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A) Fundamentals of Computer: 1. Introduction 2. Input / Output & Processing (CPU) 3. Memory Device 4. Types of computers 5. Characteristics of Computer 6. History & Generation 7. Applications of Computer B) Windows XP Overview: 1. Some Basic Terminology & Typing Skills 2. Desktop Settings & Control Panel 3. Ms. DOS 4. Ms. Paint 5. WordPad 6. Accessories & Multimedia C) E-mail & Internet: 1. Introduction 2. E-mail Account & Its Functions 3. Search Engine 4. Surfing WebPages 5. Basics of Social Networking Site D) Virus: 1. General Introduction & Antivirus Utilities E) Application Software: 1. Microsoft Word 2. Microsoft PowerPoint 3. Microsoft Excel F) More: (#Practically Performed activities) Widows Seven Overview Burning CD/DVD Basics of Audio/Video editing Fundamentals of Hardware & Networking Formatting Hard disk Installing Windows
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RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course
Fundamentals of Computer
C = Commonly O = Oriented M = Machine P = Properly U = Used for T = Training E = Education R = Research
The term 'Computer' is derived from the Latin word
'Computar' which means to calculate.
Computer is an electronic machine, that process the input data according to the given instruction & gives output as a result. It also saves the result for future use.
2. Input / Output & Processing of the Computer:
INPUT DEVICES Keyboard Mouse Scanner Digital Camera Joystick Pen drive
OUTPUT DEVICES Monitor Printer Plotter
RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course
PROCESSING OF THE COMPUTER: (CPU) The most essential part of the computer that perform the various operations provided. It is also called the brain of the computer. It is mainly divided into three categories: Arithmetic & logic Unit: It performs all arithmetical as well as logical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication & division. Also it performs the comparison between the entities & thus help in decision making to the computer. Control Unit: It controls the flow of instruction within the system. CU gets the program instruction from memory & executes them one after another. Memory Unit: It saves the instructions that are being executed for the future use. Each instruction takes certain memory for its proper execution .
Components of the CPU Motherboard Hard disk RAM ROM Processor SMPS & Connecting wire UPS DVD/CD R-W Floppy Drive Modem Graphics Card Sound Card
RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course
3. Memory Device
The storing capacity of computer expressed in bytes. Bytes store one character of data.
0.1 4 bits 8 bits 1 byte 1024 bytes 1024 KB 1024 MB 1024 GB 1 bit 1 nibble 1 byte 1 character 1 Kilobyte (KB) 1 Megabyte (MB) 1 Gigabyte (GB) 1 Terabyte (TB)
There are mainly two types of memory:
This is the main memory of the computer. This memory is used frequently by the CPU for execution of the instructions. There are again two types of Primary Memory. RAM: RAM stands for Random Access Memory. Initially every task is stored in RAM & then executed or stored in Hard disk. It is volatile, it stores data temporarily. So no data will remain when the power is switched off. It ranges from 64 MB to 16 GB. ROM: ROM stands for Read Only Memory. It is a programming chip, where all the system information are recorded & can't be changed. Its types are PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, etc. It is nonvolatile.
Secondary Memory: These are the storage devices & are used to save the
programs files permanently. There are different types of Secondary Memory. They are: Hard disk (ranges from 40 GB to 1 TB) Floppy disk (1.44 MB) CD (720MB), DVD (4.7 GB, 8.5 GB) Blue ray Disc (25 GB, 40 GB) Pen Drive (ranges from 128 MB to 256 GB) Magnetic Tapes, Zip disk, etc.
RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course
IV Page 5 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . III. Types of Computers: ON THE BASIS OF WORKING: Analog computer Digital computer Hybrid computer (Digital + Analog) ON THE BASIS OF SIZE: Mainframe computer Mini computer Super computer Work station Micro computer Desktop computer Laptop computer Palmtop computer Network computer ON THE BASIS OF BRAND: IBM PC IBM compatible Apple/ Macintosh ON THE BASIS OF PROCESSING: XTI 8086 & 8088 processor AT 286 AT 386 AT 486 Pentium I.4. II.
Since it is100% accurate. A computer is capable of performing the required tasks continuously with the same speed. if the user provides correct Input and Instructions . STORAGE Computer can store a huge amount of data for the future use in auxiliary device like floppy disk. etc. to perform various tasks. The storing capacity of computer is expressed in bytes. Fraction of a second: 1 millisecond= 1/1000 of second 1microsecond= 1/1000000 of a second 1 nanosecond= 1/000000000 of a second 1 Pico second= 1/1000000000000 of a second Computer always gives 100% actual outputs (result). Page 6 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . accuracy & efficiency without any error. hospital. Versatile means ability to perform various tasks & computer can capable to do so. Computer takes a few micro/nano second to execute an operation. school.If any mistake occurs in any calculation they are due to manual error but not of computer. A computer can process any kind of data. Characteristics of Computer: SPEED AND ACCURACY Computer performs complex calculation at a very high speed. DILLIGENCE: It is a capacity of performing repeated operation without any tiredness & any mistakes. 0. Normally one byte stores one character of data. it is reliable.5. hard disk or compact disk.1 4 bits 8 bits 1 byte 1024 bytes 1024 KB 1024 MB 1024 GB 1 bit 1 nibble 1 byte 1 character 1 Kilobyte (KB) 1 Megabyte (MB) 1 Gigabyte (GB) 1 Terabyte (TB) VERSITALITY: Computers are being used in different fields such as offices.
VLSI and micro processer are used processing speed is very high Giga bytes very smaller size input and output devices were versatile 2 nd generation of computer (1959 to 1964) i. Applications Of Computer: Now a days. So later. large in size (51002 feet) ii. Generations of Computer First generation of computer (1946 to 1958) i. Satellites & Networking System.6. iii. v. ii. ii. various types of computing devices such as ABACUS. diffence engine. Audio/ Video mixing. Page 7 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . iv. ii. On the processing of previous calculating machines & continuous development on them. iv. HISTORY & GENERATION OF COMPUTER It took thousands of years for the computer to develop in to the present state. ICs were used in place of transistor 7. Research Center. iv. iv. Earlier the process of computing was done by counting with their own figures. Entertainment. processing speed is faster than second generation minicomputer were in produced during this generation Storage capacity in measured in mega byte. 3 generation of computer (1965 to 1974) i. Directly or indirectly there is vast use of computer. But this idea is only for the counting of small entities. Robotics. ii. etc. iii. Banks & other offices. iii. stones & through scratches on the sand or walls. Hospitals. makes modern computer come to this stage. 4th generation of computer (1975 to 1990 i. Vacuum tubes are used to electronic circuit Storage capacity was limited (1kb to 4kb) Slow processing (millisecond) High voltage needed up to 150000 volts. iii. iii. Intelligent processing Easy human computing computer will understand natural language They have artificial intelligence. Design & Modeling. lady Augusta Ada Lovelace. Transistor were used processing speed was faster Smaller in size(512 feet) Input and output device were faster rd 5 th generation of computer (1990 to incomplete…) i. School & College Graphic designing. it is difficult to find the field or the criteria in which there is no use of computer. National & Multinational organizations. Napier's bone slide rule. iv. However some of the major fields of Computers are given below: Personal use.
B) Windows XP Overview 1. Some Basic Terminology: AC ALU CD-RW BIOS CPU FDD HDD MS MS-DOS PC ROM RAM DVD CU ISP WWW LCD NTFS USB XT AT : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Alternating current Arithmetic and logical unit compact disk re-writable basic input and output system central processing unit floppy disk drive hard disk drive Microsoft Microsoft disk operating system personal computer read only memory random access memory digital video disk control unit internet service provider world wide web liquid crystal display network transfer file system universal serial bus extended technology advanced technology FIG: Windows XP Page 8 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .
It is used to make the alphabets capital or small. Ctrl…… Function of keys Caps lock: . Tab: .It is used to move the cursor at the beginning of the line.It is used to cancel any job function.Types of keys of the board Alphabet keys = A. when it is on. Num lock: . End: .It is used to move the cursor one page up. Alt. B …Z Number keys = 0. F2…F12 Special keys = Del.It is used to move the one line down UP arrow: .It is used to break the lines.It is used to move the cursor one character left.It is used to lock and unlock the numeric pad.9 Function keys = F1.. Delete: . Alt + ctrl: .It is used to move the cursor at the end of the line.It is used to give long space between two character and words Space bar: .it is used to move the one line up Right: . paragraph or columns.It is used to move the cursor one character right Left arrow: .. 1. Back space: . Shift: .For special purposes only Arrows: .it is used to display capital and small alphabets by holding shift we can bring changes in the character. Home: . Page up: .It is used to give space between two character and word. Page down: . Page 9 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . When it is pressed on it gives capital alphabets and when it is off it gives small alphabets. Enter: . In case of Nepali font it shows half character. Esc: .There are 4arrow keys Down arrow: .It is used to remove character at the back of the cursor. 2.It is used to move the cursor one page down.It is used to remove character at the right of the cursor.
which are recently created or opened. Program: It display a list of program's name and program group that can be directory used Document: It displays a list of 15 files. your computer will automatically shutdown. When you click the start button. which contains everything you need to begin using windows. you will see a menu. Find: It provides online help Run: It helps to run any program by browsing the location and also used to setup any new program. Switch on the volt guard or UPS(uninterrupted power supply) Turn on the power switch of the CPU Turn on the power switch of the monitor Just wait few minutes when computer display windows environment. Setting: It displays a list of system component's. HOW TO SHUTDOWN THE COMPUTER o o o Save and close all the programs Click on start menu Click on Turn off computer Then you will see: Stand by shut down re-start Click on Turn off Just wait few minutes. which lets you to change the configuration as your requirement. Page 10 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . menu and dialog box appear. is used to start almost all of the programs based on the windows. How TO START THE COMPUTER IN MS-WINDOWS MODE? SWITCH on the electric(AC) power supply. icon. Shut down: It enables you to shutdown or restarts your computer Log off: It enables your close the multi user's desktop setting Basic terms related to windows Desktop: It is the background area of windows on which windows on which windows. Some basic terms related to start button Start button: It is the especial button.
l / l r [ l ' l \ l = l ] l \ l Here: 1. Typing Skills: The keyboard we use is QUERTY Keyboard. r = right finger 3. Page 11 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course 4. Taskbar: Taskbar is the grey horizontal line location at the bottom of the desktop with start button and indicators. The figure is given below: For simplicity on typing we accept the following rule: # (Left Hand __ Right Hand) Number Keys Top Keys Home Keys Bottom Keys ~ l 1 r Q l A l Z l 2 m W r S r X r 3 i E m D m C m 4 i R i F i V i 5 i T i G i B i 6 i Y i H i N i 7 i U i J i M i 8 m I m K m . Desktop icons are those icons. m 9 m O r L r . l = little finger 2. which remains on the desktop. r 0 r P l . It is especially used for switching between opened programs and folders. Icon: Icon is the graphical presentation of the computer's items. m = middle finger . i = index finger # space key is pressed by thumb finger.
Top. Bottom . & typshala will appear like in figure below: Now choose you key Tab (Home. Click on start button Run & then type typeshala. Double click on desktop icon of Typshala.exe on the box & press enter key.! Page 12 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . HOW TO ENTER INTO TYPING PROGRAM : TYPSHALA Click on start button Program Typshala or. All) Also choose Level & language. ( Options Fonts Kantipur/Khaki… Press Enter Key) # If you want Free typing Then: Click on Free button Typing button & Start Typing…. or.
text. resolution & refresh rate of the monitor can be adjusted. Appearance: Just as Themes. Start Control Panel Display Then the following box will occur. Here: Themes: Changes the current theme on desktop Desktop: Changes the wallpapers or fill color on background of desktop Screen Saver: Apply screen saver using photo slideshow. Setting: Using this features. etc. but only changes the outlook for windows & have more customizable option. Or. flag.2. ribbons. Desktop Setting & Control Panel: For Desktop Setting: Right Click on Desktop Click on properties. For Control Panel On category view: Changing keyboard setting: Start Control Panel Keyboard Changing Mouse Setting: Start Control Panel Mouse Changing Time & Date: Start Control Panel date & Time Page 13 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .
Recycle bin: It consists of the deleted item for recovery. Double-click My computer and then double-click the disk drive or folder in which you want to place the new folder. We can restore the accidently deleted item form recycle bin. 3. Organization files and folders: You can organize the files and folders by using the My computer icon from the desktop. It is a popular operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation. All commands & correct syntax has to keep in mind & all are in text form. if confirmation is asked. Or we can delete permanently delete any file from recycle bin Start button: Right click on taskbar properties choose your option from dialog box Click on start tab for changing the start button interface. It is an TUI (Text user Interface). Type the name of the folder and then press enter Coping or moving a file or folder: select the item click on edit --> click copy or move open folder on which you want to copy the selected item click --> edit --> paste Deleting the file or folder: Choose the file or folder direct press delete from keyboard click on yes. 2. Ms DOS Ms DOS: Microsoft Disk operating System. On the file menu. Some of the common commands are described below: dir: used to open & display any directory (folder) time: displays current time c:\>time date: displays today's date c:\>date cls: makes the screen clear c:\>cls copy: allows user to copy file in different location c:\>copy aaa d: c:\>dir c:\>copy aaa bbb or Page 14 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Select New Folder or right click on mouse --> new --> folder 3. Creating a new folder: 1. Renaming a file or folder: click the right mouse button on selected item click on rename & write a new name press enter key.
Color box. 4. Click on Run. click on yes. click on close. Go to file menu. Type Mspaint inside the box. if you want to save and click on No. Saving your work: After finishing your work. if you don't want to save. Choose program. del |erase: it delete the files c:\>del aaa md: makes a new directory c:\>md ram cd: change any folder to directory c:\>cd ram rd: remove directory c:\>rd ram ver: displays the version of MS-DOS c:\>ver exit: close the DOS mode c:\>exit 4. Ms. To show| hide Tools. Go to file menu. 2. Or. 2. 3. Direct press Ctrl + S key. Paint: Starting System 1. 1. 1. Page 15 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Click on Ok. Click on start button. Click on start Button. 3. To close and exit from Wordpad After finishing your work. Then. Or. 2. 3. Click on save. Enable or disable required options by clicking at once. Status bar: 1. 2. or. Choose paint and click on it. 2. Choose accessories. 4. Go to View menu. 1. Direct press Alt + f4 key.
2. Choose required document type. Go to file menu. 2. Print: Go to file menu print. To flip or rotate: Select the reqd. figure go to image menu click on flip/ rotate give your option & click on Ok. Then. Click on open. Go to image menu stretch/skew define needed value ok To set the bitmap as desktop wallpaper: Go to file menu click on Set as wallpaper then selected bitmap will appear in your desktop. Click on ok. Go to file menu. Click on new. Direct press Ctrl + N key. To stretch or skew the image: Page 16 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Importing existing image: Go to edit menu click on paste paste from dialog box choose reqd. Then. Open dialog box will appear.To open the stored file: 1. New dialog box will appear. 4. Direct press Ctrl + O key. Click on open. To edit color: Go to option menu choose edit color choose the color click on Ok. direct choose the required file. Or. Type the required file name at file name box or. To get new document: 1. 3. 3. 4. image file open. which you want to open.
Put or remove the tick mark from required above items. One line = single click just in front of required line. 3.5. go to edit menu and click on select all. Whole document = Press ctrl+A key. Then. _direct click on save icon on Toolbar. 4. Start run type WordPad & press enter. status bar: 1. WordPad To start WordPad: 1. Required text: Click the left mouse button either in initial or final point of the text and drag it up to destination and release it. One word = Double click any where inside the required word. 4. 2. Methods for selecting the text: 1. Or. 5. 2. Click on either or save As. Go to file menu. Start Programs Accessories WordPad or. To save the document first time: 1. Or. 2. To show/hide Toolbar. Page 17 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . One paragraph = Triple click any where inside the required paragraph. Give required file name. Click on save. Go to view menu. Deleting required text: 1. save as dialog box will appear. Or. _ Direct press Ctrl+ s key. First select required text. ruler. 3. 2. format bar.
3. direct choose the required file. Go to file menu. Direct click on save icon on the toolbar. 2. 2. size. Type the required file name at file name box or. First select required text. which you want to open. Direct press Ctrl + S key. Then press either Delete or. direct click on new button at standard toolbar. Or. Direct press Alt + f4 key. To open the stored file: 1. Select required font. Click on open. Click on new. 4.Size and Font color: 1. Go to file menu. new dialog box will appear. Then click on dropdown arrow of Font size and Font color tool on the format bar. Then. Or. Direct click on close button of the program. Backspace key. To get new document: 1. Or. 2. click on yes. 1. Or. Or. Choose required document type (either Word 6 document or Rich text document or. 3. if you don't want to save. Saving your work: After finishing your work. Or. 1. Page 18 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . text document). 2. 3. and Color from the dropdown list. Click on close. Go to file menu. Or.2. Click on save. Go to file menu. Direct press Ctrl + N key. 2. 3. Direct press Ctrl + O key. To close and exit from WordPad After finishing your work. if you want to save and click on No. 4. Click on open button at toolbar (Standard toolbar) Or. Changing Font . Then. Click on ok. Then. Open dialog box will appear.
Go to Format menu 2.1. To change the text appearance/style: 1. Choose required font. 2. in case of Underline. Page 19 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Go to Format menu. 3. Italic. Direct click on alignment icon on format bar. Click on edit --> redo (to attain changes) Alignment: Alignment is a position of text on a paper. Click on font. Click on Ok Undo/redo 1. 5. Right Alignment. Or. 4. Then Font dialog box appear: 4. 1. 2. But. font size and font color. put the tick mark on Underline. Bold & Italic as per required. Ctrl +U = Underline Or. Ctrl+ I =Italic. 3. Direct press: Ctrl + B= bold. Select the required text. 1. Methods: 1. Click on edit --> undo (to remove changes) 2. Left Alignment. Center Alignment. 3. First select the required text. Then direct click on B. U icon on the format bar as per required. 2. Or. Ctrl+ L= for Left Alignment Ctrl+ E= for Centre Alignment Ctrl+ R= for Right Alignment Or. 5. 2. 2. Go to Format menu. Select the required text. Click on Font. Click on paragraph. Click on ok. Choose Bold. There are 3 types of alignment in WordPad. I. 3. 1.
5. Inserting Current date & time 1. 4. 3. click on edit 3. click on date & time cut/copy & paste 1. click on print 3. Click on replace Or. Click on replace all. some useful shortcuts: ctrl+N open new document ctrl+O open saved documents ctrl+S save the current documents ctrl+C copy the selected item ctrl+X cut the selected item ctrl+V paste the selected item ctrl+Z undo changes ctrl+Y redo changes ctrl+P print documents Page 20 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . 4. Click on dropdown arrow of alignment. 2. click on file 2. Go to Edit menu. Choose required one. choose your printer & then click on print. Then type the required word. direct press Ctrl+H key. which you want you want to replace at find what box. Replacing text: 1. 2. then click to paste from edit To print documents: 1.3. click on cut or copy for the selected item if you want to paste that item. select the item to be copy or cut. Click on insert 2. Click on Ok.
media files to play.) 1. Now days. It can be used not only in PC but in some of the mobile Page 21 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .6. Click on open ok Calculator: Click on start button Program Accessories Calculator Recording Sound: Click on start button Program Accessories Multimedia Sound recorder C) Internet & E-mail: (We will go practically along every section individually . Some Basic Terminology: o o o o o o o http: hypertext markup language www: world wide web Kbps: Kilobyte per second Mbps: Megabyte per second Server: main computer in the network Client: sub-computer that are networked to server. E-mail: electronic mail Internet is the world's largest network in the world that has made the communication easy around entire globe. Accessories & Multimedia: Media Player: Click on start button Program Accessories Multimedia Media player Go to file menu open browse choose CD or any drive to choose reqd. internet is so popular that it becomes basic need of human beings.
watch video & TV programs. Listen radio. An example of webpage: Page 22 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . use the internet for no other purpose then to send and receive email. You can exchange any massage with people around the world by using e-mail. Opera.phones. E-Mail is the most widely used futures on the Internet. Even with the multimedia excitement of the wed. digital vehicles. Chat with anybody around world. To open any website: Click on start Programs Internet Explorer Type address of webpage on the Address bar & press enter. However Internet Explorer & Firefox are the most used browsers in the world. etc. modem. cable line & Internet browser software. Many people who have access to the internet at school. ITV. Education . To access internet we need some browsers such as Internet Explorer (IE). Some of the common features of Internet are: Sending & Receiving mails. electronic mail is the most frequently used application of the internet. Firefox. and work. etc. News & many more… For internet surfing we need a PC or mobile. K-melon. We all peoples can share our ideas around this whole planet & also get the news & information more accurate & fast. Entertainment & Games.
4. etc.com Features of e. User name & Domain name For ex.mail 1. Deleted items: when we delete any unwanted mail them it will store at deleted items folder. 6. There are mainly four location of inside the e-mail account. Email address consists of two parts which is separated by @ (at the rate) symbol. Some of the common ex. firstname.lastname@example.org. We will study this section practically. etc Page 23 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . 2. Outbox: when we send mail then it will store at outbox folder at first 3. of search engines are: Google. 3. E-mail Account & its functions: E-mail Account can be made by signing up with some e-mail service provider. sending mail Receiving mail Forwarding mail Storing mail Deleting mail Printing mail # There are many free e-mail service providers such as: Yahoo. Search engines: These are the website that are loaded with each & every type of database in the main server. Ask. Gmail. Yahoo. E-mail address:E-mail address is the location of individual's mail box on the internet. Inbox: it contains receiving mail 2.2. 3. So they makes our search fast & accurate. 5. Bing.com. 1. send items: after sending mail offer connecting your computer to the internet then it will store sent items folder 4. a form is filled & accept the agreement. live.com. The process of making e-mail account & differ according as the service provider.
com. Page 24 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .uk www.000. find old as well as new friends & also chat with them.4. Over 2.000 users use these sites.com www.ekantopur. facebook.ntc. bloggers.000. myspace.msn. bigadda.myspace. e.net.com www.com www.com www.cybersansar.g.com.facebook.fursad.com.chip. www.com Basics of social Networking site: Social Networking sites are the most popular sites of today's world.co.bbc. We can make new friends.com www. orkut.com www.sms4masti.time.com www.np www.miniclip. Write these addresses on Address bar & watch.com www. And the pictures & videos can also be uploaded so as to share them with this whole world. etc.yahoo. twitter.com www.com.radiokantipur.com www.in www.emajja. Surfing WebPages: There is a list of most popular websites till date.jokesduniya. hi5.com.com.com www.com.wikkipedia.com www.com www.
Kaspersky. Norton. A strong antivirus must be installed & update regularly using internet. # Their way of usage is different according to different version & product. Viruses may cause data to be lost or corrupted. etc. So we go on practically. Virus is defined as the program inserted into another program. Don't use others pen drive until you are sure that there is no virus. Antivirus Utilities: There are many antiviruses like Avira. A virus is usually passed from computer on floppy disk or pen drive or internet. The size & format of the file may change The computer becomes slow Computer perform wrong data & instructions How to save computer from Viruses: Computer must be kept in safe & clean place with optimum temperature Floppy disk or pen drive must be carefully used.D) Virus: Introduction: What is computer virus? Virus is a program that has been coded to cause problems on someone else computer. It replicates itself and spread to other. Panda. Avast. K7. Page 25 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Some of the common virus activities are as follows: The computer may not boot The window may crash Data may automatically delete. It gets activated by its host program.
MS-Word Application File Name: winword. Go to file menu Click on open button Then display small dialog box.exe Extension Name: doc Introduction Ms-Word is an advanced word processing program.To open saved file. thesis.To create a new blank document. Go to file menu Click on new command Click on blank document Open( Ctrl+O) :. designing & news paper etc. How to load Ms-Word? Click on start menu Choose program Click on Ms-Word File Menu New ( Ctrl+N) :. With the help of this program we can create any type of documents report. Choose required file Click on open button Page 26 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . It also save the document for future use with revision facility. developed by Microsoft Corporation USA. It is a family member of Ms-Office group.
This command is used to close opened file. Go to file menu Click on page setup Then display page setup dialog box. click on Ok Close (Alt+F4):.To save current document for future use. Go to file menu Click on close Print (Ctrl+P):.Save( Ctrl+S) :.To change file name & its location Go to file menu Click on save as Choose target location to change file position Type another name to change file name Click on save button.This command is used to print document on paper by the help of printer. Choose margin & fixed page margin Choose paper size When finish page setting. Page 27 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Go to file menu Click on save command Then display small dialog box.To fixed pages properties. Page Setup :. Type file name Click on save button Save as command :.
Keep the cursor in required place Go to edit menu Click on paste command Page 28 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Go to edit menu Click on Undo Cut(Ctrl+X) :.To cancel some recently working document. Edit Menu Undo(Ctrl+z) :.At first ready your document Keep paper inside the printer Go to file menu Click on printer Choose printer Choose no of copies Choose pages Click on print button.To create original clipboard from selected text & objects. Select text or object Go to edit menu Click on cut command Copy( Ctrl+C) :.To create duplicate clipboard from selected text. Select text or object Go to edit menu Click on copy Paste( Ctrl+V) :.This command is used to Paste Clipboard in particular place.
This command is used to insert current date & time on the document. Go to edit menu Click on replace command Type target text in find what criteria.This command allows adding page number on the document.In this command we can paste special effect. Select required text Go to edit menu. Also type required text in replace criteria Click on replace button View Menu Page Number: .Using this command we can replace required text in selected place. Click on Cut or copy command Again Go to edit menu Click on paste special Choose any option (Picture) Click on ok Replace: .Special Paste :. Go to insert menu Click on page number Choose position of page for page number Click on OK Date & Time :. Go to insert menu Click on auto text Choose any required text Page 29 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .Using this command we can add automatic text set in the document. Go to insert menu Click on Date & Time Choose any format Click on OK Auto Text :.
then display dialog box Choose required file Click on insert button Format Menu Font :.To insert another file in the current document Keep the cursor in required place Go to insert menu Click on file. computer display dialog box with picture file Choose required picture file Click on insert button File :. Go to insert menu Click on picture Choose any option which you want If choose from file.Symbol :. Keep cursor in required place Go to insert menu Click on symbol Choose any required symbol Click on insert button Click on close button Picture :.Using this command we can change font size.Using this command we can insert different type of picture. Choose any one option what you want Click on OK Page 30 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Select your text Go to format menu Click on font Then display font dialog box. style & font effects.This command is apply to insert symbolic text from symbolic page.
Page 31 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Choose column number click on OK Change Case :. Select your page Go to format menu Click on columns command Then display small dialog box. Select your text line Go to format menu Click on change case Choose any one case Click on OK Background :. Select required text Go to format menu Click on format menu Click on bullet & numbers Choose any bullets Click on OK Border & Shading :.Using this command we can divide our document page into column wise. Go to format menu Click on borders and shading command Choose page border tab Choose any border Click on OK Columns :.This option is used to applying borders in the pages.Using this option we can change our document in different case.To format our selected text with bulleting & numbering.This command is used to change background color of pages.Bullets & Numbers :.
Go to tools menu Click on protect document Then display dialog box. Click on forms Type password.Using this command we con not modify file only read documents. Select required text Go to tools menu Click on word count Then display dialog with result. Click on OK Again type same password Click on OK Latter & Mailing: .Go to format menu Click on background Choose any color Tools Menu Spelling & Grammar :. Protect Document: .This command is used to check spelling error & grammar.In this command we can easily join particular letter in different address. Go to tools menu Click on spelling & grammar command Then display dialog box Choose right word Click on change button Word Count:-This command is used to counting word of documents. At first type your letter Go to tool menu Click on letter & mailing & choose mail merge wizard Page 32 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .
Using this command we can draw require table. Go to table menu Click on draw table Now drawing your image by using toolbars.Select letter option & click on next Choose “ Use the current document” & click on next Choose “Typing a new list” Click on create… Then display “new address list” dialog box. Click on OK Type required address Click on customize button & fixed address list Click on OK Type required address Click on new button to entry more address Click on close button Type name to save address list Click on save button Click on OK Then display letter & mailing toolbars Click on ^^^^ “ Insert merge field icon” Choose field. Go to table menu Click on insert Click on table Page 33 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Click on insert button Click on close button Click on ^^^^merge to new document tool icon Table Menu Draw Table :. Insert: .This command is used to insert defined table in the document.
Then display small dialog box.This command is used to remove table from document.This command is used to apply formula on the calculation. Select table Go to table menu Click on delete Choose table Merge cells: . Keep the cursor. Define number of row & column Click on ok. where you want Go to table menu Click on formula Choose required formula Click on OK **************************MS-WORD END************************** Page 34 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Select required cells Go to table menu Click on merge cells Formula: . Delete: .This command is used to join two or more cells each other.
ppt Introduction: Ms-Power point is the presentation package. set animation. sound in particular slide.exe Extension Name: . It is used to make slideshow. This is mostly use in display project overview. display program on monitor or projector. This application software is developed by Microsoft Corporation. How to open Power Point? Go to start menu Choose program Click on power point How to create slide? Click on slide Type required text How to create duplicate slide? Select slide Go to Insert menu Click on duplicate slide How to remove slide from presentation? Select slide which you want to remove Go to edit menu Click on delete slide How to remove slide object? Select slide Go to edit menu Click on clear How to arrange slides? Go to view menu Page 35 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . & formatting. design.MS-Power point Application File Name: Powerpnt.
How to display slide in full screen? Go to view menu Click on slide show How to change slide color? Select slide Click on color/grayscale Choose any color style How to show/ hide line from slide? Go to view menu Click on grid & guides Select display grid on screen Click on OK How to add new slide in the presentation? Go to insert menu Click on new slide How to add slide number? Go to insert menu click on slide number Select slide number Click on apply button How to insert slide from another file? Go to insert menu Click on slide from file Choose require file Click on insert button How to insert movies & sounds slide in current slide? Go to insert menu Click on movies & sounds Choose movies from file Choose any one movies file Click on OK How to Change slide design? Page 36 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Hold mouse & drag up to target place.Click on slide sorter This display slide sorter window.
sound & select automatically after *********************MS-POWER POINT END******************** Page 37 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Choose Loop continuously until ‘Esc’ Click on OK How to add custom animation in the slide object? Select object or text Go to slide show menu Click on custom animation Click on custom animation Click on add effect button Choose any option(entrance.Go to format menu Click on slide design Choose any design How to change slide layout? Select required slide Go to format menu Click on slide layout Choose any one layout what you want. emphasis…) Choose any one effects How to add effect when slide transition? Select slide menu Click on slide transition Choose any one effect Speed. How to change slide background color? Select slide Go to format menu Click on background Choose any color what you want. How to displaying presentation with continuous? Go to slide show menu Click on setup show Then display setup show dialog box.
Inter section of row & column is called cell.exe Extension Name: xls Introduction Ms. Excel. It manipulates and manages the database in very well manner. projecting and analyzing numeric data & presenting the result in professional quality documents & chart. By default a work-book has three work-sheet. for that matter any spreadsheet essentially comprises of row & column. How to load Ms-Excel Go to start menu Click on program Click on Microsoft Excel To setting print area Select required cell range Go to file menu Click on print area Click on set print area Click on clear print area to remove print area Page 38 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . It has an electronic sheet where calculation & operation are performed.MS-Excel Application file name: excel.Excel is one of the DBMS Software. Work Book: . It provides the sophisticated tool for calculating. The worksheet has 256 column & 65536 rows.A work book is the main document of excel. we can add more work-sheets. Work sheet:-A work-sheet is the working document of excel.
Go to edit menu Click on Go to command Type particular address Click on OK To Show page with page effect.To remove sheets element. Select required cell range Go to edit menu Click on clear Then display dialog box.To show/hide formula bar from screen Go to view menu Click on formula bar Comment :. Choose all to remove whole element Choose formats to remove formatting effect Choose Comments to remove comment text.To show/hide comments from sheet. Page 39 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Go to view menu Click on page break preview Formula Bar :. To Delete Cell. Keep cell pointer in target cell Go to edit menu Click on delete Choose any one option what your requirement To Jump defined place of sheet.
Go to view menu Click on comment Custom View :.This command is used to remove particular effect. Select required cell range Go to view menu Click on Custom view Click on add button Type required name Click on OK Fill :. contents of sheet. value.This command is used to fill data. value from selector cell.Remove selected cell from sheet. Select cell range Go to edit menu Click on clear Choose all to remove whole data from cell Choose format to remove only formatting effect After define effect click on OK Delete :. Keep the cursor in particular cell Go to edit menu Click on delete Choose any one option what you want Click on OK Page 40 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . then appear small dialog box Choose series Type the starting or stop value Click on OK Clear :.This command is used to define particular cell range. Select required cell from target cell Go to edit menu Click on fill.
Keep the cell pointer in required place Go to insert menu Click on cells Then display dialog box.To add column in particular place of sheet Select column Page 41 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Select Sheet Go to edit menu Click on delete sheet Move or Copy sheet :.To insert row in the work-sheet. Select row where you wanton add cell Go to insert menu Click on rows Columns :.Delete Sheet :. Select sheet Go to edit menu Click on move or copy sheet Then display a dialog box. Choose any one option Rows :.Using this command you can remove selected sheet from work book.To add cell in the work sheet.This command allows changing sheet position & creating Duplicate sheet. Choose Sheet & its location Click on OK INSERT MENU Cells :.
Go to insert menu Click on work-sheet Chart :. Keep the cell pointer in required place Go to insert menu Click on function Choose any types of formula Select required formula Click on OK Comment :. Keep the cell pointer in required place Go to insert menu click on comment Type required text. Click outside the box.This option allow you to apply formula in your calculation.This command is used to add comments about particular cell object. then display dialog box Choose any chart format Click on next tab Click on series tab & define series name Choose axis tab & define grid line Click on finish Function :. Page 42 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .Go to insert menu Click on column Work-Sheet :-This option allows inserting more worksheet in the work book.Using this command you can insert different type of chart depending upon data Prepare data select it Click on insert menu Click on chart.
number format.I helps to change cells format & also change font. border. alignment of the cell. and define background color. hide/unhide sheet.It helps to change sheet name.This option is used to apply automatic style in to the required sheet. define sheet.This command helps to determine the column width. font color. hide/unhide row Keep the cell pointer Go to format menu Click on rows Choose height to determine row height Click on OK Column :. Go to format menu Click on cell Choose number tab & select any one number format Choose alignment tab & select alignment After finishing format click on OK Rows :. Auto fit. Go to format menu Click on column Choose any one option Choose its value Click on Ok Sheet :. hide/unhide & also fixed standard width.Using this command we can change rows height.FORMAT MENU Cells:. Page 43 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . Go to format menu Click on sheet Choose rename & type its name Choose background to change background effect Click on OK Auto Format :.
Keep the cell pointer in the beginning of the cell Go to tool menu Click on spelling.This option is used to set data in selected condition format. Protecion : Protect Sheet :. then appear dialog box with different style Choose any one style Click on OK Conditional Formatting :.This option is used to secured work-sheet. In this mode Excel cannot allow modifying document.This command is used to check spelling of work-sheet. Go to tools menu Click on protection Click on protect sheet Type password for protect sheet Retype same password to conform password Click on OK Page 44 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course . & then appear data in selected format TOOL MENU Spelling :.Prepare data & select it Go to format menu Click on auto format. Fill data & select it go to format menu Click on conditional format Choose any condition as you like Click on format option Choose any format Click on OK Click on OK. then display spelling dialog box Choose any correct word & Click on change button After finishing checking spelling click on OK.
Keep the cell pointer on the result where must be apply formulas Go to tools menu Click on goal seek Type target value on ‘to value’ criteria Type cell name which value you want to change on ‘by changing cell’ Click on OK Formula Auditing :. Place cell pointer where formula apply Go to tools menu Click on auditing. rename sheet & insert.Goal seek command allows to adjust the value in a specific cell until the formula that is dependent on that cell reaches a target value.It helps to auditing the required cell where must be apply formula. Protect Work-book :. then show arrow key up to first value cell Click on remove arrow to clear arrow Data Menu Sort :. Go to tools menu Click on protection Click on protect work –sheet Type password to protect work –book Retype same password to conform password Click on Ok Goal Seeks :. then show arrow key up to formula Choose trace dependents.Using this command we can protect a work-books structure & window.This is used to arrange data in ascending or descending order in the selected column of the work-sheet. Select required data Go to data menu Click on sort. In this mode excel cannot allows to delete sheet. then display small dialog box Choose trace precedents. then display sort dialog box Choose column & select order Click on OK Page 45 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .
Freezing Window :. We can also fill data & delete other unnecessary data.This command is used to break windows in to two or more parts. In this mode we can fill data in large table with easily. click on unfreeze panes. Select require data Go to data menu Click on form.This command is used to fix(unmovable) of the some rows & columns of work-sheet. then display data on form Now fill your data Click on close WINDOWS MENU Split :. Keep the cell pointer where you want to freeze sheet Go to window menu Click on freezing window If you want to remove this effect. Form :. Page 46 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .Filter :. Select entire row where you want to break window Go to window menu Click on split Then display sheet in to two window If you want to remove splitting window click on remove split window. Select required cell range Go to data menu Click on filter & select auto filter Then appear drop down arrow on the selected top of the row Click on ^^ arrow & choose required value. Split command allows working easy in to the large sheet at a time.Using this command we can display only defined data of the column.Using this command we can convert selected table data in to form.
Used for subtraction >(greater than :.Auto sum.Used for division +(plus) :.Some Mathematical Operations 1. * (asterisk) :.Used for Multiplication /(slash) :. 6. 2.Used for compression ∑(Summation) :. 3. 5.Used for addition –(minus) :. 4. ***********************MS-EXCEL END********************* Best of Luck! Page 47 RACE COMPUTER INSTITUTE (RCI): 3 Month Computer Basic Course .
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