GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE Time Units of the Geologic Time Scale Eon Era Period Quaternary Epoch Holocene

Pleistocene Pliocene Phanerozoic Cenozoic Miocene Tertiary Oligocene Eocene Palaeocene Mesozoic Cretaceous Jurassic Triassic Permian Carboniferous 286 Pennsylvanian 320 Mississippian 360 Devonian Silurian Ordovician Cambrian Vendian Archean Proterozoic 650 410 438 505 545 “Age of Fishes “Age of Invertebrates” “Soft-bodied faunas” “Age of Amphibians” 145 208 248 “Age of Reptiles” 0.01 1.6 5.3 23.8 33.7 55 65 Extinction of dinosaurs and many other species First flowering plants First birds Dinosaurs dominant First mammals Extinction of trilobites and many other marine animals First reptiles Large coal swamps Amphibians abundant First amphibians First insect fossils Fishes dominant First land plants First fishes Trilobites dominant First organisms with shells Abundant Ediacaran faunas First multicelled organisms “Age of Mammals” Earliest hominids Development of Plants and Animals

Earliest Homo sapiens


Collectively called Precambrian 2500 comprises about 87% of the geological time scale

3800 4600 Ma

First one-celled organisms Age of oldest rocks Origin of the earth


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