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Hydraulic Symbols

Hydraulic Symbols

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Published by Bharathprabhu

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Published by: Bharathprabhu on Jun 01, 2009
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01/29/2013

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Symbols and Tables

q n p ∆p Q v L D d D i Dh A a t m F M P As E I S v ηv ηm ηt λ Vac Vx P1 P2 P0

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

Displacement : cm3 Revolutions : min-1 Pressure : bar Pressure drop : bar Oil capacity : l/min = dm3/min Speed : m/s Length : m Piston diameter : mm Piston rod diameter : mm Bore of pipe : mm Hydraulic diameter : mm Area : cm2 Ring area : cm2 Time : s. Volume : kg Force : daN Torque : Nm Power : kW Break load : daN Elasticity module : kp/cm2 Free column length : m Safety factor Kinematic viscosity : mm2/s Volumetric efficiency Mechanical efficiency Total efficiency Resistance figure Accumulator size Required oil capacity available in accumulator Lowest oil pressure Highest oil pressure Pre-charge

Motor: Oil consumption [l/min] Output torque Output power Speed Cylinder: Compressive force Tensile force Speed out F = F = v = p × A × ηm p × a × ηm Q × ηv 6×A Q × ηv 6×a A×v×6 2v a×v×6 2v P × (A- a) × ηm [daN] [daN] [m/s] Q= M = N = n = q×n 1000 × ηv q × ∆p × ηm 62,8 Q × ∆p × ηt 600 Q × ηv × 1000 q [Nm] [kW] [min-1]

Speed in

v =

[kW] [l/min] [l/min] [daN]

Oil consumption out Q = Oil consumption in Compressive force with differential cut-in Tube: Flow speed v = Q = F =

Ratio factors: Power Torque Pressure

1 kw 1Hp 1 kpm 1 Nm 1 kp/cm2

1 psi Volume 1 bar 1 US, gallon 1 Eng. gallon 1 in3 1 liter 1 in2 1 foot2 1 km/h 1 foot/s 1 mile/h 1 foot/s2 1 in 1 foot 1 yd Nan = Q×p 600 × ηt

Area Speed Acceleration Length Pump:

= 1,36Hp = 75 kpm/s = 0,736 kw = 9,81 Nm = 7,233 lbf ft = 0,102 kpm = 98.000 Pa = 0,981 bar = 9,81 N/cm2 = 14,22 psi = 0,06895 bar = 0,0703 kp/cm2 = 1,0194 kp/cm2 = 3,785 liter = 4,546 liter = 16,38 cm3 = 1,0 dm3 = 645,2 mm2 = 92900 mm2 = 0,2778 m/s = 0,3048 m/s = 0,447 m/s = 0,3048 m/s2 = 25,4 mm = 0,3048 m = 0,9144 m [kW]

Q × 100 6 × D2 × 0,785 ∆p =

[m/s]

Pressure loads in straight pipe leads

λ × L × 0,89 × v2 × 5 Di

[bar]

Resistance number:

λ

=

64 0,316 λ turb. = Re 4√ Re v × Dh × 1000 v

Reynolds number Accumulator size:

Re

=

Vx × With slow charging and slow discharging Vac =

P1

P0 P1 1P2 P1 P0 1 1,5

Vx × With quick charging and quick discharging Vac = 1P1 P2

Power consumption

Supplied oil capacity Q

=

q × n × ηv [l/min] 1000 q×p 62,8 × ηm With slow charging and quick discharging Vac = [Nm]

Vx × Input torque M =

P2 P0 1 P2 1,5 -1 P1

HZ.00.A2.02

35

ISO/CETOP Symbols

Work line Pilot line

Reservoir, open

Reservoir, pressurized Drain line Electric line Enclosure for several components in one unit Flexible line Line connections Manometer, Thermometer Corssing lines Flow meter Venting Pressure source Pressure connection w. plug

Electromotor

With line connection

Combustion engine Coupling

Quick koupling w. check valve 1 Flow direction Constant Accumulator 2 Flow directions Displacement pump Filter 1 Flow direction Cooler Constant Variable Variable

2 Flow directions Heater Displacement motor

36

HZ.00.A2.02

ISO/CETOP Symbols

Constant

Variable Differential cylinder

Cylinder with cushion

Combined pump-motors Check valve, not spring loaded

Spring loaded

Pilot controlled check valve Hydrostatic transmission Pilot controlled opening Pilot controlled closing Shaft, lever, rod, piston Spring Example Throttling, depending on viscosity Restriction, not viscosity influenced Simplified Flow direction Restrictor, fixed Direction of rotation Restrictor, variable

Variable setting

Cylinders

Restrictor, not viscosity influenced

Single acting

Throttle-check valve

Double acting

3-way by-pass flow regulator

Flow divider

HZ.00.A2.02

37

ISO/CETOP Symbols

Directional valves

Basic symbol:
Two - way

with transient intermittend pos.

mechanical feed back Three - way Two - way Without fixed position 2 - extreme position 2 - extreme position and between (OSP) 2/2 - valve 3/2 - valve 4/3 - valve Direkt pressure Hand operated Lever

Roller Hydraulic operated

Pneumatic operated

Examples

Solenoid

Motor operated

Solenoid, hydraulik-operated PVEO

PVEM

PVEH Solenoid Mechanical Roller Mekanical lock Direct pressure Spring return Pressure rise Pneumatic, hydraulic-operated

38

HZ.00.A2.02

ISO/CETOP Symbols

A.B. Work lines Normally closed P. Pump connection (pressure) R.S.T. Return /Tank X.Y .Z. Pilot line L, Drain line

Normally open

Pressure limiting valve, fixed setting

Pressure limiting valve, variable

Pilot operated, external drain line

Internal drain

Pressure reduction line

Pilot controlled opening valve

Pilot controlled closing valve

Pressure switch

HZ.00.A2.02

39

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