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PIONEER NURSING HOSPITALS & SCHOOLS IN THE PHILIPPINES

1. Iloilo Mission Hospital of Nursing (Iloilo City, 1906)
-It was run by the Baptist Foreign Mission Society of America. -Miss Rose Nicolet was the first superintendent for nurses. -In 1929, it moved to its present location. -Miss Flora Ernst, took charge of the school in 1942. -In March 1944, 22 nurses graduated. -In April 1944, graduate nurses took the first Nurses Board Examination at the said institution.

2. St. Paul Hospital School of Nursing (Manila, 1907)
-The Archbishop of Manila established this hospital named Most Reverend Jeremiah Harty under the supervision of Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres. -It was located in Intramurs and provided general hospital services. It had a free dispensary and dental clinic. -It opened its training school for nurses in 1908, with Rev. Mother Melanie as superintended and Miss E. Chambers as Principal.

3. Philippine General School of Nursing (1907)
-Began in 1901 as a small dispensary mainly for “Civil Officers & Employees” in Manila and later grew into civil hospital. -In 1906, Mrs. Mary Coleman Masters advocated the idea of training Filipino girls for the profession of nursing. -In 1907, with Gen. Forbes’ support and the Director of Health among others, opened classes in nursing under the auspices of the Bureau of Education. Julia Nichols and Charlotte Clayton taught the students and American lecturers served as lecturers. -The Act No. 76 in 1910 modified the organization of the school, placing it under the supervision of the Director of Health. -The Civil Hospital was abolished and the Philippine General Hospital was established. The school became known as the Philippine General Hospital School of Nursing. -When she became chief nurse, Elsie McCloskey-Gaches introduced several improvements in the school. The course was made attractive and more practical. -Anastacia Giron-Tupas, the first Filipino nurse to occupy the position of the chief nurse and superintendent in the Philippines, succeeded her.

4. St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing – 1907, Quezon City; opened after four years as a dispensary clinic.
The St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing, the predecessor of the St. Luke’s College of Nursing is one of the oldest nursing schools in the Philippines. It was established in 1907 soon after the founding of St. Luke’s Hospital. The Late Rev. Charles Brent, the first Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the Philippines saw the need for Filipino nurses initiated the school’s establishment together with Miss Ellen T. Hicks, then the first superintendent of nurses. The school had three of the seventeen Filipino women who first took nursing in the Philippines. The College has consistently maintained its excellent record as a top performing school, ranking No. 1 in June 2007, December 2007 and June 2008 board examinations. Since 1911, St. Luke’s graduates have distinguished themselves in clinical practice, nursing education and post graduate studies through the promotion and advancement of nursing in the Philippines. Celebrating its centennial in 2007, St. Luke’s College of Nursing has prided

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itself through the years as one of the oldest and one of the top performing nursing schools in the Philippines.

5. Mary Johnston Hospital School of Nursing – 1907
It was when the congested districts of Manila were ravaged by diseases and suffered a high morality rate that Dr. Rebecca Parrish and two American missionary nurses, founders of Mary Johnston Hospital, directed zealous efforts towards the establishment of a school of nursing The Bethany Clinic as it was first known in 1907 had the Women's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States as its moving spirit. Starting with 10 bamboo beds, 3 young Filipino girls were accepted to help in the clinic. A year later, a building was constructed in Tondo and was dedicated to the memory of Mary Johnston, the wife of a friend of Dr. Parrish who donated the money for the construction on the hospital. The first 3 girls were joined by 3 more forming the first class of Mary Johnston Hospital Training School for Nurses, and in 1911, the first class was graduated. The school stands for the development of Christian womanhood maintaining that good womanhood must come first and nursing must be founded upon fine character. The school wanted to lead every student along the way of true Spirit Service so that a number of the graduates may be found all over the Philippines engaged in community nursing. Community nursing has been a part of the school curriculum as early as 1929. Additionally, it has kept pace with new developments in nursing education. At the outbreak of World War II, classes were suspended on Dec. 8, 1941 but students stayed on to help care for the sick and the wounded. The hospital, originally for women and children only opened its doors to the casualties of war of both sexes. This continued with the Japanese occupation. Classes were then permitted to reopen, this time in Nippongo. The school graduated nurses in 1942, one semester late. Activities continued until the burning of the school building on Feb. 5, 1942, the liberation of Manila. The senior class was transferred to the North General Hospital School of Nursing to continue their studies. The 1946 graduates became the first graduates of the North General School of Nursing. In 1947, the Mary Johnston School of Nursing was reopened by authorization of the Bureau of Private Schools. 25 girls had one year of college work before admission. In 1953, the school was authorized to offer 4-year collegiate program as part of the Philippine Christian Colleges and in 1957, the first class of 13 was awarded the Bachelor of Science in Nursing. The pre-war building became rehabilitated as the dormitory of the Nursing Service graduate. The school of nursing underwent the gradual evolution from the traditional hospital school to the collegiate school to keep abreast with the present trends to educate nurses. Philippine Christian Colleges received university status on October 6, 1976 during its 30th (Pearl) anniversary. MJSN changed its official name to PCU-Mary Johnston College of Nursing. It has carried this name for over 60 years. Its traditions and ideal remain the same, yet are geared to the present needs of this ever changing society.

6. Philippine Christian Mission Institute Schools of Nursing
The United Christian Missionary Society of Indianapolis, Indiana, a Protestant

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organization of the Disciples of Christ, operated three schools of nursing: a. Sallie Long Read Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (Laoag, Ilocos Norte, 1903) b. Mary Chiles Hospital School of Nursing (Manila 1911). The hospital was established by in Dr. W.N. Lemon in small house on Azcarraga, Sampaloc, Manila. In 1913, Miss Mary Chiles of Independence, Montana, donated a large sum of money with which the present building at Gastambide was bought. The Tuason Annex was donated by Miss Esperanza Tuazon, a Filipino Philntropist. c. Frank Dunn Memorial Hospital (Vigan, Ilocos Sur, 1912)

7. San Juan de Dios Hospital of Nursing (Manila, 1913)
It was June 16, 1913, a school of Nursing was opened, indulged with the aim of providing service not only to the poor, but to the poorest of the poor. Though World War II had almost put its work of Charity to an end, post war reconstruction and rehabilitation resulted in New Hospital in Dewey Boulevard, presently Roxas Boulevard. Adjacent to it is the New College of Nursing, the school of Nursing defunct from 1936 to 1942,re-opened in 1953. The college administered byt the Daughters of Charity of Daughter's of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, who's company was founded by the later, the universal patron of all works of Charity with co-foundress.St. Louise de Marillac, the patroness of all those who devote themselves to Christian Social work. Then later, it opened a new course of Medical Technology which had received government recognition in1969 and was absorbed by the college in 1972. And recently, year 1993, a new department was opened, the Department of Physical Therapy. Thus training more students and molding them towards accomplishing the mission inculcated to us by St. Vincent to the fullest and that is "Service....." Services to the people regardless of their status in life.

8. Emmanuel Hospital School of Nursing (Capiz,1913)
In 1913, the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society sent DR. P.H.J. Lerrigo to Capiz for the purpose of opening a hospital, Miss Rose Nicolet assisted him. The school offered a 3-year training course for an annual fee of Php 100.00. Miss Ciara Pedrosa was the first Filipino principal.

9. Southern Islands Hospital School of Nursing (Cebu, 1918)
The hospital was established in 1911 under the Bureau of Health. The school opened in 1918 with Anastacia Giron-Tupas, as the organizer. Miss Visitacion Perez was the first principal.

10.Zamboanga General Hospital School of Nursing (1921)
When the civil government was extended to Mindanao and Sulu in 1914, the government made it its basic policy the establishment of a hospital and dispensary. This was to provide effective medical relief and the promotion of wellness in the community. This in turn necessitated the educating, training, and ultimately hiring of graduate nurses. In the begining, difficulties arose in the training , and of retaining nurses from the north, due to the special conditions prevailing in the department. Thus the establishment of Zamboanga General Hospital training School for Nurses was deemed necessary. In 1918 , Zamboanga was the capital town of the non-christian province of Mindanao and Sulu.Jacobo Fajardo, then Chief, Division of Provincial Sanitation, Philippine Health Service,saw the need for a hospital to care for and treat contagious diseases and at the same time promote wellness and healthful living in the community!

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Through the recommendation of Dr. Jacob Fajardo, Dr. Eusebio D. Aguilar, resident physician of Lanao Public Hospital which was formerly a US Army hospital in Dansalan, Lanao, was appointed surgeon in charge of Zamboanga General Hospital. Dr. Pedro Rodriguez became the resident physician. the chief nurse was Miss Simeona Assido. Assistant chief nurse was Miss Placida Decano. The superintendent of the hospital was Mr. Simeon Obsequio, a registered nurse. The hospital consisted of two pavillions offering Medial and Surgical services. Within the next 5 years additional buildings were constructed due to increasing demands for health care and the health education of the community.

11.Chinese General Hospital School of Nursing (1921)
The Chinese General Hospital College of Nursing [and Liberal Arts (CGHCNLA)] was established in 1921 as the Chinese General Hospital School of Nursing (CGHSN). The idea was conceived by Dr. Jose Tee Han Kee, who was then the Director of the Chinese General Hospital. With him were three physicians who organized the training school. The Sisters of the Immaculate Conception based in Hong Kong and Canton, China were requested by Dr. Tee Han Kee to help in starting the school. The first batch of five sisters arrived in August 1921. Mrs. Praxedes Co Tui, a registered nurse from the Philippine General Hospital was appointed as Chief Nurse and Principal of the School of Nursing.

12.Baguio General Hospital of Nursing (1923) 13.Manila Sanitarium and Hospital School of Nursing (1930) 14.St. Paul’s School of Nursing in Iloilo (1946) 15.North General Hospital and School of Nursing (1946) 16.Siliman University School of Nursing (1947)

PIONEER COLLEGES OF NURSING IN THE PHILIPPINES
1. UST College of Nursing – 1st College of Nursing in the Phils: 1879
The first Nursing Educational Program in the country was offered by this University as Escuela de Practicantes, and was founded in 1879. However, it was closed in 1904. A School of Home Nursing was opened in 1939 and was closed at the outbreak of the war in 1941. The present course offering is the Philippines' first Basic Collegiate Baccalaureate Programme offered for the first time in February 1946.

2. MCU College of Nursing – June 1947 (1st College who offered BSN – 4 year program)
Responding to an appeal from students and community to continue operating the Afable College of Medicine and Surgery after the death of its founder, the MCC acquired its facilities. Thus born the MCC’s College of Medicine, with Dr.

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Alfredo Guerrero as the first Dean. The College of Nursing was also opened after the Bureau of Private Schools granted MCC the permit to operate the first year of a four- year course. Permit to operate subsequent years of the course were secured after. The Graduate School in Business Administration was also established, the only of its kind focusing on scientific management, to offer the degrees of Master in Business Administration and later, Master in Public Administration. Dr. Leon Ma. Gonzales is the first Dean.

3. UP College of Nursing – June 1948
The University of the Philippines College of Nursing (UPCN) was conceived through a thesis presented to the Division of Biological Sciences, University of Chicago, by Ms. Julita V. Sotejo, entitled, “A University School of Nursing in the University of the Philippines.” An abstract of this thesis was enthusiastically received by Filipino nurses in convention on May 9, 1946, such that a resolution supporting the proposal was passed by the Filipino Nurses Association (now Philippine Nurses Association). After dicussions and consultations with then UP President Dr. Bienvenido M. Gonzales and members of the Board of Regents (BOR), the latter favorably endorsed the proposal to the President of the Philippines, so that on April 9, 1948, the University of the Philippines College of Nursing came into being.

4. FEU Institute of Nursing – June 1955
The Institute of Nursing in 1955. Initially it offered a three-year diploma program leading to a non-degree Graduate in Nursing (GN), with Teofista G. Villarica as its first principal. By second semester a two year Advance professional Program (supplemental program) was offered, a post-basic program designed to provide graduates of the GN program opportunities to broaden their knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the profession. Lucrecia Llanera was the first directress of the new program. Most of the enrolees were nurses holding important positions in different health agencies and schools of nursing, In 1960, Felicidad D. Elegado was appointed principal of both programs. About this time, the School of Nursing was elevated to the status of an Institute with Elegado as first dean. To upgrade the curriculum, the three-year course was converted to a fiveyear baccalaureate program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). Upon the retirement of Dean Egelado in 1978, the then Institute secretary, Lydia A. Palaypay, assumed deanship. The five-year baccalaureate program was converted to the revised four-year BSN curriculum. Under her administration, the nursing curriculum became more competency-based and community health-centered, closely attuned to the needs of contemporary Philippine society. The reoriented curriculum is believed to be responsible for the Institution's near perfect passing rate of its graduates in yearly licensure examination. Upon the appointment of Dean Palaypay as the vice president for Academic Affairs in 1994, Prof. Norma M. Dumadag took over as dean of the Institute. Under her stewardship, the Institute has attained Level II PAASCU standards of CMO No. 27 series of 1998, the BSN curriculum was reconfigured effective SY 1998-1999, which required the student to undergo two years of Associate in Health Science Education (ASHE). Because of the consistent and sterling performance of nursing graduates in the licensure exams over the years and after complying with the CHED's requirements on Graduate Education, the Institute of Graduate Studies was certified to offer a master's degree in Nursing effective SY 2002-2003.

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Graduates of the Institute of Nursing occupy key positions in different health institutions in the country such as the UP PGH, St Luke's Medical Center, Makati Medical Center, National Kidney Center, and Philippine heart Center; as well as abroad (such as in the United States, Canada, Europe and the Middle East). The FEU-IN is the pioneer in virtual nursing laboratory in the Philippines through its Virtual Integrated Nursing Education Simulation (VINES) Laboratory established in December 2006 under the Deanship of Dean Borromeo with Mr. Cyrill Consuelo as its first VINES Coordinator.

5. UE College of Nursing – Oct 1958
It was in the hustle and bustle of the late 1960s that the UERMMMC College of Nursing was founded. The College owes its beginnings to the pioneers of the then newly established medical center as well as to prominent benefactors. Though the groundwork for the College began as early as October 1958, students were admitted only in the following year. This is because the foundations of what is to be a premier institution had to be carefully laid out. The initial step was in many ways a mighty challenge for the forerunners of the College. They were aware that their exploits and feats would become the benchmark with which their successors will build the next years of the College’s acclaimed history.

Sources: Tripod.com Wikipedia.org

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