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Product Name G3BSC Product Version
Confidentiality Level INTERNAL Total 20 pages
GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1.0
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GSM&UMTS Network Performance Research Department
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved
GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1.0
1 Coverage Capability.........................................................................................................................5 2 Analysis of Top Problems in Network Coverage Cases..................................................................7 2.1 Engineering Quality..............................................................................................................7 2.2 Network Planning and Optimization....................................................................................8 2.2.1 Network Parameter Settings......................................................................................8 2.2.2 CDU Configuration..................................................................................................10 2.2.3 Missing Configuration of Neighboring Cell Relations...........................................10 2.3 Non-Huawei Devices..........................................................................................................11 2.4 Equipment Faults.................................................................................................................11 3 Troubleshooting Process of Coverage Problems...........................................................................12 4 Typical Cases..................................................................................................................................16
GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1.0 Change Description Draft completed. Author Xie Haibin .0 INTERNAL Revision Record Date 2008-6-3 Revision Version 1.
and provides optimization methods.0 INTERNAL GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual Keywords: network coverage. optimization Abstract: This document analyzes the top problems in the cases submitted at http://support.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. Abbreviations: Abbreviation Full Spelling . describes the troubleshooting procedures.huawei.com/support/.
3/40. In addition. the coverage capability of Huawei equipment is greatly enhanced. With the large-scale commercial use of the BTS3012 and the development of the cavity combiner. thus reducing the feeder loss and expanding the coverage area without power boost. The technical specifications.6 39.5 45.6 42. EDU S1–2.3 (measured result) 46.2 43/44 (5 TRXs) 37.8 (2 TRXs) .6 39.2 (measured result)/43.2/43.2 44/44. It can be mounted on a tower.9/39. Table 1 Comparison on the coverage capability between Huawei and non-Huawei products in the GSM900 band Cell Configuration E(2202)/E(2206) Maximum Transmit Power on Top of the Cabinet in the GSM900 Band (dBm) M (Horizon)/ II N (Ultrasite) S (BS240) HW312* HW3012 DTRU S1–2.2/47.8 (4 TRXs) 40.9/39. such as the frequency.8 43. CDU 42. do not degrade in performance and further cause decrease in the coverage area unless a board is faulty.3 (measured result) S7–8.5 (measured result) S3–4.6 43.2 (measured result)/39.4 42 45. sensitivity.3/43. and power of the system.9 43. SCU 40.0 (1 TRX) 47/47.9 40.8/46.3 (measured result) 43. CDU 45. SCU 40. network optimization parameters.9/42. In addition.5 42.9 46.2 (measured result)/39.3 (measured result) 37.8 40. and electromagnetic environment.8/46.8/49. Our rich crisis handling experience proves that the decrease in the coverage area of a BTS is closely related to the engineering quality. After the replacement. 1 Coverage Capability Conclusion: The BTS312 and BTS3012 from Huawei can replace the BTSs from other vendors. It also analyzes the top coverage problems in the collected cases.0 (3 TRXs) 44.5 (measured result)) S5–6.9 40.3 44.4 38.5 42 42. it provide the troubleshooting procedures and coverage optimization methods for the onsite engineers.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. the transmit power on top of the BTS cabinet is the same or even higher and thus normal network coverage can be ensured.3 HW3012 QTRU*** 47.2/46.3/43.0 INTERNAL Preface This document compares the transmit power on top of the cabinet and receiver sensitivity between Huawei products and non-Huawei products. geographical factors.3/40.9/42.4 38. the DBS3900 GSM has a distributed structure.
3 42.6/38. cavity 42.5 dB.9 40. 2.0 INTERNAL S4–S12.6/46 42. 3 dB is used as the typical value.2 (measured result) 43 44. 60 W BTS312.3/40.5 dB and the maximum insertion loss is 3.5 dBm –112 dBm (measured result) Normal: –111 dBm EDGE: –112 dBm –112. 3. ***Remarks: The output power of the QTRU varies according to the number of configured TRXs.8/43. After network replacement.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. CDU 41. The transmit power on top of the BTS312 cabinet takes the surge protector loss into consideration.6 (measured result)/42.3/43. cavity 44.9 Huawei3012 46. SCU 39.9 S (BS240) 43. In this document.3 (measured result) 37.6/38.9 40. SCU 39.5 (measured result) 37. Table 1 Comparison on the coverage capability between Huawei and non-Huawei products in the DCS1800 band Cell Configuration S1–2.9/39. The actually measured value may be slightly larger.4 S3–4.2 dBm to 40.3 Maximum Transmit Power on Top of the Cabinet in the DCS1800 Band (dBm) M (Horizon)/ II 45.3 (measured result) 41. and 40 W+PBU BTS312 respectively.5 41.3 41.8 40.3 Huawei312* 44.7 dBm –112 dBm Normal: –111 Bm EDGE: –112 dBm -112. CDU E(2202)/E(2206) 44.4 S5–6.1 dBm (measured result) Sensitivity (static) –112 dBm (measured result) –113 dBm (measured result) –113 dBm(measured result) *Remarks: The three values in each cell of this column indicate the output power of the 40 W BTS312.0 (6 TRXs) –112.4 38. The BTS3012 uses the new surge protection design without the surge protector.5 dBm (measured result) S4–S12.9/42.3/40.7 44. . and 40 W+PBU BTS312 respectively. **Remarks: For the four-in-one cavity. added TMA.5 dBm 37. The three values in each cell of this column indicate the normal output power.2 40.2 37.5 (measured result) 40. the enhanced output power.3/43. 43. the coverage may change because of the introduction of additional losses.3 Note: 1.9 N (Ultrasite) 45.2/47.1 41. and the number of TRXs respectively.4 (measured result) 43.5 dBm Sensitivity (static) –113 dBm (measured result) –111 dBm (measured result) -110. the typical insertion loss is 2.6 (typical value)** 40.7 40.6 (measured result)/42.5 dB.9 43.4 38. The minimum transmit power on top of the cabinet of Huawei BTS is listed. EDU S1–2.9/42.8 43. for the sixin-one cavity.9/39. 60 W BTS312.8/46.1 44. such as the additional jumpers.5 dBm *Remarks: The three values in each cell of this column indicate the output power of the 40 W BTS312. the typical insertion loss is 3 dB and the maximum insertion loss is 3. and surge protector.5 dBm (measured result) S7–8.
capacity expansion. thus reducing the traffic volume and decreasing the network coverage. 2. The following section analyzes the coverage problems from these aspects.0 INTERNAL 4. For details. compare the coverage before and after network replacement.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. or replacement of a BTS. You can use the SITEMASTER to test the VSWR. faults in non-Huawei devices. On the Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) of the BTS3900 GSM and DBS3900 GSM. The GSM&UMTS Network Performance Research Department will develop a tool for locating the problems of the antenna and feeder. Nearly 80% of the coverage problems are caused by the poor engineering quality. the output power of the TRX is set the same as the transmit power on top of the cabinet. The fault in the RX signal cable may deteriorate the uplink signals and decrease the coverage. the onsite engineers need to analyze them first and then identify the problems by following the troubleshooting procedures. especially in the important areas. After network replacement. A high voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) increases the power loss. analyzing . check the VSWR alarm. the feeders are usually reversely connected. which is different from the value before network replacement. You can identify this problem by performing a drive test and checking the antenna and the feeder. You can identify the problem by checking the cable connections. Coverage comparison before and after the network replacement provides valid evidence and is effective for locating the coverage problems. and check the feeder connections for problem identification.1 Engineering Quality Cable faults Antenna faults Incorrect feeder connections Figure 1 Pie chart of engineering quality causes During the deployment. Before network replacement. reasonably configure the BTS antenna according to the principles of configuring the antenna before network replacement. In addition. test the coverage of the original network. see Case 1. 2 Analysis of Top Problems in Network Coverage Cases To solve the coverage problems. network optimization problems. and equipment faults.
or reduce the transmit power of the BTS in planning . and RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN. That is. and COBCCH pose increasingly high requirements for the engineering quality in antenna installation. you can lower the antenna. For details. see Case 2. The use of double-antenna. see Case 3. 2. For details.2.2 Network Planning and Optimization Network planning problems Improper CDU configuration Incorrect antenna type Improper network parameter settings Missing configuration of neighboring cell relations Figure 2 Pie chart of network planning and optimization causes 2. the area of good coverage may become an area of poor coverage and the area of poor area may become an area of good coverage. Check whether the tilt and azimuth of the antenna change after network replacement. see Case 4.0 INTERNAL the balance between the uplink and downlink. The change of the main BCCH antenna. RACH Min. To solve the coverage problems. however. Power Class To suppress the co-channel interference and adjacent-channel interference.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. ensure that the feeders and connectors are securely and correctly connected. Summary: The poor engineering quality is the main cause of the coverage problem. especially the omnidirectional antenna. the customers have concern about only the latter situation and may make complaints.1 Network Parameter Settings The parameters that have an impact on the coverage include Power Class. transmit diversity. increase the tilt angle of the antenna. For details. before and after network replacement also affects the coverage. and querying the main and diversity alarms.Access Level.
Therefore. If this parameter is set to a larger value. Generally. such as the Cell Layer. RACH Min. pay attention to the balance between the coverage area and the coverage quality. For details. you need to set this parameter to a reasonable value to balance the uplink with the downlink. see Case 5.Access Level If this parameter is set to a smaller value. therefore. set this parameter to a smaller value.Access Level is smaller than or equal to 1. For details. some MSs may fail to make calls even if they have strong signals.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. in a widecoverage area. also affect the coverage. see Case 7.0 INTERNAL the network in urban areas. the MS can easily access the RACH and call drops are more likely to occur. During network replacement. the required access signal level is low. When the coverage is poor. see Case 6. the actual coverage area may become smaller. For details. If you increase the value of RACH Min. ensure that the transmit power level is 0. CRO (cell reselection offset). Improper settings of network parameters are the important cause for the poor coverage. ensure that the value of RACH Min. ensure that the coverage quality does not decrease and then ensure the KPIs using other methods. Therefore. MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH. When the coverage is poor. and TMA Power Attenuation Factor. For the settings of these parameters. the coverage area of the cell decreases. thus increasing the cell load and call drop rate. RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN If this parameter is set to a smaller value. Other parameters Other parameters. When the coverage is poor. You are advised to lower the antenna or increase the tilt angle of the antenna. the indoor coverage may become poor if the transmit power of the BTS is reduced. . If this parameter is set to a larger value. many MSs attempt to camp on this cell.Access Level to increase the call completion rate and decrease the call drop rate. see the Help on the LMT.
Ensure that each cell in the local BTS is configured with neighboring cells in the neighboring BTSs and configured as a neighboring cell of other cells in the neighboring BTSs. For details. . thus deteriorating the coverage. negotiate with the customer in advance to minimize the adverse impact.2 CDU Configuration BTS capacity expansion causes insertion loss. however. explain and clarify the situation to the customer. Use the recommended configuration to avoid the loss due to capacity expansion. check and compare the TRX configuration and combination mode before and after the network replacement for prompt problem identification. pay special attention to the configuration of neighboring cell relations. see Case 9.0 INTERNAL 2. For details. 2. it is difficult to solve the coverage problem caused by the missing configuration of neighboring cell relations. If the coverage problems are caused by the capacity expansion carried out by the customer. If you have to use different combination modes. increases the call drop rate. The cells in the BTSs under the control of different BSCs must be configured as external neighboring cells with each other. It is easy to avoid the missing configuration of neighboring cell relations. Therefore. see Case 8. and reduces the traffic volume. great care is required in initial data configuration and data check in the case of problems to avoid subsequent ineffective input. Sometimes. thus deteriorating the coverage.2. The BTS coverage seems to decrease. when the BTS capacity increases from two TRXs to three or four TRXs. To avoid the preceding situation.3 Missing Configuration of Neighboring Cell Relations During network replacement. For example. the change in the combination mode increases the loss. the coverage does not change actually. 3 dB loss is introduced. In this case.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. It is normal that the power level decreases after a combiner is added during capacity expansion.2. network planning is carried out by the customer. the customer may misunderstand that the coverage problem is caused by Huawei products. During capacity expansion of a BTS after network replacement. The missing configuration of neighboring cell relations decreases the handover success rate. however.
see Case 11. ensure that the surge protector is properly installed. For the BTS312. . the active devices such as booster amplifier. intermittent transmission disconnection. For details.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. 2. You can learn the equipment fault through alarms and rectify the fault by replacing the faulty part with a new one. and radio link fault. when a coverage problem occurs. repeater. Therefore. If the TMA is used.4 Equipment Faults TRX faults Combiner faults Clock faults Figure 4 Pie chart of the equipment faults that cause the coverage problem Summary: The poor coverage is also caused by the clock fault. Summary: The non-Huawei devices are difficult to monitor. In addition.0 INTERNAL 2. check whether the TMA is used before network replacement.3 Non-Huawei Devices Surge protector faults Booster amplifier faults Repeater faults TMA faults Figure 3 Pie chart of the non-Huawei devices that cause the coverage problem To reuse the original antenna after network replacement. carefully check the non-Huawei devices in use. and TMA are liable to fail. For details. ensure that the TMA matches the Huawei equipment. see Case 10. communication failure on a board.
and CRO. and alarms. Check the alarms and traffic statistics Check whether congestion occurs and whether coverage is normal according to traffic statistics. thus decreasing the traffic volume. traffic statistics. 3. Check for TRX fault or TRX insufficiency. or TRX communication fault. intermittent disconnection. RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN. Check the BTS hardware. Compare the drive test data before and after network swapping. 5. because the main and diversity of the BCCH omnidirectional antenna may change the coverage area. Check whether the BTS is an operational Huawei BTS Possible cause analysis 1 Possible cause analysis 2 1. and surge protector. Test the power on top of the cabinet. 2. 6. Check antenna and feeder connections. and VSWR. parameter settings. 2. Analyze the hardware configuration. Communicate with the customer that makes the complaints and perform field tests.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. Check the BTS antenna and feeder Check whether the tilt or azimuth angle of the antenna changes . Check whether additional losses are introduced. Check whether the antenna is aging. and check the uplink and downlink receive quality. RACH Min. which may cause congestion and traffic volume decrease. Then. If the coverage is normal. test the TRX power and the transmit power on top of the cabinet. combiner. the BTS fault is excluded from the cause. Compare the drive test data Communicate with the customer that makes complaints and conduct field tests to obtain the first-hand data. added TMA. most coverage problems can be solved. exclude the BTS fault from the cause. If the power and receive sensitivity are normal.Access Level .0 INTERNAL 3 Troubleshooting Process of Coverage Problems In case of coverage problems. 4. Power Class. connectors. such as the additional jumpers. Test the power on top of the cabinet 7. radio link faults. 3. Check the parameter settings Check the parameters: Cell Layer. the onsite engineers can do as follows to handle the problems: 1. and perform drive tests on site. Check the hardware configuration Coverage decrease is caused by combination loss due to capacity expansion? Configuration of neighboring cell relations is missing? Check for clock faults. Find out other possible causes .
Check the hardware configuration: Check whether capacity expansion is performed and whether the combination mode changes according to the TRX configuration provided by the customer. Incoming/Outgoing Internal/External Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell. TRX clock major alarm. TRX voltage abnormal alarm. ii) Clock alarms: clock reference abnormal alarm. 6. and CDU level-2 VSWR alarm. Meanwhile. E1 remote alarm. Check the parameter settings: Check the PDCH configuration and settings of the parameters closely related to the coverage. In problem identification. TRX configuration alarm. phase-locked loop critical alarm.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. iii) Transmission alarms: LAPD OML fault alarm. TRX board communication alarm. TRX processor running Alarm. Objective: To solve the coverage problem caused by the missing configuration of neighboring cell relations or by improper settings of the network optimization parameters. The measurement counters are related to KPI Measurement per Cell. TRX power decrease alarm. RACH Min. the coverage seems to be poor and the signal seems to fluctuate for the customer. RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN. The preceding alarms do not necessarily cause the coverage decrease. check the configuration of the neighboring cell relations. Note that the serving cell should be configured as the neighboring cell of other cells.0 INTERNAL Figure 5 Troubleshooting process of coverage problems The troubleshooting process is as follows: 4. TRX power amplifier shutdown alarm. and Uplink-and-Downlink Balance Measurement per TRX. 5. because the number of TRXs may be smaller than that before network replacement. Checking the hardware configuration helps determine whether a TRX is faulty or whether the TRXs are sufficient. Receive Quality Measurement per TRX. radio link critical alarm. such as Power Class (0).Access Level (≤1). and E1 local alarm. and TMU clock alarm. i) Hardware alarms: LAPD alarm. however. if alarms are generated and cleared frequently. frame or TS number alarm. the coverage shrinks and the traffic volume decreases. . Objective: To solve the coverage problem caused by the combination loss due to capacity expansion. In addition. cells between different BSCs should be configured as external neighboring cells. TRX VSWR alarm. the output power of the TRX may be manually decreased to clear the VSWR alarm. This only covers the problem but not solves the problem. TRX hardware alarm. CDU level-1 VSWR alarm. and Cell Layer (same as the layer of the neighboring cell). Measurement of Power Control Messages per Cell. Note: After network replacement. Cells in the same BSC should be configured as bidirectional neighboring cells. Check the alarms and traffic statistics: The coverage-related alarms are generated mainly because the TRX is faulty. handle these alarms first. which leads to congestion and traffic decrease.
which are important for problem identification. If there are complaints about poor coverage after network replacement but the drive test results show that the coverage is normal. If network replacement is performed by the customer. In addition. poor coverage of the antenna. check the antenna and feeder connections. check whether the transmit power on top of the cabinet is normal. drive tests can still be performed.0 INTERNAL i) 7. If the drive test results show that the antenna coverage is poor. therefore. thus causing complaints. Then. Compare the number of SDCCH requests and the number of TCH requests respectively before and after network replacement to check whether the number of SDCCH requests and the number of TCH requests during paging response are normal. ii) Check whether congestion occurs according to the congestion rate. If . Objective: To ensure that the link between the top of the cabinet and the antenna is normal by checking the BTS antenna system. and handover failure. Compare the drive test data before and after network replacement: This method is effective to solve the coverage problem and can provide valid evidence for coverage decrease. Objective: To solve the coverage problem caused by the equipment faults by analyzing the traffic statistics. you need to communicate with the customer that makes the complaints and perform field tests to obtain the firsthand data for future comparison. or the tilt or azimuth angle of the antenna changes. You can perform drive tests after network replacement and check the BTS to identify the problems such as reverse connection of the feeder. If the congestion rate is high. 9. which are important for problem identification. identifying the coverage problem becomes more difficult. Traffic volume is an important indicator of the coverage. you need to check whether the TMA is activated and functional. iv) Compare the number of incoming inter-cell handovers and the number of outgoing inter-cell handovers respectively before and after network replacement to check whether the cooperation with the neighboring BTS is normal. access to the network becomes difficult.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. check whether water runs into the antenna connector or feeder connector and whether the surge protector is faulty. v) Check the average receive level and the average receive quality in the uplink and the downlink. If the VSWR is greater than 1. of the main BCCH changes. Objective: To identify the coverage problem by comparing the coverage before and after network replacement. 8. Test the transmit power on top of the cabinet: Ensure that the cables are securely connected. If the TMA is installed. Check the BTS antenna and feeder: With the drive test results.5. especially the omnidirectional antenna. If the drive test data before network replacement is unavailable. use the SITEMASTER to test whether the VSWR is smaller than 1. the poor coverage in some areas may be concerned with the antenna. the drive test data before network replacement may be unavailable.5. iii) Compare the traffic volume in busy hours before and after network replacement to check whether the traffic volume decreases.
If the transmit power on top of the cabinet is normal and is not lower than that of the non-Huawei equipment before network replacement. Intra-cell Handover Measurement per Cell Incoming/Outgoing Internal/External To compare the number of incoming inter-cell handovers and the number of outgoing inter-cell handovers respectively before and after network replacement to check whether the cooperation with the neighboring BTS is normal. SIM fault. Objective: To identify the coverage problem caused by the BTS. Higher power may cause interference and lower power may decrease the coverage. The receiver sensitivity can be tested by only the CMD57. Objective: To identify the coverage problem by finding out possible causes. To check whether the paging and coverage are normal by comparing the number of SDCCH requests and the number of TCH requests respectively and comparing the traffic volume before and after network replacement. Handle the alarms if they are generated. Appendix: Check Items in Locating Coverage Problems Check Item BTS TRX configuration Capacity Remarks expansion information Objective To check whether the TRX capacity is expanded. check whether the combination mode changes. 10. If the TRX power decreases or the combiner loss is too high. and transmission To check whether these alarms are generated in the cell. clock. Transmit power Power consistency before and after network replacement To ensure the power consistency before and after network replacement.dat file To check the settings of the network optimization parameters. Alarm information Hardware. Find out other causes: insufficient coverage. vegetation in the cell. the BTS fault can be excluded from the cause of poor coverage.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1.0 INTERNAL the transmit power is abnormal. transmission model. replace the faulty TRX or combiner. you can replace the faulty TRX. which is unavailable on site. MS fault. Remarks: For other causes. use a power meter to check the power of the TRX and combiner. poor electromagnetic environment. provided by the customer alarms (self-check) Traffic measurements KPI Measurement per Cell Inter-Cell Handover Measurement per Cell Measurement of Power Control To check whether the receive quality in the uplink and the downlink is normal respectively. and power configuration. Data configuration *. If the TRX capacity is expanded. and emergence of new hotspot areas. building in the cell. Messages per Cell Receive Quality Measurement per TRX Uplink-and-Downlink Balance . see the Guide to Dealing With Wireless Coverage Problems. interference. or mistaken complaints due to the surrounding environment of the antenna. neighboring cell relations. Therefore.
GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. The onsite test result shows that the call cannot be set up.cell) or *. Check the hardware and cable connections of the BTS.5. Pull the jumper and find that the jumper and the antenna are in loose contact. climb up the tower for checking and find that the connectors of the two feeders are securely connected. and no interference exists. Then. Conclusion: The receive level at the site with complaints ranges from –75 dBm to –95 dBm. The transmit power of the TRX is normal.log (*. Case 2: Imbalance between the uplink and the downlink caused by the RX cable fault Problem Description: The signals of a BTS deteriorate remarkably. The signal level becomes normal and the problem is solved.0 INTERNAL Measurement per TRX Drive test data *. however.ant file To identify the coverage problem by comparing the coverage before and after network replacement. Wrap the jumper with straps. then call setup failure is caused by the uplink faulty. The local customer reports that the BTS operates normally during initial deployment. Check the data configuration and the cable connections on the top of the cabinet. 4 Typical Cases Case 1: BTS coverage decrease caused by the loose connection of the jumper on the antenna side Problem Description: The customer complains that the coverage of a BTS decreases and call setup is difficult. The fault persists. Exchange the TX/RX feeder with the RX feeder on top of the cabinet and then perform the test again. The local residents complain about call setup failures. It is found that the VSWR on the antenna side is bigger. . The jumper is no longer wobbling. Conclusion: If the signal in the cell is strong. Sometimes the signal level fluctuates greatly and the call connection is abnormal. no alarm is found on the LMT. however. It is doubted that the jumper and the antenna are in loose contact. The VSWR of the antenna is 1. and the waterproof curve on the jumper is too deep and is wobbling. which proves that the antenna and feeder connections are normal. make the curve slighter. No problem is found. Restart the BTS and perform a test at the site with complaints. Test the VSWR of the antenna. the signal level in the cell is –70 dBm. Solution: Reinstall and wrap the connectors of the jumper and the antenna and reinstall the antenna. which is a little big. which is not weak. the signal level is stable. Then. Use the power meter to test the transmit power of the TRX. The antenna and feeder are securely connected and the connectors are in good contact. The jumper on the antenna side is too long. Others Engineering electronic map parameter table and To check the geographical information through the NASTAR software.
the traffic volume of a BTS decreased by 50% after network replacement. Instead. the COBCCH-related KPIs are affected. the onsite engineers did not follow the guidelines for network replacement. the coverage decreases and the traffic absorption of the TRXs in the original DCS1800 band decreases. therefore. Conclusion: The check on the onsite network optimization parameters proves that the fault is not caused by the product defects or improper settings of network optimization parameters. check the hardware and antenna of the BTS in the network for correctness. Solution: Change the BCCH antenna to the one before network replacement by exchanging the jumpers. Case 5: Call access failure because the value of RACH Min.0 INTERNAL The analysis of traffic statistics shows that the uplink and the downlink of this cell are not in balance. the traffic volume of the directional cells on the two sides of the tower is different from that before network replacement. Therefore. Case 4: Weak coverage in the GSM900 band in a dual-band network Problem Description: In March 2007. thus decreasing the overall traffic volume. The traffic volume increases by nearly 40% compared with that before network replacement. Therefore. Conclusion: The comparison on the drive test data before and after COBCCH is enabled and the analysis of the related traffic statistics show that the coverage of the GSM900 band is weak. the main BCCH is on the DCS1800 network. Replace the TRX and perform the test again. the omnidirectional antenna is used after network replacement. That is. Otherwise. which proves that the TRX is normal. it is found that the RX cable is faulty. The test result and traffic statistics show that the fault is rectified. BTS M with wide coverage is located in a mountainous area. After COBCCH is enabled. Finally.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. the main BCCH antenna changes after replacement. the traffic volume of a dual-band (GSM900&DCS1800) network decreased and the coverage area shrunk after COBCCH is enabled.Access Level is too great Problem Description: A lot of complaints are raised concerning BTS M because of the call setup failure and high call drop rate. The fault persists. Conclusion: . Case 3: Traffic volume decrease caused by the change of the main BCCH antenna Problem Description: In April 2007. The coverage problem is solved. Solution: Replace the faulty RX cable and perform the test again. Solution: Before enabling COBCCH in a dual-band network.
Conclusion: Check the network parameters and find that the customer sets MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH of some GSM900 cells to 0 and sets MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH of some DCS1800 cells to 5. The result of the field test on site with the network optimization engineer of the customer proves that the symptom is true.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. it is doubted that the data changes after the cutover. It is learnt that a BSC cutover was performed in the early morning on May 8. Case 6: Disconnection of the MS from the network because the value of RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN is too great Problem Description: Customers complain that the signal level in the rural area covered by a BTS fluctuates frequently and the MS is frequently disconnected from the network indoors. and perform dialing tests and frequency scanning tests on site. the customer expresses understanding of call drops at the site. Conclusion: Query the alarms. becomes smaller than before. analyze the traffic statistics. which is too great. The value of RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN is 12. Compare the data before and after the cutover and find that the value of RACH Min. Case 8: Coverage decrease due to combination loss introduced by capacity expansion Problem Description: . The problem is solved.Access Level to 0.Access Level is 5. Then. check the settings of the parameters that may affect the MS access. In this case. The call drop rate remains high because of the wide coverage. including the GSM900 BTSs and DCS1800 BTSs. Solution: Set MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH to 5 (33 dBm) in the GSM900 cell and 0 (30 dBm) in the DCS1800 cell. Then. Check the list of complaints and find that the complaints have been made since May 8. Case 7: Improper setting of MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH Problem Description: A customer complains that the coverage of some BTSs. Checking the CGI data at the MSC shows that the CGI data is consistent between the BSC and the MSC. The problem is solved. the hardware fault and interference are excluded from the cause. The improper setting of MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH causes the network coverage decrease. the complaints about call setup failure are the major problem while the call drops caused by the environment are the minor problem. Solution: Change the value of RACH Min. As a result.Therefore. The problem is solved and complaints about call setup failure are no longer made. Solution: Change the value of RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN to a smaller value. After communication.Access Level is 0 before the cutover and 5 by default in the current network. perform a test in the network. such as RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN and RACH Min.Access Level.0 INTERNAL Check the data of the existing network and find that the value of RACH Min.
Generally. Case 9: Missing configuration of neighboring cell relations Problem Description: In May 2007. the problem occurs because the BTS is not configured with neighboring cells.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1. Solution: The customer agrees that the BTS312 functions well and the coverage decrease caused by capacity expansion is reasonable.0 INTERNAL At the end of March 2007. After capacity expansion. The decrease in the BTS coverage was the main problem. Therefore. To solve the problem. the problem is not coverage decrease. According to the statistics. In this case. thus causing heavy congestion. the call made near the BTS cannot be handed over to this BTS. During the coverage test. After the main BCCH TRX signals are processed by the CDU and then transmitted by the duplexer. Thus. the capacity increases from two TRXs to three TRXs. the customer started to complain about the defects of the BTS312. the customer decides to add BTSs to increase coverage. Case 10: Faults in the third-party booster amplifier Problem Description: A BTS works in S2/1/1 configuration mode after network replacement and works in S4/1/1 configuration mode after capacity expansion. Conclusion: . therefore. local office Y reported that the BTS312 started operating at the end of 2006. Late in March 2007. the cable connections of the other two TRXs are incorrect. the subscribers in the area covered by cell A complain that the signal strength indicator of a mobile phone is full when no call is made but the signal strength drops sharply when a call is made. the areas with decreased coverage are all the cells where capacity expansion is performed. the signal cannot be sent out from the antenna. therefore. Only the signals on the main BCCH TRX can be sent out while the signals on the other three TRXs cannot. cable connections need to be changed. the problem is subjectively conceived as coverage decrease. the handover cannot be performed and the traffic volume decreases. the loss increases by 3 dB and the coverage decreases. the problem is solved. the customer complained that the coverage became smaller after an Ericsson BTS was replaced by a Huawei BTS. the signal level fluctuates. In this case. In addition. After the BTS is configured with neighboring cells. Instead. the customer misunderstands that the coverage decreases. Conclusion: Actually. when the TCH on the non-main BCCH TRX is assigned to a call. The signals on the main BCCH TRX are strong. Conclusion: The problem is not concerned with the product quality. Cause Analysis: It is found that the booster amplifier of one TRX is burnt out. Cause Analysis: The coverage decreases because the BTS is not configured with neighboring cells.
0 INTERNAL The problem is caused by the third-party booster amplifier of poor performance." Cause Analysis: After initiating a call. Case 11: No response to paging due to clock faults Problem Description: When initiating a call. indicating that the called party makes no response. the problems of congestion and signal fluctuation are solved. the calling party is informed that "The number you dialed is out of service now. . the called party can normally respond to the paging. This proves that the problem is caused by the clock fault.GSM BSS Network KPI (Network Coverage) Optimization Manual V1.". Conclusion: After the clock fault is rectified. Replace the booster amplifier and connect the cables correctly. Check the BTS clock and find that the clocks of multiple BTSs are in free-run mode. Then. the calling party is informed that "The number you dialed is out of service now. because the BSC clock is not in locked mode.
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