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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition

Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. hacker nerd extradition lenient naive appellant bail contention disproportionate intolerable

1. If something is ___________________, it is much bigger (or smaller) than it should be. 2. If something is ___________________, it is impossible to bear or deal with. 3. If a law is ___________________, it punishes someone less severely than it could. 4. A ___________________ person is one who lacks experience of life and tends to believe things too easily. 5. An ___________________ is someone who appeals against the decision of a court of law. 6. ___________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 7. ___________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 8. A ___________________ is an opinion or statement that something is true. 9. A ___________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other people’s computers illegally. 10. A ____________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers.

2

What do you know?

Decide whether these sentences are True (T) or False (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The Pentagon is the home of the US government’s department of defence. 2. The European court of human rights is in Brussels. 3. The attacks on the Word Trade Centre and the Pentagon took place in 2002. 4. The UK has much tougher computer crime laws than the USA. 5. One UK pound is worth approximately two US dollars. 6. Terrorist suspects held at Guantanamo Bay are known as ‘enemy combatants’.

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 3 Advanced
the same category applied to terrorist suspects interned at Guantánamo Bay. McKinnon’s lawyer, Karen Todner, said her client had now exhausted his options in the UK and would be taking his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. “Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer,” she said. “His case could have been properly dealt with by our own prosecuting authorities. Instead, we believe that the British government declined to prosecute him to enable the US government to make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have stated that they want to see him ‘fry’. The consequences he faces if extradited are both disproportionate and intolerable and we will be making an immediate application to the European court to prevent his removal.” 5 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has consistently argued that he was merely a ‘bumbling computer nerd’ who caused no damage but was merely searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom, looking for loopholes which would help him get inside their networks in order to prove his contention that the existence of aliens had been covered up by the CIA. 6 He left messages on the desktops of computers he had hacked into, a mistake that allowed the authorities to trace him. “It got a bit silly,” he told the Guardian in 2005. “I suppose it means I’m not a secretive, sophisticated, checking-myselfevery-step-of-the-way type of hacker.” 7 McKinnon’s lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK as the hacking raids were conducted in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision it would mean he would face a much smaller sentence under the UK’s more lenient computer crime laws. The defence argued he was being unfairly targeted because his work embarrassed the US security services. 8 They also argued that an attempt by US prosecutors to make a deal with McKinnon – in which he would be offered a six-month sentence
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‘Bumbling nerd’ who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
• British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US • Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British hacker who broke into the Pentagon’s computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after the House of Lords yesterday dismissed his appeal against extradition to the US. Gary McKinnon – called “the world’s most dangerous hacker” by the American authorities – could face trial in the US for his actions, but vowed to continue fighting his case in the European courts. 2 “I’m very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised,” he told the Guardian. “It might be naive of me but, perversely, I think I might have more chance in Europe than I do in my own country.” McKinnon said the Home Office had delayed extraditing him by two weeks to allow him time to lodge a higher appeal. After that, the case could take two years to reach the courts. “Right now I’d be quite glad of a two-year delay,” he said. “It’s better than being handed over to US marshals and being put on a plane straight away.” He said the case had proved devastating in the six years since he was arrested. With his bail conditions barring him from using the Internet, his previous work in IT is near-impossible, while potential employers are scared off. “I’ve lost two jobs because of this – my bosses just didn’t want to be associated with the publicity,” he said. 3 The 42-year-old hacked into 97 computers belonging to the US military shortly after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename ‘Solo’. American officials claim he infiltrated systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa – causing $700,000 (£354,000) damage and threatening national security. 4 If extradited, McKinnon faces up to 70 years in prison and his lawyers have argued that he could even be given ‘enemy combatant’ status,
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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 3 Advanced
US is making a clear stand that anyone making any attempts to compromise its computers and data will face the consequences,” said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

for his co-operation – constituted an unfair derailment of British legal procedures. That contention was rejected by the law lords, who said that granting the appeal would “endanger the integrity of the extradition process”. In the written judgment they said: “The difference between the American system and our own is not perhaps so stark as the appellant’s argument suggests.” 9 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their pursuit. “The

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Gary McKinnon hacked into thousands of US government computers… a. ... in order to show how easy it was to do so. b. ... in order to prove the CIA was hiding evidence about the existence of aliens. c. ... in order to protest about the treatment of prisoners at Guantánamo Bay. 2. Mr McKinnon’s lawyers believe that… a. ... the US government wants to make an example of him. b. ... the European courts will be fairer than the British ones. c. ... his appeal will endanger the integrity of the extradition process. 3. Mr McKinnon describes himself as… a. ... a thoroughly professional computer expert. b. ... a clumsy amateur. c. ... an enemy combatant. 4. Why do Mr McKinnon’s lawyers argue that he should be tried in Britain? a. Because they believe he will receive a more lenient sentence. b. Because the actual offences were committed in Britain. c. Because they believe he will not receive a fair trial in the USA.

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to promise that you will do something. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning causing a lot of harm or damage. (para 2) 3. A verb meaning to officially say that someone must not do something. (para 2) 4. A verb meaning (in American English) to kill someone as a punishment using the electric chair. (para 4) 5. An adjective meaning behaving in a way that is confused an not properly organized. (para 5) 6. A phrasal verb meaning to hide the truth about something. (para 5) 7. A noun meaning the prevention of something from continuing in the way it was planned. (para 8) 8. An adjective meaning extreme and obvious. (para 8)

5 Verb + noun collocations
Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make collocations from the text. 1. face 2. lodge 3. dismiss 4. threaten 5. exhaust 6. make 7. cause 8. leave a. damage b. national security c. all one’s options d. an appeal e. the consequences f. a message g. an application h. an appeal

6 Phrasal verbs
Complete the phrasal verbs from the text using these particles. into up with over off up

1. scare __________________ 2. deal __________________ 3. cover __________________

4. give __________________ 5. hand __________________ 6. break __________________

7 Discussion
Do you think hackers like Gary McKinnon should be prosecuted? Why? Why not?
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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. disproportionate 2. intolerable 3. lenient 4. naive 5. appellant 6. bail 7. extradition 8. contention 9. hacker 10. nerd

Advanced

4 Find the word
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. vow devastating bar fry bumbling cover up derailment stark

5 Verb + noun collocations
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e d/h d/h b c g a f

2 What do you know?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F F F T T

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b a b b

6 Phrasal verbs
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. off with up up over into

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. nerd trial hacker delay extradition sympathizer bail fry appeal sophisticated

1. A ___________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other people’s computers illegally. 2. An ___________________ is a formal request to a court of law to change its decision. 3. To __________________ someone is an American expression meaning to kill someone using the electric chair. 4. A terrorist ___________________ is someone who supports terrorists. 5. A ___________________ is the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent. 6. ___________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 7. ___________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 8. If you are ___________________, you know and understand a lot about a subject. 9. If you ___________________ something, you make it late or slow it down. 10. A ____________________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers.

2

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. How many computers did Gary McKinnon hack into? 2. What was Gary McKinnon’s codename? 3. How much damage did he cause? 4. How much time could he spend in prison? 5. Where is the European court of human rights? 6. When did he hack into the US government computers?
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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 1 Elementary
lawyer, Karen Todner, said he would now take his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. “Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer,” she said. “The British authorities could easily deal with his case. Instead, we believe that the British government did not prosecute him so that the US government could make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have said that they want to see him ‘fry’. We will make an immediate application to the European court to stop his extradition.” 6 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has always said that he was just a ‘computer nerd’. He said he didn’t cause any damage but was just searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom. He said he was trying to find evidence for his belief that the CIA was covering up the existence of aliens. 7 He left messages on the desktops of computers he hacked into. This was a mistake that allowed the authorities to find him. “It was a bit silly,” he told a newspaper in 2005. “I suppose it means I’m not a secretive, sophisticated type of hacker.” 8 McKinnon’s lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK because the hacking happened in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision he would face a much shorter sentence because the UK’s computer crime laws are not as strict as the laws in America. His lawyers also argued that he was a target because his work embarrassed the US security services. 9 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their attempts to extradite Mr McKinnon. “The US is clearly saying that anyone trying to hack into its computers and data will face the consequences,” said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

‘Bumbling nerd’ who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
• British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US • Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British computer nerd who broke into the Pentagon’s computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after a British court decided that he could be extradited to the United States. Gary McKinnon – who the American authorities called “the world’s most dangerous hacker” – could face trial in the US for his actions, but he has said he will continue to fight in the European courts. 2 “I’m very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised,” he said. “I think I might have more success in Europe than I do in my own country.” McKinnon said the British authorities had delayed his extradition by two weeks to allow him time to appeal to a higher court. After that, it could be two years before the case comes to court. “Right now I’d be quite happy with a two-year delay,” he said. “It’s better than being put on a plane and sent to the US today.” 3 He said the case had caused him terrible problems in the six years since he was arrested. His bail conditions prevented him from using the Internet, so his previous work in IT is almost impossible and employers just don’t want to hire him. “I’ve lost two jobs because of this – my bosses didn’t want to be associated with the publicity in this case,” he said. 4 Mr McKinnon hacked into 97 US military computers soon after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename ‘Solo’. American officials say he broke into systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa – causing $700,000 (£354,000) damage and putting American national security in danger. 5 If he is extradited to the US, McKinnon could spend up to 70 years in prison. McKinnon’s
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NEWS LESSONS / ‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition / Elementary

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The American authorities call Gary McKinnon “the world’s most dangerous hacker” because… 2. Mr McKinnon’s lawyers say he should face trial in the UK because… 3. Mr McKinnon says he hacked into the computers because… 4. Mr McKinnon says he is disappointed and angry but… 5. Mr McKinnon’s lawyers… 6. Mr McKinnon’s lawyers believe the British government did not prosecute him…

a. … want to stop his extradition to the United States. b. … not too surprised at the court’s decision. c. … so the Americans could make an example of him. d. … the hacking happened in Britain. e. … he hacked into 97 US military computers. f. … he wanted to find evidence of the existence of aliens.

4 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. Check your answers in the text. 1. year a delay two 2. in to prison up years 70 3. human the of European rights court 4. from IT an worker London unemployed north 5. a just nerd computer 6. in not as laws America as strict the

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 1 Elementary
5 Prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. soon ______________ the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon 2. he broke ______________ the Pentagon’s computer systems 3. prevented him ______________ using the Internet 4. associated ______________ 5. up ______________ 70 years in prison 6. searching ______________ evidence 7. covering ______________ the existence of aliens 8. give ______________ their attempts

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

verb
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. hack apply exist defend sympathize extradite

noun

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. hacker 2. appeal 3. fry 4. sympathizer 5. trial 6. extradition 7. bail 8. sophisticated 9. delay 10. nerd

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a two-year delay up to 70 years in prison the European court of human rights an unemployed IT worker from north London just a computer nerd not as strict as the laws in America

5 Prepositions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. after into from with to for up up

2 Find the information
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 97 ‘Solo’ $700,000 (£354,000) up to 70 years Strasbourg in 2001

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. hacker/hacking application existence defence sympathizer extradition

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. e d f b a c

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. nerd lenient hacker intolerable extradition appeal bail endanger bumbling disproportionate

1. __________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 2. __________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 3. A ________________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers. 4. If something is __________________, it is impossible to bear or deal with. 5. If something is __________________, it is much bigger (or smaller) than it should be. 6. A __________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other people’s computers illegally. 7. If you __________________ something, you put it in a position where it might be harmed. 8. A __________________ person is one who behaves in a way that is confused an not properly organized. 9. An __________________ is a formal request to a court of law to change its decision. 10. If a law is __________________, it punishes someone less severely than it could.

2

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. How many computers did Gary McKinnon hack into? 2. How much damage did he cause? 3. How much time could he spend in prison? 4. When did he hack into the US government computers? 5. Where is the European court of human rights? 6. What was Gary McKinnon’s codename?

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 2 Intermediate
could even be given ‘enemy combatant’ status, the same category applied to terrorist suspects interned at Guantánamo Bay. McKinnon’s lawyer, Karen Todner, said her client had now used up all his options in the UK and would take his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. “Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer,” she said. “His case could have been properly dealt with by our own authorities. Instead, we believe that the British government did not prosecute him to enable the US government to make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have said that they want to see him ‘fry’. If he is extradited, he faces disproportionate and intolerable consequences and we will be making an immediate application to the European court to prevent his extradition.” 6 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has always argued that he was simply a ‘bumbling computer nerd’ who caused no damage but was just searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom, looking for ways to get inside their networks in order to find evidence for his belief that the existence of aliens had been covered up by the CIA. 7 He left messages on the desktops of computers he had hacked into, a mistake that allowed the authorities to find him. “It got a bit silly,” he told the Guardian in 2005. “I suppose it means I’m not a secretive, sophisticated type of hacker.” 8 McKinnon’s lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK because the hacking took place in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision it would mean he would face a much smaller sentence under the UK’s more lenient computer crime laws. The defence argued he was being unfairly targeted because his work embarrassed the US security services. 9 They also argued that an attempt by US prosecutors to make a deal with McKinnon – in which he would be offered a six-month sentence for his co-operation – was unfair interference in
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‘Bumbling nerd’ who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
• British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US • Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British hacker who broke into the Pentagon’s computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after a British court rejected his appeal against extradition to the US. Gary McKinnon – called “the world’s most dangerous hacker” by the American authorities – could face trial in the US for his actions, but he has said he will continue fighting his case in the European courts. 2 “I’m very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised,” he told the Guardian. “I think I might have more chance in Europe than I do in my own country.” McKinnon said the Home Office had delayed extraditing him by two weeks to allow him time to lodge a higher appeal. After that, the case could take two years to reach the courts. “Right now I’d be quite glad of a two-year delay,” he said. “It’s better than being handed over to US marshals and being put on a plane straight away.” 3 He said the case had caused him terrible problems in the six years since he was arrested. His bail conditions prevented him from using the Internet, so his previous work in IT is almost impossible and potential employers don’t want to hire him. “I’ve lost two jobs because of this – my bosses just didn’t want to be associated with the publicity,” he said. 4 The 42-year-old hacked into 97 computers belonging to the US military soon after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename ‘Solo’. American officials say he broke into systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa – causing $700,000 (£354,000) damage and endangering national security. 5 If he is extradited, McKinnon faces up to 70 years in prison and his lawyers have argued that he
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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 2 Intermediate
attempts to extradite Mr McKinnon. “The US is clearly saying that anyone trying to hack into its computers and data will face the consequences,” said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

British legal procedures. That argument was rejected by the court, which said that allowing his appeal would “endanger the extradition process”. In a written judgment the court said: “The difference between the American system and our own is not perhaps as great as Mr McKinnon’s argument suggests.” 10 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. Gary McKinnon hacked into US government computers to steal military secrets. 2. Mr McKinnon believed the CIA was hiding information about the existence of aliens. 3. He was very careful not to leave any traces on the computers he hacked into. 4. His lawyers believe the trial should be in the UK because the crime was committed there. 5. They believe the US government wants to make an example of him. 6. The court believed that the extradition process would not be endangered if they allowed Mr McKinnon’s appeal.

4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to formally make something such as a claim or a complaint. (para 2) 2. A verb meaning to put someone in prison without officially accusing them of a crime. (para 5) 3. A two-word expression meaning someone who approves of and supports terrorists. (para 5) 4. A verb meaning (in American English) to kill someone as a punishment using the electric chair. (para 5) 5. An adjective meaning relating to things that exist on planets other than Earth. (para 6) 6. A phrasal verb meaning to hide the truth about something. (para 6) 7. A verb meaning to try to attack someone. (para 8) 8. A four-word expression meaning reach an agreement with. (para 9)

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 2 Intermediate
5 Phrasal verbs
Complete the phrasal verbs from the text using these particles. into up with over into up

1. hack __________________ 2. break __________________ 3. cover __________________ 4. give __________________ 5. hand __________________ 6. deal __________________

6 Word building
Complete the table with words from the text.

verb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 extradite appeal apply exist defend prosecute argue employ

noun

7 Discussion
Should hacking be classified as a crime?

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‘Bumbling nerd’ loses battle against extradition
Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. bail 2. extradition 3. nerd 4. intolerable 5. disproportionate 6. hacker 7. endanger 8. bumbling 9. appeal 10. lenient

Intermediate

4 Find the word
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. lodge intern terrorist sympathizer fry extraterrestrial cover up target make a deal with

5 Phrasal verbs
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. into into up up over with

2 Find the information
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 97 $700,000 (£354,000) up to 70 years in 2001 Strasbourg ‘Solo’

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. extradition appeal application existence defence prosecutor argument employer

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T F T T F

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Half of all primates face extinction
Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. vulnerable bleak bushmeat fragment habitat turmoil extinct primate unprecedented thriving

1. If something that happens is ________________, this means that it has never happened before. 2. If a business or trade is described as ________________, it is very successful. 3. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. 4. ________________ is a state of excitement or uncontrolled activity. 5. A ________________ is a small piece of a larger object. 6. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. 7. A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans, including monkeys and apes. 8. An ________________ animal, plant or language no longer exists. 9. An animal’s ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in. 10. A ________________ outlook or prospect is one that does not offer people any reasons to feel happy or hopeful.

2

Correct the information

Each of these statements contains a factual error. Look in the text, find the relevant information and correct the error. 1. IUCN stands for the International Union for the Consolidation of Nature. 2. The highest threat category is ‘vulnerable’. 3. In south-east Asia, 17% of all Asian primates are listed as threatened. 4. The mountain gorilla lives in central Asia. 5. The situation is less severe than scientists imagine. 6. The black lion tamarin is critically endangered.

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Half of all primates face extinction
Level 3 Advanced
and hunting to satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. “What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying,” said Dr Jean-Christophe Vié, the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. “To have a group of animals under such a high level of threat is, quite frankly, unlike anything we have recorded among any other group of species to date.” 5 In Africa, 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. Two may already be extinct. Overall, 69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are considered critically endangered, including the mountain gorilla in central Africa, a snub-nosed monkey in Vietnam and an Asian langur. In the endangered category are another 137 species and sub-species (22%) including the Javan gibbon from Indonesia, golden lion tamarin from Brazil and Berthe’s mouse lemur from Madagascar. 6 Species are judged to be in these categories if they have a small population size, are suffering rapid population declines and have a limited geographic range. The apparent jump in the numbers of threatened primates from 39% to 48% has not in reality happened in the course of one year. The major new analysis has filled in missing data that was not available previously, according to Michael Hoffman at Conservation International. The last major assessment was carried out in 1996. “The situation could well have been as bad as this, say, five years ago, we just didn’t know. But now we have a much better indication of the state of the world’s primates – and the news is not good,” he said. 7 The review, which is funded by Conservation International, the Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation, Disney’s Animal Kingdom and the IUCN is part of an unprecedented examination of the state of the world’s mammals to be released at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Barcelona in October. 8 However, there was some good news for primates. In Brazil, the black lion tamarin has been brought back from the brink of extinction and shifted from the critically endangered to

Nearly half of all the world’s primates at risk of extinction
• Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species • Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson, science correspondent August 5, 2008 1 Nearly half of all primate species are now threatened with extinction, according to an evaluation by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The study, which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most comprehensive analysis for more than a decade, found that the conservation outlook for monkeys, apes and other primates has dramatically worsened. In some regions, the thriving bushmeat trade means the animals are being ‘eaten to extinction’. 2 The 2007 IUCN ‘red list’ has 39% of primate species and sub-species in the three highest threat categories – vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered. In today’s revised list, 303 of the 634 species and sub-species – 48% – are in these most threatened categories. 3 The biggest threats faced by primates are habitat destruction through logging, hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. “We’ve raised concerns for years about primates being in peril, but now we have solid data to show the situation is far more severe than we imagined,” said Dr Russell Mittermeier, the chairman of the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s primate specialist group and the president of Conservation International. “Tropical forest destruction has always been the main cause but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a threat in some areas, even where the habitat is still quite intact. In many places, primates are quite literally being eaten to extinction.” 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly bleak, where 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as threatened, and in Vietnam and Cambodia, 90% are considered at risk. Populations of gibbons, leaf monkeys and langurs have dropped due to rapid habitat loss
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9 The scientists also came close to downlisting the mountain gorilla to endangered following population increases in their forest habitat that spans the borders of Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. However, political turmoil in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 led to the decision to delay the planned reclassification.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 05/08/08

endangered category. This is the result of a concerted conservation effort which has also benefited the golden lion tamarin – it was downlisted to endangered in 2003. “The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving forest fragments and reforesting to create corridors that connect them is not only vital for primates, but offers the multiple benefits of maintaining healthy ecosystems and water supplies, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change,” said Dr Anthony Rylands, the deputy chair of the IUCN primate specialist group.

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. The biggest threats faced by primates are… a. ... logging and the Chinese medicine trade. b. ... hunting and the illegal trade in bushmeat. c. ... habitat destruction and the illegal wildlife trade. 2. Why does the mountain gorilla remain in the critically endangered category? a. Because of continuing political unrest in the region. b. Because the last major assessment was carried out a long time ago. c. Because their forest habitat has not increased. 3. What does ‘eaten to extinction’ mean? a. The animals are eating so much there will soon be nothing for them to feed on. b. They are all being killed for their meat. c. People are beginning to eat bushmeat as an alternative to regular meat. 4. Why are primates hunted in south-east Asia? a. To satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. b. To provide bushmeat. c. To keep their populations down.

4 Find the word
Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A phrasal verb meaning to use something you have gradually accumulated or saved. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning not harmed, damaged or lacking any parts. (para 3) 3. A two-word expression meaning to be absolutely honest. (para 4) 4. A two-word expression meaning with a short nose that looks rather flat. (para 5) 5. A phrasal verb meaning to add missing information. (para 6) 6. A noun meaning the point in time when something very good or bad is about to happen. (para 8) 7. An adjective meaning involving a lot of people or organizations working together in a determined way. (para 8) 8. A verb meaning to cover or cross an area completely. (para 9)
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_______ risk 2. offer 5. cause a. 1. climate change b. carry out 4. multiple benefits f. missing data 6 Expressions with prepositions Complete the phrases using prepositions. _______ threat 3. greenhouse gas emissions d. due _______ 6. raise 2. 1.Half of all primates face extinction Level 3 Advanced 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs from the left-hand column with the nouns from the right-hand column to form phrases from the text. _______ reality 5. back _______ the brink 7 Discussion Is it worth spending millions of pounds to protect endangered species? Is it so important if a few rare species of primate become extinct? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . concerns e. fill in 3. _______ peril 4. reduce 6. an assessment c.

extinct 9. 4. conservation critically endangered 71% central Africa more severe endangered 6 Expressions with prepositions 1. 2. 6. habitat 10. draw on intact quite frankly snub-nosed fill in brink concerted span 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 6. 7. 2. 3. c a b a © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 4. d f b e c a 2 Correct the information 1.Half of all primates face extinction Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. 6. bleak Advanced 4 Find the word 1. turmoil 5. bushmeat 7. 5. 3. 2. fragment 6. 4. 6. 5. 5. 8. thriving 3. unprecedented 2. 2. 3. vulnerable 4. 3. 4. 5. 3. primate 8. at under in in to from 3 Comprehension check 1. 2.

2. 4. 7. What percentage of these species and sub-species are in the most threatened categories? 4. A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans. 9. 5. ________________ is the cutting down of trees for wood. An animal’s ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in. ________________ is angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting about something.Half of all primates face extinction Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. it happens very quickly. What percentage of primates in Vietnam and Cambodia are endangered? 5. 6. vulnerable primate bushmeat rapidly habitat logging extinct unrest endangered conservation 1. it may soon become extinct. 8. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. including monkeys and apes. How many species and sub-species are endangered in Africa? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 10. What does IUCN stand for? 2. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. If a species is ________________. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 3. plant or language no longer exists. 1. When was the last major study carried out? 6. An ________________ animal. How many species and sub-species of primates are there in 2008? 3. ________________ is the management of land and water to stop it being damaged or destroyed. If something happens ________________.

3 The biggest problems primates face are the destruction of their habitat through logging. according to a study carried out by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. “The main cause has always been the destruction of the tropical rain forests but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a problem in some areas. hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. 303 of the 634 species and sub-species – 48% – are in these categories.” said Dr Anthony Rylands. 2 The IUCN has a ‘red list’. The last major study was in 1996.Half of all primates face extinction Level 1 Elementary have also been hunting primates for the Chinese medicine and pet trade. The 2007 list showed that 39% of primate species and sub-species were in the three highest risk categories – vulnerable. 90% are considered at risk. It found that the situation for monkeys. Primate populations have fallen as they have lost their habitat and people © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary CA •P H O . 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as endangered. “The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving parts of the forest and planting new forests to create corridors that connect them is extremely important for primates.” 5 In Africa. In Vietnam and Cambodia. science correspondent August 5. primates are becoming extinct because people are eating them. according to Michael Hoffman of Conservation International. The study used the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most detailed analysis for more than ten years. Overall.” he said. In the 2008 list. including the mountain gorilla in central Africa.” said Dr JeanChristophe Vié. but now we have solid data to show the situation is much more serious than we thought. “What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying. This is the result of a conservation programme which has also helped the golden lion tamarin – it was moved to endangered in 2003. 69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are listed as critically endangered. Now we have a much better idea of the state of the world’s primates – and the news is not good. Another 137 species and sub-species (22%) are in the endangered category. 7 However. “To have a group of animals in such a dangerous situation is not like anything we have ever seen among any other group of species. that was almost extinct has now been moved from the critically endangered to endangered category.” said Dr Russell Mittermeier. one species. In many places. of the IUCN primate specialist group. 2008 1 Primates are animals related to humans like monkeys and apes. In some regions species are becoming extinct because people are killing animals for bushmeat. The major new analysis has provided missing data that was not available before. The increase in the numbers of primates at risk from 39% to 48% has not just happened in the course of one year. endangered and critically endangered. there was some good news for primates.” 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly bad. “Perhaps the situation was as bad as this five years ago but we just didn’t know. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Nearly half of all the world’s primates at risk of extinction • Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species • Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson. Today almost half of all primate species could soon become extinct. “We’ve said for years that primates are in danger. In Brazil. It also helps to maintain healthy ecosystems and water supplies and reduces the greenhouse gases that cause climate change. if their population is falling rapidly and if they have a limited geographic range. the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. the black lion tamarin. Two may already be extinct. the chairman of the IUCN primate specialist group. apes and other primates is now much worse. 6 Species are listed in these categories if they have a small population size.

ten for than more years 2. The mountain gorilla… 5. The situation today… d. 05/08/08 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. However. 1. tropical the forests rain of the destruction 4. trade the wildlife illegal © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . … is particularly serious. … for bushmeat and Chinese medicine.Half of all primates face extinction Level 1 Elementary 8 The scientists were also going to move the mountain gorilla from critically endangered to endangered after population increases in their forest habitat along the borders of Rwanda. than much serious we thought more 3. good the not is news 6. … is worse than 10 years ago. … to survive. b. Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. e. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. f. 1. … is still on the critically endangered list. political unrest in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 have delayed the plans to move it to a lower risk category. People kill primates… 6. A conservation programme in Brazil has helped some species… 4. Many species and sub-species of primates are endangered… 2. 4 Chunks Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. The situation in south-east Asia… 3. … because of logging and hunting for bushmeat. c. one course the in year of 5. a.

political 8. tropical 5. range d. problems 6 Word stress Put these words from the text into two groups according to their stress. trade e. detailed 2. dangerous 6. geographic 7. illegal 4. unrest g. biggest 3. major a. rain forest b. species major human result extinct create wildlife connect appear maintain increase (n) climate A 0o B o0 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 1. situation h. analysis f.Half of all primates face extinction Level 1 Elementary 5 Adjectives and nouns Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column to form expressions from the text. study c.

5. International Union for the Conservation of Nature 634 48% 71% 1996 137 6 Word stress A 0o species human wildlife increase major climate 3 Comprehension check 1. 2.Half of all primates face extinction Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 7. 3. habitat Elementary 4 Chunks 1. 3. d f b c a e B o0 extinct appear result create connect maintain © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 8. e h d a g c f b 2 Find the information 1. 4. 3. 6. 2. 2. rapidly 7. 4. unrest 5. bushmeat 6. vulnerable 3. 6. primate 9. endangered 10. 5. 3. 4. 4. logging 4. 6. 2. conservation 8. for more than ten years much more serious than we thought the destruction of the tropical rain forests in the course of one year the news is not good the illegal wildlife trade 5 Adjectives and nouns 1. 6. extinct 2. 5. 5.

How many species and sub-species are considered to be endangered in Africa? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans. 10. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. If a business or trade is described as ________________. you make it available. 8. 2. If you ________________ a document. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. How many species and sub-species of primates are there? 3. 4. 3. An animal’s ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in. this means that it has never happened before. 1. What does IUCN stand for? 2. What percentage of primates in Vietnam and Cambodia are considered to be at risk? 5. A ________________ is a period of ten years. it is very successful. If something that happens is ________________. If something is ________________. What percentage of these species and sub-species are in the most threatened categories? 4. including monkeys and apes. When was the last major study carried out? 6.Half of all primates face extinction Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 7. 6. plant or language no longer exists. vulnerable primate bushmeat thriving habitat decade extinct rapid unprecedented release 1. An ________________ animal. it happens very quickly. 9. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. 5.

69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are considered critically endangered. quite frankly. “Tropical forest destruction has always been the main cause but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a threat in some areas. one species. 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as threatened. “What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying. the chairman of the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s primate specialist group and the president of Conservation International. The apparent jump in the numbers of threatened primates from 39% to 48% has not just happened in the course of one year. apes and other primates has got much worse. The study. that was almost extinct has now been moved from the critically endangered to endangered category. there was some good news for primates. the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. which used the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most comprehensive analysis for more than a decade. Another 137 species and sub-species (22%) are in the endangered category. “We’ve raised concerns for years about primates being in danger. Now we have a much better indication of the state of the world’s primates – and the news is not good. and in Vietnam and Cambodia. but offers N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Nearly half of all the world’s primates at risk of extinction • Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species • Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson. 90% are considered at risk. found that the outlook for monkeys. but now we have solid data to show the situation is much more serious than we imagined. the black lion tamarin.” he said. In some regions.” 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly pessimistic. 2 The 2007 IUCN ‘red list’ has 39% of primate species and sub-species in the three highest threat categories – vulnerable.” said Dr Russell Mittermeier. In Brazil. endangered and critically endangered. even where the habitat is still relatively undamaged. 303 of the 634 species and sub-species – 48% – are in these most threatened categories. 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. This is the result of a huge conservation effort which has also benefited the golden lion tamarin – it was downlisted to endangered in 2003. the thriving bushmeat trade means the animals are being ‘eaten to extinction’. “The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving parts of the forest and reforesting to create corridors that connect them is not only vital for primates. 3 The biggest threats faced by primates are the destruction of their habitat through logging.” 5 In Africa. 6 Species are judged to be in these categories if they have a small population size. “To have a group of animals under such a high level of threat is. are suffering rapid population declines and have a limited geographic range. The last major study was carried out in 1996. In many places. Primate populations have fallen due to rapid habitat loss © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate CA •P H O . according to a study carried out by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The major new analysis has provided missing data that was not available before.” said Dr Jean-Christophe Vié. 2008 1 Nearly half of all primate species could soon become extinct. Overall. “The situation might have been as bad as this five years ago but we just didn’t know.Half of all primates face extinction Level 2 Intermediate and hunting to satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. Two may already be extinct. according to Michael Hoffman at Conservation International. primates are quite literally being eaten to extinction. In today’s revised list. including the mountain gorilla in central Africa. The review is part of an unprecedented examination of the state of the world’s mammals which will be released at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Barcelona in October. hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. 7 However. not like anything we have ever recorded among any other group of species. science correspondent August 5.

© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. (para 1) 2. the deputy chair of the IUCN primate specialist group. 05/08/08 the multiple benefits of maintaining healthy ecosystems and water supplies. The mountain gorilla is no longer on the critically endangered list. (para 7) 7.” said Dr Anthony Rylands. Conserving parts of the forest can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning the management of land and water in ways that prevent it from being damaged or destroyed. However. 48% of primate species and sub-species are on the critically endangered list. A noun meaning putting in a different category. 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. (para 7) 8. while reducing greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change. 6. political unrest in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 led to the decision to delay the planned reclassification. A two-word expression meaning in danger. 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. 1. An adjective meaning including many details. Primates are only hunted for their meat. A noun meaning cutting down trees for wood. A two-word expression meaning to be absolutely honest.Half of all primates face extinction Level 2 Intermediate Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. 2. (para 4) 5. An adjective meaning extremely important. 5. 8 The scientists almost downlisted the mountain gorilla from critically endangered to endangered following population increases in their forest habitat along the borders of Rwanda. 3. The situation is south-east Asia is not as bad as the situation in Africa. (para 3) 4. A noun meaning an idea about what a situation will be like in the future. (para 8) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The main danger to primates has always been the destruction of tropical forests. 4. (para 4) 6.

main 2. benefits d. multiple 7. 5. 1. verb 1. serious 3. 4. 8. threat e. news c. destroy threaten examine indicate conserve emit reclassify decline noun 7 Discussion Do you think it is important to preserve rare species of animals and prevent them from becoming extinct? Why? Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .Half of all primates face extinction Level 2 Intermediate 5 Adjectives and nouns Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column to form expressions from the text. cause 6 Word building Complete the table. huge 5. good 6. threatened 4. 6. political 8. healthy a. effort h. unrest g. 2. 7. species b. 3. ecosystems f.

5. comprehensive outlook logging at risk quite frankly conservation vital reclassification 5 Adjectives and nouns 1. unprecedented 8. h d a g b c f e 2 Find the information 1. 7. 3. 8. T F F T F F 6 Word building verb 1. 7. 8. 3. habitat 5. 6. 3. 5. thriving Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 5. 4. International Union for the Conservation of Nature 634 48% 90% 1996 69 3 Comprehension check 1. destroy threaten examine indicate conserve emit reclassify decline noun destruction threat examination indication conservation emission reclassification decline © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .Half of all primates face extinction Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. vulnerable 9. 6. extinct 3. 6. release 4. 5. 2. 5. bushmeat 2. 6. 8. 4. 7. primate 10. 6. 3. rapid 7. 2. 2. decade 6. 4. 2. 2. 4. 3. 4.

the previous world record holder was Ben Johnson. it is certainly true or is accepted by everyone. An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. Before Usain Bolt. it is extremely impressive or beautiful. 5. you do not show any emotion. 7. A ________________ number is one that is bigger or smaller than it should be. 8. If something happens ________________. Then check your answers in the text. The adverb ________________ is used for saying that something is certain to happen. 10. it makes you feel excited or hopeful about having something you want. 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . it happens after something else happened. 3. If something is ________________. Usain Bolt. Usain Bolt’s victory was completely unexpected. The new Olympic 100 metres champion. 5.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. The 2004 Olympics were held in Athens. often something that you never get. 4. 1. it is so badly organized. If something is ________________ true. 6. it does not happen in the way that was hoped or planned. The 100 metres is regarded as the main event in track and field at the Olympics. When something goes ________________. 9. 4. is from the USA. 2. The world record for the 100 metres is just over 10 seconds. 2. unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 3. If something is ________________. breathtaking undoubtedly subsequently farcical inevitably awry tantalizing unbeatable impassive disproportionate 1. If your face is ________________. If something is ________________. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F).

Like a jockey astride a wonder-horse. scarcely credible. exactly the time the now-banned Justin Gatlin had run to win in Athens in 2004. the Games have been broken. which went instead to his compatriot. are the three fastest men of all time and. long way in sprinting – was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. 4 There was some talk of people needing to go as low as 9. a distance behind the unbelievable Bolt. and then bang! Before anyone. unbeatable. In between were Thompson and Dix. beating by three-hundredths of a second the record he had set 11 weeks ago. Gay.91 sec.69 seconds. least of all Bolt. he had streaked away to win. or for. Bolt continued jigging. This meant that. the best American was Walter Dix.” said Thompson. pointed and made the archer sign. A fifth of a second behind – a long. Of course. This. The backdrop was near perfect. uniquely. this was even less so. Recently. He looks unbeatable.6 in order to win it. except 20 years ago Ben Johnson had gone as low as 9. running quicker than anyone – until yesterday – had managed in an Olympics since. along with two Trinidadians. which was tantalizing. They even had a third finalist in Frater who. 2 The rest were nowhere. Powell remained impassive. some would be looking at yesterday’s encounter with suspicion. 6 His path was eased when Gay. and world champion. Powell swung from side to side as if in a trance. Michael Johnson. in a Games that may be remembered as much for its architecture as its athletes. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Advanced CA •P H O . With Tyson Gay having failed to make the final. He was a tenth of a second ahead of college champion Dix in second. former world record holder. after a breathtaking 100 metres final. 8 Silence. jigging around at the start. Powell.” was the verdict of the great Olympian. Astonishingly. Imagine what he might achieve if he broke into a trot. the rest? The 100 metres is the diva event. The drums rolled. two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles.7 seconds eased up towards the end. Bolt’s Jamaican compatriots.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 3 Advanced 5 In the semi-finals Bolt was slowly away. did not even break 10 seconds and missed a place in the final. were fifth and sixth respectively. Bolt.7. Darvis Patton. inevitably. they were on a collision course. Powell won his semifinal easily in 9. the first man to break 9. Even then. Six from the Caribbean. who cares about. for that reason. It makes or breaks the show. the stadium being the greatest in modern Olympics. Bolt was in lane four. impassive. Powell. could breathe. 7 As the competitors appeared for the final. suffering from injury. Bolt smiled.85. he even took a quick look over his shoulder in the last five metres. a margin he would more than double in the final. 2008 1 “We’ve never seen anything like that before. Bolt looked sensational. The introductions to the most explosive event in all of sport were made. surely. Bolt. completed the field. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater. was three lanes to his right. who took bronze in 9. Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie subsequently failed drugs tests. Usain Bolt was so far ahead of the rest he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before crossing the line in a world record time of 9. hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium to create a twinkling star effect. The world record holder. Johnson then lost his gold medal after testing positive for drugs.91 and the final of the 100 metres had become a Jamaican contest. would be where the medals would be contested. having produced the most electric 100 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record Will Buckley August 17. slow at the finish and still won in 9. two from the United States. it is also the race most likely to disgrace the sport. 3 This event is top of the bill and. If the semi-final was scarcely credible. “I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still pumping away. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat. Of the previous four winners.

Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 3 Advanced 10 Asked why he slowed down. Why is the 100 metres the race which is most likely to bring disgrace to athletics? a. contented himself with hitting his left breast and then disco dancing around the stadium. c. 1. The article describes the 100 metres as ‘the diva event’. Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history. Because many 100 metre runners use drugs to enhance their performance. now Bolt had won the easiest. 9 “It was expected. This medal means a lot to my country. and to me.” Explaining the archer sign. Bolt said: “I wasn’t interested in the world record. b. Because Gay failed to qualify for the final. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. 3. 2. however. b. it would be farcical. Because most past winners of the race have subsequently failed drugs tests. It was an historic night for Jamaica.” Far from a breakfast of champions. Herb Elliott. 17/08/08 metres performance for 20 years. casts its shadow. In 1952. Johnson’s downfall was tragic: if anything were to be awry with Bolt. and then had nuggets for tea. The highest profile event in the Olympic Games. his coach doesn’t know how fast he can go. An event in which only famous and successful athletes appear. For a country of two-anda-half million they have undoubtedly produced a disproportionate number of top quality sprinters. who have long aspired to win the diva event. Because he was saving his energy for the 200 metres final. 11 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. Yet this was the first time their efforts had been rewarded with 100 metres gold. I like dancing. Because Gay had never run faster than 10 seconds. not in breaking the world record. Bolt had given the meal a miss and had nuggets for lunch. Because he was only interested in winning the race. b. c. I didn’t even know I had it until after the victory lap. The history. Why did Bolt slow down over the last 20 metres? a. Because it is ‘top of the bill’ and therefore attracts the most attention. In order to humiliate his rivals. It was a nugget diet which had led to a golden performance. b. he said: “I just like to have fun. “I don’t know how fast he can go.” He went on to say that Bolt had been tested half-a-dozen times in Beijing. What does this mean? a. c. Because Gay’s fastest time this year was 10. Why didn’t Usain Bolt have to worry about the challenge of Tyson Gay? a. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . rested. The event which is finished most quickly.” said the Jamaican team doctor.3 seconds. 4. he doesn’t know how fast he can go. c.

1. cross 4. fail 5. an effort h. A noun meaning everything you can see behind the main thing you are looking at. (para 7) 5. (para 8) 8. status or success. usually in a nervous or excited way. so far ahead _______ the rest 6. A four-word expression meaning moving towards each other and likely to run into each other. (para 6) 4. A phrasal verb meaning to run very quickly. (para 3) 2. an event e. A noun meaning someone who is from the same country as someone else. A noun meaning a sudden loss of power. a (drug) test b. 1. set a. give 8. smile _______ the cameras 5. A phrasal verb meaning to start doing something. A phrasal verb meaning to go more slowly. the final (of an event) c. look at something _______ suspicion 8. a shadow f. make 6 Expressions with prepositions Use prepositions to complete these phrases from the text. suffering _______ injury 2. What do you think should happen to athletes who use such drugs? Should they be banned for life or should drugs be allowed in sport to give everyone an equal chance? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . a record g. 1. (para 7) 6. (para 11) 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases they go with in the right-hand column. remembered _______ its architecture 3.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. the line 2. top _______ the bill 7. win 6. (para 5) 3. swing _______ side _______ side 4. reward 7. (para 8) 7. A verb meaning to make small movements with your whole body. a quick look _______ his shoulder 7 Discussion Some past winners of the 100 metres have used performance-enhancing drugs. cast 3. something a miss d.

farcical 2. downfall 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. F 6. a 5. backdrop 5. from/to 4.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. f 2. awry 7. b 2 What do you know? 1. ease up 8. b 3. T 3. c 6 Expressions with prepositions 1. streak away 7. for 5. F 3 Comprehension check 1. e 3. unbeatable 3. compatriot 4. over © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . for 3. from 2. with 8. tantalizing Advanced 4 Find the word 1. h 4. c 4. F 4. inevitably 10. breathtaking 4. of 6. g 7. subsequently 6. disproportionate 9. impassive 5. c 8. d 6. of 7. F 2. undoubtedly 8. jig 6. on a collision course 2. break into 3. b 2. T 5.

4. you believe that someone has probably done something wrong.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. A ________________ is someone who trains a sports player or team. 1. How fast did Usain Bolt run the 100 metres in the semi-final? 5. A ________________ is a short race at a fast speed. cheat disgrace farce sprint coach event lane suspicious unbeatable lap 1. A ________________ is someone who behaves dishonestly in order to win a competition. An ________________ is one type of activity in athletics. it is so badly organized. A ________________ is one of the parts that an athletics track is divided into. 6. 9. 3. 5. Where were the 2004 Olympic Games held? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. 10. it damages its reputation by doing something bad or immoral. Who came second in the race? 4. If something brings ________________ to a competition. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. What is Usain Bolt’s new 100 metres world record? 3. If something is a ________________. intended for one runner. unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 2. A ________________ is one complete turn around a course in a race. 7. Where is Usain Bolt from? 2. If you are ________________ about something. 8.

Bolt smiled and pointed.7. 20 years ago Ben Johnson won the Olympic 100 metres in 9. who cares about the others? Two of the previous four winners of the 100 metres. This was exactly the time Justin Gatlin (who is now banned after failing a drugs test) ran to win in Athens © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Elementary N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . This meant that. 10 When Bolt was asked why he slowed down.6 to win the race. 4 The world record holder. If the semi-final was incredible. and the former world record holder. Two Trinidadians. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat. 7 When the competitors appeared for the final. the first man to run faster than 9. ran slower than 10 seconds and missed a place in the final. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater. Michael Johnson. three-hundredths of a second faster than the record he set 11 weeks ago. Powell. 3 The 100 metres is the main event at the Olympic Games and for that reason it is also the race which can bring disgrace to the sport of athletics.91 and the final of the 100 metres was a contest between the two Jamaicans. The best American was Walter Dix. Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 1 Elementary in 2004. Bolt. hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium like stars. unbeatable. 5 In the semi-finals Bolt started slowly. who had never won the Olympic 100 metres before. They even had a third finalist in Michael Frater.91sec. Powell was three lanes to his right. His time was a world record 9. incredible. now Bolt had won the easiest. are the two fastest men in the world and some people said the winner would need a time of 9. long way in sprinting – was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. of course. two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles completed the line-up – six from the Caribbean. 9 “We expected him to win.” said the great Olympian. He looks unbeatable. running quicker than anyone did in the four Olympics that followed. Even then Bolt looked fantastic. The introductions to the fastest race in the whole of sport were made. his coach doesn’t know how fast he can run. Bolt was in lane four.” He also said that Bolt had been tested six times in Beijing. 6 Bolt’s path to the gold medal was made easier when Tyson Gay. Powell won his semi-final easily in 9.69 seconds. was so far in front of the other runners that he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before he crossed the finishing line. In between were Thompson and Dix. He then tested positive for drugs and lost his gold medal.85. He was a tenth of a second ahead of Dix in second. It was an historic night for Jamaica. Herb Elliott. 2 The other runners were nowhere. The location was almost perfect – the stadium was the greatest in modern Olympics. some people were very suspicious about this year’s race. failed drugs tests after the Olympics. Jamaican runner. I didn’t even know I had the world record until after Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record Will Buckley August 17. 8 Silence. two from the United States. Usain Bolt.” said the Jamaican team doctor.7 seconds slowed down towards the end. and then bang! Before anyone could breathe. Bolt had won. after an amazing 100 metres final. “I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still running hard. he said: “I wasn’t interested in the world record. Amazingly. was slow at the finish and still won in 9. In 1952. Powell moved slowly from side to side. a long way behind the incredible Bolt. Bolt produced the most electric 100 metres performance for 20 years and then celebrated by disco dancing around the stadium. he doesn’t know how fast he can run. A fifth of a second behind – a long. Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history. also from Jamaica. “I don’t know how fast he can run. were fifth and sixth. 2008 1 “We’ve never seen anything like that before. who was suffering from an injury. who was third in 9.” said Thompson. this was even more unbelievable.

1. It was an historic night for Jamaica because … 4. e. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. previous the of two winners four 3.. Johnson was tragic but if there was anything suspicious about Bolt’s victory. Three of the eight finalists were … 6. d. Usain Bolt was … 5. 1. … American. Some people are suspicious about the 100 metres final because … 2. him expected we win to 6. … Jamaican. This medal means a lot to my country. 17/08/08 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. . b. former holder the record world 2. and then had more nuggets for tea. man faster 9. c.” Bolt had missed breakfast and had chicken nuggets for lunch. it would be a farce not a tragedy. The shadow of history was there though. … they expected Usain Bolt to win..7 seconds to first than run the 5. f. He won the gold medal on a diet of chicken nuggets.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 1 Elementary the victory lap. 3. wasn’t record in I the interested world N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Elementary CA •P H O . … a fifth of a second in front of the runner who came second. The Jamaican team were not surprised because … a. … two of the previous four winners have failed drugs tests. it was the first time they had won the 100 metres at the Olympics. Two of the the eight finalists were … 4 Chunks Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. the in the fastest two world men 4. and to me. He then rested.

_______ a diet 6 Word building Complete the table using words from the text. perform 3. from side _______ side 7. 8. not interested _______ the world record 8. 6.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 1 Elementary 5 Prepositions Fill the gaps in the phrases using prepositions. 1. 5. Check your answers in the text. _______ front of the other runners 2. cheat 7. the fastest men _______ the world 4. verb 1. suffering _______ an injury 6. suspicious _______ this year’s race 3. compete 2. slow _______ the finish 5. noun appearance celebration breath test © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . introduce 4.

6. disgrace 3. 2. 5. 8. 4. in about in at from to in on 2 Find the information 1. 2. e d b f a c 6 Word building 1. 6. 6. event 10. 8. 7. cheat 4. 5. coach 6. 2.85 seconds Athens 3 Comprehension check 1. the former world record holder two of the previous four winners the two fastest men in the world the first man to run faster than 9.7 seconds we expected him to win I wasn’t interested in the world record 5 Prepositions 1. 3.69 seconds Richard Thompson 9. 5. 4. competitor performance introduction appear celebrate cheat breathe test © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 5. 2. 4. Jamaica 9. farce 9. lap 8. 6. 7. 3. unbeatable 2. 2. 3. sprint 5. lane Elementary 4 Chunks 1. 4.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 5. 3. 3. suspicious 7. 4.

A ________________ number is one that is bigger or smaller than it should be. If something ________________ a competition. 4. A ________________ is someone who behaves dishonestly in order to win a competition. 8. breathtaking disproportionate cheat lane undoubtedly subsequently farcical lap unbeatable disgrace 1. What is Usain Bolt’s new 100 metres world record? 2. 10. The adverb ________________ is used for saying that something is certainly true or is accepted by everyone. 5. it is so badly organized. Where is Usain Bolt from? 4. If something is ________________. 3. A ________________ is one of the parts that an athletics track is divided into. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 9. Who came second in the race? 3. An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. Where were the 2004 Olympic Games held? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . How many times have Jamaica won the 100 metres gold medal at the Olympics? 6. If something is ________________. intended for one runner. If something happens ________________. How fast did Usain Bolt run the 100 metres in the semi-final? 5. 7. it is extremely impressive or beautiful. it harms its reputation by doing something bad or immoral. 1. it happens after something else happened. A ________________ is one complete turn around a course in a race. unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 2. 6.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

In between were Thompson and Dix. 3 The 100 metres is the main event at the Olympic Games. Bolt was in lane four. of course. Powell swung from side to side. 2 The rest were nowhere. Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie subsequently failed drugs tests.69 seconds. some people would be looking at yesterday’s race with suspicion. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Intermediate O . were fifth and sixth. Of course. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record Will Buckley August 17. two from the United States. a long way behind the unbelievable Bolt.7 seconds slowed down towards the end. The introductions to the most explosive event in all of sport were made. 2008 1 “We’ve never seen anything like that before. Johnson then lost his gold medal after testing poitive for drugs. which went instead to fellow American Darvis Patton. a margin he would more than double in the final. They even had a third finalist in Frater who. who took the bronze medal in 9. suffering from injury. This. his coach doesn’t know how fast he can go. Even then Bolt looked sensational. “I don’t know how fast he can go. Astonishingly.7. He looks unbeatable. beating by three-hundredths of a second the record he had set 11 weeks ago.91 and the final of the 100 metres had become a Jamaican contest. he doesn’t know how fast he can go. 4 The world record holder. did not even break 10 seconds and missed a place in the final. 6 Bolt’s path to the gold medal was made easier when Tyson Gay. two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles. who cares about the rest? Of the previous four winners of the 100 metres.6 in order to win it. he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before crossing the line in a world record time of 9. A fifth of a second behind – a long. and for that reason it is also the race which is most likely to disgrace the sport.” said Thompson. Usain Bolt was so far ahead of the rest.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 2 Intermediate He was a tenth of a second ahead of college champion Dix in second.91 seconds. Six from the Caribbean. he even took a quick look over his shoulder in the last five metres.85. Like a jockey riding a wonder-horse. If the semi-final was incredible. Bolt’s Jamaican compatriots. and then bang! Before anyone could breathe Bolt had won. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat. Powell was three lanes to his right. are the two fastest men in the world and there was some talk of people needing to go as low as 9. Powell won his semi-final easily in 9. The best American was Walter Dix. this was even more unbelievable. 5 In the semi-finals Bolt was slowly away. Bolt. long way in sprinting – was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. the first man to break 9. Michael Johnson.” He also said that Bolt had been tested half-a-dozen times in Beijing. Herb Elliott. The backdrop was near perfect – the stadium was the greatest in modern Olympics. It was an historic night for Jamaica. completed the field. unbeatable. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater. in a Games that may be remembered as much for its architecture as its athletes. Bolt had produced the most electric 100 metres performance for 20 years and then disco danced around the stadium. “I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still running hard. This meant that. Bolt smiled and pointed. exactly the time Justin Gatlin (who is now banned after a drugs test failure) had run to win in Athens in 2004.” said the great Olympian. along with two Trinidadians. surely. and the former world record holder. running quicker than anyone – until yesterday – had managed in an Olympics since then. 8 Silence. incredible. would be where the medals would be contested. Powell.” said the Jamaican team doctor. 20 years ago Ben Johnson won it in 9. 9 “It was expected. slow at the finish and still won in 9. 7 As the competitors appeared for the final. after a breathtaking 100 metres final. hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium to create a twinkling star effect.

Bolt was not tested for drugs in Beijing.” Bolt had missed breakfast and had chicken nuggets for lunch. (para 4) 3. A noun meaning all the people taking part in a race. now Bolt had won the easiest. 17/08/08 who have been trying to win the 100 metres for a long. For a country of just two-and-a-half million they have undoubtedly produced a disproportionate number of top quality sprinters but this was the first time they had won 100 metres gold. A noun meaning the amount by which a competition is won. A noun meaning everything you can see behind the main thing you are looking at. Tyson Gay didn’t run in the final because he was injured. (para 5) 5. (para 2) 2. 4. He then rested. (para 7) 8. 2. 5. Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history. Two of the last four Olympic 100 metres champions failed drugs tests. 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. Johnson’s downfall was tragic: if anything were found to be wrong with Bolt. (para 8) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . This 3 Comprehension check Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. I didn’t even know I had it until after the victory lap. A five-word expression meaning the previous person to hold the world record. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. In 1952. (para 5) 6. It was a nugget diet which had led to a golden performance. however. A past participle meaning officially prevented from competing. it would be farcical. Bolt said: “I wasn’t interested in the world record. Bolt slowed down in the last five metres. (para 5) 4. and then had nuggets for tea. 3. An adjective meaning very exciting and surprising. 1. 10 Asked why he slowed down. Usain Bolt ran faster in this year’s semi-final than Justin Gatlin ran in the 2004 final. Bolt wasn’t interested in the world record. and to me. A noun meaning someone whose job is to ride horses in races. 6. casts its shadow. long time. (para 6) 7.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 2 Intermediate medal means a lot to my country. The history. A noun meaning someone who is from the same country as someone else.

5. 6. adjective 1. 8. 2. definition cannot be believed cannot be beaten cannot be imagined cannot be avoided cannot be controlled cannot be accepted cannot be forgotten cannot be mistaken (for someone or something else) 6 Word building Complete the table using words from the text. 2. 8. 4. 7. 3. verb 1. 3. 6. 7.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 2 Intermediate 5 Word building: Adjectives Complete the table with adjectives that match the definitions. 4. 5. perform suspect compete introduce disgrace contest cheat fail noun 7 Discussion Should performance-enhancing drugs be allowed in sport? What are the arguments for and against such a step? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

disgraces 3. margin 5. F 2. unbelievable (incredible) 2. undoubtedly 8. T 5. T 6. Athens 3 Comprehension check 1. unimaginable 4. suspicion 3. farcical 9.85 seconds 5. banned 4. failure © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 9. the former world record holder 3. performance 2.69 seconds 2. unacceptable 7. compatriot 2. uncontrollable 6. introduction 5. unbeatable 4. unavoidable (inevitable) 5. F 3.Olympics: Usain Bolt’s new 100m world record Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. unmistakable 2 Find the information 1. cheat Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. jockey 5 Word building: Adjectives 1. sensational 6. 9. cheat 8. backdrop 8. disproportionate 2. once (this was the first time) 6. competition/competitor 4. unbeatable 3. Richard Thompson 3. unforgettable 8. F 4. breathtaking 10. subsequently 5. T 6 Word building 1. lap 7. disgrace 6. Jamaica 4. contest 7. field 7. lane 6.

. Containing bullets: ______________________. (para 11) 10. An action or movement that you need care or skill to do: ______________________. 1. The process of checking someone to see if they’re suitable for something: ______________________. (para 6) 6. (para 3) 4. (para 14) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen. a gun Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer a) What do you consider to be a teacher’s ‘tools of the trade’? b) What do you think your teacher needs to carry in his / her teaching bag for work purposes? 2 Key words Find the key words in the article. (para 10) 9. (para 9) 7. Not sorry / show no regret: ______________________.. When a weapon is fired it is ______________________. A person who is the prisoner of someone who threatens to kill them if they do not get what they want: ______________________. (para 9) 8. (para 1) 2. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. a ruler and. a gun / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Someone who strongly supports something: ______________________. To be offended or shocked: ______________________. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: _____________________. (para 3) 5. a ruler and. Hidden from view: ______________________...The school where teachers carry a pen. (para 3) 3.

told The Guardian.” said Trump. 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold. Its chairman. When schools were made gun-free zones.” said Thweatt. “You could have a gun accidentally taken away. a gun Level 3 Advanced 8 “We’ve had a very disturbing trend of school shootings in the US. a gun • Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry pistols • Remote location could make it a target. But teachers’ unions in Texas have expressed horror. 12 Harrold’s gun policy was praised by the pro-gun nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms.. they can carry loaded pistols into the classroom.. or a gun could be discharged while a teacher’s breaking up a fight in the cafeteria. an Ohio-based specialist in advising school boards on security.” 6 Carefully selected teachers are to be trained in crisis management including handling hostage situations.” 14 Harrold’s school board is unapologetic about the controversy.. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen. minimally trained” teachers. 5 “We are 30 minutes from law enforcement. a ruler and. 4 Harrold’s school board maintains that the plan is necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriff’s office. Texas.” As is commonplace in America. president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. Thweatt said: “When you have good guys with guns. including the Columbine massacre which claimed 15 lives at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last year’s Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead. they can bring an extra tool of the trade alongside books.” 11 Ken Trump. pens and worksheets. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrold’s school protected pupils from tornadoes – and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks.” 7 More than a dozen mass shooting tragedies have hit US educational establishments over the last decade.” 13 He argued that teachers would be able to respond faster to a classroom shooting than a security guard: “Officers can’t be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts. the bad guys do less damage. “It is my belief that this is caused by making schools gun-free zones. the remote rural community in the state’s northern dustbowl has appalled gun control advocates by becoming the first in the US to allow its teachers to carry concealed firearms. say loaded pistols in the hands of trained teachers will make its students and staff safer. a gun / Advanced CA •P H O .” Harrold’s school superintendent.. makes it a potential ‘target’ for armed maniacs. suggested it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to “minimally supervised. To defend pupils from any gun-toting maniacs. America’s north-south Interstate 287. say locals Andrew Clark August 18. 3 With barely 300 residents. a ruler and. they became targets for people who wanted a high body count. The American school where teachers carry a pen. She described it as the sort of manoeuvre that makes Texas a laughing stock: “It’s up there with the worst ideas in the history of education. 9 10 “It’s a disaster waiting to happen. making it hard to get swift help in an emergency.The school where teachers carry a pen. David Thweatt. Alan Gottlieb.. Armed teachers must get a state gun licence and will be required to use bullets of a type less liable to ricochet off walls or desks. Its location just yards from a major highway. Harrold’s school already has tough security including card-swipe entry for rooms and screening for visitors. said the town’s school buildings would be safer: “Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail.” Gayle Fallon. a ruler and.. “How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath. 2 When teachers return for a new school term in the tiny Texas farming town of Harrold.

a gunman could kill all 150 pupils and teachers before outside help arrived. pupils to protect themselves from armed maniacs... © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian.. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen. Texas.. a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself.. b) . 4. becoming more frequent. the sheriff’s office should be moved closer to the school.. security guards to check parents.. a) .... teachers to carry guns in the classroom. the reports always start out with ‘this is a sleepy little place. a ruler and. a) . after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students...... nobody thought this would ever happen here’.. common in Texas.. by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school. unsure if this is the right plan. a gun Level 3 Advanced 15 “When you hear about these shootings.. Teachers’ unions in Texas are.The school where teachers carry a pen..... The school’s superintendent thinks that.. Florida. 1. c) .. c) . a) . School authorities in Harrold. behind the plan. Shooting tragedies in US schools and colleges are.. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University 3 Comprehension check Find the answers to the questions in the article. b) .” said Thweatt.. Colorado. b) ... before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint.. c) .. decreasing.... horrified by the plan. b) . 2. there needs to be stricter security at the school gates. 3.. a ruler and. Michigan.. c) . are allowing. 18/08/08 Background: Gun violence in US schools April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton.. a) . a gun / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

.. a ruler and. Find other multi-word phrases in the article that mean: 1. etc.The school where teachers carry a pen. A collective term for police and other security or emergency services (2 words) 3. terrorist attack. Someone or something that everyone thinks is silly (2 words) 9. a ruler and.. a gun / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . the bad guys do less damage. Methods for dealing with extremely difficult situations (2 words) 4.) and write a step-by-step emergency/ escape plan. A foreseeable tragedy (4 words) 5. A deranged or mad person carrying a weapon (3 words) 2. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen.”? Why / why not? 6 Group task: In case of emergency.. A method of going into a building using a plastic card (3 words) 8. a gun Level 3 Advanced 4 Multi-word phrases Tools of the trade is a multi-word phrase that means: the skills and equipment needed to do a particular job. A small town or area where nothing much happens (3 words) 5 Discussion Do you agree with Thweatt’s statement: “When you have good guys with guns. An area where no firearms are allowed (3 words) 7. Terrible and sad situations in which many people get shot (3 words) 6. flood. What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire...

4.. 4. a ruler and. 3.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. concealed 5. unapologetic 4 Multi-word phrases 1.The school where teachers carry a pen. gun-toting maniac law enforcement crisis management disaster waiting to happen mass shooting tragedies gun-free zones card-swipe entry laughing stock sleepy little place Teacher’s notes: 3 Comprehension check 1. 3. 8. advocate 4... 7. appalled 3.harroldisd. a gun / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen. 9. manoeuvre 9. 6. discharged 10. 2. ricochet 8. b b a c Internet tasks: Ask students to check the school’s website: www. loaded 2. 2. hostage 6. a ruler and. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy. screening 7. 5.. a gun Level 3 Advanced KEY 2 Key words 1.

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
a) Which of these items does your teacher need for work? • • • • • • • • pens pencils computer CD player gun ruler book worksheets

b) Can you add any more? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. armed disaster staff dozen unapologetic controversy ricochet licence rural horrified authorities defend

1. An organization or institution that controls something, often a public service: ____________________. (para 1) 2. People who work at a company or other place of work: ____________________. (para 1) 3. To protect someone or something from attack: ____________________. (para 2) 4. In the countryside (not in the city): ____________________. (para 3) 5. Carrying a weapon (usually a gun): ____________________. (para 4) 6. Another word for twelve: ____________________. (para 7) 7. An official paper that allows you to do something: ____________________. (para 8) 8. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: ____________________. (para 8) 9. Shocked: ____________________. (para 8) 10. Something very bad that happens and may kill many people: ____________________. (para 9) 11. Not sorry / show no regret: ____________________. (para 13) 12. A disagreement that a lot of people have strong feelings about: ____________________. (para 13)
© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary
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Level 1 Elementary
8 Like many places in America, Harrold’s school already has very tough security. The teachers must get a state gun licence and the bullets will be a special type less likely to ricochet off walls or desks. But teachers’ unions in Texas are horrified. “It’s a disaster waiting to happen,” Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. She described it as the sort of plan that makes people laugh at Texas: “It’s one of the worst ideas in the history of education.”

The American school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
• Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry guns • Remote location could make it a target, say locals Andrew Clark August 18, 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold, Texas, say trained teachers with guns will make its students and staff safer. 2 When teachers return for a new school term in the tiny Texas farming town of Harrold, they can bring an extra piece of equipment in addition to books, pens and worksheets. To defend pupils, they can carry guns into the classroom. 3 With only 300 residents, the small rural town in northern Texas has shocked many people by becoming the first place in the US to allow its teachers to carry guns. 4 Harrold’s school board says that the plan is necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriff’s office, which makes it hard to get immediate help in an emergency. They also say that because the town is very near to a major highway, America’s north-south Interstate 287, it could be a possible ‘target’ for armed madmen. 5 “The sheriff’s office is 30 minutes away”, said Harrold’s school superintendent, David Thweatt. “How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath.” 6 Some teachers at the school will be trained in dealing with emergencies. Thweatt said: “When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage.” 7 There have been more than a dozen mass shooting tragedies in US schools over the last ten years, including the Columbine massacre in which 15 people died at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last year’s Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead.

9

10 Ken Trump, an Ohio-based security specialist, said it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to “minimally supervised, minimally trained” teachers. “You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teacher’s breaking up a fight in the cafeteria,” said Trump. 11 Alan Gottlieb, chairman of the pro-gun nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, said the town’s school buildings would be safer: “Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail.” 12 He said that teachers would be able to deal more quickly with a classroom shooting than a security guard: “Officers can’t be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts.” 13 Harrold’s school board is unapologetic about the controversy. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrold’s school protected pupils from tornadoes – and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks. 14 “When you hear about these shootings, the reports always start out with ‘this is a sleepy little place, nobody thought this would ever happen here’,” said Thweatt.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 18/08/08
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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 1 Elementary

Background: Gun violence in US schools
April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Michigan, by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school, Florida, after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students, a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University

3 Summarizing
Re-read the article to find the answers to these questions. 1. What kind of town is Harrold and where is it? 2. What will teachers at Harrold School take into class next term? 3. How far away is the sheriff’s office? 4. How many mass shootings have there been at US schools in the last ten years? 5. How many people died in the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre? 6. Are teachers’ unions happy about the idea?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

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4 Prepositions
Fill in the missing prepositions (according to the article). at x2 • • • • • • • • in x2 for of to into

When teachers return ____________ a new school term they can carry guns ____________ the classroom small rural town ____________northern Texas help ____________ an emergency it is very near ____________ a major highway to kill all 150 ____________ us 15 people died ____________ a Colorado high school the sort of plan that makes people laugh ____________ Texas

5 Group task: In an emergency...
What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire, flood, terrorist attack, etc.) and write a step-by-step emergency / escape plan. Step 1: ______________________________________________________ Step 2: ______________________________________________________ Step 3: ______________________________________________________ Step 4: ______________________________________________________ Step 5: ______________________________________________________ Step 6: ______________________________________________________ Step 7: ______________________________________________________ Step 8: ______________________________________________________ Step 9: ______________________________________________________ Step 10: ______________________________________________________

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. authorities staff defend rural armed dozen licence ricochet horrified disaster unapologetic controversy

4

Prepositions

for; into; in; in; to; of; at; at

Teacher’s notes: Internet tasks: Ask students to check the school’s website: www.harroldisd.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy.

3 Summarizing
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. A small farming town in Texas, USA Guns 30 minutes away More than a dozen / 12 33 No (they think it’s a disaster waiting to happen)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

a) What teaching equipment is always in your classroom? b) What additional equipment do you think your teacher needs to carry in his/her teaching bag?

2

Key words

Match the key words from the article with their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. armed remote screening loaded hostage unapologetic gun-toting maniacs ricochet

crisis management card-swipe entry

authorities

1. An organization or institution that controls something, often a public service: ____________________. (para 1) 2. Containing bullets: ________________________. (para 1) 3. Mad people carrying weapons: ____________________________. (para 2) 4. Far away from any other cities or towns: ________________________. (para 3) 5. Methods for dealing with extremely difficult situations: ____________________________. (para 6) 6. A person who is the prisoner of someone who threatens to kill them if they do not get what they want: ________________________. (para 6) 7. A method of going into a building using a plastic card: ____________________________. (para 8) 8. The process of checking someone to see if they’re suitable for something: ________________________. (para 8) 9. Carrying a weapon (usually a gun): ________________________. (para 8) 10. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: ________________________. (para 8) 11. Not sorry / show no regret: ________________________. (para 13)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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Level 2 Intermediate
entry for rooms and screening for visitors. Armed teachers must get a state gun licence and the bullets will be of a type less likely to ricochet off walls or desks. But teachers’ unions in Texas have expressed horror.

The American school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
• Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry guns • Remote location could make it a target, say locals Andrew Clark August 18, 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold, Texas, say loaded
guns in the hands of trained teachers will make its students and staff safer.

9

“It’s a disaster waiting to happen,” Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. She described it as the sort of plan that makes people laugh at Texas: “It’s one of the worst ideas in the history of education.”

2 When teachers return for a new school term in the

tiny Texas farming town of Harrold, they can bring an extra piece of equipment alongside books, pens and worksheets. To defend pupils from any gun-toting maniacs, they can carry loaded guns into the classroom.

10 Ken Trump, an Ohio-based security specialist,

3 With barely 300 residents, the remote rural

suggested it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to “minimally supervised, minimally trained” teachers. “You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teacher’s breaking up a fight in the cafeteria,” said Trump.

community in northern Texas has shocked groups in favor of gun control by becoming the first place in the US to allow its teachers to carry guns.

11 Harrold’s gun policy was praised by the pro-gun

4 Harrold’s school board says that the plan is

necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriff’s office, which makes it hard to get immediate help in an emergency. They also say that its location just yards from a major highway, America’s north-south Interstate 287, makes it a possible ‘target’ for armed maniacs.

nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. Its chairman, Alan Gottlieb, said the town’s school buildings would be safer: “Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail.”

12 He argued that teachers would be able to respond
faster to a classroom shooting than a security guard: “Officers can’t be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts.”

5 “The sheriff’s office is 30 minutes away”, said

Harrold’s school superintendent, David Thweatt. “How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath.”

13 Harrold’s school board is unapologetic about the

6 Carefully selected teachers are to be trained in

crisis management including dealing with hostage situations. Thweatt said: “When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage.”

controversy. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrold’s school protected pupils from tornadoes – and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks.

14 “When you hear about these shootings, the reports
always start out with ‘this is a sleepy little place, nobody thought this would ever happen here’,” said Thweatt.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 18/08/08

7 More than a dozen mass shooting tragedies have

hit US schools over the last ten years, including the Columbine massacre in which 15 people died at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last year’s Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead.

8 Like many places in America, Harrold’s school

already has tough security including card-swipe
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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 2 Intermediate

Background: Gun violence in US schools
April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Michigan, by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school, Florida, after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students, a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University

3

Comprehension

According to the article, are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? 1. School authorities in Harrold, Texas, are allowing selected teachers to carry guns in the classroom. 2. Teachers’ unions are in favor of this plan. 3. Harrold is a small farming town in Ohio. 4. The school’s superintendent thinks that the sheriff’s office should be moved closer to the school. 5. Up to now there has been no security at Harrold’s school. 6. The school’s superintendent says tornadoes are a bigger problem than guns. 7. There have been more than 12 shooting incidents in US schools in the last decade. 8. A security specialist thinks that arming teachers is not the answer to the problem. 9. The teachers will not need a gun licence. 10. Thweatt says the threat of shootings is greater in big cities.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Level 2 Intermediate
4 Statements: Who said what?
Find the statements made by these four people in the article. Which, if any, do you agree with? • The school’s superintendent said, “When you...__________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. The chairman of the Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms said _____________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. A security specialist said ___________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. The president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said ________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________.

Make your own statement about the article.

Your statement: ........................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................

!

5 Group task: In case of emergency...
What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire, flood, terrorist attack, etc.) and write a step-by-step emergency / escape plan.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS /The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun Addiction to Internet ‘is an illness’
Level 2 KEY
2 Key words
1. authorities 2. loaded 3. gun-toting maniacs 4. remote 5. crisis management 6. hostage 7. card-swipe entry 8. screening 9. armed 10. ricochet 11. unapologetic

Intermediate

4 Statements: Who said what?
The school’s superintendent said, “When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage.” The Chairman of the Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms said, “Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail.” A security specialist said it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to “minimally supervised, minimally trained” teachers. “You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teacher’s breaking up a fight in the cafeteria.” Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said “It’s a disaster waiting to happen.” Teacher’s notes: Internet tasks: Ask students to check the school’s website: www.harroldisd.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy.

3 Comprehension
1. True 2. False 3. False 4. False 5. False 6. False 7. True 8. True 9. False 10. False

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’
Level 3
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Advanced

Warmer: Quiz
1. What and where is the White House? 2. Name the two major political parties in the United States. 3. Which colours are they represented by? 4. Who is Uncle Sam? 5. Who was Martin Luther King? 6. Who is the current US president and which party does he belong to? 7. Who is his deputy?

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Key words

Find the words in the article that mean the following. 1. An official suggestion or decision that someone should get a job or prize: _____________________. (para 1) 2. A style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people: ______________________. (para 2) 3. To pay _____________________ or tribute to someone shows you respect and admire them or their work. (para 3) 4. If you _____________________ your country or someone who needs your support, you deliberately do something that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 4, infinitive) 5. A verb meaning to promise seriously and publicly to do something: _____________________. (para 5) 6. The fact that something is based on accurate information. Often a synonym for truth: ____________________. (para 6) 7. An adjective, usually before a noun, meaning that something is not strong or successful: __________________ (para 6) 8. A word meaning negative comments or jibes: _____________________. (para 7) 9. Special clothes that you wear for a ceremony or official occasion: _____________________. (para 11) 10. When someone is _____________________ they are searched by someone with their hands in order to see if they are carrying anything illegal such as a gun or drugs. (para 13) 11. Acts of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else: _____________________. (para 15) 12. Strong feelings of love, respect, and duty towards your country: _____________________. (para 16)
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Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’
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7 He finally went after McCain and made sly digs over McCain’s volatile temperament and age: McCain turns 72 today. To cheers from the crowd, he challenged McCain’s foreign policy judgment and rounded on him for supporting the Iraq war at the expense of failing to go after Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan. “John McCain likes to say that he’ll follow bin Laden to the Gates of Hell – but he won’t even go to the cave where he lives.” The Obama campaign had intended the speech to be a people’s event. He was only the third Democratic candidate to accept the party’s presidential nomination outside a convention hall: Roosevelt did in Chicago in 1932, and Kennedy in Los Angeles in 1960.

Barack Obama gets down to policy as he wows a crowd of 80,000
Democratic nominee tackles Iraq, race and the Republicans during a rousing address in Denver Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29, 2008 1 Barack Obama fulfilled the promise made when he entered the US political stage four years ago and the dream of Martin Luther King almost half a century ago, when he accepted the Democratic presidential nomination before tens of thousands of his supporters. 2 Obama’s speech, at Denver’s Mile High stadium, added policy to the rhetoric that had helped bring a man who was virtually unknown at the 2004 Democratic convention to within reach of the White House. 3 Speaking on the 45th anniversary of King’s “I have a dream” speech, the first African-American to secure the nomination of a major party brought the 80,000-plus who packed the stadium to their feet when, concluding a 47-minute speech, he paid homage to King. Obama said it was the promise of America that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. 4 Bush had betrayed that promise during the last eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four under John McCain, Obama said. 5 Quoting from King’s call to march forward together and not turn back, he echoed the father of the civil rights movement: “America, we cannot turn back. Not with so much work to be done … We cannot walk alone. At this moment, in this election, we must pledge once more to march into the future.” 6 After months of criticism that there was no substance behind the words, Obama spoke about how he would deal with America’s ailing economy, the biggest election issue. He offered a programme of education, health and energy reforms, allied to job creation and tax cuts.
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10 Tens of thousands of people took the chance to be part of the event, with long lines snaking for miles around the stadium under a blazing sun and filling the stadium three hours before he spoke. 11 They came in Martin Luther King T-shirts and in full Obama regalia – T-shirts, hats and buttons. A few came in Native American traditional dress. Vendors sold Obama dolls and life-sized figures of Obama dressed as Uncle Sam. 12 Inside the stadium, there was a collective sense of history in the making. Flash bulbs from cameras popped incessantly from the stands, as people waved small American flags, danced to Motown and shouted “Yes, we can!” as Will.i.am and other performers took to the stage. 13 Obama came to his first Democratic convention eight years ago short of cash and was frequently frisked by security because of his name. He recalled his arrival on the national scene, “Four years ago, I stood before you and told you my story – of the brief union between a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who weren’t well-off or well-known, but shared a belief that in America, their son could achieve whatever he put his mind to,” he said. 14 He used his own life story, too, to address the negative campaign that McCain has mounted over
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women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have been of different political parties but all died under the same flag. 17 “They have not served a red America or a blue America – they have served the United States of America,” he said. “So I’ve got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.”
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 29/08/08

the last two months, in particular that he was too fond of his new-found celebrity status. 15 Obama spoke about the sacrifices made by his family. “I don’t know what kind of lives John McCain thinks that celebrities lead but this has been mine,” he said. 16 He also responded to charges by Republicans that question his patriotism. He adapted a line from his 2004 speech in Boston to argue that the men and

3 Comprehension check
Find the answers to the questions in the article. 1. Why was Barack Obama at Denver’s Mile High stadium? a) To announce his decision to run for US President. b) To officially accept the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination. c) To talk about Martin Luther King. 2. Where did Martin Luther King hold his famous “I have a dream” speech? a) In Denver’s Mile High Stadium. b) In Boston. c) At the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. 3. Obama had been criticized for... a) ... paying homage to Martin Luther King. b) ... not giving enough details about his policies. c) ... talking about the US’s ailing economy. 4. Obama criticized McCain for... a) ... not acting his age. b) ... supporting Bush’s war in Iraq over pursuing bin Laden. c) ... not being patriotic. 5. Obama’s parents are from... a) ... Kenya and the USA. b) ... Kansas and Hawaii. c) ... Kenya and Hawaii.

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4 Vocabulary: Collocations
Match the words below to make collocations from the article. Then write an example sentence of your own for each collocation. 1. accept 2. conclude 3. pay 4. (be) frisked 5. mount 6. ailing 7. sly 8. volatile 9. celebrity homage to a negative campaign by security a nomination a speech dig status economy temperament

5 Discussion
Who is the presidential nominee for the Republican Party? Who is his running mate? Why are the world press so interested in the US presidential elections? How do US politics affect your country / you personally?

6 Webquest
You can watch a five minute video of Barack Obama speaking in Denver here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 You can also type Barack Obama Denver into YouTube to watch it there.

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1 Warmer: Quiz
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Democratic Party = blue, and the Republican Party = red. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US), with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee, and dressed in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United States – for example, typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band, and red and white striped trousers. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. George W. Bush. The Republican Party. Richard (Dick) B. Cheney

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. b c b b a

4 Vocabulary: Collocations
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. accept a nomination conclude a speech pay homage to (be) frisked by security mount a negative campaign ailing economy sly dig volatile temperament celebrity status

Teacher’s notes: Set a time limit and use your discretion for the warmer quiz. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 A full text of Obama’s speech is available here: http://www. guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008. barackobama2 Other useful websites are • http://www.democrats.org/ • http://www.rnc.org/ • http://www.whitehouse.gov/ • http://www.whitehouse.gov/vicepresident/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit, popular in the 1960s and 1970s. Will.i.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group.
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1. nomination 2. rhetoric 3. homage 4. betray 5. pledge 6. substance 7. ailing 8. digs 9. regalia 10. frisked 11. sacrifices 12. patriotism

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Warmer: Brainstorming

In five minutes, make as many notes as you can about politics in the United States of America.

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2 Key words
Write the words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers will help you find the correct words. betray stadium supporters cheered vendor march patriotism economy reform candidate

1. Someone who stands behind a particular person and his/her ideas: _____________________. (para1) 2. A large building, usually without a roof, where people watch sports events such as football: _____________________. (para 1) 3. One of the people competing in an election: _____________________. (para 1) 4. To give a loud shout of happiness and approval: _____________________. (para 2, past tense) 5. If you _____________________ your country or someone who needs your support, you deliberately do something that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 3, infinitive) 6. To walk along a road as part of a group of people protesting about something: ___________________. (para 4) 7. A country’s business, industry, trade and money: _____________________. (para 5) 8. A change that corrects a situation that is wrong or unfair: _____________________. (para 5) 9. Someone who sells something – especially outside: _____________________. (para 8) 10. Strong feelings of love, respect, and duty towards your country: _____________________. (para 11)
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7 The people who work for Obama wanted the speech to be a people’s event. Tens of thousands of people attended and the stadium was full up three hours before he spoke. They came wearing Martin Luther King T-shirts and Obama T-shirts, hats, and buttons. A few came in Native American traditional clothes. Vendors sold Obama dolls. Inside the stadium cameras flashed and people waved small American flags. They danced to Motown music and shouted “Yes, we can!” as Will.i.am and other musicians performed on the stage.

Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’
Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29, 2008 1 In front of tens of thousands of his supporters at the Mile High stadium in Denver, Barack Obama officially agreed to be the Democratic Party’s presidential candidate for the next US elections. Obama is the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party. 2 The crowd of over 80,000 people stood up and cheered when, speaking on the 45th anniversary of Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech, Obama repeated King’s words. He said it was the promise of America, of a country where everyone can go to school and get a job, that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King speak on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. 3 President Bush had betrayed that promise during the last eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four years with another Republican, John McCain, as the next president, Obama said. 4 Quoting from King’s call to march forward together and not turn back, he said “America, we cannot turn back. Not with so much work to be done. We cannot walk alone. At this moment, in this election, we must promise once more to march into the future.” 5 Obama spoke about what he would do about America’s weak economy. He talked about education, health and energy reforms, new jobs and less tax. 6 To cheers from the crowd, he said 72-year-old McCain was wrong because he supports the Iraq war but is not looking for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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10 Obama said, “Four years ago, I stood before you and told you my story – of a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who didn’t have much money, but who both believed that in America, their son could become whatever he wanted to be”. 11 He answered negative comments made by Republicans that questioned his patriotism. He said that although the men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have supported different political parties, they all died for the same country. 12 “They have not fought for a Republican America or a Democratic America – they have served the United States of America,” he said. “So I’ve got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.”
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 29/08/08

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3 Comprehension check
Join these sentence halves to give a summary of the article. 1. Barack Obama hopes to be the... 2. John McCain also wants to be the... 3. Obama is the first African-American to be... 4. Over eighty thousand people went to... 5. The current president of the US... 6. Barack Obama... a. b. ... nominated by a major US political party. ... is much younger than John McCain.

c. ... is George W. Bush. d. ... next president, but for the Republican Party. e. ... next president of the United States.

f. ... Denver to hear Obama’s speech.

4 Vocabulary: Crossword
Across 3. a piece of equipment that takes photographs 6. a large number of people in one place 3 2 1

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Down 1. the political leader of a country 2. money we all have to pay to the government 4. a time when people vote 5. past tense of fight 6

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When are the US elections? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Who was Martin Luther King? 6.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion Are you interested in the US presidential elections? Why / Why not? 6 Webquest: Quiz Use the Internet to find the answers to these questions. What and where is the White House? 2. Where and what is the Lincoln Memorial? 7. 1. What are the names of the two major political parties in the United States? 3. Who is Obama’s running mate (= the Vice President if Obama wins)? 4. Who is Uncle Sam? 5.

2. 9. Abraham Lincoln. 5.co.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Key words 1. and dressed Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit. 1968) was an American clergyman.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.wikipedia. tax 4. The Lincoln Memorial is a United States Presidential memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States. election 5. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee.whitehouse. 6. camera 6.gov/ http://www. barackobama2 Other useful websites are: • • • • • • • http://www. 4.i. guardian. (January 15.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam http://en. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. 4. and red and white striped trousers. 6. in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United States—for example. 4. 10.co. It is located on the National Mall in Washington. King was assassinated on April 4. typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US). where he delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. 2. supporter stadium candidate cheered betray march economy reform vendor patriotism 5.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king http://en. D. 6. Will.democrats.wikipedia.whitehouse. e d a f c b Teacher’s notes: Students can work in pairs or teams for the warmer and compare notes after five minutes. fought 6 Webquest: Quiz 1. 7. 3. 3. 8. You could set the webquest quiz as homework. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group. 2.org/ http://www.C. crowd Down 1.rnc. D.guardian. Jr.C November 4th 2008 3 Comprehension check 1. 7.democrats20082 A full text of Obama’s speech is available here: http://www. popular in the 1960s and 1970s.org/wiki/Lincoln_memorial 4 Vocabulary: Crossword Across 3. CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Elementary •P H .org/ http://www.wikipedia.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008. 5. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www. with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. Jo Biden. in Memphis. president 2. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams. 1968. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party.gov/vicepresident/ http://en. 1929 – April 4. 3. Martin Luther King.

(para 4. the promise of America (para 3) 5. add policy to words (para 2) 3. Plans or actions agreed on by a government or political party: ______________________. (para 5) 7. accept a nomination (para 1) 2. bring a crowd to their feet (para 3) 4. (para1) 3. 1. An adjective meaning rich or having enough money to live off: ______________________. respond to charges (para 13) 10. to put meaning and opinion into what you say b. you deliberately do some thing that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 8) 9. (para 11) 11. short of cash (para 11) 8. (para 13) 2 Phrases Match the phrases from the article to their meanings. decide to do something h. betray campaign supporter sacrifice patriotism march reform nomination well-off policy tribute regalia 1. the commitment that everybody should have a good education which would lead to a job and good quality of living d. give answers to negative comments made about you g. Giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else: ______________________. To pay ______________________ to someone shows you respect and admire them or their work. die under a flag (para 13) a. when people stand and clap because they like what you say or do f. betray a promise (para 4) 6. to go back on something you have said c. Special clothes that you wear for a ceremony or official occasion: ______________________. A series of things that a politician or political party does to try to win an election: ______________________. infinitive) 6. If you ______________________ your country or someone who needs your support. (para 1) 2. An official suggestion or decision that someone should get a job or prize: ______________________. (para 12) 12. (para 3) 5. have very little money j. to agree to take on a job or position that has been offered e. (para2) 4. be killed (in a war) while fighting for your country i. and duty towards your country: ______________________. Strong feelings of love.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Write in the words from the article that mean the following. (para 11) 10. respect. weak financial situation in a country N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Intermediate CA •P H O . To walk along a road as part of a group of people protesting about something: __________________. (para 6) 8. ailing economy (para 6) 7. Someone who stands behind a particular person and his/her ideas: ______________________. A change intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair: ______________________. put your mind to something (para 11) 9.

their son could achieve whatever he put his mind to. Obama said.” Barack Obama gets down to policy as he wows a crowd of 80. He adapted a line from his 2004 speech in Boston to argue that although the men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have been of different political parties they all died under the same flag. “Four years ago. we can!” as Will.” he said. Tens of thousands of people attended. 2 Obama’s speech. we cannot turn back.” he said. but this has been mine. Obama. 9 10 Inside the stadium cameras flashed constantly from 3 Speaking on the 45th anniversary of King’s “I have 11 Obama came to his first Democratic convention 4 Bush had betrayed that promise during the last eight years ago short of cash. as people waved small American flags. 29/08/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 6 After months of criticism that there was nothing 7 To cheers from the crowd.” he said. health and energy reforms. he said “America. John McCain: We all put our country first. too.000-plus crowd to their feet when. hats and buttons. a dream” speech. in this election. 2008 1 Barack Obama kept the promise he made four years ago. but both believed that in America.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 2 Intermediate go to the cave where he lives. and the dream of Martin Luther King almost half a century ago. “So I’ve got news for you. race and the Republicans during a rousing address in Denver Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29. John McCain. the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party. At this moment. Not with so much work to be done … We cannot walk alone. At that time he was often searched by security because of his name. comments made by McCain over the last two months. danced to Motown music and shouted “Yes. related to job creation and tax cuts. he paid tribute to King. eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four with another Republican.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. They came in Martin Luther King T-shirts and in full Obama regalia – T-shirts. “John McCain likes to say that he’ll follow bin Laden to the Gates of Hell – but he won’t even 8 The Obama campaign had intended the speech to be a people’s event.000 Democratic nominee tackles Iraq. and not turn back. Obama spoke about the sacrifices made by his family. as president. 12 He used his own life story. I stood before you and told you my story – of a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who weren’t well-off or wellknown. at the end of his speech. He said.” behind his words. brought the 80. Obama spoke about how he would deal with America’s ailing economy. A few came in Native American traditional dress. at Denver’s Mile High stadium. in particular that Obama was too fond of his new celebrity status.am and other musicians performed on the stage. “I don’t know what kind of lives John McCain thinks that celebrities lead. added policy to the words that had helped bring him within reach of the White House. Obama said it was the promise of America that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King speak on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. with long lines snaking for miles around the stadium under a blazing sun and filling the stadium three hours before he spoke. America – they have served the United States of America. he challenged 72-year- 14 “They have not served a red America or a blue © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Intermediate CA •P H O .i. to answer negative 5 Quoting from King’s call to march forward together 13 He also responded to charges by Republicans that question his patriotism. He offered a programme of education. we must promise once more to march into the future. old McCain’s foreign policy judgment and spoke against him for supporting the Iraq war but not looking for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Vendors sold Obama dolls and life-sized figures of Obama dressed as Uncle Sam. when he accepted the Democratic presidential nomination before tens of thousands of his supporters. the stands.

What and where is the White House? 2. Obama said that it doesn’t matter which party you support when you die for your country. Obama criticized McCain for not being patriotic. Many of Obama’s supporters dress up as Native Americans. Who is his deputy? 10. Who is the current US president and which party does he belong to? 9. Obama had been criticized for talking about the US’s ailing economy. Who was Martin Luther King? 7. Who is the presidential nominee for the Republican Party? Who is his running mate? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Obama’s parents are both from Kenya. Obama is the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party. 7. 5. Who is Obama’s running mate (= Vice President if Obama is elected)? 5. 6. 4. Who is Uncle Sam? 6.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 2 3 Intermediate Comprehension check Are the sentences True (T) or False (F)? Rewrite the false sentences to make them true according to the article. 2. Where and what is the Lincoln Memorial? 8. Barack Obama officially accepted the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination at Denver’s Mile High stadium. Which colours are they represented by? 4. 4 Quiz 1. 8. 3. Martin Luther King previously held his famous “I have a dream” speech In Denver’s Mile High Stadium. 1. Name the two major political parties in the United States. 3.

democrats20082 You can also type Barack Obama Denver into YouTube to watch it there. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .guardian.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ Level 2 Intermediate 5 Discussion Why do you think the world press is so interested in the US presidential elections? How do US politics affect your country / you personally? 6 Webquest You can watch a five minute video of Barack Obama speaking in Denver here: http://www.co.

org/ • http://www. D. 7.democrats. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. 4.org/ • http://www. i 8. and red and white striped trousers. 6. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.C. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington. nomination 2. True False False False False True False True 4 Quiz 1. Jo Biden.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.gov/ • http://www.Obama says ‘it’s time‘is toan change America’ Addiction to Internet illness’ Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. march 7. Abraham Lincoln. popular in the 1960s and 1970s. in Memphis. where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. d 2. 7. CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 3 Comprehension check 1. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. D. a 3. 9. patriotism 4.i. 2.wikipedia. Bush. j 7. Will.barackobama2 Other useful websites are: • http://www.rnc. 1968. reform 8. Jr. supporter 3.whitehouse.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam • http://en. 8. It is located on the National Mall in Washington. 5. guardian. 5. The Democratic Party = blue.org/wiki/Lincoln_memorial Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group. with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. Martin Luther King. Tennessee.wikipedia. 1929 – April 4. Richard (Dick) B. policy 4. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says ‘it’s time to change America’ / Intermediate •P H . The Democratic Party and the Republican Party.wikipedia. The Republican Party. 3.guardian. sacrifice 12. b 6. Cheney 10. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www. (January 15. c 5. 1968) was an American clergyman. George W.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king • http://en.C.democrats20082 A full text of Obama’s speech is available here: http://www. f 10. and dressed in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United States—for example. tribute 5.co. The Lincoln Memorial is a United States Presidential memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States. 8. betray 6. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US). John McCain and Sarah Palin. and the Republican Party = red. 6. typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band. Intermediate 2 Phrases 1.whitehouse. well-off 11. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. e 4. activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. h Teacher’s notes: Set a time limit and use your discretion for the quiz.co. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee. g 9. 2. 3. campaign 9. King was assassinated on April 4.gov/vicepresident/ • http://en. regalia 10.

___________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows. If two or more ideas are ____________________.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. Meat production produces 10% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. The average British person eats more meat than WHO guidelines recommend. 8. 6. If you make a ____________________. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is. 9. Carbon dioxide is a more effective greenhouse gas than methane. If everyone became vegetarian. 4. they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. Then check your answers in the text. sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something. 1. ____________________ is the chance that something has of happening or being successful. 6. 5. sacrifice consumption graze gluttony contradictory simplistic feasibility flatulence livestock ruminant 1. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F). Keeping livestock indoors would be bad for their health. 5. When animals ____________________. 7. Reducing car use by half would cut greenhouse gases by more than reducing meat consumption by half. A ____________________ is an animal such as a cow or sheep that brings food back from its stomach into its mouth to chew it a second time. 3. 10. 4. ____________________ is when a person or animal has too much gas in their stomach or intestines. 3. they eat grass growing in a field. 2. greenhouse gases would be reduced dramatically. you give up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. 2. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . ____________________ is the bad habit of eating more than you need.

Chris Lamb. there’s no question about that. equivalent to a chicken breast and a lamb chop – a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50 per cent more than World Heath Organization guidelines. It was relatively easy to change eating habits compared to changing means of transport. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced CA •P H O . which is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. These are generated during the production of animal feeds. said government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat. Some ideas were contradictory. Pachauri will speak at an event hosted by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming.” Watson said. The group has called for governments to lead campaigns to reduce meat consumption by 60 per cent by 2020.” 5 Pachauri can expect some vociferous responses from the food industry to his advice.” said the Indian economist. “Eating less meat would help. 2008 1 People should have one meat-free day a week if they want to make a personal and effective sacrifice that would help tackle climate change according to the world’s leading authority on global warming. who will also speak at tomorrow’s event in London. Campaigners have also pointed out the health benefits of eating less meat.” 6 Tomorrow. chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. who is about to publish a new book. 4 “In terms of immediacy of action and the feasibility of bringing about reductions in a short period of time. Food and Rural Affairs. who is a vegetarian. head of marketing for pig industry group BPEX. which has calculated that if the average UK household halved meat consumption that would cut emissions more than if car use was cut in half. John Torode’s Beef. for example.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 3 Advanced he also stressed other changes in lifestyle would help to combat climate change. 7 Professor Robert Watson. 2 Pachauri. but it should not ‘regulate’. But there’s a bigger issue here: where [the meat] comes from. Dr Rajendra Pachauri. particularly cows. However.” said Pachauri. “Too much for any person becomes gluttony. “I have a little bit and enjoy it. If we all bought British and stopped buying imported food we’d save a huge amount of carbon emissions. and decrease it from there. but there are other things. emit methane. 3 The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization has estimated that meat production accounts for nearly a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions. “Give up meat for one day [a week] initially. the chief scientific adviser for the Department for Environment. said the meat industry had been unfairly targeted and was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and reduce those. said diet change was important because of the huge greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental problems – including habitat destruction – associated with rearing cattle and other animals. while ruminants. 8 However. though last night he was given unexpected support by Masterchef presenter and restaurateur John Torode. he said – for example. one solution to emissions from livestock was N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • UN says eat less meat to curb global warming • Climate expert urges radical shift in diet • Industry unfairly targeted – farmers Juliette Jowit. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day. The agency has also warned that meat consumption is set to double by the middle of the century. environment editor September 7. it clearly is the most attractive opportunity. His comments are the most controversial advice yet provided by the panel on how individuals can help tackle global warming.” said Torode. which last year earned a joint share of the Nobel Peace Prize. he said. who was re-elected the panel’s chairman for a second six-year term last week. said that people should then go on to reduce their meat consumption even further. “That’s what I want to emphasize: we really have to bring about reductions in every sector of the economy.

Professor Watson wants.. Because it would cost a lot to grow more crops. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . … the government to tell people that eating less meat would be good for them. c. It also said vegetarian diets that included lots of milk. a. b. That climate change is a very young science. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer.” he said. b. b. 07/09/08 to keep them indoors. 2. It is expensive compared with vegetarianism. c. but this would damage animal welfare. It is unhealthy.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 3 Advanced cows are a major source of methane. … the government to find out which activities have the biggest environmental impact. That importing food is a more important issue than reducing consumption. 1. butter and cheese would probably not noticeably reduce emissions because dairy 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. What does the restaurateur John Torode believe? a. c. “Climate change is a very young science and our view is there are a lot of simplistic solutions being proposed. Because some habitats benefit from grazing. 4. It produces greenhouse gases. a potent greenhouse gas released through flatulence. Because vegetarians eat lots of dairy products produced by cows.. … the government to introduce laws to reduce meat consumption. What is the main problem associated with meat consumption? a. Why wouldn’t a vegetarian diet make much difference? a. c. 3. That global warming is caused by meat consumption. b. 9 Last year a major report into the environmental impact of meat eating by the Food Climate Research Network at Surrey University claimed livestock generated eight per cent of UK emissions – but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from grazing.

an event 6 Two-word expressions Complete the expressions. (para 4) 6. generate 3. c__________________ dioxide h__________________ benefits e__________________ impact c__________________ emissions 7 Discussion Would you be willing to reduce your meat consumption to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions? What other ways could people help to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. methane and other gases that contribute to global warming? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . gases f. A verb meaning to look after an animal until it is fully grown. 7. A noun meaning the type of place an animal normally lives. propose 8. a reduction g. (para 2) 4. A noun meaning a group of people who make decisions or judgments. tackle 5. A two-word expression meaning of the same value as something else. An adjective meaning loud and with force. a campaign d. (para 1) 2. A verb meaning to do something to try to stop something bad from becoming worse. (para 1) 3. 5. c__________________ change 3. Check your answers in the text. bring about 4. An adjective meaning powerful or effective. lead a. e__________________ problems 1. a solution e. change 2. 8. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 6. 1. g__________________ gases 2.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. (para 5) 7. 1. consumption c. (para 6) 8. A verb meaning to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem. (para 2) 5. eating habits h. host 6. (para 9) 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs from the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. halve 7. climate change b. Note that two words are used twice. g__________________ warming 4.

4. 2. 8. 3. 2. 2. feasibility 6. 7. 6. ruminant 3. graze 5. 2. livestock 9. 8. 7. 4. 3. greenhouse climate global environmental carbon health environmental carbon © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 4. flatulence 4. 8. gluttony 7. tackle panel habitat rear combat vociferous equivalent to potent 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 3. 3. 7. 6. b a a b 6 Two-word expressions 1. 5. 3. 6. 4. 5. F F T F F T 3 Comprehension check 1. contradictory 8. simplistic Advanced 4 Find the word 1. consumption 2. sacrifice 10. 5. 2.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. 5. g e f a h b d c 2 What do you know? 1. 6.

4. An animal’s ____________________ is the place it normally lives. it controls it by making rules or laws. 2. ____________________ are official instructions or advice about how to do something. sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. 10. 7. 3. If two or more ideas are ____________________. especially a gas. ___________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows. 6. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. By what percentage does Compassion in World Farming want to reduce meat consumption by 2020? 6. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something. A ____________________ is something positive you get from a particular situation. 5. you make it smaller or less in size or amount. If you ____________________ something. 8. If a government decides to ____________________ something. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. An ____________________ is a substance. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization what percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions is produced by meat production? 2. 1. which goes into the air. How much is UK meat consumption more than WHO guidelines? 4. Which is the more effective global warming agent – methane or carbon dioxide? 5. they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. 9. How much meat protein does the average person in the UK eat each day? 3. What percentage of UK emissions is produced by livestock? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . consumption emission simplistic guidelines contradictory benefit livestock regulate habitat reduce 1.

3 The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has said that meat production causes nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions. said the government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat.” he said. butter and cheese so they would probably not reduce emissions much because dairy cows produce a lot of methane. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has also said that meat consumption will probably double by the middle of the century. “I have a little bit of meat and enjoy it. However. “Climate change is a very young science and we think that some of the solutions which people are proposing are very simplistic. he also said that other changes in lifestyle would help to stop climate change.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 1 Elementary is about to publish a new book.” he said. who is a vegetarian. a government scientific adviser. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. Methane is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. It also said that vegetarian diets included lots of milk. Dr Rajendra Pachauri. for example. but it should not ‘regulate’.” 6 Pachauri will be speaking at an event organized by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming. who © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary O . The group wants the government to try to reduce meat consumption by 60% by 2020. For example. including the destruction of animal habitats. 2 Dr Pachauri said it was important for people to change their diet because rearing cattle and other animals produced enormous amounts of greenhouse gases. 4 “Reducing meat consumption is the best option because we can do it almost immediately and it will reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a short period of time. John Torode’s Beef. 2008 1 The world’s main expert on global warming says people should give up meat for one day a week if they want do something that would help stop climate change.” said the Indian economist. Some ideas were contradictory. 07/09/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • UN says eat less meat to curb global warming • Climate expert urges radical shift in diet • Industry unfairly targeted – farmers Juliette Jowit. but there are other things. 8 But Chris Lamb. “We really have to reduce consumption in every sector of the economy.” said Pachauri. while animals such as cows produce methane gas. It also caused other environmental problems. and then continue to decrease it. He said it was quite easy to change people’s eating habits – much easier than changing means of transport. one solution was to keep farm animals indoors.” said Torode. chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. for example. “Give up meat for one day [a week] at first. 9 Last year a report on the environmental impact of meat eating said livestock produced 8% of UK emissions – but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from animals eating grass. The group has calculated that if the average UK home reduced meat consumption by 50% that would reduce emissions more than cutting car use by 50%. “Eating less meat would help. but he has received unexpected support from British restaurateur John Torode. said it wasn’t fair to target the meat industry. “Too much meat for any person is just being greedy. head of marketing for a pig industry group. He said the industry was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and was trying to reduce those activities. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day – a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50% more than World Heath Organization guidelines. These gases are made during the production of animal feeds. environment editor September 7. he said. said that people should then continue to reduce the amount of meat they eat. But there’s a more important question here: where the meat comes from. we will reduce our carbon emissions dramatically. 7 Professor Robert Watson. They also say that eating less meat is good for your health. If we all buy British food and stop buying imported food. but this would be very bad for their health. there’s no question about that. 5 Pachauri can expect some strong opposition from the food industry.” Watson said.

would reduce greenhouse gas emissions more than cutting car use by 50%. environmental 4. c.. It is easier to change people’s eating habits than. .... impact g.. climate 2. 4.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 5. d... could also help to stop climate change. . they contain a lot of dairy products and dairy cows produce methane.. 4 Two-word expressions Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. . 1. 3.. e... .. Check your answers in the text. f. Vegetarian diets do not hep reduce greenhouse gas emissions because. carbon a... 2.. carbon emissions will fall dramatically. 1. Other changes in lifestyle. global 3. . If British people stop buying imported food. Compassion in World Farming wants the government.. scientific 8. dioxide d. b.. adviser e. Reducing meat consumption by 50%. change f. changing means of transport.. animal 5... methane 6. imported 7.. food b. habitats c.. . warming N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary CA •P H O . a. to cut meat consumption by 60% by 2020. 6.. gas h..

meat eat reduce the they of amount 4. 1. the every in sector economy of 2. verb noun 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 consume emit destroy solve oppose support benefit produce © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . short time of a period in 6. week for day one a 3. less health good for eating meat is your 6 Word building Complete the table. the by middle century the of 5. Check your answers in the text.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 1 Elementary 5 Chunks Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text.

emission 2. in every sector of the economy for one day a week reduce the amount of meat they eat by the middle of the century in a short period of time eating less meat is good for your health 2 Find the information 1. livestock 10. contradictory 7. 6. 5. 3. 2. 4. 2. 2. benefit 4. reduce 3. 5. 6. d f a e c b 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 consume emit destroy solve oppose support benefit produce © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . e h f b g a d c 5 Chunks 1. 4. 5. 6. simplistic 5. habitat 8. 3. consumption Elementary 4 Two-word expressions 1. 8. 3. 20% 50g 25-50% methane 60% 8% 6 Word building verb noun consumption emission destruction solution opposition support benefit production 3 Comprehension check 1. 4. 2. 3.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 7. 6. 4. regulate 9. 5. guidelines 6.

5. What percentage of UK emissions is generated by livestock? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . An animal’s ____________________ is the place it normally lives. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something. they eat grass growing in a field. it causes strong disagreement or disapproval.UN says eat less meat to curb global warming Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. By what percentage does Compassion in World Farming want to reduce meat consumption by 2020? 6. 10. According to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization how much of global greenhouse gas emissions are produced by meat production? 2. A ____________________ is an animal such as a cow or sheep that brings food back from its stomach into its mouth to chew it a second time. 2. If two or more ideas are ____________________. 3. 6. they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. When animals ____________________. ____________________ is when a person or animal has too much gas in their stomach or intestines. ____________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows. If an idea is ____________________. sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. Which is the more effective global warming agent – methane or carbon dioxide? 5. consumption graze ruminant livestock gluttony flatulence simplistic controversial contradictory habitat 1. 8. By what percentage is UK meat consumption above WHO guidelines? 4. 1. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is. How much meat protein does the average person in the UK eat each day? 3. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. ____________________ is the bad habit of eating more than you need. 9. 7. 4.

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming
Level 2 Intermediate
enjoy it,” said Torode. “Too much meat for any person is gluttony. But there’s a more important question here: where [the meat] comes from. If we all bought British food and stopped buying imported food we’d save a huge amount of carbon emissions.” 6 Pachauri will be speaking at an event organized by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming, which has calculated that if the average UK home reduced meat consumption by 50%, that would reduce emissions more than if people cut car use by 50%. The group wants the government to lead campaigns to reduce meat consumption by 60% by 2020. Campaigners have also pointed out the health benefits of eating less meat. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day, equivalent to a chicken breast and a lamb chop – a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50% more than World Heath Organization guidelines. 7 Professor Robert Watson, a government scientific adviser, said the government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat, but it should not ‘regulate’. “Eating less meat would help, there’s no question about that, but there are other things,” Watson said. 8 However, Chris Lamb, head of marketing for the pig industry group BPEX, said the meat industry had been unfairly targeted and was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and reduce those. Some ideas were contradictory, he said – for example, one solution to emissions from livestock was to keep them indoors, but this would damage animal welfare. “Climate change is a very young science and our view is there are a lot of simplistic solutions being proposed,” he said. 9 Last year a report into the environmental impact of meat eating claimed livestock generated eight per cent of UK emissions – but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from grazing. It also said vegetarian diets that included lots of milk, butter and cheese would probably not reduce emissions much because dairy cows produce the potent greenhouse gas methane, which is released through flatulence.
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 07/09/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D •

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming

• Climate expert urges radical shift in diet • Industry unfairly targeted – farmers Juliette Jowit, environment editor September 7, 2008 1 According to the world’s leading expert on global warming, people should give up meat for one day a week if they want do something that would help tackle climate change. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, said that people should then go on to reduce their meat consumption even further. So far this is the most controversial advice the panel has given on how individuals can help tackle global warming. 2 Dr Pachauri said diet change was important because of the huge greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental problems – including habitat destruction – associated with rearing cattle and other animals. It was relatively easy to change eating habits compared to changing means of transport, he said. 3 The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that meat production causes nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions. These gases are generated during the production of animal feeds, for example, while ruminants, particularly cows, emit methane, which is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. The agency has also warned that meat consumption will probably double by the middle of the century. 4 “Reducing meat consumption is the most attractive option because it can be done almost immediately and it will bring about reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in a short period of time,” said Pachauri. “Give up meat for one day [a week] initially, and then continue to decrease it,” said the Indian economist, who is a vegetarian. However, he also said that other changes in lifestyle would help to tackle climate change. “That’s what I want to emphasize: we really have to reduce consumption in every sector of the economy.” 5 Pachauri can expect some strong responses from the food industry to his advice, though he has received unexpected support from restaurateur John Torode, who is about to publish a new book, John Torode’s Beef. “I have a little bit of meat and
© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

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NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming
Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. If people reduced car use by 50% it would reduce greenhouse gas emissions more than if they reduced meat consumption by 50%. 2. Dairy cows release methane through flatulence. 3. Meat consumption is expected to double by the middle of the 21st century. 4. The average person in the UK eats less meat than the WHO guidelines recommend. 5. Eating less meat is good for your health. 6. If everyone became vegetarian, greenhouse gas emissions would decrease dramatically.

4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning a group of people who make decisions of judgments. (para 1) 3. An adjective meaning extremely large. (para 2) 4. A phrasal verb meaning to make something happen. (para 4) 5. A phrasal verb meaning to tell someone something. (para 6) 6. A two-word expression meaning of the same value as something else. (para 6) 7. A noun meaning effect. (para 8) 8. An adjective meaning powerful or effective. (para 9)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming
Level 2 Intermediate
5 Two-word expressions
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. greenhouse 2. climate 3. global a. welfare b. benefits c. change d. diet e. impact f. dioxide g. warming h. gases

4. environmental 5. carbon 6. health 7. animal 8. vegetarian

6 Word building
Complete the table.

verb

noun

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume reduce emit destroy solve respond propose advise

7 Discussion
Apart from reducing the amount of meat you eat, what other ways can you reduce energy consumption?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming
Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. habitat 2. flatulence 3. contradictory 4. consumption 5. controversial 6. simplistic 7. graze 8. livestock 9. ruminant 10. gluttony

Intermediate

4 Find the word
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. tackle panel huge bring about point out equivalent to impact potent

5 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. h c g e f b a d

2 Find the information
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 20% 50g 25-50% methane 60% 8%

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T T F T F

6 Word building
verb noun
consumption reduction emission destruction solution response proposal advice

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume reduce emit destroy solve respond propose advise

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

In an inner city area, three young men in jeans and hooded tops are quickly running and jumping over walls, down stairs, across rooftops, through windows. What’s going on? What are they doing and why?

2

Key words and phrases

Find the word pairs (two words) in the article. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Growing quickly without any outside help: ____________________________. (para 1) A hobby, action or pastime kept secret from the public: ____________________________. (para 2) A first official meeting: ____________________________. (para 3) An older person who has had a long and respected career in a certain area: __________________________. (para 3) To say something quietly and with respect: ____________________________. (para 5) A stealthy act of entering a house in order to steal something: ____________________________. (para 5) When you are playful, full of high spirits, but doing nothing in particular: ____________________________. (para 5) A ruling organization; one that is in charge: ____________________________. (para 11)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 3 Advanced
6 Few underground activities can claim to have made it into the mainstream with such dazzling speed. Many participants trace the birth of freerunning to a BBC ident (a TV station’s symbol or logo, often accompanied by music, a jingle or an animation) in 2002, showing a Parkour runner adapting his skills on the rooftops of London. Urban Freeflow, the sport’s central organization, was founded a year later. Though closely related to Parkour, which originated in the Paris suburbs a decade ago, Parkour prizes speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners. As such, though it is practised worldwide – last night’s competitors hailed from 17 countries – freerunning could reasonably be described as a brand new British sport. Urban Freeflow now trains the Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, as well as organizing workshops in schools, and estimates that 15,000 people now practise the sport in Britain (95% are male). The organization choreographed action sequences for the films Casino Royale, The Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later, and also performs at public events. As the founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of last night’s competition, Paul ‘EZ’ Corkery could be considered the grandfather of freerunning – at 34, he considers himself retired. He is in discussions with the 2012 Olympic organizers over how freerunning might be involved, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. “The organizers are really eager to collaborate with anything that gets the kids off their arses,” he said. Does he see a day when freerunning might be an Olympic sport? “I don’t really think it fits. You’d need to put in place a national governing body, things like that, and it would kill the sport, really.” “ These guys are my YouTube idols, it means everything to be here with them,” said Franck
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D •

Freerunning joins sport establishment
Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station in London, a group of 13 young men gathered for what was, at the time, the biggest meeting of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform balletic leaps and flips using walls, bars and any other street furniture available, was still in its earliest infancy, mushrooming spontaneously across Britain among young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour and wanted to adapt it into a freer and more expressive form. 2 How times change. Last night, the once underground pursuit declared itself firmly in the sporting establishment by holding its first world championships, hosted in one of London’s top venues, sponsored by a major credit card company and filmed by Sky Sports. 3 “I never, ever thought we’d get to this place so quickly,” said John Kerr, or ‘Kerbie’, one of the event’s organizers. Present at that inaugural gathering at Liverpool Street, he finds himself, at 21, one of the sport’s elder statesmen. 4 He said: “We all feel amazingly blessed. Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their properties.” 5 Fifty feet above him, one of the event’s 23 competitors was warming up by balancing in a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box, part of the equipment on which he would later compete, before flipping on to a nearby bar, spinning around it, and dismounting. Below him, his peers – those not already performing ‘gainers’ and ‘loser flips’ and ‘layout backflips’ from a lattice of steel poles – murmured approvingly. The sport might be said to combine the best qualities of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about, but the skill of the participants is unarguable.

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 3 Advanced
Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com ‘Cali’ Nelle, from France. “I’m not really thinking about winning. It’s just being here alongside the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? That’s a big event. That’s something for the history books.”
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com

3 Skim-reading for comprehension
Skim-read the article again to find the answers to the questions. 1. Where was Parkour invented? 2. Where was the first freerunning championships held? 3. What age and sex is a typical freerunner? 4. How has peoples’ attitude to the sport changed in the last few years? 5. With what and back to when do people associate the birth of freerunning? 6. What is the main difference between Parkour and freerunning? 7. What professional bodies are interested in the sport? 8. What connection does the sport have with the film industry? 9. Is freerunning likely to become an Olympic sport?

4 Vocabulary
Find at least eight movement and action words in the article and definition. Compare them paying particular attention to how and in which situations they can (and cannot) be used. Write an example sentence for each word. E.g. leap and flip ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................
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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 3 Advanced
5 Discussion: Debate
A group of freerunners want to hold workshops in your town. Opinion is divided as to whether this is a good thing or not. 1. Brainstorm reasons for or against providing freerunning workshops to male youths. 2. Divide into two teams: A ‘freerunners’ and B ‘concerned citizens’ and debate the topic. Decide: Should the workshops be allowed to take place? If yes, what will the organizers do to ensure the safety of citizens and their property? ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................

! Your ideas:

6 Webquest
Compare jumps and moves made by freerunners, Spiderman and flying squirrels by watching online videos, making notes and reporting back. • • • • Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the founder of Parkour in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words and phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. mushrooming spontaneously underground pursuit inaugural gathering elder statesman murmured approvingly cat burglary mucking about governing body

4 Vocabulary
possible answers: leap; flip; balancing; handstand, spinning; dismounting; running; jumping; crawling, climbing

3 Skim-reading for comprehension
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. France. London, England. Under 21 and male. See para 4: “A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and per form on their properties”. A BBC ident in 2002. See para 7: “Parkour prizes speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners”. “The Metropolitan police and Royal Marines”. Also some schools (para 8). See para 9: “The organization choreographed action sequences for the films Casino Royale, the Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later”. No, see para 11: “You’d need to put in place a national governing body, and it would kill the sport”.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
In the city you see three young men in jeans and hooded sweatshirts running quickly from roof to roof, jumping over walls, through windows and down stairs. What do you think is happening? Are they... a) ... running to catch a bus? b) ... running away from the police? c) ... doing an extreme sport?

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. sequence expressive chasing idol sponsored participants cat burglary mucking about property owners organizers

1. People who take part in an event or competition are called the _____________________. (para 1) 2. When an event is _____________________, someone has given it money in exchange for advertising. (para 2) 3. The people who set up or organize an event are called the _____________________. (para 3) 4. _____________________ is another word for running after someone in order to catch them. (para 3) 5. People who own houses or other buildings are _____________________. (para 3) 6. The secret and quiet crime or act of going into a house to steal something: _____________________. (para 4) 7. When you are playful, having fun, but doing nothing special you are _____________________. (para 4) 8. When you are _____________________ you clearly show what your thoughts or feelings are. (para 6) 9. A part of a film that shows one event is called a _____________________. (para 7) 10. Somebody who you look up to and think is special and great is your _____________________. (para 9)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Elementary

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 1 Elementary
7 Urban Freeflow now trains the London Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, and organizes workshops in schools. They say that 15,000 people now do the sport in Britain (95% are male). They planned action sequences for the films Casino Royale, the Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later. They also perform at public events. The founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of the competition, 34 year old Paul ‘EZ’ Corkery, is the ‘grandfather’ of freerunning. He is talking to the 2012 London Olympic organizers about how freerunning might be involved in the next Olympics, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. “These guys are my YouTube idols, it means everything to be here with them,” said Franck ‘Cali’ Nelle, from France. “I’m not really thinking about winning. It’s just being here with the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? That’s a big event. That’s something for the history books.”
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

Freerunning joins sport establishment
Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station in London, a group of 13 young men met for the biggest meeting, at that time, of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform leaps and flips using walls, bars and anything else that is available, was just beginning. In Britain, it quickly became popular with young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour. 2 In September 2008, freerunning held its first world championships in one of London’s top sports venues. The event was sponsored by a major credit card company, and filmed by TV company, Sky Sports. 3 “We all feel amazingly pleased”, said John Kerr, or ‘Kerbie’, one of the event’s organizers. “Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago the police were chasing us and property owners shouted at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their buildings.” 4 Fifty feet above him, one of the event’s 23 competitors was warming up by doing a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box. Some people say that the sport is a mixture of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about. All the participants are very skilled. 5 Many people say freerunning began when the BBC showed a film clip of a Parkour runner on the rooftops of London in 2002. Urban Freeflow, the sport’s central organization, began a year later. 6 Freerunning is very similar to Parkour, which began in Paris ten years ago. In Parkour the most important skills are speed and clever movements; freerunning is freer and more expressive. Therefore, although the competitors came from 17 countries, freerunning is a new British sport.

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Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com
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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Parkour was invented... 2. Freerunning is a kind... 3. The first freerunning championships were held... 4. Many more men than women... 5. Freerunning has become very popular in the... 6. Freerunning will not be a new Olympic sport... 7. Some British police officers and marines... 8. You can see freerunning scenes... 9. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on... ... learn freerunning. ... do freerunning. ... in Hollywood action films. ... last few years. ... of Parkour. ... in France. ... YouTube. ... in London in 2008. ... in 2012.

4 Vocabulary: Action words
Write the best action words to fit into the gaps. climb jump leap flip run crawl

1. Before they can walk most babies ___________________. 2. A ___________________ is a big jump. 3. The Olympic gymnast did a perfect backwards ___________________. 4. “I’m late! I’ll have to ___________________ for the bus.” 5. Cats sometimes ___________________ trees to get away from dogs. 6. A flea can ___________________ very high.

5 Webquest and talking: Giving an opinion
Watch one or more of these videos and then complete the sentence in your own words. I think freerunning is ___________________________________________________________________________ because ____________________________________________________________________________________. • • • • Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the most famous Parkour/freerunner in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/
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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. participants sponsored organizers chasing property owners cat burglary mucking about expressive sequence idol

4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Vocabulary: Action words
crawl leap flip run climb jump

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Parkour was invented in France. Freerunning is a kind of Parkour. The first freerunning championships were held in London in 2008. Many more men than women do freerunning. Freerunning has become very popular in the last few years. Freerunning will not be a new Olympic sport in 2012. Some British police officers and marines learn freerunning. You can see freerunning scenes in Hollywood action films. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on YouTube.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Elementary

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

In an inner city area, three young men in jeans and hooded tops are quickly running and jumping over walls, down stairs, across rooftops, through windows. What’s going on? What are they doing and why?

2

Key words and phrases

Match the key words from the article with their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. collaborate blessed eager elder statesman mucking about property owners sequence expressive cat burglary unarguable sponsored prize

1. When you are ____________________, you clearly show what your thoughts or feelings are. (para 1) 2. When an event is ____________________, someone has given it money in exchange for advertising. (para 2) 3. An older person who has had a long and respected career in a certain area: ____________________. (para 3) 4. When you feel ____________________, you feel happy and grateful. (para 4) 5. People who own houses or other buildings are ____________________. (para 4) 6. A stealthy act of entering a house in order to steal something: ____________________. (para 5) 7. When you are playful, having fun, but doing nothing in particular: ____________________. (para 5) 8. When something is ____________________, it is true and impossible to disagree with. (para 5) 9. A verb that means to value something: ____________________. (para 7) 10. A part of a film that deals with one event or that has a particular style is called a ____________________. (para 9) 11. When you are very keen to do something, you are ____________________. (para 11) 12. When you to work with someone in order to produce something, you ____________________ with them. (para 11)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 2 Intermediate
speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners. Therefore, although it is practised worldwide – last night’s competitors came from 17 countries – freerunning can be described as a brand new British sport.

Freerunning joins sport establishment
Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station
in London, a group of 13 young men met for what was, at the time, the biggest meeting of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform leaps and flips using walls, bars and anything else that is available, was just beginning. It quickly became popular across Britain with young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour and wanted to adapt it into a freer and more expressive form. first world championships in one of London’s top sports venues, sponsored by a major credit card company, and filmed by Sky Sports.

8

Urban Freeflow now trains the Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, as well as organizing workshops in schools. They estimate that 15,000 people now practise the sport in Britain (95% are male). The organization planned action sequences for the films Casino Royale, The Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later. They also perform at public events. the competition, 34 year old Paul ‘EZ’ Corkery could be considered the grandfather of freerunning. He is talking to the 2012 London Olympic organizers about how freerunning might be involved, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. anything that gets the kids off their arses,” he said. Does he see a day when freerunning might be an Olympic sport? “I don’t really think it fits”, he said. everything to be here with them,” said Franck ‘Cali’ Nelle, from France. “I’m not really thinking about winning. It’s just being here alongside the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? That’s a big event. That’s something for the history books.”
© Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

9

2 How times change. Last night, freerunning held its

10 The founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of

3 “I never, ever thought we’d get to this place so

quickly,” said John Kerr, or ‘Kerbie’, one of the event’s organizers. He was present at that first meeting at Liverpool Street and he finds himself, at 21, one of the sport’s elder statesmen. Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their properties.” competitors was warming up by balancing in a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box, part of the equipment on which he would later compete, before flipping on to a nearby bar, spinning around it, and jumping off. The sport might be said to combine the best qualities of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about, but the skill of the participants is unarguable. the mainstream with such dazzling speed. Many participants say freerunning began when the BBC showed a Parkour runner on the rooftops of London in 2002. Urban Freeflow, the sport’s central organization, was founded a year later. the Paris suburbs a decade ago, Parkour prizes

11 “The organizers are really eager to collaborate with

4 He said: “We all feel amazingly blessed.

12 “ These guys are my YouTube idols, it means

5 Fifty feet above him, one of the event’s 23

6 Few underground activities have made it into

Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D •

7 Though closely related to Parkour, which began in

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
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Intermediate

Comprehension check

According to the article, are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? Correct any that are false. 1. Parkour was invented in London. 2. The first freerunning championships was held in Paris. 3. More men than women do freerunning. 4. Freerunning has become more popular in the last few years. 5. Freerunning is a kind of Parkour. 6. Freerunning will be a new Olympic sport in 2012. 7. Most freerunners are police officers or marines. 8. You can see examples of freerunning in Hollywood action films. 9. The organizers of the Olympic Games want kids to do more sports. 10. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on a video sharing website.

4 Vocabulary: Action words
Write the action words into the gaps. There are two words left over. Write your own example sentences for these. climb jump leap flip run crawl

1. Before they can walk most babies ________________________. 2. “Look before you ________________________” is an old English saying. 3. The Olympic gymnast did a perfect backwards ________________________. 4. “I’m late! I’ll have to ________________________ for the bus”. 5. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________________________________________

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Freerunning joins sport establishment
Level 2 Intermediate

5 Discussion: Exchanging ideas and opinions
1. Complete the sentence: Freerunning is __________________________________ because ____________________________________. 2. Find someone with a similar sentence to yours and expand your ideas (and your sentences) together. 3. Now find someone with a different sentence or opinion and swap views.

6 Webquest
• • • • Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the most famous Parkour/freerunner in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment Addiction to Internet ‘is an illness’
Level 2 KEY
2 Key words and phrases
1. expressive 2. sponsored 3. elder statesman 4. blessed 5. property owners 6. cat burglary 7. mucking about 8. unarguable 9. prize 10. sequence 11. eager 12. collaborate

Intermediate

4 Vocabulary: Action words
1. 2. 3. 4. crawl leap flip run

3 Comprehension check
1. False 2. False 3. True 4. True 5. True 6. False 7. False 8. True 9. True 10. True

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Profit on money you have invested is called your ___________________. 6. If a garden is ___________________. raffle sidestep slump acre downsize return punter overgrown scam hurdle 1. you move to a smaller house. A __________________ is one of several problems you must solve before you can do something successfully.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 4. equivalent to 4. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. A ___________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically. If you ___________________ something. A ___________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 4. 1. 2. It can also mean a customer or someone who uses a particular service. How much will each ticket cost? 2. How much is the property worth? 3. An ___________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land. A ___________________ is someone who risks their money through betting or gambling. it is covered with plants that have been allowed to grow in an uncontrolled way. 5.047 square metres. How long have they lived at the property? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 7. if you ___________________. 10. you avoid it. 3. How much will they get if they sell all the tickets? 5. 9. What are the annual costs of running the property? 6. 8. A ___________________ is a dishonest plan. especially for getting money. In property.

But after launching an online prize competition on a website. We’re getting old. One man set up a website to raffle his £110. “This isn’t a raffle.” The question is: “What is the cost of an adult full season coarse fishing licence for 2008/2009?” The answer takes a millisecond to find on Google. Several people who have tried to raffle their home have been charged by the police. But it will still leave them with a handsome return in a property market that virtually everywhere else has gone stone cold. The owners.000 target. Only if you answer the question correctly do you get to enter. people who would never normally be able to afford this place. 2008 1 Is a raffle really the way to sidestep a cooling property market? A five-bedroom house. as it’s illegal to have prizes above a certain value. And this isn’t a lottery either.000 home at £5 a ticket. marketed at £950. but in a good 6 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Advanced •P H . This competition is sidestepping that.000.000 tickets will earn them £1.000 – and are in sight of their 46. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the lottery.” says Wendy.000 just as the housing slump took hold.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 3 Advanced year the Wilshaws reckon the timber lodges yield £25. the clear intention was that the only legal lotteries would be those operated for good causes . but they gave it the thumbs-up.000 sold by the December 7 close. One woman was ordered to pay nearly £8.000 sq ft house and an estate (much of it overgrown) that includes a twoacre lake stocked with fish that Brian reckons are worth £1. Last year they were struggling to sell the property. people who’ll be given a chance to start over. It’s illegal to run a lottery for personal profit. “How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. This place doesn’t run itself. The idea of selling tickets kind of evolved. a gambling law expert with Pinsent Masons. That makes it a game of chance. “I want an ordinary family to live here.000. It’s that that got us thinking. and are quietly confident they’ll hit the target of 46. but sold only 229 tickets. After that it becomes a lottery. The Wilshaws’ lawyers have advised them the competition meets legal requirements.000 income..000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws. a Devon couple are raffling their country estate.5 acres of woodland. At one stage online payment group PayPal froze their account while lawyers went through the paperwork. But the biggest hurdle is finding punters.. you have to answer a skill-based question. Brian and Wendy Wilshaw. will be winners too. so CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Fancy a £1m home for £25? After failing to find a buyer. The Wilshaws are adamant their scheme is legal. India and the US.” she says. but Antoinette Jucker. it’s the sort of place they’d buy. and therefore an illegal lottery. 2 When all the tickets are sold. or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6. 3 Wendy says: “We needed to sell. the Wilshaws will become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house – and make a decent profit. they’ve sold 34. Council tax and other basic annual running costs are around £6. Sales of 46. They’ve had ticket buyers from Scandinavia. a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges – one lucky person will win it all for £25. complete with 9. To be eligible to win.” The couple have lived at the estate for 14 years and are downsizing. 5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can punters be sure this isn’t some sort of scam? Wendy pounces on anyone who uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. and while competitions can be run for profit they must involve an element of skill. Is it a scam. is not so sure. 4 The winners will get a 2.15m – they say the surplus will be used to cover the costs of running the raffle. When the Gambling Act was going through parliament.000 tickets – that’s £850.

Because the Wilshaws only want fishermen to win the prize. b. Because it is illegal to sell houses in this way. The most common question they get is how the winning ticket will be selected. Why does the gambling law expert believe that this may be an illegal lottery? a.” says Wendy. then someone gains a cash prize. overseen by our lawyers and in full view of television cameras and reporters. 3. Because they will make a bigger profit. c. 9 The Wilshaws say they’ll do the same if they don’t reach their target. Because they want to sell it to someone who has stayed there in the past. Because they think they will have a better chance of selling it this way in the present housing slump c. Because competitions like this are illegal unless they have an element of skill.” says Wendy. simple as that. They will give someone a cash prize (minus 35%). c. Because this is the best way to choose a winner. Why are the Wilshaws selling their property by raffle? a. Why do participants in the raffle have to answer a skill-based question? a. 06/09/08 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. “If there isn’t a winner by the end of December. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Advanced CA •P H O . The prize will be the sum they’ve collected minus 35% to cover expenses. What will the Wilshaws do if they don’t sell all the tickets? a. They will accept a reduced price. b.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 3 Advanced he drew a name from a hat and the winner got £916 after his 20% costs. Because almost everyone will get the answer to the skill-based question right. Because the skill-based question is too easy and anyone can find the answer on Google. 4. They will stay in the house (and not sell it). c. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. b. “It will be done by random number software. b. 2. 1.

A two-word expression meaning to become stronger and difficult to stop. the law d. a game ____________ chance 5. ____________ personal profit 4. (para 7) A phrasal verb meaning to examine something very carefully.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. freeze 7. 6. meet 6. 2. ____________ good causes 6. 3. a bank account e. legal requirements c. Check your answers in the text. make 4. 8. 5. a profit h. charged ____________ the police 8. hit 5. pay 8. break a. 7. (para 7) A four-word expression meaning to give your approval to something. win 3. a target f. (para 2) A phrasal verb meaning to begin doing something again from the very beginning. compensation b. 1. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. the lottery 6 Expressions with prepositions Fill the gaps in the phrases from the text using prepositions. going ____________ parliament 7. a competition g. (para 7) A verb meaning to legally stop a supply of money being available to someone. stocked ____________ fish 3. in sight ____________ the target 2. (para 5) An adjective meaning determined not to change your belief or decision about something. (para 1) Two two-word terms that both mean good earnings. 1. launch 2. 4. (para 7) 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. ____________ the end of December 7 Discussion Can you think of any other ways of selling a house in difficult market conditions? What other items could you or would you sell by lottery? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . (para 3) A two word expression meaning to react angrily to.

6. 4.000 £1. 5. 2. 4. 8. of with for of for through by by © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. 7. 6. 4. acre punter hurdle return overgrown scam downsize raffle sidestep slump 4 Find the word 1. 8. 5.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 3 Advanced KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. 7. take hold decent profit. 7. handsome return start over pounce on adamant freeze go through give the thumbs-up 5 Verb + noun collocations 2 Find the information 1. £25 £950. 5. 2. 2. f h g e b d a c 3 Comprehension check 1. 2. 7. 6. 6.000 14 years 1. 3. 5. 2.000 46. 2. 8.15m £6. 10. 3. 3. 5. 3. 4. 8. 6. 4. 3. 9. b b a c 6 Expressions with prepositions 1.

An ______________________ is a very large area of land that belongs to one person. If you can _______________________ something. 5. How much will each ticket cost? 2. 2. A _______________________ is a dishonest plan. 3. 8.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 1 Elementary 1 Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. _______________________ is land and all the buildings on it. it is not allowed by the law. 10. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How many tickets have they sold? 4. 4. How much money do the timber lodges provide? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . you have enough money to be able to pay for it. 7. _______________________ is money that someone received because something bad has happened to them. How much money will they get if they sell all the tickets? 6. especially for getting money. A _______________________ is a small simple house in the countryside. 9. If something is _______________________. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 5. equal to 4. 6. A ______________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. A ____________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically.047 square metres. How much is the property worth? 3. An _____________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land. raffle estate slump property scam illegal acre afford lodge compensation 1.

people who will have a chance to start a new life here. Brian and Wendy Wilshaw. One man set up a website to sell his £110. The Wilshaws’ lawyers have told them the competition is legal. But the Wilshaws say that their scheme is legal.000 tickets they will earn £1. One woman had to pay nearly £8. they’ve sold 34. “I want an ordinary family to live here. they must include an element of skill. The Wilshaws say they’ll do the same if they don’t sell all 46. 3 Wendy says: “We needed to sell. It’s illegal to run a lottery for personal profit. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the national lottery. The owners of the house. To have a chance of winning. 06/09/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Fancy a £1m home for £25? After failing to find a buyer. This place is hard work. but in a good year the timber lodges provide an income of £25.000 tickets. You can only enter the competition if you answer the question correctly. That makes it a game of chance.000. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Elementary 6 7 8 9 CA •P H O . This competition is not doing that.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 1 Elementary 5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can people who buy the tickets be sure this isn’t some sort of scam? Wendy angrily criticizes anyone who uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. Mr and Mrs Wilshaw will become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house – and make a good profit. Last year they were unable to sell the property at a price of £950. so he drew a name from the hat and the winner got £916.” she says. It costs around £6. an expert on gambling law is not so sure. they would buy a place like this.000 home at £5 a ticket. But after they started an online prize competition on a website.” says Wendy.” says Wendy.” says Wendy. and therefore an illegal lottery. or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6.5 acres of woodland. “If there isn’t a winner by the end of December. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. But the biggest problem is finding people to buy the tickets.000 a year to run the estate. “How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. Several people who have tried to sell their home by raffle have been charged by the police. We’re getting old. India and the US. 4 The winners will get a large house and an estate that includes a two-acre lake full of fish. But they will still have a nice profit in a property market that is in a slump at the moment. “This isn’t a lottery. The intention of the Gambling Act is that the only legal lotteries are ones which operate for good causes. That gave us the idea. then someone will get a cash prize. 2008 1 Is a raffle really the best way to sell a house in the middle of a housing slump? A five-bedroom house.000 tickets. The prize will be the total sum they’ve collected minus 35% to cover costs. The most common question they get is how they will choose the winning ticket. together with 9. you first have to answer a skill-based question. simple as that.000.000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws.” The Wilshaws have lived at the estate for 14 years and want to move to a smaller property. will be winners too.000 tickets by the closing date of December 7. Is it a scam. and while you can run competitions for profit. people who normally could not afford to buy this place. and are sure they will sell all 46. but sold only 229 tickets. 2 When they have sold all the tickets. a Devon couple are raffling their country estate.000 – and are not far from their target of 46.” The question is: “What is the cost of a fishing licence for 2008/2009?” It takes a second to find the answer on Google.000 tickets – that’s £850. If they sell 46. but Antoinette Jucker.15m – they say they will use the extra money to cover the costs of organizing the raffle. a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges – one lucky person will win all of this for just £25. The Wilshaws have sold tickets to people from Scandinavia. “We will use random number software in front of television cameras and reporters.

If they don’t reach their target of 46. … they will use the extra money to cover their costs.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to summarize the article... 6. prize b. a. owner h. national 4. If the Wilshaws sell all the tickets. closing 5. 4 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. fishing 6. c... prize 2. … you have to answer a question first. … they say it is a game of chance. gambling 7.. e. lottery g. The Wilshaws are selling their house by raffle because… 2. cash 8. … they were unable to sell it in the normal way because of the housing slump. licence d. date © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If you want to enter the competition. competition f.. f. random a. … they will give someone a cash prize. … it is too big and they want to move to a smaller property. b.000 tickets… 3. d. law c. 1.. Some people think the scheme is illegal because. number e. The Wilshaws want to sell their house because… 4. 5. property 3..

infinitive 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 tell choose draw paid buy ran told chosen drawn paid sell past simple sold won past participle won bought run © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . nine and half acres 6 Irregular verbs Complete the table. two thousand eight 3. In three cases a word is missing. nine hundreds and sixteen 5.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 1 Elementary 5 Numbers and dates How do you say these numbers and dates from the text? Each one has got a mistake in it. two hundred twenty-nine 4. 1. Find the mistake and underline it. thirty-five per cents 6. thirty-four thousand of tickets 2.

7. 2. 3. 6. 5. 4.000 1. Irregular verbs infinitive past simple past participle Comprehension check e f b c d a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 sell win buy run tell choose draw pay sold won bought ran told chose drew paid sold won bought run told chosen drawn paid © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 10. 5. 6. 6. 8. 5. 8. 5. Numbers and dates thirty-four thousand tickets (no of) two thousand and eight two hundred and twenty-nine nine hundred and sixteen thirty-five per cent nine and a half acres 6 3 1. 4. 3. 2.000 £1. 3. 7. 4.15 million £25. 3. Two-word expressions e g f h c b a d 5 2 Find the information 1. 3. 2. 6.000 46. 2. 4. 9.Freerunning Fancy a £1m joins home sport for £25? establishment Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Key words 1. scam compensation raffle illegal property lodge acre slump estate afford 4 1.000 34. 4. 2. £25 £950. 5. 6.

8. you are allowed by rules or laws to do something or receive something. 9. raffle return eligible overgrown slump lodge scam adamant acre estate 1. An ___________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land. equivalent to 4. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 5.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. A _____________________ is a dishonest plan. If a person is _____________________. If a garden is _____________________. How much will each ticket cost? 2. How much are the fish worth? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Intermediate CA •P H O . An _____________________ is a very large area of land that belongs to one person. 5. How much will they get if they sell all the tickets? 6.047 square metres. A _____________________ is a small simple house in the countryside. 3. 2. How many tickets have they sold? 4. 6. 10. Profit on money you have invested is called your _____________________. A _____________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically. 1. 4. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. especially for getting money. they are determined not to change their belief or decision about something. 7. A _____________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. If you are _____________________ for something. How much is the property worth? 3. it is covered with plants that have been allowed to grow in an uncontrolled way.

” says Wendy. Is it a scam.000 home at £5 a ticket. then someone gains a cash prize. “If there isn’t a winner by the end of December. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. It’s illegal to run a lottery for personal profit. the Wilshaws will 3 Wendy says: “We needed to sell. That made us think. Brian and Wendy Wilshaw.000 sq ft house and an 9 5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Intermediate CA •P H O . will be winners too.000 sold by the December 7 close. “It will be done by random number software. people who’ll be given a chance to start a new life here. This place is hard work. And this isn’t a lottery either. become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house – and make a good profit.” Fancy a £1m home for £25? After failing to find a buyer. The Wilshaws’ lawyers have told them the competition meets legal requirements.” she says. they will earn £1. The Wilshaws are adamant their scheme is legal. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the lottery. One man set up a website to raffle his £110. This competition is not doing that. The Wilshaws say they’ll do the same if they don’t reach their target.000 tickets – that’s £850.5 acres of woodland. simple as that. India and the US. and are confident they’ll hit the target of 46.000 just as the housing slump got worse. a Devon couple are raffling their country estate. If they sell 46. We’re getting old. “I want an ordinary family to live here. Several people who have tried to raffle their home have been charged by the police. The owners.000 tickets. as it’s illegal to have prizes above a certain value. but Antoinette Jucker.” says Wendy.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 2 Intermediate uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. and while competitions can be run for profit they must involve an element of skill. At one stage online payment group PayPal froze their account while lawyers went through the paperwork. you have to answer a skill-based question.15m – they say the surplus will be used to cover the costs of running the raffle.000 – and are in sight of their 46. The prize will be the sum they’ve collected minus 35% to cover expenses. estate (much of it overgrown) that includes a two-acre lake full of fish that Brian says are worth £1. 8 4 The winners will get a 2. overseen by our lawyers and in full view of television cameras and reporters. But after starting an online prize competition on a website. together with 9. “How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. marketed at £950. 06/09/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 7 2 When all the tickets are sold. Basic annual running costs are around £6. it’s the sort of place they’d buy. Last year they were struggling to sell the property. The most common question they get is how the winning ticket will be selected.000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws. That makes it a game of chance. a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges – one lucky person will win it all for £25. and therefore an illegal lottery. When the Gambling Act was going through parliament.000 target.000. so he drew a name from the hat and the winner got £916. the clear intention was that the only legal lotteries would be those operated for a good cause.” says Wendy. One woman was ordered to pay nearly £8. But the biggest problem is finding people to buy the tickets. people who buy the tickets be sure this isn’t some sort of scam? Wendy angrily criticizes anyone who The question is: “What is the cost of an adult full season coarse fishing licence for 2008/2009?” The answer takes a millisecond to find on Google. but they gave it the thumbs-up. After that it becomes a lottery.” The couple have lived at the estate for 14 years and want to move to a smaller property.000. people who would never normally be able to afford this place. To be eligible to win. “This isn’t a raffle. a gambling law expert is not so sure. But it will still leave them with a nice profit in a property market that almost everywhere else has gone stone cold. they’ve sold 34. but in a good year the Wilshaws say the timber lodges provide an income of £25. They’ve had ticket buyers from Scandinavia. or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6. Only if you answer the question correctly do you get to enter.000. but sold only 229 tickets. 2008 1 Is a raffle really the way to sell a house in a cooling 6 property market? A five-bedroom house.

A noun meaning more of something than is necessary. They will use any surplus to cover their costs. A three-word expression meaning an organization. If they don’t reach their target. A noun meaning an area of land filled with trees. By law competitions must involve an element of skill. 5. It is legal to run a lottery for personal profit. (para 1) 3. 3. A four-word expression meaning to give your approval to something. (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 1. 2.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 2 3 Intermediate Comprehension check According to the article. they will give someone a cash prize. It is very difficult to find the answer to the skill-based question in this competition. (para 6) 5. 6. 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. A noun meaning an extremely short period of time. A phrasal verb meaning to examine something very carefully. (para 6) 6. A three-word expression meaning not far from. are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? 1. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 4. A noun meaning an activity in which you risk money in the hope of winning more money. (para 7) 8. (para 1) 2. The couple are selling the property because they want to move to somewhere bigger. plan or activity that you are willing to support because it provides help to people who need it. (para 7) 7. (para 2) 4.

meet 6. a profit h. win 8. legal requirements c. freeze 7. cover 2. 1. pay 3. a target f. a bank account e. costs g. hit 5. compensation b.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Level 2 Intermediate 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. break a. make 4. verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 compete see require intend pay compensate win cause noun 7 Discussion Would you buy an expensive raffle ticket like this if it gave you a chance to win a house worth nearly £1 million? Why? Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . the law d. the lottery 6 Word building Complete the table using words from the text.

2. competition sight requirement intention payment compensation winner cause © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a £1m home for £25? / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2. 3. 4. 6. 7. 6. 7.Fancy a £1m home for £25? Addiction to Internet ‘is an illness’ Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. 6.000 46. F T F T T F 6 Word building 1. 4. 8. 2. 8. 2. 5. £25 £950. 7. f a g e b d h c 2 Find the information 1. 6. 4. woodland in sight of surplus millisecond gambling a good cause go through give it the thumbs-up 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 3. 5. 4. 3. 5. 5.000 £1. 3. 5. 5.15m £1. 6. 2. 7.000 3 Comprehension check 1. 3. 3.000 34. 10. 6. lodge scam slump raffle eligible adamant overgrown estate return acre Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 2. 4. 8. 9. 8.

A known DNA sequence which can be used to study the relationship between an inherited disease and its genetic cause. In which order (first.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer Match the terminology with the definitions. Who are the backers of the genographic project? 6.000 years before they left Africa? 4. a) domain name accepted b) deoxyribonucleic acid c) details not available 6. genetic marker 5. gene 3. Composed of DNA. The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. Asia. The process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. Which people are genetically the closest to our original ancestors? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . DNA 2. which contains many genes and other nucleotide sequences. third) did they reach these continents? Europe. How much is the project costing? 7. 1. second. 1. The basic biological units of inheritance. chromosome 4. What happened approximately 10. Australasia? 3. Why and when do scientists think a small group of our ancestors left Africa? 2. analysis A single piece of DNA. What have the scientists discovered about the Crusaders and Genghis Khan? 8. Which species was wiped out by Homo sapiens? 5. What does DNA stand for? 2 Skim-reading for gist Skim-read the article to find the answers to these questions.

“It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years and dropped thick ash and killed vegetation across the globe. the £25m Genographic project – backed by National Geographic. by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith.” 4 Scientists have known for several years that modern humans emerged from sub-Saharan Africa within the past 100. genetically. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity. mankind was brought to the brink of extinction when Mount Toba. descendants of these African émigrés have settled our entire planet. humanity recovered. 31/08/08 The incredible journey taken by our genes Project maps humanity’s voyage out of Africa to new continents and domination of the world Robin McKie. say project scientists. Only later. science editor August 31.” said Wells. triggered by climate change. “As the ultimate ancestor begat son. waves of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can detect traces of these movements – often with intriguing results. 2 The reason for our ancestors’ African exodus is not known. Two thousand generations later. One study. did we enter Europe – its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less hospitable – while one group of Asians headed farther east over the land bridge that then connected their continent to America. they outlined their most recent results. its impact cannot be overestimated. in Sumatra. Last week. As for Africa. has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. And of those living today. about 70. However. A similar sort of genetic legacy has been detected in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many male descendants he produced. were involved. The inference is clear they say: this distinctive Y-chromosome was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon and then settled in the country. about 40. Estonia. “When we look at these markers’ distributions we can see how our ancestors moved about. Their journey – of less than 20 miles – marked the moment Homo sapiens left its home continent. Our research now shows Homo sapiens numbers dropped alarmingly at this time and we only just hung on as a species. 2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago. 5 After emerging into the Arabian Peninsula.000 years ago. However.000 years ago.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 3 Advanced Asian coast to reach Australia 50. who begat son and so on. wiped out all other hominids including the Neanderthals and have reached a population of 6.” Nevertheless.000 years. a small group of African men and women took to the Red Sea in tiny boats and crossed the Mandab Strait to Asia. 3 Now scientists are completing a massive study of DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents in order to create the most precise map yet of mankind’s great dispersion. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation – has recently transformed that knowledge by providing a mass of highly detailed information about our African exodus. in Tallinn. some of our ancestors took sea routes along the south 7 8 9 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . evolving new creative and intellectual talents. though scientists suspect food shortages. as would be expected of humanity’s birthplace. erupted. it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents. the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest.000 years ago. 6 “We can also see that just before humans left Africa. Since then.” said project leader Dr Spencer Wells.5 billion. they picked up mutations in their DNA that we can now pinpoint by gene analysis.

............................................................................ ............................................... conclusion................. escape.. ..................................................... result ____________________ (para 2) 4....................................... ............................................................. friendly ____________________ (para 5) 10.................................. ....... assumption.............. evolved ____________________ (para 4) 9............... ............................................................................................... variations ____________________ (para 3) 8......... affect........................ exit.................... gave birth to................................................... warm........................................ activated by...................................................................................................................................................................................................... scattering................................ clues............................ remained................... modifications.................... ...................................................................... appeared.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. flight ____________________ (para 2) 2................................. bred ____________________ (para 3) 7........ ...................The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 3 Advanced 3 Vocabulary: Synonyms Find a word (or two) in the article that is a synonym of: 1.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................... ........................................... deduction ____________________ (para 8) 15............... evidence ____________________ (para 7) 13............................ complicated ____________________ (para 7) 14............................................................................................. inheritance ____________________ (para 8) 4 Comprehension check Write four multiple choice comprehension questions about the text and swap them with other students............................... .... welcoming.......... .............. expatriates.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. spread ____________________ (para 3) 6......................................... ............................................ stayed alive ____________________ (para 6) 12............................................... set off by ____________________ para 2) 3....................................................................................... N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced CA •P H O ....................................................................................... people in exile ____________________ (para 2) 5.............. edge of ____________________ (para 6) 11........................................................................................................ remains........................................... interesting................. ............... fathered........................................................................... ... ..............

nationalgeographic.com to find out how you can trace your ancestry.com or www.dnaancestryproject.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 3 Advanced 5 Discussion • • • • • Would you like to trace your genetic ancestry? Why/Why not? What do you know about your ancestry? Have you (or anyone you know) tried to trace your family tree? How far back could you go? Did you find out anything interesting or surprising? 6 Webquest Watch videos about the project and discover what’s on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3. Can you find any other companies that offer these services? How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .dnaheritage.com/genographic Go to www.

12. 4. 2. chromosome = A single piece of DNA. 6. 6. exodus triggered by impact émigrés dispersion begat mutations emerged hospitable brink of hung on traces intriguing inference legacy 2 Skim-reading for gist 1. The Khoisan people of southern Africa. Asia. Australasia. genetic marker = A known DNA sequence which can be used to study the relationship between an inherited disease and its genetic cause. 10. The Neanderthals. 8. 6. 11. Europe. Food shortages triggered by climate change.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 3 Advanced KEY 1 Warmer 1. 5. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation. analysis = the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. 14. 7. 5. which contains many genes and other nucleotide sequences. 8. 3. 4.000 years ago. 15. 4. National Geographic. 60. Mount Toba erupted and dropped ash and killed vegetation across the globe. 5. 3. Composed of DNA. gene = The basic biological units of inheritance. 9. 2. b) deoxyribonucleic acid 3 Vocabulary: Synonyms 1. See paragraph 8. 13. 7. 2. DNA = The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. 25 million pounds.

(para 6) 9.g. The people who follow on from us (e. A specific DNA pattern or sequence which can help to diagnose inherited diseases: ____________________. (para 3) 5. A word meaning when there’s not enough of something: ____________________. (para 5) 8. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. A long piece of land surrounded by water but joined at one end to a larger piece of land: _____________________. The process of studying genetic material so you can understand it better: ____________________. The word for what happens when a volcano throws out fire and rocks: ____________________. people or companies have given it money. The people who came before us (e.g. People who do something of their own free will: ____________________. (para 4) 7. (para 9) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . When a study is ____________________. (para 2) 4. (para 2) 2. (para 8) 10. (para 3) 6. A word meaning very different from something else: ____________________. your great-great-great grandchildren): ___________________.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 1 Elementary 1 Warmer Who or what are the following? Talk in your own language if necessary. your great-great-great grandparents): ____________________. The Crusaders The Red Sea Genghis Kahn National Geographic Neanderthals IBM scientists DNA Homo sapiens 2 Key words Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. peninsula ancestors shortages gene analysis sponsored genetic marker eruption volunteers descendants diverse 1. (para 2) 3.

in Sumatra. 31/08/08 The incredible journey taken by our genes A new project shows Homo sapiens’ journey out of Africa Robin McKie. It is a distinctive Y-chromosome that was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon.000 years ago. Our research now shows that many Homo sapiens died at this time. 5 From the Arabian Peninsula. humanity recovered. As for Africa. with the help of gene analysis. we can see how our ancestors moved about. a small group of African men and women got into tiny boats and sailed across the Red Sea to Asia.000 years ago. science editor August 31. However. who had a son and so on. Estonia. 6 “We can see that just before humans left Africa about 70. “It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. they talked about their latest results. 2 The reason our ancestors left Africa is not known. to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity. Their journey – of less than 20 miles – marked the moment that Homo sapiens left its home continent. They reached Europe later. erupted. Mount Toba. 3 Now scientists are nearly at the end of a massive study of DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents. their DNA changed.000 years ago – its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less 7 8 9 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .” said Wells. 2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago. scientists say. “As the first ancestor had a son. some of our ancestors took sea routes along the south Asian coast to reach Australia 50. Last week. the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest. about 40. At the same time. Something similar has been found in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many sons he had. it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents. say project scientists. in Tallinn. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation – has provided new information about our journey out of Africa.5 billion descendants of these people live across our planet. Two thousand generations later. as you would expect of humanity’s birthplace.000 years.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 1 Elementary friendly. by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith. but scientists think that food shortages caused by climate change could be part of the reason. 4 Scientists have known for many years that modern humans came out of sub-Saharan Africa in the past 100. has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. Now.” said the project leader Dr Spencer Wells. With the information from the DNA they have created a map which shows how mankind (Homo sapiens) spread across the globe. One study. Today. It dropped thick ash and killed plants and trees across the globe. one group went east over the land bridge from Asia to America.” Nevertheless. Since then. 6. groups of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can follow these movements – often with interesting and surprising results. the £25m Genographic project – sponsored by National Geographic. genetically.

.. are sponsoring the genographic project.. Our ancestors left Africa for Australia. 2.. 1... Mount Toba.. 5.. Who might need to know these words for their job? Write example sentences for two of the words or terms..000 years ago... . a volcano in Sumatra... Homo sapiens left Africa... Write a translation next to each word. erupted 70. e. 7. The Khoisan people of southern Africa are. then Europe and America. project scientist Word molecule Example sentences: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary CA •P H O . costing twenty-five million pounds. genetically the closest to our original ancestors. . sixty-thousand years ago in small boats. 4.....g. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation... the Crusaders and Genghis Khan in unusual places... . . 3. 8.... 6. National Geographic. ....The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. . ... before Homo sapiens travelled there. genetic legacy.. .. Scientists have discovered DNA connected to. The project is. 4 Vocabulary: Special words How many special scientific terms can you find in the article? Write them into the word molecule.. Neanderthals lived in Europe.

com or www.nationalgeographic. My family tree 6 Webquest Watch videos about the project and discover what’s on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3. Ask you partner questions about his/her family tree.com/genographic Go to www.com to find out how you can trace your ancestry.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion Draw a simple family tree – include your nearest ancestors and descendants. Explain your family tree to a partner.dnaancestryproject.dnaheritage. How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

USA. They once inhabited Europe and parts of western and central Asia. 6. genetic marker. Neanderthals: paleoanthropological specimens. then Europe and America. Scientists have discovered DNA connected to the Crusaders and Genghis Khan in unusual places. New York. The Red Sea: The Red Sea is a salt water inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. 4 Vocabulary: Special words possible answers: DNA analysis. 9. D.000 years ago. They disappeared in Asia by 50. Neanderthals lived in Europe before Homo sapiens travelled there. Homo sapiens left Africa sixty-thousand years ago in small boats. the Mongol Empire eventually occupied most of Asia. 8. Mount Toba. 8. is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography. a volcano in Sumatra. During his life. 10. National Geographic.C. DNA samples. is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk. genetically diverse. archaeology and natural science.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Warmer The Crusaders: 13th century men who went on the crusades. scientists: A person who is an expert on one or more areas of science. 7. erupted 70. 3. 2.000 years ago and in Europe by 30. genographic © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2. abbreviated to IBM. IBM: International Business Machines Corporation. gene analysis. 3. project scientist. ancestors shortages descendants volunteers gene analysis sponsored peninsula eruption genetic marker diverse 2 Key words 3 Comprehension check 1. the promotion of environmental and historical conservation. he pursued an aggressive foreign policy by starting the Mongol invasions of East and Central Asia. 4. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed ‘Genghis Khan’. 7. Genghis Kahn: Genghis Khan was the Mongol founder. species of the Homo genus. 1. 4. 5.000 years ago. in the United States. The project is costing twenty-five million pounds. and the study of world culture and history. 6. National Geographic: based in Washington. The Crusades originally had the goal of recapturing Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslim rule. Y-chromosome. The Khoisan people of southern Africa are genetically the closest to our original ancestors. Our ancestors left Africa for Australia. Homo sapiens: us DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation are sponsoring the genographic project. 5.

People who do something of their own free will: _____________________. Appeared. It is made up of DNA. evidence: _____________________. A single piece of DNA. The people who came before us (e. making us want to know more: _____________________. gene 3. never to be seen again on this planet: _____________________. 6. remains. exit. 5. 13. your great-great-great grandchildren): _____________________. A kind of inheritance. Interesting. 2. 4. genetic marker A pattern within a cell that carries information about things we inherit from our parents. Modifications. came from: _____________________. and other nucleotide sequences.g. The people who follow us (e.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer Match the terminology with the definitions. A DNA sequence or pattern which can help to diagnose inherited diseases. evolved. traces intriguing mutations legacy descendants ancestors hospitable extinction exodus emerged volunteers diverse pinpoint 1. Small clues. 7. which contains many genes. flight (also a famous song by Bob Marley): _____________________. 10. Very different from something else: _____________________. friendly: _____________________. warm. 8. Dying out. To discover something and explain it exactly: _____________________. variations. 1. Welcoming. 9. 11.g. The material inside cells that carries genetic information. chromosome 4. your great-great-great grandparents): _____________________. 3. complicated. differences: _____________________. Also called deoxyribonucleic acid. A word meaning escape. 2 Key words Match the key words from the article with their meanings. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . things left to us by our ancestors: _____________________. DNA 2. 12.

2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago.000 years ago. One study. a small group of African men and women set off on the Red Sea in tiny boats and crossed the Mandab Strait to Asia. caused by climate change. about 70. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation – has recently provided highly detailed new information about our African exodus. Our research now shows Homo sapiens numbers dropped alarmingly at this time and we only just remained as a species. “We can also see that just before humans left Africa. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. 6 2 The reason for our ancestors’ African exodus is not known. “It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years and dropped thick ash and killed vegetation across the globe.000 years. scientists say. Dr Spencer Wells. by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith. As for Africa. However. groups of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can show traces of these movements – often with intriguing results. “As the ultimate ancestor had a son.000 years ago. they described their most recent results.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 2 Intermediate hospitable – at the same time one group of Asians headed farther east over the land bridge that then connected their continent to America. Their journey – of less than 20 miles – marked the moment that Homo sapiens left its home continent. who had a son and so on. it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents. Two thousand generations later. genetically. 6. And of those living today. in Sumatra. erupted. science editor August 31. We entered Europe later. Since then. Estonia.” Nevertheless. to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity. though scientists think that food shortages. the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest. “When we look at the distribution of these markers we can see how our ancestors moved about.000 years ago – its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate CA •P H O .” said Wells. some of our ancestors took sea routes along the south Asian coast to reach Australia 50. its importance cannot be overestimated.” 9 4 Scientists have known for several years that modern humans emerged from sub-Saharan Africa within the past 100. A similar sort of genetic legacy has been found in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many male descendants he produced. Last week. 31/08/08 7 8 3 Now scientists are completing a massive study of DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents in order to create a map showing how mankind spread across the globe.5 billion descendants of these African emigrants live across our planet. The incredible journey taken by our genes A new project maps humanity’s journey out of Africa Robin McKie. the £25m Genographic project – backed by National Geographic. mankind was in danger of extinction when Mount Toba. 5 After reaching the Arabian Peninsula. about 40. has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. They have wiped out all other hominids including the Neanderthals. in Tallinn. It is a distinctive Y-chromosome that was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon and then settled in the country. humanity recovered. were involved. However. as would be expected of humanity’s birthplace. they developed mutations in their DNA that we can now pinpoint by gene analysis. say project scientists.” said project leader.

5. third) did they reach these continents? Europe. 2. 7.000 years before they left Africa? Which species was wiped out by Homo sapiens? Who are the backers of the genographic project? How much is the project costing? What have the scientists discovered about the Crusaders and Genghis Khan? Which people are genetically the closest to our original ancestors? 4 Vocabulary: Special words How many scientific terms can you find in the article? Write them into the word molecule. 4. Asia.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 2 3 Intermediate Comprehension check Find the answers to these questions. Why and when do scientists think a small group of our ancestors left Africa? In which order (first. 8. second. genetic legacy. project scientist Word molecule Example sentences: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate CA •P H O . 3. How many of these terms do you think it is important to know and understand? Write example sentences for five of the terms. 1. e. Australasia? What happened approximately 10. 6.g.

com/genographic Go to www.com/ to find out how you can trace your ancestry.com/ or www.nationalgeographic.dnaheritage.The incredible journey taken by our genes Level 2 Intermediate 5 Discussion • • • • • Would you like to trace your genetic ancestry? Why/Why not? What do you know about your ancestry? Have you (or anyone you know) tried to trace your family tree? How far back could you go? Did you find out anything interesting or surprising? 6 Webquest Watch videos about the project and discover what’s on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3.dnaancestryproject. How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS /The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

chromosome: A single piece of DNA. Mount Toba erupted and dropped ash and killed vegetation across the globe. pinpoint 7. descendants 4. The Neanderthals. 5. Intermediate 3 Comprehension check 1.000 years ago. mutations © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Europe. 3. 2. project scientist. hospitable 9. and other nucleotide sequences. Y-chromosome. traces 11. emerged 8. 4. which contains many genes. genographic. See paragraph 8. DNA: The material inside cells that carries genetic information. Also called deoxyribonucleic acid. National Geographic. It is made up of DNA. intriguing 12. legacy 13. diverse 4 Vocabulary: Special words possible answers: DNA analysis. 3. volunteers 5. 25 million pounds. genetic marker. genetically diverse. Australasia. The Khoisan people of southern Africa. Food shortages triggered by climate change 60. 2. DNA samples. 6.The incredible journey by our genes Addiction to Internet ‘istaken an illness’ Level 2 KEY 1 Warmer 1. ancestors 2. mutations 6. IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation. extinction 10. genetic legacy. 2 Key words 1. 4. 7. genetic marker: A DNA sequence or pattern which can help to diagnose inherited diseases. gene analysis. gene: A pattern within a cell that carries information about things we inherit from our parents. exodus 3. Asia. 8.

thin loaf of bread made in the French style. A __________________ is a long. Most bankruptcies in France this year have been in the restaurant sector. French people spend an average of one and a half hours eating a meal in a restaurant. you avoid having it. you search for it in a wide area. 4. The number of customers visiting restaurants in France is falling. __________________ is when people spend very little money and only on things that are really necessary. The three-course lunch is a French tradition. 6. 10. Then check your answers in the text. upset or confused. French restaurant-goers still enjoy a bottle of wine with their lunch. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F). 3.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. but especially in rubbish bins. 2. A __________________ is a restaurant or bar. it does not perform as well as usual. If you __________________ for food. 1. you feel shocked. 5. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. 4. 2. 6. If you __________________ a meal. An __________________ is an emotional state in which something is so important to you that you are always thinking about it in a way that seems extreme to other people. 5. 8. 7. If you __________________ from the effects of something. frugality sluggish bankruptcy forage skip reel aperitif baguette obsession brasserie 1. 9. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If an economy is __________________. 3. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. especially one that serves French food. The number of international tourists visiting Paris is increasing.

3 Even the city’s smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. two couples were asked to leave by a desperate restaurant owner because they would not order starters. Office workers were increasingly buying take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches. 5 The time French people spend on eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975.. tap water. And in Toulouse. But France’s tradition of the three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of being killed off by the economic crisis. with queues down the street at midday. baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 3 Advanced sector has seen the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year..000 traditional French restaurants. drinking tap water. it had fallen to 32 minutes. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif. Around 3. Regular TV reports describe the desperation of people forced to eat cheap tinned vegetables or forage in bins at markets. avoiding starters. dessert. Even in French holiday destinations. was busy selling take-away baguettes. after the construction and building trades. 20% and we’re seeing no signs of improvement. By 2005. 4 Making ends meet with low salaries and rising food prices has become a national obsession as France’s economy continues to be sluggish. In one restaurant near Paris’ Gare de Lyon. The restaurant chain Hippopotamus was now running loyalty deals and special-offer hamburgers. especially Americans and Japanese.” The nearby bakery. the number of restaurant customers has dropped. and giving up the rest. restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%. none had a bottle of wine . Danièle Deleval.000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months • Starters and wine out. cafe owners complained that customers would try to make one drink last as long as possible. The number of French restaurants going bankrupt rose by 25% from last year. vice president of the UMIH restaurant and hotel union. however. François Simon. according to the credit insurance group Euler Hermes SFAC. a lunch out would take an average of one and a half hours. Now they’re limiting themselves to a main course. It’s the end of a tradition of lunching out and it looks like figures will stay this low for two to three years.” Jean Guillaume. which had become more popular than French steak dishes. and cafés forced to close were up by 56%. 2008 1 It is seen as the mark of civilized eating. cafés and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and unions predict a further rush of closures as people worry about making ends meet. he reported. 24/09/08 Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts • 3. passing on wine and coffee and – at most – sharing a pudding. 2 Le Figaro’s renowned restaurant critic. The restaurant 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . distinguishing well-fed French workers from the English who wolf prawn sandwiches at their desks. Of 75 customers in this lunchtime. owner of Le Bouquet brasserie on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris’ smart 8th district. Since the start of the year. like Arcachon in the west or the Côte d’Azur in the south. said: “Lunch customers used to order a main course. said yesterday that French consumers’ frugality had changed national eating habits and forced restaurant owners to the brink. coffee and a bottle of wine. Restaurant and bar owners are reeling from a poor summer with fewer international tourists visiting Paris. on average. said: “We’re very worried.

By how much has the time French people spend on eating restaurant meals fallen since 1975? a. … there are fewer international tourists. (para 1) 5. (para 3) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . b. By about one third. The number of people dining in restaurants in France is falling because… a. A three-word expression meaning to just have enough money to buy the things you need. 4. An adjective meaning famous and admired for a special skill or achievement. (para 1) 4. Why is the summer described as ‘poor’? a. … there are fewer and fewer restaurants to eat in. c. Because most French people were away on holiday. A two-word expression meaning a special offer for customers who return to the same shop or restaurant again. (para 1) 3. c. b. An adverb meaning more and more over a period of time. c. Because they only wanted to order starters. (para 2) 7. A phrasal verb meaning to make something stop or fail completely. especially Americans and Japanese. 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. Because the weather was bad so people stayed at home.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. c. b. (para 2) 6. A two-word expression meaning the point in time when something very bad or very good is about to happen. 1. Because they didn’t want to order starters. A verb meaning to eat something very quickly. 2. b. Because they asked for tap water with their meal. A two-word expression meaning to become bankrupt. Why were two couples ordered to leave a restaurant near the Gare de Lyon? a. It has shown almost a threefold decrease. (para 3) 8. 1. Because there were fewer international tourists. By about 50%. (para 1) 2. … the economic crisis means people have less money to spend. 3.

1. office 3. obsession h. course d. restaurant 2. worry _______ 6. owner f. in danger _______ 5. spend time _______ 7. offer c. water b. 1. special 5. reel _______ 8. eating 4. distinguish _______ 2. main 7. limit oneself _______ 4. impatient _______ 3. national 6. tap 8. worker 7 Discussion How many ways of saving money in difficult economic times can you think of? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . destination g. pass _______ 6 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. holiday a. habits e.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 3 Advanced 5 Words + prepositions Which prepositions follow these words? Check your answers in the text.

a 3. of 5. F 5. F 2. sluggish 2. baguette 5. increasingly 5 Words + prepositions 1. b 4. c 6 Two-word expressions 1. to 4. kill off 3. bankruptcy 4. special offer 5. brasserie 8. holiday destination © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . the brink 7. national obsession 6. from 8. aperitif 10. wolf 2. about 6. restaurant owner 2. T 6. frugality 6. tap water 8. skip Advanced 4 Find the word 1.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. obsession 9. F 3. loyalty deal 8. with 3. go bust 4. T 4. eating habits 4. on 7. reel (are reeling) 3. on 2 What do you know? 1. F 3 Comprehension check 1. renowned 6. c 2. forage 7. from 2. make ends meet 5. office worker 3. main course 7.

A __________________ is a reduction in the price of something. 6. 2. __________________ is the sweet food that you eat after the main course. 4. What was the percentage loss of business in French holiday destinations? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A __________________ is a very old custom. To __________________ is an informal way of saying to go bankrupt. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. 10. What is the percentage increase in restaurants going bankrupt compared to last year? 5. skip trade union aperitif tradition baguette go bust discount consumer bankruptcy dessert 1. A __________________ is a long. If you __________________ a meal. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 2005? 4. 3. thin loaf of bread made in the French style. you avoid having it. A __________________ is someone who buys and uses goods and services. 8. 9. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. 5. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. How many French restaurants. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 1975? 3. cafés and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008? 2.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. What has the fall in the percentage of restaurant customers been since the start of 2008? 6. A __________________ is an organization that aims to improve pay and conditions of work. 7.

and there were long queues outside at midday.. like Arcachon in the west or the Côte d’Azur in the south. 5 1 The three-course lunch is a French tradition. But times are changing. Danièle Deleval. especially American and Japanese visitors. It was a bad summer for restaurant and bar owners. The traditional French three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of disappearing for ever because of the world economic crisis. the number of restaurant customers has dropped. While the English eat sandwiches at their desks.. François Simon. It’s the end of a tradition of going out for lunch and it looks like numbers will be this low for two to three years. well-fed French workers have always enjoyed their lunch at a local restaurant. 2008 The time French people spend eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975. 20% and we’re seeing no signs of improvement. with fewer international tourists visiting Paris. drinking tap water. Office workers now prefer to buy take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches.000 traditional French restaurants. but no-one ordered a bottle of wine . not having wine or coffee and – at most – sharing a pudding. of the French restaurant and hotel union. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. and the number of cafés closing rose by 56%. lunch customers ordered a main course. said: “In the past. was busy selling take-away baguettes. and not ordering the rest. cafés and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and trade unions are predicting that more will close as people worry about money. coffee and a bottle of wine. an angry restaurant owner asked two couples to leave because they did not want to order starters. after the construction and building industries. The restaurant chain Hippopotamus is now offering discounts to regular customers and special-offer hamburgers. a lunch out took an average of one and a half hours. 24/09/08 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary CA •P H O . In one restaurant near Paris’ Gare de Lyon. 4 As problems in the French economy continue. We had 75 customers this lunchtime. dessert. owner of Le Bouquet restaurant on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris’ smart 8th district. 2 A well-known French food writer. The restaurant sector has had the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year. it was 32 minutes. Regular TV reports N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts • 3. café owners complained that customers were trying to make one drink last as long as possible. Since the start of the year. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif. restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%. which are now more popular than French steak dishes.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 1 Elementary show people eating cheap tinned vegetables or looking through bins at markets for food. baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24. a sign of civilized eating. He said this had changed national eating habits and was pushing restaurant owners towards bankruptcy. 3 Even the city’s smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. according to one credit insurance group. The number of French restaurants going bust rose by 25% from last year. avoiding starters.” Jean Guillaume.000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months • Starters and wine out. on average. Now they’re just having a main course with tap water. By 2005. Even in French holiday destinations. said: “We’re very worried.” The nearby baker’s shop. low salaries and rising food prices are worrying for many French people. however. About 3. And in Toulouse. he reported. said yesterday that French consumers did not want to spend money.

… they only order a main course. 30 years ago French people spent more time eating. People are not eating lunch in restaurants because… 2. French workers now prefer take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches… a. of crisis the economic world because 2. the since the year of start 5. in 2008 months the of three first 3.. When people eat lunch in restaurants now… 3. 4 Chunks Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text. … they are worried about money. c. 4. 1. d. 1. average hours of an half a and one 4. as last possible long as © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Since the start of 2008… 5. … fell by 10% this summer. b.. In French holiday destinations the number of people eating in restaurants… 6. f. … the number of people eating in restaurants has fallen by 20%. to years three for two 6. … than they do now. … to traditional three-course restaurant lunches.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings with the endings to make sentences about the text. e.

3. verb 1. 7. 2. 6. 5.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 1 Elementary 5 Word building Complete the table with nouns from the text. own consume dine work write bake visit tour noun 6 Word stress Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress pattern. sandwich crisis prefer discount report sector market hotel dessert A 0 o midday average B o 0 well-fed © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 4. 8.

d 2. at least 10% 1. last as long as possible 5 Word building verb noun owner consumer diner worker writer baker visitor tourist 2 Find the information 1.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 3. go bust 10. 2. an average of one and a half hours 4. 4. skip 4.000 2. c 6. trade union Elementary 4 Chunks 1. bankruptcy 2. baguette 6. a 3. 5. 20% 6. consumer 5. 8. dessert 3. own consume dine work write bake visit tour 3 Comprehension check 1. 25% 5. for two to three years 6. discount 7. one and a half hours 3. since the start of the year 5. because of the world economic crisis 2. 6. 32 minutes 4. f 4. 7. e 6 Word stress A 0 o sandwich crisis discount sector average market B o 0 prefer report hotel dessert midday well-fed © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . about 3. tradition 9. aperitif 8. in the first three months of 2008 3. b 5.

you avoid having it. A __________________ is a restaurant or bar. How many French restaurants. cafés and bars went bankrupt in the first three months of 2008? 2. especially one that serves French food. A __________________ is an organization that aims to improve pay and conditions of work.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. 6. A __________________ is a reduction in the price of something. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 1975? 3. What was the percentage loss of business in holiday destinations like the Côte d’Azur? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 9. films or restaurants. 5. A __________________ is a long. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. it highlights the difference or differences between them. What has the fall in the percentage of restaurant customers been since the start of 2008? 6. 1. thin loaf of bread made in the French style. If something __________________ one thing from another thing. bankruptcy brasserie skip critic aperitif discount obsession trade union baguette distinguishes 1. A __________________ is someone whose job is to write their opinions about books. What is the percentage increase in restaurants going bankrupt compared to last year? 5. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. 7. 8. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 10. An __________________ is an emotional state in which something is so important to you that you are always thinking about it in a way that seems extreme to other people. If you __________________ a meal. 3. 4. 2. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 2005? 4.

The restaurant chain Hippopotamus was now offering discounts to regular customers and special-offer hamburgers. baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24. 4 Making ends meet with low salaries and rising food prices has become a national obsession as problems in the French economy continue. It’s the end of a tradition of lunching out and it looks like figures will stay this low for two to three years. 24/09/08 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate CA •P H O . according to the credit insurance group Euler Hermes SFAC. said: “Lunch customers used to order a main course. restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%. and the number of cafés forced to close rose by 56%. none had a bottle of wine . Restaurant and bar owners are still suffering from a poor summer with fewer international tourists visiting Paris. François Simon. vice president of the UMIH restaurant and hotel union. one which distinguishes well-fed French workers from the English who eat sandwiches at their desks. after the construction and building trades. avoiding starters. drinking tap water.” Jean Guillaume. cafés and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and trade unions are predicting that more will close as people worry about making ends meet. and giving up the rest. Since the start of the year. like Arcachon in the west or the Côte d’Azur in the south. 2 Le Figaro’s well-known restaurant critic. Now they’re just having a main course with tap water. two couples were asked to leave by an angry restaurant owner because they would not order starters. 20% and we’re seeing no signs of improvement. however. In one restaurant near Paris’ Gare de Lyon. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif.” The nearby bakery. And in Toulouse. Danièle Deleval. on average. 2008 The time French people spend on eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975. it had fallen to 32 minutes. not having wine or coffee and – at most – sharing a pudding. 5 1 It is seen as a sign of civilized eating.. The restaurant sector has experienced the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year. was busy selling take-away baguettes. Of 75 customers in this lunchtime.000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months • Starters and wine out. Regular TV reports describe the desperation of people forced to eat cheap tinned vegetables N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts • 3.. By 2005.000 traditional French restaurants. dessert. which had become more popular than French steak dishes. Even in French holiday destinations. he reported. Around 3. said yesterday that the unwillingness of French consumers to spend money had changed national eating habits and was pushing restaurant owners towards bankruptcy. a lunch out would take an average of one and a half hours. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. Office workers were increasingly buying take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 2 Intermediate or look through bins at markets for food. with queues down the street at midday. The number of French restaurants going bankrupt rose by 25% from last year. coffee and a bottle of wine. But France’s tradition of the three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of disappearing for ever as a result of the economic crisis. said: “We’re very worried. owner of Le Bouquet brasserie on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris’ smart 8th district. café owners complained that customers would try to make one drink last as long as possible. 3 Even the city’s smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. especially Americans and Japanese. the number of restaurant customers has dropped.

(para 1) 3. A noun meaning sweet food that you eat after the main course. (para 4) 6. 1. The tradition of the traditional French three-course meal might disappear for ever. (para 7) 5 Word building Complete the table. A three-word expression meaning to just have enough money to buy the things you need. A two-word expression meaning the person occupying the position immediately below the president. An adverb meaning more and more over a period of time. French people are spending less time eating lunch in restaurants. 4. 1. (para 3) 5. 3. 3. (para 2) 4. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate verb close improve predict construct insure complain describe sell noun CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 5. 2. 2. 6. 6. Business at bakeries has also fallen dramatically. A noun meaning a refusal to do something. 7. A two-word expression meaning to become bankrupt. People’s eating habits are changing because they are worried about their diet. (para 1) 2. 5. A noun meaning a place where someone goes or is going. 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. 8. The restaurant sector has experienced the highest number of bankruptcies in France this year. (para 5) 7. A noun meaning the worry and anger people feel in a bad situation. French people are spending less money on going to restaurants. (para 6) 8.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. 4.

habits e. worker 7 Discussion Do you often eat in restaurants? What kind of food do you like? How much money would you spend on a restaurant meal? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . destination g. holiday a.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 2 Intermediate 6 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. special 2. national 6. office 5. offer c. main 7. water b. eating 4. restaurant 8. 1. owner f. tap 3. obsession h. course d.

F 6. T 2. go bust 2.Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. baguette Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 6. close improve predict construct insure complain describe sell noun closure improvement prediction construction insurance complaint description sale 2 Find the information 1. distinguishes 8. tap water 3. destination 5 Word building verb 1. brasserie 9. 25% 5. T 4. 2. F 5. trade union 3. office worker 5. discount 5. desperation 6. special offer 2. aperitif 2.000 2. eating habits 4. at least 10% 3 Comprehension check 1. 3. dessert 8. 5. 7. restaurant owner 8. one and a half hours 3. 4. vice president 7. 8. critic 7. skip 10. 32 minutes 4. make ends meet 3. bankruptcy 6. obsession 4. 20% 6. F 6 Two-word expressions 1. increasingly 5. holiday destination © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . national obsession 6. unwillingness 4. main course 7. around 3. T 3.

A set of plans or actions agreed on by a political party. (para 11) 9. two words) 4. (para 11) 10. (para 14) 11. A group that monitors the behaviour of other groups is called a __________________. When you __________________ someone you put them off. (para 5) 5. (para 15) 12. 1. might a vehicle change its licence plate? What are the advantages and disadvantages of personalized licence plates? 2 Key words Complete the sentences with words from the text. A __________________ is a supply of something that a company or organization can use when they need to. The __________________ is the government department that is responsible for protecting the country from terrorist attacks. (para 4. you know exactly where it is. When you are able to __________________ something. a company or organization are its __________________. When something is __________________ it is bigger or smaller that it should actually be in comparison to something else. __________________ are the basic rights that all people in society should have. (title and para 1) 2. (para 8) 8. When you __________________ something you use it to get the most out of it even though it may be wrong or unfair to do so. __________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. two words) 7. what information can be obtained from vehicle licence plates? When. Police cars that look like ordinary cars are called __________________. you have all the necessary things you need for a particular purpose. two words) 6. (para 5. (para 7. make them not want to do something. (para 16) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer In your country. (para 3) 3. if ever. When you are __________________ with something.

which reads between eight and ten million licence plates a day. main roads. 7 Local authorities have since adapted their own CCTV systems to read licence plates on behalf of police. when a nationwide network of cameras is fully operational.000ft). 5 The project relies on automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras to pinpoint the precise time and location of all vehicles on the road. But responding to inquiries under the Freedom of Information Act. 9 10 The Home Office said in a letter that the Hendon database would “store all ANPR data for five years”. be stored for one year. Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15. and said it had lodged an official complaint with the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO). enabling officers to reconstruct the journeys of motorists. 13 Half of all police forces in England and Wales have now been connected to the network. a photograph of a person’s licence plate will. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to ‘read’ 50m licence plates a day. In four months’ time. the National ANPR Data Centre in Hendon. 14 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars. 4 But it has raised concerns from civil rights campaigners. They want clearer guidelines on who might have access to the material. which is already recording the whereabouts of ten million drivers a day. 11 Human rights group Privacy International last night described the five-year record of people’s car journeys “unnecessary and disproportionate”. during their investigations. Mobile cameras have been installed in patrol cars and unmarked vehicles parked by the side of roads. will record up to 50m licence plates a day. airports and town centres. 12 In 2005 the government invested £32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme after police concluded that road traffic cameras could be used for counter-terrorism and everyday criminal investigations. the government’s data watchdog. Additionally. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. The database will be able to store as many as 18 billion licence plate sightings in 2009. locate illegal ‘duplicate’ licence plates and track the movements of criminals.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 3 Advanced 8 Police helicopters have been equipped with infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2. The ACPO adds that the database will “deter criminals through increased likelihood of detection”. 3 Police have been encouraged to “fully and strategically exploit” the database. the Home Office has admitted the data is now being kept for five years. 2008 1 The police are to expand a car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and store details of millions of daily journeys for up to five years. in most cases. 15 “Experience has shown there are very strong links between illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime. north London. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across the country have been converted to read ANPR data. massively expanding the network of available cameras. who question whether the details should be kept for so long. capturing people’s movements in cars on motorways. the Guardian has learned. Senior officers had promised the data would be stored for two years.” said N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced CA •P H O . Senior police officers have said they intend the database to be integrated into everyday police work.

Simon Davies. who leads Acpo’s ANPR policy. how long will images of number plates be kept for? a) Five years. 1. c) 31 days..” he said. b) Two years. Simon Byrne.” he said. the Home Office. 4. Under the new laws. Which methods will be used to record details of motorists’ journeys? a) Special number plate recognition cameras. b) Two years. c) 31 days. the Merseyside Police. said that currently licence plate images captured by CCTV are generally retained for 31 days.. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . “This is possibly one of the most valuable reserves of data imaginable..” 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. two police forces. 3. By the end of 2009 the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by.. b) Converted CCTV cameras. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. d) One year. d) . b) .Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 3 Advanced 17 Peter Fry. d) All of the above... 2.. 16 The director of Privacy International.. d) One year. d) One year. a) . 15/09/08 Merseyside Police’s Assistant Chief Constable. said last night the database would give police “extraordinary powers of surveillance”. 5. how long will details of motorists’ journeys be stored? a) Five years.. “This would never be allowed in any other democratic country. Under the new laws. c) Infrared cameras in police helicopters. b) Two years. nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. of the CCTV User Group. c) . “There’s not a great deal of logic to explain keeping the same images for five years. c) 31 days. How long are CCTV images currently kept for? a) Five years..

....... Add further ideas of your own......... ..................................cctv-information...uk/cgi-bin/index............................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................ html © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H ........................................................................................................................................................................... ..... ............................................................................................................................................................................... Report on the most interesting video you find.............................................................................................................................. ........cgi?url=http://www.................................................................................... a special kind of surveillance camera 3......................................... a government watchdog/group that monitors the behaviour of others _______________ 5 Discussion Look back at the article and find the advantages and disadvantages of this car surveillance operation............................................................................... ....... Now discuss the following questions............. a common kind of surveillance camera _______________ 4................................................................................. Here you can hear a British police officer explain (and show) how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube..............................co.......................................................cctv-information.......................................................... ....................co............ ... • • How do you feel about the British police and government security services being able to trace the movements of motorists in Britain? Would you be for or against a scheme like this being set up in your country? 6 Webquest Type ANPR or police surveillance into YouTube.........................Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 3 Advanced 4 Vocabulary: Acronyms Find an acronym in the text for: 1...........................................................................com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM For technical information on ANPR go to: http://www........................................................................................................................ a police association _______________ _______________ 2.............................uk/constant3/anpr................................ ........................ Advantages Disadvantages ..................

surveillance 2. reserve Advanced 3 Comprehension check 1. ICO © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 3 KEY 2 Key words 1. ACPO 2. Home Office 6. unmarked vehicles 7. policy 12. ANPR 3. 5. pinpoint 5. civil rights 4. exploit 3. 3. d c d a a 4 Vocabulary: Acronyms 1. equipped 8. deter 11. CCTV 4. watchdog 10. disproportionate 9. 2. 4.

A ____________________ is a system of things that are connected together over a large area. ____________________ is the actions and methods of a country that are intended to stop the activities of people who use violence to achieve political aims.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer In your country. (para 5) 8. (para 2) 4. When you ____________________ something. you make them not want to do something... An ____________________ camera uses a type of light that cannot be seen. (para 4. ____________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. (title and para 1) 2. you put ideas and information together to try to find out what happened in the past. (para 7) 9. A ____________________ is a large amount of information that is stored in a computer in an organized way. (para 2. recognition roadside camera surveillance database reconstruct infrared deter network civil rights campaigner counterterrorism 1. (para 2) 3. A ____________________ is somebody who fights for the basic rights that all people should have. two words) 5. three words) 7. ____________________ is the ability to see or take a photo of something and then know what it is. (para 11) 10. When you ____________________ someone. what information can people find out from vehicle licence plates? when the car was made which town or area the car comes from other information _________________ who the vehicle belongs to What does a typical licence plate look like in your country? Example: Three numbers followed by four letters . (para 13) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A ____________________ is a machine that takes photographs of vehicles from the side of the road. (para 3) 6. 2 Key words Match these key words with the explanations.

In 2009. 15/09/08 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The ACPO also said that the database will deter criminals as they know that they are more likely to be caught. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across Britain have been adapted so that they can read ANPR data. said that at the moment CCTV photos and videos of licence plates are usually kept for 31 days. and they want to know who can have access to the data.000ft). 14 “From experience we know that there are very strong links between the illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime. “It’s not logical to keep them for five years. 7 There are also mobile cameras in police cars parked by the side of roads. Senior police officers had promised the data would be kept for two years. 15 The director of Privacy International. This was after police decided that road traffic cameras could be used for counterterrorism and everyday criminal investigations. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. 4 But civil rights campaigners are worried. Simon Davies.” he said. the National ANPR Data Centre in London will record up to 50m licence plates a day. 11 In 2005 the British government invested £32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme. 2008 1 The British police have a new car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and keep details of millions of daily car journeys for up to five years. 12 Half of all police forces in England and Wales are now connected to the network. a photograph of a person’s licence plate will be stored for one year. the database will be able to store the details of 18 billion licence plates. Senior police officers want the database to be used in everyday police work.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 1 Elementary 9 The government said that the London database would store all ANPR data for five years. police officers can reconstruct the journeys of motorists. to find illegal licence plates and to track the movements of criminals. They don’t think the details should be kept for so long. This means the cameras can watch people’s movements in cars on motorways. airports and town centres. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. They also said that they had sent an official complaint to the government. Then.” said Merseyside Police’s Assistant Chief Constable. and police helicopters have got new infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2. when the nationwide network of cameras is working. main roads. Simon Byrne. Additionally. “This would never be allowed in any other democratic country. 13 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars. the government has said the data is being kept for five years. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to ‘read’ 50 million licence plates a day. said last night the database would give police “extraordinary powers of surveillance”. 8 In four months’ time. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 10 Human rights group Privacy International last night said that keeping this information for five years is “unnecessary”. But now. of the CCTV User Group. 3 The police have been told to make use of the database which already records the movements of ten million drivers a day. Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15. 16 Peter Fry. 5 The operation needs automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras which can show the exact time and location of all vehicles on the road.” he said.

There are mobile cameras in parked police cars which...... 2.. . 8... the surveillance is undemocratic. British police can now keep details of.. 7. 4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation Write these words into the table according to their stress pattern...com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .. . ANPR cameras are special... 5.. . What kinds of crimes can you see? Listen to and watch a British police officer explain how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube.. cameras that can record details of car licence plates. CCTV watches people in airports.. take photos of licence plates...Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match these sentence halves to retell the article. .. 4. . surveillance assistant motorists illegal oOo database criminals campaigners motorways Ooo recording government How many other words can you find in the article which have the same stress patterns? 5 Webquest Type ANPR or police surveillance or CCTV into YouTube. .. Police helicopters can also record images.. nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales... 3.. and town centres... By the end of 2008 the database will be linked to. 1. Civil rights groups think... the new surveillance operation will stop terrorism. of car licence plates. people’s car journeys for five years.. The police hope that.. .. . 6.

Now complete these sentences with your own words and feelings. I think the scheme is a _____________________________ idea. I would feel _____________________________ if the police in my country kept my car details for five years. Complete the sentence below: The advantages of the car surveillance operation are _______________________________________________ but the disadvantages are _______________________________________________. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Talk about your sentences in class.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 1 Elementary 6 Discussion Look back at the article and find the advantages and disadvantages of the British car surveillance operation.

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 1 KEY 2 Key words 1. 3. The police and Home Office hope that the new surveillance operation will stop terrorism. database 6. 2. 8. There are mobile cameras in parked police cars which take photos of licence plates. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Civil rights groups think the surveillance is undemocratic. 6. 7. civil rights campaigner 7. reconstruct 4. ANPR cameras are special cameras that can record details of car licence plates. CCTV watches people in airports and town centres. network 3. infrared 9. surveillance 2. Police helicopters can also record images of car licence plates. counterterrorism 10. 4. recognition 8. deter Elementary 4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation oOo surveillance campaigners recording assistant illegal Ooo motorists database criminals motorways government 3 Comprehension check 1. 5. British police can now keep details of people’s car journeys for five years. roadside camera 5. By the end of 2009 the database will be linked to nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales.

A group that monitors the behaviour of other groups is called a __________________. (para 10) 9. two words) 7. The __________________ is the government department that is responsible for protecting the country from terrorist attacks. (para 13) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . __________________ are the basic rights that all people in society should have. what information can people find out from vehicle licence plates? Example: year of manufacture. .. __________________ is another word for find. you form an idea of what happened in the past by putting ideas and information together. (title and para 1) 2. where the car is registered. When you __________________ someone you put them off. (para 13) 11. (para 4. Police cars that look like ordinary cars are called __________________. When you __________________ something. two words) 6. A __________________ is an exact copy of something.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer In your country. Home Office deter duplicate unmarked vehicles equipped locate disproportionate civil rights watchdog surveillance reconstruct motorist 1. (para 5. When you are __________________ with something.. two words) 5. (para 7. (para 10) 10. you have all the necessary things you need for a particular purpose. __________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. (para 2) 4. (para 2) 3. Are you able to choose your car number plate? Example: to include your birthday or initials? What are the advantages and disadvantages of personalized licence plates? 2 Key words Write these key words into the sentences below. When something is __________________ it is bigger or smaller that it should actually be in comparison to something else. (para 7) 8. make them not want to do something. A __________________ is someone who drives a motor vehicle such as a car. (para 13) 12.

airports and town centres. Additionally. 11 In 2005 the government invested £32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme after police decided that road traffic cameras could be used for counter-terrorism and everyday criminal investigations. They question whether the details should be kept for so long. Senior police officers have said they intend the database to be integrated into everyday police work. and police helicopters have been equipped with infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2. This has massively expanded the network of available cameras. a photograph of a person’s licence plate will. 7 Mobile cameras have been installed in patrol cars and unmarked vehicles parked by the side of roads. be stored for one year. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. which is already recording the whereabouts of ten million drivers a day. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across Britain have been converted so that they can read ANPR data which show people’s movements in cars on motorways. the Guardian has learned. when the nationwide network of cameras is fully operational. The database will be able to store as many as 18 billion licence plate sightings in 2009. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate O . will record up to 50m licence plates a day. and they want clearer guidelines on who can have access to the material. Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15. which reads between eight and ten million licence plates a day. 4 But civil rights campaigners are worried. 13 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars. 5 The project relies on automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras which can show the precise time and location of all vehicles on the road. 14 “Experience has shown there are very strong links between illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime. during their investigations. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 9 10 Human rights group Privacy International last night described the five-year record of people’s car journeys “unnecessary and disproportionate”. Simon Byrne. north London. But now. and said it had sent an official complaint to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO). the National ANPR Data Centre in Hendon. 12 Half of all police forces in England and Wales have now been connected to the network. the Home Office has admitted the data is now being kept for five years.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 2 Intermediate 8 In four months’ time. which will allow police officers to reconstruct the journeys of motorists. in most cases. 2008 1 The British police are to expand a car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and store details of millions of daily car journeys for up to five years.000ft). main roads.” said Merseyside Police’s Assistant Chief Constable. Senior police officers had promised the data would be stored for two years. The Home Office said in a letter that the Hendon database would “store all ANPR data for five years”. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to ‘read’ 50 million licence plates a day. The ACPO adds that the database will deter criminals as they know that they are more likely to be caught. 3 Police have been encouraged to make use of the database. locate illegal ‘duplicate’ licence plates and track the movements of criminals. the government’s data watchdog.

surveillance duplicate motorists converted oOo database illegal campaigners criminals Ooo recording motorways How many other words can you find in the article which have the same stress patterns? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate CA •P H O . By the end of 2009 the database will be linked to ANPR systems run by nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. said that currently licence plate images captured by 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. 4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation Write these words into the table according to their stress pattern. Up to now. The data will be stored centrally in the City of London. CCTV is already used to watch people in airports and town centres.” he said.” he said. 15/09/08 15 The director of Privacy International. 7. The director of Privacy International thinks that all democratic countries should implement surveillance systems such as this. of the CCTV User group. Police helicopters are able to capture images of car licence plates. the images of number plates can be kept for five years. Simon Davies. 5. 4. said last night the database would give police “extraordinary powers of surveillance”. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. 2.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 2 Intermediate CCTV are generally kept for 31 days. Under the new laws. 3. 6. 16 Peter Fry. “This would never be allowed in any other democratic country. The police and Home Office hope that the new surveillance operation will prevent terrorism. 8. CCTV images of car licence plates have been kept for three years. “There’s not a great deal of logic to explain keeping the same images for five years.

............................. Can you think of any more advantages or disadvantages? Advantages Disadvantages ............................................................................................... .................. What kinds of crimes have been caught on CCTV? Listen to and watch a British police officer explain how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube..........................................................uk/constant3/anpr................................................................................................com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM For technical information on ANPR go to: http://www.........................................cctv-information...................................................................... ...............................uk/cgi-bin/index............................................................co..............................................cctv-information................................................. html © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H ............................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Now discuss the following questions: • • Imagine you live in Britain: How do you feel about the police and government security services being able to trace your movements? Would you be for or against a scheme like this being set up in your country? 6 Webquest Type ANPR or police surveillance or CCTV into YouTube........ .....Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 2 Intermediate 5 Discussion Look back at the article and make a note of the advantages and disadvantages of the British car surveillance operation.........................................................................................................................................................................................................co......................................................................... ................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................cgi?url=http://www....................... ........... .........

3. 5. 4. locate 11. T F T T F T T F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 6. motorist 4. unmarked vehicles 7. duplicate 12. surveillance 2. 7. equipped 8. disproportionate 9. civil rights 5. Home Office 6. watchdog 10.Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project Level 2 KEY 2 Key words 1. deter Intermediate 4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation oOo surveillance campaigners recording converted illegal Ooo motorists database criminals motorways duplicate 3 Comprehension check 1. 2. 8. reconstruct 3.

5. Darwin was born in the 18th century. No-one lives on the Galápagos Islands. If you place a _______________________ on something. 2. _______________________ means ‘very poor’. 4. If people _______________________ to a place. 9. _______________________ services are connected to a main activity but are less important. crackdown cumbersome influx chronicle culprit cap ancillary flock revenue impoverished 1. 4. The Galápagos Islands are home to exotic animals. They belong to Peru. 7. they gather there in large numbers because there is something interesting to see or do there. 5. The _______________________ is the cause of something bad happening. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If you _______________________ something. 2. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). An _______________________ is a large number of people coming to a particular place. you make a record of events in the order in which they happened. The Galápagos Islands are situated in the Pacific Ocean. 1. _______________________ is income from business activities or taxes. A _______________________ is strong action taken by the authorities to stop a particular activity. 3. Then check your answers in the text. 6. Charles Darwin studied wildlife on the Galápagos Islands.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. A _______________________ system is complicated. you limit its numbers. 8. 10. slow and ineffective. 6. 3.

They challenge local habitats in ways nature never intended. Another 2. did a new human arrival: the illegal migrant worker.000 will have been decimated. but much of this goes to tax-paying airlines and tour operators on the mainland.’ said Carlos Macias. If they go. cattle. cleaners and shop assistants. however. 4 Record numbers of tourist developments have threatened endangered plant and animal species and prompted Unesco. not the tourists. cats. 2008 1 The volcanic Galápagos archipelago off South America’s Pacific coast is famous for its exotic wildlife. etc. Flightless birds. the permanent human population of 30. saying it is the only way to prevent further damage.’ said Johannah Barry. But only on migrant workers. 9 The annual revenue of the islands is now estimated at $200m. a self-proclaimed environmentalist. 5 Two centuries after Darwin. ‘It is a policy to send home all those who do not have legal status or the proper documentation. However. ‘The system is currently broken.’ 8 What Darwin chronicled in 1835 – a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution – has been disrupted not so much by people as by the alien species which accompanied them: goats. It makes sense to limit the strain. to place the Galápagos on its ‘in danger list’. president of the Galápagos Conservancy. 2 And so. most of the islands’ species have survived human settlement. but worried it did not go far enough. but we cannot forfeit the economic opportunity. 3 Now. there are no plans to curb the soaring number of tourists – mostly well-heeled Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days – which this year is set to reach 180. Another culprit is oil leaking from vessels – notably the tanker Jessica which ran aground in 2001 – and over-fishing. mosquitoes.000 have been told to leave within 12 months. for a time. the United Nations’ cultural agency. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelago’s ecology Rory Carroll.’ said Macias. Last month Ecuador’s Environment Minister. waiters. The influx is expected to swell for next year’s 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. 7 The idea is to maintain the bonanza but lighten its environmental footprint by scaling back ancillary activities which require imported labour. President Rafael Correa.’ © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Advanced O . ‘We are enforcing the law.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 3 Advanced 6 1. Populations of sharks and sea cucumbers have fallen. Environmentalists welcomed the initiative. Latin America correspondent October 12. For decades. Checkpoints and patrols have been set up to catch illegal residents who are then marched on to aircraft and flown 600 miles east back to the mainland. has acknowledged that the Galápagos are at risk and is trying to shake up the notoriously cumbersome and bureaucratic N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored. ‘The problem is not so much the number of tourists as the ancillary economy that’s going up around it. but the authorities have become alarmed and decided to crack down. thousands flocked from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids. or certainly strained. the migrants are vanishing – targeted in an unprecedented Ecuadorean government crackdown intended to rein in a breakneck tourism boom and save the archipelago’s unique ecology. ‘Of course the tourist numbers have an environmental impact. Charles Darwin’s observations on the Galápagos Islands inspired his theory of natural selection and turned the islands into a symbol of adaptation and survival. a spokesman for the regional planning agency.000. Scientists at Galápagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists.000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland in the past year. pigs. Marcela Aguiñaga said there was no sign that tourism was ‘oversaturated’. giant tortoises and marine iguanas all found a home in the lava-scarred landscape.

’ © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. a decision upheld in July. c. Neither of those decisions is easy. c. What has caused the biggest disruption to flora and fauna on the Galápagos Islands? a. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . b.000 undocumented workers. Most migrant workers who are obliged to leave do so under their own steam and only a minority are frogmarched to the airport. What is the significance of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin for the Galápagos Islands? a. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new approach. It was apparently at Correa’s prompting that Unesco visited the archipelago last year and placed it on its ‘danger list’. 11 Expulsions were a bold start. They think it will solve all the conservation problems experienced on the Galápagos Islands. a fifth of the permanent population. c. Tourists. b. Alien species. It will encourage the Ecuadorean government to work on a new tourism model. but it would also be sensible to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry. 10 Upon arrival all visitors are now given identity cards to help authorities keep track of movements and departures. What is the reaction of conservationists to the expulsion of the illegal migrant workers? a. The government says it is working on a new ‘tourism model’ to reconcile a continued tourism boom with environmental protection. Because they have no environmental impact. 12/10/08 local government. the state official. 1. said Henry Nicholls. 4. c. They welcome it but say it is only a start. Why is the Ecuadorean government reluctant to limit the number of tourists visiting the Galápagos Islands? a. Illegal workers. said Macias. There are an 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. They are angry about it. Because the government earns a lot of money from tourism. b. 2. It will greatly increase the number of tourists visiting the islands. It will enable Unesco to take the islands off its danger list. ‘Kicking people out is one thing. Because the tourists do not do as much damage as the migrant workers. author of a book on conservation. but further steps were needed to protect the archipelago’s ecology. b.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 3 Advanced estimated 6. 3.

make something smaller in size than it used to be b. a decision f. (para 3) 3. 1. an impact d. A verb meaning to force someone to walk somewhere with their arms held tightly. (para 10) 8. an opportunity b. organise or plan something such as an event or system c.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. keep 8. welcome 4. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. An adjective meaning involving a risk. kick out a. an initiative e. (para 6) 4. (para 10) 7. 1. 1. have 6. A noun meaning a large group of small islands. Check your answers in the text. (para 9) 6. force someone to leave a place f. set up 4. rein in 2. track of c. (para 6) 5. An adjective meaning the greatest in size or amount that has ever been known. A verb meaning to control or limit something that is harmful. A two-word adjective meaning rich. uphold 2. limit or control something that has developed too much e. shake up 6. even though other people might not agree. make changes in the way something operates so that it is more effective d. the law 7 Discussion Should tourists be banned from environmentally threatened regions? What are the arguments for and against such an initiative? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . prevent 5. (para 1) 2. A four-word expression meaning without the help of anyone else. scale back 5. enforce 3. protect a. crack down 3. A two-word expression used for saying what a particular person describes themselves as. the environment/ecology h. further damage g. start dealing with something much more strictly 6 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases in the right-hand column. forfeit 7. (para 11) 5 Phrasal verbs Match these phrasal verbs from the text with their meanings.

3. 7. 4. flock 7. 3. 4. 6. 3. c c a b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 6. chronicle 3. influx 5. 2. 3. 5. archipelago unprecedented curb well-heeled self-proclaimed under one’s own steam frogmarch bold 5 Phrasal Verbs 1. impoverished 4. 7. 2. 8. e h d f c a b g 3 Comprehension check 1. 4. 5. 2. cumbersome 10. crackdown 8. cap 2. d f b a c e 2 What do you know? 1. 2. 4. ancillary 6. 3. 5. 8. 4. 6. 5. revenue 9.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 2. 6. T F F T F T 6 Verb + noun collocations 1. culprit Advanced 4 Find the word 1.

10. A ________________________ is a place where soldiers or police stop traffic. A ________________________ is a sudden increase in profits in a particular industry. If you ________________________ someone from a place. How many migrant workers have already returned to the mainland? 6. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. you force them to leave. 6. 8. 7. When was Charles Darwin born? 1808 or 1809? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 5. ________________________ means from another country. 1. ________________________ means very poor. How many tourists will visit the islands this year? 5. 4. ________________________ are the plants and animals of a region or country. What is the permanent population of the islands? 4. ________________________ is money you get from business activities or taxes. If you place a ________________________ on something. Which country are the Galápagos Islands part of? 3.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. revenue expel cap alien migrant boom mainland checkpoint impoverished flora and fauna 1. you limit its numbers. A ________________________ is someone who travels to another country to find work. 3. 2. Where are the Galápagos Islands? 2. 9. The ________________________ is the mass of land that forms the main part of a country and does not include any islands.

a spokesman for the regional planning agency. For years thousands came from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids. cats. 8 The revenue of the islands is around $200m. People believe it was Correa who encouraged Unesco to visit the islands last year and place them on its ‘danger list’. ‘The problem is not the number of tourists but the related economy that is growing around tourism.000 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 1 Elementary leave within 12 months. pigs. saying it is the only way to stop further damage. or certainly almost broken. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new strategy.’ 5 In the past year 1. 2 Then a new human arrival came to the islands: the illegal migrant worker. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelago’s ecology Rory Carroll. 9 When they arrive all visitors now get an identity card so the authorities can follow their movements and departures but there are still around 6. 4 Two centuries after Darwin.000 will fall by 10%.’ 7 In 1835 Darwin wrote about a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution. Populations of sharks and other sea creatures have fallen. Another 2. the human population of 30. The islands became a symbol of adaptation and survival. The government says it is working on a new ‘tourism model’ to continue the tourism boom and protect the environment at the same time. Scientists at Galápagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists.000. etc.’ said Macias. But now the migrants are leaving – as the Ecuadorean government tries to save the unique ecology of the islands by controlling the level of tourist development. Another problem is oil leaking from ships and over-fishing. President Rafael Correa of Ecuador admits that the Galápagos are at risk and is trying to reform the slow and bureaucratic local government. has placed the Galápagos on its ‘in danger list’. 3 Record numbers of tourists have endangered rare plant and animal species and now Unesco. People expect that the number of tourists will increase for next year’s 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. It is not people who have changed this living laboratory but the alien species which have accompanied them: goats. president of the Galápagos Conservancy. cattle. But there are no plans to control the growing number of tourists – mostly rich Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days – which this year will probably reach 180. but most of this goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. ‘It is our policy to send home all those who do not have the correct documentation and the right to be here. most of the islands’ species have survived human settlement. ‘This is the law. the United Nations’ cultural agency. They have set up checkpoints to catch illegal residents who they then put on to aircraft and fly 600 miles east back to the mainland.000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland.’ said Carlos Macias. If they go. Environmentalists are pleased the authorities have taken action. ‘Of course the tourist numbers have an effect on the environment. but they believe more action is needed. They damage local habitats in ways nature never intended. We must try and reduce it.000 have to © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Elementary O . giant tortoises and marine iguanas. 6 The idea is to keep the tourist boom but reduce activities related to tourism which require imported labour. mosquitoes. but we cannot lose this economic opportunity. cleaners and shop assistants. Latin America correspondent October 12. But not on the tourists – on the migrant workers. The Galápagos were home to flightless birds. waiters. ‘The system is broken. 2008 1 The exotic wildlife of the Galápagos Islands off the Pacific coast of South America is famous around the world.’ said Johannah Barry. Charles Darwin spent some time in the Galápagos in the 19th century and developed his theory of natural selection from what he saw there. but the authorities are worried and have decided to take action.

… to reduce the number of tourists. says that expelling the illegal migrant workers is a good start. ‘Expelling people is one thing. … goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. a fifth of the permanent population. b. Those are not easy decisions. The number of migrant workers on the Galápagos Islands is falling because… 3. but that further steps are needed to protect the ecology of the islands. d. … the authorities are expelling them. Putting a cap on tourist numbers and reforming the tourist industry… a. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 10 Henry Nicholls. 1. … the authorities should take more action. … will not be easy decisions. Most of the money the islands earn from tourism… 6. 12/10/08 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. c. … it is the 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin.’ © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. Environmentalists believe… 5. e. The number of visitors to the Galápagos Islands will increase next year because… 2. f. an author of a book on conservation. The authorities are not planning… 4. but it would also be a good idea to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 1 Elementary workers without documents.

sea 2. _____________ risk 8.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 1 Elementary 4 Two-word expressions Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. alien 8. operator c. giant 5. fly back _____________ the mainland 4. species f. industry e. Check your answers in the text. tour 7. identity a. government b. card d. 1. the level _____________ tourist development 3. worker g. have an effect _____________ the environment 5. part _______ the strategy 6 Word building Complete the table. migrant 3. creatures h. Check your answers in the text. local 4. verb noun 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 select adapt survive develop settle interact evolve depart CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Elementary H . activities related _____________ tourism 6. jobs _____________ the tourist industry 2. tourist 6. tortoise 5 Expressions with prepositions Fill the gaps in the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. oil leaking _____________ ships 7.

3. 6. 6. in of to on to from at of 2 Find the information 1. 5. 5. 2. mainland Elementary 4 Two-word expressions 1. g f a h d b e c 5 Expressions with prepositions 1. b d f e a c 6 Word building verb noun selection adaptation survival development settlement interaction evolution departure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 select adapt survive develop settle interact evolve depart © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . off the Pacific coast of South America Ecuador 30. boom 5. 7. revenue 4. 6. expel 10.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 2. 4. 3. 4. 4. migrant 9. flora and fauna 6. 5. 5. impoverished 8. 8. 3. cap 7. 2.000 1. 6. 3. alien 2.000 1809 3 Comprehension check 1. 8.000 180. 7. 4. checkpoint 3. 2.

What is the permanent population of the islands? 4. If you place a ____________________ on something. When did Charles Darwin visit the Galápagos Islands? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . ____________________ is income from business activities or taxes. 9. you interrupt it and prevent it from continuing by causing a problem. Which country are the Galápagos Islands part of? 3. 7. 10. If you ____________________ someone from a place. 6. 2. ____________________ means ‘very poor’. you limit its numbers. If you ____________________ something. If the authorities ____________________ on an activity. The ____________________ is the mass of land that forms the main part of a country and does not include any islands. they start dealing with it much more strictly. it is completely full. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. Where are the Galápagos Islands? 2.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. An ____________________ is a large group of small islands. What is the predicted number of tourist visitors this year? 5. 1. 5. 4. A ____________________ is someone who travels to another country to find work. If something is ____________________. How many migrant workers have already returned to the mainland? 6. 8. crack down migrant revenue mainland impoverished disrupt archipelago saturated cap expel 1. 3. you force them to leave.

’ said Macias. They have set up checkpoints and patrols to catch illegal residents who are then put on to aircraft and flown 600 miles east back to the mainland. However. 6 The idea is to keep the tourist boom but reduce activities related to tourism which require imported labour. but we cannot lose this economic opportunity. cats.000. for a time. They disrupt local habitats in ways nature never intended.’ said Johannah Barry. 3 Record numbers of tourists have threatened endangered plant and animal species and has led to Unesco.000 have been told to leave within 12 months. 8 The revenue of the islands is around $200m. president of the Galápagos Conservancy. Apparently it was Correa who encouraged Unesco to visit the archipelago last year and place it on its ‘danger list’. a spokesman for the regional planning agency. but the authorities have become worried and have decided to crack down. most of the islands’ species have survived human settlement. President Rafael Correa admits that the Galápagos are at risk and is trying to shake up the slow and bureaucratic local government. but a lot of this goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. ‘The system is currently broken. ‘The problem is not so much the number of tourists as the related economy that’s going up around it.000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland. Charles Darwin’s observations on the Galápagos Islands inspired his theory of natural selection and turned the islands into a symbol of adaptation and survival. Most migrant workers who have to leave go under their own steam and only a few have to be forced to go to the airport.’ said Carlos Macias. But only on migrant workers. ‘Of course the tourist numbers have an environmental impact. Populations of sharks and other sea creatures have fallen. Another 2. pigs. the United Nations’ cultural agency. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelago’s ecology Rory Carroll. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new approach. giant tortoises and marine iguanas all found a home in the islands. Marcela Aguiñaga said there was no sign that tourism was ‘saturated’. did a new human arrival: the illegal migrant worker. If they go.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 2 Intermediate there are no plans to control the growing number of tourists – mostly rich Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days – which this year will probably reach 180. Scientists at Galápagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists.’ 5 In the past year 1. Flightless birds. but worried it did not go far enough. It makes sense to try and reduce it. Environmentalists welcomed the initiative. the permanent human population of 30. mosquitoes. 2 And so. ‘We are enforcing the law. 4 Two centuries after Darwin. ‘It is a policy to send home all those who do not have legal status or the proper documentation. etc. Latin America correspondent October 12. saying it is the only way to prevent further damage. 2008 1 The volcanic Galápagos archipelago off South America’s Pacific coast is famous for its exotic wildlife.’ 7 What Darwin described in 1835 – a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution – has been disrupted not so much by people as by the alien species which accompanied them: goats. For years thousands came from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Intermediate O . Last month Ecuador’s Environment Minister. 9 When they arrive all visitors are now given identity cards to help authorities keep track of movements and departures. the state N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored. or certainly almost broken. Another problem is oil leaking from ships – notably the tanker Jessica which ran aground in 2001 – and over-fishing. waiters.000 will fall by 10%. But now the migrants are vanishing – as the Ecuadorean government tries to save the archipelago’s unique ecology by controlling the level of tourist development on the islands. The government says it is working on a new ‘tourism model’ to continue the tourism boom and protect the environment at the same time. said Macias. cattle. placing the Galápagos on its ‘in danger list’. The number of tourists is expected to increase for next year’s 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. not the tourists. cleaners and shop assistants.

An adjective meaning involving a risk. 10 Henry Nicholls. An adjective meaning from a different country. 2. an author of a book on conservation. A noun meaning an effect on something. A four-word expression meaning without the help of anyone else. (para 8) 7. (para 6) 5. 12/10/08 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. (para 4) 3. Neither of those decisions is easy. ‘Kicking people out is one thing. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. Most of the money the islands earn goes to the mainland. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The number of tourists will probably fall next year. A noun meaning an important action that is intended to solve a problem. Most of the tourists come from North America and Europe.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 2 Intermediate official.000 undocumented workers. (para 4) 2. but it would also be sensible to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry. 6. A noun meaning a place where traffic can be stopped by soldiers or police. There are an estimated 6. but that further steps are needed to protect the archipelago’s ecology. 1. says that the expulsions are a bold start. (para 9) 8. (para 7) 6.’ © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. Most of the illegal migrant workers have now left the islands. Conservationists believe that the expulsion of the migrant workers is enough to protect the ecology of the islands. 5. (para 10) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Intermediate CA •P H O . A verb meaning to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by people. 4. The Ecuadorean government wants to reduce the number of tourists. (para 5) 4. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to make changes in the way something operates so that it is more effective. 3. a fifth of the permanent population.

run 6. operator c. identity a. industry e. environmental 5. status 6 Word building Complete the table. tourist 2. aground d. tour 7.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 2 Intermediate 5 Two-word expressions Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. card b. legal 4. worker g. verb noun 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 expel develop adapt survive settle evolve depart approach 7 Discussion Should we try to help the environment by reducing air travel and tourism? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . impact h. species f. alien 8. 1. migrant 3.

000 1. 2.000 180. 4. 5. disrupt 2.000 1835 3 Comprehension check 1. 4. 5. F F F T T F 6 Word building verb noun expulsion development adaptation survival settlement evolution departure approach 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 expel develop adapt survive settle evolve depart approach © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. archipelago Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. d f h g c b e a 2 Find the information 1. 7. 8. cap 5.Tourism curbed in bid to save Galápagos haven Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. 8. 2. 5. 6. revenue 8. 6. 6. 3. checkpoint enforce impact initiative alien shake up under their own steam bold 5 Two-word expressions 1. 2. 3. expel 6. impoverished 9. 3. 5. mainland 4. 2. saturated 3. migrant 7. 6. crack down 10. In the Pacific (off the coast of South America) Ecuador 30. 4. 4. 7.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. Can you name any other literary prizes? What advantages are there in winning a literary prize? a) for the author b) for the publishing house c) for the author’s agent 2 Key words a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. _____________________ (para 3) 4. When something is this. Modern and up-to-date. _____________________ (para 5) 6. _____________________ (para 10) b) In paragraph 7. _____________________ (title) 3. b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. An adjective meaning to behave in an immoral way.000 Booker prize Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer What is the Man Booker prize? a) An award for the best work of fiction written by a young author (under 40 years old). An adjective used to describe someone who is behaving in a very self-confident and annoying way. Give an example of something that has knocked your socks off. _____________________ (para 5) 7. _____________________ (para 10) 10. A compound noun meaning the most modern and advanced point in the development of something. An adjective meaning first. everyone (without exception) is in agreement. A noun used to describe the prime minister or leader of a country. _____________________ (para 4) 5.000 Booker prize / Advanced N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . Michael Portillo says that the book knocked his socks off. _____________________ (title) 2. An adjective to describe someone who has advantages that others do not have because he has money or high social status. c) A literary prize for the best international first-time novelist. very poor. _____________________ (para 8) 8.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. What does he mean by that? Is the expression positive or negative? Skim-read the article to find out. 1. An adjective used to describe someone or something that is or has become very. _____________________ (para 10) 9. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something.

5 The writing of the novel.000 Booker prize / Advanced H . the chair of the judges. reviewing the book for the Guardian. 2008 1 After an “emotionally draining” and closely fought final judging session. the son of an impoverished rickshaw driver. “It was pretty close. 3 Michael Portillo. there was at least © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 8 9 10 11 •P NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. the hero of this book is only driven mad by the fact that he hesitated and might not have committed his crime. unfamiliar perhaps to many readers. Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 – and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri.000 Booker prize Level 3 Advanced a common culture between rich and poor. said Adiga. “The book has done very well in India. but by no means unanimous. Balram Halwai. Whereas Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are driven mad by their crime.” The novel takes the form of seven letters addressed by Balram to the Chinese premier on the eve of a state visit. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize. a modern novel about the dark side of the new India. like terrorism and instability. Balram makes his way up into the heady heights of Bangalore’s big business. Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised partly in Australia. one of the two debut novelists on the Man Booker shortlist.” The main criterion for the prize. was: “Does this book knock my socks off? And this did.” he said. and in the last stages it was down to a battle between The White Tiger and one other book.” he said.” said Portillo. 33. talked of a final panel meeting characterised by “passionate debate”. he said: “The first thing is to find a bank I can put it in. and issues on a global scale. betraying and using his sharp intelligence. he said.000 prize • Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins. Kevin Rushby. who won in 1991 aged 32.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunates who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them.” Portillo likened the novel to Macbeth. 2 Adiga. He lives in Mumbai. The unpleasant reality of contemporary Indian society is revealed via sketches of characters. after Keri Hulme in 1985. he became a journalist. What set it apart was its originality.000 prize for The White Tiger. was last night awarded the £50. called it “a witty parable of India’s changing society”. catering to their every whim. “It is about ambition realised through murder. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities. dealing with a different aspect of India. uneducated young man. but not anymore. 15/10/08 CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Out of the Darkness: Adiga’s White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds • Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. and his encounters – as a relatively privileged middleclass man – with members of India’s underclass. is a cocksure. “but with a delicious twist. Big divides are not what people are interested in. margin. The feeling was that this was new territory. had come out of his career as a journalist.” 7 Portillo said that Adiga “undertakes an extraordinary task – he gains and holds the reader’s attention with a hero who is an absolute villain”. Adiga’s book won by a “sufficient”. was that “here was a book on the cutting edge. “Class is a boring topic to write about.” The feeling among the judges. He also praised the work’s attention to “important social issues: the division between rich and poor. Its antihero and narrator. Aravind Adiga. Once.” Asked what he would do with the money. and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. Portillo said. By lying. And it is extremely readable. 6 “Something extraordinary is happening between the rich and the poor. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. chief arts writer October 15. 4 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality of India’s economic miracle. But it’s the most pressing concern – because other things spring out of it. was a surprise winner.

had a hard time. 4.. a handshake from the queen. is about class divisions.... The novel . had an easy job. c) .. d) .. d) .. emotionally 2...... © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50...... b) . When deciding who would win the prize.. c) ... delicious concern debate miracle task draining twist margin fought Now write your own example sentences for the collocations.... fame and glory but nothing else. c) . passionate 4.. The youngest ever Man Booker prize winner is . b) . Aravind Adiga. b) .. 2. 4 Vocabulary: Collocations Match the words to make collocations from the article. is written in the form of letters.. being from the impoverished underclass.. 1. a) . a guaranteed increase in sales. a) . the son of a rickshaw driver. c) .. b) . had a fight... fifty-thousand British pounds. closely 3. 6: The winner of the Man Booker prize receives ... is all of the above. economic 6. an absolute villain. 5..... the son of a rickshaw driver.. has been likened to a Shakespeare tragedy...000 Booker prize / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . the Chinese premier. pressing 7.. c) . a) ... a relatively privileged middle-class man. Keri Hulme.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50... had dinner together. a) .. d) .. The author of the novel describes himself as .. Arundhati Roy. 3. b) . a) . an upper-class student.. b) ... the judges .... 1. extraordinary 8... a) . d) . d) . sufficient 5..000 Booker prize Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article.. The main character in the novel is . an Indian businessman. Ben Okri... c) .. d) .

when will you receive it? Is the book available in any other languages? If so which.000 Booker prize Level 3 Advanced 5 Discussion • • • • What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Who would you recommend it to? Give a rough description of the type of novel you would like to read next.000 Booker prize / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . and how much does the book cost in your preferred language? Read an online synopsis of the book. Does it make you want to read the book? Why / Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. If you order the book today. Which online bookshop offers the best price (don’t forget to include potential postage costs). The White Tiger.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. costs if you order it online. Can anyone recommend you a book? Are there any novels you’ve read in the past that you can really recommend? 6 Webquest • • • • • Find out how much the book.

cutting edge 8. contemporary 10. villainous 2. 3. impoverished 6. c c d a d b 2 Key words 1. 6. 5. debut 3. 2. 3. 6. privileged 7. 7.themanbookerprize. premier 9. cocksure 5.com/ 3 Comprehension check 1. 5. whim 4 Vocabulary: Collocations 1.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. See http://www. 8. 4. unanimous 4. 4. emotionally draining closely fought passionate debate sufficient margin economic miracle pressing concern extraordinary task delicious twist © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50.000 Booker prize / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2.000 Booker prize Level 3 Advanced KEY 1 Warmer b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland.

Someone who decides who will win a competition. 2 Key words Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. The people at the very bottom of society. A small vehicle used for carrying people. _ _ _ _ _ (para 2) 5. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (title) 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 4) 9. A worrying situation that keeps changing. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 3) 7. A visit that involves the head or government of a country. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something.000 Booker prize / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . _ _ _ _ (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50.000 Booker prize Level 1 Elementary 1 Warmer What is the Man Booker prize? a) A prize for the best short story by a young author (under 40 years old). A word meaning behaving in an immoral. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 7) 12. b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 7) 11. bad or criminal way. A financial wonder.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. state visit economic miracle novelist debut underclass villainous sketches originality whim judge instability rickshaw 1. Someone who writes a fictional book. This will help you understand the text. Short written descriptions. _ _ _ _ _ (title) 3. An adjective meaning first. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 3) 6. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 4) 8. The quality of being new. c) A prize for the best international first-time novelist. usually pulled by someone riding a bicycle. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 1) 4. interesting and unique. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 6) 10.

one of the judges.” he said. Big divides are not what people are interested in. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities. “The book has done very well in India. is an uneducated young man. But it’s important – because other things come out of it. like terrorism and instability.000 Man Booker prize for The White Tiger. and issues on a global scale. the son of a poor rickshaw driver.” 7 The novel takes the form of seven letters written by Balram to the Chinese leader the evening before a state visit. one perhaps that many readers do not know.” 5 Portillo praised the book’s attention to “important social issues: the division between rich and poor. He lies and uses his sharp intelligence to make his way up to the top of Bangalore’s big business. who won in 1991 aged 32. was a surprise winner. came from his career as a journalist. but in the end it was a battle between The White Tiger and one other book. said Adiga. after Keri Hulme in 1985. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize. “Class is a boring topic to write about. What made it different was its originality. chief arts writer October 15. called it “a witty story of India’s changing society”. Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised partly in Australia. a modern novel about the dark side of the new India. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. 2008 1 Aravind Adiga last night won the £50. Balram Halwai. who reviewed the book for the Guardian. catering to their every whim. 2 Michael Portillo. was that “here was an up-to-date book. 15/10/08 Out of the Darkness: Adiga’s White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds • Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. 33.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50.” 6 The feeling among the judges.000 Booker prize Level 1 Elementary with a different aspect of India. Adiga.” 3 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality of India’s economic miracle. He lives in Mumbai. And it is extremely readable even though the hero is an absolute villain. from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunate people who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them. 4 The decision to write the novel.000 Booker prize / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .000 prize • Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins. and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. said “It was pretty close. Kevin Rushby. he became a journalist. The main character. Portillo said. Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 – and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri. The unpleasant reality of modern Indian society is shown via sketches of characters. which deals 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. and his encounters with members of India’s underclass.

when will you receive it? Can you buy the book in your language? If so. 7.. how much does it cost? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. first work of fiction.. letters to the Chinese leader. What / title / book 4. 4 Vocabulary: Questions Write questions for these answers using the prompt words below and any other necessary words. 6. The main character in his novel .. e. The author thinks class is a boring . The book is about class and .. What / Aravind Adiga’s / job questions When was Aravind Adiga born? answers 1974 £50. .. popular in India... The novel is written in the form of . How much / prize 2. . cost from an online bookshop? If you order the book today. 2... this year’s Man Booker prize...000... What / main character’s / father 6. is an unpleasant businessman. question prompts E.. The book is very . 3.. Where / story / take place 5.. .... 8. 4. The winner of the Man Booker prize . • • • What type of books do you like to read? What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Would you recommend it to the others in your group? 6 Webquest • • • How much does the book... but important topic to write about. The White Tiger..Villainous tale of modern India wins £50.g. Who / main character / write letters 7. .g. . . The White Tiger is Aravind Adiga’s .. . How old 3. . detective stories....000 Booker prize Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to summarize the article.000 Booker prize / Elementary CA •P H O .. Aravind Adiga won .. receives £50.. 5... 1. When / Aravind Adiga / born 1. money divisions in Indian society.. historical romances... .000 33 The White Tiger India A rickshaw driver The Chinese leader A journalist 5 Discussion Brainstorm as many book genres as possible.

How much is the prize money? 2. villainous debut novelist judge economic miracle rickshaw underclass instability originality state visit sketches whim (suggested answers) 1. The main character in his novel is an unpleasant businessman. b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. 5. 8.com/ 4 Vocabulary: Questions 2 Key words 1. Comprehension check Aravind Adiga won this year’s Man Booker prize. 4. 6. 7.Freerunning Villainous tale joins of modern sport establishment India wins £50. 3. What is the title of the book? 4. How old is Aravind Adiga? 3. 3. The novel is written in the form of letters to the Chinese leader. The winner of the Man Booker prize receives £50. 5. The book is very popular in India. 9. The book is about class and money divisions in Indian society. 2.000.000 Booker prize Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Warmer 1. 12. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. 4. 6. Where does the story take place? 5. 8. What is/was Aravind Adiga’s job? 3 1. 7. Who does the main character write letters to? 7. 10.000 Booker prize / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . What does the main character’s father’s job? 6. See http://www.themanbookerprize. The White Tiger is Aravind Adiga’s first work of fiction. 2. 11. The author thinks class is a boring but important topic to write about.

A noun meaning unplanned meetings. Someone who writes a work of fiction. ______________________ (para 9) 12. Give an example of something that has knocked your socks off.000 Booker prize Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer What is the Man Booker prize? a) A prize for the best short story written by a young author (under 40 years old). ______________________ (para 4) 9. A worrying situation that keeps changing. ______________________ (para 2) 5. ______________________ (para 9) 11. ______________________ (para 9) b) In paragraph 6. Michael Portillo says that the book knocked his socks off. very poor. A verb meaning to pause before doing something (past participle). An adjective meaning to behave in an immoral way. ______________________ (title) 2. What does he mean by that? Is the expression positive or negative? Skim-read the article to find out. ______________________ (para 1) 4. ______________________ (title) 3. ______________________ (para 4) 7. An adjective used to describe someone or something that is or has become very. A visit that involves the head or government of a country. ______________________ (para 3) 6. An emotional discussion in which people state their opinions. An adjective to describe someone who has advantages that others do not have because he has money or high social status. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. state visit impoverished novelist villainous privileged hesitated instability encounters parable debut whim passionate debate 1.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. c) A prize for the best international first-time novelist.000 Booker prize / Intermediate N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . An adjective meaning first. ______________________ (para 4) 8. ______________________ (para 8) 10. A simple story with a moral or (often religious) meaning. Can you name any other book prizes? What advantages are there in winning a book prize? a) for the author b) for the publishing house c) for the author’s agent 2 Key words a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below.

2008 1 Aravind Adiga.” The main criterion for the prize.” N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. Kevin Rushby. the hero of this book is only driven mad by the fact that he hesitated and might not have committed his crime. 4 The writing of the novel. was: “Does this book knock my socks off? And this did. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. betraying and using his sharp intelligence. He also praised the work’s attention to “important social issues: the division between rich and poor.000 Booker prize / Intermediate CA •P H O . one of the two debut novelists on the Man Booker shortlist. “It is about ambition and murder. is an uneducated young man. was that “here was an up-to-date book. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize. Portillo said.” he said. there was at least a common culture between rich and poor. was a surprise winner. and in the end it was down to a battle between The White Tiger and one other book. The unpleasant reality of modern Indian society is shown via sketches of characters. 15/10/08 5 “Something extraordinary is happening between the rich and the poor. He lives in Mumbai. called it “a witty parable of India’s changing society”. Balram Halwai.” The novel takes the form of seven letters addressed by Balram to the Chinese leader on the eve of a state visit. But it’s the most important aspect – because other things come out of it. dealing with a different aspect of India. Whereas Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are driven mad by their crime. “but with a delicious twist. said the judges’ final meeting was characterised by “passionate debate. “Class is a boring topic to write about.” he said. had come out of his career as a journalist. And it is extremely readable.” said Portillo. 10 Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised partly in Australia. Once. a modern novel about the dark side of the new India.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. said Adiga.000 prize for The White Tiger. who won in 1991 aged 32. was last night awarded the £50. What set it apart was its originality. Balram makes his way up to the top of Bangalore’s big business. The main character. after Keri Hulme in 1985.000 prize • Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins. Adiga. “The book has done very well in India. unfamiliar perhaps to many readers. 9 3 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality of India’s economic miracle. 7 8 2 Michael Portillo. The feeling was that this was new territory. he became a journalist. but not anymore. reviewing the book for the Guardian. and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. the son of an impoverished rickshaw driver. catering to their every whim. chief arts writer October 15. and issues on a global scale.000 Booker prize Level 2 Intermediate 6 Portillo said that Adiga “undertakes an extraordinary task – he gains and holds the reader’s attention with a hero who is an absolute villain”. like terrorism and instability. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities. he said: “The first thing is to find a bank I can put it in. 33.” Portillo likened the novel to Macbeth. It was pretty close. Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 – and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri. one of the judges. he said.” The feeling among the judges. Big divides are not what people are interested in.” Asked what he would do with the money. Out of the Darkness: Adiga’s White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds • Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. By lying. from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunate people who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them. and his encounters – as a relatively privileged middle-class man – with members of India’s underclass.

7. 7. 6. 4. The book has not sold very well in India. Aravind Adiga is the youngest ever Man Booker prize winner. The main character in the novel is an upper-class student. questions E..000 Booker prize Level 2 3 Intermediate Comprehension check Are the statements true (T) of false (F) according to the information in the article? 1. 4 Vocabulary: Questions Write questions for the answers. The judges thought there were similarities between the book and one of Shakespeare’s plays. The book’s main character is a good. historical romances.000 33 The White Tiger India A rickshaw driver The Chinese leader A journalist 5 Discussion Brainstorm as many book genres as possible. likeable man. 5. e. The author of the novel describes himself as a relatively privileged middle-class man. 3. answers 1974 £50.g.Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. detective stories. • • • What type of books do you like to read? What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Would you recommend it to the others in your group? 6 Webquest • • • • • Find out how much the book. When was Aravind Adiga born? 1. The winner of the Man Booker prize receives a guaranteed increase in sales. 3. 5. The novel is written in the form of letters. The White Tiger.000 Booker prize / Intermediate CA •P H O . The White Tiger is Aravind Adiga’s first work of fiction.g. The author thinks class is a boring but important topic to write about.. when will you receive it? Is the book available in your language? If so. costs if you order it online. Would you like to read the book? Why / Why not? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50. 9. 10. . 2. how much does it cost? Read an online synopsis of the book. 2. 8. Which online bookshop offers the best price (don’t forget to include potential postage costs)? If you order the book today. 6. 4.

novelist 4.Villainousto tale of modern wins £50. The point is controlled practice in forming questions. T 2 Key words 1. parable 4 Vocabulary: Questions Teacher’s note: There will be many different possible correct ways of writing the questions required in this task. T 10. whim 12.themanbookerprize. T 5. encounters 7. privileged 8. T 4. impoverished 6. F 8. T 7.000 Booker prize / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . villainous 2. state visit 11. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins £50.com/ Intermediate 3 Comprehension check 1. F 6. instability 9. passionate debate 5. F 3. debut 3. F 9. See http://www.000 Booker prize Addiction Internet ‘is an India illness’ Level 2 KEY 1 Warmer b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. F 2. hesitated 10.

Most England football fans love Maradona. you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. 10. ___________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. If something is ___________________. 6. 3. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). 2. 3. He still plays football. Argentina won the 2006 World Cup. 1. If you ___________________ people. A ___________________ is an area where very poor people live in badly built houses made of wood or metal or other thin material. ___________________ is a very high level of skill at something. ___________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. it is likely or certain to happen very soon. 6. A ___________________ person is one willing to make other people suffer so that he or she can achieve their aims. An ___________________ person is one who does things without thinking what will happen as a result. 4. 7. Then check your answers in the text. If you ___________________ someone.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. A ___________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent. often using physical force. 8. shanty town galvanise ruthless volatile imminent impulsive obesity wizardry eject charisma 1. 2. 5. 9. 5. He was voted best player of the 20th century. He was thrown out of the 1994 World Cup after testing positive for drugs. Diego Maradona is Argentinian. 4. you make them leave a place. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

4 But with Argentina’s two-time World Cup winning side in the doldrums in recent internationals. the Manchester United and Argentina striker who Maradona once described as “the Argentine prophet for the 21st century”.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 3 Advanced rein in his famously volatile emotions when he becomes boss.” 5 Maradona indicated yesterday that he would © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Advanced O . it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne.” said Messi yesterday. He has also endured hospitalisation with alcohol-induced liver problems and underwent gastric bypass surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. not suffer. eyes bulging unnaturally after he scored his only goal of the tournament against Greece. But yesterday Diego Maradona. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association. said: “Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that he’s coach. “But I don’t want to cry. Among the Argentine public yesterday there seemed to be limited enthusiasm for Maradona’s appointment. 8 Both number 10s were regarded as the greatest footballers of their era but lost control through drink and drugs. I admire him for what he has given to N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30. “There will be no problem. unpredictable and temperamental. a fact that might have been obvious to anyone who saw him run up to a pitchside camera and scream into its lens. “That’s why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. “I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979. In 1994 he was ejected from the World Cup in the US after he tested positive for ephedrine. the diminutive Argentine footballer whose ball skills and ruthless cunning have granted him almost mythical status in his home country. For some in Argentina. who will give them something to enjoy. Online polls for daily newspapers La Nación and Clarin reported that around threequarters of respondents disapproved.” he said.” 10 If the appointment is confirmed. “In Argentine football there is a before and an after Maradona. there appeared to be trouble ahead for one of the team’s star players. 9 Reflecting Maradona’s sometimes volatile character. Argentine slang for the little kid. marks an astonishing comeback for a controversial player who came close to death in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with respiratory problems following what was thought to have been a cocaine-induced heart attack.” he said. not cry. 3 Only four years earlier. “It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team. drawing six in a row earlier this year. Julio Grondona.” 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience – which runs to a total of 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club. Carlos Tevez. was on the verge of becoming el maestro with his imminent appointment as manager of the national team. he had been voted the best footballer of the 20th century in a poll of fans for Fifa. Messi has been dubbed the new Maradona for his similar build and dribbling wizardry. 2008 1 In the shanty towns of Buenos Aires they used to call him el pibe. following talks with the 48-year-old.” said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday. “He is a great. “They talk about my inexperience but I’ve spent 20-odd years in the Argentina team. The national team needs a man who will make people smile. as expected in Argentina. whose personal and professional life has closely mirrored that of Maradona. Grondona hopes Maradona’s presence will galvanise the team. despite hopes it might deliver cheer as their economy is struggling again. It was reported that Maradona has previously called Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi too selfish in his play. had taken control of the England team – an unthinkable prospect here.” 7 But Maradona is impulsive. in the mid 1990s – would be no problem.

. Maradona and Paul Gascoigne are compared in the text because . c. They are improving rapidly. is regarded as one of the best two footballers of all time. who lifted the 2006 World Cup. “Even his status as a myth. 1.. To some of 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. .. 30/10/08 Argentine soccer.. . I am optimistic.. How is the current state of the Argentine national team described? a. fans in Rosario established the “Church of Maradona” and decided 2003 should be 43DD. is regarded as the best footballer of all time. 4...” wrote Daniel Arcucci. b. will definitely be the next manager of Argentina. 3. b. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . c. They are not playing very well at the moment. 2. They are playing extremely badly this year. b. . they were both great footballers who lost control through drink and drugs. Diego Maradona .. reflecting on his appointment. On his 43rd birthday in 2003..” “His charisma will make the players follow him 100%... c. a columnist for La Nación. is regarded as possibly one of the best two footballers of all time. b.. alongside Pele.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 3 Advanced his countrymen... probably won’t become the next manager of Argentina. as always in his life. as perhaps the greatest footballer of all time. But he is also respected. .. “They will listen to him like an oracle. a. “después de Diego” or after Diego.. “Maybe he’s risking too much... a.” 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the “hand of God” incident where he scored a goal with his hand to help knock England out of the 1986 World Cup.. c. they are both likely to become managers of their national teams. a. they both had drink and drugs problems.. ... . is expected to be the next manager of Argentina. he means more than that. ..” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer.” said Italy coach Marcello Lippi. Maradona .. ..

An adjective meaning large and sticking out. draw a. An adjective used after a number meaning approximately. (para 6) 7. (para 4) 5. should they be appointed to positions of authority? CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Advanced •P H . a heart attack 6 Expressions with prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. surgery ____________ obesity 4. close ____________ death 3. take control ____________ 6. An adjective meaning impossible to imagine. lack ____________ experience 7 Discussion If people have a history of drug-taking or alcoholism. undergo 2. (para 3) 4. (para 1) 2.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. enthusiasm ____________ something 7. a comeback b. control c. (para 11) 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns they go with in the right-hand column. ____________ the verge of 5. mark 7. 1. (para 5) 6. An adjective meaning very short or small. an appointment d. a game h. score 3. confirm 6. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. A three-word expression meaning a relationship in which your feelings about someone often change from positive to negative. induce 8. surgery e. a goal g. take 4. An adjective meaning related to the process of breathing. lose 5. 1. 1. (para 2) 3. control f. slang ____________ ‘little kid’ 2. (para 7) 8. A phrasal verb meaning to bring under control. A three-word expression meaning in a situation where there is a lack of activity or improvement. obvious ____________ someone 8.

obesity 8. 8. 2. 3. 4. 6. d f b or e b or e c a h g 2 What do you know? 1. T F T T F F 3 Comprehension check 1. 6. 3. 2. 3. 2. for to for on of for to of © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2. 7. eject 9. ruthless 4. 7. 5. 2. 4. b c c a 6 Expressions with prepositions 1. shanty town 5. diminutive respiratory bulging in the doldrums rein in odd unthinkable love-hate relationship 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 4. impulsive 3. wizardry Advanced 4 Find the word 1. volatile 2. charisma 7. 4. 3. galvanise 10. 7. 4. 3. 8. 5. 5. 6. imminent 6.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 5. 6. 8.

If you _____________________ of something. it is imaginary or not real. If you _____________________ people. How many times have Argentina won the World Cup? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A _____________________ is an occasion when a lot of people are asked their opinion about something. you have a negative feeling towards it. How many years did he spend in the Argentina team? 6. An economic _____________________ is a time when there is a lot of unemployment and poverty because there is very little economic activity. 7. you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. 10. 4. A _____________________ person is one who thinks only about himself or herself and not about other people. 3.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. obesity mythical galvanise unpredictable volatile disapprove poll selfish charisma depression 1. How old is he now? 4. _____________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. _____________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. If something is described as _____________________. In what year was he thrown out of the World Cup? 3. How many games has he been in charge of as a manager? 5. Where is Diego Maradona from? 2. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 8. 6. 5. A _____________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent. An _____________________ person is one who changes very often in a way that is impossible to prepare for. 2. 1. 9.

as expected in Argentina. Among the Argentine public there seems to be limited enthusiasm for Maradona’s appointment. “That’s why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. For some people in Argentina. after meeting the 48-yearold former player. To some people in Argentina.” 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the “hand of God” incident where he scored a goal with his hand against England in the 1986 World Cup. had taken control of the England team – something that would be impossible in England. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association. winning coach at the 2006 World Cup. “He is a great. 4 Argentina have won the World Cup twice but the team is not playing well at the moment. Earlier this year they drew six games in a row.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. Messi has been called the new Maradona for his similar build and football skills. a reporter for La Nación. I am optimistic. 9 Talking about Maradona’s sometimes volatile character. In 1994 he was thrown out of the World Cup in the US after a positive drugs test. “I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979. “It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team. there may be problems for one of the team’s star players.” 7 But Maradona is volatile and unpredictable. 3 Four years before that football fans voted Maradona the best footballer of the 20th century.” said Messi yesterday. might soon become the manager of the national team.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 1 Elementary the Argentina team. he means more than that. Maradona has said that the Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi is too selfish in his play.” said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday.” wrote Daniel Arcucci. “In Argentina we talk about football before Maradona and football after Maradona. He has also spent time in hospital with liver problems caused by alcohol and also had surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. “Maybe he’s risking too much. “The players will listen to him.” 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience – just 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club. The national team needs a man who will make people smile. “But I don’t want to cry. not suffer.” 5 Maradona said that he would control his volatile emotions when he becomes boss.” he said. as he always does in his life.” said Italy coach Marcello Lippi. “There will be no problem. 2008 1 In the poor districts of Buenos Aires they used to call him the ‘little kid’. Julio Grondona. he is probably the greatest footballer of all time. Carlos Tevez. But now Diego Maradona.” 10 If the appointment is confirmed. I admire him for what he has given to Argentine soccer.” “His charisma will make the players follow him 100%. 8 Both players were probably the greatest footballers of their time but lost control through drink and drugs. “Even his status is a myth. along with Pele. But people also think that. Opinion polls for daily newspapers La Nación and Clarin reported that around three-quarters of people disapproved. who will give them something to enjoy. the Manchester United and Argentina striker said: “Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that he’s coach.” he said. Grondona hopes Maradona’s presence will galvanise the team. not cry. “They talk about my inexperience but I’ve spent about 20 years in © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Elementary N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . is an astonishing return for a controversial player who almost died in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with breathing problems following a heart attack caused by cocaine use. it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne. although some people hope it might make people happy in a time of economic depression. 30/10/08 El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30. in the mid 1990s – would be no problem. the Argentine footballer with an almost mythical status in his home country. whose personal and professional life has been similar to Maradona’s.

hate a relationship love 5.. d.. . Maradona’s return is astonishing because . f. Lionel Messi may have problems because . Maradona has described him as selfish. 3. their the greatest time of footballers 4.. he cheated and scored a goal with his hand in a match against England. he tested positive for drugs. a.. 1..El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text... he almost died in 2004. . England football fans don’t like Maradona because .. Maradona was thrown out of the 1994 World Cup because ... years that before four 2. The Italy coach thinks Maradona will be a success because .. 2. ... the players will listen to him. managerial of lack experience 3. Some people hope Maradona’s appointment will make people happy because . 5.. .. 4.. . c... national the the manager team of © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .. test a drugs positive 6. 6.. . e... b. 1. it is a time of economic depression. 4 Chunks Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text...

team d. personal 4. predictable 2. newspaper g. economic h. best _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ 6 Two word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. happy 6. daily 5. experience 3. national 2. test e. 1. negative 4.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 1 Elementary 5 Opposites Write the opposites of these words. interview c. limited 5. control f. economic a. lose 8. 1. breathing 3. radio 7. drugs 6. problems © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . life b. depression h. problems 8.

disapprove 6. 6. galvanise 7. Buenos Aires. charisma 2. 2. 6. volatile Elementary 4 Chunks 1. Argentina 1994 48 23 about 20 twice 6 Two word expressions 1. 3. mythical 4. 5.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. c d e f a b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 7. 5. 3. 2. 5. four years before that lack of managerial experience the greatest footballers of their time a love-hate relationship a positive drugs test the manager of the national team 5 Opposites 1. c h a f d b e g 3 Comprehension check 1. selfish 9. 4. obesity 8. 4. 6. 5. poll 3. 4. 6. 3. 2. 6. 3. unpredictable 10. depression 5. unpredictable inexperience positive unlimited unhappy worst 2 Find the information 1. 2. 2. 8. 3. 4. 5.

Where is Diego Maradona from? 2. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 2. A ____________________ is an occasion when a lot of people are asked their opinion about something. How many times have Argentina won the World Cup? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 10. How many games has he been in charge of as a manager? 5. especially methods that involve tricking or cheating people. ____________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. An ____________________ person is one who does things without thinking what will happen as a result. 1. 7.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. In what year was he thrown out of the World Cup? 3. you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. If something is ____________________. you cannot even imagine it happening. 3. 9. 6. 5. A ____________________ is an area where very poor people live in badly built houses made of wood or metal or other thin material. ____________________ is the use of clever methods to get what you want. An ____________________ is a person who gives the best advice or information. 8. cunning galvanise shanty town unthinkable impulsive charisma obesity poll volatile oracle 1. If you ____________________ people. What other three footballers are mentioned in the text? 6. How old is he now? 4. A ____________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent. ____________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. 4.

as perhaps the greatest footballer of all time. not suffer.” wrote Daniel Arcucci. To some of his countrymen. “Maybe he’s risking too much. Among the Argentine public yesterday there seemed to be limited enthusiasm for Maradona’s appointment. it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne.” 10 If the appointment is confirmed. he had been voted the best footballer of the 20th century in a poll of fans for Fifa.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 2 Intermediate inexperience but I’ve spent about 20 years in the Argentina team. Carlos Tevez. he means more than that. 30/10/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30. whose personal and professional life has been similar to Maradona’s. He has also spent time in hospital with liver problems caused by alcohol and also had surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. not cry. “He is a great. in the mid 1990s – would be no problem. 9 Talking about Maradona’s sometimes volatile character. had taken control of the England team – an unthinkable idea in England. Julio Grondona.” 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the “hand of God” incident where he scored a goal with his hand to help knock England out of the 1986 World Cup. “They talk about my © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate O . alongside Pele. It was reported that Maradona has previously called Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi too selfish in his play. Messi has been called the new Maradona for his similar build and dribbling skills. “We talk about football in Argentina before Maradona and after Maradona. But he is also respected.” “His charisma will make the players follow him 100%. was close to becoming the manager of the national team. Opinion polls for daily newspapers La Nación and Clarin reported that around three-quarters of people disapproved. 2008 1 In the shanty towns of Buenos Aires they used to call him the ‘little kid’. I admire him for what he has given to Argentine soccer. reflecting on his appointment. there may be problems for one of the team’s star players. 4 But with Argentina’s two-time World Cup winning side playing poorly in recent internationals. The national team needs a man who will make people smile.” said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday. who lifted the 2006 World Cup. a columnist for La Nación. For some people in Argentina. “That’s why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. marks an astonishing comeback for a controversial player who came close to death in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with respiratory problems following what was thought to have been a heart attack caused by cocaine use. despite hopes it might make people happy in a time of economic depression.” said Italy coach Marcello Lippi. 8 Both players were regarded as the greatest footballers of their era but lost control through drink and drugs. I am optimistic. as expected in Argentina. Grondona hopes Maradona’s presence will galvanise the team.” he said. the Manchester United and Argentina striker said: “Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that he’s coach. following talks with the 48-year-old. “Even his status as a myth.” 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience – just 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club. who will give them something to enjoy.” 5 Maradona indicated yesterday that he would control his volatile emotions when he becomes boss. as always in his life. drawing six in a row earlier this year. “It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team.” said Messi yesterday. unpredictable and temperamental.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer.” 7 But Maradona is impulsive. “I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979. “But I don’t want to cry. “There will be no problem. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association. the Argentine footballer whose ball skills and cunning have given him almost mythical status in his home country. In 1994 he was thrown out of the World Cup in the US after he tested positive for drugs.” he said. 3 Only four years earlier. But yesterday Diego Maradona. “They will listen to him like an oracle.

An adjective meaning related to the process of breathing. (para 11) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A three-word expression meaning a relationship in which your feelings about someone often change from positive to negative. 8. (para 4) 4. (para 2) 3. 3. (para 8) 7. 4. 6. Argentina have been playing well in recent international matches. 7. England football fans love Maradona. Lionel Messi has been called the new Maradona. An adjective meaning changing from one mood to another very easily. Paul Gascoigne is likely to become manager of the England team 4 Find the word Find the following words and expressions in the text. Opinion polls show that most Argentines want Maradona to be the next manager of their national team. Maradona nearly died in 2004.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Maradona has had problems with drugs but not with alcohol. (para 7) 6. 1. A verb meaning to get the same score as another team in sport. A noun meaning a period when someone becomes successful or popular again. 2. A noun meaning a period of time that has a particular quality or character. 5. An adjective meaning quite good or successful but not excellent. Maradona once scored a goal with his hand in a match against England. (para 2) 2. (para 6) 5.

stable 3. poll e. intensive 6. positive h. player b. national 2. control c. economic 5. test 3. take 4. star 8. predictable 6. volatile 1. different similar provincial unpredictable limited conservative ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ 6 Two word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. liberal 2. team f. 1. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . complete 4. cosmopolitan 5. opinion 7. care 7 Discussion Do you think Maradona would make a good manager for Argentina’s national team? Give reasons for your answer. heart a.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 2 Intermediate 5 Opposites Match these words from the text with their opposites. attack d. depression g.

e g b f h d a c 3 Comprehension check 1. 7. 2. 8. volatile 9. unthinkable 3. 3. 2. 2. 4. impulsive 6. 6. Argentina 1994 48 23 Paul Gascoigne. 2. 6. galvanise 4. 3. 7. 5. 3. obesity 2. poll Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 8. 3. 5. 6. 5. 6. 7. 2. Lionel Messi and Pele Twice 6 Two word expressions 1.El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. 4. conservative volatile limited provincial unpredictable similar 2 Find the information 1. 6. 5. 5. 4. 4. charisma 5. T F F F T T F F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. cunning 10. oracle 8. comeback respiratory draw modest temperamental era love-hate relationship 5 Opposites 1. 4. shanty town 7.

and in a bad condition: ___________________. (para 5) 8. (para 2) 4. unharmed. run-down.500 places to see before they die Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer What do the Tower of London and the Everglades in Florida have in common? a) They have both won environmental tourism awards. When you are aware of what is happening to the environment and show your concern you can be called ___________________. Something that is ___________________ is complete. (para 3) 5. (para 4) 7. (para 6) 11. not looked after. Something that is ___________________ is growing or developing quickly. it is in a weak position and in danger. (para 7) 12. Something that is becoming worse is ___________________. When something is ___________________. despite something negative having happened. (para 8) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . (para 6) 10. b) They are both up for sale. When applied to a building this means old. empty. you deserve or are worth it. Something that is ___________________ is very interesting and a bit strange or mysterious. An adverb meaning no longer possible to change or stop: ___________________. (para 5) 9. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people: ___________________. Something that is becoming smaller or gradually less until (almost) nothing remains is ___________________. When you ___________________ something. (para 4) 6. c) They are both at risk from climate change. all in one piece. A ___________________ is a building that has no practical use and is built as decoration. Skim-read the beginning of the article to check your answer. 2 Key words dwindling burgeoning devastation irrevocably eco-conscious degenerating intriguing merit intact folly derelict vulnerable 1. (para 2) 3. (para 1) 2.

‘This perfect slice of Regency London was celebrated by the poet John Betjeman and used as the setting for numerous music and photo shoots. she says. in Stow in Lindsey.’ 6 Tourists could also visit some of Britain’s ancient architectural treasures which. St Mary’s. it often has become a rallying point for activists. ‘And even in the cases where a site has been lost. or irrevocably damaged.’ said Hughes. ‘Some of the destinations are already on the road to being saved. risk becoming derelict because of a lack of funding. Lincolnshire.500 places to see before they die Level 3 Advanced dumping by sanitation companies and ships. 26/10/08 500 places to see before they die A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill. ‘it could be completely dry. Frommer’s 500 Places To See Before They Disappear provides a list of sites where it is still possible to see rare and vulnerable animal species. West points out that the guidebook’s message is not all gloom. Further north. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum. social affairs correspondent October 26 2008 1 The first guidebook of ‘last chance’ holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. By then. face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. is struggling to raise £8m. said: ‘The devastation brought on by climate change and direct man-made interference is familiar to all of us. loses nearly 6ft a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for three more decades. Already half has been lost to agricultural and urban development. The Nazca lines in Peru. has been preserved. one of the world’s most intriguing ancient sites. 4 With 500 threatened destinations to choose from. becomes more run-down every day as government. the Holderness coast.’ 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West. Also under threat is New York’s Little Italy. Another London landmark. which sparked the Gothic revival in the early 19th century. to visit Little Green Street. she suggests heading to the Everglades in southern Florida. she said. special landscapes and unique cultural sights in their unspoilt glory. 2 Co-author Holly Hughes. an award-winning investigative journalist once nominated for a Pulitzer prize. But this book is a carefully chosen list of last-chance destinations that eco-conscious travellers can enjoy – if they move quickly – for possibly the last time. ‘Though a small part of the area. are at risk from rising sea levels which will lead the River Thames to flood its banks. says Hughes. usually because they’ve been championed by preservationists. Battersea power station. north London. for example. in East Yorkshire. more than 20 of Britain’s best-loved landmarks – and lesser-known gems – merit a place in their collection. west London. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is under severe threat from 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . needs £3m for renovations.’ he said. ‘The number of bird species has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain show high mercury levels. inspiring them to fight on so that the same mistakes aren’t made again. Hughes also urges a trip to Kentish Town. because the rivers that feed it are being diverted’. One of the oldest parish churches in England. made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets. this ecosystem is degenerating with alarming rapidity. it is being gradually squeezed by the burgeoning Chinatown and SoHo districts.’ © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. developers and local community boards argue over its future. Dwindling water levels and pollution have severely compromised what remains. Sir Horace Walpole’s folly in Twickenham. one of the last intact Georgian streets in London. The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die. Strawberry Hill. a former executive editor of Fodor’s Travel Publications. Filled with rare species.

agricultural and urban developments These are taking away land and are damaging the ecosystem in the Everglades in Florida. What positive and negative implications might this have? Look back at the article for some suggestions. Have you been to any of the places that are mentioned? If not. then expand your opinion as much as possible and try to have a balanced discussion. b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you get there? e) Where can you stay while you’re there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there today? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . USA.500 places to see before they die Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Find these ecological words or phrases and make notes on what their connection is with the article.google.g. e. 6 Webquest a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and pinpoint it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth. a) deforestation _________________________________ b) dwindling water levels _________________________________ c) high mercury levels _________________________________ d) lack of funding _________________________________ e) rising sea levels _________________________________ f) dumping by sanitation companies _________________________________ 4 Reading for detail How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them.com/). would you like to go to any of the places? 5 Discussion The guidebook will probably encourage (even) more tourists to visit these destinations. negatively affecting rare plants and wildlife that can be found there.

St Mary’s Church. and Strawberry Hill. 3. in East Yorkshire. 10. she says. west London.co.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. dumping by sanitation companies (para 5) “Marine life around the Falkland Islands is under severe threat from dumping by sanitation companies and ships. 5. it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson.guardian.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www.500 places to see before they die Level 3 Advanced KEY 2 Key words 1.” Teachers’ notes Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www. This links directly to the book: http://www.” lack of funding (para 6) “Britain’s ancient architectural treasures which. 11. 9.com/bookstore/047018986X. Battersea power station.g. in Stow in Lindsey.” dwindling water levels (para 4). risk becoming derelict because of a lack of funding” e. b) c) d) e) f) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 7. “Dwindling water levels and pollution have severely compromised what remains” of the Everglades. rising sea levels (paras 3 & 7) “The Holderness coast.1000beforeyoudie.frommers. face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. 8. 6. London The Holderness coast. are at risk from rising sea levels which will lead the River Thames to flood its banks”. loses nearly 6ft a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference”. 4. “The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available. one of the world’s most intriguing ancient sites. If not. Lincolnshire. for example. vulnerable devastation eco-conscious merit degenerating dwindling intriguing burgeoning derelict folly intact irrevocably 4 Reading for detail • • • • • • • • • • • • The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Mary’s Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station. high mercury levels (para 4) “The number of bird species has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain show high mercury levels. 2. in Twickenham. East Yorkshire 3 Comprehension check a) deforestation (para 5) “The Nazca lines in Peru. 12. London Little Green Street.

devastation landmark rare disappear at risk diverted marine life mercury Regency gloom ancient architectural 1. the feeling of having no hope. (para 6) 11. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people. Things that live in the sea. A period in history – the time from 1811 to 1820 before George IV became King of England. (para 5) 8. (para 1) 3. (para 5) 10. USA East Yorkshire. Very old. UK London. A poisonous silver liquid metal (used in thermometers). Bad depressing news. To vanish. Another way of saying in danger. UK Peru 2 Key words Match these key words with the definitions. (para 1) 2. (para 4) 7. Unusual. (para 8) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary CA •P H O . (para 3) 5.500 places to see before they die Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer Where in the world can you find these places? Match each place with a location on the map. (para 5) 9. USA New York. When the course or way has been changed. (para 3) 6. (para 2) 4. Relating to buildings. A famous building or object that you recognize easily. to go and never return. Opposite of common. a) Battersea power station b) The Nazca lines c) The Everglades d) Little Italy e) The Holderness coast South Florida. (para 7) 12. Then skim-read the article to check your answers.

But this book is a list of last-chance destinations that travellers can visit – if they go soon – for possibly the last time. loses nearly 6ft (1. St Mary’s. birds. she said. Sir Horace Walpole’s building in west London needs £8m. The Nazca lines in Peru. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum. New York’s Little Italy. says Hughes. Another London landmark. one of the last complete Regency streets in London. fish and plants is disappearing very quickly.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. are in danger of falling down because there is no money to save them. Further north. 6 Tourists should also visit some of Britain’s ancient architectural treasures which. one of the authors and a former executive editor of Fodor’s Travel Publications. By then. a journalist. Lincolnshire. “it could be completely dry. she says. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for another thirty years. Strawberry Hill. the Holderness coast. 2 Holly Hughes. Battersea power station. Low water levels and pollution have put the rest of the Everglades at risk. West points out that the guidebook’s message is not all gloom. Frommer’s 500 Places To See Before They Disappear lists places where it is still possible to see rare animals. “The number of birds has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who still live there have high mercury levels in their blood. for example. said: “We all know about devastation brought on by climate change and humans. “Some of the destinations can be saved”. social affairs correspondent October 26. he said. in Stow in Lindsey. is also in danger as the districts around it grow. 4 Hughes suggests that tourists go to the Everglades in southern Florida. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is in great danger from pollution. 26/10/08 500 places to see before they die A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill. may disappear as too many roads 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . to visit Little Green Street.500 places to see before they die Level 1 Elementary are being built. in East Yorkshire.” 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West. becomes more run-down every day as government. This ecosystem which is filled with rare animals. special landscapes and cultural sights. “We have to learn from our mistakes because the planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die. Hughes also suggests a trip to Kentish Town. one of the world’s most interesting and mysterious ancient sites. One of the oldest churches in England. 2008 1 The first guidebook of ‘last chance’ holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. Many trees are cut down to build the roads and this leads to floods and mudslides. needs £3m. Already half has been lost to farms and towns. which was made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets. because the rivers that run into it are being diverted”.8 metres) a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man.” said Hughes. are at risk from rising sea levels which could cause the River Thames to flood. north London. property developers and the local people argue about its future. more than 20 of Britain’s best-loved landmarks have a place in their book.

. . . .. to visit the places mentioned in the book.... ..... Little Green Street is a beautiful Regency street . 3. in danger ________ falling down 9. . 9. too many new roads have been built. If you are quick you will still be able .. endangered tourist destinations.. 10.. There is still hope for many of the places listed . in north London.. in Florida have too much mercury in their blood...... ... New York.. We have to learn ________ our mistakes .. in the book... .. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed . The Greenwich Maritime Museum ...... .. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .. ..500 places to see before they die Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to find information from the article. . the rivers that run ________ it are being diverted 6... in Little Italy. 7. The two authors of the book are . tourist destinations ________ the world 3.... Fish and alligators in the Everglades ... .. 8... ... The Nazca lines in Peru are in danger because . a journalist and an editor. 2.. . ... 4 Vocabulary: Prepositions Put the prepositions into the phrases from the article. rising sea levels caused ________ climate change 10... ... from into across of (x3) in (x2) by (x2) 1. . 1... one ________ the authors 2. within 30 years. . The Dead Sea could be dry . has fallen ________ 93 per cent 5... . is also ________ danger 7.. 4. The book lists the 500 most .. visit some ________ Britain’s ancient architectural treasures 8... is near the River Thames in London. . 5. 6. the Everglades ________ southern Florida 4.

500 places to see before they die Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them. Have you been to any of the places in the article? Which one would you most like to visit? 6 Webquest a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and find it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth. b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you travel there? e) Where can you stay while you’re there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there at the moment? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .google.com/).

Regency 12. across 3.1000beforeyoudie. London The Holderness coast. There is still hope for many of the places listed in the book. into 6. London Little Green Street. USA East Yorkshire. architectural 11. mercury 7. 8. The book lists the 500 most endangered tourist destinations. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary CA •P H O . devastation 4. Fish and alligators in the Everglades in Florida have too much mercury in their blood. 7. of 2. rare 3. New York. of 8. disappear 2.co.guardian. Little Green Street is a beautiful Regency street in north London. This links directly to the book: http://www. The two authors of the book are a journalist and an editor. 4. 6. If not.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www. 3. UK 2 Key words 1. diverted 8. 9. 5.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available.500 places to see before they die Level 1 KEY a) b) c) d) e) Elementary 4 Vocabulary: Prepositions 1. 2. The Nazca lines in Peru are in danger because too many new roads have been built. The Dead Sea could be dry within 30 years. by 5. If you are quick you will still be able to visit the places mentioned in the book.frommers. of 9. by 10. ancient 10. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed in Little Italy. East Yorkshire 3 Comprehension check 1. marine life 9. landmark 5. The Greenwich Maritime Museum is near the River Thames in London. UK Peru South Florida. in 7. USA New York.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. Teachers’ notes Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www.com/bookstore/047018986X. at risk 6. gloom 5 Discussion • • • • • • • • • • • • The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Mary’s Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station. it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson. from 1 Warmer London. 10. in 4.

(para 6) 10. 2 Key words Match these key words with the definitions.. (para 7) 12. not looked after. empty.. the Everglades? d) .. (para 6) 11. Something that is becoming worse is __________________. Bad depressing news... Little Italy? Skim-read the article to check your answers. interference landmark devastation threatened deforestation degenerating squeezed gloom Regency folly derelict vulnerable 1. The process of removing trees from a piece of land: __________________. a) . (para 1) 2. When something is __________________ it is in a weak position and in danger. Battersea power station? b) . the Nazca lines? c) . (para 5) 8. (para 2) 3.. When applied to a building this means old.500 places to see before they die Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer Where in the world can you find . Becoming involved in a situation although you have no right to do so: __________________. (para 3) 5. Something that is being __________________ is being pressed or pushed from all sides. the feeling of having no hope: __________________. Something that is __________________ is in danger of being harmed or destroyed. (para 8) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .. (para 2) 4. (para 5) 7. A __________________ is a building that has no practical use and is built as decoration. run-down. (para 6) 9. A famous building or object that you recognize easily: __________________.. A period in history – the time from 1811 to 1820 before George IV became King of England: __________________. (para 4) 6.. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people: __________________.. and in a bad condition: __________________.

he said. 26/10/08 500 places to see before they die A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill. needs £3m for renovations. The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die. the Holderness coast. But this book is a carefully chosen list of last-chance destinations that travellers can enjoy – if they go soon – for possibly the last time. 2 Holly Hughes. more than 20 of Britain’s best-loved landmarks deserve a place in their book. one of the authors and a former executive editor of Fodor’s Travel Publications. Battersea power station. are at risk from rising sea levels which will cause the River Thames to flood. This perfect piece of Regency London was used as the setting for numerous music and photo shoots. has been preserved. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for three more decades. to visit Little Green Street. Already half has been lost to agricultural and urban development. made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets. Hughes also suggests a trip to Kentish Town. Frommer’s 500 Places To See Before They Disappear provides a list of sites where it is still possible to see rare and vulnerable animals. one of the last complete Georgian streets in London. one of the world’s most interesting and mysterious ancient sites. Another London landmark. said: ‘The devastation brought on by climate change and direct man-made interference is familiar to all of us. loses nearly 6ft (1. ‘Some of the destinations are already on the road to being saved’. ‘And even in the cases where a site has been lost. Sir Horace Walpole’s folly in west London is trying to raise £8m. Strawberry Hill. property developers and local community boards argue over its future. it often has become a place where activists meet and plan to fight on so that the same mistakes aren’t made again. becomes more run-down every day as government. this ecosystem is degenerating with alarming rapidity. ‘it could be completely dry. Though a small part of the area. risk becoming derelict because of a lack of money. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is in great danger from 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . in Stow in Lindsey. she suggests that tourists go to the Everglades in southern Florida. she said. special landscapes and unique cultural sights. social affairs correspondent October 26. or irreversibly damaged. for example. One of the oldest churches in England. 2008 1 The The first guidebook of ‘last chance’ holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. The Nazca lines in Peru.8 metres) a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum. ‘The number of birds has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain have high mercury levels. West points out that the guidebook’s message is not all gloom. because the rivers that run into it are being diverted’.500 places to see before they die Level 1 Intermediate dumping by sanitation companies and ships.’ said Hughes. Lincolnshire. face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. By then. Also under threat is New York’s Little Italy. an award-winning investigative journalist.’ 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West. north London. St Mary’s. it is being gradually squeezed by the rapidly growing Chinatown and SoHo districts. Filled with rare species. 4 With 500 threatened destinations to choose from.’ © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. in East Yorkshire. she says.’ 6 Tourists should also visit some of Britain’s ancient architectural treasures which. says Hughes. Low water levels and pollution have put what remains at risk. Further north.

5. 4. The Dead Sea could be dry within 20 years. 3. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed in New York.500 places to see before they die Level 1 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) of false (F) according to the article? 1. Have you been to any of the places that are mentioned? If not. a site ____________________ a sight ____________________ 5 Discussion a) How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them. 10. 6. The Nazca lines are on the Falkland Islands. b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you travel there? e) Where can you stay while you’re there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there at the moment? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate CA •P H O . 9. 4 Pronunciation oooOo renovations vulnerable destruction interference architectural sanitation a) devastation has this pronunciation pattern ooOo .com/). 2.which other 3 words above have the same pattern? _______ _____________ ____________________ ____________________ b) Which word has the same pronunciation pattern as irreversibly ooOoo ____________________ c) Which word has the stress on the first syllable Oooo ? ____________________ d) Which 3-syllable word has the stress on the middle syllable oOo ? ____________________ e) These two nouns from paragraph 1 are pronounced in exactly the same way but their meanings are different. 8. The co-authors of the book are a journalist and an editor. 7. 93% of alligators in the Everglades have high mercury levels in their blood. The book lists the 500 most endangered birds and animals. Little Green Street is a district of New York. The Greenwich Maritime Museum is near the River Thames in London. There is no hope for any of the places mentioned in the book.’ Do you agree with this statement? 6 Webquest a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and find it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth.google. If you are quick you will still be able to visit the places mentioned in the book. would you like to go to any of the places? b) Explain the last sentence of the article in your own words: ‘The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die. Write (or look up) a definition for each.

T 4. F 10. T 8. landmark 11. folly 10.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. threatened 5.com/bookstore/047018986X. interference 3 Comprehension check 1.frommers. F 9. London The Holderness coast. If not.guardian. London Little Green Street. USA Intermediate 5 Discussion a) Tourist destinations: • • • • • • • • • • • • The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Mary’s Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station. gloom Teachers’ notes Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www. USA d) New York. F 3. East Yorkshire 2 Key words 1. UK b) Peru c) Florida. This links directly to the book: http://www. F 5.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www.1000beforeyoudie. derelict 9. T 2. Regency 12. vulnerable 2. deforestation 7. squeezed 8. it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available. degenerating 6. T 4 Pronunciation oooOo a) sanitation b) architectural c) vulnerable d) destruction renovations © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .co. F 6.500 places to see before they die Level 1 KEY 1 Warmer a) London. F 7. devastation 3. interference 4.

A __________________ is the body of a dead animal. The sharp. A __________________ is an action taken to protect people or things against possible harm or damage. A __________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. A __________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. How long was the vulture? 4. 1. usually above the ground. A __________________ is an area or object that a bird uses for resting on. what other birds of prey can be seen at the Jungle Park? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 5. perch vulture peck claws carcass thump precaution jab bird of prey negligence 1. you hit them hard with your fist. Apart from vultures. Why was the attack unusual? 5. 10. 6.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. 3. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something. If you __________________ someone. How much is two stone in kilograms? 2. __________________ means failure to give care or attention. When a bird __________________. 2. 9. 4. curved parts at the end of some animals’ toes are known as __________________. 8. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. How much is eight feet in metres? 3. A __________________ is an informal word for an injection or vaccination. 7. especially if this causes harm or damage.

They were watching the show in the park’s arena when one vulture flew from its perch and down to where the women were sitting. A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: “The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 3 Advanced 5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus jab. and perched on my shoulder. so we sat totally still. 3 “We had been told not to move. ‘I’m not a dead carcass!’” 6 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . I was under it. I thought. 2008 1 Mary Corcoran had no doubt taken precautions against sunburn and been warned about timeshare touts.” said Corcoran. and before I knew it. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. so it’s no wonder [the women] were frightened. has two birds of prey shows a day. Suffolk. who is retired. 4 “The keeper came over and got the bird off but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to thump it really hard to the ground. “That is when the real fear and panic set in as I thought it was coming back to eat me. I was freaking out. which has a wingspan of 2. the weight of the bird pinned Corcoran down and she began to feel a burning sensation down her back and arm as its claws dug into her skin. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. “I was shaking and shaking and shaking. She was taken to hospital after the vulture swooped down and attacked her and her friend Teresa Largent at Tenerife’s Jungle Park zoo. 2 The vulture.” she said. in Las Aguilas.” Grahame Madge. The attack happened on Sunday as the women’s weeklong holiday was coming to an end. giving visitors the chance to see falcons. has spoken of how she feared she was going to be eaten alive when the metre-long griffon vulture pinned her to the ground while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. They are nature’s waste disposal units – usually they are just carrion feeders. because they are animals. 31/10/08 Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Helen Pidd October 31. said: “The vultures look like barn doors coming towards you. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. was eventually punched to the ground by its keeper. “Then the bird went for me.” Griffon vultures weigh between six and 13kg (1-2st).” The Jungle Park. of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. vultures and eagles in free flight.” She said she was hoping to claim compensation from the zoo for what she described as its “negligence”. but it pecked Teresa and then nicked her programme. “I couldn’t speak about it for a few days afterwards. yesterday from her home in Kesgrave. UK. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feast on dead animals. But nothing could have prepared her for the attack by a vulture on her Tenerife holiday.5 metres (8ft). But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans. After her wounds were dressed. she was sent back to her hotel in a wheelchair. The 56-year-old from Ipswich. I’ve never known any shock like it.” she said. south Tenerife.

h. Which of these best describes the vulture attack at Jungle Park? a. A phrasal verb meaning to eat a lot of a particular food. A noun meaning the decaying flesh of dead animals. Such attacks happen quite often. hold someone firmly on the ground so they cannot move become so frightened you cannot control yourself stop something touching someone move suddenly downwards through the air approach attack press hard into something start to take effect N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced CA •P H O . A verb meaning to rest on a small. go for 3. pin down 4. b. When the bird attacked her again as she was being taken out of the arena. c. A two-word expression meaning someone who tries to sell you a share in a holiday property. feed on dead animals not dead human flesh. (para 3) 5. ... 1. An informal two-word expression meaning something very big. . 3.. When its claws dug into her skin. c. (para 3) 7. get off a.. f. She was upset and unable to talk about her experience for a few days. c. b. A noun meaning a physical feeling. Griffon vultures .. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. 2. When did Mrs Corcoran begin to panic? a.. What was the effect of the attack on Mrs Corcoran? a. b. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. (para 1) 2. g. set in 7.. freak out 8. 1. are not normally dangerous to humans. swoop down 2. She is now confined to a wheelchair. come over 6. c. When the vulture perched on her shoulder. 4. a. e. b. . b. narrow or high place. An informal verb meaning to steal. (para 7) 5 Phrasal verbs Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions. Such attacks are unprecedented. d. 1. (para 2) 3. (para 3) 6. (para 2) 4. She was badly injured and hospitalised for a few days..Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. dig into 5. Such attacks are extremely rare. c. only feed on dead human flesh.

____________ hospital treatment 7 Discussion Do you agree with zoos? What are the arguments for and against keeping animals in captivity? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . ____________ precautions 2.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 3 Advanced 6 Verb + noun collocations Fill the gaps using these verbs from the text. ____________ compensation 6. claim receive dress take feel watch 1. ____________ a wound 5. ____________ a show 3. ____________ a sensation 4.

h 7. feast on 3. vultures normally only eat carcasses 5. watch 3. antibiotics and a tetanus injection 6. a 4. bird of prey 10. claim 6. negligence 8. nick 5. perch 6.5m 3. carcass 3. barn door 8. c 3. b 2. c 2 Find the information 1. perch 7. jab 5. pecks Advanced 4 Find the word 1. 2. feel 4. 13kg 2. carrion 5 Phrasal verbs 1. timeshare tout 2. vulture 9. precaution 6. e 6.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. claws 2. a 4. c 6 Verb + noun collocations 1. f 3. arena 4. falcons and eagles 3 Comprehension check 1. d 2. g 5. b 8. sensation 7. receive © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . dress 5. thump 4. one metre 4. take 2.

An ___________________ is a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. 2. 5. 8.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. What is the wingspan of vultures? 4. Where did the attack take place? 3. If you are ___________________. 1. 6. still keeper carcass pecks bird of prey wingspan vulture carrion claws arena 1. 3. A ___________________ is the body of a dead animal. 4. A ___________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. What other birds of prey can you see at the Jungle Park? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . How long was the vulture? 2. The sharp. ___________________ is the rotting flesh of dead animals. A ___________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. 9. 7. The ___________________ of a bird or plane is the distance from the end of one wing to the end of the other. A ___________________ is someone who looks after a group of animals in a zoo. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. How much do vultures weigh? 5. curved parts at the end of some animals’ toes are known as ___________________. you are not moving at all. 10. When a bird ___________________. it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something.

5 metres and weigh between six and 13kg. but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to hit it really hard to the ground. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. I was really frightened. 2008 1 British tourist Mary Corcoran probably knew about the dangers of sunburn and other problems she might experience on her Spanish holiday. south Tenerife. But she probably didn’t include an attack by a vulture on her list of possible holiday problems. 3 “They had told us not to move. I thought. has two birds of prey shows a day. giving visitors the chance to see falcons. but it pecked Teresa. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. After treatment she was sent back to her hotel © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary 7 8 CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .” Grahame Madge.” said Corcoran. “Then the bird went for me. so it’s no wonder [the women] were frightened.” Vultures have a wingspan of 2. 4 “The keeper came over and got the bird off. She was taken to hospital after the vulture attacked her and her friend. They were watching the show in the park’s arena when one vulture flew down to where the women were sitting.” she said. ‘I’m not a dead carcass!’” 5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus injection. I was under it. The attack happened when the women’s week-long holiday was nearly finished.” The Jungle Park. I’ve never known any shock like it. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. so we sat totally still. because they are animals. Mrs Corcoran says she thought the bird was going to eat her alive. of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Teresa Largent. “I couldn’t speak about it for a few days afterwards.” she said. The 56-year-old woman has spoken of how the metre-long vulture attacked her while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans – usually they just feed on carrion. 2 The bird’s keeper finally knocked it to the ground and stopped it attacking Mrs Corcoran. vultures and eagles in free flight. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. 31/10/08 Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Helen Pidd October 31. and before I knew it. the weight of the bird held her down and it dug its claws into her back and arms. and sat on my shoulder. in Las Aguilas. said: “The vultures look enormous coming towards you. at Tenerife’s Jungle Park zoo.” 6 A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: “The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do. “I was shaking and shaking and shaking.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 1 Elementary in a wheelchair. “That is when I began to panic as I thought it was coming back to eat me. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feed on dead animals.

.... d. Mrs Corcoran was frightened because .Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. they are free.. 6..... 4.. 5. she thought the vulture was going to eat her alive.. c. Vultures usually . have only happened twice in the last fifteen years.... Check your answers in the text. The attack was unusual because . . e. Attacks like this one . twice _______ fifteen years © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . vultures do not normally attack humans. f. . feed _______ 3. 3.. she was still shocked. a. list _______ problems 2... feed on the carcasses of dead animals. 4 Prepositions Complete the phrases using prepositions.. She cried for several days afterwards because . The zoo cannot control what the animals do because . b. . 2.. .. . 1. _______ a few days 6.... take _______ hospital 5. 1.. weigh _______ 6 and 13 kg 4..

include between alive shoulder A 0 o sunburn treatment island human B o 0 attack control panic towards © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . present tense 1. 4.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 1 Elementary 5 Irregular past tenses Complete the table. 5. 3. 6. think dig hold fly begin fed irregular past tense 6 Word stress Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress pattern. 2.

between 4. vulture 3. arena 7. dug 3. e 2. b 4. feed 2 Find the information 1. antibiotics and a tetanus injection 6. 2. one metre 2. carcass 8. thought 2. of 2. flew 5. on 3. bird of prey 4. carrion 9. c 6.5 metres 4. f 5. claws 5. pecks 6. in 5 Irregular past tenses 1. to 5. began 6. for 6. keeper 2. d 3. at the Jungle Park zoo in Tenerife (Spain) 3. falcons and eagles 6 Word stress A 0 o sunburn island panic shoulder treatment human B o 0 include alive attack between control towards 3 Comprehension check 1. wingspan 10. a © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . six to 13kg 5.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. held 4. still Elementary 4 Prepositions 1.

The sharp. How much do griffon vultures weigh? 2. A __________________ person no longer works because they have reached the age where they are too old to work. A __________________ is action you take to protect yourself against possible harm. peck negligence carcass compensation bird of prey precaution vulture retired claws keeper 1. A __________________ is the body of a dead animal. 3. it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. What was the wingspan of this vulture? 3. 4. Apart from vultures. 8. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. A __________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. __________________ means failure to give care or attention. 5. A __________________ is someone who looks after a group of animals in a zoo. 2. A __________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. what other birds of prey can be seen at the Jungle Park? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 1. 6. curved parts at the end of some animals’ toes are known as __________________. When a bird __________________. 10. __________________ is the money someone receives because something bad has happened to them. Where did the attack take place? 5. especially if this causes harm or damage. 9. How long was the vulture? 4. 7.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps using these key words from the text.

I’ve never known any shock like it. “Then the bird went for me. She was taken to hospital after the vulture swooped down and attacked her and her friend. giving visitors the chance to see falcons. They were watching the show in the park’s arena when one vulture flew down to where the women were sitting. who is retired. and sat on my shoulder. she was sent back to her hotel in a wheelchair. so it’s no wonder [the women] were frightened. but it pecked Teresa and then took her programme. 6 A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: “The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do. the weight of the bird held her down and she began to feel a burning sensation down her back and arm as it dug its claws into her skin. 4 “The keeper came over and got the bird off. “I couldn’t speak about it for a few days afterwards. They are nature’s waste disposal units – usually they just feed on carrion. 31/10/08 Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Helen Pidd October 31. After © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 7 8 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The attack happened when the women’s week-long holiday was nearly over. The 56-year-old from Ipswich.” she said. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. said: “The vultures look enormous coming towards you. at Tenerife’s Jungle Park zoo. vultures and eagles in free flight. was eventually knocked to the ground by its keeper. I thought. but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to hit it really hard to the ground. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. ‘I’m not a dead carcass!’” 5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus injection.” she said. I was freaking out.” The Jungle Park. 2008 1 Tourist Mary Corcoran had no doubt taken precautions against sunburn and other problems she might have experienced on her Spanish holiday.” said Corcoran.” She said she was hoping to claim compensation from the zoo for what she described as its “negligence”. “That is when the real fear and panic began as I thought it was coming back to eat me.” Griffon vultures weigh between six and 13kg. I was under it. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. so we sat totally still. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feed on dead animals.5 metres. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. “I was shaking and shaking and shaking. which has a wingspan of 2. UK. 3 “We had been told not to move. in Las Aguilas. But she could never have imagined she would be attacked by a vulture.” Grahame Madge. and before I knew it.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 2 Intermediate her wounds were dressed. But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans. south Tenerife. because they are animals. has spoken of how she feared she was going to be eaten alive when the metrelong griffon vulture attacked her while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. has two birds of prey shows a day. Teresa Largent. yesterday from her home in the UK. of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. 2 The vulture.

2. Vultures often attack humans. Mrs Corcoran did not suffer any injuries in the attack. tetanus a. eaten 2. 1. waste 6.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are the following sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. 4. claim 5. injection f. An adjective meaning without moving. A noun meaning a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. (para 1) 2. 6. holiday © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 1. 3. totally 4. (para 2) 3. A phrasal verb meaning to fly down quickly from the sky. She was unable to speak for a few days after the attack. 5. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. A two-word expression meaning not a surprise. (para 3) 5. (para 7) 7. Vultures normally feed on live animals like other birds of prey. week-long 3. still c. disposal b. compensation d. The keeper rescued Mrs Corcoran by hitting the bird. (para 2) 4. alive e. (para 4) 6. A three-word expression meaning a piece of equipment used for getting rid of waste. A noun meaning the distance from the end of one wing to the end of the other. A noun meaning the decaying flesh of dead animals. A phrasal verb meaning feeling so frightened that you lose control. (para 7) 8. The attack was completely unexpected. (para 7) 5 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text.

take _______ hospital 5. send back _______ 6. _______ six and 13kg 4. dangerous _______ humans 7 Discussion Should animals take part in shows like this? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . feed _______ 3. claim compensation _______ something 7. twice _______ fifteen years 8. 1. take precautions _______ something 2.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 2 Intermediate 6 Prepositions Complete the phrases using prepositions.

F 2. between six and 13 kg 2. to 5. T 5. falcons and eagles 6 Prepositions 1. no wonder 7. carcass 8. wingspan 3. swoop down 2. a 6. F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . on 3. d 2. for 7. b 4. for / to 3 Comprehension check 1. retired 7. waste disposal unit 8. precaution 4. compensation 6. antibiotics and a tetanus injection (and her wounds were dressed) 6. c 5. freaking out 6. at a zoo in Tenerife (The Jungle Park) 5. bird of prey 9. to 6. 2.5 metres 3. keeper 5. vulture 2. T 6. still 5. negligence 3. arena 4. F 3. e 2 Find the information 1.Holidaymaker’s terror at zoo vulture attack Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. one metre 4. between 4. claws 10. carrion 5 Two-word expressions 1. pecks Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. F 4. against 2. f 3. in 8.

_______________________ © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . _______________________ 5. An adverb used to say that something almost didn’t exist or happen. To suddenly drop or become much lower. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods. _______________________ 2. _______________________ 9. The most basic and important aspects of something. Taking advantage of a situation and using it to your benefit. The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. _______________________ 12. especially of decay. A very bad smell. _______________________ 8. A story about what happens to a group of characters over a long period of time. _______________________ 11. _______________________ 4. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article to see whether your words appear or not. _______________________ 7. _______________________ 3. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things. GDP (gross domestic product) barely outpost exploiting earner docks plunge stench spending spree privatize saga fundamentals 1. A place far away from the place it belongs to. 2 Key words Write the key words from the article into the sentences below.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer: Guess the words Write down ten words that you would expect to find in a news article about Iceland. A way of bringing in or making money. _______________________ 6. _______________________ 10. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business.

HB Grandi. a third-generation fisherman. whiting and deep sea redfish. all because a few bankers were playing around with other people’s money.” is the mantra repeated on the streets of Reykjavik. but we are also a bit excitable. Saks Fifth Avenue. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. West Ham United football club and US department store chain. 5 Last year Iceland was at the top of the UN Human Development Index of the most developed countries in the world. and it was. says: “We have always swung between feast and famine. At least. We will have to go back to what we know. It had no functioning stock market until 1990. And anger at the country losing so much. largely. if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet.” 4 In 1943. Eggert Gudmundsson. cautious Icelanders invested their savings in bank stocks. Iceland has a real economy. What Iceland has learned from this frightening experience. with the wisdom of 73 years. Take us back to what we really are. Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. because you had only one pair of trousers. unemployment currently (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1%. There have been terrible times before. you could not fish again until the next day. halibut.” says Asbjörn Jonsson. heating more than 90% of its homes this way and attracting big investment from energy-intensive industries such as aluminium). Since the Reykjavik stock market has also sunk without trace (it reopened recently after a short closure. 6 Iceland borrowed way too much. and women account for 46% of the workforce. per capita. boss of Iceland’s biggest fishing business.” predicts Finnur Oddsson. it fought a series of nasty fishing wars with Britain (and won). a world financial crisis might barely have touched Iceland. Today people have too many trousers. In the 1970s. The average age is just 37. we Icelanders. and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be refinanced. But this whole thing. “It’s going to be very tough for a lot of ordinary people who understand nothing of all this. Ordinary. Then. we will jump.” 3 Palme Vidar. Iceland was still a forgotten outpost of Denmark. haddock.” 2 The artist Jón Saemundur Audarson.” Iceland might. At present. the question is whether the government can bail everyone out. it was just a phase. the fifth-richest nation on earth. piling up debts worth ten times the entire GDP. true. This could even be good for us.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 3 Advanced Hamleys. If we see a way to make quick money. and instantly plunged 76%) and inflation is firmly in double-figures. Twenty years ago. “We are hardworking. Saga of survival in Iceland Jon Henley November 7. “it’s dramatic. “The fundamentals are good. When I was a boy. “People are afraid. eventually. in his studio off the main street. managing CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . said Iceland’s Prime Minister. “this country’s entire financial sector disappears”. but not fatal”. and it is. looks at the docks in a philosophical mood as he reflects on his country’s financial crisis. says: “There’s shame. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop. yes. We know now that money is not made in banks. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced 7 8 9 10 “It’s going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this. and humiliation. in the mid-1990s. it seems not. It has spectacular natural resources: fish and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power. it privatized its banks. thinking they’d be more secure. slashed corporation tax and a couple of Viking entrepreneurs made a load of money in Russia. Today it is suffering more than the rest of us. If a couple of banks go bust in the US. he concludes. “is that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking”. an overpowering stench of herring. you know? It hasn’t changed Iceland. this long big spending spree. Geir Haarde. It’s made by real people working hard at real jobs. 2008 Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country. be all right. 1 Reykjavik docks smell.

3. Iceland has .. b) .. a) ... © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O ..” he says. “But longer term. Iceland’s biggest fishing business... 11 Gudmundsson also has reason to be optimistic.. no natural resources. b) . which means exports. it tried to take a lead in international financing.. money to buy London shops and football clubs. money from Russian businessmen. b) . its stock market plunged. that times have been difficult before and that people have become used to luxuries. c) . plenty of clean environmentally-friendly power.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. “They were worried.. the boss of Iceland’s biggest fishing business. that people have too many clothes and should give them to charity. the cause of Iceland’s problems. b) ... Iceland borrowed . interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month. the reason why Brits won’t go to Iceland. c) .. a) .. We’re a company this country really cannot do without. c) .... The Icelandic fishing industry is .Saga of survival in Iceland Level 3 Advanced are half of Iceland’s exports.. 4.. a) .. Iceland is currently suffering financially because . Iceland is solid. Fish 3 Comprehension check Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article.... and this company is 10% of Iceland’s fishing business: we are responsible for one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. 1. it only had two banks. c) . much more money than it is able to repay. a) ... that this is the worst episode in Iceland’s financial history.... “I’ve just come from a meeting with the company’s employees.. We’re only exploiting about 30% of our energy potential right now. plenty of aluminium. a) ... c) ..... c) . a) . 5. Palme Vidar says ..” Tourism looks like being an important earner: with the krona now worth half what it was in April... 6. HB Grandi is ..... a major business in Iceland.. b) . 07/11/08 director of the chamber of commerce... the name of the docks where the fish are unloaded. 2.... I told them they needn’t be. b) . What Iceland needs above all is a sustainable source of foreign currency.

__________________________________ 2. three or four words) in the article that mean the following. To disappear completely and to be forgotten.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic. __________________________________ 8.php https://www..org/wiki/Iceland http://www.cia. To help someone out of a difficult situation by giving them money. To increase the amount of money that you owe.wikipedia.com/news. A current phrase meaning the worldwide cut down on money lending. A Latin phrase meaning for each head / for each person.com/iceland Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer. A branch of manufacture or trade that uses as lot of heat or power. __________________________________ 3.iceland.icelandtouristboard. 1. A time of too much. _______________________________ 6. midnight sun and the northern lights Tourism looks like being an important earner: .is/ http://www. • • • • • • http://www.icetourist. why not? 6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland.html http://www. ________________________________ 7. Go bankrupt.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 3 Advanced 4 Vocabulary: Multi-word phrases Find multi-word phrases (two. Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are! © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .. __________________________________ 4.org/ http://en. __________________________________ 5.lonelyplanet. Sources of energy that are considered to be environmentally friendly and non-polluting. interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% . A tax companies pay on their profits. or a time of not enough. (paragraph 10) Does a holiday in Iceland appeal to you? Why. ________________________________ 10. __________________________________ 9.. __________________________________ 5 Discussion: Geysers. have no money left..

6. 5. exploiting 12. saga 2. b c a a c c You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students don’t peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear. 3. earner 4 Vocabulary: Multi-word phrases 1. docks 3.com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . GDP (gross domestic product) 8. outpost 7. 9. plunge 9. fundamentals 11. 6. 4.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www. 3. barely 10.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 3 Advanced KEY 2 Key words 1. stench 4. between famine and feast corporation tax per capita pile up debts global credit squeeze bail (someone) out go bust sink without a trace energy-intensive industry green energy Teachers’ notes 3 Comprehension check 1. 2. There is a nice 3. 8. 7. 10. 2.youtube. 5. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you don’t have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. spending spree 5. privatize 6. 4.

_____________________ (para 6) 9. _____________________ (title) 2. Deadly. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer: Guess the words You are going to read a news article about Iceland. Hopeful and positive about the future. ____________________ (para 7) 11. A financial term meaning the worldwide cut back on money lending. _____________________ (para 2) 5. The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. The activities connected with buying and selling shares in companies. _____________________ (para 4) 7. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article. A particular period of time. owes more money than it can ever pay back. Can you find your words? 2 Key words Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. Experiencing something very painful or unpleasant. Environmentally-friendly power (e. electricity). An economic process in which prices go up so money becomes less valuable. having very serious negative effects. _____________________ (para 1) 4. _____________________ (para 6) 10. _____________________ (para 7) 13. _____________________ (para 4) 8. GDP (gross domestic product) suffering phase optimistic inflation stock market spending spree global credit squeeze green energy privatize bankrupt saga fatal docks 1. (subtitle) 3. _____________________ (para 8) 14. _____________________ (para 10) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A country of state that is _____________________. _____________________ (para 7) 12. A story about what happens to a group of people over a long period of time. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business. _____________________ (para 2) 6. Write down ten words that you think you will find in the article. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things.g.

This could even be good for us. “They were worried. it was just a phase. but not fatal”. We’re a company this country cannot do without. until its debts were ten times the entire GDP. When I was a boy. The average age is just 37. But this whole thing. but if we see a way to make quick money. managing director of Iceland Chamber of Commerce. 6 Iceland borrowed too much money. 07/11/08 CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. HB Grandi. Saga of survival in Iceland Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country. we Icelanders. We will have to go back to what we know. we will jump. At the moment. said Iceland’s Prime Minister. West Ham United football club and US department store chain. all because a few bankers were playing with other people’s money. and this company is 10% of Iceland’s fishing business: we bring in one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. Fish are half of Iceland’s exports. 5 Last year Iceland was the fifth-richest nation on earth. Twenty years ago. boss of Iceland’s biggest fishing business. heating more than 90% of its homes this way). if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet. It hasn’t changed Iceland. Today the country is suffering more than the rest of us. whiting and deep sea redfish.” predicts Finnur Oddsson. Then. 2008 1 Reykjavik docks smell of herring. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. the question is whether the government can help everyone out. in his studio off the main street. Today. haddock.” 2 The artist Jón Saemundur Audarson. What Iceland needs above all is foreign money from exports. and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be repaid. it seems not. eventually. “We are hardworking. Iceland might. It has a lot of fish and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month. If a couple of banks go bust in the US. be all right. “But in the long term. Take us back to what we really are.” he says. because you had only one pair of trousers. in the mid-1990s. at the moment unemployment (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1% and women make up 46% of the workforce.” Tourism looks like being an important way to earn money: with the krona now worth half what it was in April. you could not fish again until the next day. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland. Jon Henley November 7. Saks Fifth Avenue. Geir Haarde. Hamleys. a world financial crisis might not have affected Iceland. “I’ve just come from a meeting with the company’s employees. Iceland has learned that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking”. people have too many trousers.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 1 Elementary 7 The Reykjavik stock market has disappeared (it reopened recently and immediately fell 76%) and inflation is high. cut business tax and some businessmen made a lot of money in Russia. looks at the docks and talks about his country’s financial crisis. says: “There’s anger at the country losing so much. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary 8 9 10 Gudmundsson is optimistic. Eggert Gudmundsson. it privatized its banks. I told them they needn’t be. At least. “It’s going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this. Iceland is solid. this long big spending spree. halibut. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop. “it’s dramatic.” 3 73-year-old Palme Vidar says: “There have been bad times before. “this country’s entire financial sector disappears.” 4 Iceland had no real stock market until 1990. Iceland has a real economy.

. from on for about to of (x2) until 1... Iceland makes a lot of money .. Most people in Iceland have .... Fish are half ___________ Iceland’s exports. Iceland borrowed much more . Iceland borrowed money ___________ abroad. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination . . 2. 8.. .. biggest fishing business. Reykjavik docks smell ___________ fish. from exporting fish. 4. .. 7. 3.....Saga of survival in Iceland Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to summarize the article.. interest in flights ___________ Iceland from the UK . environmentally-friendly power... It had no stock market ___________ 1990.... 5. 6.. the fifth-richest nation ___________ earth..... 9. 5.. have become used to luxuries. 4.. 4 Vocabulary: Prepositions Write in the missing prepositions then look at the article to check your answers. .. Palme Vidar says that people in Iceland .. are women. 1.. .. This could be good ___________ us. . Iceland’s economy is probably going to be all right again . 6. Eggert Gudmundsson is the boss of Iceland’s .. 2. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .... Nearly half of the Icelandic workforce .. a job. . . Eggert Gudmundsson talks ___________ his country’s financial crisis.... .. Fishing and green-energy production are ... in the future. 10. money than it is able to repay. for people from Britain. Iceland has a lot of clean .. the two major industries in Iceland.. 7. 8.. .. . 3..

. 5. ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ..org/ http://en.lonelyplanet..is/ http://www. 2. 2.. Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are! CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary •P H . Do you remember the W question words? W .com/news.. Negative Would you like to go to Iceland for your next holiday? Why. places. etc. weather.icetourist.php https://www.cia.. 3... why not? 6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion: A holiday in Iceland Write five positive and five negative things about Iceland. 4. 1..com/iceland Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer. ______________________________________________________________________________________ W . ______________________________________________________________________________________ W . food..gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.iceland.. ______________________________________________________________________________________ W .html http://www.. ______________________________________________________________________________________ W . 4.icelandtouristboard. 3...org/wiki/Iceland http://www. 5. Positive 1. ______________________________________________________________________________________ W . ______________________________________________________________________________________ You can ask questions about people. • • • • • • http://www. sights.wikipedia.

Reykjavik docks smell of fish. Iceland makes a lot of money from exporting fish.. 14. 7. 6. which and how 3 1. There is a nice 3. This could be good for us. 9. what. 7. 3. 6. 5. 10. why. 4. 5. It had no stock market until 1990. Palme Vidar says that people in Iceland have become used to luxuries.. 8. 7. Teachers’ notes You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students don’t peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear.com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . where.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www..youtube.the fifth-richest nation on earth. Comprehension check Eggert Gudmundsson is the boss of Iceland’s biggest fishing business. Iceland has a lot of clean environmentally-friendly power. . 5. 2. 8. 3. Most people in Iceland have a job. 6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt W question words: who. saga bankrupt docks spending spree phase stock market privatize GDP (gross domestic product) global credit squeeze inflation suffering fatal green energy optimistic 4 Vocabulary: Prepositions 1. 4.Freerunning Saga of survival joins insport Iceland establishment Level 1 Elementary KEY 2 Key words 1. 6.. Fishing and green-energy production are the two major industries in Iceland. 13. 11. 8. Iceland’s economy is probably going to be all right again in the future.. 12. 10. 2. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. when. . 4. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you don’t have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination for people from Britain. Eggert Gudmundsson talks about his country’s financial crisis. 2. 3. 9. interest in flights to Iceland from the UK . Iceland borrowed much more money than it is able to repay.. Fish are half of Iceland’s exports. Nearly half of the Icelandic workforce are women.

____________________ (para 4) 8. ____________________ (para 6) 9. ____________________ (para 7) 11. A way of bringing in or making money. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article. GDP (gross domestic product) go bust shame and humiliation docks outpost exploiting privatize entrepreneur earner saga inflation plunge spending spree fundamentals 1. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods. have no money left to be unable to pay your debts. Someone who uses money to start businesses and make deals. ____________________ (para 1) 3. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer: Guess the words Write down ten words that you would expect to find in a news article about Iceland. ____________________ (para 9) b) In your own words. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate CA •P H O . The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. ____________________ (para 4) 6. ____________________ (para 7) 12. ____________________ (para 7) 10. To go bankrupt. An economic process in which prices rise so money becomes less valuable. Nouns to describe the feeling of guilt and embarrassment. ____________________ (para 4) 7. ____________________ (title) 2. explain what you understand by the phrase global credit squeeze. ____________________ (para 8) 13. A story about what happens to a group of characters over a long period of time. __________________________________ (para 2) 4. ____________________ (para 2) 5. Taking advantage of a situation and using it to your benefit. A place far away from the place it belongs to. Can you find your words? 2 Key words a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. To suddenly drop or become much lower. The most basic and important aspects of something. ____________________ (para 9) 14.

it seems not. says: 9 4 In 1943. and it was. in the mid-1990s. boss of Iceland’s biggest fishing business. until its debts were First published in The Guardian. “But longer term. This could even be good for us. and this company is 10% of Iceland’s fishing business: we are responsible for one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. 5 Last year Iceland was at the top of the UN Human 6 Iceland borrowed way too much. because you had only one pair of trousers. and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be repaid. “I’ve just come from a meeting with the company’s employees. “They were worried. Then. largely. Iceland was still a forgotten outpost of 10 Gudmundsson also has reason to be optimistic. Twenty years ago. It had no real stock market until 1990. in his studio 8 3 Palme Vidar. unemployment currently (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1%. looks at the docks in a philosophical mood as he reflects on his country’s financial crisis. Jon Henley November 7. “this country’s entire financial sector disappears”. we Icelanders. 2 The artist Jón Saemundur Audarson. true. 2008 1 Reykjavik docks smell of herring.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Saga of survival in Iceland Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country. he concludes. a world financial crisis might not have touched Iceland. Today the country is suffering more than the rest of us. interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month. And anger at the country losing so much. but if we see a way to make quick money. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop. It hasn’t changed Iceland. but not fatal”. you could not fish again until the next day. We’re only exploiting about 30% of our energy potential right now. per head. and humiliation. we will jump. It has spectacular natural resources: fish.” off the main street.” Denmark. Iceland might. managing director of Iceland Chamber of Commerce. I told them they needn’t be. The average age is just 37. Eggert Gudmundsson. Iceland is solid. if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet. At least. We’re a company this country really cannot do without. and it is.” he says. it fought a series of nasty fishing wars with Britain (and won). haddock. We will have to go back to what we know. In the 1970s. halibut.” predicts Finnur Oddsson. Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. the question is whether the government can help everyone out. Saks Fifth Avenue. with the wisdom of 73 years. When I was a boy. it privatized its banks.” Tourism looks like being an important earner: with the krona now worth half what it was in April. and a couple of Viking entrepreneurs made a load of money in Russia. and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power. heating more than 90% of its homes this way and attracting big investment from energy-intensive industries such as aluminium). “The fundamentals are good. said Iceland’s Prime Minister. be all right. “We are hardworking. ten times the entire GDP. What Iceland has learned from this frightening experience. yes. Take us back to what we really are. Hamleys. it was just a phase. and women account for 46% of the workforce.” “There have been terrible times before. If a couple of banks go bust in the US. eventually. the fifth-richest nation on earth.” is the mantra repeated on the streets of Reykjavik. At present. this long big spending spree. Iceland has a real economy. says: “There’s shame. whiting and deep sea redfish. “It’s going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this. HB Grandi. 07/11/08 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate CA •P H O . all because a few bankers were playing around with other people’s money. Today people have too many trousers. “it’s dramatic. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. Fish are half of Iceland’s exports. What Iceland needs above all is foreign currency from exports. cut business tax. Development Index of the most developed countries in the world. and instantly plunged 76%) and inflation is firmly in double-figures. “is that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking”.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 2 Intermediate 7 The Reykjavik stock market has also disappeared (it reopened recently after a short closure. Geir Haarde. But this whole thing. West Ham United football club and US department store chain.

3. . Women make up over half of the Icelandic workforce. The fishing and green-energy production are the two major industries in Iceland.. 7. It had no stock market __________ 1990. 4 Vocabulary: Prepositions Write in the missing prepositions then look at the article to check your answers. 6. 1. Palme Vidar says that people have become used to luxuries. Inflation is firmly __________ double-figures.. Iceland currently still has a very low rate of unemployment. it fought a series __________ wars .. HB Grandi is Iceland’s biggest fishing business. 8.. 3. Iceland has plenty of clean environmentally-friendly power. Iceland’s economy is likely to recover. Iceland is currently suffering financially because it stopped exporting fish.. 9. 7. This could be good __________ us. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination for people from Britain. the fifth-richest nation __________ earth. 10. Eggert Gudmundsson reflects __________ his country’s financial crisis. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 5. Iceland borrowed much more money than it is able to repay. 5. 8. 4.. 9. 10.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 2 3 Intermediate Comprehension check: True or false? Are the statements true (T) of false (F) according to the information in the article? 1. Reykjavik docks smell __________ fish. 4. 2. .. anger __________ the country losing so much. Fish are half __________ Iceland’s exports. . 2. 6.. Iceland borrowed money __________ abroad.

Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are! © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . midnight sun and the northern lights Tourism looks like being an important earner: .gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.icetourist.org/ http://en.Saga of survival in Iceland Level 2 Intermediate 5 Discussion: Geysers.is/ http://www..icelandtouristboard.iceland.cia. why not? 6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland.php https://www..org/wiki/Iceland http://www.wikipedia. interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% .html http://www. • • • • • • http://www.com/iceland Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer... (paragraph 9) Does a holiday in Iceland appeal to you? Why.lonelyplanet.com/news.

. 7. F 5. 3. 11.. 10. . 3. Inflation is firmly in double-figures. Teachers’ notes You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students don’t peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear. 14. . Fish are half of Iceland’s exports.. 13.. 9. T 2. T 8. 6. There is a nice 3. 10. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you don’t have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. Reykjavik docks smell of fish. 4. b) A current financial phrase meaning the worldwide cut back on money lending. 6. 9..com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA 3 Comprehension check: True or false? 1.. T 4. 12. 4. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. it fought a series of wars . 5. 2. the fifth-richest nation on earth. saga docks shame and humiliation spending spree outpost privatize entrepreneur GDP (gross domestic product) plunge inflation go bust fundamentals exploiting earner Intermediate 3 Vocabulary: Prepositions 1. T 3. 8. anger at the country losing so much. T 10. T 7. 5. T © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Eggert Gudmundsson reflects on his country’s financial crisis. F 9. This could be good for us.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www. 8. It had no stock market until 1990.youtube.. T 6. .Saga of survival in Iceland Addiction to Internet ‘is an illness’ Level 2 KEY 2 Key words a) 1. 2. 7..

Islam is the only religion in the Maldives. 9. The capital of the Maldives. 4. _________________ means the same as flood. revenue rancour inundate retribution archipelago flogging broach banishment cuisine skim off 1. 2.9 metres by the year 2100. The UN forecasts that sea levels are likely to rise by 5. An _________________ is a large group of small islands. 5. 6. Male.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. _________________ is income from business. 3. 4. The Maldives used to be a democracy but is now a dictatorship. 1. is the most densely populated city in the world. _________________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. _________________ is the act of officially ordering someone to leave a country or a region as a punishment. 10. 7. If you _________________ a subject or an idea. If someone _________________ wealth or a profit. 3. you begin discussing it with someone. 8. 2. _________________ is a punishment that someone deserves because they have done something very bad. 5. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The _________________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). 6. especially if you feel nervous about doing so because you may upset them. The Maldives are a group of islands not far from India. The Maldives has a population of more than one million. Then check your answers in the text. they remove it and keep it for themselves. _________________ is a feeling of hate or anger that lasts for a long time.

the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine. But the wealth created was skimmed off by Gayoom’s friends and supporters – leaving a huge gap between rich and poor. But I have forgiven my jailers. due to global warming.. Gayoom was ‘elected’ president six times in 30 years – but never faced an opponent. said he had already broached the idea with a number of countries and found them to be “receptive”. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10. army and courts. Australia was also being considered because of the amount of unoccupied land available. “We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land elsewhere..000 islanders into environmental refugees. I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here.5m above water. The Maldives is one of the few Muslim nations to make a relatively peaceful transition from autocracy to democracy. They were following orders . The president said even a “small rise” in sea levels would inundate large parts of the archipelago. “We do not want to leave the Maldives. a human rights activist who swept to power in elections last month after ousting Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. cuisines and climates. while official figures show almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. “Kuwait might invest in companies. 4 Environmentalists say the issue raises the question of what rights citizens have if their homeland no longer exists. The Gayoom “sultanate” was a dictatorship that ran the police.200 islands 500 miles from the tip of India is likely to disappear under the waves if the current pace of climate change continues to raise sea levels. 2008 Nasheed said he intended to create a “sovereign wealth fund” from the dollars generated by importing tourists. Male.600 a year. After all. public pressure grew and last year he conceded that democracy was inevitable. However. 3 The president.” said Tom Picken. where he has been compared to Nelson Mandela. said the chain of 1. but we also do not want to be climate refugees living in tents for decades.” he said. It is a victim of climate change caused by rich countries. the man who once imprisoned him. also known as Anni. Mohamed Nasheed. who has recently taken power in the island’s capital. banishment to island gulags and torture were routinely used to suppress dissent and the young pro-democracy movement. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1. according to the country’s first democratically elected president. He said Sri Lanka and India were targets because they had similar cultures.” said Nasheed. Speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires lie in the capital’s harbour. “The Maldives is left to fend for itself.” 5 1 The Maldives will begin to divert part of the country’s billion-dollar annual tourist revenue into buying a new homeland – as an insurance policy against climate change that threatens to turn the 300. we will invest in land.” The 41year-old is a rising star in Asia. “We have the latitude to remove anyone from government and prosecute them. been tortured and spent 18 months in solitary confinement. Gayoom’s Maldives became the richest country in South Asia. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas are likely to rise by up to 59cm by 2100. Public flogging. Male is the world’s most densely populated N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 6 7 8 9 CA •P H O . in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil.” he said. Before taking office the new president asked Maldivians to move forward without rancour or retribution – an astonishing call. Upmarket tourism was useful for the dictatorial regime. and which banned rival parties.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 3 Advanced head of international climate change at Friends of the Earth. “It’s an unprecedented wake-up call. with average incomes reaching $4. It’s an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. given that Nasheed had gone to jail 23 times. the torturers.

10/11/08 town: 100. It made a relatively peaceful transition from dictatorship to democracy.5m above sea level. b. Do you want to lose that because we were denied the money to deal with the poverty created by the dictatorship?” he said. adding that the extra social spending he was planning would cost an immediate $243m. Importing tourists rather than exporting oil 2. Because they are not far from the Maldives. What distinguishes the Maldives from most other Muslim nations? a. b. What is the Maldives’ ‘insurance policy’ against climate change? a. b. with crime rising. Buying land in another country c. Heroin has become a serious social issue. 3. Because people there cannot stop global warming on their own. 4. c.000 people live in just two square kilometres. c. Because there is a large amount of unoccupied land available in those two countries. his government will sell off state assets. cooking and weather to the Maldives. We are a 100% Islamic country and democracy came from within. Why are Sri Lanka and India possible destinations for the Maldive islanders? a. Because the pace of global warming is increasing. “We have unemployment at 20%. 1.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 3 Advanced university. “It’s desperate. The billion-dollar annual income from tourism b. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . c. 10 To raise cash. Because most parts of the archipelago are just 1. reduce the cabinet and turn the presidential palace into the country’s first 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. the future of the Maldives as a democracy would be in doubt.” Nasheed said. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. It earns a lot of its revenue from tourism. Why are the Maldives particularly at risk from global warming? a. He said that without an emergency bailout from the international community. Rival political parties are banned. Because they have similar cultures.

usually the way they behave. separate from other prisoners. (para 5) 6.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. take 8. a transition d. A verb meaning to remove someone from a position of power. sell off 7. An adjective meaning designed for people who have a lot of money. A three-word expression meaning to look after oneself without help from anyone else. Check your answers in the text. create 6. someone’s example 6 Prepositions Complete the phrases using prepositions. wealth c. the gap _______ rich and poor 6. (para 4) 5. (para 3) 2. invest _______ land 4. (para 6) 7. follow 3. A noun meaning freedom to use your own methods and judgment in doing something. power b. dissent h. make 4. A three-word expression meaning to win an election by a very large number of votes. an insurance policy _______ climate change 2. A two-word expression meaning a punishment in which a prisoner is kept alone. a peaceful transition _______ autocracy to democracy 5. the future of the islands is _______ doubt 7. a question e. (para 4) 4. A three-word expression meaning a bad experience that warns people to change something. (para 8) 8. broach a. due _______ global warming 3. (para 9) 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases in the right-hand column to make collocations from the text. 1. disappear _______ the waves 7 Discussion If you were president of your country what measures would you take to slow down or even prevent global warming? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . especially in order to take that position. assets f. deal _______ poverty 8. (para 3) 3. A noun meaning financial assistance. raise 2. 1. suppress 5. 1. an idea g.

solitary confinement 6. b 2. broach 9. in 4. rancour 3. d 2. sweep to power 2. F 3. from 5. between 6. against 2. e 7. c 3. g 5. archipelago 7. T 2. in 7. a 8. revenue 5. oust 3. F 6. retribution 8. upmarket 8. inundate Advanced 4 Find the word 1. f 2 What do you know? 1. latitude 7. T 4. with 8. fend for oneself 5. banishment 2. F 6 Prepositions 1. a 4. under 3 Comprehension check 1.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. T 5. a wake-up call 4. h 3. c 4. to 3. b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . b 6. skims off 4. cuisine 10. flogging 6. bailout 5 Verb + noun collocations 1.

How many islands are there in the Maldives? 3. ______________ is the noun from poor. 4. If you ______________ money. 6. The ______________ is the final result of a process or activity. How many people live in the Maldives? 4. 1. If someone is ______________. A ______________ is someone who has to leave their home during a war or a natural disaster. What is the unemployment rate in the capital of the Maldives? 6. ______________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. 2. An ______________ is a form of government in which one person has complete power. 8. 10. you use it to make a profit in the future. The ______________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food. you say officially that people cannot do it. 5. refugee autocracy cuisine invest flogging torture outcome poverty receptive ban 1.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 1 Elementary 1 Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. How far are the Maldives from India? 2. ______________ is extreme physical pain used as a punishment or as a way to make someone say something. How many people live in the capital of the Maldives? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If you ______________ something. 9. 7. they are willing to consider suggestions. 3. How many times was Mohamed Nasheed sent to jail? 5.

the torturers. we will invest in land. the man who once put him in prison. the Maldives. He said that the future of the Maldives as a democracy was in doubt without emergency financial help from the international community. But Gayoom’s friends and supporters took most of the money and there was a huge gap between rich and poor. and which banned all opposition. I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here. a group of 1..600 a year. Before he took office the new president asked Maldivians to look to the future and not the past. public pressure grew and last year he agreed to hold democratic elections. could disappear beneath the waves.” said Nasheed.. They were following orders . and crime is rising.5m above sea level. The Gayoom ‘sultanate’ was a dictatorship that controlled the police.” The 41year-old president is a rising star in Asia. 3 The president won the election last month after defeating Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. reduce the number of people in the government and turn the presidential palace into N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 6 7 8 9 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Elementary CA •P H O . in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil. Heroin is a serious social issue. but we also do not want to be refugees living in tents for years and years. “We have unemployment at 20%. where some people compare him to Nelson Mandela. The harbour at Male. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas will probably rise by up to 59cm by 2100. the capital city. cuisines and climates. is full of the speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires. “We do not want to leave the Maldives. as a result of global warming. But I have forgiven my jailers.000 islanders refugees. He said Sri Lanka and India were possible targets because they had similar cultures. It’s an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. 2008 1 If climate change continues to raise sea levels. 4 Nasheed said he was planning to create a “wealth fund” from the dollars earned by importing tourists. Male. the country’s new president. Australia was also a possibility because there was so much unoccupied land there. with an average income of $4. “Kuwait invests in companies.000 people live in just two square kilometres. the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine. “We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land somewhere else.” he said. Gayoom was ‘elected’ president six times in 30 years – but there was never any opposition. while almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. says the Maldives will soon spend part of its billiondollar annual tourist income on buying a new homeland. However. the government will sell state property. After all. The Maldives became the richest country in South Asia. 5 “We can remove anyone from government and prosecute them. He added that he needed an immediate $243m extra to pay for the extra social spending he was planning. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1. Mohamed Nasheed. is the world’s most densely populated town: 100. Not many Muslim nations have moved from autocracy to democracy peacefully like the Maldives have.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 1 Elementary Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10. He said he had already discussed buying a new homeland with a number of countries and said they were “receptive” to the idea. army and courts.” he said. To raise money.” Nasheed said. The president said even a “small rise” in sea levels would cover large parts of the island group. This was a surprise because Nasheed had been sent to jail 23 times and been tortured.200 islands in the Indian Ocean just 500 miles from India. Gayoom used public flogging and torture to control the country. This would be an insurance policy against climate change that could make the 300. Tourism was very useful for Gayoom’s government.

1. … to buy a new homeland in another country. a income an year $4. result warming of as global a 2. “It’s a very difficult situation. The government of the Maldives is planning . Do you want to lose that because we don’t have the money to fight the poverty created by the dictatorship?” he said. … the population will move to a new homeland. If the Maldives disappear beneath the sea … 3. b. above just level 1. 4 Chunks Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 1 Elementary the country’s first university.. 4. The government is planning to sell state property … 6..5 metres sea 3. 10/11/08 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. rich gap poor and between huge a 6. 30 six years in times 4. We are a 100% Islamic country and our democracy came from inside. … the Maldives might lose their democracy.. … the Maldives will disappear beneath the sea. If global warming continues … 2. Some people in Asia … 5. dollar less a than day a © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . … to raise money. e. a.. … compare Mohamed Nasheed to Nelson Mandela. c.600 average of 5. f. d. 1. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. If the government doesn’t fight poverty .

4. populated h. insurance 3. sea 5. 5. change 6 Word building Complete the table. election e. verb 1. densely a. democratic 6. level c. elect move oppose employ insure raise govern tour noun © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 1. climate 2. policy f. 8. global 4. 3.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 1 Elementary 5 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. capital 8. income d. 7. average 7. 2. city b. warming g. 6.

20% 6.000 6 Word building 1. tourist / tour 3 Comprehension check 1. f 3.5 metres above sea level 3. 1. torture 2. 23 5. autocracy 5. ban 3. b 5. refugee 4 Chunks 1. c 7. b 5. a © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .600 a year 5. g 2 Find the information 1. flogging 8. cuisine 4. an average income of $4. outcome 10. six times in 30 years 4. less than a dollar a day 5 Two-word expressions 1. as a result of global warming 2. e 4. h 2. 500 miles 2. (un)employment 5. election 2. 100. c 2. rise 7. opposition 4. f 4. poverty 7. invest 9. government 8. a huge gap between rich and poor 6. just 1.200 3. e 3. receptive 6.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Key words 1. d 6. d 6.000 4. movement 3. insurance 6. a 8. 300.

10. How many people live in the Maldives? 4. _________________ is the speed at which something happens. An _________________ is a form of government in which one person has complete power. 1. 6. pace outcome archipelago unprecedented cuisine receptive flogging autocracy banishment inevitable 1. 5. The _________________ is the final result of a process or activity. An _________________ is a large group of small islands. How far are the Maldives from the tip of India? 2. If something is _________________. The _________________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food. _________________ is the act of officially ordering someone to leave a country or a region as a punishment. An _________________ event is one that has never happened before. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. they are willing to consider suggestions. How many islands make up the Maldives? 3. How many people live in the capital of the Maldives? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 7. 4. 9. How far above sea level are most of the Maldives? 5. If someone is _________________. What was the average income in the Maldives under the previous government? 6. it is impossible to avoid or prevent. 2. 8. _________________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. 3.

banishment and torture to suppress dissent and the young prodemocracy movement. The speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires fill the capital’s harbour. Upmarket tourism was useful for the dictatorial regime. the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine. with the average income $4. a group of 1. “The Maldives is left to fend for © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 6 7 8 9 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Intermediate O . where he has been compared to Nelson Mandela. The capital of the Maldives. But Gayoom’s friends and supporters took much of the wealth and there was a huge gap between rich and poor. “We have the ability to remove anyone from government and prosecute them. Gayoom’s Maldives became the richest country in South Asia. The Maldives. just 500 miles from the tip of India.” said Nasheed.000 islanders into environmental refugees. Gayoom was ‘elected’ president six times in 30 years – but never faced an opponent. army and courts. He said Sri Lanka and India were targets because they had similar cultures. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1. “Kuwait might invest in companies. is the world’s most densely populated town: 100. The Gayoom “sultanate” was a dictatorship that controlled the police. and which banned rival parties. Australia was also a possibility because of the amount of unoccupied land available. could disappear under the waves if the current pace of climate change continues to raise sea levels. I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here. This was an astonishing call as Nasheed had gone to jail 23 times. public pressure grew and last year he agreed that democracy was inevitable. head of international climate change at Friends of the Earth. also known as Anni. 3 The president swept to power in elections last month after defeating Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. However. Male.” The 41-year-old president is a rising star in Asia.5m above water. while almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. It is a victim of climate change caused by rich countries. It’s an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. the torturers. “We have N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10.000 people live in just two square kilometres. They were following orders . 2008 1 Mohamed Nasheed.” he said. 4 Environmentalists say the issue raises the question of what rights citizens have if their homeland no longer exists. the new president of the Maldives. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas are likely to rise by up to 59cm by 2100. Before taking office the new president asked Maldivians to look to the future and not seek revenge for the past. the man who once imprisoned him. “We do not want to leave the Maldives. The president said even a “small rise” in sea levels would cover large parts of the archipelago. Gayoom used public flogging. due to global warming.600 a year. we will invest in land.. After all.. been tortured and spent 18 months in solitary confinement. in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 2 Intermediate itself. He said he had already discussed the idea with a number of countries and found them to be “receptive”.200 islands in the Indian Ocean.” 5 Nasheed said he was planning to create a “sovereign wealth fund” from the dollars generated by importing tourists. But I have forgiven my jailers.” said Tom Picken.” he said. cuisines and climates. but we also do not want to be climate refugees living in tents for decades. says the country will soon spend part of its billion-dollar annual tourist income on buying a new homeland – as an insurance policy against climate change that could turn the 300. “It’s an unprecedented wake-up call. The Maldives is one of the few Muslim nations that has moved from autocracy to democracy relatively peacefully. “We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land somewhere else.

his government will sell state assets. “It’s a very difficult situation. the future of the Maldives as a democracy would be in doubt. A noun meaning a period of ten years. 3. A three-word expression meaning a bad experience that warns people to change something. Do you want to lose that because we don’t have the money to deal with the poverty created by the dictatorship?” he said. 10/11/08 unemployment at 20%. (para 7) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Intermediate CA •P H O . 5. We are a 100% Islamic country and democracy came from inside. (para 3) 3. He added that the extra social spending he was planning would cost an immediate $243m. The inhabitants of the Maldives want to leave the islands and settle elsewhere. 1. (para 4) 4. (para 3) 2. reduce the number of people in the 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. A verb meaning to say officially that people must not do something. 2. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. (para 5) 6. 10 To raise money. Indian cooking is similar to Maldivian cooking. and crime is rising. usually the way they behave. The Maldives have a similar culture and climate to Australia. A two-word expression meaning a punishment in which a prisoner is kept alone. He said that without emergency financial help from the international community. A three-word expression meaning to win an election by a very large number of votes. A verb meaning to stop an activity. The Maldives have recently become a democracy. Under the dictatorship the Maldives was the richest country in South Asia. A noun meaning strong disagreement with what people in authority think. (para 7) 7. 4. A three-word expression meaning to look after oneself without help from anyone else (para 4) 5. especially by making laws or using your authority. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. separate from other prisoners. All of the Maldives will be under water by the year 2100.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 2 Intermediate government and turn the presidential palace into the country’s first university. (para 7) 8. Heroin has become a serious social issue. 6.” Nasheed said.

warming g. climate 3. global 2. policy f. issue 6 Word building: Noun endings Add endings to these words to form nouns. govern_______ 7 Discussion What can the inhabitants of the Maldives do to save their homeland? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . environment_______ 4. change d. social 8.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 2 Intermediate 5 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. dictator_______ 2. confine_______ 3. assets b. 1. employ_______ 8. pro-democracy 6. move_______ 5. Check your answers in the text. sea 4. insurance 5. level h. populated e. movement c. state a. support_______ 7. densely 7. jail_______ 6. 1.

pace 10. outcome 8. sweep to power 2. –er 6. –ment © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 300. g 4. fend for oneself 5. receptive 3. solitary confinement 6. b 6.Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. banishment 5. 1. –er 7.200 3. flogging 7. a 2 Find the information 1. T 6 Word building: Noun endings 1. F 3. decade 3. –alist 4. T 4. autocracy 2. $4. suppress 8. c 3. 100. T 6.600 a year 6. 500 miles 2. –ment 5. dissent 5 Two-word expressions 1. unprecedented 6. inevitable 4. h 8. a wake-up call 4. F 2. –ment 3.000 3 Comprehension check 1. d 7. archipelago 9. f 2. F 5. –ship 2. 1.000 4. e 5. cuisine Intermediate 4 Find the word 1.5m 5. –ment 8. ban 7.

its banking and financial sector. _______________________ (para 4) 6. A place where traders or stock brokers meet to buy and sell. A verb meaning to publically promise. when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer a) How do people feel when they are disillusioned? b) Why do you think British bankers are feeling disillusioned? Note: In Britain. Why is Elizabeth Baldwin leaving the City and becoming a teacher? 5. A verb meaning to make a decision from a choice of possibilities. in particular. An adjective meaning older. which means that something good is behind everything that at first seems to be bad. Find a two-word expression for the time a woman takes off work when she has a baby. Why have science graduates been working in the financial sector instead of in schools? 2. When something is _______________________. An adjective meaning fairly good. it is _______________________. _______________________ (para 11) 10. When something is acceptable or to your liking. but in a positive way. _______________________ (para 12) 12. it gives you satisfaction and/or pleasure. 1. _______________________ (para 11) 11. _______________________ (para 9) 9. Someone whose job it is to buy and sell shares for other people. _______________________ (para 1) 3. When something is _______________________. in the past years. 2 Key words Find the key words in the article. _______________________ (para 5) 7. 1. Why. have there been fewer scientifically trained people available to work for British industry? 7. _______________________ (title) 2. Complete this saying. What are the British government doing to encourage science graduates to become teachers? 6. Which four school subjects have suffered in the recent past from lack of good teachers? 4. 9. it brings in a lot of money. A verb meaning to make up for the loss of something else. Which two common pieces of science laboratory equipment are mentioned in the article? 8. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Advanced CA •P H O . with words from the article: Every cloud has a ________________ _________________. (para 4) 5. A noun meaning a new member of a company or organization. What sort of positions have science graduates been taking up in the City? 3. _______________________ (para 3) 4. To leave a job or stop doing something. 10. (para 14) 3 Find the information Read the article and find the information. but not great. (para 7) 8. Find the two-word term which describes the current financial situation.

” 5 So the business analyst – who has a degree in chemistry and biology from King’s College London – quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher. and the thought of going back to the City became less and less palatable. a few months ago. 6 “There is no doubt that the credit crunch has a huge silver lining in terms of science education in Britain. fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. the agency’s chief executive. It is a reasonable reward.” she said. according to the TDA. “It is going to do a great deal of good for 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . “I will be earning a third of what I would have got had I stayed in the City. fewer graduates has meant fewer scientifically trained people available to work for British industry – and not enough good graduates available to become teachers. say experts. that the excitement of the job was disappearing. chemistry.000 for science teachers.” said Holley. often with lucrative salaries. Because of this. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late. “The high pay no longer compensated for the long hours and lack of social life.” 7 Science teaching has been a cause of considerable concern for education experts for decades. The 44year-old worked for almost 20 years for major banks. Matthew and Thomas. including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers. until she found. so I know what to expect and what I will get out of the job.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 3 Advanced the teaching of chemistry. but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City. biology and mathematics classes have suffered and fewer children have been inspired to take up science. and can eventually rise to £50. Most of these new recruits have been encouraged by schemes that ensure that salaries start at around £24. Thomas.” she said. 23/11/08 Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie. A total of 3. As it cuts back on jobs. a rise of 2. Baldwin stressed. 4 “I had just had my second child. The City has attracted large numbers who are employed. 3 Among those swapping the trading floor for the school laboratory is Elizabeth Baldwin. 2 The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) has revealed that inquiries about science teaching posts rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. as business analysts and IT experts. science editor November 23. but I know as well that it can be very rewarding. Many of those applicants are coming from the City.000 for more mature teachers. including increased salaries for science teachers compared with those in other subjects. As a result.” “My father was a teacher. The agency has revealed that formal applications for science teaching posts have reached record levels and that further significant rises are expected next year due to the world financial crisis.5 per cent on the previous year. physics and biology.” said Graham Holley. Physics. The British government pledged years ago to halt this trend and has introduced a number of ways of doing so. “But money is not everything.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer.114 science trainees entered colleges during the academic year 2008-09. it says. 2008 1 The thrill of City life appears to be fading for hundreds of investment bankers who are preparing to turn their back on the financial sector and opt for a career in science teaching. The City is a major employer of science graduates. and as more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector. I know teaching won’t be easy. I will get a chance to come home and be with my boys. the numbers of science teachers are set to soar as stockbrokers and analysts quit their Ferraris and stock options for test tubes and Bunsen burners. “That is the highest number of science teachers since the TDA began 13 years ago.

. Do you know anyone who has made a dramatic change in their career? Would you like to change your career path? Why / Why not? 6 Webquest: Job search and salaries a) Type currency converter into a search engine and convert the salaries mentioned in the article to your currency.. b) Find job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers.000 b) Which other expressions can you find for describing graphs and trends? c) Use some of the vocabulary to describe one of the following by sketching a graph and explaining it to another student. rose ______ a third.. • • • What qualifications are required? What salary is offered? Where is the position available? c) How do the salaries for investments bankers and science teachers in your country compare with the salaries offered for similar vacancies around the world? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . cut back ______ jobs. .. ..Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 3 Advanced 4 Vocabulary: The language of graphs a) Put the missing prepositions into these expressions from the article. • fuel/oil prices • the housing market • the annual rainfall or temperatures in your country • the rise and fall of your enthusiasm for learning English over the years 5 Discussion: Change of career In your own words. .5% .. a rise ______ 2... explain Elizabeth Baldwin’s personal situation and the reasons for her career change. can eventually rise ______ £50.

of. on. biology and mathematics. Offering good salaries – higher than for other subjects. investment bankers and IT experts.jobs.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 3 Advanced KEY 2 Key words 1.jobs. increased salaries. Silver lining. Credit crunch. Test tubes and Bunsen burners.ac. 7. to b) significant rises.com/ • http://www. One you could use to kick start a discussion of how the credit crunch affects students is The Credit Crunch Song: http://www. To spend more time at home with her family and to feel better in herself. There are currently many videos available online about the current world financial situation. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .careeroverview. 7. 9. 8.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively. 9. reached record levels Teachers’ notes Some helpful websites for task 6: • http://www. 5.com/ibsal.com/watch?v=s_iMS31mqmU This one is particularly nice for class as it has subtitles. 2. soar. quit opt trading floor palatable compensate stockbroker lucrative pledge recruit mature reasonable rewarding 4 Vocabulary: The language of graphs a) by. 4. 8. 5. Business analysts.html • http://investment. Chemistry. 10. 4. physics. 10.uk/ • http://www. 12. 11.htm • http://www. Because the salaries are very much higher in the financial sector. 3 Find the information 1. 2. 3. Fewer students have been inspired (by their own teachers) to study science subjects at university and so there have been fewer graduates.simplyhired. Maternity leave. fewer graduates.banker. 6. 3. earning a third of.careers-in-finance. 6. type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results.youtube.com/investment-bankingcareers.

A gradual change or development that leads to a particular result. To leave a job or stop doing something. _____________________ (para 6) 10. Written requests for a job or place at a college or university. _____________________ (sub-title) 3.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 1 Elementary (to be) disillusioned: (adjective) to be or feel disappointed because you have found out that someone or something is not as good as you had believed Note: In Britain. Someone who has finished their studies at a high school. 1 Warmer How many jobs can you find in the article in one minute? 2 Key words Find these key words in the article and write them into the definitions below. _____________________ (para 2) 5. (para 11) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . _____________________ (title) 2. _____________________ (para 2) 4. it makes you happy or satisfied. The fixed amount of money you get every month for your job. when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and in particular its banking and financial sector. _____________________ (para 2) 6. When there isn’t enough of something. there is a _____________________ it. Questions that are asked to get information. When something is _____________________. Someone who knows a lot about a particular subject. A verb meaning to receive money for work you do. college or university. _____________________ (para 3) 7. _____________________ (para 5) 9. inquiries lack of expert quit positions laboratory soar earn applications credit crunch graduate rewarding trend salary 1. A place where people do scientific research or teaching. _____________________ (para 8) 13. (para 4) 8. A two-word term which describes the current difficult financial situation. _____________________ (para 10) 14. Jobs that are free or available. _____________________ (para 7) 12. _____________________ (para 6) 11. To quickly increase to a high level.

It is a good salary. Large numbers of science graduates are employed in the City. 23/11/08 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Many applications are coming from people who work in the City. “It is going to do a lot of good for the teaching of chemistry. say experts.000 for science teachers. fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. The British government wants to stop this trend. physics and biology. but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City. 2008 1 Hundreds of investment bankers are leaving City life and the financial sector for a career in science teaching.” 8 9 10 “I will earn a third of what I got in the City.” 5 So the business analyst – who has a degree in chemistry and biology from King’s College London – quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher. 2 Inquiries about science teaching positions rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. ‘The good money no longer made up for the long hours and lack of social life.000. and is offering science teachers better salaries compared to teachers of other subjects. “But money is not everything.” said education expert Graham Holley. science editor November 23.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 1 Elementary 7 Science teaching has been a problem for education experts for decades. so I know what to expect. including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers. but I know as well that it can be very rewarding. Thomas. and going back to the City became less and less attractive. Because of this. the numbers of science teachers will soar.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. and more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector. As there are now fewer jobs. Salaries start at around £24. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late. 3 Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the banking business for the school laboratory.” she said. The 44-yearold worked for almost 20 years for major banks. Baldwin said. biology and mathematics classes have suffered. Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie. chemistry. The City is a major employer of science graduates. But a few months ago she realised that her job was no longer exciting. I know teaching won’t be easy. as business analysts and IT experts.” 11 “My father was a teacher. I will be able to come home and play with my boys. and can rise to £50. Matthew and Thomas. Applications for science teaching jobs have reached record levels and even more applications are expected next year because of the world financial crisis. Physics. 4 “I had just had my second child.’ she said. 6 “There is no doubt that the credit crunch has hidden benefits for science education in Britain. often earning high salaries.

.. .. . maths.. past participle regular / irregular © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O ... How many can you find? c) Write a new sentence for each past participle in 4a. . 1.. so she knows it’s not an easy job.. .. she will earn about ... 5.. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are . verb rise have work make reach employ get is b) Are the verbs regular or irregular? How do we form a regular past participle in English? Underline all the past participles in the article.. The British government have decided to pay . 3. a third of what she earned in the City. 7. more important than a high salary.. chemistry and physics. 6.. Many British science graduates work in . who want to become science teachers.. biology.. 8. 4... This year there have been more applications from people ...Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to to summarize the article. Elizabeth Baldwin’s father and sister are both teachers. science teachers more than teachers of other subjects. .... Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is ... Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to . 4 Vocabulary: Past participles a) Find the past participles of these verbs in the article and write them into the table. banking and not in education.. become a science teacher. ... .. As a science teacher.. 2. .. .

Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion: Change of career Elizabeth Baldwin has decided to leave banking and become a science teacher so she can spend more time with her family. How high are the salaries in the job ads? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Do you think this is a good decision? Why / Why not? Would you like to change your job? Why / Why not? What would your dream job be? 6 Webquest: Job search and salaries a) Type currency converter into a search engine and find out how much £24. b) Search for job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers.000 and £50.000 are in your currency.

5. This year there have been more applications from people who want to become science teachers. soar 9. salary 12. 4. 6. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are maths. applications 6. rewarding Teachers’ notes Some helpful websites for task 6: • http://www. type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results. laboratories 7.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively. Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is more important than a high salary. teacher Elementary 4 Vocabulary: Past participles rise – rose (irregular) have – had (irregular) work – worked (regular) make – made (irregular) reach – reached (regular) employ – employed (regular) get – got (irregular) is – was (irregular) 2 Key words 1. 8. business analyst. inquiries 4.careers-in-finance. 2. science teacher.ac.com/investment-bankingcareers. education expert. Elizabeth Baldwin’s father and sister are both teachers.jobs. so she knows it’s not an easy job.htm • http://www. IT expert.banker.com/ibsal. positions 5. As a science teacher. earn 14. graduate 3. Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to become a science teacher.jobs. expert 11. lack 8.uk/ • http://www. she will earn about a third of what she earned in the City. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . credit crunch 10. The British government have decided to pay science teachers more than teachers of other subjects. 3.simplyhired.careeroverview. Many British science graduates work in banking and not in education. chemistry and physics.html • http://investment. trend 13. 7.com/ • http://www.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 1 KEY 1 Warmer investment banker. quit 2. 3 Comprehension check 1. biology.

1 Warmer a) Why do you think British bankers are feeling disillusioned? b) All these words appear in the article. college or university. Which is the odd word out? Why? test tube laboratory Ferrari Bunsen burner 2 Key words Find the key words in the article. when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and in particular its banking and financial sector. To leave a job or stop doing something. ____________________ (para 7) 9. Someone who has finished their studies at a high school. A feeling of being excited or very pleased. A two-word expression for the time a woman takes off work when she has a baby. ____________________ (title) 2. (para 13) 12. recruit inspire maternity leave quit mature attract stockbroker graduate trading floor thrill rewarding credit crunch 1. When something is ____________________. it gives you satisfaction and/or pleasure. A verb meaning to make someone interested in something. A noun meaning a new member of a company or organization. ____________________ (para 5) 6. A two-word term which describes the current difficult financial situation with a reduction in the availability of loans. A verb meaning to give someone the enthusiasm to create or do something. Someone whose job it is to buy and sell shares for other people. ____________________ (para 10) 11. ____________________ (para 10) 10.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 2 Intermediate (to be) disillusioned: (adjective) to be or feel disappointed because you have found out that someone or something is not as good as you had believed Note: In Britain. An adjective meaning older. ____________________ (para 6) 7. _____________________ (para 14) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . ____________________ (para 7) 8. ____________________ (para1) 4. but in a positive way. A place where traders or stock brokers meet to buy and sell. ____________________ (sub-title) 3. ____________________ (para 3) 5.

The agency has said that formal applications for science teaching posts have reached record levels and that further significant rises are expected next year due to the world financial crisis. 2008 1 The thrill of City life appears to be fading for hundreds of investment bankers who are leaving the financial sector for a career in science teaching. “But money is not everything. as business analysts and IT experts.” said Graham Holley. fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. and which can eventually rise to £50. physics and biology. that the excitement of the job was disappearing. but I know as well that it can be very rewarding.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 2 Intermediate 7 Science teaching has been a problem for education experts for decades. Baldwin stressed.” she said. so I know what to expect and what I will get out of the job. say experts. 2 The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) has said that inquiries about science teaching positions rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. Thomas. and going back to the City became less and less attractive. including better salaries for science teachers compared with those in other subjects. I will get a chance to come home and be with my boys. The City has attracted large numbers of science graduates who are employed. it says. “It is going to do a lot of good for the teaching of chemistry. 12 “I will be earning a third of what I would have got had I stayed in the City.” 8 9 10 Most of these new recruits have been encouraged by salaries that start at around £24. including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers. chemistry. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late. Many of those applicants are coming from the City. 4 “I had just had my second child.” © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. The British government has introduced a number of ways of stopping this trend. I know teaching won’t be easy. according to the TDA. 11 It is a good salary. and as more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector. a rise of 2. science editor November 23. the numbers of science teachers are set to soar as stockbrokers and analysts quit their Ferraris for test tubes and Bunsen burners.” she said. “The high pay no longer made up for the long hours and lack of social life. “That is the highest number of science teachers since the TDA began 13 years ago.114 science trainees entered colleges during the academic year 2008-09. As a result. biology and mathematics classes have suffered and fewer children have been inspired to take up science. Matthew and Thomas. 3 Elizabeth Baldwin is swapping the trading floor for the school laboratory. but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City. Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie.” 13 “My father was a teacher. The City is a major employer of science graduates.” 5 So the business analyst – who has a degree in chemistry and biology from King’s College London – quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher.000 for science teachers. a few months ago. often with high salaries. 23/11/08 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Physics. As there are now fewer jobs.000 for more mature teachers.5 per cent on the previous year. until she found. A total of 3. the agency’s chief executive. 6 “There is no doubt that the credit crunch has a huge hidden benefit for science education in Britain.” said Holley. The 44-year-old worked for almost 20 years for major banks.

5. she will take home about half of what she earned in the City. 4 Writing: A personal profile a) Write a short profile of Elizabeth Baldwin. 5 Discussion: Change of career In your own words. Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to become a teacher. Do you know anyone who has made a dramatic change in their career? Would you like to change your career path? Why / Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 7. As a science teacher. 2. 4. explain Elizabeth Baldwin’s personal situation and the reasons for her career change. science. This year there have been a third fewer applications from people wanting to become science teachers. 3. Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is more important than a high salary. 1. Many science graduates have been working in the financial sector instead of in schools. 6. sports and English. Change the categories if necessary. Elizabeth Baldwin’s father and sister are both teachers. The British government have decided to pay science teachers more than teachers of other subjects to encourage science graduates to become teachers. 8. Elizabeth Baldwin Curriculum Vitae Personal details Age: Sex: Family status: Family background: Qualifications: Current position: Previous position: Reasons for career change: Experience b) Create a similar profile for yourself or someone else in your class. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are maths.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct any false sentences.

b) Find job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 2 Intermediate 6 Webquest: Job search and salaries a) Type currency converter into a search engine and convert the salaries mentioned in the article to your currency. • • • What qualifications are required? What salary is offered? Where is the position available? c) How do the salaries for investment bankers and science teachers in your country compare with the salaries offered for similar vacancies around the world? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

Teachers’ notes Task 4 will work well in a class that doesn’t mind sharing personal information. type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results. physics.careers-in-finance.banker.Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science Level 2 KEY 1 Warmer b) Ferrari is the odd word out. T F (biology.jobs. The profiles could be anonymous and students could guess whose they are. thrill 4. trading floor 5. graduate 3. If your students do not want to share this information. maths) F (there have been a third more) T T T F (she will earn about a third) T © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2 Key words 1. and to regain her social life.jobs.html • http://investment. 6. quit 2. 7. recruit 10. 3. chemistry.com/ibsal. 2. 5.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively. 4. Intermediate 4 Writing: A personal profile (possible answers) Age: 44 Sex: female Family status: has two small children Family background: father and sister are both teachers Qualifications: a degree in chemistry and biology from King’s College London Current position: applying to join a training course to become a science teacher Previous position: worked for almost 20 years for major banks.ac. mature 11. stockbroker 6.simplyhired. inspire 9. Some helpful websites for task 6: • http://www. to see her home in the daylight. attract 8.com/ • http://www. maternity leave 3 Comprehension check 1.com/investment-bankingcareers.careeroverview. they can make up information or pretend to be a famous person and give their details instead. credit crunch 7. rewarding 12. 8.htm • http://www.uk/ • http://www. including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers Reasons for career change: to spend quality time at home with her family.

If something ______________________ you from doing something. Stonewall is an organization that campaigns for gay rights. you are an openly gay person. tradition or belief. If something is ______________________. ______________________ is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man such as being strong and willing to fight.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. If you ______________________. 8. unimportant or useless or have some other characteristic you disapprove of. Many of England’s 350 professional rugby league players are openly gay. All heterosexual boys are attracted by the macho culture of rugby league. is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television. 2. 3. 2. A ______________________ is an organization. 4. it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. Then check your answers in the text. 6. you tell people that you are gay. you make fun of them by suggesting that they are stupid. Around 6% of the population of the UK is believed to be homosexual. community or system that supports and defends a particular way of life. 5. It is normally played in southern England. 10. 9. 5. machismo deride homophobia bastion diversity inclusive come out deter out high-profile 1. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 7. ______________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place. 1. If you ______________________ someone. If you are ______________________. Rugby league is one of the world’s toughest sports. A ______________________ person is one who is often seen in public. 4. ______________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 2 What do you know? Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). 3. it makes you decide not to do it. 6.

women and children take part in the sport. will provide clubs with information packs on how to ensure their culture. The FA has a campaign on tackling homophobia and has a champion on the issue in the former Chelsea and Celtic defender Paul Elliott. now 43 and an actor. which promotes lesbian. Summerskill quoted the case of Nigel Owens. lesbian and bisexual people want to work. The vision shown by the RFL is an absolutely ground-breaking step in making sport more accessible. The sport has joined the group’s diversity champions programme. said sport was “one of the last great bastions of homophobia”. and the RFL is setting up a lesbian. policies and practices are fully inclusive.” 5 Sarah Williams. including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice. 2008 1 As one of the world’s toughest sports. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer.” 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the population was lesbian or gay it assumed that the community was represented in rugby league as it was in other sports and professions. 2 Posters and logos proclaiming “Some people are gay. 8 Stonewall will also be hoping the RFL’s involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies – particularly the English Football Association – to follow suit. 4 Ben Summerskill. It was not prompted by concerns that spectators or players were homophobic. which will be officially launched after the start of the season in February. lesbian and bisexual groups. Stonewall’s chief executive. said the decision to join the campaign © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced O . Almost two million people a year attend super league games and around a quarter of a million men. rugby league is more usually associated with northern English machismo and cauliflower ears than gay rights. can be deterred by the macho culture. including those who are heterosexual. has the potential to reach a large audience. the RFL’s equality and diversity manager. There are plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia and the Gay Football Supporters Network has liaison officers in clubs including Aston Villa. 7 The RFL campaign. which has just launched the country’s first club-level gay fans’ group. gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. from rugby union. “Boys. But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first national governing body of a major sport to sign up to Stonewall’s campaign against homophobia.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 3 Advanced came from the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay. gay and bisexual equality. The rugby league community was overwhelmingly supportive towards Roberts. Get over it!” will appear at rugby league grounds and in programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. while girls can be put off sport because so many leading sportswomen are derided as being lesbian. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sport’s 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage ‘a British Ian Roberts’ to come out. Stonewall. who last year became the first openly gay referee to officiate in a world cup.” She added: “The ultimate aim would be if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. the gay rights group. “Rugby league is probably not most people’s idea of a supportive working environment but I’m pleased to be able to challenge assumptions by tackling homophobia and creating a genuinely inclusive organization where people can be out in the workplace and where gay. Owens’ decision to come out helped him earn the title of Stonewall’s sportsman of the year 2007. 28/11/08 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign • First major sport to join Stonewall programme • Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28.

4. 12% c. b. c. A noun meaning someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs. Why are some boys deterred from playing sports? a. 1. b. 0% 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. Because players and spectators of the sport are not homophobic. (para 8) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced CA •P H O . c. (para 4) 6. A two-word expression meaning to conform to someone else’s actions. How did the Australian rugby league community react to its first openly gay player? a. c. Because so many leading sportswomen are derided for being lesbian. 1. Because sport has a very macho culture. Because there are no gay rugby league players. 3. People reacted very negatively. A noun meaning a magazine written for and by fans. Because sport is one of the last bastions of homophobia. 6% b. A form of rugby in which there are 15 players in a team. (para 6) 7. 2.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. (para 2) 3. What percentage of rugby league players can statistically be assumed to be gay? a. complaining or being upset about something. political aims or a group of people. Because it’s a macho sport that is not usually associated with gay rights. (para 3) 5. People reacted very supportively. (para 2) 4. A two-word adjective meaning using new methods or achieving new results. A two-word expression describing an injury typical of rugby and boxing. A three-word expression meaning stop worrying. An adverb used to emphasize the amount or strength of something. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. People didn’t care one way or the other. Why is it surprising that rugby league has become the first English sport to sign up to Stonewall’s campaign against homophobia? a. (para 8) 8. (para 1) 2. b.

set up 4. 1. attend 8. challenge 2. a game (a match) e. launch 7. involvement __________ 6. provide __________ 4. advice c. take part __________ 5. Check your answers in the text. sign up __________ 7 Discussion Do you think campaigns like this help to change people’s attitudes? Can you think of other ways to promote inclusiveness and diversity? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . supportive __________ 2. reach a.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 3 Advanced 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions. a message 6 Words followed by prepositions Fill the gaps in these phrases with prepositions. 1. associated __________ 3. assumptions f. send 6. a forum g. promote 3. seek 5. a large audience d. a campaign b. equality h.

4. 3. 3. 6. inclusive 10. 4. 3. 4. deters 8. 3. 4. homophobia 4. 5. 7. bastion 7. towards with with in in to © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . come out 2. 4. 2. 6. 5. 2. 2. high-profile 5. cauliflower ear get over it fanzine overwhelmingly ground-breaking rugby union follow suit champion 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 6. 2. deride 9. 8. 2. 5. 5. diversity Advanced 4 Find the word 1. 7. T F F T F T 3 Comprehension check 1.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 3. machismo 6. out 3. c c b a 6 Words followed by prepositions 1. e g f b h a d c 2 What do you know? 1. 6. 8.

If you ______________________ a problem. A ______________________ person is one who is often seen in public. macho high-profile forum tackle diversity homophobia come out heterosexual inclusive confidential 1. A ______________________ is a website where people can express their ideas and opinions. 8. How many people watch super league matches every year? 6. such as being strong and willing to fight. If you ______________________. How many professional rugby league players are there? 4. ______________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place. you make an organized and determined attempt to deal with it. If something is ______________________. it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. How many people play rugby league? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. If something is ______________________. is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television. 5. it is secret. 1. 9. If you are ______________________. 7. ______________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 10. you are sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex. What does RFL stand for? 2. What is Stonewall? 3. 6. 2.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 3. 4. ______________________ behaviour is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man. you tell people that you are gay. When did Ian Roberts come out? 5.

often do not like the macho culture of sport. could reach a large audience. lesbian and bisexual groups. said sport was “one of the last areas where homophobia is very strong”.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 1 Elementary 5 Sarah Williams. It was not because spectators or players were homophobic. said the decision to join the campaign followed the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. 7 The RFL campaign. the RFL’s equality and diversity manager. Most people in the rugby league community were very supportive towards Roberts. which fights for lesbian. Owens was Stonewall’s sportsman of the year in 2007. 8 Stonewall will also hope the RFL’s involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies – particularly the English Football Association – to do the same. Stonewall’s chief executive. Get over it!” will appear at rugby league grounds and in match programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia. 2008 1 Rugby league is a macho sport. including many heterosexual boys. which will officially begin after the start of the season in February. Almost two million people a year watch super league matches and around a quarter of a million men. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. lesbian and bisexual people want to work. It is not a sport that people normally associate with gay rights.” © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first major sports organization to join a campaign against homophobia. 28/11/08 Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign • First major sport to join Stonewall programme • Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28. the gay rights group. from rugby union. gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. The FA has a campaign to tackle homophobia and there are also plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sport’s 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage ‘a British Ian Roberts’ to come out. “Rugby league is probably not most people’s idea of a supportive working environment but I’m pleased to be able to try and fight homophobia and create the kind of organization where people can be openly gay in the workplace and where gay. gay and bisexual equality. while girls sometimes also avoid sport because so many famous sportswomen are laughed at for being lesbian. women and children actively play rugby league. and the RFL is setting up a lesbian. The sport has joined Stonewall’s diversity champions programme. Stonewall. Summerskill mentioned the case of Nigel Owens.” 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the UK population was lesbian or gay there must be a similar percentage in rugby league as there were in other sports and professions. 2 Posters and logos stating “Some people are gay. will provide clubs with information packs which will tell them how to make sure that their working practices are fully inclusive. “Boys. normally played in the north of England and is one of the toughest sports in the world.” She added: “It would be great if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. The RFL is taking a very important step in making sport more attractive to gay and lesbian people. who last year became the first openly gay referee to referee in a world cup. 4 Ben Summerskill. including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice.

of north in England the © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Information packs will provide … 3. attractive more making sport 4. million a around quarter a of 6. toughest one the of world sports the in 2. 1. e. c. f. The campaign also wants to encourage … a. The campaign will probably … 5. The campaign wants to make sport … 4. d. … reach a large audience. … helpline numbers for people wanting confidential advice. a almost million year two people 5. … inclusive working practices. 1. … to discourage homophobia. Some boys do not like … 6.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. b … the macho culture of sport. 4 Chunks Put the words into the correct order to make phrases from the text. Posters and logos will appear at rugby league grounds … 2. major first organization the sports 3. … more attractive to gay and lesbian people.

executive e. number c. information a.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 1 Elementary 5 Two-word phrases Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. chief 2. helpline 4. practices 6 Word building Complete the table using words from the text. 1. confidential 5. gay 6. verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 decide organize advise succeed referee involve noun © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . pack b. working 3. advice f. rights d.

5. inclusive 2. 2. 5. 6. macho 8. c f d a b e © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 6. high-profile 9. 4. 2. tackle 4. heterosexual 7. forum Elementary 4 Chunks 1. 3. 4. diversity 3. 3. 6. confidential 10. 5. 4. come out 6. 2. 2. one of the toughest sports in the world the first major sports organization making sport more attractive almost two million people a year around a quarter of a million people in the north of England 5 Two-word phrases 1.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 3. 3. homophobia 5. Rugby Football League a gay rights group 350 1995 almost two million around a quarter of a million 6 Word building verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 decide organize advise succeed referee involve noun decision organization advice success referee involvement 3 Comprehension check 1. d f b e c a 2 Find the information 1. 5. 4. 6.

you make fun of them in an unkind way. 9. A _____________________ person is one who is often seen in public. 6. 3. use or take part in. How many professional rugby league players are there? 4. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. How many people watch super league matches every year? 6. 5. If you _____________________. _____________________ behaviour is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man. 4. _____________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place. such as being strong and willing to fight. How many people actively take part in rugby league? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television. If something is _____________________.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. What is Stonewall? 3. macho inclusive homophobia high-profile diversity tackle come out accessible ridicule heterosexual 1. 7. you tell people that you are gay. What percentage of the UK population is believed to be lesbian or gay? 5. If something is _____________________. If you _____________________ a problem. What does RFL stand for? 2. it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. _____________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 2. 8. 1. it is easy for anyone to obtain. 10. If you _____________________ someone. you are sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex. you make an organized and determined attempt to deal with it. If you are _____________________.

women and children actively take part in the sport. including heterosexual boys. Get over it!” will appear at rugby league grounds and in match programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia. 7 The RFL campaign. The sport has joined Stonewall’s diversity champions programme. Summerskill mentioned Nigel Owens. Most people in the rugby league community were very supportive towards Roberts. The FA has a campaign on tackling homophobia and has a champion on the issue in the former Chelsea and Celtic defender Paul Elliott. 2 Posters and logos stating “Some people are gay. has the potential to reach a large audience. from rugby union. which will be officially launched after the start of the season in February. policies and practices are fully inclusive. 28/11/08 Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign • First major sport to join Stonewall programme • Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28. lesbian and bisexual groups. will provide clubs with information packs on how to ensure their culture.” She added: “The ultimate aim would be if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. There are plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia and the Gay Football Supporters Network has members in clubs including Aston Villa. gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. 8 Stonewall will also be hoping the RFL’s involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies – particularly the English Football Association – to do the same. said the decision to join the campaign © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Stonewall. can be put off by the macho culture.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 2 Intermediate came from the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay. But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first national governing body of a major sport to join a campaign against homophobia. Stonewall’s chief executive. 4 Ben Summerskill. gay and bisexual equality. which has just launched the country’s first club-level gay fans’ group. who last year became the first openly gay referee to referee in a world cup. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer. the gay rights group. 2008 1 Rugby league is a macho sport. It was not the result of worries that spectators or players were homophobic. Owens’s decision to come out helped him earn the title of Stonewall’s sportsman of the year 2007.” 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the population was lesbian or gay there must be an equivalent percentage in rugby league as there were in other sports and professions. “Rugby league is probably not most people’s idea of a supportive working environment but I’m pleased to be able to try and fight homophobia and create a genuinely inclusive organization where people can be openly gay in the workplace and where gay. It is not a sport that people would normally associate with gay rights. “The vision shown by the RFL is an absolutely ground-breaking step in making sport more accessible. which promotes lesbian. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. Almost two million people a year watch super league matches and around a quarter of a million men. including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice.” 5 Sarah Williams. and the RFL is setting up a lesbian. the RFL’s equality and diversity manager. while girls can also be put off sport because so many leading sportswomen are ridiculed for being lesbian. normally played in the north of England and is one of the world’s toughest sports. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sport’s 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage ‘a British Ian Roberts’ to come out. lesbian and bisexual people want to work. said sport was “one of the last areas where homophobia is very strong”. “Boys.

A noun meaning a magazine written for and by fans. (para 2) 4. A three-word expression meaning stop worrying. Homophobia is not common in sport. An adjective meaning helpful and sympathetic. A form of rugby in which there are 15 players in a team. complaining or being upset about something.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. (para 4) 6. (para 2) 3. political aims or a group of people. 4. An adverb meaning really. 1. People usually associate rugby league with gay rights. 2. 3. (para 1) 2. (para 6) 8. The rugby league campaign could reach a large audience. A two-word adjective meaning using new methods or achieving new results. 5. (para 8) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . High-profile coaches and players have already come out in England. (para 3) 5. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. A two-word expression meaning an official organization that is responsible for making the rules for an organization and for making sure that people follow those rules. A noun meaning someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 6. Nigel Owens refereed in the rugby league world cup. (para 5) 7. Clubs in Oldham and Salford have been successful in their work with gay and lesbian groups.

message d. pack e. Can you think of some other ways to discourage homophobia in sport? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . governing 3. positive 7. body 6 Word building: Adjectives and nouns Complete the table. verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 successful equal diverse noun homophobia confidence profession access support 7 Discussion This is one idea to promote diversity. macho 8. environment h. chief 5. rights g.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 2 Intermediate 5 Two-word phrases Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. executive c. information 4. 1. helpline a. gay 2. culture f. number b. working 6.

3. 7. F F T F T F 6 Word building: Adjectives and nouns verb noun diversity homophobia equality confidence profession access support success 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 diverse homophobic equal confidential professional accessible supportive successful © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . ridicule 4. Rugby Football League a gay rights group 350 6% almost two million around a quarter of a million 3 Comprehension check 1. 8. 8. 4. inclusive 5. 5. 3. 3. 5. 6. 6. 2. 3. 4. 2. 2.Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. come out 9. 4. f h d b g c e a 2 Find the information 1. tackle 8. 5. 6. accessible 7. heterosexual 2. macho 3. governing body get over it fanzine supportive ground-breaking genuinely rugby union champion 5 Two-word phrases 1. 7. high-profile Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. homophobia 10. 5. 2. 6. 4. diversity 6.

there is a significant reduction in business activity. 7. A _________________ is a very small group of atoms that form a particular substance. A _________________ event is one that changes a situation in a sudden. In an economic _________________. Why is there no cause for alarm? 6. A _________________ shape is one that looks like a set of circles inside each other. A _________________ is the distance that light travels in a year. 3. 10. How fast is our solar system travelling? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If something is _________________. Which galaxy is the Milky Way expected to collide with? 5.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. violent and unpleasant way. made up by one line curving inside itself. _________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point. 6. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 4. 2. you think that it is smaller or less powerful than it really is. downturn cataclysmic gloom rotation underestimate light year galaxy spiral squidgy molecule 1. 9. it is very soft. 8. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 4. _________________ is a feeling of having no hope. When will the sun burn up the last of its nuclear fuel? 3. 1. Does the latest research show that our solar system is travelling faster or more slowly than previously thought? 2. 5. A _________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets. If you _________________ something.

The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach. allowing the researchers to work out how fast the galaxy is spinning. in a last heavenly display before the giant wreckage slowly dims and dies out. 100.” he said. “The galaxies will be dramatically stirred up. the invisible substance believed to hold galaxies together. The whole collision could take many millions of years. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. 10 According to Gilmore. which release the energy as radiowaves. Instead the two galaxies will merge to form a new. grim weather and global economic downturn were not enough to contend with.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 3 Advanced 6 The scientists recorded intense radiowaves coming from the galaxy’s four spiral arms. it is expected to be pulled back again for further collisions. and it will become one huge. within the next 7bn years.” said Gerry Gilmore at the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge university. large galaxy. powerful shockwaves 9 4 Our solar system is around 28. the research does more than 5 A team. The speedier rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda. there was no cause for alarm. will compress interstellar gas clouds within them. 05/01/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought Ian Sample. scientists admitted to having grossly underestimated the mass of the Milky Way. “We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future. “One thing we don’t know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us square on.” said Menten. itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood.000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way. or whether it will be a glancing blow.000mph faster than thought. 2009 1 If the return to work. “No longer will we think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy. Fortunately the galactic disaster still lies billions of years in the future. will slam into one another earlier than scientists had previously predicted. bring forward the date of our galactic demise.” said Reid. “These measurements are revising our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy. The Andromeda galaxy. said that while the galactic collision would happen sooner than expected. and so the gravitational pull it exerts on our cosmic neighbours. As the galaxy rotates. 8 3 When the two galaxies meet. which is twice as wide. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. led by Menten and Mark Reid at the © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced CA •P H O . used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space.000mph. 7 2 According to their most detailed measurements yet. Gilmore said the findings point to more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy that may be colder and more compacted than astronomers thought. science correspondent 5 January. The oversight means that the two galaxies. Astronomers believe the crunch to end all crunches could happen around the same time our sun is due to burn up the last of its nuclear fuel. Karl Menten. so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out. Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics in Massachusetts. but they are very squidgy. The work also sheds fresh light on the nature of dark matter.” If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way. where new stars are born. or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. including the giant Andromeda galaxy. Heat from the stars warms up molecules of alcohol in interstellar gas clouds. The measurements showed that our solar system is hurtling along at 600. which are on a cataclysmic collision course. astronomers added to the seasonal gloom today by announcing that the Milky Way will crash into a nearby galaxy sooner than they thought. dead galaxy. parts that emit radiowaves move relative to Earth. who was not involved in the study. around 270bn times the mass of the sun. producing a dazzling flourish of newborn stars. an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Germany. California. is around 2m light years away.

Why did scientists believe that the collision between the Milky Way and Andromeda would take place later than they now believe it will take place? a. 3. 2. It tells us more about the nature of dark matter. (para 10) 8. 4. What does the research do apart from tell us when our galaxy will come to an end? a. A four-word expression meaning to offer a new explanation for something. 1. (para 3) 5. They measured its mass in comparison with the sun. c. An adjective meaning unpleasant and upsetting. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. An adjective meaning between the stars. A two-word expression meaning an indirect hit. (para 3) 3. How did the scientists work out how fast the Milky Way is spinning? a. (para 3) 4. Will the planets and stars collide? a.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. (para 10) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Because they didn’t realize how fast Andromeda was travelling. (para 8) 6. c. Because they miscalculated the mass of the Milky Way. It shows the relationship between dark matter and the end of the universe. A noun meaning the time when something stops existing. A verb meaning to become less bright. Possibly. b. Because they weren’t sure when the sun would use the last of its nuclear fuel. c. c. They compared its position to that of Andromeda. b. b. It tells us when the sun will use up the last of its nuclear fuel. b. Almost certainly not. An adjective meaning extremely impressive. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning the time when something important or difficult happens or must be decided. Probably. They measured the movement of radiowaves relative to Earth. 1. (para 9) 7.

downturn d. nuclear 6. matter c. weather b. to change the date of something so it happens earlier 6 Adjective + noun collocations Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. to travel at an incredibly fast speed b. slam into 4. solar 8. system g. contend with 6. burn up 8. die out a. to disappear completely d. 1. to crash into at great speed c. measurements h. pull 7 Discussion Do you think it is important for us to be able to understand the universe and how it is formed? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 3 Advanced 5 Phrasal verbs Match the phrasal verbs in the left-hand column with the definitions in the right-hand column. grim 3. fuel e. 1. seasonal 4. economic 2. gravitational 5. detailed a. to have to deal with problems or difficulties e. bring forward 3. gloom f. to consume f. work out 5. stir up 2. dark 7. to calculate g. to move around h. hurtle along 7.

b 2. demise 8. because it won’t happen for billions of years 6.000 light years 4. b 4. b 3. f 8. molecule 3. c 2. d 6. downturn 6. shed fresh light on 5 Phrasal verbs 1. Andromeda 5. within the next 7bn years 3. squidgy 9.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. f 5. dazzling 4. underestimate 4. b 7. faster 2. rotation Advanced 4 Find the word 1. c 2 Find the information 1. crunch 6. 28. g 2. spiral 7. a 3. light year 2. glancing blow 7. e 4. c 6 Adjective + noun collocations 1. g © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . a 7. dim 5. gloom 8. a 4. interstellar 3. e 8. h 5. cataclysmic 5. galaxy 10. 600. h 3. d 6.000 mph 3 Comprehension check 1. grim 2.

2. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. How fast is our solar system moving? 5. you cannot see it. When will the sun use the last of its nuclear fuel? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . How far away is the Andromeda galaxy? 4. 8. 5. A _________________ is the distance that light travels in a year. If something is _________________. it is very exact and accurate. 7. A _________________ is a crash between two moving objects. it is very soft. 1. A _________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets. astronomer rotation light year collision mass precise galaxy solar system squidgy invisible 1. 9. If something is _________________. If something is _________________. What is the mass of Andromeda? 6. An _________________ is a scientist who studies the stars and planets. How many galaxies are there in our cosmic neighbourhood? 3. 10. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 2. _________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point. 3. _________________ is the amount of material in an object. A _________________ is a star and the planets that go round it. 4.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. 6.

6 The faster rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda. By measuring radiowaves. and it will become one huge.” said Menten. “There will be a dramatic shake-up in the galaxies. the scientists showed that our solar system is moving at 600. Our galaxy. “One thing we don’t know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us directly.” said Reid. is going to crash into a neighbouring galaxy sooner than they previously thought. the research also gives us more information about the nature of dark matter. who did not take part in the study. the whole collision could take many millions of years. California. 2009 1 The world is in the middle of an economic crisis. science correspondent 5 January. so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out. large galaxy. 4 Our solar system is around 28. as a result. Fortunately this galactic disaster is billions of years in the future. or whether it will hit us from the side. but there is no reason to be worried. the Milky Way. “We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future. along with all that bad news. dead galaxy. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. It is much greater than they thought and. 5 A team. 05/01/09 Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought Ian Sample. Gilmore said the findings indicate there is more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy and that it may be colder and more compacted than astronomers previously believed. Karl Menten. According to Gilmore. around 270bn times the mass of the sun.” said Gerry Gilmore of Cambridge University.000mph.000mph faster than they previously thought. or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach. And now. within the next 7bn years. the invisible substance that holds galaxies together. 2 According to their most detailed measurements yet.” If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way. The weather is awful. a German astronomer.000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way. “These measurements are © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 7 8 9 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . led by Menten and American Mark Reid. The mistake means that the two galaxies will crash into each other earlier than scientists had previously believed. but they are very squidgy. scientists have some more depressing news for us. “We will no longer think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy. itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood. Instead the two galaxies will come together to form a new. 3 When the two galaxies meet. its gravity has a much greater effect on our neighbours in space.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 1 Elementary changing our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy. The Andromeda galaxy. People have to go back to work after the winter holidays. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. which is twice as wide. including the giant Andromeda galaxy. said that the galactic collision will happen sooner than expected. the powerful shockwaves will produce hundreds of new stars before the light of the giant galaxy slowly dies out. used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space. 100.” he said. scientists say that they made a serious mistake when they calculated the mass of the Milky Way. is around 2m light years away. Astronomers believe the crash to end all crashes could happen around the same time our sun uses the last of its nuclear fuel.

The Milky Way is going to … 2. shake-up h. c. radio 4. … is moving at 600. Our solar system … 6. telescope e. 4 Two-word phrases Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. 8. system 4 Word building Complete the table.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. fuel d. The mass of the Milky Way … a. 4.000 mph. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary verb collide measure rotate calculate noun presentation belief indication expectation N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . 7. 5. 3. b. large galaxy. They also believe the sun … 5. matter c. 6. f. year f. … this is going to happen billions of years in the future. Way b. Milky 7. 2. detailed 8. … will form a new. measurement g. solar 3. There is no need to worry because … 3. … will use up the last of its nuclear fuel around the same time. … is much greater than scientists previously believed. Scientists believe the collision … 4. dramatic a. nuclear 6. 1. dark 5. d. … crash into the Andromeda galaxy. light 2. e. 1.

1. take part ____________ the study 8. similar ____________ 2. have an effect ____________ 6.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 1 Elementary 6 Prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. according ____________ 5. ____________ the centre of © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . in the middle ____________ 3. billions of years ____________ the future 7. along ____________ 4.

c 6. at © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . of 3.000 light years 2. believe 7. more than 35 3. b 4. f 8. present 6. galaxy 9. c 6. e 2.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. e 5. b 5. in 7. on 6. astronomer 8. rotation 3. around 28. a 6 Prepositions 1. to 5. light year Elementary 4 Two-word phrases 1. precise 7. in 8. g 5 Word building 1. solar system 6. around 2m light years 4. 600. d 2. measurement 3. mass 5. rotation 4. collision 2. d 4. to 2. f 3. expect 2 Find the information 1. a 7. calculation 5. invisible 4. with 4. indicate 8. 270bn times the mass of the sun 6. collision 2.000 mph 5. squidgy 10. h 3. within the next 7bn years 3 Comprehension check 1.

you think that it is smaller or less powerful than it really is. 9. An __________________ is a scientist who studies the stars and planets. 2. A __________________ is a crash between two moving objects. A __________________ is the distance that light travels in a year. 10. 1. 3. astronomer squidgy light year rotation downturn molecule underestimate collision galaxy merge 1. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 2. __________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point. If something is __________________. it is very soft. What is the mass of Andromeda? 6. How many galaxies are there in our cosmic neighbourhood? 3. 4. 6. How long will the collision between Andromeda and the Milky Way take? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A __________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. If two things __________________. If you __________________ something. In an economic __________________. there is a significant reduction in business activity. A __________________ is a very small group of atoms that form a particular substance. How fast is our solar system travelling? 5. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. bigger unit. 5. they join together to become one. 8. How far away is the Andromeda galaxy? 4. 7.

” he said. parts that emit radiowaves move relative to Earth and this allows the researchers to work out how fast the galaxy is spinning. The whole collision could take many millions of years.” said Menten. powerful shockwaves 9 4 Our solar system is around 28. or whether it will hit us from the side. but they are very squidgy. astronomers are telling us that the Milky Way will crash into a nearby galaxy sooner than they thought. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach. and it will become one huge. the invisible substance believed to hold galaxies together. The mistake means that the two galaxies will crash into each other earlier than scientists had previously predicted. “One thing we don’t know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us square on.” said Gerry Gilmore of Cambridge University. is around 2m light years away. “These measurements are revising our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy. itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood. which is twice as wide. so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out. 05/01/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 8 3 When the two galaxies meet. “There will be a dramatic shake-up in the galaxies. who was not involved in the study. scientists admit that they have seriously underestimated the mass of the Milky Way and. California. or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. large galaxy. around 270bn times the mass of the sun. As the galaxy rotates. “We will no longer think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 2 Intermediate new stars are born. the centre of the Milky Way. which release the energy as radiowaves. The measurements showed that our solar system is moving at 600. led by Menten and American Mark 6 The scientists recorded intense radiowaves © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate CA •P H O . Karl Menten. used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space. Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought Ian Sample. said that while the galactic collision would happen sooner than expected. coming from the four arms of the galaxy where 7 2 According to their most detailed measurements The speedier rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda. it is expected to be pulled back again for further collisions. The Andromeda galaxy. producing hundreds of newborn stars before the light of the giant galaxy slowly grows dim and dies out. science correspondent 5 January. 2009 1 The world is in the middle of an economic downturn. within the next 7bn years. will compress interstellar gas clouds inside them.000mph. yet. And now. the gravitational pull the Milky Way exerts on our neighbours in space.000mph faster than thought. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. as a result. as if all of that wasn’t bad enough. Reid. than simply give us the date when our galaxy will come to an end. Instead the two galaxies will merge to form a new.” said Reid. The work also sheds fresh light on the nature of dark matter. 100. dead galaxy. People are going back to work after the winter holidays. Fortunately this galactic disaster still lies billions of years in the future. Gilmore said the findings indicate there is more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy and that it may be colder and more compacted than astronomers thought. there was no reason to be worried. the research does more 5 A team. The weather is awful. a German astronomer. including the giant Andromeda galaxy. “We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future. Astronomers believe the crash to end all crashes could happen around the same time our sun is predicted to burn up the last of its nuclear fuel. Heat from the stars warms up molecules of alcohol in interstellar gas clouds.” If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way.000 light years from 10 According to Gilmore.

3. downturn d. A two-word noun meaning a dramatic change in the way something is organized. 6. system g. 4. (para 9) 7.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. sister b. 5. (para 6) 6. matter c. measurements h. A four-word expression meaning to offer a new explanation for something. An adjective meaning less bright. pull N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . solar 8. Everyone should be really worried about the news of the collision between the Milky Way and Andromeda. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to calculate. 2. Scientists made an error in calculating the mass of the Milky Way. detailed 2. (para 9) 8. dark 7. (para 3) 3. The mass of the Milky Way is similar to that of Andromeda. dramatic 3. nuclear 6. fuel e. (para 10) 5 Adjective + noun phrases Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. An adjective meaning between the stars. gravitational 5. 1. (para 3) 4. The sun will use the last of its nuclear fuel within the next 7 million years. 1. little 4. A verb meaning to force into a smaller space. shake-up f. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to disappear completely. (para 5) 5. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. (para 3) 2. A verb meaning to change your opinion or judgment of something. Scientists don’t know how fast the Milky Way is spinning. Scientists believe that dark matter holds galaxies together. economic © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate a.

verb 1. 2. 5. collide measure rotate calculate admit involve compress expect noun 7 Discussion Should money be spent on researching space and the universe? What benefits could such research bring? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 7. 4. 8. 3. 6.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 2 Intermediate 6 World building Complete the table.

rotation 4. die out 8. F 4. galaxy 7. involvement 7. admission 6. e 3. 2m light years 4. shed fresh light on 5 Adjective + noun phrases 1. work out 5. rotation 4. measurement 3. F 6. T 6 Word building 1. merge 10. downturn Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. molecule 2. f 8. interstellar 3.Galactic collision: Get out of the way! Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. T 3. expectation © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . shake-up 7. compression 8. dim 4.000 light years 2. b 7. squidgy 3. g 2. many millions of years 3 Comprehension check 1.000 mph 5. more than 35 3. light year 9. h 5. 28. a 4. collision 6. 600. F 2. c 2 Find the information 1. calculation 5. T 5. 270bn times the mass of the sun 6. underestimate 8. d 6. revise 6. compress 2. astronomer 5. collision 2.

posthumous animated sequel bizarre feelgood sombre score downside rejuvenated glitz 1. 5. 6. 2. If something is described as _____________________. 2. A _____________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. The music written for a film is known as its _____________________. a film consisting of a series of drawings. 4. 10. 6. The Golden Globes ceremony is held in New York. Then check your answers in the text. 4.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. Kate Winslet is an American actress. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The Golden Globes ceremony did not take place in 2008. it is strange and difficult to explain. _____________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. An _____________________ film is a cartoon. The _____________________ of something represents its negative aspects or disadvantages. 9. 3. If an event is _____________________. The Oscar ceremony always takes place before the Golden Globes. A _____________________ award is one given to someone after they have died. A _____________________ is a film that continues the story of a previous one. 1. 7. it is serious or sad. it has become good or effective again. The actor Heath Ledger died last year. 3. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). If something is described as _____________________. 8. 5. Kate Winslet’s husband is also an actor.

director. In an emotional address for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road.” N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards • Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress • Danny Boyle’s Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war. Sunday night’s awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar. One of the biggest surprises of the evening came as Sally Hawkins won the best actress in a comedy or a musical prize for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leigh’s Happy-Go-Lucky. “It’s been a very long road back for me. a month and a half away. past and present. directed by David Fincher and nominated in five categories. as well as dealing a blow to other hopefuls. “Several years ago I was almost out of this business. but he will never be forgotten. The red carpet. dedicated the award to his canine companions. which is an antiwar statement. a remark picked up later by presenter Ricky Gervais. Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. director Ari Folman said that he did not regret the film’s relevance: “Unfortunately. when we were working on it. Speaking backstage after accepting the award. Rourke. an attempt to capitalize on last year’s Olympics-inspired enthusiasm for things Chinese. who remembered telling her: “Do a Holocaust movie. Likewise. who directed the film. who directed the Batman sequel. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score. Winslet said that she never won awards.” he said. starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt. Leonardo DiCaprio. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. screenplay and score categories. did better. the film is always relevant. Another animated feature. Acknowledging his contribution. Winslet paid tribute to her “spectacular” co-star. paid tribute: “We will miss him.” he told the audience. and to her husband. and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago. The Pixar-Disney collaboration paid off with a win for the robot romance WALL-E in the best animated feature category beating Kung Fu Panda. Christopher Nolan. seen by many as this year’s comeback kid. with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 7 8 9 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS /Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced O . I’d like to thank all my dogs. 2009 1 UK actress Kate Winslet has won the two Golden Globe categories for which she was nominated: best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. the awards come”. The British actor beat off strong competition from some famous Hollywood names.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 3 Advanced Springsteen winning for best song. “There’s only one major statement. the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. Sam Mendes. The distance from her table to the stage was an indication of the unexpectedness of her victory. Sometimes when a man’s alone his dogs are all he’s got. the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir. won the best foreign language film award. 5 The Wrestler. actor. 2 In her acceptance speech. Frost/ Nixon failed to pick up a single award. another Oscar frontrunner. the frocks and the tearful acceptance speeches were all in attendance as a collection of Hollywood stars turned out for the relatively informal evening at the Beverly Hilton Hotel. despite being nominated in the best drama. was not a winner on the night. 3 Perhaps the most highly anticipated award of the night was the posthumous Golden Globe given to Heath Ledger for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight.” 6 The rejuvenated awards ceremony – it was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters’ strike – celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz.” 4 The Globes are traditionally seen as an indication of form for Oscar night. including Frances McDormand.

The downside was that it deprived Hollywood of one of its primary love-ins of the year as gowns were returned 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. c. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. Because it had been nominated in five different categories. Because it starred Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt. That she had strong competition from some famous names. … traditionally give awards to people who do not win Oscars. cheaper and more reflective of the significance of the Globes. the Golden Globes dropped the glamorous prize-giving in favour of a more sombre press conference at which a list of winners was read out. c. There was no ceremony at all – just a press conference. A year ago. an accomplishment reserved for the children of the stars. and la Willis – offspring of Bruce Willis and Demi Moore – was acknowledged as Miss Golden Globes. 2. b. in the midst of a writers’ strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down. 12/01/09 10 The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel represented a turnaround from last year’s bizarre event. b. Steven Spielberg was given an award for lifetime achievement last year. Because it was clearly the best film. c. The advantages of last year’s arrangement were that it was shorter. b. … usually give people a good idea of who will do well in the Oscars. How did last year’s Golden Globes differ from this year’s? a. The Golden Globes … a. 11 This year amends were made: Spielberg was duly given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 3 Advanced to designers. 1. the red carpet was rolled up and Steven Spielberg and Rumer Willis had to wait an extra year for their moment in the spotlight. b. The ceremony was followed by a press conference. That she was not expected to win an award. 4. Why was it surprising that The Curious Case of Benjamin Button didn’t win any Golden Globes? a. 3. … always give awards to the same people that get awards in the Oscars. What did the distance from Sally Hawkins’ table to the stage indicate? a. That she was not an important guest. c.

capitalize _______ 3. conference g. work _______ a film 7 Discussion Do you think awards ceremonies like the Oscars and Golden Globes are important or a waste of time? Give your reasons. (para 7) 6. speech e. (para 5) 5. (para 10) 8. (para 2) 3. 1.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 3 Advanced 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. (para 1) 2. A two-word expression meaning to try to make a situation better after you have done something wrong. enthusiasm _______ 4. A three-word expression meaning to praise someone publicly. ceremony 6 Expressions with prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. (para 10) 7. _______ the spotlight 8. A noun meaning the person considered most likely to win a competition. deprive someone _______ 7. (para 5) 4. in the midst _______ 5. 1. feelgood 7. (para 11) 5 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. A two-word expression meaning an important part but not the main part in a film. press 2. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to succeed in winning or gaining something from an opponent. A noun meaning a complete change in a situation. acceptance 6. awards 3. pay tribute _______ 2. comeback a. in favour _______ 6. An adjective meaning relating to dogs. achievement d. lifetime 8. strong 5. An adjective meaning attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. red 4. competition c. carpet f. kid b. movie h. 1. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

4. F F F T F T 6 Expressions with prepositions 1. 2. 4. 3. 2. 4. 7. 8. 3. 4. 3. 4. supporting actress (actor) pay tribute to frontrunner canine beat off turnaround glamorous make amends 5 Two-word expressions 1. f h e b d g c a 2 What do you know? 1. 3. 5. 2. 8. bizarre rejuvenated animated sombre posthumous glitz sequel downside feelgood score Advanced 4 Find the word 1. 5. 2. 3. 5. to on for of of of in on 3 Comprehension check 1. 9. 8. 6. b c b c © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 6. 3. 5. 6. 2. 7. 6. 6. 4. 8. 7. 10. 5. 2. 7.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1.

Who directed Revolutionary Road? 4. How many Golden Globe awards did Kate Winslet win this year? 2.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 9. 8. 10. If someone gives a __________________ speech. feelgood animated tribute glitz award tearful score glamorous posthumous achievement 1. An __________________ is a prize given to someone who has achieved something. A __________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. a film consisting of a series of drawings. If you pay __________________ to someone. The music written for a film is known as its __________________. 2 Find the information Find the answers to the following questions in the text. When do the Oscars take place? 5. Which film won the best foreign language film award? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . you praise them in public. If something is __________________. 2. __________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. 1. 7. If you succeed in doing something after a lot of hard work and effort. 6. 5. An __________________ film is a cartoon. Who was her co-star in Revolutionary Road? 3. 3. this is an __________________. it is attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. they cry a lot during it. 4. Where did the Golden Globes ceremony take place this year? 6. A __________________ award is one given to someone after they have died.

Leonardo DiCaprio. actor. was not a winner on the night. with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce Springsteen winning a Globe for best song. another Oscar favourite. director Ari Folman said that the film was very relevant: “Unfortunately. 2 Heath Ledger. Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. “Several years ago I was almost out of this business.” 3 The Globes are usually an indication of who will win the Oscars a month and a half later. 12/01/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards • Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress • Danny Boyle’s Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12. Sometimes when a man’s alone his dogs are all he’s got. including Frances McDormand. This year Steven Spielberg was given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement. the dresses and the tearful acceptance speeches were all there as a collection of stars arrived for the ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Hollywood. paid tribute to Ledger: “We will miss him. Sam Mendes. but he will never be forgotten. when we were working on it. She won the award for best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. The advantages of last year’s arrangement were that it was shorter and cheaper. the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir. 2009 1 British actress Kate Winslet has won two awards at the Golden Globes ceremony in Hollywood. did not pick up a single award. One of the biggest surprises of the evening was Sally Hawkins winning the best actress in a comedy award for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leigh’s Happy-Go-Lucky.” he told the audience.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 1 Elementary 5 The Golden Globes ceremony was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters’ strike. director. screenplay and score.” he said. who directed the film. This year it celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz. I’d like to thank all my dogs. starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt. “It’s been a very long road back for me. won the best foreign language film award. This year’s awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar. the Golden Globes cancelled the glamorous prize-giving and simply held a press conference at which a list of winners was read out. directed by David Fincher and also nominated in five categories. who died last year. who directed the film.” © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 6 7 8 9 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary O . An animated feature. and Rumer Willis – whose parents are Bruce Willis and Demi Moore – was given the Miss Golden Globes award. In an emotional acceptance speech for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road. 4 The Wrestler. did better. in the middle of a writers’ strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down. even though it was nominated in five categories – in the best drama.” The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel was a complete change from last year’s strange event. Speaking after accepting the award. The disadvantage was that it Hollywood lost one of its big evenings of the year. the film is always relevant. which is an antiwar statement. past and present. A year ago. one of the favourites for the Oscars. the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. Frost/Nixon. was given a posthumous Golden Globe for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war. “There’s only one major statement. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. The British actor won against some strong competition from some famous Hollywood names. Likewise. and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago. and to her husband. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Winslet paid tribute to her “spectacular” co-star. Christopher Nolan. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score. The red carpet. Rourke dedicated the award to his dogs.

… an indication of who will win the Oscars. b. achieve produce perform state accept arrange nominate indicate noun © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 4 Chunks Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text. Last year’s Golden Globes ceremony did not take place … 2. Heath Ledger was given … 4.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. … because of the Hollywood writers’ strike. Bruce Springsteen was given … 6. e. 1. half a later month and a 3. verb 1. surprises the of the one biggest evening of 4. 8. … a posthumous award. 5. 6.. never he forgotten be will 2. … the best dramatic actor award. 3. d. 5. The Golden Globes are usually . Steven Spielberg was given … 3. … the award for best song. … a lifetime achievement award. Mickey Rourke was given . 2. 1... the one the evenings of year big of 5 Word building Complete the table with nouns from the text. c. middle strike a in of the writers’ 6. f. 7. film best the language foreign 5.. a. 4.

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 1 Elementary 6 Word stress Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress. award surprise cancel return tribute classic husband foreign drama complete alone arrive A 0 o B o 0 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

two Leonardo DiCaprio Sam Mendes one and a half months after the Golden Globes Hollywood Waltz with Bashir 6 Word stress A 0 o: tribute. 3. 5.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. 2. 3. 6. 2. 8. 4. husband. classic. 5. 3. foreign B o 0: award. 6. achievement production performance statement acceptance arrangement nomination indication 2 Find the information 1. 10. surprise. 7. tribute award glitz tearful animated achievement score glamorous feelgood posthumous Elementary 4 Chunks 1. 5. 4. 2. 4. drama. 3. 6. 4. 2. 3. 6. c f b e d a © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . alone. 5. 9. complete. return. 5. arrive 3 Comprehension check 1. cancel. 2. 6. he will never be forgotten a month and a half later one of the biggest surprises of the evening the best foreign language film in the middle of a writers’ strike one of the big evenings of the year 5 Word building 1. 8. 4. 7.

it is strange and difficult to explain. How many Golden Globes did Kate Winslet win this year? 2. 2 Find the information Find the answers to the following questions in the text. A ____________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. A ____________________ award is one given to someone after they have died. 10. If something is ____________________. 9. Who directed Revolutionary Road? 4. ____________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. Where did the Golden Globes ceremony take place this year? 6. 6. If something is described as ____________________. If someone gives a ____________________ speech. Who was her co-star in Revolutionary Road? 3. An ____________________ is a prize given to someone who has achieved something. 3. it is attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. 8.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. A ____________________ is a film that continues the story of a previous one. 4. a film consisting of a series of drawings. Who won the lifetime achievement award? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The music written for a film is known as its ____________________. 2. 5. award bizarre sequel animated feelgood glitz score tearful posthumous glamorous 1. How many awards did Frost/Nixon get? 5. they cry a lot during it. An ____________________ film is a cartoon. 1. 7.

won the best foreign language film award. director Ari Folman said that he did not regret the film’s relevance: “Unfortunately. the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score. starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt. Winslet paid tribute to her “spectacular” co-star. which is an antiwar statement. when we were working on it.” he told the audience. The British actor won in the face of some strong competition from famous Hollywood names. The distance from her table to the stage was an indication of just how unexpected her win was. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Likewise.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 2 Intermediate Sometimes when a man’s alone his dogs are all he’s got. “Several years ago I was almost out of this business. another Oscar favourite. was not a winner on the night.” The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel represented a complete change from last year’s bizarre event. The red carpet. One of the biggest surprises of the evening was Sally Hawkins winning the best actress in a comedy award for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leigh’s Happy-Go-Lucky. “It’s been a very long road back for me. actor. the dresses and the tearful acceptance speeches were all there as a collection of stars turned out for the relatively informal evening at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Hollywood.” he said. despite being nominated in the best drama. did better. screenplay and score categories. the Golden Globes cancelled the glamorous prize-giving and simply held a press conference at which a list of winners was read out. Frost/ Nixon did not pick up a single award.” 3 The Globes are traditionally seen as an indication of how the Oscars will go in a month and a half’s time. but he will never be forgotten. 2 Perhaps the most highly anticipated award of the night was the posthumous Golden Globe given to Heath Ledger for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight. A year ago. 2009 1 British actress Kate Winslet has won the two Golden Globe categories for which she was nominated: best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. “There’s only one major statement. who directed the film. In an emotional acceptance speech for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road. Speaking backstage after accepting the award. The disadvantage was that it deprived Hollywood of one of its big evenings of the year Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards • Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress • Danny Boyle’s Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12. Christopher Nolan. Sam Mendes. The advantages of last year’s arrangement were that it was shorter. I’d like to thank all my dogs. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 6 7 8 CA •P H NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 4 The Wrestler. which was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters’ strike. cheaper and a better indication of the significance of the Globes. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war.” 5 The Golden Globes ceremony. Leonardo DiCaprio. Rourke dedicated the award to his dogs. celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz. with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce Springsteen winning a Globe for best song. directed by David Fincher and nominated in five categories. Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. who directed the Batman sequel. Sunday night’s awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar. An animated feature. including Frances McDormand. and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago. the film is always relevant. in the midst of a writers’ strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down. past and present. the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. paid tribute to Ledger: “We will miss him. and to her husband. director.

A two-word expression meaning an important part but not the main part in a film. an award reserved for the children of the stars. 3. the red carpet was rolled up and Steven Spielberg and Rumer Willis had to wait an extra year for their moment in the spotlight. A noun meaning a story someone writes for a film. (para 3) 4. An adjective meaning several. © Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian. 12/01/09 3 Comprehension check Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. (para 8) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate CA •P H O . No Golden Globes were awarded in 2008. 2. The Golden Globes take place after the Oscar awards. 6. A noun meaning the person considered most likely to win a competition. (para 6) 6. (para 1) 2. All the favourites for the Oscars won Golden Globes. (para 1) 3. A four-word expression meaning while something else is happening. (para 4) 5. Last year’s event was cancelled because of the writers’ strike. 5. This year’s Golden Globe event was very similar to last year’s. 1. (para 7) 8. A four-word expression meaning in a situation where you have to deal with something difficult. (para 7) 7. 9 This year Spielberg was given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. The best foreign language film was a cartoon.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 2 Intermediate as dresses were returned to designers. 4. A three-word expression meaning to praise someone publicly. and la Willis – whose parents are Bruce Willis and Demi Moore – was acknowledged as Miss Golden Globes. An adverb meaning in the area behind the stage in a theatre.

1. 7. win an award _______ something 6 Word building Complete the table with nouns from the text. 3. 4. 2. pay tribute _______ someone 2. work _______ a project 3. deprive someone _______ something 4. perform nominate accept compete indicate state arrange achieve noun 7 Discussion Which film and which actors do you think should win Golden Globes? What are your reasons for choosing them? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 6. in the midst _______ the writer’s strike 6.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 2 Intermediate 5 Expressions with prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. in the face _______ strong opposition 5. 8. 5. verb 1.

2. 8. 2. two Leonardo DiCaprio Sam Mendes (Kase Winslet’s husband) none Hollywood (the Beverly Hilton Hotel) Steven Spielberg 6 Word building 1. 3. 4. 3. 7. 2. 3. 3. performance nomination acceptance competition indication statement arrangement achievement 3 Comprehension check 1. 7. supporting actress (actor) pay tribute to screenplay favourite in the face of multiple backstage in the midst of 5 Expressions with prepositions 1. 6. 2. 5. 7. 6. 6. 5. 4. 4. 5. 9. to on of of of for 2 Find the information 1. 10. 5. 8. 4. 2. 4. F F F T T F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 5. 6. 3. 6. 4. 3. 5. 6. 8.Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. score posthumous tearful sequel feelgood glitz glamorous animated award bizarre Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 2.

10. he lands it on water (in the sea or on a lake or river). 7. 6. 4. How many investigators are looking into the causes of the accident? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If an aircraft is described as __________________. 1. 3. A __________________ problem is one that always exists or never seems to change. 9. Where was flight 1549 flying to? 3. 5. An __________________ is someone who actually sees a crime or an accident. If something __________________. A __________________ is a large group of birds flying together. 2. __________________ is the ability of something to float on water. How many passengers were on board the flight? 5. If a plane is __________________ a particular place. it is seriously damaged.Miracle on the Hudson Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. If the pilot __________________ a plane. Where is LaGuardia airport? 2. 8. it disappears below the surface of the water. that place is its destination. How long after take-off was it when the problem happened? 6. A __________________ is a simple flat boat. A __________________ is a plane without an engine. What type of aircraft was flight 1549? 4. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. flock buoyancy ditch perennial sink eyewitness raft glider stricken bound for 1.

“Normally this isn’t the way people arrive in New York. on a line with 48th Street in midtown Manhattan. With both his twin engines in trouble. “Brace yourself for impact.” said the city’s mayor Michael Bloomberg. it hit the water. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey. cuts and bruises. 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet managed to avoid disaster and save the lives of all 155 people on board his stricken plane when he ditched into the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New York’s LaGuardia airport. before escaping himself. and all of them escaped. The extraordinary escape was immediately called the miracle on the Hudson and an example of the ability of New York to cope with disaster in the wake of 9/11. and with the nearest airport out of range. 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop. By the time all had been taken on to the rescue boats. named last night as Chesley Sullenberger. turning a stretch of waterway normally populated by tourists enjoying a waterside view of the skyscrapers into an astonishing fight for survival.” he told the passengers.” said one witness. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings. man. ‘Why is it so low?’ And splash. but all had remained calm. David Patterson. It was as good a landing as you can make in a river. but their injuries were reported to be no more serious than mild hypothermia. the plane had water up to its windows and was floating rapidly southwards in the outgoing tide. one apparently on fire. 2 The captain. he calmly brought the plane to land on the river on the west side of Manhattan. it looked so controlled that some witnesses mistook it for the landing of a seaplane. A mere 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook.Miracle on the Hudson Level 3 Advanced crash landing on the Hudson.” He said that passengers had begun praying as it came in low over the river. Jeff Kolodjay. believed to have been caused by it striking a flock of geese. “I just thought. “It was pretty scary. the pilot prepared for a 6 7 8 9 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced CA •P H O . but when it became clear he could not make it. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was experiencing engine problems and requested to return to ground. and twice walked the length of the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely.” N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January.” Another passenger. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia bound for Charlotte in North Carolina at 3. said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or stood in line on rafts. Seconds later the plane struck the Hudson. “But as long as everyone got off safely that’s secondary. including a baby. Sullenberger then helped passengers escape to rescue boats. The nearest identified airport was in New Jersey.” said the governor of New York. has 29 years’ experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce fighter pilot. The survival of all on board appears to have been thanks to a combination of the plane remaining intact on impact and almost immediate assistance from at least seven water taxis and tugs which swarmed around the jet.26pm. shock. We got out by the luck of God. one of the passengers. “We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. or on top of the wings which acted as buoyancy and kept the plane afloat. five crew and two pilots. Barbara Sambriski. said: “I want to say thank you to that pilot. I take my hat off to the pilot – it was incredible we all made it off alive. Alberto Panero.

The left engine appeared to have caught 11 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. 3. c. One puzzle. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to deal successfully with a difficult situation. bird strike 2. but not unique”. b. b. c. A three-word expression meaning not within a distance which can be reached. A five-word expression used to show admiration or respect for someone because of something impressive they have done. A noun meaning a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. 1. What was the probable cause of the accident? a. (para 8) 7. The plane wasn’t full. (para 4) 5. Why didn’t the pilot fly to the nearest airport? a. A two-word expression meaning get ready for something unpleasant. (para 9) 8. but pilots are usually able to bring a plane into an emergency landing with just one engine working. (para 1) 3. Because there are a lot of birds there. told the BBC that the incident was “quite remarkable. is why both engines cut out. A four-word expression meaning happening after an event or as a result of it. pilot error c. The wings acted as buoyancy. (para 1) 2. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.Miracle on the Hudson Level 3 10 Advanced fire. though. Why did the plane stay afloat on the river? a. It was too far. A verb meaning to send someone or something somewhere. He said if both engines of the plane had failed. engine failure b. Because birds there are not afraid of planes. Because the New York airports are on the paths along which birds migrate. He didn’t have enough fuel. The runway was too short. the aircraft would become like a “glider”. David Gleave. b. 16/01/09 A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been dispatched to root out the causes of the plane failure. (para 2) 4. c. Why is bird strike a constant problem in New York? a. Witnesses suggested that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese – a perennial threat at New York airports as a result of the city lying on a well-used migratory path for birds. (para 10) N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced CA •P H O . (para 6) 6. A noun meaning a serious medical condition in which your body temperature is very low. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. 4. 1. Ships and buoys helped it to stay afloat. An air incident investigator.

get out 5. escape from inside somewhere 6 Phrases with prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. Do you agree? Compare flying with other means of transport. bound _______ 7. _______ trouble 2. stand _______ line 8. prepare _______ 7 Discussion Experts believe that flying is the safest form of transport. root out 2. come in a. _______ range 5. (of an engine) suddenly stop working e.Miracle on the Hudson Level 3 Advanced Phrasal verbs 5 Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions. swarm around 3. 1. _______ board 4. cut out 4. find something bad or illegal and get rid of it f. _______ fire 3. surround something in large numbers d. (of a train or plane) approach the destination c. take off 6. (of a plane) leave the ground b. thanks _______ 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 1.

20 6 Phrases with prepositions 1. c 3. on 4. b 2 Find the information 1. Charlotte. ditches 7. eyewitness 5. brace yourself 5. perennial 3. out of range 4. out of 5. tug 7. e 2. hypothermia 8. for 7. bound for 6. North Carolina 3. in the wake of 3. a 6.Miracle on the Hudson Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. 30 to 45 seconds 6. 148 5. I take my hat off 6. d 4. c 2. in 8. to 6. sinks 8. Airbus 320 4. for 3 Comprehension check 1. f 5. dispatch 5 Phrasal verbs 1. cope with 2. a 3. b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . in 2. flock 4. raft 10. buoyancy Advanced 4 Find the word 1. a 4. New York 2. stricken 2. on 3. glider 9.

A _________________ is the sound or sight of something falling into water. 4. Where did the plane take off? 6. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 9. A _________________ is a large group of birds flying together. 7. A _________________ is a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. 2. What was the flight number? 3. Birds _________________ when they fly from one part of the world to another at a particular time of year. What time did the plane take off? 5. An _________________ is someone who sees a crime or an accident. How many people were on the flight? 2. 5. 1. Where was it flying to? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 10. it disappears below the surface of the water.Miracle on the Hudson Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. A _________________ is a simple flat boat. A _________________ is something extremely lucky that would not normally be possible. 6. 3. miracle bruise flock tug sink migrate raft splash eyewitness hypothermia 1. A _________________ is a mark you get on your body if you are hit or you knock into something. How many passengers were on the plane? 4. _________________ is a medical condition in which your body temperature is very low. If something _________________. 8.

but pilots are usually able to make an emergency landing with just one engine working. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey. The nearest airport was too far away. it looked so 7 8 9 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . ‘Why is it so low?’ And then there was a splash when it hit the water.” said the governor of New York. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson.Miracle on the Hudson Level 1 Elementary controlled that some witnesses thought it was a seaplane. “Get ready for a crash. the plane had water up to its windows and was floating quickly down the river.” Another passenger said: “I want to say thank you to that pilot. said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. He had problems with both engines and one was probably on fire. 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet avoided a disaster and saved the lives of all 155 people on board his damaged plane when he landed in the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New York’s LaGuardia airport. including a baby. Witnesses said that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese – a constant problem at New York airports because the city lies on a path that birds use when they migrate. I give my thanks to the pilot – it was incredible that we all escaped alive. though. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers. We got out by the luck of God. “It was very frightening. and everyone escaped. shock.” He said that passengers had started to pray as the plane flew over the river. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia on its way to Charlotte in North Carolina at 3. You couldn’t make a better landing in a river. It seems that the left engine caught fire. The fact that no-one died was probably because the plane did not break up when it hit the water and also because at least seven water taxis and tugs surrounded the plane almost immediately. before he escaped himself. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. By the time everyone was in the rescue boats. One question. five crew and two pilots. Seconds later the plane hit the river. but when he realized that he could not reach that airport. 2 The pilot.” said one witness. and twice walked through the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely. is why both engines stopped working.26pm. “I just thought. Just 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings. but that everyone was calm. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was having engine problems and asked to return to ground. He then helped the passengers to escape to rescue boats. A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been sent to find the causes of the accident. Chesley Sullenberger. 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop. The nearest airport was in New Jersey. probably as a result of it hitting a flock of geese. and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or waited on rafts.” he told the passengers. 16/01/09 Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January. one of the passengers. But Sullenberger calmly landed the plane on the river on the west side of Manhattan. 6 Jeff Kolodjay. cuts and bruises. the pilot prepared for a crash landing on the Hudson. or on top of the wings. has 29 years’ experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce pilot. “We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. but their injuries were no more serious than mild hypothermia. People immediately called the extraordinary escape the miracle on the Hudson.

a disaster 5 Chunks Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. a plane e. … was probably the plane hitting a flock of birds. thanks b. 1. avoid 3. … both its engines stopped working. No-one died because … 6. fire f. c. 45 take-off to seconds 30 after 2.. The cause of the engine trouble . of aircraft the at front the 6. b. give 5. … it was too far away. … the landing was so controlled. accident the of causes the N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary CA •P H O . 1. was frightening very it 4. the cause of something d. a. 4 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. The plane had to make a crash landing because … 2. e. save 4. land 2. find 6. The pilot couldn’t land at the airport in New Jersey because … 3. d. the as over plane the river flew 5. … the plane didn’t break up and the rescue boats came quickly. … no-one died.Miracle on the Hudson Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. catch a. People are calling it a miracle because … 5. 1. someone’s life c. 20 a of investigators team 3. People thought the plane was a seaplane because … 4.. f.

[INVESTIGATE] 5. [SAFE] 6. [SAFE] © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .[CALM] 3. The pilot checked that everyone had got out _________________. [FRIGHTEN] 2. The experience was very _________________.Miracle on the Hudson Level 1 Elementary 6 Word grammar Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets. 1. A team of 20 _________________ will try to find the causes of the accident. The National Transportation and _________________ Board.[LAND] 4. The pilot landed the plane very _________________. He had to make an emergency _________________.

frightening 2. e 4. 30 to 45 seconds after take-off 2. Charlotte. d 2. miracle 10. c 6. a team of 20 investigators 3. safely 6. migrate 7. tug 9. at the front of the aircraft 6. f 3. the causes of the accident 2 Find the information 1. e 5 Chunks 1.26pm 5. calmly 3. sinks 8.Miracle on the Hudson Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. North Carolina 6 Word grammar 1. raft 4. as the plane flew over the river 5. d © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. 1549 3. 148 4. splash 6. flock Elementary 4 Verb + noun collocations 1. bruise 5. safety 3 Comprehension check 1. investigators 5. 155 2. a 5. f 3. b 6. a 5. hypothermia 2. it was very frightening 4. LaGuardia 6. landing 4. b 4. c 2. eyewitness 3.

9. What was the flight number? 3. __________________ means continuing to be alive. An __________________ is someone who actually sees a crime or an accident. 6.Miracle on the Hudson Level 2 Intermediate 1 Key words Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. 10. A __________________ is a simple flat boat. flock apparently sink bound for raft survival eyewitness bruise glider hypothermia 1. 1. Find the information 2 Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. How long after take-off was it when the problem happened? 6. it disappears below the surface of the water. __________________ means that something is based only on what you have heard and not on what you are certain is true. 7. If a plane is __________________ a particular place. 4. How many investigators are investigating the accident? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . If something __________________. A __________________ is a mark you get on your body if you are hit or you knock into something. A __________________ is a large group of birds flying together. A __________________ is a plane without an engine. 5. __________________ is a medical condition in which the temperature of your body becomes very low. How many people were on the flight? 2. that place is its destination. How many passengers were on the plane? 4. 2. 3. 8. What time did the plane take off? 5.

said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. the pilot prepared for a crash landing on the Hudson. but when it became clear that he could not reach that airport. The survival of everyone on board seems to have been the result of a combination of the plane not breaking up when it hit the water and almost immediate assistance from at least seven water taxis and tugs which surrounded the plane. one of the passengers. five crew and two pilots. One question. By the time everyone had been taken on to the rescue boats. and with the nearest airport too far away. The nearest airport was in New Jersey. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was experiencing engine problems and requested to return to ground. is why both engines stopped working.” said the governor of New York. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers. has 29 years’ experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce fighter pilot. Seconds later the plane hit the river. 6 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings. The left engine appeared to have caught fire. Chesley Sullenberger. Alberto Panero. “We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. but pilots are usually able to bring a plane into an emergency landing with just N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate CA •P H O . it looked so controlled that some witnesses thought it was a seaplane. or on top of the wings which kept the plane afloat. “It was pretty frightening. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia bound for Charlotte in North Carolina at 3. I take my hat off to the pilot – it was incredible we all escaped alive.” said one witness. including a baby. 7 8 9 10 A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been sent to find the causes of the plane failure. 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet managed to avoid disaster and save the lives of all 155 people on board his damaged plane when he landed in the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New York’s LaGuardia airport. cuts and bruises. it hit the water. though.” He said that passengers had begun praying as the plane flew over the river. and twice walked through the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely. but that everyone was calm.” Another passenger. one apparently on fire.Miracle on the Hudson Level 2 Intermediate Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January. the plane had water up to its windows and was floating rapidly down the river. Jeff Kolodjay. Just 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook. The extraordinary escape was immediately called the miracle on the Hudson. and all of them escaped. and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or stood in line on rafts.” he told the passengers. ‘Why is it so low?’ And splash. Sullenberger then helped passengers escape to rescue boats. Witnesses suggested that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese – a constant problem at New York airports because the city lies on a well-used migratory path for birds. “Brace yourself for impact. With both his engines in trouble. before escaping himself. We got out by the luck of God.26pm. It was as good a landing as you can make in a river. shock. but their injuries were reported to be no more serious than mild hypothermia. David Patterson. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson. said: “I want to say thank you to that pilot. he calmly landed the plane on the river on the west side of Manhattan. “I just thought. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey. apparently as the result of it striking a flock of geese. 2 The captain.

A two-word expression meaning the route birds take when they fly from one part of the world to another at a particular time of year. A noun meaning the sound or sight of something falling into water.Miracle on the Hudson Level 2 Intermediate one engine working. (para 1) 2. Some water taxis and tugs surrounded the plane quite soon / almost immediately after the crash landing. 6. 5. Several people were taken to hospital with serious / minor injuries. A noun meaning a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. (para 8) 7. (para 6) 6. North Carolina. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. but not unique”. The accident was probably / definitely caused by a bird strike. 16/01/09 3 Comprehension check Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences. A noun meaning something extremely lucky that would not normally be possible. The nearest airport was too far away / too small to land the plane. 4. 1. David Gleave. 2. An adverb meaning quite or very. told the BBC that the incident was “quite remarkable. (para 5) 4. (para 4) 3. The plane was flying from / to Charlotte. A five-word expression used to show admiration or respect for someone because of something impressive they have done. (para 8) 8. He said if both engines of the plane had failed. (para 6) 5. A three-word expression meaning wait in a queue. the aircraft would be like a “glider”. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A two-word expression meaning get ready for something unpleasant. An air incident investigator. 3. (para 10) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Birds are a frequent / occasional problem at New York airports.

emergency 2. 1. airline e. fire b.Miracle on the Hudson Level 2 Intermediate Phrases with prepositions 5 Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. bound _______ 5. boat f. as the result _______ 6. engine 4. trouble c. 1. passenger a. rescue 5. stand _______ line 8. commercial 3. _______ the front of 7. _______ board 2. catch 6. taken _______ hospital 6 Two-word expressions Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. landing 7 Discussion Are you afraid of flying? Why? Why not? What are some of the things that can possibly go wrong with an aircraft? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . cabin d. _______ trouble 4. _______ fire 3.

probably 2. 20 3 Comprehension check 1. glider 3.Miracle on the Hudson Level 2 Intermediate KEY 1 Key words 1. pretty 5. e 5. apparently 10. 148 4. in 4. splash 4. c © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . flock 7. 3. on 3. frequent 6 Two-word expressions 1. 30 to 45 seconds 6. 1549 3. brace yourself 3. to 2 Find the information 1. tug 7. 155 2. on 2. hypothermia 5. bound for 6. bruise 4 Find the word 1. of 6. minor 6. at 7. migratory path 5 Phrases with prepositions 1. I take my hat off 6. miracle 2. for 5. to 3. stand in line 8. eyewitness 8. a 6. f 2. survival 4. in 8. too far away 4. almost immediately 5. d 3. b 4. sinks 2.26pm 5. raft 9.

So serious that you feel worried. The act of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. _____________________ (para 10) 15. Which of the current problems facing the USA did Obama mention? 6. _____________________ (title) 2. gloomy. Closed. _____________________ (para 2) 4. When people are doing this. _____________________ (para 6) 10. (para 2) 5. converging mired expedience adversaries sentiments grave sapped unflinching implicit shuttered sworn in sacrifice harness inauguration oath sombre 1. What was the weather like in Washington on 20 January 2009? 4.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Match the following words with the definitions. Sad. When confidence or energy has been _____________________ it has been made weak. despite difficulties. serious. (para 1) 3. or (here) ceased trading. _____________________ (para 4) 9. _____________________ (para 2) 7. When you are _____________________ in something you are entangled or caught up in it. we say he has been _____________________. _____________________ (para 3) 8. How many previous presidents have there been in the United States? 2. _____________________ (para 9) 13. they are meeting or coming together in one place. The day on which a recently elected US president begins his job. _____________________ (para 10) 14. To get control of something in order to use it for a particular purpose. What changes does he plan for US policy on Iraq and Afghanistan? 8. _____________________ (para 13) 2 Find the information Skim-read the article to find the information. One’s enemies or opponents. (para 2) 6. 1. _____________________ (para 12) 16. When a US president has put his hand on a bible and has promised to do his job. Who was the final cheer for? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . What did he say about the environment? 7. What changes in attitude does Obama expect of the American people? 3. A formal promise. but understood from the way people say things. An adjective that describes the way you do something without stopping. Not stated directly. especially when used to get an immediate result. _____________________ (para 8) 11. Where was the crowd of people and how large was it? 5. Speed. _____________________ (para 8) 12. Beliefs or attitudes towards something.

In a thinly-veiled reference to Guantánamo and torture he promised not to abandon the rule of law and human rights “for expedience’s sake”. offering “a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect”. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincoln’s Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol. in which an incoming president vowed “to speak the truth. proclaiming “we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals”.” “Homes have been lost. 2 As many as two million people in Washington’s National Mall heard their new president deliver a sombre 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis – mired in wars. but warned it would take time. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the obstructions which. 5 They had come to celebrate – and for days they had been doing just that in parties and balls all over town. had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach. businesses shuttered. 7 “That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood.” he said. nearly two miles away. The endless crowd listened solemnly to the same sentiments today. some sacrifice. he singled out the Muslim world. They might have come wishing for something more uplifting. There was further implicit criticism of his predecessor’s policies in his comments on science and the environment. he turned to defence. and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. On international affairs. would have made the election of an African-American president unthinkable. a new form of politics and a re-engagement with the world. the CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20. 3 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless azure sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol. a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some. America would leave Iraq “to its people” and forge a “hard-earned peace” in Afghanistan. but. addressed as much to the hundreds of millions tuned in around the world as to the 8 9 10 11 12 13 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced •P H . acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future “harness the sun and the winds and the soil” for energy. but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. train and on foot as the crowds began converging before dawn. frankly and boldly”. its economy struggling and its national confidence sapped. jobs shed. the whole truth.” In one of the few lines to be greeted by enthusiastic applause. “Our nation is at war. nor does it entitle us to do as we please”. He vowed to “restore science to its rightful place” and made several references to climate change. cold enough to freeze breath. 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama was today sworn in as 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever to have gathered in one place for a single political moment. Obama’s serious tone and his unflinching acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelt’s speech at the time of the last serious global depression. our schools fail too many. at any previous time in history. Our economy is badly weakened. against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 3 Advanced shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him. in which America would recognize that “power alone cannot protect us. 6 But when Obama spoke it was immediately apparent that the tone of this inauguration was grave. which was partly built by slaves. for many. 4 The day. Our healthcare is too costly. He promised the largely silent crowd that the challenges would be met.

clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky __________________________________________________ 2. clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky.. Keeping the same meaning.. the economic hurricane blowing through America __________________________________________________ . The author uses some almost poetic phrases in the article. style. Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas – and out of public life forever. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . • • • • • • • ... cold enough to freeze breath __________________________________________________ The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol __________________________________________________ . rousing cheer as the helicopter carrying George W...Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 3 Advanced day reached beyond symbolism to a moment of genuine transformation after which nothing could be the same again. 14 As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.. the glistening cream dome of the Capitol __________________________________________________ . importance in history ... 20/01/09 3 Language 1. a single political moment __________________________________________________ ... explain or rewrite the phrases below using everyday language. But there was one final.. the shimmering sea of upturned faces __________________________________________________ . type of article.. Why do you think the author used these phrases? Take the following factors into consideration: emotion..

Decide which are verb-noun (vn) collocations and which are adjective-noun (an) collocations. unflinching shed mutual harness cloudless swear sombre deliver meet enthusiastic take thinly-veiled forge rousing challenges sky an oath jobs respect applause the wind reference cheer speech acknowledgement a speech time peace 2.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 3 Advanced 4 Collocations 1. 8. Obama’s body language. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect. 5 Discussion Many people around the world are expecting great things of President Obama. 2. Match the word pairs from the article. The emotional aspect. Why do you think this is? Give some examples. Obama’s use of pauses. The crowd’s response. Obama’s accent and pronunciation. 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 7. Write example sentences for five of the collocations. The words and language structures Obama uses. 3. For example: 1. How loudly or quietly Obama speaks. 4. Who Obama is addressing. 6 Webquest Watch an online video of Obama delivering his inauguration speech. 5.

(see para 2) Extremely cold and sunny. 43 People should recognize that power does not allow them to do what they want. 15. 5. 7. (para 10) America would leave Iraq to its people and forge peace in Afghanistan. 4. (see para 11) Former president George W. 4. violence. 12.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington 2 Find the information 1. closing businesses. 14. 8. 6) War. 2. 13. greed. (see paras 1. 5. 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced . 16. 10. inauguration sworn in sombre mired sapped sacrifice oath converging grave shuttered adversaries expedience implicit harness unflinching sentiments 4 Collocations verb noun word pairs • • • • • • • deliver a speech meet challenges take time swear an oath shed jobs harness the wind forge peace adjective noun word pairs • • • • • • • sombre speech cloudless sky enthusiastic applause thinly-veiled reference mutual respect rousing cheer unflinching acknowledgement Teachers’ notes You can watch Obama’s whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www. 5. 8. 2. Bush. There were probably two million people. loss of housing & jobs.co. 3. 4. 6. a weakened economy.guardian.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 3 Advanced KEY 1 Key words 1. 7. The crowd stretched between the Capitol and the Lincoln Memorial nearly two miles away. 9. 11. (see paras 7 & 8) He acknowledged the threat to our planet and spoke about alternative energy resources. 3. There has to be some sacrifice.

4. solemn. makes you feel happy __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 12) 2 Find the information Skim-read the article and decide whether the sentences are true (T) or false (F). 17. gone out of business. Bush flew to Texas. deep in __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) belief or faith in yourself __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) take care of. Obama said that the Americans must do something about global warming. There have been more than 50 presidents in the history of the United States. said again. look after. plans. 18. 6. tactics __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) officially and formally promised __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) danger. The paragraph numbers will help you. The speech was positive and uplifting. centre. and worried __ __ __ __ __ (para 7) thrown off. financially bad times __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) honestly. sunny and dry.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Complete the gaps using these key words from the text. former President George W. 16. 5. 15. 5. 12. 2. risk __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) earth. The weather in Washington on 20 January 2009 was cold. lost __ __ __ __ (para 8) closed. Obama talked about war. 3. 19. straightforwardly __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) inspiring. 13. torture. 9. 20. give authority to __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 3) a formal promise __ __ __ __ (para 4) serious. agree or admit __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) middle. first time __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (title) accept. 7. beginning. common __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 10) repeated. 8. 1. 6. confidence acknowledge soil uplifting oath protect grave midst inauguration vowed entitle mutual frankly depression shed shuttered echoed adversaries policies threat 1. 11. Slaves helped to build the US Capitol building in Washington. ground __ __ __ __ (para 9) shared. openly. jobs. 8. 3. 4. 2. 14. housing and guns. 7. inspirational. Obama wants the American people to change the way they live. After the speech. start. 10. sounded like __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) economic decline. strategies. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . keep from harm __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 3) allow. or ceased trading __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 8) enemies or opponents __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 8) programmes.

he talked about the Muslim world. but.. 5 The day. the day was a moment of real change after which nothing could be the same again. cold enough to freeze breath. nearly two miles away. acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future use “the sun and the winds and the soil” for energy. Our healthcare is too costly. train and on foot as the crowds began arriving before dawn. The endless crowd might have wanted to hear something more uplifting.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 1 Elementary 8 “That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. and that America would have to understand that “power alone cannot protect us. offering “a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect. and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincoln’s Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol. our economy is badly weakened . © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.” There was criticism of George W. the whole truth. jobs shed. On international affairs. Obama’s serious tone and his acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelt’s speech at the time of the last serious global depression. but warned it would take time and a new type of politics. Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas – and out of public life forever. 9 10 11 12 13 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 20/01/09 Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20. America would leave Iraq “to its people” and make “hard-earned peace” in Afghanistan. 3 He promised the crowd that the problems would be met. would have made the election of an African American president unthinkable. 2 As many as two million people in Washington’s National Mall heard their new president give a 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis – with wars. 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama today became 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever in one place for a single political moment. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the problems in the US which.. clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. 6 For days people had been celebrating in parties all over town. “Our nation is at war. at any previous time in history. Bush’s policies in his comments on science and the environment. addressed as much to the hundreds of millions watching and listening around the world as to the shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him. nor does it entitle us to do as we please”. He vowed to “restore science to its rightful place” and made several references to climate change. our schools fail too many. 4 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless blue sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol. frankly and boldly”. had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach. businesses shuttered. But there was one final cheer as the helicopter carrying George W. a poor economy and a weak national confidence. in which a new president vowed “to speak the truth.” he said. 7 But when Obama spoke it was immediately clear that the tone of this inauguration was grave. homes have been lost. As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony. for many. which was partly built by slaves.

. the economic hurricane blowing through America .. . . 7. 3. the shimmering sea of upturned faces ...Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 1 Elementary 3 Language The author uses some very nice language in the article.. a single political moment.. Then write the other words under their pronunciation pattern. Match the phrases from the article with their meanings in simpler English. the weather got worse b. ... 1. a. . the financial crisis in the USA f... 5.. the glistening cream dome of the Capitol. ... cold enough to freeze breath. .. confidence acknowledge soil uplifting oath protect grave midst inauguration vowed entitle mutual frankly depression shed shuttered echoed adversaries policies threat o0o Obama 0oo o0oo What is the pronunciation pattern for inauguration ? __________ Write example sentences for four of the words. the (sunny) roof of the government building e.... one short but important event in history and politics c.. ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary CA •P H O . the sound was carried all the way down from the front to the back of the crowd g. clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. the people looking up at him (in the sun) 4 Pronunciation Which of these words from the article have the same pronunciation pattern as the name Obama o0o? Write them into the table.. . . extremely cold d.... 4. . The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol. 2. 6.

g. before or after important words. crying. (E. what does he do with his hands?) 4.) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . money. When Obama speaks loudly or quietly. about jobs. etc. can you hear any of the quotes from the article? What other words do you understand?) 2. Americans. 6. and the environment. (E. When Obama pauses and why. 5. his family.?) 8. For example: 1. is anyone smiling.g. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect. etc. Who Obama is talking to. (E.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion Do you think that the world will change with Obama as President? Will it be a better or a worse place? Why? Think.g. Obama’s accent and pronunciation. When the people in the crowd cheer and clap. The words and language structures Obama uses. war. (E. to make people listen.g.g. looking worried. (E. Obama’s body language. for example. at the beginning or end of a sentence.) 7. the crowd. (E.g. the world. 6 Webquest Watch part of an online video of Obama giving his inauguration speech. The emotional aspect.) 3.

vowed 14. mutual 17. echoed 18. 6. 4.com/synonyms/ 2 Find the information 1. 3. b d c f g e a CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary •P H . frankly 20. 5. 7. entitle 7. oath 8.guardian. 5. 7.synonym. soil 16. 3. inauguration 2. F T T T F T F T 3 Language 1. policies 13. 6. 4. choose a section approximately five minutes long for task 6. grave 9.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Key words 1. Students might like to use a synonym dictionary for task 1 – either in paper format or online: http://thesaurus.co. 8. threat 15. 2. protect 6. shuttered 11. acknowledge 3. shed 10. confidence 5.com http://www. uplifting 4 Pronunciation o0o Obama entitle acknowledge depression uplifting 0oo policies politics confidence president hurricane o0oo adversaries political economy environment Afghanistan inauguration = ooo0o Teachers’ notes You can watch Obama’s whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www. depression 19. midst 4. the webquest. 2. adversaries 12.reference.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington Unless your students are interested in watching the whole video.

or is real. 7. 4. Expressed the ideas or feelings that someone else has expressed. Things that try to prevent someone from doing something or to prevent something from happening. _____________________ (para 5) 8. It is thought that slaves helped to build the US Capitol building in Washington. A great change or the process by which this happens. To accept or admit that something exists. _____________________ (para 3) 6. One’s enemies or opponents. _____________________ (para 10) 14. There have been 44 previous presidents in the United States. or the people of the country. ____________________ (para 8) 11.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Match the following words with the definitions. jobs. The weather in Washington on 20 January 2009 was cold. 6. 3. Obama denied that global warming is a problem. _____________________ (para 9) 13. The central topics of the speech were war. _____________________ (para 2) 3. _____________________ (para 14) 16. Having to fight to keep itself going. _____________________ (title) 2. 5. gloomy. Closed. _____________________ (para 14) 2 Find the information Skim-read the article and decide whether the sentences are true (T) or false (F). Obama expects the American people to change their behaviour. sunny and dry. Beliefs or attitudes towards something. A formal promise. torture. _____________________ (para 2) 4. serious. Trying hard. Bush left Washington for his home in Texas. Speed. So serious that you feel worried. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • 8. especially when used to get an immediate result. _____________________ (para 7) 9. 1. A result or effect of something. housing and teenage pregnancies. After the speech. _____________________ (para 4) 7. or (here) ceased trading. The lack of success of all members of a group. The day on which a recently elected US president begins his job. 2. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate CA •P H O . _____________________ (para 2) 5. _____________________ (para 13) 15. The main tone of the speech was positive and uplifting. former President George W. _____________________ (para 8) 10. The act of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. is true. Sad. _____________________ (para 9) 12. obstructions struggling transformation shuttered acknowledge expedience oath adversaries inauguration sentiments grave collective failure consequence echoed sacrifice sombre 1.

nor does it entitle us to do as we please”. frankly and boldly”. On international affairs. Our healthcare is too costly. jobs shed. in which an incoming president vowed “to speak the truth. addressed as much to the hundreds of millions © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 9 10 11 12 13 14 •P NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate H .” he said. The endless crowd listened to the same sentiments today. Our economy is badly weakened.” “Homes have been lost. would have made the election of an African-American president unthinkable. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincoln’s Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol. America would leave Iraq “to its people” and make “hard-earned peace” in Afghanistan. but warned it would take time. 3 He promised the mostly silent crowd that the challenges would be met. against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. a new form of politics and a re-engagement with the world. 5 The day. 8 “That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. at any previous time in history. he turned to defence. and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. for many. 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama today became 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever to have gathered in one place for a single political moment. proclaiming “we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals”. nearly two miles away. “Our nation is at war. in which America would recognise that “power alone cannot protect us. businesses shuttered. the day was a CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20. a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some. cold enough to freeze breath.” In one of the few lines to be greeted by enthusiastic applause. 7 But when Obama spoke it was immediately clear that the tone of this inauguration was grave. They might have wanted to hear something more uplifting. some sacrifice. had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach. offering “a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect. which was partly built by slaves. 6 They had come to celebrate – and for days they had been doing just that in parties all over town. acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future use “the sun and the winds and the soil” for energy. but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. he singled out the Muslim world. There was criticism of his predecessor’s policies in his comments on science and the environment. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the obstructions which. Obama’s serious tone and his acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelt’s speech at the time of the last serious global depression. the whole truth.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 2 Intermediate tuned in around the world as to the shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him. 4 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless azure sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol. our schools fail too many. In a thinly-veiled reference to Guantánamo and torture he promised not to abandon the rule of law and human rights “for expedience’s sake”. He vowed to “restore science to its rightful place” and made several references to climate change. train and on foot as the crowds began arriving before dawn. its economy struggling and its national confidence weakened. but. 2 As many as two million people in Washington’s National Mall heard their new president deliver a sombre 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis – caught up in wars.

the weather got worse (para 15) __________________________________________________ © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . the financial crisis in the USA (para 13) __________________________________________________ 7. the sound was carried all the way down from the front to the back of the crowd (para 6) __________________________________________________ 5. 20/01/09 3 Language The author uses some very nice language in the article. the people looking up at him (in the sun) (para 7) __________________________________________________ 6. But there was one final.Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 2 Intermediate moment of genuine transformation after which nothing could be the same again. clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. extremely cold (para 5) __________________________________________________ 4. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. 15 As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony. the (sunny) roof of the government building (para 4) __________________________________________________ 3. rousing cheer as the helicopter carrying George W Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas – and out of public life forever. Look back and find a phrase that means: 1. one short but important event in history and politics (para 1) __________________________________________________ 2.

....................... verb-noun word pairs deliver meet take swear shed challenges time jobs a speech an oath adjective-noun word pairs sombre cloudless enthusiastic thinly-veiled mutual rousing 2.................................................................................... Why do you think this is? Give some examples..........Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 2 Intermediate 4 Collocations 1..... 5...... ..... Match the word pairs from the article.............................................. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect................................. 6...... Obama’s use of pauses.......................................... 4............................. For example: 1................................................................................................................. 8............. ..... How loudly or quietly Obama speaks..................... speech applause reference cheer sky respect Write example sentences for four of the collocations (two from each set)................. 3....... Obama’s accent and pronunciation. Obama’s body language......... ............................. 5 Discussion Many people around the world are hoping that the world will change with Obama as President....... 2........ The words and language structures Obama uses...................... 7.................................................. CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate •P H ............. The emotional aspect................................................................................... 6 Webquest Watch part of an online video of Obama delivering his inauguration speech. The crowd’s response. ......................... Who Obama is addressing...........

15. 7. 7. 3.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington Unless your students are interested in watching the whole video.. 5... he glistening cream dome of the Capitol .Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today Level 2 Intermediate KEY 1 Key words 1. clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky 4 Collocations verb noun word pairs • • • • • deliver a speech meet challenges take time swear an oath shed jobs adjective noun word pairs • • • • • • sombre speech cloudless sky enthusiastic applause thinly-veiled reference mutual respect rousing cheer 2 Find the information 1. the economic hurricane blowing through America . 2.. 6. 4. 10. 16. the shimmering sea of upturned faces . 6. 5. 5. 8.. a single political moment ... © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate .. cold enough to freeze breath The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol . 4. 13. 2. choose a section approximately five minutes long for Task 6. 4. 9.. ... 11. 12. F T T T F F F T Teachers’ notes You can watch Obama’s whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www. inauguration sombre acknowledge struggling sacrifice oath obstructions grave consequences collective failure shuttered adversaries expedience echoed sentiments transformation 3 Language 1. 3. 2.co. 7. 8. 6.guardian.. the Webquest. 3. 14..

An address on the Internet. A place where large quantities of things are stored or kept safe. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 6. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 8. The first word of a phrase used for emphasizing that something is true. An adjective that describes something that is no longer used because it has been replaced by something newer and more effective. A plural noun for things that are useful or fashionable for only a short time. An uncountable noun meaning the people who will live in the future after you are dead. ___________________ (paragraph 14) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Notes or items that appear around the edge of a page (used here metaphorically). ___________________ (paragraph 7) 7. ___________________ (paragraph 13) 10. The paragraph numbers will help you. 1. ___________________ (paragraph 5) 5. Passive form of a verb meaning to make a problem become worse.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera blog What do you use them for? PC USB stick scanner external hard drive website printer CD/DVD burner Twitter account 2 Key words Find key words from the text to complete the sentences. An adjective used when you want to say that you are lacking something that you need. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 2. ___________________ (paragraph 4) 4. even though it is opposite to what other people say or believe. A verb meaning to gradually change and develop over a period of time. ___________________ (paragraph 9) 9.

” 7 She believes similar gaps could appear in the national memory. Few store them. 2009 1 Historians face a “black hole” of lost material unless urgent action is taken to preserve websites and other digital records. all traces of George Bush disappeared from the White House website. so Britain’s cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet evolves and technologies become obsolete. Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving material of this type. “This vision of a digital Britain must include the critical public service of preserving digital Britain’s collective memory and digitizing the unrivalled content within the British Library. so those who come after us will not be able to look at them.” Brindley states. pointing out that. too. “If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics – perhaps exacerbated by the current economic climate that is killing companies – the memory of the nation disappears too. the head of the British Library has warned. says Lynne Brindley. vanished instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 3 Advanced going to leave our grandchildren bereft. Brindley makes the case for the British Library as the repository that will ensure emails and websites are preserved as reliably as manuscripts and books. Brindley gives two examples of losses overseas.uk domain websites.” 5 Historians have become increasingly concerned that while the Domesday Book. including a booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration.” Brindley writes. periodicals. she continues. Government departments are storing emails and archiving them at Kew. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that lie hidden on our computers. “Historians of the future. the software for many decade-old computer files – including thousands of government records – already makes them unreadable. will find a black hole in the knowledge base of the 21st century. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been gathering books. Websites ‘must be saved for history’ The British Library’s head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith. contrary to popular assumption. which is no longer accessible. text messages and online video add to the headache of the 21st-century archivist. citizens of the future. allowing users to run multiple operating systems simultaneously on the same computer and unlock old Microsoft Office formats dating back 15 years or more. It’s tragic. growing at a rate of 15-20% every year. on the future of digital Britain due very soon. 11 The library and national archives have set up projects to capture daily exchanges of information almost entirely now transmitted by emails and texts. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics. 4 There were more than 150 websites relating to the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. Microsoft installed the Virtual PC 2007. 2 Just as families store digital photos on computers which might never be passed on to their descendants. written on sheepskin in 1086. technology correspondent 25 January. and the library is encouraging individuals to store theirs voluntarily. is still easily accessible. newspapers and recordings for centuries. The ephemera of emails. but these. 6 “Too many of us suffer from a condition that is © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Advanced 8 9 10 In 2007 the library worked with Microsoft and the National Archives at Kew to prevent a “digital dark age” by unlocking millions of unreadable stored computer files.” The library plans to create a comprehensive archive of such “notoriously ephemeral” material from the UK web domain – there are about eight million . “I call it ‘personal digital disorder’. N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . When Barack Obama became US president. With an interim report from communications minister. Lord Carter. 3 Writing in the Observer newspaper. the library’s chief executive.

© Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer. intended to record the state of the nation for posterity. we’re producing much more information these days than we used to.. a.. 3. a. Future historians will be able to find out information from over 150 websites about the 2000 Olympics from . a.” Hunt argued that libraries and other institutions need to be selective. a. .. and not all of it is necessary.. ... and I think they’re quite good about that now. . “On the other hand... ... .. may not be able to see them. An official reports suggests that emails and websites should be saved and archived .. by volunteers. . c. nowhere. . was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. by Google. has been lost. said: “It’s essential that mainstream institutions such as the National Gallery or the White House or the Ministry of Defence keep email correspondence... . They provide an absolutely essential historical record. .. By 2000 it was obsolete.. c. . c. The way most of us store digital photos means that our grandchildren . 1... London University.. b. linked to from Obama’s presidential website. 5. won’t know what we look like. the information has been lost forever. The booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration is now .. a. c. a library. . b. b.... 2.. was saved by experts.. Do we want to keep the Twitter account of 13 3 Comprehension check Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article.” 14 There is already one stark warning from history. 25/01/09 Historians regard some of today’s electronic data as a vital legacy that must be protected... b. . of Queen Mary College. unavailable. may be saved by experts.. .. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . c. 4.. . and was rescued only thanks to a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player.. only available via George Bush’s own website..Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 3 12 Advanced actors or some of the marginalia around the edges of the Sydney Olympics? I don’t think we necessarily do. .. the Internet. by the British Library.. The BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986. will easily be able to retrieve the images. b..... The information recorded as part of the BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986 . Tristram Hunt...

50 years’ time.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 3 Advanced 4 Language: Reading between the lines What is meant by the following terms or phrases from the article? Write or give short explanations. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . personal digital disorder 4. 100 years’ time? How does this compare to the way your parents and grandparents stored photos and documents? 6 Webquest Search the Internet for up-to-date articles on “saving digital photos” or saving files. Give a synopsis of the information and recommendations in the article to your class. collective memory _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 7. data or similar. current economic climate 3. digital dark age 9. interim report 6. notoriously ephemeral material _______________________________________________________________ 8. popular assumption 5. 1. black hole of lost material 2. mainstream institutions _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 5 Discussion How do you save your digital photos and other electronic data? Do you think people will still be able to look at your photos or read the documents you have written in 10 years’ time.

digital dark age = a period from which we have no electronic information and know little or nothing about. ephemera 5. repository 8. 5. current economic climate = this talks about the world financial crisis that is causing many companies to close. 6. collective memory = the things that a large group of people remember. mainstream institutions = organizations. interim report = a report that is presented before the final report is ready. 4. contrary 7. black hole of lost material = a period of time from which there is no information available on materials that were once freely available but can no longer be found or retrieved. places or institutions that most people have heard of or have knowledge of (e. 3. notoriously ephemeral material = material that is widely known to be useful or fashionable only for a short time (e. personal digital disorder (according to Lynne Brindley) = she means that due to our lack of IT knowledge or forward thinking we may be in danger of losing our photos and files. c c b a c © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 7. marginalia 10.g. exacerbated 4. popular assumption = what the majority of people think or assume. 3. 8. 9. domain 9. 2. bereft 6. posterity Advanced 4 Language Possible answers: 1. evolve(s) 2. 5. the White House in Washington and the National Gallery in London). obsolete 3. 3 Comprehension check 1. popular videos on YouTube). 2.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 3 KEY 2 Key words 1. This usually provides the information and figures known up to that point in time. 4.g.

Saved (from disappearing). ___________________ (paragraph 8) 11. An area in outer space where light and everything else is pulled into it and nothing can be found or seen again. ___________________ (paragraph 1) 2. ___________________ (paragraph 3) 5. ___________________ (paragraph 10) 12. An illness or medical condition. The paragraph numbers will help you. domain store cultural heritage black hole archive rescue collecting archivist accessible selective disorder disappear 1. Getting and keeping things because they are interesting or valuable. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 10. To be impossible to find. A verb meaning to keep or save. ___________________ (paragraph 4) 6. An address on the Internet.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera PC blog USB stick website scanner printer external hard drive CD/DVD burner 2 Key words Write the key words from the text into the sentences. ___________________ (paragraph 7) 9. Easy for anyone to find and use. Someone whose job is to collect and keep historical documents and records. A group of historical documents and records. Careful about what you choose or accept. Things that a society thinks are important to its history and culture. ___________________ (paragraph 5) 7. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 4. ___________________ (paragraph 11) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . ___________________ (paragraph 6) 8.

which contained information about Britain for people in the future.” Brindley says. 4 There were more than 150 websites about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. but these. including a booklet called 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration. The library has set up projects to store emails and texts. the software for many 10-year-old computer files – including thousands of government records – already makes them unreadable. was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. so those people who come after us will not be able to look at them. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics. Luckily it could be rescued by a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player. too. When Barack Obama became US president. is still easily accessible. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer. the library’s chief executive. disappeared instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia. Few people store them. the memory of the nation disappears too. Tristram Hunt. technology correspondent 25 January. 2 The way many families store digital photos on computers means they might never be seen by their children and grandchildren.” She says that Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving digital files.” 5 Historians have become more and more worried that although the Domesday Book.” Brindley writes. “We’re producing much more information these days than we used to. By 2000 no one could read it. The temporary nature of emails. she continues. the head of the British Library has warned. all the articles and information about George Bush disappeared from the White House website. said: “It’s essential that institutions such as the National Gallery in London or the White House in Washington keep emails as they provide an absolutely essential historical record. says Lynne Brindley. 25/01/09 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .uk domain websites.” 11 There is already one clear warning from history. which is no longer accessible. Historians believe that some of today’s electronic data must be protected. 3 In an article in the Observer newspaper. 7 8 9 10 But Hunt also said that libraries and other institutions need to be selective. newspapers and recordings for centuries.” Websites ‘must be saved for history’ The British Library’s head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith. London University. “Historians of the future. 2009 1 Historians face a “black hole” of lost material unless something is done to save websites and other digital records. It’s very sad. and not all of it is necessary. will find a black hole in the records about the 21st century.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 1 Elementary 6 “Too many of us suffer from a condition that is going to leave our grandchildren without information about us. written on sheepskin in 1086. The BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986. and this number is growing by 15-20% every year. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been collecting books. of Queen Mary College. magazines. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that are hidden on our computers. citizens of the future. In the same way Britain’s cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet changes and technologies become old and out of date. The British Library plans to create an archive of such material from the UK web domain – there are about eight million . text messages and online video adds to the headache of the 21st-century archivist. “If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics. “I call it ‘personal digital disorder’. Brindley gives two examples of lost records.

. . 5. head of a library websites types of electronic data jobs 2. . .. about George Bush on the White House website.. c. g.. f.. 4 Language 1. Google are not collecting and archiving . can now only be found in the National Library of Australia. . 1. . emails and online videos.. as they provide a historical record. 7... .Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. People in the future might not be able to ... It is no longer possible to find some special information ... our websites. .. Official emails need to be saved . 6. h. find information about us and what is happening now. e.. is no longer available on the Internet.... The BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986 . The way we store digital photos will probably mean .. connected with the 2012 London Olympics. d.. ... Websites with information about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney . 4. 8. that our grandchildren will not be able to see them. 2.. 3.. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .. There are new plans to store electronic data . a...... Complete the word wheels with words from the article. Now chose four of the words and write one sentence to describe each word... b..

hp.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 1 Elementary 5 Discussion Complete these sentences and then discuss them in class.com Can you find any other good. Kodak or Microsoft give about storing digital photos? • • • www. advice about saving digital photos on the Internet? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .com www. I save my digital photos (where/how?) ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ In 20 years’ time people will/won’t be able to read my emails and text messages because ____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 Webquest What advice do big companies such as HP.com www.microsoft. easy to understand.kodak.

black hole 2. domain 11. collecting 9.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 1 KEY 2 Key words 1. store 3. e 4. accessible 5. archivist 7. disorder 8. rescue Elementary 4 Language president head of a library historian jobs chief executive archivist emails websites technology correspondent 3 Comprehension check 1. b 7. c 3. disappear 6. f 8. selective 12. a online booklet types of electronic data text messages video digital photos © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . g 6. d 2. cultural heritage 4. archive 10. h 5.

___________________ (paragraph 10) 11. Doing something because you choose to do it. Someone whose job is to collect and store historical documents and records. and not because you have to. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 4. ________________ (paragraph 9) 10. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. An address on the Internet. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 9. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 7. Careful about what you choose or accept. An adjective used when you want to say that you are lacking something that you need. An uncountable noun meaning the people who will live in the future after you are dead. making you feel upset or angry. Very bad and sad. A slight sign that something has happened or existed. ___________________ (paragraph 11) 12. The people who will come after you. ___________________ (paragraph 12) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Intermediate N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • CA •P H O . ___________________ (paragraph 6) 8. Something that someone has achieved that continues to exists after they stop working or die. The paragraph numbers will help you. ________________ (paragraph 5) 6.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera blog PC USB stick scanner external hard drive website printer CD/DVD burner Twitter account What do you use them for? 2 Key words Write the key words from the text into the sentences. An adjective that describes something that is no longer used because it has been replaced by something newer and more effective. ___________________ (paragraph 3) 5. Relatives of someone who lived in the past. Traditions and beliefs that a society considers important to its history and culture. ______________ (paragraph 2) 2. bereft tragic archivist posterity trace domain legacy voluntarily obsolete selective heritage descendants 1.

25/01/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Intermediate CA •P H O . “Historians of the future. the memory of the nation disappears too. vanished instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia. which is no longer available. London University. and not all of it is necessary. text messages and online video adds to the headache of the 21st-century archivist. of Queen Mary College. “If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics. the head of the British Library has warned. Brindley gives two examples of lost records. in London.” 8 2 Just as families store digital photos on computers which might never be passed on to their descendants. all traces of George Bush disappeared from the White House website. The temporary nature of emails. Tristram Hunt. the software for many 10-year-old computer files – including thousands of government records – already makes them unreadable. “I call it ‘personal digital disorder’. Do we want to keep the Twitter account of actors or some of the unimportant information around the edges of the Sydney Olympics? I don’t think we necessarily do. the library’s chief executive. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that lie hidden on 12 There is already one clear warning from history.” Websites ‘must be saved for history’ The British Library’s head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith. and was rescued only thanks to a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics. technology correspondent 25 January. “We’re producing much more information these days than we used to. 2009 1 Historians face a “black hole” of lost material unless immediate action is taken to save websites and other digital records. growing at a rate of 15-20% every year. It’s tragic.” Brindley writes.” Brindley states. is still easily accessible. newspapers and recordings for centuries.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 2 Intermediate our computers. but these. 7 She believes similar gaps could appear in the national memory. said: “It’s essential that institutions such as the National Gallery in London or the White House in Washington keep email correspondence. was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. she continues. so Britain’s cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet changes and develops and technologies become obsolete. By 2000 it was obsolete. so those who come after us will not be able to look at them. 6 “Too many of us suffer from a condition that is going The BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986. 9 3 Writing in the Observer newspaper.” 10 Historians regard some of today’s electronic data 4 There were more than 150 websites relating to the 11 Hunt argued that libraries and other institutions 5 Historians have become more and more concerned that while the Domesday Book. and I think they’re quite good about that now. as a vital legacy that must be protected. When Barack Obama became US president. written on sheepskin in 1086. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer. intended to record the state of the nation for posterity. says Lynne Brindley. citizens of the future. Government departments are storing emails and archiving them at the National Archives at Kew. will find a black hole in the records about the 21st century. They provide an absolutely essential historical record.uk domain websites. The library has set up projects to capture daily exchanges of information transmitted by emails and texts. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been gathering books.” need to be selective. including a booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration. The British Library plans to create a comprehensive archive of such material from the UK web domain – there are about eight million . magazines. 2000 Olympics in Sydney. to leave our grandchildren bereft. too. Few store them. pointing out that Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving material of this type. and the library is encouraging individuals to store theirs voluntarily.

Websites with information about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney have sadly been lost forever. data or similar. emails and online videos. of (x4) at (x2) with to 1. _______ risk 2. working _______ a. 6. 4 Language: Prepositions Write in the prepositions to complete the collocations. 7. the speed of increase in . growing _______ a rate _______ 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . relating _______ 4. There are no plans to store electronic data surrounding the 2012 London Olympics. messages on Twitter written by actors c. The new White House website makes it still possible to link to the documents put online by George Bush’s administration. 50 years’ time. 100 years’ time? How does this compare to the way your parents and grandparents stored photos and documents? 6 Webquest Search the Internet for up-to-date articles on “saving digital photos” or saving files. archive _______ 5. 5. Then. 8. The BBC’s Doomsday Project of 1986 is easily available for everyone on the Internet. The British Library is asking people to store their emails and text messages. Britain’s cultural heritage 5 Discussion How do you save your digital photos and other electronic data? Do you think people will still be able to look at your photos or read the documents you have written in 10 years’ time. 1. George Bush e. Government and national institutions have started to keep a record of their email exchanges. text messages and online video b. The way we currently store digital photos will likely mean that our grandchildren will not be able to see them. the last laser disk player g. Luckily Google are collecting and archiving our websites.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) acording to the article? Correct any sentences that are false. websites about the 2000 Olympics f. emails. 4. match them with the things that they refer to in the article. Give a synopsis of the main information in the article to your class. traces _______ 3. 2.uk domain websites d. 3. account _______ 7.

selective 12. voluntarily 10. T F F F F T T F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites ‘must be saved for history’ / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 2. bereft 7. 7. at Britain’s cultural heritage 2. domain 9. legacy 11. archivist 6. of George Bush 3. 8. 5. trace 5.Websites ‘must be saved for history’ Level 2 Intermediate KEY 2 Key words 1. 6. to websites about the 2000 Olympics 4. of emails. heritage 3. at / of the speed of increase in . 4. obsolete 4. of messages on Twitter written by actors 7. tragic 8. posterity 4 Language: Prepositions 1. with the last laser disk player 3 Comprehension check 1.uk domain websites 6. descendants 2. text messages and online video 5. 3.

(paragraph 13) _____________________ 11. How high is the unemployment rate? 5. especially one that is wrong. unfair. (paragraph 3) _____________________ 4. A major benefit. How is the rate of inflation described? 6. To make something such as a situation or process continue. Quiet and slightly sad or worried. 1. A temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together. (paragraph 1) _____________________ 2. low-key. (paragraph 13) _____________________ Source: Macmillan English Dictionary online 2 Find the information about Zimbabwe Skim-read the article to find the answers to the questions about Zimbabwe. not very loud or bright. Something that is extremely important because it has a major effect on the result of something. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 6. (paragraph 8) _____________________ 8. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 10. Someone who gives things such as money or goods to an organization. What is the name of the prime minister’s political party? 4.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 1 Advanced Key words Find key words from the text to complete the sentences. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 5. What fraction of the population relies on foreign food aid? 7. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 9. The paragraph numbers will help you. A set of basic laws or principles for a country that describe the rights and duties of its citizens and the way in which it is governed. When are the next elections likely to be held? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced CA •P H O . especially one that helps people. successful. Deliberately making someone feel frightened. Angry and unhappy about things that have happened to you in the past. Doubts that someone has about something that other people think is true or right. Who is the president? 3. Who is the prime minister? 2. crucial subdued donor coalition intimidation asset perpetuate revival constitution scepticism embittered 1. especially so that they will do what you want. to bring back to life. or dangerous. Which are the only currencies accepted in many shops? 8. (paragraph 7) _____________________ 7. The process of becoming active. (paragraph 2) _____________________ 3. or popular again.

The power struggle is. Biti. 3 Other African leaders who attended the ceremony had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to accept the power-sharing deal but many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments. including 94% unemployment. most importantly Britain and the US. for the job.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Advanced 7 Authority over home affairs is to be shared. and as Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV. which sceptics fear he will continue to use as tools to attack and intimidate his opponents. whose money is seen as the key to Zimbabwe’s revival but who are sceptical over Mugabe remaining president. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent on the grounds of the presidential palace. raised his right hand and declared: “I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe. Mugabe won the struggle to retain control of the principal security ministries. is expected to use the power the finance ministry has with its control over budgets to influence Mugabe’s ministers. The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries. 6 Under the coalition agreement. so help me God”. including Britain. Cabinet seats are almost equally divided. a lawyer and the MDC’s chief negotiator. the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. the notice goes on to say that it regards any administration involving Mugabe as unacceptable. fear the joint administration is a trap that will only perpetuate Mugabe’s rule. which could prove to be an asset if the new government is able to deliver improved services. the new prime minister faces a myriad of challenges. Britain says it wants to see the new administration “reverse the political. twothirds of the population. Tsvangirai said the most important cabinet post for reviving Zimbabwe’s fortunes was that of the finance minister and named the MDC’s secretary general. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the brief and subdued ceremony. His appointment is also likely to help to reassure foreign donors. economic and social decline” as a condition for financial aid. In the presence of regional leaders. This is seen as crucial to ensuring future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabe’s supporters in last year’s ballot. Tendai Biti. dependent on foreign food aid. 11/02/09 CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to deny the MDC power was not a solution but a step towards democratic government. his party compromised and agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry that has left seven million people. Britain has taken the highly unusual step of publishing a notice in the Zimbabwean press expressing its concerns about the new administration. The MDC says it can’t do that without considerable financial support. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 •P NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced H . of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party. Mugabe remains president. 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwe’s prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe amid deep scepticism that the two bitter rivals can work together to pull their country back from economic ruin. particularly defence and justice. however. likely to continue in the new administration. For now. such as health. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe over key cabinet posts. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. Tsvangirai’s main concern will be to put a new constitution in place and to hold new elections within two years when he will rely on embittered voters to reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. While saying that “it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything”. Tsvangirai. with Tsvangirai overseeing the daily administration of government as prime minister.

g. joint 7. 1. coalition 10. politically-related words mind map jobs and positions politically-related words other ministries and departments © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . widespread 8. deep 2. power 5. home post violence ruin government affairs scepticism agreement struggle rivals administration _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 4 Vocabulary: Politically-related words Make a mind map of the political words in the article. bitter 4. security ministries The main security ministries are the ministry of defence and the ministry of justice. economic 6.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Advanced 3 Language: Collocations / word pairs Match the words to make words pairs from the article. democratic 3. Then write a sentence containing the collocation. cabinet 9. e.

co.youtube.cia.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population average life expectancy currency average income recent rate of inflation resources and industry The USA 2.wikipedia.nationmaster. Some of the many websites that will help you are: © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Compare these two short videos of the swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www.co. body language and spectator response.reuters. radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people? How are they managing to survive? If possible.com/index.com http://www.guardian.guardian. • • • • • • http://www. Complete the table below. watch this partly sub-titled seven-minute film and discuss what you see: http://www.uk/world/2009/feb/11/zimbabwe-secret-film 6 Webquest: Comparisons 1.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Advanced 5 Discussion • • • Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television. Pay particular attention to spoken language.

donor 11. deep scepticism 2. power struggle 5. intimidation 6. revival 3 Language: Collocations / word pairs 1. See http://www. asset 8. coalition agreement 10.uk/world/2009/ jan/30/zimbabwean-currency-worthless-patrick chinamasa) 6. crucial 7. politically-related words mind map secretary general leader president 4 Vocabulary: Politically-related words See sample mind map key below election administration democratic coalition jobs and positions politically-related words other government presidential palace prime minister cabinet (post/ minister) ministries and departments political party security finance defence social affairs health justice © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Two-thirds 7. constitution 9. joint administration 7. home affairs 2 Find the information about Zimbabwe 1.guardian. Within the next two years. perpetuate 4. coalition 5. economic ruin 6. Hyperinflation (recent figures put it at 231 million percent. widespread violence 8. cabinet post 9. embittered 10. bitter rivals 4. Robert Mugabe 3. scepticism 2. US dollars and South African rands 8. 94% 5.co. Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) 4. Morgan Tsvangirai 2. subdued 3. democratic government 3.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Advanced KEY 1 Key words 1.

especially a political one 1 Warmer: mind mapping Write these politically-related words into the mind map. election security secretary general home affairs coalition justice health defence leader finance prime minister president administration cabinet social affairs government democratic presidential palace political party politically-related words mind map jobs and positions politically-related words other ministries and departments © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Elementary to be sworn in: to promise publically to do a job.

6 Under the coalition agreement. While saying that “it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything”. two-thirds of the population. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. For now. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent in the garden of the presidential palace. Authority over home affairs is to be shared. Seven million people in Zimbabwe. including 94% unemployment. 11/02/09 Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11. whose money is necessary to help Zimbabwe but who are worried about Mugabe remaining president.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Elementary 7 Mugabe won control of the main security ministries. Tsvangirai hopes that at the next election voters will reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. his party agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry. However. so help me God”. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the short ceremony. Seats in the new government are almost equally divided between the political parties. Tendai Biti. Many people though do not believe that the two men. This will make sure that future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabe’s supporters in last year’s elections. such as health. 8 9 10 11 12 13 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Britain has taken the highly unusual step of placing a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers which talks about its worries about the new administration. can work together to bring their country back from economic ruin. from the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party. He is expected to use the power the finance ministry has to influence Mugabe’s ministers. for the job. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe. many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments. Tsvangirai said the most important job in the government was that of the finance minister and named the MDC’s secretary general. the new prime minister faces many challenges. which many people fear he will continue to use to attack and intimidate his opponents. Mugabe remains president and Tsvangirai will become prime minister. who are bitter rivals. raised his right hand and promised: “I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe. currently rely on foreign food aid. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to stop the MDC gaining power was not a solution but that it was a step towards democratic government. The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries. 3 Other African leaders had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to build a government with Mugabe. the notice also says that any administration involving Mugabe is unacceptable. the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. are worried that the joint administration is a trap that will only keep Mugabe in power. particularly defence and justice. His appointment as finance minister will also help make foreign donors less worried. 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwe’s prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe. Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV as Tsvangirai. including Britain. especially Britain and the US.

3. The economic situation in Zimbabwe is very bad. or suggestion (paragraph 9) 14. cease to exist (change the verb to the infinitive) (paragraph 4) 8. 6. the people who are against you or disagree with you (paragraph 7) 11. 7. 8. threaten. freedom from control by another country or organization (paragraph 10) 3.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 2 Elementary Key words 1 4 6 7 8 10 11 9 2 3 5 Complete the crossword with key words from the article. stop something from happening (paragraph 4) 9. to disagree with an idea. argument. a situation in which people. groups. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 12 13 14 Across: 1. the loss of all your money or power (paragraph 1) 5. 1. attempts to persuade. to make someone feel frightened so that they will do what you want (paragraph 7) 10. The British and US governments give money to help Zimbabwe. someone who gives money to help people (paragraph 12) 7. people that compete with one another (paragraph 1) 6. fail. The rate of inflation in Zimbabwe is very high. 2. Zimbabwe has a new prime minister. the amount of a crop that is collected (paragraph 10) 3 Comprehension check: Find the information about Zimbabwe Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct the sentences that are false. The unemployment rate in Zimbabwe is 90%. or countries join together (paragraph 1) Down: 2. or force someone to do something (paragraph 3) 12. 4. 9. The shops in Zimbabwe accept Zimbabwean dollars and British pounds. Zimbabwe has a new president. Millions of people in Zimbabwe get food aid from other countries. 10. Mugabe and Tsvangirai are good friends. 5. help (paragraph 4) 4. to depend on something (paragraph 4) 13. The MDC party has control of all the government ministries. The paragraph numbers will help you.

com/index.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www. radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people? 5 Webquest: Comparisons 1. Some of the many websites that will help you are: © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Watch these two short videos of the recent swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama.com http://www. Complete the table below.. The USA 2.co. Can you hear Tsvangirai speak the words quoted in paragraph 2 of the article? Does Obama use the same or similar words? • • • • • • http://www.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population currency recent rate of inflation main resources and industry .cia.reuters...youtube.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www. .Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Elementary 4 Discussion Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television.guardian.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.nationmaster.wikipedia..

rely 13. unity Down: 2. T 5. F 8. harvest 3 Comprehension check: Find the information about Zimbabwe 1.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Elementary KEY 1 Warmer: mind mapping politically-related words mind map secretary general leader president administration coalition jobs and positions politically-related words prime minister cabinet (post/ minister) presidential palace other government election democratic ministries and departments political party security finance defence social affairs health justice 2 Key words Across: 1. independence 3.2 are left empty in case you or the students decide to compare any other factors or things between the two countries. aid 4. ruin 5. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . prevent 9. donor 7. collapse 8. F 4. intimidate 10. F 7. T 2. rivals 6. T 9. T 10. pressure 12. F Teacher’s notes: The last two lines of the table in task 5. reject 14. F 3. opponents 11. T 6.

Which currencies are accepted in shops? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 1. Very many. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 12. To refuse to accept something. (paragraph 14) _____________________ Source: Macmillan English Dictionary online 2 Find the information about Zimbabwe Skim-read the article to find the answers to the questions about Zimbabwe. (title) 2. The people who are against you or disagree with you. (paragraph 8) _____________________ 10. The process of making something successful again. Who is the president? 3. A temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together. The paragraph numbers will help you. To doubt and disbelieve something that other people think is true or right. to bring it back to life. Making someone feel frightened so that they will do what you want. Large in size. to get rid of something. To promise publically to do a job: to be _____________________. (paragraph 4) _____________________ 4. How many people rely on foreign food aid? 6. Failing. (paragraph 7) _____________________ 9. to disagree with it. A secret vote. (paragraph 1) _____________________ 3. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 7. too many to count. amount or degree. How high is the unemployment rate? 4. (paragraph 8) ____________________ 11. (paragraph 4) _____________________ 5. (paragraph 6) _____________________ 8. (paragraph 12) _____________________ 14. Made to accept something they don’t believe in.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 1 Intermediate Key words Write the key words from the text next to their meanings. A set of basic laws for a country that describe the rights and the way in which it is governed. (paragraph 12) _____________________ 13. Someone who gives money to help people. How is the rate of inflation described? 5. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 6. considerable collapsing constitution coalition reject sceptical sworn in opponents intimidation compromised myriad donor ballot revival 1. Who is the prime minister? 2. ceasing to exist.

Biti. Tsvangirai said the most important cabinet post for reviving Zimbabwe’s fortunes was that of the finance minister and named the MDC’s secretary general. Britain says it wants to see the new administration “reverse the political. Many people though are sceptical as to whether the two bitter rivals can work together to bring their country back from economic ruin. While saying that “it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything”. Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV as Tsvangirai. 11/02/09 CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe. He is expected to use the power the finance ministry has with its control over budgets to influence Mugabe’s ministers. the new prime minister faces a myriad of challenges. For now. Mugabe remains president and Tsvangirai will oversee the daily administration of government as prime minister. Tsvangirai’s main concern will be to put a new constitution in place and to hold new elections within two years. is a lawyer and the MDC’s chief negotiator. which many people fear he will continue to © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 •P NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate H . The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries. Britain has taken the highly unusual step of publishing a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers expressing its concerns about the new administration. raised his right hand and declared: “I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the brief ceremony. the notice also says that any administration involving Mugabe is unacceptable. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to deny the MDC power was not a solution but a step towards democratic government. the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwe’s prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe. including Britain. His appointment as finance minister is also likely to help to reassure foreign donors. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent on the grounds of the presidential palace. Tendai Biti. so help me God”. for the job. two-thirds of the population. particularly defence and justice. Mugabe won control of the main security ministries. This is seen as essential to ensure future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabe’s supporters in last year’s ballot. such as health. including 94% unemployment. The MDC says it can’t do that without considerable financial support. especially Britain and the US. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. 6 Under the coalition agreement. fear the joint administration is a trap that will only keep Mugabe in power. 3 Other African leaders who attended the ceremony had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to accept the deal but many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Intermediate use to attack and intimidate his opponents. from the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party. are currently dependent on foreign food aid. 7 Authority over home affairs is to be shared. Seven million people in Zimbabwe. his party compromised and agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry. He hopes that at the next election voters will reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. Cabinet seats are almost equally divided between the political parties. economic and social decline” as a condition for financial aid. whose money is seen as the key to Zimbabwe’s revival but who are sceptical over Mugabe remaining president.

Now write the word pairs into the sentences to give information from the article. 1. 4 Discussion • • • Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television. d. a. c. democratic e. f. heavy d. The collapse of industry and farming has led to _____________________ in Zimbabwe. home h. g. h. Other African leaders had put _____________________ on Tsvangirai to work with Mugabe. watch this partly sub-titled seven-minute film and discuss what you see: http://www.uk/world/2009/feb/11/zimbabwe-secret-film © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The Interior ministry usually deals with _____________________. economic c.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Intermediate 3 Language: Collocations / word pairs Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct the sentences that are false. coalition f. In a _____________________ step. radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people? How are they managing to survive? If possible. Morgan Tsvangirai and Robert Mugabe are _____________________. widespread g. bitter b. a. The MDC and the people of Zimbabwe are hoping for a _____________________. There has been _____________________ in Zimbabwe and people are scared for their lives. Match the words to make words pairs from the article.co. Britain published a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers expressing its worries about the new administration. b.guardian. Tsvangirai’s and Mugabe’s political parties have made a _____________________. highly pressure affairs government ruin violence unusual rivals agreement 2. e.

Can you hear Tsvangirai speak the words quoted in paragraph 2 of the article? Does Obama use the same or similar words? • • • • • • http://www..co.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www. .guardian.youtube. The USA 2.cia.com http://www..reuters.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.. Some of the many websites that will help you are: © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Complete the table below.wikipedia.Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Intermediate 5 Webquest: Comparisons 1.nationmaster.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population currency recent rate of inflation main resources and industry ..com/index. Compare these two short videos of the recent swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama.

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe Level 1 Intermediate KEY 1 Key words 1. constitution 10. economic ruin f. Morgan Tsvangirai 2. revival 14.2 are left empty in case you or the students decide to compare any other factors or things between the two countries. donor 13. widespread violence e. a. widespread violence g. collapsing 5. home affairs h. highly unusual Teacher’s notes: The last two lines of the table in task 5. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . bitter rivals c. considerable 3 Language: Collocations / word pairs 1. 94% 4. bitter rivals b. home affairs g. US dollars and South African rands 2. Hyperinflation (recent figures put it at 231 million percent. intimidation 7. compromised 4. economic ruin c.guardian. heavy pressure d. See http://www. highly unusual 2 Find the information about Zimbabwe 1. Robert Mugabe 3. democratic government e. opponents 8.uk/world/2009/ jan/30/zimbabwean-currency-worthless-patrick chinamasa) 5. coalition agreement b. coalition 6. sceptical 3. democratic government h. ballot 9. coalition agreement f. heavy pressure d.co. myriad 12. Two-thirds 6. sworn in 2. reject 11. a.

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 5.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions. 3. Look in the text and find the correct information. The first woman to swim the English Channel performed the feat in 1936. 1. 10. 7. If you give someone an _________________. 8. 2. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time. Jennifer Figge’s attempt to swim the Atlantic was disrupted by 25 knot winds and 300 foot waves. To __________________ a distance means to travel a particular number of miles. 4. The record was set in 1898. Trinidad is 10. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. __________________ is a synthetic fibre that is five times stronger than steel.852 metres) per hour. A __________________ is a unit for measuring the speed of ships. aircraft and wind. 5. you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. 6.000 miles from Cape Cod in the USA to Brittany in France. 2. The record for swimming the Atlantic is 173 days. 9. 2 Correct the information Each of these sentences contains an error. 4. it is very long and very difficult. If something is described as __________________. 6. 3. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. It is just over 4. knot kevlar update epic endurance cast catamaran feat turbulent log 1. A __________________ is something impressive that someone manages to achieve.000 miles from the Bahamas. equal to one nautical mile (1.

after propelling herself across thousands of miles of ocean while inside a six metre by four metre cage to protect her from sharks. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electromagnetic field to protect him. We both talk to the sea.” she said. an endurance athlete from Aspen. remaining aboard the catamaran which accompanied her epic journey. and nearly two dozen maritime crossings. She told the press on arrival: “I wouldn’t have had it any other way.” For safety she was to make the journey within the confines of a steel and kevlar cage hooked to the rear of a catamaran.000 miles from her planned destination. and a diver.” She arrived at Chacachacare Island on 5 February. The catamaran is heading south. 56. Figge intended to swim to the Bahamas.716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself.” The reply left unanswered exactly how many nautical miles Figge had logged during her crossing. she had to make changes. Her new habit became extreme sports. In the event. but was accompanied by a boat and did his swimming for six hours per day. the son is a racing driver. turtles.” 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. 09/02/09 Woman. They are forced to pursue a different route.” Benôit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 3 • Advanced Iowa. Twenty years later. “It would take literally years. “Basically [the storm] changed everything. the Bahamas. and she has logged 3. Colorado. An electro-magnetic device in the cage was meant to repel predators. but on January 21 Higden posted an update: “Winds of 25 knots and waves as high as 30 feet have wreaked havoc with their movements and Jennifer’s swimming. Higden announced on her Facebook page that storms forced her to change course. propelling herself across 2. 2009 1 An American aged 56 has been hailed as the first woman to swim the Atlantic. starting with a run across the state of © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced 6 7 8 CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . “She swam 19 of 24 days. the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. a doctor.” Higden said yesterday. Figge said she kept a picture of Ederle on board. with a crew of NASA and Boeing engineers. 2 But her business manager admitted yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy Figge did not even get into the water. Higden said she had never set out to swim the entire distance. 1. there were no sharks – though among the marine life she did see were a pod of pilot whales. because the waves were so high. A week after she began.000 miles of ocean.” 4 Figge first took up endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. It’s physically impossible. Jennifer Figge. “She wore a red hat and she was of German descent. In her defence. dolphins and Portuguese men-of-war.She landed at Trinidad.000 miles on foot. “Like anyone who is trying to accomplish a goal. and neither one of us wanted to get out. she claims to have run 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 – including the final 60 miles with a cast on her left leg. he travelled the 3. claims record Atlantic swim Month-long feat in shark tank towed by catamaran • Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast way off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February. “Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. Carried Away. “It turned from an endurance swim into an extreme adventure swim. The weather was so extreme the crew had trouble seeing her in the water. On her list of achievements. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. 5 She has said she was inspired to perform her latest feat by a turbulent trans-Atlantic flight and by Gertrude Ederle. said she took nearly a month to make the crossing from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad. in search of more favourable weather. She didn’t get into the water as much as she wanted.” said David Higden. “We have a few things in common.” he said.

especially when it is different from what was expected. A noun meaning an animal that kills and eats other animals. She is the first woman to swim all the way across Atlantic Ocean. c. To stop her being carried away by currents. Because there were strong winds and rough seas. A two-word expression meaning attached to. Why did she swim inside a steel cage? a. (para 6) 7. Because she wanted to run across Mexico. (para 5) 3. (para 6) 4. b. To protect her from possible danger. 4. c. It was an extreme adventure swim in which she swam occasionally with whales and dolphins. A verb meaning to say publicly how good or important something is. To be near the doctor and the diver. 1. 3. Why did she take up endurance sports? a. A four-word expression meaning inside the borders or edges of something. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text. (para 7) 8. (para 6) 6. A noun meaning the origin of your parents or of older members of your family. A two-word expression meaning cause a lot of damage or harm. c. Why did they have to change course? a. 2. She never planned to swim all the way across the Atlantic and bad weather forced her to spend part of the crossing on the boat. Because her son wanted her to give up smoking. b. (para 6) 5. (para 1) 2. A verb meaning follow. Because she wanted to give up smoking. Because there were a lot of sharks. Which sentence best describes Jennifer Figge’s feat? a. Because they wanted to get to their destination more quickly. b. b. c. 1. A three-word expression used for saying what happened. The paragraph numbers will help you. (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text.

It was Figge’s ____________________ to swim to the Bahamas. course h. something in common b. a challenge e. have 5. accomplish 4. a goal f. The cage provided ____________________ from predators. a record 6 Word building Fill the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. [ACCOMPLISH] 6. [INSPIRE] 4. [ENDURE] 3. are there any other great feats of endurance that people have accomplished? Would you like to attempt something like this? Why? Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . wreak 6. change 2. changes d. Gertrude Ederle was the ____________________ for Jennifer Figge’s swim. 1. their question remained ____________________.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 3 Advanced 5 Verb + noun collocations Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column. Swimming for 19 out of 24 days in such dangerous waters must be regarded as an ____________________. Both Figge and Ederle are of German ____________________. a request g. hold 7. [PROTECT] 7. respond to a. havoc c. Unfortunately. [ACHIEVE] 8. The swim quickly turned into an ____________________ test. 1. [DESCEND] 7 Discussion Apart from swimming the Atlantic. Figge has an impressive list of ____________________. take up 3. make 8. [ANSWER] 2. [INTEND] 5.

endurance 3. 1926 3.716 miles) 4. pursue 5 Verb + noun collocations 1. 30 foot waves 3 Comprehension check 1. descent 3. accomplishment 6. cast 10. b 2. intention 5. c 4. kevlar 2.000 2. epic 6. e 4. b 3. a 6 Word building 1. update 8. log 5. 1. h 7. f 2 Correct the information 1. hail 2.000 miles (3. g 2. protection 7. knot 7. achievements 8. wreak havoc 8.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. turbulent Advanced 4 Find the word 1. 1998 6. descent © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . b 6. hooked to 5. endurance 4. a 5. catamaran 3. in the event 7. just under 4. inspiration 4. predator 6. d 3. feat 9. unanswered 2. 73 days 5. within the confines of 4. c 8.

How long did it take her to cross from Cape Verde to Trinidad? 3. The __________________ are the people who work on a boat. If you give someone an _________________. 5. 4. Your __________________ is the way you go to get from one place to another. What is the record for swimming the Atlantic? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . When did Figge arrive in Trinidad? 6. A __________________ is something that you do often or regularly. you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. When did Gertrude Ederle swim the English Channel? 5. 1. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions. 3. 7. destination crew update cage endurance catamaran cast turbulent habit route 1. 10. 8. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 9. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time. A __________________ is a container made of metal bars that is usually used for keeping animals inside. How old is Jennifer Figge? 2.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. Your __________________ is the place you are travelling to. How far is it from Trinidad to the Bahamas? 4. 2. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. a ship or a plane. 6.

“She swam 19 of 24 days. He swam for six hours per day.716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself. the Bahamas. Higden said she had never planned to swim the whole way. claims record Atlantic swim • Month-long feat in shark tank pulled by catamaran • Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast far off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February. 56.000 miles from her planned destination. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. and she has covered 3. Her new habit became extreme sports.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 1 Elementary racing driver. “The storm changed everything. She didn’t see any sharks during her swim but she did see whales. We both talk to the sea. Colorado. starting with a run across the state of Iowa.” said David Higden. It’s physically impossible.” 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. a doctor and a diver. Higden announced on Figge’s Facebook page that storms forced her to change course.” she said. said she took nearly a month to swim from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad.000 miles on foot. The catamaran is going south. In her defence. but a boat went with him. the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. he travelled the 3. “Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. but on January 21 Higden wrote an update on Facebook: “Strong winds and ten-metre waves have caused problems for the boat and for Jennifer’s swimming. 2009 1 A 56-year old American woman has swum across a large part of the Atlantic Ocean inside a six metre by four metre cage which protected her from sharks. an athlete from Aspen. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electro-magnetic field to protect him. There was an electro-magnetic device in the cage to keep sharks away.” She arrived at Chacachacare Island in Trinidad on 5 February. “She wore a red hat and she was of German origin.000 miles of ocean.” In his reply he did not say how many nautical miles Figge actually swam during her crossing.” For safety she made the journey inside a steel and plastic fibre cage fixed to the back of a catamaran with a crew of engineers. The weather was so bad that it was difficult for the crew to see her in the water. “We are the same in many ways. They have to follow a different route. where there is better weather. “She had to make some changes to her plans. Twenty years later. crossing 2. and more than twenty sea crossings. 4 Figge first started doing endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. Figge planned to swim to the Bahamas. her son is a 6 7 8 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . “It changed from an endurance swim to an extreme adventure swim.” he said. turtles and dolphins. and neither of us wanted to get out of the water.” Higden said. she says she ran 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 – including the final 60 miles with a plaster cast on her left leg. Figge said she had a picture of Ederle on board the catamaran. A week after she began. She didn’t get into the water as much as she wanted. She finally landed at Trinidad. because the waves were so high. 09/02/09 Woman. Jennifer Figge. 1. On her list of achievements.” Benôit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998. “It would take years. 5 She said the inspiration for the Atlantic swim was a turbulent transatlantic flight and also Gertrude Ederle. 2 But her business manager said yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy that Figge could not get into the water and had to stay on board the catamaran which went with her on her long journey.

Jennifer Figge swam inside a metal cage … 3. d. extreme 2. transatlantic 4. electro-magnetic 6. The weather was so bad that … 5. strong 7. f. physically a. winds c. … because of the danger of sharks. 6.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the beginnings with the endings to make sentences about the text. driver © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Figge started doing endurance challenges . Channel d. … holds the record for the fastest crossing by a swimmer. … the crew couldn’t see her in the water.. Benôit Lecomte … a. 1. business 8. impossible b.. … to make the Atlantic crossing. e.. flight f. … because of strong winds and big waves. device h. English 5. b. c. 1. manager g. The boat and the swimmer had to change their route … 2. sports e. racing 3. 4.. It took her almost a month . 4 Two-word phrases Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. … because her son asked her to give up smoking.

5. verb 1. 6. Benôit Lecomte swam _______ the Atlantic in 1998. 3. 8. 4.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 1 Elementary 5 Word building Complete the table using words from the text. 2. Her business manager wrote an update _______ Facebook. He completed the swim _______ 73 days. 3. 2. for from to on across in 1. 4. Strong winds and ten-metre waves caused problems _______ the boat and for Jennifer’s swimming. 6. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . She had to make some changes _______ her plans. 7. A cage protected him _______ sharks. 5. fly defend cross run achieve inspire response protection noun 6 Prepositions Complete the sentences using these prepositions.

route 7. 56 2. across 2. turbulent 3. f 8. from 4. c 5. 5 February 6. cage 5. in 3. crossing 4. c 3. g 6. to © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 73 days 3 Comprehension check 1. achievement 6.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. h 3. b 5. habit 4. d 2. catamaran 2. e 6 Prepositions 1. on 6. respond 8. inspiration 7. for 5. destination 6. 1926 5.000 miles 4. e 4. protect 2 Find the information 1. a 6. 1. defence 3. cast 9. run 5. flight 2. update 10. a 5 Word building 1. nearly a month 3. d 2. endurance Elementary 4 Two-word phrases 1. b 7. crew 8. f 4.

A __________________ is an animal that kills and eats other animals. If you are __________________ somewhere. If you give someone an __________________.852 metres) per hour. 8. What is the record for swimming the Atlantic? 5. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. equal to one nautical mile (1. Who was the first woman to swim the English Channel? 3. How far is it from Cape Cod in the USA to Brittany in France? 4.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. cast catamaran knot turbulent destination predator update head endurance accompany 1. If you __________________ someone. 6. How far is it from Trinidad to the Bahamas? 2. you are travelling in a particular direction. 9. 4. 5. A __________________ is a unit for measuring the speed of ships. 2. 10. 3. 1. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions. 7. you go with them to a place or an event. Your __________________ is the place you are travelling to. How far is it from Cape Verde to Trinidad? 6. How far did Jennifer Figge run in Mexico in 1995? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . aircraft and wind. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible.

remaining on board the catamaran which accompanied her long journey.” 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. dolphins. In her defence. She landed at Trinidad. Figge said she kept a picture of Ederle on board.” he said.” she said. he travelled the 3.” Higden said yesterday. in search of more favourable weather. Colorado. 4 Figge first started doing endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. 5 She has said her latest challenge was inspired by a turbulent transatlantic flight and by Gertrude Ederle. 56. said she took nearly a month to make the crossing from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad. Higden said she had never planned to swim the entire distance. “She wore a red hat and she was of German origin.716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself. and more than twenty sea crossings. Figge intended to swim to the Bahamas.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 2 • Intermediate state of Iowa. the Bahamas. “She swam 19 of 24 days. Higden announced on her Facebook page that storms forced her to change course. 2 But her business manager admitted yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy Figge did not even manage to get into the water. “Basically [the storm] changed everything. starting with a run across the © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate 6 7 8 CA •P H O .” For safety she made the journey inside a steel and plastic fibre cage attached to the back of a catamaran with a crew of engineers. “Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. crossing 2. Her new habit became extreme sports. They are forced to follow a different route. We both talk to the sea. She didn’t get into the water as much as she wanted. In the event. 09/02/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Woman. because the waves were so high. turtles. On her list of achievements.000 miles of ocean. The weather was so bad the crew had trouble seeing her in the water. “Like anyone who is trying to accomplish a goal. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. and Portuguese men-of-war. Jennifer Figge. she says she ran 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 – including the final 60 miles with a plaster cast on her left leg. The catamaran is heading south. Twenty years later. There was an electro-magnetic device in the cage to repel predators.000 miles from her planned destination. and neither of us wanted to get out of the water. a doctor. “We have a few things in common. but was accompanied by a boat and did his swimming for six hours per day. “It would take years. and a diver.” The reply did not answer the question of how many nautical miles Figge had actually swum during her crossing. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electromagnetic field to protect him. “It changed from an endurance swim to an extreme adventure swim. her son is a racing driver.” said David Higden. she had to make changes. but on January 21 Higden posted an update: “Winds of 25 knots and waves as high as 30 feet have wreaked havoc with their movements and Jennifer’s swimming. and she has covered 3. there were no sharks – though among the marine life she did see were a group of pilot whales. the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. It’s physically impossible. claims record Atlantic swim Month-long feat in shark tank towed by catamaran • Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast way off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February. 2009 1 An American aged 56 has been hailed as the first woman to swim the Atlantic.” Benôit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998.” She arrived at Chacachacare Island on 5 February. an endurance athlete from Aspen. after swimming across thousands of miles of ocean while inside a six metre by four metre cage to protect her from sharks. A week after she began.000 miles on foot. 1.

A noun meaning the people who work on a boat or a plane. The paragraph numbers will help you. (para 7) 8. 7. 2. A verb meaning to say publicly how good or important something is. (para 6) 6. Jennifer Figge swam the entire distance of 2. Benôit Lecomte also used a cage for protection. 1. (para 2) 3. A cage protected Figge from predators. (para 7) 7. 3.000 miles from Cape Verde to Trinidad. An adjective meaning across the Atlantic. (para 1) 2. 4. Figge’s planned final destination was Trinidad. A two-word expression meaning cause a lot of damage or harm. Figge’s son asked her to start doing endurance challenges. 5. (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Both Figge and Gertrude Ederle are of German origin. 6.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. A noun meaning the way you use to go from one place to another. A verb meaning to put information on the Internet. especially when it is different from what was expected. (para 6) 5. 8. Bad weather forced the catamaran to go further north. A verb meaning to keep something away or prevent it from entering somewhere. Ederle was the first woman to swim the English Channel. A three-word expression used for saying what happened. (para 5) 4. 4 Find the word Find the following words and phrases in the text.

It was Figge’s intention / intend to swim to the Bahamas. 1. 4. Gertrude Ederle was the inspire / inspiration for Jennifer Figge’s swim. 3. 1. … holds the record _______ swimming the Atlantic 6 Word building Choose the correct form to complete the sentences. 5. attached _______ the back of the boat 5. a six metre _______ four metre cage 3. in search _______ better weather 6.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 2 Intermediate 5 Expressions with prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. Unfortunately. … she ran 180 miles _______ Mexico 2. _______ board the boat 4. Some days the seas were very storm / stormy. The swim quickly turned into an endurance / enduring test. 2. their question remained answered / unanswered. 6. They had to seek more favourable / favourite weather. 7 Discussion Would you like to try something like this? Why? Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

repel 5. update 5. cast 4. intention 6. T 7. endurance 4. T 3. destination Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. Gertrude Ederle 3. 73 days 5. across 2. transatlantic 4. knot 10. crew 3. of 6. stormy 2. 3. F 6. favourable 3 Comprehension check 1. F 2. on 4. F 5. unanswered 3. turbulent 8.Woman claims record Atlantic swim Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. predator 3. wreak havoc 8. to 5. hail 2. by 3. F 4. inspiration 5. heading 6. route 5 Expressions with prepositions 1. accompany 7. post 7. 1. T © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .716 miles 4. in the event 6.000 miles 6. endurance 2. catamaran 9. 180 miles 6 Word building 1. 2. for 2 Find the information 1. F 8.000 miles 2.

milkman drug dealer 2. The paragraph numbers will help you. an electric delivery vehicle (para 1) ___________________ 3. reduction. What do you think of when you read milkman and drug dealer? In five minutes. go along with (para 18) ___________________ N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced CA •P H O . mistaken. Good Samaritan (para 7) ___________________ 8. excuse. write as many words as you can onto the word wheels. hidden (para 3) ___________________ 5. obviously (para 16) ___________________ 13. and which one describes a quantity of milk? a pint of gold top ___________ an eighth of hash ___________ 2 Key words and synonyms Find key words from the text that mean the following.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer: Brainstorm 1. forgive. doesn’t drink alcohol (para 10) ___________________ 11. 1. wrong (para 8) ___________________ 10. aches and complaints (para 6) ___________________ 7. moderation. erroneous. admitted (para 6) ___________________ 6. benefactor. relief (para 8) ___________________ 9. produced (para 14) ___________________ 12. time that someone will have to spend in prison only if they commit another crime within a fixed period (subtitle) ___________________ 2. over look. extenuation. Which of the phrases below describes a quantity of drugs. a sticky substance from plants (para 2) ___________________ 4.

and might not recognise him if he was jailed. I would sell them an eighth of an ounce for £4.” he said.” She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful and he was not a 9 2 3 10 Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was “no longer with us”. she said. in mitigation. 72. His reputation as a drug dealer spread rapidly among 17 of his customers in Burnley.” The street value is £9. 14 Acting on tip-offs from concerned residents. ‘Can I have an ounce. prosecuting. tailing Holding as he completed his round in his milk float. Sarah Statham. The prosecution said Holding would get through a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis resin every three weeks in sales to his customers and would not make “a great deal of profit”. 8 Philip Holden. I have had a lot of trouble with the papers and all the lies that have been published. I was just giving them something to help. Holding was given a 36-week jail sentence suspended for a year after he admitted possessing and supplying the drug.10. I have had letters of support from all over the country. “I don’t think what I was doing was that wrong. would leave notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they required. but a drug dealer. Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who was attentive to his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints. 11 “She had arthritis and her husband had MS and was in a wheelchair. a surveillance team from Lancashire police – Holding. who smoked the resin to relieve their aches and pains. she had taken into consideration that his wife is suffering from Alzheimer’s and in a care home.” He said he had never been tempted to try it.” He said his client was acting in the misguided belief that he was providing a public service. To the less casual observer – specifically. “They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a fortune. 4 5 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. he would have “given it away”. Had he been a philanthropist.” Pint of gold top and an eighth of hash – milkman who also delivered drugs Suspended sentence over sales to elderly customers 72-year-old said he did it to help their pain relief Helen Carter 6 February. Lancashire. turned out to be a drug dealer who was supplying cannabis from his milk float to an elderly clientele. he began dealing in cannabis after being horrified to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke. When detectives searched Holding’s home last July they were astonished to find wraps of cannabis resin stashed among the eggs in his milk crates. Lancashire police launched a discreet surveillance operation. 12 “I had an old woman who I used to give a bit of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain. He suffered from depression and had been “extremely frank” to police. 2009 1 To the casual observer. Holding told the Guardian. His customers. told the court: “From the outset there is a particularly peculiar set of circumstances.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 3 Advanced philanthropist. or an eighth?’ He only sold to existing customers who were old and had aches and pains. However. and it is a bizarre case. including one from Scotland. said: “He said customers would leave notes saying. 13 Cannabis has been shown in studies to help ease pain from arthritis and other conditions but it was upgraded to class B last month after concerns by the government about mental health risks. A subsequent search of his home yielded 167g of cannabis. Judge Beverley Lunt said: “You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people with ailments.” The court heard Holding immediately confessed to supplying drugs but did not believe he was doing anything wrong.

Para 8. … doesn’t live with him. The cannabis resin was hidden . 2. b. 6 words: finally. he did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems. 06/02/09 15 Local police beat manager John Fisher said: “This was a good example of community policing after we received information from local residents that he was up to no good. c. 4 words: dead ______________________ c.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 3 Advanced but he is blatantly breaking the law and has to be dealt with. 4. “To be fair. at the end of the day he is not a stupid bloke and he must have realised what he was doing was wrong. Whatever he delivered was left on the doorstep with the milk.” 16 He added: “However. … growing and dealing cannabis. His wife . © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. Mr Holding made . 4 Language: Useful phrases 1.. … a small profit. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old.. 3 words: do something illegal ______________________ f. or when everything else has been taken into consideration ______________________ 2. … on the milk float. Mr Holding . I would call him an eccentric. a. … no profit at all.” 18 The MS Society said it did not condone illegal drug use. He probably thinks he is doing a community service 3 Comprehension check Chose the correct answer according to the information in the article. … didn’t know what he was doing was wrong. Paras 16 and 17. 3. Para 10. … possessing and supplying cannabis. Mr Holding’s crime was .” 17 A neighbour of Holding’s said many residents were supportive of him. … has MS. One of these is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English. Para 16. there is a very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law supplying an illegal substance. b. … is 92 years old. … in the milk bottles. … in the milk crates. Find the common phrases in the text.. a. a. Although he acts it. The cannabis was wrapped and ready to go for the next day’s delivery. … didn’t realize how wrong what he was doing actually was. although there are clinical trials under way about the benefits of cannabis... 5. … knew what he was doing was very wrong... b. Which one? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced CA •P H O . Para 15. b. 3 words: be very expensive ______________________ d. a.. a. 3 words: collection of facts ______________________ b. 1. c. a. b. c. c. so it is said.. … a large profit.. Para 11. 4 words: doing something wrong or naughty ______________________ e. c. … smoking and supplying cannabis.

................................. Where . When .........youtube..........com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www.......The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 3 Advanced 5 Spoken grammar: would Look at how the word would is used in paragraphs 2. to refer to the past? c..... to refer to the future? 2....... as a conditional? b.. 1...... 11 and 12................ Use a minimum of two of the following roles for each role play situation. 5..................... What did he say? Were any of the reporters’ questions the same as yours? http://www..................... Write down questions that you would like to ask Mr Holding............... How ................youtube... A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding C = One of his elderly customers D = A concerned neighbour E = A local policeman 3............................... Now role play interview situations. 4. Is it used: a... What ........... What structure does it replace? a...................................................... will b........... did c................. ! 2.....com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU 7 Discussion Is it morally acceptable to do something illegal if it helps others? CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced •P H .................... Who .... Why ................... Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court............... used to 6 Interview and role play with web link 1.................................

5 grams. misguided 10.com/kudoz/english/ linguistics/1054769-used_to_would. milk float 3.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions. Use an online converter such as http://www. confessed 6. b 2.html © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . up to no good e. For further (student-friendly) explanations on the use of would as a past form go to one of the many online grammar forums such as: http://www.co. cost a fortune d. c 2. 4.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/ radio/specials/1837_aae/page6. mitigation 9. teetotal 11.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 3 Advanced KEY 2 Key words and synonyms 1. 3.learnenglish.proz.convert-me. stashed 5. ailments 7. c 2 Comprehension check 1. a. at the end of the day 2.htm http://www. yielded 12. at the end of the day 5 Spoken grammar: would 1.shtml http://www. condone 4 Language: Useful phrases 1. set of circumstances b. resin 4.de/grammar/usedtotext. break the law f. 5. b c a b Teachers’ notes 1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3. no longer with us c. 1 ounce is 28 grams. blatantly 13.bbc. philanthropist 8. suspended sentence 2.

prosecution milk float residents care home crate admitted suspended sentence community service teetotal 1. Time that someone will have to spend in prison . __________________ (para 3) 4. The paragraph numbers will help you. __________________ (para 13) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . An electric delivery vehicle.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer: Brainstorm 1. __________________ (para 3) 5. To freely say that he did the crime. __________________ (para 1) 2. milkman drug dealer 2. Which of the phrases below describes a quantity of drugs. (para 9) 8. write as many words as you can onto the word wheels. you are __________________. and which one describes a quantity of milk? a pint of gold top ___________ an eighth of hash ___________ 2 Key words and synonyms Write in the key words from the text. especially people who are old and ill. What do you think of when you read milkman and drug dealer? In five minutes. The person in court who tries to prove that someone has done something illegal.but only if they commit another crime. Work that helps the people in your area. __________________ (para 12) 9. __________________ (para 4) 6. A place for old people to live when they are unable to look after themselves. A container that is divided into smaller individual sections and used for moving bottles. __________________ (para 3) 3. When you never drink alcohol. People who live in a particular or defined area. __________________ (para 7) 7.

However. ‘Can I have an ounce. When they searched his home they found 167g of cannabis. Sarah Statham.” He said he had never tried it. he began selling cannabis after being shocked to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug.” did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 1 Elementary 8 Milkman who also delivered drugs Helen Carter 6 February. was in a wheelchair. “I don’t think what I was doing was that wrong. His customers. He probably thinks he is doing a community service but he is clearly breaking the law. and might not recognise him if he was sent to prison. At the end of the day he is not a stupid man and I’m sure he knew what he was doing was wrong. the Lancashire police – Holding.” The court heard Holding did not believe he was doing anything wrong. 72. Judge Beverley Lunt said: “You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people. 2009 1 Holding told the Guardian. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old. she said that his wife has Alzheimer’s and lives in a care home. To the others – specifically. She said that he was a drug dealer. prosecuting.” he said.” © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.” To most people. A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law. said: “He said customers would leave notes saying. Cannabis has been shown in studies to help reduce pain from arthritis and other conditions. “They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a lot of money. When detectives searched Holding’s home last July they were surprised to find cannabis hidden next to the eggs in his milk crates. 06/02/2009 4 12 Worried residents told the police about 5 13 Local policeman John Fisher said.” Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was “no longer with us”. “There is a 6 14 A neighbour of Holding’s said. or an eighth?’ He only sold to customers he knew and who were old and had aches and pains. 9 2 10 “She had arthritis and her husband had MS and 3 11 “I had an old woman who I used to give a bit of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain. The prosecution said Holding sold a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis every three weeks to his customers and would not make “a great deal of profit”. was a drug dealer who was selling cannabis from his milk float to elderly customers. Holding. I was just giving them something to help. so they followed him as he delivered the milk. Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who looked after his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints of milk. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke. who smoked the drug to help their aches and pains. “To be fair.” She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful. left notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they needed. Holding was given a 36-week suspended sentence after he admitted to selling the drug. he 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

............................ Other people in the area … 4 Language: A useful phrase This is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English....... … live with him anymore..... How ................... feedback and a web link 1........... Who .......... … have to go to prison........ He sold illegal drugs … … what he was doing was wrong.. The judge gave him … 3....... Mr Holding did not … 2......................... Write in the missing prepositions and then find it in the article........ … his customers who were old and in pain........................................... Mr Holding knew that … 8........... What ............. His wife is ill and cannot … 7.............. … told the police that he was selling drugs.......... 1. role play.......... 4................... … to old people.............. … their morning milk....... When ....................................... … a 36-week suspended sentence....... Why ................... Mr Holding wanted to help … 6...... How is it used? What does it mean? Is there a similar phrase in your language? ________ the end ________ the day 5 Interview questions....................The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Match the sentence halves to summarize the article............ ! © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .......... Write questions that a TV or newspaper reporter might want to ask Mr Holding....... Where .. He delivered the drugs with … 5.....

.com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU 6 Discussion: In my opinion .... I think it’s wrong because . A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding 3..The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 1 Elementary 2.com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www..youtube. Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court. 4.. What did he say? Were any of the reporters’ questions the same as yours? http://www. It depends (on) . Is it ok to do something illegal if it helps others? The following phrases may help you say what you think: In my opinion . Reporters tell the class about the answers you received... © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . Now work in pairs (A and B) and use your questions to role play an interview situation. Feed back to the rest of your class.. I think it’s ok because . Students playing Mr Holding say how you felt when you were being interviewed.youtube.

1 ounce is 28 grams. Mr Holding knew that what he was doing was wrong. He sold illegal drugs to old people. If they find him difficult to understand. You might want to write down some of his answers to have them ready in case the students don’t understand him. suspended sentence 4. His wife is ill and cannot live with him anymore. prosecution 6. you could discuss why this is. Other people in the area told the police that he was selling drugs. Mr Holding did not have to go to prison. 4. 6. 7. community service 4 Language: A useful phrase at the end of the day used for saying what you consider is the most important thing about a situation after thinking about it Teachers’ notes 1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3. milk float 2.5 grams. Before watching the interview videos with the students. admitted 5. crate 3. teetotal 8. 8. 5. He delivered the drugs with their morning milk. 2. 3 Comprehension check 1. Mr Holding wanted to help his customers who were old and in pain.convert-me. The judge gave him a 36-week suspended sentence.The milkman who also delivered drugs Level 1 Elementary KEY 2 Key words and synonyms 1. residents 9. watch them yourself and make sure you can understand Mr Holding. care home 7. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 3. Use an online converter such as http://www.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions.

The milkman who also delivered drugs
Level 1
1

Intermediate

Warmer: Brainstorm

1. In four minutes, write as many connected words as possible onto the word wheels.

milkman

drug dealer

2. Now read the title of the article. Can you find a connection between milkman and drug dealer?

2 Key words and synonyms
Write in the key words from the text. The paragraph numbers with help you. defending teetotal prosecuting ease casual observer confessed existing tip-off condone suspended sentence resin milk float

1. Time that someone will have to spend in prison - but only if they commit another crime. ________________ (subtitle) 2. Someone who is watching, but not very closely or carefully. ________________ (para 1) 3. An electric delivery vehicle. ________________ (para 1) 4. A sticky substance from plants. ________________ (para 2) 5. Trying to prove that someone has done something illegal. ________________ (para 5) 6. Not new, something or someone that was already there. ________________ (para 5) 7. Admitted to a crime. ________________ (para 6) 8. Representing someone who is said to have done something illegal. ________________ (para 8) 9. When you don’t drink alcohol, you are ________________. (para 10) 10. To help relieve or make the pain less. ________________ (para 12) 11. A hint or warning. ________________ (para 13) 12. People who live in a particular or defined area. ________________ (para 13)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

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The milkman who also delivered drugs
Level 1 Intermediate
and had been honest and open when talking to the police. 9 Holding told the Guardian. “I don’t think what I was doing was that wrong. A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. I was just giving them something to help.”

Pint of gold top and an eighth of hash – milkman who also delivered drugs
• • Suspended sentence over sales to elderly customers 72-year-old said he did it to help their pain relief

Helen Carter 6 February, 2009 1 To the casual observer, Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who was attentive to his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints. To the less casual observer – specifically, a surveillance team from Lancashire police – Holding, 72, was a drug dealer who was supplying cannabis from his milk float to elderly customers. 2 His customers, who smoked the resin to relieve their aches and pains, would leave notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they needed. 3 When detectives searched Holding’s home last July they were astonished to find wraps of cannabis resin hidden among the eggs in his milk crates. Holding was given a 36-week suspended sentence after he admitted possessing and supplying the drug. 4 The prosecution said Holding would get through a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis resin every three weeks in sales to his customers and would not make “a great deal of profit”. 5 Sarah Statham, prosecuting, said: “He said customers would leave notes saying, ‘Can I have an ounce, or an eighth?’ He only sold to existing customers who were old and had aches and pains.” 6 The court heard Holding immediately confessed to supplying drugs but did not believe he was doing anything wrong. Judge Beverley Lunt said: “You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people.” 7 She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful and that he was a drug dealer. However, she had taken into consideration that his wife is suffering from Alzheimer’s and in a care home, and might not recognise him if he was sent to prison. 8 Philip Holden, defending, said: “From the beginning there is a particularly peculiar set of circumstances, and it is a bizarre case.” He said Mr Holding wrongly thought that he was providing a public service. He suffered from depression
© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

10 Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was “no longer with us”. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke, he began dealing in cannabis after being shocked to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug. 11 “She had arthritis and her husband had MS and was in a wheelchair,” he said. “They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a fortune. I would sell them an eighth of an ounce for £4.10.” 12 “I had an old woman who I used to give a bit of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain.” He said he had never tried it. Cannabis has been shown in studies to help ease pain from arthritis and other conditions but the British government upgraded it to a class B drug last month. 13 Acting on tip-offs from concerned residents, Lancashire police followed Holding as he completed his round in his milk float. A search of his home found 167g of cannabis. 14 Local policeman John Fisher said: “This was a good example of community policing after we received information from local residents that he was up to no good. The cannabis was prepared for the next day’s delivery. Whatever he delivered was left on the doorstep with the milk.” 15 He added: “However, there is a very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old. “He probably thinks he is doing a community service but he is clearly breaking the law.” 16 A neighbour of Holding’s said, “To be fair, he did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems. Although he acts it, at the end of the day he is not a stupid man and he must have realised what he was doing was wrong.”
© Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 06/02/09

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The milkman who also delivered drugs
Level 1 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are the sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the information in the article? Correct any sentences that are false. 1. Mr Holding was sent to prison for 36 weeks. 2. His crime was “possessing and supplying” illegal drugs. 3. The cannabis resin was hidden in the milk bottles. 4. Mr Holding wanted to help his customers who were old and in pain. 5. Mr Holding didn’t know that what he was doing was wrong. 6. Mr Holding didn’t make any money from selling the cannabis. 7. Other people in the area told the police that he was selling drugs. 8. His wife doesn’t live with him anymore.

4 Language: Useful phrases
1. Find the common phrases in the text that mean the following. a. Para 7, 3 words: keep something in mind when making a decision ___________________________ b. Para 10, 4 words: dead ___________________________ c. Para 11, 3 words: be very expensive ___________________________ d. Para 15, 3 words: do something illegal ___________________________ e. Para 15 and 16, 6 words: finally, or when everything else has been taken into consideration ___________________________ 2. One of these is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English. Which one?

5 Spoken grammar: would
Look at how the word would is used in paragraphs 2, 4, 5, 11 and 12. 1. Is it used: a) as a conditional? b) to talk about the past? c) to talk about the future? 2. What means the same? a) will b) did c) used to
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D •

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The milkman who also delivered drugs
Level 1 Intermediate
6 Interview and role play with web link
1. Write down questions that you would like to ask Mr Holding.

Why .............................................................. How .............................................................. Where ............................................................... Who .............................................................. What ............................................................... When ...............................................................

!

2. Now role play interview situations. Use a minimum of two of the following roles for each role play situation. A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding C = One of his elderly customers D = A concerned neighbour E = A local policeman 3. Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court. What did he say? Were any of the reporters’ questions the same as yours? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU

7 Discussion
Is it ok to do something illegal if it helps others?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

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The milkman who also delivered drugs
Level 1 Intermediate KEY
2 Key words and synonyms
1. suspended sentence 2. casual observer 3. milk float 4. resin 5. prosecuting 6. existing 7. confessed 8. defending 9. teetotal 10. ease 11. tip-off 12. residents

4 Language: Useful phrases
1. a. take into consideration b. no longer with us c. cost a fortune d. break the law e. at the end of the day 2. at the end of the day

5 Spoken grammar: would
1. b 2. c

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. F T F T F F T T

Teachers’ notes
1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3.5 grams. 1 ounce is 28 grams. Use an online converter such as http://www.convert-me.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions. For further (student-friendly) explanations on the use of would as a past form, go to one of the many online grammar forums such as: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish radio/specials/1837_aae/page6.shtml http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/usedtotext.htm http://www.proz.com/kudoz/english/ linguistics/1054769-used_to_would.html

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1
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Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. preconception podium symposium flagship ensemble panache heritage dearth elite virtuosity

1. An ___________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 2. The ___________________ of a particular country consists of the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that it considers important to its history and culture. 3. The ___________________ is the place where the conductor of an orchestra stands. 4. ___________________ is an impressive way of doing something that shows both great skill and confidence. 5. A ___________________ is an idea or opinion you have about something that you form before you have any information about it or experience of it. 6. A ___________________ is a chronic lack of something. 7. An ___________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power. 8. ___________________ is a high level of skill, especially in playing music. 9. If something is described as a ___________________, it is the biggest, best or most important thing in a group. 10. A ___________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject.

2

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. How much will tickets for the concert by the Simón Bolívar Brass Ensemble cost? 2. How many musicians are there in the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela? 3. What is the age range of the members of the orchestra? 4. Why was the Sistema set up? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema? 6. How many hours do they study each day?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Advanced
– well known in its own right and praised for its “unbelievable panache and astonishing virtuosity” by Tim Ashley in the Guardian. A family concert on 17 April will be introduced by Dudamel. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. Some of the younger conductors following in Dudamel’s footsteps will take to the podium. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and maestro José Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the visionary founder of the Sistema, the radical music education-cum-social project from which the orchestra springs. Other talks will look at the efforts being made to set up similar education projects in the UK, including Sistema Scotland, a pilot project in Raploch, near Stirling. The Sistema was set up in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the dearth of Venezuelan classical musicians. It was also from the beginning a social project using music as its means – stemming from Abreu’s belief that every child, however poor, should have the opportunity to punch out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able, older children are encouraged to help mentor younger students or to conduct ensembles. Abreu told the Guardian in 2006: “The philosophy of el Sistema shows that the vicious circle of poverty can be broken when a child poor in material possessions acquires spiritual wealth through music. Our ideal is of a country in which art is within the reach of every citizen so that we can no longer talk about art being the property of the elite, but the heritage of the people.”
© Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
• Simón Bolívar Orchestra to take Southbank residence • Events will sweep aside views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 They have been feted as leading the way towards a new, exciting, impassioned future for classical music; they have brought tears and cheers wherever they have performed. And this spring, the flagship orchestra of what the conductor Sir Simon Rattle has called the most important phenomenon in music today is to take up residence at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simón Bolívar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will, according to Marshall Marcus, the centre’s head of music, “seep like a liquid through every space in the Royal Festival Hall”. “They will sweep aside every preconception people have about classical music,” he said. “Anyone who ever thought classical music was not for them – this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what we’ve perhaps been missing in Europe – musicians performing out of a sheer, unbridled desire to live the music.” 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who is also music director designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately – but now the Southbank has unveiled a number of free and low-priced events throughout the residency. The main concerts, which feature works by Stravinsky, Bartók and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas, will also be relayed free in the Festival Hall. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will be a free concert by the 50-strong Simón Bolívar Brass Ensemble

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. What best describes the Sistema project? a. It is a music project. b. It is an education, music and social project. c. It is a social project that focuses on music education. a. It will play works by Latin American composers. b. It will play with passion and enthusiasm. c. It will use unusual instruments. a. The work of the orchestra and plans to set up similar schemes in the UK. b. Venezuelan classical music. c. How the Sistema was founded. a. To allow poor children to play music. b. To make art accessible to all the people of the country. c. To prevent the elite from attending concerts.

2. How will the orchestra destroy preconceptions that people have about classical music?

3. What will be discussed in the series of symposiums?

4. What, according to Abreu, is the philosophy of the Sistema?

4 Find the word
Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A three-word expression meaning to start to work in an institution as an artist. (para 1) 2. A verb meaning to flow into or out of something through very small holes. (para 2) 3. A phrasal verb meaning to destroy. (para 2) 4. An adjective meaning free and uncontrolled. (para 2) 5. An adjective (used after a noun) that means chosen for a particular job but not yet officially doing that job. (para 3) 6. A two-word expression meaning a piece of work done in only one place or with a few people in order to find out if something will be successful or popular. (para 5) 7. A two-word expression meaning a process in which the existence of a problem causes other problems and this makes the original problem worse. (para 7)

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Advanced
5 Synonyms
Match the verbs in the left-hand column with their near synonyms in the right-hand column. 1. unveil 2. fete 3. relay 4. demonstrate 5. set up 6. break out 7. mentor 8. acquire a. teach b. show c. escape from d. praise e. gain f. announce g. establish h. transmit

6 Words followed by prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. focus __________ 2. dearth __________ 3. response __________ 4. involved __________ 5. within the reach __________ 6. preconception __________

7 Discussion
If you could play a musical instrument, what instrument would you play and why? If you can already play an instrument, what other instrument would you like to play and why?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. ensemble 2. heritage 3. podium 4. panache 5. preconception 6. dearth 7. elite 8. virtuosity 9. flagship 10. symposium

Advanced

4 Find the word
1. take up residence 2. seep 3. sweep aside 4. unbridled 5. designate 6. pilot project 7. vicious circle

5 Synonyms
1. f 2. d 3. h 4. b 5. g 6. c 7. a 8. e

2 Find the information
1. nothing (they are free) 2. 200 3. 18 to 25 4. as a response to the lack of classical musicians in Venezuela 5. 250,000 6. 4

6 Words followed by prepositions
1. on 2. of 3. to 4. in 5. of 6. about

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. b 3. a 4. b

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1
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Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. symposium composer fusion conduct phenomenon low-priced ensemble radical elite shortage

1. A ______________________ is something that is very impressive or surprising. 2. An ______________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 3. An ______________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power. 4. If something is ______________________, it doesn’t cost very much. 5. If something is ______________________, it is new and very different from the past. 6. A ______________________ is someone who writes music, especially classical music. 7. ______________________ is a type of modern music that is a mixture of different styles. 8. If you ______________________ an orchestra, you stand in front of them and direct the way they play. 9. A ______________________ is a lack of something you need. 10. A ______________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject.

2

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. Where is the Simón Bolívar National Youth Orchestra from? 2. How many musicians are there in the orchestra? 3. How old are the members of the orchestra? 4. When did the Sistema started? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Elementary
of 50 musicians who play with unbelievable confidence, skill and enthusiasm. Dudamel will also introduce a family concert on April 17. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and leading musician José Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the founder of the Sistema, the radical music education and social project which produced the orchestra. Other talks will look at the possibility of introducing similar education projects in the UK. The Sistema was started in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the shortage of classical musicians in Venezuela. It was also from the beginning a social project using music to try to give every child, including those from the poorest families, the opportunity to break out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able to, older children teach younger students or conduct groups of musicians themselves. Abreu said in 2006: “The philosophy of el Sistema shows children from poor families can become spiritually rich through music. We want a country in which art is open to all citizens so that we can no longer say that art is the property of the elite, but that it belongs to the people.”
© Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
• Simón Bolívar Orchestra to take Southbank residence • Events will completely change views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 People have described them as the new, exciting future of classical music; they have brought tears and cheers everywhere they have performed. And this spring, the leading orchestra in what some people are calling the most important phenomenon in music today will be performing at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simón Bolívar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will perform at the Royal Festival Hall. “They will question all the traditional ideas people have about classical music,” said the director of music at the Southbank Centre. “Anyone who thinks that classical music is not for them – this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what we’ve perhaps been missing in Europe – musicians performing out of a total enthusiasm for the music.” 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who will also soon become the music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately – but now the Southbank has announced a further series of free and low-priced events. In the main concerts the orchestra will play music by Stravinsky, Bartók and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will also be a free concert by Simón Bolívar Brass Ensemble – a group 7

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The musicians of the Brass Ensemble … 2. People have described the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela … 3. People who think classical music is not for them … 4. Some people are planning … 5. The Sistema gives … 6. The philosophy of the Sistema is … a. … to make art open to all citizens. b. … to introduce similar projects in the UK. c. … perform with confidence, skill and enthusiasm. d. … should go and see the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela perform. e. … children from the poorest families the chance to break out of the poverty cycle. f. … as the new, exciting future of classical music.

4 Expressions with prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. traditional ideas ___________ classical music classical music is not ___________ them a series ___________ symposiums a response ___________ the shortage a shortage ___________ musicians involved ___________ the project open ___________ everyone focus ___________ an idea

5 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

adjective
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. poor enthusiastic skilful confident phenomenal short

noun

6 Numbers and dates
Complete the expressions. Check your answers in the text. 1. __________ five days __________ April 2. two hundred 18- __________ 25-year-olds 3. __________ April 17
© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

4. __________ 1975 5. __________ 2pm __________ 6pm each day
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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. phenomenon ensemble elite low-priced radical composer fusion conduct shortage symposium

Elementary

4 Expressions with prepositions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. about for of to of in to on

5 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. poverty enthusiasm skill confidence phenomenon shortage

2 Find the information
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Venezuela 200 18 to 25 1975 250,000

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c f d b e a

6 Numbers and dates
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. for / in to on in from / to

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1
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Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. symposium composer fusion panache ensemble maestro heritage conductor elite virtuosity

1. ________________________ is a high level of skill, especially in playing music. 2. _______________________ is an impressive way of doing something that shows both great skill and confidence. 3. ________________________ is a type of modern music that is a mixture of different styles. 4. A ________________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject. 5. A ________________________ is someone who writes music, especially classical music. 6. A ________________________ is a musician who is admired and respected a lot, particularly by the members of an orchestra. 7. An ________________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 8. A ________________________ is someone who directs the members of an orchestra. 9. The ________________________ of a particular country consists of the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that it considers important to its history and culture. 10. An ________________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power.

2

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. Where is the Simón Bolívar National Youth Orchestra from? 2. How many musicians are there in the orchestra? 3. What is the age range of the members of the orchestra? 4. When was the Sistema set up? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Intermediate
– well known in its own right and praised for its “unbelievable panache and astonishing virtuosity”. A family concert on 17 April will be introduced by Dudamel. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and maestro José Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the founder of the Sistema, the radical music education and social project from which the orchestra came. Other talks will look at the efforts being made to set up similar education projects in the UK, including Sistema Scotland, a pilot project in Raploch, near Stirling. The Sistema was set up in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the shortage of classical musicians in Venezuela. It was also from the beginning a social project using music as its means – based on Abreu’s belief that every child, however poor, should have the opportunity to break out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able to, older children are encouraged to help teach younger students or to conduct ensembles. Abreu said in 2006: “The philosophy of el Sistema shows that the vicious circle of poverty can be broken when a child poor in material possessions acquires spiritual wealth through music. Our ideal is of a country in which art is within the reach of every citizen so that we can no longer talk about art being the property of the elite, but the heritage of the people.”
© Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
• Simón Bolívar Orchestra to take Southbank residence • Events ‘will sweep aside’ views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 They have been described as leading the way towards a new, exciting future for classical music; they have brought tears and cheers wherever they have performed. And this spring, the leading orchestra in what has been called the most important phenomenon in music today will be performing at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simón Bolívar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will, according to Marshall Marcus, the centre’s head of music, “fill every space in the Royal Festival Hall”. “They will question all the traditional ideas people have about classical music,” he said. “Anyone who ever thought classical music was not for them - this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what we’ve perhaps been missing in Europe – musicians performing out of a total unbridled desire to live the music.” 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who is also music director designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately – but now the Southbank has announced a further series of free and low-priced events. The main concerts, which feature works by Stravinsky, Bartók and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas, will also be relayed free in the Festival Hall. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will be a free concert by the 50-strong Simón Bolívar Brass Ensemble

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. The National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela perform classical music in a traditional way. 2. The Sistema is a music education and social project. 3. The Sistema helps young people to break out of the poverty cycle. 4. In the Sistema the individual is more important than the orchestra. 5. Abreu wants to bring art to ordinary people. 6. The orchestra only performs Venezuelan music.

4 Find the word
Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. An adjective meaning free and uncontrolled. (para 2) 2. An adjective (used after a noun) that means chosen for a particular job but not yet officially doing that job. (para 3) 3. A verb meaning to transmit or broadcast. (para 3) 4. A four-word expression meaning as a result of their own ability. (para 4) 5. An adjective meaning very surprising. (para 4) 6. A two-word expression meaning a piece of work done in only one place or with a few people in order to find out if something will be successful or popular. (para 5) 7. A two-word expression meaning a process in which the existence of a problem causes other problems and this makes the original problem worse. (para 7) 8. A four-word expression meaning available or accessible to people. (para 7)

5 Expressions with prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. classical music is not __________ me 2. music director __________ the LA Philharmonic 3. praised __________ its panache and virtuosity 4. a series __________ symposiums 5. a response __________ the shortage 6. a shortage __________ musicians 7. involved __________ the project 8. focus __________ an idea

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London
Level 1 Intermediate
6 Word building
Complete the table.
verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. perform announce respond believe encourage possess noun

6 Discussion
What kind of music do you like? Do you enjoy classical music? Why? Why not?

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2006 Title text here

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4. 8. 2. virtuosity panache fusion symposium composer maestro ensemble conductor heritage elite Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. 5. 3. 5. performance announcement response belief encouragement possession © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . 4. 6. 9. 3. 3. 4. 2. 5. 2. 2. Venezuela 200 18 to 25 1975 250. 3. unbridled designate relay in its (their) own right astonishing pilot project vicious circle within the reach of 5 Expressions with prepositions 1. 8. 4. 6. 10. 4. 2.000 3 Comprehension check 1. 6. for of for of to of in on 2 Find the information 1. 6. 5. 6. 7. 2. 5. 8. 4. 3. 7. 3.Venezuela’s vibrant young music stars to wow London Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. F T T F T F 6 Word building 1. 7. 5.

An ___________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. 7. 3. we can say it has been ___________________. 8. 11. When a building or town has been completely destroyed. 5. 12. especially recently: ___________________. When something ___________________ you. An ___________________ job is one you do without getting paid for it. 2. 6. Another verb meaning to take valuable things from a place using force. a synonym of simply. sometimes causing a lot of damage: ___________________. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . 9. 10. An adjective used before noun when talking about someone who has died. 4. ___________________ is used here to mean be able to know or work something out. ___________________ are objects that have been kept from the past. it upsets or annoys you for a long time. A ___________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. A verb meaning to steal things from houses or shops during a war or after a disaster such as a fire or flood: ___________________. The opposite of finely: ___________________. honorary late plunder razed bidder loot rankles merely artefact relics coarsely figure 1.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 3 1 Advanced Warmer: A five-minute discussion Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment? 2 Key words Fill the gaps with these words from the article. ___________________ is an adjective used to emphasize that something is small or unimportant.

2 The relics were sold in Paris last week. The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still rankles and Pierre Bergé – Saint Laurent’s partner and co-owner of a vast art collection – further upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the relics without charge if China would “give the Tibetans back their freedom”.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 3 Advanced 7 Wang Weiming. “We’ll have to see how the situation develops. The auction house said the legal ownership of the pieces had been clearly confirmed. told Shanghai’s Oriental Morning Post that the two heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (£103. 5 “What I need to stress is that this money cannot be paid. a view upheld by French courts. to the anger of many in China. Luo Zhewen. one of the heads of China’s Lost Cultural Relics Recovery Programme – the foundation which Cai advises – said she was “not sure” if or when the bronzes would return to China. “These days. an adviser to a Chinese foundation which seeks to retrieve plundered treasures. Christie’s three-day sale of Saint Laurent’s art collection earned a total of more than €373m.” he added. “More than that. While a French court ruled that the auction was legal. they can be easily manufactured at small factories in Beijing or Guangzhou. 8 9 10 One Chinese expert said the objects were overpriced. “These national treasures are probably still in France. which were looted from a Beijing palace during the opium wars. The telephone bidder paid €31m (£27m) for the two bronze sculptures. 3 The Chinese government warned that the sale would affect auctioneer Christie’s development in China. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.” 11 He claimed their real value was as “criminal evidence” of the destruction of the palace.” Wang said. the honorary chairman of the Cultural Artefact Association.” he said. the imperial summer residence. 02/03/09 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . I was merely fulfilling my responsibilities.” The rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan. saying that they were coarsely made compared with other imperial artefacts. until it was razed and looted by French and British troops in 1860. the argument took a fresh twist as Cai Mingchao. told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent at a controversial auction has said he will not pay for the treasures. and even the action movie star Jackie Chan described the auction as ‘shameful’. “I think any Chinese person would have stood up at that moment. It was just that the opportunity came to me. 12 Five of the other fountain heads have been bought by Chinese business figures and repatriated. 4 Today. She said that if a bidder couldn’t or wouldn’t pay. the spokeswoman Yvonne So told the Associated Press. Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was act of patriotism Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2.” 6 Christie’s had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder. Christie’s usually worked with the buyer and vendor to find a solution. Beijing argued that the sculptures should be returned to China. describing his bid as a patriotic act.000). while experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. and the buyer should figure that he’s been cheated.

A fountain. Who are you? What is your opinion? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . You plan to keep the artefact in your private collection which is not open to the public. In the mid-eighteenth century. c. 3. 5. adviser to the government The artefact originally came from your country and you think it should be returned for free. c. The auction house representative should chair the meeting. If China allows freedom in Tibet.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 12 4. Yvonne So said that Christie’s usually works with the buyer and vendor to find a solution. It was taken from a tomb by foreign archaeologists. 1m Yuan (€118. €373m b. How much did a Chinese artefact expert say the bronzes were worth? a. curator of a museum You believe that artefacts such as these should be kept in a museum for everybody to see. 2. 2. c. What were the bronze sculptures a part of? a. b. Only if China returns stolen French paintings. b. auction house representative You are the Chair of the meeting. Take a few minutes to each prepare what you want to say and then have a meeting. You can bring in a further point of view using this role card. Divide these role cards up among groups of four to six students. private collector You were the highest bidder at the auction. Also you know that the artefacts are safest in your museum as they would be kept in conditions that will ensure their preservation. When did the Opium wars take place? a. In the early-nineteenth century. A temple. Below is a similar (imaginary) situation in which a valuable artefact has been auctioned. Under what conditions did YSL’s partner offer to return the bronzes to China for free? a. In the mid-nineteenth century. 4. You need to make sure that there is a satisfactory solution to the problem and that your auction house doesn’t lose money or its good reputation. It is rumoured that many slaves died whilst building the tomb. b. Only if all the other bronze heads are returned. 6. another role / wild card This is a wild card. 1. vendor / seller The artefact has been in your family for many years and you see it as a family heirloom. How many heads were on the complete sculpture? a.000) c. Unfortunately you are now forced to sell it so that you can finance repairs to your stately home. 3. You believe you are now the rightful owner of the artefact. A throne. 10 c. 2 b. €31m 4 Role play: A solution-finding meeting In the article. 5. Your objective is to find a solution that is acceptable to the majority of the people at the meeting. 1.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 3 Advanced 5 Discussion Have you ever placed a bid in an auction? What type of auction was it? What did you bid for? Did you win the auction? 6 Webquest What can you find out about other artefacts from around the world that have been removed from their countries of origin and whose governments are demanding their return? For example: • • • • The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles) The bust of Queen Nefertiti Inca relics from Machu Picchu Antique Khmer sculptures © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

rankles 10. figure 12. 4. razed 9. 3. artefact 2. 2. 5. honorary 11. b c c a b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . plunder 6. bidder 3. relics 8.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 3 KEY 2 Key words 1. loot 5. late 4. merely 7. coarsely Advanced 3 Comprehension check 1.

especially recently: _________________. (para 7) 10. When you say how much something is _________________. When something is allowed by law. you find it and bring it back.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 1 1 Elementary Warmer: A five-minute discussion Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment? 2 Key words Fill the gaps with these words from the article. you give its value in money. A _________________ act is one done out of love. (para 5) 9. When you _________________ something. An adjective used before noun when talking about someone who has died. (para 3) 6. (para 9) 12. (para 7) 11. (para 1) 4. it is _________________. When something is far too expensive we can say it is _________________. A _________________ is an organization that provides money for things. An _________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. (title) 2. metal or wood. it is so badly damaged that there is nothing left. (para 4) 7. _________________ is an adjective we use to talk about something that has a lot of extra details or features that make it special. A _________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. The paragraph numbers will help you. (title) 3. A _________________ is a work of art made from stone. respect and duty towards your country. (para 4) 8. foundation bidder sculpture retrieve destroyed worth elaborate artefact late legal overpriced patriotic 1. (para 1) 5. When something has been _________________. (para 9) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

The auction house and the French courts said the legal ownership of the sculptures had been clearly confirmed. 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures at an auction has said he will not pay for the treasures. until it was destroyed by French and British 9 10 Five of the other heads from the fountain have been bought by Chinese business people and returned to China. then Cai Mingchao. Christie’s. an adviser to a Chinese foundation which tries to retrieve stolen treasures. 5 “This money cannot be paid. had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder. The sculptures were owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent. the Chinese government in Beijing said that the sculptures should be returned to China. Christie’s three-day sale of Saint Laurent’s art collection made a total of more than €373m. 2 Many people in China were angry that the sculptures were sold in Paris last week.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 1 Elementary troops in 1860. He said that the two bronze heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (£103. 02/03/09 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .000). 7 The bronze rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan. 3 Even though a French court said that the auction was legal. At the same time many treasures were stolen.” he said. 4 However. and described his bid as a patriotic act. the imperial summer residence.” 6 The auction house. One Chinese expert said the sculptures were overpriced.” Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was patriotic Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2. Christie’s usually worked with the buyer and seller to find a solution. Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent’s partner and co-owner of a huge art collection – upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the sculptures for free if China would “give the Tibetans back their freedom”. A spokeswoman said that if a bidder couldn’t or wouldn’t pay. which were taken from a Beijing palace during the opium wars. “I think any Chinese person would have done the same thing. told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. The telephone bidder paid €31m (£27m) for the two bronze sculptures. 8 The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still makes many people angry. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. Experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. “More than that and the buyer has paid too much.

It was destroyed by French and British troops. 5 Discussion Have you ever bought anything in an auction? Did you go to the auction house or was it an online auction? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Which French fashion designer owned the sculptures? 7. 5.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 1 Elementary 3 Find the information Answer these questions with information from the article 1. Was he at the auction? 4 Language: Reporting Which of these sentences are in the simple past. Who stole the sculptures in 1860? 6. Where did the sculptures come from? 5. 3. The sculptures were owned by the late fashion designer. Say why these tenses were used for these sentences. 6. Many treasures were stolen. Where did the auction take place? 2. Christie’s three-day sale made more than €373m. and which are in the past passive simple? 1. Many people in China were angry. 4. What are the sculptures of? 3. What are they made of? 4. 2. What was the nationality of the man who won the auction? 8. He described his bid as a patriotic act.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 1 Elementary 6 Webquest Search the Internet to complete the table with information about other artefacts from around the world. artefacts The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles) Where are they now? Where did they come from? The bust of Queen Nefertiti Inca relics from Machu Picchu Antique Khmer sculptures © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

simple past 4. simple past © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . sculpture 4. retrieve 8. legal 6.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 1 KEY 2 Key words 1. a Chinese summer palace 5. Paris. Yves Saint Laurent 7. Chinese 8. elaborate 10. past passive simple 5. no (he bid by phone) 4 Language: Reporting 1. The Yuanmingyuan. late 5. patriotic 9. past passive simple 6. bronze 4. British and French troops 6. overpriced 12. destroyed 11. simple past 3. worth Elementary 3 Find the information 1. past passive simple 2. foundation 7. France 2. artefact 3. a rat head and a rabbit head 3. bidder 2.

opinion or decision is one that people disagree about or do not approve of. (para 12) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . (para 1) 5. (para 2) 7. (para 1) 4. (para 5) 9. (para 4) 8. (para 1. The opposite of finely is ____________________. especially recently: ____________________. The paragraph numbers will help you. ____________________ are objects that have been kept from the past. (para 11) 10. A ____________________ subject. past tense) 6. (title) 2. (title) 3.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 2 1 Intermediate Warmer: A five-minute discussion Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment? 2 Key words Fill the gaps with these words from the article. An ____________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. A ____________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. A ____________________ is an organization that provides money for things. An adjective used before a noun when talking about someone who has died. When something has been ____________________ it has been returned to its own country. respect and duty towards your country. foundation bidder repatriated looted controversial artefact coarsely relics late patriotic 1. A ____________________ act is one done out of love. A verb meaning to steal things from houses or shops during a war or after a disaster such as a fire or flood: ____________________.

5 “This money cannot be paid. they can be easily manufactured at small factories in Beijing or Guangzhou. “These national treasures are probably still in France. 4 Today. The telephone bidder paid €31m (£27m) for the two bronze sculptures. the chairman of the Cultural Artefact Association. and even the action movie star Jackie Chan described the auction as ‘shameful’. Christie’s usually worked with the buyer and seller to find a solution. 8 9 10 One Chinese expert said the objects were overpriced. until it was destroyed and looted by French and British troops in 1860. Beijing argued that the sculptures should be returned to China. to the anger of many people in China. the imperial summer residence. Luo Zhewen. © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. the spokeswoman Yvonne So told the Associated Press. while experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. an adviser to a Chinese foundation which seeks to retrieve stolen treasures.” 6 Christie’s had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder. 12 Five of the other fountain heads have been bought by Chinese business figures and repatriated. Pierre Bergé – Yves Saint Laurent’s partner and co-owner of a huge art collection – further upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the relics without charge if China would “give the Tibetans back their freedom”. one of the heads of China’s Lost Cultural Relics Recovery Programme – the foundation which Cai advises – said she was “not sure” if or when the bronzes would return to China.” The rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan. Even though a French court ruled that the auction was legal. which were looted from a Beijing palace during the opium wars.” Wang said. the argument took a fresh twist as Cai Mingchao. The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still annoys many people.” he said and described his bid as a patriotic act. “These days. saying that they were coarsely made compared with other imperial artefacts.” 11 He claimed their real value was as “criminal evidence” of the destruction of the palace. “We’ll have to see how the situation develops. She said that if a bidder couldn’t or wouldn’t pay. The auction house and the French courts said the legal ownership of the pieces had been clearly confirmed. “I think any Chinese person would have done the same thing at that moment. told Shanghai’s Oriental Morning Post that the two heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (£103.” he said. Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was act of patriotism Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2. 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent at a controversial auction has said he will not pay for the treasures.000). 2 The relics were sold in Paris last week. told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. “More than that and the buyer should realize that he’s been cheated. I was simply fulfilling my responsibilities. 3 The Chinese government warned that the sale would affect auctioneer Christie’s development in China. 02/03/09 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . Christie’s three-day sale of Saint Laurent’s art collection earned a total of more than €373m.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 2 Intermediate 7 Wang Weiming.

another role / wild card This is a wild card. 8. seller The artefact has been in your family for many years. The Opium wars took place in the mid-eighteenth century. You can bring in a further point of view using this role card. French courts ruled that YSL was the lawful owner of the sculptures. The bidder cannot pay for the sculptures. 5. It is said that many slaves died whilst building the palace. 2.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check: A summary Are the sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct any sentences that are false. The auction house representative is the Chair of the meeting. You need the money to repair the roof of your large country home. 3. 6. 1. Below is a similar (imaginary) situation in which a valuable artefact has been sold at an auction. 10. 4 Role play: A solution-finding meeting In the article. 4. The Chinese accepted Pierre Bergé’s offer. 5 and 6 are optional). You need to make sure that there is a satisfactory solution to the problem and that your auction house doesn’t lose money or its good reputation. 5. 4. It was taken from a palace by foreign archaeologists. You know that the artefacts will be safe in your museum. 6. 3. adviser to the government The artefact originally came from your country and you think it should be returned for free. The auction house is trying to find a solution to the situation. The bronze sculptures were part of a fountain in a palace. Take a few minutes to make notes about what you want to say and then have a meeting. director of a museum You believe that the artefacts should be kept in a museum for everybody to see. Your aim is to find a solution that is acceptable to as many people as possible. The artefacts were stolen by Chinese troops in the Opium wars. You plan to keep the artefact in your private collection where it will be safe. Unfortunately you now have to sell it. 7. Yvonne So said that the auction house usually works with the buyer and seller to find a solution. 2. Who are you? What is your opinion? N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate CA •P H O . You believe you are now the owner of the artefact. Divide these role cards up among groups of four to six students (cards 1-4 are essential. YSL’s partner offered to return the bronzes to China for free if China allows freedom in Tibet. A Chinese artefact expert said the bronzes are worth €373m. All the heads from the sculpture have now been returned. private collector You were the highest bidder at the auction. Set a time limit. auction house representative You are the Chair of the meeting. 9. 1.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 2 Intermediate 5 Discussion Have you ever placed a bid in an auction? Was it in an auction house or online or somewhere else? What did you bid for? Did you win the auction? 6 Webquest What can you find out about these other artefacts from around the world? Where are they now and where did they come from? • • • • The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles) The bust of Queen Nefertiti Inca relics from Machu Picchu Antique Khmer sculptures © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

controversial 5. T © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . looted 6.Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts Level 2 KEY 2 Key words 1. T 4. T 10. F 8. T 9. foundation 8. F 5. patriotic 9. late 4. relics 7. F 7. bidder 2. T 6. F 3. coarsely 10. artefact 3. repatriated Intermediate 3 Comprehension check: A summary 1. F 2.

3. The words ‘Free Store’ usually mean the opposite. ___________________ are objects that are produced for sale. 4. a lot of them go there. 5. 1. 2 What do you know? Decide whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 3. Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco. you make it full again by replacing what has been used. goods transaction launch throng proviso browse utopian packed replenish veteran 1. A ___________________ is a condition attached to an agreement. If a place is ___________________. The movie Breakfast at Tiffany’s starred Audrey Hepburn. To ___________________ a business means to start it. 6. A ___________________ is someone who was in the armed forces. 2. 6.New York store gives away goods for free Level 3 1 Advanced Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 7. If you ___________________ something. 2. A ___________________ is the action or process of buying or selling something. A ___________________ is someone who believes that the world can be perfect. it is extremely crowded (informal). To ___________________ means to look at things in a shop without being sure whether you want to buy something. New York. 8. 10. ‘Disaster tourists’ are people who cause damage to the environment through their travelling. 9. 5. especially during a war. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . The site of the Twin Towers destroyed on 9/11 is known as Ground Hero. If people ___________________ somewhere. 4. Wall Street is in Brooklyn.

where the Diggers were political and rebellious. even joyful. 16/03/09 N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • Don’t pay as you go: New York store gives away goods for free Ed Pilkington in New York 16 March. But in this case free store is precisely what it says. themselves named after the 17th century English agrarian utopians of the same name. Robles and Stein explained that they were 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Advanced CA •P H O .000 grant from a local cultural body and the September 11 fund. a travel agent who works in Wall Street. So why did he feel he needed a book with a title like that? “Why not? There’s always something to be learned.” Robles said.” Robles and Stein based their idea for the shop on the free stores that cropped up in San Francisco and New York in 1967. it was packed to overflowing with ‘shoppers’ browsing through its T-shirts. who have launched it with the help of a $9. But they do plan to keep the store open until the end of March. the Diggers set up two shops in the Haight-Ashbury district called Free Frame of Reference and Trip Without A Ticket. Athena Robles and Anna Stein. we’ve bailed out the banks. and their project leans more towards the artistic. that would be utterly forgettable were it not for the two words stamped across its glass: Free Store. This week. visitors expecting to experience terrorist and economic catastrophe at close range have been amazed to stumble on something far more positive. They were set up by the hippy group the Diggers. 3 Last week it traded a variety of goods. Every day thousands of people throng its narrow streets. a couple of blocks away from Wall Street. from kids’ dresses and art supplies. They began planning it 18 months ago but believe the timing of its opening now is singularly appropriate. “It’s a great time to be cheering people up with gifts. In San Francisco. replenishing the free items with donations from people who use the shop.New York store gives away goods for free Level 3 Advanced welcome to take whatever they liked.” 4 Within five minutes of the store opening its doors on Friday. to DVDs. though. Anyone off the street can browse through its goods. 2009 1 In recent months downtown Manhattan has seen a new pastime – you might call it ‘disaster tourism’. and if they think they need it. There. select an item. chose a large framed photograph of Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s. 2 It is a shop front in Nassau Street. woolly scarves. “It’s a certain time in history in this country when people really need to help each other out.” Kevin walked away with a free copy of a book called Great Sex Trips. slogans like ‘free store’ usually mean the opposite – they are probably being used to market hyper-exclusive shops selling nothing under $1. 5 Richard. baskets and pair of black riding boots. Every item on offer inside the small shop is free. “When we started I was terrified we would run out of stuff. not to mention free concerts with bands such as the Grateful Dead. “We’ve bailed out the car companies. returning Vietnam veterans would exchange their uniforms for tie-dyed clothes and feed themselves on vegetable soup known as Digger Stew.000. In the age of postmodern advertising. attracted to Ground Zero rising slowly out of the ashes of 9/11. Each transaction was noted in their records and the customer given a receipt as they would be in any money-based shop. just around the corner. with the only proviso being that they felt they “needed it”. posters. The Diggers went so far as to set up free hospitals for those who did not have insurance. Stein and Robles don’t claim to have as expansive ambitions as the 1960s Diggers. The shop is the creation of two artists. postcards and a dauntingly large stained-glass ceiling fitting. and why not?” he said. walk out with it utterly without charge. so it’s nice to get something back for once.” © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. “But after two days that’s no longer a worry as people are bringing in bagfuls of lovely things.

(para 2) 3. People can only have things if they need them. 1. c. Where do Stein and Robles get the items they stock in their store? a. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. To find something more positive and joyful. A two-word adjective meaning with unusual patterns made by tying the cloth before it is dyed. What is the difference between the project started by Stein and Robles and that of the Diggers in the 1960s? a. An adjective meaning relating to or involving farming or farmers. What is the main similarity between the free store and a money-based shop? a. (para 3) 6. The Diggers didn’t stock clothes in their free stores. b. An adverb meaning in a noticeable way.New York store gives away goods for free Level 3 Advanced 3 Comprehension check Choose the best answer according to the text. To look at the site of 9/11 and the site of the economic catastrophe. An adverb meaning exactly. Stein and Robles are artistic rather than political and rebellious. 4. People bring in bagfuls of stuff. b. (para 6) 8. (para 6) 7. An adverb meaning in a way that makes you worried because it will be difficult or dangerous to do. (para 3) 5. An adverb meaning completely. Why do so many tourists visit the part of Manhattan where the free store is located? a. 3. The paragraph number will help you. An adjective meaning including many things or a large area. The Diggers were more artistic. A three-word expression meaning from a very short distance. c. The free store issues receipts. To get free clothes and other items. (para 2) 4. c. c. (para 7) © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Advanced CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . b. 2. (para 1) 2. b. The free store sells a variety of goods. 1. At the local market. They buy them in cheap stores.

tend to choose or support something b. help an organization that is having financial problems f. lean towards 5. In the article the Diggers are described as being ________________. stumble on 6. make someone feel less sad e. leave a place d. [TIME] 7 Discussion Do you think a project like this would work in your town or city? Why? Why not? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . bail out 2. appear or happen suddenly or unexpectedly 6 Word building Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets.New York store gives away goods for free Level 3 Advanced 5 Phrasal verbs Match the verbs from the text with their meanings. Please can you give me a ________________. [REFER] 6. 1. crop up 3. [REBEL] 5. [AMAZE] 3. It was an ________________ experience. walk away a. [RECEIVE] 4. Frame of ________________ means the set of principles you base your behaviour or attitudes on. I will always remember it! [FORGET] 2. People looked at the store window in ________________. cheer up 4. 1. find something by accident c. The founders of the free store believe the ________________ of its opening is highly appropriate.

F 2. at close range 2. replenish 8. F 4. agrarian 7. a 5. e 2. proviso 3. precisely 4. T 6. T 5. unforgettable 2. F 6 Word building 1. packed 6. browse Advanced 4 Find the word 1. tie-dyed 8. utopian 7. timing 3 Comprehension check 1. dauntingly 5. throng 10. T 3. transaction 2. b © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Advanced CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . receipt 4. b 6.New York store gives away goods for free Level 3 KEY 1 Key words 1. reference 6. b 3. b 2. veteran 4. c 2 What do you know? 1. f 3. singularly 6. expansive 5 Phrasal verbs 1. d 4. utterly 3. rebellious 5. amazement 3. c 4. goods 5. launch 9.

To __________________ means to look at things in a shop without being sure whether you want to buy something. 9.New York store gives away goods for free Level 1 1 Elementary Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 5. catastrophe grant amazed browse packed goods launch gift transaction slogan 1. 10. How much do items in the free store cost? 4. A __________________ is a short phrase used for advertising something. To __________________ a business means to start it. 3. A __________________ is something that you give to someone as a present. 7. A __________________ is the action or process of buying or selling something. 1. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. Where is the New York free store located? 3. Where are Ground Zero and Wall St? 2. 4. If you are __________________. 6. If a place is __________________. When did the founders of the store start planning the project? 6. it is very crowded. 2. A __________________ is an event that causes a lot of damage or makes a lot of people suffer. 8. How much did the founders of the free store get as a grant? 5. A __________________ is an amount of money given to you by the government or an organization for a specific purpose. __________________ are objects that are produced for sale. you feel very surprised. When did free stores appear in San Francisco? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O .

2 It is a shop front in Nassau Street. But they are planning to keep the store open until the end of March. Athena Robles and Anna Stein. select an item and. who launched it with the help of a $9. or to look at Wall St. men returning from the war in Vietnam exchanged their uniforms for hippy clothes and ate vegetable soup known as Digger Stew. Stein and Robles don’t have the same kind of ambitions as the 1960s Diggers.New York store gives away goods for free Level 1 Elementary customer a receipt just like in any normal shop. “The government has given money to the car companies and the banks. The shop is the idea of two artists.000. “It’s a certain time in history in this country when people really need to help each other out. Robles and Stein explained that people could take whatever they wanted. 2009 1 Every day for the past few months thousands of people have crowded into the narrow streets of downtown Manhattan. a couple of blocks away from Wall Street. In these shops. baskets and boots. Some people describe them as ‘disaster tourists’ because they have come to look at Ground Zero. They began planning it 18 months ago but believe it is opening at the right time. posters and postcards. They wrote down each transaction in their records and gave the 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Elementary CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . So why did he think he needed a book with a title like that? “Why not? You can always learn something. the Diggers set up two shops in the Haight-Ashbury district.” Kevin walked away with a free copy of a book called Great Sex Trips. and their project is more artistic. They were set up by the hippy group the Diggers. so it’s nice to get something back for once. from kids’ dresses and art supplies. to DVDs. and why not?” he said. The Diggers even set up free hospitals for those who did not have insurance. visitors expecting to take a close look at terrorist and economic catastrophe have been amazed to find something far more positive just around the corner. slogans like ‘free store’ usually mean the opposite – they are often used to market exclusive shops that sell nothing cheaper than $1. if they think they need it. a travel agent who works in Wall Street. “But after two days that’s no longer a worry because people are bringing in bagfuls of lovely things. 3 Last week it sold a variety of goods. The only condition was that they thought they “needed it”. where the current financial crisis began.” Robles said. where the Diggers were more political. scarves. These days. walk out with it completely free of charge. In San Francisco. that would be completely ordinary without the two words on the shop window: Free Store. 16/03/09 Don’t pay as you go: New York store gives away goods for free Ed Pilkington in New York 16 March. though. chose a large framed photograph of Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s. as well as free concerts. “It’s a great time to make people happy by giving them gifts.” © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian.000 grant from a local cultural body and the September 11 fund. it was packed with ‘shoppers’ browsing through its T-shirts.” 4 Five minutes after the store opened on Friday. This week. Every item on offer inside the small shop is free. 5 Richard. “When we started I was worried we would run out of stuff. the site of the 9/11 attacks. Anyone can come in off the street and browse through its goods.” Robles and Stein got the idea for the shop from the free stores that appeared in San Francisco and New York in 1967. But in this case free store means exactly what it says.

New York store gives away goods for free Level 1 Elementary 3 Comprehension check Correct the mistakes in these sentences. _______ the end of March 7. 5. The shop is the idea of two businesswomen. 1.000 help a of the grant with 5 Prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. the around corner just 5. Robles and Stein gave each customer a plastic bag. Five hours after the shop opened on Friday. packed _______ shoppers 5. $9. _______ this case 8. 4. blocks a away of couple Wall St from 3. _______ the right time 6. months every for the few day past 4. come in _______ the street N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Elementary CA •P H O . 1. 2. free _______ charge 3. of free charge completely 6. 4 Chunks Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text. 3. The free store has a three-word slogan on its window. of end March until the 2. a variety _______ goods 4. They got the idea for the shop from the free stores that appeared in San Francisco in the 1970s. take a look _______ 2. it was packed with shoppers. They are planning to keep the store open until the end of May. 6. 1.

New York store gives away goods for free Level 1 Elementary 6 Word stress Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress. thousands supplies crisis certain amazed explain slogan receipt select district project exchange A 0o B o0 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H .

Manhattan (New York) 2. gift 2. every day for the past few months 4.000 5. at 6. a couple of blocks away from Wall St 3. $9. The shop is the idea of two artists. packed 6. 4. nothing (they are free) 4. © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Elementary CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . grant 10. with the help of a $9. slogan 7. at 2. 5. Five minutes after the shop opened on Friday. of 3. transaction 4. amazed 8. 2. with 5. it was packed with shoppers. until the end of March 2. browse Elementary 4 Chunks 1. until 7. They are planning to keep the store open until the end of March. catastrophe 3. just around the corner 5.New York store gives away goods for free Level 1 KEY 1 Key words 1. The free store has a two-word slogan on its window. They got the idea for the shop from the free stores that appeared in San Francisco in the 1960s.000 grant 5 Prepositions 1. goods 5. 6. in 8. off 2 Find the information 1. launch 9. 1967 6 Word stress A 0o thousands crisis slogan project certain district B o0 amazed select supplies explain receipt exchange 3 Comprehension check 1. Robles and Stein gave each customer a receipt. 18 months ago 6. completely free of charge 6. of 4. 3. Nassau St (Manhattan) 3.

4. A __________________ is the action or process of buying or selling something. 1. A __________________ is a short phrase used for advertising something. How much money did the ‘Free Store’ get as a grant? 2. Who starred in the movie Breakfast at Tiffany’s? 6. you feel extremely surprised. 7. To __________________ means to look at things in a shop without being sure whether you want to buy something. 10. When did free stores appear in San Francisco? 3. Where is the New York free store located? 4. A __________________ is an amount of money given to you by the government or an organization for a specific purpose. 3. If a place is __________________.New York store gives away goods for free Level 2 1 Intermediate Key words Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. 5. 2 Find the information Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. When did the founders of the store start planning the project? 5. 6. A __________________ is an event that causes a lot of damage or makes a lot of people suffer. especially during a war. A noun meaning objects that are produced for sale: __________________. 9. To __________________ a business means to start it. 2. What was ‘Digger Stew’? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . it is extremely crowded (informal). If you are __________________. transaction goods browse catastrophe packed amazed veteran grant launch slogan 1. 8. A __________________ is someone who was in the armed forces.

not to mention free concerts. 5 Richard. replenishing the free items with gifts from people who use the shop. Athena Robles and Anna Stein. to DVDs. They noted down each transaction in their records and gave the customer a receipt as in any money-based shop. 3 Last week it traded a variety of goods. But they do plan to keep the store open until the end of March. 2009 1 In recent months downtown Manhattan has seen a new phenomenon – you might call it ‘disaster tourism’. Stein and Robles don’t have the same kind of ambitions as the 1960s Diggers. “The government has given money to the car companies and the banks.000 grant from a local cultural body and the September 11 fund.” © Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian. chose a large framed photograph of Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s. The shop is the creation of two artists.” Kevin walked away with a free copy of a book called Great Sex Trips. They were set up by the hippy group the Diggers. the Diggers set up two shops in the Haight-Ashbury district. woolly scarves. and why not?” he said. There. This week. returning Vietnam veterans exchanged their uniforms for hippy clothes and ate vegetable soup known as Digger Stew. select an item and. “But after two days that’s no longer a worry because people are bringing in bagfuls of lovely things. though. a couple of blocks away from Wall Street. so it’s nice to get something back for once. Every day thousands of people crowd into its narrow streets. 16/03/09 Don’t pay as you go: New York store gives away goods for free Ed Pilkington in New York 16 March. where the Diggers were political and rebellious. But in this case free store is precisely what it says. So why did he feel he needed a book with a title like that? “Why not? There’s always something to be learned. In San Francisco. a travel agent who works in Wall Street. and their project is more artistic. from kids’ dresses and art supplies. who launched it with the help of a $9.New York store gives away goods for free Level 2 Intermediate it”.” Robles and Stein based their idea for the shop on the free stores that appeared in San Francisco and New York in 1967. 2 It is a shop front in Nassau Street. if they think they need it. postcards and a huge stained-glass ceiling fitting. Robles and Stein explained that they were welcome to take whatever they liked. Anyone can come in off the street and browse through its goods. “When we started I was worried we would run out of stuff. that would be completely ordinary without the two words on the shop window: Free Store. posters.000.” Robles said. baskets and boots. They began planning it 18 months ago but believe the timing of its opening now is very appropriate. walk out with it completely free of charge. “It’s a great time to be cheering people up with gifts. “It’s a certain time in history in this country when people really need to help each other out. with the only condition being that they felt they “needed 6 7 © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Intermediate CA •P H N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • O . it was packed with ‘shoppers’ browsing through its T-shirts. The Diggers even set up free hospitals for those who did not have insurance. Every item on offer inside the small shop is free.” 4 Within five minutes of the store opening its doors on Friday. attracted to Ground Zero rising slowly out of the ashes of 9/11. visitors expecting to take a close look at terrorist and economic catastrophe have been amazed to find something far more positive just around the corner. These days slogans like ‘free store’ usually mean the opposite – they are probably being used to market hyperexclusive shops selling nothing under $1.

(para 7) 5 Word building Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets. (para 5) 7. [AMBITION] 4. They were __________________ they would run out of stuff. 1. An adverb meaning exactly. (para 2) 2. The free store only stocks clothes. Shoppers have to feel that they need something before they can take it.New York store gives away goods for free Level 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension check Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. The free store is the first free store in American history. A noun meaning the distance along a city street from where one road crosses it to the next road. 1. 4 Find the word Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. [ART] 5. A prefix meaning more than usual or normal. Thousands of tourists visit Ground Zero every day. 3. (para 2) 3. The paragraph number will help you. Every customer is given a __________________. [RECEIVE] 2. A three-word expression used for adding a comment that emphasizes the main idea of what you have already said. [WORRY] 6. (para 2) 4. [INSURE] 3. A phrasal verb meaning to write so you have a record of something. There were free hospitals for people who did not have __________________. An adjective meaning opposing authority or the accepted rules of society. The timing of the shop’s opening is appropriate because it is a time of recession. A plural noun meaning pieces of cloth you wear around your neck. They believe their project is more __________________. 2. (para 4) 5. 4. (para 6) 8. [CREATE] N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Intermediate CA •P H O . (para 4) 6. 6. The shop is the __________________ of two artists. Stein and Robles are not as __________________ as the Diggers. The free store sells nothing under $1.000. A phrasal verb meaning to make someone less sad. 5.

until the end _______ March 7 Discussion What do you think of this idea? What are its advantages and disadvantages? What new things do you really need? © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . packed _______ 6. free _______ charge 4. base an idea _______ 7. take a look _______ 3.New York store gives away goods for free Level 2 Intermediate 6 Words followed by prepositions Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. with the help _______ 5. 1. attracted _______ 2. exchange something _______ 8.

Audrey Hepburn 6. packed Intermediate 4 Find the word 1. to 2. cheer up 7. scarves 5. F © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / New York store gives away goods for free / Intermediate CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D • •P H . not to mention 8. 18 months ago 5. for 8. catastrophe 8. receipt 2. veteran 10. $9. vegetable soup 6 Words followed by prepositions 1. with 6. amazed 4. of 3 Comprehension check 1. hyper3. F 3. note down 6.000 2.New York store gives away goods for free Level 2 KEY 1 Key words 1. artistic 5. grant 6. of 5. T 5. of 4. precisely 4. T 6. transaction 9. block 2. 1967 3. at 3. slogan 3. worried 6. ambitious 4. launch 5. T 2. F 4. rebellious 5 Word building 1. browse 7. creation 2 Find the information 1. goods 2. on 7. Nassau St (Manhattan) 4. insurance 3.

An important action that is intended to so