Ahmed EL-Ganayni Ahmedelganayni@huawei.com

Soft ware needed in Drive Test 1- TEMS (Data collection) 2- TEMS (Rout analysis) 3- MapInfo 4- Google Earth Tools needed: 1- Dongle 2- Mobile 3- GPS 4- HSDPA cart 5- Inverter 6- Scanner

Call blocking Could be hardware problem or congested .

Cross Sector in 2G site : ● This is a cross sector between 2 and 4 .

Variation on Hopping channel : Variation in hopping Channel due to hardware problem (DTRU) ● The Power variation on hopping channel must not increase than 10 db .

2.Interference ratio : Bad C/I due to interference . .Carrier -over .Adjacent interference (Interference between two different frequencies).there are two types 1.Co-channel interference (Interference between same frequencies).

LAC : The site LAC cannot be different form all neighbors .

How to check the 2G to 2G Relation System Information type 2bis (Relation of the same band) System Information type 2 ter (Relation of the different band) Note : this for idle mode for dedicated 5bis & 5 ter .


FR – 21 & HR – 17 are respectively ideal values. For EFR 30. BER is a measure for the voice quality in network. It is indication of voice quality in network. • SQI : SQI is a more sophisticated measure which is dedicated to reflecting the quality of the speech (as opposed to radio environment conditions). 7. Depending on BER RxQual is measured. . It is computed on basis of BER and FER.5 s intervals.Definition of Radio Parameters: • • • RxLev : Receiving level in terms of dBm that mobile is receiving from the site. SQI is the best criterion to use. FER : Frame Erasure Rate it represents the percentage of frames being dropped due to high number of non-corrected bit errors in the frame.2 % corresponds to RxQual 0.. BER countable and useful is up to 12.g. Max. Range of -30 dBm to -110dBm. SQI is updated at 0. • BER Actual : Ratio of the number of bit errors to the total number of bits transmitted in a given time interval. RxQual : Quality of voice which is measured on basis of BER. E. This means that when optimizing the speech quality in your network. BER 0 to 0.8 % which corresponds to RxQual of max. Range of RxQual 0 -7.

• C/I : The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal components.. 24. To airtel. • MS Behavior Modified : This window shows current settings for the mobile station. 2 dBm less acc. This feature reduces the power consumption of the transmitter. Decrease by 1 but increase by 2. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of 4. • TA : Value that the base station calculates from access bursts and sends to the mobile station (MS) enabling the MS to advance the timing of its transmissions to the BS so as to compensate for propagation delay. for instance whether handover is disabled or multiband reporting enabled. . • RL Timeout Counter (MAX) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. When it reaches zero it results in normal DROP Call. 20. It should be atleast > 9 . it shows current value of RLT. it shows current value of RLT. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of 4. • DTX : Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism allowing the radio transmitter to be switched off during speech pauses. • RL Timeout Counter (Cur) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. From BS. • MS Power Control Level : Displays range of power control from 0 to 8 depending upon network design. Normally 16.g. Value of 0 means MS in radius of 550mt. 0 means no power control and 1 means level that is defined by operator viz. and decreases the overall interference level on the radio channels affecting the capacity of the network. E. which is important for MSs.

MCC: Mobile Country Code 0 – 999 MNC: Mobile Network Code 0 – 99 LAC : Location Area Code 0 -65535 CI: Cell Identity 0 – 65535 • • • • Cell GPRS Support: Tells sector is having GPRS or not.CI. It consists of MCC.g.nDefinitions: 1.MNC. 2.CGI : It stands for the Cell Global Identity which is unique for every sector of the site. Band mobile is operating e. call is going on.Cell name: It displays the name of the sector which is serving according to the cellfile that is loaded in TEMS.LAC. Values are Yes or No . BCCH ARFCN: It tells by which BCCH is the mobile station getting served.Time: It is system time of computer. 3. . TCH ARFCN: On which Traffic Freq. GSM 900/ 1800. Band : It tells in which Freq.

0 for Cyclic Hopping. • Hopping Channel : It shows that current sector is having hopping feature or not. time slot no. E. from given MA list for sector hopping has to be started. • • Mode: It is shows in which state is mobile operating. • Speech Codec: It shows FR for Full Rate. • Channel Mode : Shows mode of coding like Speech Full Rate of Half Rate. MA List for hopping of that sector. 2. • Hopping Sequence Number (HSN) : Indicates sequence in which frequencies are allowed to hop from the MA List. Channel Message.g. • Ciphering Algorithm : It shows ciphering algorithm used by the system to protect data for privacy. E. Viz.g. 62. of TRX. 1 – 63 random hopping sequences. • Hopping Frequencies : It displays no. • Sub Channel Number: It is displayed at a time when mobile is on dedicated mode at time of call setup when it is getting SDCCH at that time it shows which SDCCH it is getting out of 8 available. Time slot: On which time slot of current TCH call is going on. • Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO): It is the number which tells from which freq. Cipher by A5/2. to hop. E. Idle. HR for Half Rate & EFR for Enhanced Full Rate. on which mobile is allowed to hop.• BSIC (Base Station Identity Code) : It is combination of Network Color Code (NCC) (0 – 7) & Base Station Color Code (BCC) (0 – 7). • Channel Type: Type of channel mobile is getting now. of freq. .63.g. Dedicated & Packet. 0. It is decoded by mobile on every Sync. e. 0 means sector will start from first freq. Like BCCH / SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH / TCH/F +FACCH/F +SACCH/F. Values are Yes or No. viz.g.

Cross Sector in 3G site : ● This is a cross sector between sector 1(SC 27) and sector 3 (SC 29) .

After solving the Cross : .

3G Tilting Problem : ●Because the power near site is good so it must be wrong tilting or blocking In this case no blocking .

After Adjusting : .

Missing Relations in 3G : SC: Scrambling Code in idle mode AS: Active Set in dedicated mode MN: Monitored Neighbor can make soft Hand Over to this SC DN: Detected Neighbor can not make soft Hand Over to this SC .

Shift in Azimuth : ●There is shift in sector 2 azimuth .

Pilot pollution : .

3G LAC ● From call attempt in layer 3 you can determine the 3G site LAC .

HSDPA Throughput Presentation WCDMA Data services HSDPA Analysis .

The frequency is not defined .How to check the Compressed mode process (IRAT) ● Click on layer 3 →Compressed Mode in Event Layer → Measurement Control(DLDCCH) in layer 3 IRAT failure : 1. 2.The frequency is defined but with wrong BSIC Or LAC .

How to check the relation from 2G to 3G (Cell Reselection process) ●Check it from System Information Type 2quater Note : The Scrambling Codes maybe sanded in several 2quater) (System Information Type .

a Primary CPICH enters the reporting range removal of active set. a primary CPICH leaves the reporting range replacement of AS a non-active primary CPICH becomes better than an active primary CPICH e1a e1b e1c e1d change the order of AS.3G Events : Addition of active set e1a. change of best cell .

make detailed coverage to the site included by HO between neighbors 2-10 calls .5 video. A. F. F and G) 3-CW & ACW HO to the site 2G Dual band : 1-make detailed coverage to the site included by HO between neighbors(mobile normal) 2-Loop (mobile locked on 900) 3-10 calls . SMS 4-PS R99 throughput must exceed 350 kb/s 5-HSDPA throughput must exceed 1000 kb/s 6-IRAT & Cell Reselection 6-CW & ACW Internet connection username: password: APN: etisalat dial: *99# Test number 537 . G .PS and SMS on every cell (E .Etisalat Site acceptance tests 2G 900 : 1.B and c) 4-CW & ACW HO to the site Note : RX Level is taken from idle mobile & QUAL is taken from dedicated 3G site : 1-make detailed coverage to the site included by SHO between neighbors 2-Loop video 3-10 calls . PS and SMS on every cell(E .

Abbreviations in TEMS BCC BER BSIC C/I CQI DTX EGPRS HSDPA IMEI NCC SQI Base Station Color Code Bit Error Rate Base Station Identity Code Carrier-to-Interference (Ratio) Channel Quality Indicator Discontinuous Transmission Enhanced GPRS (= EDGE) High Speed Downlink Packet Access International Mobile Equipment Identity Network Colour Code Speech Quality Index TA Time Advanced RNC RAT RSCP Radio Network Controller Radio Access Technology Received Signal Code Power SAN Serving/Active Set + Neighbors KPI CI Key Performance Indicator Cell Identity Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (= EGPRS) General Packet Radio Service Global Positioning System Packet Data Protocol EDGE GPRS GPS PDP .

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