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Children's Picture Dictionary With General Knowledge

Children's Picture Dictionary With General Knowledge

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Published by aasraj
English Reference
English Reference

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Published by: aasraj on Aug 14, 2013
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07/26/2015

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\ARORA'S

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General Knowledge
ARORA BOOK COMPANY
109, Prakash Mahal, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi-110 002
Ph. : 2325-7092, 2325-7964

Published bv :

ISBN 81-87718-21-8

Compiled by : DHARAM DEV ARORA

y

Colours Days. Insects and Reptiles Cries of Birds. 2. 3.1 ^ . 18. Fruits and Vegetables Plants. cjJH v H ^ 'H\*\ MU^.S. Worms. 10. 12. 19. ' W H ^cj vJH^ •HMI 4>cH kjcj ^RsHiji iflfc). 8. 25. 27. Buildings and Their Parts Stationery Tools Warfare In the Hospital Profession and Occupations Police Department Jubilee Table Rlfcb^lcHAI i) *l*<s|ptld yiccj M aftjHN >WIH. 5. 23. Trees and Their Parts Parts of the Body Ailments and Body Conditions Relations Clothes and Wearing Apparel Ornaments and Jewels Musical Instruments Household Articles Minerals Places. THE DICTIONARY B. 30. 13. 14.H c h l ^ VJIMCIVI cp cpsff cp ^TR fc|fH?l c j ^ l PiclKI l^cj d?| cf)| ^ci H ^ l R l ^ l l d ^ ^ ( M ^ e f ciaTf v i l H M dSMI -HlvrlH ^ yixpu daji 129 130 131 132 ciia^ i n MRCIN w ^ s f t CR^ 133 133 135 135 137 138 139 140 141 143 144 kjcj o q c ) ^ ! ^ 1 ci4 <HHptld <jfcH>H fcJ'-HI. cp -^Ft 4-tcbl^ l|cj dlol v^cl) HIH 3J|c||. ACTION WORDS C.No. 20. 17. Months and Seasons Time Animals Birds. 32. 22. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE 1. 9. 21. 7. 31.kjci h HIH Page No. 24. 6.\if 115 116 117 117 118 118 ^ HH 122 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 M f M . 5-94 95-113 114 114 114 A. 26. 28. 4. 16. 11. H^. 29. vilMcWf CUMI c f l ^ . Animals and Insects Young ones of Animals Sounds Dwelling and Places Schools & Colleges Subjects Sports & Games Eatables and Cereals Spices Flowers. Subject CONTENTS fcbUlcHcb RH. 15.

If you plant an acorn \ it will take a long time to grow into a tree. ftranft ^rar I . ( Qh^h ) A large dog which looks a bit like a wolf. ^cJcT "^T Wf l aeroplane (3*rtt#T) A machine which flies in the sky.These letters go in a special order. "^MT ^TPT. alligator ( QTh'V< ) An animal which lives in rivers and looks like a crocodile.acorn ( ) m The nut which grows on an oak tree. 3uiHi<ni I acrobat (^te) An acrobat does clever tricks at the circus. ^Ml'Kl alsatian Adder a poisonous snake. fsRHI ^TW. -erfswri abcdefghijklmn j : opqrstuvwxyz [ alphabet C^tfifiR:) The letters which are used to write words.

f f r q ^TT "q^j i anchor (•^m) A heavy piece of iron on a long chain. Z^TI apple (•qufef) A large animal like a monkey without a tail. Hundreds of ants live together. "^flzt ambulance (Qhs^c-kh) A special kind of car which takes people to hospital when they are ill or hurt. t f ^ ^-SMeff ^ STFRfM^t cTTcft "HT^t I antelope (Q^chIm) An animal which looks like a deer. ^ r g f ^ W Wt % fcro. ^ fcrc apron (tjth) A piece of cloth which you wear over your clothes to keep them clean. TRf I anorak (QnY^ch) A jacket with a hood to keep you warm and dry. A very small insect. W T T ^ . W t I . cFR I ape (irq) ankle (•^PcT) Part of your body which joins your foot and leg. " f s f a f f a I A round fruit which people like to eat.ant . it keeps a boat still.

f^r^TR I arm (srrf) The part of your body between your hand and shoulder. °bCll°bK.aquarium (arMtsm) A glass tank to keep fish in. ^c^R^ff I astronomer ( • ^ m ) army (srnfl) |_ots 0 f soldiers. SRrfts} w f t armchair (ot^^r) A chair with sides. You can watch the fish swimming around. j ^ i s l I 7 . You rest your arms on the sides. TsPTtel I arrow (^ft) A stick with a point at one end and feathers at the other. ^nR " A person who studies the stars. I axe (wO A sharp tool with a handle You chop wood with an axe. ^pfl I astronaut Ofc^Nfe) A person who flies in a spacecraft. ifal. I artist (OTf&re) A person who paints and draws pictures.

ballet dancer Y i fr5 A ballet dancer dances in the ballet. A ballet is dancing which tells a story. ifc. f^sj. bag (%ti) Something used to hold things. "^pTRI. fsfM. Some balloons are small. baby ball («fra) An object which is round. 8 . Something you wear to show that you belong to a certain school or club. "^R badger (sTvsr) A black and white animal which lives in a hole in the ground. others are large. You often use a ball to play a game. A bag can be made of plastic. sfcfT. f t e "q^. banana (crrt) A long yellow fruit with a thick skin. A cannot walk. balloon A bag filled with air. paper or material.baker A person who bakes and sells bread and cakes. A badger is very shy. T ^ I ®r^fT. 7TtcTF. -im®ii£ baby (•^ft) badge A very young child.

basket (eiiR^e) barbecue (dWdc^) A party outside where food is cooked on a fire. <*>ldK. A bandage is usually white. z t ^ f t . cTWFT. <sifcri$M. 9 . Farmers keep things like hay and animals in a barn. -ciH'IK^. A small animal that flies at night. ^ barn (cjpf) A large building on a farm.band A group of people who play musical instruments together. bandage (t^5r) A thin piece of material used for covering a wound. " R T C T "^F^ Something to hold things. A bat looks like a mouse with wings. bat A piece of wood used to hit a ball. Cv barber bat person who cuts hair. ^ t s basin A round bowl for holding liquids. ^ f d ^ l . A basket is made from strips of plaited wood.

beard (flani) The hair which man's chin. bath (cnaj) A big container which you can fill with water and sit in. W l . ^Mfa. You wear it round your waist. These are like two telescopes joined together. You look through them to see things which are far away. beetle (ffcci) An insect with four wings. bicycle (eii^cbcH) binoculars A machine with two wheels that you ride.bee (ifl) A brown and yellow striped insect. brown or white. Tfe. The front wings are hard and shiny. ^FTFT. ^ t . A bee collects honey. 10 . "^zt. bed (•^g) Something you sleep on. ehH<«K. bell (iter) A bell is hollow. You can wash yourself all over in a bath. fallen. Beds are usually soft and comfortable. w t . belt A long thin piece of material. Inside is a ball which hits the side and rings when shaken. bear (fcrc) A large animal with thick fur. ^ hIWi "^t mifoxrl. A bear can be black. 'T^T^ ^T .

S R ^ K H ^ . boat ftte) black T h e darkest colour of all. "^MT. a fire in the garden.biscuit (ftfase) a small crunchy cake. bonfire blackbird (^cpcf^) A black bird with a yellow beak. HR. book (fEP) Pages joined for you to read. bone (cf^r) blackberry (cctcpiff[) A small juicy fruit. fafchd. blackboard (^cpefr^) A black surface. ^tTCTT ijF. ^ 11 . boot ft?) A shoe which covers your ankle. You can write on it with chalk. Blackberries can grow wild. ^ST. A boat floats on water. f ^ c f t . W W . ^ l e f t One of the hard white parts of the body of a person or an animal. The sky is blue when the sun shines. blue A colour. A small ship. ^facT. nten FT.

"^zt. Wi. " ^ T . A boy becomes a ( # g ) . You sweep away the dust on the floor with a broom. You tie your oelaces with a bow. It shoots arrows. Bricks are used for building. river or railway.4 > € o A man on his wedding day. Z^ft. ^rt ffte. brick ( t o ) A piece of clay which is made into a block and baked. bridge (to) A bridge crosses a road. ^Teft. f z . ^ e l M bow (eft) A kind of knot. box (cfnpn) A container with straight sides. . broomA brush with a long handle. man. W f ^ .h ^ . bread (is) A food made from flour. branch (fTpei) The part of a tree which grows out from the trunk. bride A woman on her wedding day. "Jcf. boy A male child.bow (eft) A curved stick with string. metal or wood. bridegroom (di^ijH) nU. t i ^ i t f . A box is made of cardboard. It takes you over to the other side. imz) boxer (wrc) A person who fights with his fists.

butter (ere*) Soft yellow food made from cream. bull (^cf) The male of any kind of large animal. button • A small round object. All the rooms of a bungalow are on the ground. h<=ksm. A button fastens your clothes together. buttercup (•sr^r-epq) A bright yellow wild flower. *TRT ^TefT. ^ r . A bucket always has a handle. ^ T . usually cattle. fcRTeft. budgerigar (ensrfrfR) A small brightly coloured pet bird. A butterfly grows from a caterpillar. ^ n f . bungalow (cPTcft) A house with no upstairs. bud (to) A leaf or a flower before it opens. bulldozer (•gesture) A big machine which moves lots of earth and rubbish.bucket (erfcfcz) A container for holding water. blutcRer (f^R) He sells meat. ^rq^f "qr wft WfT. ^eft. -MldMId =FT "HT^FT. W in % butterfly (sre^w^) An insect with large coloured wings. bus (era) A very large car which carries people. . ^Hfe. "ST37 ^TeTT. ®T?T.

Animals and birds can be kept in a cage. ofit rHdlch< ^FTFTT A small boat fel+KI ^ft. ^PlWH = F T ^tftst.camel (3>*r?f) A large animal which lives in the hot dry desert. 14 . ^ M . cabbage (fofca) A green vegetable which we eat. candle (%^§ct) A round piece of wax with string through the middle. fq^TCT. I f e . cage (%ut) A box or a room made from bars. 3TCT3T. It carries water in one or two humps on its back. People often keep a canary as a pet. A cake is baked in an oven. butter. canary (tfafl) A small yellow bird which sings. 37IZI. WfT. The string burns and makes a light. faf^l. calf (tPTO) A young cow or . W I . WT t M . car (cRR) a motor with four wheels. sugar and eggs. canoe cake A sweet food which is made from flour.

were built long ago. "TFJR. A chair has four legs and a back to lean against. caterpillar A small creature which changes into a butterfly. 15 . cave (ck) A big hole in a cliff or in a hill. A cargrows in the ground. tJtef "Htef c T T c T W. KD cheese A food which is made from milk. f f i w . centipede An insect with lots of legs. carrot (^s) rot A long orange vegetable. c i n R h "^Fn. f ^ f f . chain Rings which are joined together. ^ n\ ' cello (•ftcft) A musical instrument like a big violin. cherry A small round fruit. Castles chair : * * A seat for one person to sit on.caravan a house on wheels. castle (t^ra) A big stone building. A cherry has a stone in the middle. ^tei. cat A small furry pet.

^pn. clarinet (cf^e) A musical instrument which you blow. chess A game for two people played with chessmen. w b r chocolate (trrp^e) A brown sweet made from cocoa. . cT^fir^z^t. ^rtert ^r ^ f t ffcrsrf. "grffwr^EfT.chips (flro) Small pieces of potato which are fried. Pn+dH ^T T i m church (xnf) A building where people go to sing hymns and pray. It is on the roof. TTFT^f ^ q ^ T ^ u ^ d l ^FI I n — M SEP rfni chimney (fxprft) A pipe to let the smoke out of a house. 3 q ^ r oHHI^bl. pR^II^R. ^ chimpanzee (ftTRFyft) a clever ape. chicken (ffoR) A young hen. choir (M^f) A group of people who sing together.

f ^ f w f t "qf^T ^ i t a . The spider catches insects in a cobweb. coconut (>lcfrHe) A very large nut which grows on some palm trees. HUteHI. cobweb (cbTdcId A thin silky net made by a spider. stTcr^f.claw (•cfc^j) A sharp hard nail on the foot of an animal or bird. WTT "SRpt M I .^f^FTft^^ft^SR A machine with hands and a face to tell you the time. A clown has a painted face. •sr^t. " t M f ^ r i . ^ f t . cook (gnp) a person who cooks food. ^ f % TWfi M T "feefT f3TT W f l ^Tfl. clown (cfcii^n) A funny man at the circus. 17 . cliff (top) A high steep rock usually near thesea. W comic (cfiTftcfi) A paper book with lots of small pictures. coat (cpfc) Something you wear over other clothes. -iiR<m clock (cRTfcp) comb (cpm) A comb has teeth for tidying your hair.

m. i j r ^ T ^ z t tu crab An animal which lives in the sea. cowslip (C^MR-chm) a smalfwTfd yellow flower. cottage (cPT^T) A small house in the country. <*>hm W I t. 18 . It has a hard shell and ten legs. cowboy (cMvdetfij) A man who looks after cattle on a ranch. cow The animal which gives us milk. barley and oats. cracker You pull this and it goes bang. # 1 . A baby sleeps in a cot. corn (cjrpf) The seeds of plants like wheat. 3FT. ^cTef =Ft ^TS ^T eFFT. cot (we) A small bed with sides.cork (•cBTcfj) A thing to put in the top of bottles to stop the liquid running out. ^ n . 3TT hktmi. ^T. Corn is made into food. ^ T W I . A small present is inside. ^ wu.

" ^ T . croquet (stfcfr) A game played by knocking balls through hoops. A crown is often •made of gold. W T . c f ^ T 3 "fec^ WcTT A bird which makes a noise which sounds like its name. T p r r q ^ . m l ' crcgsrf ^ "sbt^ ^ cube (cpqer) {crocodile (tbUYiiijd) A large fierce animal which ' i v e s i n t h e water and on the land. A shape which has six sides all the same size. ' cuckoo crocus (ufarn) A flower which comes out in the spring.crow (ml) A large black bird. crown (tPTvj^) Something worn on the head by kings and ^queens. ^ ^ n r r ^ n t. 19 . mi=t->i< f^TT37f ^r ^TRT f ^ wrr). crane (jfa) A machine which lifts very heavy things. T3=F " S R F T C •^tT faRTO d+kl ^t % ^t cup (cpq) A container with a handle. A long green vegetable. WcTI. We drink liquid from a cup. cucumber (cHjcbkN) •n. t j f e i l H .

A deer has horns and is very shy. You use dice in many games. ^Tft ^T ^ f ^ w t r s N F ferel ^ f. ^ M . dial (^pra) The face of a watch or clock. It tells you what words mean. " f t . A person who looks after your teeth. "g^RT f^RT^T TTW cWT 3Tsf t ^ ^ f. harp pointed piece of metal with feathers at one end. deer 20 (feR) A wild animal. IjEl] L4u IT ] desk (t*cf>) daisy (t^r) A small white wild flower. dictionary (Rscrcufl) This book is a dictionary. fers&f. ^cf R=iRtic«eh. YK-'^Ffa. You sit at a desk to read and write. It is yellow in the middle.dentist (W&z) dagger A kind of knife used for fighting. TTCTT. wter cik. dice Small cubes with numbers on each side. . JJd®l£k A kind of table. Rffq ^ M .

dinosaur (^t^^tr) A very large animal which lived thousands of years ago. A donkey has long ears. diver (^ifcR) A person who swims under the water. M ^ R T . t ^ M ^ - dishwasher (•ferranrrc) A machine which does the washing up. Dolphins are very clever. W . t^Ft MTT MtMcK ^ TJff dog Csfo) An animal which is kept as a pet. ^ T T ^ t TFFTf doll (^ra) A toy which looks like a baby or a child. doctor (^nre*) A person who helps to make you better when you are ill. .^ % ^t •fctfhl. %T. Divers wear special suits. Tjf^n. . 'lldltelU. donkey An animal which looks like a small horse. dolphin (•3Tfc*jR) An animal which lives in the sea. "dfrprf ^T f c I R ^ F f M I ^rfe.

duck (to) bird which can swim. ^ ^TT 3#3TR. usually < bright colour. drum (^r) A musical instrument which y o i beat with a stick. W W ^ffa. feT^TRT. 5 6 7 8 9 10 1132 dozen (wi) This is another way of saying twelve. ^Ksdl. "^cT.door (•sft) A door opens and shuts and allows you go into a room or building. TO -W dove a bird which is like a pigeon. Many stories have been written about dragons. x r f t m women 1 2 3 U. ^cTC % MRclK ^FT. 3 3?ft R + d d l f . dress Something worn by iftTW. " (%0 dri You use a drill to make holes. ^HF ^ T T tj^c^t. q<qif1l. . dragon (%tr) 22 A make-believe animal. WSI. dragonfly (^HikHi^) A large insect.

ear (iSR) You have two ears. cRan. w r q ^ w r ^ r erarat ^ ^far. IfPTfr. egg (tttt) Some animals lay eggs. x ^ ^ N B a b i e s of these animals are f /hatched from eggs. sf^T. * .' ° ' ' V M — - - earthworm (siafcpf) A large worm which lives in the earth. W . We put plants in the earth. . ^ft-fRT c%R-qr *fe w ^ q f ^ n ^TTcfT t ^ n ^ Z ^ ^FfcTT t ) . We hear with our ears. W sfk ^ % ^ t TTMT. one on each side of your head. ^^cft. ^FTFT. eagle (^ra) A large bird which eats small animals. 3TT3.• P. easel (l^yTcT) A frame made of wood to stand a picture or a blackboard on. 23 The top of the ground. easter egg (tf^^T) An egg made from chocolate. 0 -Wo • «w ° ' earth (3Rf) \ -I.' 6 O is " o eight (•qe) The number between seven and nine.

<=hl^-fl. ^ ^ft cricn eleven (jvm) The number between ten and twelve. envelope (^HcJdM) A folded piece of paper. "q^RF. FMf. elephant (•qcT.Tfr^) The largest land animal in world. excavator (xrcmc^t) A big machine which digs. An elephant has a long nose called a trunk. eyelid (3n^fers) The piece of skin which covers your eye. ^ ^ . ^RF % =Ft IRiPTT : TqRf. You put a letter in an envelope. eyelash (wijbt) emu (spjj A large bird which cannot fly. "TcT^it % ofTeT.elbow (TTc«rt) The part where your arm bends in the middle. Emus is live in Australia. Eyelashes help to keep dust out of your eyes. STH^fcFTT ^ r ^FT F T The hairs along the edge of your eyelids. eye (OT^) The part of your body you see with.

ferry (%ff) A boat which carries people and cars across water. qf^ff ^mi •qf^n. (TJipft) farHM. farmer A person who looks after a farm. "s^T. ferret (Tfcfte) A little animal used to catch rabbits.fence ("to?) A kind of wall usually made of wood. "TT^. ^ftTT. f ^ c f t . cfTST. ^fcT. Ff«T ^ t 25 . fern (to) A green plant which has featherlike leaves. face (to) j h e f r o n t p a r t 0 f y 0 ur head. fan ( t o ) A machine which blows hot and cold air. W I . l M oncJT. W fingers (ftotf) The five things on the end of your hand. feather fto^l A lot of fine threads. Birds have feathers. field {itez) A piece of land with things growing in it. WTTF. ^ t^eira "^n^.

^TR W. We eat some fish. fly fish (fan) A creature which lives in water. 3TFT ^TT^ TTTSt. You often see a flamingo standing in water at the zoo. A small insect with two wings. 3TFT The part of a plant which holds the seeds. qfo. TTfPT. 1 five (TpT^cj) foal (•qytcl) a young pony. A flower is usually a bright colour. A coloured piece of cloth fixed to a stick. ^RWft. 3TFT. % cfft WTT: •qfa.fire ( M ) Something which burns and gives out warmth. fire engine ( W R Tjfnjn) A large motor car which carries water to put out fires. flower ( w w < ) fireman (w#i) A man who rides in a fire engine and puts out fires. WT flamingo (T^Tt) A bird with a long neck and long legs. . TRFH "q^it. Q. ^frf ^ T T^ ^T ®psrr. foot (ige) The part of your body you stand on. fisherman A person who catches fish. 26 The number between four and six. fTST.

fort (nil*) A strong building. fountain (mivj-ci) four OPft) Water which shoots into the air. These shapes can still be seen in rocks. The number between three and five. mm. "RM. te. ^R^tRl. frog A creature which can in water and jump on land. fox (t^Tcr?) A small wild animal with a big bushy tail.football (^rieiTd) A leather or plastic ball used in the game of football. ^ f^RT. effort. "fc ^ fossil (wRhch) The shape of a plant or animal which lived a long time ago. Soldiers used to live in a fort. / r7 iI ti ""tN % cfff 4 ' forehead Oitata) The part of your face between your eyes and your hair. W T . fork An instrument for picking up food. ^RJ T M % m oft wfa % ^ "STHfft f footprint Ogefite) The mark made by your foot when you walk on something soft like sand. ^te. 27 . •QHTWt ^ J ^ f e .

You can see through glass. garage (frf^si) A place where you get petrol. faw. f^T. 28 . g> rl A female child. TTteT a f l f t oflt cM ^ Clef) garden (•nr^r) The land round a house. ^TPT. garage a place to keep cars.gate (Tfe) A gate is like a door but you see it Outside. ^fcT. You grow flowers and vegetables in a garden. ghost A ghost is supposed to be a dead spirit. ^TMT. No one knows if ghosts are real. giraffe (ftRPP) An animal with a very long neck. A gate can be made of wood or iron. cQ ^ T . glass (^crra) Glass is hard and breaks easily.

"f^FTT " ^ R ^T I w t . WTT. goal (Titer) A wooden frame with a net. You kick a football into a goal. globe (Teita) A round shape like a ball which shows you all the countries of the world. #=TT.glasses We wear glasses when we ('eiiRivjt) _ cannot see very well. goldfish OiWfogi) Fish which are gold in colour. Titor fcrcr "qr ^ ^ °ft *rt ^ n t . v n L I X A little make-believe man who lives underground. TT^T. • Glasses are sometimes ^called spectacles. glove On^) A covering for the hand. ^fr^. tq "q^rt. glue (Tcjj Something which is used to stick things together. gnome VVvMA^ i _ / v> . f ^ w ^ ^T goose (tjtt) A bird which looks like a big white duck. goat (Tfte) An animal with horns. 29 . Gloves keep our hands warm. _ ider (joH^sw) An aeroplane without an engine. <vklHI. A goat gives milk.

(flrcrc). ^Tt. gull (•ner) a sea bird. You make wine from grapes. WT. gun (TFT) A weapon used for shooting. WTTJ^. WtZT < = i =hld<i. T T ^ M ^ T T . ^ %TT W f ^ t w s f t M ^tfftc. ITT TT. tec. "SflT guinea pig (Tpft •RTT) A small animal kept as a pet. Pd-^si. grasshopper (TTprr"?m) A small insect jumps. (to) gorilla ('ftRedl) A very large ape. grapefruit A bitter fruit like a large yellow orange.gooseberry (Tpplft) A small green berry which you can eat. FTT. A musical instrument with strings. 3PJT. guitar grape (tq) A sweet juicy fruit. cTR . 30 grass (tirt) a green plant. sfi^fT. which green The colour of grass.

handle ^j) hair Thin threads which grow on your head. Two metal rings which lock your hands together. . Policemen use handcuffs on prisoners. FTC. We keep hamsters as pets. Some hair a Part of anything you hold in your hand. ^ ^ W^^hcr. f te hanger (W) "sfT cfTt A bent piece of wire with a hook. % TTft^R 3 TForf^cT W I hand (fcss) Part of your body at the end of your arm. You hang up your clothes on a hanger. hare CN) a wild animal like a rabbit. handcuffs (l^swtm) r f i harp (mi) A musical instrument with strings A harp has the shape of a triangle 31 .handkerchief (I^TcpT^to) A small piece of cloth you use to blow your nose. W .to) ^ M f e V j T * animals over their " ^bodies. hamster (tare*) A small animal like a big mouse. Tsfzt ^T eT^ft ^faT "TC •grrt d i + l ^ ^Tct f . A knife has a handle fPtfnd so has a door. handlebars C^cHnI) The part of a bicycle you hold onto when riding. hammer (to) a tool for hitting nails.

mmBKHmm^Sm^ hedge A kind of fence made from small bushes. "g^Tf. eiWdlM. 32 hedgehog (ttm) A small animal which is very Prickly. policemen and firemen. You can L ^ T ) hear your heart beating. It ^ pumps blood. far ^Fl ^STT t l ^TcTT Zfa. 2rq. W t . helmet heart Your heart is inside your body.hat (%e) Something you wear on your head. People who ride on motorbikes have to wear a crash helmet. . mm/ i^T. A kind of strong hat worn by soldiers. te An aircraft which can fly straight up and come straight down. heel CM The back part of your foot. f^FTP ^ fft % w tt sm TS ^racn t cT?n ft -^cR t. f^R. helicopter (Mlw^) headlight ) The lights on the front of a car or motor cycle. ^ M ^T -•hen ' a female bird. head All the parts of your body above your neck. f ^ f t % 3TO W] ^FT WTWeTT^. "Q^t. flTfe^i ^T ®tTf.

mountain.hive A small house made of wood. hoe A garden tool for digging weeds. ^ TO. holly A tree with prickly leaves. Bees live in a hive. ^npn. 33 . ^ H ^ T i t ^ e b ^ k fnst. ^ ^ T . W f ^ . "R^hRksmi '3FI heron CM A bird with long legs which likes standing in water. ^ f w f •srteT. You jump through a hoop or roll it s ^ n g the ground. hook (fcp) A curved piece of metal. ^feT. ^ W f t ^Ist Weft. You hang things on a hook. Some holly trees have red berries. out herring A small fish found in the sea. hoop (^q) hippopotamus (OMcw-i) A very large animal A circle of wood or plastic. which lives near a river.

TJf. c r l ^ ^ m . horseshoe m A piece of metal which is fixed to the bottom of a horse's hoof. You can ride on a horse. horn (#f) A musical instrument like a big trumpet. • hospital (aR^ed) A place you go to when you are ill. J horn Pointed bones which grow on the heads of some animals.EB EB EE3 EB IB ( HEFT P I T A U 1 1 "• . Water goes through a hose. ^TteT. You blow a horn to make a sound. ^f 1 ^ c j ^ l house A building where people live. hut A small building made from wood. 3-iwdld. ^ ^t ^ Wf TTPTt ^Ff "Qcfr T«fPT ^ ^Fft W W: % W T STTcft t . WFT. T^T. hose (im) J4 A long narrow pipe made of rubber or plastic. "#T. horse A friendly animal. " ^ T T e T . fafeoHM'M. . hyena (^TT) A fierce animal which looks a bit like a wolf.

R u W ^ t WT 35 . island A piece of land which has sea all round it. insect (3-Atixi) A small creature with six legs. d<i+d1 ivy (srrfft) A green plant with shiny leaves. Ice cream is made from milk and sugar. M ^pft ^ftrt. Ants and flies are insects. Something which is made of metal with a flat part underneath. iceberg (OTifwf) A very large lump of ice floating in the sea. You make an iron hot and rub it over clothes to smooth them. Ivy climbs up walls. ^ "^R f ^ d ^ c f M ^cTT. ZPJ. f a n femsU iron (srwR) ice cream A soft frozen food. icicle (aijR-icbd) A thin long piece of ice which hangs from a roof in very cold weather. An igloo is made from large pieces of hard snow. i f a .igloo (^i) Eskimos used to live in igloos. m J H h I ^ . ice skate A special kind of shoe with a sharp metal piece fixed to the bottom.

jack-in-the-box (^cp-^i-^-cffcm) A toy which looks like a box. brown and pink feathers. A jeep will go over very rough roads. jaguar (u|Jc|W) A fierce wild animal which looks something like a leopard. ^ ^ jack knife ( ^ p ^ i p ) A large pocket knife ^Sj^N which has many different blades. 36 . When you open the lid a doll pops out. jacket (^rf^) a short coat. jay A bird with blue. "^T ^MT •^RfT. il<ncbu<3 ^aft. t M ^ft. jeep (wfa) A very strong kind of motor car. ftfsTCT 3 f^TT §37T T^TOK^T fedk. TTRjt. Fc^T W T ^ 3W5|T -J^RT ^frl f. sixTR. "fC^T.jam A very sweet food which is made by boiling soft fruit and sugar together. jeans Trousers made from blue cotton material.

^T ^ f a T ^ W K . A diamond is a jewel. TFf. These pieces are then fixed together. Tfrst A picture which has been cut up into small pieces. jungle (yFTct) A very thick forest found in hot countries. It looks like an umbrella. A jersey is often made from wool. "^Icn^fKt TOeft. jockey (weft) jug (WT) A person who rides on a race horse. jewel A special stone which is worth a lot of money.jigsaw puzzle (fvFraTTiylcT) jelly (vitcft) A wobbly kind of food made from fruit juice and sugar. % Z ^ f oFt 3 W T w^pBiri jellyfish ^cflfogi) A sea animal with a soft body. ^ f t "gJcff. ^T. A jug has a handle and a special place for the liquid to come out of the top. 37 . A container for liquids. =fF 3 faehMI 3fR ^ m t. 'gi^T. "^FM. iersey («!#) Something you wear on the top part of your body.

^T. fwlTPTf kennel a house for a dog. ^ T . People who live in Scotland sometimes wear kilts. ^ R t ^T W^H. % sfcft ftcft t. A kettle always has a handle. ^rat. .key (eft) Something you use to open a lock. cTToTl". STR^f^TT s r c ^ % wte crm % ®r| kid A baby goat. A kangaroo hops on its back legs. kilt (face) A skirt with lots of pleats. A key is made of metal. TRT. "^TRt cTHPt ^FT I kangaroo (Vre) An animal which lives in Australia. ^ j f t . king (fcfrrr) 38 A man who rules a country. ^frff % kettle A metal container used for boiling water. Iu ^ keyhole (•jft O UO A hole in which you put a key to unlock a door. A king is a very important man. M J .

^ f t . ^ f l ^ . kipper (ftjOR) A herring which has been dried in smoke. knot (^fte) It is made by tying two pieces of string together. i f t . "nfe. A kingfisher lives near a river. 39 . knuckle (wcO The part of your finger which bends. imfWn. You cut things with a knife. leg which knife (ht?^) A sharp piece of metal joined to a handle. ^FT ^ffe. TFTf knight W O A soldier who lived a long time ago.knee m kingfisher A bird with bright blue feathers. ^ 3 RpiTf w!" HsSdl kitchen (fctjrR) The place in a house where you do the cooking. M ^T ^rai. kitten (ftse^) A baby cat. -cmle) W I ^ M I W f . The middle part bends. ^ T T . sfft. kite (<pt&) A kind of toy which goes up into the air on a long piece of string.

ftalRT. of steps made from two long planks of wood with small ieces between them. (ft*) eFi 40 . A special kind of string you use to fasten shoes. dldcH. A lantern is made from metal with glass sides. You climb up a 7/ ladder. ^ cfT^T "q^ft. lasso A rope with a loop on the end. ^ s f f eft e j 5 T "q^j. lark (oTPfc) A small bird which sings as it flies in the sky. Iamb A baby s h e e p . ' ^ r T .pmp A light in the street. A dder can be made of metal. ^^TcTltWT. You usually put a candle in a lantern to give you light. ^ M . ladle (pTSci) A big spoon I O O K S like liKe a >n wnicn which looks cup on the end of a long handle. eb^lel. cT^T. ^ ^ F f cfiT "tftcFT. lantern ladder (cW) A set. You catch horses and cattle with a lasso.

W ^iz^f #1. leopard (cfcni) A fierce animal which looks like a large cat. tgsfT. ^ 41 . i f ^ lawnmower (cfH^ER) A machine used for cutting grass. M m TR^T. ^ t w c f ^ f f^T Rsldl^l % T T H=hdr) f . leg We have two legs. w t .lemon (et'FT) a yellow very sour fruit. You eat lettuce without cooking it. They are joined to our body. We walk with them. leap frog (•^ta tptt) A game in which one person jumps over another. letter (ctef) A mark that stands for a sound we say. ^t c T C F ^T -qffaT. letter A message which is written down on paper and then put in an envelope. leaf It is green and g r ows on plants and trees. lettuce (crfcm) A plant with big green leaves. Words are made from letters.

WT (hhMH log (efFi) A round piece of wood which has been cut from a tree.lifeboat (cfT^p e f e ) A special fast boat which rescues people in the sea. A lighthouse helps ships to know where they are in the dark. fw. ^ f t ^FT UPTFT. 42 . "Q^r ^ "spsff ^ pHdii A large wild animal found in Africa and other countries. T r g ^ 3 ^ f ^ w f ^Ft W^fi ^ cfft m lizard (fcfMri) A small animal with four legs and a long tail. lobster (cfiw?) A small sea animal with a hard shell and five pairs of legs. luggage (crftra) All the cases and bags you take with you when you go away. "Q^R "G^R °FT lighthouse A tall tower with a big flashing light. litter bin (fcT^fim) A container in which to put your rubbish. The front legs have sharp claws. w N h TO ^ T . dob-si ^FT cjp^T lollipop (chTc^nn) lion (eTRR) A large sweet on the end of a stick.

(n^sl ^T mast (•mrs) A tall pole on the deck of a boat. fleT^-fcT^ ^ f t obdJidei). ^ r % t I Q ^ ^ net ( t ^ t e ) A piece of metal which can pull other pieces of metal to it. magpie (Vn^) A black and white bird which is very noisy. TO mat /jSl _. t t ^ . marionette A puppet which you move with strings. ^ n f e ^ anfc ^T-goffer. It holds the sail up. % i f eFMT f31T c ^ T t z i f^RT ^ W f ^fal W t. magnifying glass •'eTR?) A glass which make things much bigger they really are.marbles Small. to find your way to somewhere. "J^ffcft W ^ c T « T T i^f ^ T T o T T ^TtfWT fffltrtiirmallet (^rfcTC) A wooden hammer. pretty balls made of glass. x Apiece of thick material you put on r „ . . map (tm) A drawing which shows you how . . =t->iJitf. . . 3?%. . r t h e floor ^ 43 . . can look than ft17! mask Something you wear over your face to hide it or protect it.

3TfcTR ffaf ^ ^lefT melon (^pr) A large juicy fruit. "RcFf ^TT. "H^I. WTT . are given a medal An instrument which makes sound louder. . microscope (HIs^WIM) 44 An instrument which you use to look at very small things. ^cT-^^TT. faw. A merry-go-round is sometimes called a roundabout. ^ T ^ . You W7~i you i do something brave. W I ^ microphone meat (ife) medal (Tt^cT) Parts of an animal used for food. A piece of metal like a coin. »IHcK"f °FT TTRT. "Tlf^RT. ^ T O f ^RT. merry-go-round (^fr-Tft-xn^u^) maze (•ifri) A place with lots of paths all crossing each other. R i l W d l i mermaid (wr^) A make-believe sea fairy with the tail of a fish. A large wooden platform with wooden animals on it.match A thin piece of wood with a special tip. *idH<l. mattress A very thick pad which goes on a bed. This tip makes fire when you strike it against something. You can get lost in a maze.

^jrr. mirror (ftr?) A piece of glass with silver painted on the back. mole (ifta) A small animal which lives under the ground. IT^T ^RTHT. mitten (ft*0 A covering for the hand. ^ M . "sft 3MT t . mop (Tfm) A sponge on a long handle. A small animal which can climb trees and swing from branch to branch. A mitten like a glove but with one for all the fingers and one place for the thumb. °TFK. snf^TT. ^ TJcF Wtzt ^ T T cITcTM It looks like a large bright light in the sky at night. You clean the floor with a mop. ^ f r l .milk A white liquid food. You can see yourself in a mirror. moon minnow im) A very small fish. TW. 45 . A monkey can be very clever. mosaic (Htyl^cb) Lots of little pieces of glass or stone put together to make a picture. WF % W Htm. ^T. The moon seems to change its shape each night. The fur of a mink is very valuable. t M % jpFTff ^ F t f ^ ^FTFTT. ftraS •snff " 3 E 7 I ? T c T S T T 3T^T STeFT f^FTT " S T T c T Tt. (to) monkey (Tfcft) mink (•fiftp) A small animal with soft fur.

TTfcsR. A small animal with a long tail. Muslims (HIvfc^H) A very high rocky hill. . TTO^ 3 W f wft The opening in your face where you put your food and drink. mug (tft) A big cup which usually straight sides. mouth ("RT^ar) motor boat A boat that is run by a motor. It is run by a motor.mountain mosque A place where worship. ^ W ^ f ^HT has motor cycle (?Ttcr? 46 Something which looks like a large heavy bicycle. mouse mosquito (TFHcfajt) a small flying insect. mushroom (H¥i>hH) A small plant. When it is growing in the ground it looks like an umbrella. "^fef^ w f t ^rrrT •HlSfaxrl.

^ ^T f K . newt A small creature with a long tail. The ink comes through the nib when you write. nettle (^tecT) neck (•^tp) The part of the body which joins the chest to the head. HNMM. nectarine Q nest A sweet juicy fruit which looks like a peach. *I4-K1I<3: TffteTT W f . It can live on land and in water.net Material which has lots of holes in. A weed Which stings you if you touch the leaves. net Net can be made with wire. ^ R ^t . You use a net to catch fish. C T ? J T 3 T f -^Run f . *WMK TO.j ^ f ^TFT TT feRrn « 47 . <fd<K "qfxPff c T ® T T necklace (^cbelVH) A piece of jewellery worn round the neck. nib (ftw) The point of a pen. W . A place where birds lay their eggs. fJ^T. newspaper ("i^m) Large printed sheets of paper which tell you what has happened. sfcteT-W^ cfit ^ HFTf 3 tW^Tt^cf ^ F f c T T e T T ^IM. "RWft nail A small thin piece of metal with a flat top Jftpd a point at the other encU^fT. ost birds build their own nests. You use this to make a fence or a cage. A thin piece of metal with a sharp point at one end and a hole at the other.

M W l ^ ^icll m . ^ I S W ^ nose (^ftyT) Part of your face you breathe through. 3Tf3 ^ T % •sft^T "^ff W H : A woman who lives in a convent and prays to God a lot of the time. ^qRt. H m 48 nuthatch (^rclti) A small pretty bird which likes to eat nuts. These are called nostrils. sR^lRphl. ^ ^PTTftH TT3 i f T P R w t i ninepins (HI^HRvH) A game where you try to knock over wooden sticks with a ball.^ ^ nun nine The number between eight and ten. You have two holes in your nose.note book (^tefcp) A book of paper which you write in. nut The seed of a tree. TlftaT. When you pull the long end of the rope the loop gets smaller. A circle of rope made by tying a slip knot. nightgown (Hij<midH) the Something girls wear when y 9° t 0 bed. ^ F f t . |jfw=bl. HlRild 3nf^ ^ f ^T nut A piece of metal which you screw (•rcl^svon to the end of a bolt. T^^tftf^J. ^ m w f . nutcrackers (Hethcjj^) Something you use to break the hard shell of a nut so that you can eat the inside. t ^ i^TT ftrctf ^ ^r ^ noose ^f fwn ^ T C T T nurse A person who looks after sick people. Wft.

f ^ J W f l . W Ic^TTR ^ ^ f t ^rffcT cfi^ = F T Ml. WcJcT ^T i f o omelette A food which is made by beating eggs and frying them. An onion has a very strong smell. octopus (wfcf^m) A sea creature which has eight arms. A round vegetable which grows under the ground. 49 . It is also a fruit. w f t i j ] . 3Toi ^TPTT "TqT oar [sfft) A pole with a flat end. WTT: Voa. You use two oars to row a boat. ""TcRR. srra ^T«rf ^TT oak (3Ttcf>) A large tree which lives for a very long time. orange (aftfita) Orange is a colour. 3TB ofMt 3TT^T. 11 ^fHf ^ t onion (3T^T!r) oboe (afWl) A musical instrument. WTlf. orchard A place where lots of fruit trees grow. one The lowest number. "q^f ^T ®fFT. _ry (arayTEfeff) A building with special telescopes inside for watching stars. "^TM. TRTCT.octagon (3Tf^H) A shape with eight sides.

Small orchids grow wild. overalls (artcROT?^) Something you wear on top of your clothes to keep them clean. otter (afte*) A fish-eating animal which lives near a river. TO % ^WT eFlt i t iqta. o w l A bird which usually flies at night. ^ faciM. <rH«l 3TT^ ^ =bl«sll} % chKl'K mfa osprey a sea eagle. P r . Tnj^f ^ffa. An ostrich has long legs and can run very fast. P®Mdl ^ t ^ 3TSM ^efT. Large ones grow in hot countries or in a hot greenhouse in colder countries. It is not easy to see an otter. («reei) Owls catch and eat small animals - 50 . f w f t The part of a cooker where you put food in to bake.orchestra Lots of people playing musical instruments. ^ T T . ostrich (OTR^t) A very large bird which cannot fly. orchid (arrcffcg) Brightly coloured flowers. m oven (3frcR) organ A big musical instrument with black and white notes like a piano. ^ outboard motor (aivjedU 1 TJjeflf cfMT A motor which goes on the outside of a boat.

^cHMM. 3TTf^ % ^ -qf^. pancake ' A food you make with eggs. paint (^e) A liquid you paint on something to make it a different colour. fapl. W . panda (^ st ) Hill pagoda (MSI) J U U a Chinese temple. palm (rim) The inside surface of your hand. palm (wr) A tree which grows in hot countries. ^telT. A giant panda is a large black and white animal which lives in China.pail Another name for a bucket. page (^3f) One side of a piece of paper in a ^ ^ ^ . flour and milk. "^P^ TOR. A small animal with reddish-brown fur. A pancake is very thin. WTH. *IH<=|0' ^T W51.book. paddle (%5ct) A long thin piece of wood with a flat piece at each end. You use a paddle to make a canoe go along in the water. FI. 51 . <r1cich^ ^TcTT rTTcTT. ^Te^t. cfTf ^T cfTf padlock A lock which is movable. paddock A small field. "CRJ.

f ^ M 3TFFR C T « T T "?rff w f ^ r f % ^ F f f 3 parcel (wfa) Something wrapped up in paper and tied with string or sticky tape. bus. patchwork Lots of little pieces of material sewn together to make a pretty cover. Wf. "3UFT. ^TT 3TTR "TPST parasole An umbrella which shades you from the sun. TO1. 52 . ®prfar.( ^ i ^ j d ) A large round piece of cloth with strings attached to the edge. You use a parachute when you have to fall a long way in the sky. panther [An animal like 1 parrot paper clip ("taR'foem) A piece of bent metal which fixes sheets of paper together. ^TfcFT. ?IR. f ^ r . People sometimes keep parrots as pets because you can teach them to talk.pane A thin piece of glass which goes in a window frame. •--. path (TJW) A road which you walk on. W l tj^t TfT«r W t T?^ % tcTQ. ^TRJ Tf krlirUcb ^ t ^Fft M A bird with bright feathers. ^ e T . "Sfei M i l . cffcTT. ^rrat. Rsl4<=bl Wit park (irrfc) A large garden usually in a town. train or aeroplane.x . People and children can walk and play in a park. Cars and bicycles do not ride on a oath. f ^ l f W T t S T C T twr ^ L ^ t ^ passenger (M^H ) A person who rides in a car.

Lots of peas grow together in a green case called a pod. You write and with a pencil. pebble (ifacl) Small round stones. You can rub it if you wish. pen (faf) Something which writes in ink. rnrr -IWHIDL A thin piece of wood with lead Qjpwn the middle. You can find lots of pebbles on a beach. g^f p "^T M i w . peg (fa) A piece of wood or plastic with a metal spring. h^Ri^T TlFf WfT ® T 5 TTT^ •qaft. A pendulum swings backwards and forwards and makes the clock keep time. ^ftsFft. iTO. ^ s t ^T WR. Hl^-Kk W .paw W pea (iff) j h e soft foot of an animal. ^T A vegetable which looks like a 1 i t — tie green ball. "5fcT "S^neT 3 f^RT Wi ^ f i r t j f t "q?SR. pelican (^fofcfR) A large water bird. ""TcSR. Pekingese A small dog with very short legs. W l . pencil pear The juicy fruit of the pear tree. You hang the washing p with pegs. pendulum (fa?om) A heavy weight found in some big clocks. sncj^T ^nfe^^ifWi. A pelican has a big pouch underneath its beak. ^QlNH W f f WIT ^ "^T ^uTT. peach (Tfrer) A sweet juicy fruit with a big seed in the middle. 53 .

" F ^ f t 3 # f f % ^FiT A bird whicFT lives in woods. made by a t^f. p l J^a}nt perch (TTCJ) A wooden bar in a cage for a bird to sit on. cTWf w f t ^MTcTT^T. photographer (Wttt^r) A person who takes pictures with a camera. W?ff ^ft ^fq ^t ^ f t ^ N k f ^ r e r m^wiil 3 t. "^Jfcf Tlf^R ^cT ^ FFf ^ ^TeTFTT ^ n 1 petticoat (^tete) pennant (faRe) A long thin flag which is pointed at one end. A periscope lets you see what is happening on the top of the water. petal Part of a flower. ^ f e t "^t The liquid u s e d i n cars to make the engine go. periscope (^RWln) An instrument used in submarines. WTT. Something which can be worn under a dress. Some people shoot pheasants and eat them. perfume (TRT^) A sweet smelling liquid made from the petals of flowers. W I c [ Tffff photograph A picture OleliUfr) camera. A penguin can swim but it cannot fly.petro (^teO penguin (trf^cR) A bird which lives in the Antarctic. "f^T 54 .

piccolo A musical instrument like a small flute. pike ( TT ^ P ) pill ("fteT) n A rather fierce fish found in rivers. •^Pn. pigeon A bird which can be wild or tame. A pill. pianist (ti^Re) A person who plays a piano. You hit the black and white keys to make the sound. ci'wk. ^cnf fdr+^i.is small enough to swallow. fosfFtr ' — ^ pig (ftm) An animal which is kept on a farm. A small ball which is medicine.Something you eat made with pastry on the outside and fruit or meat in the middle. piano (i^ft) A musical instrument. pillar ("ftcrc) A wooden or stone post which helps to hold up a building. A piccolo makes a very high sound. painting or photograph. t^TJT. Sometimes you hang a picture on the wall. ("PtaR) / . When we eat pig we call it pork.^ P i g e o n s are clever and can nd their way home from a long way away. "^Teft Weft. "S^FR ^TT ^FTI. picture (fti^) A drawing. / ^rft i M . 55 .

You put your head on a pillow when you sleep. (^i) pipe On^q) A hollow tube that liquids run through. A fork with a long handle and only two spikes. 3RHRT. You can put tobacco in a pipe smoke it. pirate (TTi^reO A person who used to rob treasure from a ship at sea. pineapple (W^ra) A large fruit which grows in J p t countries. ^TT w ^T cffe. It has a very thick skin. ftKSHl. f ^ T H "^TMcF. ^-tffeBT. ^ M P r pistol (ftrecT) pitchfork A small gun. A small thin piece of metal like a nail. pillow A bag^-filled with sofTrrlSterial. f ^ f t e f . You lift hay with a pitchfork. It comes from Italy. ^ g ^ t g^TT. You read about pirates in story books. pilot (m^cHc. pizza (ftyn) 56 A flat cake of dough with a tasty topping. TJcTRt c T S T T ^T pipe pillar box (ftcR encRT) A bright red box in the street to post your letters in.) pin (for) A person who flies an aeroplane. f*H. ^ f t . .pink (ficp) A colour made from red and white. i^TFf ^JR (TM M ) .

trousers or dress. (TTteTC "^TC) e white bear.plum plank A thick flat piece of wood. plug All electric machines have a plug on the end of the flex. You can also see a platform at a railway station. ^TT ^T % "^T^ ^ ^ f t WT ^ T ^ Wft f. ^T ^ "mf wrai ^ WT^l f ^ TJP ^ffl^S % 3 WTRt f . y . plug (WT) polar bear ^ f ^ n Wen t . This joins it to the electricity supply. "S^R c F T ^ c R T . A small bag fixed to your coat. ^ T f ^ t plumber A person who fixes water pipes. ^ ^ K i . You can keep your money in a pocket. A soft juicy fruit with a stone in the middle. You put plaster on a cut to stop it from getting dirty. cTTFf ^ T T ^fer ^ pocket (wfce) platform Part of the floor which is higher than the rest. A piece of rubber or plastic you put in the hole in the sink to stop water from running away. a f l ^ ^ s l K I "TI plaster (kHi*ri>0 A piece of material with sticky ends. pole (tfcr) A long round stick. W ^ l WTT ^ f a f^T ^ ^T ^ t. < r P K J T -^rST Tflzj e T ^ t o F T ^rgn. It is always higher than the railway lines.

^i'ldl ""TteT "feT. "tftoTt TOf ^TT T§teT. police (TTri^TH) People who see that other people do not break the law. TT^ ^ r a w *K«*>Kl WIT. poppy (Tfnft) A bright red flower which grows wild. TftHt ^ F^T postcard ( M l ^ i i ) A small piece of card. A window in a ship. i^RT " C R T m fa<sl=b< ^rer ^ r t ^RT wm t . ? postman (TTt^T) A person who delivers our letters. write a message on a postcard and send it in the post. . (TM) poodle Oj^e?) 58 A small dog with curly hair. ^ft ^ "<R B ^ n porthole ^ ^ ^ C ^ ^ f ) A sea animal like a small whale.polecat A small animal like a weasel. Portholes are usually round. ^ R T ^ ^RTf ^MT ^TrTT. porcupine ( MK ^ MI ^ H ) An animal like a giant rat covered with long prickles. porpoise (wra) polo ("cftoTt) A game played by people sitting on horses and hitting a ball with a stick. Wt.

propeller (Mew) A blade which goes round and round very fast to make an aeroplane or ship go forward. puffin prison (ton) A building where people who do wrong things are locked up. A bird which has a beak like a parrot. Most people like to eat potatoes 3TRJ. princess (flRta) The daughter of a king or queen. TOf l e f l ^ f^TT^ 59 . f^TT WcTT t . ^fcT. ^ i f prince (ffan) The son of a king or queen. A machine which is used to show films. ^RT w r c f t mtecf f . puddle (TTSeT) A small pool of water. You make tea in a tea pot. <M$HK.y - \ . Puffins live near the sea. ^ " " T C f ^ r Rtell} A container used to hold liquid. iTffa cTcM ^ f t ftcft t. <M$Hlfl. potato A vegetable which grows in the ground.j Q Q J —— projector (tftvto^) post office A place to buy stamps and to post parcels.. ^cfa. cTTeM.

A solid building which looks like four triangles meeting at a point on the top. ^ft 3 WfT IJKMWI. "^H^cTcft.pump (•q^r) A machine which pushes air or liquid into a container. A big metal tower which holds up electric cables. "f^cT ^ I T C T ^f ^T^Ft w n "^ten ^TRJ ^TI "st^n. You use a pump to put air into your bicycle tyre. cf^ IFFRcT f ^ T ^ ^ fagsi ^ f t ^ f t f c T ^ T T ^ R t W1 f^fclT ^cTT f . ^ S F f i R '^cF^. ^T^ft ^ i T l i t o 3 pyjamas (mj^mm) A jacket and trousers people wear in bed. "SWt VT. pylon (Mi^cilH) puppet (Trffc) A doll moved by string your hand. "q^T qKcffa pupil (^sjftol) The black part of your eye. offi W i l Wl. pyramid purple (tpfa) A colour made with red and blue. puppy (Vft) A young dog. WcT c T S T T ^ f FT trow. python ( TTT ^ft) A very big snake. purse A small bag to put your money in. 3RTR 60 .

jftfe m ^ i quay (eft) A place where ships are tied to the land. (fora) A pen made from a feather. Tfdt W T . "^nrf ""R ^Tirra 3 7 T ^ f c T S T T ^ct f. Tpft. W quarry fttfffi) A place where stone is dug out of the earth. ^ t fTTcTT ^ ^ p r f ^ A woman who rules a country. ctf cfJcTTT. quilt (force) A warm cover to go on bed. " M i . Four children born to the same mother at the same time. tj^t Tf W .queen (cftfR) quads (cwI^h) i .

% ^sT igt TO. raft (>nwe) Bits of wood fixed together to make a flat kind of boat. Some rabbits are tame and live in hutches but most of them are radishes (^fMirur) Small red vegetables which you eat raw in a salad. raccoon (Tap?) A small wild animal. TJeft. A raccoon has a long bushy tail with black rings. ^ T T ^UPHcH radiator Of^cN) A radiator is made of metal. race track S2 A path where a race is run. is keeps a room warm. rain (^t) Drops of water which fall out of the clouds. . It usually has hot water inside. ^ ^ t ^ f ^ ^fT^Tf 3 -pTCTt f .racket A bat with strings. You play tennis with a racket. cT^f. ^ T t rabbit A small animal with long ears. c T « T T tfq^TC t ^ iTI % ^sF siR f f t f .

"<#31. rake A garden tool with a long handle and metal teeth. retl rattle (feci) Atoy for a baby. A musical instrument which you blow. 3M5T3?T#t A colour. Your lips are red. ^TM. ram A male sheep. W raven (^cn) razor ( W ) A big black bird with very shiny feathers. "^T. "^TcTI Something very sharp used to shave hair off your skin.rainbow O^rat) A band of beautiful colours sometimes seen in the sky. W R t . "QcF x ^ f l d l P^cbl ^ ^FTcfr t. rat (fe) An animal which looks like a large mouse. ^ STT^FCT four sides. 63 . 3TFT% (^ra) ft. rattle snake CtecTTtoJ) A poisonous snake. rectangle A shape with 3TR<T. c T T e T iTT. When it shakes its tail it rattles. % f t . fFfpT. ^R recorder (RchT-^0 raspberry A small soft red fruit.

fiftq. A narrow piece of silk or velvet. We cook the stalks and eat them. Reindeer live in cold countries.•rhinoceros (wrtftr^O rhubarb refrigerator (^fitiui^) TTcupbo J?! ""WMichis made cold by electricity or gas. ':cn:rl 'SR ^jff 3 T R T T f. "gf^T. "tffclT. 64 . A kind of pistol.T53 food fresh. We do not eat the -P leaves. cTTFf. reindeer A kind of deer with~^kry large horns. M V q f t =Ft aooc ^ WcfFf w t TRTH ribbon A very large wild animal with thick skin. The cold helps to keep . W^TT. reins Leather straps used to guide a horse. f ^ f r c T . When you cook rice it goes soft. # J 3 t . A plant with thick red stalks. W f t P T T . You wear a ring on your finger. ring (fto) revolver (RclTccN) A piece of metal in the shape of a circle. ribs (•fteff) rice j h e bones in your ches£ H^RTI-M! The hard seeds of a plant which grows in hot countries. Girls sometimes wear ribbon in their hair.

"SsjcT ftMPTT A thin piece of wood. robin (Tff^T) /\ ^ sma|| bird with a red breast. Ijyl^ ^Teft road (Tte) A hard path made for cars and lorries. ^ f i b r % roof ( w ) rocket (Tff^cr) A machine which is shot up into space. c T T e T cfTcft M ^ T T . 65 .m . * roller skates (^cR^^^sn) Special boots which have wheels on them. ^ F * « rod (Tfe) rock A very large stone. The roof of a house is often made of tiles. rocking chair (•TffctrrT ^ n ) A chair which goes backwards and forwards when you sit in it. rock candy A thin stick of sweet. The covering on top of a building. It usually has very thin string on one end for fishing. TT^TT. sRTfer 3 ^ ^tt . m ^ W. ^TT. rocking horse (TrfcfcTf I^Rf) A toy horse which goes backwards and forwards when you sit on it.river (ftcR) Water which flows down f r o m t r hills into the sea.

crTM ^ " > # 1 . =hldlH. W f . TTOK ^ft W f W T 3 W r t i ^Tcft TO. rung A step on a ladder. ^ F j f " J T T TI^ ^ MdcfK. rubber band (YSR eT^) m A piece of very thin rubber joined together to make a circle. "TT % w f (*T) . sJefT. rope very thick string. OR) rug A small piece of carpet. A red jewel. A rudder moves to make the boat go different ways.rubber root The part of any plant which grows under the ground.^ ^ T T "^f = F T HFT wfa 3 WcTT t . A rubber band stretches. You sit on it and go round and round. THTT. . roundabout kJ<S||Ni>c) Something you see at the fair. sometimes called a mat. Soft material you use to rub out drawings or writing which are wrong. ° F > T ruby rose A flower which has a lovely smell. rudder (to) A piece of wood or metal on the back of a boat. rowing boat 66 (YtFT ^rfs) A boat which needs oars to move it along.

You see lots of sand at the seaside and in deserts. 3TRT. The sail catches the wind and makes the boat move. ^ ^FPTfT scarecrow salmon (WTR) A big fish which has pink flesh. "gol^f f t ^ t ^ ^t "RRT WTT f t a large bag made of cloth. saw A metal blade with sharp teeth down one side and a handle on the end. sandwich Two pieces of bread and butter with some tasty food in between. ^ t i RT WW* ^ ^ r e t . 3TTTt. ^ t % JJdl41 TT % "RRT "^Tcfl" H^t Something which is put into a field to frighten the birds. ^tn. W ^ ^ R T (RRT^r W i t ^ET^ ^f ^RcR. RM. saxophone musical instrument you blow. saddle jfara) A leather seat which goes on the back of a horse. "qtcfcT cfrr cira ^ W R TNF "RR% T T3 3 T R 3TMi5f ^RcIT I . W sausage (^ftftra) Meat minced up and put into thin skins. You cut wood with a saw. sail (-^j) A piece of strong material fixed to the mast of a boat. RfSTCt ^ ^ P f =FI "JcTcTT. A rider sits in the saddle. 67 .sand (m Tiny grains of rock. ® F T F T T ^TTcn %). It usually looks like a person but it is not.

scroll (rafter) A foil of papeP ftnstf % t ^ . tf^TT. scythe scissors (l^yTyf) (TFT^) A tool which has a long blade. These are like two knives fixed together You cut material and paper with scissors. YOU cut long grass with a scythe. screw A thin piece of metal like a nail but it has grooves in it.W scarf (^PTC)) A long thin piece of material you wear round your neck to keep you warm. f37T WFT. f ^ J . school A place where you go to learn. ^ T f l . scorpion (WRfrjR A creature like a big spider. screwdriver You use this to put screws into wood. ^TT. A scorpion has a long tail and it can sting you. ^rgsft^ffa. . "TTR^r ^ T7!^ \ ' schooner a large sailing ship. scrubbing brush ( w f ^ T ?r?i) 7C"Erush without a handle. HldVIMI. ^ "R^Jcff WTT f T 3 5 T ^ t f cfMT *1d4)d. 68 seagull (^Ticr) A bird you see by the sea.

Sea shells can be found by the sea. ^ ^TC ^ ^feft M seal (#cT) A large sea animal. A seal can live on land. You fix it round you to keep you safe. You can go up and down on a seesaw. seat belt A strong piece of material which is fixed to the side of a car. ^ i w f Something you sit on. seed The part of a plant from which new plants grow. HtScfl. ^t 3 fft f c T S T T ft fft t.seat Cto) seahorse A little sea animal which no legs and a curly tail. seaweed A plant which grows in the sea. 3 3miR W W ftffl t 69 . seashell The hard covering of oysters and other sea animals. It is what is left after the animal died. Seaweed is very slippery. d<sd ^F ^cril fa^-ii WR-il^r tlrf f. f ^ f f . TO. seesaw 13M cT^T cM A long piece of wood put over a block of wood. searchlight cn^s) A very big torch which can shine high in the sky.

W ^FT t ^ t H'fcldl shadow (ft^t) 70 A dark patch on the ground made when a person or object gets in the way of the light. . Some sharks can eat people. INI. shed A wooden hut. shark (rmfc) A large sea fish with sharp teeth. WIT : m shawl (Tira) A piece of material worn round your shoulders to keep you warm. ^RTT.semicircle Half a circle. ^n<ni. sentry A soldier standing on guard. ^ seven 0&R) The number between six and eight. shears sewing machine (•RTtfT TjVPn) A machine which things together. shampoo (fjrjjJ A liquid soap you use to wash your hair. "RM ifRFT. much quicker sewing by hand. W i t sheep An animal which gives us wool. sews It is than f^Tlf Very large scissors for cutting grass. M ^T^ "^T cRcT "cr^Tsf. •artf^rT.

TTPTR A sea animal which has a shell. wood or plastic which you hold in front of yourself to stop things hurting you. ^HI. An oyster is a shellfish. ^TT. Tfpft 3 -^Teft "WI-TflH.^I. You put books and ornaments on a shelf. ^lef. Otos) TjfmT. STT^ft ^ff w •WsMldl W T t . ^T shirt shelf (im) A piece of wood fixed to a wall. 'l-^R^I. ^Rf. ' W T ^ R ' f W T ^ ^ T s^fe^ ship (ftm) A large boat. shepherd \Ht> A person ^ h T l o o k s after sheep. ^ oTSlf 3 STN^t T T ^TIcTT t . shellfish (ftcf Something you wear on your feet. shield Aflat piece of metal. ^ n ^ . 3TcTTRt ^T T<!°F WTT. 71 .sheet (tfte) A large piece of material used on a bed. (il) . shoe A piece of clothing you wear on the top part of your body. ^gsft sheikh An arab chief. shop A place you go to when you want to buy something.

F J ^ t ^ % t. only bigger. ^FT °FT ^ftel. signpost (TTT^T 1 ^) Writing on a piece of wood or metal which tells you where to go. tfd-il. shoulder The part o f y o u r body where your arm joins your body. come ^ft above "EJ^ff ^ shrimp (ftpq) A small sea animal. ^ [ m . A container which has a bottom with lots of holes in it. ' S F A T W "TFTT ^TTcH t . Tlrft. fen. silkworm (ftrecPcrf) A caterpillar that makes a thin silk thread.shrew shorts (?TF&?) A little animal with fur like velvet. f i t ""TTHeT. t ^ K c F T FIR. TrousFf^wnTch Y O U R knee. You can wash yourself in a shower. A shrew is very shy. 3HR. If you put earth in a sieve and shake it all the earth falls through the holes and the stones stay in the sieve. •^RI 37Tf^ qR m . H i ' f ^ * W T . ITft. WT^T. silo (Tn^cTt) A tall tower used to keep animal food in. shower a little bit of rain. ^ e n l shovel A tool which is like a spade. {iwr) Arm? shower (?TTCR) 72 A spray of water from above.

^ "SR^T f^FTT cT^ft % ^ oT^ cT^ f^H " " R 3TN A rope with a handle at each end.skirt A piece of clothing worn by girls and women. You fasten your boots to skis when you want to slide down the snow. ^BT ^TtftRPf wmt ^ 3 w frm t . ^RZFf W W d^ t ftRTcTTT^f. c"T" (fftcw) The number which comes before seven and after five. c T ^ T T W skyscraper skeleton (-HbfaeH) All the bones in your body. A very tall building. sledge (Tota) Something you sit on and slide down a hill when it is covered with snow. skis Two long pieces of wood. skipping rope 73 . krllfk«h Sflfc 3 " S F T T THt^R ^T ^ ^t ^TTcfr t. sink (facp) A place in the kitchen where you wash the dirty dishes. f ^ T ^ t sledge hammer A very heavy hammer which will break a rock. You turn the rope to skip. SIX ^T®3ft " 3 F T F F The bone in your head. SLl (tmiiSm) "fTRcT.

sleeping bag ( ^ [ f r l tq) A warm bag^yStTsleep in when you go camping. A small garden creature which has a shell on its back. "srfaT. One end goes in your mouth and the other stays above the water. Not all snakes are dangerous. ^f. First you have to climb a ladder. 3f?Tcn fstf'z IcTTf^ 3 WU f ^ R R l cT^^fjRT iM'grcr cR^fWef snake (•Fto?) A long thin creature with no legs. l . =FT f 377 m ^t . A tube which you use if you want to swim underwater.W V . "SMI "51M smoke (•^P) A kind of dirty cloud which comes from a fire. s u ' 9 A large snail without a shell. ^ T "ret cfrt F^ST ""R ^ sffi^ ^ «ff*ft "^TTcft ' snorkel (>HicfeeO slipper A soft shoe worn in the house. ^TT. "^Ht % IfflcF ^ cflcft I^RT^T WT % W ^ 3 WIT ^IcTT t C T « T T ^RT W % ^ R f^fT^tmt. sling (f^Fl) A piece of material you tie round your arm and neck if you have broken your arm. #7. 74 snout (•Hi^e) The nose of a pig.<I\XV' H^L k j slide (TcTT^) A long piece of smooth metal you can slide down.

% ^T cTeT^T. ST^rfej 75 . ^ t^rft efft ®rgt (wRttf) soap (^flq) Something you use with water when you want to get yourself clean. i z i ^ ^T sombrero A big hat'worn by people in Mexico. ^ » 6 . W p . sock Clothing you wear on your feet. WIT. snowplough (•FTtTcira) A machine which can P u s h l o t s o f snow off the road. ^ t ^rf 0 soldier (•^uR) A man in the army. cTcTT. snowman A man made out of snow.* <J 0 snow Ont) Frozen rain. sofa A long seat which is soft to sit on. spacecraft ( ^ h TfJTqE) A machine which can go up into space. The bottom part of your foot or your shoe.

M^qi spear (^¥f3R) A long handle with a sharp piece of metal at one end. 'iTd^m^ ^ T . . You jump or dive off the springboard. f ^ f a r f : ^ f ctft ^rtet -Jn speedometer An instrument in a car which tells you how fast you are going. i t e ^ spaghetti Long thin pieces of white food made from flour. The pointed top of a church .spade A tool for digging the garden. eggs and water. spinning wheel (RMR'I ^tcT) sparrow (•^fl) A little brown and white bird often seen in gardens. springboard (ffcrowti) 76 The piece of wood hanging over the edge of a swimming pool. spire ( W E R ) A big wheel which is driven by the foot to spin wool. W f f ^ t TfcT spider An insect with eight legs. A spear is used to hurt people and animals. It catches flies in a web. "sngf. t f ^ f t r ^ c T S T T 3 W^t -gf&R ftpf W=R7sTRt f . spine (W^T) The bones in your back. The spine is made of lots of little bones joined together. cKulc1ld 3 ^ ^ ^ F f k R WSU.

77 . Stagecoaches used to carry passengers. PicisO. People watch sports in a stadium. A squirrel lives in trees. MI4H114I t ^ r f f ^ ^frt ^ § ^ T « T T ^rrf^RTt ^ t ^ ^ ^ ^ % ^FFf STIcft stable (T^efcT) A house for a horse. fsSTIeT. ^ J ^ N k •srajorr TT^.—TfTT-r -fi^srsquirrel A small grey or red animal with a long bushy tail. ^TRt fe^c^ WTT. C| J |Uk sn^fcT. w f w .sprinkler ( f W ^a ) spur (TPTC) & Something used to w&ter gaYdens. stagecoach A large coach which was pulled by several horses. O M A piece of sharp metal which is worn by cowboys on their boots. stag a male deer. tW^^TCTM. square (wfo) - A shape with four equal straight sides. stage A platform where people act. stadium Rows and rows of seats built round a big space. Spurs are used to make the horse 30 faster.

tan W l . station The place where trains stop to pick up people and to let people off the train. cTRT.This makes it look like a star. The flower grows on top of the stem. ^ff w f t starfish (•^rcfon) A flat sea animal with five arms. tflfiwi. The thin green part of a plant. steak a thick slice of lean meat. = F T cRT. V l ' l l ^ l % ^ n^rr f. stone A small piece of rock. The food you eat goes into your stomach. A star / stick (ftep) A bright light we see in the sky at night. stomach v H f V ("^T^) ^ / This is like a big bag in your body.stem (^T) stairs The steps in a building for getting up or down to the next floor. <n<*>s1 ^ t t?NTi . stone The hard seed inside some fruit. TOT ^ T T stool (^a) A little seat with no back. A long thin piece of wood. "fc. taKT.

injured people are carried to an ambulance on a stretcher. " * T T % ^FT t. stretcher A kind of bed you can carry. strawberry A sweet red fruit stream a small river. W- submarine (wi^I) A boat which goes underwater. You use a stopwatch to time races. ^ M f cT«lT W f ^TcTT A long thin piece of leather or cloth. F I W . ^ I s t stork (Ttffr) A bird with a long neck and long^ legs. "fPTt a m i ' 'qTC^ oqfe ^ ^HI-dRd ^ t cTlt string (ft^r) straw (itf) Thick thread used for tying up parcels.stopwatch ( WNc)|T) ) A special watch which has a button to press when you want it to stop. W i t wft. H1§««ll 79 . zffi. You suck a drink through a straw. A long tube of paper or plastic. You use a strap to hold things together. W f ^ ^ straw (^0 Dry yellow stalks from 3 371 corn ?.

t ^ - 80 (#i) swordfish ) A fish which looks as though it has a sword on the end of its nose. 3 W1H 3 F T W . sweet a food made from sugar. Sunflowers can grow taller than a man.sun 0(H) ^I \ The sun shines in the sky and gives us light and heat. ^Fspjot ^T swing (fapr) sunglasses (*H'diR-M) our e Dark glasses which shade y e s f r o m the sun. sunflower ( TH M h > c H i c i > f ) A bright yellow flower. ^ f . You sit on the seat and move backwards and forwards. swan A large water bird with a long neck and webbed feet. A sword is used for fighting. fasif. d<n^K ^ ^Teft . cid=)K. A seat hanging from chains or ropes. W R T ""K w t m A long sharp blade with a handle at one end. sword (•tfri) surfboard A long flat board you use to ride on the waves.

3TFTFT "HT^ cf^FT A small piece of pastry with jam or fruit in the middle. There are guns in a tank. This machine can also play the sound back. ^ToT. A machine which can record sound on to plastic tape. tanker tadpole (tsqtcf) A very young frog or toad. ^t .tank A very heavy car made from special metal. cRcT w J % ^nfc ^ tap tail (to. ^ w t . ^ ^ ^ (pm) A ship which can carry oil or other liquids. tape recorder ( t q Rchfi'O tambourine (t^T) A small kind of drum which rattles when you shake it.) sticks out at the back. tart tangerine A small orange. table (t^cf) A piece of furniture with a flat top and four legs. which You turn a tap to make water run out.

82 . test tube A thin glass container which is open at one end. tentacle A long bendy arm. You can bite food with your teeth. fsrrr t t e % m M ^T qFT *Ft STTfc ^ S i T R c f T telephone An instrument you speak into. tent A house made out of material and kept up with poles. H«sn<ril. ^ ^K. telescope 'tfcTWfa) Something which makes objects far away look much nearer. cT^. tepee television An instrument which is able to bring pictures and sound through the air from a long way away. It carries your voice through electric wires to someone far away.ten ("^T) The number between nine and eleven. An octopus has eight tentacles. cP^ teeth (£[sj) The hard bones in your mouth. A Red Indian tent which goes up to a point. taxi (tcRfl) A car that you have to pay to ride in. ^ 3TfSfcFT ^tcf. FTm^i. You can see these pictures when you switch on.

thumb The short thick finger you have on each hand. W \ w f t 3 •qf^m t. ciTWIFft ^cfa.thermometer (anrMfe?) An instrument used for finding out what your temperature is when you are ill. 3 M ^t ^fT krllfw^ ^ t («Ri) A bird which sings. dlHHIM=b throne (sfa) A special kind of seat for kings and queens. thermos (apfa) A container which keeps things hot. ^T ticket (fefoe) A small piece of paper you get when you pay to ride on a bus or thorn A sharp point which grows on some plants and trees. It has a speckled breast. ^ ^cfa thrush thimble ("farmer) A small metal or plastic cover which protects the top of your finger when you are sewing. ^t sfk ^TK % ^ M I : A strip of material which you wear round your neck under the collar of your shirt. ^rfel. ^ 3 ^fepf ^loft Zlt 83 . TR Hh^I-HH. thistle (fsmel) IHTT. ^Tft^T. A plant which is prickly. tie three (sft) The number between two and four.

toast (•efts) Bread which you have cooked so it is golden brown on both sides. % tooth paste A small brush for scrubbing your teeth. T T fiTerm-^RTr Tfretf wn tongue (cPl) A thick piece of flesh inside your mouth. tooth (5*0 One of your teeth. SFTRf cfct 3TFT ipr ^ tzt. Your tongue moves when you talk and eat. twi. ^ T ^vCf •^fer W I t.torn torn A drum which you beat with your hands. ^fcT M A special paste for cleaning your teeth. Z W I . ^rfal. ^FTT^T.' ^ WWII tongs (^TvH) A tool used to pick up things. ^fcT WTi " ^ f % f^Pt W "nt^fT ^ s f t ^ s^T "qr WTT ^ TRtn f^TT ^TIcTT t . toad An animal like a frog. You put the toothpaste on your toothbrush. tiger A fierce animal like a big striped cat. 1 W . tomato 84 A red juicy vegetable. . toothbrush toes ("styi) The parts of your body on the end of your feet. A toad lives on the land most of the time.

TTftR. (*W) toreador A man who fights bulls. cFtfsn. 3 "Spgw f f i ^TcTT toucan (^R) A bird with bright feathers and a very big beak. cTRt sfa trailer (s^rc) Something on wheels which can be pulled by a car or lorry. tractor A farm vehicle with big back wheels. W t . 85 . ^ r t ^JKcT. pRX. "Ffa % tower a tall building. A tractor can pull heavy things. dlRi^ii. ^t ^TI towel (•erasic?) A cloth for drying yourself when you have washed. ^rfT TI ZToft W T "SRT ^TTcft t .torch light you can carry about and switch on and off. It has a thick shell on its back. tortoise An animal which walks very slowly.

You can jump up and down on a trampoline.trapeze A short bar hung between two ropes. ^FT "^t c T e T R T 3 cTRt ^ c T W ^ ^ tree ($) A large plant with a trunk and leaves. You swing on a trapeze. \cPTT5t. ^FFT ^en^ % fcTo. i^T %PT a long narrow ditch. mcj sts-m e T ^ t ^FT STTofl". tramp (Ifr) A person with no home who walks from place to place. trench trampoline (t^Tc^R) A piece of strong material stretched over a metal frame. . trap Something you catch things in. . You carry plates and cups on a tray. tray (t) A flat piece of wood. tricycle (gsRi^d) A cycle with three wheels. plastic or metal. finf^rr -Hi^d. "fe. ^ ^ ^ $ triangle A shape with three sides. train (t *) 5 A lot of carriages pulled by an engine.

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ A musical instrument. 3PT ^ f f ^ "SITcft RIcf. <**) The main part of a tree. ^ M T trunk tripod (fljifu) Three metal legs joined at one end. tuba trousers (^rayrtf) A piece of clothing which covers your legs. ^T T-shirt trombone (^rwm) A with short sleeves and n o shirt collar . ^Tf % ^FT 3TRTI t . "STO % ^lef a musical instrument. trout A fish which lives in rivers. tugboat f^iefte) A small strong boat which can PuN other boats. 0_ o/ . You can put a camera on a tripod. . A very big musical instrument. CRT. Mdeji. ^ r "5ft fcHlf. <pt.trumpet triplets Three children born to the same mother at the same time.

WFT. WfiT. T^^cJT " ^ T . ^ t T . s f r ^ t Wl "q^r Wt. Trg^t typewriter (^ti^T^) A machine which prints letters when you press the keys. twins (f^n) Two children who are born at the same time to the same mother. "TT^. "Q^" TTI«T ^ turnip OsPfa) A white round hard vegetable which grows under the ground. It lives on land and in water. number between one and turtle A turtle has a shell. z ^ T w .v > tunnel (^ra) A passage built under the ground. < J S T turkey (^cff) A large bird we often eat at Christmas. two ("?) The three. tusks Long pointed teeth that some animals have at the sides of their mouths. twig a very small branch of a tree. "yr>T. Ffsft = F T i|3TT R+CHI turban (^T) A long scarf you wind round and round your head. 88 ..

f t e ^ = F T 89 . ^ F t f f W t underpass (a-^MhH) A road which goes under a bridge or another road. vase (to!) unicorn (<jPitbM) A pretend animal that looks something like a horse with a horn sticking out of the middle of its head. A van can be large or small. ftR % sfto 3 "QcF "flf7! cfMT cbfcrMd "^frS! A container for flowers. van (to) A car with no windows at the back.V ^ / vacuum cleaner A machine which picks up dirt from the floor. sj^r ^t umbrella (sntcn) Something you hold over your head to keep off the rain. vertebra (cr^sf) One of the small bones in your back. "J^T % TJjinft W f t ^ P F .

violin (<jTqicR) A musical instrument with Strings. wall (<rra) Something built of bricks or 90 (WtR) stones. f^RT sfT^^T waiter A man who serves food in a restaurant. volcano (JlHcbHl) A mountain with a hole in the top. Houses have walls. W T t . sff^TH. . ^Whm-4 3 ^ R vulture A large bird which eats dead animals. Tf "^R -qri^ w t ^cF.vest (faz) A piece of your clothing you wear next to your skin. waistcoat (t^cpte) A coat without sleeves. cffaR. ^ i c i i ^ l . Sometimes hot ash comes out of the hole. waitress A woman who serves food in a restaurant. ^FKJ^.

All kinds of things are kept in a warehouse before they go to the shops. (cTlf^FT A machine for washing clothes. W l .wallet (cnfacT) A small case for holding your money. ^ wasp (cTFFqr) walrus (cffeRTt) An animal which looks like a seal but it is larger. s m f e . wallpaper (cfict ^fa^) Paper with a pattern on it used to cover walls.» • An insect which can sting you. You throw your rubbish in this basket. w ^ ^mf ^ m t ^rgsft •^tei. ^ f t . WFTkm. ^ f t w t ^ t waterfall (cn^wra) Lots of water falling from a high place. -eft watch Something you wear to tell you wardrobe (cn^) A large cupboard to keep your clothes in. . washing machine walnut (clTcHHri) A nut with a hard shell. warehouse A very large building. waste paper basket (frrefrre *nR-che) wand A thin stick used by a magician. A walrus has two tusks. • O J A basket kept in a house or office. cft^ri. ®rg3TT. ^faTC ^ T C wfi tMMdl W R . .

Tf^TT. Cars have four wheels. -i<*>cnl «nel. They go round and make the car move. A kind of grain.wheel weasel (<fmor) A small animal with a long neck. ^ff. (ftr) Hair which you put on over your own hair. ^ff ^ffq cT«TT W T f t T H M t. A weather-cock blows round in the wind and shows you which way w nc ' * i s blowing. sicJ whistle (f^ra) Something you blow to make a high sound. "rich grow on a ^ whiskers Hairs which grow out of the e of a cat's or a dog's face. slfcT ®r| 37R5H Tp^ft. wigwam (fofrr) A kind of tent. M ^ti 92 . A circle made of wood or metal. A weasel eats snakes and rabbits. f f ^ . whiskers man's face. Flour is made from wheat. fTcf ^ T T f M t ^ t if^. wig whale (^0 A large animal which lives in the sea. f^TT ^MT wh 'P A strap with a handle. ^HHcK weather-cock cpTcf>) CD ^ T x jfvjft w ^J^T jT Two pieces of metal in the shape of a cross.

TO w t . The wings are used for flying. which bend over. Rsi-s^l wolf A wild animal which looks like a dog. ^ l ^ i w l . window (fcfel) A hole in the wall of a building. ^ 3TFt ^ t ^ f t . wren m A very small M^n. wf cfTeft 93 . Glass covers the hole . "TO. wishbone (•ffcrefa) A bone in the front of a chicken. f ^ T . fen.willow (•fcTeft) A tree which has branches witch (ft*?) A woman who is supposed to be magic. wing (fcR) The part of the body of birds and insects which moves. "^ftel. wizard (fer^) A man who is supposed to be magic. worm (^nf) A long thin animal with a soft body and no legs. ^RT "3FI " f e windmill J t I A machine which is worked by the wind. woodpecker (fg^O A bird which uses its beak to make a hole in a tree.

fafeW. "mft % ^T "Q^RT- Xftt. clTcTr f W h l . Daffodils are yellow. xylophone (vdijciUfrH) A row of thin pieces of wood which make a sound when you hit them. w i t . ""TtcTT iTT. cfcT "^ref^ W f t zoo (vsjj yak An animal like an ox with long hair. ^JH.yellow (^rt) A colour. sfcfT "9T f ^ F f smcTT = F T ^qoh<u|. a r s t a AOO^ zip (fvN) Something which fastens two bits of material together. ehlKdi^l ( ^<rlcKJl 3 zebra (Titer) A wild animal with black and white stripes. Zebras come from Africa. yacht A boat with sails. fcISRT ^T cT^ ^Teff ^TeTT A place where wild animals are kept so that people can look at them. "SFTt ^ W l c W . <n=b«1 % "js^rf ®fRT. 0 yo-yo (ift—ift) A toy which spins up and down on a string. ^f ^T^ x-ray (ttcpk-^) A photograph which shows what the inside of your body looks like.

.

acting ( W O ^ J H Jf bouncing (dM'RHl) ^jeRT baking ^TT brushing (cTWi) -pf ^ T T ^FTT balancing (tctf^T) ^felcT ^TTT building (Hjf^T) -qcR ftrjfur batting G^M! burning STFT^T^RT blowing ^ TITRT .

chasing Tfter c r ^ / climbing (creiisR'i) ^ TTO^T CR^T 97 . i cleaning ^p^ (cRfrf^hi) /^Gfj*.Carving e r ^ s t "TT Tc^R t r ^HT chopping ( * T ) ^Ttlf^T.

combing (cptfinT) crashing (frfcm) cpt z^n. ^RT cooking crossing (flftftpi) counting (eblviPe*!) WTT ^FIT y cutting 98 .

dancing ^ cf^ ^FT tlf^L dressing (tffrr) digging (ftflto) ^ j f ^RT drinking ift^tfsRTT diving (^T^m) %fiwipn drawing w m driving (llff^T) WT T .M U I ft 1 99 .

eating ^HT filming ^r-pci^ui (ftrf^FT) filling (foftrc) emptying ^^fj.^ ^ fsPTT c R T ^FT falling (T?frfeFT) j f t frRTTT fishing q ^ f t H^Hl floating Tjpft xpr ^ ^ ^ fighting (TPT^feri) ^ ^ flying (tcHI^'l) z^fi 100 .

hitting galloping ^ i t f w ^ ^ ^ f e w ^ ^rtfr ^ ^ t f^TT hoeing hanging ^R^pn T) ^ ^ ^ \i helping (tfc^l) ^ i ^ n ^ n hopping i ^ i f t ^ ^ hugging (-#TT) 3HlRriJH ^ T T . hiding f ^ f ^ 101 .

^ f t s^'ll ^ ' I' « ^ c T S J T W ^ f ^ t fsRI jumping itching ^ ^ T N wffny 102 .icing ^Ht^tw^nfc juggling (vHMlcHJl) d'lldk ironing (3tT?#Fr) w.

kicking (ftifal) efRT 3 tir^ ^ t^n knitting ^T ^TFf kissing (fcftpr) r3pR kneeling (^m) ^ff % ^ O o 0 o ° o knocking (^finr) <^dMi WW2RT 103 .

laughing (OTTFFINT) listening lying ( c ^ O m n ^ r "^t f ^ t T g (fcrffrn) lickin W^T loading (cftf^tT) ^ ^ T „ 104 .

mending marching ^ ^TT. ^ 3 W ftelFR TT^T^XT ^TTT m i l k i n g (PiIWi'i) ^f measuring Wn^TTTFRT mixing (ftftfR) fwmz/( to \ melting pMMdHI moving eft fg^T 105 .

packing ^ ^ picking ^ -Q^ cfrir^LgT ^ N R T paddling (^TsfcFT) ^ playing NlFT) ^ ^ / painting ij] ploughing ( ^ N ^ T ) ^ ^ ^ ^ TM^RT Piling OftfcFT) 106 .

polishing (MiTeiRi'l) ^TTHT ^Tf ^FT^FTT praying (*pT) pumping posting (tffcrq) x ^ . i f e 3 ^ T T "qfw W1HI 'l07 .x r f z ^ i i f xj^ s ^ f i eft f ^ r Tpo}-^^ pushing pouring x ^ ^ ^ T w f ^ ^ T zu q%eHT queuing ( ^ J ^ t ) " S T f c T S T I cfR^ "p.

racing (^ftrn) 3 ^ ^ ^ c ^ WfT rocking raining ^rf ^n ^ f f ""R % STFt \V Ml »1 I t reading ( # 1 ) rolling (^ftm) ^WTT x ^ j -q^ rowing ( ^ 1 ) ^TT & rescuing p ^ T T c ^rt ^ 3 ^p^ .

s f M ^ t t^Tf sewing (^PT) 'shooting (^T) t M ^IHT 'ZTTtWTT WIHT 109 .sailing (^Fl) ^ ^ ^FHT shaving f^TTT) sawing ( ^ F T ) i 3TRT ^ w^rr scrubbing (wfehrj) wg^fjfl H T ^HI _ shivering ( RmRji ) ^ f $ .

shopping m^ifl skating fasfSr) M H F Z T T (( sleeping singing Tjpcpr J M E l l _ _ _ _ sliding (fefr^T) ^TFf "qi ftbUet} f^T sitting (fofibT) ^ flF^T smelling tofePl) if«f ^T ^FTT 110 .

ftorr snowing ( ^ r i ) fenmd spinning (ftqpR) fTHT^WJ swinging ^Fn/ (•Rsff^PT) jfyZ stroking Nlftni) T 2 T T C 111 .smoking OpflffrT) o° sweeping swimming (farfcn) t n ^ t .

touching threading (dftto) •gf 3 WIT fqf^n ^ f ^ throwing ^ to typing z ^ l ^TRT 112 .

winding walking OflHfi) ^ ^pn ^ snfc 3 ^TMt WTRT wrapping (Wn) T^FM 3 R ^ T f**"V-^v^V washing (cfrftPT) o writing (^fcri) fRTsRT amL watching (•EFFF^RL) KTH^ yawning ( ^ F T ) watering (^fef^T) "qpft "3®TRTt #TT zipping weighing ^RT^T fsRT "^FR " ^ T T ^ r oft iNk "SRI ^ ^FRT 113 .

SEASONS vHHci^ ttt^ Autumn (affe^r) Spring (fern) Summer ( w ) Rainy season (^-rflyH) «N«Hid Winter (Rl-xi'i) Md^-d ew-iti w^rc ST^Rd ftRF^R ^ 1. MONTHS AND SEASONS June(^) July(^eii4) j-hmcin ^stcn yjshciK ttRrtr ^Tctr August ( 3 f l W ) September (ip&zR) October (sftcfetcR) November ( ^ P ^ r ) December (f^^Hv) 3. TJTTd ura: cian ^tf? ^rq?? TTEin TTFt Second (^Rh-^) Minute ( 1 ^ ) Hour(3TTcR) Day(t) Dawn(^H) Morning (nTPi'i) Forenoon (^Ty-jn) Noon (^T) After-noon (snw^-^i) Dusk(^-cb) Evening (s^Phi) ^ > Qi Night (Hi^d) Mid-night Week Fortnight (ihT^Hi^d) Month (tfst) Quarter ) Half year (fro Year(^3R) Decade (Rsi-d) Century ( ^ f l ) tfl Millennium (R^Pwh) 4) WTCTft «hhi* q^cii^i ar^cri cpf ^crf (yidi«fl) cui J / . DAYS Monday Tuesday ( e ^ ^ ) Wednesday (^-v)-^) Thursday (aref%) Friday ( i b i ^ ) Saturday ("ftd^t) Sunday ( t r ^ ) 2. MONTHS January February (%®R3fft) March (irr^) April (3tRTc^) May("fl) TIME XIU5T vliNlchlcH./ Azure Black (e^fcp) Blue (ce^) Brown (sii^h) Dusky Grey(^t) Golden (^iWh) Green (ifR) Lemon (eWR) Maroon (i}*H) Mauve (•#?) l^r ?ic«H tfldi ^urt^ ydi^ chiHi -Tldl ^ xylciTi ^ •yn^i COLOURS Orange Purple (^ntcT) Rosy(^) Red (^5) Saffron ( w h r ) Scarlet ( ^ K ^ d ) Violet (cim^d) Vermilion (ciffioH) White (c^i^e) Yellow (^fat) ^raft el'i-fl ijoneft ^ra itmf^n did \ DAYS.

s Ass (^a) Ape (Tyq) Ant-eater Bear Bitch (for) ANIMALS AND THEIR BODY PARTS Kid (firs) Titn Kangaroo ( ^ r s ) Lamb (efa) Lion (eTT*H) frs Leopard (ett^) Monkey ("R^t) Mouse (Trravfr) Mule (^zjci) Mare (*T*rc) ^ T R J fipff Mole ("tfra) Musk-rat ( i w .^ ) Mongoose Ox (affcRi) vfe frn •f^HJ] ^mr Porcupine (mo^Mi^n) Pony (tfnft) Panther Puppy (^off) dlni) Rabbit Rhinoceros Rat fte) Ram (^ T ) Stag ( I ^ T ) xfrsi Spaniel (^Pi^d) Sire Sheep (Vffq) M v H H c h ^Ffte wi^fWi ^iTSl ^flcTI ftc^TT Pig ( f i r ) 1J3R (HH'J«I) Antelope (^<h1m) •Rii Buffalo («iWt) Bull ( f a ) Boar Cow (<pj\£) Cat (fcE) Colt (cbW) Calf ( w ) Camel Dog (^ft) Deer Donkey Elephant Ewe Fox (^TERT) Fawn (tJjR) Frog ( M l ) Giraffe (fircro) Goat (Tfts) Horse (^rtf) Hippopotamus W ^rfi smfraR^r ^cjefl Hare (%3R) Hound (Fra^s) Hind Hoof (^p) Hyena (^isHi) Jackal ( ^ p m ) Kitten ( f t ^ ) •is! > i h VI Rlcbl^ <frTT Squirrel (^rihci) Swine ( w ^ t ) Tail (tor) •garfr w R-WK fapfl cfcl cj-cc|| Tiger Wolf (f?P) Yak (^ra) Zebra (TifcRT) writer <S5>— .

INSECTS. WORMS.f BIRDS. frs Sparrow (^fct) Stork Vulture (cioxR) Wing (for) Weaver-bird (%Rcpg) Wood-pecker <m> . REPTILES & THEIR BODY PARTS Bat (He) Beak(frcp) Cuckoo Cock(cPTcp) Cygnet (fim^e) Crow(tPt) Chicken (f*njR) Crane (?»R) Duck ( ^ P ) Dove(^g) Drake (^pp) Duckling ( ^ O H I ) Eagle ( t 7 ^ ) Egg (-^T) Feather (T^T) Goose (T|VH) Hen ( ^ r ) Heron Hawk ( # p ) Kite (<PT?e) Lark Magpie ("<HT^) Nest(^e) Nightingale ( H I ^ ' I C I ) Ostrich (anfr^O Parrot Partridge (^nf^i) Pea-hen Oft^r) Pigeon ( f t ^ R ) Peacock Pheasant Quail (tcra) Raven (^3R) S w a l l o w (TCTTCTI) \ W K T&rfa cPtJTcT •yrf FH c P T ^WI eftT® (^R) cTfRg-gFi crsn 3TSI " c T T T c T T Bee ( f l ) Beetle ( t o ) B u g («R) Butterfly (cR^r t f ^ ) Body-lice Boa («ften) C r o c o d i l e (fptcpter^ci) Cobra ( ^ C R T ) C o n c h (cpfa) Crab (%ej) Cricket (fipifre) C o c o o n (<bl<&H) Earth w o r m (arafa^) Eel(^cr) Fish (%?T) Fire-fly ( w r w ^ ) Frog ( T P F F ) Fly ( w ^ ) Flea Fangs G r a s s h o p p e r (UTO# R ) Hood { f s ) Honey-bee ( F f t ^ t ) Knaur(^i^j) L o u s e (cTFTfT) Leech ( # x j ) LoCUSt (dlcM-d) Lizard (fcHvii) M o s q u i t o (wHctflel) Nit(ftc) Oyster (afl^y-e^) Poison ( W H O H ) Snail Spider ( w ^ s ? ) Shark ( T T T £ ) Scorpion ( ^ R f t s n ) Silk-worm Snake (^<P) Tadpole ( ^ n l d ) Turtle ( z ^ i ) Termite (c^Hi^d) Wasp (cfRq) 'J^ell ^iftcR 3KJR? c P T c T T 7TR itnp^T ^7R "cm < p t 3 T T Weft •RcRff fefT TJR TiJ^tRsfl W tfren t uffcp ffrqcpcft i?m tpfcTC "#7 " E r f E T T cr^r H6I-SI 'cfttOT f ^ "fcRJ tPT ^TfT ^TTT ^fep c p T cT5n < P T 5 3 T T ^RcP cTctal.

eft howl. £ I n 4 > < H buzz or hum.* ^ ^ |cifei warble Dog(^ T R) Dove ( ^ f ) Duck Ostp) Eagle (^Ref) Elephant Parrot (TJHJP^) Jackal ("wTcpToi) 'Tk-s! Fly (ifcHisO Fox (r?Tcrt) Frog (TPtT) Goose (^Jp?) Goat (ife) Hawk ( f f e ) Hen (^r) Horse (^Rt) Owl (arre^O Ox (arfrrr) Kitten ( t t o ) Lamb (eta) Lark (etr^) Lion (cTRR) R < N s h eftR^t iideb chd^ elch^ Peacock ( ^ ^ W ) tfrc Pigeon Pig ( f i r ) Puppy (tptft) Serpent (WFTS) W^TR Sheep (Vta) Snake Sparrow ^ tc! foeftdT ^RHI mm squeak Cackle growl or roar yivici 'JIT bleat ^ f e c T c T T "R^t sing fttR •RT? roar t R squeak < w > < 5 t c b gibber or chatter Mouse ("RFTH) w Monkey ("Reft) Pr^ item scream "raStR howl fFJcl YOUNG ONES OF ANIMALS Ass ("^r) Bear(tare) Cat ) •ft^m Cow(^rrg) Deer (-feTR) foal cub kitten calf/heifer fawn R>tR wtcf cFk( Dog ("str) Duck (Ifcp) Frog (p>hT) Goat(Tfm) FOX (TftcRT) frn eM<£l »tdch puppy duckling tadpole kid •R^t ("ft^l) -dchfclR fcfrg cfKf foeR cflRit cub <11 Z> . ens^friR yelp. t growl. ^tcR croak. iJMd "R^RcRfr hum. ANIMALS AND INSECTS \ Ape (Tjq) Ass (^ft) Bear (%5R) Bee (ft) Bird Bull (fci) Camel (%rh) Cat Cattle ( t o ) TRJ ePJ* w gibber. tfrsr neigh. 3 hoot. low. bellow. low. cackle. bellow. cit. Rh«r bray. tfito cackle. ^ t e scream. Tfe mew. teft grunt. teft mew ^ Squirrel (*SPW<H) Swan ("*3h) Tiger (dT^K) Vulture (<JCTER) Wolf (p«p) ?R R IH*^ ^ Nightingale (Hispid) Cock (c^icp) Cow (Wv3) Crow (sPt) yrf ^rra crow sPt low eft caw frn WW cTOT "Erra bark coo ^ quack c j ^ scream ^a?fR trumpet ^f&re tfRTT talk dte scream coo grunt yelp 3CR hiss bleat TRR hiss f^e chirp or twitter ^ 7T f^cic. ^bcbcH bleat.CRIES OF BIRDS. i r TTlft Tfrs chirp.

) King (lefTr) Knight ( ^ s ) Lunatic (efffep) 3PRTSJt T T T H T Homes prison (fiJjiR) palace ( ^ R i ) mansion asylum (sRrrfcm) TRcPlft ^cH (Yrai eft fct^l) MMIeKslHI ^Tcl. vjjril eft tKH*l?ic: ehl eftdl^cH dHl e b ft^ci eft T Knocking of a door ^cjijil ft Pattering of rain or hail MdMril^e Rattling of wheels Reporting of an explosion itf^ft3ncTTMT RlW^cleb cp eft S T R T T y f eft dHdHl^d Rustling of leaves Splash of water eft Stamping of feet Whistling of wind Thundering of lightning "q^cp^ ancriMf RVJ)<MI "qi efReT ^t wrsr^s Flapping of wings Hissing of steam R3t eft l|»s!l|>.^ ift THT % lefRtf "treTR ^r Plehd^ eft atlcll. cPRFTR <118> .Goose (TJH) Hare (%?) Hen (pi) Horse (?Rf) Lion (eTRH) chd^H 1 gosling leveret chicken COlt cub ^fRrfchr mra? faefR.!!|*ci Ticking of clock or watch Tinkling of bell Banging of a door efi? (^chfScb cP^I ^ ^ f t ^ cJVcJI.vH Jingling of coins Rlsbf eft ^-KsH DWELLING AND PLACES HOMES (A) Persons Convict (cpPcick.^gpn epg Sheep Swan ( W R ) ^ lamb cygnet cub cub R-ni-k cfR ^ foTete Tiger (drfrR) ^tcTi Wolf (fe^) Sow ( # ) irfom ^Wt ^R tttct^stcpiglet SOUNDS Beating of drum Blowing of bugle Booming of gun Chattering of teeth cJlol eft <H|c||\j) fojcf eft 3)|c||vH dlM m d-ejeb eft JKvH ^ T R T t % eMcfcs!^ eft STRIuT Clapping of hands Crackling of fire-wood eUfcH'Ul eft M^'Ml^d debtee ^ eft Ringing of bell Clanging of arms Clanking of hooves Cracking of a whip Creaking of shoes Din of a crowd Exploding of bomb ffaniRt eft WRT?5 kfl^ c b dlMl eft ^ N N efc!-S eft yn^ilfc.

y ^ ^ l d t^fd Spider (w^s?) Pig ( f t r ) FOX(VTCRT) Lion (eff?R) Owl (3R3Td) Wolf(fdP) Hen (%R) " J R R . " R T ? ^^gt^T. Tffe •jrr. Tennis. c F T WT? PLACES (A) Games Badminton. Volley-ball ^•dfandH. "EIT^cfra Cricket Gymnastics (RH*HR<icb)djiiiiHi*M<Hi Racing ( ^ F I ) Wrestling (•fcafePT) Boxing («iif^i-iR) Foot-ball (^ddid) Hockey (?Tc£[) Horse-race ( IR J Swimming (R^IPHR) Judo (TSJ^T) Where played courts pitch ft^i gymnasium track arena arfFn ring # R H?de)ld •ffeft field R?fds field RStes race-course pool T J e T eT^r vHIMI^ field m a t i ^ W ^ s . "RTC •ypi. c j j ^ l l d l 3R?TRd. tf^RT.Monk ("Rep) Officer (affftRR) Nun (^ R ) Parson (RRfa) Peasant (^ FS ) Person (R^T) Prisoner (tPTiFR) Soldier (^ICTSR) (B) Creatures Dog (^! R ) Horse (#tf) Mouse ( TTT ^ H ) RdclKfl monastery (4H*d?l) bungalow (ehrat) convent ( w N t o ) parsonage (MK^VJI) cTRdT "R3 MMRai)' W TS R S T R "J? cottage ( W ^ R ) ^TfrR house (^re^r) cellar) barrack Homes kennel (ctRd) •sfngr stable hole (ltd) web (era) sty(^) burrow ( ^ r ) den ("&R) tree hollow (^1 lair (eR) coop(^q) ^rfTER.

A (B) Things Aeroplane ( ^ c R ) Fruit tree Grape (Tfa) Motor-car w?) Cloth (cfcffai) Grain (ifa) Curios (^jfoito) Passenger luggage at railway station Dead Body (^s^rffl) (C) Creatures Birds Birds and animals Wild or strong animals Kids (fossr) (D) Things Picture ( F T I R ) Play Film ('frcq) Rubbish (7ftf?r) Water for the supply of a town cRi?R rMRlol "?T!R fcltj TTF?! f^RRTJl Tiafl ^an XHRCR XiR^IXHRcR Where stored WITH aerodrome (^f^R) Wf cjST orchard 3PJ? vineyard (cii^Ani) "Rt^ cPR garage cCTfl wardrobe 3Rra granary ("ifaft) ^PdT eft ftem -ER^ museum ^cfet TR ^ t cloakroom (cfdtcp^R) tPT TTRR TR 7T?R cemetery (•ftfad^) Where kept cage zoo (v^) menagerie (SMVHR) nursery (^Rfft) Where kept art gallery ^PdT^tef theatre ( t a r ^ ) w r a . water-reservoirs ^diyw (cJTS^ ^jRCTR) arsenal (31k4h<h) TOPTR nursery (^^ffT) godown Where made xjft ^ft m r a brewery (^Jfff) kiln (fo^T) mill (" PTCT) factory workshop ( CI & SMN ) \ 3ffl WT 3PJ? vJSJR •ile^n-s} ctR^f ^Pl ^SJR ^PTt "Eft 3teRTfl 3RM *P5R 3RR^t "7TRR "ER ^ftlR^R ftfercT RlRWI -er Ri^iidi Weapons or Ammunition 3R5I-7R3 (^R " 5 T Q^PlSMH) Young plants(?rn ^areri) Wares (t^n) ftifft ^ j ^ r r a (E) Things Beer («Starc) Brick (f?ra>) Flour Manufactured Goods PmfRld cR^j Articles (3TTfep^f) c P T WTR Leather goods tffyyiidi TRra ^ft C P T ^ ^rf^^ft^ft t ct>K<s)Ml uTFf^ cR^tj cRT^ xm^l | cl TRTIR ^ft XiTT^ | ^ft c R ^ cRT^f c p T cbK<slHI •^RffcrRT ^Rcjtj tannery (t^rfr) \ <f20> . ^midi cinema-hall ("fcFtar i?Td) ftFmT IR filth depot ("PfrceilM) water-works.

Where trains stop to take and drop passengers. A cleared and levelled place where aircraft can take off and land.Paper Bread ($rs) Films Food Iron goods ( OT ^ R ^ T ^) Money ("T^t) Ships (-ftTO) Cloth (-Efcffsj) Medicine ( A^IRH) (F) Place Creche (tPrr) Primary/Nursery school (•mfRfl/^ft T^eT) Middle school High School ( F l ^ r ^ t ) College (cblfdvH) University (^flciRj^) Dispensary ( f ^ r a f r ) Nursing Home (^Tf^T "^tr) Lodge (cffrr) Hostel/Boarding House (^RScT/cfrf^n fTvJTi) Club (cRTO) WTyf mill ( f t d ) bakery (tcpff) studio ( ^ i i l ) <t>K<tS)MI vgraxRisJ. Highest institution for higher studies of all subjects. music playing etc. ifK^H efrt W T WRH £R. ht Airport ( w ^ ) Bus stop (^ra Railway Station 6 R ? ^cfT^ cpj Where buses stop to take and drop passengers. "gST kitchen ( f ^ R ) smithy (ftqsft) mint (fare) dockyard (^tovri) YThfER rich^M Trgtfl uT^iuff ^ mill (ftef) afrafa pharmacy ( f i W ) Purpose Day nursery for children when their parents are at work. Where middle classes are taught. H^lfasUlcHAI An institution for studies in higher education. A school for studies upto Matric. A school where young children are taught. X <121> . A place where visitors from o u t stations stay. Where students stay during their studies or training period. 3flW?RI Rl&oHMil iJlBwT cfitfcTRFl • C Rdf^l c P T WHNKH w t e HHIVVHH chK^HI PTajt^cP "f^reiTera "fTTEJfftcP R^JMiJ A small medical unit for treatment of patients. Hospital specially for intensive care. A place of various types of recreations and amusements like dancing.

fllSRP Tnran TJ£IMMl4 cblilicHiJ 3FJ?TRR •fctcRUJ J^Rdcbl UHIUIMtI •Rrftsm Library ( d i ^ ) Playground (T^rrm^) Competition (c£)Pm[^h) UlrliflPldl Expulsion (^cKHMcyn) Promotion (mt?R) Attendance Degree Identity Card P)M>KHH Mcflsllci. M'lfcl "^TRarflf TOHTEZJNcP ^-dchlcHiJ \ School (iTJR Tfcfr^sfl f^el) "fcreiTera Discipline (RSRHRHH) Prospectus (TRttra^) Distinction (teRticren) Certificate Inspection f § T « T T TFfM ^ SUBJECTS English (sj'ifayi) Sanskrit (7r<ft) Urdu Geography (xsrRnft) Mathematics (%rirfoRr) Geometry Science (Tn^JTRi) Chemistry ( i p f r f ^ ) Sociology (^Mrsfteft^l) Civics (-Rrftcra) Psychology ( a i ^ u M I ) Commerce (cpTjr}) Hindi ( t ^ t ) Punjabi ( w r f t ) History (Hreft) Arithmetic (arftajirfecp) Algebra ^iro ahfnrtrto ftiffqfara ^ s t Tiftra ftsTH w h ?tr5j w r a -fcnrn hmiR* ?iR5i HHlfosiH ciiftii^ fMt Philosophy ( t ^ t w f t ) Agriculture (TJISW^R) Botany Anatomy Horticulture (^lf5ch<H^>i) Medical Science (^r^Pef Language ( O N R ) Linguistic (faPciR-dcb) Palmistry (^nft^t) <t22> " H T ^ T T YTR^ cpfttcfsTH cH-wfa TTR^ ?I?R vrerH tcfen RlRbcUl ftlTH "fasTH "*r<Jk! .X Primary School (MI^H^I Higher Secondary Admission (Q-dftsu) Teacher (-£RR) Lecturer Principal (fMPra) Office (affftRT) Sports ( w ^ ) SCHOOLS & COLLEGES fcraTeRJ X T E E R R TTiarftcP Middle School College ( c f t ^ ) Student ( ) ^ d ) TT]t3jftcP Rlilldil H^ifct^llcHil "Prensfl Professor (TfrtRR) Headmaster 3 M M .3$ ^j^tTd Physics (%fvTcRi) Home Science (ifa TnlarRf) Economics(^Ffrf^fcRi) Political Science 3Taf97R5I Ti^nfrfc? 7TR5I .

(Tle?.) Captain Volley Ball ( ^ *rra) cRTH ?T9Jt ^oTT cITefT Bully ( ^ t ) Short Corner ( ^ ^fiTfr) Batsman (t^fnto) Badminton (tsflteR) Table Tennis (tflTdtpRT) ?Tcft ^sTdURwr c J R R T ^fc m ^ e l Base Ball («Rr w ) Tennis (tf^Rf) Billiards (f^rcnfef) cRf W T o T 3?R ^fc cpl "^ef T ? c f > PcPR cpj iT^ilXH ^ T TR cfT# Polo (^fTefT) "SM TR ^Ef^cfR XHta c T T e T T ^teJ Croquet (tft%s) "dcP^T eft ^dT 3?R ^fTcn ^cT Shooting (^f^ 7 !) Rowing (^rfr) Wrestling (^rrfern) Chess (*Rr) Bridge Carrom Board High Jump ( ft ^ w q ) Tug of war ('sr 3rfa> ^ r ) Race (^ T ) cfm wi ^tcj Ura ^^tcPT^g Golf ( t o ) Swimming (M$rn) Boxing (etfcN^i) Horse racing (fM^ftPT) Athletics (^af^fcra) Playing Card (^TfR Kabaddi Long Jump (cffa Ring Throw (t^i 2fl) eFftf^ afR ^ cim C F T ^sld < t > ^sfd ^Fft •gifeenrft (123) .W.R f ^ ) Bowler ("^ R ) Innings Sixer (%CRR) Fourer (WR?) Wicket Wicket-keeper ftfer cpj >i-yciicHi (ftfcScfttR) Catch ^ Football (^ddld) Basket Ball (*iR%d «rieT) 'stcpfl %% ulT^ RTen "rfer dMchHI Ifh^he W T ^ct Riff TOT ffifft faRbdf % 3fPt Wl 3 T T w T R T Stump ( ^ q ) L.B.SPORTS & GAMES Hockey (FRft) ^fcft cPT^f "Rtef Stick ( t o ) Spinner (t^RR) Runs ?T*ft elfST ^ t ^ vJWIel^ c T T e f T Goal Keeper (^fra ^ft^R) Penalty Corner f^re filler Cricket ( .^.^^.

yilydi TRJ c f > T "TRJ W T TRT $H!Alit ciHI ^tar ^ (sfrfen -hifedi) sth ^cl SRIR piR ^Tel "grg^r araR T cfR it ituH OTdT iteT "^Tcfcl 3RTvH ite TSJR ^tFTT < = .^ w Trfferai if trtc (i) ttit <f24> .EATABLES AND CEREALS A r r o w .( O H A JI x!MHI TRJ? Poppy ( i r f t ) Porridge ( i t f ^ r ) Pork (itcfj) Pearl Millet (Pef tield) Rice ( ^ e ) Sugar (T^R) Sweets S y r u p (ftrcq) Supper ( W ) Sago ( w i t ) Sauce ( w ) Sesame ("^Riit) Sugar c a n d y ("9Jtr ^ 1 ) Semolina S o u p (^35) Treacle ( ^ e f ) Tea (3t) Vinegar ( f t ^ R ) Vegetables (iftr£*reyi) Wheat ( i t d ) Wine (cjT^f) Whey TfTRT ^Rn ^J3RcFTTTR[ ^Tcid itit ft^ ^t^ TRT "QFTI *Hi«j«{Hi rretft 1 c T c T liit ^ ?tR«n "J?. chelc|| iffajl L u n c h (era) Loaf(efa>) Loaf s u g a r (eTtw?jfR) Maize (i>3) Mutton Milk (ftcsp) Mid-day meal ^ itd) Millet (lietd) Meat ( i t d ) Minced Meat ( f i F * g i t d ) Mustard ( T T ^ i ) Oat (srld) Oryza sativa Oil (3folel) Pigeon pea ( f i ^ H i t ) Pea ( i t ) Pulse (Pe*l) Puffed rice ( w t t ^ t ) Pickle ( t e c * ) Phaseolies m u g o (^hr) ^roi? w t ^ f t t xnci^ ytir TO^ ^sj f^TcmifcH "utfR « T F J R T TTRI to^^i^ >t>m.r o o t (^1*id) Biscuit (RlR^d) Bran ( i t h ) Barley («TRet) Break-fast (d<b 4>i*d) Buck-wheat ( t o i t d ) Beaten paddy ( i t d ^ i i t ) Butter (*[d?) Broth (snar) Beef ( i t o ) Bread (#g) Bacon («|cjr) Comfit O ^ f e s ) Coffee (#rq?t) Cake (ct>cp) Corn-ear (^Pii-'fjR) Cheese ( i t o ) Condensed Milk (He«t>) Castor seed Chapati ( ^ m i t ) Curry (wft) Cluster bean iR) Cream (t£fa) Curd (<?r£) Clarified butter Food (TJTg) Flour (4xHlv3>0 Field pea ( i f e i t ) Fine flour ( w i ^ t i h i ^ ) Feast (ift^d) Grain (tFt) Gum acacia (tth 3t^%?ji) Great millet ( i d field) Gram (um) Gruel (Tjsra) Honey ( f i t ) Ice-cream (3TT^ra?ta) Ice (3rr^fr) Jam (vta) Kidney bean (ffcsit i R ) Lentil ( ^ d e f ) 4RI*>d •clW* vtf HISMI.

•^Rrrft.^ m ) Tf^RSR 3Fd iTeSRSR RldlJTld -H^MII ^cR?! ^gmft cfnSJT "TrRg^T cTRH 3FT Galnut (JiidHd) Hemp Hog p l u m s (WT W f l ) Linseed (fcR # 3 ) Land c a l t r o p Liquorice ( I ^ R T ^ ) Mace ("fRr) Myrobalan ( H i ^ d d H ) Musk WT 3MdT 3td# ^ vHTft^t cb*^ Tra (tr^p) Menthol ("tfafrd) Nutmeg ("RS^n) Nigella ( m d i ) Nux v o m i c a (^r^rt ^frftcm) Oats (sfcri) O r i g a n u m (aflfl^m) Pellitory (Afteft) Pepper root ( ^ r ^ e ) Parsley ( w ^ ) Poppy seed ('qTnft ^fns) Pistil ( f t f t e d ) uTRPPd cbciMl cpTdl Bitumen ( R I^H) Borax ( ' ^ F f f ) Belladona (%cTT#RT) Basil Black Pepper (seto ^ ^ r ) Betel-nut OSted^e) Catechu Cardamom (crn^q) Carbonate of Soda O l e f i n 3TFP fffeT) Cinnamon Coriander seed Cocaine (cptcfH) Cubeb (cFjira) Cassia Camphor Chilli Cloves ("cFefRyT) Cumin seed (CKJTHH Chirata Datura ( ^ d ^ i ) Dry Ginger Fenugreek seed Ginger ( t ^ R ) (tRra) ft^Td TJd s^mtgr.SPICES Asafoetida Alum ( w ? ) Aniseed ("^Mns) Arsenic (3RfRnP) Bamboo C a m p h o r Aflatoon (3W>di<£H) Aloe (Tf^) Alkali Acid (tyfrps) Barilla ( . 3)vj)ciiiiH 3t3r3r1 Rlcblcbl^ (RHHH ' ) iiRrar cblcftn ^vHMId R h u b a r b (^TT^) Rock salt (^TcP Salt Sandal ( ^ r a ) Sal-ammoniac ("*nd-3nTtRf3TTcf>) Soap-nut (-rfimd) ?T31 Saffron Saltpetre (Wc^te?) Senna ( # n ) Turmeric (z^rf^p) Tamarind (£nR-si) Vinegar ("RT^R) Yeast ^TTcP (%Rrar) ("Rrrtt) Caraway ($RTct) offa •Rrto?it ^Rl ar^cjj ?frl cfRR Fc^T ftR^PT S T T W T Fc^t f^R) Zedoary (yKgterft) ("tfr3) .

VEGETABLES Amaranthus ("tTTTFsiTf) Brinjal (Hh3TcT) Bitter gourd (Hre?"^) Bean ^nw^r TfcTra fin ftchl^H dWie TpTcrm Cobra flower (cpteRT t j ^ i f r ) Chrysanthemum (f^faJrm) Creeper (ffr^R) Daisy ( ^ l ) Jasmine Knop ("RN) Lotus (cft^T) Lily (feRft) Marigold ( A f l ' i W ) Magnolia (i^rfrrar) Motia (Tfrf^nn) Narcissus (HiRfmi) Oleander (arffcnf^) P a n d a n u s (M^H>H) (^-h^h) Prickly pear (filched ^TIR) Rose ("^TH) Sunflower Touch-me-not ("ew—^rre) 2. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Guava ("33MT) Gravia asiatica eRTI JJcH^K cluft c^ra "ft^I ^FTT TfrfrRiT Grape (Tfa) Ground-nut (Trras-'TC) Loquat Lichi (cftft) Lilac (fefelcb) Mulberry ( H d ^ ) 3. FRUITS Apple (^lof) Apricot (^JlcbV) Almond (OTTS) Colocasia (^CTWRWI) Citron (RH^IH ) Coriander ( c h l R ^ ) C a u l i f l o w e r (WC^ITOTCR) 'IcHId erf^rarr Tgcfft^ it^R ^g^vn ^FR^T " T T e S T arm t r r t . CI | F^-H Carrot ( W ) Charantis (WR^B) Melon (^TeR) Musk-melon (TT^-'fc^) e T T ^ T R iR "grrfl cfn^T THrg^ ararcte Mosambi Malta ("TTcSi) Mango Orange (3ft^r) Olive (attfera) Pomegranate Plum ( ^ R ) Pyrus malus Pear (^fare) Trfrm Pine apple Peach Pistachio HlR^d Papaya (^mn) Raisin Siercr) ) Berry (itfl) Betel-nut ( f f ^ ./ 1. FLOWERS FLOWERS. ^n^ft 3FFR.^ s ) Banana (CRHT) Beet root Black berry Chest-nut Cherry Currant Custard apple ( ^ e i ^Tcf) Cashewnut Carambola Coconut (cblcblHri) Date Fig ( f a r ) (tMtT^) d^iliNI 3HHRT ffR^T ^ftcTT (mi^hQmo) / .

Sour c h e r r y (^rre #51) Sapodilla ("Mfeen) Sugarcane Sole(#cl) Water-melon (^n^^TcH) Water-nut (ciid>M<i) Yam (^IM) ^rfl^rft wi 3TT^5R1 R-iyi^i ^TTO^ Lady's-finger ( ^ t f?irrR) Lime " " \ (^tt^t) f^l (TT^TCT) Lettuce (cte^n) Mushroom Mint O n i o n (STPRR) Potato ( ^ M ) P u m p k i n (qwjRhH) Pea (ift) Red p u m p k i n (^g Radish #cTTO>d WfcP yicHvHH ^Tcfl anci ^ ^rare C u c u m b e r (^CF^?) Cabbage Chilli (f%Rfi) Gourd Ginger ("fefcrc) Garlic (^TTfcfe) Jack-fruit ( ^ c p ^ ) Luffa (ejq>T) h^h che^d ffemT^^ftft ) ^ Spinach ( R^ HM ) Turnip (^Pfrq) Tamarind (SnR-d) Tomato ( ^ r e f ) PLANTS. TREES & THEIR PARTS Acacia (atchRniii) Bamboo (tp^) Banyan (erf^RR) Birch (er^f) Cactus (%-cfe^i) Cotton ( w s r ) Chilli (Unffl) Cypress (^rr^to) Fir(TR) Oak (3fTcp) Palm ( t t r ) Pine ( t t ^ ) Polyalthia (Mldiiifcerar) Shisham (tftem) Sandal (-H^ci) Teak (Sm) Bark (cn3>) Branch (wra) Bulb (elc«j) Bud (ire) Coir (ebi^) Margosa (hu'iVhi) Bo-Tree (efr-#) sK'M Blossom (CHWH) Fruit ( ^ e ) Fibre ( T P T ^ R ) Graft ( M ) G u m (jm) Groundnut (iiM^ne) J u i c e (V^H) Jute ( v ^ ) Leaf(3to) Pollen grain (^fr^R t R ) Pollen tube ("qteR ^ r ) Pulp (tr?q) Pistil (ftffeci) Root ( ^ s ) Root-stalk ( n z Sprout Stamen (T&TR) qJef cpeR TffPFcft Tft • T O T W T ^PT W I ^T c h M K H eld. elcjd c T T S yTiym <HMIc|H f^Tel -did ^FEf Skin ( I ^JR) Stone ( ^ r ) Seed Stem ( ^ q ) T h o r n (afft) Wood ( f s ) ffrc^PT ^Md cpfeT cms <127) — .

/ Abdomen ( ^ T f R ) Arm Anus (^TH) Artery (sn^ft) Armpit ( a t f t f k ) Brain ( 3 r ) Bile (efT^et) Belly ( i r # ) Back-bone Breast Beard (fao^) Back (tcp) Bone («fR) Blood ( Buttock (^rsHfi) Cartilage Chest Embryo Face (^RT) Fist Gullet (Ti^e) Gum (im) Hand (t^s) Heart (fl£) Heel (fler) Hair Intestine ( i ^ e r ^ r ) Index finger ( t ^ R i ffiR?) Jaw (Tiff) Joint ("c^Rte) Knee Kidney ( f W f t ) Lap Liver (f^re) Little finger (feTSc! fffnR) Collar-bone (ctfeR Cheeks (^torr) Chin ( f t o ) Dens Serotinous Eye (3rn?) Ear-drum ( t ^ ^ ? ) Eye-lid (an^fcns) Eye-lash (3TTf^T) Ear ( t ^ ) ElbOW (TJe^f) Eye-ball Eye brow (an^ «ft) PARTS OF THE BODY w? gff® f^TFT ftxT ^te(wft) ^ ^ [ f f f ^ ( ^ f t ^ ) ^ f ite ( g ^ r eft) "PFTef •feci ^rra ^ uH-dl THtf " T T e T araH^g chulqen wrcp < ? > R affa TjcTcft Finger (ftR?) Foot ( i f s ) Forehead (i^ktss) Phalange ( ^ r a ) Pore (^frc) Palm (TJR) Pulse (trar) Penis ( ^ r e ) Ring-finger ( t ^ r f ^ R ) Rib (for) Shoulder ( s i W y ) Soul SnOUt (Wlvid) Skull (-*EjieO Stomach ( w w ) Sole (#c7) Spleen ( ^ t o ) Skin (fcjR) Saliva (*MI$C||) Lip (fcR) Lung (eR) Lock (effcp) Muscle (TpRra) Moustache Middle-finger ("Prgcilq^R) Mouth Neck (^fcp) Navel Nose Nipple (f^PTef) Nostril ( H I R < H ) Nail (^ei) . rkh^Ti TJE ^Ri^i tt^i ^ ^np ^apn ^tt^t CTT^ CFT^I (ttt^st) (arr^) wet WFF^t ifn ^tcf T^R tf'jBT (iRs) cptr ^rt ^k^ <128 . Palate ( M e ) Temple ( t ^ r a ) Thigh Toe(et) Trachea (tf^rai) Throat Tooth (^aj) Tongue ( ^ i ) Thumb (aw) Trunk (t<J>) Vein (^R) Waist Whiskers (fcRcjRf) Wrist (fore) ?Taj ^ ^Igcft ^ c^ne 7R ^ fcm aniftcbi X OTTRT tto^ ^Ftn S£JR ^rfl Tfcrft^ ^Teicn ^T? tFv^i cfTcff^cTg ggT.

A s t h m a (3TWTT) Acne ( t ^ ) Albino (^feRt) Anaemia (T^raij Anorexia Bronchitis Beri-Beri (ilff-tft) B o i l (wracT) B a l d ('^Tog) Blind Bile B r e a t h (star) Bleeding (^Tf^r) Cough C o r y z a (chlRvHi) Cataract Constipation Cancer Chill C h o l e r a (cbTVwi) Consumption D i a r r h o e a (^toRUT) Dropsy (^tff) Dandruff ( t ^ F ) Diabetes (^RttSta) Dislocation (f^^dl^vn) Dumb (^r) Dysentery ( ^ i ^ t ) D i p h t h e r i a (fessfrfcin) Dengue (^Jj Debility (tfafMt) E c z e m a (WrtaT) Epitaxis ("^fcRro) Epilepsy Fracture Fainting ( M R ) Fever ( ^ r ) Fistula (f^^cHi) AILMENTS AND BODY CONDITIONS Abortion (^isin) Griping Ague Giddiness ( f t ^ m ) 3 T R T A c i d i t y (TjfafeSO Hunchbacked (sMd^) •R^rs ( trt ^ frt ) ^ cfPfT "Efff TMT 3RJ! ftrl "tfRT c p T e T ^ T T ^frfcRITfsF? cfmiT % v x T T sra arf^rrN uTcfRY "^fTf cpj vJd-HI T J f T T ^Mtff Wi frpff -km TrtR Flu(q^) \ Gland (^te) Hurt(^) H u n g e r (l^rc) gnTSJ H i c c u p (f^sre) Hernia Hoarseness Headache 3 T R T Hepatitis (^rfeTr) TTeJT^^TT Itch I n d i g e s t i o n ( ^ i ^ y n ) ftR cpl ^ Itches ( ^ m ) Inflammation (SH^SH) ^ R Insomnia ^ ^ 3?RI Influenza ( ^ f ^ v n ) J a u n d i c e (xSrf^T) L e a n (<?R) ^icn L e u c o r r h o e a (f^chlRiii) Lame (eR) Lunacy (c^Wf) WTePR cPTg Leprosy (^iMf) Measles M u m p s (^qwrrt) Mad WTd Mole W Malaria (^RAII) Nausea ^ t R^cHI Obesity ^ cf^n O n e .s i g h t ( t t t £ Tnrfe) S m a l l p o x (ttfTef-'qRFfl) Stool ft^T/^ff S p r a i n ("RR) (hIRhaii) (mi^R<ji) <129) y .e y e d (cR-3TT^§) tPRT O t t o r r h o e a (an^rfcm) cPR WF^T P i m p l e (f^RTd) P h l e g m (^vR) WR Prickly Heat P a i n (^R) ^ fWrfror P n e u m o n i a (f¥frf^nn) P i l e s (m^cvi) P a r a l y s i s (^mi^R-m) Pyorrhoea c P T Ring Worm S h o r t .

Sun-stroke (TR-^<J>) Scabies (^Mtvi) Stomach-ache Stone ( ^ R ) Sore ("#?) Swelling (>&|RHR) Sweat Typhus ( ^ T ^ R ) Tumour ( e ^ R )

c^oRRT ^vHc^l Ae •qarff R#RT "spran^R ^

Tuberculosis Tracoma ( ) Tonsil (eiR-iet) Typhoid ( e r ^ n ^ ) Ulcer ( 3 T ? * R ) Urine Vomit (^fifte) W o u n d (^g) Yawning (#fRR)

d^lftcb

^MtgRi WT5T " E J v R T

RELATIONS
Aunt (3TF5) Adopted daughter Adopted-son (x^^ifes'm) Bride-groom ( W T ^ - T J R ) Bride (sfT^g) Brother (w^?) Client (cMisjrf) Concubine ( c h u ^ ^ H ) Customer (cM-ei-R) Daughter (^te?) Daughter-in-law Disciple ( f e w r a ) Father ( T P R Y ) Friend ( f t ^ ) Father-in-law Grand-father (TTfe-WR?) Grand-mother (TTrg-TR?) Grand-son Guest (%e) Heir (&JR) Husband Landlord Lover (H^R) Mamma Maternal grand-father •gsn, ^ M l , Maternal uncle (*)e4o1 ofcP^l) Maternal aunt ( ^ f c T 3TT5) Mistress Mother ("R^) Mother's sister ("R^rf ftree?) Mother-in-law (T^-IR-cft) Nephew ( ^ p j j Niece (^ra) Own Patient ( M e ) Pupil (^ftef) Preceptor ( t M ^ ) Pleader ( ^ f r s r ) Relative (fojfeg) Step-son (^r- tr ) Step-father ( ^ q - R ^ ) Step-mother (~>£q - r ^ ) Step-brother (-^q-fRR) Step-sister ( ^ - f t R e * ) Step-daughter ( ^ q ^re?) Son Sister (ftrcsr?) Son-in-law Sister-in-law (•Rrfe^-^T-cTi) Teacher Uncle (atcPei) Wife (cfTfTj>) "RRT "RTRt

• R ? •m

tft

(atR)

R^rti, Rrar TRT

Mi ffcn

YfTf

^RT ^RTI

"f^RR

(^trt)

vPfkR Mt 3FRT RR7 "RTfl

(tr)

•clFR

MT
Weft, RP?I, "RR,

Maternal grand-mother

\

irrar Reft

y

<130)

Tiring-woman Tiring-room Satin Scarf (wpfr) Shawl (fira) Saree Serge Sheet (tfte) Shirt (TT£) Silk Stockings (^I R MMI; Sleeve Suiting (^qfi* !)
7

Shirting (?TfSq) Socks (WcRT) Stays TO Stripped Mule ^rfw

cfq ^j^rsi

("*t?I)

Tape ( t q ) "TfTuT Towel (zract) Tunic (e^Pich) Thread ( ^ s ) Turban Uniform Velvet (ifc^s) wi <f>q*n Veil ( t d )

q?RT ^rfeRT

yTqi q ^ , fnqn

H^sRd

ORNAMENTS AND JEWELS
Anklet (^cFcte) Armlet (srrfcte) Bracelet Belt Bangle Brooch (^q) qT^ra eUvjJe)^ civqq Medal ( t ^ i ) Necklace ( ^ c R T ) Nose-ring ( % j r f r q ) Nose pin ( i f a ftq) •iich chi chid, cfR dHJll

TfFft 3 cRFl
ydvHRsid "PR 3n|) Tlct^teft

Opal (3Ttqd) Pearl ( q ^ ) Pebble (x^d) Ring ( # n ) Ruby ( ^ t ) Sapphire ( w r r ) TTfura family

Cat's eye Chain ( * R ) Clip (f!>dq) Coral (cj^Rcf) Diamond Ear Ring Emerald Gold (TjtcS) Girdle ( ^ r i ^ )

(itrpts)

fm crrc^t q^n ^fRT

Silver Stud (^es) Tiara (-fe3TRT) Topaz (cTfqfijf) Turquoise ( d ^ i ^ ) Wreath (%>?) ftwlvHI TTen cfrsi ch^vH cbl driH

Head Locket ( t z Jewellery Locket ( o f r ^ ) uMljNId ddcJH

Wristlet (fcRnte) Zircon ( ( N ^ H )

CLOTHES AND WEARING APPAREL
Alpaca (3)<HMchi) Banian (CIPKJH) Belt ( M ) Blanket ( v f o z ) Bodice Border (#£?) Brocade (irt%^) B r o a d Cloth (sfrgMraj) Brassiere (irxAzr?) Breeches (tftftjsr) Brace ( M ) Button (em) Calico (fcftraft) Cashmira (cpnfRr) Chester Osfte?) Cap(M) Canvas Chintz Clothes (cFefr^a) Coat (<tfie) Crepe (ilR) Cushion Chemise (Trftei) Cloth ( M m ) Cloak (MTcP) Collar (^PTeR) Darn ("SFf) Damask
(^PRR)
CPR

^

ip - ^ f -ft ^ T ZR^T

Garters (^rr^rf) Gloves O'efM) Gauze ( w ) Gown
(^TRR)

ftfiro ew^ ^nc¥l
^TRT

dfHillH

3TPRT RhHKI RhR-aicj eRR

Hat (%e) Handkerchief Half Pant Hem (IN)

eta ^Rra wfom iRvSt

MlilvHIHI ftf^RT eRR

Jacket (T^Pe) Jersey Jamper ( W R ) K n i c k e r (ftcfR) Lace (eRi) ^Rff T^RR

eRfl cpte ewl ftRftxf tfte

Laces (effttui) Lappet (etfe) Light c o l o u r (Hi^e^eR) L o i n Cloth (HffR ^ a r ) L i n i n g (HisjPm) Linsey W o o l s e y (toRT^-gcnSt) L o o p (cJT) L o n g Cloth (cTR 3r?r ^ r i t ^ ^ tp^i ^ ^ HcHHd ftraR f ^ t r

ciiylct) chqgl

^tst
*fRT WeR XflR^TPft TT

Mattress ( ^ h ) M u s l i n (TRffcR) Mat Muffler (WcT?) Neck-tie (-WeiiO Napkin (^taftn) Oil Cloth (atfcra c^m)

eTi 3r"TC5t ^fRXHRT epsj^Pte

Deep c o l o u r (^fa <PeR) Drill ( 1 M ) Flannel

(lkhi^h)

i^cHlcftH

Overcoat (artawle) Petticoat (^Sfcpte) <T3i>

\

Frock (wfcp)

H'll-sSI elT-y^l RMK WT "Rrtr ^tcnp ^Twt. VlWf c T S ^ T Tfrn^i Chimney Comb (^ftq) Curtain Casket (cwR<be) Cooking gas ( ^ q % r ) Candle stick Canister Censor ("^RR) Churn (^rf) Chisel ( f e r a ) Chandelier (W^sfcPR) Cup (cpq) Cushion Cabinet (%f!r^) Dish (f%rn) Door-mat ( ^ R ^ ) Drawers ( I T S R ^ Electric stove Electricity ( W ^ f M ) Fan Fire Place ( W R ^ ) Fork (iftcfc) Funnel (qRd) File (tpT^cf) Flour Mill (lmm>{ "f^ra) ftq^ c f T E T I Ri'lKtJIH yiHicjiH ^TRR WFJH. 3TF5 TOf "Rcmfl MliJclM eft 3idqT$ TOT c p f c T T 3 T T c T eft (133) .MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Bag Pipe ( t q w O Banjo (t^fi) Bell ( t d ) Bugle (ejjttcT) Cymbal (Rhhh) Clarion (c^Rah) Clarinet' Drumet Drum (^q) Flute ( q ^ ) Guitar (fq^R) Gong (Tffq) tfcfi R'Jd Gourd flute qcp) Harp Harmonium (itRqtfroq) Jew's harp (-^5TfTtf) Piano ("fqarpfT) Sarod Tabor (teR) Tambourine ( t ^ f R i ^ ) Tom Tom (^rq^q) Violin (cfRf^R) Lute (ejp) Whistle fR ^Fi wrtft^q ^ f t f^Fft TRte yijHI^ did. "ifcTT HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES s^mrfl R-wi^ci eft "TO w l c f > T qra Almirah (QdffcKi) Ash ("^97) Attache Case Axe ( ^ R T ) Ash-tray t) Basket (<ji>kb<±) Bedsheet (irsVik) Blanket ( ^ f f r ? ) Bowl (erre^) Bobbin (cnftR) Brush (sRT) Bucket (qfo^) Balance (teTRi) Bed (*g) Bed-stead (irg-^feg) B o x (WRRT) 3R5T efTc^l Bolster (ciid*^) Bottle (^fen) Broom (^q) Button ( c j ^ ) Candle (%fcgci) Carpet ( C F R ^ ) Cauldron (<ftd^H) Chest Chair ^TteJ dRhill cfRToT.

RJeT^f Stove ('. arrtRT wer^ ^ c f . aft^ft •f^TRTcTTf MraRl VMl TRTETR " c p 5 f f%f«RT Mackintosh (SlfWlvi) Mirror (f*R?) Newspaper ( ^ r t m ) Needle ( t e ? ) Nut-cracker (Re M r ) Oil (sftoH) Paper (M?) Pastry Roller YteR) Palanquin Picture ("teR) Pan ( * i ) ¥ MRT M R R R v R Mr MMcfl <rM cRTen. Mt MRRT Mrt TTTfR "ftftRRM eR} tftcpcJM f?TRT| VMr.feta) Spade Stick ( t o ) Spoon (T^T) Thimble Tooth Brush Tray ( t ) Tap (%R) Table ( t ^ ) Tongs ( e K i ) Tooth-Powder Tumbler (eRcR) Wire ( w ) Wick ( f M ) ci^ TRfR^nft fMrfl ^ WS1 T^fl (<j«r mi^) ^Rff RR f?T ajTcft ReT M fERer ^rTRyR Wff cTR V <m> / . efr^r •ETST \ tMi^p W l "TTcRl MR Ml./ Frying Pan ( T P T | R ^ R ) Flower-vase ( W R ^ ) Fuel (R^cf) Grate ( t e ) Hubble Rubble (fRel-TRet) Hammer Hand-pump (|rg-RR) Iron plate (3TR7R^te) Iron (3TR7R) ICe-bOX effcRl) fiR w faM RRf wr M^GP^RR R T J R T Jar (vHR) Jug (wr) Key Oft) Knife (RiftP) Kettle ( t o ) Kerosene Oil (MrftR sfcra) Ladle (#Scf) Lock (cftcp) Lamp (cRr) Lid (fere) Looking Glass (ejRb'l TefRT) Mat ( M ) Mallet ( M e ) Mortar Match box Mattress (T^RTTO) Pastry Board Pestle ( M h ) Phial (tpRef) Pitcher (fRSR) Pillow ( I M l ) Pillow Case (1Mt M r ) Plate (^re) Pen ( M ) Pincers ( f M t f ) Pot (RTe) Probe ( M i ) Quilt ( f t ^ e ) Rope (^tR) Sack (tR>) Screw Driver ( ^ ^ i ^ R ) Shovel (?Tcra) Soap ( # r ) Sauce-pan ( # # R ) Swing (foR) Saucer ("WRR) Spitoon (foreR) Stool ( ^ e l ) Scissors Sieve (#R) Sickle (ftRPef) Soap-case ( # r M i ) Safe ^0011 TfMr.

g ^ r ) R O C k O i l (TRP SfRJd) iflcH ^Ro ylrv tlsClfcHil^HI R e d o c h r e ( ^ s srfaR) Shale Silver (?Td) ( f ^ R ) (^ter^e) WRl Iridic! TFTI cIRM Steatite Steel (^ta) ( w j r ) Sulphur Tin (ft*) C T T F T tqfr cPI^f Touch-stone Vermilion White-lead (crPtsr) RH^ Kerosene (^JRHTH arwcT) {wtz^s) "M^cJI Y e l l o w O c h r e (tefr stfeR) PLACES. BUILDINGS Inn (i*t) Aviary (T^RRT^) (tro) Ice-factory Laboratory Lunatic (an^n ( ^ e f l ) Ixji^RT YWFRTIdT Barrack B o o k i n g o f f i c e ( f f ^ T affftRi) Building (f^fc^T) asylum •mq TOI •fTR^TI ^R (c^fcrcR-amifcm) Library (HTftfi) (^i. BUILDINGS AND THEIR PARTS 1.MINERALS Antimony Arsenic (srtfte) B r o n z e (sfFyT) Bitumen Cinnabar Copper Sulphate (f%TR) ^TRT irfiun csrar ftraKSta •Rr^j? cjf^rar OT^I 357 ^RTcTT cFM • q R S T ? <F( cftiJcil W T O TOR ^eldl^ foft YFT1 ^Yf crNT eftfl Lead Marble (trs) (^n^d) xfRT 31TO Mercury M i c a ("TT^cpT) Muscovite Mine Ort^t) ( W R I T E S ) Natron Orpiment ( s n f ^ ) flu^l-islK C h a r c o a l (WR ^ r a ) Copper Coal Cornelian Flint (ftxfe) Fuller's earth G r e y t i n (Tt f s q ) G r e y C o p p e r (Tt G o l d (TfTeS) Iron o r e ( 3 t r r ^ 3tR) Iron (3nw!) oil w r ) 3ral) (cptifeRH) (cftxR) P l a s t i c c l a y (MiR-ecj.JftH) Bungalow Church Cloister Cottage (CFIHI) (rtf) (cfcnw>0 ) Magazine Mosque STfanfl' H^lRlsUlelAJ cpR^RT "f^dT Museum (^fvRm) (afrfc^H) -j-in^Mii C o l l e g e (CPT^TOT) F a c t o r y (%Efeff) Fort (n&i) Gymnasium Hospital House (tuFRSnm) Orphanage Octroi post O f f i c e (affftRT) P a l a c e (tTeRT) w ( f t i R ^ n ) 3fff^e) (^IR-Mdd) SRCRTTcl Picture h o u s e Post office "STcpER jg35) .

X School (^r) Slaughter-house (Mte^ fra^i) Temple (tRcf) University Urinal (^RHCH) Zoo (j*) 2. THEIR PARTS Attic (^fM) Ante Chamber (M MR) Arch (3rrEf) Beam (Mi) Bathroom (RiaRR) Bar (RR) Bracket (tIM) Courtyard (RMtrri) Corbel (<*>lM) Cement (Mfc) Cornice ( M M ) Chimney (fMft) Door ( M ) Door-frame ("M Drain (M) Dais (^sum) Door-sill ( M 1 M ) Dome (Mr) Floor (MR) Foundation (ifcivUsn) Fountain ( w ^ i ) Granary (Mff) Gutter ("Re?) Gallery (Mft) 1MTCW RRR^TRT fMIMiera sreifr Mrfr tRR WS RMRTI 3TFR Mfc MR R R^ T T v H S J 3 R c F ? T ci^clMI Mae ^Mt w tM Mr Hearth (?af) Kitchen (1 M h ) Lattice (^fM) Lime ("Mr) Latrine ( ^ M ) Niche (fM) Platform Plinth Peg (M) Plaster ) Portico (MllSch)) Peep-hole (MM=0 Room (wr) Rafter (%Re?) Railing ("M*T) Roof ( w ) Sitting room ( % f e R wr) Steeple Shed (MO Store-room (?M Stair ( M j r ) Storey (?Mr) Threshold (s^Ms) Tile (er?ci) Terrace ( M r ) Underground cell apMf Mrf^R M t ^TT eft S T T c T f ^cRT (fMer) ^P RcR?R cR^Ml MRRI ?I?M wr tep Mtr ^cftvH •QRM M^f^r cf^WRT (sre^rrMs M ) M^HIcHI MTRRT Ventilator (MtcM) Verandah (M^sr) Window (fM£) <136) Mtr^TR RTpfRTf Rsl^cft X / .

X Almirah (^crf^Ri) Blank-paper (*3icp ^ m ) Blotting-paper xltre) Bench Bodkin C o r k ("EPT£) STATIONERY 3TeRT?! Ink-pot ( t ^ . ^JTTsn ^ifqft* qcpR Paper-weight Protractor ( t f f c f ^ ) Ruler Receipt book (fttfte <^P) Register Aq?) ^ftcp q?t TcTS 3TRR gRft Rubber-stamp ( w * ^ q ) Slate Seal ( # c f ) Tracing Cloth ( t ^ R ^ f m ) ft^t^pq^i Tape(tq) Tag ( t q ) Tracing paper Writing Pad ( ^ f t q ^ ) Waste-paper-basket ^nfr (•ER5 xPR cl^fche) xftrTT cftcHcJK ^tft 3TTO cpRvH eft q f i Ttr eft^fepff "^^ftftlR fete iprq^^rra ^rr^T ^ficR ^PcR cbMlvH 3TTc7ft* STlcfftq cRft ^ cPRvH qftcm \ Card (gn^) Copying pencil (wftrfn Call-bell (cpra t d ) Compass Clip (fcfOT) Crayon (tP^R) Carbon-paper Counterfoil (cbivi>e>< Drawing-pin Divider ( f t g r ? ^ ) Dictionary Daily-paper Eraser ( ? ^ R ) Easy-chair Exercise-book (WROT^f^) File ( w f e i ) Glue Gum ( * q ) Holder Ink ( f ^ ) cPY^ eft ThSRft <137> .q f t ) Ink-pad ( t ^ -H^dl Ledger (cW?) Magazine (#q>#R) Ira Map (%q) Nib(ft^) Paper Packing-paper (^tf^q-^tq?) Pen (^R) Paper-cutter ( ^ m Pin ( f t * ) XRcFR Pin-cushion ( f t * <pR) Punch (xra) Pencil (xfRrd) ^r) ) ft*) ^PRuT 3 T T S ? r T ^ k .

Mr) Plough Razor ( M ? ) Pruning shear Plough share e P T W Plumb line ( w eTT^r) Bead plane ( M M r ) Bagging hook ( M r r ^ ) Blow-pipe ( M M * 0 Cone ( M i ) Clamp ( M R ) Compass Colter ( M e ? ) Cleat ( M T E ) Chisel Drill ( f M ) Dibble (fMra) Fishing rod ( f q M r M ) File Fast ( w e ) Gauge ( M ) Hammer (t*R) Hand saw ( M # ) Jack-plane ( " M M r ) Lever (<fore) Loom (ep) Lathe ( M I ) Lancet ( # M ) Mortar ( M ? ) MrMi^s iMtRRTCTf T f M Cpl T R faMl. M l tjan " E R R T Needle point (Mei Oar Auger ( M R ) Anvil ( M F M ) Anchor ( M f R ) Balance ( M n ) Bar-share (RR M R ) Bellows Oil-mill ( M r a l M ) 1MTt cM qMf sjfMl (MLYI) (TJpFT fM?) (•^cire. MRT M M eft M l ^gfMi Mi rMI M . MdclK jfc-Sli). fyIcHvH! M ^ R R t elMt e f t Mt Wcl O Tooling plane (M^Mt) Trowel (era^O Vice (rti??) \ Mallet ( M O <138) y ./ Axe Awl Axis T O O L S (Mh) (AM) (^HHNH) \ (M) ^ T . f a M ^ETeM eft M l ?TTcf Ml cj^i-cTl "^RRT eft Pi Rasp(trt) All.VJKI) Sugar mill (Y^RIM) Screw-driver ( ^ ^ i f g ? ) Stock and dies ^5TZRT) MRRI rtMII M^I R T c T I Syringe ("RrfM) Saw (-tfi) Spade ( M s ) Screw (?*£) Spanner ( M R ) Trying plane (^ifR M l ) Try square ("5T? ?M3R) MraM aM ^RTeT. TpicTfl. M l Mi Rudder (^5?) S m o o t h i n g plane Mister Sickle ( f M c i ) ^l-vTl Mt Scissors (RH. fy Rebate Plane ( f t M M r ) Mn.

q^aTR £RT% ^r q ^ "^iTen qq ftcfR^t ^RT qq qtIR arftqqft cTglf cqgqR Enemy ( ^ n f l ) Explosive-Bomb Fortification Field Marshal (qStegqrcfa) Fighter Guerilla ( ^ f ^ T ) Gas-mask Gun-powder ( t r qra^?) q R ^ Land-force (3rs-q>Rf) Mutiny ( ^ f t ^ t ) Machine-gun (qyTH'H) qTc^i cfrq Navy ( ^ f ) Operation faTr? iteci cll^H cfrq cR a T T t P R T T T HlcbN-41 eTS^ c f T c T T (siTm^m) ^ "qfcl Prisoners-of-War (fitvR^-ami-ifR) Provisions (TftfeRH) Recruitment ( R s ^ ' d ) Seize ( # 3 ) Strategy ( ^ e ^ ) Submarine (fiqqfR) Troops (^RI) Treaty Torpedo boat ( z T ^ t cte) ^pfq^t qtviR WT?fr • E R T fifqfora MH^-^I "^RT \ <139) y .WARFARE Army (srpff) Armaments (3rmf#CTr) Ammunition A t o m b o m b (^eq •#}) Aggression (art?H) Auxiliary force Atomic Warfare (SRTfiRP A r m o u r (armre) Attack (aftcp) Anti-aircraft gun WfPTTC^H) Battle field Battle-ship (t^ef %q) Bombardment (eN^I^'d) Blockade (^cfrct^s) Belligerent Nation (^lel'KC Battle ( ^ c f ) Blood shed (^ns f r s ) Bomb ("#?) Brute force Bullet (fete) Cartridge ( c b w ^ ) Cavalry (%qef?[) Cannon-ball Campaign ( ^ R ) Commander-in-chief Conscription Civil-war (fafc^qR) Cannon (%qq) Cease-fire (^flra w r ) fcRR ^HNfcl tj-sw-wu itfi ^Ttq cPT^tefT q^ntf) qq ^Mf WTMT ^Ri Combatants ( ) ^ q q (i^Pujh) SFjqq (•^HICHI^H) Destroyer Demolization Defence Ministry (f^fRT ftPi*-^) Defence Service Expedition ( W T M ? R ) cf^ra 3HfhH l u ^en qpfaifl arfqqR.

MtTTeTR M w iftRR^eWRF v 5 T 5 R "ER TJR M s r n ^M^t M R T o T F Mfl R > « 1 M Mft M T J R > uFT? ?f ^ M f TRR? ?ainwRd RM^tMt RH?d? Patient Ward ( M r c M ) Emergency Ward (fR?Mt M ) Ladies Ward ( ^ M r M ) Dead Body.C.IN THE HOSPITAL Hospital (^iR^dd) Clinic (f^Pich) Doctor ( M e ? ) Nurse ( M ) Operation Theatre Children Ward Bleeding ( M f M ) Medicines (AteR-m-i) Pill Blood Pressure Urine Test Blood Test ("Serstre) Compounder (RTRRVJU^?) fMMmera Ul^^d oMlTcTO RjRboHcb ?tfMf Rft w RR^T RTcft R R > < H I Bandage ( t f M ) Bottle (MCT) Wheel Chair Physician M?) RM R? RMt Rfltff RTcft MPFI MTTR Orthopaedic (anstf^fM) f§iM?) ([^RHRWH) HrfMFfR) yicilRhiJI RR RfR?T R M R R R>!H RJRT Specialist ( ? M f M e ) E. (art M M ) Unconscious (3TRMTTI?I) Antibiotic ( M M ^ t f M ) Stethoscope MR^S M R T c R faRFT Injection (MR?TR) Mixture ( M ?TR?) Temperature Stool Test Mr 3 T R fRSPR dlMRH e#[RRM«T<R RcTRR M«R M f RT?R RRRTRR5 M c i fMra eRT RlRboHI^MftRM (£MR?) t?e) Sputum Test (?*?jeR t?e) Ambulance ( M g M ) Dose ( M F ) Thermometer ( M f M ? ) Injured Syrup ( M R ) Syringe ( f a l M ) Anaesthetist (M?afrMe) Anaesthesia ^T T R R ? eft ?f?R 1MR RT?J Mlil' R RM R R W cftdlUj ^n (?£MMr) Capsule (MRJ?T) Anaesthetize (arMsreTM) (MtcMrt) MRTRMrtht ftrfMfTR) •GA RRRT ri# MnMi Postmortem Room Analeptic ( ^ M f M ? ) Disease ( f e M i ) <T40) ^trM S T ? TU M T eM ?M R R 7IR R R RvR?l M k eft yrsRR ^gR^ MRI v M RTen M • M l £IRR> \ Mnfr M M %R T R dlchd .G. M M ) Fracture ( M r ? ) Dispensary ( f M r M l ) MrfSr eM ?RTTRTR Mft Maternity Home (•rMMI M ) Cotton (R5feR) Stretcher (?M?) R R MM Mspi eRraiRI.D. ( ^ . Corpse Plaster ( w * e ? ) ftMf crm RRR*ST Surgery (?rM^) Surgeon (?M?) Mrr? 3TR3 1Mh?TR) Ophthalmic (3RRM*TR*) X-ray ( W K * ) O.P.

M l M t Rrari hi-MI^ (MraiMPe) Cloth-merchant (rMhM?) Computer Operator (lERTCCp? 3lMe?) Carpenter RMR5T cbK<slHI Brokerage ^cMr Banker ( M ? ) -HI^cJJK Book-binder (ftp rt^s?) IM^ttmI (Mrt^t) Cashier (%fM?) Cleaner ( M M ) Carder ( r M ? ) Coolie Doctor ( M R ? ) Draughtsman (^I^H^H) Darner ( M ? ) Dentist ( ^ i M ) (cprM?) MR gfMT ^HKcii^cb M?e? Rcf?TRMl ? M cncn Bookman (^JMT) Butler (Ren?) Boat-man ( M M ) Beggar ( M ? ) Blacksmith ( M p f M i ) Bake ( M ) Broker ( M r ) Butcher (f^rc) Barber Bankrupt (M?<e) Book-seller (^ p M r ) Boutique ( f M ) •fMra "RMT? cfT^n WRT ^erra MffRR^rae? HldcpcPN WPiT ^TTM cflefl ?TRTTUI.Actor (^fe?) Advocate (i?MrM) Agriculturist PROFESSION AND OCCUPATIONS £Mr RRcfi Mta cfRc£ Contractor (R>Mie?) Cook (cpfi) Clerk (Mcp) Constable ( M £ f M ) Chauffeur ( M P ? ) Carpentry ( w M e f t ) Carrier (%ftq?) Conductor (RreRe?) Coachman ( M M F ) Compounder ( p r o ) Cobbler (Mra?) fofM ??fr?RT Artist (anMe) Astrologer (SRMM?) Auctioneer ( a f i M M ? ) Accountant (areMee) Author ( M r ) Auditor ( M M ? ) Artisan Agent ( M e ) Blacksmith ( CCWR-HSJ) Baker ( M ? ) Bakery ( M M Mrpr eR3cP fMraRft M-s d ic lH fMWR CJTEFT c P T ? Ml W e lf T cPI cPR MMT MFT e P H F H M 3 3TSR TifrM c T R T T cb^jd^ W P F R P clinch MrfETRM RlefT (3ttMr) MtIMT Compositor "fMpe. ^ R e f . EFMT Dramatist ( ^ R i M e ) Draper (M?) Dancer ( ^ r r ) Dyer ( ^ r ? ) Druggist U R i w ) Driver ( ^ R ? ) Drummer ( ^ r ) Enameller (M^CR) Editor ( M e ? ) Examiner ( t ^ t M r ? ) "Engineer (MrfM?) W Fisherman Farmer ( w h ) (wrr?) M MMrt tr MI Betel-seller ( M ^ M R ) Beauty Parlour (egSnflM Brazier ( M r ? ) M i Confectioner Chemist ( M R S ) 3TMl fMcTT M M r % ^rra M ^ M c&!?STR ^MM^RTen (rrM?r?) ^TR Ml R 5 T ?«TR Mtppr MsicP (1Mr^R) M ^ l cfTen 1Mtr MR^TT <141> .

Watchman (<JN£H) Washerman (^teR^R) Wholesale dealer (£)d*ld ^feR) Writer Watch-maker Water-carrier Waiter (cfs^) Weaver ( % r ) eftacfi ti^^ivH t^i 3 T S Z J T C c f > cymi^! •ER TR O i lm a n (strih ^R) Porter (^M^) Priest (tfr^e) Perfumer (WFjfR) Pedlar (^TScR) Painter Postman (^Re^r) Pilot (Mi^de) Potter ( T O ) Physician (fMurf^RR) Pleader ^fc^tH Hlldcfc Mt c J T o T T ^RTTXiT ^iRhill.E./ Grocer (# TR) Gate keeper Groom ( i p ) Gardener (^i^R) Green-grocer (fHrfnrR) Goldsmith ('iWR-Haj) Glazier (^rfvRR) Hawker (FfaR) inspector (^me^) Inkman Jeweller Juggler (^FICR) wff siKMId "W^fr Photographer ( W m m ) ^ t Prose-writer ('sfrMRTfs^) Poet (trftre) Publisher (uRd^us Principal (fy'R-md) Uchiyich TjyMNIil iract^P ^rraT ^TR VfRTT cTTT^ c I T c T r c T T C ^ T Retailer (ftt^R) Sculptor (-i-chc^ev) Shoe-maker ("St-"*^) Stamp-vendor ( ^ q ir^r) Sanitary Inspector Tfr^rt ^qmiff TTcSR^I^ c T IC T T ^ qTefT iT^Tfr "^raster W-fftJR ^JT iTET^t cflcn cRf^ cfTeft ^rf^?] cn?cp ^ CAINI^ Lawyer (cfaR) Landlord Milk-man (fac^iM) Milk-maid Messenger (^Rr^R) Mid-wife (firs mpft) Merchant Manager Miner (Mfsfrt^f^) Sailor ("fT^R) Shop keeper ( w r a ^ ) Shepherd Stamp maker(7M%cjr?) Tens Sweeper (^^fm) Surgeon ( ^ f a ) Seeds-man Tanner (t^R) Tailor (tcR) Tenant ( t ^ s ) ftRTt^R c T T d T (£ TSR ) ^PFRR frtF? ^rrai Mason (^R r ) Magician Musician (th^R) (^f^RR) ^nRitR^^ncn TT01 ^PTR Novelist ( HN R H ^) Nurse (^rtf) Peon (^Riah) T M Y ^ C P N Tin-man Treasurer(t^R?) Teacher Trader Tutor (^ff?) Turner T. M-jIclinch cliyiJH * T T e T c f > ^fR ^tftcT ^Tefl c P T R cfR^f cfrar tcTfepS WtSTcP ytfl artcp CAINI^I \ Proprietor ( T r t w ^ ) (?42) .T.

) (Deputy Superintendent of Police) (fet^i T r g ^ ^ s "gfcTO) Investigation) ("tf^H Firing Remand ("Rw^s) 31TO T f T c ^ t *]<HHI ^wdiw % fen? SRTcRl ^ ^f^R? Police Station ( ^ t o t & t r ) 8JHT Constable (<KI^«IH) Traffic Police ( t f ^ ^ m ) ^IdWId gfcm fl^RRT^' ^5RT Gang (%r) <143) . ^ p f l On Bail (3TR %cf) vHHIHd Stabbing O&fthi) D.Tff. (Central Bureau of f^wm D.G. (TRI.P (t^.I. (^.P.B.^.I. (#.) arr^R Cheating (Station House Officer) Challan (*IMH) Sub-Inspector (^ra-^ckiv) "ot s i f ^ r Assistant Sub-Inspector (arftrefe w . (sn^. art.O.) (Inspector General of Police) (fTPfcfe? yR^et 3 1 T O "jfcTO) S.G.) (Superintendent of Police) ^ro^ar^ H^iPi^sre* Dogs Squad (^FT Warrant (c|fc) Robbery (^rafl) Dacoity Pick-pocket (ft^-qTfe) Murder ( TR ^) S. t r t ^ .D.) (Criminal Investigation Department) (ftbf^McH s H ^ ^ I H Rsm<9fd) Tear Gas (£n?%r) Smuggling (wifctn) tftfl T T T c f HFTT ^t vjTFTT.POLICE DEPARTMENT I.^t.3TT (Deputy Inspector General) MIl'ih! ^q-^Tftfrar^ 'gfera Under Police Custody C.H.w f t ^ ) Kotwal (cbldciid) Armed Police (an^g ^fcra) Flying Squad (MxHi^i Control Room ( ^ t e i Theft (dme) Thief Smuggler (wTerc) Beat Constable "Pfwi cp«f "Eftff 2JFRR ^cJelclK Security (RHcNjR<?i) Investigation (^t^Mtr) C.3TT|.S.I. ( ^ .

000.000 2.000th First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth Eleventh Twelfth Thirteenth Fourteenth Fifteenth Sixteenth Seventeenth Eighteenth Nineteenth Twentieth Twenty-first Twenty-second Thirtieth Fortieth Fiftieth Sixtieth Seventieth Eightieth Ninetieth Hundredth Hundred-and-first Two Hundredth Thousandth Two Thousandth Millionth \ / . 1./ 1 Year 25 Years 50 Years 60 Years JUBILEE TABLE Anniversary ( ^ r c f f i ) Silver Jubilee Diamond Jubilee vjpicft) Golden Jubilee ( ' i W h vipicft) clinch w r ^ l \ NUMERALS CARDINAL NUMBERS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 200 1.000th 1.000th 2.000.000 One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty Twenty-one Twenty-two Thirty Forty Fifty Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One/a Hundred A Hundred and one Two Hundred One/a Thousand Two Thousand One/ a Million ORDINAL NUMBERS 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th 101st 200th 1.000 .

00.00.22.72.00.00.00.4 } EVEN NUMBERS Any number which is exactly divisible by 2 is called an "EVEN" number.00.000.3.00.00.4. called periods.000 1.00.23.00.00.000 10.60.00.00. NATURAL NUMBERS (OR) COUNTING NUMBERS All the numbers starting from ONE are called "NATURAL" numbers.21.00.00.3.000 1.00. Example : 2. <m) . and a comma is put after each period.3.00.000 1.000 In this system.5.000.000 1.000 10.000.00. we put a comma between the 3rd and 4th digits from the right.00.237.000 10. ODD NUMBERS Any number which is NOT exactly divisible by 2 is called an "ODD" number.00.) N = {1.237. Note : In England :1 Billion = Million Millions Millions In USA & France : 1 Billion = Thousand American 247.000000 In this system.afterwards.4.00. . the numbers are placed in groups of 2.5.000 1.00. (i.) W = {0.221.1.00.125 etc./ INDIAN SYSTEM OF NUMBERS One Ten Hundred Thousand Ten Thousand Lakh Ten Lakh Crore Ten Crore Arab Ten Arab Kharab Ten Kharab Neel Ten Neel Infinite 1 10 100 1.7 or 9.000 1.221.00.600.000 10.00.2.the number is ODD.895 Two hundred forty seven billion two hundred thirty seven thousand six hundred million two hundred twenty one thousand eight hundred and ninety five.000.00.00.14. (i.3.00.000 10.00. trillion two hundred thirty seven billion six hundred million two hundred twenty one thousand eight hundred and ninety five.5.000 100. and a comma is put after each period from the right.6. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF NUMBERS One Ten Hundred Thousand Ten Thousand Hundred Thousand Million Billion Trillion 1 10 100 1.00.4. An infinitesimal object is too small to be measured.2.56.000 10.00.Note : If the last figure of a number is 1.000. called periods.000 10.8. An infinite quantity is endless and cannot be measured.7.00.895 Forty seven neel seventy two kharab twenty three arab sixty crore one lakh twenty two thousand eight hundred and ninety five.10.e. 47.000. Example: 1.6 or 8 the number is EVEN.e.00.2.120 etc Note : If the last figure of a number is 0. Infinity A number that is too big to count.01. the numbers are placed in groups of 3.600.9.000 1.000 10.6 } WHOLE NUMBERS All natural numbers along with ZERO (0) are called "WHOLE" numbers.48.000 1.00.00.895 Two hundred forty seven British 247.

13. The stress falls on the last figure : 15. The 25 prime numbers below 100 are 2. 53. we say each separately: 15. 11. e. 47. 1/2 is a part of 1 (whole) FRACTIONAL NUMBERS & NAMES Number 1/2 1/3 2/3 1/4 3/4 1/5 2/5 15 1 /4 5/6 1/7 1/10 1/20 1/100 Name a Half a Third Two-thirds a Quarter Three-quarters a Fifth Two-fifth Fifteen and a quarter Five-sixths a Seventh a Tenth a Twentieth a Hundredth CUBES OF NUMBERS Any number obtained by multiplying a number twice by itself is the "CUBE" of that number. some times in British English. •d 6> . 41. 3.15. a point (. Therefore 25 is the square of 5. 17. 3x3x3 gives 27.50 3/4 can be written as 0. We also say point when speaking the number.g. 83.2 (fifteen point two) If there is more than one figure after the decimal point.75 In English. Therefore 16 is the square of 4. Squares of Numbers 1-20 Numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Squares 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 196 225 256 289 324 361 400 FRACTIONAL NUMBERS : (FRACTIONS) Any number which is a part of a whole is called a "FRACTION". nought point one five. the fraction 1/4 can be written as 0. These numbers are written as 1/2. we say zero point one five. 5/6 etc. 71. DECIMAL NUMBERS Fractional numbers can also be indicated by placing a dot called the "DECIMAL POINT".142 three point one four two In numbers less than one. Therefore 27 is the cube of 3. for example 0. 3/5. 29. point one five or.PRIME NUMBERS Any number which is divisible only by 1 and by itself is called a "PRIME" number.g. 73. e. 59.g. 67. 37. 7. 31. 19.) is use instead of a comma when writing decimals. 5x5 gives 25. 2/5. 23. e. 5. SQUARES OF NUMBERS Any number obtained by multiplying a number once by itself is the "SQUARE" of the number. 4x4 gives 16. 79.25 1/2 can be written as 0.25 fifteen point two five 3. 43. 89 and 97 Note : 2 is the only even number which is prime. 61.

Arabic Numeral 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 30 Roman Numeral I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXX XL Arabic Numeral 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.000 15. ROMAN NUMBERS Roman numerals are not widely used.000 10./ Roman Numerals.000 5.000.000 4. but used often enough so you should be able to read or interpret them.000 1.000 20.000 Roman Numeral L LX LXX LXXX XC C CC CCC CD D DC DCC DCCC CM M MV V X XV XX C M \ 40 <H!> . Following is a table of Arabic Numerals and their equivalent TABLE OF ROMAN NUMERALS.000 100.

000. A letter preceding a letter of equal of lesser value adds to it. MV = 4. V= 5 L = 50 C = 100 VI = 6 LX = 60 CXI = 111 3.675 DCXCIX = 699 DC (600) + DC (90) + IX (9) = 699 4. A bar over a Roman Numeral multiplies it by 1.000 XX = 20. You will quickly. of course./ The following examples illustrate the use and meaning of Roman Numerals.000 \ XV = 15. be able to remember and recognize smaller numbers. CDXCIII = 493 CD (400) + XC (90) + III (3) = 493 MDCLXXV = 1.675 M (1.000 <148> . 1. XVI = 16 X (10) + VI (6) = 16 XLIV = 44 XL (40) + IV (4) = 44 XCI = 91 XC (90) + I (1) = 91 For larger number simply examine the numbers and break it down into its elements and you will readily interpret the number. A Roman Numeral or letter preceding a letter of greater value subtracts from it : V = 5 L = 50 C = 100 IV = 4 XL = 40 XC = 90 2.000 V = 5. You will be able to recognize the elements or parts by applying rules 1 and 2 given above or by looking at the table of Roman Numerals.000) + DC (600) + LXX (70) + V (5) = 1.

7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70 77 84 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 12 24 36 48 60 72 84 13 26 39 52 65 78 91 14 28 42 56 70 84 15 30 45 60 75 90 16 32 48 64 80 17 34 51 68 85 18 36 54 72 90 19 38 57 76 20 40 60 80 95 100 96 102 108 114 120 98 105 112 119 126 133 140 96 104 112 120 128 136 144 152 160 99 108 117 126 135 144 153 162 171 180 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 99 110 121 132 143 154 165 176 187 198 209 220 96 108 120 132 144 156 168 180 192 204 216 228 240 117 130 143 156 169 182 195 208 221 234 247 260 91 104 98 112 126 140 154 168 182 196 210 224 238 252 266 280 90 105 120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225 240 255 270 285 300 96 112 128 144 160 176 192 208 224 240 256 272 288 304 320 85 102 119 136 153 170 187 204 221 238 255 272 289 306 323 340 90 108 126 144 162 180 198 216 234 252 270 288 306 324 342 360 95 114 133 152 171 190 209 228 247 266 285 304 323 342 361 380 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 7 ./ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 \ 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 51 54 57 60 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 TABLES AT A GLANCE Read from left to right and then from top to bottom to get the desired multiplication.

minus. circumference arc of a circle triangle square rectangle A • 1=1 divided by.. is congruent to difference between. inches % per cent •<SQ i> . is an element of. feet seconds of arc of time. because L L 1 II angle right angle is perpendicular to is parallel to ° ' " standard deviation (sample) T T ratio of circumference of any circle to its diameter base of natural logarithms degrees of arc or temperature minutes of arc or time. plus. also indicated by oblique stroke (8/2) or horizontal line [J parallelogram 4 5 f U ft e radical sign (i. belongs to = t = ~ equals. positive 1.e. square root sign) sum integral union intersection is a member of. negative x multiplied by MATHEMATICAL SYMBOLS 1. therefore since./ + 2. modulus of < is not less than < > a less than or equal to greater than or equal to is isomorphic to is to. is equal to is not equal to is identical with. subtraction sign 0 n circle. proportional to . absolute value of. is equivalent to = ~is approximately equal to > < ^ is greater than is less than — is contained as subclass within is not greater than D contains as subclass { } set braces 0 II the empty set. ratio sign : : as used between ratio 00 <i is a normal subgroup of M mean (population) a standard deviation (population) mean (sample) 5 infinity * varies as. addition sign 2.

g. 6. May 6.g. following facts.29. 5. <151) .MEASUREMENT NUMBERS MEASURES Unit 2 units units units units dozen = 1 = 1 pair = 1 dozen = 1 score = 1 gross = 1 gross 1 great gross DENOTING TIME The time after midnight and before noon is referred to as Ante-Meridien (a.m.m. July 8.) e. It takes 24 hours (one day) for the Earth to make one full rotation on its axis. October 11. June 7. August 9. January 2.m. And all the rest have thirty-one ! Except in a leap year. Wednesday Budhvar Thursday Friday Saturday Guruvar Shukravar Shanivar MEASURING TIME Time is measured through 1 the 7. June and November. February 3. 1723 units or MEASURING WEEK Number of the day British Sunday Monday Tuesday Indian Ravivar Somvar Mangalvar PAPER MEASURES 24 sheets 20 quires 1 perfect ream 10 reams 500 sheets = 1 quire = 1 ream = 516 sheets = 1 bale = 1 commercial ream 1. It takes 365 / 4 days for the Earth to go once round the Sun. there's the time when February's days are twenty-nine. 60 Seconds 60 Minutes 24 Hours 7 Days 28. March 4. December 31 days 28 days 31 days 30 days 31 days 30 days 31 days 31 days 30 days 31 days 30 days 31 days Thirty Days have September. April. February has twenty-eight alone. April 5. 2. 6 p. September 10.) e. 3 a. MEASURING YEAR 1. November 12.30 or 31 Days 12 Months 365 Days 366 Days 10 Years 100 Years 1000 Years = 1 Minute = 1 Hour = 1 Day = 1 Week = 1 Month = 1 Year = 1 Year = 1 Leap Year = 1 Decade = 1 Century = 10 Centuries = Millennium Note : Fortnight means a period of two weeks. 4.m. The time after is noon and to as before Postmidnight referred 12 20 144 12 Meridien (p. 3.

) 10 Metres = 1 Decametre 10 Decametres = 1 Hectometre 10 Hectometres = 1 Kilometre (1 km.) = 10 Centilitres = 10 Decilitres = 10 Litres 10 Decalitres 10 Hectolitres = = = 1 Centilitre 1 Decilitre 1 Litre ( 1 litre = 1000 ml. There are 100 degrees Celsius between the normal freezing point of water (0°C) and the boiling point of water (100°C). To convert °F to °C. KINDS OF ANGLES Zero Angle An angle of 0° is called the Zero angle Acute Angle An acute angle is lesser than 90° Right Angle An angle of 90° is called a right angle 90° Obtuse Angle An obtuse angle lies between 90° and 180° Straight Angle A straight angle = 2 right angles 180° = 180° Reflex Angle A reflex angle lies between 180° and 360° Complete Angle A complete angle = 4 right angles 360° = 360° DEGREE FAHRENHEIT (°F) The unit of temperature There are 180 degrees Fahrenheit between the freezing point (32°F) and the boiling point (212°F) of water. = 1000 mm. subtract 32. and divide by 9.) 1 Decalitre 1 Hectolitre 1 Kilolitre (1 kg.) (1 g. r (152> . = 1000 mg) 10 Grams 10 Decagrams 10 Hectograms 10 Kilograms 10 Myriograms 10 Quintals = = = = = = 1 Decagram 1 Hectogram 1 Kilogram 1 Myriogram 1 Quintal 1 Metric Tonne MEASURES OF CAPACITY 10 Millimetres (ml. KELVIN (K) The SI unit of temperature Absolute zero has a temperature of 0 K (zero kelvin). gram deci centi milli MEASUREMENT OF WEIGHT 10 Milligrams (mg) 10 Centigrams 10 Decigrams = = = 1 Centigram 1 Decigram 1 Gram MEASURES OF LENGTH 10 Millimetres = 1 Centimetre (cm.X Thousand MEANING OF METRIC PREFIXES 1000 Kilo Hundred 100 hecto Ten 10 Basic Unit 1 Tenth 1 Hundredth 1/ Thousandth A '10 100 '1000 deca Metric units metre. = 100 cm.) MEASURING TEMPERATURE Degree Celsius or Degree Centigrade (°C) The most widely used unit of temperature. The kelvin scale does not have negative values. litre.) 10 Centimetres = 1 Decimetre 10 Decimetres = 1 Metre (1 m.) (1 tonne = 1000 kg. = 1000 g. multiply by 5. and one kelvin is equivalent to a degree Celsius. = 1000 m.

SI UNITS Basic SI units Quantity Length Mass Time Electric current Temperature Light intensity Amount of substance Unit Metre Kilogram Second Ampere Kelvin Candela Mole Symbol m kg s A K cd mol Quantity Area Volume Frequency Force Pressure Energy Power Electric potential Electrical resistance Electric charge Radioactivity Derived SI units Unit Square metre Cubic Hertz Newton Pascal Joule Watt Volt Ohm Coulomb Becquerel Symbol m2 m3 metre Hz N Pa J W V Q C Bq Basic SI units and derived SI units The seven basic units have scientific standards that define the size of the units with great precision. and I milligram (1 mg) is one-thousandth of a gram.000. which is French for "international system".000.000.000 (103) hecto h x 100 (102) deca da x 10 Using multiples and submultiples Multiples and submultiples allow one unit to be used whatever the amount measured.000. Large masses are measured in kilograms. as shown on the fright. For example. so that scientists around the world can all record the results of their experiments and make their calculations using the same units. Name deci centi milli micro nano pico Decimal submultiple Symbol d c m M n P Multiple 10 h.000.000.000. All derived units are related to the basic SI units. DECIMAL MULTIPLES AND SUBMULTIPLES Decimal multiple Name Symbol Multiple tera T x 1.000.000.000.000 grams. The metre and its standard are given in the entry above on SI units. and equals the distance that light travels in 1/299.000 (106) kilo k x 1.792./ PREFIXES FOR UNITS An international unit of measurement used in science SI stands for Systeme International.000.000 (10-9) 1.000.000 (1012) giga G x 1.000 (10-12) Note : kilo means a thousand times hecto means a hundred times deca means ten times deci means a tenth part of centi means a hundredth part of milli means a thousandth part of 0l3> . Other basic units and derived units also have their own entries elsewhere in the dictionary.000(10-6) 1. One example of an SI unit is the metre. This is the SI unit of length. Light is used as a standard because it has a constant speed.000 (109) mega M x 1. The system of SI units has been agreed for international use. and small masses in milligrams.000 (10-3) 1.100 (10-2) 1.458 of a second through a vacuum. 1 kilogram (1 kg) is 1.

COMMON ABBREVIATIONS
A/c Adj. Advt. Ans. Aug. a.m. Amt. Apr. B. Ed. B.C. B.A. B.Com. B.B.C. Capt. C.I.D. Co. cm. Col. C/o D/Dec. D.I.G. Diet. D. Litt. Do. Dr. D/o Dft. D.S.P. Dis. D.L.O. Dpt. E. ECG Ed. Estd. Account 1. Adjective 2. Adjustment Advertisement Answer August (ante meridiem) before mid day amount April Bachelor of Education Before Christ Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Commerce British Broadcasting Corporation Captain Criminal Investigation Department Company Centimetres Colonel (cjrfo) Care of Dated December Deputy Inspector General Dictionary Doctor of Literature (ditto) the same as aforesaid 1. Debtor 2. Doctor Daughter of Draft Deputy Superintendent of Police Discount Dead Letter Office Department East Electrocardiograph Editorial Established ex. E. & O.E. Esp. Etc. Feb. Fig. ft. F. Fem. F.o.r. Gen. Gm. G.P.O. H. Hon. h., hr. H.Q. I.A. I.C.U. I.G. i.e. int. Jan. junc. Kc. km. kg. kl. lb. Ltd. lab. Lt. Lt. Gov. Mad. M.D. Min. ml. M.L.A. Mme. M.P. Mrs. M.B. M.B.A. M/s.

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= Example = Errors and omissions excepted = Especially = (etcetera) and the other = February = Figure = feet = Fahrenheit = Feminine = Free on rail = General = gram = General Post Office = Hydrogen = Honourable = hour = headquarters = Indian Army = Intensive Care Unit = Inspector General = (id est) that is = interest = January = junction = kilo cycle = Kilometre = kilogram = kilo litre = (libra) pound = Limited = laboratory = Lieutenant = Lieutenant Governor = Madam = = = = = = = = = = Doctor of Medicine minute Milli-iitre Member of legislative Assembly Madame Member of Parliament Mistress Bachelor of Medicine Master of Business Administration Messrs

X

<154>

A

misc. M.A. M.O.

Mr. m.p.h. N.B. Neg. No. Nov. O. Oct. Opp. Obj. O.K. Oz. P.C. Ph. D. pm. P.O. P.T. P.T.O. p.c. plu. P.M.

Pt. pt. P.W.D. Q. Qty. qr. Re. Retd. R.S.V.P. Rd. ref. Rs. S/o Secy. Sec.

miscellaneous Master of Arts 1. Money Order 2. Medical Officer Mister miles per hour (nota bene) Note well Negative (numero) in number November Oxygen October Opposite Object (Okeh) All correct ounce Post Card Doctor of Philosophy premium Post Office Physical Training Please turn over (percent) by the hundred plural 1. Prime Minister 2. (Post Meridiem) Afternoon Pandit Point Public Works Department Question Quantity quarter Rupee Retired (Respondez s'il vous plait) reply, if you please Road reference Rupees Son of Secretary Secondary

Sep. St. S. Sat. sec. sig. sing. Sub. T.B. Tel. T.O. T.V. tech. tele. tr. U.S.S.R. U.D.C. U.P. U.S.A. U. U.K. Vid. V.P. V.P.P. V. viz. V.I.P. Wed. W/o W.H.O. W. w.f. wt. Xm. X Yr. Zn. &

= September = 1. Street 2. Saint = South = Saturday = second = signature = singular = Subject = Tuberculosis = Telegraph = Turnover = Television = technical = telephone = transfer

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= Union of Soviet Socialist Republics = Upper Division Clerk = Uttar Pradesh = United States of America = Uranium = United Kingdom = (vide) see = Vice-President = Value payable parcel = (versus) against = (videlicet) namely = Very Important Person = Wednesday = Wife of = World Health Organisation = West = = = = = = = wrong fount weight (X'mas) Christmas numeral for ten Year Zinc (et.) and

(155)

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WORDS WHICH COMMONLY CONFUSE
Accept (3Tcj#e) Except (i^cHW) Access (anf^f) Excess (wn^rr)
A d v i c e (^ CII ^- H )

N

Cattle (%cr?f) Kettle ( t o ) ^ j ; "TFt. 3Tf?IcjKn; yqRT. Cloth (cfcnar) Clothes (cfvTt^vi) Cost (WRS) Cast Caste ( CPTTS) Cheque (^fr) ttrsn ^TT; M>tmyf ^ n . Check (^P) Canvas (IRCRI) Canvass (t^Tcra) Cite ( w e ) Site (mi?) Card ^cj^l 0M-SI. *M<JM-II cf><HT. w i ^ n ; cpan; 6TOR. "?«TR; wfii. VRft. MicjiishH; ftrepji-f^. ; "EFFEN;-PTR •snn. TfRT. "T^Rajef. % \JtRRT ^TCf vJfFj fiftl f^rui. RlH^iji fcT^t ijR-dcbl.
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ONE WORD SUBSTITUTIONS
A person residing in a country of which he is not a citizen. Anarchy (3HT^) 3NMcbdi Absence of Government, Annual ("^ara) wf^fi Happening every year. Anonymous (3 r T%to ) 'j^Rm That does not bear the name of the writer. Antiseptic (^iiuj^sjcp) Aquatic ^rcraJ That which counteracts purification.

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V H C H ^ n Living in (or near) water.

Atheist (arafRe) HiR-d* One who does not believe in god. Audience (sfffciHT) srmFm An assembly of listeners. Autobiography (sff^MfRt-TTTtfr) an^wm The life story of a person written by himself. Amateur

(WzfR) W ^ T H T

One who pursues some art or sport as hobby.

Autograph (affst-WP) -gg® ^zrfrfi % I ^ T S R To get signature of some important person in his own hand writing. Bankrupt (tfcrre) (or Insolvent) teciifdiii One who cannot pay off his debt. Biography itfra^l The life story of a person. Brittle (Hren) jpgRi Liable to be easily broken. Botany (wfc^t) cm-qfa f^rsTH The science of vegetable life. Barometer (tRffle?) c i i ^ u ^ i i pressure. Blonde ( ^ u ^ ) golden hair. Cantonment Temporary quarters made for military men. Catalogue (4?rfHT'i) ^ M d A list of the names of books. Century ( ^ g f l ) yidi«?i One hundred years. Colleagues (gMT'XH) ^ - ^ r N n f f Persons working together in the same institution. Combustible (cb^*<?McH) y^eHsTlcH Liable to catch fire easily. Contagious Credulous
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t^tto i f s An instrument for measuring atmospheric

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A beautiful lady of fair complexion and

warmp A disease communicable by contact. m One who believes easily whatever is told. A book which tells what various words mean. w r a ^ Government of the people, by the people, for the people. ^fpu Fit to be eaten.

Democracy Dictionary (ferer^fl) Edible (-qf^ra) ^

Eligible (QRHRHeid) ^fr^J One who is fit to be elected. Extempore ( i ^ u f w ) d^bicH TTfro A speech made without previous preparation. Egoist Fastidious Fatal 3Tfcn^I A person who always thinks of himself.
(WR^RF^RA) ^ R T S U

Hard to please.

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Were* That which causes death.

(159)

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That which cannot be moved. That which cannot be heard. Insoluble (<H<Hlc^d) srgcRiflcf That cannot be dissolved. Infallible (^ibichdd) awpvf A person who cannot make a mistake. A most wicked and cruel man. A post for which no salary is paid. ^rrara The first night of a newly married couple. Incredible ( ^ tbR. Vehicles to carry corpse (dead body). ^ H K M \ H^RVIN Germicide (^rifar^s) Honorary ( 3 f F ^ I ) Hades Hearse Holdall (£)d^fd) Honeymoon Hoyden ( F F R P ) Hospitable (^IMfera) OTfas^cmff One who entertains his guests. Indispensable (snOw-i^-Md) 3iPicji4 That which cannot be dispensed with. Linguist ( f c ^ R e ) One who knows many languages. Irreparable (sjyR^tid) anrtoRi That cannot be repaired. Hypnotism (fenifevH) wrIf^ fen A science of hypnosis by which a hypnotist can induce an artificial sleep on others. Library (HT^tff) ^TcPTcTO A place containing books for reading or reference. Inseparable (^H^M ^d) 3if3m That cannot be separated. Substance having power to destroy germs./ Fatalist (tftefaree) Fiend (^ft^s) One who believes in fate. Hydra (¥T^|T) f r w i An imaginary serpent with many heads. Insurmountable ( ^ m f e ^ r a ) Invisible That cannot be overcome. STTR Incapable of being approached. ar^rai That cannot be seen. Lower world beneath the earth. Illegible (^d^f^eid) awd^ii That which cannot be read. \ (160) / . Irrelevant (s^cWd) aFTifci Not to the point. Kidnap ( f ^ g ^ j ) 3W£>iui To carry away a person forcibly. Irritable (^Riefd) Ri-ssRi^si One who is quick to anger. A canvas bag to hold bedding etc. Illiterate Immovable Inaccessible ( f ^ ar^fMlcra) Inaudible ( ^ affffera) One who can neither read nor write. Insatiable (3H<i^Md) did^fi That which cannot be satisfied. Invincible (^nRnRHeid) ar^ta Incapable of being conquered. ^d^et) ers^f A very romping girl. Illegal ($dcft<id) srtrtr Contrary to law. Ineligible ( ^ j f o ^ k H ) 3r*fRf Not fit to be elected or selected. Kindergarten ( f e s n T ^ ) f^T^jaff "ept A school for kids.«id) 3rfSre^rcr%J That which cannot be believed.

Manifesto ( ^ . TRuitTRRi Something done for a person after his death. Tryst TPTO \ ^sra a place for meeting of two lovers. Opaque (afefi) aiMKcjyfcb A lady who attends sick persons or infants. Matinee Manna Nurse Omnipotent ^TF? ^raraff ^ f ^ T T A cinema show which is held in the afternoon. 3 K R T One who steals from the pockets of others. Pedestrian Pickpocket Postmortem Posthumous Quorum Right ^fa One who walks on foot. One who takes the bright side of things. (161) / . ^rm Food offered to the Gods./ Maiden speech Mercenary % G R T fen w w i TWJT A speech made for the first time. "^ferfetTR One who is powerful.T l W l ) "efrnwr—^T^r A written declaration of Government or a political party (* IHT) Matrimonial (t^Fftfera) yR^iRchi A lady who attends sick person or infants. ^HdH 3ficiyi|ch w i Required minimum number of members to be present in the srfSjcPR Privilege. ^pft Of evil reputation. \ Manuscript ( ^ g f e F e ) mu^leift Papers written by hand. Notorious (^Mfara) ^ r m . Pessimist ( M r f e s ) femraT^f One who takes the dark side of things. Parables (^t^r^a) itfct ^parnj Stories which build moral. Migratory (^i ^ilri^l) WMHPTff That moves from one place to another. Optician Optimist Oasis ^ n 3TI?MT?[ ^Ten One who prescribes glasses. Millennium ( f e r f e m ) "rr^Rn^l Thousand years. Scholarship (<w>IcnRim) W5f^frf Allowance given to intelligent students. Teetotaller (^Tet^cR) w p ^ ^len One who totally abstains from alcoholic drinks. Orthodox (snafrsfer) *ifdcii<?i A man of traditional beliefs. enjoyed by citizens. Shrew ("faqj SFFSTOJ^ A peevish woman. meeting to pass a resolution. like being awarded. Omnipresent ( s f F W r ^ ) ^fezmrcp One who is present everywhere. fen? Concerning marriage. Popular (Ml^eN) ^nffiter One who is liked by the people. 9Rcfr^q A man working merely for money. Panacea (^hi R wi) ^Hdiui 3fmfSr A remedy for all ills. Orphan ( s t r i r ) aRiar A child whose parents are dead. ^rftsn An examination made after death. (cj^Rh'H) A shady fertile place in the desert. Sanatorium ( ^ d l R i w ) strT^i 3TTSR A place for invalids and convalescents. Omniscient ( a i l ^ W ) TferraT One who knows everything.

/ Transparent Unavoidable A body through which light can pass. \ (162) / . Widow ( f e t ) ferai A woman whose husband is dead. animals etc. Universal (^Pfe^d) ftfl^zmft A rule that is applicable to all. are kept. \ Turncoat (e4cbte) R-i^id wnTf A person who changes his party or principles easily. Waterproof ( d l e ^ ) ^ra a f e t o Through which water cannot pass. Zoo (vsjj Hrfemrc A place where birds. arawwnft That which cannot be avoided. One who has long experience. Widower (fetere) fej* A man whose wife is dead. Voluntary (^Tclttl) few ^t Of one's own free will. Vegetarian Veteran (cr^TR) siicbi^ One who lives on vegetables only. Unintelligible (sR-g^fciftraci) arato That which cannot be understood.

250 28.700 U.S.481 17.320 19.800 U.500 South America Parana 2.S.680 Canada Mackenzie 2.000 Colorado Canada 2.000 St.A.175 7.000 S.R Aconcagua Argentina Mackinlev Alakska Cotopaxi Ecuador Kilimanjaro Tanzania Elburz U.958 9.FAMOUS FAMOUS MOUNTAINS Height (feet) 29. Hardinge India Orinoco Venezuela Severn England Victoria Jubilee.600 Africa Niger 2.R.892 4.887 17.190 3.900 Yangtze-Kiang China 3.160 Amazon South America 3. 2.500 U. Lawrence Canada 2.700 Turkey/Syria/Iraq Euphrates Tibet/India/Pakistan 1.400 Congo Africa 3.S.S.038 2.500 Yenisei U.S.447 24.795 15.A.S.S.340 18.590 22.720 Danube 1.S.E. Amur 2./ WORLD .R.451 4. Asia Mekong 2. Ob 2.771 FAMOUS BRIDGES Location Africa Denmark Scotland India India Scotland Portugal Scotland Scotland Waterway (miles) 27a 2 2 17s 174 172 174 174 17 8 17s 1 1 1 1 74 Zambezi Storstrom Tay (Rail) Upper Sone Godavari Forth (Rail) Salazar.S.R.R.R.000 \ FAMOUS RIVERS Location Everest Nepal/Tibet K2 Kashmir Sikkim Kanchenjunga Kashmir Nanga Parbat Nepal Annapurna Nanda Devi India Kamet India/Tibet Communism Peak U.000 Yukon Tibet/India 1.600 U.340 Mississippi U.R.450 10.028 28. 2.300 Volga U. Montreal Canada Sydney Harbour Australia Length Location (miles) Nile Africa 4.800 Brahmaputra Europe 1.S.645 25.834 20.504 25.S. San Francisco U.A.068 17.S.344 19.680 12.S.600 Zambezi India 1. Mexico Popocatapetl Kenya Kenya Ararat Turkey Ruwenzori Uganda/ Cangolese Republic Mont Blanc France 16.700 Indus Africa 1. Lena 2.660 26.S.667 <163) . Lisbon Tay (Road) Forth (Road) Golden Gate.S. 2.560 Ganges FAMOUS VOLCANOES Height Location Cotopaxi Mauna Loa Erebus Etna • Ruapehu Paricutin Hekla Vesuvius Stromboli Krakatau Ecuador Hawaii Antarctica Sicily New Zealand Mexico Iceland Italy Italy Indonesia (feet) 19. 2.635 China Hwang Ho 2.168 26.612 13.S.S.

Djakarta Rio de Janeiro Seoul Leningrad Chicago Berlin (E & W) Mexico City Tientsin Osaka Kolkata Tehran Chennai Indonesia Brazil Korea U.000 22.S.S.430 10.A.S.S.A.R.S.000 3.S.A.000 9. Germany Mexico China Japan India Iran India NAMES OF OCEANS Antarctic Arctic Atlantic Indian Pacific NAMES OF THE CONTINENTS Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Europe North America South America <j64> X .R.R.R. U.780 11. Africa Canada Africa Canada/U.S.275 11. feet) 143.S.R.S. India Japan China U.S.800 26. Bolivia/Peru (Sq.FAMOUS LAKES Area Location Caspian Sea Superior Victoria Aral Sea Huron Michigan Tanganyika Great Bear Baikal Nyasa Great Slave Chad Erie Ladoga Onega Titicaca U.940 7.A. Greater Buenos Aires Moscow Peking Sao Paulo Mumbai Cairo New Delhi England Argentina U. Africa Canada U.A.S.800 3.700 12.A.S.S.550 31.R. Canada/U.300 23.980 10. Africa U.S.400 12. U.S.S. China Brazil India U.R. U.S. Canada/U.R.200 FAMOUS & LARGEST CITIES Tokyo Shanghai New York London.S.A.800 25.S. U.S.

Toys.S.A.A.S.S. Aircraft.S.A. Indian Telephone Industries and Machine Tools Resin Industry. U. Scotland Cuba U. Textile Cigar Films Gold mines Diamond Mining Woollen Goods Films./ TOWNS ASSOCIATED WITH INDUSTRIES \ FOREIGN Town Baku Bangkok Belfast Buenos Aires Cadiz Chicago Detroit Dresden Glasgow Havana Hollywood Johannesburg Kimberley Leeds Los Angeles Lyons Morocco Munich New Orleans Pittsburgh Plymouth Sheffield Venice Vienna Wellington Country Russia Thailand Ireland Argentina Spain U.A.A. France North Africa Germany U. Motors.S. Carpets.S.A. Woodwork <T65> X . South Africa South Africa England U. U.S. U. Oil Silk Leather Lenses Cotton Iron and Steel Ship-building Cutlery Glass Glass Dairy Products INDIAN Town Ahmedabad Aligarh Alwaye Ambarnath (Near Mumbai) Ankleshwar (Gujarat) Bangalore Industries Cotton Locks Rare Earths Factory Machine Tools (Prototype Factory) Bareilly Oil Cotton Textiles. England England Italy Austria New Zealand Industries Petroleum Shipping Ship-building and Linen Goods Dairy Products Cork Gramophone Automobiles Optical and Photographic Apparatus Machinery.A.

) Delhi Dhariwal Digboi Durgapur Ferozabad Guntur Gwalior Howrah Jaipur Jagadhari Jalahalli Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) Jharia Kanpur Katni Khetri Koyali Ludhiana Moradabad Mysore Nangal Nepanagar Neyveli Noonamati Perambur (Near Madras) Industries Shoes Steel Heavy Electricals Steel Plant Cotton Textile.Calico printing Silk Fertilizers Newsprint Lignite Oil refining Railway Coaches Factory <166> . Cinema \ Jute Manufacture. Pottery and Brassware Paper Machine Tools Factory and Electronics Iron and Steel goods Coal Leather. Shoes Cement Copper Petro-chemicals Hosiery Utensils.P..D.T. Electric Bulbs and Lamps Lime-stone.Town Batanagar Bhilai Bhopal Bokaro Mumbai Kolkata Chhindwara (Madhya Pradesh) Chittaranjan (West Bengal) Churk (U. Coal Locomotives Cement D. Textiles and Housing Woollen goods Petroleum Steel Glass Cotton Manufacture Pottery Jute Embroidery.

Baghdad 2. Louis 25. Khartoum 12. Rangoon 23. Paris 20.Town Pinjore (Haryana) Pimpri (Pune) Rana Pratap Sagar Raniganj Rourkela Rupnarainpur (West Bengal) Sindri Singareni (Andhra) Singhbhum Surat Suratgarh Tiruchirapalli Titagarh Trombay Varanasi Vishakhapatnam i Industries Machine Tools Penicillin Factory Atomic Power Plant Coal mining Steel. Fertilizer Cables Fertilizer Coal Copper Textiles Modern Agricultural Farm Cigar Paper Atomic Reactors. Fertilizers Silk Textile Ship-building TOWNS SITUATED ON RIVER BANKS FOREIGN Town 1. Prague 21. Belgrade 3. Buenos Aires 6. London 15. St. Warsaw Town River \ CT67) / . Hang Chow 9. Karachi 11. Lahore 13. Moscow Moskva Hudson St. New York 18. Lawrence Seine Vitava St. Lisbon 14. Vienna 28. Budapest 5. Lawrence Irrawadi Tiber Mississippi Darling Arakawa Danube Vistula 17. Cairo 7. Kabul 10. Madrid River Tigris Danube Spree Danube La Plata Nile Liffey Yangtse-Kiang Kabul Sindh Nile Ravi Tag us Thames Menzaneres 16. Rome 24. Dublin 8. Ottawa 19. Sydney 26. Berlin 4. Quebec 22. Tokyo 27.

Asbestos ("^ ciicHi d-^HAi emj) 3. 22. 20. 4. 10. Gold (^PTi) 9. 8. 12. Tungsten ( ^ ^ t f t n f l t n ^ ) 21. 14. Copper (diHi) 7. 7. Mica 17./ TOWNS SITUATED ON RIVER BANKS INDIAN Town 1. Silver (^rMt) 20. 17. Lead (#^tt) 12. 25. Marble ( w j m ) 16. Thorium ucbu eft tn^) 22. 16. 24. Diamond 8. Uranium (f^isTld ^RjaiI ^i^ch (2) Andhra Pradesh (2) Andhra Pradesh (2) Andhra Pradesh (2) Gujarat (2) (2) (2) (2) Bihar Maharashtra Rajasthan Kerala (m) ' . Limestone ( ^ t 'qRarc) 14. 27. 19. Ayodhya Badrinath Kolkata Cuttack Delhi Dibrugarh Ferozepore Guwahati Hardwar Hyderabad Mineral MINERALS IN INDIA Name of the State (1) Orissa (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) Karnataka Bihar Rajasthan West Bengal Bihar Madhya Pradesh Karnataka Rajasthan Bihar Rajasthan Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan Bihar Assam Rajasthan Karnataka Bihar Kerala Bihar (2) Bihar (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2) Bihar Kerala Kerala Bihar Rajasthan Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Orissa 1. Allahabad River Jamuna Confluence of the Ganges and the Jamuna & Saraswati Saryu Alaknanda Hoogly Mahanadi Jamuna Brahmaputra Sutluj Brahmaputra Ganges Musi 13. 9. 11. Petroleum (^rfcRFi) 18. Aluminium (qc^ftP^H) (from Bauxite) 2. Red Stone {tmw&R) 19. Iron (effFf) 11. 23. 5. 15. Manganese (^i-Tltf) 15. Cobalt ('Plere % ttch t f W sjt^) 5. Coal (cbl^di) 6. 6. Zinc (uH-di) 13. 26. Agra 2. 18. Gypsum ( u f ^ i 10. Town Jabalpur Kanpur Kotah Leh Lucknow Nasik Pandharpur Patna Saikowaghat Sambalpur Srinagar Srirangapatnam Surat Varanasi Vijayawada River Narbada Ganges Chambal Indus Gomti Godavari Bhima Ganges Brahmaputra Mahanadi Jhelum Cauvery Tapti Ganges Krishna \ 3. 21. China Clay ftfl) 4.

P.P. Barley ("sft) 2. Maize ( T O ) 10. Sugarcane ( ' H i ) 13./ AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN INDIA Agricultural 1. Rice (*iicid) 11. Spices {M t-wic}) 14. Cotton (chMKH) 7. Sandal Wood 12.P. Coconut & Copra ( f e n ) 5.P. (a) West Bengal (a) Karnataka (a) U. Forster George Bernard Shaw Eric Maria Remarque Charles Dickens Louis Fischer Chester Bowles George Bernard Shaw Gunnar Myrdal . Galbraith E.K. Indigo ( f e i ) 8. (a) Kerala (a) Assam (a) Maharashtra (a) Punjab (b) Bihar (b) Karnataka (b) Kerala (b) Tamil Nadu (b) U. Tobacco 16. Cinchona (J^H 4>l ^rs) 3. (b) U. Jute (Md^H) 9. Wheat m j Product Name of the State (a) Punjab (a) Tamil Nadu (a) Karnataka (a) Kerala (a) Karnataka (a) Maharashtra (a) Bihar (a) West Bengal (a) U. Coffee (cwfr) 6. (b) Kerala (b) Tamil Nadu (b) Tamil Nadu (b) Kerala (b) Gujarat (b) Tamil Nadu (b) Assam (b) Bihar (b) Andhra Pradesh \ FAMOUS BOOKS BY FOREIGN AUTHORS Books A Stranger in the Mirror Anna Karenina A Farewell to Arms Adventures of Sherlock Holmes Alice in Wonderland Affluent Society A Passage to India Androcles and the Lion All Quiet on the Western Front A Tale of Two Cities A Week with Gandhi Ambassador's Report Arms and the Man Asian Drama Authors Sidney Sheldon Leo Tolstoy Ernest Hemingway Arthur Conan Doyle Lewis Carroll J.M. Tea 15. Cashew nut (^Tujj 4.

Humphrey Aldous Huxley Eddington Charles Lamb Jane Austen A.L.Antony and Cleopatra As You Like It August 1914 Babbit Blind Ambitions Bitter Sweet Ben Hur Blind Beauty Candida Candide Cancer Ward Comedy of Errors Crime and Punishment Caesar and Cleopatra Canterbury Tales Count of Monte Cristo Crisis in India. The David Copperfield Das Kapital Doctor's Dilemma Death of a President Don Quixote Doctor's Wife Dr. Zhivago Deserted Village Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Divine Comedy Education of a Public Man. Jekyll and Mr. Morton Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre Thomas Hardy Ernest Hemingway John Galsworthy . Hyde Dr. The Ends and Means Expanding Universe Essays of Elia Emma Freedom in Arms Freedom at Midnight Far From the Madding Crowd For Whom the Bell Tolls Forsyte Saga William Shakespeare William Shakespeare Alexander Solzhenitsyn Sinclair Lewis John Dean Noel Coward Lewis Wallace Boris Pasternak George Bernard Shaw Voltaire Alexander Solzhenitsyn William Shakespeare Fyodor Dostoevsky George Bernard Shaw Geoffrey Chaucer Alexander Dumas Ronald Segal Charles Dickens Karl Marx George Bernard Shaw William Manchester Miguel de Cervantes Brian Moore Robert Louis Stevenson Boris Pasternak Oliver Goldsmith Edward Gibbon Dante Hubert H.

1 Books Faust Father and Sons First Circle Fenius and Lust Friends.W. Rowling Saul Bellow Victor Hugo John Gunther John Gunther Alfred Tennyson Homer H.His Biography Jungle Book Jean Christopher Julius Caesar Kennilworth Kidnapped Kim King Lear Kipps Le Contract Social (Social Contract) Lady Chatterley's Lover Lead Kindly Light Love Story Les Miserables Authors J.H. Wells Sir Walter Scott Charlotte Bronte Allan and Wendy Scarfe Rudyard Kipling Romain Rolland William Shakespeare Sir Walter Scott Robert Louis Stevenson Rudyard Kipling William Shakespeare H.P. Rousseau D. Not Masters Gone with the Wind Gathering Storm Great Illusion Good Earth Gulag Archipelago Great Expectations Gulliver's Travels Gulistan Hamlet Harry Potter Humboldt's Gift Hunchback of Notre Dame Inside Asia Inside Africa Idylls of the King Iliad Invisible Man Ivanhoe Jane Eyre J.J.G. Buck Alexander Solzhenitsyn Charles Dickens Jonathan Swift Sheikh Saadi William Shakespeare J.. Von Goethe Ivan Turgenev Alexander Solzhenitsyn Henry Miller Ayub Khan Margaret Mitchell Winston Churchill Norman Angel Pearl S. Wells J.R. Lawrence Vincent Shean Eric Segal Victor Hugo .G.

Books Lycidas Living Room Lolita L' Allegro Life of Dr. Johnson Magic Mountain Macbeth Major Barbara Man and Superman Man Eaters of Kumaon Man, the Unknown Mother Mother India Mein Kampf Murder in the Cathedral Merchant of Venice Much Ado About Nothing Mysterious Universe Marriage and Morals Nine Days Wonder Nemesis Nineteen Eighty Four Oliver Twist Of Human Bondage Odyssey One World Origin of Species Othello Old Man and the Sea Pride and Prejudice Pakistan Crisis Paradise Lost Promises to Keep Pilgrim's Progress Pygmalion Peter Pan Prince Public Persons Pickwick Papers Rain King, The Rainbow, The Reprieve Rape of the Lock

Authors John Milton Graham Greene V. Nobokov John Milton James Boswell Thomas Mann William Shakespeare George Bernard Shaw George Bernard Shaw Jim Corbett Lewis Carroll Maxim Gorky Katherine Mayo Adolf Hitler T.S. Eliot William Shakespeare William Shakespeare James Jeans Bertrand Russell John Mansfield Emile Zola George Orwell Charles Dickens W. Somerset Maugham Homer Wendell Wilkie Charles Darwin William Shakespeare Ernest Hemingway Jane Austen David Loshak John Milton Chester Bowles John Bunyan George Bernard Shaw J.M. Barrie Machiavelli Walter Lippmann Charles Dickens Saul Bellow Pearl S. Buck Jean Paul Sartre Alexander Pope

Books Romeo and Juliet Republic Rape of Bangladesh Robinson Crusoe Rubaiyat-i-Omar Khayyam Red Star Over China Razor's Edge Rains Came Sleeping Murder Samler's Planet Scarlet Pimpernel Story of My Life Sense and Sensibility Shahnama She Stoops to Conquer St. Joan Sohrab and Rustom Shape of Things to Come Spirit of the Age Sons and Lovers Three Musketeers The Other Side of Midnight Talisman Tales from Shakespeare Tess of D'Urbervilles Treasure Island The Idiot Twelfth Night The Trumpet Major Thank You, Jeeves Triumph Time Machine Tropic of Cancer Utopia Universe Around Us Unto This Last Ulysses Upturned Soil Vicar of Wakefield Victim, The War and Peace Walking on the Water Wuthering Heights Wealth of Nations Way of All Flesh Waste Land

Authors William Shakespeare Plato Anthony Mascarenhas Daniel Defoe Edward Fitzgerald Edgar Snow W. Somerset Maugham Louis Bromefield Agatha Christie Saul Bellow Baroness Orczy Moshe Dayan Jane Austen Firdausi Oliver Goldsmith George Bernard Shaw Matthew Arnold H.G. Wells William Hazlitt D.H. Lawrence Alexander Dumas Sidney Sheldon Sir Walter Scott Charles Lamb Thomas Hardy Robert Louis Stevenson Fyodor Dostoevsky William Shakespeare Thomas Hardy P.G. Wodehouse J.K. Galbraith H.G. Wells Henry Miller Thomas Moore James Jeans John Ruskin James Joyce Mikhail Sholokhov Oliver Goldsmith Saul Bellow Leo Tolstoy Hugg Cudlipp Emily Bronte Adam Smith Samuel Butler T.S. Eliot

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FAMOUS BOOKS BY INDIAN AUTHORS
Books Adhe Adhure Arthashastra Agni Pariksha Autobiography of an Unknown Indian Ain-i-Akbari Asia and Western Dominance Bhagwat Geeta Between the Lines Ba Mulahaza Hoshiar Broken Wing Coolie Chidambara Confession of a Lover Continent of Circe Chinese Betrayal Death of a City Distant Neighbours Durgesh Nandini Discovery of India Divine Life Gardener Geet Govinda Glimpses of World History Gora Gul-e-Naghma Gana Devata Gitanjali Godan Guide Harshacharita Hindu View of Life Himalayan Blunder Hungry Stones India after Nehru India Divided India Wins Freedom India from Curzon to Nehru and After I Am Not an Island India, The Critical Years India, The Wasted Years 1969-75 I Follow the Mahatma Judgement, The Jobs for the Millions Authors Mohan Rakesh Kautilya Acharya Tulsi Nirad C. Chaudhuri Abul Fazal K.M. Pannikar Maharishi Ved Vyas Kuldip Naiyar Narendra Pal Singh Sarojini Naidu Mulk Raj Anand Sumitranandan Pant Mulk Raj Anand Nirad C. Chaudhuri B.N. Mullick Amrita Pritam Kuldip Naiyar Bankim Chandra Chatterjee J.L. Nehru Swami Sivananda Rabindra Nath Tagore Jaidev J.L. Nehru Rabindra Nath Tagore Raghupati Sahai Firaq Gorakhpuri Tara Shanker Bandhopadhyaya Rabindra Nath Tagore Prem Chand R.K. Narayan Bana Bhatta Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Brigadier J.P. Dalvi Rabindra NathTagore Kuldip Naiyar Rajendra Prasad Abul Kalam Azad Durga Das K.A. Abbas Kuldip Naiyar Rajinder Puri K.M. Munshi Kuldip Naiyar V.V. Giri

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Karaka Vishnu Sharma Nayantara Sehgal Jaya Prakash Narayan Rabindra Nath Tagore Prem Chand Maharishi Balmiki Tulsidas Kalidas Kalhan Harsh Vardhan P. My Friend Authors Jai Shanker Prasad Bana Bhatta Sri Aurobindo Mahatma Gandhi Bhavabhuti V.P.V.R.Books Kamayani Kadambari Life Divine My Experiments with Truth Malati Madhav My Life and Times Mahabharata Meghdoot Mudra Rakshasa Many Worlds Nisheeth Out of Dust Panchtantra Prison and Chocolate Cake Prison Diary Post Office Prem Pachisi Ramayana Ram Charita Manas Raghuvansa Raj Tarangini Ratnavali Red Tape and White Cap Story of My Life Sunny Days Shakuntala Satyarth Prakash Shri Ramayana Darshanam Saket Shahnama Swapna Vasavadatta Two Leaves and a Bud Untold Story Urvashi Uttara Ramcharita Unhappy India Vish Vriksha Vande Mataram Wall of Glass. The Witness to an Era War of Indian Independence Yashodhara Yesterday and Today Yayati Zulfi.S. Rao Morarji Desai Sunil Gavaskar Kalidas Swami Dayanand K. Menon Uma Shanker Joshi D. Khandekar Piloo Mody <jzD .P.F.A.S. Kaul Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Bhavabhuti Lala Lajpat Rai Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee K.V.M. Menon V.V. Giri Maharishi Ved Vyas Kalidas Vishakhadutta K.S. Puttappa Maithili Sharan Gupta Firdausi Bhasa Mulk Raj Anand General B. Abbas Frank Moraes Vir Savarkar Maithili Sharan Gupta K.

Ajmer Alexandria Located in Rajasthan is a pilgrim centre for Muslims. Located in Uttar Pradesh is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage for being the confluence of three rivers— the Ganga. Located near Aurangabad in Maharashtra state are famous for the Buddhist cave temples which are ornamented with sculptures carved with paintings./ Place Abu Simbal Adam's Bridge Agra Ajanta & Ellora IMPORTANT PLACES (Indian and Foreign) Location and Importance Located on the bank of Nile river in Egypt. Moti Lai Nehru is now dedicated to the Indian National Congress. The Pharos of Alexandria-a marble watch town and light house on the island of Pharos in the harbour of Alexandria—is also located here. <176> location of X Avadi . The tomb of Khwaja Muin-ud-din Chishti is also located here.P. Situated in Allahabad. The 17-mile long bridge is only a line of rocks and sand-banks between Sri Lanka and India. Alwaye Amarnath Amritsar Anand Anand Bhawan Aurangabad Located in Kerala is known for the FACT unit manufacturing fertilizers and Monazite factory. is known for Taj Mahal. residence of Pt. Situated in Tamil Nadu is known for the Government-owned heavy vehicles factory. the Jamuna and the Saraswati. Located in Gujarat State is famous for co-operative milk-dairy. Located on the bank of the Jamuna in U. founded by Alexander the Great^is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Located in Maharashtra state is famous for the tomb of Aurangzeb and his wife. Fort and Pearl Mosque. A renowned city and sea-port of Egypt. Aliabet Allahabad Located near Bhavnagar in Gujarat state is the site of the first offshore oil well in India. is known for the ancient rock-cut temples by Ramesses II. Located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and situated at a height of about 13000 feet is a famous Hindu pilgrim centre. Located in Punjab is known for the Golden Temple and is remembered for the Jalianwala Bagh Tragedy. AMUL butter and milk being the chief products.

It is in Agra and is famous as a religious and cultural seat of the Hindus who believe in Radha Swami Sect. The famous Buland Darwaza is located here. It is the big clock installed in 1859 on the tower of British Parliament House building in London. factories are in this town. The Chandigarh Chittaranjan Chittorgarh Dayalbagh Detroit Delhi Dhariwal Digboi Durgapur Elephanta Empire State Building Etna Fatehpur Sikri It is located near Faizabad in U. Indian Telephone Industries and H. Situated in Bihar is known for a big oil refinery in public sector.M. It is a gate way of Fatehpur Sikri in Agra and is known for its height (176 feet). Located in Florida (U. It is an island in Bombay harbour and famous for rock-cut caves. Old capital of India and is famous for its historical and religious monuments. It is in Punjab and is famous for woollen goods. The capital of Orissa is famous for Linga Raja Temple. It is India's most promising off-shore oil area in Arabian Sea.S. It is a volcano in Italy. It is in Israel and is the birth place of Jesus Christ.) is the missile launching centre and headquarters of NASA. It is a town in U.A.A. About 35 kms. Situated in Bihar is known for the Steel Plant. from Agra in Uttar Pradesh is of tourist importance. Hindustan Aircraft Factory. Joint capital of Punjab and Haryana states. Situated in Madhya Pradesh is known for the big steel plant set up with the assistance of Russia.T. It is in Punjab and is known for the Bhakra Dam.S. <m> . Rama is the most important king associated with this place. It is the capital of Karnataka state. Located in New York is one of the world's tallest buildings. Situated in West Bengal is known for the manufacture of railway locomotives. Located in West Bengal is famous for the steel plant. which is famous as the biggest car manufacturing place in the world. It is situated in Rajasthan and is known for Tower of Victory which was built by Rana Kumbha. Located in Washington houses the Senate (The Parliament of the United States of America).^ / a c " Location and Importance Ayodhya Bangalore Barauni Bethlehem Bhakra Bhilai Big Ben Bhubaneshwar Bokaro Bombay High Buland Darwaza Cape Kennedy Capitol.P. It is in Assam and is known for oil fields and oil refinery.

The Secretariat of the Soviet Government is located here. An industrial centre situated in Bihar. Located near Puri in Orissa is known for Black Pagoda and Sun Temple. It is known for the world famous Whispering Gallery. It is in Rajasthan and is famous for Jain Temples. A town in Uttar Pradesh is known for Government opium factory. These were first planted in 603 B. A major port in Gujarat and is famous for fertilizers. Iron and steel industries of the Tata Iron & Steel Co. It is in Saudi Arabia and is known for being the birth place of Prophet Mohammed.. Located in Bihar is famous for the coal industry. Located in Madhya Pradesh is famous for diamond mines <m> .C. by King Nebuchadnezzar and are located 60 miles south of Baghdad. the founder of Islam. Draupadi Ratha and Dharmaraja chariot are also located here. Al Aqsa Mosque and the Wailing Wall are located here. It is located near Agra in U. It is the capital of Cuba and is known for the manufacture of cigars. It is in West Bengal and is famous for oil refinery set up in collaboration with Romania and France. Ltd. It is in Madhya Pradesh and is known for the newsprint factory which is owned by the Government. A town in Tamil Nadu is famous for the Meenakshi Temple. A town in Punjab is famous for hosiery. Jews and Muslims. It is in Netherlands and is famous for the seat of the International Court of Justice. The 1500-mile long fortification in China running from Kansu province to Hopeh province was built by the Chinese Emperor Shih Hawang. They are in Karnataka and are one of the highest waterfalls in the world. The Haldia Hanging Gardens of Babylon Havana Jamshedpur Jerusalem Jharia Jog Falls Kandla Konark Kremlin Ludhiana Madurai Mahabalipuram Location and Importance Mathura Mecca Monte Carlo Mount Abu Nepanagar \ Panna Situated in Uttar Pradesh is known for the glass bangle industry. It is located near Madras and is famous for the rock-cut temples.Place Ferozabad Ghazipur Gole Gumbuz Great Wall of China Hague. are located here. cycle and sewing machine industries. The famous Arjuna Ratha.P. It is a place of pilgrim importance for the Muslims. It is a large fortified citadel in Moscow. Located in Bijapur (Mysore) is the largest dome of the world. A place of pilgrimage for the Christians. Located in France is known as a gambling centre. is famous for the birth place of Lord Krishna. One of the seven wonders of the world.

A fertilizer factory is located here. the Father of the Nation was cremated in January 1948. It is a lake in Rajasthan which is famous for salt. Located in New York is U. Located in Madhya Pradesh is famous for Buddhist Stupas.D.'s important stock exchange market. The spectacular falls and impressive canyons of the Yellow-stone River are the maior attractions here.S. It is situated in Delhi on the bank of Jamuna. A lake in Rajasthan which is a place of pilgrimage of the Hindus. Located in Andhra Pradesh is famous as a satellite launching centre. Also a place of pilgrimage for Hindus. the first Prime Minister of India was cremated here in May 1964. It is near Hardwar in Uttar Pradesh and is known for the antibiotic factory.'s oldest and largest national park. President John Adams was the first President of America to live here. Lai Bahadur Shastri was cremated here in January 1966. It is U.A. It is a big harbour on the eastern coast of India in Andhra Pradesh and is famous for the ship building industry and oil refinery. A town in Orissa is known for steel plant and fertilizer factory. . Pt. Deer Park and Ashoka Pillar are located here. It is near Mumbai in Maharashtra and is known for India's atomic power station. Located in Calcutta was built in memory of Queen Victoria. Jawahar Lai Nehru. Located in Chittor in Rajasthan was built by Rana Kumbha in 1448 to commemorate his victory. The world's longest bridge (4260 feet) between Staten Island and Brooklyn. Located in Maharashtra is known for the penicillin factory. Located on the bank of Jamuna in Delhi is the place where Mahatma Gandhi. Official residence of the American President since 1800 A. It is situated in Delhi on the bank of Jamuna.Place Perambur Pimpri Pushkar Rajghat Location and Importance \ Rishikesh Rourkela Sambhar Sanchi Sarnath Shanti Van Sindri Sriharikota Tarapore Thumba Ujjain Verrazano : Narrows Bridge Victoria Memorial : Vijay Ghat Visakhapatnam Wall Street White House Yellowstone : Located near Madras in Tamil Nadu is known for Integral Coach Factory where passenger coaches are manufactured. It is an industrial town of Bihar. It is near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh and is a famous Buddhist pilgrim centre. New York. An ancient city in Madhya Pradesh is famous for Mahabaleshwar Temple.S.A.

Salk Lord Joseph Lister Otto Hahn Rutherford Dr. Raman Rudolf Diesel Dr.C. Willard Frank Libby Dalton Bohr and Rutherford Daimler Torricelli Montgolfier Eijkman Macmillan Harvey Land Steiner Pascal Zeiss Robert Koch James Harrison and James Simpson Parkes Thomas Edison R.V.A. Philip Drinker Alfred Nobel Michael Faraday Volta Coulomb Edison Joule. Bose C.INVENTIONS AND INVENTORS Invention Aeroplane Aniline Dyes Air-brake (for rail-roads) Anti-polio Vaccine Antiseptic Surgery Atom Bomb Atom—breaking up the nucleus of an Atomic Clock Atomic Theory Atomic Structure Automobile Barometer Balloon Beri Beri—cause of Bicycle Blood Circulation Blood Transfusion Calculating Machine Camera Cholera bacillus Chloroform Celluloid Cinematography Cosmic Rays Crescograph Crystal Dynamics Diesel Oil Engine Drinker's Chamber Dynamite Dynamo Electric Battery Electric Attraction—Fundamental. Millikan J. James Prescott Ohm . Law of Electric Lamp Electrical Energy—Measurements of Electrical Resistance—Law of Inventor Wright Brothers Hoffmann George Westing-house Jonas E.

Philip Drinker Frank Whittle U. Banting Binet Dr. Thomson Bohr Fick Charles Darwin Waterman Kodak Daimler Thomas Edison Newton George Cayley Igor Ivan Sikorsky— 1939 Gregor Mendel Hahnemann Cockerell Cavendish Louis Pasteur Edison F.J.Invention Electricity Current Electrons—Discovery of Electron Theory Fick's Law Evolution—Theory of Fountain Pen Film and Photographic goods Gas Engine Gramophone Gravitation—Laws of Glider Helicopter Heredity—Laws of Homoeopathy Hovercraft Hydrogen Hydrophobia Incandescent Bulb Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes) Intelligence Tests Iron Lung Jet Propulsion Kala-azar Fever Laughing Gas Lever—Principle of (and of Specific Gravity) Life Boat Lift (Power Elevator) Lightning Conductor Logarithms Lenses Machine Gun Magazine of Rifle Malaria Parasite Manufacture of Washing Soda Inventor Volta J. Ronald Ross Laplanc .N. Brahmachari Priestley Archimedes Henry Greathead Otis Benjamin Franklin John Napier Zeiss Dr. Gattling Mauser Dr.

Carothers Shalimar Alexander Fleming Mendeleev Edison A.R. Ramsay Chadwick Otto Hahn W.H./ Invention Mechanical Equivalent of Heat Megaphone 'Montessori' method of teaching children Meson Microphone Microscope Morse System of Electric Telegraphy Military tank Motion—Law of Multiple Proportions—Laws of Natural Selection—Laws of Neon—gas Neutron Nuclear Fission Nylon Paints Penicillin Periodic Law Phonograph Photo-electric-cell-Theory of Photography Photography (coloured) Photography (Roll Films) Photography (Under-sea) Phototherapy PneumaticTyre Power loom Printing Press Psycho-analysis Quantum Theory Radio-activity Artificial Radio-activity of Uranium Radar Radio Radio Telephone Joule Inventor Edison Maria Montessori Hideki Yukawa David Edward Hughes—1878 Janssen (improved by Galileo) Morse Swinton Newton Dalton Charles Darwin W. Finsen Dunlop Cartwright Cutenberg Dr. Daguerre Gabriel Lippman George Eastman Edgerton N. Becquerel L. Sigmund Freud Max Planck Madam Joliot and Irene Curie A. Henry Becquerel Robert Watson Watt Marconi Lee De Forest Alexanderson <182> X Radio Transmitter .

L. Salk Robert Mallet Elias Howe Dr. Vulcanising Wireless Telegraphy X-ray Yellow fever—Causes of (Trade Name Inventor Madame Curie Stephenson A. Henry Becquerel Edward Jenner Funk F. James E.C. Domagk Lee De Forest A. Hopkins Good Year Marconi Roentgen Reed . Wernher Von Brown John Hadley Fulton James Watt Sir Henry Bessemer Laennec John P. Einstein Christiaan Barnard Colt Humphrey Davy Gillette Dr. Holland—1875 Waksman G.Invention Radium Railway Engine Relativity—Theory of Heart Transplantation Revolver Safety Lamp (Miner's) Safety Razor Salk Vaccine (Anti-polio) Seismograph Sewing Machine Space Flying Sextant Steam Boat Steam Engine Steel Smelting Process Stethoscope Submarine Streptomycin Sulpha drugs Talkies Telephone Telescope Telescope (Reflecting) Television Apparatus Thermometer Vacuum Flask Torpedo Transistor Tubercle Baccilli Typewriter Uranium Vaccination (Smallpox) Vitamins Vitamin D Rubber. Shockley Koch Sholes A. Graham Bell Hans Lippershey—1608 Newton J. Baird Fahrenheit Thermos Flask) James Dewar Robert Whitehead W.

India. The first Sherpa to reach Mount Everest on May 29. Commanded the first expedition in 1519 to sail round the world and discovered a passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic through the straits. Discovered West Indies in 1492 and South America in 1498. Marco Polo Nausen Robert Peary Shackleton Sven Hedin Explored China. Captain Cook Columbus David Livingstone Edmund Hillary Discovered in 1770. Explored across Green land and reached the highest altitude in the North Polar Region till then attained. 1969. Discovered Edsel Ford mountains and Morie Byrd Land. Discovered the Victoria Falls. 1958. First person to set foot on the moon on July 21./ Amundsen Byrd GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES Discovered South Pole in 1911. Ferdinand de Lesseps Kepler Johannes Lindberg Magellan Conceived the plan of the Suez Canal which was completed in 1869 through his efforts. Discovered the Laws of Planetary Motion in 1609. A Swedish explorer who contributed to the geographic and archaeological knowledge of the large areas of Central Asia. First person to reach the North Pole in 1909. Tasman Tenzing Vasco da Gama A Dutch navigator who discovered Tasmania and New Zealand in 1642. Lake Nyasa in Africa and course of the Zambezi Joint conqueror of Mount Everest with Tenzing. Made the first solo-flight across the Atlantic from New York to Paris in 1927. Flew over the North Pole in 1926 and over the South Pole in 1929. 1953 along with Edmund Hillary. (T§4) Sandwich now called Hawaiian Isles Neil Armstrong \ . A Portuguese navigator who rounded the Cape of Good Hope and discovered the sea route to India in 1498. In a Trans-Atlantic expedition he reached South Pole on January 3. South eastern countries and published the record of his various explorations. An Arctic explorer who reached within 100 miles of the South Pole.

/ SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR USE \ Altimeter Measures altitudes in an aircraft. heart beating. Measures intensity of sound. A compass with legs measuring the inside or outside diameter of bodies. It consists of a series of lenses arranged to throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs.. Compass Needle It is used for knowing approximately the North-South direction of a place. It is used for measuring humidity in air. study of \ lungs etc. Measures the force and velocity of wind. It generates electricity. It is kept on board ships to measure accurate time. A machine that reproduces sound. (185) . It is used for recording sound under water. Helps in breathing in infantile paralysis. blood pressure.e. Crescograph Drinker's Appartus Dynamo Electro encephalograph (EEC) Epidiascope It is used for recording the growth of plants. Calorimeter Carburettor Measures quantities of heat. It is used to record graphically physiological movements. Improves imperfect sense of hearing. in living beings. It is the technique of recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain It is used for projecting films as well as images of opaque articles on a screen. Cardiogram Chronometer Cinematograph Traces the movements of the heart. It is used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids. Measures the atmosphere pressure. Charges air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine. Fathometer Gramophone Hydrometer Hydrophone Hygrometer Kymograph It is used for measuring depth of the ocean. i. Ammeter Anemometer Audiometer Audiophone Barometer Callipers Measures electrical currents in amperes.

Pipette It is a glass tube with which a definite volume of liquid can be transferred. It is used to guide the sailors. Telescope Clinical Thermometer It is an apparatus used for observing distant objects. Micrometer A micrometer is an instrument for measuring very small distance and angles. A sextant is an instrument for finding latitude. Teleprinter It is an instrument which prints automatically messages sent from one place to another on telegraph lines. are used in Radio and Television Microscope Odometer It is an optical instrument for magnifying objects. It is an instrument to hear and analyse the movements of heart and lungs. Parachute It is a umbrella-shaped safety device used in an emergency by the passengers of an aircraft or by paratroops during war. It is used to record the distance covered by wheeled vehicles. Seismograph Sextant Stethoscope It is an instrument to record earthquake shocks. It is an instrument to determine speeds of aeroplanes and motor-boats. It is an apparatus used for measuring temperature of the human body./ Lactometer Mariner's Compass It is used for measuring the purity of milk. Rain Gauge Saccharimeter It is an apparatus to record rainfall at a particular place. Microphone Microphones broadcasting. Stop Watch Tachometer It is used to record small intervals of time. It is an instrument to determine the amount of sugar in a solution. Its needle always points North-South. <186> . Radar It is used to detect the direction of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio micro-waves.

18. 14. 21. 2. 7. 1. <187> . 29. 6./ 1. 19. 6. 3. 10. 20. 8. 28. 15 16. 4. STATES OF INDIA States Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Delhi* Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamilnadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh West Bengal New States Chhatisgarh Jharkhand Uttranchal Capitals Hyderabad Itanagar Dispur Patna Delhi* Panaji Gandhi Nagar Chandigarh Shimla Srinagar Bangalore Thiruvanathapuram Bhopal Mumbai Imphal Shillong Aizawl Kohima Bhubaneshwar Chandigarh Jaipur Gangtok Chennai Agartala Lucknow Kolkata Raipur Ranchi Dehradun \ UNION TERRITORIES 2. 22. Union Territories Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Lakshadweep Pondicherry Capitals Port Blair Chandigarh Silvassa Daman Kavaratti Pondicherry (Punducherry) 3. 17. 26. 9. 25. 12. 5. 4. 5. 27. 13. 24. 11. 23.

NATIONALITIES./ COUNTRY Afghanistan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan China Cyprus India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea Kuwait Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Nepal Oman Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Syria COUNTRIES. CURRENCIES & CAPITALS (ASIA) NATIONALITY Afghan (^T) («HlcHI<^l) (<3?R) (^Hl) ('MISSJ'H) (Ifew) (sj-^RKII) (trR) (tn^) (vHNIH) (W^T) (cbvHlftvMH) (HiaJ chlRill) Bahraini Bangladeshi Bhutani Chinese Cypriot Indian Indonesian Iranian Iraqi Israeli Japanese Jordanian Kazakhstani North Korean South Korean Kuwaiti Laotian Lebanese Malaysian Maldivian Mongolian (AMM) (3?RFT) (mfcbwiH) (c^ex) VM^RIAI ) (fq^FH) Nepali Omani Pakistani Qatari Saudi Arabian Filipino or Philippine (R HII^) (^hcichi) (faffcn) Singaporean Sri Lankan Syrian pound dollar rupee Syrian pound Singapore Colombo Damascus CURRENCY afghani dinar taka ngultrum yuan Cyprus pound rupee rupiah rial dinar shekel yen dinar tenge won(KPW) won (KRW) dinar kip pound ringgit rufiyaa tugrik rupee rial rupee riyal rial (SAR) piso CAPITAL Kabul Manama Dhaka Thimphu Beijing Nicosia New Delhi Jakarta Tehran Baghdad Jerusalem Tokyo Amman Alma-ata Akmola Pyongyang Seoul Kuwait Vientiane Beirut Kuala Lumpur Male Ulaan Bator Kathmandu Muscat Islamabad Doha Riyadh Manila \ South Korea (-HIvJSM chlRill) (ffcl) (eTTSITft) (^HIH) (Hc^RlAll) (HldftcH) > (188) ' .

Turkish Emirates dollar tajik rouble baht turkish lira dirham som (UKS) dong riyal (YER) rouble Taipei Dushanbe Bangkok Ankara Abu Dhabi Tashkent Hanoi Sarfa Moscow (vJuHRb+dM) (RWdHm) Uzbekistani Vietnamese Yemeni Russian (TO) (AFRICA) Algeria Angola Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Congo Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia (^WJI) (dl^^Rill) ('win) (Jlfi^AJI) ("STHT) RqRdcb) W (ctfRft) Chadian Congolese Djiboutian Egyptian Equatorial Guinean Eritrean Gabonese Gambian Ghanian Guinean Guinean Kenyan Lesothonian Liberian ethiopian birr franc CFA dalasi cedi guinean franc peso (GWP) kenya shilling loti liberian dollar Asmara Libreville Banjul Accra Conakry Bissau Nairobi Maseru Monrovia franc CFA franc CFA djibouti franc pound franc CFA N'Djamena Brazzaville Djibouti Cairo Malabo chH^H) cfnr crsf) 3TffTen) « M l < r < H c J M | ) wft) Algerian Angolan Botswana Burkinan Burundian Cameroonian Cape Verdean Central African dinar kwanza pula franc CFA burundi franc franc CFA cape verde escudo franc CFA Bangui Algiers Luanda Gaborone Ouagadougou Bujumbura Yaounde Praia X <189> .Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen Russia (dl^clH) Taiwanian Tajik Thai Turk.

( ^ P l c M f f r . John's Dominican Rep. ) Dominican Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica (t^T^l) ('dl^Hldl) Grenadian Guatemalan Haitian Honduran Jamaican > (190) ' . Cape Town Khartoum Dodoma Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome & Principe Senegal Seychelles Somalia South Africa Sudan Tanzania ftHflljq) Senegalese ('AVIWH) Seychelleois Somalian ("HMiM 3UI>W>l) South African Sudanese (dHvHlPfill) Tanzanian franc CFA Seychelles rupee somali shilling rand sudanese pound/ dinars tanzanian shilling (NORTH AMERICA) Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Canada Cuba Dominica (ebHkSl) (cJ^T) (^flPlfrl) Bahamian Barbadian Belizean Canadian Cuban Dominican ( ^ y a n Tying Antiguan east Caribbean dollar bahamian dollar barbados dollar belize dollar Canadian dollar cuba peso dollar peso oro dollar quetzal gourde lempira dollar Nassau Bridgetown Belmopan Ottawa Havana Roseau Santo Domingo St. George's Guatemala City Port-au-Prince Tegucigalpa Kingston St./ Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania (MdiPm) (iftffefara) (Tfl^) < Hl^vH^) (HljvflRm) (ycl^l) Madagascan Malawian Malian Mauritanian Mauritian Moroccan Mozambican Niger-Congo Nigerian Rwandan malagasy franc kwacha (MWK) franc CFA ouguiya mauritius rupee dirham (MAD) metical franc CFA naira rwanda franc dobra Antananarivo Lilongwe Bamako Nouakchott Port Louis Rabat Maputo Niamey Abuja Kigali Sao Tome Dakar Victoria Mogadishu Pretoria.

Sucre Brasilia Santiago Bogota Quito Georgetown Asuncion Paramaribo Montevideo Caracas (OCEANIA) Australia Fiji Marshall Is. Micronesia Solomon Is. D. Islander Nauruan Tongan dollar dollar dollar dollar dollar dollar pa'anga Canberra Suva Dalap-Uliga-Darrit Palikir Honiara No official capital Wellington Nuku'alofa New Zealander dollar (EUROPE) Albania Andorra Austria Belarus (dkSlVl) (^iR-diJl) (cldl-M-l) Albanian Andorran Austrian Belorussian lek franc/peseta schilling rouble Tirana Andorre la Vella Vienna Minsk .C. \ / . Nauru New Zealand Tonga (Hl^) (-ilyTlelu^) (dHIl) (3ll^fcHA||) (IWft) (HiyTcH 3TH?. Lucia Trinidad & Tobago United States of America (P|cbKIJJ3n) (mhihi) ("#5 cjR^l) (1MRR X T T T g riT^'ll) (^Hl^-s! Mexican Nicaraguan Panamanian Caribbean Trinidadian peso cordoba balboa dollar dollar Mexico City Managua Panama City Castries Port of Spain \ American dollar Washington./ Mexico Nicaragua Panama St. (SOUTH AMERICA) Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Guyana Paraguay Surinam Uruguay Venezuela C^H^dl) (TJ3THT) (sflcflEim) (sJlvjfplcH) (xJl^d) (cblcilf^ill) Argentinian Bolivian Brazilian Chilean Colombian Ecuadorean Guyanese Paraguayan Surinamese Uruguayan Venezuelan peso boliviano real Chilean peso peso sucre dollar guarani guilder peso bolivar Buenos Aires La Paz.) Australian Fijian Marshallese Micronesian S.

Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania San Marino Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine (*5VSSH) (R-cldvHy^l-d) (^MH) (^HlPKJl) ^RWl) (wife) Pi ill) (M^u-d) (Hlcril) (H^chl) (elrifclill) ((ihHclu-d) (wRl) (Tiptft) (IfRr) (FT^f) (yis^i^) (ail^cHM) (^HHli) (<s|eHlR*Jl) (fbll^ian) Belgian Bulgarian Croatian Czechs Dane/Danish Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hungarian Icelander Irishman Italian Latvian franc lev kuna koruna krone kroon markka franc deutsche mark drachma forint krona pound lira lats franc litas franc lira franc guilder krone zloty escudo lei lira tolar peseta krona (SEK) franc karbovanets pound sterling new dinar Brussels Sofia Zagreb Prague Copenhagen Tallinn Helsinki Paris Berlin.w i ^ h ) Liechtensteiner (fcH^aiiPiiii) Lithuanian Luxembourger Maltese Monegasque Dutch Norwegian Pole/Polish Portuguese Romanian San Marinese Slovenian Spanish Swedish Swiss Ukrainian British Yugoslavian United Kingdom ( ^ h i ^ Yugoslavia (^ilwiRiiii) . Bonn Athens Budapest Reykjavik Dublin Rome Riga Vaduz Vilnius Luxembourg Valletta Monaco Amsterdam Oslo Warsaw Lisbon Bucharest San Marino Ljubljana Madrid Stockholm Berne Kiev London Belgrade ( h i ^ h .

ARORA'S .

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