ْﻴ ﺧ ِ َ ً َ ْ َ ْ ِﻴ َ ِ َ َِ َ ُ َﺼ ُ ﻳ ِ ِ َ ْ ٍ َ َْﻤ َ‬ ‫ﻗﻞ إﻧ َﺎ ﺣﺮم رﺑﻲ اﻟﻔ َاﺣﺶ َﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻣﻨ َﺎ و َﺎ ﺑﻄﻦ َاﻹﺛﻢ َاﻟﺒﻐﻲ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﺤﻖ وَن ﺗﺸﺮ ُﻮا‬ ‫ُ ْ ِﱠﻤ َ ﱠ َ َ ﱢ َ ْ َﻮ ِ َ ﻣ َ َ َ ِ ْﻬ َﻣ َ َ َ و ِ ْ َ و ْ َ ْ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ﱢ َأ ُ ْ ِآ ْ‬ ‫ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻨﺰل ﺑﻪ ﺳﻠ َﺎ ًﺎ وَن ﺗ ُﻮُﻮا ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻠ ُﻮن }33{‬ ‫ﺑ ّ ِ ﻣ َ ْ ُ َ ﱢ ْ ِ ِ ُ ْﻄ ﻧ َأ َﻘ ﻟ ْ َﻠ ّ ِ ﻣ َ َ َْﻤ َ‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻞ أﻣﺔ أﺟﻞ ﻓﺈ َا َﺎء أﺟﻠﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺧ ُون َﺎﻋﺔ وﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺪ ُﻮن }43{‬ ‫َ ِ ُ ﱢ ُ ﱠ ٍ َ َ ٌ َ ِ ذ ﺟ َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﺮ َ ﺳ َ ً َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﻣ َ‬ ‫َﺎ ﺑ ِﻲ ﺁدم إ ﱠﺎ ﻳﺄﺗﻴﻨﻜﻢ رﺳﻞ ﱢﻨﻜﻢ ﻳﻘ ﱡﻮن ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺁ َﺎ ِﻲ ﻓﻤﻦ اﺗ َﻰ وأﺻﻠﺢ ﻓﻼ ﺧﻮف ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ َﻨ َ َ ِﻣ َ ْ ِ َ ﱠ ُ ْ ُ ُ ٌ ﻣ ُ ْ َ ُﺼ َ ََ ْ ُ ْ ﻳ ﺗ َ َ ِ ﱠﻘ ََ َْ َ َ َ َ ْ ٌ ََ ْ ِ ْ‬ ‫وﻻ هﻢ ﻳﺤﺰ ُﻮن }53{‬ ‫َ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َﻧ َ‬ ‫َاﻟ ِﻳﻦ آﺬ ُﻮا ِﺂ َﺎﺗ َﺎ َاﺳﺘﻜﺒ ُوا ﻋﻨ َﺎ أوﻟـﺌﻚ أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﱠﺎر هﻢ ِﻴ َﺎ َﺎﻟ ُون }63{‬ ‫و ﱠﺬ َ َ ﱠﺑ ْ ﺑ ﻳ ِﻨ و ْ َ ْ َﺮ ْ َ ْﻬ ُ ََْ ِ َ َ ْﺤ ُ ﻨ ِ ُ ْ ﻓ ﻬ ﺧ ِﺪ َ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ أﻇﻠﻢ ﻣﻤﻦ اﻓﺘ َى ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ آﺬ ًﺎ أو آﺬب ِﺂ َﺎﺗﻪ أوَـﺌﻚ ﻳ َﺎﻟﻬﻢ ﻧ ِﻴﺒ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﺣﱠﻰ‬ ‫َ َ ْ َ َْ ُ ِ ﱠ ِ ْ َﺮ َﻠ ّ ِ َ ِﺑ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ ﺑ ﻳ ِ ِ ُ ْﻟ ِ َ َﻨ ُ ُ ْ َﺼ ُﻬ ﱢ َ ْ ِﺘ ِ َﺘ‬ ‫إ َا َﺎءﺗﻬﻢ رﺳﻠ َﺎ ﻳﺘﻮﻓﻮﻧﻬﻢ َﺎُﻮا أﻳﻦ َﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﺪﻋﻮن ِﻦ ُون اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎُﻮا ﺿﱡﻮا ﻋﱠﺎ وﺷﻬ ُوا‬ ‫ِذ ﺟ ْ ُ ْ ُ ُُﻨ َ َ َ ﱠ ْ َ ُ ْ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َ ْ َ ﻣ آ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ﻣ د ِ ّ ِ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َﻠ ْ َﻨ َ َ ِﺪ ْ‬ ‫ﻋَﻰ َﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ أﻧﻬﻢ َﺎ ُﻮا َﺎﻓ ِﻳﻦ }73{‬ ‫َ ﻠ أ ُ ِ ِ ْ َ ﱠ ُ ْ آ ﻧ ْ آ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫َﺎل ادﺧُﻮا ِﻲ أﻣﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺧﻠﺖ ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻠ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ اﻟﺠﻦ َا ِﻧﺲ ِﻲ اﻟﱠﺎر آﻠ َﺎ دﺧﻠﺖ أﻣﺔ ﻟﻌﻨﺖ أﺧﺘ َﺎ‬ ‫ﻗ َ ْ ُﻠ ْ ﻓ ُ َ ٍ َ ْ ََ ْ ﻣ َ ِْﻜ ﻣ ْ ِ ﱢ و ﻹ ِ ﻓ ﻨ ِ ُﱠﻤ َ ََ ْ ُ ﱠ ٌ ﱠ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َﻬ‬ ‫ﺣ ﱠﻰ إ َا ا ﱠار ُﻮا ِﻴ َﺎ ﺟ ِﻴ ًﺎ َﺎﻟﺖ أﺧ َاهﻢ ُوﻻهﻢ رﺑ َﺎ َـ ُﻻء أﺿﱡﻮ َﺎ َﺂﺗﻬﻢ ﻋ َا ًﺎ ﺿﻌ ًﺎ‬ ‫َﺘ ِذ د َآ ْ ﻓ ﻬ َﻤ ﻌ ﻗ َ ْ ُ ْﺮ ُ ْ ﻷ َ ُ ْ َ ﱠﻨ ه ﺆ َ َﻠ ﻧ ﻓ ِ ِ ْ َﺬ ﺑ ِ ْﻔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺎر َﺎل ﻟﻜ ﱟ ﺿﻌﻒ وَـ ِﻦ ﻻ ﺗﻌﻠ ُﻮن }83{‬ ‫ﱢ َ ﻨ ِ ﻗ َ ِ ُﻞ ِ ْ ٌ َﻟ ﻜ ﱠ َ َْﻤ َ‬ ‫و َﺎﻟﺖ ُوﻻهﻢ ﻷﺧ َاهﻢ ﻓ َﺎ َﺎن ﻟﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ ِﻦ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻓ ُو ُﻮا اﻟﻌ َاب ﺑ َﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻜﺴ ُﻮن }93{‬ ‫َﻗ َ ْ أ َ ُ ْ ُ ْﺮ ُ ْ َﻤ آ َ َ ُ ْ ََ ْﻨ ﻣ َ ْ ٍ َﺬ ﻗ ْ ْ َﺬ َ ِﻤ آ ُ ْ َ ْ ِﺒ َ‬ ‫إن اﻟ ِﻳﻦ آﺬ ُﻮا ِﺂ َﺎﺗ َﺎ َاﺳﺘﻜﺒ ُوا ﻋﻨ َﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻔ ﱠﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ أﺑ َاب اﻟﺴ َﺎء وﻻ ﻳﺪﺧُﻮن اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺣﱠﻰ ﻳﻠﺞ‬ ‫ِ ﱠ ﱠﺬ َ َ ﱠﺑ ْ ﺑ ﻳ ِﻨ و ْ َ ْ َﺮ ْ َ ْﻬ َ ُ َﺘ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ْﻮ ُ ﱠﻤ َ َ َ ْ ُﻠ َ ْ َﱠ َ َﺘ َِ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻞ ِﻲ ﺳﻢ اﻟﺨ َﺎط وآﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠﺰي اﻟﻤﺠﺮ ِﻴﻦ }04{‬ ‫ْ َ َ ُ ﻓ َ ﱢ ْ ِﻴ ِ َ َ َِ َ َ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ ِﻣ َ‬ ‫ﻟ ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻣ َﺎد و ِﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ ﻏ َاش وآﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠ ِي اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }14{‬ ‫َﻬ ﻣ َ َﱠ َ ِﻬ ٌ َﻣ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َﻮ ٍ َ َ َِ َ َ ْﺰ ﻈ ِﻤ َ‬ ‫َاﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ ُﻮا وﻋﻤُﻮا اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ َﺎت ﻻ ﻧﻜﱢﻒ ﻧﻔ ًﺎ إﻻ وﺳﻌ َﺎ أوَـﺌﻚ أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﺠﻨﺔ هﻢ ِﻴ َﺎ‬ ‫و ﱠﺬ َ َﻨ ْ َ َ ِﻠ ْ ﺼ ِﺤ ِ َ ُ َﻠ ُ َ ْﺴ ِ ﱠ ُ ْ َﻬ ُ ْﻟ ِ َ َ ْﺤ ُ ْ َﱠ ِ ُ ْ ﻓ ﻬ‬ ‫َﺎﻟ ُون }24{‬ ‫ﺧ ِﺪ َ‬ ‫‪Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan‬‬ ‫15‬ .

‫‪Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il‬‬ ‫وﻧﺰﻋ َﺎ َﺎ ِﻲ ﺻ ُور ِﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻞ ﺗﺠ ِي ِﻦ ﺗﺤﺘﻬﻢ اﻷﻧ َﺎر و َﺎُﻮا اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ اﻟ ِي ه َا َﺎ ﻟ َـ َا‬ ‫َ َ َ ْﻨ ﻣ ﻓ ُﺪ ِه ﱢ ْ ِ ﱟ َ ْﺮ ﻣ َ ْ ِ ِ ُ َ ْﻬ ُ َﻗ ﻟ ْ ْ َ ْ ُ ِّ ِ ﱠﺬ َﺪ ﻧ ِﻬ ﺬ‬ ‫و َﺎ آﱠﺎ ﻟﻨﻬﺘﺪي ﻟﻮْﻻ أن ه َا َﺎ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻘﺪ َﺎءت رﺳﻞ رﺑ َﺎ ِﺎﻟﺤﻖ و ُﻮ ُوا َن ﺗﻠﻜﻢ اﻟﺠﱠﺔ‬ ‫َﻣ ُﻨ ِ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ َ ْ َﺪ ﻧ ّ ُ َ َ ْ ﺟ ْ ُ ُ ُ َﱢﻨ ﺑ ْ َ ﱢ َﻧ د ْ أ ِ ْ ُ ُ ْ َﻨ ُ‬ ‫ُورﺛﺘ ُﻮ َﺎ ﺑ َﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﻤُﻮن }34{‬ ‫أ ِ ْ ُﻤ ه ِﻤ آ ُ ْ َ ْ َﻠ َ‬ ‫و َﺎ َى أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﺠﻨﺔ أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﱠﺎر َن ﻗﺪ وﺟﺪ َﺎ َﺎ وﻋﺪ َﺎ رﺑ َﺎ ﺣ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻬﻞ و َﺪﱡﻢ ﱠﺎ وﻋﺪ‬ ‫َﻧ د َ ْﺤ ُ ْ َﱠ ِ َ ْﺤ َ ﻨ ِ أ َ ْ َ َ ْﻧ ﻣ َ َ َﻧ َ ﱡﻨ َﻘ َ َ ْ َﺟ ﺗ ﻣ َ َ َ‬ ‫رﺑﻜﻢ ﺣ ‪‬ﺎ َﺎُﻮا ﻧﻌﻢ ﻓﺄذن ﻣﺆذن ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ َن ﻟﻌﻨﺔ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }44{‬ ‫َﱡ ُ ْ َﻘ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ﱠ َ ُ َ ﱢ ٌ َ ْ َ ُ ْ أ ﱠ ْ َ ُ ّ ِ َﻠ ﻈ ِﻤ َ‬ ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻳﺼ ﱡون َﻦ ﺳ ِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠﻪ وﻳﺒ ُﻮﻧ َﺎ ﻋﻮ ًﺎ و ُﻢ ِﺎﻵﺧﺮة َﺎﻓ ُون }54{‬ ‫ﱠﺬ َ َ ُﺪ َ ﻋ َﺒ ِ ّ ِ َ َ ْﻐ َﻬ ِ َﺟ َه ﺑ ِ َ ِ آ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫وﺑﻴﻨﻬ َﺎ ﺣ َﺎب وﻋَﻰ اﻷﻋ َاف ر َﺎل ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮن آ ‪ ‬ﺑ ِﻴ َﺎهﻢ و َﺎدوا أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﺠﻨﺔ َن ﺳﻼم‬ ‫َ َ ْ َ ُﻤ ِﺠ ٌ َ َﻠ َ ْﺮ ِ ِﺟ ٌ َ ْ ِﻓ َ ُﻼ ِﺴ ﻤ ُ ْ َﻧ َ ْ ْ َ ْﺤ َ ْ َﱠ ِ أ َ َ ٌ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺪﺧُﻮ َﺎ وهﻢ ﻳﻄﻤ ُﻮن }64{‬ ‫ََ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُﻠ ه َ ُ ْ َ ْ َﻌ َ‬ ‫وإ َا ﺻﺮﻓﺖ أﺑ َﺎرهﻢ ﺗﻠ َﺎء أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﱠﺎر َﺎُﻮا رﺑ َﺎ ﻻ ﺗﺠﻌﻠ َﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻘﻮم اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }74{‬ ‫َِذ ُ ِ َ ْ َ ْﺼ ُ ُ ْ ِ ْﻘ َ ْﺤ ِ ﻨ ِ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َﱠﻨ َ َ ْ َ ْﻨ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﻈ ِﻤ َ‬ ‫و َﺎ َى أﺻ َﺎب اﻷﻋ َاف ر َﺎﻻ ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮﻧﻬﻢ ﺑ ِﻴ َﺎهﻢ َﺎُﻮا َﺎ أﻏ َﻰ َﻨﻜﻢ ﺟﻤﻌﻜﻢ و َﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ‬ ‫َﻧ د َ ْﺤ ُ َ ْﺮ ِ ِﺟ ً َ ْ ِﻓ َ ُ ْ ِﺴ ﻤ ُ ْ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ﻣ َ ْﻨ ﻋ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ َﻣ آ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﻜﺒ ُون }84{‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫أ َـ ُﻻء اﻟ ِﻳﻦ أﻗﺴﻤﺘﻢ ﻻ ﻳ َﺎﻟﻬﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﺮﺣﻤﺔ ادﺧُﻮا اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻻ ﺧﻮف ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ وﻻ َﻧﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺰ ُﻮن‬ ‫َه ﺆ ﱠﺬ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َﻨ ُ ُ ُ ّ ُ ِ َ ْ َ ٍ ْ ُﻠ ْ ْ َﱠ َ َ َ ْ ٌ ََ ْ ُ ْ َ َ أ ُ ْ َ ْ َﻧ َ‬ ‫}94{‬ ‫و َﺎ َى أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﱠﺎر أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﺠﻨﺔ أن أ ِﻴ ُﻮا ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟ َﺎء أو ﻣ ﱠﺎ رزﻗﻜﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎُﻮا إن‬ ‫َﻧ د َ ْﺤ ُ ﻨ ِ َ ْﺤ َ ْ َﱠ ِ َ ْ َﻓ ﻀ ْ ََ ْﻨ ِ َ ْﻤ َ ْ ِﻤ َ َ َ ُ ُ ّ ُ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻪ ﺣﺮﻣﻬ َﺎ ﻋَﻰ اﻟ َﺎﻓ ِﻳﻦ }05{‬ ‫ّ َ َ ﱠ َ ُﻤ َﻠ ْﻜ ِﺮ َ‬ ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ اﺗﺨ ُوا ِﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻟﻬ ًا وﻟﻌ ًﺎ وﻏ ﱠﺗﻬﻢ اﻟﺤ َﺎة اﻟﺪﻧ َﺎ َﺎﻟﻴﻮم َﻨ َﺎهﻢ آ َﺎ ﻧ ُﻮا ﻟ َﺎء ﻳﻮﻣﻬﻢ َـ َا‬ ‫ﱠﺬ َ ﱠ َﺬ ْ د َ ُ ْ َ ْﻮ ََ ِﺒ َ َﺮ ْ ُ ُ ْ َﻴ ُ ﱡ ْﻴ ﻓ ْ َ ْ َ ﻧ ﺴ ُ ْ َﻤ َﺴ ْ ِﻘ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ ه ﺬ‬ ‫و َﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ِﺂ َﺎﺗ َﺎ ﻳﺠﺤ ُون }15{‬ ‫َﻣ آ ﻧ ْ ﺑ ﻳ ِﻨ َ ْ َﺪ َ‬ ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺌ َﺎ ُﻢ ﺑﻜ َﺎب ﻓﺼﻠ َﺎﻩ ﻋَﻰ ﻋﻠﻢ ه ًى ورﺣﻤﺔ ﻟﻘﻮم ﻳﺆﻣ ُﻮن }25{‬ ‫ََ َ ْ ِ ْﻨ ه ِ ِﺘ ٍ َ ﱠ ْﻨ ُ َﻠ ِ ْ ٍ ُﺪ َ َ ْ َ ً ﱢ َ ْ ٍ ُ ْ ِﻨ َ‬ ‫هﻞ َﻨﻈ ُون إﻻ ﺗﺄ ِﻳﻠﻪ ﻳﻮم ﻳﺄ ِﻲ ﺗﺄ ِﻳﻠﻪ ﻳ ُﻮل اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻧ ُﻮﻩ ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻗﺪ َﺎءت رﺳﻞ رﺑ َﺎ ِﺎﻟﺤﻖ‬ ‫َ ْ ﻳ ُﺮ َ ِ ﱠ َ ْو َ ُ َ ْ َ َ ْﺗ َ ْو ُ ُ َﻘ ُ ﱠﺬ َ َﺴ ُ ﻣ َ ْ ُ َ ْ ﺟ ْ ُ ُ ُ َ ﱢﻨ ﺑ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻓ َﻞ ﻟ َﺎ ِﻦ ﺷﻔ َﺎء ﻓﻴﺸﻔ ُﻮا ﻟ َﺎ أو ﻧﺮ ﱡ ﻓﻨﻌﻤﻞ ﻏﻴﺮ اﻟ ِي آﱠﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺴ ُوا َﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ وﺿﻞ‬ ‫َﻬ ﱠﻨ ﻣ ُ َﻌ َ َ ْ َﻌ ْ َﻨ َ ْ ُ َد َ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ﱠﺬ ُﻨ َ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ ِﺮ ْ أ ُ َ ُ ْ َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻋﻨ ُﻢ ﱠﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻳﻔﺘ ُون }35{‬ ‫َ ْﻬ ﻣ آ ﻧ ْ َ ْ َﺮ َ‬ ‫إن ر ﱠﻜﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟ ِي ﺧﻠﻖ اﻟﺴ َﺎ َات َاﻷرض ِﻲ ﺳﺘﺔ أﱠﺎم ﺛ ﱠ اﺳﺘ َى ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻌﺮش ﻳﻐ ِﻲ‬ ‫ِ ﱠ َﺑ ُ ُ ّ ُ ﱠﺬ ََ َ ﱠﻤ و ِ و َ ْ َ ﻓ ِ ﱠ ِ َﻳ ٍ ُﻢ ْ َﻮ َﻠ ْ َ ْ ِ ُ ْﺸ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﻨ َﺎر ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻪ ﺣ ِﻴ ًﺎ َاﻟﺸﻤﺲ َاﻟﻘﻤﺮ َاﻟﻨ ُﻮم ﻣﺴﺨ َات ﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ أﻻ ﻟﻪ اﻟﺨﻠﻖ َاﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﱠ ْ َ ﱠﻬ َ َ ُْ ُ ُ َﺜ ﺜ و ﱠ ْ َ و ْ َ َ َ و ﱡﺠ َ ُ َ ﱠﺮ ٍ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ و َ ْ ُ‬ ‫ﺗ َﺎرك اﻟﻠﻪ رب اﻟ َﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }45{‬ ‫َﺒ َ َ ّ ُ َ ﱡ ْﻌ َﻤ َ‬ ‫اد ُﻮا رﺑﻜﻢ ﺗﻀﺮ ًﺎ وﺧﻔﻴﺔ إﱠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺤ ﱡ اﻟﻤﻌﺘ ِﻳﻦ }55{‬ ‫ْﻋ ْ َ ﱠ ُ ْ َ َ ﱡﻋ َ ُ ْ َ ً ِﻧ ُ َ ُ ِﺐ ْ ُ ْ َﺪ َ‬ ‫وﻻ ﺗﻔﺴ ُوا ِﻲ اﻷرض ﺑﻌﺪ إﺻﻼﺣ َﺎ َاد ُﻮﻩ ﺧﻮ ًﺎ وﻃﻤ ًﺎ إن رﺣﻤﺖ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻗ ِﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫َ َ ُ ْ ِﺪ ْ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ِﻬ و ْﻋ ُ َ ْﻓ َ َ َﻌ ِ ﱠ َ ْ َ َ ّ ِ َﺮ ٌ ﱢ َ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﺴ ِﻴﻦ }65{‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ َ‬ ‫‪“In The Name of Allah. the Most Merciful‬‬ ‫!‪O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments‬‬ ‫!‪Arise and warn‬‬ ‫!)‪And Magnify Your Lord (Allah‬‬ ‫‪Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan‬‬ ‫25‬ . the Most Gracious.

let him be cursed: How he plotted! Then. So. but the words of a human being!’ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 53 . And children to be by his side. Truly. he said: ‘This is nothing. Then. when the Trumpet is sounded (the second blowing of the horn). I shall oblige him to face a severe torment! Verily. And I Granted him resources in abundance. let him be cursed: How he plotted! And once more. verses. And made life smooth and comfortable for him. he turned back.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And purify your garments! And keep away from idols! And give not a thing in order to have more (or consider not your deeds of obedience to Allah as a favor to Him). but magic from that of old. that Day will be a hard DayFar from easy for the disbelievers. he frowned and he looked in a tempered way. he thought. evidences. Leave Me Alone (to deal) with him whom I Created lonely. Then. he thought and plotted. lessons. signs. After all that he desires that I should Give more. he has been opposing Our Ayat (proofs. and was proud. Nay! Verily. Then. And be patient for the sake of your Lord (i. perform you duty to Allah)! Then. and revelations).e. This is nothing.

Verily. but angels as guardians of the Fire. And We have set none. disbelievers). In Gardens (paradise) they will ask one another. Burning and blackening the skins! Over it are nineteen (angels as guardians and keepers of Hell). About the Al-Mujrimun (criminals. and that no doubt may be left for the people of the Scripture and the believers. And We have fixed their number (19) only as a trial for the disbelievers. Nay! And by the moon. (and they will say to them): ‘What has caused you to enter Hell?’ They will say: ‘We were not of those who used to offer prayers. and that those in whose hearts is a disease ( of hypocrisy) and the disbelievers may say: ‘What Allah intends by this (curious) example?’ Thus. the pious true believers). And what will make you know (exactly) what Hell-fire is? It spares not (any sinner). it (Hell) is. And by the dawn when it brightens. nor does it leave (anything unburnt). Every person is a pledge for what he has earned. A Warner to mankindTo any of you that chooses to go forward (by working righteous deeds). Nor we used to feed the poor: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 54 . Except those on the Right.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il I will cast him into the Hell-fire. in order that the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may arrive at certainty and that the believers may increase in faith (as the Qur’an is the truth). And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder to mankind.e. but one of the greatest (signs). but He. And none can know the hosts of your Lord. And by the night when it withdraws. or to remain behind (by committing). (i. Allah Leads astray whom He wills and Guides whom He Wills.

Kedar. all the details they would need to recognize this prophet. in which we will be dealing with shortly (Isaiah: 21:13) All of these named are of Arab nations and/or of Ishmael’s descendants. Tema is mentioned in another of Isaiah’s prophecies concerning Muhammad. or a lion. Lebanon.e. specifically Kedar. the people he would arise from. Sheba. In Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 55 . and ideologies. Nay! But they fear not the Hereafter (from Allah’s punishment). the people he would prophesy to and the people who would convert to this prophet’s religion.’ So. So. and He is the One Who forgives (sins). and not likely to assemble themselves or join forces under one religion. Fleeing from a hunter. Tema. and gave Isaiah and future generations. Nay.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers. The prominent names in this prophecy are: Midian.. the polytheists. Then. Ne-baioth. and receive admonition (from it)! And they will not receive admonition unless Allah Wills.” (Qur’an: 74:1-56) In the before mentioned book of Isaiah. idols. no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them. what is wrong with them (i. and one not mentioned here. Until there came to us (the death) that is certain. we explained how God described this prophet to come. deserving that mankind should be dutiful to Him. All of them were dis-united and all of them had a multitude of gods. verily this (Qur’an) is an admonition. chapter sixty. whoever will (let him read it). or a beast of prey. God named the land he would arise in. and Muhammad has come with the truth from Allah). He (Allah) is the One. And we used to belie the Day of Recompense. Nay. the disbelievers) that they turn away from (receiving) admonition? As if they were (frightened) wild donkeys. every one of them desires that he should be given pages spread out (coming from Allah with a writing that Islam is the right religion. Ne-bai-oth and Tema.. E’phah.

were before. Arabs) hearts. So. and so it was. And he will be a wild man. He wrapped himself in garments and sat there shocked and Allah called out to him: “O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments! Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 56 . Muhammad was terrified and ran home to his wife to be consoled. 74: 1-4. you could not have united their hearts.. his hand will be against every man and every man’s hand against him.And shalt bear a son. He saying that He united their hearts and Willed for them to be as one community. Isaiah sixty was the prophecy and Muhammad was the fulfillment of. Each clan or tribe had a set of rules particular to its own mode of morality and that was the extent of the law in those parts. All Wise. Chapter 74 of the Qur’an starts out by Allah calling the prophet: {4}ْ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﻤ ﱠ ﱢﺮ}1{ ﻗﻢ ﻓ َﻧﺬر }2{ ورﺑﻚ ﻓﻜﺒﺮ }3{ وﺛ َﺎﺑﻚ ﻓﻄﻬﺮ‬ ‫َ ِﻴ َ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ ْ ‫َ َﱠ َ َ َﱢ‬ ْ ِ ‫ُ ْ َﺄ‬ ُ ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ْ ُﺪﺛ‬ “O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments! Arise and warn! And magnify your Lord (Allah)! And purify your garments!” (Qur’an:74:1-4) This is right after the angel Gabriel came to Muhammad while he was meditating on the mountain. If you had spent all that is in the Earth. and shalt call his name Ishmael. because the Lord hath Heard thy affliction.”(Qur’an: 8:63) This is Allah talking to prophet Muhammad about the believers of whom. for he did not know what had just happened.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Muhammad’s time the pagan Arabs could not even agree on the formation of a singular government. and Allah said in the Qur’an: ‫وأﻟﻒ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻗُﻮﺑﻬﻢ ﻟﻮ َﻧﻔﻘﺖ َﺎ ِﻲ اﻷرض ﺟ ِﻴﻌﺎ ﱠﺎ أﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻗُﻮﺑﻬﻢ وَـﻜﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ أﻟﻒ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ‬ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ‫ََﱠ َ َ ْ َ ُﻠ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ أ َ ْ َ ﻣ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َﻤ ً ﻣ َﱠ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُﻠ ِ ِ ْ َﻟ ِ ﱠ ّ َ َﱠ‬ {63} ‫إﱠﻪ ﻋ ِﻳﺰ ﺣ ِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫ِﻧ ُ َﺰ ٌ َﻜ‬ “And He (Allah) has united their (believers. by which we would know him. but Allah has united them.. We can note similarities between Isaiah sixty and the Qur’anic verses to start this chapter. pagan Arabs. He is All Mighty.” (Genesis: 16:11-12) But under the prophet mentioned in Isaiah sixty. they would all convert to this prophet. and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. This is one of this prophet’s signs. certainly. for God said in the Bible many years prior: “.

the darkness shall cover the Earth. “Record this Speech that I Am Giving to My chosen one.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Arise and warn! And magnify your Lord (Allah)! And purify your garments! And keep away from idols!” (Qur’an: 74:1-5) This sounds a lot similar to Isaiah sixty: “Arise. and thy God thy glory. in a unique manner. Isaiah. But in the uniqueness of this work of art. We shall not expend a great deal of time explaining each and every verse of Chapter 74 of the Qur’an. neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: For the Lord Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 57 . because in Isaiah sixty. needs not to read a thirteen year old prophecy about himself. and gross darkness. The future chosen one will be talked to directly by God (Allah) and thus. For. He has a direct connection with God. God the first and the chosen one the second. the spectator is the one aimed at and the one who can benefit from this discourse. Thy sun shall no more go down. shine. God is describing to Isaiah this prophet to come and his characteristics. neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: But he Lord shall be unto thee an Ever-lasting Light. so in essence Isaiah sixty is the prediction and chapter 74 of the Qur’an is its fulfillment.” (Isaiah: 60:1-2) It is not an exact parallel. And by the dawn when it brightens. if you will.” (Qur’an: 74:32-34) And: “The sun shall be no more thy light by day. and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee. but I will make a few comparisons and move on.” But in reality it (the speech concerning this prophet’s description) is not meant for the chosen one. the people: but the Lord shall rise upon thee. is a spectator. He (God) is basically telling Isaiah to. but is meant to depict who this chosen one would be by means of Isaiah being the third person. for thy light is come. behold. and His glory shall be seen on thee. Compare: {34} ‫آﱠﺎ َاﻟﻘﻤﺮ }23{ َاﻟﻠﻴﻞ إذ أدﺑﺮ }33{ َاﻟﺼﺒﺢ إ َا أﺳﻔﺮ‬ َ َ ْ َ ‫و ﱡ ْ ِ ِذ‬ َ َْ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ ‫و ﱠ‬ ِ َ َ ْ ‫َﻠ و‬ “Nay! By the moon And by the night when it withdraws.

did not unite these Arab nations under his teachings. most Arab nations or peoples are Muslims and united under the banner of Islam with our Chosen One. this was not one of them. I close out this chapter. The situation as it is today is that in reality. This prophecy could in no way. may Allah have Mercy on him. For all the great things he accomplished.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il shall be thine Ever-lasting Light. and the days of thy mourning shall be ended. May Allah open our hearts to the truth. Jesus. nor did he even preach his message to them. shape or form. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 58 . Muhammad leading the way. I would like to state a known fact here.” (Isaiah: 60:20-21) Before. be a depiction of Jesus.

the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: Let the Inhabitants of the Rock sing. He that spread forth the Earth and that which cometh out of it. I will make waste the mountains and hills. They shall be turned back. to bring out the prisoners from the prison and them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house. yea. but My servant? Or deaf. He shall not fail or be discouraged. and stretched them out. as My messenger that I sent? Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 59 . Thus. and spirit to them that walk therein: I. Behold. I am the Lord: That is My Name: And My glory will I not give to another.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Five: Let the Inhabitants of the Rock sing “Behold My servant. I will destroy and devour at once. and will keep thee. To open the blind eyes. and refrained Myself: Now. nor lift up. The Lord shall go forth as a mighty man. let them shout from the top of the mountains. And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not. have called thee in righteousness. I have put My Spirit upon him: He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice. neither My praise to graven images. He shall not cry. the Lord. I will tell you of them. and dry up all their herbs. ye blind. He shall prevail against His enemies. and I will dry up the pools. and give thee for a covenant of the people. that say to the molten images ‘Ye are our gods. and all that is therein. and new things do I declare: Before they spring forth. and look. He that Created the Heavens. ye deaf. till he have set judgment in the Earth: And the isles shall wait for his law. in whom My Soul delighteth. that ye may see. I have been still. the Lord. for a light of the Gentiles. He shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: He shall cry. and I will make the rivers. and declare His praise in the islands. Sing to them a new song. ye that go down to the sea. I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness. roar. islands. Who is blind. the isles. and crooked things straight. nor cause his voice to be heard in the street. and praise from the end of the Earth.’ Hear. saith God. A bruised reed shall he not break. light before them. Mine elect. will I cry like a travailing woman. These things will I do unto them and not forsake them. and the smoking flax shall he not quench: He shall bring forth judgment in truth. the former things are come to pass. He that giveth breath unto the people upon it. they shall be greatly ashamed that trust in graven images. Let them give Glory unto the Lord. whom I uphold. I have a long time holden My peace. and the inhabitants thereof.

but later in this same prophecy. The Lord is well pleased for His Righteousness Sake. but thou observests not. they are all of them snared in holes. And also Jesus said: “…For if I go not away. and of righteousness. and it burned him. and they are hid in prisons-houses: They are for a pry. in whom My Soul delighteth. for Jesus said: “And if any man hear my words. We’ve already established who these Gentiles were in Isaiah sixty. he will reprove the world of sin. opening the ears. restore. I judge him not: For I came not to judge the world. yet he laid it not to heart. from this statement made by Jesus himself we can all attest that Jesus is not the one spoken of in this verse as most would assert. and none delivereth. Muhammad. and blind as the Lord’s servants? Seeing many things. In the very first verse it states: “Behold My servant. and none saith. and believe them not. Mine elect. for a spoil. but the key word in this verse is judgment.” (Isaiah: 42:1) We see that this servant would bring judgment to the Gentiles. whom I uphold. the Comforter will not come to you. and make it honorable. neither were they obedient unto His law. but another would be sent as judge. I will send him unto you. and the strength of battle: And it hath set him on fire round about. we will see again of whom is concerned. but if I depart.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Who is blind as he that is perfect. and of JUDGMENT…” (John: 16:7-8) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 60 . but he heareth not. And when he is come. he hath poured upon him the fury of His Anger. Whom among you will give ear to this? Who will hearken and hear for the time to come? Who gave Jacob for a spoil and Israel to the robbers? Did not the Lord. But this is a people robbed and spoiled. Therefore. yet he knew not. for he did not come to judge. He will magnify the law. He against Whom we have sinned? For they would not walk in His Ways. but to save the world.” (Isaiah: 42:1:25) Here is another prophecy that Isaiah prophesied about our beloved prophet.” (John: 12:47) So. I have put My Spirit upon him: He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

the primary meaning of gentile is ‘non-Jew’. “The word Gentile is an anglicised version of the Latin word gentilis. 2) That a prophet.” (John: 16:7-8) “A bruised reed shall he not break.” (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) This is not to say. and the smoking flax shall he not quench: He shall bring forth judgment in truth. but preaches what he is commanded to preach. as an English translation of the Hebrew words goy / ‫ גוי‬and nochri / ‫ . for all the years preceding revelation. this prophet will not harm anyone or anything. but he will bring justice to all those who have been wronged. in laymen’s terms. it says: “He will not crush the weakest reed or put out a flickering candle. not that they will not be judged likewise. In the Abundant Life Bible translation. Abundant Life Bible) This does not mean that this prophet would not proclaim God’s Message and denounce the iniquities of the disbelievers and idol worshippers. for that is the exact reason he was called by God. He will not commit the least bit of injustice toward anyone or anything. but it is significant and specific to our prophet. that the mention of the Gentiles only. and modest. and of righteousness. He will be humble. be said to have done anything in Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 61 . In the King James and various other versions of the Bible it is used to refer to non-Israelite tribes or nations.” (Isaiah: 42:3) This verse does not look like much at first glance. With that being said.” (Isaiah: 42: 2. And in the preceding verse God says: “He will not shout or raise his voice in public. meaning of or belonging to a clan or tribe.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il So. in essence does not preach by his own initiative. The meaning is twofold: 1) That you will recognize this prophet. Today.” (Isaiah: 42:3) So. for the prophecy in question states that this individual spoken of would: “…reprove THE WORLD of sin. he will not be of the wrongdoers or the liars or of them who do good deeds to be seen of men. You see. therefore one who is commanded to do a thing. this servant will bring judgment to the Gentiles. but in the context of this verse it pertains to the non-Israelites. cannot himself. shall not even hurt a fly.נכרי‬It is also used to translate the New Testament Greek word εθνοι/ethnoi. God is saying in this verse that this prophet. minus the Jews. that most definitely comprises the rest of the world. of whom is charged with preaching God’s Word. with the exclusion of the Jews. would be the sole people judged. in our terms today. honest. and of judgement.

must comply. convicted. and refrained Myself: Now will I cry like a travailing woman. roar.O.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il reality. Further evidence in support of this is in the fulfillment of this prophecy. He is not. Allah is All-Hearer. All-Knower. A similitude is of a soldier in an army who is called to war and while engaged in combat. Later in this prophecy. that it was not him who killed the pagan Arabs or his (Muhammad) own relatives (who waged war against Muhammad). when the prophet had been told to fight those who fight against him. he is not the cause of the war. This is because. Allah who threw. because he is not asked to go to war and fight. it becomes clear that when this prophet appears.) and used as a bargaining tool with the opposing army. according to the rules of war. tried. executed. He’s telling Muhammad. he is COMMANDED and therefore. God will accomplish all of these deeds by his ( the prophet’s) hands. He shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: He shall cry. in this case. that He might test the believers by a fair trial from Him. I have a long time holden My Peace. I will destroy and devour at once. I will make waste the mountains and hills and dry up all their herbs. it was indeed. and that when Muhammad threw a handful of rocks at the disbelievers and it became a rain of terror. And you threw not when you did throw. Allah told the believers: {39} ‫أذن ﻟﻠ ِﻳﻦ ﻳ َﺎﺗُﻮن ﺑﺄﻧﻬﻢ ﻇﻠ ُﻮا وإن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ ﻧﺼﺮهﻢ ﻟﻘ ِﻳﺮ‬ ٌ ‫ُ ِ َ ِﱠﺬ َ ُﻘ َﻠ َ ِ َ ﱠ ُ ْ ُِﻤ َِ ﱠ ﱠ َ َﻠ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َﺪ‬ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 62 . but Allah threw. This soldier. when these actions actually took place. it would be God All-Mighty. He is not the Commander-in-Chief. God says: “The Lord shall go forth as a mighty man. and I will make rivers islands. but by God’s Will. And also. yea. Verily. but it was Allah. The action commanded is attributed to the one who commands. is held as a prisoner of war (P. taken to court.” (Isaiah: 42: 13-15) Here. but Allah killed them. His Decree and with His Help. And I emphasize commanded. who had a soft heart. so it will be the prophet physically performing the actions. and I will dry up the pools.W. He is doing as he is commanded. and sent away to prison or worse. however. that pelted them. I have been still. He shall prevail against His enemies. in which had been foretold long before its occurrence. for Allah told His messenger: ‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﻘﺘُﻮهﻢ وَـﻜﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺘﻠﻬﻢ و َﺎ رﻣﻴﺖ إذ رﻣﻴﺖ وَـﻜﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ ر َﻰ وﻟﻴﺒﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ِﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻪ َﻼء‬ ‫ََ ْ َ ْ ُﻠ ُ ْ َﻟ ِ ﱠ ّ َ َ ََ ُ ْ َﻣ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ َ َ ْ َ َﻟ ِ ﱠ ّ َ َﻣ َِ ُ ِْ َ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ َ ِ ْ ُ ﺑ‬ {17} ‫ﺣ َﻨﺎ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ﺳ ِﻴﻊ ﻋِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫َﺴ ً ِ ﱠ ّ َ َﻤ ٌ َﻠ‬ “You (Muhammad) killed them not.” (Qur’an: 8:17) This is the exact fulfillment of God exacting His punishment through His prophet. he is captured.

decided to take captives and ransom them back to their people in order to better the living conditions in Madinah and increase the wealth of its inhabitants. the prophet. Allah is Able to give them (believers) victory-Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said: ‘Our Lord is Allah. But as for him who is humble. nor cause his voice to be heard in the streets. You desire the good life of this world (i. churches. the money of ransom for freeing captives). because they have been wronged. quiet. for one who shouts and yells all the time would not make the least bit of ripple in the water if he continues to rant and rave. when fighting actually commenced. after being victorious in battle. All-Wise. for if God did not. nor lift up. when he begins to reveal himself and make himself heard. And again we have a similar situation when looking at verse two of Isaiah. And finally.” (Isaiah: 42:2) This is God’s description of the prophet before Divine revelation was given to him (Muhammad). that it is He who gives victory and it is He. chapter forty-two: “He shall not cry.’ For had it not been that Allah checks one set of people by means of another. who uses one set of people to check another set of people and establish justice in the land. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 63 . And Allah is All-Mighty. All-Mighty. Verily.” (Qur’an: 8:67) So. monasteries. the Will of Allah is not always in agreement. and mosques. even in truth.” (Qur’an: 22:39-40) Here it is mentioned by Allah. even though it was the prophet’s desire to ransom them (the disbelievers). but Allah Desires (for you) the Hereafter.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ أﺧﺮ ُﻮا ِﻦ د َﺎرهﻢ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ ﺣﻖ إﱠﺎ َن ﻳ ُﻮُﻮا رﺑ َﺎ اﻟﻠﻪ وﻟﻮَﺎ دﻓﻊ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﱠﺎس ﺑﻌﻀ ُﻢ‬ ‫ﱠﺬ َ ُ ْ ِﺟ ﻣ ِﻳ ِ ِ ْ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ﱟ ِﻟ أ َﻘ ﻟ َﱡﻨ ﱠ ُ ََ ْﻟ َ ْ ُ ﱠ ِ ﻨ َ َ ْ َﻬ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﱠﻬ ﱢﻣﺖ ﺻ َاﻣﻊ وﺑﻴﻊ وﺻﻠ َات وﻣ َﺎﺟﺪ ﻳﺬآﺮ ِﻴ َﺎ اﺳﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ آ ِﻴﺮا وﻟ َﻨﺼﺮن اﻟﻠﻪ َﻦ‬ ‫ِ َ ْ ٍ ﻟ ُﺪ َ ْ َﻮ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ٌ َ ََﻮ ٌ َ َﺴ ِ ُ ُ ْ َ ُ ﻓ ﻬ ْ ُ ﱠ ِ َﺜ ً ََﻴ ُ َ ﱠ ﱠ ُ ﻣ‬ {40} ‫َﻨﺼﺮﻩ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻘﻮي ﻋ ِﻳﺰ‬ ٌ ‫ﻳ ُ ُ ُ ِ ﱠ ﱠ َ َ َ ِ ﱞ َﺰ‬ “Permission to fight is given to those who are fought against. And the Will of God will always prevail. Allah is All-Strong. and surely. wherein the Name of Allah is mentioned much would surely have been pulled down. Allah will help those who help His (Cause). synagogues. Truly. but Allah told the prophet: ‫َﺎ َﺎن ﻟﻨﺒﻲ َن ﻳ ُﻮن ﻟﻪ أﺳ َى ﺣ ﱠﻰ ﻳﺜﺨﻦ ِﻲ اﻷرض ﺗ ِﻳ ُون ﻋﺮض اﻟﺪﻧ َﺎ َاﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ ِﻳﺪ‬ ُ ‫ﻣ آ َ ِ َ ِ ﱟ أ َﻜ َ َ ُ َ ْﺮ َﺘ ُ ْ ِ َ ﻓ َ ْ ِ ُﺮ ﺪ َ َ َ َ ﱡ ْﻴ و ّ ُ ُﺮ‬ {67} ‫اﻵﺧﺮة َاﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ ِﻳﺰ ﺣ ِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫ِ َ َ و ّ ُ َﺰ ٌ َﻜ‬ “It is not for a prophet that he should have prisoners of war (and free them with ransom) until he has made a great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. blah.e. It begins to sound like blah. honest and truthful and does not make a commotion in the streets. resulting in the strengthening of the Muslim forces. the wrongdoers would overrun the Earth. blah. for he sounds the same. it should turn heads and open ears.

’ Then. at the age of forty. ‘We have never heard you tell a lie. the prophet Muhammad preached the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism. they thought he had gone mad. and denounced disbelief and polytheism. they gathered around him. and grew up to be a truthful man. you see that. When he began to preach the message of Islam and denounce the Arab’s practices. VOL: 6. by God. they promised him riches and a great status among them.” (Isaiah: 42: 4) Here. till he has set judgement in the Earth. ‘Do you see? If I am to inform you that cavalrymen are proceeding up the side of this mountain. He sent numerous letters to the kings of the Ethiopians (Abyssinia). of old age. but although the people believed Muhammad to be truthful and one of their best kinsmen. if he would discontinue his newfound pastime of denouncing their way of life and Muhammad replied to his uncle: “Uncle. 495) So. If only they knew! “He shall not fail or be discouraged.’ The people said. his relatives and the rest of the pagan Arabs. and the Byzantines. I wouldn’t do it until Allah make His way succeed or I died trying. if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left.’ Abu Lahab (Muhammad’s uncle) said. So. For twenty-three years. ‘and warn your tribe (O Muhammad)’ was revealed. He even preached to nations outside of Arabia. some of which are still in existence. (Sahih Al-Bukhari. the Persians. This is the exact description of the prophet Muhammad’s life from the very moment revelation came to him. he said.” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 64 . and asked me to give up my mission. He started out as an orphan. Ibn ‘Abbas: “When the verse. Allah’s messenger went out. whereupon he said. until he passed away in the year of 632 C. Muhammad was indeed truthful before and after Allah called him to be His messenger. was pronounced a prophet by God Himself. we have God’s own word that this prophet will succeed and will not rest until he has completed his mission and set forth judgement in the Earth.E. He preached under threat and duress. but when they could not likewise. when he began to preach that God reached out to him and made known to him. His Will. he shouted.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il There is a tradition recorded and attributed to the prophet in which this situation unfolds: Narrated. He preached the message to his clan. will you believe me?’ They said. and when he ascended As-Safa’ mountain. ‘What is that?’ Then. But in reality he was fulfilling prophecy to the letter. friend and foe alike. ‘Ya sabahah! (An Arabic expression used when one appeals for help or draws attention of others to some danger). ‘I am a plain Warner to you of a coming severe punishment. tribe. ‘May you perish! You gathered us only for this reason?’ Then Abu Lahab went away. convince his followers that Muhammad was crazy. they deemed him a mad man. Hadith NO. (Surah Al-Masad)’Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!’ was revealed.

a people who would stop at nothing to bring Islam to the world.e. This is a reoccurring theme to link this prophecy and the prophecy of Isaiah sixty. that this prophet would be a light for the Gentiles. the Muslims and the pagan Arabs began a back and forth feud of which would not cease until he marched to Makkah and conquered it. He did not fail or become discouraged. Verse six of Isaiah forty-two makes a statement again. if you are misled or ignorant and not incline to evil and transgression. or the known world at that time. but the Muslims would let the prisoners they had captured gain their freedom in the event that they denounced their idols and testified to the truth. or in other words. “I am the Lord: that is My Name: And My glory will I not give to another. The prisoners could also gain their freedom by teaching a certain number of Muslim youths how to read. He will give you something better than what has been taken from you (i.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And from then on.” (Isaiah: 42: 8) This verse is one of the biggest reasons for this prophet to arise amongst these people. and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house. neither My Praise to graven images. to bring out the prisoners from the prison. O you captives. and He will forgive you and Allah is Oft-Forgiving. after a ten year period of living in Madinah.’” (Qur’an: 8:70) Meaning. then Allah will give you something in which to save your soul and reestablish yourself on the Earth. and rid it of all its idols. but with sincerity. when the believers went to war. that in the time of Muhammad. And Allah said: ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ُﻞ ﻟ َﻦ ِﻲ أﻳ ِﻳ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺳ َى ِن ﻳﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ِﻲ ﻗُﻮﺑﻜﻢ ﺧﻴ ًا ﻳﺆﺗﻜﻢ ﺧﻴ ًا ﻣ ﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ﱠ ِ ﱡ ﻗ ﱢﻤ ﻓ َ ْﺪ ﻜ ﱢ َ َ ْﺮ إ َ َْ ِ ّ ُ ﻓ ُﻠ ِ ُ ْ َ ْﺮ ُ ْ ِ ُ ْ َ ْﺮ ﱢﻤ‬ {70} ‫أﺧﺬ ِﻨﻜﻢ وﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻜﻢ َاﻟﻠﻪ ﻏ ُﻮر ر ِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫ُ ِ َ ﻣ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ُ ْ و ّ ُ َﻔ ٌ ﱠ ﺣ‬ “O prophet (Muhammad) say to the captives that are in your hands! ‘If Allah knows any good in your hearts. for right from the very start of his mission. prisoners of war. He was victorious and set judgment in Arabia. and put in motion. they would take captives. Muhammad was told by Allah: ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﻤ ﱠ ﱢﺮ }1{ ﻗﻢ ﻓ َﻧﺬر }2{ ورﺑﻚ ﻓﻜﺒﺮ }3{ وﺛ َﺎﺑﻚ ﻓﻄﻬﺮ }4{ َاﻟﺮﺟﺰ َﺎهﺠﺮ‬ ُْْ ‫و ﱡ َْﻓ‬ ْ ‫َ ِﻴ َ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ ْ ‫َ َﱠ َ َ َﱢ‬ ْ ِ ‫ُ ْ َﺄ‬ ُ ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ْ ُﺪﺛ‬ {5 } Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 65 . Most Merciful. Islam).” (Isaiah: 42: 7) I’ll just make a brief statement. “…to open the blind eyes.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“O you (Muhammad) enveloped in garments! Arise and warn! And magnify your Lord (Allah)! And purify your garments! And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols)! (Qur’an: 74: 1-5) And:

{20} ‫أﻓﺮأﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﱠﺎت َاﻟﻌ ﱠى }91{ وﻣ َﺎة اﻟﱠﺎﻟﺜﺔ اﻟﺄﺧ َى‬ ‫َ َﻨ َ ﺜ ِ َ َ ُْ ْﺮ‬ ‫َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ﻠ َ و ْ ُﺰ‬
“Have you considered Al-Lat and Al-‘Uzza (two idols of the pagan Arabs) and Manat (another idol), the other third?” (Qur’an: 53:19-20) And also:

‫إن هﻲ إﱠﺎ أﺳ َﺎء ﺳ ﱠﻴﺘ ُﻮ َﺎ َﻧﺘﻢ َﺁ َﺎؤ ُﻢ ﱠﺎ َﻧﺰل اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑ َﺎ ِﻦ ﺳﻠ َﺎن ِن ﻳﺘﺒ ُﻮن إﱠﺎ اﻟﻈﻦ‬ ‫ِ ْ ِ َ ِﻟ َ ْﻤ َﻤ ْ ُﻤ ه أ ُ ْ و ﺑ ُآ ﻣ أ َ َ ﱠ ُ ِﻬ ﻣ ُ ْﻄ ٍ إ َﱠ ِﻌ َ ِﻟ ﱠ ﱠ‬ {23} ‫و َﺎ ﺗﻬ َى اﻟ َﻧﻔﺲ وﻟﻘﺪ َﺎء ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﱠﱢﻬﻢ اﻟﻬ َى‬ ‫َﻣ َ ْﻮ ْﺄ ُ ُ ََ َ ْ ﺟ ه ﻣ رﺑ ِ ُ ْ ُﺪ‬
“They are but names which you have named-you and your fathers-for which Allah has sent down no authority. They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the guidance from their Lord!” (Qur’an: 53:23) These are some verses of the Qur’an denouncing idols as well, but idols can be more than stones or pictures or even statues erected to certain invented gods, for Allah said:

‫اﺗﺨ ُوا أﺣ َﺎرهﻢ وره َﺎﻧﻬﻢ أر َﺎ ًﺎ ﱢﻦ ُون اﻟﻠﻪ َاﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ و َﺎ أﻣ ُوا إﻻ ﻟﻴﻌﺒ ُوا إَـ ًﺎ‬ ‫ﱠ َﺬ ْ َ ْﺒ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ْﺒ َ ُ ْ َ ْﺑ ﺑ ﻣ د ِ ّ ِ و ْ َﺴ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ َﻣ ُ ِﺮ ْ ِ ﱠ ِ َ ْ ُﺪ ْ ِﻟ ﻬ‬ ‫َاﺣ ًا ﻻ إَـﻪ إﻻ هﻮ ﺳﺒ َﺎﻧﻪ ﻋ ﱠﺎ ﻳﺸﺮ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫و ِﺪ ﱠ ِﻟ َ ِ ﱠ ُ َ ُ ْﺤ َ ُ َﻤ ُ ْ ِآ‬
“They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their Lords besides Allah and (they also took as their lord) Messiah, son of Mary, while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none, but One God, none has the right to be worshipped, but He. Praise and glory is to Him (far above is He) from having the partners (idols, daughters, sons) they associate (with Him). (Qur’an: 9:31) And the prophet elaborated:

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“Once while Allah’s messenger was reciting the above verse, ‘Ad bin Hatim said, ‘O Allah’s prophet! They do not worship them (rabbis and monks).’ Allah’s messenger said, ‘They certainly do, they (i.e. rabbis and monks) made legal things illegal, and illegal things legal, and they (Jews and Christians) followed them; and by doing so they really worshipped them.’” (Narrated by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Jarir). (Tafsir At-Tabari, VOL. 10, page NO. 114) From the above proofs we see that almost anything or anyone can be an idol, if it, or they undermine the laws, with which, God has sanctioned. You see that God commanded that He, and He alone be worshipped. Not idols, stones, rocks, sun, moon, or stars. Not the animals in the sea or of the land. And to censor this evil behavior, God forbade the practice of making images, whereas, it is thought by man, to be a necessity that an image be created in an attempt to comprehend God, but the eyes cannot grasp Him, neither can man’s knowledge encompass Him. Quoting a page out of The Fundamentals of Islamic Creed by Sheikh Tahawi, May Allah be pleased with him and reward him. Tahawi writes: “‘Neither can conjectures reach Him, nor intellects grasp Him.’ Tahawi has paraphrased here the Words of Allah:

{110} ‫ﻳﻌﻠﻢ َﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ أﻳ ِﻳﻬﻢ و َﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ وَﺎ ﻳ ِﻴ ُﻮن ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠ ًﺎ‬ ‫َ َْ ُ ﻣ َ ْ َ َ ْﺪ ِ ْ َﻣ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َﻟ ُﺤ ﻄ َ ِ ِ ِ ْﻤ‬
i.e. ‘They cannot comprehend Him in Knowledge.’ (The Qur’an: 20:110) Jahawri has in his lexicon: ‘waham is equivelent of conjecture, while faham of knowledge.’ What the sheikh meant to say, Allah show him mercy, is that conjectures cannot fathom Him out, nor can knowledge comprehend Him. It is said that waham is what one anticipates a thing to be. That is, what one expects it to be like. In contrast, understanding is that which the intellect gains and comprehends. But no one can know what, in truth, Allah is, but Himself. We only know Him through His Attributes; such as, He is The One, SelfSufficient, was not begotten, nor gave birth, etc.” (The Fundamentals of Islamic Creed, by Sheikh Tahawi, commentary by ‘Ali ibn Abi-Al-‘Izz Al-Adhri and abridged by ‘AbdulMun’im Saleh Al-‘Ali Al-‘Izzi, page 23) And God clearly states: “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in the Heaven above, or that is in the Earth beneath, or that is in the water under the Earth.” (Exodus: 20:4)

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

We can clearly see without a need for an interpreter, that God is against images depicting Him or other than Him, but for reasons unbeknown to me, there are still those that in some sort of way bow before others and create images unbefitting the Majesty of God. The biggest instance of this atrocity is in the example of the worshippers of Jesus, may Allah have Mercy on him. Roughly 30% of the world today worship Jesus or incorporate him into their worship. With that being said, and a hard saying it is, Jesus was none other than an ardent worshipper of God and taught that God is the only One worthy of worship. Let’s look at what Jesus really taught: “And, behold, one came and said unto him (Jesus), good master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, ‘why callest thou me good? There is none good, but one, that is God: But if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.’” (Matthew: 20:16-19) What we can see plainly is that when someone suggested that Jesus was a good master, Jesus wanted to separate himself immediately from their insinuations. He told the one, who asked the question, that God is the only Good One, and to follow God’s commandments in order to enter Heaven, not that Jesus wasn’t good, but the denial was meant to discourage the multitude from exalting him to the degree of Blasphemy. And again in John: 20:17: “I ascend unto my father, and your father; and my God, and your God.” (John: 20:17) Here, Jesus equates himself with the disciples. He calls his father, their father also, showing that the use of the word father for God is not to be used exclusively by Jesus alone. It was Jesus speaking figuratively. Then he follows it up by saying, his God and their God, equating himself with the disciples once again, but this time he reveals himself as a worshipper and in contrast to the worshipped, i.e. God. And some proofs from the Qur’an:

‫وإذ َﺎل اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ِﻴ َﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ أَﻧﺖ ُﻠﺖ ِﻠﱠﺎس اﺗﺨ ُو ِﻲ وأﻣﻲ إَـﻬﻴﻦ ِﻦ ُون اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎل‬ َ ‫َ ِ ْ ﻗ َ ّ ُ ﻳ ﻋ ﺴ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ َ أ َ ﻗ َ ﻟ ﻨ ِ ﱠ ِﺬ ﻧ َُ ﱢ َ ِ ﻟ َ ْ ِ ﻣ د ِ ّ ِ ﻗ‬ ‫ﺳﺒ َﺎﻧﻚ َﺎ ﻳ ُﻮن ِﻲ أن أ ُﻮل َﺎ ﻟﻴﺲ ِﻲ ﺑﺤﻖ ِن ُﻨﺖ ﻗﻠﺘﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ َﺎ ِﻲ ﻧﻔ ِﻲ وﻻ‬ َ َ ‫ُ ْﺤ َ َ ﻣ َﻜ ُ ﻟ َ ْ َﻗ َ ﻣ َ ْ َ ﻟ ِ َ ﱟ إ آ ُ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ َ ْ َِ ْ َ ُ َ َْ ُ ﻣ ﻓ َ ْﺴ‬ {116} ‫أﻋﻠﻢ َﺎ ِﻲ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ إﻧﻚ َﻧﺖ ﻋ ﱠم اﻟﻐ ُﻮب‬ ِ ‫َ ْ َ ُ ﻣ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َ ِ ﱠ َ أ َ َﻼ ُ ْ ُ ﻴ‬ ‫َﺎ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻟﻬﻢ إﻻ َﺎ أﻣﺮﺗ ِﻲ ﺑﻪ أن اﻋﺒ ُوا اﻟﻠﻪ رﱢﻲ ورﺑﻜﻢ و ُﻨﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺷ ِﻴ ًا ﱠﺎ دﻣﺖ ِﻴﻬﻢ‬ ْ ِ ‫ﻣ ُ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ِ ﱠ ﻣ َ َ ْ َﻨ ِ ِ َ ِ ْ ُﺪ ْ ّ َ َﺑ َ َﱠ ُ ْ َآ ُ ََ ْ ِ ْ َﻬ ﺪ ﻣ ُ ْ ُ ﻓ‬ {117} ‫ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺘ ِﻲ ُﻨﺖ َﻧﺖ اﻟﺮ ِﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ وَﻧﺖ ﻋَﻰ آ ﱢ ﺷﻲء ﺷ ِﻴﺪ‬ ٌ ‫ََﻤ َ َ ﱠ ْ َﻨ آ َ أ َ ﱠﻗ َ ََ ْ ِ ْ َأ َ َﻠ ُﻞ َ ْ ٍ َﻬ‬
“And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): ‘O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say unto men: worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

He will say: ‘Glory be to you! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, you would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in yours; truly You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden (and unseen). Never did I say to them aught except what you (Allah) did command me to say: Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them while I dwelt among them, but when you took me up, you are a Watcher over them; And you are a Witness to All Things.” (Qur’an: 5:116-117) This sounds a lot similar to John: 17:4-5: “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. I have glorified thee on Earth: I finished the work which thou gavest me to do.” (John: 17:4-5) And John: 17:12: “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy Name: Those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.” (John: 17:12) Basically, Jesus is stating that he will not take responsibility for those whom came after him and exceeded their limits in their religion, and while he was on Earth conveyed the message with which, he was charged. And Allah said:

‫ﻟﻘﺪ آﻔﺮ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ َﺂُﻮا إن اﻟﻠﻪ هﻮ اﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻗﻞ ﻓ َﻦ ﻳﻤﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺷﻴ ًﺎ إن أ َاد َن ﻳﻬﻠﻚ‬ َ ِْ ُ ‫ﱠ َ ْ َ َ َ ﱠﺬ َ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ِ ﱠ ّ َ ُ َ ْ َﺴ ُ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َﻤ َ ِْ ُ ِ َ ّ ِ َ ْﺌ ِ ْ َر َ أ‬ ‫اﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ وأ ﱠﻪ و َﻦ ِﻲ اﻷرض ﺟ ِﻴ ًﺎ وﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ اﻟﺴ َﺎ َات َاﻷرض و َﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬ َﺎ‬ ‫ْ َﺴ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ َُﻣ ُ َﻣ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َﻤ ﻌ َِّ ِ ُ ْ ُ ﱠﻤ و ِ و َ ْ ِ َﻣ َ ْ َ ُﻤ‬ ‫ﻳﺨﻠﻖ َﺎ ﻳ َﺎء َاﻟّﻪ ﻋَﻰ آ ﱢ ﺷﻲء ﻗ ِﻳﺮ‬ ٌ ‫َ ُْ ُ ﻣ َﺸ و ﻠ ُ َﻠ ُﻞ َ ْ ٍ َﺪ‬
“Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: ‘Who then has the least power against Allah, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, his mother and all those who are on the Earth together?’” (Qur’an: 5:17) And:

‫َﺎ أهﻞ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻻ ﺗﻐُﻮا ِﻲ ِﻳﻨﻜﻢ وﻻ ﺗ ُﻮُﻮا ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ إﻻ اﻟﺤﻖ إﻧ َﺎ اﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ ِﻴ َﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ‬ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ‫ﻳ َ ْ َ ْ ِﺘ ِ َ َ ْﻠ ْ ﻓ د ِ ُ ْ َ َ َﻘ ﻟ ْ َﻠ ّ ِ ِ ﱠ ْ َ ﱢ ِﱠﻤ ْ َﺴ ُ ﻋ ﺴ‬ ‫ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ وآﻠﻤﺘﻪ أﻟ َﺎ َﺎ إَﻰ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ و ُوح ﱢﻨﻪ َﺂﻣ ُﻮا ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ورﺳﻠﻪ وﻻ ﺗ ُﻮُﻮا ﺛﻼﺛﺔ اﻧﺘ ُﻮا‬ ْ ‫َﺳ ُ ّ ِ َ َِ َ ُ ُ َ ْﻘ ه ِﻟ َ ْ َ َ َر ٌ ﻣ ْ ُ ﻓ ِﻨ ْ ﺑ ّ ِ َ ُ ُِ ِ َ َ َﻘ ﻟ ْ َ َ َ ٌ َﻬ‬ ‫ﺧﻴ ًا ﻟﻜﻢ إﻧ َﺎ اﻟﻠﻪ إَـﻪ َاﺣﺪ ﺳﺒ َﺎﻧﻪ َن ﻳ ُﻮن ﻟﻪ وﻟﺪ ﱠﻪ َﺎ ِﻲ اﻟﺴ َﺎ َات و َﺎ ِﻲ اﻷرض‬ ِ ْ َ ‫ﱠﻤ و َ ﻣ ﻓ‬ ‫َ ْﺮ ﱠ ُ ْ ِ ﱠﻤ ّ ُ ِﻟ ٌ و ِ ٌ ُ ْﺤ َ ُ أ َﻜ َ َ ُ ََ ٌ ﻟ ُ ﻣ ﻓ‬ {171} ‫وآ َﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻪ و ِﻴﻼ‬ ً ‫َ َﻔ ِ ّ ِ َآ‬
“O people of the Scripture! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught, but the truth. The Messiah Jesus, son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah and His word, which He bestowed on Mary and a spirit created by Him; so believe
Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


and can be perfectly applied to this prophecy. ye that go down to the sea.” (Isaiah: 42:10) Here. Jesus never taught that anyone should be worshipped except God. it is said “to sing a new song”. Here.” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 70 . while this (Qur’an) is a clear Arabic tongue. Since we have made the facts known that there was not a specific song to be identified with this prophecy. by the worlds one billion Muslims. so that would imply that there had been. as can be seen most clearly of all in the completely unhistorical Gospel of John.” To explain. The Evangelists and Christ worshippers do not teach from what Jesus had taught. “Sing unto the Lord a new song. Furthermore. It can be heard “to the end of The Earth”. for before this prophecy. glory be to Him (Far exalted is He) above having a son.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il in Allah and His messengers. and all that is therein. that it is not a song in fact. the isles. 4B. but teach their own invented doctrines and using the persona of Jesus to legitimize their claims. ‘More Evidence That Demands a Verdict’. and from Hebrew to Arabic. while talking of Jesus. We know that they (polytheists and pagans) say: ‘It is only a human being who teaches him (Muhammad). and the inhabitants thereof. we must presume that the intended meaning is ‘a new language’. Mr. so in essence. this new song is a metaphor in relation to language.’ The tongue of the man they refer to is foreign. To Him belongs all that is in the Heavens and all that is in the Earth. in Josh McDowell’s book.” And Allah said: ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻳ ُﻮُﻮن إﻧ َﺎ ﻳﻌﱢﻤﻪ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻟ َﺎن اﻟ ِي ﻳﻠﺤ ُون إﻟﻴﻪ أﻋﺠﻤﻲ و َـ َا ﻟ َﺎن ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫َ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﱠ ُ ْ َ ﻘ ﻟ َ ِ ﱠ ﻤ ُ َ ﻠ ُ ُ َ َ ٌ ﱢ ﺴ ُ ﱠ ﺬ ُ ْ ِﺪ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ﱞ َه ﺬ ِ ﺴ ٌ َ َ ِ ﱞ‬ {103} ‫ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٌ ‫ﱡﺒ‬ “And indeed. There wasn’t one singular song which was to be identified as their national anthem. For Allah is (the Only) One God. Here in this prophecy. Kaseman said: “The preaching about him has almost entirely supplanted his own preaching.” (Qur’an: 4:171) I would like to quote Ernst Kaseman. an old song or first song.” (Qur’an: 16:103) This is the transition of prophecy from the Israelites to the Ishmaelites. “singing this new song. we must see. Say not: ‘three!’ cease! (it is) better for you. and His praise from the end of the Earth. there was not one song that was sang to unify the Israelites. that is meant. the sentence could read: “Glorify unto the Lord in a new and unified language. page 271. The rhythmic tone of the Muslim’s prayer in Arabic in proper tajweed (proper way to recite the Qur’an) is said by many to sound similar or like a sort of singing or chanting. “The Father” and this is in great opposition to today’s Christians and their teachings. in many different countries. five times a day. previous to this.

so it would be for naught to tell Isaiah about them. than to use the name Quraish to depict themselves. Kedar is a reference to the people of whom Kedar. i. This is in God’s Wisdom that He used this name to identify the Quraish. (Genesis: 36:1) Kedar was no different in this respect. and we’ve already established in previous chapters. named after Esau.” (Isaiah: 42:11) To explain this verse. It would be more likely for God to use the name Kedar to depict the Quraish. In the Bible. the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: Let the Inhabitants of the Rock sing. 3) The Edomites. for which. the villages that Kedar doth inhabit:” (Isaiah: 42:11) This first part is dealing with the villages in which Kedar inhabited. In those days. We’ve already established that Kedar was Ishmael’s second born son. First: “Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice. so you see any tribe or clan that sprang from Kedar would be called Kedar or the people of Kedar.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice. because Isaiah would not have understood of whom God was referring. who was of the Quraish tribe was of an essence an offspring of Kedar. Ishmael’s second born. And lastly. We’ve already established that Muhammad was a direct descendant of Kedar. The Ishmaelites. let them shout from the top of the mountains. who were in fact. accurate and more than not. gave rise to. “The mighty men of the Children of Kedar. Israel. In Isaiah’s time there was not a people called Quraish. for his clan and tribe sprang up from the line of Kedar. An example would be the verse of Isaiah 21:17. because he is the prominent name amongst his progeny. likely. He is their progenitor. so a mention of Kedar as a reference to the Quraish tribe would be totally acceptable. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 71 . but it needs a little more clarification. also known as Edom. we will break it into two parts. of course.” Muhammad. where his descendants are called.e. after Jacob. after Ishmael. the Israelites are called. that Muhammad would rise amongst the people of Kedar. A few examples are: 1) 2) The Children of Israel. a township or a people would be called by their fore-father’s name or the most prominent member of their tribe.

we could say in truth.15). In Isaiah sixty. a stone which has been in Makkah since the time of Ishmael. cf. I would like to make mention here of the Midianites. ‘More Evidence that Demands a Verdict’. jdg. and By the Midianites who took him from the pit (Genesis: 37:28a. let them shout from the top of the mountains. which would direct us back to our before mentioned explanation that those referred to here. The first.5). Abraham’s son or we can say this is a name of which the Ishmaelites are also known.28b. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 72 . for there are others of which we will now examine to be fair and thorough in our thinking and in our final diagnosis. about the size of a basketball. we have in verse six. We can deduce from the context of the verse that it is meant.” We have mentioned this verse. by his wife Ke-tu-rah. 40:14. then it is the son of Midian. or part thereof. the mention of Midian and E’phah. his progeny. It is black. 45:4. the Quraish and to whom this prophet would be sent. the meaning is still intact and it still refers to the Arab nations in particular. and refer to the same group in whole or in part (cf. or in all likelihood. As for the second part of Isaiah 42:11: “Let the Inhabitants of the Rock sing. Whatever the case may be. that the name Midianite was synonymous with the name Ishmaelite. before in support of my theory that this is a verse concerning the people of whom possess the Black Stone. is that this could relate to the people of the Black Stone. cf. are the true Midianites and not the Ishmaelites. and therefore refers to them. As for the name E’phah mentioned. The truth is much simpler.36. 8:24)” (More Evidence that Demands a Verdict) With this being said. pages 142-143. of which we’ve spoken of. and is said to be a piece of a meteorite. the Midianites and also those of E’phah.4: “It is also often asserted that Genesis 37 contains parts of two irreconcilable accounts of how Joseph was sold into Egypt: A) B) By his brothers to the Ishmaelites and so into Egypt (Genesis: 37: 25. Abraham’s son. This is only one explanation. the terms Ishmaelites/Midianites overlap. as Josh McDowell states in his book.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il While we are discussing Kedar. First. of which we’ve explained thoroughly. I would like to state that Midian was of the sons of Abraham. but is also said in later times. that Isaiah 60:6 is pertaining to the Midians of whom inhabited Midian and the offspring of Midian.

or in other words. And all that they used to earn availed them not. The Wikipedia offers: “The new Arab invaders who soon pressed forward into their seats found the remnants of the Nabataeans transformed into-. the people of the Rock. it could be both. but they were adverse to them. On the similarity of sounds. They both inhabited the same area and they both dwelt in the mountains. The Nabateans also invented the North Arabic script that evolved into modern Arabic script. and by the fourth century they had converted to Christianity.peasants. it would lead them to believe they were true Arabs who came under Aramaic influence. It is thought by some that the Nabateans were originally Aramaean immigrants from Babylon into the land of Edom and thus. Their lands were divided between the new Byzantine Vassals Ghassanid Arabs and the Himyarite Vassals Knidite Arabs” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 73 . but the fact is that. (feeling themselves) secure. The Wikipedia Encyclopedia says about them: “The Nabataean origins remain obscure. for Neb-bai-oth was Ishmael’s firstborn son. One of these people were called the Nabateans and the other were called the people of Thamud.” (Qur’an: 15:80-84) In the above verse. people who live in dwellings carved out of rock. established a Nabatean kingdom. But historically. It is said that the people of the Rock in the Qur’an were the people of Thamud and the people of the Rock in the Bible were the Nabateans. By the third century the Nabateans stopped writing in Aramaic and begun to write in Greek instead. the dwellers of Al-Hijr (the rocky tract) denied the messengers. And they used to hew out dwellings from mountains. There are such a people also spoken of in the Qur’an: {81} ‫وﻟﻘﺪ آﺬب أﺻ َﺎب اﻟﺤﺠﺮ اﻟﻤﺮﺳِﻴﻦ }08{ َﺁﺗﻴ َﺎهﻢ ﺁ َﺎﺗ َﺎ ﻓ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻋﻨ َﺎ ﻣﻌﺮ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫و َ ْﻨ ُ ْ ﻳ ِﻨ َﻜ ﻧ ْ َ ْﻬ ُ ْ ِﺿ‬ َ ‫ََ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ َ ْﺤ ُ ِ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ َﻠ‬ ‫و َﺎ ُﻮا ﻳﻨﺤ ُﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠ َﺎل ﺑ ُﻮ ًﺎ ﺁﻣ ِﻴﻦ }28{ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﺗﻬﻢ اﻟ ﱠﻴﺤﺔ ﻣﺼﺒ ِﻴﻦ }38{ ﻓ َﺎ أﻏ َﻰ‬ ‫َﻤ َ ْﻨ‬ َ ‫َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ﺼ ْ َ ُ ُ ْ ِﺤ‬ َ ‫َآ ﻧ ْ َ ْ ِﺘ َ ِ َ ْ ِﺒ ِ ُﻴ ﺗ ِﻨ‬ {84} ‫ﻋﻨ ُﻢ ﱠﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻳﻜﺴ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ ْﻬ ﻣ آ ﻧ ْ َ ْ ِﺒ‬ “And verily. The Nabateans made their capital at Al-Khazneh in Petra (Rock). there were also a people who carved dwellings out of the side of mountains. but modern historians are cautious about an early Nabatean history. Syria. Their first definite appearance in the world was in 312 C. but others argue that from their inscriptions. it describes a people who dwelled in the sides of mountains. Jerome suggested a connection with the tribe Nebaioth mentioned in Genesis.” If this is true.E. then that would make the Nabateans the descendants of Ishmael. in which we examine their proper names. But a torment overtook them in the early morning. and parts of North Arabia. and therefore dubbed. or mountain. These people were located in the area known as Ash-Shams.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il The second is of a more literal sense in regards to being the people of the Rock. and we gave them our signs. or the area comprised of Canaan: Jordan.

that the Nabateans are “the Inhabitants of the Rock’.” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 74 . the other candidates we mentioned. one of their own brethren: He said: ‘O my people! worship Allah: ye have no other god but Him’ ‘And remember how He made you inheritors after the 'Ad people and gave you habitations in the land: ye build for yourselves palaces and castles in (open) plains. if we subscribe to this theory. were the “Inhabitants of the Rock”. would come to be the capital of the Muslim Nation within thirty years of the death of prophet Muhammad. then it would be accurate and acceptable. from 661 C. so bring to remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from Allah. Thamud. in fact.’” (Qur’an: 7: 73-74) The Wikipedia Encyclopedia describes them: “The Thamud (Arabic: ‫ )ﺛﻤﻮد‬were a people of ancient Arabia who were known from the 1st millennium BC to near the time of Muhammad.” In the Qur'an: ‫وإَﻰ ﺛ ُﻮد أ َﺎهﻢ َﺎﻟ ًﺎ َﺎل َﺎ ﻗﻮم اﻋﺒ ُوا اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻟ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ إَـﻪ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﻗﺪ َﺎءﺗ ُﻢ ﺑﻴﻨﺔ ﱢﻦ‬ ‫َِﻟ َﻤ َ َﺧ ُ ْ ﺻ ِﺤ ﻗ َ ﻳ َ ْ ِ ْ ُﺪ ْ ّ َ ﻣ َﻜ ﱢ ْ ِﻟ ٍ َ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ ﺟ ْﻜ َ ﱢ َ ٌ ﻣ‬ ‫ﱠﱢﻜﻢ َـﺬﻩ َﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺁﻳﺔ ﻓﺬ ُو َﺎ ﺗﺄآﻞ ﻓﻲ أرض اﻟﻠﻪ وﻻ ﺗﻤ ﱡﻮ َﺎ ﺑﺴﻮء ﻓﻴﺄﺧﺬآﻢ ﻋ َاب‬ ٌ ‫رﺑ ُ ْ ه ِ ِ ﻧ َ ُ ّ ِ َ ُ ْ َ ً َ َر ه َ ْ ُ ْ ِ َ ْ ِ ّ ِ َ َ َ َﺴ ه ِ ُ َ ٍ َ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َﺬ‬ {73} ‫أِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫َﻟ‬ ‫َاذآ ُوا إذ ﺟﻌﻠﻜﻢ ﺧﻠ َﺎء ِﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ َﺎد وﺑﻮأآﻢ ِﻲ اﻷرض ﺗﺘﺨ ُون ِﻦ ﺳ ُﻮﻟ َﺎ ﻗ ُﻮ ًا‬ ‫و ْ ُﺮ ْ ِ ْ َ ََ ُ ْ َُﻔ ﻣ َ ْ ِ ﻋ ٍ َ َ ﱠَ ُ ْ ﻓ َ ْ ِ َﱠ ِﺬ َ ﻣ ُﻬ ِﻬ ُﺼ ر‬ {74} ‫وﺗﻨﺤ ُﻮن اﻟﺠ َﺎل ﺑ ُﻮ ًﺎ َﺎذآ ُوا ﺁﻻء اﻟﻠﻪ وﻻ ﺗﻌﺜﻮْا ِﻲ اﻷرض ﻣﻔﺴ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ّ ِ َ َ َ ْ َ ﻓ َ ْ ِ ُ ْ ِﺪ‬ ْ ‫َ َ ْ ِﺘ َ ْ ِﺒ َ ُﻴ ﺗ ﻓ ْ ُﺮ‬ “To the Thamud people (We sent) Salih. then we still have a situation in which.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il If these people. Now. Arabic tradition has them moving north to settle on the slopes of Mount Athlab near Meda'in Saleh. for the area in question. Numerous Thamudic rock writings and pictures have been found on Mount Athlab and throughout central Arabia. Mu’awiyyah. are also known as the “people of the rocky tract”. until 750 C. and refrain from evil and mischief on the Earth. Although they are thought to have originated in southern Arabia.E. and Pliny.E. So. made his capital at Damascus and founded the ‘Umayyad dynasty which would rule for the next ninety years. They are referred to as "Tamudaei" in the writings of Aristo. that the “Inhabitants of The Rock” were of Arab descent and predestined to be Muslims. those who are spoken of were are Arabs of some sort and eventually succumbed to the superiority of Islam from that in which they had previously practiced. The Wikipedia says: “The oldest known reference to Thamud is a 715 BC inscription of the Assyrian king Sargon II which mentions them as being among the people of eastern and central Arabia subjugated by the Assyrians. Ptolemy. the fifth Muslim in line after Muhammad. but still in line with our facts. and carve out homes in the mountains.

Then. by their brethren. They were not wiped out simultaneously with (each ruling) dynasty. it reads: As-habul-hijr. and the Jazirah have long been in Arab possession. The coloring of (sedentary culture) established itself firmly. the Thamud.20[5] And our last possibility pertaining to identify “the Inhabitants of the Rock” is as follows: We’ve already stated that “the people of the rock” are mentioned in the Qur’an. The crafts became abundant and firmly rooted. so it could be said that this verse about “the Inhabitants of the Rock”. the Mudar came to power. Ibn Khaldun also mentions the Thamud several times in his great universal history al-Kitābu l-ibār ("Book of Evidence"). striped cloth. When the royal authority of 'Ad was wiped out.” —Muqaddimah Ch. but it is Hajar in Arabic. and they have become the specialty of that area. The root letters being H-JR. likewise. the rule of these areas has belonged to different (Arab) nations in succession. their brethren. the Amalekites and the Himyar after them. They have remained and have always renewed themselves down to this time. In Arabic. by the Adhwa'.21[4] “The Yemen. They also founded cities and towns (there) and promoted the development of sedentary culture and luxury to the highest degree. took over. 5. Ironically. 2. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 75 . In the Arabic. the Tubba's. They. Oman. Such (special Yemenite) crafts are embroidered fabrics. could also be also described as “the people of Hajar” (Hagar). were succeeded. The Himyar were succeeded by their brethren. who belonged to the Himyar. hijr means ‘rock’. the Amalekites. the Tubbas. but for thousands of years. and finely woven garments and silks. as we have stated. Some examples from the Muqaddimah ("Introduction"): “This can be illustrated by what happened among the nations. al-Bahrayn. The Amalekites were succeeded by their brethren.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il There is not much more secular record of the people of Thamud. Among such nations were the 'Ad and the Thamud. but only in passing. which means ‘rock’ likewise. There was a long period of royal authority and sedentary culture. in turn. They were succeeded. the name of Ishmael’s mother is Hagar in the Bible. seldom giving much information. but there are many traditions reported about Thamud: Ibn Khaldun “Historian and scholar.” —Muqaddimah Ch. and the other South Arabian rulers (Adhwa). the Himyar.

The people pointed out in these verses are as God said. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 76 . that this could not refer to the Israelites. There were however.” (Isaiah: 42:16-18) The above three verses describes how God is going to make these Gentiles see the error of their ways and He (God) will guide them to the straight path. Neither were the Israelites ignorant. They may have been disobedient. i. ye are our gods. And if we accept this theory as being “the Inhabitants of the Rock”. Hear. a second book could be written. a few instances in which they were guilty of idol worship.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This is the long shot of the explanations I have provided. for they were not idol worshippers in entirety. pagan Arabs. ye blind. and both Chronicles. Whatever conclusion we derive from this. that ye may see. “And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not. then it would be Ishmael’s descendants who would be implied and therefore the Arabs. 1st and 2nd Kings. that the Arabs are the one’s spoken of in Isaiah: 42:11. for which. but that is a whole other discussion. and look. and as an evidence I will suggest reading the books of the Bible. They shall be turned back. nor accepted wide spread. Islam. before the advent of God’s Mercy.e. 1st and 2nd Samuel. But it was not the norm. that trust in graven images. blind. This was an absolute description of the barbaric. I would like to emphasize here. He will make the blind see and the deaf hear. deaf and therefore chose idols as their deities. but not impossible and more than a coincidence. I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them. and not forsake them. ye deaf. they shall be greatly ashamed. that say to molten images. blind or deaf. Another example would be that of the worship of the golden calf. and crooked things straight. including the worship of Baal. These things will I do unto them. These books are full of the Israelites indulging in the disgusting act of idol worship. we have one consistency. He will make them realize how foolish they were to worship idols.

May Allah lead them to the light. Judg 5:6). and the grievousness of war. This prophecy can be explained in totality without breaking it down. there was not a verse proclaiming that Arabia was the intended region to which our prophet would arise. This prophecy is different. Now. for those who feel something is missing in their religious life. For thus hath the Lord said unto me. because unlike the other two afore mentioned prophecies recorded in Isaiah. forest. verse by verse. and then I will give my explanation and let you decide for yourself. See note on 13:1. I will actually quote from the King James Version of the Bible from their commentary on these verses and we will see how this event is interpreted. according to the years of an hireling. God of Israel hath spoken it. there are those who will not believe whether you explain to them in great detail or you do not explain to them at all. they fled from the swords. shall be diminished: For the Lord. but now we have. the mighty men of the children of Kedar. For. This prophecy is an actual historical event that occurred and is recorded in secular history. “The burden upon Arabia…” (Isaiah: 21:13) This is a significant verse. This book is not for them. The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty.” (Isaiah: 21:13-17) Right from the very start. God gives us the setting.C. this one is more specific. because it is one whole event that happened in real history in Arabia in the time of Muhammad.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Six: The burden upon Arabia “The burden upon Arabia. a smoking gun. This is for them. with regards to the exact region and the exact situation that was to unfold. back to the topic at hand. In the forest shall ye lodge.. The King James Bible says: “21:13. This book is for those who seek the truth. The Assyrians began to attack the Arabs in 732 B. and the Babylonians did the same under Nebuchadnezzar Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 77 . burden. life itself. The caravans had to hide from invaders (cf. they prevented with their bread him that fled. from the drawn sword and the bent bow. as it is said. and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of the archers. O traveling companies of De-danim. within a year. We still have those that would have the disease of doubt in their hearts and would need to be spoon fed the facts of every verse and then. and for that matter. for in preceding prophecies. namely Arabia.

the commentator on these verses did not even pay attention to what the verses said. it would be reckless. of what importance is the mention of Arabs and Kedar specifically. An oasis in northern Arabia about 400 miles southwest of Babylon (cf. obviously. Furthermore. Glory. but actually it twists what was said in Isaiah 21:15. sword…bow. if it is not a prophecy about the Arabs? Does God talk idly? The answer to that is. and from the drawn sword and from the bent bow. Nebuchadnezzar defeated the people of Kedar (Jer 49:28-29. Jer 2:10).” This is the King James Bible explanation.” This is not an explanation of Isaiah 21:15. 21:16. the book of Isaiah is filled with nothing. but I can see many problems here with this commentary and referenced verses: This explanation alludes to the assumption that this is a prophecy at all. by describing the events as indifferent to each other. The simple bows of the Arabs were ineffective against the swords and composite bows of Assyria. right? So. but prophecies and also isn’t this book in the works that is called “the Prophets”? So. Jer 25:23). before explaining them and my proof of that is the commentary on verse 21:15. and from the grievousness of war. cf. Kedar was known for its flocks (60:7. residue… shall be diminished. then I would tell those same people to read the whole book of Isaiah again to see that. 10:19. 21:15.23-24). hireling. nor does He talk to mankind without purpose. An Arabian tribe whose merchants activities are mentioned also in Ezek 27:20. The simple bows of the Arabs were ineffective against the swords of Assyria. I will start by saying that. See 16: and note. Job 6:19. this is the Bible. right? And Isaiah is a prophet. and if this satisfies the heart with you. And as I have explained. Cf. says: “21:15. Dedanim. Kedar. then fine. no. 21:14. In support of my view that this is a prophecy.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il (see Jer 25:17. 16:14. 17:6. God does not talk without reason. Let’s look at what it really says: “For they fled from the sword. this is one event and to assume otherwise would be incorrect. it is a prophecy and of much more importance than the commentators suggest. and in the case of scholarly work. 21:17. Tema. 38:13. Ezek 27:21).” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 78 . sword…bow. 16:14. And if there are those who say that this is not a prophecy. yes. The home of bedouin tribes in the Arabian Desert. it gives explanations that would break up this prophecy into separate parts. and to explain that. but only Isaiah recording events around him. See 14:11.

sharing half of everything they had with their new brothers. So. and the bent bow. and so they went with only the intention of visiting the House of God (the Ka’bah). the land of Tema. and remarkably close to the township known as Madinah. the drawn swords. it led to a battle that would shock the Quraish. The explanation that is given in the King James Bible is more of an assumption and could be said to be an intentional misrepresentation. it is not. They set out their caravans and were met with a warm welcome by the people of Yathrib. They carried the minimal of weapons. and the reputation of the Muslims preceding them. they decided to go forth. the poorly equipped. They (people of Yathrib) each took an immigrant from Makkah into their homes and became brothers. is the before mentioned commentary a just explanation? No.E. They (Makkans) sent representatives to Muhammad to make a deal and resulted in the treaty of Hudaibiyyah. They intended to defend against the Madinan pilgrims. In 630 C. Yathrib. the whole prophecy says nothing about the Assyrians at all. for the verse itself says. Now. but as they approached. The Makkans or Quraish. In fact. Tema was Ishmael’s ninth son (Genesis: 25:15). killing or taking prisoner one-hundred of their warriors. or before Islam. We’ve already come to indentify Muhammad as the prophet who would appear amongst the Children of Kedar. in which hostilities would cease for ten years.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il So. You see. and in the year 624 C. knowing that God would protect them. prevent them from entering Makkah. The Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 79 . forcing the Quraish to re-think their strategy. But. the Makkans raced out to meet them.E. may Allah help me. he ordered his companions to depart for Yathrib (Madinah). that they fled from the. but we’ve only touched the tip of the iceberg as to the significance of the people of Tema. it was not long before the Makkan hostilities would reach Madinah. and his descendants settled in northern Arabia. With only three-hundred and thirteen men. God mentions yet another son of Ishmael to be incorporated into the scheme of things. It does not however compare the Arab bows with the Assyrian swords. swords. and therefore. but a term of the treaty prevented them (Madinans) from making pilgrimage until the next year. after a plot to kill Muhammad came to light. armed and dangerous. to be more specific began performing raids against the outskirts of Madinah. the Muslims decided to head for Makkah to make the annual pilgrimage. in 622 C. because they had been persecuted for thirteen years and it was getting worse and more dangerous. or in other words. the Muslims of Makkah migrated to Madinah for fear of their lives. So. as they say. resulting in small clashes between the believers and the disbelieving Makkans. I will attempt to give the true and historically accurate explanation. And the ‘they’ in the verse are the people of the caravan fleeing from war. The subsequent battles would end similarly. which before had been denied to them.E. But now. Muslim fighters utterly humiliated the Quraish.

Muhammad ordered his companions to have each man light a camp fire to give the appearance of a much larger army. the treaty of Hudaibiyyah. When they arrived.E. they prevented their bread him that fled. if not including. for they fled with virtually nothing. it Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 80 . of course. and were met with hostility on the outskirts of Makkah. the disbelievers could not uphold their side of the bargain and attacked a tribe allied with the Muslims and killed a large amount of their people. Once Muhammad’s men posted up around the town. In the forest shall ye lodge. Madinah. Muhammad proceeded to the Ka’bah (House of God) and rid it of all three-hundred idols that it had contained for centuries.E. A couple of weeks later a force of over ten-thousand believers headed for Makkah. Needless to say. Arabia and this is describing when the prophet Muhammad and his companions would migrate to Madinah in caravans. killed. and the drawn sword. There were. Let’s walk through this just in the event that we missed something: “The burden upon Arabia. a few exceptions. and from the grievousness of war. but to Muhammad it was a viewed as a victory. and from the bent bow. In either case.” (Isaiah: 21:15) This interpretation could be twofold: 1) It could refer to when the Muslims initially migrated to Madinah under duress and threat of being persecuted or even worse. so the prophecy was fulfilled.” (Isaiah: 21:14) We’ve explained that the land of Tema was Northern Arabia in the area. as if ten-thousand men weren’t an overwhelming number in those days. resulting in a treaty of peace called. Or 2) It could refer to when the Muslims set out for pilgrimage in 631 C. This verse is describing when the Madinans took the Muslims into their homes and fed them and provided for them. The Makkans surrendered without incident. in 631 C. It is a no brainer that the Makkans surrendered. o traveling companies of Deda-nim. “The Inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Muslims returned to Madinah disappointed.” (Isaiah: 21:13) This is the region. but that is another story altogether. which was to last ten years. Almost all the transgressors were forgiven and given pardon. “For they fled from the sword. without a fight and God’s sanctuary was restored to its Eminence.

Ishmael’s ninth son and it is located in northern Arabia in close proximity to . and afterwards spent most of his life as their adversary and in exile. the Quraish were dealt a devastating loss and their credibility in Arabia greatly diminished. Tema. and at whose hands it would happen. to the dismay of all who opposed him. then Isaiah 21:16-17. the situation is as follows: Muhammad was of the Children of Kedar. refers to the conquest of Makkah and the destruction of their idols. as we have explained in the preceding verse. or after the treaty of Hudaibiyyah was broken by the pagan Quraish. the mighty men of the religion of Islam. Muhammad lived forty years among them prior to revelation. if not Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 81 . which in reality was the beginning of the end. and all the glory of Kedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of archers. Further clarification of verse sixteen and seventeen of Isaiah is needed. the mighty men of the Children of Kedar. non-existent. For centuries-these pagan Arabs had been living a barbaric way of life and with one man. demanded here: First. He lived in Madinah. All the mighty men of the Children of Kedar were now. or the conquest of the mother of all towns (Makkah).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il would be valid and accurate. it was a momentous event. I would now like to perform a quick review of facts: 1) Arabia is our setting. to whom it would happen. In the usage of the phrase “Children of Kedar”. Whichever occasion is referred to. would be either after the initial migration. for it was done without any fighting or much opposition whatsoever. shall be diminished: For the Lord God of Israel hath spoken it. either the Battle of Badr. On the other hand. but in the end. “For thus. 2) The land of Tema is obviously a land named after its founder.” (Isaiah: 2116-17) Now. When he conquered Makkah. In the last case. But even more monumental than the conquest of Makkah itself. was the conquest of the ideas that had prevailed. then Isaiah 21:16-17 would refer to the Battle of Badr in 624 C. God spoke the truth and brought it about where He said it would happen. God’s Will took over and after a long absence from Makkah. if what is intended is the migration. this was definitely the death blow. if not. he. if what is intended is the violation of the treaty of Hudaibiyyah. within a year. They were now. in which. for the Muslims had to flee from Makkah or else they would be engaged in combat. according to the years of a hireling.E. was victorious. hath the Lord said unto me. or “the land of Tema” for ten years. it is the Quraish who are the specific aim. this triumphant return. an end to a period of ignorance and a new beginning. God united them under the banner of Islam.

only to return and be victorious. May Allah release us from the pride in our hearts and enable us to accept the truth when is made plain. also Ishmael’s son. 3) Muhammad was of the Quraish tribe. Madinah.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il encompassing. were descended from Kedar. from his own people. from Makkah to Madinah. of whom. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 82 . 4) Muhammad migrated under duress. the town in which Muhammad migrated to and founded the first Islamic community.

and bring in little. saith the Lord of hosts. God said this at a time when the House of God was non-existent. O ye. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 83 . God conveys. in which the Israelites were allowed to return to Israel. “Is it time for you. and I will take pleasure in it. but there is none warm. and I will shake the Heavens. ye eat. earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes. and ye run every man unto his own house. The silver is mine.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Seven: Part One …And the desire of all nations shall come “For thus saith the Lord of hosts. and the Earth. I did blow upon it. and I will be glorified. it is a little while. because they hastened to rebuild their own dwellings. saith the Lord of hosts: And in this place will I give peace. after the temple of Solomon was destroyed by the Babylonians. saith the Lord. but ye have not enough. in previous verses that He is Angry with the Israelites.” (Haggai: 1:6) And: “Ye look for much. and he that earneth wages. and the gold is mine. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former. and when ye brought it home. and this house lie waste?” (Haggai: 1:4) So. but neglected to rebuild the most important house of all-God’s Temple. and bring wood. it came too little. This was after the captivity. Why? Saith the Lord of hosts. and the dry land. this is the reason all their earnings came to naught. yet once. and the desire of all nations shall come: And I will fill this house with glory. and lo. and the sea. saith the Lord of hosts.” (Haggai: 2:6-9) The above prophecy reveals to us that God is going to restore glory to His House. “Ye have sown much. so that He will be glorified: “Go up to the mountain.” (Haggai: 1:8) And then God tells them that. ye clothe you. saith the Lord of hosts. but are not filled with drink. to dwell in your cield houses. and build the house. He (God) told them to rebuild the temple. And I will shake all nations. ye drink. because of Mine House that is in waste.

and upon men. and upon the mountains. bright in its colour. after much discourse between God and Haggai.’ They said. ‘Now. for after they made the golden calf and worshipped it. having no other colour except bright yellow. ‘Do you make fun of us?’ He said. it is a cow neither too old. ‘He says. and Haggai and his people. And surely. they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it. It is a yellow cow. and upon the new wine. we will be guided.’ They said. Anyhow. if Allah Wills. ‘He says. ‘He says. Verily. And we can see this trend of selfishness throughout the Bible.” (Qur’an: 2:67-71) The point I am trying to make is that the Jews were known for their disobedience. it is a cow neither trained to till the soil.’ They said. the Heaven over you is stayed from dew.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Therefore. ‘Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us its colour. but (it is) between the two conditions. sound. Allah commands you that you slaughter a cow. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 84 . so do what you are commanded.’ He said. the Jews decided to comply with God’s command to build the temple once more. you have brought the truth. they were told by God to slaughter a cow.’ They said. ‘Call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is!’ He said. nor too young. and upon the corn. Verily. and the Earth is stayed from her fruit. And I have called a drought upon the land. and upon that which the ground bringeth forth. ‘I take Allah’s Refuge from being among the ignorant. and all the labour of the hands. all cows are alike. and for the testing the limits. pleasing to the beholders. ‘Call upon your Lord for us to make plain what it is. to us.’ They said.’ So. nor water the fields.’ He (Moses) said. and upon the oil. and upon cattle. and acted in the same manner. The story goes as follows: ‫وإذ َﺎل ُﻮ َﻰ ﻟﻘﻮﻣﻪ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺄﻣﺮآﻢ أن ﺗﺬﺑ ُﻮا ﺑﻘﺮة َﺎُﻮا أﺗﺘﺨﺬ َﺎ ه ُوا َﺎل أ ُﻮذ ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ أن‬ ْ َ ِ ّ ‫َِ ْ ﻗ َ ﻣ ﺳ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ﱠ ّ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َﺤ ْ َ َ َ ً ﻗ ﻟ ْ َ َ ﱠ ِ ُﻧ ُﺰ ً ﻗ َ َﻋ ُ ﺑ‬ {67} ‫أ ُﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟ َﺎهِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫َآ َ ِ َ ْﺠ ِﻠ‬ ‫َﺎُﻮا ادع ﻟ َﺎ رﺑﻚ ﻳﺒ ﱢﻦ ﻟ َﺎ َﺎ هﻲ َﺎل إﱠﻪ ﻳ ُﻮل إﻧ َﺎ ﺑﻘﺮة ﻻ َﺎرض وﻻ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻋ َان ﺑﻴﻦ ذﻟﻚ‬ َ َِ َ ْ َ ٌ ‫ﻗ ﻟ ْ ْ ُ َﻨ َﱠ َ ُ َﻴ ّﻨ ﻣ ِ َ ﻗ َ ِﻧ ُ َﻘ ُ ِ ﱠﻬ َ َ َ ٌ ﱠ ﻓ ِ ٌ َ َ ِ ْ ٌ َﻮ‬ {68} ‫َﺎﻓﻌُﻮا َﺎ ﺗﺆ َﺮون‬ َ ‫ﻓ ْ َﻠ ْ ﻣ ُ ْﻣ‬ ‫َﺎُﻮا ادع ﻟ َﺎ رﺑﻚ ﻳﺒ ﱢﻦ ﻟ َﺎ َﺎ ﻟﻮﻧ َﺎ َﺎل إﱠﻪ ﻳ ُﻮل إﻧ َﺎ ﺑﻘﺮة ﺻﻔ َاء َﺎ ِـﻊ ﻟﻮﻧ َﺎ ﺗﺴ ﱡ اﻟﱠﺎﻇ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻗ ﻟ ْ ْ ُ َﻨ َﱠ َ ُ َﻴ ﱠﻨ ﻣ َ ْ ُﻬ ﻗ َ ِﻧ ُ َﻘ ُ ِ ّﻬ َ َ َ ٌ َ ْﺮ ﻓ ﻗ ٌ ﱠ ْ ُﻬ َ ُﺮ ﻨ ِﺮ‬ {69} {70} ‫َﺎُﻮا ادع ﻟ َﺎ رﺑﻚ ﻳﺒ ﱢﻦ ﻟ َﺎ َﺎ هﻲ إن اﻟﺒﻘﺮ ﺗ َﺎﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ وإﱠﺎ ِن َﺎء اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻤﻬﺘ ُون‬ َ ‫ﻗ ﻟ ْ ْ ُ َﻨ َﱠ َ ُ َﻴ ﱠﻨ ﻣ ِ َ ِ ﱠ َ َ َ َﺸ َ َ ََ ْﻨ َِﻧ إ ﺷ ﱠ ُ َ ُ ْ َﺪ‬ ‫َﺎل إﱠﻪ ﻳ ُﻮل إﻧ َﺎ ﺑﻘﺮة ﻻ ذُﻮل ﺗ ِﻴﺮ اﻷرض وﻻ ﺗﺴ ِﻲ اﻟﺤﺮث ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﻻ ﺷﻴﺔ ِﻴ َﺎ َﺎُﻮا اﻵن‬ َ ْ ‫ﻗ َ ِﻧ ُ َﻘ ُ ِﱠﻬ َ َ َ ٌ ﱠ َﻟ ٌ ُﺜ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ َ ْﻘ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َﱠ َ ٌ ﱠ ِ َ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﻗ ﻟ‬ {71} ‫ﺟﺌﺖ ِﺎﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﺬﺑ ُﻮ َﺎ و َﺎ َﺎ ُوا ﻳﻔﻌُﻮن‬ َ ‫ِ ْ َ ﺑ ْ َ ﱢ َ َ َﺤ ه َﻣ آ د ْ َ ْ َﻠ‬ “And (remember) when Moses said to his people: ‘Verily.” (Haggai: 1:9-11) But this is the type of neglect that the Children of Israel were accustom to displaying.

God. and the Jews rebuilt it by 515 B. in which the Greeks carved up amongst themselves. the Seleucids held Palestine until the Romans invaded. but the only recorded historical events that occurred between the building of the temple and its destruction are: The transition of power from the Persians to Alexander the Great and the Macedonian Greeks. 585 years later? This command to rebuild the temple came to Haggai. and I will shake the Heavens. it would seem that the prophecy in question would be referring to the temple that the Jews were rebuilding. During this period of Greek rule. he assassinated a high priest of the Jews named Onias the third. His aim was to turn the Jews into Greeks. If this is referring to the temple of Zerrubbabel built beginning in 536 B.C. what event had occurred between the rebuilding of the temple and it’s destruction at the hands of the Roman’s. two dynasties of Greeks.C. a king of the Seleucid dynasty arose to the throne. “Then said the Jews. rebuilt in 20 B.C. and the dry land.” (Matthew: 24:1-2) So. Jesus had arrived on the scene. I say unto you. yet once. before the greater. and all that they contain. ‘See ye not all these things? Verily. He basically suppressed the act of being Jewish. forty and six years was this temple in building…” (John: 2:20) And by the time.C. he’s been dubbed. then we have to asked the question. and then the renovation by Herod took forty-six years to build. and the Earth. he prohibited the daily sacrifice of the Jews in the temple. it is a little while. This is known as Hellenization. between 334 and 330 B. Thereafter. the lesser Anti-Christ. “And Jesus went out. but let’s let the facts speak for themselves. and departed from the temple: And his disciples came to him for to shew him the building of the temple. violent and vulgar. but as we examine each and every verse.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Now. In 175 B. “For thus saith saith the Lord of hosts. He was Antiochus the Forth Epiphanes. or even the improved temple of Herod. Earth. And Jesus said unto them. the Ptolemies and the Seleucids continued to dispute over the land. we will see that it is not so. and completed in 515 B.C. between a five-hundred and eighty-six year period. He Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 85 . what happened that can be described as a shaking of the Heavens and the Earth? Surely.C. if it was of the magnitude proclaimed by God. until Seleucus the second was given the thrown. he was already predicting its destruction.C. and the sea.” (Haggai: 2:6) Here. with emphasis. then it should be of some historical value. states that He will shake the Heavens. He was so oppressive. after Alexander’s death in 323 B. called Palestine. During his reign. there shall not be left here one stone upon another that shall not be thrown down.

I will bring disaster upon them at a time fixed for their punishment. Surely. presented itself in the year 63 B. it is a little while. Surely.its wilderness pastures are dried up. and it lies under a curse. But the most horrific action came in 167 B. yet once. and there they will fall. And I will shake all nations. The land itself is mourning. this could not be what God meant when He uttered the words: “For thus saith the Lord of hosts.” (Jeremiah: 23:9-12) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 86 . and the dry land. it was at their hands.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il executed thousands of Jews who defied him. this is not what God meant. “For the land is full of adultery. saith the Lord of hosts. until it’s destruction. And before that. What is ironic is that when the temple was destroyed by the Babylonians. Even the priests and the prophets are ungodly. looted. more times than not. the temple was defiled. they were subjected to the rule of foreigners. Therefore. wicked men. give or take a few years. he ordered that sacrifices to Greek deities be performed in all Judean cities. I have seen their despicable acts right here in My own Temple. They will be chased through the dark. Most definitely. and defiled the alter.” (Haggai: 2:6-7) To be honest.C. the paths they take will become slippery. Needless to say.C. when the Romans supplanted the Greeks as Israel’s new rulers. when he erected an alter to Zeus inside the temple and offered it swine! Thereafter. and finally. in which Jesus would be “crucified”. once more destroyed. The book of Maccabees are full of references to the persecution under Antiochus the forth Epiphanes. it was a punishment from God for their crimes of turning towards the worship of idols and defiling the temple themselves.” (Haggai: 2:7) The next historical event. says the Lord. For. since the rebuilding of the temple. there had only been small periods of peace in Israel and for the most part. saith the Lord of hosts. this was not what God intended when He said: “And I will shake all nations. the Lord have spoken. Jeremiah: 23:9-12 describes the situation before the people of Judah were taken captive by the Babylonians. He looted the temple. and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory. For all they do is evil and abuse what power they have. and during the foreign rule. John the Baptist was beheaded. and I will shake the Heavens and the Earth. approximately ninety-five years later. I. and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with Glory. and the sea.

Daniel: 1:2.C. the fatherless. if ye thoroughly amend your ways and your doings. and say. make not my father’s house an house of merchandise. nothing had changed. the people of Israel. neither walks after other gods to your hurt. we are delivered to do all these abominations?” (Jeremiah: 7:5-10) You see. and poured out the changers’ money. forever and ever. So. if ye oppress not the stranger. and commit adultery. just as I did your relatives. and shed not innocent blood in this place. The Lord gave him victory over king Jehoiakim of Judah and permitted him to take some of the sacred objects of the temple of God. and as a result of the iniquities of Judah. and the changers of money sitting: And when he had made a scourge of small cords. ‘take these things from hence. and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. for we have Jesus denouncing the priests of his time also: “And the Jews’ Passover was at hand. in the land that I gave your fathers. The reason I present this evidence above is to make the point that. ye trust in lying words that cannot profit. if ye thoroughly execute judgment between man and his neighbor. God allowed the temple to be destroyed by the Babylonians. And I will send you out of My Sight into exile. which is called by My Name. and found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves.’” (John: 2:13-16) And we have to remember. Behold. and overthrew the tables. The rebuilt temple in which.” (Daniel: 1:2) This occurred in 605 B.” (Jeremiah: 7:14-15) And why did God say this? “For. and the oxen. he drove them all out of the temple. and the widow. and swear falsely. due to their own transgressions. of which Jesus was speaking. all the way up to the time of Jesus. was the house mentioned in Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 87 . Nebuchadnezzar took them back to the land of Babylonia and placed them in the treasure house of his own god. king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. Then. murder. and walk after other gods whom ye know not. and said unto them that sold the doves. and the sheep. says: “In the third year of the king Jehoiakim’s reign in Judah. and come and stand before Me in this house. that this was the new temple.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And also: “So. most would say. Will ye steal. this place that I gave to you and your ancestors. I will now destroy this temple that bears My Name. just as I destroyed Shiloh. will I cause you to dwell in this place. and burn incense unto Baal. this temple that you trust in for help.

E. that it was a golden era for the temple of Jerusalem.e. to 70 C. by the Romans. to 70 C. about a multitude of different transgressions. The Romans destroyed the temple in 70 C. and ever since. Most assuredly. this could not be what God had meant.E. just so our facts are fresh in our minds. i. and it’s destruction in 70 C.E. Surely. the Jews were subjects of a foreign empire. Antiochus the forth Epiphanes. and as a result of the outbursts similar to this. there has been no temple for the Jews. i. as in erecting an alter of Zeus in the temple and thereafter. another prophet of God. from 63 B. we cannot say with a good conscience. In this period. in which gave rise to the “lesser Anti-Christ”. He defiled the alter of God. in 515 B. Jesus.e. offering it swine. who persecuted the Jews in an attempt to Hellenize them. and after contemplating on this period of Jewish history. 515 B. and performed the most sacrilegious actions. that the temple of God would be destroyed indefinitely.C. this time period was plagued by an abundance of sorrowful events: 1) The transition of power from the Persians to the Greeks. Now. when He said: “The glory of this latter house shall be greater than the former. the priest of Israel sought to kill him (Jesus). they (Jews) defiled their own temple and convicted and sentenced an innocent man to death by crucifixion. the Romans overtook the Greeks.E. and again. it would be in the year 70 C. 2) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 88 .Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Haggai: 2:7.” (Haggai: 2:9) After the supposed “cruci-fiction” of Jesus. were more tribulations for the Jews to endure.C. Next. when He said: “And the desire of all nations shall come…” (Haggai: 2:7) These are the facts as they are.E. Also of significance was the beheading of John the Baptist. During the period of the temple being rebuilt. let us recap on Chapter seven before moving on to chapter eight. this is not what God meant.C. This time.

In this verse. hamada. thus saith the Lord of hosts. let us examine the prophecy of Haggai in a different light: “For. and I will shake the Heavens. What is this desire? It is not referring to the rebuilt temple. i. that which is desirable Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 89 . “And I will shake all nations. The word in question. He will send the desire of all these nations. and the Earth. The Strong’s Concordance has this to offer on the word “desired” with regard to Haggai: 2:7: Lexicon Results for chemdah (Strong's H2532) Hebrew for H2532 ‫הדמח‬ Transliteration chemdah Part of Speech adjective feminine noun TWOT Reference 673b Pronunciation khem·dä' (Key) Root Word (Etymology) from H2531 Outline of Biblical Usage nf 1) Desire. God is saying that after He shakes up all nations. not that far off from the time this prophecy was revealed. God was going to bring into existence some event of gigantic magnitude. for each word in Hebrew or Arabic are so pregnant with meaning. to desire and other meanings. in which everything in Heaven and Earth would be affected. and the desired of all nations shall come:” (Haggai: 2:7) This is only part of verse seven. as one would suppose. yet once.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Eight: Part Two And in this place will I give peace Now. but needs to be thoroughly explained before moving on.e. and the dry land. which means to praise or he praises. and the sea. that it is hard to accurately render their meaning in English. desired.” (Haggai: 2:6) This explains to us that. it is a little while. which comes from the root word. in the original Hebrew is hamd.

For example. Hebrew. For example. The root l. Sometimes certain roots differ in meaning from one Semitic language to another.but in Arabic by the roots -r-f and -l-m and in Ethiosemitic by the root -w-q and f-l. beloved 3. and Arabic are related and have an abundance of words that they share. just as in Maltese bajda means "white" (f. hamada is also the root word for the words: Ahmad.) and also "egg". Mahmoud and as you could have guessed. adjectives.in Arabic has the meaning of "white" as well as "egg". "knowledge" is represented in Hebrew by the root y-d. The root l-b-n means "milk" in Arabic. Due to the Semitic languages' common origin. but "bread" in Hebrew and "cow" in Ethiosemitic languages. and/or adding prefixes. Muhammad in Arabic. Of course. bētu šalāmlišānmû (root lē (ā ) lebb-o libb beyt-o bet salām. they share many words and roots in common. and verbs are formed in various ways: e. there is sometimes no relation between the roots. suffixes. whereas in Hebrew it only means "egg". the root b-y.māy maym Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 90 .šālôm lisānmā lāšôn máyim shlomsalām salem o leššānlissān lshen o mayy.. but the color "white" in Hebrew. Linguistically. back to ‘the desired’. All Semitic languages exhibit a unique pattern of stems consisting typically of "triliteral". English father heart house peace tongue water ProtoSemitic * ab*lib(a)bbayt*šalām*lišān/*lašān*may- Akkadian Mehri a-yb ab- Arabic Hebrew Syriac Ge'ez Phoenician ablubbbaytā báyi . bêt səlōm əwšēn ə-mō bītu. bê ab-ā ab ablib bet a-wbēb libbbeyt. Aramaic. or 3-consonant consonantal roots (2.g. precious Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 25 AV — pleasant 12. from which nouns. and "metropolis" in Amharic. or words that derive from one another. the original meaning was most probably "food". desire 4. goodly 2. by inserting vowels. but in Modern Hebrew it means "state".Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il adj 2) Pleasant. sing.and 4-consonant roots also exist). or infixes. The word madinah (root: m-d-n) has the meaning of "city" in Arabic.-m means "meat" in Arabic. doubling consonants. The word. precious 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In Arabic it is Hamda and in Hebrew it is Khamda But.

what glory filled the house? What great event happened that can be paralleled to ‘the shaking of the Heavens.C. and therefore. he answered and said. I am not sent. we could say. i. because Jesus was. Jesus would have to appear and then. and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not. Jesus was not the “desire of all nations”. to fulfill this prophecy.” (Matthew: 15:24) And: “Go not into the way of the Gentiles. but in the context of this verse. as we’ve shown previously. Earth. no matter how hard we try to fit him into the mold. not the temple.E. or in other words. the whole world besides the Israelites. in essence: “And I will shake all nations and Muhammad shall come to all nations. then I ask the question again. Muhammad.” (Matthew: 10:5-6) So. and the nations of the Earth?” What “desire” came into existence that all the nations of the Earth were anticipating? Surely.” The word hamada becomes Muhammad by the application of the prefix Mu. saith the Lord of hosts. cannot be filled with glory until the desire of all nations has come. for the pagans and the idol worshippers. and thus. But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. then the house of God would be filled with glory. and around the temple. What about Jesus? Could he be the “desire of all nations?” the answer is no. at the time of Jesus. this last part of verse 2:7. but as we’ve pointed out earlier. between 515 B. a name. and for that matter.” (Haggai: 2:7) You see. it is the intended meaning. “And I will fill this house with glory. necessitates that the first part be fulfilled before the last part can come to a head. sent unto “the lost sheep of the house of Israel”: “But. there were all types of atrocities going on in.e. could care less about the temple in Judah. Furthermore. you see. this house spoken of. and 70 C. is credited with being a proper noun. but unto the lost sheep of Israel. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 91 .Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il /*māy- *mā-/*māy) ā So. Some opponents would say that this is a long shot. If we say that this “desired” is pertaining to the rebuilt temple. it is not only acceptable.

not the Israelites! Is this not shocking? Are you not shocked or overwhelmed by emotions you cannot explain? But you don’t have to explain what you are feeling. And I am the last of the prophets. Allah addresses mankind. And the truth is. in being the Just God that He is. but he will be from the dwellers of the Fire.” (Haggai: 2:6-7) Does this not parallel your feelings inside? “And the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory. we have to search for alternatives. it is a little while. nothing can be singled out to prove that God’s temple was glorious. which with a pure heart. would come to desire. and I will shake all nations.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Jesus denounced their transgressions inside the temple. and the Earth.” (Sahih Muslim. which means God was going to do something that would shock the world. saith the Lord of hosts. if we believe. He was going to bring forth the chosen one.” (Haggai: 2:7) We’ve explained whom the desire of all nations is. The prophet Muhammad has been recorded as having said: “My example and that of those prophets who preceded me is like a man who built a house. He made it beautiful and decorated it. between Jesus and the destruction of the temple. and from amongst the Ishmaelites. I would like to add that. and the sea. and the dry land. will lead us to the truth. The book of faith. more times than not. God already said it for you when He said: “For thus saith the Lord of hosts. but did not commence to restore it to glory. send the last chance to all mankind? Prophet Muhammad also said: “By Him (Allah) whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is. People began going around. there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians who hears about me and then dies without believing in the message with which I have been sent. in the Qur’an: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 92 . VOL. let alone the statement that it would be greater than the former. it is the temple rebuilt intended in Haggai: 2:7. that God was going to shake up the Heavens and the Earth and all the nations. admiring the structure and remarking: ‘Why didn’t he place a brick in here too?’ Lo! I am that brick. So. yet once. from here. but let’s explain why. And. whom every nation indeed.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari) Do you see? Prophet Muhammad is the last prophet! And wouldn’t God. but for a brick-space that was left vacant at a corner. hadith NO. 240) This is self explanatory. and I will shake the Heavens. 1. not just Muslims.

Muhammad was “the desire of all nations”. but the single country that takes the cake. and I’ve heard the arguments that. When the “desire of all nations” (Muhammad) came. but between the time of Ishmael and Muhammad. that this house in Makkah is the third house. God will fill His House with glory.” (Qur’an: 4:1) So. Ishmael. This tradition goes back to the time of Abraham and his son. 18% of those are to hail from the Arab world. they kiss the Black Stone. the pagan Arabs had corrupted and defiled the Ka’bah by placing hundreds of idols inside and circumambulating the House of God while being naked. saith the Lord of hosts. the desire of all nations! “And I will fill this house with glory. it could be said.” (Haggai: 2:7) You see. Is this not glorifying the House of God? Who can claim a number of two-million pilgrims each year to their holy places? Is this not glorifying the House of God? Is the worshipping of millions of people bowing and prostrating in a purified state. and prohibited the pagans or non-Muslims from even entering the Ka’bah.4 billion Muslims in the world. it would seem that “the desire of all nations” was exactly that. where the Ka’bah is housed. as Allah has described to us in the Qur’an. So. most of which. are Muslim. and Africa also counting for a substantial amount of the number of Muslims. after the “desire’ comes. for they are the ones who raised the foundation of the Ka’bah. This verse is speaking of Al-Masjidul-Haram in Makkah. anything other than glorifying God’s house? For the sake of argument. prohibited the circumambulating of the Ka’bah naked. so they can save themselves from a fire whose fuel is men and stones. is Indonesia. It is by far the largest Muslim country. the majority of Muslims are east of the Arab world. he took back the House of God from the idol worshippers. Haggai: 2:9 Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 93 . I would like to point out that today there are approximately 1. in reality. as they say.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il ‫َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﻨﺎس اﺗ ُﻮا ر ﱠﻜﻢ‬ ُ ُ ‫ﻳ َﱡﻬ ﱠ ُ ﱠﻘ ْ َﺑ‬ “O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord. which is inside the Ka’bah. With that being said. of which has two-hundred and twenty-million people. They pray inside and worship. This house of God accommodates around two-million people every year who come for pilgrimage. because of the two temples preceding it (counting the temple of Zerrubbabel and the renovated version by king Herod as one).

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il implies that the second temple would be greater than the first temple. will be better than the one preceding it. for that was the focal point of God being worshipped. full of blessing. i. To substantiate our view. There are no actual numbers given. and therefore it is identified by some Muslims with the city of Mecca. And in support of that. This means it could be a valley through which the pilgrims passed during Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 94 . Allah says in the Qur’an: ‫إن أول ﺑﻴﺖ وﺿﻊ ِﻠﱠﺎس ﻟﻠ ِي ﺑﺒﻜﺔ ﻣ َﺎر ًﺎ وه ًى ﻟﻠ َﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ِ ﱠ َ ﱠ َ َ ْ ٍ ُ ِ َ ﻟ ﻨ ِ َﱠﺬ ِ َ ﱠ َ ُﺒ َآ َ ُﺪ ﱢ ْﻌ َﻤ‬ “Verily. predates the temple of Solomon. for the rest of world at that time. or perhaps mastic shrubs. (both of which grow in dry places). worshipped false deities. the one that comes next. or the Kingdom of God. the first house (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah). I reply that: 1) The exact rendering of Haggai: 2:9 is: “The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former.” (Qur’an: 3:97) A few points worth emphasizing are: 1) It is a well known fact that Makkah used to be called Bakkah.” This means. And with the transition of prophet hood. 2) This verse of Haggai: 2:9 is in fact an allegory statement.e. which would make the temple of Solomon. I will site a few references: “Bakkah (Arabic: ‫ )ﺑﻜﺔ‬is a place mentioned in surah 3:96 of the Qur'an. whosoever enters it.)בך‬ The Hebrew Baca can be translated either as "weeping" or "balsam trees". Others also identify it with the Biblical "valley of Baca" from Psalm 84 (Hebrew: ‫. for those who are not aware of this fact. It is said to be the site of the first mosque. as the Ka’bah was built by Abraham and Ishmael and therefore.” (Qur’an: 3:96) And He goes on to say: ‫ِﻴﻪ ﺁ َﺎت ﺑﱢـ َﺎت ﻣ َﺎم إﺑ َا ِﻴﻢ و َﻦ دﺧﻠﻪ َﺎن ﺁﻣ ًﺎ وﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ اﻟﱠﺎس ﺣﺞ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ اﺳﺘ َﺎع‬ َ ‫ﻓ ِ ﻳ ٌ َﻴ ﻨ ٌ ﱠﻘ ُ ِ ْﺮ ه َ َﻣ َ ََ ُ آ َ ِﻨ َِّ ِ َﻠ ﻨ ِ ِ ﱡ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ِ ْ َﻄ‬ {97} ‫إﻟﻴﻪ ﺳ ِﻴﻼ و َﻦ آﻔﺮ ﻓﺈن اﷲ ﻏﻨﻲ ﻋﻦ اﻟ َﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫َ ِ ﱞ َ ِ ْﻌ َﻤ‬ ‫َِ ْ ِ َﺒ ً َﻣ َ َ َ َ ِ ﱠ‬ “In it are manifest signs (for example). the place of Abraham. the Ka’bah in Makkah. is that the temple of Solomon and its restoration are the “former” house. and to this. The meaning intended to be conveyed here. and a guidance for mankind and Jinn. I will present a few evidences from the Bible and the Qur’an: First. the transition from the “former house” to the “latter house”. he attains security. And pilgrimage to the house (Ka’bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah. number two and the restoration. number three. also commenced.

This does little. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 95 . as it is described as the location of the first mosque. Writer Christoph Luxenberg. Since no other explanation for "bibakkata" in the verse seemed possible. in his work Die syro-aramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache ("The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Qur'an: A Contribution to Deciphering the Language of the Qur'an"). According to the Muslims Adam was the first prophet and the first Muslim (First person to believe and worship One God alone without any partners). Abraham for the Muslims is a prophet. and does not refer to the literal city of Mecca at all. and a home to Abraham. and a Muslim not a Jew (For him to be a Jew. then God has no need of the worlds. Arguments against the identification of Bakkah with Mecca As the alternative name is not used anywhere else. the passage may be emphasizing the similarities of the religions and their abstract concepts of God and holiness (Something they did not share with religions that accepted idols and personal or local gods). built the Kabba with his son Ishmael. who. he would have to have come after the tribe of Judah they say). Many translations simply render Bakkah as Mecca. west of Meroth. He notes that the change from initial B to initial M which should have produced Makkah (Mecca) from Bakkah is not standard in Arabic. so the change is not explained. however. according to the Torah was the a person to believe and worship One God. such as Wadi al-Bakkah in the Sinai. And whoever enters it will be secure.. referring to the fact that even the dry deserts of the Middle-east through which the pilgrims pass are reason for joy as they near their destination. there is some doubt that Bakkah and Mecca are the same city. And whoever rejects. with Bakkah apparently being another name for Mecca (Arabic "Makkah")." Luxemberg's version of the text could with little extrapolation be interpreted to mean that the first House of God is a sacred place. or it could be figurative. and a guidance for the worlds. Bakkah and Mecca Surah 3:96-97 The first Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakkah. it understood as "bi-Bakkata". blessed. and Bakkah on the wadi in the central Galilee area. looks for a Text-critical explanation for the name discrepancy. according to the Qur'an. and that the passage therefore reads "the first house established for the people was that at Mecca [bibakkata]. This fits the passage well in context: Sura 3:96 preaches to Jews. "Inna awwala baytin wudi`a li-n-nâsi lalladhî bibakkata mubârakan wa-hudan li-l`alamîna. Under Luxemberg's interpretation. a messenger. It may because the widely accepted reading of Surah 3:96. saying that God has revealed to Muhammad the true religion of Abraham. and a guidance to all beings. and the passage is cryptic if they are not the same city. the use of "Bakkah" could mean any similar area. to explain the use of the Bakkah when the verse is in context. Arguments for the identification of Bakkah with Mecca Bakkah is thought to be an older name for Mecca. which Islam teaches to be the Kaaba.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il their journey on their way to the temple at Jerusalem (Zion in the psalm). In it are clear signs: the place of Abraham. whoever can make a path to it. segregated (fenced in) from the profane. And God is owed from the people to make Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary." is inaccurate. like Moses and Noah before him. a place holy. Some say that because "Bakkah" is a word often found in names related to rivers and wadis.

and the possible double pronunciation (Bakkah/Tayyakahu). while Mecca is the name of the city that grew around it. Selah. I would also like to point out and make clear.shia are a sect that did not exist at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) 2) That. Who passing through the valley of Baca. A hadith attributed to Imam Jafar ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq(sixth Imam of the Shi'a*) states that Bakkah is the name of the land where the Kaaba was built. verse 5.” (Psalms: 84:4-6) I would like to point out that in other translations of the Bible. and the abstract realm of Godliness separated for the profane world. pilgrimage is an obligation on every person. • . Abundant Life Bible) The translation above makes it clear that these people talked of. in whose heart are the ways of them. the rain also filleth the pools. “Who have set their minds on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.” (Qur’an: 3:97) So. assumed it meant a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. It is also possible that the word intentionally has a double-meaning (Mecca/Holiness). for Allah said: ‫وﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ اﻟﱠﺎس ﺣﺞ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ِ ْ َ ْ ‫َِّ ِ َﻠ ﻨ ِ ِ ﱡ‬ “…A duty that mankind owes to Allah. This would make more sense than either single interpretation as the passage is meant for proselytizing. 3) And that. when making the translation. by now you might be thinking. talks of pilgrimage. which could explain why "The segregated" is used instead of directly referring to it as Mecca. The word Jerusalem does not occur in this verse. the house at “Bakkah” was the first house. both referring to the literal city of Mecca. that the translator of this verse. Blessed is the man whose strength is in Thee.” (Psalms: 84:5. The city is restricted to Non-Muslims. neither does it present itself anywhere in Psalm 84. make it a well. The information we obtain from this translation is the mention of pilgrimage. “So what? What is this Bakkah and of what importance is it to me?” let’s find out: “Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will still be praising Thee.” (Psalm: 84:5) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 96 .Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This does not show that Bakkah CANNOT be Mecca. wished to make pilgrimage. And also in the NKJV Bible: “Whose heart is set on pilgrimage.

that Hebrew and Arabic are not a language that uses an English alphabet and therefore. Another example is. and also Makkah as Mecca. for there are still some who would call this a coincidence. But. without a doubt. Bakkah. most non-Muslims spell the name of Madinah as Medinah. other than the name. for there is no ‘P’ in the Arabic language. Makkah. The Wikipedia Encyclopedia says: Baca and Bakkah Psalm 84:5-7 Blessed are those whose strength is in you. Whatever the case may be. it still conveys the same meaning and therefore. Baca and Bakkah. Egypt=Al-Misr. we have to understand. we can see that this spelling is more closely related to the Arabic spelling in the Qur’an. that we’ve made the connection between Baca and Bakkah. And the name. and person and no one will dispute that. Does every slightly different spelling refer to different person. Muhammad? Of course. when words are transliterated into English could be spelled a multitude of different ways.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il So. In Arabic. Some examples are: • • • In Arabic. In the Jewish Encyclopedia. Mohammed. Now. similar or derive from each other. the results are the same and sound exact. we shall look at the other indications that Baca and Bakkah are the same place. and to them I say. it is the same name. and one that I cannot imagine how they came up with. or even Becca. Palestinians are called Filistines. when spoken. In either case. where is Baca? It is the same as Bakkah in the Qur’an. who have set their hearts on pilgrimage. the same place. As we’ve shown earlier. or is he the one and the same. Egyptians say they live in Al-Misr. or in other words. Hebrew and Arabic are sister languages and have a lot of words that are the same. Also. Keep reading. Mohamat. Muhammad has been written. sound the same and would be thought to be the same place. so whether we spell the word Baca. Another problem that needs to be brought to light is that English has a tendency to call names and places by other than what their own people call themselves or their countries. it is written: ‘emeq habakka’ (valley of Baca). Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 97 . we can say that the people passing through “the valley of Baca”. were on their way to perform pilgrimage. and from this translation. Muhammad.

in which the pilgrims to the House of God get to drink from.” (Psalm: 84:4). they make it a place of springs. there is no Biblical reason to believe Mecca is the same as Zion for Non-Muslims. the verses I used. it was a privilege to be the one chosen to maintain the Zam-Zam and serve the pilgrims as they passed through. ‫وﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ اﻟﱠﺎس ﺣﺞ اﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬ ِ ْ َ ْ ‫َِّ ِ َﻠ ﻨ ِ ِ ﱡ‬ “And pilgrimage to the house is a duty that mankind owes to Allah. who do not equate holiness with Islam. and 60:16-18. They are two different places. make it a well. which describes its prosperity. it states that in the valley of Baca. it says: “Who have set their hearts on pilgrimage. Zion is identified as Jerusalem many times in the Bible. several of which.” (Wikipedia Encyclopedia) Now. Arguments against the identification of Baca with Mecca Baca and Mecca are two different places. Jews and Christians. Biblical Baca is located by the Mediterranean sea in ancient Israel while Mecca is located in Saudi Arabia by Red sea. If Bakkah is Mecca.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il As they pass through the Valley of Baca. we are not finished yet. As they pass through the valley of Baca. there is still the matter of the latter part of verse 6: “Who passing through the valley of Baca.” (Psalms: 84:6) Here. several passages provide descriptions of Zion.” (Qur’an: 3:97) And in Psalm 84. is a well there that has not run dry since it was first made. till each appears before God in Zion. Also. then in accordance with Muslim beliefs that Mecca is God's select city. And there indeed. Only one in whose heart is a disease can deny the truth after it is made plain to them. They go from strength to strength. Arguments for the identification of Baca with Bakkah or Mecca The names "Baca" and "Bakkah" are almost identical. But. the autumn rains also cover it with pools. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 98 . notably Isaiah 35:8-10. bear striking resemblance to Mecca in Muslim eyes. do not agree with this interpretation. In the time of Muhammad. Despite the similarity of the names. thousand miles apart. It is called the “Zam-Zam” well. the people made a well there. which is in Makkah. which states that the "unclean" will not enter the city. out of the Qur’an as proof.” (Psalms: 84: 5-6) The parallels are amazing and cannot be denied. Also. state that Bakkah was the first house for worship and then states. that pilgrimage is a duty upon every person. in the Biblical Book of Isaiah. after it says: “Blessed are those who dwell in your house.

in which. for she could not endure looking at him.” (Haggai: 2:9) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 99 . but she could not see anybody.’” And a similar account in the Bible: “And God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. As-Safa and AlMarwah and. for this is the House of Allah. so that she might see somebody. mention. she became thirsty and her child also became thirsty. The angel said to her. VOL. which will be built by this boy and his father. and found the mountain of As-Safa was the nearest mountain to her on that land. Zam-Zam would’ve been a stream flowing on the surface of the Earth.’ The prophet further added. 7 pg. When the water in the water-skin had been used up. She started to make something like a basin around it. Then she descended from As-Safa and when she reached the valley. It is Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas. She heard the voice again and said. this Zam-Zam well is the same water supply. using her hands in this way and started filling her water-skin with water with her hands. till she crossed the valley and reached Al-Marwah mountain where she stood and started looking. ‘May Allah bestow Mercy on Ishmael’s mother! Had she let the Zam-Zam (Flow without trying to control it). ‘O (Whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And a little known fact in the world of non-Muslims is that. The Prophet added. Two things I would like to point out are that: 1) 2) The Valley of Makkah is between the two mountains.’ When she reached Al-Marwah (for the last time) she heard a voice and she asked herself to be quiet and listen attentively. she left him. ‘Then she drank and suckled her child.” (Genesis: 21:19) In either case. She repeated that seven times. the Valley of Baca? “The glory of this latter house shall be greater than the former. expecting to see somebody. digging the Earth with his heel (or his wing). ‘Don’t be afraid of being neglected. on the authority of the Prophet (See Fath Al-Bari. The prophet said. Hagar gave to her son. and the water was flowing out after she scooped some of it. She stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly. but she could not see anybody. Does not Psalms: 84:6. She started looking at him (Ishmael) tossing in agony. she tucked up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and in trouble. points out where it is. and Allah never neglects His people. there was a well and Psalms: 84:6. Ishmael.210) “Ishmael’s mother went on suckling Ishmael and drinking from the water (she had). have you got something to help me?’ And Behold! She saw an angel at the place of the ZamZam. ‘This is the source of the tradition of the going of the people between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). till water flowed from that place.

the Masjidul-Haram in Makkah. This has been the case for working on fifteen-hundred years. First. that the latter house is Al-MasjidulHaram in Makkah. hypocrites and Jews) will say. I would like to look at this from another angle. to be the former house. Are these equal? One is still in existence and the other is not.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Here. The House of God in Makkah can accommodate thousands of worshippers inside. that if one is non-existent and the other has been revered for centuries.” (Haggai: 2:29) And so. and secondly. ‫ﺳﻴ ُﻮل اﻟﺴﻔ َﺎء ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺎس َﺎ وﻻهﻢ َﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﺘﻬﻢ اﻟ ِﻲ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ ُﻞ ﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﻤﺸﺮق َاﻟﻤﻐﺮب‬ ُ ِ ْ َ ْ ‫َ َﻘ ُ ﱡ َﻬ ِ َ ﻨ ِ ﻣ َ ﱠ ُ ْ ﻋ ِ َْ ِ ِ ُ ﱠﺘ آ ﻧ ْ ََ ْﻬ ﻗ ﱢّ ِ ْ َ ْ ِ ُ و‬ ‫ﻳﻬ ِي َﻦ ﻳ َﺎء إَﻰ ﺻ َاط ﻣﺴﺘ ِﻴﻢ‬ ٍ ‫َ ْﺪ ﻣ َﺸ ِﻟ ِﺮ ٍ ﱡ ْ َﻘ‬ “The fools among the people (pagans.’ Say O (Muhammad). the Muslims faced towards Jerusalem until Haggai’s prophecy came true: “The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former. there was no temple it was still the prayer direction and Jews to this day still face Jerusalem. and supplications. God’s Promise was to come true. Is that glory? One can accommodate thousands of worshippers and still not be enough for all its pilgrims. ‘To Allah belong both. even though the Ka’bah was there in Makkah. then they are not equal. He guides whom He wills to the straight way. We’ve already discussed the atrocities committed in God’s temples in Jerusalem and that today. it must be established that the temple of Zerrubbabel and its restoration by Herod are meant here. ‘What has turned them (Muslims) from their prayer direction to which they used to face in prayer. We can all do the math and come to the same conclusion. let alone. make sacrifices. saith The Lord of Hosts: And in this place I will give peace. it is stated that the latter house shall be more glorious than the former one. he ordered them to face Jerusalem.’” (Qur’an: 2:142) And also: ‫وآﺬﻟﻚ ﺟﻌﻠ َﺎآﻢ أ ﱠﺔ وﺳ ًﺎ ﻟﺘ ُﻮ ُﻮا ﺷﻬ َاء ﻋَﻰ اﻟﱠﺎس وﻳ ُﻮن اﻟﺮ ُﻮل ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺷ ِﻴ ًا و َﺎ‬ ‫َ َ َِ َ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ْ ُﻣ ً َ َﻄ ﱢ َﻜ ﻧ ْ ُ َﺪ َﻠ ﻨ ِ َ َﻜ َ ﱠﺳ ُ ََ ْ ُ ْ َﻬ ﺪ َﻣ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠ َﺎ اﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ اﻟ ِﻲ ُﻨﺖ ﻋﻠﻴ َﺎ إﻻ ﻟﻨﻌﻠﻢ َﻦ ﻳﺘﺒﻊ اﻟﺮ ُﻮل ﻣ ﱠﻦ َﻨﻘﻠﺐ ﻋَﻰ ﻋﻘﺒﻴﻪ وِن َﺎﻧﺖ‬ ْ َ ‫َ َ ْﻨ ْ ِ َْ َ ﱠﺘ آ َ ََ ْﻬ ِ ﱠ ِ َ َْ َ ﻣ َ ﱠ ِ ُ ﱠﺳ َ ِﻤ ﻳ َِ ُ َﻠ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َإ آ‬ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 100 . which houses the Ka’bah. Is not the Western Wall located there? But anyhow. They pray. the structure Abraham and Ishmael built. Even though. because it was the Holy city and where God’s temple was located aforetime. there does not exist a temple in Jerusalem to rival the temple of Solomon. During the time of Muhammad’s ministry. But beyond that. east and the west. saith the Lord of hosts. We’ve also discussed how each year approximately two-million worshippers visit God’s House in Makkah. and one can accommodate none.

there is an apparent difference between a house being greater than its preceding house. the meaning encompasses the grandeur of the house itself. disobey the messenger). Certainly. and around the House of God that far transcends anything that has ever transpired in the temples aforetime in Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 101 . that the latter house will be greater than the former. in the prophecy of Haggai: 2:9.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il ‫ﻟﻜ ِﻴﺮة إﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ه َى اﻟﻠﻪ و َﺎ َﺎن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻴ ِﻴﻊ ِﻳ َﺎﻧﻜﻢ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ِﺎﻟﱠﺎس ﻟﺮ ُوف ر ِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫َ َﺒ َ ً ِ ﱠ ََ ﱠﺬ َ َﺪ ّ ُ َﻣ آ َ ّ ُ ِ ُﻀ َ إ ﻤ َ ُ ْ ِ ﱠ ّ َ ﺑ ﻨ ِ َ َؤ ٌ ﱠﺣ‬ {143} “Thus. it was great (heavy) except for those whom Allah Guided. Allah is Full of Kindness. Truly. so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjidul-Haram (at Makkah). And secondly. that you be witnesses over mankind and the messenger (Muhammad) be a witness over you. the enduring nature of the house. We shall turn you to a prayer direction that shall please you. we deduce that this is pertaining to the millions of devout worshippers that make the journey to the house of God every year under the harshest of desert conditions.e. Firstly. your prayers offered towards Jerusalem).e. there is the meaning. to be able to sustain over centuries of strife in the Middle East. Under close scrutiny. And wheresoever you people are. that (your turning towards the direction of the Ka’bah at Makkah in prayers) is the truth from their Lord. to the ardent worship that goes on in. we have a prophecy with an intended meaning of two kinds. And Allah would never make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i. that the glory of the latter house will be greater than the former. And We made the prayer direction (toward Jerusalem) which you used to face. the people who were given the scripture (Jews and Christians) know well that. We have made you a just (And best) nation (Muslims). and a house being more glorious than its predecessor.” (Qur’an: 2:144) So you see. turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. the Ka’bah has never been under threat of foreign invasion or destruction. The Most Merciful towards mankind. Indeed.” (Qur’an: 2:143) And lastly: ‫ﻗﺪ ﻧ َى ﺗﻘﻠﺐ وﺟﻬﻚ ِﻲ اﻟﺴ َﺎء ﻓﻠﻨﻮﻟﻴﻨﻚ ﻗﺒﻠﺔ ﺗﺮ َﺎ َﺎ ﻓﻮل وﺟﻬﻚ ﺷﻄﺮ اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ اﻟﺤ َام‬ ِ ‫ﱠﻤ ََ ُ َﱢ َﱠ َ ِ َْ ً َ ْﺿ ه َ َ ﱢ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َﺮ‬ ‫َ ْ َﺮ َ َﱡ َ َ ْ ِ َ ﻓ‬ ‫وﺣﻴﺚ َﺎ ُﻨﺘﻢ ﻓﻮﱡﻮا وﺟﻮهﻜﻢ ﺷﻄﺮﻩ وإن اﻟ ِﻳﻦ أو ُﻮا اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻟﻴﻌﻠ ُﻮن أﱠﻪ اﻟﺤﻖ ﻣﻦ رﺑﻬﻢ‬ ْ ِ ‫َ َ ْ ُ ﻣ آ ُ ْ َ َﻟ ْ ُ ُ ِ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َِ ﱠ ﱠﺬ َ ُ ْﺗ ْ ْ ِﺘ َ َ َ َْﻤ َ َﻧ ُ ْ َ ﱡ ِ ﱠ ﱢ‬ {144} ‫و َﺎ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑ َﺎﻓﻞ ﻋ ﱠﺎ ﻳﻌﻤُﻮن‬ َ ‫َﻣ ّ ُ ِﻐ ِ ٍ َﻤ َ ْ َﻠ‬ “Verily. Surely. And Allah is not unaware of what they do. only to test those who followed the messenger (Muhammad) from those who would turn on their heels (i. In this interpretation. we have the literal meaning. We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad) face towards the Heaven. Under this second interpretation. In over fifteen-hundred years.

He said that they would not obey. and thus. He did not say that the Jews and Christians would not comprehend that it is the truth. to the Jews and Christians dissatisfaction. a party of them conceal the truth while they know it.e. the Jews and Christians recognized themselves. signs. But there is one more point to be discussed before moving to our next topic. Allah revealed the following verse: ‫وﻟﺌﻦ أﺗﻴﺖ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ أو ُﻮا اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﺑﻜ ﱢ ﺁﻳﺔ ﱠﺎ ﺗﺒ ُﻮا ﻗﺒﻠﺘﻚ و َﺎ َﻧﺖ ﺑ َﺎﺑﻊ ﻗﺒﻠﺘﻬﻢ و َﺎ‬ ‫ََ ِ ْ َ َ ْ َ ﱠﺬ َ ُ ْﺗ ْ ْ ِﺘ َ ِ ُﻞ َ ٍ ﻣ َ ِﻌ ْ ِ َْ َ َ َﻣ أ َ ِﺘ ِ ٍ ِ َْ َ ُ ْ َﻣ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻀ ُﻢ ﺑ َﺎﺑﻊ ﻗﺒﻠﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ وﻟﺌﻦ اﺗﺒﻌﺖ أه َاء ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ َﺎ َﺎءك ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﻠﻢ إﻧﻚ إذا ﻟﻤﻦ‬ َ ِ ‫َ ْ ُﻬ ِﺘ ِ ٍ ِ َْ َ َ ْ ٍ ََ ِ ِ ﱠ َ ْ َ َ ْﻮ ه ﻣ َ ْ ِ ﻣ ﺟ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ ِ ِ ﱠ َ ِ ًَ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻈ ِﻤ‬ “And even if you were to bring to the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) all the Ayat (proofs. they would still not obey. Verily. that it is the truth. saith the Lord of hosts. the supplanting of the prayer direction toward Jerusalem. or in their scriptures. nor are you going to follow their prayer direction. the facing toward Makkah instead of Jerusalem. evidences. fulfilling the prophecy of Haggai: 2:9. But verily. and revelations).” (Haggai: 2:9) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 102 . you will be one of the wrongdoers. i. right? “And in this place will I give peace. they would not follow your prayer direction.” (Qur’an: 2:146) ‫اﻟﺤﻖ ِﻦ رﺑﻚ ﻓﻼ ﺗ ُﻮﻧﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻤﺘ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ْ َ ﱡ ﻣ ﱠ ﱢ َ َ َ َﻜ َ ﱠ ِ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ﺮ‬ “(This is) the truth from your Lord. Allah tells Muhammad that even if he (Muhammad) showed the Jews and Christians. that Muhammad was the one spoken of in their scriptures and denied him even though they knew he brought the truth from their Lord. Allah says: ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﺗﻴ َﺎهﻢ اﻟﻜ َﺎب ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮﻧﻪ آ َﺎ ﻳﻌﺮ ُﻮن أﺑ َﺎءهﻢ وإن ﻓ ِﻳﻘﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻟﻴﻜﺘ ُﻮن اﻟﺤﻖ وهﻢ‬ ْ ُ َ ‫ﱠﺬ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ُ ْ ِﺘ َ َ ْ ِﻓ َ ُ َﻤ َ ْ ِﻓ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ْ َِ ﱠ َﺮ ً ﱢ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ُﻤ َ ْ َ ﱠ‬ {146} ‫ﻳﻌﻠ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ ْ َﻤ‬ “Those to whom We gave the scripture (Jews and Christians) recognize him (Muhammad) as they recognize their own sons. with the prayer direction toward the Ka’bah in Makkah. if you follow their desires after that which you have received of knowledge (from Allah).” (Qur’an: 2:145) So. verses. all the proofs (Haggai: 2:6-9) in the world. So be you not one of those who doubt. for in verse 2:146 of the Qur’an. After the new prayer direction was revealed by Allah. And they will not follow each other’s prayer direction. Why obey him now.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Jerusalem and also under this second interpretation falls. then indeed.” (Qur’an: 2:147) So.

Could Jesus be this Shiloh? To answer our own question.C. but it was a city and was of no importance as to the ‘changing of the guard’. and besides. we must first fully examine the word “peace”. We know that there is a Shiloh in the Bible. in laymen’s terms.M. If we instead. The word peace is our focal point of this verse. was destroyed in the early eleventh century B. meaning Shiloh. one of the meanings is: ‘to surrender one’s self to Allah.” Further evidence to support this mode of thought is in Genesis: 49:10. it is said that the sceptre shall not depart from Judah. ‘Islam’ and therefore a noun and a proper name of the religion of the Muslims. that in this last house. which is of the same root. nor be taken away from them until this mysterious Shiloh comes. Chapter one. they keep pointing me in the direction of Jesus. The word for peace in Arabic is Salama (S-L-M). which is a verb. where it says: “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah.L. which is one who adheres to the religion of Islam or a ‘submitter’. nor a lawgiver from between his feet. God says. but there is a deeper meaning here. the people of Judah are God’s chosen one’s and they will stay that way until one named Shiloh or something known as Shiloh comes and replaces them. and to whom prophecy shall be bestowed. verse one: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 103 . So. it is well known that it. When the prefix ‘I’ is added and a rearrangement of vowels. and means ‘to submit’ or ‘he submits’. The common characters in each word are S. is another evidence that. the word becomes.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il After declaring that the latter house will be greater than the former. was not Jesus a descendant of Judah? In the first page of Matthew. So. the root is Silm. and it shall not depart from them. It comes from the same root word as Islam. nor a lawgiver from between his feet until Shiloh come.” (Genesis: 49:10) In this verse. indeed. this prophecy is about the Masjidul-Haram at Makkah. and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Before we can fully understand the meaning being expressed. until Shiloh come. He will give peace. could be read: “And in this place will I give Islam. So. add the prefix ‘Mu’ and modify the vowels once more. so from this we can cross this possible interpretation off our list.’ and the second meaning is: ‘To acquire peace in one’s soul.’ One who practices Islam is called a Muslim. the prophecy of Haggai. as they say. The first part means. who or what is this Shiloh? After looking through a number of Biblical indexes and references. which means two things. for even today Makkah is a sanctuary. that Judah shall be the chosen kingdom. Here. we get the word ‘Muslim’.

7951 shalah shaw-law' or shalav (Job 3:26) {shaw-lav'}. tranquil. feminine shlevah {shel-ay-vaw'}. 7959 shelev sheh'-lev from 7951. quietness. The Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon gives the definition as follows: Result of search for "7951": 7886 Shiyloh shee-lo' from 7951. (in) prosper(-ity). 7962 shalvah shal-vaw' from 7951. quiet(ness). there it is. tranquil. (in a bad sense) careless. security:--prosperity. abstractly. ‘Tranquility’ or in other words. Shiloh. wealthy. there are references at the bottom of the page or their meanings of the word ‘Shiloh’ within the verse itself. 7958 slav sel-awv' or slayv {sel-awv'}. so we can be accurate. Jacob was the father of Judah and his brothers…” (Matthew: 1:1-2) Yes.e. 7954 shlah shel-aw' (Aramaic) corresponding to 7951.” But in reality. a descendant of David and Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac. The Abundant Life Bible translates Shiloh as: “Until the coming of the one to whom it belongs (meaning the sceptre). peace. the meaning of the word ‘Shiloh’ in English is. prosperity. privacy:--+ quietly. to be tranquil. the same verse can be read: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 104 . security (genuine or false):--abundance. 7961 shalev shaw-lave' or shaleyv {shaw-lave'}.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “This is the record of the ancestors of Jesus.” And the NIV translates it as: “Until he comes to whom it belongs. be in safety. security:--(being) at ease. the quail collectively (as slow in flight from its weight):--quails. Not before we’ve done a thorough examination of facts. 7987 shliy shel-ee' from 7951. by orthographical variation from 7951 through the idea of sluggishness. a primitive root. so all those references need to be cross-checked to assure accuracy before making such claims. from 7951. So. prosper. Here are some of them. In some Bible commentaries. an epithet of the Messiah:--Shiloh. peace(-ably). peaceable. secure or successful:--be happy. to be secure:--at rest. but let’s not count out Jesus yet. i. the Messiah. Isaac was the father of Jacob.

no it was not Jesus as so many biblical scholars would be quick to declare. saith the Lord of hosts. but a sword. I would like to quote Jesus himself: “Think not that I am come to send peace on Earth: For I came not to send peace. and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.” (Matthew: 10:34-35) So.” Remember? Salama equals peace. may Allah have mercy on him (Jesus). The silver is Mine. The glory of this latter house (the Ka’bah in Makkah) shall be greater than of the former (the temple in Jerusalem). saith the Lord of hosts: And in this place will I give Islam. nor a lawgiver from between feet until Islam comes. and the daughter against her mother.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah.” (Haggai: 2:7-9) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 105 . which can be said to equal tranquility. and the gold is Mine. saith the Lord of hosts. saith the Lord of hosts. could be read: “And I will shake all nations and to all nations shall come Muhammad: And I will fill this house (the Ka’bah in Makkah) with glory. So. and Islam means to acquire peace in one’s soul. For I came to set a man at variance against his father. and cling to the possibility of Shiloh representing Jesus. For those of you who still have doubt in your hearts. the prophecy of Haggai.

or maybe a password? Maybe. I cannot for it is sealed. KJV. for it is sealed. I pray thee: And he saith.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Nine: Part One And the book is delivered to him that is not learned… “And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed. and he says. First. The one whom the book is offered to first should have no problem reading it. saying. in which he needs a key to open it. Read this please. Then the book is delivered to one who is illiterate saying. Read this please.secret book and he is not authorized to access it? In reality.) Or in another translation: “The whole vision has become to you like the words of a book that is sealed. Read this. NKJV. I am not learned.) This prophecy above describes a situation in which a book is offered to two types of people. but instead. Read this.” (Isaiah: 29:11-12. I am not literate. which men deliver to one who is literate. and he says. I pray thee: And he saith. which men deliver to one that is learned. “I cannot. saying. the book is a regular book and it is offered to one who is fully capable of reading. he cannot understand as if it was codified. it is offered to one who is literate and then to one who is illiterate. saying. for it is sealed: And the book is delivered to him that is not learned.” (Isaiah: 29:11-12. he cannot make any sense out of it. I cannot. it is a top.” Is someone playing tricks on this guy? Is this book some sort of prank? Or is it some sort of crafty devise. so we would assume that he would be able to read from the book without hindrance. he answers. for he is educated to the point of literacy at least. but has a disease in his heart and therefore. And Allah says in the Qur’an: {6} ‫إن اﻟ ِﻳﻦ آﻔ ُوا ﺳ َاء ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ أَﻧﺬرﺗﻬﻢ أم ﻟﻢ ُﻨﺬرهﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺆﻣ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ِ ﱠ ﱠﺬ َ َ َﺮ ْ َﻮ ٌ ََ ْ ِ ْ َأ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ﺗ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ {7} ‫ﺧﺘﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋَﻰ ﻗُﻮ ِﻬﻢ وﻋَﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﻬﻢ وﻋَﻰ أﺑ َﺎرهﻢ ﻏ َﺎوة وﻟﻬﻢ ﻋ َاب ﻋ ِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫َ َ َ ّ ُ َ ﻠ ُ ﻠ ﺑ ْ َ َ ﻠ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ﻠ َ ْ ﺼ ِ ِ ْ ِ ﺸ َ ٌ َ َ ُ ْ َﺬ ٌ ﻈ‬ {8} ‫وﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺎس َﻦ ﻳ ُﻮل ﺁﻣﱠﺎ ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ و ِﺎﻟﻴﻮم اﻵﺧﺮ و َﺎ ُﻢ ﺑﻤﺆﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫َ ِ َ ﻨ ِ ﻣ َﻘ ُ َﻨ ﺑ ّ ِ َﺑ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ َﻣ ه ِ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ {9} ‫ﻳ َﺎد ُﻮن اﻟﻠﻪ َاﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ ُﻮا و َﺎ ﻳﺨﺪ ُﻮن إﻻ َﻧﻔﺴ ُﻢ و َﺎ ﻳﺸﻌ ُون‬ َ ‫ُﺨ ِﻋ َ ّ َ و ﱠﺬ َ َﻨ َﻣ َ ْ َﻋ َ ِ ﱠ أ ُ َﻬ َﻣ َ ْ ُﺮ‬ {10} ‫ِﻲ ﻗُﻮﺑ ِﻢ ﻣﺮض ﻓ َادهﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ َﺿﺎ وﻟ ُﻢ ﻋ َاب أِﻴﻢ ﺑ َﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻳﻜﺬ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ﻓ ُﻠ ِﻬ ﱠ َ ٌ َﺰ َ ُ ُ ّ ُ َﺮ ً ََﻬ َﺬ ٌ َﻟ ٌ ِﻤ آ ﻧ َ ْ ِﺑ‬ {11} ‫وإ َا ِﻴﻞ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻻ ﺗﻔﺴ ُوا ِﻲ اﻷرض َﺎُﻮا إﻧ َﺎ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﺼﻠ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َِذ ﻗ َ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ ِﺪ ْ ﻓ َ ْ ِ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ِﱠﻤ َ ْ ُ ُ ِْﺤ‬ {12} ‫َﻻ إﻧﻬﻢ هﻢ اﻟﻤﻔﺴ ُون وَـ ِﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺸﻌ ُون‬ َ ‫أ ِ ﱠ ُ ْ ُ ُ ْ ُ ْ ِﺪ َ َ ﻟ ﻜ ﱠ َ ْ ُ ﺮ‬ ‫وإ َا ِﻴﻞ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺁﻣ ُﻮا آ َﺎ ﺁﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺎس َﺎُﻮا أﻧﺆﻣﻦ آ َﺎ ﺁﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻔ َﺎء َﻻ إﻧﻬﻢ هﻢ اﻟﺴﻔ َﺎء وَـ ِﻦ ﻻ‬ ‫َِذ ﻗ َ َ ُ ْ ِﻨ ْ َﻤ َ َ ﻨ ُ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َ ُ ْ ِ ُ َﻤ َ َ ﱡ َﻬ أ ِﱠ ُ ْ ُ ُ ﱡ َﻬ َﻟ ﻜ ﱠ‬ {13} ‫ﻳﻌﻠ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ ْ َﻤ‬ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 106 .

there are some who would say: ‘We believe in Allah and the Last Day. so their commerce was profitless.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il ‫وإ َا ﻟ ُﻮا اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ ُﻮا َﺎُﻮا ﺁﻣﱠﺎ وإ َا ﺧﻠﻮا إَﻰ ﺷ َﺎ ِﻴﻨﻬﻢ َﺎُﻮا إﱠﺎ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ إﻧ َﺎ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻬﺰ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َِذ َﻘ ْ ﱠﺬ َ َﻨ ْ ﻗ ﻟ ْ َﻨ َِذ ََ ْ ْ ِﻟ َﻴ ﻃ ِ ِ ْ ﻗ ﻟ ْ ِﻧ َ َ ْ ْ ِﱠﻤ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ ِﺋ‬ {14} {15} ‫اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﺰئ ﺑﻬﻢ وﻳﻤ ﱡهﻢ ِﻲ ﻃﻐ َﺎﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﻌﻤ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ّ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ُ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ُﺪ ُ ْ ﻓ ُ ْﻴ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ َﻬ‬ {16} ‫أوَـﺌﻚ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ اﺷﺘﺮوا اﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ ِﺎﻟﻬ َى ﻓ َﺎ رﺑ َﺖ ﺗ َﺎرﺗﻬﻢ و َﺎ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻣﻬﺘ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ُ ْﻟ ِ َ ﱠﺬ َ ْ َ ُ ُ ْ ﱠ ََ َ ﺑ ْ ُﺪ َﻤ َ ِﺤ ﱢﺠ َ ُ ُ ْ َﻣ آ ﻧ ْ ُ ْ َﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻠﻬﻢ آﻤﺜﻞ اﻟ ِي اﺳﺘﻮﻗﺪ َﺎرا ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ أ َﺎءت َﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ ذهﺐ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑ ُﻮرهﻢ وﺗﺮآﻬﻢ ِﻲ ﻇﻠ َﺎت‬ ٍ ‫َ َُ ُ ْ َ َ َ ِ ﱠﺬ ْ َ ْ َ َ ﻧ ً ََﻤ َﺿ ْ ﻣ َ َْ ُ َ َ َ ّ ُ ِﻨ ِ ِ ْ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ﻓ ُُﻤ‬ {17} ‫ﻻ ﻳﺒﺼ ُون‬ َ ‫ﱠ ُ ْ ِﺮ‬ {18} ‫ﺻﻢ ﺑﻜﻢ ﻋﻤﻲ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺟ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ُ ﱞ ُ ْ ٌ ُ ْ ٌ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ِﻌ‬ “Verily. A painful torment is theirs. And when. they believe not. (So). They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe. it is said to them: ‘Believe as the people have believed. but they perceive it not. but they know not. Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. those who disbelieve. And of mankind. but mocking. then when it lighted all around him.’ they say. we are with you. Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing. they will not believe. These are they who have purchased error for guidance. hypocrites). ‘Shall we believed as the fools have believed?’ verily. we were. so they return not (to the right path).’ while in fact. verily. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire.’ Verily! They are the ones who make mischief.’ they say. Theirs will be a great torment. dumb. they say: ‘We believe. They are deaf.’ Allah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doing to wander blindly. and blind. and perceive (it) not! In their hearts is a disease and Allah has increased their disease. they could not see. they say: ‘Truly. and on their eyes is a covering. it is the same to them whether you (Muhammad) warn them or do not warn them. And when they meet those who believe.’ but when they are alone with their devils (pagans. and they were not guided. (Qur’an: 2:618) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 107 . ‘We are only peace makers. And when it is said to them: ‘Make not mischief on the Earth. they are the fools. because they used to tell lies. while they only deceive themselves.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Allah explains here. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists. signs. it says: “How can you say. but if he belies Allah’s message. they do it out in the open. verses. sing songs declaring their loyalty to God and the next minute. the chief priests and rabbis were given the book and law of God. and revelations) of Allah. ‘We are wise. is as the likeness of a donkey which carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). they are engaged in activities that they know to be forbidden by God. And the bad thing about it is that. over and over throughout a period of thousands of years and they modified God’s verses to meet their own evil desires. one minute. But back to the topic at hand. How bad is the example of people who deny the Ayat (proofs. Are they so wise after all?” (Jeremiah: 8:8-9) You see. Read this. I pray thee: And he saith. disbelievers). saying. to obey its commandments and to practice its laws). Allah can open and broaden our intellect and understanding or He can constrict it. or what we should do to seek nearness to Him. for they have rejected the word of the Lord. because we have the word of the Lord. (Qur’an: 62:5) This is the meaning of: “And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed. but subsequently failed in those (obligations). even though they were educated. so their education will not avail them aught. We see this in everyday life with the people who. for in Jeremiah: 8:8.” (Isaiah: 29:11) And as for the second part of this prophecy: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 108 . And Allah described them: ‫ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﺣ ﱢُﻮا اﻟﺘﻮ َاة ﺛ ﱠ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺤﻤُﻮ َﺎ آﻤﺜﻞ اﻟﺤ َﺎر ﻳﺤﻤﻞ أﺳ َﺎ ًا ﺑﺌﺲ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻘﻮم اﻟ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫َ َ ُ ﱠﺬ َ ُﻤﻠ ﱠ ْر َ ُﻢ َ ْ َ ْ ِﻠ ه َ َ َ ِ ْ ِﻤ ِ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ْﻔ ر ِ ْ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ ﱠﺬ‬ ‫آﺬ ُﻮا ِﺂ َﺎت اﻟﻠﻪ َاﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻳﻬ ِي اﻟﻘﻮم اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫َ ﱠﺑ ﺑ ﻳ ِ ﱠ ِ و ﱠ ُ ﻟ َ ْﺪ ْ َ ْ َ ﻈ ِﻤ‬ “The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Torah (i.’ when your teachers have twisted it by writing lies? These wise teachers will fall in the trap of their own foolishnesses. neither the will to obey Him by these rebellions. neither trying to hide it or conceal it (not that it could be hidden from Allah). then He will seal his heart and will let him wander blindly in error. The one of whom is spoken in the first part of this prophecy are the Jewish priests and their learned men. evidences.e. that a person could be educated and be of a good mind. They had no understanding. because there is no understanding of God. I cannot: for it is sealed. wrong-doers. It is fair-seeming in their eyes. which men deliver to one that is learned.

it is a prophecy fulfilled over a thousand years later in a historical event.” (Isaiah: 29:12) This is the opposite of the before mentioned verse. to his everyday life. I am not learned. And Dictionary. 3. they also depict true events. when he is asked to read the book. while the first part of this prophecy relates to the Jewish scribes and priests. compulsory. what is the point?” or in other words. esp. Here. for he cannot. There is no catch here. we have one who has a legitimate reason for not being able to read this book. A learned or erudite person. He does now know how to read. or reads. but as we shall see. In Webster’s expanded dictionary. he is unlearned or in other words. While these verses are metaphorical in nature. is: 1) 2) 3) Possessing the faculties required to comprehend that which one hears. Comprehending that which is heard or read is from God and therefore. nor any mysteries. I pray thee: and he saith. one who has profound knowledge of a particular subject. could definitely. understand what was sent down to him. You see. actually. A student. “So what. what is the underlying message here? Well. and their inability to understand what God had sent down to them (i. pupil. Being able to put into action that which one hears or reads. On the contrary to the western definiton of a “scholar”. Read this. First and fore-most. would reply. we find ‘scholar’ defined as: ‘A learned person’. the second part of the prophecy relates to one who could not read or write. the Torah).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “And the book is delivered to him that is not learned. Muslims believe that a scholar of religion is one of whom acquires the required amount of knowledge and then applies the knowledge obtained. defines it as thus: 1. saying.com. therefore. 2. What I mean by the word “understand”.e. illiterate. there is a great significance in this verse. he answers the truth. Most people after reading the latter part of the prophecy. A student who has been awarded a scholarship Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 109 .

So. nor can he be. of which he had never felt. “I cannot read. which is used to order someone to read or to recite. the mysterious voice commanded Muhammad to recite: {3} ‫اﻗﺮأ ِﺎﺳﻢ رﺑﻚ اﻟ ِي ﺧﻠﻖ }1{ ﺧﻠﻖ اﻟ ِﻧ َﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﻖ }2{ اﻗﺮأ ورﺑﻚ اﻟﺄآﺮم‬ ُ َ ْ َْ َ ‫ْ َ ْ َ َﱡ‬ ٍ َ َ ْ ِ َ ‫َ َ َ ْﺈ ﺴ‬ َ َ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ﺑ ْ ِ َ ﱢ َ ﱠﺬ‬ {5} ‫اﻟ ِي ﻋﻠﻢ ِﺎﻟﻘﻠﻢ }4{ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟ ِﻧ َﺎن َﺎ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ْ َْ َ ْ َ ‫َﱠ َ ْﺈ ﺴ َ ﻣ‬ ِ ََ ْ ‫ﱠﺬ َﱠ َ ﺑ‬ “Read! In the Name of your Lord who has Created (all that exists). for it is apparent by his actions.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This definition will not suffice in Islam. that there was a “learned person” in the fold of Islam. He has created man from a thing that which clings (zygote). that did not put into action that which he knows. neither understands. a scholar to teach them this knowledge. for how can someone force you to read when you are not capable of doing that which you are commanded? That would seem most unfair.e. In 610 C. Arabic. it is sealed. for he was bestowed knowledge by Allah. while Muhammad was meditating up on the mountain cave of Hira.E. speaking of this person mentioned in the second part of the prophecy. “Read!” Muhammad replied. to “Read!” And Muhammad understood by this time. for as I have mentioned.” To understand who this person is. pressing against him. to the point. nor comprehends the book of God. of which he couldn’t bear. he heard a voice that called out to him in his native tongue. he would be avoided by those who seek knowledge and therefore. ‘to read’ or ‘to recite’. he felt the same force. he would not be followed. The book delivered to him is as the book delivered to his predecessors who understood not. It is in the command form.” Muhammad suddenly felt as though he could not breathe. this incident is an actual historical event. and in the event. So. “What should I recite?” You see. and therefore cannot be attributed with the title of scholar. he was told once more. and we know that he replied by stating. and more than likely. like he was being pressed against. and then the voice repeated. But. Muhammad understood and asked. we know that he was offered the book. we must first look to his manifestation in real life. the word ‘Iqra’. nor be perceived as a scholar. that whoever called out to him wanted him to recite and not to read. in which the word ‘Qur’an’ literally denotes. Who taught (the writing) by the pen. ‘Read!” But. This man. Muhammad stated nervously. from us. “But I cannot read!” Again. awarded a scholarship. The Qur’an is also a word that stems from this same root and is known as “the Reading” or “the Recital”. and as the pressure subsided. but failed to materialize this into his actions. which is to say. “I cannot read” or “I am not literate. Read! And your Lord is Most Generous. the word ‘Iqra’ means. i. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 110 . or lack thereof. in question.

to gain the knowledge required to make the Qur’an and perpetuate “his” doctrine of Islam. it did not exist during the Pre-Islamic period.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il He taught man that which he knew not. a respectable refutation of the divinity of Jesus according to the Gospel. if Judeo-Christian thought had really made inroads into Jahiliyyan society and culture. Fr. for the Old Testament was not translated into Arabic until the first half of the ninth century and the Gospel was not translated until 897 C. and to borrow from are brother. Rev. Some “scholars” have tried to explain that these verses of the Qur’an. Yahiya Emerick. in his book. how can we not see and admit the connection? Wouldn’t we be arrogant to deny what is abundantly clear? Yes. Chidiac searched everywhere for Gospel sources which could have served at the time of the composition of Rad. Wow! Now. Muhammad was illiterate.E. one would need to be able to read the Bible. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 111 . none-the-less. As we’ve explained before. Elias Karîm. his wife’s uncle. so they go from the conjecture that he could read and write Arabic. The discrepancies are apparent. but we will explain them. Mustafa Ahmed. who had to resort to a Coptic manuscript to write his Rad. 238) Some “scholars” say that Muhammad used the Bible. to the absurd accusation that he could also read Hebrew and Greek. As for the New Testament. Thus. ‘Idiots Guide to Understanding Islam’.” (Qur’an: 96:1-5) So. Khâlid al-Khazrajî. The following excerpt was borrowed from. Anything to disprove what has been proven. it is certain that no Arabic translation of it existed in the fourth century of Hijrah. He finally found a manuscript in the library of Leningrad written about 1060 by a certain Ibn al-Assal as the first edition of a Christian text in Arabic. I will quote a few authorities on this subject. Malik Ben Nabi narrates an interesting story: Moreover. the absence of an Arabic translation of the Bible could not be explained. and also some slaves of whom were Christian. a monk in Syria. a fortiori. In translating the work of the Arab philosopher. but that doesn’t deter some “scholars” from concocting the most extravagant explanations or even falsifying evidences to meet their needs. and. This is evident from the reference by Ghazzali. but even in the event. came to Muhammad during seizures. cAbd ar-Rahmân Robert Squires. Qasim Iqbal. that he was literate (which he was not). M S M Saifullah and Muhammad Ghoniem. there did not exist an Arabic edition of the Gospels at the time of Ghazzali. we would. from their work ‘Is The Bible Really The Source Of The Qur'ân?’: “Now we turn to the fact whether an Arabic Bible was present in the hands of the people during the time of the Prophet(P). First of all. to use the Bible as a reference. by Yahiya Emerick. using the Bible would necessitate him having to know how to read Hebrew as well. pg. in support. I will echo the following question: “Do epileptics conjure rapturous poems and essays in such states?” (Idiots Guide to Understanding Islam.

Rather. It is interesting to know that the Gospels were first translated in Arabic during the first Abbasid century. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 112 . A colophon informs us that the MS was written by Stephen of Ramleh in the year 284 of the Arabs. a few years before al-Ghazali wrote his Rad. as well as the concept of God... dated manuscript containing the Gospels in Arabic is Sinai Arabic MS 72. he says: The oldest known. It is the oldest dated New Testament manuscripts. The colophon of this MS informs us that one Bisr Ibn as-Sirri made the translation from Syriac in Damascus during Ramadan of the Higrah year 253. Catherine's monastery at Mt. Sinai.e. Sidney H Griffith has done extensive research on the appearance of Arabic Gospel. 867 AD. and the defense of icons in the Church. and the Catholic Epistles. i. Regarding the manuscript evidence. Sinai Arabic MS 151 contains an Arabic version of the Epistles of Paul. Below is the MS of the Gospel in Arabic written by Stephen of Ramleh. The author went on to say: The oldest. 897 AD. Here the text of the four canonical Gospels is marked off according to the lessons of the temporal cycle of the Greek liturgical calendar of the Jerusalem Church. it shows the scarcity of the Gospels in Arabic which made al-Ghazali go for a Coptic Gospel. dated manuscripts containing Arabic translations of the New Testament are in the collections of St. This was mainly due to the debates between Muslims and Christians concerning the status of Gospels. i. the Acts of the Apostles. does not prove that there were no Arabic Gospels at all before this period. It is to be noted that the above statement of Malik Ben Nabi concerning the lack of existence of an Arabic Gospel before the fourth century after Hijrah.e.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Constance E Padwick in his article "al-Ghazali & The Arabic Versions Of The Gospels: An Unsolved Problem" mentions this perplexity even though he shows evidence of the earliest Gospel in Arabic dated around 897 CE.

No. arranged according to the divisions of the liturgical year of the Greeks. On parchment. was taken by Dr. Mond. Sinai: "The oldest of the Christian Arabic MSS. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 113 . The photograph. Catherine at Mt.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Colophon of MS. and once Arabic has become the official and de facto public language of the caliphate. Taufiq Iskarous also supplies the following information from an unpublished report in Arabic by Dr. Further. to the Egyptian government on the Arabic MSS. 13x19 cmm. Sidney Griffith. dated 896 A. 6389=A. Mr. Moritz. even if some unambiguous evidence of it should turn up as a result of more recent investigations. under the heading Biblica is The book of the four Gospels. concludes that: All one can say about the possibility of a pre-Islamic. photograph supplied by Mr. known as al-Ramli. 284. what about the Old Testament in Arabic? Ernst Würthwein informs us in his book The Text of the Old Testament that: With the victory of Islam the use of Arabic spread widely. which need was met by a number of versions mainly independent and concerned primarily for interpretation. 119 pp. it is clear that after the Islamic conquest of the territories of the oriental patriarchates. It was written in late Kufic hand by Istipana. Arab. the church faced a much different pastoral problem than was the case with the earlier missions among the pre-Islamic Arabs."[13] Concerning the presence of Arabic Gospels in the pre-Islamic period. Muharram. Taufiq Iskarous of Cairo. 72. H. and for Jews and Christians in the conquered lands it became the language of daily life. late curator of Christian books at the Sultanieh Library. hitherto unpublished. Sin. in the library of St. of 26 lines.D. Christian version of the Gospel in Arabic is that no sure sign of its actual existence has yet emerged. after extensive study. Furthermore. This gave rise to the need of Arabic versions of the Bible. A. Moritz.

Sabas. Mus. suggests that the Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 114 . Graf 1944: 126). In fact. The author of another version of Job is known: Pethion (Fatyun ibn Aiyub). 1475. 26116]). either the Old Testament or New Testament in Arabic. The manuscript Brit. is representative of Arabic versions of the Bible as a whole. The Oldest Arabic Manuscript of the Old Testament (British Museum arab. one of which is among the earliest documents of Christian Arabic literature. actually the translator worked from a Syriac exemplar. The variety of Arabic versions of Job. probably at the monastery of St. Other versions of Job go back to the Peshitta and to the Coptic (G. Joseph Gaon (882-942). was written in the first half of the ninth century.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Thus the first translations of the Hebrew Bible in Arabic appeared after the advent of Islam. known for his encyclopedic knowledge. the oldest dated manuscript of the Old Testament in Arabic as shown below dates from first half of the ninth century. which contains extensive portions of it. It is quite clear from the above discussion that the influence of Christian Jahiliyyah poets as well as the lack of presence of the Bible. 1475 [Add. There are at least four different versions of Job. of which a page of the oldest is shown here. is also known for his works including one of the first translations of the Bible into Arabic. The version itself is from a Syro-Hexaplar base. arab. who was active as a translator in Baghdad probably about the middle of the ninth century. Saadiah b. a long and a short commentary on the Pentateuch. he is also credited with translations of Sirach and the Prophets. Pethion's text of Job is divided into fifteen chapters and (according to the London manuscript) claims to be translated from the Hebrew. and comments on and introductions to other books of the Bible.

in his book. “Have we not seen with our own eyes. And Allah said: ‫و َﺎ ُﻨﺖ ﺗﺘُﻮ ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ِﻦ آ َﺎب وَﺎ ﺗﺨ ﱡﻪ ﺑﻴ ِﻴﻨﻚ إ ًا ﱠﺎر َﺎب اﻟﻤﺒﻄُﻮن‬ َ ‫َﻣ آ َ َ ْﻠ ﻣ َ ِْ ِ ﻣ ِﺘ ٍ َﻟ َ ُﻄ ُ ِ َﻤ ِ َ ِذ ﻟ ْﺗ َ ْ ُ ْ ِﻠ‬ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 115 . Furthermore. the messenger of Allah.” Well. ‘Islam Revealed’. What would they have to gain? As a matter of fact. there are no accounts handed down to us from the pagan Arabs. Does this prove Muhammad was literate? I’m sure that most people on God’s Earth. which would be ridiculous in and of itself. But of all that they did accuse him of. this offended the pagan Arabs. Would they die for a cause in which. he states that the proof of Muhammad’s literacy is that when he and the pagan Arab’s agreed to make peace. they drew up a treaty. (or so they say).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Qur'ân is not borrowed from the Bible. in which. while this (Qur’an) is in a clear Arabic language. This does not prove Muhammad could read and write.’ The tongue of the man they refer to is foreign. at the top. that Muhammad was illiterate. his name. for they did not attest to Muhammad being the messenger of God. so Muhammad crossed it out and wrote. they never accused him of being literate.” (Qur’an: 16:103) Secondly. although not directly. Surely. they themselves. Or wouldn’t there be someone amongst his companions who would ask. and crumble. Muhammad read and write?” But there is no such account. Therefore. it can be stated with 100% accuracy. who are illiterate. of which would be that. ‘Muhammad ibn Abdullah’. from sorcery to insanity. this whole theory of Muhammad obtaining all this information from all these sources would entail that. “Muhammad could read and there is evidence. helped to falsify? The answer is clear. And when these theories are put to test. because he knew how his name was spelled after sixty years of seeing it. they (slanderers) jump onto the next available hypothesis. is also mentioned in the Qur'ân.” (Is The Bible Really The Source of The Qur’an) And Allah says in the Qur’an: ‫وﻟﻘﺪ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ أﻧﻬﻢ ﻳ ُﻮُﻮن إﻧ َﺎ ﻳﻌﱢﻤﻪ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻟ َﺎن اﻟ ِي ﻳﻠﺤ ُون إﻟﻴﻪ أﻋﺠﻤﻲ و َـ َا ﻟ َﺎن ﻋﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫َ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﱠ ُ ْ َ ﻘ ﻟ َ ِ ﱠ ﻤ ُ َ ﻠ ُ ُ َ َ ٌ ﱢ ﺴ ُ ﱠ ﺬ ُ ْ ِﺪ َ ِ َ ْ ِ َ ْ َ ِ ﱞ َه ﺬ ِ ﺴ ٌ َ َ ِ ﱞ‬ {103} ‫ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٌ ‫ﱡﺒ‬ “And indeed. we would have some historical account. Anis shorrosh. one of Muhammad’s scribes wrote: “Muhammad. the monk in Syria. can write their first and last name without question. We know that they (the disbelievers) say: ‘It is only a human being that teaches him (Muhammad). ever contesting his claim to be illiterate. those same Christian slaves whom are being referred to converted to Islam and many were martyred in its cause. This point. the uncle of his (Muhammad’s) wife. The Qur'ân defends itself from such accusations. and the Christian slaves were all in cahoots with each other.

Had you done either of these. of the thing we call school-learning none at all. so He calls the Arabs. has to grow up so. from his dim place. he could know nothing. the unlettered ones. but nobody did. it seems to be the true opinion that Mahomet never could write! Life in the Desert. You see. three times over. He is alone there. someone would’ve seen him read or write. if we will reflect on it. then the Quibblers would have had legitimate reason to suspect it. Muhammad never went to school. with its experiences. He was an orphan by the time he was ten. What of this infinite Universe he. no one directly communicates with this great soul.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “You (Muhammad) never read a book before this nor have you ever written one with your own hand. It’s well known and Allah even declares in the Qur’an: ‫هﻮ اﻟ ِي ﺑﻌﺚ ِﻲ اﻟﺄﻣﱢﻴﻦ ر ُﻮًﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺘُﻮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺁ َﺎﺗﻪ وﻳﺰ ﱢﻴﻬﻢ وﻳﻌﱢﻤﻬﻢ اﻟﻜ َﺎب‬ َ ‫ُ َ ﱠﺬ َ َ َ ﻓ ُْ ﱢﻴ َ َﺳ ﻟ ﱢ ْ ُ ْ َ ْﻠ ََ ْ ِ ْ ﻳ ِ ِ َ ُ َآ ِ ْ َ ُ َﻠ ُ ُ ُ ْ ِﺘ‬ ‫َاﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ وِن َﺎ ُﻮا ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻟ ِﻲ ﺿَﺎل ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٍ ‫و ْ ِ ْ َ َ َإ آ ﻧ ﻣ َ ْ ُ َﻔ َﻠ ٍ ﱡﺒ‬ “He (Allah) it is who sent among the unlettered ones a messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves. they had been before in manifest error.--alone with Nature and his own Thoughts. And verily. so the best they could expect. this of having no books. Curious. Allah states that He sent among the illiterates. reciting to them His verses. Of the great brother souls.” (Qur’an: 62:2) Here. Heroes and Hero worship: “One other circumstance we must not forget: that he had no school-learning. I mean. He was poor and was not able to obtain an education. The art of writing was but just introduced into Arabia. flame-beacons through so many lands and times. In fact. was all his education. leather scrolls or in the worst cases. Heroes and Hero worship) And Allah said: ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﺒ ُﻮن اﻟﺮ ُﻮل اﻟﻨﺒﻲ اﻷ ﱢ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ﺬ َ َ ﱠ ِ ﻌ َ ﱠﺳ َ ﱠ ِ ﱠ ُ ﻣ ﻲ‬ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 116 . there were no universities. most of the Arabs were illiterate. therefore confirming that this was how their nation as a whole was known. they used camel shoulder-blades. Reading and writing were not high on the list. deep down in the bosom of the Wilderness. The wisdom that had been before him or at a distance from him in the world was in a manner as good as not there for him. with his own eyes and thoughts. they (Arabs) were in the heart of the desert and paper was not even known of in Arabia. was Egyptian papyrus.” (Qur’an: 29:48) Could no one contradict this at that time? Surely. one of their own.” (Thomas Carlyle. purifying them and teaching them the book and Al-Hikmah (wisdom). could take in. you learned what was demanded of you to prevail in such harsh conditions. and there were not an abundance of teachers or courses to take. Except by what he could see for himself. The desert was cruel and to survive. We’re not talking Cambridge here. Everyone knew this and could not attest to otherwise. Thomas Carlyle says in his book. or hear of by uncertain rumor of speech in the obscure Arabian Desert. so much and no more of it was he to know. in reality.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “Those who follow the messenger. I pray thee: and he saith. comprehend and put into action what he learned. Read this. It is He who gives life and causes death. whom they find in the Torah and in the Gospel…” (Qur’an: 7:157) Here again. I am not learned.” (Deuteronomy: 18:18) And: “…he will guide you into all truth: For he shall not speak of himself.” (Isaiah: 29:12) So. but whatsoever he shall hear. but I will let God answer it: “I will put My Words in his mouth and he shall speak all that I command him to speak. in terms of literary merits. I am sent to you all as a messenger of Allah-to Whom belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the Earth. believe in Allah and His messenger (Muhammad). become the most important author. confirms it.” (John: 16:13) You see. he could not read. from being illiterate. and seems to allude to the fact that it is Muhammad spoken of in the prophecy at hand. he (Muhammad) is in the Torah and the Gospel. None has the right to be worshipped. the prophet who can neither read nor write. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 117 . it was opened for him. that shall he speak. for he was pure of heart. nor write and that it is him who is referred to in Isaiah: 29:12: “And the book is delivered to him that is not learned. The book was given to him un-sealed and even though. saying. but He. Allah makes mention of Muhammad’s illiteracy and even makes mention that. but he could understand. the prophet who can neither read nor write. Muhammad could not read or write. And finally: ‫ﻗﻞ َﺎ أﻳ َﺎ اﻟﱠﺎس إ ﱢﻲ ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ إﻟﻴﻜﻢ ﺟ ِﻴ ًﺎ اﻟ ِي ﻟﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ اﻟﺴ َﺎ َات َاﻷرض ﻻ‬ ِ ْ َ ‫ُ ْ ﻳ َ ﱡﻬ ﻨ ُ ِﻧ َﺳ ُ ّ ِ َِ ْ ُ ْ َﻤ ﻌ ﱠﺬ َ ُ ُ ْ ُ ﱠﻤ و ِ و‬ ‫إَـﻪ إﻻ هﻮ ﻳﺤ ِـﻲ وﻳ ِﻴﺖ َﺂﻣ ُﻮا ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ور ُﻮﻟﻪ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ اﻷ ﱢ ﱢ اﻟ ِي ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ِﺎﻟﻠﻪ وآﻠ َﺎﺗﻪ‬ ِ ِ ‫ِﻟ َ ِ ﱠ ُ َ ُ ْﻴ َ ُﻤ ُ ﻓ ِﻨ ْ ﺑ ّ ِ َ َﺳ ِ ِ ﱠ ِ ﱢ ُﻣﻲ ﱠﺬ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﺑ ّ ِ َ َِﻤ‬ “Say (O Muhammad) ‘O mankind! Verily. who believes in Allah and His Words’…” (Qur’an: 7:158) So. from this we can say with certainty that Muhammad could neither read. This reinforces our view and in fact. So. in the whole of Arabic literature?” The answer to this question should be obvious. I will end this chapter with a quote from Maurice Bucaille: “How could a man.

Islam) amongst themselves. While there were pockets of Jews in Arabia. He says in Isaiah: 29:14: “For the wisdom of their wise men shall perish. the desert was quiet. Not so peculiar. after God makes it clear as to whom would receive His book and therefore.” (Isaiah: 29:14) So. and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. the Jewish priests would not be able to understand God’s word anymore. That is one of the many mysteries concerning the Middle East. God has had enough. when God decided to bestow His book on the Arabs. To do this. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 118 . for almost four-hundred years. what this isolation accomplished was to secure a people from outside influence. we need to examine Arabia preceding and leading up to Islam. it could be said that. In between lies a desert terrain that nobody ever took interest in. would become true believers. He informs us as to what nation would accept this book and hear its words. In simpler terms. After thousands of years of disobedience by the Israelites and the falsifying of God’s verses by the Jewish scribes. to let the Arabs deal with it (The book. You see. surrounded by water.” (Isaiah: 29:18-19) Now. and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid. thus paving the way for Islam. and out of darkness. once you think about how it would factor into God’s plan in due time. To fully understand the conditions of the people to whom would hear the words of God’s book. the message of Islam. could’ve been hindered by the influence or the forces of foreign people. A Byzantine Empire on its western border and the Persian Empire on its eastern border. while Christianity was spreading like wild fire. and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity. the growth of which. He decided also. To further elaborate. The meek also shall increase their joy in the Lord. He sealed the book from those who were learned and gave the book to those who were unlearned. we must imagine a piece of land cut off on three sides.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Ten: Part Two: …the blind shall see out of obscurity… “And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book. The land which is now called Saudi Arabia has never been conquered or occupied by any foreign force that was not of Arab origin. nor desired to expend the energy and manpower it would take to conquer and possess it. therefore leading them astray and those who were deaf and blind would now gain an understanding and as a direct result.

except only to manipulate or ridicule the Arabs. says about the Arabs: “In this way had the Arabs lived for long ages. Verily. the sand proves explosive powder. Allah tells Muhammad to tell the pagan Arabs to reflect on the whole situation and take into account. the Life and Death of the Divine Man in Judea. soul-elevating. one spark. blazes heaven-high from Delhi to Grenada! I said. There was not even the slightest inkling of Christianity or Judaism taking foot in Arabia or for that matter. but lo. Belief is great. The history of a Nation becomes fruitful. the man Mahomet. unnoticed by the world. any monotheistic ideology. within one century afterwards. and incidentally. the unnoticed becomes world-notable. Heroes and Hero worship) And Allah said: ‫ُﻞ ﻟﻮ َﺎء اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﺗﻠﻮﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ وﻻ أد َا ُﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻟﺒﺜﺖ ِﻴﻜﻢ ﻋﻤ ًا ﱢﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ أﻓﻼ ﺗﻌﻘُﻮن‬ َ ‫ﻗ ﱠ ْ ﺷ ّ ُ ﻣ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْر آ ِ ِ َ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ُ ﻓ ُ ْ ُ ُ ﺮ ﻣ َ ْ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ ﻠ‬ {16} “Say (O Muhammad) If Allah had so Willed. had in the course of centuries reached into Arabia too. Obscure tidings of the most important Event ever transacted in this world. I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. “To the Arab Nation it was as a birth from darkness into light. I should not have recited it to you. A poor shepherd people. Have you then no sense?” (Qur’an: 10:16) Here. who would ultimately change the face of their nation. there arose one from amongst themselves. have produced fermentation there. much was getting into confusion and fermentation among them. with the Help of God. when he was given the book by Allah. Arabia shines through long ages over a great section of the world. great. at once the symptom and cause of immeasurable change to all people in the world. and then they too would flame.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il they kept to themselves. and that one century. the rest of men waited for him like fuel. nor would He have made it known to you. the small has grown world-great. Why after forty years of honesty would he (Muhammad) begin to conjure up “lies” and “stories?” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 119 . Arabia is at Grenada on this hand. In fact. The Jews did not care whether the Arabs worshipped Yahuwah or their stone Idols. and could not but. They (Jews) were not in the business of converting Gentiles into their sacred fraternity. on a world of what seemed black unnoticeable sand. of itself.--is it not as if a spark had fallen. a people of great qualities. that they all knew Muhammad to be honest and trustworthy until and after the age of forty. the Great Man was always as lightning out of Heaven. Arabia first became alive by means of it.” (Thomas Carlyle.-glancing in valor and splendor and the light of genius. Thomas Carlyle. Their Idolatries appear to have been in a tottering state. of course. Christianity was illegal within the city limits of Makkah. they (Arabs) did everything they could to ban outsiders from meddling in their religious life (if it can be called that). These Arabs.” (Thomas Carlyle. in his book Heroes and Hero worship. at Delhi on that. Heroes and Hero worship) To think. life-giving. roaming unnoticed in its deserts since the creation of the world: a Hero-Prophet was sent down to them with a word they could believe: see. unconsciously waiting for the day when they should become notable to all the world. so soon as it believes.

In fact. the Ka’bah. they also housed idols inside Allah’s house. They even thought circling the Ka’bah. wrong or right and whatever the cost. Pretty much. They guaranteed safety for the Makkan caravans traveling through their lands in exchange for their idols to be housed in the Ka’bah. when He said: “And in that day. Al-‘Uzza. The most one could ask for was what you could call “tribal justice”. the pagan Arabs had no one to criticize them or denounce their actions. Among their other customs was the burying of their unwanted daughters. the only good qualities you can attribute to the pagan Arabs. the Holy house of Allah. “whatever the chief of our tribe or clan says is the law is therefore. now we can get an idea of what God meant. evil is their decision. his face becomes dark. Shall he keep her with dishonor or bury her in the Earth? Certainly. Besides worshipping idols. drinking wine and taking wives in countless numbers was also approved. mostly belonged to pagans who traveled to Makkah to partake in commerce.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il You see. which accumulated to the unbelievable number of three-hundred and sixty. and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity. developed beliefs and superstitions to their own liking and benefit. Al-Lat. over centuries. and that is all one could expect. sort of. and out of darkness. which is the concept of protecting your own.” (Qur’an: 16:59) There were also other transgressions which were legal in Arabia. These idols. so they. So. was an approved and suggested form of worship. and he is filled with inward grief! He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed.The pagan Arabs thought it to be a great dishonor to have born to them daughters instead of sons. our law.” (Isaiah: 29:18) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 120 . i. for there was no system of law. but used their idols as intercessors or mediators with Allah.e. was their bravery and their hospitality toward their guests. or so they would think! They had a multitude of different idols. shall the deaf hear the words of the book. however evil. And Allah said: ‫ﻳﺘ َا َى ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻮم ِﻦ ُﻮء َﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻪ أﻳﻤﺴﻜﻪ ﻋَﻰ ُﻮن أم ﻳﺪ ﱡﻪ ِﻲ اﻟﺘ َاب أﻻ َﺎء َﺎ‬ ‫َ َﻮ ر ِ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﻣ ﺳ ِ ﻣ ُ ﱢ َ ِ ِ َ ُ ْ ِ ُ ُ َﻠ ه ٍ َ ْ َ ُﺳ ُ ﻓ ﱡﺮ ِ َ َ ﺳ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻜ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ ْ ُﻤ‬ “And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them. until Muhammad made his appearance in the world. They believed in one superior God.” Visiting prostitutes. and as a result a lot of unwanted female babies were buried alive. of which the most known were. and Manat.

” (Qur’an: 8:21-23) This verse is referring to the pagan Arabs and/or disbelievers at Muhammad’s time. no one could ever imagine this backward. but mankind wrongs themselves. and the answer is. And Allah also said: ‫وﻣﻨ ُﻢ ﱠﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻤ ُﻮن إﻟﻴﻚ أﻓ َﻧﺖ ﺗﺴﻤﻊ اﻟﺼﻢ وﻟﻮ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻻ ﻳﻌﻘُﻮن }24{ و ِﻨ ُﻢ ﱠﻦ َﻨﻈﺮ‬ ُ ُ ‫َﻣ ﻬ ﻣ ﻳ‬ َ ‫َ ِ ْﻬ ﻣ َ ْ َ ِﻌ َ َِ ْ َ َ َﺄ َ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﱡ ﱠ ََ ْ آ ﻧ ْ َ َ ْ ِﻠ‬ ‫إﻟﻴﻚ أﻓ َﻧﺖ ﺗﻬ ِي اﻟﻌﻤﻲ وﻟﻮ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻻ ﻳﺒﺼ ُون }34{ و ِﻨ ُﻢ ﱠﻦ َﻨﻈﺮ إﻟﻴﻚ أﻓ َﻧﺖ ﺗﻬ ِي‬ ‫َﻣ ﻬ ﻣ ﻳ ُ ُ َِ ْ َ َ َﺄ َ َ ْﺪ‬ َ ‫ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ﺄ َ َ ْﺪ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ ْ آ ﻧ ْ َ ُ ْ ِ ﺮ‬ {43} ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻲ وﻟﻮ َﺎ ُﻮا ﻻ ﻳﺒﺼ ُون‬ َ ‫ْ ُ ْ َ ََ ْ آ ﻧ ْ َ ُ ْ ِﺮ‬ “And among them are some who listen to you. He would make them to listen and understand. Allah wrongs not mankind in aught.’ Verily! The worst of (moving) living creatures with Allah are the deaf and the dumb.” (Isaiah: 29:18) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 121 . but have turned away with aversion (to the truth). illiterate nation uniting and founding an absolute monotheistic religion. had He seen any good in them. were also deaf and blind at one time and as Allah said in the above verse. and even if He had made them listen. they would. Heroes and Hero Worship) And Allah said: ‫وﻻ ﺗ ُﻮ ُﻮا َﺎﻟ ِﻳﻦ َﺎُﻮا ﺳﻤﻌ َﺎ وهﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺴﻤ ُﻮن }12{ إن ﺷﺮ اﻟﺪ َاب ِﻨﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺼﻢ اﻟﺒﻜﻢ‬ ُ ْ ُ ْ ‫ِ ﱠ َ ﱠ ﱠو ﱠ ﻋ َ ّ ِ ﱡ ﱡ‬ َ ‫َ َ َﻜ ﻧ ْ آ ﱠﺬ َ ﻗ ﻟ َ ِ ْﻨ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َﻌ‬ ‫اﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻘُﻮن }22{ وﻟﻮ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ِﻴﻬﻢ ﺧﻴ ًا ﱠﺄﺳﻤﻌﻬﻢ وﻟﻮ أﺳﻤﻌﻬﻢ ﻟﺘﻮﱠﻮا و ُﻢ ﻣﻌﺮ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ َ ْ َ ِ َ ّ ُ ﻓ ِ ْ َ ْﺮ ﻟ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ َ ﻟ ْ ﱠ ه ﱡ ْ ِ ﺿ‬ َ ‫ﱠﺬ َ َ َ ْ ِ ﻠ‬ {23} “And be not like those who say: ‘We have heard. Allah asks Muhammad. is that the Arabs who testified to the truth of Islam.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il You see. He knows what men know not. He would indeed. Had Allah known of any good in them. but Allah can and God says exactly that in Isaiah: 29:18: “And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book (The Qur’an) and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness. but the meaning we can derive from it. have made them listen.” (Qur’an: 10:42-44) And here. but can you make the deaf to heareven though they apprehend not! And among them are some who look at you.” (Thomas Carlyle. if he can make the deaf to hear or the blind to see. but can you guide the blind-even though they see not? Truly. who understand not (disbelievers). of course. no. but they hear not. And Thomas Carlyle exclaimed: “(It is simply amazing) how one man single handedly could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades. but Allah did.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And Allah said: ‫هﻮ اﻟ ِي ﺑﻌﺚ ِﻲ اﻟﺄﻣﱢﻴﻦ ر ُﻮًﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﺘُﻮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺁ َﺎﺗﻪ وﻳﺰ ﱢﻴﻬﻢ وﻳﻌﱢﻤﻬﻢ اﻟﻜ َﺎب َاﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ َ َ ْ ِ ْ ‫ُ َ ﱠﺬ َ َ َ ﻓ ُْ ﱢﻴ َ َﺳ ﻟ ﱢ ْ ُ ْ َ ْﻠ ََ ْ ِ ْ ﻳ ِ ِ َ ُ َآ ِ ْ َ ُ َﻠ ُ ُ ُ ْ ِﺘ َ و‬ ‫وِن َﺎ ُﻮا ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻟ ِﻲ ﺿَﺎل ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٍ ‫َإ آ ﻧ ﻣ َ ْ ُ َﻔ َﻠ ٍ ﱡﺒ‬ “He (Allah) it is who sent among the unlettered ones a messenger (Muhammad) from amongst themselves. And after the Arabs (believers) had accepted the message. the word ‘manifest’ is defined as: TO SHOW CLEARLY. and just as God said. That is the great triumph. dumb.” (Qur’an: 48:29) So. in essence. And Muhammad said in an authentic report: “No one who pledged his hand to me under the tree will enter the Fire. and promises them paradise and an abundance of rewards. He would illuminate their path with a light (Muhammad).” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 122 .” (Qur’an: 62:2) I would like to point out that in the dictionary. you see them bowing down. are hard upon the disbelievers. the messenger of Allah. purifying them and teaching them the Book and Al-Hikmah (wisdom) and verily. they had been before in manifest error. after the Arabs accepted Islam and Muhammad. this would mean that everyone else in the world could see that the Arabs were ‘clearly’ in error as to their mode of thought and way of life. compassionate among themselves. they were deaf. Allah commends them. reciting to them His verses. Allah said: ‫َاﻟ ﱠﺎﺑ ُﻮن اﻷوُﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤ َﺎﺟ ِﻳﻦ َا َﻧ َﺎر َاﻟ ِﻳﻦ اﺗﺒ ُﻮ ُﻢ ﺑﺈﺣ َﺎن رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ‬ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ّ َ ِ ‫و ﺴ ِﻘ َ َ ﱠﻟ َ ِ َ ْ ُﻬ ِﺮ َ و ﻷ ﺼ ِ و ﱠﺬ َ ﱠ َﻌ ه ِ ِ ْﺴ ٍ ﱠ‬ ‫ور ُﻮا ﻋﻨﻪ وأﻋﺪ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﱠﺎت ﺗﺠ ِي ﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ اﻷﻧ َﺎر َﺎﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ أﺑ ًا ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻔﻮز اﻟﻌ ِﻴﻢ‬ ُ ‫َ َﺿ ْ َ ْ ُ ََ َ ﱠ َ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ َ ْﺮ َ ْ َﻬ َ ْﻬ ُ ﺧ ِﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ َ َﺪ َِ َ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ َﻈ‬ {100} “And the out strippers from among the Immigrants and the Helpers and those who followed them in good deeds. and those who are with him. just as God said.” (Qur’an: 9:100) And also: ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ َاﻟ ِﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ أﺷ ﱠاء ﻋَﻰ اﻟﻜ ﱠﺎر رﺣ َﺎء ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺗ َاهﻢ رآ ًﺎ ﺳﺠ ًا‬ ‫ﱡ َ ﱠ ٌ ﱠﺳ ُ ﱠ ِ و ﱠﺬ َ َ َ ُ َ ِﺪ َﻠ ْ ُﻔ ِ ُ َﻤ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َﺮ ُ ْ ُ ﱠﻌ ُ ﱠﺪ‬ “Muhammad. abiding therein forever. Allah was pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. prostrating themselves. but they themselves could not see it. so they could see and be brought out of darkness. and blind. with which Muhammad was given. He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow.

hypocrisy. A light. As for us. the blind to see and the dumb to comprehend. though many have tried. and sent him with His message. This brings us to the conclusion of Chapter Ten. He would indeed. God did make the deaf to hear. and our hearts at anytime. Therefore.” To quote Sheikh Tahawi. He made them helpers to His messenger. Ibn Mas’ud described the companions of the prophet as follows: “Allah looked upon the hearts of the people and found the heart of Muhammad as the best among them. after the heart of prophet. we do not go to extremes in love of anyone of them. So He chose him for Himself. Nonetheless. faith and excellence. Then He looked upon the hearts of the people. made them listen…” (Qur’an: 8:23) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 123 . and found the hearts of his companions as the best among the people. And Allah said: ‫وﻟﻮ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ِﻴﻬﻢ ﺧﻴ ًا ﱠﺄﺳﻤﻌﻬﻢ وﻟﻮ أﺳﻤﻌﻬﻢ ﻟﺘﻮﱠﻮا و ُﻢ ﻣﻌﺮ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ َ ْ َ ِ َ ّ ُ ﻓ ِ ْ َ ْﺮ ﻟ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ َ ﻟ ْ ﱠ ه ﱡ ْ ِ ﺿ‬ “…Had Allah known of any good in them. and then He brought them out of darkness into light. our ears. And their hatred is disbelief. I just want to point out that God can open our eyes. Their love is religion.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il One of the companions of Muhammad. we do not mention them. But we hate him who hates them. nor do we forsake anyone of them. and talks of them in an unseemingly manner.” So. and rebellion. which has not been extinguished in a period of over fourteen-hundred years. but in good terms. in his book ‘The Fundamentals of Islamic Creed’. he says: “And we love the companions of the prophet. we only need to be pure of heart and pure of soul.

agree with the “shot in the dark”. for all of it should be good! But the shell is not good to eat. we will Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 124 . states clearly. Seir. a fixation on the notion that one equals three somehow.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Eleven: Sinai? Seir? Paran? Tema? “…The Lord came from Sinai. for if they were indeed. and Paran are located in the Sinai Peninsula.” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) According to most atlases concerning the ancient Bible lands. and the yolk of the egg is quite unhealthy. in the same vicinity. And their number one acid test is the egg. This is their similitude with the father. then God would not have mentioned each one independently. and came with ten thousands of saints: From His right hand went a firery law for them. Mountains associated with the giving of the law (see Gen 21:21 and note. But they are not. Had they not been. They tell us that one can equal three as the egg is one. the egg white and the yolk. and Jesus is good and the Holy Spirit is good. Sinai. but it is not so. one equals three. “I am from New York City. “I came from New York City. “…and rose up from Seir unto them…” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) Most Christians would still argue and attest to these mountains being properly placed in their true geographical location. but you have three different parts. they are all New York City. Does it make sense for even a human being to say. And to skip Sinai.” But as we know. and rose up from Seir unto them. You see. The King James Version of the Bible says about them in the footnotes: “33:2 Sinai…Seir…Paran. eat the shell. with three distinct locations. I can concur. so no. most of these “Born agains” have this deficiency in mathmatics or at the very least. but I have my own acid test. First. He shined forth from Mount Paran. namely the shell. that these mountains mentioned are three distinct mountains. rose from the same area and shined forth from the same area. one does not equal three. it would not make sense for God to declare that He had came from the same area. Deuteronomy: 33:2. Hab 3:3) With this explanation of these mountains being associated with the giving of the law. the son and the Holy Ghost. it would suffice to say. grew up in Queens and live in Brooklyn?” Of course not. I say. my Christian brothers. then so should all parts of the egg. Judg 5:4-5. that they are all in the Sinai Peninsula for numerous reasons. I say if this is true and God is good. and neither does three mountains equal one. but I cannot. however.

There is a Lebanese Christian scholar named. and he grew. we would see that Mount Seir is actually a region in western Saudi Arabia. expecting to see somebody.210) “Ishmael’s mother went on suckling Ishmael and drinking from the water (she had). and found the mountain of As-Safa was the nearest mountain to her on that land. ‘The Bible Came from Arabia’.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il examine Seir first. of course. we must investigate ourselves. for she could not endure looking at him. but in conjunction with other evidence it will prove to be very helpful. She repeated that seven times. but where exactly is the wilderness of Paran? I guess. Mount Paran is as one would expect. in regards to Seir: “The name ‘Asir (‘sr. The prophet said. Now we’ve already explained in previous chapters that Ishmael and his mother had migrated to Makkah. Kamal Salibi who said in his book. have Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 125 . but she could not see anybody. When the water in the water-skin had been used up. if we were to look at a map today. but as we’ve seen before. on the authority of the Prophet (See Fath Al-Bari. she became thirsty and her child also became thirsty. she left him. Secondly. without proof. called Asir. Then she descended from As-Safa and when she reached the valley. VOL. Genesis: 21:20-21. they will tell you that it is in north central Sinai. I will present this as evidence once more: It is Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas. but for sake of argument. She stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly. we will have plenty to expound on with regard to Mount Sinai. we can’t exactly take them at their word. if you ask the geographers of the King James Version of the Bible. So. but she could not see anybody.’ When she reached Al-Marwah (for the last time) she heard a voice and she asked herself to be quiet and listen attentively. ‘This is the source of the tradition of the going of the people between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). or ‘Mount Seir’” “…He shined forth from Mount Paran…” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) Now. or ‘syr’) denotes the tribal highlands around abha…The name appears to be a survival. the son of Abraham: “And God was with the lad. ‘O (Whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice. page 204. by metathesis of the Biblical ‘Seir’. says about Ishmael. She started looking at him (Ishmael) tossing in agony. (Genesis: 21:20-21) Now. and became an archer. in the wilderness of Paran. she tucked up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and in trouble. till she crossed the valley and reached Al-Marwah mountain where she stood and started looking. 7 pg. and dwelt in the wilderness. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of Egypt. so that she might see somebody. She heard the voice again and said. and God willing. this by itself does not shed light on the location of Paran.

(Book of Jubilees: 20:13) • • The center of Arabia is definitely not the Sinai Peninsula. till water flowed from that place. In Arabic. The "Arabized Arabs" (musta`ribah) of center and North Arabia. where the House of Allah would be built by Ishmael himself. but it is still not absolutely clear as to what geographical region we are talking about.’” So. "Pure Arabs" of South Arabia. it would’ve been a stream flowing on the surface of the Earth. The Book o Jubilees claims that the sons of Ishmael intermingled with the six sons of Keturah from Abraham and were called Arabs and Ishmaelites. tribes that had vanished or been destroyed. and is not Makkah in the center of Arabia on its western side? The prophet Habakkuk also mentions Paran in a prophecy: "God (his guidance) came from Teman and the Holy One from mount Paran. and the earth was full of his praise. And Arabs and non-Arabs alike will attest to Ishmael being one of the Arabs’ progenitor. that Ishmael migrated to the Area of Makkah. She started to make something like a basin around it.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il you got something to help me?’ And Behold! She saw an angel at the place of the ZamZam." (Habakkuk: 3:3) You see. ‘May Allah bestow Mercy on Ishmael’s mother! Had she let the Zam-Zam (Flow without trying to control it). and the water was flowing out after she scooped some of it. let’s try to get as much information as we can on this ‘Paran’. along with his father.’ The prophet further added. it is said Fa’ran. ‘Don’t be afraid of being neglected. using her hands in this way and started filling her water-skin with water with her hands. and Allah never neglects His people. So. The angel said to her. digging the Earth with his heel (or his wing). You may take note of the substitution of the ‘P’ with an ‘F’. The Qahtanites (Qahtanis) are said to have migrated the land of Yemen following the destruction of the Ma'rib Dam (sadd Ma'rib). Mount Paran is said to be a series of mountains or a mountainous area located east of Makkah. often mentioned in the Qur'an as examples of God's power to destroy wicked peoples. he was not the ancestor of all Arabs as some would allege. Medieval Arab genealogists divided Arabs into three groups: • "Ancient Arabs". The prophet added. and Ishmael has been linked to this region. Selah. I discussed how names and Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 126 . of course. You May also remember from chapter Eight. Of course. for this is the House of Allah. descending from Ishmael son of Abraham. we see from the mouth of the Prophet. such as 'Ad and Thamud. ‘Then she drank and suckled her child. but that’s not to say that he did not make his mark. we keep running into this reoccurring theme of something big going down in Paran. descending from Qahtan. His glory covered the heavens. which will be built by this boy and his father.

or as in the Bible. peace be upon him. They descend from the same father. are very similar in many respects due to their common ancestry. Abraham. Faaraan is also a village in the region of Sughd. peace be upon him. However. Their languages. and it is His sending down of the Injiil upon Isa. It has been said that it is a name for the mountains of Mekkah. Volume III on p. Medieval Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi (d. one of the provinces of Samarqand. It is one of the names for Mekkah mentioned in the Torah. Ishmael and his mother. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 127 . An Arabicized Hebrew word. the word Paran is pronounced ‘Fa’ran’. as well as the one who.): “Faaraan: After the alif there is a raa' and it ends in a nun. And to support this claim. revealed] from Faaraan". the son of Abraham and the father of the Arabs settled in ‘Paran’. I will point you in the direction of the Douay (Catholic) Version of the Bible. did in fact migrate as witnessed by the Bible also to this location which would later become the city of Makkah. Ishmael was a father of the Arabs. and it is a well established fact among the Arabs that their father Ishmael was the founder of the city of Makkah. the Ka’bah.” This word is used in the Qur’an to convey the meaning of “migrating to your Lord”. 2) The Arabs and the Jews are ancient brethren. In Arabic. with the help of Prophet Abraham built the Holy house of Allah. to whom Abu Mansuur Muhammad Ibn Bakr Ibn Isma`iil al-Samarqandi al-Faaraani traces his origins. Abu Abd Allah al-Qudaa`i said.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il places are not always translated/transliterated correctly into English. Ibn Makulan Abu Bakr Nasr Ibn al-Qaasim Ibn Qudaa`ah al-Qudaa`i al-Faaraani al-Iskandari said "I have heard it is a reference to the mountains of Faaraan. Arabic and Hebrew. "Faaraan and al-Tur [literally. This is where he would live and die and this is where he raised all of his children. and His revealing from Mount Faaraan the fact of His sending down the Qur'an upon Muhammad. It is said Faaraan is the mountain of Mekkah. this is resolved very simply by recognizing the following four points: 1) The Bible tells us in Genesis 21:21 that Ishmael. so you can see the trend." Some difference of opinion has arisen as to where "Paran" actually is with some people mistakenly concluding that it is in Sinai. we would be justified in assuming that the Arabs should be better acquainted with where their father (and them themselves) lived than any other nation. 1229). that is to say. which means “Two who migrated. where it says: “…He hath appeared from Mount Pharan…” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) This is closer to the correct pronunciation in Arabic or Aramaic. in that city. Palestinians are actually Filistines. for example. Thus. Hagar. Arabic never died out as a spoken language for many centuries as Hebrew did. Philistines. Indeed. the mountains of the Hijaaz. the mountain] are two districts in southern Egypt. This can be found in the Qur’an: 51:50. However. 834 of the edition published in Leipzig in the 1860s contains the following entry (transl. In the Torah God came from Sinaa' [Sinai] and dawned from Saa`iir [Seir] and became known [or brought to light. This was transmitted from Muhammad Ibn alFadl al-Larmaani and Nasr Ibn Ahmad al-Kindi the Qur'anic scholar from whom Abu al-Hasan Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad al-Kaaghidhi al-Samarqandi transmitted. they are the mountains of Filastiin [Palestine].

and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. he disagrees with the afore mentioned analysis that ‘Seir’ is the Arabian ‘Asir’.e. May Allah reward him. Now. According to Genesis 21:21. It is quite clear from this verse that they are two different locations: “And the Children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai. now there should be no doubt in anyone’s mind that the Paran of the Bible is in fact. There is a scripture to support him in the Bible: “Then we turned. and took our journey into the wilderness by way of the Red Sea. He shined forth from Mount Paran. Muhammad conquered Makkah with ten thousand Muslim warriors and this is not the only place in the Bible this is mentioned: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 128 .e. It speaks of God (i. now that we’ve established that the mountains represent the three prophets and also where their law was given to them by God. but of the three mountains.” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) This in whole is a prophecy pertaining to the three prophets who God sent. Jesus and Muhammad. he could be right. i. and rose up from Seir unto them. as it says in the King James Version: “33:2 Sinai…Seir…Paran. Jamal Badawi says: “Deuteronomy 33:1-2 combines references to Moses. but Allah knows best. Hab 3:3) Next.” (see Gen 21:21 and note.e. we shall turn our attention to this prophecy as a whole to derive our meaning: “…The Lord came from Sinai. Mountains associated with the giving of the law. rising from Seir (probably the village of Sa'ir near Jerusalem) and shining forth from Paran.” (Deuteronomy: 33:2) As we have explained previously. along with his explanation. we will analyze the second part of this verse: “…And came with ten thousands of saints: From His right hand went a firery law for them.” (Deuteronomy: 2:1) So. Seir is indeed the most elusive and therefore. and came with ten thousands of saints: From His right hand went a firery law for them. and in the context of this prophecy. Jesus and Muhammad. that he is right.” (Numbers: 10:12) So. namely Moses.” Here. God's revelation) coming from Sinai. it is more than likely. the Fa’ran of Arabia. specifically Mecca).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 3) The Bible itself distinguishes between the wilderness of Sinai and the Wilderness of Paran in Numbers: 10:12. the mountainous region east of Makkah. as the Lord Spake unto me: and we compassed Mount Seir in many days. Judg 5:4-5. the wilderness of Paran was the place where Ishmael settled (i. Arabia.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “My beloved is white and ruddy. Dropping {with} flowing myrrh. there is a direct reference to him being the chief of the ten-thousand saints: “My beloved is white and ruddy. His eyes {are} like doves Besides the water-brooks. {and} black as a raven. {as} banks of sweet herbs. as they say (i. which are known to have accompanied Muhammad in the conquest of Makkah and in Songs of Solomon: 15:10. the chiefest among ten thousand. They also mention the ten-thousand saints. His lips {are as} lilies. it says Muhammad by name in the original Hebrew: “My beloved {is} white and ruddy. 15:16 to be exact. the seventh from Adam. a few verses down. the chiefest among ten thousand” (Songs of Solomon: 5:10) And: “And Enoch also. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 129 . for we know the region in which they refer to is the region in which Muhammad was “born and raised”. including myself attribute these prophecies with Muhammad. His hands {are as} rods of gold set with the beryl. Pre-eminent above ten thousand. prophesied of these. the Lord cometh with ten-thousands of His saints. Washed with milk. {and} fitly set.” (Jude: 1:14) Anyone can see that there must be some importance to these ten-thousand saints and most.e. saying. His locks {are} curled. Behold. His head {is as} the most fine gold.” (Songs of Solomon: 5:10) And in this same book. Paran). His body {is as} polished ivory overlaid {with} sapphires. His cheeks {are} as a bed of spices.

O daughters of Jerusalem. the conquest of Makkah with ten-thousand saints. Yea. he {is} altogether lovely. set upon sockets of fine gold. goodly 1. Jews claim the allegories demonstrate God's love for Israel. ‘Machmad’: Hebrew for H4261 ‫מחמד‬ Transliteration machmad Pronunciation makh·mäd' (Key) Part of Speech masculine noun Root Word (Etymology) from H2530 TWOT Reference 673d. the Church). And a Muslim's claim that the prophecies speak of Prophet Muhammad is on much more solid ground than the other two. but not a plural of numbers. as in the word. it says his name and second. it makes mention of a known fact of history. And the Strong’s Concordance says.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il His legs {are as} pillars of marble.” (Songs of Solomon: 5:16) The word Muhammad-im is the name Muhammad with an added suffix. for the understated significant reasons.e. desirable thing. but is no less a prophecy about Muhammad. pleasant 3. but if we look into the Hebrew. to exalt or to give honor. This {is} my beloved. His mouth {is} most sweet. beloved 1 Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 130 . we will be able to see Muhammad’s name! The transliteration in Hebrew is: “HIKKO MAMITTAKIM WE KULLO MUHAMMADIM ZEHDOODEH WA ZEHRAEE BAYNA JERUSALEM. Elohim: The name of God in the Bible. Christians regard the same passages as relating to Jesus’ love for his bride (i. First. it may not be apparent that this prophecy contains the name Muhammad.673e 1) Desire. lovely 1.” (Song of Songs: 5:10-16) This is an allegory prophecy. ‘im’. of which is used in Hebrew and Arabic. desire 3. and this {is} my friend. The ‘im’ particle is added to the name Eloh to enhance the superiority and exalt God. His aspect {is} like Lebanon. pleasant thing Outline of Biblical Usage Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 13 AV — pleasant thing 4. which is a plural. excellent as the cedars. At first glance. it is what you call a plural of Majesty or the plural.

the Lord is coming with ten thousands of his holy ones. now we can see without a doubt that at least this prophecy is about Muhammad. and 16 of his Epistle. take pleasure in. ‘Chamad’: Lexicon Results for chamad (Strong's H2530) Hebrew for H2530 ‫חמד‬ Transliteration chamad Pronunciation khä·mad' (Key) Part of Speech feminine noun verb Root Word (Etymology) a primitive root TWOT Reference 673 V Outline of Biblical Usage 1) To desire. to execute judgment upon all. desire greatly Nf 2) Desirableness. and to convict everyone of all the deeds of ungodliness that they have committed in such an ungodly way. which reads: "See. flattering people to their own advantage. they indulge their own lusts. delight 2. But what about the others? In verses 14. covet 4. and of all the harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him. covet. NRSV) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 131 .” (Jude: 1:15-16. pleasant 1. preciousness Authorized Version (KJV) Translation Count — Total: 21 AV — desire 11.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Gesenius's Lexicon (Help) And from the root word. delectable things 1 Gesenius's Lexicon (Help) So. Jude reproduces the words of the Enoch's Prophecy. delight in a) (Qal) to desire b) (Niphal) to be desirable c) (Piel) to delight greatly. beauty 1. These are grumblers and malcontents. lust 1. 15. they are bombastic in speech.

this cannot be a coincidence. a Biography of the Prophet'. 20 Ramadan Hijri 8 (11 January 630) Muslim army entered the city of Mekkah. reviewed earlier. prior to the advent of Islam. (On Thursday. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 132 . Next Muhammad turned his attention to the 360 idols around the shrine. but what about Teman? According to J. she writes: “At the end of 628 A.. And the Holy One from mount Paran. In her most recent publication. Karen Armstrong was a Roman Catholic nun for seven years." (Sura 17:8) So.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Anyone who has read the biography of prophet Muhammad and the acts committed by the Pagan Arabs of Paran. January 630. maybe this clarifies the ten thousand saints. went to the wilderness of Paran (Fa’ran). This. this would mean that Muhammad was the fulfillment of this prophecy.E. a fact that this was a prophecy that was fulfilled in a real historical event. because he did migrate from Paran (the mountainous region. we have this reoccurring mention of ten-thousand saints. ‘Fa’ran’ which means “Two who migrated”. east of Makkah) to Teman (the area of Madinah) just as Allah said he would. . is enough to constitute a fact.000 soldiers and soon the whole city resounded with words that symbolished the final victory of Islam. 'Muhammad.” (Habakkuk: 3:3) We’ve thoroughly discussed where the Mount Paran (Fa’ran) is located.D. Let’s review our facts: 1) Ishmael indeed. Muhammad set out at the head of the largest army every to leave Madina. The rest stayed indoor. And again.he rode round the Ka'aba seven times. crowded on to their roofs and balconies. Hastings’s Dictionary of the Bible: “Teman is an Oasis just North of Madinah in the Arabian Peninsula. Nearly all the men in the umma had volunteered and along the road their Bedouin allies joined the expedition bringing the number up to 10.) Muhammad had come to Mekkah not to persecute the Quraysh but to abolish the religion which had failed them. Since 1982 she has been a TV broadcaster and a writer.. God willing! “God cometh from Teman.. through the person of Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdullah. along with the above evidence I have given and have quoted. and the Earth is full of His praise.” So. Only a handful of Mekkan offered resistance. Her prestigious work and the best seller... he and his followers were forced to migrate from Makkah to Madinah. 'History of God' have earned her an envious reputation.000 men. On 10 Ramadan. would see the above prophecy being fulfilled with the 'Makkan Expedition' by the prophet.. of which are better known as the “companions” of Prophet Muhammad. About 622 C. therefore fulfilling prophecy. the Meccans broke the Treaty of Hudaybiyah. The army was offered practically no resistance. Surely. the Quraysh watched him smash each idol while he recited the verse: "the truth has come. touching the black stone each time and crying 'al-Llahu Akbar!' The shout was taken up by his 10. ~Selah~ His glory covereth the heavens. surely falsehood is certain to vanish. and falsehood has vanished away.

but there will be someone to ridicule you and attack you with propaganda. the more subject to ridicule he is likewise. was not referring to him and was never the specific aim. 3) Muhammad is a direct descendant of Ishmael. I only have a few questions: Why has God not done these things yet? Are we still supposed to be waiting for this to happen. declaring that He is going to do these things and how can Muhammad be the one talked about when God clearly states that He is going to perform all these actions? Well. He has chosen human beings to do these jobs on His behalf. so my heart can be at ease? For it seems to be. There is a Jamaican proverb one my friends taught me one day: “More the monkey climb. or "I" have done this. but that did not stop those who had a sickness in their hearts and in their minds. whereas.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 2) Ishmael is at least the progenitor of the Arabs of central and northern Arabia.” Which means.E. In the Old Testament. Muslim brethren. can someone please point this out to me. the higher one climbs in life or success. we’ve seen it numerous times with the prophets. before the sun. No one will ever succeed in life.g. (E. 7) Muhammad conquered Makkah in the year 630 C. One such criticism is that all the above prophecies consist of God. (2 Samuel: 12:12) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 133 . through Kedar. so let them alone to destroy themselves. that any prophecy that Muhammad fulfills. 2 Samuel: 12:12). and nothing will ever change that. They were anointed by God to do their duties. 5) Muhammad migrated to Madinah (Teman) from Makkah (Paran). “For thou didst it in secret: but I will do this thing before all Israel. These are the facts. in the first person. somehow does not apply to him. or is this one of the many prophecies that Jesus fulfilled? If so. The answer to this criticism. but there will always be those who will attack the truth. 6) This migration is also spoken of in Isaiah: 21:13. and many will dispute them. God often speaks "I" will do this. God has put a covering on their hearing and their seeing. 4) Teman is an oasis just north of Madinah. Ishmael’s firstborn. where it specifically describes an Arabian prophet. with his ten-thousand. the more ‘im backside exposed.

but by the will of God.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This is referring to when David had sinned (as reported in the Bible) by taking Uriah’s wife and thereafter. it was David’s own son. God was very furious. God made good on His Promise but He didn’t lie with David’s wives. who performed these evil deeds. for everyone to see. and told him He was going to give David’s wives to his neighbor and he would lie with them in public. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 134 . put him in position to be killed in battle. Absalom.

"It was a letter penned by one of Wyatt's associates that helped Cornuke and Williams find Jabal al Lawz. But nobody seems to know exactly where Mount Sinai is. it was Ron Wyatt who discovered that Jebel el Lawz is the real Mt. Is there a real mountain that holds the secrets of God's interaction with man? Were the tablets of the Ten Commandments literally carved by the finger of God into stone from this mountain? New information seems to indicate that the real Mount Sinai is in Saudi Arabia. I am most certain that Paul knew what he was saying and why and that more likely than not.] Jerry Orbach: Two of the world's great religions. Seir. Since the fourth century AD.but now the truth is beginning to be told. who is interviewed in this program. this is something truly astonishing! And what is even more amazing is that if. William Fry. Now because I am the first to admit that I am not the first and foremost expert on Ancient Bible lands. which Wyatt had concluded in 1984 was Mount Sinai" Denver Post 10-11-98. I have saved the best for last. indeed this is true.com: [This was the very first national TV program that has mentioned that the late Ron Wyatt was the very first person to visit Jebel el Lawz and identify it as being the real Mount Sinai. 1984. ArkDiscovery. But is it? Saint Catherine's Monastery located at the base of the mountain. I will actually quote those who are profound in their expertise of ancient geography. and in those interviews they never mentioned that Ron Wyatt had been to Jebel el Lawz first . was a co-worker with Ron Wyatt and operates the anchorstone. Paul would have said Sinai peninsula if that is what was meant. It's built Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 135 .Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Twelve: For this Agar is Mount Sinai in Arabia Now moving along to Mount Sinai. even their geopolitical systems on events and declarations from Mount Sinai. the Saudi Arabian Government has erected a chain link fence and closed down all geological and archaeological excavations on this mountain in the ancient land of Midian. I am not an expert on Bible geography. The reason I make this statement is that I’ve read rebuttals to the implications that this verse suggests that Arabia encompasses the Sinai Peninsula as well. officially labeled Jabal Musa. Sinai! Ron even appeared on the CBS Morning News on April 18. because I want to make it abundantly clear that Mount Sinai. Now. The following discourse is from the site. but I am willing to bet that Paul knew his the geography of his own area very well. and interestingly enough. and informed the world about his discovery. The segment on this program that features Bob Cornuke's and Larry Williams' comments are from their old interviews from 19931998.com web site. base many of their beliefs. but hardly anyone remembers this national television interview. are indeed different mountains and indeed in different regions. then it was right under our noses all the time. has been regarded by many faithful Christians as THE Mount Sinai. was constructed by order of the Emperor Justinian between 527 and 565 AD. and one cannot forget that Paul was very intelligent and not likely to err. a high mountain near the southern end of the Sinai Peninsula. What I mean by that is there is a lot of discussion about Mount Sinai not even being located in the Sinai Peninsula. a scholar of anything. I don’t proclaim myself to be a scholar of geography or in fact. and Mount Paran. but like I said before. with his two sons. Christianity and Judaism. Paul told from his own mouth: “For this Agar is Mount Sinai in Arabia…” (Galatians: 4:25) Now.

Virtually every major event associated with the exodus. Orbach: But if that is true. how did Jebel Musa and the site of Saint Catherine's Monastery get such a hold on the popular and scholarly imagination? William Fry: Unknown to most people. Eventually he came into the camp of a Midianite priest named Jethro." The life of Moses would never be the same. Helena ordered a church built on the spot where fourth century Bedouins said they had found the burning bush. there are enough historical kernels indicating the account is factual from both an archaeological and Egyptian anthropological perspective. and out of the burning bush. a spectacular natural setting for the second largest collection of illustrated manuscripts in the world. Moses married one of Jethro's daughters Zippora. Thirdly. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 136 . But if so many generations of rulers. A collection exceeded only by the Vatican's. what is it that makes today's scholars and investigators turn their attention to a mountain in Saudi Arabia called Jebel el Lawz? Dr. The traditional site called Jebel Musa. fails all of the historical. and many critics question whether there ever was a massive exodus out of the land of Egypt. The Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. had been the cause for a great deal of skepticism over the centuries. it must be located completely outside of Egypt and its controlled territories which would exclude the Sinai Peninsula. This monastery is in fact. Although the writer was not a scholarly historian. Secondly. and settled down to what he thought would be the life of a shepherd. he encountered a most marvelous site. One day while grazing his flock on the slopes of Mount Sinai. Michael Blaine: The biblical story of the Exodus is an eyewitness account. None of the other proposed mountains fits all these requirements except Jebel el Lawz. a young Moses raised as an Egyptian Prince was forced to flee into the desert to escape the rath of Pharoah after he killed an Egyptian overseer who was beating a Hebrew slave. Sinai in the Sinai Peninsula was selected without any scientific or archaeological evidence being considered. mother of the Emperor Constantine. Sinai. a chapel was built over the very bush centuries ago. By order of Queen Helena. The account contains sufficient place names cross referenced in non-biblical Sumarian and Assyrian Cuniform tablets to confirm the accuracy of the exodus account and to assure scholars that it was not an account invented for later consumption. Roy Knuteson: None of the suggested sites in the Sinai Peninsula fit the biblical requirements.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il around. That being the case. but it was not consumed. a bush suddenly burst into flames. Sinai. priests and kings are satisfied with this Mt. To summarize the story briefly. Sinai. What we must understand is that Mt. geographical and archaeological tests. Moses heard the voice of God. The Lord told him to return to Egypt and bring the Hebrews out of bondage. Isaac and Jacob. and located near Saint Catherine's Monastery. but what are they? Knuteson: First it had to be located in ancient Midian. certain identifying characteristics are required by the biblical account that can help us pinpoint the location of Mt. or perhaps we should say one man's mother. but it was not to be. what is thought by those who inhabit the monastery and many in the surrounding area. Dr. written by a layman to his contemporaries. Orbach: Few places mentioned in the Bible are as important to the people of that book as Mt. the bush Moses saw burning but not consumed. the Jebel Musa site was selected solely on the opinion of one man. which is in present day Saudi Arabia.000 years after the fact. who was wealthy in both daughters and livestock. Orbach: Perhaps we should take a moment to discover exactly what these tests are and how they can be applied some 4. B. sent his mother Helena to the Middle East to discover spots he had seen in visions. This was to be the great exodus out of Egypt and into the promised land. somehow involves this Holy mountain. The story of the burning bush as well of other miracles performed by Moses in his effort to get the Pharoah to release the Hebrew slaves. "I am the God of Abraham. on the back side of the mountain there must be a vast desert as you see here.

] Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 137 . there have been major archaeological discoveries found throughout the world. just before the revelation in Sinai. what does the Saudi Government think of all this newfound attention? Exciting and surprising answers when we come back. but which four years earlier had been described as the real Mt. Catherine is now anchored in 1600 years of tradition and those who are devoted to this site show little interest in looking elsewhere.. archaeological teams have searched for evidence that Moses and the Israelites once camped here for nearly a year after their flight from Egypt. he says that Moses went up the highest and most sacred of the mountains its region. particularly religious traditions. Jebel el Lawz. Sinai somewhere in Northwestern Arabia. No Jews were ever interested in the Sinai Peninsula. In Galatians 4:25 he says. Sinai in Arabia. And we did find what I think is important archaeological evidence that something took place at Jebel el Lawz. or the present Mt. Sinai located near the monastery of St.. in fact the Jewish Encyclopedia states flatly that there is no Jewish tradition of the geographical location of Mt Sinai. Orbach: Larry Williams. What is it that points scholars to this site? Fry: The earliest Jewish source. a Jewish philosopher. Demetrias the chronographer in the third century BC. The Septuagint states that Jethro was the priest of Madian.. And Philo. as apposed to say an archaeologist or scientist. Orbach: And the Septuagint is not alone in placing the mountain near a city in modern day Saudi Arabia. And. Sinai? Since 1956.. The Mt. Philo adds one more small detail to the investigation of Mt. that discusses the location of Mt. and the location of the mystical Mt. No one knows where they might have first set foot in Sinai.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Orbach: There doesn't seem to be any firm Jewish tradition which supports Constantine's site either. But that also means there is no tradition that supports the site in Saudi Arabia. Orbach: Traditions. [This was the first time that Ron Wyatt's name was mentioned on national TV in regard to the discovery of Mt. Fry: When the Sinai Peninsula was under Israeli control. He describes the Israelites wandering eastward all the way across the Sinai Peninsula to the southern edge of Palestine. describes Zippora as an Arab who lived in Arabia. a former policeman with a reputation for bravery. "Now Hagar stands for Mt. who might best be described as an adventurer. claims that after Moses married Zippora they made their home in the city of Madian. Sinai? What is there beside just the location to suggest this mountain was once the place where God communicated directly with Moses? Has anyone actually been there to see and catalog the evidence. Sinai. who went out and then went into the desert to meet Moses. comes down to the tip of the Sinai Peninsula. only a handful are Hebrew Aramaic. There is a trail that comes down the west branch of the Red Sea. The tradition of identifying one of the mountains in the Sinai Peninsula as the mountain of Moses was a scholar's invention without any Jewish precedence whatsoever. they discovered nothing out of over 8. Larry Williams: With satellite infrared photography. stops there. Sinai is the Septuagint. other than the Torah. Sinai. modern technology has begun to have an impact on the discussion. [The Wyatt Group disagrees with this satellite scenario] appears to come out the other side and wanders north to the highest mountain. the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible begun in the third century BC.000 inscriptions from the southern half of the Sinai Peninsula. Philo thus places Mt. Lately however. enlisted the services of Robert Cornuke.The location of ancient Madian can be determined from a map produced by Tolime. and the two men literally sneaked into Saudi Arabia and made their way to the mountain called Jebel el Lawz on modern maps. But it is the Apostle Paul who provides the finishing touch. the left hand branch of it. uh. a second century AD geographer in Alexandria. Sinai itself is the subject of relentless argument. Scholars and investigators are still searching for the point for which the children of Israel may have crossed the Red Sea. with any respect anyway to Moses. Is there some scientific evidence that proves Jebel el Lawz in northwestern Saudi Arabia is in fact the true Mt." Where does that leave Jebel Musa. The Septuagint transliterates the Hebrew name for Midian as either Madian or Madiam. Infrared satellite photography for example is helping to provide a clearer picture of the actual location of this fabled mountain. Most of the places mentioned in Exodus are unknown. die hard. Sinai by amateur archaeologist Ron Wyatt.

The tomb of Jethro. This is some of the stone of it. making it very bitter. foundation. Saudi Arabia is still run largely by a coalition between the royal family and the religious establishment. which was written on an eight foot stele and stood out in the open air. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 138 . not an Arabic drawing.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Bob Cornuke: In 1988. Additionally on the flat in front of this mountain we found a large pile of rocks about 20-24 feet tall. a period they see as characterized by moral chaos. Why not seven. notified the production company on this mistake after this program aired. They said they had found writing in these caves indicating that Moses had come through this area. [Correction: The fences that are around the mountain and the golden calf altar were not put there after Cornuke and Williams visited the site in 1988.which is why the fences were already up when the 1988 pictures above. as if the rocks had been burnt. the Ten Commandments tablets were portable and designed to be kept as a sacred treasure. let alone a year. We found at the base of this mountain twelve pillars eighteen and a half feet in diameter. were taken by Cornuke and Williams. Sinai site in Saudi Arabia. Williams: And we did find what I think is important archaeological evidence that something took place at Jebel el Lawz. Sinai argument having to do with the tablets of the Law or the Ten Commandments. Orbach: An encampment area large enough for an estimated one to two million people is a major factor in determining the location of the real Mt. How does Jebel el Lawz measure up in some of these more obscure requirements? Cornuke: We found the top of the mountain to be black. There is a petroglyph of an Egyptian. the father-in-law of Moses. If it allows archaeological excavations of ancient Israelite sites in Saudi Arabia. Sinai. basalt rock or deerite. This rock is not indigenous to that area of Saudi Arabia. pointing toward the mountain and there we found marble. possibly confirming biblical scripture that the Lord descended upon it in fire and smoke. Inland. the House of Saud opens itself to the anger of the Arab world. tablets and wall reliefs were usually done in limestone. Bryant Wood: Unlike other law codes. but an Egyptian drawing of the golden calf. let alone to Saudi Arabia. we retraced the exodus route from the tip of the Sinai Peninsula into Saudi Arabia using the Bible and satellite imagery to find the actual route.] Sandra Mackey: The Saudi government is in a very difficult political position. there is strong evidence the Ten Commandment tablets were done in granite or marble. Mt. the fences were put up after Ron Wyatt showed these things to a Saudi archaeologist in 1985 -. we found the bitter springs of Mara mentioned in Exodus 15. Although ancient Egyptian and Babylonian steles. Bill Fry. Ron Wyatt's representative who was interviewed on this program. The other problem the House of Saud faces is external. the House of Saud used the theology of the mojove sect of Islam to create national unity. Additionally at the base of the mountain we found kind of a wing shaped formation. the Saudi government closed down the Jebel el Lawz site to any foreign archaeological study. Orbach: Shortly after Cornuke and Williams visited this site. That religious establishment is very resistant to exploring anything archaeologically before Islam. why twelve? With the twelve tribes of Moses fitting so perfectly into that scenario. Dr. round marble stone. Continuing along the route we came to the clear water springs mentioned in Exodus 15:27. the wife of Moses were found in these caves. Because the Saudi's had no sense of nationalism when the country was unified in the 1920's. And a source of water for a group that large would be essential for an extended stay of even a month. They also erected a chain link fence and placed a military guard around the mountain to prevent even clandestine exploration of the site. such as the code of Hammurabi . rock types that are found at the Jebel el Lawz. This dirt sample from the springs has been chemically analyzed and was found to contain excessive iron and dissolved salts. and Zippora. but it is doubtful that the show will ever be re-edited and corrected. 33 km. But the Bible provides other clues as well. Orbach: Archaeologists have identified another small footnote to the Mt. why not eleven. here caves were being excavated by Saudi archaeologists.

to ascertain whether the placement of Mount Sinai in Arabia is plausible. fragments of which were found amongst the Dead Sea scrolls. Sinai to be in the Arabian Peninsula. one must examine the information available and be able to decipher the facts. and not as most of the eloquent speakers portray them (the facts) to be. The mountain is now part of a 5. Sinai is located somewhere in northwestern Saudi Arabia. we can say with certainty. who use their God given intellect. that there are different views. Orbach: Whether or not this is proven to be the mountain where Moses stood in awe before the burning bush. can be called a certainty. if the information provided contains enough factual and legitimate truths to support this theory. but the ancient animosities are still preventing scientists and scholars from uncovering factual evidence that could settle the matter once and for all. and perhaps as some have suggested. there since have been found with missiles capable of hitting targets in Israel or Iraq.6 million dollar Saudi military installation.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Orbach: The evidence of the real Mt. Dr. located and Paul said: “For this Agar is Mount Sinai in Arabia…” (Galatians: 4:25) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 139 . any verification of Jebel el Lawz is going to be very complicated. And today's modern warriors are adding to the difficulty. It was built with the approval of the US Congress using US contractors and Air Force personnel. Sinai being in Saudi Arabia appears to be overwhelming. gives a long and idealized description of geography that suggests the author believed Mt. and still is. As a matter of fact. there appears to be considerable evidence that Mt. is literally hidden behind armed guards of the Saudi Government. a place where the law was given for the preservation of Israel could potentially be used for the destruction of Israel. Operation Peaceshield was originally designed as a radar installation in order to protect the Kingdom against intruders. and whether after a thorough consideration of the evidence. so it would be safe to assume that Paul could be an authority as to where Mount Sinai was. as it is 16 miles away] called operation Peaceshield. [The Wyatt Group disagrees with this assumption. because there are too many gaps in our knowledge. Robert Siblerud: According to Howard Blum in his book The Gold of Exodus. There will be evidence of a large and sometimes boisterous encampment. It is ironic that what some investigators lead to be the true Mt. Paul was somewhat of a frequent traveler and had ventured not only to many countries within the Bible lands. and just like the afore mentioned Mount Paran and Seir. but also ventured to Europe many times. One thing that can be called a certainty is that. the mid second century book of Jubilees. Above. but the earliest post biblical Jewish sources from Palestine.” From the information above. that mountain will be blackened by heavenly fire. Paul lived in ancient times and in ancient lands and was quite acquainted with those lands. according to Blum. and now it is up to those. with regards to the location of Mount Sinai. Sinai on which Moses received the Ten Commandments? Or is there some hope for future exploration? Fry: We need permission for a competent trained archaeologist to go in and excavate and record the material carefully and submit it for review by other scholars. Orbach: Does this mean then that we may never really know whether or not this is the Mt. Sinai it seems. Proof positive of the exact location of Mt. And if the Exodus account is true. as they are. I have provided the information available about Mount Sinai. Sinai. however. this theory in question. some remnant of the gold and jewels and other personal possessions the fleeing slaves were allowed to take with them.

My purpose in writing this chapter is to show how important Ishmael really was and for this reason.” (Jeremiah: 8:8) “And Sarai said unto Abram. ‘There were two trees in the Garden’: “Ishmael was the result of Abraham’s lapse of patience in waiting for the Lord. but from a different angle and also a different purpose. But first. ‘This child was born after the flesh. Wasn’t Sarai who made the suggestion in the first place? And also. and lastly. Abraham made a terrible mistake by not seeking The Lord about it. instead of the leading of the spirit. the scribes over the centuries have done everything in their power to conceal this truth. to show that this was an accepted practice in his (Abraham’s) day and nothing abnormal about procuring children from the hand maid of one’s wife. he began to follow his own reasoning. ‘Behold now. let us look at the accusation that Ishmael was the result of Abraham’s impatience. Abraham drove Ishmael out of his house and disallowed his inheritance. Ishmael was already mocking him (Genesis: 21:9). to refute those who would accuse our beloved Patriarch of being impatient with God. it was at Sarai’s request that Abram went in unto Hagar. 16-21. go in unto my maid. it may be that I may obtain children by her.” (Genesis: 16:2) First. I will be examining Genesis: 16-21. I will be also re-examining a lot of the same verses we looked at in chapter two. A truth that if ever revealed. to likewise refute those who would say that Abraham partook in some kind of evil by going in unto Hagar. Instead of introducing a new prophecy or Biblical verse(s). Sarai requested Abram to go in unto Hagar. would take the world back to the drawing board as to the Jews being the undisputed and everlasting children of God. Just as there has been enmity between the Arabs (Ishmael’s descendants) and the Jews (Isaac’s descendants) since that time. By the time Isaac was weaned. regardless of who we are. he went in to Hagar and she conceived and gave birth to Ishmael. in which she (Sarai) could reap the benefits of obtaining children. I will be examining the most important and significant verses throughout Genesis. I will modify my method. And secondly. The effect of Abraham’s lack of patience has been a devastating historical reality.’ And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai. I state these two facts.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Thirteen: And Hagar bare Abram a son In this chapter. After several years of waiting for a son. slightly. there will always be enmity between that which is born of the flesh and the true seed of God. in Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 140 . chapters. the Lord hath retrained me from bearing: I pray thee. Finally. That which is sown in the flesh must be reaped. Rick Joyner says in his book. His wife suggested he lie with her maiden for his son. not after the spirit. as we will see. As the Apostle Paul later testifies. “How can you say we are wise and the law of the Lord is with us? Look! The false pen of the scribes certainly works falsehood.’ (Galatians: 4:23) Ishmael was of the seed of Cain. A tree can only bear fruit after its own kind.

6 7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years. (Galatians: 4:23) and then it is stated that Ishmael is the seed of Cain.” Can none of this action be attributed to Sarai? Is she totally blameless? And why did Sarai suggest this to Abraham? “It may be that I may obtain children by her (Hagar). He is actually the descendant of Seth. Rick Joyner says that it was Abraham who had ‘a lapse in patience’ in waiting for The Lord. not Cain. Joyner’s mouth. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 141 . and begat Enos: died. Adam’s third son. 73-74. he began to follow his own desires…” Do I believe Rick Joyner or do I believe the Bible that quotes Sarai in her own words? The contradictions are obvious. “…his wife suggested he lie with her maiden for his son. we can see that Ishmael was not the seed of Cain. for Cain killed Abel.” (Genesis: 16:2) But. Then comes an on-slaught of Ishmael. because most of the facts he uses are obscured by his own desires and bias. for God distinctly told Abraham this: “And also of the bondwoman will I make a nation. because he is thy seed.). Below is the genealogy of Ishmael: “4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters: 5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he And Seth lived an hundred and five years. and brings Paul into the equation. and Paul says Ishmael was born of the flesh. it will ultimately cause us much trouble. he then contradicts himself by saying that. even in an attempt to bring about the purpose of God. pgs.” (Genesis: 21:13) So. In the fourth line of the first paragraph. but what I do know is that Ishmael was the seed of Abraham. and not after the spirit. “After several years of waiting for a son. and begat sons and daughters: 8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died. I guess to imply that he is a murderer. If we revert to the devices of the seed of Cain.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Christ. we see that right from the start. but I will not put words into Mr.” (There were two trees in the Garden. by Rick Joyner) After reading the above opinion of Rick Joyner (and I say opinion. Abraham is attacked for his bringing forth this “atrocity” known as Ishmael. I know not what is in his heart.

and begat sons and daughters: 23 24 25 26 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years: And Enoch walked with God: and he was not. and begat sons and daughters: 27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died. for God took him. And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years. and begat sons and And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died. and begat Jared: And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 9 And Enos lived ninety years. and begat Cainan: And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years. and begat Lamech. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 142 . and begat Methuselah: died. and begat sons and daughters: 14 15 16 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died. and begat sons and daughters: 17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years. And Cainan lived seventy years and begat Mahalaleel: And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years. and begat sons and daughters: 11 12 13 10 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died. and he begat Enoch: And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years. And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years. 18 19 daughters: 20 21 22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years. And Enoch lived sixty and five years. And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years.

And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem. and begat sons and daughters: 31 30 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died. saying.”(Genesis: 5:4-32) And: These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old. and begat Eber: And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years. and begat Salah: daughters. And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years. because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed. 18 19 And Peleg lived thirty years. and begat a son: And he called his name Noah. and begat Serug: And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years. and begat sons and daughters. 16 17 And Eber lived four and thirty years. and Japheth. and begat sons and And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 28 29 And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years. 20 21 And Reu lived two and thirty years. 14 15 And Salah lived thirty years. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 143 . and begat Peleg: And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years. and begat sons and daughters. Ham. and begat sons and daughters. and begat Reu: And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years. and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: 11 10 32 And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years. and begat sons and daughters. and begat sons and daughters. 12 13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years. this same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands.

” (Genesis: 25:9) And: Now these are the generations of Ishmael. Therefore we can exclude the “guilt by association”. and Haran begat Lot. and Haran. The Bible says: And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt. and begat sons and daughters. and begat Terah: daughters.” (Genesis: 25:13) And: “ “ “ “ Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 144 . Nahor.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 22 23 And Serug lived thirty years.” (Genesis: 21:21) And: And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah. After Ishmael leaves Abraham. Or on the off chance did Rick Joyner intend this as a metaphor. as they say. and Adbeel. bring your evidence! But he will never be able to do it. in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite. from the above we can clearly see that Ishmael was not the seed of Cain. and Kedar. and begat Nahor: And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years. thus implying that Ishmael was a murderer as Cain was? If that is his aim. bare unto Abraham:” (Genesis: 25:12) And: And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael. which is before Mamre. whom Hagar the Egyptian. and begat Abram. Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram. Nahor. Sarah's handmaid. In fact. it hardly mentions him at all. and begat sons and And Nahor lived nine and twenty years. and Haran. Abraham's son. 24 25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years. by their names. according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael. 26 27 And Terah lived seventy years. so we can now free Ishmael of the implications that he was some sort of monster that Cain created. Nebajoth.” (Genesis: 11:10-27) So. for the Bible says nothing about Ishmael murdering anyone. the Bible is vague on the actions of Ishmael after he is ‘cast out’. then I will reply. and Mibsam.

sister of Nebajoth. can the whole Bible be about Jesus? And according to this mode of thought. The rest of the people and places matter little to them.” (Genesis 25:17) And: “Then went Esau unto Ishmael.” (Genesis 36:3) So. To tell the truth. right? It’s all about Jesus.” What Mr. they are usually used to invoke some sort of teachings related to Christ. so not much effort is put forth to ensure historical accuracy. like those of the flesh and those of the seed of God. an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “These are the sons of Ishmael. is that the Jews and Arabs will always have hatred between them. by their towns. The accusations are absurd. and was gathered unto his people. Moving along to the second paragraph. but like with most discourses concerning the Biblical history of the Bible. every passage of the Bible. I have one question. no where in the Bible does it say that Ishmael killed anyone. To reply. enables them to liken it to Jesus. Rick Joyner states: “The effects of Abraham’s lack of patience has been a devastating historical reality. there will always be enmity between that which is born of the flesh and the true seed of God. and by their castles. and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son. twelve princes according to their nations. historical or spiritual.” (Genesis 28:9) And lastly: “And Bashemath Ishmael's daughter. because who cares anyway. to be his wife. but we know this to be quite the contrary. and these are their names. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 145 . And it is not a mistake. the sister of Nebajoth. it is their aim. Just as there has been enmity between the Arabs (Ishmael’s descendants) and the Jews (Isaac’s descendants) since that time. I say that number one. it seems from the language that Arabs cannot be Jews and neither can they be Christian. Joyner is declaring here. nor is there anything in the Bible that can be construed to be evidence of Ishmael being a murderer. most of the “facts” in these couple of paragraphs are distorted to support Rick Joyner’s view that Ishmael was the result of Abraham’s carnal desires.” (Genesis 25:16) And: “And these are the years of the life of Ishmael.

” Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 146 .).965-930 B. In 638 C. in the 12th Century B. In the second century A. In 587 C. Almost immediately.D. Joyner meant to say. Is not the Christian Scholar. This has persisted since 1948. Muslims and Jews will have hatred between them always.E.E.. The word “Sephardim” comes from the Hebrew word for Spain. the Jews in Spain flourished within the confines of Muslim Spain (Al-Andalus) for eighthundred years. the Council of Toledo passed an edict forbidding Jews from blessing the crops of non-Jews and prohibiting Jews and non-Jews from eating together.E. ‘as of late’. In reality.” But. to 1492. an Arab Christian? As a matter of fact. It is believed that Jews have lived in Spain since the era of King Solomon (c. converted to Roman Catholicism and made it the state religion. in 589 C..E. the time between 1948 and now is a small amount of time compared to all the time they (Jews) enjoyed under Muslim rule. In fact. in conformity with Roman custom. that is stated in the Bible. and in 612 C.. the Council of Gundemar of Toledo ordered that all Jews submit to baptism within the year. when the Catholics completed their conquest of Spain. an Aegean people who. Visigoth Rule In 409 C. it was called Palestine. Little information can be found on these Jews until the beginning of the first century. for I believe Mr. from 718 C. the Visigoths conquered Spain. I mean. describes the Jews in Spain: “The descendants of Jews who left Spain or Portugal after the 1492 expulsion are referred to as Sephardim. so I ask people who teach to choose their words more carefully. Palestine: “The term “Palestine” is believed to be derived from the Philistines. Sepharad. Subsequently. all religious groups lived in peace. For example. during which Jerusalem and Judea were regained.. settled along the Mediterranean coastal plain of what is now Israel and the Gaza Strip.E. Rebecca Weiner’s article in the ‘Jewish Virtual Library’. the Arian Visigoths declared that “only Catholics could live in Spain.. Anis Shorrosh.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Lebanon is an Arab country and is split down the middle with Arab Muslims and Arab Christians. We do know that in 305 C. of an Egyptian man being baptized this week by the Pope himself. The ‘Jewish Virtual Library’ defines the name. that the Palestinians would be the natives. a canon was passed forbidding the marriage between Christians and Jews. The Visigoths were Arian Christians..C.E. when the Jews were handed the Palestinians’ land. followers of Arius who reasoned that Jesus could not logically co-exist with God and must therefore be subservient to him. Are there not Arab Jews in Palestine (Israel) by the abundance? Yes. And it is concerning the unlawful occupation of Palestine by the Israelis. Three years later. The Arabic word “Filastin” is derived from this Latin name. Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.E. This is generally known as the Golden age of Judaism. so you would think by reason of logic. And in truth.E. I read in the newspaper recently. there are. Jerusalem was “plowed up with a yoke of oxen” and renamed Aelia Capitolina.. the Visigoth king in Spain.e. i.. this conflict that the Jews and Muslims have been engaged in as of late is exactly that. this is also inaccurate. King Reccared.C. the Church was to exert powerful influence on all aspects of social life. the Romans crushed the revolt of Shimon Bar Kokhba (132 CE).

based in Cordoba. A number of well-known Jewish physicians practiced during this period. Both Muslims and Jews built a civilization. Jews did not have complete autonomy and had to pay a special tax. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 147 . Before entering the synagogue. These included Samuel Ha-Nagid. then they would influence the new converts to Christianity. however. Jews were forced to participate in "religious" disputes with Christians counterparts. poetry and philosophy. jewelers. tailors and tanners. Arab melodies were used for Jewish songs. Jews wore the clothing style of their Moorish neighbors. "People of the Book" (Jews and Christians) who are protected under Islamic law. Anti-Jewish riots broke out in 1391 in several Spanish cities and the situation worsened for the Jewish community. Arabic was used for prayers rather than Hebrew or Spanish. Many famous Jewish figures lived during the Golden Age and contributed to making this a flourishing period for Jewish thought. By the mid-13th century. Moses ibn Ezra. Solomon ibn Gabirol Judah Halevi and Moses Maimonides. The era of Muslim rule in Spain (8th-11th century) was considered the "Golden Age" for Spanish Jewry. Christian Rule. Father Torquemada convinced King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that the Jewish community was expendable. cobblers. Jews washed their hands and feet. They were given administrative control over their communities and managed their own communal affairs.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il The Golden Age The situation improved in 711 when Spain fell under the rule of the Muslim Moors. Jewish intellectual and spiritual life flourished and many Jews served in Spanish courts. including Hasdai Ibn Shaprut (915-970). such as a yellow turban. Jews lived separately in aljamas (Jewish quarters). The Jews were given four months to leave Spain and were forced to sell their houses and businesses at low prices. Jews continued to work as moneylenders. Isabella and Ferdinand commanded that all Jews who refused to convert to Christianity be expelled from Spain. New Christians were tortured or killed in the Spanish Inquisition during the 15th century. they were still treated as dhimmis. For example. but were able to freely practice their religion. although they were not allowed to wear silk or furs. The expulsion from Spain is commemorated every year by all Jews on the holiday of Tisha B’Av. the Inquisition and the Expulsion of 1492 The Christians conquered Toledo in 1098 and the Jews in Christian Spain prospered. Father Tomas de Torquemada felt that if the Jews remained in Spain. they had to wear distinguishing clothing. Jews lived peacefully in Al-Andulus for 400 years. Jewish economic expansion was unparalleled. the Christians controlled most of Spain and increasingly forced Jews to convert to Christianity. The Golden Age for Jewry in Muslim Spain declined after the Almovarids gained power in 1055 and continued to deteriorate after the Almohads came to power in 1147. known as the Bet Din. medicine. economic. Jews were involved in translating Arabic texts to the romance languages. Marranos are also known as crypto-Jews because they taught their children and practiced Judaism in secret. financial and political life of Christian Spain. however. while those in Muslim Spain suffered under the Almohad dynasty. Muslim and Jewish customs and practices became intertwined. mathematics. In Toledo. the jizha . Jews were able to coexist peacefully with their neighbors. Jews also contributed to botany. In 1492. After the capture of Granada from Muslim forces. Both Jews and Muslims were involved in the cultural. which was more advanced than any civilization in Europe at that time. Islamic culture also influenced the Jews. It is estimated that 100. Jews had their own court system. intellectual. geography. Those who converted became known as Marranos or New Christians. known as Al-Andalus.000 Jews left Spain at this time. During this period. Rabbis served as judges and rendered both religious and civil legal opinions. who was the doctor for the Caliph (leader of Spain). which is a practice done before entering a mosque. as well as translating Greek and Hebrew texts into Arabic.

Sephardim in Europe suffered the same fate as other Jews. descendants of crypto-Jews can be found in Colorado and New Mexico. meaning they were among the last to be liquidated. Throughout the medieval period in Europe. The Zionist movement became popular among Sephardic Jews in North Africa. In the 1950's and 1960's. where they were allowed to outwardly practice Judaism. In a few places. a large number of Jews settled in North Africa and in the Ottoman Empire. A Marrano Diaspora took place a century later. conditions for Jews in many Islamic countries grew increasingly uncomfortable and. tens of thousands of Sephardic Jews fled from North Africa and other countries in the Middle East to settle in Israel. Some Marranos had settled in Portugal and eventually moved to Holland. in some cases. Once they came to Israel. Bordeaux. In the first Sephardi Diaspora. Many settled in Western Europe and moved to the Americas. Fear of persecution led Crypto-Jews to settle in remote villages. The Sephardic communities in the Arab world were more receptive to modernity than their Ashkenazi counterparts in Europe. Leghorn. In actuality only eight Jews were exiled from Portugal and the rest converted. however. They were considered second-class citizens. they received some preferential treatment. such as in Egypt and Tunisia. Sephardic Jews lived. the Sephardic upper class in the Ottoman empire were employed as translators. Exiled Sephardic Communities Europe Large Sephardic communities were founded in Venice. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 148 . under duress. Today. In 1497. the Sephardic Jews were treated as elites among Jews. to Christianity. the Sephardic Jews who lived in Amsterdam and in London.Present In World War II.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Many Spanish Jews settled in Portugal. such as Holland. After the establishment of the State of Israel. especially. most of the Sephardic immigrants were put in transit camps and became dependent on welfare. Marranos who settled in Latin America continued practicing crypto-Judaism for many years because Spain began an inquisition in its New World colonies. which allowed the practice of Judaism. tended to discriminate against non-Sephardic Jews who wanted to pray at their synagogues by forcing them to sit separately from the rest of the congregation. Many times they had a secular education and often had great wealth. One of the conditions for the marriage was the expulsion of Portugal’s Jewish community. Turkey and Greece. World War II . Many Sephardic rabbis in the Ottoman Empire supported Zionism and the Zionist movement spread to many Muslim countries in North Africa. Bayonne and Hamburg. but were free to practice their own religion and participate in commerce. as dhimmis. Similar to Spain and Portugal during the Golden Era. Successful business enterprises were started by the Sephardim and their trade networks became famous worldwide. and most perished during the Holocaust. their lives were threatened. usually being forced by the Muslim authorities to leave behind most of their worldly possessions. language (Ladino) and traditions. Portugal also expelled its Jews. London. in relative peace with Muslim neighbors and rulers in North Africa and in the Ottoman Empire. Many of these immigrants continued to speak Ladino until the 20th century. North Africa and the Arab World For hundreds of years. These immigrants spoke Portugese and Spanish and many adapted mainstream Western European culture. In the 18th century. Spanish exiles brought with them a unique culture. King Manuel of Portugal agreed to marry the daughter of Spain’s monarchs.

Consequently. In July 1099. I noticed that maybe he was intending to convey the message that people of Arab origin were all one and the same and considered them all to be these people of the flesh. following an appeal by Pope Urban II. Mr. filled with the Holy Spirit? Do the Arab Christians acquire a different Holy Spirit. When the Crusaders opened up transportation routes from Europe. we can say without a doubt that there in fact. indeed many more examples. before and after the Muslims ruled Spain. after a five-week siege. who. with some settling in Acro (Akko). the Jews and Arabs have not always been in conflict and after reading Ms. pilgrimages to the Holy Land became popular and. Barricaded in their synagogues. WITH NO HATRED! And there are. “Ishmaels” brought forth by Christian ministries have been no less devastating to the body of Christ.” And this was not the only peaceful coexistence between Muslims and Jews. only to be burnt to death or sold into slavery. increasing numbers of Jews sought to return to their homeland." So. we come to realize that the Christians in Spain. in essence. With a second look at Mr. at the same time. After the overthrow of the Crusaders by a Muslim army under Saladin (1187). treated the Jews with much more hatred than the Muslims and what is even more shocking. was long existing periods in which the Muslims and the Jews coexisted peacefully. one who professes faith in Jesus Christ become a Christian and is therefore. I was of the assumption that one who is saved and accepts Christ into their heart is a Christian. There is continual conflict between that which is born of the flesh and that which is born of the spirit. others in Jerusalem. the Jews were again accorded a certain measure of freedom. including the right to live in Jerusalem.” (Page 74) What? Did he just say that Arabs who converted to Christianity have been no less devastating to the body of Christ? So. Joyner believes Arab Christians are not the same as Non-Arab Christians. is how they (Sephardim Jews from Spain) were treated by their own (Ashkenazi Jews) on their return to “Israel. many worked in blue-collar professions. but the evidence above should suffice. but mostly by bloody military victories.” So. massacring most of the city's nonChristian inhabitants. The ‘Jewish Virtual Library’. one that is not as good as the Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 149 . came from Europe to recover the Holy Land from the infidels. Weiner’s essay. from this dissertation we can definitely see that. Does not. the Crusaders extended their power over the rest of the country. by the doctrine of Christianity. The Latin Kingdom of the Crusaders was that of a conquering minority confined mainly to fortified cities and castles. through treaties and agreements.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il The conditions in these camps were very bad and it was difficult for the newcomers to work their way out of the lower rung of Israeli society because they had less education than the established Ashkenazic community. During the next few decades. Documents of the period indicate that 300 rabbis from France and England arrived in a group. Joyner’s comments. the Jews defended their quarter. Palestine was dominated by the Crusaders. for he says: “The consequences of Abraham’s self seeking methods are still wreaking international havoc in the world today. the knights of the First Crusade and their rabble army captured Jerusalem. under The First Crusades. says: “For 200 years.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

one non-Arab Christians get? Of course this is ridiculous as is the whole assertion that “Ishmaels” have devastated the body of Christ. I will comment no further, but I will quote the prophet Muhammad. It is funny, because this was said over fourteen-hundred years ago when the world was supposed to be barbaric and uncivilized: “There is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab, nor of a non-Arab over an Arab, or a white over a black, or a black over a white, save by piety. People are from Adam, and Adam was made of dust.” Now, I will quote S.H. Horn, from Josh McDowell’s book, ‘More Evidence That Demands A Verdict’, to give foundation to my statement that, procuring a child by your wife’s handmaid was very normal in Abraham’s time:
“First, in the Patriarchal stories we find several strange accounts of a barren wife who asked her husband to produce a child for her by her maidservant. Sarah did this, and later also Jacob’s two wives, Rachel and Leah. Today we know that this practice was not unusual during the Patriarchal age. The laws of that period as well as ancient marriage contracts mention it. For example, in a marriage contract from Nuzi, the bride Kelim-ninu promises in written form to procure for her husband Shinnima a slave girl as a second wife, if she fails to bear him children. She also promises that she will not drive out the offspring of such a union. In no other period besides the Patriarchal age do we find this strange custom.” (More Evidence That Demands A Verdict, pg. 74)

This speaks for itself and therefore I will not add anything. “And Sarai, Abram’s wife took Hagar, her maid, the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten tears in the land of Canaan and gave her to her husband, Abram, to be his wife.” (Genesis: 16:3) This verse is mentioned here to discourage those who would say Ishmael was illegitimate, or that Hagar was Abraham’s concubine or that Abraham committed illegal sexual intercourse with Hagar, resulting in the conception of Ishmael. “And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: And when she saw that she conceived; her mistress was despised in her eyes. And Sarai said unto Abram, ‘my wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: The Lord judge between me and thee.’” (Genesis: 16:4-5) I would like to point out here, that even though, it was Sarai’s idea for Abraham to take Hagar as a wife and produce a son, she still blamed him for her own actions and she became upset. “And the angel of the Lord said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the Lord hath heard thy affliction,” (Genesis: 16:11) Basically, the Lord named him, “God has heard your pain.” Not a bad name for someone who is supposed to be a monster!

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.” (Genesis: 16:16) I want to emphasize that Abraham was eighty-six years old when Ishmael was born, for this will be very important shortly. Now, thirteen years later, God comes to Abraham and commands him to circumcise himself and all in his house as an everlasting covenant: “He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: And my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.” (Genesis: 17:13) “And Ishmael, his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.” (Genesis: 17:25) Now, Ishmael had entered into God’s everlasting covenant. Is there any indication anywhere in the Bible that he ever broke his side of the covenant? And what exactly, did God’s covenant consist of? What were the terms? “And I will establish My covenant between Me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee. And I will give unto thee and thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. And God Said unto Abraham, ‘Thou shalt keep My covenant therefore, thou and thy seed after thee in their generations. This is My covenant, which ye shall keep, between Me and you and thy seed after thee; every man child among you shall be circumcised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt Me and you.” (Genesis: 17:7-12) So, God tells Abraham that He will make a covenant with Abraham and his seed, to be a God to him and his descendants also. He will give them the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession. I would like to point out, that Abraham’s seed comprises of Ishmael and Isaac, and the question asked before: Wasn’t Ishmael circumcised and as of right now, there are no other stipulations that God put on their (Abraham and his descendants) side of the covenant, other than to be circumcised? But God (as assumed in the Bible) tells Abraham that:

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Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name, Isaac: And I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant and with his seed after him.” (Genesis: 17:19) This verse just undermined verse, 17:7-12. In one place God says that if you are circumcised, then you will be included in the covenant and in the above, God excludes Ishmael. Then the question I pose is, why did Ishmael need to be circumcised in the first place? I’m sure it was painful, being that he thirteen years old when it was done. I guess this would be a good time to use the old cliché`: “A good deed never goes unpunished.” But Abraham had asked God earlier to please let Ishmael be the one: “And Abraham said unto God, ‘O that Ishmael might live before thee!’” (Genesis: 17:18) And God answered him (as supposed in the Bible): “And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and I will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time next year.” (Genesis: 17:20-21) What I understand this to mean is that Isaac will be given the covenant first. That does not necessarily exclude Ishmael. When we are finished, the facts will speak for themselves. “And Abraham called the name of his son born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.” (Genesis: 21:3) “And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.” (Genesis: 21:5) Now, here it says that when Isaac was born, Abraham was one-hundred years old, so that would make Ishmael fourteen, since Abraham was eighty-six, when he was born. “The child grew, and was weaned: And Abraham made a feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.” (Genesis: 21:8) Now, by this time, Ishmael would be about seventeen years of age, for it was three years before a child was weaned. Ishmael was fourteen, when Isaac was born. Therefore, three years later, Ishmael would be seventeen. A Hebrew mother is quoted in 2 Maccabees: 7:27, as saying to her son that she gave him “suck for three years.”

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


e. ‘Has anyone visited you?’ she replied. But as we will see shortly: “How can we say. they made him marry a woman from amongst them. which she had born unto Abraham. because we have the word of the Lord. Ishmael. Ishmael said. and. ‘We are living in misery. following in her husband’s footsteps.” “And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’s sight. it seems as though Sarah knew that. ‘Yes. pg. she cast out Hagar and Ishmael. so as soon as she got the chance. but he did not find Ishmael there. he seemed to have felt something unusual. she said unto Abraham. Go back to your family. ‘Did he advise you anything?’ She replied. on the authority of the Prophet: “…the child (Ishmael) grew up and learnt Arabic from them (the families who settled there after they found out there was a well) and (his virtues) caused them to love and admire him as he grew up. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 153 . Ibn ‘Abbas. so he asked his wife. and when he reached the age of puberty. only to be told to “cast’ him out into the wilderness? Of course. convey my salutations to him and tell him to change the threshold of the gate (his house). Wherefore. this is only speculation.” (Genesis: 21:11) Could you imagine raising your son to the point of adulthood. Ishmael divorced her and married another woman from amongst them (i. and I told him that we were living in hardship and poverty. the right of the first born was Ishmael’s.’” (Genesis: 21:9-10) From my point of view. Be aware.’ So. “drove Ishmael out of his house and disallowed his inheritance. ‘Yes. we are living in hardship and destitution. We are wise. for we as Muslims believe that Sarah was a devout Muslim (submitter to God). When he asked Ishmael’s wife about him. After Ishmael’s mother had died.’ Then he asked her about their way of living and their condition. Jurham). an old man of such and such description came and asked me about you and I informed him. ‘When your husband returns.’ Ishmael said. in which Abraham kept in contact with his son. although Christian “scholars” would have you believe Abraham. ‘Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son.’ When Ishmael came. even with Isaac. and when certainty lacks evidence. mocking. He said. she replied. he loved Ishmael. we say “God Knows best.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian. she replied. Abraham came after Ishmael’s marriage in order to see his family that he had left before. in the words of Rick Joyner.’ complaining to him. 74) This is contrary to our belief.” (There were two trees in the garden. when your teachers have twisted it by writing lies?” (Jeremiah: 8:8. because of his son. ‘It was my father and he has ordered me to divorce you. he told me to convey his salutations to you and to tell you to change the threshold of your gate. and he asked about our state of living. it was grievous in Abraham’s sight.’ On that. Abundant Life Bible) Narrated. checking on his well being and erecting the foundation of the Ka’bah together with his son. ‘He has gone in search of our livelihood.

give my regards to him and tell him that he should keep firm the threshold of his gate. ‘When your husband comes. ‘Yes. the Ka’bah). the All-Knower. El. 7. ‘At that time they did not have a grain. ‘Then they raised the foundations of the House (i.’ Ishmael said. And what is amazing is that this is also supported by an entry in ‘The Jewish Encyclopedia’.’ so.’ Then Abraham stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished. ‘Allah has ordered me to build a house here.’ Abraham asked. 6).’ The prophet added. He saw Ishmael under a tree near Zam-zam.’” (See Fath Al-Bari.’ He said. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 154 . ‘Meat.’ Abraham said. he came to Ishmael’s wife and asked her about Ishmael. Ab.’ The prophet added. and called on them afterwards. we can see another side of the story.’ He said. He has ordered me to keep you with me. Targ. Ishmael brought this stone and put it for Abraham who stood over it and carried on building.’ When Ishmael came back. pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. ‘O our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. ‘O Allah! Bless their meat and water.’ Abraham asked her. concerning Ishmael and Abraham: —In Rabbinical Literature: “Ishmael. left under a shrub by his despairing mother.’ Ishmael asked her. ‘water. but did not find Ishmael. and learn that Abraham had his eye on Ishmael and visited him from time to time. prayed to God to take his soul and not permit him to suffer the torments of a slow death (comp. he would not just give up on him. ‘If somebody has only these two things as his sustenance.’ Then she thanked Allah. ‘He asked about you. he asked his wife. in the twilight (comp. Verily. So. VOL. Ishmael brought the stones and Abraham was building. and both of them were saying. ‘Did anyone call on you?’ she replied. 210) So. ‘He has gone in search of our livelihood. Abraham said. his health and disposition will be badly affected.e. She replied. She said. ‘what do you drink?’ she said. sharpening his arrows. and dwelt together for seventeen years. v. When he saw Abraham. ‘Will you help me?’ Ishmael said.’ On that Ishmael said. so I informed him. He would also invoke Allah to bless it.’ pointing to a hillock higher than the land surrounding it.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Then Abraham stayed away from them for a period as long as Allah wished and called on them again. pgs. Abraham said.’ The prophet added. ‘We are prosperous and well off. and when the walls became high. he told me to give his regards to you and ordered that you should keep firm the threshold of your gate. ‘Yes. ‘I will help you. ‘What kind of food do you eat?’ she said. xxi. a good looking old man came to me. ‘Did he give you any piece of advice?’ she said. while Ishmael was handing him the stones. He was his son. ‘Do what your Lord has ordered you to do. unless he lives in Makkah. she praised him and added. ‘It was my father and you are the threshold (of the gate). and he asked about our livelihood and I told him that we were in a good condition. 15). ‘How are you getting on?’ asking her about their sustenance and living. ‘O Ishmael! Allah has given me an order. Then Abraham said to Ishmael’s wife. The prophet added. he rose to welcome him (and they greeted each other as a father does with his son or a son does with his father). you are the All-Hearer. from the above tradition. God then commanded the angel to show Hagar the well which was created on Friday in the week of Creation. and which afterward accompanied the Israelites in the wilderness (Pir e R.

therefore Abraham asked her to tell Ishmael that the peg was good. To Abraham. Leben Abraham's nach Auffassung der Jüdischen Sage. we can say with certainty that Abraham did not drive out Ishmael and/or deny him his inheritance.c. ii. according to "Sefer ha-Yashar" (Wayera). "Who ever is pleased that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be pro longed. stopped at his son's tent without alighting from his camel.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il xxx. named Fa imah (Pe imah. Gen. Lam. 1859. And this was a trend among the prophets. his wife refused Abraham food. 20)." (Bukhari. Ishmael understood that it was his father. Pir e R.” Bibliography: Beer. liii. 56a). but God never told him to cut off the ties of kinship. Ishmael then went to Canaan and settled with his father (Pir e R. so Abraham never did. then he should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.). He had four sons and one daughter. He who sees Ishmael in a dream will have his prayer answered by God (Ber. l.. who said: "Why should Ishmael have water.c. when three years later Abraham came again to see his son. El. Abraham thereupon asked her to tell Ishmael when he returned that an old man had asked that he change the peg of the tent... pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. El. Gen. and. Book 73.. pp." l. and drove away his wife. El. xxi. 49 et seq. pseudo-Jonathan l. l. This statement agrees with that of Baba Batra (16a)—that Ishmael became a penitent during the lifetime of Abraham. He then married another woman." Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 155 . But this was protested against by the angels. Leipsic. and beat her children and cursed her husband within Abraham's hearing. and I judge him according to what he is now" (Pir e R. xxi. l. pseudo-Jonathan to Gen.S.c. 21. 8. Volume 8. according to his promise to Sarah.c. Ishmael meanwhile grew so skilful in archery that he became the master of all the bowmen (Targ. an Egyptian named Meribah or Merisah. Targ. Ishmael was not within. God replied: "But now he is innocent. "The person who severs the bond of kinship will not enter Paradise. Number 14) And also: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle said. R. took the hint. received him kindly. for Muhammad said: Narrated Jubair bin Mut'im: That he heard the Prophet saying. iv. Ta'an. since his descendants will destroy the Israelites by thirst?" (comp.).R. et al.c. 20. this was God’s plan and he accepted it. R." (Bukhari.). 2). or.). Number 13) And: Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying. So. "Whoever loves that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged then he should keep good relations with his Kith and kin. Ishmael married a Moabitess named 'Adishah or 'Aishah (variants "'Ashiyah" and "'Aifah. from this helpful information above. "Sefer ha-Yashar. Book 73." Arabic names.). Afterward Abraham went to see Ishmael. who.c. Targ. Volume 8. Yer. l.

and thy seed after thee. the Byzantines converted to Christianity. as long as they uphold their end of the covenant. for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. 17:8 of Genesis. for God says in verse. that this does not negate the possibility of Ishmael being called. not Isaac’s. there was the option available to call the seed of either child. All-Wise. all the land of Canaan. ‘let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad. God tells Abraham that all this is for the better and will work out. from 636 C.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il (Bukhari. Ishmael was also of Abraham’s seed and this does not contradict God’s statement: “And I will give unto thee. if one’s progeny failed to uphold their side of the covenant. to Ishmael’s seed and did when it suited Him. when it seems to be somewhat of a paradox? It is very simple to fix. the land wherein thou art a stranger. A quick illustration: God gave the land of Canaan to Abraham and his seed as an everlasting possession in verse. The Byzantines had ruled until the Muslims took control. Isaac’s seed (the Jews) were persecuted. and because of thy bondwoman.” (Genesis: 17:14) Well. as they say. God could hand over the reigns. but I want to make it clear. 17:14 of Genesis: “And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised. Volume 8. for they both were of Abraham’s seed. would reply in the negative. Book 73. that soul shall be cut off from his people. and I will be their God. he hath broken My covenant.E.” Was he not blessed? Did he not enter into the covenant with God through circumcision? Did not Abraham pray for Ishmael? So. the land of Canaan (Palestine) was inhabited and ruled by Ishmael’s seed. Number 15) “And God said unto Abraham. And Allah is All-Knowing. at anytime. to reiterate my point earlier. in all that Sarah hath said unto thee. until 1948. so how can we reconcile this verse (Genesis: 17:8) with the true events of history. I have a question: Does God Lie? Any person who is intelligent or otherwise. So. killed or exiled out of Palestine after the Romans and therefore.’” (Genesis: 21:12) Here. for an everlasting possession. after they had defeated the Byzantines. “to active duty. He tells Abraham that in Isaac shall his seed be called. hearken unto her voice.” (Genesis: 17:8) But this verse is contradicted by Genesis: 21:12: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 156 . when the Patriarch of Jerusalem agreed to hand over control of his city to the Muslims.

and a bottle of water. I told you this would be important? This is not an error. and became an archer.” (Genesis: 21:12) But it is only contradicted.’ And she sat over against him.” (Genesis: 21:14-20) From the above verses. we can notice right away that something is not right. And the water was spent in the bottle. and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. and the child. for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. Remember. and the angel of God called to Hagar. out of Heaven. for I will make him a great nation. Can we believe that Hagar carried her seventeen year old son on her shoulder? Obviously.’ And God opened her eyes. In verse fourteen. putting it on her shoulder. and sat her down over Against him a good way off. the narrator tells us that Abraham took bread and a bottle of water and gave it unto Hagar. and she saw a well of water. but I suspect some foul play on the part of the scribes. Hagar? Fear not. ‘Let me not see the death of the child. And God heard the voice of the lad. to obscure the fact that Ishmael was to be an intricate part of God’s plan. that even though Isaac is the son in which God will establish His covenant. lift up the lad. This is also false. this is an absurd insertion on the part of the Jewish scribes. and she went and filled the bottle with water. ‘What aileth thee. to sacrifice his son. and dwelt in the wilderness. and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. and sent her away: And she departed. the door is open to Ishmael also. and he grew. and lift her voice and wept.” (Genesis: 21:13) If we believe this verse to imply. hearken unto her voice. “And Abraham rose early in the morning. then there is no contradiction. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 157 . and gave it unto Hagar. for in the next verse God tells Abraham: “And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation. as it were a bowshot: for she said. What? Was Ishmael not a man by now? He was seventeen years old as we’ve already pointed out. and said unto her. as we will soon see. and took bread. Arise. This was also forged to make us believe that God’s command to Abraham. and the child. for Ishmael is referred to as a ‘child’ or a ‘lad’ throughout Genesis: 21:14-20. And God was with the lad. in which the writer of this verse meant to convey something else. and gave the lad drink. and hold him in thine hand.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “…in all that Sarah hath said unto thee. putting it on her shoulder. for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. if we believe Ishmael was to be totally left out of the equation. And she went. came after the departure of Ishmael and his mother. because he is thy seed.

let alone under a shrub? And then. Ishmael is called a ‘lad’ and it is said that he grew and became an archer. and hold his hand. i. hard evidence. should also be explained to us. it says: “…hold him in thine hand. but some who wish to hide the truth will give us all types of explanations to meet their own evil needs. it only helps to support my point. the meaning of: “And the water was spent in the bottle. In chapter 21 of Genesis. we need answers. if that is ultimately what he would be. before that.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And if this verse is attempted to be explained away. but his mother. for mothers call their sons ‘child’. you were an adult by age seventeen. there are numerous.” Or “The Hebrew for this verse is hard. who was obviously in her later years. In verse 18." (Genesis: 21:20) Again here. an archer? In the ancient world. Hagar cried out: “Let me not see the death of the child. and he grew. and hold him in thine hand.” This will not satisfy us who do not follow blindly or take whatever is given to us without question. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 158 . Now. There are obvious. in fact.” (Genesis: 21:15) Could Hagar manage to cast a seventeen year old boy anywhere. “And God was with the lad. God (as supposed in the Bible) tells Hagar to: “Lift up the lad. was perfectly okay? Wouldn’t Ishmael tell his mother to sit while he went in search for water? If I have this wrong. like: “The meaning of the Hebrew in this passage is uncertain.” (Genesis: 21:18) It does not say to lift up the lad. and with rest of chapter 21. soon to be man.” (Genesis: 21:18) Anyone can do the math. and dwelt in the wilderness and became an archer. be understood as Hagar simply crying for her son. Was Ishmael not grown at seventeen? By seventeen.” (Genesis: 21:16) This verse could. then the whole of chapter 21 of Genesis. and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. but not “the child”. so we can understand how a seventeen year old. all the time. then I need it to be explained to me. and in all likelihood. Kings have taken the throne by the age of seventeen and younger.e. and unmistakable discrepancies and contradictions and cannot be explained away with the footnote. gross errors throughout this chapter in Genesis. would Ishmael not have learned the skills of archery. For us who use our reason. is called a ‘child’ or ‘lad’ or how he can be on the brink of dehydration and/or death.

And secondly. “And He said. here I am. Now. who was fourteen years younger than his older brother! Wow! Can you reconcile this? It is a no brainer. thine only son from Me. and get thee into the land of Moriah. that a boy can in no way be construed to be a man’s only son.” (Genesis: 17:18) And in verse. is being portrayed as a child. we must place the test of Abraham (to sacrifice his only son) before Isaac had ever been born. and said unto him. because of the lad…” (Genesis: 21:12) In truth.” (Genesis: 22:1-2) And when Abraham had satisfied God. 21:11. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 159 . ‘Abraham’: and he said.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il in chapter 22 of Genesis. ‘Take now thy son. otherwise we have a seventeen year old ‘child’ and a man preparing to sacrifice ‘his only son’.’ And He said. You see. ‘Behold. lad or the equivalent. whom thou lovest. Isaac was not Abraham’s only son. in verse 22:2. neither do thou anything unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God. He was the firstborn. the historical accuracy of Genesis: 21-22(chapters) is scattered amongst mountains of falsehood. thine only son Isaac. because of his son. for Abraham said: “O that Ishmael might live before thee. to make clear to us what really happened. it is said: “…thine only son. we have: “And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’s sight. Ishmael preceded Isaac by fourteen years.” (Genesis: 21:11) And lastly. replaced Ishmael with Isaac to meet their own agendas.” (Genesis: 22:2) This implies that Abraham did not love Ishmael. “And it came to pass after these things that God did tempt Abraham. He sent an angel to Abraham. God tells Abraham: “Let it not be grievous in thy sight. It is very obvious that Ishmael was the son. it becomes clear to us why Ishmael kept being referred to as a ‘child’ or a ‘lad’. seeing thou hast not withheld thy son.” (Genesis: 22:12) Do we not see a problem here? First. but we know this not to be true. whom thou lovest. if the man has already begotten a son previously. that God ordered Abraham to sacrifice and those biased of Isaac. This would fix all contradictions. ‘lay not thine hand upon the lad. we will see why Ishmael of seventeen years. and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

you will find me of the Patient. only the firstborn. ‘O my son! I have seen a dream that I am slaughtering you (offering you in sacrifice to Allah). which could be his son. since he was the firstborn and also from scriptural evidence. We called out to him: ‘O Abraham! You have fulfilled the dream! Verily. Abraham’s pride? Allah says in the Qur’an. It was not applied to other children.’ Verily. thus do We reward the good doers. which is to mean ‘father of’. And We left for him (a goodly remembrance) among the later generations. when he has two sons? And I’m sure he loved them both. if Allah Wills. So. he said. so look what you think!’ He said. ‘O my father! Do that which you are commanded. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 160 . ‘father of peace’. when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him. fathers in the Middle East. Fathers took on this title to show their pride of having their firstborn. Hebrew or not. that indeed was a manifest trial. but probably Ishmael slightly more. whom he loves. had the custom of taking on the title of ‘Abu’ or ‘Ab’. and was not Ishmael the firstborn. ‘father of Salom’. while informing us about Abraham and Ishmael: {101} ‫رب هﺐ ِﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }001{ ﻓﺒﺸﺮ َﺎﻩ ﺑﻐَﺎم ﺣِﻴﻢ‬ ٍ ‫َ َ ﱠ ْﻧ ُ ِ ُﻠ ٍ َﻠ‬ َ ‫َ ﱢ َ ْ ﻟ ِ َ ﺼ ِﺤ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻠ ﱠﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﻌﻪ اﻟﺴﻌﻲ َﺎل َﺎ ﺑﻨ ﱠ إﱢﻲ أ َى ِﻲ اﻟﻤ َﺎم أﱢﻲ أذﺑﺤﻚ َﺎﻧﻈﺮ َﺎ َا ﺗ َى َﺎل َﺎ أﺑﺖ‬ ِ َ َ ‫ََﻤ ََ َ َ َ ُ ﱠ ْ َ ﻗ َ ﻳ ُ َﻲ ِﻧ َر ﻓ ْ َﻨ ِ َﻧ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﻓ ُ ْ ﻣ ذ َﺮ ﻗ َ ﻳ‬ {103} ‫اﻓﻌﻞ َﺎ ﺗﺆﻣﺮ ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ِﻲ ِن ﺷﺎء اﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺎﺑ ِﻳﻦ }201{ ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ أﺳﻠ َﺎ وﺗﻠﻪ ﻟﻠﺠ ِﻴﻦ‬ ِ ‫ََﻤ َ َْﻤ َ َﱠ ُ ِ ْ َﺒ‬ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ﻣ ُ ْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ُﻧ إ َ ﱠ ُ ِ َ ﺼ ِﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻮ َﺎدﻳ َﺎﻩ أن َﺎ إﺑ َا ِﻴﻢ }401{ ﻗﺪ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ اﻟﺮؤ َﺎ إﱠﺎ آﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠ ِي اﻟﻤﺤﺴ ِﻴﻦ }501 إن ه َا‬ ‫ِ ﱠ َﺬ‬ َ ‫َ ْ َ ﱠ ْ َ ﱡ ْﻳ ِﻧ َ َِ َ َ ْﺰ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ ُ ‫َﻧ َ ْﻨ ُ َ ْ ﻳ ِ ْﺮ ه‬ {108} ‫ﻟﻬﻮ اﻟﺒَﺎء اﻟﻤ ِﻴﻦ }601{ وﻓﺪﻳ َﺎﻩ ﺑﺬﺑﺢ ﻋ ِﻴﻢ }701{ وﺗﺮآ َﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ِﻲ اﻟْﺂﺧ ِﻳﻦ‬ َ ‫ِﺮ‬ ‫َ َ َ ْﻨ ََ ْ ِ ﻓ‬ ٍ ‫َ َ َ ْﻨ ُ ِ ِ ْ ٍ َﻈ‬ ُ ‫َ ُ َ ْ َﻠ ْ ُﺒ‬ ‫ﺳَﺎم ﻋَﻰ إﺑ َا ِﻴﻢ }901{ آﺬﻟﻚ ﻧﺠ ِي اﻟﻤﺤﺴ ِﻴﻦ }011{ إﱠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋ َﺎد َﺎ اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ِﻧ ُ ِ ْ ِﺒ ِﻧ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ َ ‫َ َِ َ َ ْﺰ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ َ ‫َ ﻠ ٌ َ ﻠ ِ ْﺮ ه‬ ‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟ ِﻴﻦ }211{ و َﺎرآﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﻋَﻰ إﺳ َﺎق و ِﻦ‬‫}111{ وﺑﺸﺮ َﺎﻩ ﺑﺈﺳ َﺎق ﻧﺒ‬ ‫َﺑ َ ْ َ ََ ْ ِ َ َﻠ ِ ْﺤ َ َﻣ‬ َ ‫َ َ ﱠ ْﻧ ُ ِ ِ ْﺤ َ َ ِﻴ ﱢ َ ﺼ ِﺤ‬ {113} ‫ذرﻳﺘﻬ َﺎ ﻣﺤﺴﻦ و َﺎﻟﻢ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻣ ِﻴﻦ‬ ٌ ‫ُ ﱢ ﱠ ِ ِﻤ ُ ْ ِ ٌ َﻇ ِ ٌ ﱢ َ ْ ِ ِ ُﺒ‬ “My Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il How could a man sacrifice his only son.’ Then. Absalom means. We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy. And. or it could also be a nick name meaning. when they had both submitted themselves and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead. One other evidence is that. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice (a ram). he was King David’s son (1 Chronicals: 3:2). An example is: ‘Absalom’.

so we can all attain paradise. Verily. he was of the believing slaves. We blessed him and Isaac and of their progeny are (some) that do right. There are those who would like these truths to never be revealed. indeed do We reward the good doers. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 161 . and the truth will lead you to all of our ultimate goal. Heaven. May Allah open all of our eyes. God Willing.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Peace be upon Abraham! Thus. And We gave him glad tidings of Isaac-a prophet from the righteous. and some that plainly wrong themselves. But why not? The truth will set you free.” (The Qur’an: 37:100-113) This is the true narrative in true form and historically accurate.

The group arrived in Jonestown on November 15 and spent three days interviewing residents. However. that is the thing which the Lord hath not spoken. And if thou say in thine heart. a homosexual. Jones is on record as later telling his followers that he was "the only true heterosexual. Throughout the years there have always been those who claim to be prophets and/or those who have claimed that they were Jesus.S. Jonestown Project: San Diego State University) The Wikipedia also describes the assassination of a U. let alone Jesus Christ himself? The Wikipedia Encyclopedia states about Jim Jones: “In MacArthur Park. which included Don Harris. after an attempt was made on Ryan's life Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 162 . we have been given by God an acid test." but at least one account exists of his sexual abusing of a male member of his congregation in front of the followers. but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: Thou shalt not be afraid of him. "Sex in Peoples Temple. there are those who claim only. or the second coming of Christ and he had a multitude of naïve followers. an NBC network news reporter. he was exposed as a tyrant.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Chapter Fourteen: Art thou that prophet? “But the prophet. Jones was arrested and charged with soliciting a man for sex in a movie theater bathroom known for homosexual activity. The delegation was granted access on November 17. We have many like Jim Jones.S. and then. but whatever the claim is. with which. that God speaks to them. Ultimately. a con artist. liar and a murderer. Are these the marquee qualities of a regular prophet. Los Angeles on December 13. congressman: “In November 1978. Ryan's delegation. even today. if the thing follow not or come to pass. 1973. a fornicator. David. look at what became of him. even that prophet shall die. He was exposed of these things and then died a horrible death." Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. The man was an undercover Los Angeles Police Department vice officer. U. who claimed he was Jesus incarnate. we can ascertain if what this claimant says is the truth or if it is only falsehood. where it was later learned that the residents were practicing songs and dance. First. how shall we know the word which the Lord hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the Name of the Lord. ostensibly to prove the man's own homosexual tendencies.S.” (Wise. which I have not commanded him to speak. an NBC cameraman and reporters for various newspapers.” (Deuteronomy: 18:20-22) The verses above describe to us how we can recognize a false prophet from a true one and this method can be applied for all time. Congressman Leo Ryan led a fact-finding mission to the Jonestown settlement in Guyana to investigate allegations of human rights abuses by relatives of Temple members in the U. it left hurriedly on the morning of Saturday November 18. or that shall speak in the name of other gods. Ryan's delegation was originally denied access to the camp. which shall presume to speak a word in my name.

" Although this book is controversial in a lot of its contents.” (Deuteronomy: 18:20-22) Next. People were forced to lie on the ground with their faces down. Don Harris. killing Congressman Ryan and five others. An NBC cameraman was able to capture footage of the shooting.S. ‘Elijah Poole. Peoples Temple survivors reported that a group from Jonestown left shortly afterwards in a truck with the intention of stopping the delegation and members from leaving the country alive. The makers of this poisonous brew did not realize. Could this man indeed.) The book. and Bob Flick. there were still about 400 left alive. which was a mixture of tranquillisers and potassium cyanide. however. only sharing in a similar name that consists of the word ‘Islam’. The murder of Congresman Ryan was the first and only murder of a Congressman in the line of duty in the history of the United States. Embassy at Georgetown and allegedly an officer of the Central Intelligence Agency.” (Brazil. Surviving the attack were future Congresswoman Jackie Speier. It was easier with the children. the Deputy Chief of Mission from the U. a group/cult completely unrelated to true Islam." Los Angeles Times. At that time. When the gunmen departed. he seemed like the answer Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 163 . They were shot at point blank range. They also used ampule injectors. and died. However. that the tranquilizers did not delay the instantaneous lethal action of the cyanide. be a prophet? Of course not and he was exposed for his true nature. Surviving delegation members later told police that as they were boarding two planes at the airstrip. Each group was told to line up so as to receive a "sedative". Now everybody understood the nature of the brew offered by the murderers. "Jonestown's Horror Fades but Mystery Remain. After that mass extermination of people began. we will look at Elijah Muhammad.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il by a man armed with a knife. one of the supposed defectors. December 16. The "cocktail" took effect almost instantly. bringing the visit to an abrupt end. a producer for NBC News. and one defector from the Peoples Temple. and being an African American in a time when African Americans were still being oppressed somewhat.’ says about the mass murder in Guyana: "A special force broke through to Jim Jones' house and killed him. and were then injected right through their clothes. a newspaper photographer.’ He is the founder of ‘The Nation of Islam’. the truck with Jones' armed guards arrived and began shooting at them. a cameraman from NBC. Congressman Ryan and his people succeeded in taking with them fifteen People's Temple members who had expressed a wish to leave. The attack was thwarted. Those who took it fell to the ground. When the last shots were fired. mostly women. Those who attempted to run away were killed on the spot with firearms. “Thou shalt not be afraid of him. their mouths opened with daggers. pinched their noses and poured the poison down their throats. Women were grabbed by the throat. drew a weapon and began firing on members of the party. 1999. six people were dead: Representative Ryan. They were assembled near the central pavilion and then were divided up into groups of 30 and taken under armed escort to different parts of the settlement. children and old folk. At the same time. ‘The Jonestown Carnage: a CIA Crime. a reporter from NBC. Others had poison poured into their mouths by force. Jones made no attempt to prevent their departure. Richard Dwyer. Jeff. Larry Layton. then a staff member for Ryan. genuine information to this effect was supplied by those few people who survived the massacre and escaped through the jungles. The murderers took them in their arms. their bodies contorted by convulsions. or by his true name. Elijah Poole claimed to be a prophet. Some people began to resist taking the poison.

was established under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan. Fard.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il to their prayers. Because of Muhammad's separatist views. his son Warith Deen Muhammad took over and dismantled the ‘Nation of Islam’ and began his own community group more in line with the true Islam. and became a true Muslim. the doctrine Elijah Muhammad taught was widely viewed as a black separatist doctrine. During World War II he advised followers to avoid the draft. and that’s when he discovered that racism was not a teaching of Islam.” In his later years. Wallace D. whom he called “blue-eyed devils. The son of sharecroppers and former slaves. Thus. Elijah Muhammad was exposed and left without a legacy. Another group. 2. his most prominent disciple. that was unbefitting a prophet. he moved to Chicago where he established Temple No.” Because of dissension within the Detroit temple. Muhammad slowly built up the membership of the Black Muslims through assiduous recruitment in the postwar decades. with the title “Minister of Islam. he became assistant minister to the founder of the sect. around 1930. Malcolm X or Malcolm Little discovered that Elijah’s teachings were inconsistent with his own behavior. Muhammad moved to Detroit in 1923 where. he moderated his antiwhite tone and stressed self-help among blacks rather than confrontation between the races. before his assassination in 1965. that Allah has said that Muhammad was the last prophet: ‫ﱠﺎ َﺎن ﻣﺤﻤﺪ أ َﺎ أﺣﺪ ﱢﻦ ر َﺎﻟﻜﻢ وﻟ ِﻦ ر ُﻮل اﻟﻠﻪ و َﺎﺗﻢ اﻟﻨﺒ ﱢﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻣ آ َ ُ َ ﱠ ٌ َﺑ َ َ ٍ ﻣ ﱢﺟ ِ ُ ْ ََﻜ ﱠﺳ َ ﱠ ِ َﺧ َ َ ﱠ ِﻴ‬ “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men. so he left ‘the Nation of Islam’.” And the Wikipedia Encyclopedia describes him and his teachings: “At the time. He began to expose and preach against Elijah Muhammad. 1. You see. he taught racism and a multitude of other teachings that were. When Fard disappeared in 1934 Muhammad succeeded him as head of the movement. but he is the messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the prophets. Elijah Muhammad was committing fornication with a lot of his female followers and had fathered several illegitimate children by several different women. starting with the fact. helped to lend an identity to the group (once known as the American Muslim Mission and now part of the worldwide orthodox Muslim community) that split from the Nation of Islam after Muhammad's death in 1975. Malcolm X. he decide to go to Makkah to find out about the true nature of Islam. broke with the group and. His program called for the establishment of a separate nation for black Americans and the adoption of a religion based on the worship of Allah and on the belief that blacks are his chosen people. He taught that blacks were the original people on the Earth and had been tricked out of their power. and in the end the truth prevailed. and still are inconsistent with true Islam. Is this the behavior of a prophet? When Malcolm X found out. as a result of which he was charged with violating the Selective Service Act and was jailed (1942–46). at Temple No. Muhammad became known especially for his flamboyant rhetoric directed at white people. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 164 . however. But in fact. retaining both the name and the founding principles of Elijah Muhammad's original Nation of Islam. The Encyclopedia Britannica says about him: “Leader of the black separatist religious movement known as the Nation of Islam (sometimes called Black Muslims) in the United States. When he (Elijah) died.” (Qur’an: 33:40) But Elijah Poole would be exposed and by none other than Malcolm X. Is this the history of a prophet sent by God? Of course it is not.

Betty Shabazz. as some members preferred to espouse Muhammad's original teachings. Such shifts away from the original black nationalist teachings of Muhammad soon caused a split within the organization. regardless of race or class or color and equal membership in society with the best in civilized society. accused Farrakhan of taking part in her husband's murder. famously stating that "I am most probably dead already. The young Malcolm developed his speaking and political outlook within the NOI and under Elijah Muhammad's tutelage. and the inability to protect one's family from attacks by violent white America." The NOI teaches that black people must develop independence in economics.” And Prophet Muhammad said: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 165 . the NOI went through a brief period of upheaval. whose beliefs ventured further from mainstream Islam than that of the NOI. He further taught that the white race was produced through royal blood breeding. Warith Deen Muhammad once said in a speech that his father wanted him to change the direction of the NOI into a more orthodox view. who re-established it in 1978. The teachings of the NOI denounce drinking. gambling.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il conquered and oppressed by the Caucasian people via a global system of white supremacy. Warith Deen Muhammad. The original organization under Warith Deen changed its name to the Muslim American Society. "a full and complete freedom. Unlike many other black leaders in mid-twentieth century America. and he allowed George Lincoln Rockwell of the American Nazi Party to address the NOI. as stated by Elijah Muhammad. physical abuse of black women. Simultaneously. The rift between Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X was largely due to Malcolm’s discovery regarding rumors that Elijah Muhammad was having sex with various young NOI women and girls working for him. he was forced out of NOI for the release of this information. Though Malcolm X would later leave the NOI. Under the guidance of his son. and that he had fathered their children. the Nation of Islam demands. A year later. and nationhood. Louis Farrakhan. and was willing to work with them when this would further the aims of the NOI. at a time when both organizations were opposed to racial integration. religion. the influence of Elijah Muhammad on Malcolm's life was undeniable. the NOI was moved into the mainstream of Sunni Islam and began to accept white members. Elijah Muhammad showed pride in his ability to stand equal with whites. Malcolm X's widow. The name and ideology of the Nation of Islam was appropriated by a splinter group led by Elijah Muhammad's second National Representative. The best known splinter group is probably the Five Percenters. Warith said that his father started out preaching black separatism in the beginning because black people needed to show pride in themselves as a people before they could enter into a more orthodox form of Islam. "justifies our demand for complete separation in a state or territory of our own. equal justice under the law applied equally to all. One of those Elijah Muhammad would influence was an ex-convict whom the world would come to know as Malcolm X. Years later. According to the official platform. He apparently would claim that he lived in a mostly white neighborhood." The alternative. Elijah Muhammad believed that it made more sense to seek aid from independent African nations rather than going overseas to Africa while their communities at home in America were non-independent." Legacy With the death of Muhammad in 1975.

” So. 2003) And of his ability to see the future: “After another visit to Italy. Peter. or a black over a white. I’ve come to the realization that most of what he has written was codified so well that I cannot imagine how a lot of it is deciphered and transmitted to us to mean what his followers will have us believe they mean. he is a prophet. Can he really be a prophet? I would have to say no. In fact. none of the sources listed offers any evidence that anyone has ever interpreted any of Nostradamus's quatrains specifically enough to allow a clear identification of any event in advance. for the first time Latinizing his name from Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 166 .nines parts obscurity. how shall we know the word which the Lord hath not spoken?” (Deuteronomy: 18:21-22 Wikipedia offers this on Nostradamus: “In contrast. “And if thou say in thine heart. “Thou shalt not be afraid of him. Most of his prophecies are in the forms of metaphors and parables and could pertain to a variety of different things. if it was so crystal clear in his writings? Wouldn’t his prophecies be of much more benefit if we could actually understand them beforehand. An example would be how right after the attack on the twin towers. most academic sources maintain that the associations made between world events and Nostradamus's quatrains are largely the result of misinterpretations or mistranslations (sometimes deliberate) or else are so tenuous as to render them useless as evidence of any genuine predictive power. save by piety. something will have to fit eventually. Wow! My question is. why could they not fore warn us of the attack on the twin towers. before a tragedy happens. from everything I can say that I’ve read of his prophecies. The Unknown Nostradamus. or a terrorist attack? And that is my point. Moreover. and Adam was made of dust. Nostradamus? Surely. right? Well. the cult of Nostradamus followers pin pointed the exact prophecy predicting this happening to the twin towers and how.” (Deuteronomy: 18:20-22) And what about the famed prophet. he wrote an almanac for 1550.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “There is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab. People are from Adam. nor of a non-Arab over an Arab. Following popular trends. I am puzzled on how the prophecies of Nostradamus are deciphered at all. up until now. or a white over a black. His writings are filled with one part truth and ninety. Nostredame began to move away from medicine and toward the occult. no one can say with certainty what Nostradamus was thinking.” (Lemesurier. After hundreds of years between the writings of his prophecies (as vague as they are). so we can say with certainty that Elijah Muhammad was not a prophet. we can clearly see that Elijah Muhammad’s cult taught beliefs that are in opposition with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah.

See Alternative views below. It is not only skeptics such as James Randi who suggest that his reputation as a prophet is largely manufactured by modern-day supporters who fit his words to events that have either already occurred or are so imminent as to be inevitable." There is no evidence in the academic literature (see Sources) to suggest that any Nostradamus quatrain has ever been interpreted as predicting a specific event before it occurred. Nostradamus enthusiasts have credited him with predicting numerous events in world history. Nostradamus: sein Leben. his wife Carolyn Bessette and her sister Lauren Bessette. When obliged to attempt this himself on the basis of the published tables of the day. sein Werk und die wahre Bedeutung seiner Prophezeiungen.com.72)* Nobody. The year 1999 seven months From the sky will come the great King of Terror.com. after John F. but only ever in hindsight. but become crystal clear after the event has occurred.* Avant après Mars régner par bonheur. he always made numbers of errors.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Nostredame to Nostradamus. to the September 11. 2003) And Sceptic.338 prophecies. This is similar to the Preterist interpretation of the Book of Revelation. not even the most fanatical of Nostradamus's disciples. general terms that could equally apply to any number of other events”. they are known to have contained at least 6. His modern followers see him as a prophet. and compare Gruber's comprehensive critique of Nostradamus’ horoscope for Crown Prince Rudolph Maximilian. 1993. had a clue what this passage might have meant before July 1999. He was so encouraged by the almanac's success that he decided to write one or more annually.” (Refer to the analysis of these charts by Brind'Amour. Taken together. rather than calculating them himself as a professional astrologer would have done. However.) Skeptics consider the "prophecies" of Nostradamus to be mainly gibberish. Before and after Mars reigns by good luck. other than in vague. For example: L'an mil neuf cens nonante neuf sept mois Du ciel viendra grand Roy deffrayeur Resusciter le grand Roy d'Angoumois. writing in his elusive way — using highly metaphorical and cryptic language — to avoid persecution. and never adjusted the figures for his clients' place or time of birth. in March. the retroprophets shoehorned the event to the "prophecy. as is sometimes supposed. as well as at least eleven annual calendars. To resuscitate the great king of the Mongols. though he generally expected his clients to supply the birth charts on which these would be based. Kennedy Jr. Nostradamus wrote four-line verses (quatrains) in groups of 100 (centuries). says about him: “Michel Nostradamus was a 16th-century French physician and astrologer. 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. It was mainly in response to the almanacs that the nobility and other prominent persons from far away soon started asking for horoscopes and 'psychic' advice from him. all of them starting on January 1 and not. from the Great Fire of London. The translator prefers to remain anonymous.) And Also: “Some scholars believe that Nostradamus wrote not to be a prophet. (Note: All quatrains below in modern French are translations from esoterism. but to comment on events that were happening in his own time." Here is just one example culled from the Internet: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 167 .. by way of the rise of Napoleon I of France and Adolf Hitler. 1999.( Gruber. His prophecies have a magical quality for those who study them: They are muddled and obscure before the predicted event. were killed in a plane crash on July 18. (X. a process sometimes known as "retroactive clairvoyance. Dr Elmar.

When the son of Germany obeys no law. The rest is vague enough to retrofit many different scenarios. Separated from judgment and counsel: Their fate will be sealed on departure Kappa. Quand rien enfant de Germain observa. Some claim that Nostradamus predicted the Challenger space shuttle disaster on January 28. (II. Thiokol made the defective O-ring that is blamed for the disaster. He will cause great men to be dragged in a cage of iron. rockets. Lambda mors bannis égarés. 'th' and an 'l'. The name has a 'k'. and airplanes.24) Cheetham's version: Beasts wild with hunger will cross the rivers. Never mind that there were seven who died. Skeptics cast doubt upon the interpretation of Nostradamus's quatrains (Randi 1993). Kennedy Jr. De jugement & conseil separés: Leur sort sera divisé en départ. 1986. From the human flock nine will be sent away. Here is the passage: D'humain troupeau neuf seront mis à part. 1999. they didn't recognize that he had predicted it until it was too late. not nine. Here is how James Randi and Cheetham read one of the more famous quatrains. Randi's version: Beasts mad with hunger will swim across rivers. such as Erika Cheetham (The Final Prophecies of Nostradamus. Thita. Others feared a NASA space probe would come crashing down on earth. Most of the army will be against the Lower Danube. True believers. believe that Nostradamus foresaw the invention of bombs. 1989).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Could the crash of John F. submarines. He predicted the Great Fire of London (1666) and the rise of Adolph Hitler and many other events. Other disciples were generous enough to think that Nostradamus was referring to a solar eclipse that would occur on August 11.'s airplane in July of 1999 fulfill the line "from the sky will come "the great King of Terror"? Could the human fear of death and bodily injury be the intended definition of "the great King of Terror"? It might be possible!* "It might be possible"--now there is a precise bit of terminology. Plus part du champ encore Hister sera. Lambda the banished dead err (I. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 168 . Kappa.81). Of course. allegedly predicting the rise of Adolph Hitler to power in Germany: Bêtes farouches de faim fleuves tranner. Thita. The great one shall be dragged in an iron cage When the child brother will observe nothing. En caige de fer le grand sera treisner. The greater part of the battle will be against Hitler.

a rumor was spread that Nostradamus had predicted it. some think the reference is clearly to him. These quatrains are hoaxes.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Neither translation seems to make much sense. but the latitude in Central Park is 40° 47' N. (Because Hister is an ancient name for the Danube region near Hitler's childhood home." by the way.97 is Instant grand flamme éparse sautera. not a person. From the sky will come a great King of Terror. The first two lines seem to be an alteration of Centuries X. So does "Germania. corresponding to present-day northeastern France and part of Belgium and the Netherlands. but at least Randi's recognizes that "Hister" refers to a geographical region. 2 twin brothers torn apart by chaos While the fortress falls the great leader will succumb Third big war will begin when the big city is burning. north of the Danube and east of the Rhine. quatrain 97.. At forty-five degrees the sky will burn. Or in English. It may also refer to a part of the Roman Empire." The next two lines are from Centuries VI. Du ciel viendra un grand Roi d'Angoumois. Quand on voudra des Normans faire preuue. The year 1999 seven months From the sky will come the great King of Terror. Feu approcher de la grand cité neuve. Any but the dimmest bulb should be able to shoehorn "at 45 degrees the sky will burn" with some aspect of the terrorist attacks.. The remainder of VI. 2001. 2001 After the terrorist skyjackings and attacks in the United States on September 11. quatrain 72: L'an mil neuf cent nonante neuf sept mois. Fire approaches the great new city. Or in English. The following quatrains were offered as proof: In the year of the new century and nine months. Cinq et quarante degrés ciel brûlera. Or in English. In the city of York there will be a great collapse. it refers to an ancient region of Europe. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 169 . Fire to approach the great new city: Some rumormongers speculated that 45 degrees refers to the latitude of New York.) September 11... The sky will burn at forty-five degrees.* There is no reference in Nostradamus to "the new century and nine months.

. Dylan wrote a song called Angelina. trying to take heaven by force. some sites that reference this verse state it was written in 1654 which would be an impressive feat for someone who died nearly 100 years before! Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 170 . the great leader will succumb. there is the view of Jean-Claude Pecker of the Collège de France in Paris. In the valley of the giants where the stars and stripes explode. says: “In the heightened days following September 11. September/October 2001. The third big war will begin when the big city is burning.. First off.. that the writings of Nostradamus are so cryptic that they can be interpreted to mean almost anything. you're down to the bone.. Marshall wanted "to demonstrate .. which is as clear a prediction of September 11 as anything Nostradamus wrote: There's a black Mercedes rolling through the combat zone. a Brock University (Canada) student. Two brothers torn apart by Chaos. He maintains that Nostradamus described not future events but events of his own and earlier times. for that matter.. we can shoehorn just about any event to some passage in Nostradamus... In fact.” And Nostradamus. Patricia McLaine. Finally. I see pieces of men marching." Coincidence?) The only thing more detestable than these hoaxes are the psychics such as Silvia Browne. p. a group of Scandinavian raiders under the leadership of Rollo sailed up the Seine and forced the French king to cede French territory. Begging God for mercy and weeping in unholy places.. let's say straight out that this was not written by Nostradamus at all.. In 1981. who claimed after the fact that they predicted the attacks. Your servants are half-dead. According to Barbara and David P.. and James Van Praagh. When one will want to demand proof of the Normans. or Bob Dylan. Yes it superficially resembles his style." If we have some imagination." Even the dimmest should be bright enough to find some way to connect "Normans" giving "proof" with what happened. Browne even had the chutzpah to claim she couldn't tell us the details in advance because she's not "omniscient. Publishing houses will never go broke printing the latest predictions culled from the manuscripts of Nostradamus.. 2001 there were a lot of reports that Nostradamus had predicted the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York! You may have even read about the quatrain below: In the City of God there will be a great thunder. while the fortress endures.. One thing Nostradamus didn't predict was that he would become a one-man industry in the 20th century." One does not need to be psychic to know that. 81).Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il In an instant a great scattered flame will leap up. Mikkelson's Urban Legends page. but there is no such quatrain and he didn't write it. The only thing in these lines that is even vaguely close to what happened is the mention of "a great scattered flame. ("In 911. Nostradamus disguised "them in a sort of coded French" because "in his troubled period" he was "under constant threat" (Skeptical Inquirer..org. According to Pecker. one of the hoaxed quatrains was written in 1997 by Neil Marshall.

Quatrain 72: The year 1999.com has plenty more. Tens if not hundreds of thousands died in each these conflicts. all four. the Napoleonic wars. the three (that struck). This quatrain barely fits even with a liberal amount of massaging. etc. Jerusalem). the Russian Civil War. So who wrote this quatrain and what was their point? This quatrain was actually created by a student called Neil Marshall in an article called "A Critical Analysis of Nostradamus". seventh month is not September 2001. 3. Dozens alone in World War II . The urban legends site Snopes. Quatrain 97: At forty-five degrees the sky will burn. or a city with a lot of churches (e. the Russia-Japan war.. City of God. let us use it as an exercise in critical thinking.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Before we look at who did write it. The third big war. In fact this is not the only phony verse to have been concocted after 9/11. So are there any genuine verses that have been attributed? Yes. London. His point in writing the above was to highlight that some Nostradamus quatrains are so vague as to be open to any interpretation after the fact. Then is a "King of Terror" one airplane. One doesn't need a scholarship to realise that 1999. many quatrains including this one have been attributed to multiple events. Berlin.g. Tends to happen in wars. or royalty where there have been numerous inter marriages. assuming you can jump enough hoops to turn a Saudi into a Mongol. The same form of critical analysis should be applied to each of them to find out how precise they actually are. the US Civil War. the leader of the terrorists or even Osama bin Laden? How does the "King of the Mongols" relate to anything at all? Are we to believe that the Mongols. Again this could be anything. When one will want to demand proof of the Normans. 4. Fire to approach the great new city: In an instant a great scattered flame will leap up. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 171 . or a city with many religions (e. 2. From the sky will come a great King of Terror: To bring back to life the great King of the Mongols. Rome).g. you should immediately think of Vietnam. Before and after Mars to reign by good luck. or two ajoining neighborhoods. the American War of Independence. whether ancient or modern can even be tenuously compared with Islamic terrorists? Maybe it's Osama again. Two brothers torn apart by chaos. several have been cited which are listed below.Dresden. Here another oft quoted verse. or political party coalitions. the Crimea. the Spanish Civil War. When all is considered we are left with is a verse which is so ambiguous on every line that you could with little effort match it to many different possibilities. Is that not big enough? A big city burning. the Gulf War.Mecca. Allied countries. Give me a break. And so on. You name it. In fact as you might expect. or a city which is unusually impressive. Nagasaki. Century VI. seventh month. Tokyo. This could match anything you like . Here is Century X. We will break down the key points it raises: 1. Stalingrad. How many big wars have there been since Nostradamus was alive? Even excluding WW I & II. Hiroshima.

Are the Normans meant to be the French. The tower of the new city will tremble: Two great blocks will be at war for a long time. Naples is located between Mount Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei (two great rocks). According to the BBC sales rocketed at Amazon and Barnes & Noble. No doubt someone would try to claim it meant a flight number if one of them had contained 45.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Well. New Orleans. what use is a quatrain as a prediction if it is so vague that it cannot be attributed to an event even afterwards?” “When a prophet speaketh in the Name of the Lord. Besides. if the thing follow not or come to pass. After all. "Centre of the world" has been deliberately fudged as "world centre". let's say immediately that New York is 40 43' degrees north of the equator so that wouldn't match.). "Two rocks" as "Two blocks" and so on. that is the thing which the Lord hath not spoken. then Arethusa will redden a new river. Newcastle etc. 45 degrees could be anything related to a temperature. This is a straight translation from the French original but it doesn't look relevant does it? But that's because a far more embellished translation is being offered up: Sea of fire at the world centre. especially if accompanied by a red river of molten lava. And the bogus prophecies must have played no small part in all this. Then Arethusa will redden a new river. Two great rocks will war for a long time. an angle of something approaching. an oil refinery explosion. a forest fire. but so do a lot of cities (Newark. Beyond that. but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously:” (Deuteronomy: 18:20-22) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 172 . Is New York a new city? Well it has "New" in its title. a burning sky? Again this could apply to anything. After that what are we left with? A flame. Both saw Nostradamus books enter their best seller lists. Predicting volcanic activity in a city surrounded by volcanoes is arguably shooting fish in the barrel but clearly this quatrain has nothing to do with 9/11. Conclusion It seems hard to escape the conclusion that Nostradamus did not predict 9/11. One cannot help feeling that Nostradamus should have been more specific if he expected us to think different. one could argue that many cities are new by virtue of being bombed flat or destroyed by fire some time in their existence. Now we get why some claim this has something to do with 9/11. Another one that appears from time to time is Century I. Those which have been highlighted are so superficial that they no more match 9/11 than they match other events. Any volcanic activity by either of these or both would validate the prediction. falling or some other measurement. No quatrain even bears a passing resemblance to the events of that day. as in "World Trade Center". in which case what have they to do with 9/11? Again this quatrain may superficially appeal to those looking for a 9/11 "angle" (no pun intended!) but if so it doesn't stand up to scrutiny. a plane exploding. Nostradamus hits the charts A very obvious sign of the hysteria whipped up by 9/11 can be seen in the sales of Nostradamus related materials in days following. Quatrain 87: Earthshaking fire from the centre of the earth will cause tremors around the New City. Further to that. a bombed city. and convincingly suggests that it is referring to Naples whose Italian name of Napoli literally means New City. James Randi takes on this particular myth. It is even plausible that the 1538 eruption of Campi Flegrei was what spurred Nostradamus to write this quatrain to begin with.

and built a network of cities. such as John Calleman. Not that I am foolish enough to pretend to be a prophet. One is known as the Long Count calendar. until around 900 A. I have used the word prophet. Obviously.872. During this period the Maya built temples and monuments.* (The Mayan glyphs and hieroglyphs aren't crystal clear about what the calendar means. thanks to my researches and the consideration of what judicial Astrology promises me and sometimes gives me to know. “…Thou shalt not be afraid of him. this calendar is of no interest to the Maya any longer. These cities lay buried under jungle growth for centuries.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And the Wikipedia says about Nostradamus’ prophet hood: “Nostradamus's reliance on historical precedent is reflected in the fact that he explicitly rejected the label 'prophet' (i. known as the Classic Period.*) Nevertheless. we can declare with 100% conviction (to the disappointment of many).) Too bad they couldn't predict their own collapse. One of the important discoveries from these ruins is that the Maya had several calendars. 1558. 1555. which is reset to day 0 every 1. (Though there are people today who are the descendants of the Maya and the Mayan culture lives on through them. this date is of enormous interest to certain doomsday prophets and New Age astrologers. created numerous works of art and writings. principally in the form of warnings. did they predict the end of the world? Could they have predicted the end of the world? Skeptics. 15 June 1566. Not that I would attribute to myself either the name or the role of a prophet — Preface to César. 2012.000 days. According to Jared Diamond. I would not attribute to myself a title of such lofty sublimity — Preface to César.com. [S]ome of [the prophets] predicted great and marvelous things to come: [though] for me.” So.” (Deuteronomy: 18:20-22) And what about the Mayans. since their civilization collapsed over a thousand years ago. by some calculations. that Nostradamus was not a prophet. I do but make bold to predict (not that I guarantee the slightest thing at all). and he testified to this himself. — Open letter to Privy Councillor (later Chancellor) Birague. continued their astronomical observations. so that folk may know that with which the celestial stars do threaten them. 1555. flourished from about 300 A.e. is December 21. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 173 . a person having prophetic powers of his own) on several occasions: Although. in Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula and parts of Central America. The next reset date.D.D. a period known as The Great Circle (Diamond 2005: 167). who are spreading the good news either that the Maya knew the date when the world would end or they knew the date when a New Age of Transformation would begin. — Letter to King Henri II. I in no way attribute to myself such a title here. my son. says: “Mayan urban culture.

nothing very unusual appears.*] While it is true that the sun conjuncts the Sacred Tree on December 3rd in the year 755 A. Whatever virtues the Classic Mayan culture might have had. 3114 B. Apparently that was only part of the picture. and generously sharing the process by which she arrived at her discovery. Drawing from an impressive amount of iconographic evidence. an incised bone from 8th century Tikal depicts a long sinking canoe containing various deities. On December 21.. 2012 A. The crossing point of Milky Way and ecliptic is this doorway and represents the sacred source and origin. Why should we think the Mayan prophets would be any better at seeing the distant future than the Hebrew prophets or Nostradamus? The "Cosmic" Maya Dee Finney's Mayan prophecy website promotes the idea of the "Cosmic" Mayans. Finney's source for much of the prophecy speculation is Charles Gallenkamp's book Maya: The Riddle and Rediscovery of a Lost Civilization." This is supposed to open up some sort of "cosmic sky portal. there will be an "alignment between the galactic and solar planes.. This could be just a coincidence. In their book [A] Forest of Kings..D.." The winter solstice sun will "conjunct the Milky Way. it is the sacred doorway to the underworld. This fact has not stopped some very bizarre speculation about Mayan astronomy.. droughts (partly brought on by their deforestation programs). and carrying with it deities representing the nearby constellations. This is a picture of the night sky and the canoe is the Milky Way. since the areas where agriculture first emerged were not the areas where the Maya would eventually build their cities. which depicts the Sacred Tree emerging from what has been called an umbilical cord. but we don't know what it was. Probably the most exciting breakthrough in this book is her identification of the astronomical meaning of the Mayan Sacred Tree. For example.000 days (baktun). sinking below the horizon as the night progresses. and so on. the Milky Way crosses the ecliptic through the constellation of Sagittarius and this area is rich in nebulae and Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 174 . such as John Major Jenkins: If we make a standard horoscope chart for December 21st. for the Sacred Tree that [the Mayan king] Pacal ascends in death is more than just the ecliptic.D.attached some significance to their own day zero. the Maya. farming techniques and deforestation that depleted soil nutrients.the Mayan Sacred Tree? Any astronomer will tell you that. The incredible Mayan site of Palenque is filled with Sacred Tree motifs and references to astronomical events." You can see a picture of this alignment here. Schele and Freidel suggested that the Sacred Tree referred to the ecliptic.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il The famous Maya Long Count calendar begins on August 11. over the centuries precession has caused the conjunction date to approach the winter solstice.. Indeed. (Diamond 2005: 167) There was no writing in the New World until 2. how close are we to perfect conjunction today? Exactly when might we expect the winter solstice sun to conjunct the crossing point of Galactic Equator and ecliptic . The speculators should ask themselves: what is the likelihood that a civilization that couldn't use its vast knowledge to save itself from self-destruction was concerned with predicting what would happen in a future millennium? The Mayan leaders couldn't see far enough into the future to plan for and solve the human problems they faced: too many people on too little land. the Milky Way seems to have played an important role in Mayan imagery. The Mayan Long Count calendar is based on a complex system of units ranging from days (kin) to 144. presently.--just as our own calendar begins on January 1 of the first year of the Christian era. In this way I was led astray in my search until Linda Schele provided a clue in the recent book Maya Cosmos..C.Presumably. predicting the future seems an unlikely one. destruction of their own environment. 2012.500 years after the Mayan year zero but there is evidence of agriculture in Mesoamerica from about the time of day zero on the Mayan calendar. So. [Apparently. the Sacred Tree is found to be none other than the crossing point of the ecliptic with the band of the Milky Way. But the picture can only be properly explained by an astrologer. Jenkins is interpreting Pacal's sarcophagus.

Carlos Barrios. a tree remembered in all the world's spiritual traditions. A Guatemalan anthropologist and student of Mayan history and calendars. Some observers say this alignment with the heart of the galaxy in 2012 will open a channel for cosmic energy to flow through the earth. native people have kept track of important turning points in history.” And an article By G. The Mayan Calendars comprehension of time. the daykeepers who study the calendars identified an important day in the year One Reed. That sounds swell and we should all look forward to having our vibration level increased. Devised ages ago and based on the cycle of the Pleiades. In fact. Barrios does not deny that the Mayans were prophets. April 21. and the earth aligning itself with the center of the galaxy. some of them charting time accurately over a span of more than ten million years. Ce Acatal. At sunrise on December 21. According to Mr. native people were waiting and watching to see how it would go. The Tree of Life. I see trouble. Barrios. and cycles has proven itself to be vast and sophisticated. the mundane facts indicate that the Mayan kings and nobles focused more on short-term projects like enriching themselves and building monuments (Diamond 2005: 177) than in predicting the dawning of the Age of High Vibration long after their civilization had collapsed. "coming like a butterfly. Any astronomer will probably also tell you that an alignment between our sun and any particular point in the Milky Way will just bring another day in paradise here on planet Earth. That was the day when an important ancestor was prophesied to return. has a similar interpretation. the One Reed date correlates to Easter Sunday. This cosmic cross is considered to be an embodiment of the Sacred Tree. Mexico. but not the end of the world. When the Spanish ships came toward shore. however. raising all to a higher level of vibration. their calendars predicted the coming of Cortez in 1519. Why is my hindsight different than that of Barrios? Are we shoehorning data to fit our beliefs?) What will this "transformation" be like when we reach the end of one of these 17 calendars? It will be the start of a new era resulting from and signified by the solar meridian crossing the galactic equator. cleansing it and all that dwells upon it. but the world will not. Jeffrey MacDonald. it is still held as sacred. In any case. as it was called by the Mexicans. For example. 2012 for the first time in 26. seasons. The calendar that has steadily drawn global attention since 1987 is called the Tzolk'in or Cholq'ij. where the Milky Way crosses the ecliptic in Sagittarius also happens to be the direction of the Galactic Center. However. The billowing sails of the ships did indeed remind the scouts of butterflies skimming the ocean surface." In the western calendar. (When I try to imagine myself in the place of the scouts seeing a fleet of ships sailing towards the shore I don't see skimming butterflies. With the indigenous calendars. The Maya understand 17 different calendars. Jenkins is not alone in his interpretation of the mysterious Mayan Long Count calendar. According to him. It is true that the Long Count calendar ends in December of 2012. How Barrios knows what the scouts were thinking is anybody's guess.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il high density objects. 1519 the day that Hernando Cortez and his fleet of 11 Spanish galleons arrived from the East at what is today called Vera Cruz. Special to USA TODAY says about the prediction: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 175 .000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic. the end of the calendar signals a transformation of some sort.

Authors disagree about what humankind should expect on Dec. the sun will be aligned with the center of the Milky Way for the first time in about 26." University of Florida anthropologist Susan Gillespie says the 2012 phenomenon comes "from media and from other people making use of the Maya past to fulfill agendas that are really their own. Spiritual healer Andrew Smith predicts a restoration of a "true balance between Divine Feminine and Masculine" in The Revolution of 2012: Vol. publishers are helping readers gear up and count down to this mysterious — some even call it apocalyptic — date that ancient Mayan societies were anticipating thousands of years ago. at least three new books on 2012 have arrived in mainstream bookstores. "The convergence I see here is the apocalyptic expectations. tracks more than 5.000 years. What's more. "For the ancient Maya. executive director of the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies in Crystal River.000 years. though on a smaller scale.126-year era. which has been selling thousands of copies a month since its release in May and counts more than 40." Part of the 2012 mystique stems from the stars.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “With humanity coming up fast on 2012. A fourth is due this fall. 2012. it was a huge celebration to make it to the end of a whole cycle. She says publishers seem to be courting readers who believe humanity is creating its own ecological disasters and desperately needs ancient indigenous wisdom. Apocalpyto. "we have no record or knowledge that they would think the world would come to an end at that point. Maya civilization. The Preparation. Its Long Count calendar. Universal Time. "Part of the appeal of these earth religions is that notion that we need to reconnect with the Earth in order to save ourselves. then resets at year zero." says Sandra Noble." Garrett says. flourished for centuries in Mesoamerica. But scholars doubt the ancient Maya extrapolated great meaning from anticipating the alignment — if they were even aware of what the configuration would be. 21.000 in print. senior religion editor at Publishers Weekly." says Susan Milbrath. Astronomers generally agree that "it would be impossible the Maya themselves would have known that. The books also build on popular interest in the Maya. To render Dec. 21. if you will." Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 176 . when the Maya's "Long Count" calendar marks the end of a 5. On the winter solstice in 2012. along with the fact that the environment is in the front of many people's minds these days. which was discontinued under Spanish colonization. she says. says Lynn Garrett. is "a complete fabrication and a chance for a lot of people to cash in." Joseph writes. The buildup to 2012 echoes excitement and fear expressed on the eve of the new millennium. 300 and 900." But scholars are bristling at attempts to link the ancient Maya with trends in contemporary spirituality. mathematics and astronomy.m. Journalist Lawrence Joseph forecasts widespread catastrophe in Apocalypse 2012: A Scientific Investigation Into Civilization's End." assisted by indigenous insights and psychedelic drug use. Fla. In 2012. known for advanced writing. Daniel Pinchbeck anticipates a "change in the nature of consciousness. Each arrives in the wake of the 2006 success of 2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl. fueled in part by Mel Gibson's December 2006 film about Mayan civilization. This means that "whatever energy typically streams to Earth from the center of the Milky Way will indeed be disrupted on 12/21/12 at 11:11 p.D. she says. 1. 2012. a Maya archaeoastronomer and a curator at the Florida Museum of Natural History. especially between A. popularly known as Y2K. as a doomsday or moment of cosmic shifting. Since November.

and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you. Book 2." Then he further asked. Jesus? I choose to believe Jesus. "To worship Allah as if you see Him. (The angel) Gabriel came and asked.” (Matthew: 24:36) So. And also. His Apostles. Number 47: Narrated Abu Huraira: “One day while the Prophet was sitting in the company of some people. "What is faith?" Allah's Apostle replied. "What is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings. "When will the Hour be established?" Allah's Apostle replied.” And also: Volume 1. "From among the portents of the Hour are (the following): 1. "That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion. "What is Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il But what did Jesus say? “But of that day and hour knoweth no man. with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour-. no. and to believe in Resurrection. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 177 . "To worship Allah Alone and none else. But I will inform you about its portents. The Prophet then recited: "Verily. (the) meeting with Him." Abu 'Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith. he proved to be reliable." Then he further asked. 'Faith is to believe in Allah. Prophet Muhammad said: Volume 1. not the angels of heaven. Number 80: Narrated Anas: “Allah's Apostle said. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah. to offer prayers perfectly to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan." (31. do we believe the Mayans and their followers or do we believe. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of Religious learned men). Book 3. 1. Then the Prophet said. 2. His angels." Then he further asked. but my father only. but they could not see him. "The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. 34) then that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back.

the clouds and mention this or that matter decreed in the Heaven. 3. Number 432: Narrated 'Aisha: “I heard Allah's Apostle saying. we can understand that most of these “prophets” are not always accurate. Muhammad addresses the fortune tellers and the Jinn (the Jinn are the equivalent of spirits. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common). Genie): Volume 7.when will be its appointed time? Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (alone): None but He can reveal as to when it will occur.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il 2. 4. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse." And also: Volume 4. come down to inspire the soothsayers with it.’ They are nothing" They said. but God." Allah's Apostle said. Number 657: Narrated 'Aisha: “Some people asked Allah's Apostle about the fore-tellers He said.” And Allah said in the Qur’an: “They ask thee about the (final) Hour . "A Jinn snatches that true word and pours it into the ear of his friend (the fore-teller) (as one puts something into a bottle) the foreteller then mixes with that word one hundred lies. in which. Heavy were its burden through the heavens and the earth. thus the name. Only. "The angels descend. if accurate at all. Book 54. but most men know not. They said that no one knows the hour. and the latter would add to it one-hundred lies of their own." (The Qur’an: 7:187) So. that is what I believe." So. (Religious) ignorance will prevail. I will take the word of Allah and two of his most prominent prophets ever. Book 71. 'O Allah's Apostle! Sometimes they tell us of a thing which turns out to be true." They ask thee as if thou Wert eager in search thereof: Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (alone). Most of the time these prophecies have one piece of truth with an Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 178 . There are authentic reports. all of a sudden will it come to you. The devils listen stealthily to such a matter.

this took place in 614-15 C. It is this inclination to know what is not knowable that drives man to give up his reason. The decision of the matter. In the nearest land (Syria. the prophecy indeed came true and Romans became victorious after seven years. (It is) a promise of Allah (i. Jordan. and Palestine). In 622 C. Iraq. the Romans moved forward and restored all what they had lost and launched their campaign toward the heart of Persia. Was he a prophet? Yes. and after the defeat of the Persians by the Romans). which compels man to reject the teachings of Jesus Christ himself! If they will not pay heed to him. This passage was revealed after the defeat of Romans (Byzantines) at the hands of the Persians. and Allah fails not in His Promise. the Romans will avenge themselves and defeat the Persians. then who? I pray that Allah opens the hearts of mankind. the believers (i. and He is All-Mighty. So. He helps whom He Wills. Did he prove it? The answer is also. It is this dire prerequisite to know life’s uncertainty. before it is too late. before and after (these events) is only with Allah.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il insurmountable amount of falsehood.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians)With the Help of Allah. Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdullah. will be victorious. The Wikipedia describes the battle: Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 179 . but most men know not. Allah will give victory to the Romans against the Persians). when the Romans were handed defeat and then Allah tells Muhammad. and as proof I will quote Allah himself: ‫ﻏﻠﺒﺖ اﻟ ﱡوم }2{ ِﻲ أد َﻰ اﻟﺄرض و ُﻢ ﱢﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻏﻠﺒﻬﻢ ﺳﻴﻐﻠ ُﻮن }3{ ِﻲ ﺑﻀﻊ ﺳ ِﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﻪ‬ ِ ‫ﻓ ِ ْ ِ ِﻨ َ ِﱠ‬ َ ‫ﻓ َ ْ ﻧ ْ َ ْ ِ َه ﻣ َ ْ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ِ ﺒ‬ ُ ‫ُِ َ ِ ﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺄﻣﺮ ِﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ و ِﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ وﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﻳﻔﺮح اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ُﻮن }4{ ﺑﻨﺼﺮ اﻟﻠﻪ َﻨﺼﺮ َﻦ ﻳ َﺎء وهﻮ‬ َ ُ َ ‫ِ َ ْ ِ ﱠ ِ ﻳ ُ ُ ﻣ َﺸ‬ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ُ ﻣ َ ْ ُ َﻣ َ ْ ُ َ َ ْ َ ِ ٍ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ {6} ‫اﻟﻌ ِﻳﺰ اﻟﺮ ِﻴﻢ }5{ وﻋﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ َﺎ ﻳﺨﻠﻒ اﻟﻠﻪ وﻋﺪﻩ وﻟﻜﻦ أآﺜﺮ اﻟﱠﺎس َﺎ ﻳﻌﻠ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ ْ َ ﱠ ِ ﻟ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﱠ ُ َ ْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ﱠ َ ْ َ َ ﻨ ِ ﻟ َ ْ َﻤ‬ ُ ‫ْ َﺰ ُ ﱠﺣ‬ “The Romans have been defeated. For the next seven years. This victory was not transient. (Before the defeat of the Romans by the Persians. the Most Merciful. but it is this one piece of truth that will get most people to swallow the falsehood likewise. and they after their defeat.e. And on that day. the Romans were losing their cities to the Persians and there was no way to foresee that the Romans would stand up again. yes. And this would lead us to our beloved master. that within three to nine years. and believe what is a manifest falsehood. the Emperor Heraclius transported his army through the Aegean Sea and unexpectedly defeated the Persian army in the decisive battle of Issus. Within three to nine years.” (Qur’an: 30:2-6) This is a prophecy concerning the wars between the Persians and the Romans.E.E.

On March 25. with the backing of Patriarch Sergius. the believers (i. while the Avars and Slavs took advantage of the situation to overrun the Balkans. bringing the Roman Empire to the brink of destruction. probably in Bithynia. The assassination of Khosrau II. 622. supported by a Persian army commanded by Shahrbaraz. in a Mughal manuscript of ca 1535. and captured Chalcedon on the Bosporus. Cherub and Heraclius receiving the submission of Khosrau II. By this time the Persians had conquered Mesopotamia and the Caucasus. and. partly because of Phocas' brutal repression and the succession crisis that ensued as the general Heraclius sent his nephew Nicetas to attack Egypt. which took on the character of a holy war. slashing non-military expenditure. winning a series of victories in Azerbaijan and Armenia against Khosrau and his generals. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians) .(Qur’an: 30:4) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 180 . He assembled his forces in Asia Minor. Khosrau was overthrown and killed in a coup led by his son Kavadh II. The war initially went the Persians' way. inflicted a defeat on an army led by a Persian-allied Arab chief. but the siege ended in failure (the victory was attributed to the icons of the Virgin which were led in procession by Sergius about the walls of the city). During these years. where. Phocas was eventually deposed by Heraclius. 1160-1170. Heraclius strove to rebuild his army. Louvre). he campaigned in the Caucasus. In 629 AD Heraclius restored the True Cross to Jerusalem in a majestic ceremony.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il “Khosrau II used the pretext to attack the Eastern Roman Empire. Heraclius left Constantinople. while a second Persian army under Shahin suffered another crushing defeat at the hands of Heraclius' brother Theodore. and the Roman position collapsed. he launched a new counter-offensive. enabling his son Heraclius the younger to claim the throne in 610 AD. he defeated the Persians at the Battle of Nineveh. who at once sued for peace. The Roman army proceeded to Armenia. Continuing south along the Tigris he sacked Khosrau's great palace at Dastagird and was only prevented from attacking Ctesiphon by the destruction of the bridges on the Nahrawan Canal. and then won a victory over the Persians. and reconquer the province of Mesopotamia. plaque from a cross (Champlevé enamel over gilt copper. the Persians devastated parts of Asia Minor. devaluing the currency and melting down. Paris.” What is more amazing is that Allah told Muhammad: ‫وﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﻳﻔﺮح اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫َ َ ْ َ ِ ٍ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ And on that day. Church plate to raise the necessary funds to continue the war. Over the following decade the Persians were able to conquer Palestine and Egypt (by mid-621 AD the whole province was in their hands) and to devastate Anatolia. who sailed to Constantinople from Carthage with an icon affixed to the prow of his ship. A major counter-attack led by Heraclius in 613 AD was decisively defeated outside Antioch. and his two children. Persian poems are from Ferdowsi's Shahnameh Late in 627 AD Heraclius launched a winter offensive into Mesopotamia. and in 611 AD they overran Syria and entered Anatolia.e. entrusting the city to Sergius and general Bonus as regents of his son. On April 5. despite the desertion of the Turkish contingent which had accompanied him. 624 Heraclius left again Constantinople with his wife Martina. In 626 AD the Avars and Slavs besieged Constantinople. agreeing to withdraw from all occupied territories. after he celebrated Easter in Nicomedia on April 15. after he revived their broken morale. Discredited by this series of disasters.

Muslims victory over Meccan army “Beware of false prophets. And we see in the Bible. beginning of Muslim calendar Battle of Badr. was synchronous with the Muslims' victory over the pagans in the Battle of Badr and this is the fulfillment of the second part of the prophecy that reads: {5} ‫وﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﻳﻔﺮح اﻟﻤﺆﻣ ُﻮن }4{ ﺑﻨﺼﺮ اﻟﻠﻪ َﻨﺼﺮ َﻦ ﻳ َﺎء‬ ‫ِ َ ْ ِ ﱠ ِ ﻳ ُ ُ ﻣ َﺸ‬ َ ‫َ َ ْ َ ِ ٍ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ُ ْ ِﻨ‬ “And on that day. Heraclius advances into northern Media. Emperor Heraclius takes the field and defeats Persians in the Battle of Issus. Sassanid King Khosrau II reopens war against the Roman (Byzantine) Empire. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 181 . and thus proving the prophecies true. Look closely at the highlighted years and historical events. Persian armies.e. Persians capture Egypt.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il And it was fufilled when the victory by the Romans in 624 C. Persian armies take Damascus. that Jesus said: Muhammad's Year of Sorrow Muhammad's emigrates to Medina. advance on Chalcedon. Heraclius overthrows Phocas and becomes Emperor. Arabian events Migration to Abyssinia Traditional Muslim date of the Sura al-Rum.E. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians)-With the help of Allah. Year AD 602 (BH 20) AD 608 (BH 14) AD 610 (BH 12) AD 613 (BH 9) AD 614 (BH 8) AD 615 (BH 7) AD 619 (BH 4) AD 622 (AH 1) AD 624 (AH 2) Roman-Persian events Byzantine Emperor Mauricius is murdered by Phocas. but inwardly they are ravening wolves. He helps whom He Wills…” (Qur’an: 30:4-5) Here is a table illustrating the synchronization of Roman/Arab events. Persian armies take Jerusalem and capture the True Cross. after plundering Syria and Asia Minor. the believers (i. which come to you in sheep's clothing.

neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. For there are many false prophets in the world. they claimed prophethood.” (Matthew: 7:15-20) What Jesus is saying is that. John says something similar to what Jesus spoke with regard to false prophets. but he adds to it. but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. whereof ye have heard that it should come. But if someone claims to be a prophet and does not acknowledge the truth about Jesus. This had been the case with all the before mentioned “prophets”. those who come to proclaim prophethood for themselves should not be taken as true unless they meet requirements. He goes on to say that you will know a prophet is true if he confesses that Jesus is the Messiah (Christ) and that he came to earth (that prophet who confesses) is from God. This is how we know if they have the Spirit of God: If a person claiming to be a prophet acknowledges that Jesus Christ came in a real body. And John goes on to say in the Bible: “Beloved. and one cannot be a prophet of God if he commits iniquities. which you heard is coming into the world and indeed is already here.” (New Living Translation) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 182 . believe not every spirit. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down. You must test them to see if the spirit they have comes from God. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit. A better translation would be: “Dear friends. but were proven to produce this ‘bad fruit’. because a prophet is ‘a good tree’ and must produce ‘good fruit’. and cast into the fire. that person is not from God. so they cannot be prophets. do not believe everyone who claims to speak by the Spirit.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist.” (1 John: 4 verses: 1-3) Here. or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit. Such a person has the spirit of the Antichrist. but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. that person has the Spirit of God. and even now already is it in the world.

then we can realize that Muhammad was a true Prophet. And to our surprise.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il This is our test to see who is a true prophet and who is not. Allah said: ‫إذ َﺎﻟﺖ اﻟ َﻶﺋﻜﺔ َﺎ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ إن اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺒﺸﺮك ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﱢﻨﻪ اﺳﻤﻪ اﻟﻤ ِﻴﺢ ِﻴ َﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ وﺟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ً ِ َ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ‫ِ ْ ﻗ َ ِ ْﻤ ِ َ ُ ﻳ َ ْ َ ُ ِ ﱠ ّ َ ُ َ ﱢ ُ ِ ِ َِ َ ٍ ﻣ ْ ُ ْ ُ ُ ْ َﺴ ُ ﻋ ﺴ‬ ‫ِﻲ اﻟﺪﻧ َﺎ َاﻵﺧﺮة وﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻘﺮ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ﻓ ﱡ ْﻴ و ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ُ َ ﱠﺑ‬ “Behold! the angels said: ‘O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus.’” (Qur’an: 3:45) So. held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah. if we measure our Prophet Muhammad by the test that John and Jesus have left for us. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 183 . the son of Mary. there is only one religion other than Christianity that professes that Jesus is the Christ.

Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

To conclude this book I will start by quoting a few pages out of Imam Tahawi’s treatise; ‘The Fundamentals of Islamic Creed,’ in which Sheikh Al-‘Izz gives the most beautiful argument of Muhammad’s prophet hood being unquestionable: “Most theologians and polemicists have argued in favor of the greatness of the prophets and messengers on the strength of their miracles. No doubt, miracles are strong evidences. But, evidences are not restricted to miracles. For, the most truthful, as well as the greatest liars, claim to be prophets. But, so far as the discerning minds are considered, this does not cast any doubt on the affair. Rather, the surrounding details speak for themselves. We know that there are several ways by which people can distinguish between a true claimant and a false one even in ordinary affairs. So, what about claims to prophethood? Hassan bin Thabit well said: ‘Even if clears signs had not been with him (Muhammad) the evidences would have reached you by report.’ Never did a false prophet rise but his ignorance, lies, corrupt ways and the devils hold of him, have been so apparent to anyone endowed with some common sense that he had no difficulty in discovering his falsity. That is because there is no recourse to a prophet, but to order some things and forbid some others. Thus, it is in the scheme of things that he should do things that render his truthfulness manifest. On the other hand, an imposter too cannot escape, but do some things and inform (about the unseen) exposing himself in doing so, in ways more than one. An authentic prophet is just the opposite of him. To be sure, if there were to be two claimants to prophet hood, one an imposter and the other a true one, then the matter would definitely end with one’s falsehood being exposed and the other’s authenticity becoming clear: Even if it takes some time. Truthfulness and virtuosity go hand in hand. Similarly, falsehood and perversion go hand and hand. The prophet, peace be upon him, said in a report preserved in the Sahihayn: ‘Adhere to the truth, for it leads to piety, and piety leads to paradise. A man keeps on uttering and pursuing the truth until he is recorded as a ‘truthful’ with Allah. And beware of lies. For lies lead to impiety and impieties lead to the fire. A man keeps on lying and pursuing lies until he is written a ‘liar’ with Allah.’ Now, when we know that a simple thing as truthfulness of a man, or his falsehood, is apparent from his behavior, then how can a false prophet avoid being detected? No one can fail to distinguish the true prophet from a false one.” And later, Al-‘Izz writes:

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“As for our prophet, his case is so obvious that denying his message is tantamount to denying Allah the Most High Himself and alleging tyranny on his (Allah’s) part-High above that is Allah. To explain: if someone thought that Muhammad, on whom be peace, was not a prophet, rather a tyrant ruler, then it implies that he ascribed a lie to God, brought before the people something not revealed by Him (Allah), then, continued to declare the lawful as unlawful and the unlawful as lawful, declared the old scriptural laws null and void, slew the people, and destroyed the true followers of earlier prophets, Yet is led to victories after victories. He claimed that all that was by Allah’s Command sent down to him. And the Lord God Himself watched him do all that in His Name, annihilating the followers of truth and continuing to lie for no less than 23 years. Indeed, Allah seemed to have helped him achieve all that, let him overcome everyone, prepared the grounds in supernatural circumstances to lead him to victories. Moreover, He even answered his prayers, destroyed those opposed to him and raised his name over all others. Now, for Allah to let someone commit all that, in His Name, and instead of uprooting him, help him in his plans is only possible if Allah Himself is a tyrant, an oppressive being, and a transgressor. Inevitably, that would lead the people to the belief that this world has no creator nor a Lord above all. Had there been one, he would have stopped this person from doing all that. Indeed, He would have punished him with an exemplary punishment for the satisfaction of the rest of the world. The ‘no action’ response does not befit even an ordinary king of this world. How then does it befit the King of kings and the Ruler of all rulers? We do not deny that many liars have been successful in their own days, and attained glory. But firstly, they did not succeed wholly, and secondly, the new situation they helped to create did not last long. In time, Allah’s messengers and their followers did away with all that they had established. This has been the Sunnah of Allah with the nations of the past. Indeed, even the disbelievers knew that. Allah said:

‫أم ﻳ ُﻮُﻮن َﺎﻋﺮ ﻧﺘﺮﺑﺺ ﺑﻪ رﻳﺐ اﻟﻤ ُﻮن }03{ ﻗﻞ ﺗﺮﺑ ُﻮا ﻓﺈﱢﻲ ﻣﻌ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺘﺮﺑ ِﻴﻦ‬ َ ‫ُ ْ َ َﱠﺼ َ ِﻧ َ َﻜ ﱢ َ ْ ُ َ َﱢﺼ‬ ِ ‫َ ْ َﻘ ﻟ َ ﺷ ِ ٌ ﱠ َ َﱠ ُ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ْ َﻨ‬ {31}
They say, ‘A poet for whom we await the fate’s uncertainty.’ Say, ‘Wait, for I am with you one of those waiting.’ (Qur’an: 52:30-31) (That is, even the pagans were pretty sure that if the prophet was a phony, he would be destroyed and therefore, the best recourse was to wait for Divine intervention).” (The Fundamentals of Islamic Creed, by Sheikh Tahawi, commentary by, Ali ibn Abi-Al-‘Izz Adhri, pgs. 45-48) Now, I will quote several non-Islamic sources to support our position:

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il

“I wanted to know the best of one who holds today undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind ... I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life.” (Mahatma Gandhi, speaking on the character of Muhammad in Young India) “He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness.” (George Bernard Shaw, The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936) “But do you mean to tell me that the man who in the full flush of youthful vigour, a young man of four and twenty (24), married a woman much his senior, and remained faithful to her for six and twenty years (26), at fifty years of age when the passions are dying married for lust and sexual passion? Not thus are men's lives to be judged. And you look at the women whom he married, you will find that by every one of them an alliance was made for his people, or something was gained for his followers, or the woman was in sore need of protection.” (Annie Besant, The Life and Teachings of Muhammad, Madras, 1932, p. 4.) “Head of the state as well as the Church, he was Caesar and Pope in one; but, he was pope without the pope's claims, and Caesar without the legions of Caesar, without a standing army, without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a fixed revenue. If ever any man had the right to say that he ruled by a Right Divine, it was Mohammad, for he had all the power without instruments and without its support.” (Bosworth Smith, Mohammed & Mohammedanism, London, 1874, p. 92; quoted at IslamOnLine.net ) “My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular level.” (Michael H. Hart, The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, New York: Hart Publishing Company, Inc., 1978, page. 33.) “If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad? The most famous men created arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and souls. . . his forbearance in victory, his ambition, which was entirely devoted to one idea and in no manner striving for an empire; his endless prayers, his mystic conversations with God, his death and his triumph after death; all these attest not to an imposture but to a firm conviction which gave him the power to restore a dogma. This dogma was twofold, the unity of God and the immateriality of God; the former telling what God is, the latter telling what God is not; the one overthrowing false gods with the sword, the other starting an idea with words. Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is Muhammad. As regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask, is there any man greater than he?” (Alphonse de Lamartine, Histoire de la Turquie, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277.) “(It is simply amazing) how one man single handedly could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades.” (Thomas Carlyle, Heroes and Hero Worship)

Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan


” (Johann Wolfgang Goethe. I have endeavored. WA I. the high moral character of the men who believed in him and looked up to him as leader. Oxford. 7. London.” (Sarojini Naidu. Margoliouth.) Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 187 . to ask not indeed what were the first. 52. p.. p. Ideals of Islam.45-46) “I regard Mohammed as a great man. Only a glimpse of it I can catch. From the preface. when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together. All in all these magnificent roles. But he had done more than that. whether it postulates aid of divine of diabolical origin. he is alike a hero. Muhammad the Orator. it is most difficult to get into the whole truth of it.” (D.all argue his fundamental integrity. Mohammed and the Rise of Islam. 32. Muhammad the Businessman. AND MOHAMED. translator unknown (Wikiquote/Wikipedia user[s]) “He had achieved a great deal. Montgomery Watt. To the pagan peoples of western Arabia he had brought a new religion which. 1918. The intellectual image of the Deity has never been degraded by any visible idol. What a dramatic succession of picturesque scenes. and not as a book of a human being made for education or entertainment.” (Bernard Lewis. I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother.. for. p. 1870. pp. none of the great figures of history is so poorly appreciated in the West as Muhammad.” (K. the honor of the Prophet have never transgressed the measure of human virtues. and his influence was felt and never forgotten by those around him. The Prophets of the East. and his living precepts have restrained the gratitude of his disciples within the bounds of reason and religion. 54) “The personality of Muhammad. 12 ) "I BELIEVE IN ONE GOD. The Arabs in History.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il • “Muhammad was the soul of kindness. AN APOSTLE OF GOD" is the simple and invariable profession of Islam. stood on an incomparably higher level than the paganism it replaced.. There is Muhammad the Warrior. in recounting the mode in which he accomplished this. to do justice to his intellectual ability and to observe towards him the respectful attitude which his greatness deserves. in all these departments of human activities.” (Simon Ockley.. Muhammad the Saint. Muhammad the Reformer. he had established a community and a well organized and armed state. like Gibbon. Noten und Abhandlungen zum Weststlichen Dvan. .” (Diwan Chand Sharma. Calcutta. Moreover. Muhammad the Emancipator of Women. rather.. Muhammad the Refuge of Orphans. vide Speeches & Writings. Muhammad the Protector of Slaves. with its monotheism and its ethical doctrines. and the greatness of his ultimate achievement . Mohammad at Mecca. in the mosque. 1935.. who solved a political problem of appalling difficulty. History of the Saracen Empires. will he seek 'with becoming submission. The modern historian will not readily believe that so great and significant a movement was started by a self-seeking imposter. p. Muhammad the Judge. the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'. the power and prestige of which made it a dominant factor in Arabia.” (W.. Ramakrishna Rao. but what were the secondary causes of the rapid growth' of the new faith. He had provided that religion with a revelation which was to become in the centuries to follow the guide to thought and count of countless millions of Believers. Muhammad the Statesman. Madras. Muhammad the Prophet of Islam ) “It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy.) • • • • • • By William Montgomery Watt • “His readiness to undergo persecutions for his beliefs. 1953. S.the construction of a state and an empire out of the Arab tribes. Nor will he be satisfied with a purely supernatural explanation. There is Muhammad the Prophet. To suppose Muhammad an impostor raises more problems than it solves. 169) “He is a prophet and not a poet and therefore his Koran is to be seen as Divine Law.S.

a notable chapter in the history of mankind would have remained unwritten. . For long.. I believe that the Qur’an came from God.Art Thou That Prophet? By Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaa’il • “The more one reflects on the history of Muhammad and of early Islam.. I will ask the one question that ‘the people of the book’ (Jews and Christians) are reluctant to ask: ART THOU THAT PROPHET? Yes. There is thus a strong case for holding that Muhammad was sincere.Only a profound belief in himself and his mission explains Muhammad's readiness to endure hardship and persecution during the Meccan period when from a secular point of view there was no prospect of success. to bring the knowledge of God to people without such knowledge.” (Forward. statesman. If in some respects he was mistaken. his trust in God and firm belief that God had sent him. like the earlier prophets. that it is Divinely inspired. .. though with a different task. I always took the view — contrary to most previous scholars of Islam — that the Quran was not something that Muhammad had consciously produced. his mistakes were not due to deliberate lying or imposture. believe that Muhammad. which was something I did not believe. I have said that Muhammad is a prophet comparable to the Old Testament prophets. however. and administrator and.” .I therefore do not believe that either the Bible or the Qur’an is infallibly true in the sense that all their commands are valid for all time. behind these. Without sincerity how could he have won the allegiance and even devotion of men of strong and upright character like Abu-Bakr and 'Umar ? For the theist there is the further question how God could have allowed a great religion like Islam to develop on a basis of lies and deceit. may peace and blessings be upon you. Muhammad could not have caused the great upsurge in religion that he did without God’s blessing. because Muslims would have taken this to mean that everything in the Quran was finally and absolutely true. Circumstances presented him with an opportunity such as few men have had. when the form of society changes in important respects some commands cease to be appropriate. but the man was fully matched with the hour.. however. whereas their task was mainly to criticize the conduct of those who already believed in God. As such.. 106. however. the more one is amazed at the vastness of his achievement. I hesitated to speak of him as a prophet. had genuine religious experiences. you are Muhammad.) In closing. I do. Had it not been for his gifts as seer.. Forward quoting Watt. I believe that he really did receive something directly from God. Muhammad: A Short Biography ISBN 1-85168-131-0 p. namely. Copyright © 2008 Jason Galvan 188 . though many others continue to be valid. Martin (1998). More recently.

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