# BASIC RELATIONSHIPS IN ELASTICITY THEORY

I. Nomenclature

a)

ei i
gij

= strain in the i- direction
= x,y,z (Cartesian) or r, q, z (cylindrical) = shear strain in the i – j plane

b)

u, v, w

= displacements in the three directions (m)

c)

si
t ij

= normal stress component (Pa)
= shear stress component (Pa)

d)

E G n

=modulus of elasticity in tension and compression (Pa) = modulus of elasticity in shear (Pa) = E / 2(1 + N ) = Poisson’s ratio

e)

X .Y .Z = body force components (N/m3)
R, Q, Z =body force components (N/m3)

1

v (s y + s z )] E 1 [s y . Strain-Displacement Relationships a) Cartesian Coordinates ex = ∂u ∂x g xy = ∂v ∂u + ∂x ∂y ∂w ∂v + ∂y ∂z † ey = ∂v ∂y g yz = † ez = † ∂w ∂z g xz = † ∂u ∂w + ∂z ∂x † b) Cylindrical Coordinates † † er = ∂u ∂r u 1 ∂v + r r ∂Q g rQ = gQ z = † ∂v 1 ∂u v + ∂r r ∂Q r 1 ∂w ∂v + r ∂Q ∂z eQ = † ez = † III. t yz = Gg yz .II.v (s x + s z )] E 1 [s z - v (s x + s y )] E ey = † ez = † t xy = Gg xy . t xz = Gg xz † † 2 . † ∂w ∂z g zr = † ∂u ∂w + ∂z ∂r Strain-Stress Relationships † (Hooke’s law for an isotropic medium) a) Cartesian Coordinates ex = 1 [s x .

v (er + ez )] (v + 1)(2v .1) 3 † sQ = † sz = † .1)ex .1)ez . t rz = Gg rz .1)ez .v (ez + ey )] (v + 1)(2v .v (ex + ez )] (v + 1)(2v . t Qz = Gg Qz Stress-Strain Relationships † a) Cartesian Coordinates sx = E [(v .1)ey .1) † sy = E [(v .b) Cylindrical Coordinates er = 1 [s r .1)eQ .v (s r + s Q )] E † eQ = † ez = † IV.v (s Q + s z )] E 1 [s Q - v (s r + s z )] E 1 [s z . t rQ = Gg rQ .1)er .v (eQ + ez )] (v + 1)(2v .1) E [(v .v (ey + ez )] (v + 1)(2v .1) † sz = E [(v .v (er + eQ )] (v + 1)(2v .1) b) † Cylindrical Coordinates sr = E [(v .1) E [(v .

s Q ∂t r z + + + +R=0 ∂r r ∂Q r ∂z ∂s z 1 ∂t zQ ∂t rz t + + + rz + Z = 0 ∂z r ∂Q ∂r r VI.V. Equation and Unknown Count a) Equations 6 strain – displacement relationships 6 strain – stress relationships 3 Equilibrium equations 15 equations b) Unknowns 6 strains 3 displacements 6 stresses 15 unknowns 4 . a) Equilibrium Equations Cartesian Coordinates ∂s x ∂t xy ∂t xz + + +X =0 ∂x ∂y ∂z ∂s y ∂t xy ∂t yz + + +Y = 0 ∂y ∂x ∂z ∂t yz ∂t z ∂t xz + + +Z =0 ∂z ∂x ∂y b) Cylidrical Coordinates 2t rQ ∂t zQ 1 ∂s Q ∂t rQ + + + +Q=0 r ∂Q ∂r r ∂z † ∂s r 1 ∂t rQ s r .

eQ eQ lim = DQ Æ 0 lim [( r + u)DQ + v + ∂v DQ] .[ rDQ + v ] ∂Q rDQ † eQ = lim DQ Æ 0 u 1 ∂v u 1 ∂v ]= + [ + r r ∂Q r r ∂Q † † er = lim Dr Æ 0 u+ ∂u Dr .u ∂u ∂r = Dr ∂r 5 † .