You are on page 1of 142

A Reproduced Copy

. ... ..
. ,

OF

Reproduced for NASA

by the

NASA

Scientific and Technical Information Facility

FFNo 672 Aug 65

STUDY M LESTOMES
OCTOBER 25 NASA COMMENTS

APRIL 7 JUNE 14 M A R C H 23 PROGRAM GO-AHEAD STUDY OUTLINE ORAL

OCTOBER 1 1 FINAL NOVEMBER 8

I
PROGRESS REVIEW SU BSY STEM SELECT ION CONFIGURATION SELECTION GROUND RULE REVIEW

ATE CONTRACTORS

GENERAL DYNAMICS
e BASELINE DES IGN

@SYSTEMDEFINITION

EXPERIMENT LIST

'

ALTERHATE PROF
INSERTION W I T H PROPULS I O N MODULE INSERT1 ON W I T H LOG1 STICS MODULE

D IRECT ASCENT

LOGISTICS VEHICLE

--

INITIAL LAUNCH PAYLOAD APQGEE PROPULSION PENALTY NET PAYLOAD

185,000 LB

248,000 LB

248,000 LB 8,000 LB (LOGISTICS VEHICLE)

185,000 LB

238,000 LB

I.

240,000 LB

400
RADIATION SHIELDING (300 RAD PER YEAR)

300
2-YEAR PAYLOAD 200 (1000 LB)
L .

8 0 0 8

ON-BOARD PROPULSION

100
FROM LOGISTICS VEHICLES

0
@

2 3 4 5 6 7 1 0 20501' SYNCHRONIZATION PERIOD (DAYS)


b

NOTES: 9 ONBOARD PROPULSION = ISp = 300 SEC

BnEING

@AVERAGEDRAG AREA =4000 SQ FT 1970-71 TIME PERIOD

0 0 G

Or(

CONTACT T

NOTES: BB COMMUNICATION ANGLE = 10 DEGREES DISCRETE SITES QD SOUTH OF EQUATOR x NORTH OF EQUATOR 0 ORBIT INCLINATION 50 DEGREES

0
B H E H N C

:lo

130 +40 250 S ITE LATITUDE (DEGREES)

220

260

EARTH RESOURCES

LAND SURVEY
SURVEY

l O A M T O 2 PM

1 TO 2 ORBITS

."

PANOR4MIC CAMERA
'r

15

300

280

2 0.5

0.05

ULTRAHIGhRESOLUTION

2.5 Nt

5.5 X 2 . 5 W MI

SYNCPIC

D2-114017-1

EPLRIIMENT RKaU REMENTS SUMMARY

ASTRONOMY

8,430

6C0

2,000

920

B/e,

5 z m
rl

t-

z
0
ZEl

l i

l i

E w
2 0
w

DATA RlElURN REQUIREMENTS

EMULSION STACKS

BIOMEDICAL RECORDS BIOSCIENCE SLIDES, Dl ELECTRIC TAPE MAGNETIC TAPE

FILM RADIATION SHIELDING

100

'80

60

40

20

10 8 FILM SPEED (AEI)

BDS/#C

5424 HIGH-SPEED I .R. (AEI 127)

EARTH RESOURCES GENERAL REQUIREMENTS : NADIR ORIENTATION C A N VIEW THRU WINDOW

ULTRAHIGH-RESOLUTION

POINT CAMERA

SYNOPTIC MULTIBAND CPMERP

EARTH SENSOR V EWING REQU

CHANGES REQD

C O O L I N G REQD C O O L I N G REQD CONCURRENT OPERATION WITH IMAGING SYSTEM

OPERATES W T H RADIOMETER

ASTRONOMY

IEm EQU

40-INCH CASSEGRAlNlAN TELESCOPE WITH HIGH-DISPERS16)N SPECTROGRAPH MOUNTED (3000 TO 8900A)

HIGH-DISPERSION IR SPECTROMETER (0.79 TO 15 MICRONS)

HIGH-DISPERSION

UV SPECTROYETER
(900 TO 4500A)

LOW-DISPERSION UV SPECTROqETER (900 TO 4500A)

LOW-DISPERSION -SPECTROGRAPH (4000 TO 7000i)

TYPE

ACCURACY

DUTY CYCLE

COMMENT

20" SCHMIDT TELESCOPE

10 DEG

0.4 S E C

CONTINUOUS MAPPING VlEW ANGLE 90 DEG FROM SUN CONTINUOUS MAPPING VlEW ANGLE 90 DEG FROM SUN APPROXIMATELY ' 10 9C

REQUIRES INSTRUMENT CHANGES REACQUISITION OF CERTAIN TARGETS F O R 3 TO 4 GRBITS

40"

11.7 MIN.

E C 0.1 S

CASSEGRAINIAN TELESCOPE

40" X-RAY AND GAMMA-RAY TELESCOPE

1.0

DEG

0.05SEC

INTERMITTENT PERIODS OF ACTIVITY

40" X-RAY TELESCOPE

1.0 DEG

0.05SEC
.e

APPROXIMATELY 1 0%

'

INTERMITTENT PERIODS OF ACTIVITY REQUIRES INSTRUMENT CHANGES POINTING STABILITY OF 0.01 TO 0.02 ARC S E C

SOLAR TELESCOPE

11.7 MIN.

0.1 S E C

CONTINUOUS TRACK OF SUN DURING DAY CONTINUOUS TRACK OF SUN DURING DAY

'

20"

1.0 DEG

0.4 S E C

CORONOGRAPH

SOLAR MONITOR TEbESCOPE

10.0 DEG

0.05DEG

CONTINUOUSTRPCK OF SUN DURING DAY

VIDICON F O R T V DISPLAY

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Q TVv'O-AXIS GIMBAL F O R TRACKING


t

ANTENNA REQUIREMENTS

VARIES WITH

1 SYNC. SAT.

LONG-RANGE

EARTH TARGETS

200' DIAMETER

MENT EQU
BIOSCIENCE DECK

BASIC WORK / REST SCHEDULE


PERSONAL HYGIENE 1.5 EAT (1 .5)> STATION 8 M A l N T . (AV)

\1

WORK DAY (5/ WEEK)

EXPERIMENTS (AV)

(1 .9)

REST DAY

WEEK)

CONTROL STATION & MAINT. (AV)

TIME (HOURS)

CREW EXPERIMENT ASS GNMENTS

ENGINEERING

BIOSCIENCE ASTRONOMY PHYSICAL SCIENCES

1.6

Ph D BIOLOGY, BIOCHEMICAL, PHYSICS, & CHEMISTRY E. PHYSICAL SCIENTIST ASTRONOMY, METEOROLOGY, GEOLOGY, & PHYSICS ELECTRICAL ENGINEER COMMANDER NAVIGATION, COMMUNICATIONS, CONTROLS, ELECTRICAL PO)SfER, & ECS I S S 0, F
A, F

0.8

0.2

F.
0.7

COMMUNICATIONS ' NAVIGATION TOTAL

A,

5.3

BDENNG

WARY C R H 5
(1-YEAR M I S S ION)

TOTAL EXPERIMENT MANHOURS M A X I M U M A V A I LABLE EXPER IMENT TIME (1.9 HOURS IREST DAY-MAN) (5.22 HOURS /WORKDAY -MAN) EXPERIMENT TIME LOSS (0.47 HOURIDAY /MAN)

9,282

-743

NEI AVAILABLE TIME

' 0

l l

SUBSYSTEM 'STUDY APPROACH

@ REQU l REMENTS

@ COMPETITIVE CAND I DATES @ A V A I L A B I L I T Y , COST, WEIGHT, VOLUME


@

COST EFFECTIVENESS COMPAR l SON TOTAL COST = 2 $ R&D + $ HDWE + $ OPNS + $ TRANS TRANSPORTATION COSTS : I N I T I A L LAUNCH -(SIC + S I I )

$356 PER POUND .

RESUPPLY -(SAT IB) = $1,083 PER POUND

COIWIIUMICATIO#S & DATA MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEM I


I

EXP.

ENGR.

I
C-BAND TRANSPONDER RENDEZVOUS RADAR TRANSPONDER

EXPEQIMENTS

-----

MODIFIED APOLLO NEW

PRELIMINARY COMMUNICATIONS REQUIREMENTS

ENGINEERING

B r b ; P E / M G

51.2 Kbps & analog

CAND IDATE 3 CAND IDATE 2

CAND IDATE 1

ENGINEERING DATA

@ EARTH ORBIT, 260

N MI ALT.,

50-DEGREE INCLINATION

4B AAP GROUND NETWORK

8 STATION CONTACT TIME = 3.2 HOURS/DAY AVG.

CQMMUN CATION AND DATA MNAGEMEWP SELECT

DATA TRANSM

ON CAPAB

3.54

5.9

8 10.1 12 16 HOURS OF TRANSMISSION PER DAY

20

24

CREW SYSTEMS SELECTION (COWT)

*"

INCLUDES 250-LB PENALTY FOR i 2 0 RECLAMAT ION

NE CANDIDATES
CIRCULARIZATION REQUIRED PROPELLANT BURN TIME WEIGHT (LB)

CANDIDATE ENGINE

THRUST (LB)'

RATED BURN TIME (SECONDS)

REBOOST REQUIRED BURN TIME

I,

ENGINE (L 0)

PROPELLANT WEIGHT (LB)

DESCENT ENGlN

RESISTOJET

0.01

CONTINUOUS

(INSUFFICIE~T THRUST)

CONTINUOUS

o (ECSWASTE)

LUNAR MODULE ASCENT E NG I N E

3,500

525

658

7,550

171

2,000

202

>

MARQUARDT DATA INDICATES A N ENGINE LIFE OF MORE THAN 12,650 SECONDS.

D2-114017-1

PROPULSION SUBSYSTEM ALTERNATES

S C ST H R U S T E R S

ALTERNATE *3 SPACE STATION PROPULSION SYSTEM

1 LUNAR MODULE DESCENT ENGINE

OM SELECT
ALT ERNATES

NEW TANKS

NEW STRUCTURE

NEW STRUCTURE

COSTS ARE INCREMENTS TO PROVIDE REQUIRED FUNCTION.

BSM SUBSYSTEMS

ELECT R ICAL POWER S T A B I L I T Y & CONTROL ENV IRONMENTAL CONTROL AND LIFE SUPPORT
-

C 0 2 REMOVAL

e
@

o2 SUPPLY
WATER MANAGEMENT
r

ELECTRICAL POWER SUBSYSTEM COST


10 KW, 2-YEAR MISSION

90-DAY R E S U P P L Y

NUMBER OF MISSIONS

FJUMBER'OF MISSIONS

TY & CONTROL SUBSYSTEM


ORIENTATION REQUIREMENT

SCS CAPABILITY

0.1

D E G R E E

0.05 DEGREE/SEC

~0.5 D E G R E E ~ 0 . 0 5DEGREE/SEC

OPERATION ON

::ONSUMPTION

CMG LIFE LIMIT, 'REACTION CONTROL J E T RELIABILITY

IROWIEWAL CONTROL SUBSYSTEM COSTS


C02 REMOVAL

O2 SUPPLY

100

90
80

70 60 90-DAY RESUPPLY 50 40
30 CRYOGENIC STORAGE + MOL SIEVE

20
10

NUMBER OF MISSIONS NUMBER OF MISSIONS NOTES: WATER USED FOR SABATIER MAKEUP . P O W E R COST 0.79 LB/WATT BDEBME @ N OSPARES

D2-114017-1

EWVIRONMEMTAL CONTROL SUBSYSTEM PROGRAM COSTS


WATER MANAGEMENT

80

STORED WATER

STORED WATER

MULTIFILTRATION STORED WATER

.*

MULTI FILTRATIO N STORED WATER

VAPOR COMPRESSION & AIR EVAPORATION

NUMBER OF MISSIONS

NUMBER OF MISSIONS

WATER PROCESS OR USE RATE 78.8 LB/DAYW

5 2 o a r :
=c3
ULL.

ON-BOARD CHECKOUT SCHEMAT

EXISTING ON-BOARD TEST REQUIREMENTS

OW-BOARD CHECKOUT PANEL


? ' AC

' nm
!
i
1

I-I00 m @ CHANNEL 2
I

INPUT-

CHANNEL I -

-COMPUTER

DATA-

FUNCTION GENERATOR

r,
I

L '3

..

0 ~ '0 ~

D\cl T f l B(y
0C
I

0~

d l

DISCRETE 1

DISCRETE 2

1 I

MONITOR

DATA CONVERSION

I I

COMPUTER DATA REQUEST

CAL MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS


NUMBER OF SCHEDULED UNSCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TASKS MAINTENANCE BY INTERVAL (DAYS) FREQUENCY (MEAN DAYS sEwEEN FAILURE)

SUBSYSTEM LIFE SUPPORT

I sew. I

KiED.

TOTAL

COMMUNICATIONS
CREW ELECTRICAL POWER INFLIGHT TEST PROPULSION STABILITY 8, CONTROL STRUCTURE TOTAL

TYPICAL SCHEDULED MA NTEWANCE TASKS

CHECK & RECORD READINGS GENERAL GROSS CHECKS

SPONGE, DISINFECTANT, VACUUM CLEANER LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM GENERAL INSPECTION

REPLACE CARTRIDGES (4) OPERATE MANUAL VALVES REPLACE LAMPS (3)

BnElNc
57

SPACE STATION SPARES WEIGN


UNSCHEDULED MAINTENANCE

RESUPPLY INTERVAL (DAYS)

'

BHE/N/&T
,

SIGNIFICANT HAZARDS
HAZARD

SOLUTION /WORK-AROUND

e POWER SUBSYSTEM FAILURES


e EC/LSS FAILURES METEOROID PENETRATION OF PRESSURE HULL ATTITUDE CONTROLSUBSYSTEM FAILURES

EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLY

@SPACESUITS AND UMBILICALS OR PLSS eCOMPARTMENTATION 0 HIGH-PRESSURE REPRESSURIZATION GAS


0

.
@
@

BACKUP OR EMERGENCYMODE

FIRE, EXPLOSIONS,PRESSURE RUPTURE

ELIMINATION OF IGNITION SOURCES & COMBUSTIBLES 0 ISOLATION AND/OR CONTAINMENT


DUMP TO VACUUM PERIODICALLY SPACE SUITS & PLSS
0

FUMES AND/OR CONTAMINANT ACCUMULATION RENDEZVOUS AND DOCKING OPERATIONS

LOCATION OF MISSION-SENSITIVE ITEMS LOW-VELOCITY MANEUVERS


8

RADIATION

eSHlELDlNG

MAJOR SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

S P A C E S U I T S A N D P L S S ' S AVAILABLE-AIRLOCKANDIORTUNNEL ABORTVEHICLESAVAILABLE SEPARATE EMERGENCY POWER AND EC LSS


1

.
@

EVA MIN.IMIZED *TRAVEL D 1 STANCE TO SHELTER /ESCAPE MI N l M l ZED ENERGY SOURCES OUTS IDE PRESSURE COMPARTMENTS STATION SUBSYSTEMS NOT DAMAGED B Y VACUUM CONDITIONS

0 0

MAJOR GROUND RULES

6-MAN CREW

c
C

@ 6-MAN APOLLO

MANNlNG MODULE
USED FOR EMERGENCY REENTRY

@ 3-MAN APOLLO OR "ERV"


@
@

ZERO GRAVITY METEOROID P i = 0.999 (2 YEARS)

@* M A X I M U M RADIATION DOSE:
@

300 RAD (1YEAR)

AT LEAST TWO COMPARTMENTS CAPABLE OF SEPARATE PRESSUR IZATlON RESUPPLY INTERVAL


90 DAYS

'r

1+ YEAR

RESERVES BASED ON 20% USE RATE FACTOR & 27 DAYS ALLOWANCE FOR LATE LAUNCH

BASELINE COW FIGURATION


(EXTER I0 R FEATU RES)
WEIGHT STATEMENT NOSE CAP ORBITAL SPACE STAT1ON
2519
NOSE FAIR1N G S LA INSTRUMENTUNIT BASIC s / S MODULE ADDITIONAL B S M EXPENDABLES PRESSURIZED STRUCT. ERV & COMPARTMENT AFT INTERSTAGE PROPULSION MODULE STATION S / S C O N T I N G E N C Y (25%) EXPERIMENTS

1564

S I C

UNALLOCATED

- STA

115.94

WE RESUPPLY VEH
WE IGHT STATEMENT
COMMAND MODULE PROPULS ION PROPELLANT l NTERSTAGE CARGO MODULE STRUCT.

-__ _ _ -

3,360 1,330 2,770

CONTINGENCY (25% PROP. MOD., INTERSTAGE, CARGO STRUCTURE)

1 844

STUDY SELECTION FLOW


DES l GN LAYOUT STUD l ES
@ WEIGHT @ VOLUME 4~ ACCESS @ TRAFFIC O DOCKING O ESCAPE @ UTl Ll Z A T l O N O SENSOR

ALTERNATE CONFl GURATIONS

STUD l ES
o
O ORIENTATION @ DIAMETER

ATMOSPHERE PRESSURE

@ MANNED/UNMANNED

LAUNCH @ RESUPPLY VS NO RESUPPLY 4 ! SUBSYSTEM MODULARlZATlON LEVEL

IDATA I
t

ENTATION SCREEN
STAR

END TO EARTH 6 S/C PARALLEL TO ECLIPTIC


R A N (ROLLS)

DATE MODES

MODE 1 BELLY D O W N S C $ IN ORBIT PLANE ORBIT KEEPING FL'EL {LBS PER 90 DAYS) CMC- FT LB SEC MOMENTUM R C FLliL iLBS PER 90 DAYS) CELESTIAL SENSORS
90 '250

- MODE 3 END D O W N S 'C IN ORBIT PLANE

M O D E 17 N O R M A L T O ORBIT P M N E 5 !C ROLL T C TRACK S U N

200 '300 816

1 ,050
270

36 8

'

<HEMISPHERICAL d l EU. Z-AXIS G I M B A L TWO-AXIS G I M B A L

> HEMISPHERICAL VIEW


TWO-AXIS G I M B A L TWC-AXIS G I M B P L

< HEMISPHERICAL JIEV.


TWO-AXIS G I M B A L SINGLE-AXIS Glh!BAL (COARSE P O I K T I ~ C - ' TWO-AXIS ( F I h E P S I h T I N G j
360" TURRET REQUIRE2

SCLAR PLVELS

TWO-AXIS G I M E A L

PJG-AXIS GIMBAL C O W A T l e L E V!lTV INTEGRAL RA31bTCRS

l l

1 b

D2-114017-1

CAL VOW M E REQUIREMMTS


CENTRIFUGE EXPERIMENTS MAINTENANCE SUBSYSTEMS PLUS PRESSURIZED

UNPRESSURIZED

EXPENDABLES SOLAR PANELS CLEARANCES & LOST VOLUME

VOLUME COMPARISON

l l
'

) I I

I t-

z
'

l l

0 -3'
4

e 3

n
I

s
s
CI

= w = * +
w

l l

I b

rl

d '
l-l

DIMREBI SELECTION SUMMARY

I NADEQUATE

GHT VS PRESSURE LEVEL


70

60
50
40 30
20
0
@

10

0 0

33-FT DIAMETER VOLUME = 16,245 C U FT TWO PRESSURE BULKHEADS WITH TENSION TIES C R Y 0 STORAGE + 1 H. P. TANK ONE R E P R E S S / ~ O DAYS ( N O RESERVES) ~~-LB/DPY LEAK @ 10 PSI + RESERVES

BDE~ND

INTERNAL PRESSURE ( P S l A )

D2-114017-1.

PRESSURE CHANGE EFFECTS

\'
ASTIC
IlRF

.'<

PRESS. REDUCTIO

PRESS. REDUCTIO TO 7.5 PSI COTTON

0
-IN/SEC --- HOURS

2 BURN RATE - O2 PREBREATH TIME


1

BDEJNfi

ERV
80

E R V

PRESSURE LEVEL SELECT

STATION DIAMETER 33 FT
#
1 1

MANNED VS UNMMNED LAUNCH


N O . OF LAUNCHES. RELATIVE COSTS

o N O R&D COSTS FOR S I B OR SIC/SII @ ALL S I B LAUNCHES ASSUME M A N N I N G CAPABILITY @ ERV VEHICLES (GFE) o EXPERIMENT COSTS NOT INCLUDED (GFE)

MPENDAIE REQUIREMENTS
60

INCLUDES CONTAINERS APPLIES T O BASELINE CONFIGURATION

50

40
h

61
-J

EXPERIMENTS
30

0 0
b -

I 0

20

10
I

0 0 40 80 120
I
1

160

BnEsr

200 TIME (DAYS)

240

280

32 0

36 0

RESUPPLY WEIGHTS COMPAR

PRESSURE SUIT PROPELLANT

EXPERIMENT **

BDEH~C

*BASED O N I-YEAR MISSION

** DOES NOT INCLUDE RADIATION SHIELDING

D2-114017-1

AWPACT ON EXPERIMENTS

EXPERIMENT WEIGHT CAPABILITY (INITIAL LAUNCH)

1 11,922/68,696

'

EXPERIMENT CHANGES O R ADDITIONS

ADD AS REQUIRED. EACH 90 DAYS

NONE POSSIBLE

SPECIAL CAPSULE

RESUPPLY EACH

EXCESSIVE RADIATION

CREW ROTATION

CAPABLE OF ROTATING , U P T O 6 EACH90DAYS

.*

RETURN BY ERV O N L Y DURING MISSION

CONSIDERATIONS
@

TEST

--

MINIMIZE SYSTEM LEVEL TESTS OUTSIDE OF PRESSURIZED VOLUME


GROUP SUBSYSTEMS OR COMPONENTS TO S IMPLIFY AND MINIMIZE

TANKS -

l NTERFACES RIC ENGINES


4

MAXIMUM MOMENT ARM MINIMUM HEAT AND CONTAMINATION TO SOLAR ARRAY AND OPTICS

.
@

SOLAR ARRAY ANDRAD JATORS

MINIMUM DRAG TORQUE M l NlMUM EXPERIMENT INTERFERENCE MAXIMUM SEPARATION FROM DOCKING MINIMIZE ALIGNMENT ERRORS. PROVIDE REQUIRED VIEWING
{

ATTITUDE CONTROL SENSORS


t

CMG
8

l NS l DE OR OUTS IDE ACCEPTABLE

..

B H E B N C

BASIC SUBSYSTEM MODULE

9 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM @ ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL A N D LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM O STABILITY A N D CONTROL SYSTEM O PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE

LOCATIONS AFT

'

FORWAR D

CENTER

'
'

@ CONSTRAINS ORIENTATION @ COM'PLEEX TRAFFIC PATTERN @ CONSTRAINS EXPERIMENT P A C K A G I N G

@ REACTION CONTROL UNACCEPTABLE @ COMPLEX STOWAGE O F SOLAR PANELS A N D RADIATORS


0

RICOHlWfNDED APPROACH
SUBSYSTEM LOCATION SOLAR PANELS
RC J

SOLAR PANELS RCJ

PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE TANKS AND CMG

'j- S/S

RACK

TANKS

@
@

SIMPLl FY INTERFACES; MINIMIZE INTERFACES; MINIMIZE SYSTEM LEVEL TESTING.

@ COMMON MOUNT F O R ATTITUDE CONTROL SENSORS


@ RCJ MODULES LOCATED F O R MAXIMUM ARM AND MINIMUM
9

EFFECT ON SOLAR PANELS AND EXPERIMENTS.

O SOLAR ARRAYS LOCATED TO MINIMIZE DRAG, EXPERIMENT

INTERFERENCE, AND DOCKING INTERFERENCE.


(b

INTEGRAL RADIATORS.

ALTERNATE 68HF
NUMBER 984-2204
. .

VEHICLE

sL."pE
ORBITAL SPACE STATION

r,
v

STA 4068

p *
,
I

S-ll

iI I ---4
t

----r STA 2519.00

WEIGHT STATEMENT 24,000 3,800 e INSTRUMENT U N I T 4,150 o BASIC S/S MODULE 25,800 .ADDITIONAL BSM EXPENDABLES 10,726 PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE . 32,840 e AFT l NTERSTAGE . 10,470 11,165 @ PROPULSION S/S 16,136 @ C O N T I N G E N C Y(25b) 22,160 44, l o o @ EXPERIMENTS E X P E R I M E N T SUPf'LIES ERVtS A SUPPORT

-STA

S-IC
I

i --STA 100.0 am' - -- - STA-115.94


\.

--

TOTAL
0 UNALLOCATED

B~EYN~

248,Z6

ALTERNATE COldF
NUMBER 984-2204

NUMBER 984-2203

WEIGHT STATEMENT
@

NOSE FAIRING

1,750 3,800 4,150 23,030 10,643 34,460 5,250 11,720 11,165 16,136 23,685 44,100 3,027 192,916 55,084

ADDITIONAL BSM EXPENDABLES @ PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE @ ERVIS 8, COMPARTMENT AFT INTERSTAGE @ PROPULSION MODULE @STATIONS/S o CONTINGENCY (25j (25%) e EXPERIMENTS @ EXPERIMENT SUPPLIES TOTAL UNALLOCATED

b
7

NUMBER 984-2203
ORIENTATION: EARTH -NOSE D O W N PRESSURIZED VOLUME: 16,600 F T ~ UNPRESSURIZED VOLUME: 22,870 F T ~ GROSS FLOOR AREA: 1,835 FT*

ALTERNATE CONF
NUMBER 984-3205
WEIGHT STATEMENT NOSE FAIRING INSTRUMENT UNIT FWD UNPRESSURIZ ED STRUCTURE PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE AFT UNPRESSURIZED STRUCTURE PROPULSION 5,'s BASIC S/S MODULE ADDITIONAL BSM EXPENDABLES ERV'S & SUPPORT STATION S'S C O N T I N G E N C Y (251)

NOSE FAIRING -

ORBITAL SPACE STATION -- . -

S-l l

ALTERNATE CONFIGURATION

ALTERNATE COFJF

ON FEATURES

SELECTION CR
> .

, . .

@
. .

EXPERIMENT ACCOMMODATION @WEIGHT AND VOLUME ALLOWANCE e MOUNTING AND VIEWING CAPABILITY

BD VERSATILITY
LAUNCH WEIGHT M A R G I N @ GROWTH CAPAB ILITY e INTERNAL ARRANGEMENT @ AVA ILAB LE VOLUME
@
*

CREW ACCOMMODATIONS FLOOR SPACE @ TRAFFI C PATTERNS @ SAFETY COST AND AVAILAB I L I T Y @

v
- .

OPTlMlZAT ON AREAS

@ SUBSYSTEMS LOCATION

@ S I Z E FOR 7.5 P S I

e DETAIL SENSOR MOUNTING


@ STRUCTURAL DETAILS @ RADIATION PROTECTION

@ ACCESS PROVlS IONS DURING ASSEMBLY

@ INTER IOR LAYOUT

@SOLAR ARRAY LOCATION AND ARTICULATION @ M I N I M I Z E D RESUPPLY.

D2-114017-1

CRITICAL LEAD-TIME
MONTHS A F T E R GO-AHEAD PROCUREMENT SRCS R E L E A S E D ON DOCK
(1)
WATER ELECTROLrjlS UNIT (K/ LS SUBSYSTEM)

1 1 I 2 13 1 4 15 16 1 7 18 1.9 ) 1 0 ~ l 1 ~ 1 2 ~ 1 3 ~ 1 4 ( l 5 ~ 1 6 ~ 1 7 ~ 1 8 ~ 1 9 ) 2 0 ~ 2 1 ~ 2 2 ~ 2 3 ( 2 4 ~ 2 5 ~ 2 6 ) 2 7 ~ 2 8 ~ 2 9 ~ 3 ~ ]

(2)

CRYROGENIC TANKS (EC/LS SUBSYSTEM)

(3)

CONTROL MOMENT GM(O (STABIUZATION & CONTROLSUBSYSTEM)

(4)

REACTION CONTROL TANKAGE & P B E S S U R l ZATlON (STAB1LIZATION d CONTROL SUBSYSTEM)


r
'v

(5)

COMWTER DATA A D A P T E R (COMMUNICATIONS d DATA MGT)

PROGRAM SCHEDULE
ACCELERATED
YEAR

EARLY SUBSYSTEMS
1970 1971 1972 1913

1967
D COMPLETE.
G$-AHEAD

1968
C

1969

RJGIF~ERING~~IEMLOP~~EM N

& Ill MOCKUP BUILDUP SUSTAIN I I

ICU\SES-1;

4
I
I
/
IC m T# ASSEMBLY

----------. --------------4
SUSTAIN

--4

------------------------II=z'_------,
CREW TRAINING

DETAIL FABRICATION

I I

-.i +q=q&L!iH,JP*
1

ERJRBISH U U W

ATIBILITY

Ci.

C K W

I
t

SUBSYSTEMS A

I
1

BHElNE

:?t-lCr, D A : +

RECOIMfNDED SUBSYSTEM TYPES


@

:D

- SOLAR CELL/ BATTERY ATTl TUDE CONTROL - C M G I RCJ


ELECTRICAL POWER
,

6 ENV I RONMENTAL CONTROLILOFE SUPPORT


CRYOGENIC 02, N2 SUPPLY, MOLECULAR SIEVES MULTlFlLTRATlON OF WATER PLUS MAKE-UP

9
@

COMMUNICATIONS

- IMPROVED APOLLO

@ CREW SYSTEMS
MIXED F O O D MENU REUSABLE CLOTHING SHOWER MEDICAL PROVISIONS THROUGH THERAPY CENTRIFUGE, LINEAR ACCEL., & EXERCISERS
t

PROPULSION

'

CIRCULARIZATION USING LM DESCENT STAGE EN'GINE STATION KEEPING USING RCJ


' BOEING

D2-114017-1

PREFERRED ARRANGEMENT
NUMBER 984-3205
WEIGHT STATEMENT NOSE FAIRING INSTRUMENT UNIT FWD UNPRESSURIZED STRUCTURE PRESSURIZED STRUCTURE AFT UNPRESSURIZED STRUCTURE PROPULSION 5,'s BASIC SiS MODULE ADDITIONAL BSM EXPENDABLES ERV'S & SUPPORT STATION S./S C O N T I N G E N C Y (25%) EXPER [MENTS EXPERIMENT SUPPLIES TOTAL UNALLOCPTED

NOSE FAIRING

-:

ORBITAL SPACE STATION

-.

- STA 1564
6

9
BDS/MG

STA 1159.4
<

CONCLUSIONS

CONCEPTS STUD IED :


@

ARE FEASIBLE
.I

G I V E FLEX1 BLE EXPERIMENT C A P A B I L I T Y PROVIDE A B A S I S FOR SELECTIONS

B S M SUBSYSTEMS COST-EFFECTIVE EXCEPT E C S l L S S

1970-71 OPERATIONAL DATE I S O P T I M I S T I C

SECOND-HALF STUDY PLAN


BASICSTUDY
.

TASKS
SPACE STATION SYSTEMS

CONFlGURATl O N UTILIZATION TIMELI NES SUBSYSTEMS ,


,

CONFIGURATIONS

LOGISTI?SUPPORT
PROGRAM DEFINITION FINAL R E P O R T S

ADDENDUM STUDY OBJECTIVES

INVESTIGATE'THE FEASI B I L I T Y OF A COMBINED CONFIGURATION FOR


BOTH EARTH ORBITAL AND PLANETARY M I S S I O N S USING THE SAME B A S I C SPACECRAFT HARDWARE. TO:
@

PLAN AN EVOLUTIONARY PROGRAM

OBTAIN M A X I M U M EARTH O R B I T EXPERIENCE ON PLANETARY HARDWARE

MINIMIZEOVERALLDEVELOPMENTCOSTS

..

ADDENDUM STUDY SCMLDUE

MISSION REQUIREMENTS SUBSYSTEM ANALYSIS LOGISTICS & RELIABILITY EXPERIMENTS & UTILIZATION CONFIGURATtONS PROGRAM DEFINITION MISSION CONCEPT EVALUATION

4-MAN MARS RYBY

6-MAN MARS FLYBY


-STA 4840
-STA 4414

984-2302

-STA

-STA

WEIGHT STATEMENT MISSION MODULE

MM EXPENDABLES MIDCOURSE 'PROPELLANT METEOROID PROTECTION RADIATION PROTECTION EXPERIMENT MODULE 8 EXPERIMENTS UNCOM'MITTED TOTAL

27,240 18,200 12,400 600 40,75C 11,200

205,940

6-MAW MARS FLYBY


984-2302
PROPULSION MODULE PROPULSION ENGINES (2) EARTH ENTRYMODULE (EEM) PROPELLANT TANKS (6) RCS NOZZLES ECS STORAGE MISSION MODULE

C O M M A N D STATION A N D EXPERIMENT CONTROL CENTER SUBSYSTEMS INSTALLATION MEDICAL A N D SURGICAL SUPPLIES F O O D STORAGE PRESS. SUIT ./PLSS STORAGE

HYGIENE AREA

PRESSURIZED VOLUME UNPRESSURI ZED VOLUME GROSS FLOOR AREA

EXPERIMENT MODULE SOFT LANDER PROBE ATMOSPHERIC/HARD LANDER PROBES MSSR 810-LAB MSSR PROBE 8 FT Dl A. ANTENNA 20.5 FT D l A . ANTENNA SOLAR PANELS

COMMON ELEMENT STUDY


DUAL PURPOSE CONFIGURATION

ELEMENT MISSION MODULE

CRITERIA COMMON EXCEPT: GYMNASIUM ISOLATION WARD EARTH ORBIT ONLY

INVESTIGATION WARDROOM F O R EXERCISE STATEROOM F O R ISOLATION


1

PRESSURIZED EXPERIMENT BAYS

TRADE EXPERIMENTS/RESUPPLY WITH MARS STORAGE. MODULARIZE BASIC SPACECRAFT

CENTRIFUGE
SPACESUIT/PLSS

EARTH ORBIT ONLY LIMITED EVA ON THE MARS

ELIMI NATION TRADE RESUPPLY WlTH ADDITIONAL MARS MISSION STORAGE COMMON ENVELOPE & LOCATION

I
,

EEM /E R V PROPULSION
,

(2) 3 MAN CAPSULES V S


(1) 4 TO 6 MAN CAPSULE

G R E A T E R IMPULSE O N THE MARS MISSION SIMI L A R T H R U S T LEVELS

DETERMINE VOLUME/WEIGHT COMMON ENGINES

SUBSYSTEMS

ENVIRONMENT DIFFERENCES

TRADE COMMON DESIGNS