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Unsteady state Heat transfer Isothermal Heating medium Coil in tank or jacketed vessel Quantity of liquid in tank Specific

heat of Liquid Initial temperature of liquid Final temperature of liquid Hot fluid temperautre Area of Heat transfer Heat tr. Coefficient Time for heating M Cp t1 t2 T1 A U T' = = = = = = = = kg kcal/kg.oC o C
o o

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C

#DIV/0!

C m2 kcal/m2.h.oC hr

Isothermal cooling medium like vapourising Refrigerant Quantity of liquid in tank Specific heat of Liquid Initial temperature of liquid Final temperature of liquid Vaporising coolant temperature Heat tr. Coefficient Area of heat transfer Time for cooling M Cp T1 T2 t1 U A T' = = = = = = = = kg kcal/kg.oC o C
o o

C C

#DIV/0!

kcal/m2.h.oC m2 hr

Non isothermal heating medium Heating medium flow rate Inlet temp of heating medium Specific heat of heating medium Time for heating W1 T1 c1 k1 T'' = = = = = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! kg/hr o C kcal/kg.oC hr

External Exchanger,Isothermal Heating Medium k2 T'' = = #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Time for Heating

External Exchanger,Isothermal Cooling Medium Time for cooling T' = #DIV/0! hr

External Exchanger,NonIsothermal Heating Medium

Specific heat of cooling medium Hot fluid cold fluid (1/w2c2) .NonIsothermal Cooling Medium (1/w1c1) .oC kg/hr kg/hr hr External Exchanger.(1/w1c1) Time for Heating c2 w1 w2 T' k3 = = = = = = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! kcal/kg.(1/w2c2) k4 Time for cooling T' = = = #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! hr .