2013 North India floods

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2013 North India floods
2013 North India floods

NASA satellite imagery of Northern India on June 17, showing rainclouds that led to the disaster Fatalities: Damages: Areas affected: At least 1000 dead (as of 22 June 2013), Many more missing. 365 houses destroyed, 275 houses partially damaged (in Uttarakhand) India (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh) Nepal (Far Western Region, Mid Western Region)
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Map of India showing Dehradun and Shimla, capitals of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh states respectively. In June 2013, the North Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, some regions of Western Nepal and their adjoining areas experienced heavy rainfall that triggered devastating floods and landslides. Parts of Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, and some parts of Western Tibet also experienced heavy rainfall. As of 22 June 2013[2], more than 1,000 people have died with many more missing.[] Damage to bridges and roads left over 70,000 pilgrims and tourists trapped in various places,[][][] of whom, many were rescued.[][] As of 23 June 2013[2], about 22,000 people are said to be still stranded.[][] As of 22 June 2013[2], the death toll in Uttarakhand was reported to be 1,000, with several more missing and more than 60,000 tourists and pilgrims stranded.[][][][][] By 23 June 2013, some sources claimed that the death toll could even rise to 5,000.[][] The official death toll in Uttarakhand by 25 June 2013 was 822.[]

They are home to several major and historic Hindu pilgrimage sites and at least one such Sikh pilgrimage site besides several tourist spots and trekking venues. Over 70. including Gangotri.[][] .[] Heavy rainfall for four consecutive days as well as melting snow aggravated the floods.[] Death and damage Landslides. killing those who were trapped. an important artery connecting the region was also washed away near Jyotirmath and in many other places. Kedarnath and Badrinath. some sources claimed that the death toll could even rise to 5000. causing thousands of people to be caught unaware. more than 12.[] The roads were seriously damaged at more than 450 places.[] Entire villages and settlements such as Gaurikund and the market town of Ram Bada.[] By 23 June 2013.2013 North India floods 2 Origin The upper Himalayan territories of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are full of forests and snow-covered mountains and thus remain relatively inaccessible. damaged several houses and structures. the hallowed Hindu Chardham (four sites) pilgrimage centers. the popular pilgrimage center located on the banks of the Alaknanda River. have been obliterated.[] In the city of Dehra Dun.[] On June 18. Yamunotri. a transition point to Kedarnath. Haryana. Roopkund and the Sikh pilgrimage centre Hemkund were stranded for more than three days. Himachal Pradesh and Western Nepal. while the market town of Sonprayag suffered heavy damage and loss of lives.[3] This caused heavy floods in Uttarakhand.000 people were stuck in various regions because of damaged or blocked roads. Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Tibet. resulting in huge loss of life and property. based on the collected bodies of the victims.[] Warnings by the India Meteorological Department predicting heavy rains were not given wide publicity beforehand. had crossed 550. the official death toll in Uttarakhand. the number of people impacted is substantial. stranded pilgrims and tourists were without rations or survived on little food.[] For more than three days.[][][] As of 22 June 2013[2].[] The heavy rains resulted in large flashfloods and massive landslides. From 14 to 17 June 2013 Uttarakhand received heavy rainfall. which was about 375 percent more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon.[] National Highway 58.000 pilgrims were stuck at Badrinath.[] People in other important locations like the Valley of flowers. Rescuers at the Hindu pilgrimage town of Haridwar on the river Ganga have been reported to have recovered bodies of 40 victims washed down by the flooded rivers as of June 21 2013. are visited by thousands of devotees. due to the floods. capital of Uttarakhand.[][] Pilgrimage centres in the region. this was the wettest June day for over five decades. and acute rainfall in other nearby regions of Delhi. resulting in huge traffic jams. especially after the month of May onwards.[] Because summers have more number of tourists. and the floods caused many cars and other vehicles to be washed away.

damaging its perimeter.[] Activists of political and social organizations are also involved in the rescue and management of relief centres.[][] Situated in the Himalayan ranges. Air Force. with reports of 128 houses and 13 Same location. Navy. Indo-Tibetan Border Police. maneuvering them was a challenge.[] By 21 June 2013. Other affected regions Flooding in Nepal About 6000 citizens of Nepal were visiting the Indian region. 6 km (3. Most of the destruction at Kedarnath was caused by a sudden rapid melting of ice and snow on the Kedarnath Mountain.[] Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions. and the Air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters. the town that grew around the Kedarnath Temple one of the famous temples of Shiva in India and part of the Char Dham yatra.[] The Indian Embassy stated that the flooding was because of heavy rainfall on the catchment side of the river.[] The national highway and other important roads were closed to regular traffic. 2013. shot on June 21 during the height of the floods government offices swept away and over 1000 people [][] homeless. Public Works Department and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations. the temple will be temporarily closed to regular pilgrims and tourists for a year. of which 1. located on the Indian side. its base was inundated with water.[][] the Navy had sent 45 naval divers. which flooded the Charbari lake (upstream) and then Kedarnath. was damaged by the floods and landslides caused by heavy rain. but due to the rough terrain.7 mi) from the temple. Within the temple.[] Helicopters were used to rescue people. resulting in several casualties. and not the Dhauliganga Dam.[] Many hotels around the temple were destroyed. National Disaster Response Force.[] The Uttarakhand Government announced that due to the extensive damage to the infrastructure. but the temple and its rituals will still be maintained by priests.[]The Kedarnath Yatra would also not be held for the next 2 years. a panic-driven stampede resulted in several deaths.000 were rescued as of June 22. Locals in the Darchula District had claimed that this was because of the rapid release of water from the Dhauliganga Dam.000 soldiers and 11 helicopters. mud and boulders from the landslide.[] Satellite image of the affected region.[] . Border Security Force. Rescue operations The Army. taken on May 30 by NASA's MODIS.[4] More than 500 people are currently missing from Kedarnath. the Army had deployed 10. heavy fog and rainfall.2013 North India floods 3 Damage to Kedarnath Although the Kedarnath Temple itself had not been damaged.[5] Flooding of the Dhauliganga and the Mahakali rivers had caused extensive damage.

[13] The Government of India also cancelled 9 batches. with Uttar Pradesh Government pledging 25 crore (US$4.000) and other jewellery from local persons. Gurgaon and surrounding areas received a high amount of rainfall on 16 June 2013.[][] Rescuers also retrieved approximately 1 crore (US$170.[9] the [10] [11] governments of Haryana.000 through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to the NGOs working in the area.org.html) • Image gallery (http://www.indiaenvironmentportal. covering Gangotri. Kedarnath and Badrinath was cancelled for approximately 2 years to repair damaged roads and infrastructure.[7][8] 4 Aftermath Dr.com/uttarakhandfloods2013?ref=ts&fref=ts) • Uttarakhand Disaster Management Contact Details (http://indialookup. Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 5 crore (US$860.[][] References [2] http:/ / en.in/uttarakhand-disaster-management/) • Uttarakhand Flood Helpline Numbers (http://indialookup.[6] The Yamuna River swelled to a new high of 207. the governments of Tamil Nadu[12]. Manmohan Singh.indianexpress. a Hindu pilgrimage.2013 North India floods National Capital Region Delhi. who reportedly collected it from a destroyed building of a Bank and damaged shops.in. Maharashtra and Delhi 10 crore (US$1.[15] Government agencies and priests of Kedarnath temple were planning mass cremation of the hundreds of victims.7 million) each. including some sadhu babas (or religious men).[] As on June 23.[][] Some of the rings were reportedly stolen after cutting the fingers of the victims.000 crore (US$170 million) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state.com/picture-gallery/ uttarakhand-worst-hit-as-rain-floods-kill-at-least-60-in-north-india/2914-1. Yamunotri.org/) • Resources on Uttarakhand (http://www.facebook.3 million).com/videos/401151/ watch-dramatic-visuals-of-floods-and-landslides-when-they-first-struck-uttarakhand-on-june-17.in/category/thesaurus/ uttaranchal-uttarakhand) .000).75 meters submerging the low lying flood plains along the banks.in/uttarakhand-helpline-numbers/) • Uttarakhand Flood Relief (http://uttarakhandfloodrelief. Indian Express • Rescue Updates on Facebook (https://www. after one week of tragedy.[] Several state governments announced financial assistance.50.html).[14] The popular Chardham Yatra pilgrimage. US Ambassador to India Nancy Jo Powell declared financial help of USD 1. org/ w/ index. according to the Uttarakhand Government. or half the annual batches of the Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra.000) each while the Gujarat government had announced 2 crore (US$340. Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1. wikipedia. leading to flooding of the low lying areas of the cities. php?title=2013_North_India_floods& action=edit External links • Flood video (http://ibnlive.org/) • Uttarakhand Flood Relief Network (http://uttarakhandfloodrelief.

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