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13-3 Volume of Sphere &

13-4 Congruent and Similar Solids


Surface Area of a Sphere:
4πr2
Volume of a Pyramid =
(1/3)(h)(area of base)
The height
of the pyramid
is like the
RADIUS of
the Sphere!
VOLUME OF SPHERE =
(Surface Area of Sphere)(Volume of Infinite
Pyramids with infinitely small bases)

V = (4πr2)(1/3)(h)

=(4πr2)(1/3)(r)

V = (4/3)πr3
13-4 Congruent & Similar Solids
Similar Shapes ? !

7
8
4 14

SCALE FACTOR 1 : 2
Similar Shapes

7
8
4 14
A = (1/2)bh A=(1/2)bh
= (1/2)(4)(6.7) =(1/2)(8)(13.4)
= 13.4 =53.6
SCALE FACTOR of Areas 1 : 4
If two solids have a scale factor of
a:b
based on their lengths…

Then their Surface Areas are related by the


ratio
a2 : b2

And their Volumes are related by the ratio


a3 : b 3
EXAMPLE:
• What is the “Scale Factor” of the two
similar cubes?

14

63
SCALE FACTOR = 63 / 14
= 9 / 2
• What is the ratio of the surface areas of
the two similar cubes?
SCALE FACTOR = 9 / 2

14

63
Ratio of Surface Areas = a2 / b2
= 92 / 22
= 81 / 4
• What is the ratio of the volumes of the
two similar cubes? SCALE FACTOR = a/b = 9 / 2
Ratio of Surface Areas = a2/b2 = 81 / 4

14

63
Ratio of VOLUMES = a3 / b3
= 93 / 2 3
= 729 / 8
t e :
No
ck
Qui
A

“Coordinate Plane”

(x,y)

2-dimensions
“Space”

(x , y , z)

3-D
Bye!
Bye!