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When in the height heaven was not named, And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both Their waters were mingled together, And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen; When of the gods none had been called into being, And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained; Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven, Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being ... Ages increased, ... Then Ansar and Kisar were created, and over them ... Long were the days, then there came forth ... Anu, their son, ... Ansar and Anu ... And the god Anu ... Nudimmud, whom his fathers, his begetters ... Abounding in all wisdom, ... He was exceeding strong ... He had no rival Thus were established and were ... the great gods. But Tiamat and Apsu were still in confusion ... They were troubled and ... In disorder ... Apsu was not diminished in might ... And Tiamat roared ... She smote, and their deeds ... Their way was evil ... Then Apsu, the begetter of the great gods, Cried unto Mummu, his minister, and said unto him: "O Mummu, thou minister that rejoicest my spirit, Come, unto Tiamat let us go! So they went and before Tiamat they lay down, They consulted on a plan with regard to the gods, their sons. Apsu opened his mouth and spake, And unto Tiamat, the glistening one, he addressed the word: ... their way ... By day I can not rest, by night I can not lie down in peace.
But I will destroy their way, I will ... Let there be lamentation, and let us lie down again in peace." When Tiamat heard these words, She raged and cried aloud ... She ... grievously ... , She uttered a curse, and unto Apsu she spake: "What then shall we do? Let their way be made difficult, and let us lie down again in peace." Mummu answered, and gave counsel unto Apsu, ... and hostile to the gods was the counsel Mummu gave: Come, their way is strong, but thou shalt destroy it; Then by day shalt thou have rest, by night shalt thou lie down in peace." Apsu harkened unto him and his countenance grew bright, Since he (Mummu) planned evil against the gods his sons. ... he was afraid ... , His knees became weak; they gave way beneath him, Because of the evil which their first-born had planned. ... their ... they altered. ... they ... , Lamentation they sat in sorrow ... Then Ea, who knoweth all that is, went up and he beheld their muttering. [lacuna] ... he spake: ... thy ... he hath conquered and ... he weepeth and sitteth in tribulation. ... of fear, ... we shall not lie down in peace. ... Apsu is laid waste, ... and Mummu, who were taken captive, in ... ... thou didst ... ... let us lie down in peace. ... they will smite ... ... let us lie down in peace. ... thou shalt take vengeance for them, ... unto the tempest shalt thou ... !" And Tiamat harkened unto the word of the bright god, and said: ... shalt thou entrust! let us wage war!" ... the gods in the midst of ... ... for the gods did she create. They banded themselves together and at the side of Tiamat they advanced;
To direct the battle. Fierce monster-vipers she clothed with terror. With poison. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. saying: I have uttered thy spell. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail. in costly raiment she made him sit. let him display his might!" Tablet 2 Tiamat made weighty her handiwork. the god unto Ea divulged. thou my chosen spouse. and fish-men. thus exalted. she made them of lofty stature. Among the gods who were her sons. and the monster Lahamu. After this fashion. Sharp of tooth. With splendour she decked them." She gave him the Tablets of Destiny. huge of stature. Whoso is exalted in the battle. To march before the forces.Enuma Elish They were furious. to advance to the attack. none could resist them. Evil she wrought against the gods her children. But how she had collected her forces. Whoever beheld them. Tiamat planned evil. Ummu-Hubur [Tiamat] who formed all things. inasmuch as he had given her support. on his breast she laid them. saying: "Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. instead of blood. to lead the host. They prepared for battle." Now Kingu. and raging hounds. They joined their forces and made war. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto him. she made eleven [kinds of] monsters. and scorpion-men. Be thou exalted. Their bodies reared up and none could withstand their attack. to control the fight. she filled their bodies. To give the battle-signal. fuming and raging. they devised mischief without resting night and day. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. She set up vipers and dragons. Decreed the fate among the gods his sons. And hurricanes. Her commands were mighty. and merciless of fang. Unto him she entrusted. And mighty tempests. in their midst she raised him to power. having received the power of Anu. May they magnify thy name over all of them the Anunnaki. without fear of the fight. They bore cruel weapons. She exalted Kingu. . terror overcame him. To avenge Apsu. and rams. Made in addition weapons invincible. she spawned monster-serpents.
She hath set up vipers. The days went by. the father who begat him. who formed all things. standing before Ansar. thou my chosen spouse. May they magnify thy name over all of them She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny. and the monster Lahamu. Be thou exalted. and merciless of fang. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance. They are furious. They have joined their forces and are making war. fuming and raging. and scorpion-men. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. With poison. Ummu-Hubur. Unto him hath she entrusted. and He was grievously afflicted and he sat in sorrow.Enuma Elish Ea harkened to this thing. they go at her side. All the gods have turned to her. To direct the battle. With splendour she hath decked them. on his breast she laid them. none can resist them. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. she hath made them of lofty stature. huge of stature. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. they devise mischief without resting night and day. After this fashion. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror. . Sharp of tooth. Saying. With those. saving:. inasmuch as he hath given her support. and fish-men and rams. He went and. And hurricanes and raging hounds." Now Kingu. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. I have uttered thy spell. she hath spawned monster-serpents. in their midst she hath raised him to power. and his anger was appeased. to lead the host. "Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. All that Tiamat had plotted he repeated unto him. whom ye created. To march before the forces. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Her commands are mighty. And mighty tempests. They bear cruel weapons. to control the fight. They prepare for battle. her sons. To give the battle-signal. having received the power of Anu. full of wrath. she hath filled their bodies. to advance to the attack. With all her force she rageth. Decreed the fate for the gods. saying: "Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. She hath exalted Kingu. Among the gods who are her sons. thus exalted. saying: "Thy command shall not be without avail. and dragons. Whoever beholdeth them is overcome by terror. without fear of the fight. And to the place of Ansar his father he took his way. instead of blood. hath she made eleven monsters.
. Mummu and Apsu thou hast smitten But Tiamat hath exalted Kingu. my mighty hero.. his mind was not at peace.. valiant . Our word shalt thou speak unto her.. Whose strength is great and whose onslaught can not be withstood. let him display his might!"" When Ansar heard how Tiamat was mightily in revolt. . battle. -Nudimmud.. Go and stand before Tiamat. he that shall behold thee shall have peace. Let me go.. He kissed him on the lips and his fear departed from him. toward her he took the way. But he could not withstand her. .. he bit his lips. Anu drew nigh.." He heard the word of his father Ansar And he directed his path to her. he beheld the muttering of Tiamat.. of the gods... that she may be pacified.. thy father "Thou art my son. deliberation . to the battle shalt thou draw nigh... "O my father. Ansar .. But if she will not harken unto thy word. who maketh merciful his heart... ..... ." And the lord rejoiced at the word of his father.. [lacuna] Ansar unto his son addressed the word: " . that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart. he spake unto him: [lacuna] an avenger . That her spirit may be appeased. and he turned back. and where is one who can oppose her? .. let not the word of thy lips be overcome. . the . he spake unto him: . he made a bitter lamentation: . that her heart may be merciful. thou .. Ansar beheld him and his heart was filled with joy.Enuma Elish Whoso is exalted in the battle... And he drew nigh and stood before Ansar. .. in the place of his decision .. .....
Go. rejoice and be glad.. ." Tablet 3 Ansar opened his mouth. all of them. hath sent me. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me... . is armed and attacketh thee. Gaga. That for Marduk.. . thou canst attain. let them mix wine. O my son. Let them eat bread." What man is it. Conquer Tiamat and give you life." The lord rejoiced at the word of his father. and unto his father he spake: "O Lord of the gods. let not the word of thy lips be overcome.. stand before them. repeat unto them.. thou shalt return again. that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart. And all that I tell thee. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. rejoice and be glad. Speedily set out upon thy way. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. thou minister that rejoicest my spirit. and Unto Gaga. who hath brought thee forth to battle? . thou shalt cause to be brought before thee. Pacify Tiamat with thy pure incantation. Make ready for a feast. his minister. your avenger. at a banquet let them sit. If I. who knoweth all wisdom.. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered. . Let me go. May the word of my lips never be chanced nor made of no avail. Unto Lahmu and Lahamu will I send thee. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it.. who is a woman. and say: "Ansar.. their avenger they may decree the fate.. Tiamat. spake the word. For thy blood shall not be poured out.. your son. Destiny of the great gods. let the gods. . . His heart exulted. Appoint an assembly. The neck of Tiamat shalt thou swiftly trample under foot..Enuma Elish O Ansar. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. "O Gaga. The neck of v shalt thou swiftly trample under foot.
who formed all things. without fear of the fight. To give the battle-signal. And hurricanes. none can resist them. But Marduk hath set out. With those. the Anunnaki. All the gods have turned to her. . thou my chosen spouse. they go at her side. To march before the forces." She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny. Whoso is exalted in the battle. Decreed the fate for the gods. With poison. to advance to the attack. huge of stature. With all her force she rageth. Ummu-Hubur. let him display his might!" I sent Anu. and dragons. And mighty tempests. but he could not withstand her. They prepare for battle. terror overcometh him. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. in their midst she hath raised him to power. After this fashion. They are furious. hath she made eleven monsters. She hath set up vipers. They have joined their forces and are making war. Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. She hath exalted Kingu. With splendour she hath decked them. May they magnify thy name over all of them . Whoever beboldeth them. inasmuch as he hath given her support. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. she hath filled their bodies. full of wrath. Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. to control the fight. to lead the host. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror. she hath spawned monster-serpents. Her commands are mighty. and raging bounds.. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Unto him hath she entrusted. They bear merciless weapons. and scorpion-men. on his breast she laid them. your son. To direct the battle. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail. and at the side of Tiamat they advance. they devise mischief without resting night and day. the director of the gods. and fish-men. saving: Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god.. whom ye created. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. and the monster Lahamu. saying: I have uttered thy spell." Now Kingu. she hath made them of lofty stature. instead of blood. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. They are banded together. Among the gods who are her sons. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. her sons. thus exalted. Be thou exalted. and rams. fuming and raging.Enuma Elish He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. having received the power of Anu.
she hath filled their bodies. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered. Among the gods who are her sons. instead of blood. he took his way and Humbly before Lahmu and Lahamu. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance. With poison. hath she made eleven monsters. saying: "If I. whom ye created. huge of stature. All the gods have turned to her. hath sent me. With all her force she rageth. and the monster Lahamu. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. in their midst she hath raised him to power. full of wrath. none can resist them. And mighty tempests. then he stood up and spake unto them saying: "Ansar."" Hasten. and rams. Whoever beboldeth them. your avenger. May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it. And hurricanes. With splendour she hath decked them. She hath exalted Kingu. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. and scorpion-men. she hath made them of lofty stature. To march before the forces. To give the battle-signal. They bear merciless weapons. they devise mischief without resting night and day. and dragons. his fathers. They have joined their forces and are making war. and raging hounds. therefore. To direct the battle. the gods. Unto him hath she entrusted. to control the fight. Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. and fish-men. who formed all things. to lead the host. He made obeisance. They are furious. inasmuch as he hath given her support. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. He humbled himself. After this fashion. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. terror overcometh him. they go at her side. They prepare for battle. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow. Ummu-Hubur. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. saving: I have uttered thy spell. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror.Enuma Elish He opened his mouth and spake unto me. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. she hath spawned monster-serpents. She hath set up vipers. and he kissed the ground at their feet. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. With those. fuming and raging. without fear of the fight. Her commands are mighty. . to advance to the attack. Appoint an assembly. your son. That he may go and fight your strong enemy. Gaga went.
having received the power of Anu. the director of the gods. thus exalted. her sons." Now Kingu. they filled . With my word in place of you will I decree fate. saving: Thy command shall not be without avail. They entered in before Ansar.. Tablet 4 .Enuma Elish The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. That he may go and fight your strong enemy! Lahmu and Lahamu heard and cried aloud All of the Igigi wailed bitterly. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow. saying: "Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. who decree fate.. their avenger.. May they magnify thy name over all of them . Appoint an assembly. saying: "If I. therefore. They kissed one another... Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. Decreed the fate for the gods. they mixed sesame-wine. She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny on his breast she laid them. Whoso is exalted in the battle. He opened his mouth and spake unto me. In Upsukkinaku seat yourselves joyfully together. They were wholly at ease. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it. They ate bread. their spirit was exalted. all of them." Hasten. whatsoever I do remain unaltered. The great gods. confused their . May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. the Anunnaki. thou my chosen spouse. but he could not withstand her. did they decree the fate. . and the word of thy mouth shall be established. their bodies were filled. in the assembly . Conquer Tiamat and give you life. Be thou exalted. at the banquet they sat... May.. your avenger. let him display his might!" I sent Anu. saying: What has been altered so that they should We do not understand the deed of Tiamat! Then did they collect and go. They were drunk with drinking. The sweet drink. your son. Then for Marduk. They made ready for the feast. But Marduk hath set out. the mead.
They caused him to set out on a path of prosperity and success. he chose his weapon. Thy fate is unequalled. Abundance. And let the wind carry her blood into secret places. He made a net to enclose the inward parts of Tiamat.their first-born they spake: "May thy fate. and.. . "Marduk is king!" They bestowed upon him the sceptre. speak thou the word. O lord. and the ring. And unto Marduk. the garment reappeared. To destroy and to create. He made ready the bow.Enuma Elish They prepared for him a lordly chamber. be supreme among the gods. in his right hand he grasped it. even though they lack offerings. be exalted in thy command. But as for the god who began the rebellion. And speak the word again and let the garment reappear! Then he spake with his mouth. thou art chiefest among the great gods.. In thy power shall it be to exalt and to abase. The bow and the quiver he hung at his side. and the throne. spare the life of him that putteth his trust in thee. and the garment vanished. When the gods. the desire of the shrines of the gods. and thy command shall be fulfilled. irresistible shall be thy command. With burning flame he filled his body. Established shall be the word of thy mouth. Shall be established in thy sanctuary. it shall crush thy foe. Command now and let the garment vanish. thy word is Anu! O Marduk. He raised the club. They give him an invincible weapon which overwhelmeth the foe. beheld the fulfilment of his word.. Sit thou down in might. and cut off the life of Tiamat." Then set they in their midst a garment. He slung a spear upon him and fastened it . "Thou art chiefest among the great gods. pour out his life. his fathers. Again he commanded it. They rejoiced. Thy weapon shall never lose its power. thou art our avenger! We give thee sovereignty over the whole world. O Marduk. None among the gods shall transgress thy boundary. O Lord. Before his fathers as prince he took his place. thy word is Anu! Henceforth not without avail shall be thy command. He set the lightning in front of him. Thy fate is unequalled. and they did homage unto him. Go. saying." After the gods his fathers had decreed for the lord his fate.
who marched by his side. He harnessed and yoked unto it four horses. their . From their places have they gathered... thus he sent the word: Thou art become great... they had been trained to trample underfoot. their fathers .. the gift of his father Anu... To disturb the inward parts of Tiamat. thy coming as lord of the gods. they were flecked with foam. she turned not her neck. they followed after him. The South wind and the North wind and the East wind and the West wind He brought near to the net. Then he set out. Destructive. And toward the raging Tiamat he set his face.. and the sevenfold wind. And the fourfold wind. Thou hast . the gods beheld him.Enuma Elish The four winds he stationed so that nothing of her might escape. overwhelming. Thou hast exalted Kingu to be thy spouse. . Kingu was troubled in his gait. . the gods beheld him.. Beheld their leaders . were their teeth. With lips that failed not she uttered rebellious words: " . . Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. He mounted the chariot. even as Anu. . . thou hast followed after evil. His will was destroyed and his motions ceased. . He sent forth the winds which he bad created. ferocious. he should issue degrees.. And thy heart hath prompted thee to call to battle.. and the whirlwind.. But Tiamat . his mighty weapon. His garment was . he was clothed with terror. her spouse.. and the wind which had no equal... he took his way.. The gods his fathers beheld him. and swift of pace. thou hatest .. Left and right ... thou hast exalted thyself on high. the storm unequalled for terror. He perceived the muttering of Kingu.... As Marduk gazed. He created the evil wind. .. and their sight was troubled. ... his helpers. Then they beheld him. . . in thy place are they! " Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. And against Tiamat. he gazed upon the inward parts of Tiamat. And the lord drew nigh. mighty in battle. his mighty weapon. On his lips he held .. and the tempest. him... They were skilled in . With overpowering brightness his head was crowned.. who was raging.. . . he grasped in his hand. the seven of them.. And the gods. and the hurricane. that.. .
She recited an incantation. he pierced her heart. their strength he . The terrible winds filled her belly. Now after the hero Marduk had conquered and cast down his enemies. She trembled and shook to her very foundations. He severed her inward parts. As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent. . Kingu. the leader. who had been exalted over them.. who marched by her side.. while as yet she had not shut her lips. her host was scattered.. He seized the spear and burst her belly. He took them captive.Enuma Elish And against the gods my fathers thou hast contrived thy wicked plan. They took to flight to save their lives.. piercing cries. he broke their weapons. of the world they filled with cries of grief. Upon the troop of devils. and with the god Dug-ga he counted him. In the net they were caught and in the snare they sat down. Tiamat uttered wild. to the battle they drew nigh. Them and their opposition he trampled under his feet. She was like one possessed. and were afraid. Let then thy host be equipped. They received punishment from him. let thy weapons be girded on! Stand! I and thou. Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk. And the evil wind that was behind him he let loose in her face. And the gods her helpers. He conquered. When be had slain Tiamat. And the gods of the battle cried out for their weapons. . and her mouth she opened wide. they were held in bondage.. But they were surrounded. And her courage was taken from her. To the fight they came on. Moreover. He sealed them with a seal and in his own breast he laid them. And on the eleven creatures which she had filled with the power of striking terror. so that they could not escape. He drove in the evil wind. He overcame her and cut off her life. and turned back.. she pronounced her spell. He brought affliction. who marched at her . let us join battle! When Tiamat heard these words. . He took from him the Tablets of Destiny that were not rightly his. The . The lord spread out his net and caught her. the counsellor of the gods. He cast down her body and stood upon it. Trembled. she lost her reason. Her might was broken.
He caused Anu. whom be bad conquered. gazing upon her dead body. The mansion Esara which he created as heaven. the night he entrusted to him. .. Tablet 5 He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods. He fixed a bolt. He passed through the heavens. And he made the North wind bear it away into secret places. The stars. Then the lord rested. be returned. He opened great gates on both sides. While he divided the flesh of the .. and Ea in their districts to inhabit. He founded the station of Nibir [Jupiter] to determine their bounds. He split her up like a flat fish into two halves. And with his merciless club he smashed her skull. a mansion like unto it. as the stars of the Zodiac... He appointed him. In the midst thereof he fixed the zenith. . And the lord measured the structure of the Deep. their images. His fathers beheld. the days of the year . and they rejoiced and were glad. he surveyed the regions thereof.Enuma Elish And had made the arrogant foe even like And had fully established Ansar's triumph over the enemy And had attained the purpose of Nudimmud. to determine the days.. he fixed. a being of the night. And bade them not to let her waters come forth. he stationed a watchman. He ordained the year and into sections he divided it. And he founded Esara.. After he had . For the twelve months he fixed three stars. And unto Tiamat. Presents and gifts they brought unto him. One half of her he established as a covering for heaven. He made strong the bolt on the left and on the right. Bel. He set the station of Bel and Ea along with him. He cut through the channels of her blood. Over the captive gods he strengthened his durance. and devised a cunning plan. And the lord stood upon Tiamat's hinder parts. images. That none might err or go astray. The Moon-god he caused to shine forth. And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud.
. that man may . He set a throne .. ... day thou shalt stand opposite. and the second name shall be .. thee. saying: "At the beginning of the month.. and the Sun-god shall . Now after the fate of . to traverse her way.. in heaven . .. thou shalt cause to ...... . unto the path of the Sun-god shalt thou cause to draw nigh.. and thou shalt judge the right.. saving. and thou shalt make his . [lacuna] Tablet 6 When Marduk heard the word of the gods.. .. I will create man who shall inhabit the earth. They beheld the bow and how its work was accomplished..... ""Long-wood" shall be one name.. to destroy .. Thou commandest the horns to determine six days. his fathers... thou shalt cause to draw nigh.... !" Then he fixed a station for it . And on the . saving. On the fourteenth day thou shalt stand opposite.. .. when thou shinest upon the land.. . That the service of the gods may be established..... And on the seventh day to divide the crown." [lacuna] The gods.Enuma Elish Every month without ceasing with the crown he covered him. .. the half . in heaven shall it . They praised the work which he had done ........ . in the assembly of the gods. He opened his mouth and unto Ea he spake That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him: "My blood will I take and bone will I fashion I will make man. The .. Then Anu raised the . beheld the net which he had made. !" And thus he named the names of the bow. And its third name shall be the Bow-star.. He kissed the bow. His heart prompted him and he devised a cunning plan. When the Sun-god on the foundation of heaven .. "It is .
Enuma Elish and that their shrines may be built. whom he succoured .... be ordained their . ... Should their wants be pure... Of the heroic son... [Marduk] "who is revered in the house of counsel.. deeds be forgotten among men." "Founder of sowing" "Creator of grain and plants... They all cried aloud. and in the assembly of the gods let him . and the gods .. he withstandeth their onslaught! Let him therefore be exalted.. !" They seated themselves and in the assembly they named him . and Ea!" He was their patron... He. " [lacuna] They rejoiced . Should they attack him in anger. . the . And Ea answered him and spake the word: " ... fear took hold upon them! O Asaru-alim-nuna...." The gods paid homage. None among the gods can rival him! Tutu [Marduk] is Zi-ukkina. [Marduk] "Bestower of planting. He set them on their way. goeth forth .. But I will alter the ways of the gods. [Marduk] "the mighty one.. then are they satisfied. then are the gods appeased. ... Tutu [Marduk] is "He who created them anew". shall be destroyed and men will I .. Never shall his . "the Life of the host of the gods." "who aboundeth in counsel." "who caused the green herb to spring up!" O Asaru-alim. and ordained their path. and they . they cried: "We.. Should he make an incantation.. Together shall they be oppressed and unto evil shall they . they exalted him . . their avenger.... of the gods I have changed . ..... and one .." "the Light of the father who begat him.. whose provision is abundance. . In Upsukkinnaku they set their dwelling. Tablet 7 O Asari. and I will change their paths." "Who directeth the decrees of Anu Bel." Who established for the gods the bright heavens.
" "Who increaseth all that is small." "The Quickener of the Dead..... !" Mulil. ." " . And upon him understanding ... In the mouth of mankind whom his hands have made! Tutu as Mu-azag. "the Bringer of Purification.. ... ." "The God of the Favouring Breeze. [Marduk] "who knoweth the heart of the gods." . "The mighty one ." In sore distress we felt his favouring breeze.." "The Founder of Plenteousness... let them pay reverence... "Who for . let . !" Tutu as Zi-si." "The Merciful One." "Who put their plans to confusion. "the Destroyer of the Foe. ! [lacuna.. which includes the following fragments :] who ." "Who put an end to anger. "The Creator of the earth ... "The Giver of counsel and of whatsoever . let them bow in humility before him! Tutu as Aga-azag may mankind fourthly magnify! "The Lord of the Pure Incantation...Enuma Elish Tutu as Zi-azag thirdly they named." "Who removed the yoke from upon the gods his enemies. !" Mummu." "who . !" "Director of Righteousness.. with whom it is to bestow life!" May his deeds endure. !" Giskul... "the .. the heavens . ." "The Creator of Fullness and Abundance.. ..... " the Creator of .. let them ..." Let them say. !" Agil . fifthly." "The Lord of Hearing and Mercy.. his "Pure Incantation" may their mouth proclaim." " ." "Who destroyed all the wicked. He named the four quarters of the world.. !" Tutu as Suh-kur." who .. . their heart!" "Subduer of the disobedient." " ." "For their forgiveness did he create mankind. thirdly. mankind he created.. Who through his Pure Incantation hath destroyed all the evil ones!" Sag-zu..." "who seeth through the innermost part!" "The evil-doer he hath not caused to go forth with him!" "Founder of the assembly of the gods.. !" Zulummu . may they never be forgotten .." "Who rebellion and ." "Who had mercy upon the captive gods..
. and he said: "He whose name his fathers have made glorious... which all the Spirits of Heaven proclaimed.. of those without understanding is Lugaldul-azaga! . May he hold the Beginning and the Future." who created the gods his fathers. This title.. Shall be even as I. supreme is his might! . . "He who forced his way through the midst of Tiamat without resting. and his spirit was rejoiced... He shepherded all the gods like sheep! He conquered Tiamat. in the midst of Tiamat. which shineth in the heavens. May this be heard without ceasing.. Saying.. All my commands shall he make known!" By the name of "Fifty" did the great gods Proclaim his fifty names. their . they made his path preeminent. ." "the Lord of Rulers.. 'the Seizer of the Midst'! For the stars of heaven he upheld the paths.. when the days grow old... the star. Unto the path of whose majesty No god can ever attain! ." "Who is exalted in a royal habitation. may it hold sway forever! Since he created the realm of heaven and fashioned the firm earth.." .... Let his name be Nibiru. "The Lord of the World.. his name shall be Ea! The binding of all my decrees shall he control. . "the Chief of all Lords. pure is his dwelling! ..Enuma Elish "Who brought the gods to naught .. supreme is his might! Lugal-durmah." In the future of mankind. may they pay homage unto him. "the King of the Band of the Gods." the father Bel hath called his name. in Dul-azag be made it known. . Did Ea hear. the . of the battle! [A better-preserved ending] . "the Counsellor of Ea... !" ...." "Who among the gods is gloriously supreme! Adu-nuna.. he troubled and ended her life.
. He gazed in his anger. ..... the Lord of the gods... Wide is his heart. For the space of sixty cubits he ... they spake before him. no god can withstand his indignation... this alternative version of the fight takes place after creation. In water nine cubits deep he draggeth .. they ...... men ... The utterance of his mouth hath no god ever annulled. That be may cause his land to be fruitful. his name . The sinner and evil-doer in his presence . .] The cities sighed. ! ..... . they took and .. unto . of Marduk may the gods . . and that he himself may have prosperity! His word standeth fast.. a bird... Fifty kaspu [the distance of two hours' travel] in his length. May they .. ! The fight with Tiamat (the dragon) [Not part of the main legend. Bel in heaven hath formed ... his command is unaltered. broad is his compassion. Six cubits is his mouth.. Who was the dragon . Let the wise and the understanding consider them together! Let the father repeat them and teach them to his son.." He raiseth his tail on high .. ...... ? Tiamat was the dragon .. . For their grief there was none to take them by the hand. twelve cubits his . Twelve cubits is the circuit of his ears ... he turned not his neck. .. All the gods of heaven . . When he is wroth... Men uttered lamentation. They received instruction. Let them be in the ears of the pastor and the shepherd! Let a man rejoice in Marduk. one kaspu in his height.Enuma Elish Epilogue Let them [the names of Marduk] be held in remembrances and let the first man proclaim them.. For their lamentation there was none to help.
But I know not the . provider of vegetation & water... He set the seal of his life before his face. The border of the Moon-god's robe they hastily grasped: "Who will go and slay the dragon. and storms Marukka : creator of all Marutukku : protector of the people Barashakushu : Lucaldimmfrankia : lord of all the gods Nari-lugaldimmnkia : monitor of the gods Asaruludu : light / leader of the gods Namtillakun : he who maintains life & restored the lost gods Namru : the shining god Asaru : god of cultivation who maintains water-levels & makes grain grow Asarualim : wise in counsel to whom the gods turn Asarualimnunna : light of his father who directs Anu & Enlil & Ea Tutu : Ziukkinna : created the heavens for the gods to dwell in Ziku : god who listens and provides abundance Agaku : he who revives the dead and grants life ." He stirred up cloud. Thou shalt grasp it. the raging creatures of the river.. And deliver the broad land from .. . and storm and tempest......Enuma Elish In heaven the gods bowed themselves down before the Moon-god ." And deliver the broad land from . For three years and three months.. And become king over .. one day and one night The blood of the dragon flowed.. !" Thou hast sent me. "Stir up cloud.. to . And become king over .. and thou shalt slay the dragon. The Fifty Names Of Marduk q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q Marduk : son of the sun. O Lord. and storm and tempest! The seal of thy life shalt thou set before thy face. . ? "Go. Tishu. He grasped it.... and he slew the dragon. . of the Dragon! [lacuna] And opened his mouth and spake unto the god . slay the dragon..
Enuma Elish q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q Tuku : the spell which banishes the evil ones Shazu : he who directs justice Zisi : Suhrim : roots out all enemies Suhgurim : destroys all enemies Zahrim : pursuer of evil Zahgurim : Enbilulu : lord of the pastures and wells Epadun : he who made pastures Enbilulu-gugal : lord of abundance & irrigator of pastures Hfgal : provides vegetation & rain Sirsir : made the montains over Tiamat Malah : Gil : the provider of seeds & storer of grain Gilma : creator of security Arilma : the exalted one Zulum : granter of portions & offerings Mummu : creator of heaven & earth Zulummar : the strongest of the gods Gishnumunab : creator of the people Lugalabdubur : he who defeated Tiamat Pagalguenna : the highest lord Lugaldurmah : the king Aranunna : Ea's counsellor Dumuduku : Lugalkuduga : Lugallanna : strength of Anu Lugaluccu : wise Irkingu : guide who carried off Kingu Kinma : director of the gods Esizkur : god of crafts Gibil : creator of artful weapons Addu : Asharu : guides the destiny of the gods Nebiru : shepherd-star of the heavens & oceans .