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Blog provides NCERT solutions, CBSE, NTSE, Olympiad study material, model test papers, important Questions and Answers asked in CBSE examinations. References to Educational Sites and resources.

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Class 9 - Science - CH8 - Motion

Motion

NCERT Chapter Questions and Answers and other Q & A Q1: An object has moved through a distance. Can it have zero displacement? If yes, support your answer with an example. Answer: Yes an object can have zero displacement even though it has moved through a distance. It happens when the object moves back to its original position i.e. final position coincides with the starting position.

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Example: Suppose an object travels from O to C and then comes back to original position O. Total distance traveled = actual path covered = OC + CO = 25 + 25 = 50m Total displacement = shortest distance between final position and initial position = 0m Q2: What do you mean by a body in rest? Answer: A body is said to be at rest, if it does not change its position with respect to a fixed point in its surroundings. Q3: Are motion and rest absolute or relative? Explain with an example. Answer: No these terms rest and motion are relative. For example, a person inside a car, carrying a ball in his hand will see the ball is at rest. While for another person, outside the car will see the ball is also moving. Q4: What is meant by scalars and vectors? Answer: Scalar Quantities: Quantities that require magnitudes only to specify them are called scalar quantities or scalars. Mass, length, time, temperature, angle, area, speed, distance, volume and density are examples of scalar quantities. Vector Quantities: Quantities that require both magnitudes and direction to specify them are called vector quantities or vectors. Displacement, velocity, force, momentum, weight etc. are the examples of vectors. Q5: A farmer moves along the boundary of a square field of side 10 m in 40 s.

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Displacement is less than or equal to the distance travelled by the object.Motion What will be the magnitude of displacement of the farmer at the end of 2 minutes 20 seconds? Answer: As shown in figure.blogspot.8/6/13 CBSE Papers.Science . ⇒ After 140s.. Answer: (a) False. (answer) (70) (70) (65) (62) (59) science-quiz (40) class8science (38) class9-sstudies (37) class8-english (36) class9maths (31) class10-sstudies (29) class7-science (27) class6-science (23) class9hindi (23) class10-hindi (22) class7-english (19) class10biology (18) NSO-Class9 (15) NSO-class10 (15) class8-hindi (15) class10-chemistry (14) class10maths (14) class10-physics (14) class8-maths (14) class9-PSA (14) class6-english (13) class7-French (12) class8-French (12) class8sstudies (12) english-quiz (12) cbse (11) class7-maths (11) class7sstudies (11) class9-French (11) NSO-Class8 (10) class11-physics (9) NSO-Class7 (8) class11compScience (8) class7-hindi (8) General Knowledge (7) class10mcq (7) class11-english (6) class6French (6) class6-sstudies (6) imoclass8 (6) imo-class9 (6) Olympiadmaths (5) class10-FIT (5) class10science-paper (5) class11-chemistry (5) class9-sanskrit (5) softw are (5) class10-French (4) JSTSE (3) class10physics-numericals (3) class11-PSA (3) class12-english (3) class12-science (3) class9-fit (3) new s (3) science-quest (3) class10-sanskrit (2) class6-hindi (2) class6-maths (2) english-comprehension (2) hindi-quiz (2) imo-class10 (2) class 6hindi (1) class6-sanskrit (1) class7-sanskrit (1) class8-sanskrit (1) = (100+100)½ = 10√2 = 10 x 1. Questions.414 = 14..e... (b) False. let us assume.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion.: Class 9 . 3 and ½ laps). (See Q1). length of each side = 10m Distance covered in 1 lap = Perimeter of ABCD = 4 x 10 = 40m Motion NCERT Chapter Questions and Answers and other Q & A Q1: An object has moved through a. the farmer starts from A...html 2/11 .14m Question: Can you find out displacement.5 laps. Q6: Which of the following is true for displacement? (a) It cannot be zero. Displacement can be zero. Answers. not taking the actual path traveled into account. VISITS COUNTER 4 8 9 9 3 3 7 LABELS ntse (100) CTET class9-science class9-english class10-english class10-science Time taken by farmer to cover 1 lap = 40s Speed of farmer = Distance ÷ Time Taken for one lap = 40/40s = 1m/s Distance covered by farmer in 2min 20 secs = Speed x Time = 1 x 140s = 140m Number of laps covered = 140 ÷ 40 = 3.CH8 . Which Of the following values of the initial and final coordinates. B = −8m (d) A = −4m. B = 2m Answer: (c) Types of Motion FOLLOWERS cbse-notes. which results in a negative displacement? (a) A = 4m. the farmer will be at position C (i. (b) Its magnitude is greater than the distance travelled by the object. B = 6m (b) A = −4m. Displacement = AC = (AB2 + BC2)½ (applying Pythagoras theorem) .. if the farmer starts from mid-point of AB? Note : Displacement is a vector quantity that measures the shortest distance (straight line) between the starting point and ending point. Given. MCQ . B = −2m (c) A = −4m. Q7: A particle moves along the x axis from A to B.

. the magnitude of average velocity of an object is equal to its average speed. we need to compute distance traveled.7 By w w w . If average speed is being asked. that is. FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER Answer: Speed Velocity Follow @eduvictors2011 It is distance traveled by an object per It is the displacement covered by an object per unit time.: Class 9 . These two words help in understand we need to compute displacement not distance.CH8 . It can be mechanical or electronic or electromechanical. Speed = distance ÷ time It is scalar quantity i. focus on such words. Average velocity (v) = Total Displacement ÷ Time Taken = 0 ÷ T = 0 m/sec Note : In the above question.com Like 1. there are two important words "round trip" and "average velocity".eduvictors. Q13: During an experiment. a signal from a spaceship reached the ground station in five minutes.8/6/13 CBSE Papers. Velocity = displacement ÷ time It is vector quantity i. Workbook Integrative Grammar Practice . It also tells the instant speed of the vehicle.blogspot. While solving numericals.e. Its direction may also vary but the magnitude is fixed.983 people like eduvictors. it has magnitude only. Q12: What is the average velocity over the “round trip” of an object that is thrown straight up from the ground and falls straight back down to the ground? Answer: Total displacement in this case ("round trip") = 0m Let us assume time taken = T secs. Answer: Given Time Taken (t) = 5 min = 5 x 60s = 300 s Speed of signal (v) = 3 × 108 m s –1 Distance of spaceship = v x t = 3 × 108 m s –1 x 300 = 9 x 1010 m= 9 x 107 km Note: When to take Average speed is equal to average mean of speeds and When to take Average Speed is equal to harmonic mean of speed? F acebook social plugin FEEDS CURRENTLY VIEWING Frequently Asked Questions about JEE (Main) By w w w .in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. unit of time. MCQ . Questions. 3 × 108 m s–1.eduvictors. Find us on Facebook eduvictors.e. it means its speed is constant. Q9: Under what condition(s) is the magnitude of average velocity of an object equal to its average speed? Answer: When a body is in rectilinear motion i. has both magnitude and direction.html 3/11 .Science .com.in - cbse-notes.in 0 comment CBSE Class9 English Comm. Q11: What does the path of an object look like when it is in uniform motion? Answer: When an object is in uniform motion. Or it travels equal distance in equal intervals of time.Motion Join this site w ith Google Friend Connect Members (235) More » Already a member? Sign in Q8: Distinguish between speed and velocity.e. What was the distance of the spaceship from the ground station? The signal travels at the speed of light.. moves in straight line. Answers. Q10: What does the odometer of an automobile measure? Answer: Odometer is used to measure the distance covered by the automobile. The path may be a straight line or curved or zigzag.

avg speed = 2/(1/20 + 1/30) = 24 km/hr Q15: A cyclist cycles for t second at a speed of 3 m/s and then for the same time at a speed of 5 m/s along a straight road due north. Answer: Case 1: Arithmetic mean i.: Class 9 .. he drove at the constant speed of 20 km/hr. Q17: A car travels along a straight line and covers one third of total distance with speed of 4 m/s.eduvictors. Find the average speed of the car. for the next hour. it covers with a speed of 2 m/s half the time and with speed of 6m/s for the other half time. Questions. Answers. For the first hour. Speed = Total Distance / Total Time = 8t/2t = 4m/s .html 4/11 .. Then he (instantaneously) increased his speed and traveled the remaining distance at 30 km per hour. Find the average speed of the motion. Total Time taken = 2t seconds Total Distance covered = 3t + 5t = 8t m Avg. The first half of the way. The remaining distance. (ii) A body is said to be in nonuniform acceleration if the rate of change of its velocity is not constant in equal intervals of time. What is the average speed of the cyclist? Answer: You may compute arithmetic mean to compute average speed. (answer) Q16: When will you say a body is in (i) uniform acceleration? (ii) nonuniform acceleration? Answer: (i) A body is said to be in uniform acceleration if it travels in a straight line and its velocity increases or decreases by equal amounts in equal intervals of time.. Then he (instantaneously) increased his speed and.in 4 comments EDUBLOGS Q14: Consider the following two scenarios and tell in which case average speed is harmonic mean or arithmetic mean? Case 1: A fellow travels from city A to city B.CH8 .blogspot. avg speed = (20 + 30)/2 = 25 km/hr Case 2: Harmonic mean i. Alternately. MCQ ..Science .e. he drove at the constant speed of 20 km per hour.e. Find the average speed of the motion.Motion 0 comment CBSE Class 9/10 English Grammar Message Writing By w w w . kept it at 30 km per hour. Answer: cbse-notes.8/6/13 CBSE Papers.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. Case 2: A fellow travels from city A to city B.

MCQ ..(answer) Q19: A train starting from a railway station and moving with uniform acceleration attains a speed 40 km/h in 10 minutes. Initial speed of train (u) = 0 km/hr Final Speed of train (v) = 40 km/hr Time taken = 10 min = 10/60 = 1/6 hr Since v = u + at a = (v-u)/t = (40-0)/(1/6) = 40 x 6 = 240 kmhr–2 .Answer: Given....1 ms–2 for 2 cbse-notes.CH8 .11 m s–2 . Questions. Initial speed of bus (u) = 80 km/h = 80 x 1000/(60 x 60) = 800/36 m/s Final speed of bus (v) = 60 km/h = 60 x 1000/3600 = 600/36 m/s Time taken (t) = 5s Since v = u + at a = (v -u)/t = (800-600)/(36 x 5) = 1. Find the acceleration of the bus.8/6/13 CBSE Papers.blogspot.: Class 9 . Answer: Given.html 5/11 .Science .(answer) Q20: A bus starting from rest moves with a uniform acceleration of 0.. Find its acceleration.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. Answers..Motion Q18: A bus decreases its speed from 80 km/h to 60 km/h in 5 s.

.CH8 . Calculate the length of the train. Speed of the train (v) = 72kmph = 72 * 1000/3600 = 20 m s –1... (answer) Q25: A train is running at a speed of 72 km/h. Find how far the train will go before it is brought to rest. Length of bridge = 1/2 km = 500 m . Answer: Given.5 ms –2 v2 .. It will make a straight line on distance-time graph making an angle with time (x-axis) axis. it covers equal distances in equal intervals of time..500 = 700m .(II) Length of train = (II) . It crosses a bridge of length half kilometer in 1 minute.blogspot.1 x 14400 /2 = 720m Q21: A train is travelling at a speed of 90 kmh–1.. Brakes are applied so as to produce a uniform acceleration of – 0.(I) = 1200 . Find (a) the speed acquired. What will be its velocity 3 s after the start? Answer: Given. (answer) Q22: A trolley. time taken (t) = 3 s v = u + at ⇒ v = 0 + 2 x 3 = 6 cm s–1..5) = -625/-1 = 625m . has an acceleration of 2 cm s–2.u2 = 2aS ⇒ S = (v2 ... (answer) Q23: A racing car has a uniform acceleration of 4 m s–2. acceleration (a) = 4 m s –2. Answer: Given. time taken (t) = 10 s Distance covered (S) = ? S = ut + ½at2= 0 + 4x100/2 = 400 / 2 = 200 m .u2 ) / 2a = (02 . (b) the distance travelled.(I) Time taken by train to cross bridge = 1min = 60s Distance travelled by the train in 60s = 20 x 60 = 1200m ..1 x 1202 )/2 = 0...1 ms –2 Time taken (t) = 2 min = 2 x 60 = 120 s Final velocity = ? Distance Covered (S) = ? v = u + at = 0 + 0.. Answer: Given.: Class 9 .html 6/11 .1 x 120 = 12 m/s .in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. Initial speed (u) = 0 m/s Acceleration of bus (a) = 0. What distance will it cover in 10 s after start? Answer: Given....Science . Questions.Motion minutes.8/6/13 CBSE Papers.(answer) Q26: What is the nature of the distance-time graphs for uniform and non-uniform motion of an object? Answer: (a) When an object moves with uniform (constant) speed.. Initial Velocity of train (u) = 90 kmh–1 = 90 x 1000/ 3600 = 25 ms –1 Final velocity (v) = 0 ms –1 acceleration (a) = -0. Initial velocity of car (u) = 0 m s –1...252 ) / (2 x -0. acceleration (a) = 2 cm s –2. (answer) . Answers. while going down an inclined plane.5 ms–2. MCQ . Initial velocity (u) = 0 cm s –1. cbse-notes.(answer) S = ut + ½at2 = 0 + (0.

Scene IV: Object is moving with uniform speed but variable acceleration.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. Scene II is another common scenario. a free falling body. Another driver going at 3 km/h in another car applies his brakes slowly and stops in 10 s.: Class 9 .8/6/13 CBSE Papers. MCQ . it has fixed speed but direction of the object is changing every moment (direction of centripetal acceleration changes.Motion (b) For an object moving in a non-uniform motion will cover unequal distances in equal intervals of time. The car stops in 5 s. Which of the two cars travelled farther after the brakes were applied? Answer: Car A: Initial speed (uA ) = 52km/h = 52 x 1000/3600 = 14. (Note : Scene I is possible. Q27: What does the slope of distance-time graph indicate? Answer: Slope indicates the speed of the object. e. It will be a curve on a distance-time graph.g..Science . On the same graph paper.html 7/11 . Q28: A scalar quantity has ? (a) magnitude only (b) direction only (c) both direction and magnitude (d) none of these Answer: (a) magnitude only Q28: Which of the following situation is impossible to have? Scene I: Object moving to east with velocity (v) and acceleration is acting towards west. Scene IV is possible: An object is in uniform circular motion i.blogspot. Answers.e..CH8 . Scene II: Object is moving with variable velocity but fixed acceleration.g.) Q29(NCERT): A driver of a car travelling at 52 km/h applies the brakes and accelerates uniformly in the opposite direction. a car is moving towards east and brakes are applied (retardation occurs in opposite direction. Questions. Answer: (c) Scene III is impossible to occur. the velocity of the falling object increases every second but acceleration due to gravity is fixed. plot the speed versus time graphs for the two cars.4 m/s Final Speed (vA ) = 0 m/s Time taken (tA ) = 5s cbse-notes. e. Scene III: Object is moving with uniform velocity but non-uniform acceleration.

: Class 9 .) (b) No all objects never meet at the same point.15 m ⇒ Car A covers more distance as compared to car B. Answers.83 x 10 = 4..4 x 5 = 36m Distance covered by car B = Area of △XOY = ½ x OX x OY = ½ x 0. Steeper the angle.B and C. In this case.. higher the speed. Study the graph and answer the following questions: (a) Which of the three is travelling the fastest? (b) Are all three ever at the same point on the road? (c) How far has C travelled when B passes A? (d) How far has B travelled by the time it passes C? Answer: (a) Object B is travelling the fastest. Q30(NCERT): Fig (below) shows the distance-time graph of three objects A. cbse-notes. MCQ .8/6/13 CBSE Papers. object B has the highest slope.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion.blogspot. (Note: slope is also represented by the angle subtended by the distance-time line with xaxis.Science . Questions.CH8 .html 8/11 . We can determine it in two ways. Slope of the distance-time line represents the speed of the object.Motion Car B: Initial speed (uB) = 3km/h = 3 x 1000/3600 = 0.83 m/s Final Speed (vB) = 0 m/s Time taken (tB) = 10s The speed-time graph will look like: Distance covered by car A = Area of △ AOB = ½ x AO x OB = ½ x 14.

: Class 9 . (c) Position is a function of time. The position on distance-axis is 9 units away from origin O. Q34: What will be the initial velocity of an object under free fall? Answer: Zero m/s Q35: Mathematically prove that the distance (S) travelled by an object is the average mean of initial velocity(u) and final velocity(v) having constant acceleration(a) in the direction of motion in a straight line..Science . (c) Position is a function of time. (d) B meets C at point k. Answer: (d) Position is function of velocity and time. [ using v . Q32: The equation v = u + at gives information as (a) velocity is a function of time. (b) Which part of the graph represents uniform motion of the car? Answer: (a) The green shaded area in the graph above shows the distance travelled by the car in first 4 seconds.u = at] cbse-notes.e.Motion (c) When B and A meets at point m. Questions. (d) Position is function of velocity and time. (b) The line segment AB represents uniform motion of the car i. Answer: (a) velocity is a function of time Q33: The equation S = ut + ½at2 gives information as (a) velocity is a function of time. Taking approximation. (b) velocity is a function of position. (a) Find how far does the car travel in the first 4 seconds. the Object C is at n.b2) = (a+ b)(a -b) ] ⇒ 2aS = (v+u)at ⇒ 2S = (v+u)t or S = ½(u+v)t ⇒ (u+v)/2 is the average velocity. Shade the area on the graph that represents the distance travelled by the car during the period. which is approximately 8km on distance axis. Answer: To prove S = ½(u+v)t We know that v = u + at and 2aS = v2 .blogspot.html 9/11 . One unit on distance-axis = 4/7 (7 units = 4km). MCQ . Distance covered in first 4s = Area of green shaded △ = 4 x 6 /2 = 12m. the shaded area is a triangle.. Answers.u2 ⇒ 2aS = (v-u)(v+u) [∵ Algebraic identity (a2 .8/6/13 CBSE Papers. (d) Position is function of velocity and time. (b) velocity is a function of position.14 km. car after 6s attains uniform motion.CH8 . Q31(NCERT): The speed-time graph for a car is shown is figure below.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion. ∴ Object B is = 9 x 4/7 = 5.

Comment as: Google Account Publish Preview Newer Post Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom) Home Older Post cbse-notes.in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion.. . Answer: Linear speed in uniform circular motion = Circumference ÷ time = 2πr ÷ t Given.eduvictors.8/6/13 CBSE Papers. 42.03 km/hr ☛ Ch8 Motion .Science .Motion Q36: Orbit of an artificial satellite at distance 42260 km from earth is circular.html 10/11 .260 km.. Reply E n t e ry o u rc o m m e n t . MCQ . t = 24 h ⇒ v = 2 ✕ 3.CH8 . 2013 at 10:44 PM This comment has b een removed b y the author.blogspot. It completes one revolution around the earth in 24 hours. Answers.14 ✕ 42260 ÷ 24 = 11058.Worksheet ☛ Ch8 Motion (MCQs) Posted by w w w . . Calculate its linear speed.in at 9:25 AM +1 Recommend this on Google Labels: class9-science Reactions: interesting (20) cool (14) somewhat helpful (16) 1 comment: Dhruv Aggarwal July 3.: Class 9 . Questions.

in/2012/04/class-9-science-ch8-motion.CH8 .Science ...8/6/13 CBSE Papers. cbse-notes. MCQ . Questions.blogspot. Answers.Motion Powered by Blogger.html 11/11 .: Class 9 .

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