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El Dorado County - Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR

Noise

4.9 - Noise 4.9.1 - Introduction This section describes the existing noise setting and potential effects from project implementation on the site and its surrounding area. Descriptions and analysis in this section are based on information contained in the Environmental Noise Assessment for the Diamond Dorado Retail Center Project (Bollard Acoustical Consultants, Inc. 2010), which is included in this EIR as Appendix J, Noise. This section summarizes the information included in that technical report. 4.9.2 - Environmental Setting
Acoustical Terminology

In order to properly understand the current environmental setting as it relates to sound, it is important to understand the general technical considerations taken into account during noise analysis. Sound is mechanical energy transmitted by pressure waves in a compressible medium such as air. Noise is generally defined as unwanted sound. Various parameters characterize sound that describe the rate of oscillation of sound waves, the distance between successive troughs or crests, the speed of propagation, and the pressure level or energy content of a given sound wave. In particular, the sound pressure level has become the most common descriptor used to characterize the loudness of an ambient sound level. The unit of sound pressure, a ratio of the faintest sound detectable by a keen human ear, is called a decibel (dB). A decibel (dB) is a unit of measurement that indicates the relative intensity of a sound. The zero point on the dB scale is based on the lowest sound level that the healthy, unimpaired human ear can detect. Changes of 3 dB or fewer are only perceptible in laboratory environments. Audible increases in noise levels generally refer to a change of 3 dB or more, as this level has been found to be barely perceptible to the human ear in outdoor environments. Sound levels in dB are calculated on a logarithmic basis. An increase of 10 dB represents a 10-fold increase in acoustic energy, while 20 dB is 100 times more intense, and 30 dB is 1,000 times more intense. Each 10-dB increase in sound level is perceived as approximately a doubling of loudness. Because sound or noise can vary in intensity by over 1 million times within the range of human hearing, a logarithmic loudness scale similar to the Richter scale used for earthquake magnitude is used to keep sound intensity numbers at a convenient and manageable level. Since the human ear is not equally sensitive to all sound frequencies within the entire spectrum, noise levels at maximum human sensitivity are factored more heavily into sound descriptions in a process called A-weighting, written as dBA. This scale gives greater weight to the frequencies of sound to which the human ear is most sensitive. Any further reference to decibels in this report written as dB should be understood to be A-weighted values. Many methods have been developed for evaluating community noise to account for, among other things:
Michael Brandman Associates
H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 - DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.doc

4.9-1

Noise

El Dorado County - Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR

• Variation in noise levels over time. • Influence of periodic individual loud events. • Community response to changes in the community noise environment.

Several methods have been developed to measure sound over a period of time, including:
• Equivalent Sound Level (Leq) • Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL) • Day/Night Average Sound Level (Ldn)

These methods are described and defined below.
Leq

Time variations in noise exposure are typically expressed in terms of a steady-state energy level equal to the energy content of the time-varying period (called Leq), or, alternately, as a statistical description of the sound pressure level that is exceeded over some fraction of a given observation period. For example, the noise levels exceeded on 10 percent of readings is called L10, the median (50th percentile) reading is called L50, etc.
CNEL

Because community receptors are more sensitive to unwanted noise intrusion during the evening and at night, State law requires that, for planning purposes, an artificial dB increment penalty be added to quiet time noise levels in a 24-hour noise descriptor called Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL).
Ldn

Another commonly used method is the day/night average level or Ldn. The Ldn is a measure of the 24hour average noise level at a given location. It was adopted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for developing criteria for the evaluation of community noise exposure. It is based on a measure of the average noise level over a given time period, called the Leq. The Ldn is calculated by averaging the Leqs for each hour of the day at a given location after penalizing the sleeping hours (defined as 10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.) by 10 dBA to account for the increased sensitivity of people to noises that occur at night. The maximum noise level recorded during a noise event is typically expressed as Lmax. The sound level exceeded over a specified time can be expressed as Ln (e.g., L90, L50, L10, etc.). L50 equals the level exceeded 50 percent of the time, L10 equals the level exceeded 10 percent of the time, etc. As previously mentioned, people respond to changes in sound pressure, which are measured on a noise scale in a logarithmic manner. In general, a 3-dB change in sound pressure level is considered a just detectable difference in most situations. A 5-dB change is readily noticeable, and a 10-dB change is considered a doubling (or halving) of the subjective loudness. A 3-dB increase or decrease

4.9-2

Michael Brandman Associates
H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 - DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.doc

El Dorado County - Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR

Noise

in the average traffic nose level is realized by a doubling or halving of the traffic volume, or by about a 7-mile-per-hour increase or decrease in speed. For each doubling of distance from a point noise source, the sound level will decrease by 6 dB. In other words, if a person is 100 feet from a machine and moves 200 feet from that source, sound levels will drop by approximately 6 dB. Moving 400 feet away, sound levels will drop approximately another 6 dB. For each doubling of distance from a line source, such as a roadway, noise levels are reduced 3 to 5 decibels, depending on the ground cover between the source and the receiver.
Noise Exposure

An interior CNEL maximum noise level of 45 dB is mandated by the State of California Noise Insulation Standards (CCR, Title 24, Part 6, Section T25 28) for multiple-family dwellings and hotel and motel rooms. In 1988, the State Building Standards Commission expanded that standard to include all habitable rooms in residential use, including single-family dwelling units. Since normal noise attenuation within residential structures with closed windows is about 20 dB, an exterior noise exposure of 65 dB CNEL allows the interior standard to be met without any specialized structural attenuation (e.g., dual-paned windows). A noise level of 65 dB is also the level at which ambient noise begins to interfere with one’s ability to carry on a normal conversation at reasonable separation without raising one’s voice. Table 4.9-1 summarizes typical noise sources, levels, and responses.
Table 4.9-1: Noise Levels and Human Response
Noise Source Noise Level (dBA) Response

Library Refrigerator humming Quiet office Normal conversation Vacuum cleaner Freight train at 50 feet Heavy-duty truck at 50 feet Jet takeoff at 2,000 feet Unmuffled motorcycle Jet takeoff at 200 feet Shotgun firing Carrier jet operation

30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140

Very quiet Quiet Quiet Intrusive Telephone use difficult Interferes with conversation Annoying Very annoying; hearing damage at sustained exposure levels Maximum vocal effect; physical discomfort Regular exposure over one minute risks permanent hearing loss Pain threshold Harmfully loud

Source: Melville C. Branch and R. Dale Beland, 1970.

Michael Brandman Associates
H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 - DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.doc

4.9-3

DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. but at extreme vibration levels. and further decrease to approximately 58 dB at a distance of 200 feet (another 6 dB per doubling of distance from 100 to 200 feet). which is known as the peak particle velocity (PPV) or the root mean square (rms) amplitude of the vibration velocity.doc . the sound decay rate used for computation of average noise levels (Leq) is 4. sound levels decrease at a rate of 6 dB per doubling of distance (spherical spreading or divergence). a hypothetical reference level of 70 dB measured at a distance of 50 feet from a fixed location would decrease to a level of approximately 64 dB at a distance of 100 feet from that location (6 dB decrease per doubling of distance). 4. steel-wheeled trains. whose threshold of perception is around 65 VdB. Although groundborne vibration can be felt outdoors. Vibration Perception Typically. a hypothetical reference level of 60 dB measured at a reference distance of 50 feet from a truck pass-by route would decrease to a level of approximately 55. and traffic on rough roads. These continuous vibrations are not noticeable to humans. such as the airbrake release of a heavy truck. such as truck pass-bys. A commonly used abbreviation is “VdB.5 dB decrease per doubling of distance). For example. while smooth roads rarely produce perceptible groundborne noise or vibration.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Attenuation over Distance For a source of noise which radiates from a fixed location. Groundborne Vibration Fundamentals Groundborne vibrations consist of rapidly fluctuating motions within the ground that have an average motion of zero. such as the maximum instantaneous peak in the vibrations velocity. Vibration Descriptors Several different methods are used to quantify vibration amplitude. since it is produced from noise radiated from the motion of the walls and floors of a room and may consist of the rattling of windows or dishes on shelves. such as the noise generated by stationary mechanical equipment.9-4 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .Noise El Dorado County . This sound decay rate also applies to maximum noise levels (Lmax) generated by both stationary and mobile noise sources. For mobile noise sources. damage to buildings may occur.5 dB per doubling of distance from 100 to 200 feet). For example. and further decrease to 51 dB at a distance of 200 feet (another 4. Because of the typically small amplitudes of vibrations. it is denoted as (Lv) and is based on the rms velocity amplitude.” which in this text.9-1 illustrates typical vibration levels and the associated human response. Groundborne noise is an effect of groundborne vibration and only exists indoors. it is typically only an annoyance to people indoors where the associated effects of the shaking of a building can be notable. The effects of groundborne vibrations typically only cause a nuisance to people. Exhibit 4. developed areas are continuously affected by vibration velocities of 50 VdB or lower. vibration velocity is often expressed in decibels.5 dB at a distance of 100 feet from that fixed location (4.5 dB per doubling of distance from the source. is used when Lv is based on the reference quantity of 1 microinch per second. Offsite sources that may produce perceptible vibrations are usually caused by construction equipment.

P-waves are analogous to airborne sound waves. S-waves. Table 4. travel along the ground’s surface. the particle motion is transverse or side-to-side and perpendicular to the direction of propagation.e.9-2: Vibration Source Levels for Construction Equipment Peak Particle Velocity (inches/second) Approximate Vibration Level (Lv) at 25 feet Equipment Pile driver (impact) Pile driver (sonic) Clam shovel drop (slurry wall) Hydromill (slurry wall) Large bulldozer Caisson drill 1. The data in the table provides a reasonable estimate for a wide range of soil conditions. but has been shown to be effective enough for screening purposes. or compression waves. or shear waves. in order to identify potential vibration impacts that may need to be studied through actual field tests. unlike P-waves. Table 4.doc 4.170 (typical) 0. As stated above.089 0. depending on the equipment used on the site.9-5 .089 112 104 105 93 94 66 75 87 87 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .644 (typical) 0. which may contain significant geological differences. while groundborne vibrations travel through the earth.202 0. or Rayleigh waves. this drop-off rate can vary greatly. Surface waves. compression.9-2 gives approximate vibration levels for particular construction activities.. depending on the soil. the vibration energy decreases in a logarithmic nature and the vibration levels typically decrease by 6 VdB per doubling of the distance from the vibration source. Operation of construction equipment causes ground vibrations that spread through the ground and diminish in strength with distance. are body waves that carry their energy along an expanding spherical wave front. There are three main types of vibration propagation: surface. As vibration waves propagate from a source.734 (upper range) 0. The particle motion in these waves is longitudinal (i. and shear waves. similar to ripples produced by throwing a rock into a pool of water. These waves carry most of their energy along an expanding circular wave front.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Vibration Propagation The propagation of groundborne vibration is not as simple to model as airborne noise.008 (in soil) 0. P-waves.017 (in rock) 0.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.El Dorado County .518 (upper range) 0. Buildings in the vicinity of the construction site respond to these vibrations with varying results ranging from no perceptible effects at the low levels to slight damage at the highest levels. This is because noise in the air travels through a relatively uniform medium. However. in a push-pull fashion). are also body waves that carry energy along an expanding spherical wave front. Construction-Related Vibration Level Prediction Construction activity can result in varying degrees of ground vibration.

Exhibit 4.m. 1995.9-3 provides the results of the 24-hour ambient noise level surveys. noise exposure at Site 1 residence was relatively typical for a residential setting. Otherwise.9.m. Site 1 experiences elevated nighttime/early morning noise exposure due to operations at the adjacent MRF. dB Daytime (7 a.-7 a.9-6 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Table 4.) Hourly Leq Hourly Lmax 1 2 64 70 54 (52-56) 71 (66-77) 73 (67-81) 90 (83-109) 48 (45-49) 64 (63-65) 61 (58-63) 83 (82-83) 58 (39-63) 60 (52-66) 66 (54-83) 82 (78-86) Note: Refer to Exhibit 4. As shown in Exhibit 4. Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4.3 .9-2 (cont.076 0.m. including the Material Recovery Facility (MRF).9-2 for noise measurement locations. two continuous (24-hour) ambient noise level surveys were conducted on February 7 and 8.m. 2008 at 4150 Lime Kiln Road (Site 1) and 4000 SR-49 (Site 2). Table 4.) Hourly Leq Hourly Lmax Nighttime (10 p. measurements were collected at Site 1 from within the backyard patio and at Site 2 from within the front yard landscaping.9-3: Ambient Noise Measurement Results Average Noise Levels (Range). The existing noise conditions at Site 2 are elevated due to significant Diamond Road (SR-49) traffic and MRF related traffic on Bradley Drive.Existing Noise Environment To determine the existing noise level environment. The noise measurement sites were selected to represent the potentially affected residential land uses adjacent to the project site. 0.035 0.): Vibration Source Levels for Construction Equipment Peak Particle Velocity (inches/second) Approximate Vibration Level (Lv) at 25 feet Equipment Loaded trucks Jackhammer Small bulldozer Source: Federal Transit Administration.m. 4.m.003 86 79 58 4.Noise El Dorado County . As shown in Table 4. 24-hour noise measurements were taken at two locations in the project study area representing the sensitive receptors nearest to the project site. Existing Noise Environment at Nearby Sensitive Receptors The existing ambient noise environment in the immediate project vicinity is defined primarily by noise from Diamond Road (SR-49) and the industrial uses in the area.-7 p.) Site CNEL Hourly Leq Hourly Lmax Evening (7 p.doc .9-3.9-2 depicts the noise measurement locations. To quantify existing ambient noise levels in the project vicinity.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.-10 p. approximately 40 feet from the centerline of SR-49.9-2. Inc.

9-1_typical_vibration.9-1 Typical Vibration Levels EL DORADO COUNTY • DIAMOND DORADO RETAIL CENTER ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT . Michael Brandman Associates 33390001 • 08/2010 | 4.Source: Transit Noise and Vibration Impact Assessment. 2004.pdf Exhibit 4. Federal Transit Administration.

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NOT TO SCALE Exhibit 4. 2010.9-2_Site Plan and Noise Measurement Sites.Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants.9-2 Site Plan and Noise Measurement Sites FOOTER EL DORADO COUNTY • DIAMOND DORADO RETAIL CENTER ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT 33370001 • 08/2010 | 4.pdf NORTH . Inc.

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Detailed analysis inputs and modeling information are presented in Appendix J.9-4 shows the existing traffic noise levels in terms of Ldn at a reference distance of 50 feet from the centerlines of existing project area roadways.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise `Existing Traffic Noise Environment Table 4.doc 4.9-4: Existing Traffic Noise Levels and Contour Distances Distance to Noise Contour (feet) 70 dB Ldn 65 dB Ldn 60 dB Ldn Roadway Section Ldn (dB) at 50 feet North of Plaza Drive Plaza Drive to WB US-50 Ramps WB US-50 Ramps to EB US-50 Ramps EB US-50 Ramps to Mother Lode Drive Mother Lode Drive to Forni Road Forni Road to Golden Center Drive Missouri Flat Road Golden Center Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Industrial Drive Industrial Drive to Enterprise Drive Enterprise Drive to Pleasant Valley Road (SR-49) North of Pacific Street Pacific Street to Fiske Street Fiske Street to Skyline Drive Skyline Drive to Truck Street Truck Street to Bradley Drive SR-49 Bradley Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to Project Driveway #3 Project Driveway #3 to Black Rice Road Black Rice Road to Pleasant Valley Road Pleasant Valley Road to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Missouri Flat Road 66 70 71 73 72 71 71 69 70 70 70 65 69 69 69 68 68 68 68 68 72 73 28 49 58 74 70 62 57 44 47 53 50 24 41 41 42 38 39 39 39 38 69 74 60 106 125 159 150 134 123 94 101 114 108 52 88 88 91 82 84 84 84 82 148 160 129 228 269 342 324 290 265 203 217 245 233 112 190 189 196 176 181 181 181 176 318 344 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .9-4 also includes the distances to existing traffic noise level contours. Table 4.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. Table 4.9-11 .El Dorado County .

4.) Oro Lane/Koki Lane to Forni Road Forni Road to Pleasant Valley Road South of Pleasant Valley Road SR-49 to Racquet Way Pleasant Valley Road Racquet Way to Canyon Valley Road East of Canyon Valley Road Mother Lode Drive Forni Road West of Missouri Flat East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of Pleasant Valley Road Golden Center Drive Industrial Drive Enterprise Drive Oro Lane Koki Lane Patterson Drive China Garden Road Lime Kiln Road Black Rice Road Racquet Way Throwita Way Truck Street Bradley Drive East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of SR-49 South of SR-49 South of SR-49 Missouri Flat Road to SR-49 West of SR-49 East of SR-49 North of Pleasant Valley Road North of Diamond Springs Parkway South of Diamond Springs Parkway West of SR-49 West of SR-49 Missouri Flat Road to Project Driveway #1 Diamond Springs Parkway Project Driveway #1 to Project Driveway #2 Project Driveway #2 to Throwita Way Throwita Way to SR-49 71 71 70 70 69 67 67 66 62 61 63 62 59 56 59 48 62 60 60 55 51 54 N/A N/A 52 55 N/A N/A N/A N/A 62 57 51 53 44 32 29 29 16 12 18 15 10 6 9 2 15 11 11 5 3 4 N/A N/A 3 5 N/A N/A N/A N/A 134 122 110 113 94 68 63 62 34 27 39 32 21 12 20 4 32 23 24 12 5 9 N/A N/A 7 11 N/A N/A N/A N/A 289 264 237 244 203 147 136 134 73 58 85 69 46 26 43 8 68 49 51 25 12 19 N/A N/A 14 23 N/A N/A N/A N/A Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants Inc. using FHWA RD-77-108 with inputs from the project TIA (KHA.9-12 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . June 24.doc .): Existing Traffic Noise Levels and Contour Distances Distance to Noise Contour (feet) 70 dB Ldn 65 dB Ldn 60 dB Ldn Roadway Section Ldn (dB) at 50 feet Missouri Flat Road to Patterson Drive Patterson Drive to Oro Lane/Koki Lane SR-49 (cont.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4. 2010).Noise El Dorado County .9-4 (cont.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.

9. Furthermore.” which allows the local jurisdiction to clearly delineate compatibility of sensitive uses with various incremental levels of noise.El Dorado County . the ONAC has since been eliminated. an Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .9-13 . The Federal Office of Noise Abatement and Control (ONAC) was initially tasked with implementing the Noise Control Act. One significant model is the “Land Use Compatibility for Community Noise Environments Matrix. The Department of Transportation (DOT) assumed a significant role in noise control through its various operating agencies. and dwellings (other than single-family detached housing) that provides an annual average noise level of no more than 45 dBA CNEL.4 . Chapter 1) requires noise insulation in new hotels.doc 4. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulates noise of aircraft and airports. • Assisting state and local abatement efforts. Title 25. Since the federal government has preempted the setting of standards for noise levels that can be emitted by the transportation sources. the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) agency prohibits exposure of workers to excessive sound levels. motels. apartment houses. the County of El Dorado is restricted to regulating the noise generated by the transportation system through nuisance abatement ordinances and land use planning. while freeways that are part of the interstate highway system are regulated by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). including the Federal Transit Administration (FTA).DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. which serves three purposes: • Promulgating noise emission standards for interstate commerce. When such structures are located within a 60-dBA CNEL (or greater) noise contour.Regulatory Framework Federal The adverse impact of noise was officially recognized by the federal government in the establishment of the Noise Control Act of 1972. However. that the developments are planned and constructed in such a manner that potential noise impacts are minimized. • Promoting noise education and research. the federal government actively advocates that local jurisdictions use their land use regulatory authority to arrange new development in such a way that “noise sensitive” uses are either prohibited from being sited adjacent to a highway or. the California Department of Health Services Office of Noise Control (ONC) was instrumental in developing regularity tools for local agencies to implement in the control and abatement of noise.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise 4. Transit noise is regulated by the Federal Transit Administration. leaving the development of federal noise policies and programs under the auspices of other federal agencies and interagency committees. State Established in 1973. alternately. Surface transportation system noise is regulated by a host of agencies. Article 4 of the California Administrative Code (California Noise Insulation Standards. For example.

In addition.50 Local El Dorado County General Plan The El Dorado County General Plan was adopted in July 2004 and serves as the overall guiding policy document for land use. isolated vibration event. ancient monuments Fragile buildings Historic and older residential structures with plaster walls and ceilings New residential structures with gypsum board walls and ceilings Modern commercial and industrial buildings Source: California Department of Transportation.Noise El Dorado County . and Noise Element of the General Plan (amended March 2009) contains noise standards for transportation. such as blasting or drop-ball impacts. 4. and clearly unacceptable. The guidelines rank noise land use compatibility in terms of normally acceptable.10 0. Caltrans Vibration Guidance Construction vibration is regulated in accordance with standards established by the Transportation and Construction-Induced Vibration Guidance Manual. As such.9-14 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Government Code Section 65302 mandates that the legislative body of each county and city in California adopt a noise element as a component of their comprehensive general plans.50 0. 2004. The local noise element must recognize the land use compatibility guidelines published by the State Department of Heath Services. 0. development. and construction noise sources.9-6.20 0. a proposed General Plan Amendment and rezone would designate the site for commercial uses.00 2. and other construction equipment that creates vibration other than in single events. issued by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans).12 0. Transient sources create a single. Table 4.25 0. conditionally acceptable. ruins. would be required to comply with the General Plan policies pertaining to the new Commercial designation listed in Table 4. Table 4.9-5: Groundborne Vibration Exposure Standards Maximum Peak Particle Velocity (PPV) (inches/second) Structure and Condition Transient Sources Continuous/Frequent Intermittent Sources Extremely fragile historic building.9-5 presents these standards. The Public Health. non-transportation (stationary). Safety.00 0. Continuous/frequent intermittent sources include multiple impacts from pile drivers. the Project.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. and environmental quality for the County. if approved.08 0.doc . normally unacceptable.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR acoustical analysis is required to ensure that interior levels do not exceed the 45-dBA CNEL annual threshold.50 1. the use of vibratory compaction equipment. As part of the Proposed Project.

5.12: When determining the significance of impacts and appropriate mitigation for new development projects. Policy 6. and the Major 1 building and or its loading dock.5. excluding airport expansion but including roadway improvement projects.5.1.9: Noise created by new transportation noise sources. Accordingly.1. A. Consistent: Mitigation proposed in this Draft EIR ensures stationary noise created by the Proposed Project would not exceed noise level standards as presented in the General Plan’s Table 6-2 (included here as Table 4.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.1. Consistent: The standards included in this policy have been used to determine impacts resulting from offsite traffic noise on nearby residences. B.9-7). Where existing or projected future traffic noise levels range between 60 and 65 dBA Ldn at the outdoor activity areas of residential uses.2: Where proposed non-residential land uses are likely to produce noise levels exceeding the performance standards of Table 62 at existing or planned noise-sensitive uses. as discussed under Impact NOI-1.5. an increase of more than 3 dBA Ldn caused by a new transportation noise source will be considered significant. Consistent: Mitigation proposed in this Draft EIR ensures stationary noise created by the Proposed Project would not exceed noise level standards as presented in the General Plan’s Table 6-1 (included here as Table 4. Mitigation Measure NOI-1 requiring the implementation of a noise barrier along the single residence’s property line has been included in this Draft EIR.El Dorado County .9-6: Consistency with Applicable 2004 General Plan Policies General Plan Policy Consistency Determination Policy 6. the following criteria shall be taken into consideration.doc 4.1. Where existing or projected future traffic noise levels are less than 60 dBA Ldn at the outdoor activity areas of residential uses. Policy 6. resulting in significant changes to the Project as proposed. Consistent: As a part of this Draft EIR. The use of noise barriers shall be considered a means of achieving the noise standards only after all other practical design-related noise mitigation measures have been integrated into the project and the noise barriers are not incompatible with the surroundings.7: Noise created by new proposed non-transportation noise sources shall be mitigated so as not to exceed the noise level standards of Table 6-2 for noise-sensitive uses. and Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Policy 6. Recommended mitigation will be incorporated into the Proposed Project. an increase of more than 5 dBA Ldn caused by a new transportation noise source will be considered significant. shall be mitigated so as not to exceed the levels specified in Table 6-1 at existing noise-sensitive land uses. Mitigation regarding site design changes to reduce noise levels at the single residence would require the relocating the MRF access.5. It is not guaranteed that such design considerations would be feasible or effective in reducing noise levels of the Proposed Project to an acceptable level.9-7). an acoustical analysis shall be required as part of the environmental review process so that noise mitigation may be included in the project design. Consistent: Noise impacts requiring mitigation to achieve applicable standards include the construction of a noise barrier to reduce sound levels at a single residence.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4.1. Policy 6. the emphasis of such measures shall be placed upon site planning and project design.3: Where noise mitigation measures are required to achieve the standards of Tables 61 and 6-2. Mitigation included in this Draft EIR would ensure noise levels are reduced to less than significant levels.9-15 . an Environmental Noise Assessment which includes recommended noise mitigation has been completed for the Proposed Project (refer to Appendix J).

increases in ambient noise levels caused by new nontransportation noise sources that exceed 3 dBA shall be considered significant. the exterior noise level standard shall be applied at the property line of the noise-sensitive uses. MBA.): Consistency with Applicable 2004 General Plan Policies General Plan Policy Consistency Determination C. For residential uses with front yards facing the noise source. The construction criteria included in Table 6-3 of the General Plan. including ministerial development.1. Mitigation included in this Draft EIR would ensure noise levels are reduced to less than significant levels. Safety.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-16 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .5 dBA Ldn . 4. Consistent: The standards included in this policy have been used to determine impacts resulting from onsite operational (non-transportation) noise on nearby residences. 2004.13: When determining the significance of impacts and appropriate mitigation to reduce those impacts for new development projects. the following criteria shall be taken into consideration: A. Table 4. an increase of more than 1.Noise El Dorado County .9-8. The non-transportation noise criteria included in Table 6-2 of the General Plan.9-7: Maximum Allowable Noise Exposure for Transportation Noise Residential Receivers Center of Outdoor Activity Areas.5. Where existing or projected future traffic noise levels are greater than 65 dBA Ldn at the outdoor activity areas of residential uses. apply to offsite traffic on public roadways. apply to the construction phase(s) of the Project. The transportation noise standards included in Table 6-1 of the El Dorado County General Plan. and shown here in Table 4. and B.doc . and Noise Element). 2010. a standard of 65 dB Ldn will be applied at the building façade. Source: El Dorado County General Plan. dB Ldn 60 (65) 45 Notes: Where the location of outdoor activity areas is unknown. increases in ambient noise levels caused by new nontransportation noise sources that exceed 5 dBA shall be considered significant. In areas in which ambient noise levels are in accordance with the standards in Table 6-2. In areas in which ambient noise levels are not in accordance with the standards in Table 6-2. dB Ldn Interior Spaces. and shown here in Table 4.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4. apply to all onsite noise sources such as loading dock activities. Source: Table 6-1 of the El Dorado County General Plan (Public Health. Policy 6.9-6 (cont. and shown here in Table 4.9-9.9-7.

or for recurring impulsive noises. and Noise Element).5 .9. including the Material Recovery Facility (MRF).” Under this chapter. of the El Dorado County Ordinance Code defined and prohibits “loud and raucous noise. To quantify existing ambient noise levels in the project vicinity. and Noise Element). noises consisting primarily of speech or music. Each of the levels shall be reduced by 5 dB for simple-tone noises.-7 a. Source: Table 6-2 of the El Dorado County General Plan (Public Health. 2008 and Friday.m.doc 4.9-8: Non-Transportation Noise Level Performance Protection Standards Community Residential Receivers Daytime (7 a. two continuous (24-hour) ambient noise level surveys were conducted on Thursday. Safety. Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . dB Lmax 55 70 50 60 45 55 Notes: As determined at the residential property line. El Dorado County Ordinance Code Chapter 9. Inc.Methodology Bollard Acoustical Consulting (BAC).-10 p.) Noise Level Descriptor Hourly Leq. 2010.9-9: Maximum Allowable Construction Noise Exposure Community Residential Receivers Time Period Hourly Leq. which evaluates the Proposed Project’s potential noise impacts. dated August 10. Each of the levels shall be reduced by 5 dB for simple-tone noises. including ambient noise level surveys.-10 p. dB Maximum Level. noises consisting primarily of speech or music. The noise measurement sites were selected to represent the potentially affected residential land uses adjacent to the project site. and modeling of offsite traffic noise. Source: Table 6-3 of the El Dorado County General Plan (Public Health.) Nighttime (10 p. Table 4. reference noise measurements for project components. or for recurring impulsive noises. dB Lmax 7 am to 7 pm 55 75 Notes: As determined at the residential property line. Safety.m. Noise.m.m. 4.16.9-17 . February 8. completed an Environmental Noise Assessment.9-2. As shown on Exhibit 4. 2008 at 4150 Lime Kiln Road (Site 1) and 4000 SR-49 (Site 2).El Dorado County .DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. approximately 40 feet from the centerline of SR-49. February 7. the production of loud and raucous noise that unreasonably interferes with the peace and quiet of private property is prohibited. Ambient Noise Level Surveys The existing ambient noise environment in the immediate project vicinity is defined primarily by noise from Diamond Road (SR-49) and the industrial uses in the area.m.) Evening (7 p.m. noise measurements were collected at Site 1 within the backyard patio and at Site 2 within the front yard landscaping. dB Maximum Level.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4.

The reference noise levels associated with each of the identified noise sources are described separately below. LDL Model 820 and 2900 sound level meters were used to quantify overall noise levels and frequency content for each truck pass-by event. onsite truck circulation. The truck stop measurement site in Sacramento was an ideal location for the collection of this single-event data.4). respectively. rooftop mechanical equipment. 2008 (morning). California on June 25. These sources are included within the reference noise level data for loading docks (see below).. 4. and parking lot sweeping activities. The locations of the primary truck turnaround area and loading dock for Major 1 are identified in Exhibit 4. The June measurements focused on heavy truck pass-bys without refrigeration units on their trailers. Both sets of measurements were conducted at a reference distance of 50 feet perpendicular to the pass-by route. The equipment used meets all pertinent specifications of the American National Standards Institute for Type 1 (precision) sound level meters (ANSI S1. trailer coupling and decoupling). the number of hourly truck pass-bys must be known. Reference Heavy Truck Pass-by Noise Levels & Frequency Content To quantify the noise generation of slow-moving. which had refrigeration units operating on their trailers. back-up alarms (beepers). BAC conducted single-event pass-by noise tests at the West El Camino truck stop in Sacramento. The meters were calibrated before use with an LDL Model CAL200 acoustical calibrator to ensure the accuracy of the measurements.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Larson-Davis Laboratories (LDL) Model 820 precision integrating sound level meters equipped with LDL Model 2560 ½-inch microphones were used for the ambient noise level measurement surveys. Reference Noise Measurements The major noise-producing components of the Project include offsite traffic increases due to the Project (including MRF access relocation).9-2. airbrakes. 2008 (mid-afternoon) and on August 12. Based on information provided by the applicant and operations data used for similar projects. loading dock activities (e. This data does not include noise from air brakes. Heavy truck pass-by events resulted in noise exposure of 69 to 77 dB Lmax with a mean of 74 dB Lmax. To convert the SEL for an individual truck pass-by into an hourly average noise level (Leq). or truck docking noise. such as those which will occur on the south side of the project site near the closest residences. daily truck activity at the proposed Major 1 store would consist of as many as 10 tractor-trailer truck deliveries per day.9-18 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. and would not be expected for normal truck movements on the project site. trucks backing into dock bays with back-up beepers. Based on this level of daily activity and the assumed limit of the loading docks for the Major 1 store. whereas the August measurements focused on trucks. it was conservatively assumed that a busy hour would include the arrival and departure of two semi-trailer trucks (four truck trips).g.doc .Noise El Dorado County . Truck pass-by levels measured in terms of Single Event Level/Sound Exposure Level (SEL) ranged from 77 to 85 dB with a mean of 84 dB SEL at a perpendicular distance of 50 feet. tractor-trailer truck pass-bys (and turnarounds). at a location suitable for isolation of individual pass-by events (relatively low background noise exposure).

The results of the loading dock-noise-level Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . etc. refrigerated trailer units.doc 4. Using the SEL data per heavy and medium truck pass-bys with the operational assumptions cited above. pulling out of the loading docks (engines accelerating) and refrigeration unit operation (alone or with truck idling).Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Using the average SEL data per heavy truck pass-bys with the operational assumptions cited above. at a reference distance of 50 feet. to convert the SEL for an individual truck pass-by into an hourly average noise level (Leq). As noted above. trucks backing into the docks (with beepers). including truck arrivals and departures.El Dorado County . Specifically. the number of hourly truck pass-bys must be known. noise level measurement data collected for a similar loading dock were used. Based on this level of service. Based on information for similar projects. These noise level measurements were conducted at a distance of 100 feet from the effective noise center of the truck unloading area. it was conservatively assumed that a busy hour would consist of the arrival and departure of three medium duty trucks (six trips) during a given hour.9-19 . as many as 12 daily medium truck deliveries may service the Major 1 store. trailer coupling and decoupling. which is located on the south side of the proposed Major 1 store (refer to Exhibit 4. Reference Loading Docks Noise Levels The primary noise sources associated with the loading dock area of the Project. Medium-duty truck unloading would be accomplished at all store sites with dollies or hand-carts. medium-duty truck circulation during a typical busy hour on the south side of the Project was computed to be 51 dB Leq at a reference distance of 50 feet. Trailer unloading would occur directly from the inside of the trailer while docked in the recessed bay. although pass-bys of trucks to and from the unloading area were within 50 feet of the noise measurement site. typical daytime and nighttime loading dock activities were monitored. noise level data was collected at the Citrus Heights Super Walmart during continuous noise level measurement surveys spanning August 15. Specifically. backing into the loading docks (back-up alarms). Reference Medium Duty (Vendor) Truck Pass-by Noise Levels Medium duty truck pass-bys typically generate SEL and Lmax values of approximately 5 dB lower than heavy truck noise levels. trailer uncoupling. respectively. During the loading dock noise level surveys.9-2) would be the heavy trucks stopping (air brakes). and sealed rubber gaskets would be provided at the truck docks to reduce noise from those inside loading and unloading activities. 2008 to August 18. SEL and Lmax noise levels for medium duty trucks were assumed to be 79 dB and 69 dB. the average hourly noise level associated with onsite heavy truck circulation during a typical busy hour was calculated to be 51 dB Leq at a reference distance of 50 feet from the truck lane.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. To determine typical loading dock noise levels associated with the Proposed Project. 2008. the reference average noise level associated with onsite.

9-10. Sweeper truck noise levels were measured to be up to 75 dB Lmax at a reference distance of 50 feet. 2005 reference noise level measurement session was 76 dB Lmax and approximately 72 dB Leq at a distance of 50 feet from the sweeper route. would be shielded from view of nearby sensitive uses by the building’s parapet. This noise exposure confirmed the noise level measurements documented for the City of Redding Walmart Expansion Project in 2005. it is expected that the Lmax criteria would be most applicable to this noise source. since it depends on the location of the sweeper truck throughout the hour. or approximately 50 dB Leq at 100 feet for nighttime activity. and would require little time to clean. Maximum noise levels measured during nighttime hours were similar to those measured during daytime hours. where the loading reference noise level data was collected. At the Citrus Height Walmart. Bollard Acoustical Consultants conducted field measurements of a sweeper truck during normal operation at a Home Depot Store on Howe Avenue in Sacramento.9-20 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Reference Construction Noise Levels During the construction of the Proposed Project. Since the parking lot/pavement area of the project site near the closet residence to the south would be relatively small. typically starting about 30 feet from the edges. These HVAC units. 4. Such rooftop HVAC units were measured at a reference distance of 100 feet from the building façade of the Red Bluff Walmart store to be approximately 45 dB Leq.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. and air conditioning (HVAC) systems for maintaining comfortable shopping temperatures within the Major 1 store would consist of packaged rooftop air conditioning systems. which tends to be highly variable. As a means of determining the noise levels associated with sweeper truck activities.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR measurements indicate that typical busy daytime hour activities generated a maximum level of approximately 75 dB Lmax and an average noise level of 55 dB Leq at a reference distance of 100 feet (center of dock activity). Activities involved in construction would generate maximum noise levels.Noise El Dorado County . A typical busy nighttime hour of loading dock activities yielded average noise levels 5 dB lower than those measured during daytime hours. Noise exposure from their April 26. noise from construction-related activities would add to the noise environment in the immediate project vicinity. as indicated in Table 4. which typically stand about 4 to 5 feet tall. the hourly average noise level (Leq) associated with parking lot sweeping operations is difficult to predict. including shielding by the building parapet. rooftop HVAC equipment was not audible or distinguishable over daytime background noise exposure. ranging from 77 to 85 dB at a distance of 50 feet. It is expected that the HVAC units would be relatively evenly distributed across the roof of the building. ventilation. Reference Parking Lot Sweeper Noise Levels The proposed parking lot areas would require the use of a sweeper truck for routine cleaning. as expected. In this case. Reference Mechanical Equipment Noise Levels The heating. California.doc .

Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4. which was converted to (ADT) by Bollard Acoustical Consultants. dB/% Use Backhoe Concrete Mixer Truck Dump Truck Front End Loader Pneumatic Tools Air Compressor 78 79 77 79 85 78 74/40% 75/40% 73/40% 75/40% 82/50% 74/40% Source: Federal Highway Administration’s Construction Noise Model. since there are no significant characteristics of the project area roadways and receiver lands that would be expected to affect the accuracy of traffic noise modeling. Inc. assuming ADT equals 5·(AM peak hour divided by PM peak hour). medium trucks. and the acoustical characteristics of the site.El Dorado County . the Federal Highway Administration Highway Traffic Noise Prediction Model (FHWA RD-77-108) was used. Traffic Noise Modeling To describe existing noise levels due to traffic. with consideration given to vehicle volume. 2008. The previously Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . (KHA). dB Hourly Leq. 4. V1. The hourly traffic volume input to the Model can be adjusted to reflect the weighted day/night distribution of traffic in order to estimate Ldn noise exposure.doc 4. were used to project the previously discussed reference noise level data for each source to the locations of the sensitive receivers to the south and southeast of the project site. Inc.Noise Impact Assessment Distances from the major onsite project noise sources to the nearest potentially affected noisesensitive uses (residences) were scaled using both project site plans and aerial photographs. and is specific to a source to receiver distance of 50 feet.1. distance to the receiver. roadway configuration. Those distances. speed. The Model was developed to predict hourly Leq values for free-flowing traffic conditions. Truck usage on the area roadways was estimated from field observations and assumptions based on roadway type.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. The Model is based on the Calveno reference noise factors for automobiles. The data within the TIS is in the form of AM/PM peak-hour intersection turning movements. Traffic volumes for existing conditions were obtained from the July 2010 Traffic Impact Analysis (TIA) prepared for the Project by Kimley-Horn and Associates.9-21 . December 8. The following project traffic noise modeling does not account for shielding from existing noise barriers or other structures.9.. and heavy trucks. A day/night traffic distribution of 83 percent/17 percent was assumed for the computation of traffic noise levels in terms of Ldn.9-10: Construction Equipment Noise Levels at 50 Feet Type of Equipment Lmax. No traffic noise modeling calibration measurements were completed for this portion of the project analysis.6 .

Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR discussed reference noise levels were projected to the noise-sensitive areas of the nearest residences to the project site using the appropriate decay rates cited above. a finding of significant noise impact was made. Effects Found Not To Be Significant.Standards of Thresholds of Significance According to Appendix G.) Exposure of persons to or generation of excessive groundborne vibration or groundborne noise levels? c.12 in the El Dorado County General Plan.1. or applicable standards of other agencies? b. Effects Found Not To Be Significant.5. These criteria are repeated as Policy 6. would the project expose people residing or working in the project area to excessive noise levels? (Refer to Section 6. would the project expose people residing or working in the project area to excessive noise levels? (Refer to Section 6.) A substantial permanent increase in ambient noise levels in the project vicinity above levels existing without the project? d.) Standards of Significance Criteria for Assessing Significance of Offsite Traffic Noise Level Increases Based on studies of test subjects’ reactions to changes in environmental noise levels for similar noise sources.) f. Noise mitigation options were developed for each identified significant noise impact associated with the Diamond Dorado Retail Center (DDRC) Project.) For a project within the vicinity of a private airstrip. 4.9. Environmental Checklist. the Federal Interagency Commission on Noise (FICON) developed the following recommendations for thresholds to be used in assessing the significance of project-related noise level increases for transportation noise sources. or where noise levels with the Project would substantially exceed noise levels without the Project.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. Those levels were then compared to the project standards of significance as outlined previously under the El Dorado County General Plan regulatory discussion and below under Standards of Significance.) Exposure of persons to or generation of noise levels in excess of standards established in the local general plan or noise ordinance.doc .7 . where such a plan has not been adopted. within two miles of a public airport or public use airport.Noise El Dorado County .) For a project located within an airport land use plan or. Where project-generated noise levels were found to exceed those standards.) A substantial temporary or periodic increase in ambient noise levels in the project vicinity above levels existing without the project? e. of the CEQA Guidelines.5.5. noise impacts resulting from the implementation of the proposed project would be considered significant if the project would cause: a. 4.9-22 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .

5.g. the use of more restrictive noise level thresholds to account for changes in the tonal character of the ambient noise environment are not warranted for this Project. prepared by the Federal Transit Administration. The report recommends a threshold of 0.01 inch per second or 80 VdB (dB re: 1 microinch per second) as the significance level for infrequent events.9-8 represent established limits as well as thresholds of significance.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.Project Impacts and Mitigation Measures This section discusses potential impacts associated with the development of the Proposed Project and provides mitigation measures where appropriate.doc 4.8 .1.El Dorado County . truck deliveries) per day. project-related noise exposure increases of 5 dB or more above the ambient. any additional increase in traffic noise levels that results from the Project would not affect the tonal character of that existing noise environment. for determination of significant project-related increase relative to the measured ambient noise level. The standards presented in Table 4. where the ambient exceeds the thresholds presented in Table 4. Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Project-related noise exposure increases of 3 dB or more above the ambient.13. where the ambient is below the thresholds presented in Table 4.5 dB or greater noise level increase due to the Project would be considered significant.. a 5 dB or greater noise level increase due to the Project would be considered significant. whereas people already exposed to elevated noise levels exhibited adverse reactions to noise for smaller increases. as well as construction impacts of offsite improvements. 4. which is defined as less than 30 events (e. Criteria for Assessing Significance of Groundborne Vibration Groundborne vibration impact thresholds were based on the Transportation Noise and Vibration Impact Analysis. Included are construction (short-term) and operational (long-term) impacts of onsite improvements. a 3 dB or greater noise level increase due to the Project would be considered significant.9-8 (Table 6-2 of the General Plan). Because the project area noise environment is already defined by noise from existing traffic. Criteria for Assessing Significance of Noise Generated by Onsite Activities As presented in El Dorado County’s General Plan Policy 6.9-23 . • Where background noise levels without the Project would exceed 65 dB Ldn. are considered significant.9-8 are considered significant.9.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise • Where background noise levels without the Project would be less than 60 dB Ldn. May 2004. This graduated scale is based on findings that people in quieter noise environments would tolerate larger increases in noise levels without adverse effects. a 1. As a result. • Where background noise levels without the Project would be in the range of 60-65 dB Ldn.

The truck pass-by data was extrapolated to the distance of the nearest residence (140 feet) and is presented in Table 4. Trucks would then exit the DDRC site via the main entrance. offsite operational and sensitive receptor noise impacts. the Lmax and SEL values shown in Table 4. 4. The nearest existing residential property line (Assessor’s Parcel Number [APN] 054-341-04) to the onsite truck turn-around area is located approximately 140 feet to the south.9-11. The future Major 1 building pad is expected to be approximately 10 feet below the pad elevation of the residence. Impact Analysis This impact evaluates the Proposed Project’s potential to result in noise levels in excess of established noise standards. Data presented in Table 4.Noise El Dorado County . Building P1. or applicable standards of other agencies. trucks delivering to the Major 1 building would enter the project site from the separately proposed and approved Parkway via the main entrance opposite Throwita Way.9-11 are not considered additive as the likelihood that the noise generation of one truck pass-by would coincide exactly with the noise generation of another is very minute. the reported levels for the combined Lmax and SEL of medium and heavy trucks are the noise levels generated by a single heavy truck operation.doc . Onsite Improvements Onsite Operational Noise Onsite Truck Circulation As described in Section 3. This analysis considers individual impacts associated with onsite operational.9-11 are based on two heavy truck arrivals and departures.9-24 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . and three medium truck arrivals and departures in any given hour. However. P3. Trucks delivering to the Major 2. P2. and do not account for any shielding of onsite truck circulation which may result from future noise barriers. and then return to the Parkway via the same route.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Levels in Excess of Standards Impact NOI-1: The Project has the potential to result in the exposure of persons to or generation of noise levels in excess of standards established in the local general plan or noise ordinance. Noise generated by Combined Heavy and Medium Trucks (such as those that would be utilizing the future Major 1 loading dock) have been recorded at a volume of 47 dB Leq and 65 dB Lmax at 50 feet. Project Description. As a result. utilize the truck turn area to access the loading docks.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. and P4 would enter the site at the westernmost access point from the separately proposed Parkway and continue south along the site’s western boundary to access the loading areas.

which would also contribute to unloading noise levels. Inc. dB SEL.9-11: Predicted Noise Levels at Residence Near Proposed Loading Dock (APN 054-341-04) Noise Sources and Criteria Leq. Noise generated by the unloading of medium duty trucks using handcarts is not included in Table 4. the predicted noise levels associated with a typical busy hour of onsite truck circulation would be below the applicable noise exposure limits with the exception of the evening Lmax. dB Heavy Trucks Medium Trucks Combined Heavy and Medium Trucks Average Measured Ambient (Day/Evening/Night) Project Standard of Significance (Day/Evening/Night) Ambient + Project (Day/Evening/Night) 44 44 47 54/48/58 59/53/61 55/51/58 65 60 65 73/61/66 76/64/69 73/65/66 75 70 75 N/A 90 N/A Notes: An exterior SEL of 90 dB would be reduced to the 65 dB SEL objective within residences through normal building façade noise level reduction with windows and exterior doors closed (25 dB exterior-to-interior noise level reduction assumed). Loading Dock As shown on Exhibit 3-5. Mitigation is proposed that would require the construction of a permanent noise barrier that would provide approximately 8 to 9 dB of noise reduction.9-12. thereby reducing delivery truck related noise below the acceptable noise exposure limit at the nearby residence. implementation of the Proposed Project would result in a potentially significant impact related to evening onsite truck circulation noise at the Major 1 loading area. and sealed rubber gaskets would be provided at the truck docks to reduce noise from such activities. As shown above in Table 4.9-12 are based on a typical busy hour of loading dock activity. 2010. Data presented in Table 4. and those operations are included in the reference noise levels.. back-up alarms.9-11. Heavy truck unloading and loading activities would occur directly from the truck to the building.doc 4. which may result from future noise barriers. and do not account for any shielding of loading dock activities. Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants.9-12. engine acceleration during movement. dB Lmax. This noise level was extrapolated to the distance of the nearest residence (240 feet) and is present in Table 4.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. which exceeds the criterion by 1 dB during the evening hours. Medium-truck unloading may be conducted using hand-carts. the proposed loading dock area for the Major 1 building would be located approximately 240 feet from the closest residence (APN 054-341-04). The primary noise sources associated with loading docks are the heavy trucks’ air brakes. Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .9-25 . and short-term refrigeration unit operation. Bold level represents significant noise impact. Accordingly. Accordingly.El Dorado County . Noise generated by loading dock activities have been recorded at a volume of 75 dB Lmax and 55 dB Leq at 100 feet.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4. impacts would be reduced to less than significant.

Accordingly. Noise levels in presented in Table 4. the predicted noise levels associated with a typical busy hour of loading dock activity at the Major 1 building could exceed the applicable evening Lmax criterion by 3 dB during the evening hours. impacts would be less than significant and no mitigation would be required. dB Rooftop HVAC Equipment Average Measured Ambient (Day/Evening/Night) Project Standard of Significance (Day/Evening/Night) Ambient + Project (Day/Evening/Night) Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-13: Predicted Noise Levels at Residence (APN 054-341-04) resulting from Rooftop Mechanical Equipment at Major 1 Building Noise Sources and Criteria Leq. Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants. Rooftop HVAC systems tend to generate noise of approximately 45 dB Leq at 100 feet from the project building façades.Noise El Dorado County . Inc.9-13. implementation of the Proposed Project would result in a potentially significant impact related to evening loading dock noise at the Major 1 building. Inc.. Implementation of Mitigation Measure NOI-1 would reduce impacts to less than significant.9-13. Accordingly.9-12. dB Lmax.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4. Rooftop Mechanical Equipment The Proposed Project would include the use of rooftop mechanical equipment such as HVAC systems. the Proposed Project’s rooftop mechanical equipment is not expected to exceed applicable noise exposure limits. 2010. 47/47/42 54/48/58 59/53/61 55/51/58 67 73/61/66 76/64/69 73/67/67 As shown in Table 4. Table 4.9-12: Predicted Noise Levels at Residence (APN 054-341-04) Near Proposed Loading Dock Noise Sources and Criteria Leq..9-26 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . 4.9-13 assume continuous steady-state operation of the HVAC equipment for an entire hour. dB Loading Dock Sources (Day/Evening/Night) Average Measured Ambient (Day/Evening/Night) Project Standard of Significance (Day/Evening/Night) Ambient + Project (Day/Evening/Night) Note: Bold represents noise impact.doc . 39 54/48/58 59/53/61 54/49/58 39 73/61/66 76/64/69 73/61/66 As shown in Table 4. 2010. accounting for shielding provided by the building’s parapet. dB Lmax. This noise level data was extrapolated to the distance of the nearest residence (190 feet between the edge of project building to residential property line) and is presented in Table 4.

9-27 . Each assessment was completed in two parts: (1) traffic without the MRF trucks. dB Roadway Section NT (2015) NT (2015) +Project Change North of Plaza Drive Plaza Drive to WB US-50 Ramps WB US-50 Ramps to EB US-50 Ramps EB US-50 Ramps to Mother Lode Drive Mother Lode Drive to Forni Road Forni Road to Golden Center Drive Missouri Flat Road Golden Center Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Industrial Drive Industrial Drive to Enterprise Drive Enterprise Drive to Pleasant Valley Road (SR-49) North of Pacific Street Pacific Street to Fiske Street SR-49 Fiske Street to Skyline Drive Skyline Drive to Truck Street Truck Street to Bradley Drive 68 71 72 72 73 72 73 69 69 70 70 66 69 69 70 70 68 71 72 73 74 73 73 69 70 71 71 66 69 69 70 70 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 0 0 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .9-14 and Table 4. Table 4. The two parts were then added together to determine total noise exposure. and (2) the MRF trucks alone.El Dorado County .9-15 for the Near-Term (2015) and Long-Term (2025) conditions.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Offsite Operational Noise Traffic Circulation Noise Project-related traffic noise levels were predicted in terms of the Day/Night Average Level (Ldn) at a representative distance (50 feet from roadway centerlines) for the Near-Term (2015) and Long-Term (2025) project and no-project conditions using the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Model. Results of these analyses are summarized in Table 4. These predictions used the same modeling methodology used for the existing scenario described earlier in this report with one major change. Detailed inputs for the analyses are included in Appendix J.doc 4.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-14: Predicted Near-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn. respectively.

) Pleasant Valley Road to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Missouri Flat Road Missouri Flat Road to Patterson Drive Patterson Drive to Oro Lane/Koki Lane Oro Lane/Koki Lane to Forni Road Forni Road to Pleasant Valley Road South of Pleasant Valley Road Pleasant Valley Road Mother Lode Drive Forni Road SR-49 to Racquet Way Racquet Way to Canyon Valley Road East of Canyon Valley Road West of Missouri Flat East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of Pleasant Valley Road Golden Center Drive Industrial Drive Enterprise Drive Oro Lane Koki Lane Patterson Drive China Garden Road Lime Kiln Road Black Rice Road Racquet Way East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of SR-49 South of SR-49 South of SR-49 Missouri Flat Road to SR-49 West of SR-49 East of SR-49 North of Pleasant Valley Road 70 70 72 72 70 70 71 71 70 71 70 68 67 67 63 62 64 63 60 56 59 48 62 60 60 55 54 54 70 71 73 73 71 71 71 71 71 71 70 68 66 66 63 62 64 63 60 56 59 50 62 60 60 67 54 54 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 0 0 +12 0 0 4.Noise El Dorado County .): Predicted Near-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4. dB Roadway Section NT (2015) NT (2015) +Project Change Bradley Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to Project Driveway #3 Project Driveway #3 to Black Rice Road Black Rice Road to Pleasant Valley Road SR-49 (cont.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-14: (cont.9-28 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .doc .

DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. dB Roadway Section LT (2025) LT (2025) +Project Change North of Plaza Drive Plaza Drive to WB US-50 Ramps WB US-50 Ramps to EB US-50 Ramps EB US-50 Ramps to Mother Lode Drive Mother Lode Drive to Forni Road Forni Road to Golden Center Drive Missouri Flat Road Golden Center Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Industrial Drive Industrial Drive to Enterprise Drive Enterprise Drive to Pleasant Valley Road (SR-49) 69 72 73 73 74 74 74 70 71 71 71 69 72 74 74 74 74 74 70 71 72 72 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . 2010. Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants Inc. 2010. using FHWA RD-77-108 with inputs from the KHA. dB Roadway Section NT (2015) NT (2015) +Project Change Throwita Way Truck Street Bradley Drive North of Diamond Springs Parkway South of Diamond Springs Parkway West of SR-49 West of SR-49 Missouri Flat Road to Project Driveway #1 54 67 50 44 70 70 70 68 55 61 50 44 70 71 71 69 0 -6 0 0 0 +1 +1 +1 Diamond Springs Parkway Project Driveway #1 to Project Driveway #2 Project Driveway #2 to Throwita Way Throwita Way to SR-49 Note: Bold level represents potential noise impact.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4.9-15: Predicted Long-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn..El Dorado County .9-29 .9-14: (cont. project TIA. Table 4.doc 4.): Predicted Near-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn.

dB Roadway Section LT (2025) LT (2025) +Project Change North of Pacific Street Pacific Street to Fiske Street Fiske Street to Skyline Drive Skyline Drive to Truck Street Truck Street to Bradley Drive Bradley Drive to Diamond Springs Parkway Diamond Springs Parkway to Project Driveway #3 SR-49 Project Driveway #3 to Black Rice Road Black Rice Road to Pleasant Valley Road Pleasant Valley Road to China Garden Road China Garden Road to Missouri Flat Road Missouri Flat Road to Patterson Drive Patterson Drive to Oro Lane/Koki Lane Oro Lane/Koki Lane to Forni Road Forni Road to Pleasant Valley Road South of Pleasant Valley Road SR-49 to Racquet Way Pleasant Valley Road Mother Lode Drive Forni Road Racquet Way to Canyon Valley Road East of Canyon Valley Road West of Missouri Flat East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of Pleasant Valley Road Golden Center Drive Industrial Drive Enterprise Drive Oro Lane Koki Lane Patterson Drive East of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat West of Missouri Flat North of SR-49 South of SR-49 South of SR-49 67 70 70 71 71 71 71 73 73 71 71 71 72 71 72 70 69 68 68 65 63 66 66 61 57 60 49 63 61 67 70 70 71 71 71 71 73 73 72 72 71 72 71 72 70 69 68 68 65 63 66 66 61 57 60 49 63 61 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Table 4.doc .9-30 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .): Predicted Long-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-15 (cont.Noise El Dorado County .

project TIA. Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .9-15.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-14. dB Roadway Section LT (2025) LT (2025) +Project Change China Garden Road Lime Kiln Road Black Rice Road Racquet Way Throwita Way Truck Street Bradley Drive Missouri Flat Road to SR-49 West of SR-49 East of SR-49 North of Pleasant Valley Road North of Diamond Springs Parkway South of Diamond Springs Parkway West of SR-49 West of SR-49 Missouri Flat Road to Project Driveway #1 61 56 55 55 55 67 51 45 71 71 71 69 61 67 55 55 56 61 51 45 71 71 71 70 0 +12 0 0 0 -6 0 0 0 0 0 +1 Diamond Springs Parkway Project Driveway #1 to Project Driveway #2 Project Driveway #2 to Throwita Way Throwita Way to SR-49 Note: Bold level represents potential noise impact.El Dorado County . Level of Significance Before Mitigation Potentially significant impact. resulting traffic noise levels at a reference distance of 50 feet would be approximately 67 dB Ldn along Lime Kiln Road between Diamond Road (SR-49) and the MRF access point. In both the scenarios. As presented in Table 4.): Predicted Long-Term Traffic Noise Levels at 50 feet from Roadway Centerlines Ldn. 8-foot-tall noise barrier along 265 feet of the proposed Material Recovery Facility access road (see Appendix J for location details). implementation of Mitigation Measure NOI-1 would reduce impacts to less than significant. implementation of the Proposed Project would result in potentially significant impacts related to offsite operational noises. As such. This noise exposure exceeds the applicable 60 dB Ldn criterion and the applicable +5 dB significance threshold.9-15 (cont. 2010. using FHWA RD-77-108 with inputs from the KHA. Similarly. Source: Bollard Acoustical Consultants Inc. Mitigation Measure NOI-1 would require the construction of a permanent. Accordingly. as shown in Table 4. offsite traffic would result in long-term (2025) noise level increases on individual roadway segments from 1 to 12 dB over existing local roadway noise levels without the Proposed Project.doc 4.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Table 4. the Proposed Project’s offsite traffic would result in near-term (2015) noise level increases on individual roadway segments from 0 to 12 dB over existing local roadway noise levels without the Proposed Project.9-31 . Construction of the noise barrier would reduce offsite noise impacts to less than 60 dB Ldn and the applicable +5 dB significance threshold.

Mitigation Measures No mitigation is necessary.doc .DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. The noise generated by offsite project circulation of operational-generated traffic is addressed above. Within the first month of project operation. the construction activities would not have the potential to result in the exposure of persons to or generation of noise levels in excess of standards established in the local general plan or noise ordinance. The final design of the noise barrier shall be based on industry-accepted standards and practices proven to effectively attenuate roadway noise and as applicable to existing conditions at the residence. this analysis considers individual impacts associated with onsite operational. This impact discussion is limited to the construction activities associated with the offsite improvements. Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact.Noise El Dorado County . or applicable standards of other agencies.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Mitigation Measures MM NOI-1 Prior to the issuance of grading permits for the construction of the new Material Recovery Facility access route. If the appropriate level of noise attenuation is not being provided by the noise barrier. Level of Significance Before Mitigation No impact. The noise barrier shall be constructed within APNs 051-250-12 and 051-250-46. noise monitoring shall be conducted by a qualified noise consultant to determine if the noise barrier is providing appropriate noise attenuation. 4. the Project applicant shall retain a qualified noise consultant to design an appropriate noise barrier to be constructed along the northern property line of Assessor’s Parcel Number (APN) 054-341-04 that is shared with Project applicant’s adjoining property (APNs 051-250-12 and 051-250-46). The design shall be submitted to El Dorado County Planning Services for review and shall be incorporated into the Proposed Project.9-32 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . on the southwestern side of the proposed Material Recovery Facility access road along the top of the road cut. it shall be revised and/or augmented to achieve the required noise attenuation as recommended by the qualified noise consultant. Therefore. Offsite Improvements As discussed in the introduction to the Impact NOI-1 analysis. offsite operational and sensitive receptor noise impacts. The wall shall not exceed 8 feet in height and be approximately 265 feet in length as recommended by the supplemental analysis performed in conjunction with the Environmental Noise Assessment for the Diamond Dorado Retail Center Project. Construction activities for offsite improvements would not result in additional operational noise impacts.

crawler tractors. Each is discussed below. with the nearest residential structure located approximately 100 feet from the proposed MRF access realignment and 140 feet from the proposed DDRC project site.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise Level of Significance After Mitigation No impact. This vibration level exceeds the vibration exposure standards for extremely fragile historic buildings as shown in Table 4. therefore. The closest vibration sensitive land uses are the nearby residences. Therefore.9-5. the MRF access realignment would be the closest portion of the project site to a nearby receptor (100 feet) and. The primary sources of vibration during construction would be from bulldozers. This vibration level would not exceed the 80 VdB threshold. Implementation of the Proposed Project may result in groundborne vibrations related to construction. Vibration levels caused by a large bulldozer operating on the edge of the area to be graded and filled during road realignment construction at the nearest structure would be approximately 75 VdB (vibration levels typically decrease by 6 VdB per doubling of the distance from the vibration source). However. it will be used as a proxy for the DDRC’s potential construction vibration impacts. Accordingly. The construction of the Proposed Project would not require the use of equipment such as pile drivers.9-2. Excessive Groundborne Vibrations Impact NOI-2: The Project would not result in the exposure of persons to or generation of excessive groundborne vibration or groundborne noise levels. delivery trucks. construction-related groundborne vibration impacts would be less than significant. it can be assumed that the DDRC’s construction vibration would also not exceed that threshold. and trucks accessing the MRF. as well as offsite construction.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise.9-33 . This would result in a Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . no such buildings are located onsite or within the project vicinity and would not be negatively affected.El Dorado County . at 87 VdB or 0. backhoes. Impact Analysis This analysis evaluates the Proposed Project’s potential to cause a substantial groundborne vibration from onsite construction and operational activities.doc 4. Operational Vibration As with construction vibration. and scrapers. will be used as a proxy for evaluating operation vibrations from the Proposed Project. Onsite Improvements Construction Construction activities can produce vibrations that may be felt by adjacent uses. Because the MRF access realignment would occur nearest the residential structure. As shown in Table 4.089 PPV at 25 feet. a large bulldozer would be the piece of equipment that would produce the largest amount of vibration on the project site. which are known to generate substantial construction vibration levels. because the road realignment’s construction vibration would not exceed 80 VdB. A truck on a road would typically produce a vibration level of 63 VdB at 50 feet (Federal Transit Administration 2006).

Because the Pleasant Valley Road/Forni Road intersection improvements would occur nearest the residential structure. because the MRF access realignment’s operation vibration would not exceed 80 VdB. at 79 VdB or 0. with the nearest residential structure located approximately 30 feet from the planned improvements at Pleasant Valley Road/ Forni Road intersection. because the Pleasant Valley Road/Forni Road intersection improvements construction vibration would not exceed 80 VdB.11 and would ensure a jackhammer is not 4.Noise El Dorado County . The closest vibration sensitive land uses are the nearby residences. would not be negatively affected. construction activities of offsite roadway improvements can produce vibrations that may be felt by adjacent uses. Level of Significance Before Mitigation Less than significant impact. it can be assumed that the offsite improvements construction vibration would also not exceed that threshold. it will be used as a proxy for the offsite construction vibration impacts. In addition.9-2. In addition. This vibration level would not exceed the vibration exposure standards for extremely fragile historic buildings as shown in Table 4. it is not anticipated that the improvements would require the use of large bulldozers or other large earthmoving equipment. Impacts would be less than significant. Furthermore. as shown in Table 4. above. Mitigation Measures No mitigation is necessary. Construction activities at the Pleasant Valley Road/Forni Road intersection will be primarily surficial in nature.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR vibration level of 57 VdB at the nearest home to the MRF access realignment. and may include minor amounts of pavement removal.9-34 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . no such buildings are located onsite or within the vicinity of the offsite improvements.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. and scrapers.5. backhoes.9-5. This vibration level would not exceed the 80 VdB threshold. it is anticipated that the primary sources of vibration during construction would be from bulldozers. which are known to generate substantial construction vibration levels. Therefore.035 PPV at 25 feet. and would likely produce the largest amount of vibration on the project site. Jackhammers may be utilized during construction. construction hours are limited by General Plan Policy 6. it can be assumed that the DDRC’s operational vibration would also not exceed that threshold. Therefore. Vibration levels caused by a jackhammer operating on the edge of the area to be improved during offsite construction at the nearest structure would be approximately 79 VdB (vibration levels typically decrease by 6 VdB per doubling of the distance from the vibration source). The construction of the offsite roadway improvements would not require the use of equipment such as pile drivers.doc . crawler tractors. and therefore. Offsite Improvements As discussed under Onsite Improvements. However.1. Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact.

Impact Analysis Onsite Improvements Long-term impacts would result from both on.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise used at an inappropriate time of the day thereby ensuring vibration would only occur during acceptable construction hours. Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Mitigation Measures No mitigation is necessary.doc 4. Level of Significance Before Mitigation Less than significant impact. Therefore. Level of Significance Before Mitigation No impact. In fact. Implementation of Mitigation Measure NOI-1 would ensure impacts are reduced to less than significant. project-related traffic noise level changes on Lime Kiln Road between Diamond Road (SR-49) and the proposed MRF access would impact a single residence.El Dorado County .and offsite operational noises associated with the Proposed Project. Mitigation Measures Implement Mitigation Measure NOI-1. construction-related groundborne vibration impacts would be less than significant. As discussed in Impact NOI-1. as construction activity would cease at the end of construction. Permanent Increase in Ambient Noise Levels Impact NOI-3: The Project has the potential to result in a substantial permanent increase in ambient noise levels in the project vicinity above levels existing without the Project. Accordingly. the offsite improvements construction has no potential to generate a substantial permanent increase in ambient noise levels. offsite operation noise on roadways would actually decrease in several locations due to the rerouting of MRF access trips.9-35 . Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact. Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact. Level of Significance Before Mitigation Potentially significant impact. Offsite Improvements The offsite improvements construction activities would not result in long-term noise impacts.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. The Proposed Project is not expected to result in a significant substantial permanent increase in ambient noise levels at any other location in the study area.

noise exposure at this residence is likely to significantly exceed the existing ambient noise exposure (Table 4. Inc. construction noise could cause short-term increase in noise levels at existing residences adjacent to construction areas. impacts would be less than significant. (Bollard Acoustical Consulting 2010) construction of the Proposed Project could result in maximum noise levels as high as 80 dB Lmax at the nearest residence. Accordingly.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Mitigation Measures No mitigation is necessary. v. Assuming a minimum building façade noise level reduction of 25 dB with windows and doors closed. Although project construction activities would be temporary in nature and are anticipated to occur during normal daytime working hours.9-36 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . mitigation is proposed requiring the construction of a temporary noise barrier along the north property line of the residential parcel at APN 054-341-04 until a permanent barrier can be constructed in accordance with Mitigation Measure NOI-1. Each is discussed below. Implementation of this mitigation would provide approximately 7 to 8 dB reduction for most construction noise sources.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. staff in recent years.doc . Construction Noise As indicated in the Environmental Noise Assessment. the Project would not exceed this 4. Operational Noise Re-routed MRF trucks on Lime Kiln Road west of Diamond Road (SR-49) would be expected to produce an SEL of approximately 75 dB at the closest residential building façade (APN 054-341-04).Noise El Dorado County .9-9. temporary or periodic increases in ambient noise levels would result in potentially significant impacts. thereby satisfying the applicable construction noise exposure. Impact Analysis Onsite Improvements During construction and operation of the Proposed Project. of Oakland.9-3) and the criteria presented in Table 4. Level of Significance After Mitigation No impact. exterior single event levels of 75 dB SEL would be reduced to 50 dB SEL within the residence. Interior SEL values in excess of 65 dB SEL are considered unacceptable (Berkeley Keep Jets Over the Bay Com. single-event noise levels within the residence during pass-bys of heavy trucks at the new MRF access are predicted to be approximately 50 dB SEL within the nearby residence. Bd of Port Comrs. Accordingly. As such. Accordingly. Temporary or Periodic Increase in Ambient Noise Levels Impact NOI-4: The Project has the potential to result in a substantial temporary or periodic increase in ambient noise levels in the project vicinity above levels existing without the Project. 2001). The estimated 25 dB noise level reduction within the interior of the existing residence is based on testing of similar residential building noise attenuation by Bollard Acoustical Consultants. however.

respectively. Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact. (ambient noise levels of 61 dB Lmax and 66 dB Lmax plus 3 dB). implementation of the Proposed Project would result in increased noise levels due to parking lot sweeping activities and impacts would be potentially significant.doc 4. Within in the first week of the start of project construction. but would not likely utilize heavy equipment or large bulldozers. parking lot sweeping would periodically occur within 100 feet of the closest residence to the south of the project site. noise monitoring shall be conducted by a qualified noise consultant to determine if the temporary noise barrier is providing appropriate noise attenuation. impacts would be less than significant. Assuming that a jackhammer and Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 . Offsite Improvements As indicated in offsite improvements construction impact analysis contained in Impact NOI-2. Level of Significance Before Mitigation Potentially significant impact. construction of the offsite improvements could result the use of jackhammers and small bulldozers.Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR Noise threshold. implementation of Impact NOI-1 would further reduce noise emanating from heavy trucks. This noise exposure would be expected to exceed the applicable evening and nighttime noise exposure criteria of 64 dB Lmax and 69 dB Lmax. It is assumed that regular parking lot sweeping would occur at the proposed DDRC. Sweeper trucks generate noise levels of approximately 76 dBmax at 50 feet. The temporary noise barrier shall remain in place until a permanent barrier can be constructed in accordance with Mitigation Measure NOI-1.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. Furthermore. Implementation of Mitigation Measure NOI-1 would reduce impacts to a less than significant level. After the application of a 6-dB reduction due to distance of the nearest residence from a paved area of the Proposed Project. It is expected that during the Proposed Project’s operational phase. Mitigation Measures MM NOI-4a Prior to start of construction the Project applicant shall retain a qualified noise consultant to design an appropriate temporary noise barrier to be constructed along the northern property line of APN 054-341-04 that is shared with the Project applicant’s adjoining property. it shall be revised and/or augmented to achieve the required noise attenuation as recommended by the qualified noise consultant. This temporary barrier shall remain in place until the permanent noise barrier required under Mitigation Measure NOI-1 is constructed. it would be expected that noise resulting from parking lot sweeping activities would be approximately 70 dB Lmax at the residential property line. As such.9-37 . As such. If the appropriate level of noise attenuation is not being provided by the temporary noise barrier.El Dorado County . The design shall be submitted to El Dorado County Planning Services for review and shall be implemented by the Project applicant or its contractors.

Within in the first week of the start of project construction. Accordingly.Noise El Dorado County . impacts would be less than significant. temporary or periodic increases in ambient noise levels would result in potentially significant impacts. mitigation is proposed requiring the individual review of construction noise impacts and implementation of measures to reduce the impact to less than significant prior to the start of construction activities in accordance with Mitigation Measure NOI-4a. The design of each measure shall be submitted to El Dorado County Planning Services for review and shall be implemented by the Project applicant or its contractors.doc . and implementation of measures to reduce the impact to less than the criteria presented in Table 4. Mitigation Measures MM NOI-4b Prior to start of construction the for each roadway improvement section.9-38 Michael Brandman Associates H:\Client (PN-JN)\3337\33370001\EIR\3 .Diamond Dorado Retail Center Draft EIR small bulldozer would operate at the same time at the Pleasant Valley Road/Forni Road intersection improvements (the improvements nearest to residences). Although project construction activities would be temporary in nature and are anticipated to occur during normal daytime working hours.9-3) and the criteria presented in Table 4. Project applicant shall retain a qualified noise consultant to review proposed construction activity. 4. the construction would result in a maximum noise levels as high as 79 dB Lmax at the nearest residence (FTA 2006). Accordingly. they shall be revised and/or augmented to achieve the required noise attenuation as recommended by the qualified noise consultant. and design an appropriate temporary noise barrier for each roadway improvement section that would exceed El Dorado County’s maximum allowable construction noise exposure-community residential receivers criteria.9-9. the location of the nearest sensitive receptor.9-9. If the appropriate level of noise attenuation is not being provided by the temporary noise barriers. noise monitoring shall be conducted by a qualified noise consultant to determine if temporary noise barriers are providing appropriate noise attenuation. noise exposure at this residence is likely to significantly exceed the existing ambient noise exposure (Table 4.DEIR\33370001 Sec04-09 Noise. Level of Significance Before Mitigation Potentially significant impact. Level of Significance After Mitigation Less than significant impact. location of the nearest sensitive receptor. Implementation of this mitigation would provide review of each offsite improvement’s construction activity. As such.

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