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B.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY CLIENT BASED


LABORATORY RESULTS: Positive in Albumin in the urine. Positive for RBC in the urine Collapse Urinary Bladder in the ultrasound

Damage to Urinary System With presence of urinary catheter on both sides. -

Precipitating Factor:
Stress Cigarette Smoking Excessive Alcohol and caffeine intake Drugs intake such as NSAID and Aspirin Irregular, hurried meals Fatty, spicy highly acidic Foods

HCl + Pepsin (Aggressor)

Mucous Secretion (Protector)

Increased secretions: >stress > Stimulants

Decrease Secretions: Decrease Blood flow Irritants

Damage of mucous membrane

Peptic Ulcer disease

COMPLICATIONS: Perforation

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY BOOK BASED

Predisposing Factors: Type A Personality (Stress Personality) Type O blood Genetics

Precipitating Factor: Stress Cigarette Smoking Excessive Alcohol and caffeine intake Drugs intake such as NSAID and Aspirin Irregular, hurried meals Fatty, spicy highly acidic Foods Gastritis Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome

In response to injury to the gastric mucosa, histamine is released

Pyloric sphincter dysfunction, histamine is released

Increased HCl production

Increased diffusion of gastric acid back into the stomach.

Peptic Ulcer disease

COMPLICATIONS: Pyloric Obstruction perforation

Hematemesis and melena can occur secondary to erosion of the ulcer to blood vessel