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Overfishing and the World By Elizabeth Thomason
While colder waters.2 The Declining Fish Stock Problem The codfish were so thick in the water that “a boat could hardly be rowed through them. a large portion of blame for the cod disaster must be placed on human greed. the proliferation of seals. The codfish stock is now so depleted that in 1992 the Canadian government imposed its own ban on Atlantic cod fishing. we have believed.” So said explorer John Cabot in 1497 as he described one of the world’s richest fishing grounds— the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.000 tons of fish a year from Newfoundland’s banks. and replenish the species. For years man has fished the Ocean blue with the idea that “there are plenty of fish in the sea”. and the migration of codfish may also have played a part in the depletion of the codfish population. the annual catch of cod at Newfoundland had reached almost 100. or Over Fishing. spawn.000 people looking for work in other sectors. What future is there for the Atlantic codfish as well as all the other fish that are being driven to extinction? Some doubt that there are enough young fish to mature. Today. By 1968.Overfishing and The world. Fewer fish? The seas. By the late 1600’s. During the next century. the yield doubled. This was three times the annual average catch for the previous century.000 metric tons. While the price of fish is not the most important concern being addressed here rather it is the far reaching-environmental impact that poses the greatest threat. however. the situation has changed dramatically. trawlers from more than a dozen countries were taking 800. This thought has been challenged now for some time. In 1997 the moratorium is still in effect. international fishing fleets converged on Newfoundland’s offshore banks to harvest huge quantities of cod. leaving an estimated 35. contain an unlimited supply of . But where did all the codfish go? During the 1960’s.
huge freezing systems. however they do more harm than good with the increased capacity causing the overexploiting of commercial fish stocks and increasing the amount of waste due to bycatch” This shows another problem besides declining fish stocks. “…providing US$2-3 billion annually. ever-newer technology is pressed into service.3 edible fish. bycatch is the unintentional catching of other species that do not wind up being used but are killed unintentionally. Today. virtually all the species for which those waters are famous suffer from drastic over fishing. Spain. In some fishing waters. employed by the Soviet Union. These subsidies are intended to support the fishing industry in these countries. are able to handle and process more fish. We are finding that some fish species are largely exhausted. Germany and other nations. allowing them to remain at sea. Some have a storage capacity of over 10. What has been responsible? Modern fishing vessels are like “floating factories” with their own canning and freezing equipment aboard. As Greenpeace says on their web site. and powerful engines to drag enormous fishing gear through the ocean. As the fish become scarcer and competition in obtaining available fish stiffens. 2007). are many modern trawlers. Japan. Put simply: the fish don't stand a chance”.000 gross tons. Special transport boats often bring in the catch for the fishing vessels.Overfishing and The world. One web site. fished out of the oceans (Berg & Hager. MarineBio. The trawler’s greatest advantage thereby becomes its ability both to travel a long distance and to stay at sea for up to a year. Hundreds of such boats operate today out of the world’s key fishing spots. . “The ships are fitted out like giant floating factories . ranked as among the world’s best.org states that Japan is.containing fish processing and packing plants.
as reported by Axia College’s online video). admits that. which might also curtail the demand for such. Politicians continue to ignore the advice of scientists about how these fisheries should be managed and the need to fish these threatened species in a sustainable way” It seems that Greenpeace would leave the job of guarding the hen house to the wolves. as they are recognized the world over as leaders in the environmental arena. is slow to help provide a sustainment plan. the fishing industry's eyes are turning towards the Pacific . there does not exist a firm and resolved plan for reversing the effects of over fishing that all can agree on. A more . while commenting on the issue of over fishing. However.Overfishing and The world. as over-fishing can be affected by people not wanting or having the need (aka demand) for fish. I went on a fishing trip several years ago on a chartered boat out of Bodega Bay. while quick to point out the problem of over fishing. “Instead of trying to find a long-term solution to these problems. Invoking something like this would help pay for research and development in the field of overfishing and so could an International Tax on imported fish. “We want to stay in business. Perhaps Greenpeace could help by taking the lead in this regard. Greenpeace. as the video mentions.4 A Management and Sustainment Plan One commercial fisherman.but this is not the answer. Peter Dupuis. we cannot count on the fishing industry to lead the way in finding a long-term solution to overfishing. we need. California and did not pay a fishing tax. Greenpeace mentions that. The first and most influential step in this regard is to reach the end consumer. we want a renewable resource” (Dupuis. “…a policy that strikes a balance between economic demands and environmental concerns”.
and could (as well as all countries involved in commercial fishing) perhaps spend this money on subsidizing the industry. if at all. Some environmentalist and marine scientist feel that implementing cuts in the areas that are being over fished may still take a long time to recover. In the report entitled. Shifts in . “establish no-take zones and marine reserves. This plan would benefit the commercial fishing industry in that it would help provide a sustainable fish resource now and into the future. While commercial fishing would view any such attempts at creating tighter controls as diminishing their rights and complaining about their lively hood being affected as well. but that foreign countries still negotiate with these developing countries to fish these zones. While some Environmentalist may view the proposed ideas as not doing enough. or even invest this or some of this money into domestic fish farming. This plan would also provide for a much needed limit on fishable zones around the world and help the environmental movements while simply building on already established limits and laws affecting such.5 encompassing world plan and perhaps faster method would be to. not just developing ones and to more strictly enforce these new laws.Overfishing and The world. As mentioned. areas where fishing is prohibited. and keep much of Northern Atlantic closed to fishing as well. a practice becoming more common here in the United States. one important aspect could address such concerns. The web site also mentions that there are 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) or non-fishing-zones that were established around developing countries. perhaps they would be willing to invest in a Five year study conducted by a third party on the feasibility of such a proposal showing its long-term effects and benefits. A strong solution to help the effects of over fishing would be to increase these zones to 300 miles around all countries. to help replenish commercial fish stocks to secure long-term sustainability”. Japan already commits about two to three billion dollars a year to its fishing industry.
Perhaps maybe even 10 percent of farm raised fish could be released into rivers and the ocean. they reported. References . “The road to the future leads us smack into the wall. the Ozone Layer and now over Fishing. this will not be the case. Resources. Global Warming. intensely interested in the Ocean said. even after the implementation of severe fishing restrictions” (Levin et al.6 a Pacific Ocean Fish Assemblage: the Potential Influence of Exploitation by Levin et al. helping the issue to an even greater extent. 50 or perhaps 100 years” (Jacques Yves Cousteau). 2006). this would create jobs for those affected as mentioned and alleviate any concerns about suffering a loss of “lifestyle”. it will only be a reflection on. With the persistence of those who care. A famous man. Better than that would be to pass a Bond Measure that would raise money to invest more heavily into domestic fish farming. Jobs. “Our results are disquieting because they raise the possibility that fishing-induced phase shifts in fish communities may affect the recovery of fishes. Our survival is no more than a question of 25. All these environmental concerns were at one time not household names. As mentioned Government money would be needed to help subside any people who needed financial help do to their income being affected by addressing the problems of over fishing. “Survival of the fittest”. These findings should find us working even harder on the problem today.Overfishing and The world. We simply ricochet off the alternatives that destiny offers. or have began to tax the earth’s resources. and Lifestyles. This act would help not only with financial concerns involved here but would help the future of sustainability of fishing. As we begin to realize that what we have. Hopefully. hopefully we can give back to our home and care for it before it becomes too late. if it becomes so. over time that has changed.
Hoboken..htm Levin. Harvey (2006).edu Website:https://axiaecampus. Phillip. from Greenpeace International Web site: http://www.7 Berg. 2007. Retrieved November 18.com/ehost/detail? vid=5&hid=16&sid=1676b62b-6103-4ec9-a811-135de362551a%40sessionmgr106 (2007). NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Retrieved December 2. 2007. Quotes by Jacques Yves Cousteau.com.phoenix. from MarineBio.edu/secure/aapd/axia/sci275/multimedia/video/decl inining_fish_stock. 2007 from: Ebscohost Database. K. Retrieved November 18.E. & C.asp? gclid=COWHhJrw5o8CFSDyYAod9TY0jQ References . 2007. from axiaecampus. from BrainyQuotes Web site: http://www.marinebio. Overfishing. Holmes.greenpeace.org/Oceans/Conservation/SustainableFisheries.J.brainyquote. C. Retrieved November 15.R. E. Sustainable Fisheries. September 12).phoenix. Retrieved December 1. Declining fish stock. R. Visualizing environmental science.html (2007. (2007).Overfishing and The world.com/quotes/quotes/j/jacquesyve140726.ezproxy. Shifts in a Pacific Ocean Fish Assemblage: the Potential Influence of Exploitation.ebscohost. Piner.org/international/campaigns/oceans/overfishing (No Date). L. 2007. & Hager. M. (2007).apollolibrary. http://web.org Website:http://www.
E. 2007.brainyquote. Phillip. (2007). Retrieved December 2.com.. http://web.E. (2007). & Hager.html (2007.ebscohost. Piner.edu Website:https://axiaecampus. Shifts in a Pacific Ocean Fish Assemblage: the Potential Influence of Exploitation.. 2007 from: Ebscohost Database. Quotes by Jacques Yves Cousteau.Overfishing and The world. Shifts in a Pacific Ocean Fish Assemblage: the Potential Influence of Exploitation.org/international/campaigns/oceans/overfishing (No Date). NJ: John Wiley & Sons. K. Holmes. & C.ezproxy.htm Levin.R. Holmes.marinebio. Hoboken.com/ehost/detail? vid=5&hid=16&sid=1676b62b-6103-4ec9-a811-135de362551a%40sessionmgr106 (2007).8 Berg. from BrainyQuotes Web site: http://www. Retrieved November 15. & C.greenpeace. from axiaecampus. Sustainable Fisheries. September 12). from MarineBio. Declining fish stock.org Website:http://www. Visualizing environmental science. from Greenpeace International Web site: http://www. R. . L.com/quotes/quotes/j/jacquesyve140726. 2007. K.edu/secure/aapd/axia/sci275/multimedia/video/decl inining_fish_stock. Harvey (2006). Overfishing. Piner.asp? gclid=COWHhJrw5o8CFSDyYAod9TY0jQ Levin.org/Oceans/Conservation/SustainableFisheries. Retrieved December 1. 2007. Harvey (2006). Retrieved November 18.E. M. Retrieved November 18.J. E.phoenix.apollolibrary. C.phoenix.R. Phillip.J. 2007.
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