This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

### Publishers

Scribd Selects Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Scribd Selects Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

P. 1

Ejercicios Gradiente|Views: 17|Likes: 0

Published by Felipe López Garduza

Ejercicios de Gradiente y derivada direccional

Ejercicios de Gradiente y derivada direccional

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/159017551/Ejercicios-Gradiente

02/19/2014

text

original

5

The Gradient and Directional Derivatives

829

15.5 EXERCISES

Preliminary Questions

1. Which of the following is a possible value of the gradient ∇ f of a function f (x, y) of two variables? (a) 5 (b) 3, 4 (c) 3, 4, 5 2. True or false? A differentiable function increases at the rate ∇ fP in the direction of ∇ fP . 4. You are standing at a point where the temperature gradient vector is pointing in the northeast (NE) direction. In which direction(s) should you walk to avoid a change in temperature? (a) NE (b) NW (c) SE (d) SW 5. What is the rate of change of f (x, y) at (0, 0) in the direction making an angle of 45◦ with the x -axis if ∇ f (0, 0) = 2, 4 ?

3. Describe the two main geometric properties of the gradient ∇ f .

Exercises

2 3 1. Let f (x, y) = xy 2 and c(t) = 1 2t ,t . (a) Calculate ∇ f and c (t).

In Exercises 9–20, use the Chain Rule to calculate d f (c(t)) at t = 1 and dt 9. f (x, y) = 3x − 7y , 10. f (x, y) = 3x − 7y , 11. f (x, y) = x 2 − 3xy , c(t) = (cos t, sin t), c(t) = (t 2 , t 3 ), c(t) = (cos t, sin t), c(t) = (cos t, sin t), c(t) = (e2t , e3t ),

d f (c(t)). dt

(b) Use the Chain Rule for Paths to evaluate t = −1. 2. Let f (x, y) = exy and c(t) = (t 3 , 1 + t). (a) Calculate ∇ f and c (t).

t =0 t =0 t= π 2

t =2

d (b) Use the Chain Rule for Paths to calculate f (c(t)). dt (c) Write out the composite f (c(t)) as a function of t and differentiate. Check that the result agrees with part (b). 3. Figure 14 shows the level curves of a function f (x, y) and a path c(t), traversed in the direction indicated. State whether the derivative d f (c(t)) is positive, negative, or zero at points A–D . dt

y 8

12. f (x, y) = x 2 − 3xy , 13. f (x, y) = sin(xy), 14. f (x, y) = cos(y − x), 16. f (x, y) = xey ,

15. f (x, y) = x − xy , c(t) = (t 2 , t 2 − 4t), c(t) = (t 2 , t 2 − 4t),

c(t) = (et , e2t ), t = ln 3 t =4 t= π 4 t =1 t =0

t =0

17. f (x, y) = ln x + ln y , 18. g(x, y, z) = xyez ,

c(t) = (cos t, t 2 ),

19. g(x, y, z) = xyz−1 , c(t) = (et , t, t 2 ),

c(t) = (t 2 , t 3 , t − 1), t = 1 c(t) = (t 2 , t 3 , t, t −2),

4

D

C

−10

−20

B

20. g(x, y, z, w) = x + 2y + 3z + 5w , t =1

0

A

0 10 20 30

In Exercises 21–30, calculate the directional derivative in the direction of v at the given point. Remember to normalize the direction vector or use Eq. (4). 21. f (x, y) = x 2 + y 3 , v = 4, 3 ,

4 8 x

−4 −4 0

FIGURE 14

23. f (x, y) = x 2 y 3 , v = i + j, P = 1 6,3 24. f (x, y) = sin(x − y),

xy −y 2

22. f (x, y) = x 2 y 3 ,

P = (1, 2)

v = i + j, P = (−2, 1)

π v = 1, 1 , P = π 2, 6

4. Let f (x, y) = x 2 + y 2 and c(t) = (cos t, sin t). d (a) Find f (c(t)) without making any calculations. Explain. dt (b) Verify your answer to (a) using the Chain Rule. In Exercises 5–8, calculate the gradient. 5. f (x, y) = cos(x 2 + y) 7. h(x, y, z) = xyz−3 x 6. g(x, y) = 2 x + y2 8. r(x, y, z, w) = xzeyw

25. f (x, y) = tan−1 (xy), v = 1, 1 , 26. f (x, y) = e , 27. f (x, y) = ln(x 2 + y 2 ), 29. g(x, y, z) = xe−yz , v = 12, −5 ,

P = (3, 4) P = (2, 2) P = (1, 0) P = (2, 1, 3)

28. g(x, y, z) = z2 − xy 2 , v = −1, 2, 2 ,

v = 3i − 2j,

v = 1, 1, 1 , P = (1, 2, 0)

30. g(x, y, z) = x ln(y + z), v = 2i − j + k , P = (2, e, e)

Tesla

Ejercicios Clase

Linear Algebra

Dynamics

Formula Sheet

Física-Estudio

Diversidad Académica - Estrategias

Material Modulo 1

100 IDEAS - PLANEACIÓN DE CLASE

Password CCA

Diseño_de_helicópteros_y_otras_aeronaves_diversas_-_Ingeniería_aeronáutica_-_ETSEIAT_-_UPC

Formato planeación

formato

El Plan Perfecto

Entrega Final de Proyectos

Proyecto Electricidad Tercer Parcial

Motor Electrico Proyecto Final

Tarea 4

Tarea 2

Tarea 3

Tarea 1

Notas ED11

Notas ED5

Guia FelipeLópez

Funciones

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->