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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv )‫(بحث حول المهدي‬

g~j : AvqvZzjvn& Avj Dhgv Bgvg knx` mvB‡q¨` gynv¤§` evwKi Avm mv`i (Kz`ymvm wmii“)

Abyev` : †gvnv¤§` gybxi †nv‡mb Lvb

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Bgvg mvB‡q¨` gynv¤§` evwKi Avm mv`i wek¦ m‡¤§jb KwgwU

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cig Ki“Yvgq I wPi `qvjy Avjvn&i bv‡g ‫بسم ال الرحمان الرحيم‬ ‫و نريد أن نمن على ّلذين استضعفوا في الرض و نجعلهم أئ ّة و نجعلهم‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الوارثين‬
Avi Avgiv c„w_ex‡Z hviv AZ¨vPvwiZ I wbh©vwZZ n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i Ici AbyMÖn cÖ`k©b (Ki‡Z), Zv‡`i‡K Bgvg (†bZv) wn‡m‡e cÖwZwôZ (Ki‡Z) Ges Zv‡`i‡KB DËivwaKvix Ki‡Z PvB|Ñ (m~iv Avj Kvmvm : 5)

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m‡¤§jb KwgwUi evYx
wemwgjvwni ivngvwbi ivnxg Avjnvg`ywjjvwn ivweŸj Avjvgxb, Iqvm& mvjvZz Iqvm& mvjvgy Avjv gynv¤§` Iqv Avwjnx AvZ& ZvB‡q¨exb AvZ& Zv‡nixb| kZvãxi c‡i kZvãx a‡i gymwjg D¤§vn&i fvM¨vKv‡k wQj `y‡h©v‡Mi NbNUv| hvi cwiYwZ‡Z wePz¨wZ, AebwZ Avi RoZvi Auvavi D¤§vn&‡K †Q‡q †d‡jwQj| Ae‡k‡l wesk kZvãxi ga¨fvM †_‡K gymwjg D¤§vn&i cybR©vMiY ïi“ nq| Bgvg †Lv‡gBbx (in.)-Gi †bZ…‡Z¡ Biv‡b Bmjvgx wece msNwUZ nIqvi gva¨‡g Zv cwic~Y©Zv AR©b K‡i, Bmjvgx kw³ cybivq Avwef©~Z nq| `xN©w`b mvgªvR¨ev`x I AZ¨vPvix‡`i nv‡Z †kvwlZ nIqvi ci D¤§vn&i fv‡M¨ †h wech©q N‡UwQj Zv †_‡K gy³ n‡q Avevi †m kw³ mÂq K‡i‡Q, gv_v DuPz K‡i `uvwo‡q‡Q| gymwjg D¤§vn&i G cybR©vMiY mvgªvR¨ev`x‡`i †Pv‡Li Nyg †K‡o wb‡q‡Q, Dcwb‡ekev`x †jvjyc `„wó †cvlYKvix‡`i Avkv-AvKv•¶vi Kei iPbv K‡i‡Q| mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK †¶‡Î gymwjg D¤§vn&i g‡a¨ AvR †h be RvMiY m„wó n‡q‡Q †m †¶‡Î Bgvg †Lv‡gBbx (in.) gyL¨ f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb| cvkvcvwk wPš—vMZ I ZË¡MZ w`K †_‡K D¤§vn&i g‡a¨ †h †Rvqvi G‡m‡Q †m †¶‡Î knx` Avjvgv evwKi mv`i wbtm‡›`‡n †gŠwjK Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb| Bmjvgx wPš—vwe` wn‡m‡e wZwb wQ‡jb bwRiwenxb| Zuvi wPš—vaviv I †jLbx GKw`‡K †hgb wPš—vi RM‡Z be w`M‡š—i D‡b¥vPb NwU‡q‡Q Aciw`‡K MfxiZv I e¨vcKZvi w`K †_‡KI mevi `„wó AvKl©Y K‡i‡Q| ZvwË¡Kfv‡e cÖwZôv jv‡fi D‡Ï‡k¨ mgmvgwqK gymwjg mgv‡R AbycÖ‡ekKvix wewfbœ wPš—vavivi cvi¯úwiK msNvZgq cwi‡e‡kI wZwb eyw×Rxex I wPš—vwe`‡`i gn‡j e¨vcKfv‡e Bmjvgx wPš— vavivi cÖmvi NwU‡qwQ‡jb|

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knx` AvqvZzjvn& evwKi mv`i Zuvi bwRiwenxb e¨w³Z¡, AmvaviY †hvM¨Zv I MwZkxj Bmjvgx wPš—vavivi gva¨‡g AvaywbK e¯‘ev`x `vk©wbK I wPš—vwe`‡`i‡K AZ¨š— mdjZvi mv‡_ †gvKvwejv K‡i‡Qb| e¯‘ev`x mf¨Zvi ZË¡MZ wfwËnxbZv dzwU‡q †Zvjvi gva¨‡g wZwb mevB‡K wPš— vMZ `vm‡Z¡i k„•Lj, (cÖvP¨ I cvðv‡Z¨i) AÜ AbyKiY I †Lv`vwegyLZv †_‡K wdwi‡q iv‡Lb| ev¯—e Rxe‡bi gvbe mgv‡Ri wewfbœ mgm¨v mgvav‡bi †¶‡Î Bmjv‡gi †h bwRiwenxb ¶gZv i‡q‡Q Zv wZwb ¶ziavi †jLbxi gva¨‡g cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb| wZwb Av‡iv cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb †h, AvaywbK wek¦ hw` Bmjv‡gi weavb Abyhvqx cwiPvwjZ nq Zvn‡j mvgvwRK b¨vqwePvi cÖwZôvi gva¨‡g gvbeKz‡ji †mŠfvM¨ iwPZ n‡e, gvbe mgvR Kj¨vY jvf Ki‡e| knx` Avjvgv evwKi mv`i AZ¨š— MwZkxj wPš—vavivi AwaKvix wQ‡jb| Zuvi wPš—vaviv †Kvb we‡kl MwʇZ Ave× wQj bv, eis Ávb-weÁv‡bi wewfbœ kvLvq wZwb wePiY K‡i‡Qb| Bmjvgx A_©bxwZ, Zzjbvg~jK `k©b (Bmjvgx I cvðvZ¨ `k©b), AvaywbK hyw³we`¨v BZ¨vw` mv¤cÖwZKKv‡j DÌvwcZ wewfbœ wel‡q wZwb Abvqv‡m cÖ‡ek K‡i‡Qb Ges bZzb bZzb aviv m„wó K‡i‡Qb| Dm~j, wdKvn&kv¯¿, `k©bkv¯¿, hyw³we`¨v, Kvjvgkv¯¿, Zvdmxi, BwZnvm BZ¨vw` K¬vwmK wel‡qI c×wZMZ I welqe¯‘MZ Dfq w`K †_‡K bZzb bZzb w`K-wb‡`©kbv w`‡q‡Qb Ges wPš—vMZ wece NwU‡q‡Qb| Avjvgv evwKi mv`‡ii kvnv`v‡Zi ci `yÕ`k‡KiI †ewk mgq AwZevwnZ n‡q‡Q, wKš‘ AvRI wewfbœ wk¶v I M‡elYvg~jK Kvh©µ‡g Zuvi wPš—vavivi cÖfve AUzU i‡q‡Q| †h †Kvb welqwfwËK ch©v‡jvPbv I M‡elYvi †¶‡Î Zuvi †i‡L hvIqv iPbvejx we‡kl K‡i wPš—vi †¶‡Î wZwb †h bZzb aviv m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv mevi Rb¨ gvBjdjK n‡q _vK‡e| G `„wó‡KvY †_‡KB knx` Avjvgv evwKi mv`i wek¦ m‡¤§jb cwiPvjbv KwgwUi cÖavb `vwqZ¡ n‡e wPš—vMZ I ÁvbMZ wewfbœ wel‡q Zuvi †i‡L hvIqv g~j¨evb iPbvejxi cybi“¾xeb I Dchy³ msi¶Y| †h‡nZz Zuvi iPbvejx AZ¨š—

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e¨vcK, ZvB G ¸i“Z¡c~Y© `vwqZ¡wU cvj‡bi †¶‡Î `yÕwU w`‡Ki cÖwZ we‡klfv‡e j¶¨ ivL‡Z n‡e : cÖ_gZ AZ¨š— `vwqZ¡kxjZv I m~² `„wómnKv‡i c„w_exi wewfbœ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© fvlvq G¸‡jvi Abyev` Ges cÖKvk| wØZxqZ AZ¨waK evi cÖKvwkZ nIqv Ges Dchyy³ ch©‡e¶‡Yi Afv‡e Zuvi cÖKvwkZ †h me MÖš’ AvswkKfv‡e weK…Z n‡q‡Q †m¸‡jv‡K g~j cvÊywjwci mv‡_ wgwj‡q †`Lv Ges ms‡kvab Kiv| me‡k‡l Avgiv Avjvgv evwKi mv`‡ii eZ©gvb DËivwaKvix‡`i, we‡kl K‡i Zuvi ¯^bvgab¨ cyÎ Rbve mvB‡q¨` Rvdi mv`i (Avjvn& Zuv‡K †ndvRZ Ki“b) Gi Ae`v‡bi K_v kª×vi mv‡_ ¯§iY KiwQ| G wek¦ m‡¤§jb AbywôZ nIqv Ges Avjvgv evwKi mv`‡ii wewfbœ iPbvejx cÖKvk I cybi“¾xe‡bi †¶‡Î wZwb †h we‡kl m¤§wZ cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qb †mRb¨ Avgiv K…ZÁZv cÖKvk KiwQ| knx` Avjvgvi †i‡L hvIqv wewfbœ iPbvejxi Ici huviv M‡elYv K‡i‡Qb Ges Zuvi wPš—vaviv‡K mwVKfv‡e Ges Dc‡hvMx K‡i mgv‡R Dc¯’vcb Kivi †¶‡Î Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb Zuv‡`i mevB‡K Avgiv ab¨ev` Rvbvw”Q| gnvb Avjvn&i Kv‡Q Avgv‡`i cÖv_©bv wZwb †hb Zuv‡`i G Amvgvb¨ cÖ‡Póv‡K Keyj K‡ib, Avgv‡`i mevi Ici ingZ el©Y K‡ib Ges cÖwZdj `vb K‡ib| wbðqB Avjvn& Avgv‡`i cÖv_©bv ï‡bb Ges Gi cÖZy¨Ëi `vb K‡ib|

cwiPvjbv KwgwU knx` Avjvgv evwKi mv`i wek¦ m‡¤§jb

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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
f~wgKv o Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— wPš— v-fvebv Ges BwZnv‡m Gi g~j o Bgvg gvn&`x : Kíbv †_‡K ev¯—‡e o Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— cÖkœvejx

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cig Ki“Yvgq I Abš— `qvjy gnvb Avjvn&i bv‡g Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— aviYv Ges BwZnv‡m Gi g~j Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) †Kej Ava¨vwZ¥K ˆewkó¨m¤úbœ Bmjvgx wek¦v‡mi ev¯—e iƒcB bb; eis wZwb n‡”Qb Ggb me D‡Ïk¨ I Avkv-AvKv•¶vi ev¯—e bgybv ev Av`k© huvi cÖwZ ag©gZ wbwe©‡k‡l mKj gvb‡ei `„wó wbe× n‡q‡Q Ges H wdZivZMZ (mnRvZ cÖK…wZMZ) Aby‡cÖiYvi ev¯— e iƒc hvi gva¨‡g wewfbœ ai‡bi ag©xq AvKx`v-wek¦vm Ges A`„k¨ (Mv‡qex) RM‡Zi mv‡_ m¤ú‡K©i gva¨gmg~‡ni wfbœZv m‡Ë¡I mgMÖ gvbe RvwZ Dcjwä Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Q †h, G c„w_ex‡Z gvbeZvi Rb¨ Ggb GK cÖwZkÖ“Z w`em Avm‡e †hw`b gnvb mvieËv I P~ovš— j¶¨-D‡Ïk¨ m‡gZ Avmgvbx (Hkx) wimvjZ (wgkb) ev¯—evwqZ n‡e Ges `xN© `ytL-Kó I `y‡f©vM †cvnv‡bvi ci BwZnv‡mi MwZavivq gvbe RvwZi KóKi AMÖhvÎv w¯’wZ I wbivcËv jvf Ki‡e| G Mv‡qex w`em Ges cÖZxw¶Z fwel¨r msµvš— G Dcjwä †Kej gwgb‡`i g‡a¨B mxgve× bq, eis Zv Ab¨‡`i gv‡SI we`¨gvb| GgbwK A`„k¨ Ae¯‘MZ RMr Ges Acvw_©e welqvw` cÖZ¨vL¨vbKvix I Awek¦vmx gZev` I `„wófw½mg~‡ni g‡a¨I G Dcjwä I †PZbv we`¨gvb| †hgb Øvw›ØK e¯‘ev`Ñ hv Aš—Ø©›Ø I msNv‡Zi wfwˇZ BwZnvm‡K e¨vL¨v K‡i‡Q Ges Ggb GK w`e‡m wek¦vmx †hw`b mKj Ø›Ø-msNv‡Zi Aemvb n‡e Ges wPikvwš— I w¯’wZkxjZv (we‡k¦i) me©Î cÖfve we¯— vi Ki‡e| Avi Gfv‡e Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB †h, hyM hyM a‡i mgMÖ gvbe RvwZ KZ©„K jvwjZ G Dcjwäi gb¯—vwË¡K AwfÁZv Avm‡j me‡P‡q e¨vcK Ges me©Rbxb gb¯—vwË¡K AwfÁZv hv mKj gvby‡li gv‡S we`¨gvb| Avi hLb ag©B G me©mvaviY gb¯—vwË¡K †PZbv‡eva I Dcjwä‡K `„pfv‡e mg_©b K‡i Ges ¸i“Z¡v‡ivc K‡i †h, c„w_ex Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPvi w`‡q c~Y© n‡q hvevi ci, cwiYv‡g b¨vqcivqYZv I mywePvi w`‡h cwic~Y© n‡q hv‡e ZLb Zv

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G Dcjwä I †PZbv‡K Gi e¯‘wbô Zvrch© cÖ`vb K‡i Ges gvbe RvwZi fwel¨r fvM¨ I cwiYwZ msµvš— GKwU wba©viYx (decisive) wek¦v‡m iƒcvš—wiZ K‡i †`q| G wek¦vm †Kej mvš —¡bvi DrmB bq, eis Zv n‡”Q gnvbyfeZv I kw³iI Drm| G wek¦vm †h gnvbyfeZvi Drm Zv G Kvi‡Y †h, gvn&`x‡Z wek¦vm me ai‡bi Ab¨vq-AwePvi cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i hv mgMÖ wek¦ Ry‡o we¯—…wZ jvf K‡i‡Q| G wek¦vm mvnm, kw³ I myi¶viI Drm hv KLbB w¯—wgZ n‡e bv| KviY GwU n‡”Q Ggb GK Av‡jvi we”QyiY hv gvbe-Aš—‡ii nZvkvi wei“‡× msMÖvg K‡i Ges Ae¯’v hZB mw½b Ges Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPv‡ii gvÎv hZ e¨vcK I Zxeª †nvK bv †Kb Zvi Aš—‡i cÖR¡wjZ Avkvi Av‡jv‡K msi¶Y K‡i| †Kbbv cÖwZkÖ“Z w`em cÖgvY K‡i †h, b¨vq I mywePvi Ab¨vq-AwePvi I AZ¨vPvi w`‡q cwic~Y© c„w_ex‡K †gvKvwejv Ki‡Z Ges Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPv‡ii mKj wfZ aŸsm K‡i bZzb K‡i G wek¦ Mo‡Z m¶g| Avi Ab¨vqAwePvi hZ kw³kvjx I wek¦e¨vcx we¯—…Z †nvK bv †Kb Ges gvbe RvwZi fv‡M¨i Ici Zv AvwacZ¨ we¯—vi Ki“K bv †Kb GZ`m‡Ë¡I Zv Avm‡j A¯^vfvweK Ae¯’v Qvov Avi wKQyB bq Ges Zv cwiYwZ‡Z Aek¨B civRq eiY Ki‡e| Avi Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPv‡ii Aek¨¤¢vex G gnv civRq we`¨gvb Ae¯’vi cwieZ©b Ges (weaŸ¯— c„w_ex) cybM©V‡bi mvg_©¨ msµvš— Avkv I AvKv•¶v‡K mKj AZ¨vPvwiZ gvbyl I wbcxwoZ RvwZi Kv‡Q A‡bK eo I gnvb K‡i †Zv‡j| Avj gvn&`x (Av.)Ñ Kíbv †_‡K ev¯—‡e hLb gvn&`x msµvš— wek¦vm Bmjvg a‡g©i †P‡qI cÖvPxbZi Ges Gi †P‡qI me©Rbxb I e¨vcKZi (GZ`‡_© †h, mKj RvwZ I gvbyl ag©-eY© wbwe©‡k‡l G e¨vcv‡i wek¦vmx) ZvB G wek¦v‡mi hveZxq e¨vcK ˆewkó¨ I w`K †h¸‡jv gvbe RvwZi H me Avkv-AvKv•¶v‡K me‡P‡q †ewk PwiZv_© I mš‘ó K‡i‡Q †m¸‡jv ag© I avwg©KZvi BwZnv‡mi mycÖfvZ n‡ZB G †PZbv I wek¦v‡mi mv‡_ RwoZ n‡q Av‡Q Ges Zv BwZnv‡mi MwZavivq mKj wbcxwoZ I hš¿YvwK¬ó gvby‡li Abyf~wZ‡K Zxeªfv‡e bvov w`‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q| Avi GwU G Kvi‡Y m¤¢e n‡q‡Q †h,

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Bmjvg (gvn&`x msµvš—) G wek¦vm‡K Mv‡qe (A`„k¨ RMr) †_‡K ev¯—‡e Ges fwel¨r †_‡K eZ©gv‡b wb‡q G‡m‡Q| G wek¦vm AÁvZ `~ieZ©x fwel¨‡Z †h ÎvYKZ©v‡K (fwel¨r NUbvejx †_‡K) gš’b K‡i †Qu‡K †ei K‡i Avb‡e †mB ÎvYKZ©vi cv‡b ZvwK‡q A‡c¶v Kivi ch©vq †_‡K eZ©gv‡bB †h ÎvYKZ©v we`¨gvb GZrmsµvš— wek¦v‡m iƒcvš—wiZ K‡i‡Q whwb †mB cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi AvMgb Ges D³ w`e‡m Zuvi mygnvb f~wgKv cvjb Kivi hveZxq kZ© c~i‡Yi Rb¨ A‡c¶vKvix‡`i mv‡_ wb‡RI A‡c¶gvb| AZGe, gvn&`x (Av.) Ggb †Kvb wPš—v I wek¦v‡mi welqe¯‘ e‡j MY¨ nbwb fwel¨‡Z huvi Rb¥MÖn‡Yi Rb¨ Avgiv A‡c¶gvb _vKe ev wZwb Ggb †Kvb fwel¨ØvYxi welqe¯‘I we‡ewPZ nbwb hvi ev¯—e bgybv ev¯—evwqZ nevi Rb¨ Avgiv fwel¨‡Zi w`‡K gyL Zz‡j ZvwK‡q _vKe| eis wZwb Ggb GK cÖwZwôZ ev¯— eZv Avgiv mevB huvi ev¯—e Kvh©Kix f~wgKv cÖZ¨¶ Kivi cÖZx¶vq AvwQ| wZwb Ggb GK wbw`©ó e¨w³ whwb Avgv‡`i gv‡SB mkix‡i Ae¯’vb Ki‡Qb; Zuv‡KI Avgiv †`LwQ Ges wZwbI Avgv‡`i‡K †`L‡Qb| wZwb Avgv‡`i mKj AvkvAvKv•¶v Ges `ytL-K‡ói Askx`vi| wZwb Avgv‡`i †kvK-`yt‡L Ges nvwm-Avb‡›` Avgv‡`i mv‡_ AskMÖnY K‡ib| wbh©vwZZ-hš¿YvwK¬ó gvby‡li `ytL-hš¿Yv, `yt¯’-wec`MÖ¯—‡`i `yie¯’v Ges AZ¨vPvix‡`i Ab¨vqAZ¨vPvi wZwb cÖZ¨¶ Ki‡Qb hv w`‡q c„w_ex c~Y© n‡q hv‡”Q Ges Av¸‡b Qu¨vKv †`qvi hš¿Yvi g‡Zv Zuv‡K Zxeª hvZbv w`‡”Q| wKš‘ Kó K‡i ˆa‡h©i mv‡_ wZwb H gnvgyn~‡Z©i A‡c¶v Ki‡Qb hLb wZwb mKj AZ¨vPvwiZ, `yt¯’-AfveMÖ¯—‡`i w`‡K Zuvi mvnv‡h¨i nvZ evwo‡q †`‡eb, mKj AZ¨vPvixi Aw¯—‡Z¡i wkKo †K‡U †`‡eb Ges Zv‡`i g~‡jvrcvUb Ki‡eb| gnvb Avjvn&i c¶ †_‡K cÖZxw¶Z G gnvb †bZvi (Bgvg gvn&`x) Rb¨ wba©vwiZ n‡q‡Q †h, (cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Av‡M) wZwb †hb Zuvi e¨vcv‡i †NvlYv bv †`b Ges Ab¨‡`i mvg‡b wZwb †hb Avwef©~Z bv nb| hw`I wZwb Ab¨‡`i mv‡_I cÖwZkÖ“Z gyn~‡Z©i AvMg‡bi A‡c¶vq i‡q‡Qb|

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GwU ¯úó †h, cÖZx¶v hZB `xN© †nvK bv †Kb G me Bmjvgx wb`k©b msµvš— wPš—v mKj wbh©vwZZ Ges cÖZxw¶Z ÎvYKZ©vi ga¨Kvi Mv‡qex k~b¨Zv I e¨eavb‡K Kwg‡q Avb‡e Ges Zv‡`i gb¯—vwË¡K Abyf~wZ‡Z Zv‡`i I Zuvi g‡a¨ †mZzeÜ iPbv Ki‡e| Avi hLb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q cÖZ¨vkv Kiv nq †h, Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) †h, GKRb RxweZ mywbw`©ó e¨w³ whwb eZ©gv‡b Avgiv †hfv‡e Rxeb hvcb KiwQ wVK †mfv‡e Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Qb Ges Avgiv †hfv‡e A‡c¶v KiwQ wVK †Zgwb A‡c¶v Ki‡QbÑ GZrmsµvš— wPš—vavivq Avgiv wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kie ZLb Avgv‡`i Aš—‡i G Aby‡cÖiYvB †`qv nq †h, mKj Ab¨vqAZ¨vPvi wbtkZ©fv‡e cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv msµvš— wPš—vfvebv hvi c~Y© ev¯—e bgybv n‡”Qb gvn&`x (Av.) Zv eZ©gv‡b (Ab¨vq-AwePvi I eY©‰elg¨ev`) cÖZ¨vL¨vbKvix cÖZxw¶Z †bZvi g‡a¨ ev¯—evwqZ n‡q‡Q whwb nv`xmvbyhvqx Ggb Ae¯’vq Avwef©~Z n‡eb hLb Zuvi ¯‹‡Ü †Kvb Rvwj‡gi evBAvZ _vK‡e bv| [UxKv- Zuvi (Av.) †_‡K ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, wZwb GgZve¯’vq Avwef©~Z n‡eb †h, Zuvi ¯‹‡Ü †Kvb Rvwj‡gi AvbyM‡Z¨i evBAvZ _vK‡e bv| (†`Lyb, AvZ Zvevimx cÖYxZ Avj Bn&wZRvR, 2q LÊ, c„. 545)] Avi Zuvi cÖwZ wek¦vmB n‡”Q eZ©gv‡b we`¨gvb cÖvYeš— G cÖZ¨vL¨v‡bB wek¦vm ¯’vcb| Ônv`x‡m Bwš—hvi-B dvivRÕ (gnvgyw³ I myL-kvwš—i Rb¨ cÖZx¶v)-Gi Ici AbeiZ ZvMx` †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges gywgb‡`i‡K Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Rb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q| (`ª. gyš—vLveyj Avmvi, c„. 493-500) Avi G †¶‡Î Zv‡`i (gywgb‡`i) Ges (Ab¨vq-AwePvi I eY©‰elg¨ev`) cÖZ¨vL¨vbKvix †bZv I Zuvi Av`k© I g~j¨‡evamg~‡ni gv‡S D³ AvwZ¥K eÜb Ges Avš—wiK m¤ú‡K©i ev¯—evqbI wbwnZ i‡q‡Q| Avi GwU n‡”Q GgbB GK m¤úK© hZ¶Y ch©š— gvn&`x (Av.) eZ©gv‡b (ev¯—‡e) GKRb RxweZ mgmvgwqK e¨w³

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wnmv‡e we`¨gvb bv _vK‡eb ZZ¶Y ch©š— Zv m„wó Kiv m¤¢e bq| Avi Gfv‡e Avgiv j¶¨ Kwi †h, ¯^qs Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi cÖwZkÖ“Z †bZv wnmv‡e ev¯—‡e we`¨gvb _vKvi welqwU G wPš—v-fvebv‡K GK bZzb MwZ w`‡q‡Q Ges G †PZbv I wek¦vm‡K m‡e©v”P gvÎvi kw³ I (Adziš—) Aby‡cÖiYv `v‡bi Drm wnmv‡e cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Q| Avi GwU GKRb cÖZ¨vL¨vbKvix e¨w³ †h ¯^w¯— I kvwš— †c‡q _v‡K Zv Ges AZ¨vPvi I eÂbvi †h R¡vjvq †m `» nq Zv n«vm Kiv QvovI evowZ cÖvwß| ZLb †m Abyfe K‡i †h, Zvi Bgvg I †bZv Zvi G `ytL-Kó I hvZbvi fvMx`vi Ges †h‡nZz wZwb Zvi mgmvgwqK e¨w³ Ges ZviB mv‡_ Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Qb Ges †h‡nZz wZwb fwel¨r e¨w³Z¡ bb †m‡nZz wZwb eZ©gv‡bI Zvi mKj `ytL-Kó I hvZbv‡K Abyfe Ki‡Qb| Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— cÖkœvejx Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi ev¯—‡e RxweZ I we`¨gvb _vKvB wKQy e¨w³i g‡b cÖwZkÖ“Z Bgvg gvn&`x msµvš— wPš— vavivi wecix‡Z KwZcq †bwZevPK c`‡¶c ev bxwZ-Ae¯’v‡bi D™¢e NwU‡q‡Q| ZvB Zv‡`i c‡¶ eZ©gv‡b Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi we`¨gvb _vKvi welqwU Kíbv I wPš—v Kiv †ek KwVb I `yiƒn e¨vcvi| ZvB Zviv cÖkœ K‡i : hw` gvn&`x (Av.) ej‡Z eZ©gv‡b GK RxweZ e¨w³‡KB †evSv‡bv nq whwb `k kZvãxiI †ewk mgq a‡i weMZ G me cÖR‡b¥i mgmvgwqK wQ‡jb Ges gq`v‡b Avwef©~Z nIqv ch©š— kZvãxi ci kZvãx a‡i †eu‡P _vK‡eb Ges kZ kZ cÖR‡b¥i mgmvgwqK n‡eb Zvn‡j Zuvi c‡¶ GZ `xN© Rxeb jvf Kiv wKfv‡e m¤¢e Ges H mKj cÖvK…wZK wbqgKvby‡bi nvZ †_‡K wKfv‡e Zuvi †invB cvIqv m¤¢e †h¸‡jv A‡bK Kvj Av‡M †_‡KB †cÖŠpZ¡ I eva©‡K¨i ch©vq AwZµg Kiv cÖ‡Z¨K gvby‡li Rb¨ AeavwiZ K‡i w`‡q‡Q; Avi eva©K¨

16

I †cÖŠpZ¡ Zuv‡K g„Zz¨i †`vi‡Muvovq †cuŠ‡Q †`q? ev¯— eZvi wbwi‡L wK Zv Am¤¢e bq? Zviv Av‡iv wRÁvmv K‡i : we‡kl K‡i †Kej G gvbylwUi e¨vcv‡iB †Kb gnvb Avjvn& GZ AvMÖn †cvlY Ki‡Qb hvi Rb¨ wZwb ¯^vfvweK cÖvK… wZK wbqg-Kvbyb¸‡jv ¯’wMZ ivL‡Qb Ges cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Rb¨ Zuvi Rxeb I Avqy®‹vj `xN©vwqZ Kiv n‡”Q? gvbe RvwZ wK Dchy³ †bZv‡`i Rb¥ w`‡Z A¶g n‡q †M‡Q? Ggb GKRb †bZvi Rb¨ †Kb H cÖwZkÖ“Z w`em‡K †Q‡o †`qv n‡”Q bv whwb H w`e‡mi Elvj‡MœB Rb¥MÖnY Ki‡eb Ges gvbyl †hfv‡e eqtcÖvß nq I †e‡o I‡V wVK †mfv‡e wZwbI eqtcÖvß n‡eb I †e‡o DV‡eb Ges Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPvi I ˆel‡g¨ c~Y© n‡q hvIqvi ci c„w_ex‡K Avevi b¨vq I mv‡g¨i Øviv cwic~Y© Kiv ch©š— wZwb Zuvi f~wgKv ax‡i ax‡i cvjb Ki‡eb? hw` gvn&`x GKRb wbw`©ó e¨w³i bvg nq whwb Avn&‡j evB‡Zi GKv`k Bgv‡gi mš—vb Ges 256 wnRix‡Z1 Rb¥MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges huvi wcZv 260 wnRix‡Z g„Zz¨eiY K‡i‡Qb Zvn‡j Gi A_© n‡”Q GB †h, wbðqB wcZvi g„Zz¨Kv‡j Zuvi eqm 5 eQiI AwZµg K‡iwb; Avi GwU n‡”Q Ggb GK eqm hv Zuvi wcZvi ZË¡veav‡b cwic~Y© wPš—vg~jK I ag©xqfv‡e †hvM¨ I cÖ¯‘Z K‡i M‡o †Zvjvi Rb¨ h‡_ó bq| ZvB ag©xq, wPš—vg~jK Ges ZvwË¡K f~wgKv h_vh_fv‡e cvjb Kivi Rb¨ G e¨w³‡K †hvM¨ I cÖwkw¶Z K‡i M‡o †Zvjvi cÖwµqv I Kvh©µg wKfv‡e I †Kvb& c×wZ‡Z mdj n‡e Ges cwic~Y©Zv jvf Ki‡e? Zviv Av‡iv cÖkœ DÌvcb K‡i e‡j : †bZv hw` †hvM¨ I cvi`k©x n‡q _v‡Kb Zvn‡j †Kb kZ kZ eQi a‡i (Zuvi AvMg‡bi Rb¨) GZ `xN© cÖZx¶v Kiv n‡”Q?
1

1. KvgvjyÏxb, c„. 422; Dm~‡j Kvdx, 1g LÊ, c„. 514

17

wek¦ †h GZme `ytL-Kó I mvgvwRK wech©q cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Q †m¸‡jv wK gq`v‡b Zuvi Avwef©~Z n‡q aiwbi ey‡K b¨vq I mvg¨ cÖwZôv Kivi KviY n‡Z cv‡i bv? Zviv Av‡iv wRÁvmv K‡i : GgbwK `xN© Rxeb jvf Kiv m¤¢e nIqv m‡Ë¡I Avgiv wKfv‡e Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Aw¯—Z¡ Ges eZ©gv‡b Zuvi we`¨gvb _vKvi e¨vcv‡i wek¦vm Ki‡Z m¶g ne? AKvU¨ eyw×e„wËK (ˆeÁvwbK) I ag©xq `wjj-cÖgvY QvovB G ai‡bi Kíbvi mZ¨Zv †g‡b †bqv I Zv wek¦vm Kiv †Kvb e¨w³i c‡¶ wK wm× n‡e? Avi gnvbex (mv.) †_‡K ewY©Z ¸wUKZK †iIqv‡qZ †h¸‡jv KZLvwb mZ¨ Zv Avgiv Rvwb bv †m me †iIqv‡qZ wK DcwiD³ Kíbvi Rb¨ h‡_ó n‡e? cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m G e¨w³ †h f~wgKv I `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡eb †m e¨vcv‡iI Zviv cÖkœ †Zv‡j: c„w_exi Rxeb ev Avqy®‹v‡j GZ gnvb I fvM¨ wba©viYx f~wgKv ivLv G e¨w³i Rb¨ wKfv‡e m¤¢e? e¨w³ hZ eo I gnvbB †nvb bv †Kb Zuvi c‡¶ GKvB BwZnvm wbg©vY Ges GKwU bZzb ch©v‡q AbycÖ‡ek Kiv m¤¢e bq| Avi BwZnv‡mi MwZcÖevn ev †mªvZavivi exR Ges Gi A¼z‡iv`Mg †Kej e¯‘wbô Ae¯’v I cwiw¯’wZmg~n Ges G¸‡jvi Aš—Ø©›Ø I msNvZmg~‡ni gv‡SB c~Y©fv‡e mvwaZ nq; Avi e¨w³i gnvbZvB Zuv‡K cÖvw_©Zvi ch©v‡q ¯’vcb K‡i hv‡Z K‡i wZwb D³ e¯‘wbô Ae¯’v I cwiw¯’wZ †gvKvwejv Kivi cvUdg© wbg©vY Ges mgm¨v mgvavb Kivi Kvh©Ki e¨vL¨v cÖ`vb Ki‡Z m¶g nb? AZ¨vPvix-mxgv j•NbKvix I ˆelg¨ev`x Pµmg~‡ni KZ©„Z¡, ¶gZv Ges weaŸsmx nvwZqvi I DcvqDcKiYmg~‡ni AwaKvix nIqv Ges ˆeÁvwbK, ivR‰bwZK, mvgvwRK I mvgwiK my‡hvM-myweavi fq¼i ch©v‡q DcbxZ nIqv m‡Ë¡I †m¸‡jvi Ici b¨vqcivqYZv I mv‡g¨i P~ovš — weRq I e¨vcK cwieZ©b hv G e¨w³i nv‡Z AwP‡iB m¤úbœ n‡e Zv wKfv‡e wPš—v I aviYv Kiv m¤¢e?

18

GZrmsµvš— G me cÖkœB KL‡bv KL‡bv wfbœ wfbœ AvKvi I Avw½‡K DÌvcb Kiv nq| G me cÖ‡kœi †cQ‡b cÖK… Z KviY¸‡jv wbQK wPš—vg~jKB bq, eis G¸‡jvi gb¯—vwË¡K DrmI Av‡Q| Avi Zv n‡jv wek¦e¨vcx weivRgvb ev¯—e Ae¯’v msµvš— fxwZ‡eva Ges G Ae¯’vi Avg~j ms¯‹vi I cwieZ©‡bi †h †Kvb D‡`¨vM, c`‡¶c I my‡hv‡MiB AcÖZzj nIqv| Avi mgq MZ nIqvi mv‡_ mv‡_ †h gvÎvq G Abyf~wZ I †eva mgMÖ we‡k¦ `vc‡Ui mv‡_ we`¨gvb _vK‡e I weivR Ki‡e ZZB m‡›`n-mskq Mfxi n‡Z _vK‡e Ges G ai‡bi cÖkœI ZZ †ewk DÌvwcZ n‡e| Avi Gfv‡eB civRq eiY, AcÖZzjZv Ges gvby‡li wb‡RiB `ye©jZv‡eva H mygnvb ms¯‹vi cÖwµqv I Kvh©µg hv c„w_ex‡K Gi hveZxq HwZnvwmK Ø›Ø-msNvZ I AÜKvi †_‡K gyw³ †`‡e Ges b¨vqcivqYZv I m‡Z¨i wfwˇZ cÖwZwôZ GK bZzb Zvrch© I mvieËv cÖ`vb Ki‡e Zv wPš— v Kiv I fvev gvÎB AvwZ¥Kfv‡e (gb¯—vwË¡fv‡e) Zvi g‡a¨ GK Zxeª D`¨gnxbZv I K¬vwš—‡ev‡ai D™¢e NUv‡e| Avi GB D`¨gnxbZv I K¬vwš—‡eva Zv‡K (gvbyl‡K) G Ae¯’v I wP‡Îi (cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Kvw•¶Z Avg~j wek¦-ms¯‹vi cÖwµqv I Kvh©µ‡gi wPÎ) e¨vcv‡i mw›`nvb n‡Z Ges Ab¨ †h †Kvb Kvi‡Y Zv cÖZ¨vL¨vb Ki‡ZI DØy× Ki‡e| Avgiv GLb c~‡e© DwjwLZ cÖkœ¸‡jv wb‡q G‡Ki ci GK †m¸‡jv cybi“‡jL KiZt †m¸‡jvi cÖwZwUi e¨vcv‡iB hZUzKz G cyw¯—Kvi K‡je‡i Av‡jvPbv Kiv m¤¢e wVK ZZUzKz ms‡¶‡c Av‡jvPbv Kivi †Póv Kie|

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gvn&`x msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
1. Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi `xN© Rxeb jvf wKfv‡e m¤¢e? o gvby‡li `xN© Rxeb m¤¢ve¨Zv o gywRhv I `xN© Rxeb jvf Kivi

20

21

wek¦-ms¯‹vi cÖwµqvi cÖZxw¶Z gnvb †bZv A_©vr Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi g‡Zv wK gvby‡li c‡¶ eû kZvãx a‡i Rxeb aviY Kiv ev †eu‡P _vKv m¤¢e? eZ©gv‡b G gnvb †bZvi eqm 1240 eQi hv ˆkke †_‡K eva©K¨ ch©š— mKj ch©vq AwZµgKvix ¯^vfvweK gvbe Rxe‡bi Avqy®‹v‡ji †P‡q cÖvq 14 ¸Y †ewk| Ôm¤¢ve¨ZvÕi A_© G ¯’‡j wZbwU A‡_©i g‡a¨ †h †Kvb GKwU n‡Z cv‡i| A_© wZbwU n‡jv : ev¯—e m¤¢vebv (‫المكان‬ ‫ˆ ,)العملية‬eÁvwbK m¤¢vebv (‫ )المكان العلمية‬Ges `vk©wbK ev eyw×e„wËK I hyw³msMZ m¤¢vebv (‫|)المكان النطقية و الفلسفية‬ Avwg ev¯—e m¤¢vebv ej‡Z e¯‘i Ggbfv‡e m¤¢e nIqv‡K eywS‡qwQ hvi d‡j Avgvi ev Avcbvi A_ev †h †Kvb e¨w³i c‡¶ Zv eZ©gv‡b AvÄvg †`qv m¤¢e| AZGe, eZ©gv‡b mvMi-gnvmvMi cvwo †`qv, mgy‡`ªi Mfxi Zj‡`‡k †cuŠQv‡bv, P›`ªc„‡ô AeZiY BZ¨vw` ev¯—‡e m¤¢e| eZ©gv‡b Ggb e¨w³eM© Av‡Qb huviv wewfbœfv‡e G me KvR Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Avwg ˆeÁvwbK m¤¢vebv ej‡Z eywS‡qwQ †h, Ggb wKQy welq Av‡Q hv m¤úv`b Kiv Avgvi ev Avcbvi c‡¶ eZ©gvb Kv‡ji AvaywbK hš¿cvwZ w`‡q m¤¢e bvI n‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e we‡kl we‡kl hš¿cvwZi mvnv‡h¨ Ges we‡kl we‡kl cwi‡ek-cwiw¯’wZ‡Z H mKj welq ev e¯‘i ev¯—evq‡bi m¤¢vebv‡K weÁvb I cÖMwZkxj ˆeÁvwbK `„wófw½mg~n bvKP K‡i †`q bv| ZvB ïµ MÖ‡n gvby‡li AeZi‡Yi m¤¢vebv‡K eZ©gvb weÁvb A¯^xKvi †Zv K‡iB bv; eis mg_©b K‡i, hw`I Zv eZ©gv‡b Avgvi ev Avcbvi c‡¶ m¤¢e bq| KviY P›`ªc„‡ô AeZiY Ges ïµ MÖ‡n AeZi‡Yi ga¨Kvi cv_©K¨ ïay †KŠwYK e¨eavb ev K‡qK wWMÖxi

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cv_©K¨B bq; eis ïµ MÖ‡n AeZi‡Yi welqwU D³ MÖ‡ni eû`~‡i Aew¯’Z nIqvi Kvi‡Y m„ó AwZwi³ evav-wecwË I cÖwZeÜKZvmg~n AcmviY Kiv e¨ZxZ m¤¢e bq| AZGe, ïµ MÖ‡n AeZiY ˆeÁvwbKfv‡e m¤¢e n‡jI Zv ev¯—eZvi wbwi‡L eZ©gv‡b Am¤¢e| Avi Gi wVK D‡ëvwU n‡”Q m~‡h© AeZiY| KviY ˆeÁvwbK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K GwU Am¤¢e| Avi Zv G A‡_© †h, weÁvb m~‡h© AeZiY ev¯—evwqZ nIqvi e¨vcv‡i †gv‡UI Avkvev`x bq| KviY ˆeÁvwbK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K Ges ev¯—e AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K †mŠiZv‡c `» nIqv †_‡K i¶vKvix eg© wbg©v‡Yi m¤¢vebv Av‡`Š Kíbv Kiv hvq bv| Avi m~h© n‡”Q m‡e©v”P ZvcgvÎvq cÖR¡wjZ Ggb GK cÖKvÊ fq¼i Pzjx hv gvbyl KíbvI Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Avi Avwg eyw×e„wËK ev `vk©wbK m¤¢vebv ej‡Z eyw×e„wËK bxwZgvjvi Av‡jv‡K AvKj ev we‡eK KZ©©„K †Kvb e¯‘i Aw¯—Z¡ A¯^xKvi (bv Kiv) Ges H e¯‘wUi Am¤¢e nIqvi weavb bv †`qvB eywS‡qwQ| Avi Bw›`ªqMÖvn¨ AwfÁZvi †P‡qI G me we‡eKMÖvn¨ bxwZgvjvi Aw¯—Z¡ AwaKZi cÖvPxb| AZGe, †Kvb fMœvs‡k wef³ nIqv QvovB mgvbfv‡e wefvR¨ Ggb wZbwU Av‡c‡ji Aw¯—‡Z¡i eyw×e„wËK I hyw³msMZ †Kvb m¤¢vebvB †bB| KviY †Kvb AwfÁZv e¨envi Kivi Av‡MB we‡eK AbyaveY Ki‡Z m¶g †h ÔwZbÕ n‡”Q GKwU Ôwe‡RvoÕ msL¨v Ges Zv Ô†RvoÕ msL¨v n‡Z cv‡i bv| ZvB Zv mgvbfv‡e wefvR¨ nIqv KLbB m¤¢e bq| KviY GB msL¨vi mgvbfv‡e wefvR¨ nIqvi A_©B n‡”Q msL¨vwU Ô†RvoÕ| Avi GgZve¯’vq ÔwZbÕ msL¨vwU GKB mgq we‡Rvo I †Rvo n‡e| Avi GwUB n‡”Q ˆecixZ¨ ev ¯^we‡ivwaZv| Avi ˆecixZ¨ hyw³msMZ Kvi‡YB Aev¯—e I Am¤¢e| wKš‘ AwMœKz‡Ê cÖ‡ek Kivi ci gvby‡li †`n `» I f®§xf~Z bv nIqv Ges m~‡h©i Zv‡c f®§xf~Z bv n‡q m~‡h© AeZiY BZ¨vw` hyw&³weÁv‡bi `„wó‡KvY †_‡K Am¤¢e bq| KviY G †¶‡Î hw` aviYv Kiv nq

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†h, AwaK DËß c`v_© †_‡K ¯^í DËß c`v‡_© Zvc mÂvwjZ nq bv, Zvn‡j G‡Z †Kvb ¯^we‡ivwaZvi wKQy †bB| wKš‘ G ai‡bi aviYv AwfÁZv A_©vr ˆeÁvwbK cix¶v-wbix¶vjä djvd‡ji cwicš’x| KviY AwfÁZv †_‡K cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q †h, hZ¶Y ch©š— `ywU e¯‘i ZvcgvÎv mgvb bv n‡e ZZ¶Y ch©š — AwaK DËß e¯‘ †_‡K ¯^í DËß e¯‘‡Z Ae¨vnZfv‡e Zvc mÂvwjZ n‡Z _vK‡e| Avi Gfv‡e Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi †h, eyw×e„wËK I hyw³msMZ m¤¢vebv ˆeÁvwbK m¤¢vebv A‡c¶v AwaKZi e¨vcK Ges ˆeÁvwbK m¤¢vebv ev¯—e m¤¢vebv A‡c¶v e¨vcKZi| wbtm‡›`‡n gvby‡li Avqy®‹vj nvRvi nvRvi eQi `xN© nIqv hyw³weÁv‡bi `„wó‡Z m¤¢e| KviY Zv weg~Z©¨ eyw×e„wËK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K †gv‡UI Am¤¢e bq| Avi G iKg aviYv ev wPš—v-fvebv Kivi g‡a¨ †Kvb ˆecixZ¨I †bB| KviY GK wbM~p Zvrch© I ev¯—eZv wn‡m‡e Rxe‡b `ª“Z mgvwß I Z¡wir g„Zz¨ ev aŸsm wbwnZ †bB| Avi G wel‡q †Kvb ZK©weZ‡K©iI AeKvk †bB| ev¯—‡e wVK †hgb mgy‡`&ªi Mfxi Zj‡`‡k †cuŠQv‡bv Ges Puv‡` AeZiY Kiv m¤¢e wVK †Zgwbfv‡e wbtm‡›`‡n I hveZxq ZK©-weZ‡K©i E‡aŸ© G ai‡bi `xN© Rxeb I Avqy®‹vj eZ©gv‡b we`¨gvb ev¯—e m¤¢vebvi wbwi‡L m¤¢e bq| Avi Zv G Kvi‡Y †h, weÁvb mgmvgwqK gvbe AwfÁZvjä AvaywbK mvR-miÄvg, hš¿cvwZ I Dcvq-DciKiYmg~n e¨envi K‡iI gvbe Rxeb‡K K‡qK kÕ eQiI `xN©vwqZ Ki‡Z cv‡iwb| Avi GRb¨ Avgiv †`L‡Z cvB, `xN© Rxe‡bi e¨vcv‡i AZy¨rmvnx Ges weÁvb cÖ`Ë hveZxq my‡hvM-myweavi AwaKvix n‡qI †Kej mvaviY cwim‡ii (ewa©Z) Avqy®‹vj Qvov gvby‡li c‡¶ Avi wKQy jvf Kiv m¤¢e nqwb| Z‡e ˆeÁvwbK hyw³ I ZvwË¡K `„wó‡KvY †_‡K AvRI Ggb †Kvb KviY we`¨gvb †bB hv G ai‡bi ˆeÁvwbK m¤¢vebv‡K Dwo‡q w`‡Z cv‡i| Avi GwU n‡”Q GgbB GK Av‡jvPbv hv

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cÖK…Z cÖ¯—v‡e gvby‡li eva©‡K¨i kvixiwe`¨v m¤^Üxq e¨vL¨vi cÖKvi I ai‡bi mv‡_B †ewk m¤úwK©Z| myZivs G Ae¯’vwU wK Ggb †Kvb cÖvK…wZK wbqg e¨vL¨v K‡i hv P~ovš— e„w× jvf Kivi ci GgbwK ewnt¯’ †Kv‡bv wbqvgK ev cÖfve‡Ki cÖfve I wµqv †_‡K †`‡ni hveZxq †Kvl I Kjv‡K gy³ ivLv m‡Ë¡I †m¸‡jv‡K ax‡i ax‡i bgbxqZv nviv‡Z eva¨ K‡i Ges wbw`©ó †Kvb gyn~‡Z© ˆ`wnK wµqv eÜ nIqv ch©š— G¸‡jvi Kvh©KvwiZv I `¶Zv me©wbgœ ch©v‡q bvwg‡q Av‡b? A_ev †`‡ni †Kvl I Kjvmg~‡ni kvixwiK f~wgKv I wµqv mym¤úbœ Kivi `¶Zv I ¶gZv n«vmUvI wK ewnt¯’ Kvh©Ki KviY I cÖfveKmg~‡ni mv‡_ Aweivg Ø›Ø I msNv‡ZiB Awbevh© dj I cwiYwZ¯^iƒc? †hgb wewfbœ cÖKvi †ivMRxevYy msµgY Ges cÖPzi Lv`¨ MÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g †`‡n welwµqv I `~l‡Yi AbycÖ‡ek A_ev cÖPzi kvixwiK cwikªg A_ev Ab¨ †Kvb KviY? weÁvb AvR G me cÖkœ wbR †_‡KB DÌvcb Ki‡Q Ges G¸‡jvi DËi `v‡biI †Póv Ki‡Q| Avi ˆeÁvwbK †cÖ¶vc‡U G cÖ‡kœi GKvwaK ReveI i‡q‡Q| †h ˆeÁvwbK ZË¡wU eva©K¨ I eva©K¨RwbZ `ye©jZv‡K KZ¸‡jv wbw`©ó cÖfveK I Kvh©Ki Kvi‡Yi mv‡_ Aweivg msNl© I ؇›ØiB cwiYwZ wn‡m‡e e¨vL¨v K‡i †mwU‡K hw` Avgiv we‡ePbv Kwi Zvn‡j Gi A_© `uvov‡e †h, H mKj mywbw`©ó cÖfveK I Kvh©Ki KviY †_‡K hw` gvbe †`n MVbKvix Kjvmg~n‡K c„_K ivLv hvq Zvn‡j ZvwË¡Kfv‡e `xN© Rxeb jvf Ges P~ovš—fv‡e eva©K¨‡K Rq Kiv m¤¢e| Av‡iv GKwU ˆeÁvwbK ZË¡ Av‡Q hv eva©K¨‡K RxweZ †Kvl I †`‡ni cÖvK…wZK wbqg e‡jB aviYv K‡i _v‡K| A_©vr †Kvl I Kjvmg~‡ni gv‡SB G¸‡jvi Awbevh© aŸs‡mi exR jy°vwqZ Av‡Q Gfv‡e †h, G¸‡jv eva©‡K¨i ch©vq AwZµg K‡i Ae‡k‡l aŸsm I g„Zz¨‡Z DcbxZ nq| Avgiv hw` G ZË¡wU wb‡q wPš—v Kwi Zvn‡j Avwg ej‡Z PvB : Avgiv hw` G ZË¡wU MÖnY Kwi ZeyI Gi A_© GwU n‡e bv †h, G ai‡bi †Kvb cÖvK…wZK wbq‡gi †¶‡ÎB †Kej

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AcwieZ©bxqZv I AbgbxqZv i‡q‡Q; eis G ai‡bi wbq‡gi ev¯ —e Aw¯—Z¡ hw` a‡iI †bqv nq ZeyI Zv GK ai‡bi ¯^vfvweK wbqgB| KviY Avgiv Avgv‡`i cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bB Zv †`L‡Z cvB Ges weÁvwbMY cix¶vMv‡i cÖZ¨¶ K‡ib †h, eva©K¨ kvixie„Ëxq Ae¯’v wn‡m‡e, Z‡e KvjwfwËK (mgqm¤úwK©Z) wn‡m‡e bq, KL‡bv KL‡bv Zv ZvovZvwo P‡j Av‡m Avevi KL‡bv KL‡bv wej‡¤^ AvMgb K‡i Ges Rxe‡bi †klvs‡kB eva©K¨ cÖKvk †c‡q _v‡K| GgbwK †Kvb †Kvb e¨w³ eq‡m e„× n‡jI gm„Y, Kgbxq I bgbxq A½-cÖZ¨‡½i AwaKvix Ges Zv‡`i †`‡n eva©‡K¨i wPý we›`ygvÎ cÖKvk cvq bv| Avi G welqwU wPwKrmv weÁvb KZ©„KI ¯^xK…Z| eis KwZcq weÁvbx Kvh©Z Av‡jvP¨ cÖvK…wZK wbqgwUi AcwieZ©bxqZv I AbgbxqZv‡K Kv‡R jvwM‡q KwZcq cÖvYxi Rxeb‡K Zv‡`i ¯^vfvweK Avqy®‹vj A‡c¶v K‡qK kÕ ¸Y †ewk `xN©vwqZ Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb eva©K¨ AvbqbKvix myÎwUi Kvh©KvwiZv‡K wejw¤^ZKvix cwi‡ek I Kvh©Ki KviY D™¢veb Kivi gva¨‡g| Avi Gfv‡e cwi‡ek I weÁvb KZ©„K cÖgvwYZ nq †h, Dchy³ KviY m„wói gva¨‡g eva©K¨ AvbqbKvix m~Î wej¤^KiY cÖwµqv ˆeÁvwbK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K m¤¢e, hw`I gvby‡li g‡Zv †Kvb RwUj wbw`©ó cÖvYxi Rxe‡b eva©K¨ AvbqbKvix cÖfveK I Kvh©Ki Kvi‡Yi m~·K wejw¤^Z Kiv eZ©gv‡b weÁv‡bi c‡¶ m¤¢e nq wb| Avi Zv wewfbœ cÖvYxi †¶‡Î eva©K¨ wej¤^KiY cÖwµqv hZLvwb KwVb Zvi †P‡q gvbe Rxe‡b eva©K¨ wej¤^KiY cÖwµqv Av‡iv RwUj I KwVb nIqvi Kvi‡YB| Gi A_© GUvB †h, ZvwË¡K `„wó‡KvY Ges ev¯—e MwZkxj ˆeÁvwbK ZË¡mg~‡ni Av‡jv‡K weÁvb gvbe Rxeb `xN© nIqvi m¤¢vebv‡K bvKP K‡i †`q bv| G †¶‡Î Avgiv †hfv‡eB eva©K¨‡K e¨vL¨v Kwi bv †Kb Zv‡Z †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB, †nvK Zv ewnt¯’ cÖfveK I Kvh©Ki KviYmg~‡ni mv‡_ wPivqZ Ø›Ø I msNv‡Zi cwiYwZ A_ev aŸsm I g„Zz¨cv‡b RxweZ †Kvlmg~‡ni wb‡R wb‡RB m`v avegvbZv †Kvb GK ¯^vfvweK cÖvK…wZK wbq‡giB m„ó †Kvb djvdj|

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AZGe, Dcmsnv‡i Avgiv ej‡Z cvwi gvbe Rxeb `xN©vwqZ nIqv Ges eû kZvãx a‡i Zv wU‡K _vKv eyw×e„wËK Ges †hŠw³K `„wó‡KvY †_‡K †hgb m¤¢e wVK †Zgwbfv‡e weÁv‡bi `„wó‡ZI Zv m¤¢e| hw`I Zv GLb ch©š — ev¯—‡e m¤¢e nqwb, Z‡e `xN©‡gqv`x cÖwµqvq G m¤¢vebv ev¯—evq‡bi e¨vcv‡i weÁvb m`v †Póv Pvwj‡q hv‡”Q| myZivs hv Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡jv Zvi Av‡jv‡K Avgiv Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi `xN©Rxeb Ges Zuvi Rxeb‡K wN‡i †h me cÖkœ I we¯§q we`¨gvb i‡q‡Q Zv Abyaveb Ki‡Z cvwi| GLb Avgiv †`Le †h, G `xN© Rxe‡bi m¤¢ve¨Zv eyw×e„wËK Ges ˆeÁvwbKfv‡e cÖgvwYZ nIqv Ges ZvwË¡K G m¤¢ve¨Zv‡K ch©vqµ‡g Kvh©Ki e¨envwiK (ev¯—e) m¤¢ve¨Zvq iƒcvš—wiZ Kivi c‡_ weÁvb AMÖmi n‡”QÑ G welqwU cÖgvwYZ nIqvi ci Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) †h weÁvb‡KI Qvwo‡q †M‡Qb G welqwU Am¤¢e nIqv e¨ZxZ G ai‡bi we¯§‡qi Avi †Kvb Zvrch©B we`¨gvb _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| GLv‡b D‡jL¨ †h, G cwieZ©b mva‡bi Rb¨ Kvh©Ki kw³ I mvg‡_©¨i ch©v‡q weÁvb I cÖhyw³ we`¨v DcbxZ nIqvi eû Av‡MB ¯^qs Bgvg gvn&`xi †¶‡Î G ZvwË¡K m¤¢ve¨Zv e¨envwiK m¤¢ve¨Zvq iƒcvš—wiZ n‡q‡Q| ZvB wZwb n‡”Qb H e¨w³i g‡Zv whwb gw¯—®‹ wSjxi cÖ`vn A_ev K¨vÝvi †iv‡Mi Jla Avwe®‹v‡ii †¶‡Î wPwKrmv weÁvb‡K Qvwo‡q †M‡Qb| Avi hLb cÖkœB n‡”Q GB †h, Bmjvg ag© hv G gnvb cÖZxw¶Z †bZvi Rxeb `xN©vwqZ nIqvi wm×vš— wb‡q‡Q Zv G ai‡bi gnv cwieZ©‡bi †¶‡Î wKfv‡e weÁvb †_‡K AMÖMvgx n‡Z †c‡i‡Q? ZLb Gi Dˇi ej‡Z nq, `xN© Rxeb ev `xN© Avqy®‹vjB †Kej GKgvÎ †¶Î bq †hLv‡b Bmjvg ag© weÁvb‡K Qvwo‡q †M‡Q Ges weÁvb †_‡K AMÖMvgx n‡q‡Q| Bmjvg ag© wK eû kZvãx Av‡MB c~Y©fv‡e weÁv‡bi AMÖhvÎv Ges gvbexq wPš—v avivi ¯^vfvweK weeZ©b‡K Qvwo‡q hvq wb?

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Bmjvg ag© wK H me Av`k© ePb I g~jbxwZi w`‡K AvnŸvb Rvbvq wb †h¸‡jv Ggb me cÖ‡qvM c×wZ D™¢veb K‡i‡Q, A_P gvbe RvwZ †Kej kZ kZ eQi c‡iB ˆeÁvwbK I ÁvbMZ AMÖMwZi gva¨‡g †m¸‡jv‡Z DcbxZ n‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q? Bmjvg ag© wK Ggb me wewa-weavb cÖeZ©b K‡i wb †h¸‡jv m‡e©v”P cÖÁvgwÊZ Avi †Kej Aí wKQyKvj Av‡MB gvbyl G me wewa-weav‡bi Aš—wb©wnZ g~j inm¨mg~n I cÖÁvi KviY D‡b¥vPb Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q? Bmjvg ag© wK Aw¯—Z¡ RM‡Zi Ggb me inm¨ I KviY Avwe®‹vi K‡i wb hv gvby‡li gvbmc‡U B‡Zvc~‡e© Dw`ZB nqwb, A_P c‡i weÁvb H me inm¨ I KviY Avwe®‹vi I cÖgvY K‡i‡Q? ZvB hw` Avgiv G me wKQy wek¦vm Kwi Zvn‡j Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Rxeb `xN©vwqZ Kivi wm×vš— MÖn‡Yi e¨vcv‡i Bmjvgx wimvj‡Zi †cÖiYKvix A_©vr gnvb Avjvn& KZ©„K weÁvb‡K Qvwo‡q hvIqvUv †Kb A‡bK †ewk we¯§qKi e‡j we‡ePbv Kie? Avgiv AMÖMvwgZvi †h me iƒc I aib mivmwi Abyfe Ki‡Z m¶g †Kej †m¸‡jvi e¨vcv‡i GLv‡b Av‡jvPbv KiwQ| Avi Bmjvgx wimvjvZ AMÖMvwgZvi †h me wb`k©b I iƒc Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q D‡jL K‡i‡Q †m¸‡jvI Avgv‡`i Av‡jvPbvi mv‡_ †hvM Ki‡Z cvwi| D`vniY¯^iƒc Bmjvg a‡g© ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbex (mv.)-†K gmwR`yj nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvKmvq iv‡Zi †ejv wb‡q hvIqv n‡qwQj| Avi Avgiv hw` cÖvK…wZK wbqgKvby‡bi mxgv‡iLvi g‡a¨ GB ˆbk ågY A_©vr Bmivi A_© †evSvi †Póv Kwi Zvn‡j Zv cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvby‡bi Ggb GK e¨envi wb‡`©k Ki‡e hv kZ kZ eQi AwZevwnZ nIqvi ciB weÁv‡bi c‡¶ ev¯—evqb Kiv m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| ZvB †h Hkx Ávb I cÖhyw³ gnvbex (mv.)-†K weÁvb KZ…©K ev¯—evwqZ nIqvi eû Av‡MB `ª“Z MwZ I Pjgvb ¶gZv `vb K‡iwQj †mB GKB Hkx Ávb I cÖhyw³ gvbexq weÁvb KZ©„K ev¯—

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evwqZ nIqvi Av‡MB Zuvi me©‡kl g‡bvbxZ I wbhy³ Lwjdv‡K (Bgvg gvn`x) `xN© Rxeb `vb K‡i‡Q| nu¨v, G `xN© Rxeb hv gnvb Avjvn& cÖZxw¶Z ÎvYKZ©v‡K `vb K‡i‡Qb Zv GgbwK AvR ch©š— gvbe Rxe‡bi wPivPwiZ ¯^vfvweK mxgv-cwimxgvi g‡a¨ Ges eZ©gvb ˆeÁvwbK‡`i AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K ÔAwZ we¯§qKiÕ e‡j g‡b n‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e †h e¨vcK ms¯‹vig~jK f~wgKvi Rb¨ G ÎvYKZ©v‡K cÖ¯‘Z Kiv n‡q‡Q †mUvI wK gvbe Rxe‡bi ¯^vfvweK MwÊ I mxgv-cwimxgv Ges BwZnv‡mi µgweeZ©b avivq we¯§qKi bq? Zuvi mv‡_B wK mZ¨ I b¨v‡qi wfwˇZ wek¦RM‡Zi ms¯‹vi Ges c„w_exi mf¨Zvi wfwËi cybM©Vb cÖwµqv RwoZ bq? hw` G mygnvb f~wgKvi Rb¨ cÖ¯‘ZKiY cÖwµqv cÖZxw¶Z ÎvYKZ©vi `xN© Rxe‡bi b¨vq KwZcq we¯§qKi I A¯^vfvweK wel‡qi mv‡_ mswkó nq Zvn‡j G‡Z †Kb Avgiv wew¯§Z I Avðh©vwš^Z ne? KviY G me wel‡qi we¯§q I AwfbeZ¡ Ges G¸‡jvi A¯^vfvweK nIqv hZ ZxeªB †nvK bv †Kb Zv H gnvb f~wgKvi AwfbeZ¡ I we¯§‡qi †P‡q †Kvb Ae¯’vqB †kªô bq cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m hv m¤úbœ Kiv n‡e Awbevh©fv‡e| ZvB HwZnvwmKfv‡e G AmvaviY f~wgKv hvi bRxi gvbe RvwZi BwZnv‡m we`¨gvb †bB Zv hw` Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q gayi, myLKi Ges Z…wß`vqK nq Zvn‡j †h `xN© Avqy®‹vj hvi †Kvb bRxi Avgv‡`i wPivPwiZ ¯^vfvweK gvbe Rxe‡b we`¨gvb †bB Zv †Kb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q gayi, myLKi I Z…wß`vqK n‡e bv? Avi Avwg Rvwb bv `yÕRb gnvb e¨w³ KZ…©K wePz¨wZ, cvcvPvi I A‰bwZKZv †_‡K gvbe mf¨Zv‡K D×vi K‡i Zv cybtwbg©vY KivUv wK GKwU AvKw¯§K (KvKZvjxq) e¨vcvi? KviY GZ`yf‡qi cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki eqmB Avgv‡`i ¯^vfvweK Avqy®‹vj I eqm A‡c¶v A‡bK ¸Y †ewk|

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G `yÕR‡bi GKRb whwb AZxZ Kv‡j ¯^xq f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb wZwb wQ‡jb b~n (Av.)| cweÎ †KviAv‡bi g‡Z wZwb wbR m¤cÖ`v‡qi gv‡S 950 eQi Ae¯’vb K‡i‡Qb| Avi gnv cveb I Zzdv‡bi gva¨‡gB wZwb †h wek¦RMr bZzb K‡i Mo‡eb Zv wba©viY Kiv n‡qwQj| Avi Aci e¨w³ whwb fwel¨‡Z ¯^xq f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡eb wZwb ¯^qs gvn&`x (Av.) whwb GLb ch©š— Zuvi wbR KIg I m¤cÖ`v‡qi g‡a¨ 1000 eQ‡iiI AwaK Kvj a‡i Ae¯’vb Ki‡Qb Ges gnvb cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m wZwb †h c„w_ex A_©vr mgMÖ wek¦‡K bZzb K‡i M‡o Zzj‡eb Zv wba©viY Kiv n‡e| Zvn‡j b~n (Av.) whwb Kgc‡¶ 1000 eQi †eu‡PwQ‡jb Zuv‡K Avgiv †g‡b †be, A_P (`xN© RxebcÖvß) Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-†K †g‡b †be bv?

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gy‡Rhv I `xN© Rxeb Avgiv Rvb‡Z †c‡iwQ †h, `xN© Rxeb jvf Kiv ˆeÁvwbKfv‡e m¤¢e| ZeyI Pjyb, Avgiv a‡i wbB †h, Zv ˆeÁvwbK `„wó‡KvY †_‡K Am¤¢e| Avi eva©‡K¨ DcbxZ nIqv I †cÖŠpZ¡ n‡”Q GgbB GK Aek¨¤¢vex wbqg hvi Ici eZ©gvb Kv‡j gvbe RvwZi c‡¶ A_ev my`~i fwel¨‡ZI Rqhy³ nIqv I Zv wbqš¿‡Y Avbv, Gi Ae¯’v I kZ©vejx cwieZ©b Kiv m¤¢e n‡e bv| myZivs G K_vi A_© wK? Gi A_© wK nhiZ b~n (Av.) A_ev Bgvg Avj-gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Rxe‡bi b¨vq K‡qK kZvãxe¨vcx gvbe Rxeb `xN©vwqZ nIqv cÖvK…wZi wbqg-Kvby‡bi cwicš’x nIqv hv weÁvb AvaywbK M‡elYv I Av‡ivn hyw³ c×wZ Ges cix¶v-wbix¶vjä AwfÁZvi Øviv cÖgvY K‡i‡Q? Avi Gfv‡e Zv (kZvãxi ci kZvãx a‡i e¨vß `xN© gvbe Rxeb) gy‡Rhvq cwiYZ n‡e hv †Kvb mywbw`©ó cwiw¯’wZ‡Z cÖK…wZi †Kvb GK wbqg ev m~·K AKvh©Ki I ¯’wMZ K‡i †d‡j| Gi D‡Ïk¨ n‡”Q H e¨w³i Rxeb i¶v Kiv hvi mv‡_ Hkx wimvj‡Zi msi¶Y I †ndvR‡Zi welqwU RwoZ| G gy‡RhvwU aib-avi‡Yi w`K †_‡KB †Kej Abycg I Abb¨mvaviY A_ev cweÎ †KviAvb I mybœvn& †_‡K DrmvwiZ gymwjg AvKx`v-wek¦v‡mi Kv‡Q Awfbe e¨vcvi bq| eva©‡K¨ DcbxZ nIqv I †cÖŠp‡Z¡i wbqg, mvg¨ve¯’vq Avmv ch©š— AwaK DËß e¯‘ †_‡K ¯^í DËß e¯‘‡Z Zvc mÂvj‡bi m~Î ev wbqg A‡c¶vI AwaKZi ¸i“Zi †Kvb wKQy bq| hLb Beivnxg (Av.)-Gi cÖvY i¶v Kivi GKgvÎ Dcvq ev c×wZ wQj D³ cÖvK…wZK wbq‡gi ¯’wMZKiY ZLb Zuvi cÖvY i¶v Kivi Rb¨B Zv ¯’wMZ Kiv nq| hLb nhiZ Beivnxg (Av.)-†K Av¸‡bi wfZ‡i wb‡¶c Kiv n‡jv ZLb Av¸b‡K ejv n‡jv : ‫قلنا يا نار كون بردا و سلما على إبراهيم‬

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ÒAvgiv ejjvg : †n AwMœ! Beivnx‡gi Rb¨ Zzwg kxZj I kvwš—gq n‡q hvI|Ó (m~iv Avw¤^qv : 69) †hgbfv‡e wZwb AwMœ‡Z cÖ‡ek K‡iwQ‡jb wVK †Zgwbfv‡e Zv †_‡K †ei n‡q G‡mwQ‡jb, A_P Zuvi †Kvb KóB nqwb| Gfv‡e D`vniY †`qv hvq †h, c„w_ex‡Z gnvb Avjvn&i bex Ges †n`v‡q‡Zi cÖgvY¯^iƒc e¨w³eM© I †bZ…e‡M©i cÖvY i¶v‡_© eû cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvbyb ¯’wMZ Kiv n‡qwQj| †hgb nhiZ g~mv (Av.)-Gi Rb¨ mgy`ª `yÕfvM K‡i †`qv n‡qwQj| †ivgxq‡`i åvwš—i g‡a¨ †djv n‡qwQj hvi d‡j Zviv †f‡ewQj †h, Zviv Cmv (Av.)-†K e›`x K‡i‡Q, A_P Zviv Avm‡jB Zuv‡K e›`x Ki‡Z cv‡i wb| wnRi‡Zi iv‡Z nhiZ gynv¤§` (mv.) Zuvi wbR M„n †_‡K Ggb Ae¯’vq †ei n‡q Av‡mb hLb Zv KzivBk `j¸‡jvi Øviv cwi‡ewóZ wQj| Avi KzivBk `j¸‡jv N›Uvi ci N›Uv gnvbexi M„n AvµgY Kivi Rb¨ A‡c¶v KiwQj| wKš‘ gnvb Avjvn& Zv‡`i `„wó †_‡K Zuv‡K †Mvcb †i‡LwQ‡jb, A_P wZwb Zv‡`i gvS w`‡qB †nu‡U wM‡qwQ‡jb| G me Ae¯’v I cwi‡ek-cwiw¯’wZ H mKj cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvby‡bi D`vniY I bgybv¯^iƒc n‡q‡Q hv †Kvb gnvb e¨w³‡Z¡i cÖvY i¶v Kivi Rb¨ ¯’wMZ Kiv n‡q‡Q; Avi gnvb Avjvn&i cÖÁv H gnvb e¨w³i Rxeb i¶v KiviB `vwe iv‡L| AZGe, eva©K¨ I †cÖŠp‡Z¡i wbqgwUI wVK G ai‡bi wbq‡giB Aš—f©y³ (hv gnvb e¨w³i cÖvY i¶v Kivi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvR‡bi gyn~‡Z© ¯’wMZ ivLv nq)| Dc‡iv³ Av‡jvPbv †_‡K Avgiv GKwU me©Rbxb aviYv †c‡q _vwK| Avi Zv n‡jv hLbB c„w_ex‡Z gnvb Avjvn&i û¾vZ A_©vr (gnvb Avjvn& KZ…©K g‡bvbxZ) †bZv I c_ cÖ`k©‡Ki cÖvY i¶v Kivi welqwU †Kvb cÖvK…wZK wbqg AKvh©Ki I ¯’wMZKi‡Yi Ici wbf©ikxj n‡e Ges Awc©Z I wba©vwiZ `vwqZ¡ cvjb I Zv ev¯—evqb Kivi Rb¨ Zuvi †eu‡P _vKv hw` AZ¨vek¨K nq Zvn‡j Zv ev¯—evqb Kivi Rb¨ gnvb Avjvn& we‡kl hZœ I `„wó mnKv‡i D³ cÖvK…wZK wbqg ¯’wMZKi‡Yi e¨vcv‡i n¯—‡¶c K‡ib| Avi wVK G wel‡qi wecix‡Z hLb †Kvb e¨w³i `vwqZ¡ †kl n‡q hvq hvi Rb¨

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wZwb gnvb Avjvn& KZ©„K g‡bvbxZ I wbhy³ n‡qwQ‡jb ZLb ¯^vfvweK cÖvK…wZK wbqgvbymv‡i Zuvi g„Zz¨ nq A_ev wZwb kvnv`vZ eiY K‡ib| ¯^fveZtB Avgiv me©mvaviY (me©Rbxb) aviYvi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z wb‡gœv³ cÖkœwUi m¤§yLxb nB| Avi Zv n‡jv : wKfv‡e cÖvK…wZK wbqg AKvh©Ki I ¯’wMZ nIqv m¤¢e? Avi cÖvK…wZK NUbvejx I cÖcÂmg~‡ni g‡a¨ we`¨gvb AZ¨vek¨K m¤ú‡K©i Aemvb wKfv‡e m¤¢e? Zvn‡j GUv wK weÁvb cwicš’x n‡e bv? KviY weÁvbB †Zv D³ cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvbyb Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡Q Ges cix¶vjä AwfÁZv I Av‡ivn hyw³-cÖgv‡Yi gva¨‡g G m¤úK©‡K mywPwýZ I myôzfv‡e wbiƒcY K‡i‡Q| cÖv¸³ cÖ‡kœi Reve GB †h, ¯^qs weÁvbB cÖvK…wZi wbqg-Kvby‡bi †¶‡Î Awbevh©Zvi aviYv †_‡K m‡i Avmvi gva¨‡g G cÖ‡kœi Reve †`evi †Póv K‡i‡Q| Avi G welqwUi we¯—vwiZ weeiY n‡”Q wbgœiƒc : ˆeÁvwbK cix¶v-wbix¶vjä AwfÁZv ixwZe× ch©‡e¶‡Yi wfwˇZ cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvbybmg~n Avwe®‹vi K‡i| AZtci hLb †Kvb cÖvK…wZK NUbv Ab¨ Av‡iKwU cÖc‡Âi wVK Ae¨ewnZ c‡iB µgvMZ NU‡Z _v‡K ZLb G ai‡bi µgvMZ wbiew”Qbœ msNU‡bi gva¨‡g †Kvb cÖvK…wZK wbqg ev m~Î cÖgvY Kiv nq| Avi cÖgvYUv wVK Gfv‡e Kiv nq : hLbB cÖ_g cÖcÂwU NU‡e ZLb Gi Ae¨ewnZ c‡iB wØZxq cÖcÂwU NU‡e| Z‡e weÁvb G ai‡bi cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvby‡bi †¶‡Î D³ cÖcÂ؇qi ga¨Kvi Awbevh© m¤úK©wU‡K D³ cÖcÂ؇qi g~j mËv †_‡K D™¢~Z e‡j we‡ePbv K‡i bv| KviY Awbevh©Zv n‡”Q GK ai‡bi wbe©¯‘K Ae¯’v hv ˆeÁvwbK cix¶vjä AwfÁZv I Av‡ivn hyw³-cÖgvYwfwËK ˆeÁvwbK M‡elYvi Dcvq-DcKiY I gva¨‡gi Øviv cÖgvY Kiv m¤¢e bq| Avi G Kvi‡YB AvaywbK hyw³weÁvb †Rvi ¸i“Z¡ Av‡ivc K‡i †h, weÁvb †hfv‡e Av‡jvPbv K‡i _v‡K Z`byhvqx, cÖvK… wZK wbqg-Kvbyb †Kvb Awbevh© m¤úK© mš^‡Ü Av‡jvPbv K‡i

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bv; eis Zv wbw`©ó †Kvb cÖvK…wZK wbqgvaxb `yÕwU cÖc‡Âi ga¨Kvi wbiew”Qbœ cvi¯úwiK ˆbKU¨ m¤ú‡K©B Av‡jvPbv K‡i| AZtci hLb †Kvb gy‡Rhv G‡m D³ cÖcÂØq‡K ci¯úi †_‡K wew”Qbœ K‡i †d‡j ZLb Zv cÖcÂ؇qi g‡a¨ we`¨gvb †Kvb Awbevh© m¤ú‡K©i wejywß e‡j MY¨ n‡e bv| cÖK…Z e¨vcvi n‡”Q, ag©xq wPš—vaviv Abymv‡i Kvh©KviY-djvd‡ji mgy`q m¤úK© msµvš— mbvZb `„wófw½i Av‡jv‡K gy‡Rhv msµvš— †h aviYv †cvlY Kiv n‡Zv ev †h gvÎvq Zv †evaMg¨ wQj AvaywbK ˆeÁvwbK hyw³we`¨vi Av‡jv‡K m‡e©v”P gvÎvq †evaMg¨ n‡q‡Q ev n‡”Q| cÖvPxb `„wófw½i wfwˇZ aviYv Kiv n‡Zv †h, †h †Kvb ai‡bi `yÕcÖc‡Âi GKwUi mv‡_ Ab¨wUi cvi¯úwiK ˆbKU¨ I ms‡hvM hZ Awe‡”Q`¨ I avivevwnK n‡e ZZB Zv‡`i ga¨Kvi m¤úK©wU AZ¨vek¨K m¤úK© e‡j cwiMwYZ n‡e| Avi G †¶‡Î AZ¨vek¨KZvi A_© n‡”Q : ÔD³ cÖcÂ؇qi ci¯úi wew”Qbœ nIqv Am¤¢e|Õ wKš‘ G m¤úK©wU AvaywbK hyw³we`¨vq D³ wbe©¯‘K Awbevh©Zv Kíbv Kiv e¨ZxZB (cÖcÂmg~‡ni) cvi¯úwiK ˆbKU¨, ms‡hvM ev mvnP‡h©i m~Î A_ev D³ cÖcÂ؇qi ga¨Kvi wbiew”Qbœ ci¤úiv A_©vr Awew”Qbœ ch©vqµwgK AvMg‡bi m~‡Î iƒcvš—wiZ n‡q †M‡Q| Avi Gfv‡e gy‡Rhv AZ¨vek¨K A_ev Am¤¢ve¨Zvi ¸‡Y ¸Yvwš^Z nIqv e¨wZ‡i‡KB cvi¯úwiK ˆbKU¨ I mvnPvh© A_ev ci¤úiv I ch©vqµwgK AvMg‡bi G ai‡bi avivevwnKZv I wbiew”QbœZvi Rb¨B GK ai‡bi e¨wZµgag©x Ae¯’vq ch©ewmZ n‡q‡Q| Z‡e Av‡ivn hyw³-cÖgv‡Yi g~jbxwZmg~‡ni Av‡jv‡K AvaywbK ˆeÁvwbK `„wófw½i mv‡_ HKgZ¨ †cvlY Ki‡Z cvwi †h, †Kvb cÖcÂ؇qi ga¨Kvi AZ¨vek¨KZvi m¤úK© Av‡ivn hyw³-cÖgv‡Yi gva¨‡g cÖgvwYZ I cÖwZwôZ Kiv hvq bv| Z‡e Avgiv G aviYv †cvlY Ki‡Z cvwi †h, Av‡ivn hyw³-

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cÖgv‡Yi gva¨‡g cÖcÂ؇qi ga¨Kvi Aweivg cvi¯úwiK ˆbKU¨ A_ev ci¤úiv A_©vr ch©vqµwgK AvMg‡bi wbiew”QbœZv msµvš— GKwU Awfbœ e¨vL¨vi Aw¯—Z¡ cÖgvY I cÖwZôv Kiv hvq| Avi G Awfbœ e¨vL¨v wVK †hgwbfv‡e mËvMZ AZ¨vek¨KxqZvi Av‡jv‡K Dc¯’vcb Kiv hvq wVK Z`ªƒc H cÖÁvi Av‡jv‡KI Dc¯’vcb Kiv hvq hvi Rb¨ wbwLj we‡k¦i k„•Ljv weavqK wbiew”Qbœ I weivgnxbfv‡e mKj cÖc‡K G‡K Ac‡ii mv‡_ mshy³ K‡i‡Qb| Avi G cÖÁvB KLbI KLbI e¨wZµgawg©Zv Avbqb K‡i gy‡Rhv msNwUZ K‡i|

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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
2. Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Rxeb `xN©vwqZ Kivi †Kb GZ me AvKv•¶v?

o `xN© Rxeb Ges gnvb †bZvi mvd‡j¨i †¶‡Î Gi f~wgKv o cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Rb¨ wPš— vg~jK cÖ¯‘wZ Ges †bZ…Z¡`v‡bi Rb¨ ˆZwi nIqv

37

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GLb Avgiv wØZxq cÖkœwU DÌvcb Kie| Avi Zv n‡”Q : †Kb ¯^qs G e¨w³wUi (Bgvg gvn&`xi) Rb¨ gnvb Avjvn&i c¶ †_‡K G me B”Qv I AvKv•¶v huvi Avqy®‹vj `xN©vwqZ Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨B cÖvK…wZK wbqg-Kvbybmg~n AKvh©Ki I ¯’wMZ Kiv n‡q‡Q? fwel¨r †h e¨w³‡K †Qu‡K †ei K‡i Avb‡e Ges cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi wPý I wb`k©bmg~n wek¦-RM‡Z AwZ cÖZ¨vwkZ f~wgKv ivLvi Rb¨ huv‡K cÖ¯‘Z I †hvM¨ K‡i Zzj‡e Ggb e¨w³i Rb¨ †mB gnvb cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi †bZ… Z¡ †Kb †Q‡o †`qv n‡e bv?! Ab¨ K_vq GB `xN© Aš—a©v‡bi DcKvwiZv I hyw³msMZ KviYUvB ev wK? A‡b‡KB G cÖkœwU K‡i _v‡K, wKš‘ Zviv Avjvn&i c¶ †_‡K G cÖ‡kœi cÖ`Ë mwVK Dˇi KY©cvZ Ki‡Z Pvq bv| KviY Avgiv wek¦vm Kwi †h, ev‡iv Rb Bgvg n‡”Qb AZzjbxq e¨w³‡Z¡i AwaKvix huv‡`i KvD‡KB Ab¨ †Kvb e¨w³ Øviv cÖwZ¯’vcb Kiv m¤¢e bq, A_P G me cÖkœKvix, gnvb ms¯‹vi cÖwµqv Ges D³ cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi †evaMg¨ cÖ‡qvRb I Pvwn`vmg~‡ni Abyf~Z ev¯—eZvi Av‡jv‡KB G ai‡bi c`‡¶‡ci (Bgvg gvn&`xi `xN© Aš—a©v‡bi) GKUv mvgvwRK e¨vL¨v we‡kl‡YiI `vwe K‡i _v‡K| myZivs G ev¯—eZvi wbwi‡L Avgiv G me wb®úvc Bgv‡gi g‡a¨ †h me ¸Y I ˆewkó¨ c~Y©gvÎvq we`¨gvb _vKvq wek¦vmx †m¸‡jv †_‡K mvgwqKfv‡e `„wó wdwi‡q ivLwQ Ges wb‡gœv³ cÖkœwU DÌvcb KiwQ :

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cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m Kvw•¶Z ms¯‹vi cÖwµqv Rxe‡bi ixwZbxwZ I GZ`&mswkó AwfÁZvmg~‡ni Av‡jv‡K hZUyKz †evaMg¨ wVK ZZUzKz gvÎvq Avgiv wK Gi g‡bvbxZ RxweZ †bZvi G `xN© Avqy®‹vj‡K D³ ms¯‹vi Kvh©µg I cÖwµqvi mvd‡j¨i Ab¨Zg KviY e‡j MY¨ Ki‡Z cvwi? Avgiv G cÖ‡kœi nu¨v †evaK ReveB †`e| Avi Gi wewfbœ KviY Av‡Q| G me Kvi‡Yi g‡a¨ wb‡gœ K‡qKwU KviY DwjwLZ n‡jv : `xN© Rxeb Ges gnvb †bZvi mvd‡j¨i †¶‡Î Gi f~wgKv Avm‡j gnvb ms¯‹vi cÖwµqv `vwe iv‡L †h, D³ cÖwµqvi ev¯—evqbKvix †bZvi gv‡S Ggb AmvaviY AwZ DbœZ gvbwmK Ae¯’v weivR Ki‡e hv `vw¤¢K e¨w³ I †Mvôxmg~n †h Avm‡jB AwZ Zz”Q I `ye©j GZ`&msµvš— wek¦v‡m ficyi| D³ gnvb †bZv KZ©„K H mKj `vw¤¢K e¨w³ I †Mvôx civf~Z n‡q GK bZzb ÔRMr I mf¨ZvqÕ iƒcvš—wiZ n‡e| †h mf¨Zvi wei“‡× gnvb ms¯‹viK †bZv msMÖvg I hy× Ki‡eb †m mf¨Zvi AmviZ¡ msµvš— Zuvi AvwZ¥K wek¦vm I Abyf~wZ hZ `xN© n‡e Ges wZwb hZ †ewk Abyfe Ki‡eb †h, G me mf¨Zv gvbe RvwZi my`xN© cwiµgY c‡_i Ici GKwU ¶z`ª we›`y Qvov Avi wKQyB bq D³ mf¨Zvi wei“‡× msMÖvg Kivi Rb¨ Zuvi AvwZ¥K-gvbwmK kw³ ZZ †ewk e„w× cv‡e Ges P~ovš— weRq AR©b Kiv ch©š— D³ mf¨Zvi wei“‡× Kg© ZrciZv I msMÖvg Ae¨vnZfv‡e Pvwj‡q hvIqvi †¶‡Î wZwb ZZ †ewk Kvh©Z AgyLv‡c¶x I ¯^qsm¤ú~Y© n‡eb| GwU ¯úó †h, G ai‡bi AvwZ¥K Abyf~wZi Kvw•¶Z gvÎv Avm‡j ¯^qs ms¯‹vi cÖwµqvi gvÎv I e¨vcKZv Ges †h mf¨Zv I †Mvôxi Aw¯—Z¡ we‡jvc mvab KivB Kvg¨ D³ mf¨Zv I †Mvôxi e¨vcKZvi (AvKvi-AvqZ‡bi) mv‡_B mswkó| ZvB †Kvb †Mvôxi wei“‡× msMÖvg hZ gnvb, e¨vcK, `„p I kw³kvjx n‡e †m †¶‡Î G ai‡bi cwic~Y© Zxeª MwZkxj AvwZ¥K Abyf~wZ wVK ZZ †ewk gvÎvq Kvg¨ I Kvw•¶Z n‡e|

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†h‡nZz cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi mygnvb Hkx `vwqZ¡ (wimvjZ) n‡”Q Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPv‡i fiv c„w_exi Avg~j ms¯‹vi A_©vr mf¨Zv m¤úKx©q hveZxq g~j¨‡eva I ˆewPΨgq †Mvôxm‡gZ e¨vcK cwieZ©b I ms¯‹vi, ZvB ¯^fveZtB G ai‡bi Hkx `vwqZ¡ Ggb GK (†bZ…Z¡`vbKvix) e¨w³i mÜvb Ki‡e whwb AvwZ¥K I gb¯—vwË¡K Abyf~wZi †¶‡Î †MvUv wek¦RMr A‡c¶v gnvb n‡eb| Avi wZwb Aek¨B (cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi) RMr I mf¨Zvi mgKvjxb e¨w³‡`i Aš—f©y³ n‡eb bv hviv D³ mf¨Zvi QÎQvqvq weKwkZ n‡q‡Q| Avi D³ mf¨Zvi wejywß Ges Z`¯’‡j b¨vq I m‡Z¨i mf¨Zv cÖwZôv KivB n‡”Q Kvg¨ I Kvw•¶Z| KviY hviv cÖwZwôZ †Kvb mf¨Zvi gv‡S weKvk jvf K‡i Ges `ywbqvi cÖfve-cÖwZcwË, g~j¨‡eva Ges wPš—vavivi gv‡S Rxeb hvcb K‡i Avm‡j Zv‡`i Aš—‡i `ywbqv msµvš— fq-wenŸjZv †ev‡ai D™¢e nq Ges H Ae¯’vi g‡a¨B Zviv emevm Ki‡Z _v‡K| KviY Zviv Ggb cwi‡e‡k R‡b¥‡Q †hLv‡b RvMwZK cÖfve `„pfv‡e cÖwZwôZ Ges cÖej cÖZvckvjx e¯‘ev`x RvMwZK cwi‡e‡k Zviv eqtcÖvß n‡q‡Q| Zviv Ggb cwi‡e‡k †PvL Ly‡j‡Q †hLv‡b e¯‘ev`x RM‡Zi wewfbœ kw³kvjx Aeqe I iƒc e¨ZxZ Avi wKQyB cÖZ¨¶ K‡i wb| Gi m¤ú~Y© wecix‡Z i‡q‡Qb BwZnv‡mi my`xN© c_ cwiµgYKvix e¨w³ whwb G (cvw_©e e¯‘ev`x) mf¨Zvi Av‡jvK ùzwj½ †`Lvi Av‡M †_‡KB c„w_ex‡Z emevm Ki‡Qb, eo eo mf¨Zv cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb †h¸‡jv G‡Ki ci GK c„w_ex‡Z †bZ…Z¡`vb K‡i‡Q Ges c‡i aŸsm n‡q †M‡Q| G me wKQy wZwb cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb| Avi Zuv‡K G me Rvbvi Rb¨ †Kvb BwZnvm MÖš’ cvV Ki‡Z nq wb| Gici wZwb Ggb mf¨Zv cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb hv n‡e cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Av‡M gvbe RvwZi DcvL¨v‡bi me©‡kl Aa¨vq| wZwb D³ mf¨Zv Ggb Ae¯’vq cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb hLb Zv wQj AwZ ¶z`ªKvq ex‡Ri g‡a¨ myß hv `„wó‡MvPiB n‡Zv bv| Gici wZwb D³ mf¨Zv‡K gvbe mgv‡R wkKo Mvo‡Z Ges weKvk jvf Kivi Rb¨ A‡c¶gvb _vK‡Z †`‡L‡Qb|

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hLb H mf¨Zv weKwkZ n‡Z ïi“ K‡i‡Q, cÖMwZi c‡_ AMÖmi n‡q‡Q Ges `ye©j mgm¨v KewjZ I cZb¥yL nIqvi ci hLb cybivq DrKl© I DbœwZ jvf Kivi mvg_©¨ AR©b K‡i‡Q ZLbI wZwb Gi mv‡_B wQ‡jb Ges Gi mv‡_B mnve¯’vb K‡i‡Qb| Gici †_‡K wZwb G mf¨Zvi mv‡_B wbqwgZ wQ‡jb Ges Av‡Qb| G mf¨Zv hLb ax‡i ax‡i weKwkZ n‡q e¨vcK we¯—… wZ jvf K‡i‡Q Ges me wKQyi Ici Zv cÖvavb¨ we¯—vi K‡i‡Q ZLbI wZwb G mf¨Zvi mv‡_B i‡q‡Qb| G ai‡bi e¨w³ whwb mf¨Zvi G me ch©vq c~Y© m‡PZbZv I weP¶YZvi mv‡_ cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Qb †Kej wZwb G ai‡bi BwZnv‡mi wbiew”Qbœ `xN© m~ÎZvi `„wó‡KvY †_‡KB ˆ`Z¨Kvq mf¨Zv‡K Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ib, Z‡e BwZnvm cvV K‡i bq| wZwb G mf¨Zv‡K fv‡jvfv‡e Dcjwä K‡ib Aek¨¤¢vex wewa ev fvM¨eiY wn‡m‡e bq A_ev Ru¨v R¨vK i“‡kvi gZ e¨w³e‡M©i `„wó‡KvY †_‡KI bq| Ru¨v R¨vK i“‡kv d«v‡Ýi ivRZš¿‡KB me wKQy g‡b Ki‡Zb| Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, d«v݇K ivRvwenxb Kíbv KivUv Zuv‡K fxZ-mš¿¯— K‡i ZzjZ hw`I wZwb wPš—vMZ I `vk©wbKfv‡e d«v‡Ýi Z`vwbš—b ivR‰bwZK Ae¯’v cwieZ©‡bi Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖe³v wQ‡jb| KviY i“‡kv ivRZvwš¿K cwi‡e‡ki g‡a¨B weKwkZ n‡q‡Qb Ges Zuvi cy‡iv RxebUvB ivRZvwš¿K cwi‡e‡ki g‡a¨ †K‡U‡Q| wKš‘ BwZnv‡mi my`xN© c_-cwiµgYKvix G e¨w³wUi (Bgvg gvn&`x) Av‡Q BwZnvmMZ fveMv¤¢xh© I kw³| Avi Zuvi G cwic~Y© Abyf~wZwUI Av‡Q †h, Zuvi Pvicv‡k †h me †Mvôx I mf¨Zv Av‡Q Dchy³ KviY I kZ©vw` c~iY I mnRjf¨ nIqvi d‡j BwZnv‡mi †Kvb mwܶ‡Y †m¸‡jvi D™¢e n‡q‡Q Ges cZ‡bi hveZxq kZ© c~iY nIqvi ci Avevi †m¸‡jv wejyß I aŸsm n‡q hv‡e| †hgbfv‡e wbKU I `~ieZ©x AZx‡Zi †Kvb wKQyiB Aw¯—Z¡ Avi we`¨gvb †bB wVK †Zgwb eZ©gvb G mf¨ZviI †Kvb wKQyB Avi Aewkó _vK‡e bv| mf¨Zv I wewfbœ RvwZmËvmg~n Zv hZB `xN©¯’vqx I `xN©Rxwe †nvK bv †Kb Avm‡j G me wKQyi Avqy®‹vj my`xN©

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BwZnvm I Kv‡ji gnve‡Z© msw¶ß ¸wUKZK w`b Qvov Avi wKQyB bq| Avcbviv wK m~iv Kvnvd c‡o‡Qb? Avcbviv wK H mKj Zi“Y-hye‡Ki Kvwnbx c‡o‡Qb hviv ¯^xq cÖfyi cÖwZ Cgvb G‡bwQj Ges gnvb Avjvn&I Zv‡`i †n`v‡qZ K‡iwQ‡jb? Zv‡`i‡K ¶gZvmxb †cŠËwjK (ag©vej¤^x) †Mvôxi †gvKvwejv Ki‡Z n‡qwQj hviv ZvInx‡`i m~²Zg bgybv Ges wki&K †_‡K gyw³i mvgvb¨ cÖ‡Póvi mÜvb cvIqv gvÎB Zv ¯ —ä K‡i †`qvi †¶‡Î we›`ygvÎ `qv-gvqv cÖ`k©b KiZ bv| G Kvi‡Y H me wek¦vmx hye‡Ki AvZ¥v msKxY© n‡q c‡o, Zv‡`i gv‡S nZvkvi D™¢e nq Ges Zv‡`i mvg‡b Avkvi mKj evZvqb i“× n‡q hvq| Avi ZLb Zviv ¸nvq Avkªq †bq Ges Zv‡`i mgm¨v mgvav‡bi hveZxq c_ i“× n‡q hvIqvi ci Zviv gnvb Avjvn&i Kv‡Q Gi mgvavb cÖv_©bv K‡i| evwZ‡ji †`Š`©Ê cÖZvc, kvmbKZ©„Z¡, Ab¨vq-AZ¨vPvi Ges mZ¨‡K c`vbZ I Ae`wgZ ivLv Ges m‡Z¨i cÖwZ hv‡`i ü`q ¯úw›`Z n‡”Q Zv‡`i g~‡jvrcvUb Zv‡`i Kv‡Q AZ¨š— `ywe©ln n‡q c‡owQj| Avcbviv Rv‡bb wK gnvb Avjvn& Zv‡`i mv‡_ wKiƒc AvPiY K‡iwQ‡jb? gnvb Avjvn& Zv‡`i‡K 309 eQi H ¸nvq Nygš— †i‡LwQ‡jb| AZtci H †Mvôx hviv Zv‡`i‡K kw³ I AZ¨vPv‡ii Øviv c`vbZ K‡i †i‡LwQj Zv‡`i cZ‡bi ci wZwb Zv‡`i‡K `xN© wb`ªv †_‡K RvMÖZ K‡i ev¯—e Rxe‡b wdwi‡q Av‡bb †hLv‡b Zv‡`i mgmvgwqK H †cŠËwjK kvmK‡Mvôx ZLb BwZnv‡m cwiYZ n‡q‡Q hv KvD‡K fxZ-mš¿¯— K‡i bv Ges †Kvb w¯’i e¯‘‡KI MwZkxj K‡i bv| G me wKQyB Avm‡j G Rb¨ n‡qwQj hv‡Z K‡i G me hyeK ¯^P‡¶ evwZ‡ji civRq I wejywß cÖZ¨¶ Ki‡Z cv‡i Ges evwZj †hb Zv‡`i Kv‡Q AZ¨š — Zz”Q cÖgvwYZ nq hvi e¨vcKZv, kw³ Ges ¯’vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i Kv‡Q AZ¨š— Amnbxq n‡q c‡owQj| H AmvaviY NUbv hv G me gywgb hye‡Ki eqm 300 eQ‡ii †ewk mgq ch©š— m¤cÖmvwiZ K‡iwQj Zvi gva¨‡g G ¯úó ¯^cœwU me ai‡bi gb¯—vwË¡K kw³ I gvnvZ¥ mnKv‡i

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Avmnv‡e Kvnv‡di †¶‡Î hw` ev¯—evwqZ nq, Zvn‡j GB GKB welq (GKB ¯^cœ) cÖwZkÖ“Z †bZvi †¶‡ÎI Zuvi `xN©vqy jv‡fi gva¨‡gI ev¯—evwqZ n‡e hv (`xN©vqy) Zuv‡K †mB ee©i `vbexq mf¨Zvi exR †_‡K A¼zwiZ n‡q DuPz I cÖKvÊ wele„‡¶ cwiYZ nIqv Ges †Z‡RvÏxß †hŠeb †_‡K eva©K¨ I †cÖvp‡Z¡ DcbxZ nIqvi ch©vqmg~n cÖZ¨¶ Kivi my‡hvM K‡i †`‡e| cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Rb¨ wPš—vg~jK cÖ¯‘wZ Ges †bZ…Z¡`v‡bi Rb¨ ˆZwi nIqv G QvovI cÖwZkÖ“Z w`em ch©š— G‡Ki ci GK Avwef©~Z mf¨Zvmg~‡ni mv‡_ mnve¯’vb Ges H mKj mf¨Zvi weeZ©b cÖwµqv mivmwi `k©‡b Ggb GK AwfÁZv AR©b Kiv m¤¢e nq cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi †bZ…Z¡ msµvš— AwfÁZv I †hvM¨Zvi MfxiZv cÖ`vb Ges wPš—vg~jK cÖ¯‘wZ MÖn‡Yi †¶‡Î hvi e¨vcK cÖfve i‡q‡Q| KviY D³ AwfÁZv hveZxq kw³kvjx I `ye©j w`K fyj-åvwš— I h_v_© Ae¯’v m‡gZ Ab¨‡`i AMwYZ Kvh©Kjv‡ci mvg‡b cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡mi Rb¨ g‡bvbxZ I msiw¶Z †bZv‡K `„pfv‡e cÖwZwôZ K‡i| Avi G AwfÁZv hveZxq mvgvwRK cÖc I NUbvi cÖK…Z KviY Ges G¸‡jvi HwZnvwmK wµqvcÖwZwµqvmg~n c~Y©iƒ‡c Dcjwä Kivi gva¨‡g H me mvgvwRK cÖc I NUbvi h_v_© g~j¨vqb Kivi m‡e©v”P mvg_©¨, ¶gZv I kw³I Zuv‡K cÖ`vb K‡i| A‡c¶gvY †bZvi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ ms¯‹vi Kvh©µg GKwU wbw`©ó Hkx wimvj‡Zi Ici cÖwZwôZ| Avi D³ Hkx wimvjZ n‡”Q Bmjvgx wimvjZ| Avi GwUB ¯^vfvweK †h, GgZve¯’vq G ai‡bi Kvh©µ‡gi Rb¨ Ggb GK †bZvi cÖ‡qvRb whwb Bmjv‡gi Avw` cÖv_wgK Drm¨ I hyMmg~‡ni wbKUeZ©x| Zuvi e¨w³Z¡ Ggbfv‡e MwVZ n‡q‡Q Ges c~Y©Zv jvf K‡i‡Q †h, Zv cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m †h mf¨Zvi wei“‡× Zuvi msMÖvg I hy× c~e© †_‡KB wba©viY Kiv n‡q‡Q, D³ mf¨Zvi mgy`q cÖfve‡Ki cÖfve †_‡K m¤ú~Y© gy³|

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Avi wVK Gi wecix‡Z, †h e¨w³ G mf¨Zvi gv‡S Rb¥MÖnY K‡i M‡o I‡V Ges G mf¨Zvi AeKvVv‡gvi g‡a¨ hvi wPš—v†PZbv weKwkZ I cwiùzwUZ nq †m cÖavbZ G mf¨Zvi †_‡K hvIqv wµqvkxjZv I cÖfve †_‡K KLbI gy³ n‡Z cv‡i bv, GgbwK hw` †m G mf¨Zvi wei“‡× cwieZ©bKvgx Avµg‡Yi †bZ…Z¡I `vb K‡i| †h mf¨Zvi cwieZ©b Kivi Rb¨ g‡bvbxZ cÖwZkÖ“Z †bZv‡K cÖ¯‘Z Kiv n‡q‡Q D³ mf¨Zvi ØvivB Zuvi cÖfvweZ bv nIqvi welqwUi c~Y© wbðqZv weavb Kivi Rb¨ H mf¨Zvi D‡b¥l I weKv‡ki Av‡MB A_©vr D³ mf¨Zvi c~e©eZ©x ch©v‡qB Zuvi e¨w³Z¡ c~Y©iƒ‡c MwVZ nIqv AZ¨vek¨K| Avi G (c~e©eZx©) ch©vqwU me©mvaviY A‡_© Ges g~jbxwZMZfv‡e mf¨Zvi H ch©vq I Ae¯’vi AwZ wbKUeZ©x cÖwZkÖ“Z w`e‡m hv Zuvi †bZ…‡Z¡i gva¨‡g ev¯—evwqZ n‡e|

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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
3. cÖZxw¶Z †bZvi cÖ¯‘ZKiY cÖwµqv wKfv‡e cwic~Y©Zv jvf K‡i‡Q?

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GLb Avgiv Z…Zxq cÖkœwU wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kie| cÖkœwU n‡”Q wcZv Bgvg nvmvb Avj AvmKvixi mv‡_ gvÎ cuvP eQi emevm Kiv m‡Ë¡I wKfv‡e (†bZ…Z¡ cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨) cÖZxw¶Z †bZvi cÖ¯‘ZKiY cÖwµqv c~Y©Zv jvf K‡i‡Q? Avi G cuvPwU eQi n‡”Q ˆkkeKvj hv †bZvi e¨w³Z¡ MVb I weKv‡ki Rb¨ †gv‡UI h‡_ó bq| ZvB H mKj Ae¯’v I cwi‡ek Kx wQj †h¸‡jvi gva¨‡g cÖZxw¶Z Bgv‡gi cÖ¯‘ZKiY cÖwµqv c~Y©Zv jvf K‡i‡Q? Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Rxe‡b AwZ ˆkk‡e ev evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ DËi : Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) gymwjg D¤§vn&i †bZ…Z¡`v‡bi †¶‡Î ¯^xq wcZvi ¯’jvwfwl³ n‡q‡Qb| Gi A_© GB †h, wZwb Zuvi Rxe‡bi m~PbvjMœ †_‡KB Bgvg‡Zi mgy`q gvbwmK I AvwZ¥K ˆewkó¨ I Zvrch©m‡gZ Bgvg wQ‡jb| Avi AwZ ˆkk‡e ev evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ n‡”Q Ggb GK ev¯ —e welq hv B‡Zvg‡a¨ Zuvi K‡qKRb c~e©cyi“l jvf K‡iwQ‡jb| Bgvg gynv¤§` Be‡b Avjx Avj RvIqv` (Av.) gvÎ 8 eQi eq‡m BgvgZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb|1 Bgvg Avjx Be‡b gynv¤§` Avj nv`x gvÎ 9 eQi eq‡m BgvgZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb|2 Avi cÖZxw¶Z Bgv‡gi wcZv Avey gynv¤§` Avj nvmvb Avj AvmKvix (Av.) 22 eQi eq‡m BgvgZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb|3 GLv‡b j¶Yxq †h, Bgvg gvn&`x I Bgvg RvIqv` (Av.)-Gi †¶‡Î evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ Zz‡½ †cuŠ‡QwQj| Avi Avgiv evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ‡K GKwU cÖK…Z ev¯—e Ae¯’v e‡j AwfwnZ Kie| KviY Zv Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi K‡qKRb c~e©cyi“‡li
1. AvZ ZvwZ¤§vn& dx ZvIqvixwLj AvB¤§vn&, c„. 98| 2. AvZ ZvwZ¤§vn& dx ZvIqvixwLj AvB¤§vn&, c„. 102| 3 3. AvZ ZvwZ¤§vn& dx ZvIqvixwLj AvB¤§vn&, c„. 102|
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†¶‡Î GKwU †evaMg¨ I Abyfe‡hvM¨ e¨envwiK Zvrch© I A‡_©i D™¢e NwU‡qwQj hv gymwjg D¤§vn& cÖZ¨¶ K‡i‡Q| Avi Bgvg‡K †K›`ª K‡i Zviv BgvgZ KZ…©K Dc¯’vwcZ †evaMg¨ Abyfe‡hvM¨ e¨envwiK Zvrch©wUI Dcjwä K‡i‡Q| D¤§vn&i AwfÁZvi †P‡q AwaKZi ¯úó I kw³kvjx Ab¨ †Kvb welq ev NUbv cÖgv‡Yi `vwe Kiv Avgv‡`i c‡¶ m¤¢eI bq| Avgiv wb‡gœv³ welqvw`i gva¨‡g Zv e¨vL¨v Kie : 1. Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡`i BgvgZ ivóªxq ¶gZv, kw³ I cÖfv‡ei †K›`ªwe›`y wQj bv hv DËivwaKvi m~‡Î wcZv †_‡K cy‡Î ¯’vbvš—wiZ nq Ges cÖkvmb KZ©„K mgw_©Z; †hgb dv‡Zgxq Lwjdv‡`i BgvgZ Ges AveŸvmxq Lwjdv‡`i wLjvdZ| eis Zv Ava¨vwZ¥K kw³i gva¨‡g RbM‡Yi gv‡S fw³-kª×v I RbwcÖqZv AR©b Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q| AvwZ¥K I wPš—vg~jK wfwËmg~‡ni gva¨‡g Bmjv‡gi †bZ…Z¡`v‡bi †hvM¨Zvi AwaKvix nIqvi Øviv Zv H me MYwfwˇK gvbwmKfv‡e cwiZ…ß I mš‘ó Ki‡ZI m¶g n‡q‡Q| 2. cweÎ Bmjvg a‡g©i weKv‡ki m~Pbv jMœ †_‡KB G me RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~n wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q| Avi Bgvg ev‡Ki (Av.) I Bgvg mvw`K (Av.)-Gi hy‡M †m¸‡jv weKwkZ n‡q‡Q Ges e¨vcKZv jvf K‡i‡Q| G `yÕRb Bgvg KZ©„K cwiPvwjZ wk¶v-cÖwZôvb Bmjvgx we‡k¦ we`¨gvb G me MYwfwËi Af¨š—‡i weï× Bmjvgx wPš—v I `k©‡bi e¨vcK †Rvqv‡ii m„wó K‡iwQj hv kZ kZ cÖwm× dKxn, Kvjvgkv¯¿we`, gydvm&wmi Ges Ávbx cwÊZ ˆZwi K‡i‡Q| GgbwK Avj nvmvb Be‡b Avjx Avj Iqvk&kvÕ e‡j‡Qb, ÒAvwg GK`v Kzdvi gmwR‡` cÖ‡ek K‡i †`wL †h, †mLv‡b bqkÕ †k‡Li1 (nv`xmkv¯¿we` I ivex) cÖ‡Z¨‡KB ej‡Qb : Avgv‡`i‡K ÔRvdi web gynv¤§`Õ e‡j‡Qb|Ó 3. G wk¶v-cÖwZôvb Ges gymwjg mgv‡R we`¨gvb Gi RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~n †h me k‡Z© wek¦vmx Ges Bgvg wbe©vPb Ges Bgvg‡Zi Rb¨ Zvi (Bgv‡gi) †hvM¨Zvi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqvi †¶‡Î †h me kZ© Lye KovKwofv‡e †g‡b Pjv
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1. Avb bv¾vkxi wiRvj, c„. 40|

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nq †m¸‡jv Avm‡jB Lye KwVb kZ©| KviY G wk¶v-cÖwZôvb I Gi MYwfwËmg~n wek¦vm K‡i †h, Bgvg BgvgB n‡eb bv hw` wZwb Zuvi wbR hy‡Mi mKj Av‡jg A‡c¶v Ávbx (‫ )أعلم‬bv nb| 4. D³ wk¶v-cÖwZôvb Ges Gi RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~n‡K BgvgZ msµvš— ¯^xq AvKx`v wek¦v‡mi Ici AUj I `„p _vKvi Rb¨ A‡bK eo eo Z¨vM ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| †Kbbv mgmvgwqK wLjvdZ-cÖkvm‡bi `„wó‡Z D³ wk¶v-cÖwZôvb I Gi RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~n, GgbwK Kgc‡¶ wPš—vg~jK †¶‡Î GKwU ˆeix avivi m„wó K‡iwQj| G Kvi‡YB Z`vbxš—b cÖkvmb cÖvq wbiew”Qbœfv‡e ïw× Awfhvb I e¨vcK wbh©vZb Pvwj‡q‡Q| ZvB eû †jvK‡K nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q; A‡bK‡K †R‡j ew›` Kiv n‡q‡Q| KvivMv‡ii AÜKv‡i kZ kZ e¨w³i g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q| Avi Gi A_© n‡”Q †h, Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡Z wek¦v‡mi Rb¨ Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Abymvix‡`i Pov g~j¨ w`‡Z n‡q‡Q| GKgvÎ `„p Cgvb Ges gnvb Avjvn&i mš‘wó I mvwbœa¨ jv‡fi D`MÖ AvKv•¶v e¨ZxZ Avi wKQyB Zv‡`i‡K G ai‡bi wek¦vm †cvlY Ki‡Z DØy× K‡iwb| 5. Bgvg‡Zi gva¨‡g G me RbwcÖq MYwfwË †h me Bgv‡gi mvwbœ‡a¨ G‡mwQj Zuviv G¸‡jv †_‡K †gv‡UI wew”Qbœ wQ‡jb bv Ges cÖRv‡`i mv‡_ ivRv-ev`kvn‡`i m¤úK© †hgb n‡q _v‡K wVK Z`ªƒc Zuviv myD”P cÖvmv`mg~‡n RbMY †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q Rxeb hvcb K‡ib wb; hZ¶Y ch©š— kvmKeM© Zuv‡`i‡K KvivMv‡i ew›` K‡i A_ev wbe©vm‡b cvwV‡q RbMY †_‡K wew”Qbœ bv K‡i‡Q ZZ¶Y ch©š— Zuviv KLbB RbmvaviY †_‡K wew”Qbœ _v‡Kb wb; Avi bx‡P ewY©Z ev¯—eZvmg~n †_‡KI Avgiv G welqwU A_©vr Avn&‡j evB‡Zi cweÎ BgvgMY †h MYwew”Qbœ wQ‡jb bv Zv Rvb‡Z I eyS‡Z cvwi| K. [Bgvg Avjx (Av.) †_‡K GKv`k Bgvg nvmvb Avj AvmKvix (Av.) ch©š—] Avn&‡j evB‡Zi G 11 Rb Bgv‡gi cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki KvQ †_‡K †h me ivex nv`xm eY©bv K‡i‡Qb Zuv‡`i msL¨vwaK¨;

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L. cÖ‡Z¨K Bgvg I Zuvi mgmvgwqK e¨w³e‡M©i g‡a¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vbK…Z cÎvw`; M. (Bmjvgx we‡k¦i wewfbœ kni I Rbc‡`) Bgvg‡`i e¨vcK mdi; N. wewfbœ Bmjvgx kni, bMi, Rbc` Ges †`‡k Bgvg‡`i wbhy³ cÖwZwbwa‡`i e¨vcK cÖPvi Kvh©µg; O. Kvwdjvmg~‡ni Pjvi c_ A_©vr mdi wbivc` nIqvi Kvi‡Y g°vq nR¡eªZ cvj‡bi Rb¨ gymwjg we‡k¦i `~i`~ivš— †_‡K AvMgb I cweÎ g`xbv Mgb K‡i †mLv‡b Bgvg‡`i whqviZ Ges Zuv‡`i mv‡_ mv¶vr Kivi †¶‡Î wkqv gymjgvb‡`i wPivPwiZ HwZn¨; G me wKQy †_‡K Avgv‡`i ¯úó aviYv R‡b¥ †h, mKj †kªYx A_©vr Av‡jg-Djvgv Ges Ab¨ mKj †kªYx wbwe©‡k‡l mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦ we`¨gvb G me RbwcÖq MYwfwË Ges gnvb Bgvg‡`i gv‡S mve©¶wYK Nwbô m¤úK© I †hvMv‡hvM we`¨gvb wQj| P. Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡`i mgmvgwqK cÖkvmb Zuv‡`i‡K Ges Zuv‡`i Ava¨vwZ¥K †bZ…Z¡‡K wbR Aw¯—Z¡, fvM¨ I fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ Pig ûgwK e‡j we‡ePbv KiZ| Avi G Kvi‡YB G cweÎ †bZ…Z¡-aviv aŸsm Kivi Rb¨ Zviv (DgvBq¨vn I AveŸvmxq wLjvdZ) mgy`q kw³ wb‡qvwRZ K‡iwQj Ges G c‡_ Avn&‡j evB‡Zi †bZ…Z¡-aviv‡K eû †bwZevPK welq I w`K mn¨ Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Avi cÖkvmb hLbB wbR Kv‡qgx ¯^v_© I Ae¯’vb wecbœ I ûgwKi m¤§yLxb †`‡L‡Q ZLbB wbôziZv cÖ`k©b I mxgvj•Nb K‡i‡Q| wewfbœ †kªYxi gymjgvb Ges wb‡R‡`i AbyMZ Abymvix‡`i c¶ †_‡K cÖf~Z AvNvZ I wei“×vPiY cÖZ¨¶ Kiv m‡Ë¡I Avn&‡j evB‡Zi BgvgMY cÖkvmb KZ©„K weivgnxbfv‡e Kvivi“× A_ev wbe©vwmZ Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb| Avgiv hw` DcwiD³ G QqwU welq we‡ePbv Kwi †h¸‡jv HwZnvwmKfv‡e mZ¨ Ges mKj m‡›`n †_‡K gy³ Zvn‡j Avgiv GKwU AwZ ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wm×v‡š— DcbxZ n‡Z m¶g n‡ev| Avi Zv n‡jv : Avn&‡j evB‡Zi K‡qKRb Bgv‡gi ˆkk‡e BgvgZ

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cÖvwß Avm‡j GKwU cÖK…Z ev¯—e welq; Avi Zv †Kvb KvíwbK welq wQj bv| †Kbbv †h Bgvg ˆkk‡e RbZvi mvg‡b Avwef©~Z n‡q wb‡R‡K gymwjg D¤§vn&i Ava¨wZ¥K I Av`wk©K Bgvg e‡j †NvlYv Ki‡eb, Avi H e¨vcK MY‡mªvZavivI Zuvi †bZ…Z¡ I KZ©„Z¡ †g‡b †b‡e †mB Bgvg‡K Aek¨B wdKvn&, Zvdmxi I AvKx`v-wek¦v‡mi †¶‡Î AMva Ávb I cvwʇZ¨i AwaKvix n‡Z n‡e| KviY wZwb hw` Giƒc †hvM¨Zvi AwaKvix bv nb Zvn‡j H me MYwfwË Zuvi BgvgZ I †bZ…‡Z¡i e¨vcv‡i AvwZ¥K cÖkvwš— jvf Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| KviY B‡Zvg‡a¨ Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, Avn&‡j evB‡Zi gnvb BgvgMY Ggb me Ae¯’v I cwi‡e‡ki g‡a¨ emevm K‡i‡Qb †h¸‡jv RbM‡Yi gv‡S Zuv‡`i MYwfwËmg~n‡K Zuv‡`i mv‡_ BwZevPK AvPiY I mvov cÖ`vb Ki‡Z DØy× K‡i‡Q| Avi H me Ae¯’v I cwi‡ek gnvb Bgvg‡`i Rxeb I e¨w³‡Z¡i gvb`Êmg~‡ni Ici wewfbœfv‡e Av‡jvKcvZ Ki‡ZI m¶g n‡q‡Q| Avcbviv wK †`L‡Z cvb bv †h, GKwU wkï (wkï gvn&`x) Zuvi RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~‡ni mvg‡b Zuvi Bgvg‡Zi w`‡K mevB‡K AvnŸvb Rvbv‡”Qb Ges ¯^xq Bgvg‡Zi mc‡¶ `wjj-cÖgvY †ck Ki‡Qb| GgZve¯’vq wZwb hLb H me RbwcÖq MYwfwËi mvg‡b Dcw¯’Z ZLb G wkï Bgv‡gi Ae¯’v D‡b¥vPb Kivi Rb¨ hw` Zviv †Kvb Kó ¯^xKvi bv K‡i Ges ˆkk‡e BgvgZ cÖvwßi NUbv hw` Zv‡`i‡K Zxeªfv‡e bvov bv †`q hv‡Z K‡i Zviv wkï Bgvg‡K h_v_© g~j¨vqb Ges fv‡jvfv‡e hvPvB Ki‡Z m¶g nq Zvn‡j wK GgZve¯’vq Zviv Zv‡`i g~j¨evb Rxeb, m¤ú`, m¤§vbgh©v`v I wbivcËv me wKQyB G c‡_ (wkï Bgv‡gi †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖwZ AvbyMZ¨ Kivi †¶‡Î) DrmM© Ki‡e?1 a‡i wbb †h cÖK… Z bxwZ Ae¯’vbmg~n Rvbvi Rb¨ RbMY D‡`¨vM MÖnY K‡iwb Zvn‡j GgZve¯’vq wK wkï Bgvg Ges RbM‡Yi gv‡S wbiew”Qbœ ¯^vfvweK m¤úK© I †hvMv‡hvM _vKv m‡Ë¡I cÖK…Z ev¯—eZv cÖKvwkZ I D˜NvwUZ nIqv e¨ZxZB G
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1. A_©vr Bgv‡gi me©‡kªô gvbyl Ges me‡P‡q Ávbx nIqv IqvwRe; Avi GwUB n‡”Q ev‡iv Bgvwg wkqv‡`i AvKx`v-wek¦vm| (`ª. mvB‡q¨` Ave`yjvn& ïeŸvi cÖYxZ nv°zj BqvKxb dx gvÕwidvwZ Dm~wjÏxb, 1g LÊ, c„. 141, Z… Zxq gvKmv`)

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welqwU (wkï Bgvg gvn&`xi Bgvg‡Zi c‡_ Bgvg‡Z wek¦vmx MYwfwËmg~‡ni weivgnxb †Kvievbx) gv‡mi ci gvm, eis eQ‡ii ci eQi Gfv‡eB Pj‡Z _vK‡e? GwU wK m¤¢e? wPš—v†PZbv I Áv‡b G Bgv‡gi wkï (AcwicK¡) _vKv Ges `xN© cvi¯úwiK m¤úK© I †hvMv‡hv‡Mi gva¨‡g Zv D˜NvwUZ I cÖKvwkZ bv nIqv wK KLbI hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i? Avgiv hw` a‡iI wbB †h, Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡Z wek¦vmx RbwcÖq MYwfwËmg~‡ni c‡¶ ÔcÖK…Z welqÕ D˜NvUb Kiv m¤¢e nqwb, Zvn‡j cÖwZwôZ cÖkvmb (AveŸvmxq wLjvdZ) †Kb G e¨vcv‡i bxie †_‡K‡Q Ges cÖK…Z ev¯—eZv D˜NvUb Kiv hw` Zv‡`i ¯^v_©vbyK~j nq Zvn‡j Zviv †Kb Zv D˜NvUb Kivi Rb¨ Kvh©Ki c`‡¶c MÖnY K‡iwb? wVK †hgbwU mvaviYZ wkï‡`i †¶‡Î n‡q _v‡K (A_©vr Zviv wPš— v-fvebv Kivi †¶‡Î AcwicK¡ _v‡K) wVK Z`ªƒc wkï Bgvg gvn&`xI hw` wPš—v-fvebvi †¶‡Î wkïB _vK‡Zb Zvn‡j G welqwU D‡b¥vPb I cÖKvk Kiv Kv‡qgx ¯^v_©ev`x kvmKP‡µi Rb¨ KZUv mnR n‡Zv! G wkï Bgv‡gi cÖK…Z Ae¯’v Zuvi Abymvix (wkqv) I hviv Zuvi Abymvix bq Zv‡`i (Awkqv) Kv‡Q cÖKvk K‡i Ava¨vwZ¥K I Av`wk©K †bZ… Z¡`v‡b Zuvi A‡hvM¨Zv cÖgvY wbtm‡›`‡n KZB bv mvdj¨RbK I mnR c×wZ n‡Zv! Pwjk A_ev cÂvk eQi eq¯‹ †Kvb e¨w³ †h Zvi mgmvgwqK hy‡Mi ms¯‹„wZi GK weivU Ask AvqZ¡ K‡i †d‡j‡Q Bgvg‡Zi `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡Yi †¶‡Î Zvi A‡hvM¨Zv cÖgvY Kiv hw` Kómva¨ nq Zvn‡j GKwU mvaviY wkï hZB †m eyw×gvb I cÖwZfvi AwaKvix †nvK bv †Kb Bgvgx wkqviv †h A‡_© Bgvg‡Z wek¦vmx Z`‡_© Bgvg‡Zi `vwqZ¡ MÖn‡Yi e¨vcv‡i Zuvi A‡hvM¨Zv cÖgvY Kiv Av‡`Š KwVb I `yiƒn e¨vcvi n‡e bv| Z`vbxš—b kvmKPµ `gb I Drcxo‡bi †h me RwUj c×wZ e¨envi KiZ †m¸‡jvi †P‡q wbtm‡›`‡n G c×wZ n‡Zv AwaKZi mnR I Kvh©Ki| wKš‘ Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi mgmvgwqK cÖkvmb wVKB eyS‡Z †c‡iwQj †h, evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ cÖvwß Avm‡j GKwU cÖK…Z ev¯—e NUbv Ges Zv †Kvb K…wÎg welq bq| Avi G Kvi‡YB Z`vbxš—b cÖkvmb G ai‡bi KvW© e¨envi (wkï

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Bgv‡gi Bgvg‡Zi `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi †¶‡Î A‡hvM¨Zv cÖgvY Kiv) †_‡K weiZ †_‡K‡Q| Avi cÖK…Z e¨vcviUv GUvB †h, mgmvgwqK wLjvdZ DcwiD³ KvW©wU e¨envi Kivi †Póv K‡i e¨_© nIqvi ci Kvh©Z G welqwU fv‡jvfv‡eB eyS‡Z †c‡iwQj| Avi BwZnvm cvV K‡i Avgiv G ai‡bi GKvwaK †Póv Ges G¸‡jvi e¨_©Zv m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡Z †c‡iwQ, A_P BwZnvm Avgv‡`i‡K Ggb †Kvb c`‡¶c ev NUbvi weeiY †`q wb †h †¶‡Î evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ cÖvwßi g‡Zv welqwU `ye©j n‡q c‡o‡Q A_ev wkï Bgvg Ggb ˆbivk¨Ki cwiw¯’wZi m¤§yLxb n‡q‡Qb hv Zuvi Ava¨vwZ¥K kw³i †P‡q †kªô A_ev Zuvi e¨vcv‡i RbM‡Yi Av¯’v boe‡o I `ye©j K‡i w`‡q‡Q| Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Rxe‡b evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ cÖvwß †h GKwU cÖK„Z ev¯—e NUbv Ges Zv wbQK KíKvwnbx bqÑ GZ`msµvš— Avgv‡`i e³‡e¨i A_©I n‡”Q wVK GUvB| Avmgvbx wimvjZmg~‡ni †¶‡Î AwZ ˆkk‡e ev evj¨ Ae¯’vq BgvgZ GLv‡b D‡jL¨ †h, c~e©eZ©x Avmgvbx wimvjZ I †bZ… Z¡mg~‡ni †¶‡ÎI G cÖK…Z ev¯—e NUbvi wkKo Ges Abyiƒc Dcgvmg~n we`¨gvb| c~e©eZ©x bex‡`i hy‡M Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Hkx HwZ‡n¨ ˆkk‡e BgvgZ cÖvwßi Abyiƒc NUbvi cÖK…ó D`vniY wn‡m‡e BqvnBqv (Av.)-Gi beyIqvZ I Ava¨vwZ¥K †bZ…Z¡B h‡_ó| KviY gnvb Avjvn& cweÎ †KviAv‡b e‡j‡Qb, ‫يا يي خذِ الكتابَ بق ّةٍ و آتيناه الكمَ صبّا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ Ò†n BqvnBqv! `„pfv‡e Hkx MÖš’ aviY Ki| Avi Avgiv Zv‡K Zvi ˆkk‡eB wePvi-eyw× `vb K‡iwQjvg|Ó (m~iv gwiqg : 12) Avi hLbB cÖgvwYZ n‡e †h, ˆkk‡e BgvgZ cÖvwß GKwU ev¯—e NUbv Ges Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Rxe‡b Zv Kvh©Z we`¨gvb ZLb ˆkke Ae¯’vq Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi BgvgZ

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Ges Zuvi wcZv GKv`k Bgvg nvmvb Avj AvmKvixi ¯’jvwfwl³ nIqvi e¨vcv‡i Avi †Kvb AvcwËB we`¨gvb _vK‡e bv|

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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
4.Avgiv wKfv‡e wek¦vm Kie †h, Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) Rb¥MÖnY K‡i‡Qb? o Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-G wek¦vm msµvš— nv`xm I †iIqv‡qZmg~n gyZvhvwdi A_©vr ci¯úi‡K kw³kvjx K‡i o Øv`k Bgv‡gi gv‡SB Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— wek¦vm ev¯—evq‡bi `wjj-cÖgvY

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GLb Avgiv PZz_© cÖ‡kœ DcbxZ n‡qwQ| ai“b, `xN© Rxeb, AwZ ˆkk‡e BgvgZ cÖvwß Ges bxie Aš—a©v‡bi `„wó‡KvY †_‡K cÖZxw¶Z †bZvi Aw¯—Z¡ ev¯—‡e m¤¢e n‡jI eZ©gv‡b wZwb Av‡QbÑ G e¨vcv‡i gvbwmK cÖkvwš — jv‡fi Rb¨ ïay G m¤¢vebvUv h‡_ó bq| ZvB Avgiv GLb wKfv‡e Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Aw¯—‡Z¡ wek¦vm Ki‡Z cvwi? †h ¸wUKZK †iIqv‡qZ I nv`xm gnvbex (mv.)-Gi wbKU †_‡K ewY©Z n‡q‡Q Ges nv`xm MÖš’¸‡jv‡Z wjwce× Av‡Q †m¸‡jv wK eZ©gv‡b Øv`k Bgv‡gi Aw¯—Z¡ msµvš— gvbwmK Z…wß I cÖkvwš— Avbq‡bi Rb¨ h‡_ó bq? hw`I G aviYvwU Awfbe Ges A¯^vfvweK| eis wKfv‡e Avgiv mwVK Dcv‡q cÖgvY Kie †h, Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) HwZnvwmKfv‡e weivRgvb (A_©vr wZwb eû kZvãx c~‡e© Rb¥MÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges GLbI †eu‡P Av‡Qb) Ges Zv wbQK †Kvb KíKvwnbx I AjxK aviYv bq hv GK weivU msL¨K RbZvi Aš—‡i cÖgvY Kivi Rb¨ †ek wKQy gb¯—vwË¡K Ae¯’v I cwiw¯’wZi D™¢e n‡q _vK‡e? Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-G wek¦vm msµvš— nv`xm I †iIqv‡qZmg~n gyZvhvwdi (‫ )متضافففففر‬A_©vr GKwU Av‡iKwUi AbyK~‡j A_©vr ci¯úi‡K kw³kvjx K‡i DËi : AwZ DrK…ó RM‡Z G wek¦-RM‡Zi iƒcvš—i I DËiY cÖwµqvi cÖZxw¶Z †bZv wn‡m‡e Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— aviYv mvaviYfv‡e gnvbex (mv.)-Gi nv`xm Ges we‡klfv‡e Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡`i †iIqv‡qZmg~‡n ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| Avi AMwYZ nv`xm I †iIqv‡q‡Z G wel‡q GZUv †Rvi †`qv n‡q‡Q †h, Gici Avi G e¨vcv‡i †Kvb m‡›`‡ni D™¢e nIqvB Am¤¢e| Avgv‡`i åvZ„cÖwZg Avn&‡j mybœv‡Zi

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m~Îmg~‡n gnvbex (mv.)-Gi wbKU †_‡K G e¨vcv‡i 400wUi g‡Zv nv`x‡mi K_v DwjwLZ n‡q‡Q|1 Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) m¤ú‡K© wkqv-mybœx m~Îmg~‡n mw¤§wjZfv‡e ewY©Z nv`x‡mi msL¨v 6000 Gi AwaK|2 Avi GUv n‡”Q GK weivU cwimsL¨vb hvi bwRi eû Bmjvgx ¯^Ztwm× wel‡qI we`¨gvb †bB †h¸‡jvi e¨vcv‡i ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB †Kvb gymjgvb m‡›`n †cvlY K‡i bv| Øv`k Bgv‡gi gv‡SB Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— wek¦vm ev¯—evq‡bi `wjj-cÖgvY Z‡e Øv`k Bgv‡gi †¶‡Î †h G aviYvwU ev¯—evwqZ n‡q‡QÑ G e¨vcv‡i wek¦vm †cvlY Ges gvbwmK cÖkvwš— I Z…wß jv‡fi Rb¨ ch©vß I ¯úó KviY we`¨gvb| Avi G me KviY Avgiv `yÕwU cÖavb `wj‡ji g‡a¨ ms‡¶‡c Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z cvwi : `wjj؇qi GKwU Bmjvgx Ges Ab¨wU ZvwË¡K ev ˆeÁvwbK| Bmjvgx `wjjwUi Øviv Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi Aw¯—Z¡ cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvwi| Avi ZvwË¡K `wjjwUi gva¨‡g Avgiv cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvie †h, Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— aviYv wbQK †Kvb KíKvwnbx I Ag~jK †Kvb ZË¡ bq; eis wZwb Avm‡jB Ggb ev¯—e mZ¨ huvi Aw¯—Z¡ HwZnvwmK AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K cÖgvwYZ I cÖwZwôZ n‡q‡Q| Z‡e Bmjvgx `wjjwU gnvbex (mv.) Ges Avn&‡j evB‡Zi cweÎ Bgvg‡`i ewY©Z kZ kZ nv`xm I †iIqv‡q‡Zi g‡a¨ cwiùzwUZ I ev¯—e iƒc jvf K‡i‡Q| Avi G me nv`xm I †iIqv‡qZ Bgvg gvn&`x‡K Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Aš—f©y³3, nhiZ
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1. Avgvi kª‡×q wcZ…e¨ mvB‡q¨` Avm mv`i cÖYxZ ÔAvj gvn&`xÕ MÖš’| (†jLK knx` AvqvZzjvn& mvB‡q¨` gynv¤§` evwKi Avm mv`i KZ©„K cÖ`Ë UxKv)| 2 2. †kL jrdzjvn& mvdx cÖYxZ ÔgybZvLveyj Avmvi dxj Bgvwgm& mvbx AvkviÕ MÖš’ (†jLK knx` AvqvZzjvn& mvB‡q¨` gynv¤§` evwKi Avm mv`i KZ©„K cÖ`Ë UxKv)| 3 1. gybZvLveyj Avmvi, c„. 58-136|

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dv‡Zgv hvniv (Av.)-Gi eskai1, nhiZ Bgvg ûmvBb (Av.)-Gi eskai2 Ges Bgvg ûmvB‡bi beg (Aat¯—b) eskai3 e‡j ¯úófv‡e eY©bv K‡i‡Q| Av‡iv wKQy nv`xm I †iIqv‡q‡Z ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbex (mv.)-Gi Lwjdv‡`i msL¨v n‡e ev‡iv Rb|4 G me †iIqv‡qZ D³ me©Rbxb wPš—vaviv‡K Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Øv`k Bgv‡gi gv‡S ¯úó I mywbw`©ó K‡i| Avn&‡j evB‡Zi Bgvg‡`i msi¶Y bxwZ Ges me© mvaviY ch©v‡q Zv DÌvcb Kivi e¨vcv‡i Zuv‡`i mZK©Zvej¤^b m‡Ë¡I G me †iIqv‡qZ eûj cwigv‡Y Ges e¨vcKfv‡e cÖPvwiZ n‡q‡Q| Bgvg‡`i G msi¶YbxwZ I mZK©vej¤^‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨B wQj Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.)-Gi ew›` nIqv A_ev Zuvi RxebKv‡ji `ª“Z Aemvb nIqv †_‡K Zuv‡K i¶v Kiv| †iIqv‡qZ ev nv`x‡mi msL¨vwaK¨ Bgv‡gi Aw¯—Z¡ MÖnY‡hvM¨ nevi GKgvÎ KviY bq| eis G QvovI Av‡iv A‡bK myweavMZ w`K I `wjj-cÖgvY Av‡Q hv G me †iIqv‡q‡Zi mZ¨Zv cÖwZcbœ K‡i| Bgvg ev Lwjdv ev Avgxi msµvš— Ges gnvbexi c‡i †h ev‡iv Rb Bgvg, Lwjdv ev Avgxi n‡ebÑ GZ`msµvš— gnvbexi wbKU †_‡K 270wUiI AwaK †iIqv‡qZ5 i‡q‡Q| G me †iIqv‡qZ eyLvix6, gymwjg7, wZiwghx8, Avey `vD`9, gymbv‡` Avng`10, nvwK‡gi gy¯—v`ivKzm

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2. gybZvLveyj Avmvi, c„. 191-194| 3. gybZvLveyj Avmvi, c„. 198-202| 3 4. gybZvLveyj Avmvi, c„. 204-207| 4 5. gybZvLveyj Avmvi, c„. 10-45| 5 . †kL jyrdzjvn& mvdx Zuvi ÔgybZvLveyj AvmviÕ MÖ‡š’i 10-45 c„ôvq 271wU nv`xm D‡jL K‡i‡Qb| 6 1. mnxn Avj eyLvix, 4 : 75| 7 2. mnxn gymwjg, 2 : 191| 8 3. mnxn AvZ wZiwghx, 2 : 45| 9 4. mnxn Avey `vD`, 2 : 207| 10 gymbv‡` Avng`, 5 : 106|
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Bgvg gvn&`x (Av.) msµvš— Av‡jvPbv
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