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Attenuation of Solar Reflectivity Impact on Neighboring Properties

Attenuation of Solar Reflectivity Impact on Neighboring Properties

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Published by Robert Wilonsky
The city wants to cut down on the glare from new buildings.
The city wants to cut down on the glare from new buildings.

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Robert Wilonsky on Aug 14, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/03/2013

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SECTiON 426 ATTENUATION OF SOLAR REFLECTIVITY IMPACT ON NEIGH BORING PROPERTIES

4261 General. Reflective material used on the exterior of buildings can result in undesirable glare for pedestrians and potentially hazardous glare for motorists. Reflective materials can also impose additional heatload and discomfort glare on other buildin gs.
4261.1 Scope, This section applies to the construction of new and retro-fitted buildings and restricts the reflection of sunlight from buildings to surroundini areas and existing buildings. Exceptions: 1 .These provisions do not apply to One- and Two-Family dwelling properties as defined in the Dallas Development Code any residential or commercial structure which does not exceed three stories or 49 feet in height, industrialized buildings, industrialized housing, and manufactured houses. The following shall apply:

I .Prescription option. All parts of the building enclosure of a structure must have a maximum exterior normal specular reflectivity of visible light of 15%. Curved walls or facades and walls or facades that are curved-in-effect are excluded from this option and must use the performance option.
2.Performance option. A Reflectivity Report that analyz es the potential solar glare and solar glare intensity from the proposed new development on pedest rians, motorists, adiacent areas landscape, air traffic and existing buildings will be require d where alternative methods are proposed to meet the intent of this section, A registe red Texas engineer who has demonstrable knowledge of the subject matter must certify that the report, plans and specifications comply with the reguirements of this section

426.2 Definitions. The following terms are defined:
Building Enclosure. Refers to the building façade(s), connec tions, supports, roofs, and any other exterior building element. ivit.The emissivit is the measure ofa surface’s abilit to absorb or reflect far-infrared radiation. The lower the emissyjy rating. the better the insulating qualities of the window

Glare Reduction (internal). Glare Reduction is the reducti on of visible light by a window system as compared to a window without an applied film.
Reflectivity. The level of luminance or normal specular reflect ivity of visible light.

Shading Coefficient. The shading coefficient is the ratio of solar heat passin g through the window as compared to the solar heat gain that occurs through 1/8” (3mm) clear glass. The lower the number, the better the solar shading ciualities of the window system.
Solar Glare lntensityThreshold. Solar reflectivity originating from new or retro-fitted buildinqs on pedestrians, motorists, adjacent areas, landscape, air traffic, and existing buildings must be less than or equal to nominal sunlight conditions at any given time and day. Solar reflectivity report must quantify this effect.

Solar Heat Gain Coefficient. Solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC measu ) res how well a product blocks heat caused by sunlight. The lower the coefficient numbe r for a particular window system, the better it is able to reduce heat. The SHGC is the fraction of incident solar radiation admitted through a window, directly transmitted and absorbed, then subsequently released inward. SHGC is expressed as a number between 0 and 1. Solar Radiation Absorption, The solar radiation absorption is the percentage of solar energy that is absorbed through the glass. The lower the number, the less solar radiation absorbed. Solar Radiation Reflectance. The solar radiation reflectance is the percent of solar radiation this is directly reflected by the glass to the outside of the buildin g. The lower the number, the less solar radiation reflected. Solar Radiation Transmittance. The solar radiation transmittance is the percentage of solar energy in the solar spectrum directly transmitted through the glass. The lower the number, the less solar radiation transmitted, The spectrum of solar radiati on is from 280nm to 2500nm (nanometers). Visible Light Transmittance (VLT). The visible light transmittance (VLT) is the percentage of total visible light that is transmitted through the glass. The lower the number, the less visible light transmitted. The spectrum for visible light is from 380nm to 780nm. Visible Light Reflectance. The visible light reflectance is the percen tage of total visible light that is reflected by the glass to the outside of a building The lower the number the less visible light reflected. Ultra Violet Light. Ultra violet light is the percent rejection of invisib le, high energy wavelengths emitted by the sun which is the primary cause of fading and discolo ration of furnishings and materials, as well as causing skin to burn.
U-Value. The U-Value is a measure of how well heat flows throug h an object (thermal conductivity). It is the rate of heat gain or loss through glazing due to environmental differences noutdoorandindoorairItisdeendentuonthelocal climateorenvironmentwherethe window is located, It affects the level of heat transfer and the rate. The lower the U-Value, the better the insulaon value ojass.

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