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Toward Resilience: A guide to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

Toward Resilience: A guide to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

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Published by Oxfam
Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) is an introductory resource for staff of development and humanitarian organisations working with people whose live and rights are threatened by disasters and climate change.
The guide provides essential introductory information, principals of effective practice, guidelines for action in a range of sectors and settings, case studies and links to useful tools and resources, for the application of an integrated, rights-based approach to disaster reduction and climate change adaptation.
The guide was developed by the
Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) is an introductory resource for staff of development and humanitarian organisations working with people whose live and rights are threatened by disasters and climate change.
The guide provides essential introductory information, principals of effective practice, guidelines for action in a range of sectors and settings, case studies and links to useful tools and resources, for the application of an integrated, rights-based approach to disaster reduction and climate change adaptation.
The guide was developed by the

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Published by: Oxfam on Aug 06, 2013
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05/10/2015

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Program cycle management (PCM) is the term used to describe the management
of activities and decision-making procedures used during the life cycle of a pro-
gram. It emphasizes the cyclical, recurring nature of programming, as well as the
interdependency of actions within an intervention throughout the different phases.

This guide uses a simplifed program cycle model with three main phases—analy-
sis, design and implementation—each with corresponding activities and outputs.
Central and continuous throughout the program cycle is knowledge generation and
management that incorporates monitoring and evaluation and supports the transition
between each of the stages. While there are other types of PCM in existence, and
many organizations have their own models, the key components—such as separate
phases to facilitate planning, and the cyclical nature of the process—are likely to
remain the same. The process outlined in the guide includes:

3

PROGRAm CyClE mANAGEmENT

FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

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Toward Resilience

• Establishing program-specifc baselines, as well as baseline information

relevant to the external environment;

• Setting and monitoring indicators of change;

• Reviewing and evaluating progress and achievements against planned results,

and using these to continually improve the program, and

• Capturing and sharing the knowledge generated to support learning.

Figure 3.1: Stages of the program cycle

Central to PCM is the active participation of at-risk populations because programs
will only be effective if they are based on the needs of those at risk from disastersG
and climate changeG

. PCM should therefore aim to:

• Seek full inclusion of at-risk populations in all levels of planning, as well

as implementation, monitoring and evaluation processes (by providing, for
example, information in local languages);

• Understand and address at-risk populations’ unique needs through targeted

interventions;

• Ensure that disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation activities

do not inadvertently worsen their vulnerabilityG

;

• Redress power imbalances and other structural causes of differential exposureG
and vulnerability within and between households.25

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Program cycle management for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

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