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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition

Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. hacker nerd extradition lenient naive appellant bail contention disproportionate intolerable

1. If something is ___________________, it is much bigger (or smaller) than it should be. 2. If something is ___________________, it is impossible to bear or deal with. 3. If a law is ___________________, it punishes someone less severely than it could. 4. A ___________________ person is one who lacks experience of life and tends to believe things too easily. 5. An ___________________ is someone who appeals against the decision of a court of law. 6. ___________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 7. ___________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 8. A ___________________ is an opinion or statement that something is true. 9. A ___________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other peoples computers illegally. 10. A ____________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers.

What do you know?

Decide whether these sentences are True (T) or False (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The Pentagon is the home of the US governments department of defence. 2. The European court of human rights is in Brussels. 3. The attacks on the Word Trade Centre and the Pentagon took place in 2002. 4. The UK has much tougher computer crime laws than the USA. 5. One UK pound is worth approximately two US dollars. 6. Terrorist suspects held at Guantanamo Bay are known as enemy combatants.

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 3 Advanced
the same category applied to terrorist suspects interned at Guantnamo Bay. McKinnons lawyer, Karen Todner, said her client had now exhausted his options in the UK and would be taking his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer, she said. His case could have been properly dealt with by our own prosecuting authorities. Instead, we believe that the British government declined to prosecute him to enable the US government to make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have stated that they want to see him fry. The consequences he faces if extradited are both disproportionate and intolerable and we will be making an immediate application to the European court to prevent his removal. 5 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has consistently argued that he was merely a bumbling computer nerd who caused no damage but was merely searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom, looking for loopholes which would help him get inside their networks in order to prove his contention that the existence of aliens had been covered up by the CIA. 6 He left messages on the desktops of computers he had hacked into, a mistake that allowed the authorities to trace him. It got a bit silly, he told the Guardian in 2005. I suppose it means Im not a secretive, sophisticated, checking-myselfevery-step-of-the-way type of hacker. 7 McKinnons lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK as the hacking raids were conducted in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision it would mean he would face a much smaller sentence under the UKs more lenient computer crime laws. The defence argued he was being unfairly targeted because his work embarrassed the US security services. 8 They also argued that an attempt by US prosecutors to make a deal with McKinnon in which he would be offered a six-month sentence
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Bumbling nerd who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British hacker who broke into the Pentagons computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after the House of Lords yesterday dismissed his appeal against extradition to the US. Gary McKinnon called the worlds most dangerous hacker by the American authorities could face trial in the US for his actions, but vowed to continue fighting his case in the European courts. 2 Im very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised, he told the Guardian. It might be naive of me but, perversely, I think I might have more chance in Europe than I do in my own country. McKinnon said the Home Office had delayed extraditing him by two weeks to allow him time to lodge a higher appeal. After that, the case could take two years to reach the courts. Right now Id be quite glad of a two-year delay, he said. Its better than being handed over to US marshals and being put on a plane straight away. He said the case had proved devastating in the six years since he was arrested. With his bail conditions barring him from using the Internet, his previous work in IT is near-impossible, while potential employers are scared off. Ive lost two jobs because of this my bosses just didnt want to be associated with the publicity, he said. 3 The 42-year-old hacked into 97 computers belonging to the US military shortly after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename Solo. American officials claim he infiltrated systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa causing $700,000 (354,000) damage and threatening national security. 4 If extradited, McKinnon faces up to 70 years in prison and his lawyers have argued that he could even be given enemy combatant status,
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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 3 Advanced
US is making a clear stand that anyone making any attempts to compromise its computers and data will face the consequences, said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

for his co-operation constituted an unfair derailment of British legal procedures. That contention was rejected by the law lords, who said that granting the appeal would endanger the integrity of the extradition process. In the written judgment they said: The difference between the American system and our own is not perhaps so stark as the appellants argument suggests. 9 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their pursuit. The

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Gary McKinnon hacked into thousands of US government computers a. ... in order to show how easy it was to do so. b. ... in order to prove the CIA was hiding evidence about the existence of aliens. c. ... in order to protest about the treatment of prisoners at Guantnamo Bay. 2. Mr McKinnons lawyers believe that a. ... the US government wants to make an example of him. b. ... the European courts will be fairer than the British ones. c. ... his appeal will endanger the integrity of the extradition process. 3. Mr McKinnon describes himself as a. ... a thoroughly professional computer expert. b. ... a clumsy amateur. c. ... an enemy combatant. 4. Why do Mr McKinnons lawyers argue that he should be tried in Britain? a. Because they believe he will receive a more lenient sentence. b. Because the actual offences were committed in Britain. c. Because they believe he will not receive a fair trial in the USA.

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to promise that you will do something. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning causing a lot of harm or damage. (para 2) 3. A verb meaning to officially say that someone must not do something. (para 2) 4. A verb meaning (in American English) to kill someone as a punishment using the electric chair. (para 4) 5. An adjective meaning behaving in a way that is confused an not properly organized. (para 5) 6. A phrasal verb meaning to hide the truth about something. (para 5) 7. A noun meaning the prevention of something from continuing in the way it was planned. (para 8) 8. An adjective meaning extreme and obvious. (para 8)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make collocations from the text. 1. face 2. lodge 3. dismiss 4. threaten 5. exhaust 6. make 7. cause 8. leave a. damage b. national security c. all ones options d. an appeal e. the consequences f. a message g. an application h. an appeal

6 Phrasal verbs
Complete the phrasal verbs from the text using these particles. into up with over off up

1. scare __________________ 2. deal __________________ 3. cover __________________

4. give __________________ 5. hand __________________ 6. break __________________

7 Discussion
Do you think hackers like Gary McKinnon should be prosecuted? Why? Why not?
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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. disproportionate 2. intolerable 3. lenient 4. naive 5. appellant 6. bail 7. extradition 8. contention 9. hacker 10. nerd

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. vow devastating bar fry bumbling cover up derailment stark

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e d/h d/h b c g a f

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F F F T T

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b a b b

6 Phrasal verbs
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. off with up up over into

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. nerd trial hacker delay extradition sympathizer bail fry appeal sophisticated

1. A ___________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other peoples computers illegally. 2. An ___________________ is a formal request to a court of law to change its decision. 3. To __________________ someone is an American expression meaning to kill someone using the electric chair. 4. A terrorist ___________________ is someone who supports terrorists. 5. A ___________________ is the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent. 6. ___________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 7. ___________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 8. If you are ___________________, you know and understand a lot about a subject. 9. If you ___________________ something, you make it late or slow it down. 10. A ____________________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. How many computers did Gary McKinnon hack into? 2. What was Gary McKinnons codename? 3. How much damage did he cause? 4. How much time could he spend in prison? 5. Where is the European court of human rights? 6. When did he hack into the US government computers?
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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 1 Elementary
lawyer, Karen Todner, said he would now take his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer, she said. The British authorities could easily deal with his case. Instead, we believe that the British government did not prosecute him so that the US government could make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have said that they want to see him fry. We will make an immediate application to the European court to stop his extradition. 6 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has always said that he was just a computer nerd. He said he didnt cause any damage but was just searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom. He said he was trying to find evidence for his belief that the CIA was covering up the existence of aliens. 7 He left messages on the desktops of computers he hacked into. This was a mistake that allowed the authorities to find him. It was a bit silly, he told a newspaper in 2005. I suppose it means Im not a secretive, sophisticated type of hacker. 8 McKinnons lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK because the hacking happened in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision he would face a much shorter sentence because the UKs computer crime laws are not as strict as the laws in America. His lawyers also argued that he was a target because his work embarrassed the US security services. 9 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their attempts to extradite Mr McKinnon. The US is clearly saying that anyone trying to hack into its computers and data will face the consequences, said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

Bumbling nerd who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British computer nerd who broke into the Pentagons computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after a British court decided that he could be extradited to the United States. Gary McKinnon who the American authorities called the worlds most dangerous hacker could face trial in the US for his actions, but he has said he will continue to fight in the European courts. 2 Im very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised, he said. I think I might have more success in Europe than I do in my own country. McKinnon said the British authorities had delayed his extradition by two weeks to allow him time to appeal to a higher court. After that, it could be two years before the case comes to court. Right now Id be quite happy with a two-year delay, he said. Its better than being put on a plane and sent to the US today. 3 He said the case had caused him terrible problems in the six years since he was arrested. His bail conditions prevented him from using the Internet, so his previous work in IT is almost impossible and employers just dont want to hire him. Ive lost two jobs because of this my bosses didnt want to be associated with the publicity in this case, he said. 4 Mr McKinnon hacked into 97 US military computers soon after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename Solo. American officials say he broke into systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa causing $700,000 (354,000) damage and putting American national security in danger. 5 If he is extradited to the US, McKinnon could spend up to 70 years in prison. McKinnons
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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The American authorities call Gary McKinnon the worlds most dangerous hacker because 2. Mr McKinnons lawyers say he should face trial in the UK because 3. Mr McKinnon says he hacked into the computers because 4. Mr McKinnon says he is disappointed and angry but 5. Mr McKinnons lawyers 6. Mr McKinnons lawyers believe the British government did not prosecute him

a. want to stop his extradition to the United States. b. not too surprised at the courts decision. c. so the Americans could make an example of him. d. the hacking happened in Britain. e. he hacked into 97 US military computers. f. he wanted to find evidence of the existence of aliens.

4 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. Check your answers in the text. 1. year a delay two 2. in to prison up years 70 3. human the of European rights court 4. from IT an worker London unemployed north 5. a just nerd computer 6. in not as laws America as strict the

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 1 Elementary
5 Prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. soon ______________ the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon 2. he broke ______________ the Pentagons computer systems 3. prevented him ______________ using the Internet 4. associated ______________ 5. up ______________ 70 years in prison 6. searching ______________ evidence 7. covering ______________ the existence of aliens 8. give ______________ their attempts

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

verb
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. hack apply exist defend sympathize extradite

noun

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. hacker 2. appeal 3. fry 4. sympathizer 5. trial 6. extradition 7. bail 8. sophisticated 9. delay 10. nerd

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a two-year delay up to 70 years in prison the European court of human rights an unemployed IT worker from north London just a computer nerd not as strict as the laws in America

5 Prepositions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. after into from with to for up up

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 97 Solo $700,000 (354,000) up to 70 years Strasbourg in 2001

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. hacker/hacking application existence defence sympathizer extradition

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. e d f b a c

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. nerd lenient hacker intolerable extradition appeal bail endanger bumbling disproportionate

1. __________________ is money that is given to a court as a guarantee when someone is allowed to stay out of prison until their trial. 2. __________________ is the process of sending a criminal back to the country where a crime was committed for a trial. 3. A ________________ is a boring person who is excessively interested in technical subjects, especially computers. 4. If something is __________________, it is impossible to bear or deal with. 5. If something is __________________, it is much bigger (or smaller) than it should be. 6. A __________________ is someone who uses a computer to connect to other peoples computers illegally. 7. If you __________________ something, you put it in a position where it might be harmed. 8. A __________________ person is one who behaves in a way that is confused an not properly organized. 9. An __________________ is a formal request to a court of law to change its decision. 10. If a law is __________________, it punishes someone less severely than it could.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. How many computers did Gary McKinnon hack into? 2. How much damage did he cause? 3. How much time could he spend in prison? 4. When did he hack into the US government computers? 5. Where is the European court of human rights? 6. What was Gary McKinnons codename?

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 2 Intermediate
could even be given enemy combatant status, the same category applied to terrorist suspects interned at Guantnamo Bay. McKinnons lawyer, Karen Todner, said her client had now used up all his options in the UK and would take his case to the European court of human rights in Strasbourg. Gary McKinnon is neither a terrorist nor a terrorist sympathizer, she said. His case could have been properly dealt with by our own authorities. Instead, we believe that the British government did not prosecute him to enable the US government to make an example of him. American officials involved in this case have said that they want to see him fry. If he is extradited, he faces disproportionate and intolerable consequences and we will be making an immediate application to the European court to prevent his extradition. 6 McKinnon, an unemployed IT worker from north London, has always argued that he was simply a bumbling computer nerd who caused no damage but was just searching for evidence of extraterrestrial life. Between 2001 and 2002 he scanned thousands of US government computers from his bedroom, looking for ways to get inside their networks in order to find evidence for his belief that the existence of aliens had been covered up by the CIA. 7 He left messages on the desktops of computers he had hacked into, a mistake that allowed the authorities to find him. It got a bit silly, he told the Guardian in 2005. I suppose it means Im not a secretive, sophisticated type of hacker. 8 McKinnons lawyers have argued that he should face trial in the UK because the hacking took place in Britain. If the courts supported such a decision it would mean he would face a much smaller sentence under the UKs more lenient computer crime laws. The defence argued he was being unfairly targeted because his work embarrassed the US security services. 9 They also argued that an attempt by US prosecutors to make a deal with McKinnon in which he would be offered a six-month sentence for his co-operation was unfair interference in
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Bumbling nerd who broke into Pentagon computers loses battle against extradition
British hacker could face 70-year jail term in US Hope that European court will overturn Lords ruling Bobbie Johnson, technology correspondent July 31, 2008 1 A British hacker who broke into the Pentagons computer systems said he was disappointed and angry after a British court rejected his appeal against extradition to the US. Gary McKinnon called the worlds most dangerous hacker by the American authorities could face trial in the US for his actions, but he has said he will continue fighting his case in the European courts. 2 Im very disappointed and very angry, but not too surprised, he told the Guardian. I think I might have more chance in Europe than I do in my own country. McKinnon said the Home Office had delayed extraditing him by two weeks to allow him time to lodge a higher appeal. After that, the case could take two years to reach the courts. Right now Id be quite glad of a two-year delay, he said. Its better than being handed over to US marshals and being put on a plane straight away. 3 He said the case had caused him terrible problems in the six years since he was arrested. His bail conditions prevented him from using the Internet, so his previous work in IT is almost impossible and potential employers dont want to hire him. Ive lost two jobs because of this my bosses just didnt want to be associated with the publicity, he said. 4 The 42-year-old hacked into 97 computers belonging to the US military soon after the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in 2001, using the codename Solo. American officials say he broke into systems belonging to the department of defence, the US armed forces and even Nasa causing $700,000 (354,000) damage and endangering national security. 5 If he is extradited, McKinnon faces up to 70 years in prison and his lawyers have argued that he
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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 2 Intermediate
attempts to extradite Mr McKinnon. The US is clearly saying that anyone trying to hack into its computers and data will face the consequences, said Graham Cluley, of IT security company Sophos.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/07/08

British legal procedures. That argument was rejected by the court, which said that allowing his appeal would endanger the extradition process. In a written judgment the court said: The difference between the American system and our own is not perhaps as great as Mr McKinnons argument suggests. 10 Computer security experts said it was unlikely US prosecutors would give up their

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. Gary McKinnon hacked into US government computers to steal military secrets. 2. Mr McKinnon believed the CIA was hiding information about the existence of aliens. 3. He was very careful not to leave any traces on the computers he hacked into. 4. His lawyers believe the trial should be in the UK because the crime was committed there. 5. They believe the US government wants to make an example of him. 6. The court believed that the extradition process would not be endangered if they allowed Mr McKinnons appeal.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to formally make something such as a claim or a complaint. (para 2) 2. A verb meaning to put someone in prison without officially accusing them of a crime. (para 5) 3. A two-word expression meaning someone who approves of and supports terrorists. (para 5) 4. A verb meaning (in American English) to kill someone as a punishment using the electric chair. (para 5) 5. An adjective meaning relating to things that exist on planets other than Earth. (para 6) 6. A phrasal verb meaning to hide the truth about something. (para 6) 7. A verb meaning to try to attack someone. (para 8) 8. A four-word expression meaning reach an agreement with. (para 9)

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Phrasal verbs
Complete the phrasal verbs from the text using these particles. into up with over into up

1. hack __________________ 2. break __________________ 3. cover __________________ 4. give __________________ 5. hand __________________ 6. deal __________________

6 Word building
Complete the table with words from the text.

verb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 extradite appeal apply exist defend prosecute argue employ

noun

7 Discussion
Should hacking be classified as a crime?

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Bumbling nerd loses battle against extradition


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. bail 2. extradition 3. nerd 4. intolerable 5. disproportionate 6. hacker 7. endanger 8. bumbling 9. appeal 10. lenient

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. lodge intern terrorist sympathizer fry extraterrestrial cover up target make a deal with

5 Phrasal verbs
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. into into up up over with

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 97 $700,000 (354,000) up to 70 years in 2001 Strasbourg Solo

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. extradition appeal application existence defence prosecutor argument employer

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T F T T F

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. vulnerable bleak bushmeat fragment habitat turmoil extinct primate unprecedented thriving

1. If something that happens is ________________, this means that it has never happened before. 2. If a business or trade is described as ________________, it is very successful. 3. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. 4. ________________ is a state of excitement or uncontrolled activity. 5. A ________________ is a small piece of a larger object. 6. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. 7. A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans, including monkeys and apes. 8. An ________________ animal, plant or language no longer exists. 9. An animals ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in. 10. A ________________ outlook or prospect is one that does not offer people any reasons to feel happy or hopeful.

Correct the information

Each of these statements contains a factual error. Look in the text, find the relevant information and correct the error. 1. IUCN stands for the International Union for the Consolidation of Nature. 2. The highest threat category is vulnerable. 3. In south-east Asia, 17% of all Asian primates are listed as threatened. 4. The mountain gorilla lives in central Asia. 5. The situation is less severe than scientists imagine. 6. The black lion tamarin is critically endangered.

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 3 Advanced
and hunting to satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying, said Dr Jean-Christophe Vi, the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. To have a group of animals under such a high level of threat is, quite frankly, unlike anything we have recorded among any other group of species to date. 5 In Africa, 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. Two may already be extinct. Overall, 69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are considered critically endangered, including the mountain gorilla in central Africa, a snub-nosed monkey in Vietnam and an Asian langur. In the endangered category are another 137 species and sub-species (22%) including the Javan gibbon from Indonesia, golden lion tamarin from Brazil and Berthes mouse lemur from Madagascar. 6 Species are judged to be in these categories if they have a small population size, are suffering rapid population declines and have a limited geographic range. The apparent jump in the numbers of threatened primates from 39% to 48% has not in reality happened in the course of one year. The major new analysis has filled in missing data that was not available previously, according to Michael Hoffman at Conservation International. The last major assessment was carried out in 1996. The situation could well have been as bad as this, say, five years ago, we just didnt know. But now we have a much better indication of the state of the worlds primates and the news is not good, he said. 7 The review, which is funded by Conservation International, the Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation, Disneys Animal Kingdom and the IUCN is part of an unprecedented examination of the state of the worlds mammals to be released at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Barcelona in October. 8 However, there was some good news for primates. In Brazil, the black lion tamarin has been brought back from the brink of extinction and shifted from the critically endangered to

Nearly half of all the worlds primates at risk of extinction


Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson, science correspondent August 5, 2008 1 Nearly half of all primate species are now threatened with extinction, according to an evaluation by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The study, which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most comprehensive analysis for more than a decade, found that the conservation outlook for monkeys, apes and other primates has dramatically worsened. In some regions, the thriving bushmeat trade means the animals are being eaten to extinction. 2 The 2007 IUCN red list has 39% of primate species and sub-species in the three highest threat categories vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered. In todays revised list, 303 of the 634 species and sub-species 48% are in these most threatened categories. 3 The biggest threats faced by primates are habitat destruction through logging, hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. Weve raised concerns for years about primates being in peril, but now we have solid data to show the situation is far more severe than we imagined, said Dr Russell Mittermeier, the chairman of the IUCN Species Survival Commissions primate specialist group and the president of Conservation International. Tropical forest destruction has always been the main cause but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a threat in some areas, even where the habitat is still quite intact. In many places, primates are quite literally being eaten to extinction. 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly bleak, where 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as threatened, and in Vietnam and Cambodia, 90% are considered at risk. Populations of gibbons, leaf monkeys and langurs have dropped due to rapid habitat loss
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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 3 Advanced
9 The scientists also came close to downlisting the mountain gorilla to endangered following population increases in their forest habitat that spans the borders of Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. However, political turmoil in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 led to the decision to delay the planned reclassification.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 05/08/08

endangered category. This is the result of a concerted conservation effort which has also benefited the golden lion tamarin it was downlisted to endangered in 2003. The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving forest fragments and reforesting to create corridors that connect them is not only vital for primates, but offers the multiple benefits of maintaining healthy ecosystems and water supplies, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change, said Dr Anthony Rylands, the deputy chair of the IUCN primate specialist group.

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. The biggest threats faced by primates are a. ... logging and the Chinese medicine trade. b. ... hunting and the illegal trade in bushmeat. c. ... habitat destruction and the illegal wildlife trade. 2. Why does the mountain gorilla remain in the critically endangered category? a. Because of continuing political unrest in the region. b. Because the last major assessment was carried out a long time ago. c. Because their forest habitat has not increased. 3. What does eaten to extinction mean? a. The animals are eating so much there will soon be nothing for them to feed on. b. They are all being killed for their meat. c. People are beginning to eat bushmeat as an alternative to regular meat. 4. Why are primates hunted in south-east Asia? a. To satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. b. To provide bushmeat. c. To keep their populations down.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A phrasal verb meaning to use something you have gradually accumulated or saved. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning not harmed, damaged or lacking any parts. (para 3) 3. A two-word expression meaning to be absolutely honest. (para 4) 4. A two-word expression meaning with a short nose that looks rather flat. (para 5) 5. A phrasal verb meaning to add missing information. (para 6) 6. A noun meaning the point in time when something very good or bad is about to happen. (para 8) 7. An adjective meaning involving a lot of people or organizations working together in a determined way. (para 8) 8. A verb meaning to cover or cross an area completely. (para 9)
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Advanced
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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 3 Advanced
5 Verb + noun collocations
Match the verbs from the left-hand column with the nouns from the right-hand column to form phrases from the text. 1. raise 2. fill in 3. carry out 4. offer 5. reduce 6. cause a. climate change b. an assessment c. greenhouse gas emissions d. concerns e. multiple benefits f. missing data

6 Expressions with prepositions


Complete the phrases using prepositions. 1. _______ risk 2. _______ threat 3. _______ peril 4. _______ reality 5. due _______ 6. back _______ the brink

7 Discussion
Is it worth spending millions of pounds to protect endangered species? Is it so important if a few rare species of primate become extinct?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Advanced

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. unprecedented 2. thriving 3. vulnerable 4. turmoil 5. fragment 6. bushmeat 7. primate 8. extinct 9. habitat 10. bleak

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. draw on intact quite frankly snub-nosed fill in brink concerted span

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. d f b e c a

2 Correct the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. conservation critically endangered 71% central Africa more severe endangered

6 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. at under in in to from

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. c a b a

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Advanced

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. vulnerable primate bushmeat rapidly habitat logging extinct unrest endangered conservation

1. An ________________ animal, plant or language no longer exists. 2. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. 3. ________________ is the cutting down of trees for wood. 4. ________________ is angry or violent behaviour by people who are protesting about something. 5. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. 6. If something happens ________________, it happens very quickly. 7. ________________ is the management of land and water to stop it being damaged or destroyed. 8. A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans, including monkeys and apes. 9. If a species is ________________, it may soon become extinct. 10. An animals ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. What does IUCN stand for? 2. How many species and sub-species of primates are there in 2008? 3. What percentage of these species and sub-species are in the most threatened categories? 4. What percentage of primates in Vietnam and Cambodia are endangered? 5. When was the last major study carried out? 6. How many species and sub-species are endangered in Africa?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 1 Elementary
have also been hunting primates for the Chinese medicine and pet trade. What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying, said Dr JeanChristophe Vi, the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. To have a group of animals in such a dangerous situation is not like anything we have ever seen among any other group of species. 5 In Africa, 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. Two may already be extinct. Overall, 69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are listed as critically endangered, including the mountain gorilla in central Africa. Another 137 species and sub-species (22%) are in the endangered category. 6 Species are listed in these categories if they have a small population size, if their population is falling rapidly and if they have a limited geographic range. The increase in the numbers of primates at risk from 39% to 48% has not just happened in the course of one year. The major new analysis has provided missing data that was not available before, according to Michael Hoffman of Conservation International. The last major study was in 1996. Perhaps the situation was as bad as this five years ago but we just didnt know. Now we have a much better idea of the state of the worlds primates and the news is not good, he said. 7 However, there was some good news for primates. In Brazil, one species, the black lion tamarin, that was almost extinct has now been moved from the critically endangered to endangered category. This is the result of a conservation programme which has also helped the golden lion tamarin it was moved to endangered in 2003. The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving parts of the forest and planting new forests to create corridors that connect them is extremely important for primates. It also helps to maintain healthy ecosystems and water supplies and reduces the greenhouse gases that cause climate change, said Dr Anthony Rylands, of the IUCN primate specialist group.
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Nearly half of all the worlds primates at risk of extinction


Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson, science correspondent August 5, 2008 1 Primates are animals related to humans like monkeys and apes. Today almost half of all primate species could soon become extinct, according to a study carried out by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The study used the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most detailed analysis for more than ten years. It found that the situation for monkeys, apes and other primates is now much worse. In some regions species are becoming extinct because people are killing animals for bushmeat. 2 The IUCN has a red list. The 2007 list showed that 39% of primate species and sub-species were in the three highest risk categories vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered. In the 2008 list, 303 of the 634 species and sub-species 48% are in these categories. 3 The biggest problems primates face are the destruction of their habitat through logging, hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. Weve said for years that primates are in danger, but now we have solid data to show the situation is much more serious than we thought, said Dr Russell Mittermeier, the chairman of the IUCN primate specialist group. The main cause has always been the destruction of the tropical rain forests but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a problem in some areas. In many places, primates are becoming extinct because people are eating them. 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly bad. 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as endangered. In Vietnam and Cambodia, 90% are considered at risk. Primate populations have fallen as they have lost their habitat and people

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 1 Elementary
8 The scientists were also going to move the mountain gorilla from critically endangered to endangered after population increases in their forest habitat along the borders of Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. However, political unrest in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 have delayed the plans to move it to a lower risk category.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 05/08/08

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Many species and sub-species of primates are endangered 2. The situation in south-east Asia 3. A conservation programme in Brazil has helped some species 4. The mountain gorilla 5. People kill primates 6. The situation today d. because of logging and hunting for bushmeat. e. is worse than 10 years ago. f. is particularly serious. b. to survive. c. is still on the critically endangered list. a. for bushmeat and Chinese medicine.

4 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. 1. ten for than more years 2. than much serious we thought more 3. tropical the forests rain of the destruction 4. one course the in year of 5. good the not is news 6. trade the wildlife illegal

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 1 Elementary
5 Adjectives and nouns
Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column to form expressions from the text. 1. detailed 2. biggest 3. illegal 4. tropical 5. dangerous 6. geographic 7. political 8. major a. rain forest b. study c. range d. trade e. analysis f. unrest g. situation h. problems

6 Word stress
Put these words from the text into two groups according to their stress. species major human result extinct create wildlife connect appear maintain increase (n) climate

0o

o0

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. extinct 2. vulnerable 3. logging 4. unrest 5. bushmeat 6. rapidly 7. conservation 8. primate 9. endangered 10. habitat

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. for more than ten years much more serious than we thought the destruction of the tropical rain forests in the course of one year the news is not good the illegal wildlife trade

5 Adjectives and nouns


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e h d a g c f b

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. International Union for the Conservation of Nature 634 48% 71% 1996 137

6 Word stress A 0o
species human wildlife increase major climate

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. d f b c a e

o0
extinct appear result create connect maintain

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Elementary

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. vulnerable primate bushmeat thriving habitat decade extinct rapid unprecedented release

1. ________________ is the meat of wild animals killed for food or commerce in tropical countries. 2. An ________________ animal, plant or language no longer exists. 3. If you ________________ a document, you make it available. 4. An animals ________________ is the type of place that it normally lives in. 5. A ________________ is a period of ten years. 6. If something is ________________, it happens very quickly. 7. If something that happens is ________________, this means that it has never happened before. 8. A ________________ species is one that is easy to hurt or attack. 9. A ________________ is any animal belonging to the same group as humans, including monkeys and apes. 10. If a business or trade is described as ________________, it is very successful.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. What does IUCN stand for? 2. How many species and sub-species of primates are there? 3. What percentage of these species and sub-species are in the most threatened categories? 4. What percentage of primates in Vietnam and Cambodia are considered to be at risk? 5. When was the last major study carried out? 6. How many species and sub-species are considered to be endangered in Africa?

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 2 Intermediate
and hunting to satisfy the Chinese medicine and pet trade. What is happening in south-east Asia is terrifying, said Dr Jean-Christophe Vi, the deputy head of the IUCN species programme. To have a group of animals under such a high level of threat is, quite frankly, not like anything we have ever recorded among any other group of species. 5 In Africa, 11 of 13 kinds of red colobus monkey have been listed as critically endangered or endangered. Two may already be extinct. Overall, 69 species and sub-species (11% of the total) are considered critically endangered, including the mountain gorilla in central Africa. Another 137 species and sub-species (22%) are in the endangered category. 6 Species are judged to be in these categories if they have a small population size, are suffering rapid population declines and have a limited geographic range. The apparent jump in the numbers of threatened primates from 39% to 48% has not just happened in the course of one year. The major new analysis has provided missing data that was not available before, according to Michael Hoffman at Conservation International. The last major study was carried out in 1996. The situation might have been as bad as this five years ago but we just didnt know. Now we have a much better indication of the state of the worlds primates and the news is not good, he said. The review is part of an unprecedented examination of the state of the worlds mammals which will be released at the IUCN World Conservation Congress in Barcelona in October. 7 However, there was some good news for primates. In Brazil, one species, the black lion tamarin, that was almost extinct has now been moved from the critically endangered to endangered category. This is the result of a huge conservation effort which has also benefited the golden lion tamarin it was downlisted to endangered in 2003. The work with lion tamarins shows that conserving parts of the forest and reforesting to create corridors that connect them is not only vital for primates, but offers
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Nearly half of all the worlds primates at risk of extinction


Study paints bleak picture for hundreds of species Loss of habitat and boom in bushmeat trade blamed James Randerson, science correspondent August 5, 2008 1 Nearly half of all primate species could soon become extinct, according to a study carried out by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The study, which used the work of hundreds of scientists and is the most comprehensive analysis for more than a decade, found that the outlook for monkeys, apes and other primates has got much worse. In some regions, the thriving bushmeat trade means the animals are being eaten to extinction. 2 The 2007 IUCN red list has 39% of primate species and sub-species in the three highest threat categories vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered. In todays revised list, 303 of the 634 species and sub-species 48% are in these most threatened categories. 3 The biggest threats faced by primates are the destruction of their habitat through logging, hunting for bushmeat and the illegal wildlife trade. Weve raised concerns for years about primates being in danger, but now we have solid data to show the situation is much more serious than we imagined, said Dr Russell Mittermeier, the chairman of the IUCN Species Survival Commissions primate specialist group and the president of Conservation International. Tropical forest destruction has always been the main cause but now it appears that hunting is just as serious a threat in some areas, even where the habitat is still relatively undamaged. In many places, primates are quite literally being eaten to extinction. 4 The picture in south-east Asia is particularly pessimistic. 71% of all Asian primates are now listed as threatened, and in Vietnam and Cambodia, 90% are considered at risk. Primate populations have fallen due to rapid habitat loss

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 2 Intermediate
Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. However, political unrest in the region and an incident in which eight animals were killed in 2007 led to the decision to delay the planned reclassification.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 05/08/08

the multiple benefits of maintaining healthy ecosystems and water supplies, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change, said Dr Anthony Rylands, the deputy chair of the IUCN primate specialist group. 8 The scientists almost downlisted the mountain gorilla from critically endangered to endangered following population increases in their forest habitat along the borders of Rwanda,

3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. The main danger to primates has always been the destruction of tropical forests. 2. Primates are only hunted for their meat. 3. The situation is south-east Asia is not as bad as the situation in Africa. 4. Conserving parts of the forest can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 5. The mountain gorilla is no longer on the critically endangered list. 6. 48% of primate species and sub-species are on the critically endangered list.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. An adjective meaning including many details. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning an idea about what a situation will be like in the future. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning cutting down trees for wood. (para 3) 4. A two-word expression meaning in danger. (para 4) 5. A two-word expression meaning to be absolutely honest. (para 4) 6. A noun meaning the management of land and water in ways that prevent it from being damaged or destroyed. (para 7) 7. An adjective meaning extremely important. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning putting in a different category. (para 8)

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Half of all primates face extinction


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Adjectives and nouns
Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column to form expressions from the text. 1. main 2. serious 3. threatened 4. huge 5. good 6. multiple 7. political 8. healthy a. species b. news c. benefits d. threat e. ecosystems f. unrest g. effort h. cause

6 Word building
Complete the table. verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. destroy threaten examine indicate conserve emit reclassify decline noun

7 Discussion
Do you think it is important to preserve rare species of animals and prevent them from becoming extinct? Why? Why not?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate

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Half of all primates face extinction


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. bushmeat 2. extinct 3. release 4. habitat 5. decade 6. rapid 7. unprecedented 8. vulnerable 9. primate 10. thriving

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. comprehensive outlook logging at risk quite frankly conservation vital reclassification

5 Adjectives and nouns


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. h d a g b c f e

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. International Union for the Conservation of Nature 634 48% 90% 1996 69

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F F T F F

6 Word building
verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. destroy threaten examine indicate conserve emit reclassify decline noun destruction threat examination indication conservation emission reclassification decline

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Half of all primates face extinction / Intermediate

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. breathtaking undoubtedly subsequently farcical inevitably awry tantalizing unbeatable impassive disproportionate

1. If something is ________________, it is so badly organized, unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 2. An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. 3. If something is ________________, it is extremely impressive or beautiful. 4. If your face is ________________, you do not show any emotion. 5. If something happens ________________, it happens after something else happened. 6. When something goes ________________, it does not happen in the way that was hoped or planned. 7. If something is ________________ true, it is certainly true or is accepted by everyone. 8. A ________________ number is one that is bigger or smaller than it should be. 9. The adverb ________________ is used for saying that something is certain to happen. 10. If something is ________________, it makes you feel excited or hopeful about having something you want, often something that you never get.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The new Olympic 100 metres champion, Usain Bolt, is from the USA. 2. The 2004 Olympics were held in Athens. 3. The world record for the 100 metres is just over 10 seconds. 4. The 100 metres is regarded as the main event in track and field at the Olympics. 5. Before Usain Bolt, the previous world record holder was Ben Johnson. 6. Usain Bolts victory was completely unexpected.

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 3 Advanced
5 In the semi-finals Bolt was slowly away, slow at the finish and still won in 9.85, exactly the time the now-banned Justin Gatlin had run to win in Athens in 2004. He was a tenth of a second ahead of college champion Dix in second, a margin he would more than double in the final. Even then, Bolt looked sensational, unbeatable, scarcely credible. Imagine what he might achieve if he broke into a trot. 6 His path was eased when Gay, suffering from injury, did not even break 10 seconds and missed a place in the final, which went instead to his compatriot, Darvis Patton. Powell won his semifinal easily in 9.91 and the final of the 100 metres had become a Jamaican contest. They even had a third finalist in Frater who, along with two Trinidadians, two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles, completed the field. Six from the Caribbean, two from the United States. 7 As the competitors appeared for the final, hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium to create a twinkling star effect. The backdrop was near perfect, the stadium being the greatest in modern Olympics, in a Games that may be remembered as much for its architecture as its athletes. Bolt was in lane four, jigging around at the start. Powell, impassive, was three lanes to his right. In between were Thompson and Dix. This, surely, would be where the medals would be contested. The introductions to the most explosive event in all of sport were made. Bolt smiled, pointed and made the archer sign. Powell swung from side to side as if in a trance. The drums rolled. Bolt continued jigging; Powell remained impassive. 8 Silence, and then bang! Before anyone, least of all Bolt, could breathe, he had streaked away to win. Astonishingly, the first man to break 9.7 seconds eased up towards the end. Like a jockey astride a wonder-horse, he even took a quick look over his shoulder in the last five metres. I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still pumping away, said Thompson. If the semi-final was scarcely credible, this was even less so. Bolt, having produced the most electric 100
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record
Will Buckley August 17, 2008 1 Weve never seen anything like that before, was the verdict of the great Olympian, Michael Johnson, after a breathtaking 100 metres final. Usain Bolt was so far ahead of the rest he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before crossing the line in a world record time of 9.69 seconds, beating by three-hundredths of a second the record he had set 11 weeks ago. He looks unbeatable. 2 The rest were nowhere. A fifth of a second behind a long, long way in sprinting was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. With Tyson Gay having failed to make the final, the best American was Walter Dix, who took bronze in 9.91 sec. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater, Bolts Jamaican compatriots, were fifth and sixth respectively, a distance behind the unbelievable Bolt. 3 This event is top of the bill and, for that reason, it is also the race most likely to disgrace the sport. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat, who cares about, or for, the rest? The 100 metres is the diva event. It makes or breaks the show. Recently, the Games have been broken. Of the previous four winners, Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie subsequently failed drugs tests. This meant that, inevitably, some would be looking at yesterdays encounter with suspicion. The world record holder, Bolt, former world record holder, Powell, and world champion, Gay, are the three fastest men of all time and, uniquely, they were on a collision course. 4 There was some talk of people needing to go as low as 9.6 in order to win it, which was tantalizing, except 20 years ago Ben Johnson had gone as low as 9.7, running quicker than anyone until yesterday had managed in an Olympics since. Of course, Johnson then lost his gold medal after testing positive for drugs.

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 3 Advanced
10 Asked why he slowed down, Bolt said: I wasnt interested in the world record. I didnt even know I had it until after the victory lap. This medal means a lot to my country, and to me. Explaining the archer sign, he said: I just like to have fun. I like dancing. Far from a breakfast of champions, Bolt had given the meal a miss and had nuggets for lunch, rested, and then had nuggets for tea. It was a nugget diet which had led to a golden performance. The history, however, casts its shadow. Johnsons downfall was tragic: if anything were to be awry with Bolt, it would be farcical.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 17/08/08

metres performance for 20 years, contented himself with hitting his left breast and then disco dancing around the stadium. 9 It was expected, said the Jamaican team doctor, Herb Elliott. I dont know how fast he can go; his coach doesnt know how fast he can go; he doesnt know how fast he can go. He went on to say that Bolt had been tested half-a-dozen times in Beijing. It was an historic night for Jamaica, who have long aspired to win the diva event. In 1952, Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history, now Bolt had won the easiest. For a country of two-anda-half million they have undoubtedly produced a disproportionate number of top quality sprinters. Yet this was the first time their efforts had been rewarded with 100 metres gold.

11

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. The article describes the 100 metres as the diva event. What does this mean? a. An event in which only famous and successful athletes appear. b. The highest profile event in the Olympic Games. c. The event which is finished most quickly. 2. Why did Bolt slow down over the last 20 metres? a. Because he was saving his energy for the 200 metres final. b. Because he was only interested in winning the race, not in breaking the world record. c. In order to humiliate his rivals. 3. Why is the 100 metres the race which is most likely to bring disgrace to athletics? a. Because most past winners of the race have subsequently failed drugs tests. b. Because many 100 metre runners use drugs to enhance their performance. c. Because it is top of the bill and therefore attracts the most attention. 4. Why didnt Usain Bolt have to worry about the challenge of Tyson Gay? a. Because Gay had never run faster than 10 seconds. b. Because Gays fastest time this year was 10.3 seconds. c. Because Gay failed to qualify for the final.

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A four-word expression meaning moving towards each other and likely to run into each other. (para 3) 2. A phrasal verb meaning to start doing something. (para 5) 3. A noun meaning someone who is from the same country as someone else. (para 6) 4. A noun meaning everything you can see behind the main thing you are looking at. (para 7) 5. A verb meaning to make small movements with your whole body, usually in a nervous or excited way. (para 7) 6. A phrasal verb meaning to run very quickly. (para 8) 7. A phrasal verb meaning to go more slowly. (para 8) 8. A noun meaning a sudden loss of power, status or success. (para 11)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases they go with in the right-hand column. 1. set a. a (drug) test b. the final (of an event) c. something a miss d. an event e. a shadow f. a record g. an effort h. the line

2. cast 3. cross 4. fail

5. win 6. reward 7. give 8. make

6 Expressions with prepositions


Use prepositions to complete these phrases from the text. 1. suffering _______ injury 2. remembered _______ its architecture 3. swing _______ side _______ side 4. smile _______ the cameras 5. so far ahead _______ the rest 6. top _______ the bill 7. look at something _______ suspicion 8. a quick look _______ his shoulder

7 Discussion
Some past winners of the 100 metres have used performance-enhancing drugs. What do you think should happen to athletes who use such drugs? Should they be banned for life or should drugs be allowed in sport to give everyone an equal chance?
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record / Advanced
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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. farcical 2. unbeatable 3. breathtaking 4. impassive 5. subsequently 6. awry 7. undoubtedly 8. disproportionate 9. inevitably 10. tantalizing

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. on a collision course 2. break into 3. compatriot 4. backdrop 5. jig 6. streak away 7. ease up 8. downfall

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. f 2. e 3. h 4. a 5. d 6. g 7. c 8. b

2 What do you know?


1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. F

3 Comprehension check
1. b 2. b 3. c 4. c

6 Expressions with prepositions


1. from 2. for 3. from/to 4. for 5. of 6. of 7. with 8. over

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. cheat disgrace farce sprint coach event lane suspicious unbeatable lap

1. An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. 2. If something brings ________________ to a competition, it damages its reputation by doing something bad or immoral. 3. A ________________ is someone who behaves dishonestly in order to win a competition. 4. A ________________ is a short race at a fast speed. 5. A ________________ is someone who trains a sports player or team. 6. If you are ________________ about something, you believe that someone has probably done something wrong. 7. A ________________ is one complete turn around a course in a race. 8. If something is a ________________, it is so badly organized, unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 9. An ________________ is one type of activity in athletics. 10. A ________________ is one of the parts that an athletics track is divided into, intended for one runner.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. Where is Usain Bolt from? 2. What is Usain Bolts new 100 metres world record? 3. Who came second in the race? 4. How fast did Usain Bolt run the 100 metres in the semi-final? 5. Where were the 2004 Olympic Games held?

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 1 Elementary
in 2004. He was a tenth of a second ahead of Dix in second. Even then Bolt looked fantastic, unbeatable, incredible. 6 Bolts path to the gold medal was made easier when Tyson Gay, who was suffering from an injury, ran slower than 10 seconds and missed a place in the final. Powell won his semi-final easily in 9.91 and the final of the 100 metres was a contest between the two Jamaicans. They even had a third finalist in Michael Frater. Two Trinidadians, two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles completed the line-up six from the Caribbean, two from the United States. 7 When the competitors appeared for the final, hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium like stars. The location was almost perfect the stadium was the greatest in modern Olympics. Bolt was in lane four. Powell was three lanes to his right. In between were Thompson and Dix. The introductions to the fastest race in the whole of sport were made. Bolt smiled and pointed. Powell moved slowly from side to side. 8 Silence, and then bang! Before anyone could breathe, Bolt had won. Amazingly, the first man to run faster than 9.7 seconds slowed down towards the end. I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still running hard, said Thompson. If the semi-final was incredible, this was even more unbelievable. Bolt produced the most electric 100 metres performance for 20 years and then celebrated by disco dancing around the stadium. 9 We expected him to win, said the Jamaican team doctor, Herb Elliott. I dont know how fast he can run; his coach doesnt know how fast he can run; he doesnt know how fast he can run. He also said that Bolt had been tested six times in Beijing. It was an historic night for Jamaica, who had never won the Olympic 100 metres before. In 1952, Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history, now Bolt had won the easiest. 10 When Bolt was asked why he slowed down, he said: I wasnt interested in the world record. I didnt even know I had the world record until after

Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record
Will Buckley August 17, 2008 1 Weve never seen anything like that before, said the great Olympian, Michael Johnson, after an amazing 100 metres final. Jamaican runner, Usain Bolt, was so far in front of the other runners that he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before he crossed the finishing line. His time was a world record 9.69 seconds, three-hundredths of a second faster than the record he set 11 weeks ago. He looks unbeatable. 2 The other runners were nowhere. A fifth of a second behind a long, long way in sprinting was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. The best American was Walter Dix, who was third in 9.91sec. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater, also from Jamaica, were fifth and sixth, a long way behind the incredible Bolt. 3 The 100 metres is the main event at the Olympic Games and for that reason it is also the race which can bring disgrace to the sport of athletics. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat, who cares about the others? Two of the previous four winners of the 100 metres, Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie, failed drugs tests after the Olympics. This meant that, of course, some people were very suspicious about this years race. 4 The world record holder, Bolt, and the former world record holder, Powell, are the two fastest men in the world and some people said the winner would need a time of 9.6 to win the race. 20 years ago Ben Johnson won the Olympic 100 metres in 9.7, running quicker than anyone did in the four Olympics that followed. He then tested positive for drugs and lost his gold medal. 5 In the semi-finals Bolt started slowly, was slow at the finish and still won in 9.85. This was exactly the time Justin Gatlin (who is now banned after failing a drugs test) ran to win in Athens
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NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record / Elementary

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 1 Elementary
the victory lap. This medal means a lot to my country, and to me. Bolt had missed breakfast and had chicken nuggets for lunch. He then rested, and then had more nuggets for tea. He won the gold medal on a diet of chicken nuggets. The shadow of history was there though. Johnson was tragic but if there was anything suspicious about Bolts victory, it would be a farce not a tragedy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 17/08/08

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Some people are suspicious about the 100 metres final because 2. The Jamaican team were not surprised because a. Jamaican. b. ... it was the first time they had won the 100 metres at the Olympics. c. American. d. they expected Usain Bolt to win. e. two of the previous four winners have failed drugs tests. f. a fifth of a second in front of the runner who came second.

3. It was an historic night for Jamaica because 4. Usain Bolt was 5. Three of the eight finalists were 6. Two of the the eight finalists were

4 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. 1. former holder the record world 2. previous the of two winners four 3. the in the fastest two world men 4. man faster 9.7 seconds to first than run the 5. him expected we win to 6. wasnt record in I the interested world
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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 1 Elementary
5 Prepositions
Fill the gaps in the phrases using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. _______ front of the other runners 2. suspicious _______ this years race 3. the fastest men _______ the world 4. slow _______ the finish 5. suffering _______ an injury 6. from side _______ side 7. not interested _______ the world record 8. _______ a diet

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

verb
1. compete 2. perform 3. introduce 4. 5. 6. cheat 7. 8.

noun
appearance celebration breath test

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. unbeatable 2. disgrace 3. cheat 4. sprint 5. coach 6. suspicious 7. lap 8. farce 9. event 10. lane

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. the former world record holder two of the previous four winners the two fastest men in the world the first man to run faster than 9.7 seconds we expected him to win I wasnt interested in the world record

5 Prepositions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. in about in at from to in on

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Jamaica 9.69 seconds Richard Thompson 9.85 seconds Athens

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. e d b f a c

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. competitor performance introduction appear celebrate cheat breathe test

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record / Elementary

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. breathtaking disproportionate cheat lane undoubtedly subsequently farcical lap unbeatable disgrace

1. A ________________ number is one that is bigger or smaller than it should be. 2. If something ________________ a competition, it harms its reputation by doing something bad or immoral. 3. An ________________ athlete is better than everyone else and cannot be beaten. 4. If something happens ________________, it happens after something else happened. 5. A ________________ is one of the parts that an athletics track is divided into, intended for one runner. 6. A ________________ is one complete turn around a course in a race. 7. The adverb ________________ is used for saying that something is certainly true or is accepted by everyone. 8. If something is ________________, it is so badly organized, unsuccessful or unfair that it seems funny. 9. If something is ________________, it is extremely impressive or beautiful. 10. A ________________ is someone who behaves dishonestly in order to win a competition.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the following information as quickly as possible. 1. What is Usain Bolts new 100 metres world record? 2. Who came second in the race? 3. Where is Usain Bolt from? 4. How fast did Usain Bolt run the 100 metres in the semi-final? 5. How many times have Jamaica won the 100 metres gold medal at the Olympics? 6. Where were the 2004 Olympic Games held?

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 2 Intermediate
He was a tenth of a second ahead of college champion Dix in second, a margin he would more than double in the final. Even then Bolt looked sensational, unbeatable, incredible. 6 Bolts path to the gold medal was made easier when Tyson Gay, suffering from injury, did not even break 10 seconds and missed a place in the final, which went instead to fellow American Darvis Patton. Powell won his semi-final easily in 9.91 and the final of the 100 metres had become a Jamaican contest. They even had a third finalist in Frater who, along with two Trinidadians, two Americans and the man from Netherlands Antilles, completed the field. Six from the Caribbean, two from the United States. 7 As the competitors appeared for the final, hundreds of cameras flashed round the stadium to create a twinkling star effect. The backdrop was near perfect the stadium was the greatest in modern Olympics, in a Games that may be remembered as much for its architecture as its athletes. Bolt was in lane four. Powell was three lanes to his right. In between were Thompson and Dix. This, surely, would be where the medals would be contested. The introductions to the most explosive event in all of sport were made. Bolt smiled and pointed. Powell swung from side to side. 8 Silence, and then bang! Before anyone could breathe Bolt had won. Astonishingly, the first man to break 9.7 seconds slowed down towards the end. Like a jockey riding a wonder-horse, he even took a quick look over his shoulder in the last five metres. I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still running hard, said Thompson. If the semi-final was incredible, this was even more unbelievable. Bolt had produced the most electric 100 metres performance for 20 years and then disco danced around the stadium. 9 It was expected, said the Jamaican team doctor, Herb Elliott. I dont know how fast he can go; his coach doesnt know how fast he can go; he doesnt know how fast he can go. He also said that Bolt had been tested half-a-dozen times in Beijing. It was an historic night for Jamaica,
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Olympics: Usain Bolt takes Olympic glory with new 100m world record
Will Buckley August 17, 2008 1 Weve never seen anything like that before, said the great Olympian, Michael Johnson, after a breathtaking 100 metres final. Usain Bolt was so far ahead of the rest, he had time to slow down and smile for the cameras before crossing the line in a world record time of 9.69 seconds, beating by three-hundredths of a second the record he had set 11 weeks ago. He looks unbeatable. 2 The rest were nowhere. A fifth of a second behind a long, long way in sprinting was Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago. The best American was Walter Dix, who took the bronze medal in 9.91 seconds. Asafa Powell and Michael Frater, Bolts Jamaican compatriots, were fifth and sixth, a long way behind the unbelievable Bolt. 3 The 100 metres is the main event at the Olympic Games, and for that reason it is also the race which is most likely to disgrace the sport. If the fastest man in the world is a cheat, who cares about the rest? Of the previous four winners of the 100 metres, Justin Gatlin and Linford Christie subsequently failed drugs tests. This meant that, of course, some people would be looking at yesterdays race with suspicion. 4 The world record holder, Bolt, and the former world record holder, Powell, are the two fastest men in the world and there was some talk of people needing to go as low as 9.6 in order to win it. 20 years ago Ben Johnson won it in 9.7, running quicker than anyone until yesterday had managed in an Olympics since then. Of course, Johnson then lost his gold medal after testing poitive for drugs. 5 In the semi-finals Bolt was slowly away, slow at the finish and still won in 9.85, exactly the time Justin Gatlin (who is now banned after a drugs test failure) had run to win in Athens in 2004.
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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 2 Intermediate
medal means a lot to my country, and to me. Bolt had missed breakfast and had chicken nuggets for lunch. He then rested, and then had nuggets for tea. It was a nugget diet which had led to a golden performance. The history, however, casts its shadow. Johnsons downfall was tragic: if anything were found to be wrong with Bolt, it would be farcical.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 17/08/08

who have been trying to win the 100 metres for a long, long time. In 1952, Herb McKenlay lost the closest 100 metres in history, now Bolt had won the easiest. For a country of just two-and-a-half million they have undoubtedly produced a disproportionate number of top quality sprinters but this was the first time they had won 100 metres gold. 10 Asked why he slowed down, Bolt said: I wasnt interested in the world record. I didnt even know I had it until after the victory lap. This

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. Usain Bolt ran faster in this years semi-final than Justin Gatlin ran in the 2004 final. 2. Tyson Gay didnt run in the final because he was injured. 3. Bolt was not tested for drugs in Beijing. 4. Two of the last four Olympic 100 metres champions failed drugs tests. 5. Bolt wasnt interested in the world record. 6. Bolt slowed down in the last five metres.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A noun meaning someone who is from the same country as someone else. (para 2) 2. A five-word expression meaning the previous person to hold the world record. (para 4) 3. A past participle meaning officially prevented from competing. (para 5) 4. A noun meaning the amount by which a competition is won. (para 5) 5. An adjective meaning very exciting and surprising. (para 5) 6. A noun meaning all the people taking part in a race. (para 6) 7. A noun meaning everything you can see behind the main thing you are looking at. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning someone whose job is to ride horses in races. (para 8)

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Word building: Adjectives
Complete the table with adjectives that match the definitions.

adjective
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

definition
cannot be believed cannot be beaten cannot be imagined cannot be avoided cannot be controlled cannot be accepted cannot be forgotten cannot be mistaken (for someone or something else)

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

verb
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. perform suspect compete introduce disgrace contest cheat fail

noun

7 Discussion
Should performance-enhancing drugs be allowed in sport? What are the arguments for and against such a step?

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Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. disproportionate 2. disgraces 3. unbeatable 4. subsequently 5. lane 6. lap 7. undoubtedly 8. farcical 9. breathtaking 10. cheat

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. compatriot 2. the former world record holder 3. banned 4. margin 5. sensational 6. field 7. backdrop 8. jockey

5 Word building: Adjectives


1. unbelievable (incredible) 2. unbeatable 3. unimaginable 4. unavoidable (inevitable) 5. uncontrollable 6. unacceptable 7. unforgettable 8. unmistakable

2 Find the information


1. 9.69 seconds 2. Richard Thompson 3. Jamaica 4. 9.85 seconds 5. once (this was the first time) 6. Athens

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T 6. T

6 Word building
1. performance 2. suspicion 3. competition/competitor 4. introduction 5. disgrace 6. contest 7. cheat 8. failure

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Olympics: Usain Bolts new 100m world record / Intermediate

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

a) What do you consider to be a teachers tools of the trade? b) What do you think your teacher needs to carry in his / her teaching bag for work purposes?

Key words

Find the key words in the article. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. Containing bullets: ______________________. (para 1) 2. To be offended or shocked: ______________________. (para 3) 3. Someone who strongly supports something: ______________________. (para 3) 4. Hidden from view: ______________________. (para 3) 5. A person who is the prisoner of someone who threatens to kill them if they do not get what they want: ______________________. (para 6) 6. The process of checking someone to see if theyre suitable for something: ______________________. (para 9) 7. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: _____________________. (para 9) 8. An action or movement that you need care or skill to do: ______________________. (para 10) 9. When a weapon is fired it is ______________________. (para 11) 10. Not sorry / show no regret: ______________________. (para 14)

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 3 Advanced
8 Weve had a very disturbing trend of school shootings in the US, said Thweatt. It is my belief that this is caused by making schools gun-free zones. When schools were made gun-free zones, they became targets for people who wanted a high body count. As is commonplace in America, Harrolds school already has tough security including card-swipe entry for rooms and screening for visitors. Armed teachers must get a state gun licence and will be required to use bullets of a type less liable to ricochet off walls or desks. But teachers unions in Texas have expressed horror.

The American school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry pistols Remote location could make it a target, say locals Andrew Clark August 18, 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold, Texas, say loaded pistols in the hands of trained teachers will make its students and staff safer. 2 When teachers return for a new school term in the tiny Texas farming town of Harrold, they can bring an extra tool of the trade alongside books, pens and worksheets. To defend pupils from any gun-toting maniacs, they can carry loaded pistols into the classroom. 3 With barely 300 residents, the remote rural community in the states northern dustbowl has appalled gun control advocates by becoming the first in the US to allow its teachers to carry concealed firearms. 4 Harrolds school board maintains that the plan is necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriffs office, making it hard to get swift help in an emergency. Its location just yards from a major highway, Americas north-south Interstate 287, makes it a potential target for armed maniacs. 5 We are 30 minutes from law enforcement, Harrolds school superintendent, David Thweatt, told The Guardian. How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath. 6 Carefully selected teachers are to be trained in crisis management including handling hostage situations. Thweatt said: When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage. 7 More than a dozen mass shooting tragedies have hit US educational establishments over the last decade, including the Columbine massacre which claimed 15 lives at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last years Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead.

10 Its a disaster waiting to happen, Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. She described it as the sort of manoeuvre that makes Texas a laughing stock: Its up there with the worst ideas in the history of education. 11 Ken Trump, an Ohio-based specialist in advising school boards on security, suggested it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to minimally supervised, minimally trained teachers. You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be discharged while a teachers breaking up a fight in the cafeteria, said Trump. 12 Harrolds gun policy was praised by the pro-gun nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. Its chairman, Alan Gottlieb, said the towns school buildings would be safer: Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail. 13 He argued that teachers would be able to respond faster to a classroom shooting than a security guard: Officers cant be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts. 14 Harrolds school board is unapologetic about the controversy. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrolds school protected pupils from tornadoes and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks.
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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 3 Advanced
15 When you hear about these shootings, the reports always start out with this is a sleepy little place, nobody thought this would ever happen here, said Thweatt.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 18/08/08

Background: Gun violence in US schools


April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Michigan, by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school, Florida, after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students, a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfathers companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University

3 Comprehension check
Find the answers to the questions in the article. 1. School authorities in Harrold, Texas, are allowing... a) ... pupils to protect themselves from armed maniacs. b) ... teachers to carry guns in the classroom. c) ... security guards to check parents. 2. The schools superintendent thinks that... a) ... the sheriffs office should be moved closer to the school. b) ... a gunman could kill all 150 pupils and teachers before outside help arrived. c) ... there needs to be stricter security at the school gates. 3. Shooting tragedies in US schools and colleges are... a) ... becoming more frequent. b) ... decreasing. c) ... common in Texas. 4. Teachers unions in Texas are... a) ... behind the plan. b) ... unsure if this is the right plan. c) ... horrified by the plan.

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 3 Advanced
4 Multi-word phrases
Tools of the trade is a multi-word phrase that means: the skills and equipment needed to do a particular job. Find other multi-word phrases in the article that mean: 1. A deranged or mad person carrying a weapon (3 words) 2. A collective term for police and other security or emergency services (2 words) 3. Methods for dealing with extremely difficult situations (2 words) 4. A foreseeable tragedy (4 words) 5. Terrible and sad situations in which many people get shot (3 words) 6. An area where no firearms are allowed (3 words) 7. A method of going into a building using a plastic card (3 words) 8. Someone or something that everyone thinks is silly (2 words) 9. A small town or area where nothing much happens (3 words)

5 Discussion
Do you agree with Thweatts statement: When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage.? Why / why not?

6 Group task: In case of emergency...


What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire, flood, terrorist attack, etc.) and write a step-by-step emergency/ escape plan.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Advanced

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words
1. loaded 2. appalled 3. advocate 4. concealed 5. hostage 6. screening 7. ricochet 8. manoeuvre 9. discharged 10. unapologetic

4 Multi-word phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. gun-toting maniac law enforcement crisis management disaster waiting to happen mass shooting tragedies gun-free zones card-swipe entry laughing stock sleepy little place

Teachers notes:

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b b a c

Internet tasks: Ask students to check the schools website: www.harroldisd.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy.

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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
a) Which of these items does your teacher need for work? pens pencils computer CD player gun ruler book worksheets

b) Can you add any more? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. armed disaster staff dozen unapologetic controversy ricochet licence rural horrified authorities defend

1. An organization or institution that controls something, often a public service: ____________________. (para 1) 2. People who work at a company or other place of work: ____________________. (para 1) 3. To protect someone or something from attack: ____________________. (para 2) 4. In the countryside (not in the city): ____________________. (para 3) 5. Carrying a weapon (usually a gun): ____________________. (para 4) 6. Another word for twelve: ____________________. (para 7) 7. An official paper that allows you to do something: ____________________. (para 8) 8. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: ____________________. (para 8) 9. Shocked: ____________________. (para 8) 10. Something very bad that happens and may kill many people: ____________________. (para 9) 11. Not sorry / show no regret: ____________________. (para 13) 12. A disagreement that a lot of people have strong feelings about: ____________________. (para 13)
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The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


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8 Like many places in America, Harrolds school already has very tough security. The teachers must get a state gun licence and the bullets will be a special type less likely to ricochet off walls or desks. But teachers unions in Texas are horrified. Its a disaster waiting to happen, Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. She described it as the sort of plan that makes people laugh at Texas: Its one of the worst ideas in the history of education.

The American school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry guns Remote location could make it a target, say locals Andrew Clark August 18, 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold, Texas, say trained teachers with guns will make its students and staff safer. 2 When teachers return for a new school term in the tiny Texas farming town of Harrold, they can bring an extra piece of equipment in addition to books, pens and worksheets. To defend pupils, they can carry guns into the classroom. 3 With only 300 residents, the small rural town in northern Texas has shocked many people by becoming the first place in the US to allow its teachers to carry guns. 4 Harrolds school board says that the plan is necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriffs office, which makes it hard to get immediate help in an emergency. They also say that because the town is very near to a major highway, Americas north-south Interstate 287, it could be a possible target for armed madmen. 5 The sheriffs office is 30 minutes away, said Harrolds school superintendent, David Thweatt. How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath. 6 Some teachers at the school will be trained in dealing with emergencies. Thweatt said: When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage. 7 There have been more than a dozen mass shooting tragedies in US schools over the last ten years, including the Columbine massacre in which 15 people died at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last years Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead.

10 Ken Trump, an Ohio-based security specialist, said it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to minimally supervised, minimally trained teachers. You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teachers breaking up a fight in the cafeteria, said Trump. 11 Alan Gottlieb, chairman of the pro-gun nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, said the towns school buildings would be safer: Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail. 12 He said that teachers would be able to deal more quickly with a classroom shooting than a security guard: Officers cant be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts. 13 Harrolds school board is unapologetic about the controversy. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrolds school protected pupils from tornadoes and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks. 14 When you hear about these shootings, the reports always start out with this is a sleepy little place, nobody thought this would ever happen here, said Thweatt.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 18/08/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

CA

P H

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 1 Elementary

Background: Gun violence in US schools


April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Michigan, by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school, Florida, after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students, a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfathers companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University

3 Summarizing
Re-read the article to find the answers to these questions. 1. What kind of town is Harrold and where is it? 2. What will teachers at Harrold School take into class next term? 3. How far away is the sheriffs office? 4. How many mass shootings have there been at US schools in the last ten years? 5. How many people died in the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre? 6. Are teachers unions happy about the idea?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

CA

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 1 Elementary
4 Prepositions
Fill in the missing prepositions (according to the article). at x2 in x2 for of to into

When teachers return ____________ a new school term they can carry guns ____________ the classroom small rural town ____________northern Texas help ____________ an emergency it is very near ____________ a major highway to kill all 150 ____________ us 15 people died ____________ a Colorado high school the sort of plan that makes people laugh ____________ Texas

5 Group task: In an emergency...


What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire, flood, terrorist attack, etc.) and write a step-by-step emergency / escape plan. Step 1: ______________________________________________________ Step 2: ______________________________________________________ Step 3: ______________________________________________________ Step 4: ______________________________________________________ Step 5: ______________________________________________________ Step 6: ______________________________________________________ Step 7: ______________________________________________________ Step 8: ______________________________________________________ Step 9: ______________________________________________________ Step 10: ______________________________________________________

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. authorities staff defend rural armed dozen licence ricochet horrified disaster unapologetic controversy

Prepositions

for; into; in; in; to; of; at; at

Teachers notes: Internet tasks: Ask students to check the schools website: www.harroldisd.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy.

3 Summarizing
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. A small farming town in Texas, USA Guns 30 minutes away More than a dozen / 12 33 No (they think its a disaster waiting to happen)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

a) What teaching equipment is always in your classroom? b) What additional equipment do you think your teacher needs to carry in his/her teaching bag?

Key words

Match the key words from the article with their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. armed remote screening loaded hostage unapologetic gun-toting maniacs ricochet

crisis management card-swipe entry

authorities

1. An organization or institution that controls something, often a public service: ____________________. (para 1) 2. Containing bullets: ________________________. (para 1) 3. Mad people carrying weapons: ____________________________. (para 2) 4. Far away from any other cities or towns: ________________________. (para 3) 5. Methods for dealing with extremely difficult situations: ____________________________. (para 6) 6. A person who is the prisoner of someone who threatens to kill them if they do not get what they want: ________________________. (para 6) 7. A method of going into a building using a plastic card: ____________________________. (para 8) 8. The process of checking someone to see if theyre suitable for something: ________________________. (para 8) 9. Carrying a weapon (usually a gun): ________________________. (para 8) 10. To hit a surface at an angle and immediately move away from it at a different angle: ________________________. (para 8) 11. Not sorry / show no regret: ________________________. (para 13)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 2 Intermediate
entry for rooms and screening for visitors. Armed teachers must get a state gun licence and the bullets will be of a type less likely to ricochet off walls or desks. But teachers unions in Texas have expressed horror.

The American school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun
Teachers in Texan town allowed to carry guns Remote location could make it a target, say locals Andrew Clark August 18, 2008 1 School authorities in Harrold, Texas, say loaded
guns in the hands of trained teachers will make its students and staff safer.

Its a disaster waiting to happen, Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said. She described it as the sort of plan that makes people laugh at Texas: Its one of the worst ideas in the history of education.

2 When teachers return for a new school term in the

tiny Texas farming town of Harrold, they can bring an extra piece of equipment alongside books, pens and worksheets. To defend pupils from any gun-toting maniacs, they can carry loaded guns into the classroom.

10 Ken Trump, an Ohio-based security specialist,

3 With barely 300 residents, the remote rural

suggested it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to minimally supervised, minimally trained teachers. You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teachers breaking up a fight in the cafeteria, said Trump.

community in northern Texas has shocked groups in favor of gun control by becoming the first place in the US to allow its teachers to carry guns.

11 Harrolds gun policy was praised by the pro-gun

4 Harrolds school board says that the plan is

necessary because the town is 25 miles from the nearest sheriffs office, which makes it hard to get immediate help in an emergency. They also say that its location just yards from a major highway, Americas north-south Interstate 287, makes it a possible target for armed maniacs.

nationwide Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. Its chairman, Alan Gottlieb, said the towns school buildings would be safer: Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail.

12 He argued that teachers would be able to respond


faster to a classroom shooting than a security guard: Officers cant be everywhere and in an emergency every second counts.

5 The sheriffs office is 30 minutes away, said

Harrolds school superintendent, David Thweatt. How long do you think it would take to kill all 150 of us? It would be a bloodbath.

13 Harrolds school board is unapologetic about the

6 Carefully selected teachers are to be trained in

crisis management including dealing with hostage situations. Thweatt said: When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage.

controversy. Thweatt said the thick brick walls of Harrolds school protected pupils from tornadoes and the school authorities had a duty to protect children from human attacks.

14 When you hear about these shootings, the reports


always start out with this is a sleepy little place, nobody thought this would ever happen here, said Thweatt.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 18/08/08

7 More than a dozen mass shooting tragedies have

hit US schools over the last ten years, including the Columbine massacre in which 15 people died at a Colorado high school in 1999 and last years Virginia Tech massacre which left 33 people dead.

8 Like many places in America, Harrolds school

already has tough security including card-swipe


N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

CA

P H

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 2 Intermediate

Background: Gun violence in US schools


April 1999 Students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 12 students and a teacher at Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, before shooting themselves February 2000 Six-year-old Kayla Rolland is shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Michigan, by a six-year-old boy May 2000 13 year-old Nate Brazill kills a teacher at Lake Worth school, Florida, after being sent home March 2005 16-year-old Jeff Weise guns down five students, a teacher and a security guard at Red Lake High School in northern Minnesota before killing himself. He had also just killed his grandfather and his grandfathers companion September 2006 15-year-old student kills his school principal in western Wisconsin October 2006 Charles Roberts kills five girls at a one-classroom Pennsylvanian Amish school April 2007 Cho Seung-hui kills 32 students at Virginia Tech university February 2008 Gunman kills five students at Northern Illinois University

Comprehension

According to the article, are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? 1. School authorities in Harrold, Texas, are allowing selected teachers to carry guns in the classroom. 2. Teachers unions are in favor of this plan. 3. Harrold is a small farming town in Ohio. 4. The schools superintendent thinks that the sheriffs office should be moved closer to the school. 5. Up to now there has been no security at Harrolds school. 6. The schools superintendent says tornadoes are a bigger problem than guns. 7. There have been more than 12 shooting incidents in US schools in the last decade. 8. A security specialist thinks that arming teachers is not the answer to the problem. 9. The teachers will not need a gun licence. 10. Thweatt says the threat of shootings is greater in big cities.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun


Level 2 Intermediate
4 Statements: Who said what?
Find the statements made by these four people in the article. Which, if any, do you agree with? The schools superintendent said, When you...__________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. The chairman of the Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms said _____________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. A security specialist said ___________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________. The president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said ________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________.

Make your own statement about the article.

Your statement: ........................................................................................................................................................


........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................

5 Group task: In case of emergency...


What would you do if there was an emergency at your school? Decide on a type of emergency (fire, flood, terrorist attack, etc.) and write a step-by-step emergency / escape plan.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS /The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun Addiction to Internet is an illness
Level 2 KEY
2 Key words
1. authorities 2. loaded 3. gun-toting maniacs 4. remote 5. crisis management 6. hostage 7. card-swipe entry 8. screening 9. armed 10. ricochet 11. unapologetic

Intermediate

4 Statements: Who said what?


The schools superintendent said, When you have good guys with guns, the bad guys do less damage. The Chairman of the Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms said, Allowing armed staff and teachers will provide a last line of defence if other security measures at the school fail. A security specialist said it would be more sensible to hire security guards than to give guns to minimally supervised, minimally trained teachers. You could have a gun accidentally taken away, or a gun could be accidently fired while a teachers breaking up a fight in the cafeteria. Gayle Fallon, president of the Houston Federation of Teachers said Its a disaster waiting to happen. Teachers notes: Internet tasks: Ask students to check the schools website: www.harroldisd.net What kind of school is it? Can they pinpoint it on a map? Ask them to discuss other ways to protect the pupils in the school from possible attack. Write Harrold Texas into the search field in YouTube to see TV reports about the controversy.

3 Comprehension
1. True 2. False 3. False 4. False 5. False 6. False 7. True 8. True 9. False 10. False

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The school where teachers carry a pen, a ruler and... a gun / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer: Quiz
1. What and where is the White House? 2. Name the two major political parties in the United States. 3. Which colours are they represented by? 4. Who is Uncle Sam? 5. Who was Martin Luther King? 6. Who is the current US president and which party does he belong to? 7. Who is his deputy?

Key words

Find the words in the article that mean the following. 1. An official suggestion or decision that someone should get a job or prize: _____________________. (para 1) 2. A style of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people: ______________________. (para 2) 3. To pay _____________________ or tribute to someone shows you respect and admire them or their work. (para 3) 4. If you _____________________ your country or someone who needs your support, you deliberately do something that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 4, infinitive) 5. A verb meaning to promise seriously and publicly to do something: _____________________. (para 5) 6. The fact that something is based on accurate information. Often a synonym for truth: ____________________. (para 6) 7. An adjective, usually before a noun, meaning that something is not strong or successful: __________________ (para 6) 8. A word meaning negative comments or jibes: _____________________. (para 7) 9. Special clothes that you wear for a ceremony or official occasion: _____________________. (para 11) 10. When someone is _____________________ they are searched by someone with their hands in order to see if they are carrying anything illegal such as a gun or drugs. (para 13) 11. Acts of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else: _____________________. (para 15) 12. Strong feelings of love, respect, and duty towards your country: _____________________. (para 16)
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Advanced

CA

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Obama says its time to change America


Level 3 Advanced
7 He finally went after McCain and made sly digs over McCains volatile temperament and age: McCain turns 72 today. To cheers from the crowd, he challenged McCains foreign policy judgment and rounded on him for supporting the Iraq war at the expense of failing to go after Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan. John McCain likes to say that hell follow bin Laden to the Gates of Hell but he wont even go to the cave where he lives. The Obama campaign had intended the speech to be a peoples event. He was only the third Democratic candidate to accept the partys presidential nomination outside a convention hall: Roosevelt did in Chicago in 1932, and Kennedy in Los Angeles in 1960.

Barack Obama gets down to policy as he wows a crowd of 80,000


Democratic nominee tackles Iraq, race and the Republicans during a rousing address in Denver Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29, 2008 1 Barack Obama fulfilled the promise made when he entered the US political stage four years ago and the dream of Martin Luther King almost half a century ago, when he accepted the Democratic presidential nomination before tens of thousands of his supporters. 2 Obamas speech, at Denvers Mile High stadium, added policy to the rhetoric that had helped bring a man who was virtually unknown at the 2004 Democratic convention to within reach of the White House. 3 Speaking on the 45th anniversary of Kings I have a dream speech, the first African-American to secure the nomination of a major party brought the 80,000-plus who packed the stadium to their feet when, concluding a 47-minute speech, he paid homage to King. Obama said it was the promise of America that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. 4 Bush had betrayed that promise during the last eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four under John McCain, Obama said. 5 Quoting from Kings call to march forward together and not turn back, he echoed the father of the civil rights movement: America, we cannot turn back. Not with so much work to be done We cannot walk alone. At this moment, in this election, we must pledge once more to march into the future. 6 After months of criticism that there was no substance behind the words, Obama spoke about how he would deal with Americas ailing economy, the biggest election issue. He offered a programme of education, health and energy reforms, allied to job creation and tax cuts.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

10 Tens of thousands of people took the chance to be part of the event, with long lines snaking for miles around the stadium under a blazing sun and filling the stadium three hours before he spoke. 11 They came in Martin Luther King T-shirts and in full Obama regalia T-shirts, hats and buttons. A few came in Native American traditional dress. Vendors sold Obama dolls and life-sized figures of Obama dressed as Uncle Sam. 12 Inside the stadium, there was a collective sense of history in the making. Flash bulbs from cameras popped incessantly from the stands, as people waved small American flags, danced to Motown and shouted Yes, we can! as Will.i.am and other performers took to the stage. 13 Obama came to his first Democratic convention eight years ago short of cash and was frequently frisked by security because of his name. He recalled his arrival on the national scene, Four years ago, I stood before you and told you my story of the brief union between a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who werent well-off or well-known, but shared a belief that in America, their son could achieve whatever he put his mind to, he said. 14 He used his own life story, too, to address the negative campaign that McCain has mounted over
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NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Advanced

Obama says its time to change America


Level 3 Advanced
women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have been of different political parties but all died under the same flag. 17 They have not served a red America or a blue America they have served the United States of America, he said. So Ive got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 29/08/08

the last two months, in particular that he was too fond of his new-found celebrity status. 15 Obama spoke about the sacrifices made by his family. I dont know what kind of lives John McCain thinks that celebrities lead but this has been mine, he said. 16 He also responded to charges by Republicans that question his patriotism. He adapted a line from his 2004 speech in Boston to argue that the men and

3 Comprehension check
Find the answers to the questions in the article. 1. Why was Barack Obama at Denvers Mile High stadium? a) To announce his decision to run for US President. b) To officially accept the Democratic Partys presidential nomination. c) To talk about Martin Luther King. 2. Where did Martin Luther King hold his famous I have a dream speech? a) In Denvers Mile High Stadium. b) In Boston. c) At the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. 3. Obama had been criticized for... a) ... paying homage to Martin Luther King. b) ... not giving enough details about his policies. c) ... talking about the USs ailing economy. 4. Obama criticized McCain for... a) ... not acting his age. b) ... supporting Bushs war in Iraq over pursuing bin Laden. c) ... not being patriotic. 5. Obamas parents are from... a) ... Kenya and the USA. b) ... Kansas and Hawaii. c) ... Kenya and Hawaii.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 3 Advanced
4 Vocabulary: Collocations
Match the words below to make collocations from the article. Then write an example sentence of your own for each collocation. 1. accept 2. conclude 3. pay 4. (be) frisked 5. mount 6. ailing 7. sly 8. volatile 9. celebrity homage to a negative campaign by security a nomination a speech dig status economy temperament

5 Discussion
Who is the presidential nominee for the Republican Party? Who is his running mate? Why are the world press so interested in the US presidential elections? How do US politics affect your country / you personally?

6 Webquest
You can watch a five minute video of Barack Obama speaking in Denver here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 You can also type Barack Obama Denver into YouTube to watch it there.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 3 Advanced KEY
1 Warmer: Quiz
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Democratic Party = blue, and the Republican Party = red. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US), with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee, and dressed in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United States for example, typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band, and red and white striped trousers. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where King delivered his I Have a Dream speech. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. George W. Bush. The Republican Party. Richard (Dick) B. Cheney

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. b c b b a

4 Vocabulary: Collocations
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. accept a nomination conclude a speech pay homage to (be) frisked by security mount a negative campaign ailing economy sly dig volatile temperament celebrity status

Teachers notes: Set a time limit and use your discretion for the warmer quiz. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 A full text of Obamas speech is available here: http://www. guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008. barackobama2 Other useful websites are http://www.democrats.org/ http://www.rnc.org/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/vicepresident/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit, popular in the 1960s and 1970s. Will.i.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group.
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

2 Key words
1. nomination 2. rhetoric 3. homage 4. betray 5. pledge 6. substance 7. ailing 8. digs 9. regalia 10. frisked 11. sacrifices 12. patriotism

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Advanced

Obama says its time to change America


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer: Brainstorming

In five minutes, make as many notes as you can about politics in the United States of America.

.................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................

2 Key words
Write the words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers will help you find the correct words. betray stadium supporters cheered vendor march patriotism economy reform candidate

1. Someone who stands behind a particular person and his/her ideas: _____________________. (para1) 2. A large building, usually without a roof, where people watch sports events such as football: _____________________. (para 1) 3. One of the people competing in an election: _____________________. (para 1) 4. To give a loud shout of happiness and approval: _____________________. (para 2, past tense) 5. If you _____________________ your country or someone who needs your support, you deliberately do something that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 3, infinitive) 6. To walk along a road as part of a group of people protesting about something: ___________________. (para 4) 7. A countrys business, industry, trade and money: _____________________. (para 5) 8. A change that corrects a situation that is wrong or unfair: _____________________. (para 5) 9. Someone who sells something especially outside: _____________________. (para 8) 10. Strong feelings of love, respect, and duty towards your country: _____________________. (para 11)
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Elementary

CA

P H

Obama says its time to change America


Level 1 Elementary
7 The people who work for Obama wanted the speech to be a peoples event. Tens of thousands of people attended and the stadium was full up three hours before he spoke. They came wearing Martin Luther King T-shirts and Obama T-shirts, hats, and buttons. A few came in Native American traditional clothes. Vendors sold Obama dolls. Inside the stadium cameras flashed and people waved small American flags. They danced to Motown music and shouted Yes, we can! as Will.i.am and other musicians performed on the stage.

Obama says its time to change America


Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29, 2008 1 In front of tens of thousands of his supporters at the Mile High stadium in Denver, Barack Obama officially agreed to be the Democratic Partys presidential candidate for the next US elections. Obama is the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party. 2 The crowd of over 80,000 people stood up and cheered when, speaking on the 45th anniversary of Martin Luther Kings I have a dream speech, Obama repeated Kings words. He said it was the promise of America, of a country where everyone can go to school and get a job, that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King speak on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. 3 President Bush had betrayed that promise during the last eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four years with another Republican, John McCain, as the next president, Obama said. 4 Quoting from Kings call to march forward together and not turn back, he said America, we cannot turn back. Not with so much work to be done. We cannot walk alone. At this moment, in this election, we must promise once more to march into the future. 5 Obama spoke about what he would do about Americas weak economy. He talked about education, health and energy reforms, new jobs and less tax. 6 To cheers from the crowd, he said 72-year-old McCain was wrong because he supports the Iraq war but is not looking for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

10 Obama said, Four years ago, I stood before you and told you my story of a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who didnt have much money, but who both believed that in America, their son could become whatever he wanted to be. 11 He answered negative comments made by Republicans that questioned his patriotism. He said that although the men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have supported different political parties, they all died for the same country. 12 They have not fought for a Republican America or a Democratic America they have served the United States of America, he said. So Ive got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 29/08/08

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Join these sentence halves to give a summary of the article. 1. Barack Obama hopes to be the... 2. John McCain also wants to be the... 3. Obama is the first African-American to be... 4. Over eighty thousand people went to... 5. The current president of the US... 6. Barack Obama... a. b. ... nominated by a major US political party. ... is much younger than John McCain.

c. ... is George W. Bush. d. ... next president, but for the Republican Party. e. ... next president of the United States.

f. ... Denver to hear Obamas speech.

4 Vocabulary: Crossword
Across 3. a piece of equipment that takes photographs 6. a large number of people in one place 3 2 1

Down 1. the political leader of a country 2. money we all have to pay to the government 4. a time when people vote 5. past tense of fight 6

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion
Are you interested in the US presidential elections? Why / Why not?

6 Webquest: Quiz
Use the Internet to find the answers to these questions. 1. What and where is the White House? 2. What are the names of the two major political parties in the United States? 3. Who is Obamas running mate (= the Vice President if Obama wins)? 4. Who is Uncle Sam? 5. Who was Martin Luther King? 6. Where and what is the Lincoln Memorial? 7. When are the US elections?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama says its time to change America


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. supporter stadium candidate cheered betray march economy reform vendor patriotism 5. 6. 7. in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United Statesfor example, typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band, and red and white striped trousers. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where he delivered his I Have a Dream speech. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis. The Lincoln Memorial is a United States Presidential memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C November 4th 2008

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. e d a f c b

Teachers notes: Students can work in pairs or teams for the warmer and compare notes after five minutes. You could set the webquest quiz as homework. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 A full text of Obamas speech is available here: http://www. guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008. barackobama2 Other useful websites are: http://www.democrats.org/ http://www.rnc.org/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/vicepresident/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_memorial

4 Vocabulary: Crossword
Across 3. camera 6. crowd Down 1. president 2. tax 4. election 5. fought

6 Webquest: Quiz
1. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. 2. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party. 3. Jo Biden. 4. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US), with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee, and dressed

Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit, popular in the 1960s and 1970s. Will.i.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group.
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Elementary

Obama says its time to change America


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Write in the words from the article that mean the following. betray campaign supporter sacrifice patriotism march reform nomination well-off policy tribute regalia

1. An official suggestion or decision that someone should get a job or prize: ______________________. (para 1) 2. Someone who stands behind a particular person and his/her ideas: ______________________. (para1) 3. Plans or actions agreed on by a government or political party: ______________________. (para2) 4. To pay ______________________ to someone shows you respect and admire them or their work. (para 3) 5. If you ______________________ your country or someone who needs your support, you deliberately do some thing that harms them or helps their opponents. (para 4, infinitive) 6. To walk along a road as part of a group of people protesting about something: __________________. (para 5) 7. A change intended to correct a situation that is wrong or unfair: ______________________. (para 6) 8. A series of things that a politician or political party does to try to win an election: ______________________. (para 8) 9. Special clothes that you wear for a ceremony or official occasion: ______________________. (para 11) 10. An adjective meaning rich or having enough money to live off: ______________________. (para 11) 11. Giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else: ______________________. (para 12) 12. Strong feelings of love, respect, and duty towards your country: ______________________. (para 13)

Phrases

Match the phrases from the article to their meanings. 1. accept a nomination (para 1) 2. add policy to words (para 2) 3. bring a crowd to their feet (para 3) 4. the promise of America (para 3) 5. betray a promise (para 4) 6. ailing economy (para 6) 7. short of cash (para 11) 8. put your mind to something (para 11) 9. respond to charges (para 13) 10. die under a flag (para 13) a. to put meaning and opinion into what you say b. to go back on something you have said c. the commitment that everybody should have a good education which would lead to a job and good quality of living d. to agree to take on a job or position that has been offered e. when people stand and clap because they like what you say or do f. give answers to negative comments made about you g. decide to do something h. be killed (in a war) while fighting for your country i. have very little money j. weak financial situation in a country
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Intermediate

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Obama says its time to change America


Level 2 Intermediate
go to the cave where he lives.

Barack Obama gets down to policy as he wows a crowd of 80,000


Democratic nominee tackles Iraq, race and the Republicans during a rousing address in Denver Ewen MacAskill and Suzanne Goldenberg in Denver August 29, 2008 1 Barack Obama kept the promise he made four years ago, and the dream of Martin Luther King almost half a century ago, when he accepted the Democratic presidential nomination before tens of thousands of his supporters. 2 Obamas speech, at Denvers Mile High stadium,
added policy to the words that had helped bring him within reach of the White House. a dream speech, Obama, the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party, brought the 80,000-plus crowd to their feet when, at the end of his speech, he paid tribute to King. Obama said it was the promise of America that had brought people from every corner of the country to hear King speak on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. eight years and the country could not take the chance of another four with another Republican, John McCain, as president, Obama said. and not turn back, he said America, we cannot turn back. Not with so much work to be done We cannot walk alone. At this moment, in this election, we must promise once more to march into the future. behind his words, Obama spoke about how he would deal with Americas ailing economy. He offered a programme of education, health and energy reforms, related to job creation and tax cuts. old McCains foreign policy judgment and spoke against him for supporting the Iraq war but not looking for Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan and Pakistan. John McCain likes to say that hell follow bin Laden to the Gates of Hell but he wont even

The Obama campaign had intended the speech to be a peoples event. Tens of thousands of people attended, with long lines snaking for miles around the stadium under a blazing sun and filling the stadium three hours before he spoke. They came in Martin Luther King T-shirts and in full Obama regalia T-shirts, hats and buttons. A few came in Native American traditional dress. Vendors sold Obama dolls and life-sized figures of Obama dressed as Uncle Sam. the stands, as people waved small American flags, danced to Motown music and shouted Yes, we can! as Will.i.am and other musicians performed on the stage.

10 Inside the stadium cameras flashed constantly from

3 Speaking on the 45th anniversary of Kings I have

11 Obama came to his first Democratic convention

4 Bush had betrayed that promise during the last

eight years ago short of cash. At that time he was often searched by security because of his name. He said, Four years ago, I stood before you and told you my story of a young man from Kenya and a young woman from Kansas who werent well-off or wellknown, but both believed that in America, their son could achieve whatever he put his mind to, he said. comments made by McCain over the last two months, in particular that Obama was too fond of his new celebrity status. Obama spoke about the sacrifices made by his family. I dont know what kind of lives John McCain thinks that celebrities lead, but this has been mine, he said.

12 He used his own life story, too, to answer negative

5 Quoting from Kings call to march forward together

13 He also responded to charges by Republicans that


question his patriotism. He adapted a line from his 2004 speech in Boston to argue that although the men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan may have been of different political parties they all died under the same flag. America they have served the United States of America, he said. So Ive got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 29/08/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

6 After months of criticism that there was nothing

7 To cheers from the crowd, he challenged 72-year-

14 They have not served a red America or a blue

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Intermediate

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P H

Obama says its time to change America


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check

Are the sentences True (T) or False (F)? Rewrite the false sentences to make them true according to the article. 1. Barack Obama officially accepted the Democratic Partys presidential nomination at Denvers Mile High stadium. 2. Martin Luther King previously held his famous I have a dream speech In Denvers Mile High Stadium. 3. Obama had been criticized for talking about the USs ailing economy. 4. Obama criticized McCain for not being patriotic. 5. Obamas parents are both from Kenya. 6. Obama is the first African-American to be nominated by a major US political party. 7. Many of Obamas supporters dress up as Native Americans. 8. Obama said that it doesnt matter which party you support when you die for your country.

4 Quiz

1. What and where is the White House? 2. Name the two major political parties in the United States. 3. Which colours are they represented by? 4. Who is Obamas running mate (= Vice President if Obama is elected)? 5. Who is Uncle Sam? 6. Who was Martin Luther King? 7. Where and what is the Lincoln Memorial? 8. Who is the current US president and which party does he belong to? 9. Who is his deputy? 10. Who is the presidential nominee for the Republican Party? Who is his running mate?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Intermediate

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Obama says its time to change America


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Discussion
Why do you think the world press is so interested in the US presidential elections? How do US politics affect your country / you personally?

6 Webquest
You can watch a five minute video of Barack Obama speaking in Denver here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 You can also type Barack Obama Denver into YouTube to watch it there.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Intermediate

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Obama says its timeis toan change America Addiction to Internet illness
Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. nomination 2. supporter 3. policy 4. tribute 5. betray 6. march 7. reform 8. campaign 9. regalia 10. well-off 11. sacrifice 12. patriotism 4. Jo Biden. 5. Uncle Sam is a national personification of the United States (US), with the first usage of the term dating from the War of 1812 and the first illustration dating from 1852. He is often depicted as a serious elderly white man with white hair and a goatee, and dressed in clothing that recalls the design elements of the flag of the United Statesfor example, typically a top hat with red and white stripes and white stars on a blue band, and red and white striped trousers. 6. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the American civil rights movement. His efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where King delivered his I Have a Dream speech. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. 7. The Lincoln Memorial is a United States Presidential memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. 8. George W. Bush. The Republican Party. 9. Richard (Dick) B. Cheney 10. John McCain and Sarah Palin.

Intermediate

2 Phrases
1. d 2. a 3. e 4. c 5. b 6. j 7. i 8. g 9. f 10. h

Teachers notes:
Set a time limit and use your discretion for the quiz. Get the students to collaborate by working in teams. Award extra points for answers that supply further or interesting information. You can watch a video of Barack Obama accepting the nomination here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/ aug/29/uselections2008.democrats20082 A full text of Obamas speech is available here: http://www. guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/29/uselections2008.barackobama2 Other useful websites are: http://www.democrats.org/ http://www.rnc.org/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/vicepresident/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_memorial Motown is a type of African-American soul music from the US city of Detroit, popular in the 1960s and 1970s. Will.i.am is a member of the Black Eyed Peas pop group.
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. True False False False False True False True

4 Quiz
1. 2. 3. The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. The Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Democratic Party = blue, and the Republican Party = red.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Obama says its time to change America / Intermediate

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

sacrifice consumption
graze

gluttony

contradictory simplistic feasibility flatulence

livestock ruminant

1. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something. 2. A ____________________ is an animal such as a cow or sheep that brings food back from its stomach into its mouth to chew it a second time. 3. ____________________ is when a person or animal has too much gas in their stomach or intestines. 4. When animals ____________________, they eat grass growing in a field. 5. ____________________ is the chance that something has of happening or being successful. 6. ____________________ is the bad habit of eating more than you need. 7. If two or more ideas are ____________________, they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. 8. ___________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows, sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. 9. If you make a ____________________, you give up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. 10. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. Carbon dioxide is a more effective greenhouse gas than methane. 2. Meat production produces 10% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. 3. The average British person eats more meat than WHO guidelines recommend. 4. Reducing car use by half would cut greenhouse gases by more than reducing meat consumption by half. 5. If everyone became vegetarian, greenhouse gases would be reduced dramatically. 6. Keeping livestock indoors would be bad for their health.

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 3 Advanced
he also stressed other changes in lifestyle would help to combat climate change. Thats what I want to emphasize: we really have to bring about reductions in every sector of the economy. 5 Pachauri can expect some vociferous responses from the food industry to his advice, though last night he was given unexpected support by Masterchef presenter and restaurateur John Torode, who is about to publish a new book, John Torodes Beef. I have a little bit and enjoy it, said Torode. Too much for any person becomes gluttony. But theres a bigger issue here: where [the meat] comes from. If we all bought British and stopped buying imported food wed save a huge amount of carbon emissions. 6 Tomorrow, Pachauri will speak at an event hosted by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming, which has calculated that if the average UK household halved meat consumption that would cut emissions more than if car use was cut in half. The group has called for governments to lead campaigns to reduce meat consumption by 60 per cent by 2020. Campaigners have also pointed out the health benefits of eating less meat. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day, equivalent to a chicken breast and a lamb chop a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50 per cent more than World Heath Organization guidelines. 7 Professor Robert Watson, the chief scientific adviser for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, who will also speak at tomorrows event in London, said government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat, but it should not regulate. Eating less meat would help, theres no question about that, but there are other things, Watson said. 8 However, Chris Lamb, head of marketing for pig industry group BPEX, said the meat industry had been unfairly targeted and was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and reduce those. Some ideas were contradictory, he said for example, one solution to emissions from livestock was
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Climate expert urges radical shift in diet Industry unfairly targeted farmers Juliette Jowit, environment editor September 7, 2008 1 People should have one meat-free day a week if they want to make a personal and effective sacrifice that would help tackle climate change according to the worlds leading authority on global warming. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which last year earned a joint share of the Nobel Peace Prize, said that people should then go on to reduce their meat consumption even further. His comments are the most controversial advice yet provided by the panel on how individuals can help tackle global warming. 2 Pachauri, who was re-elected the panels chairman for a second six-year term last week, said diet change was important because of the huge greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental problems including habitat destruction associated with rearing cattle and other animals. It was relatively easy to change eating habits compared to changing means of transport, he said. 3 The UNs Food and Agriculture Organization has estimated that meat production accounts for nearly a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions. These are generated during the production of animal feeds, for example, while ruminants, particularly cows, emit methane, which is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. The agency has also warned that meat consumption is set to double by the middle of the century. 4 In terms of immediacy of action and the feasibility of bringing about reductions in a short period of time, it clearly is the most attractive opportunity, said Pachauri. Give up meat for one day [a week] initially, and decrease it from there, said the Indian economist, who is a vegetarian. However,

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 3 Advanced
cows are a major source of methane, a potent greenhouse gas released through flatulence.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 07/09/08

to keep them indoors, but this would damage animal welfare. Climate change is a very young science and our view is there are a lot of simplistic solutions being proposed, he said. 9 Last year a major report into the environmental impact of meat eating by the Food Climate Research Network at Surrey University claimed livestock generated eight per cent of UK emissions but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from grazing. It also said vegetarian diets that included lots of milk, butter and cheese would probably not noticeably reduce emissions because dairy

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. What is the main problem associated with meat consumption? a. It is unhealthy. b. It produces greenhouse gases. c. It is expensive compared with vegetarianism. 2. Why wouldnt a vegetarian diet make much difference? a. Because vegetarians eat lots of dairy products produced by cows. b. Because it would cost a lot to grow more crops. c. Because some habitats benefit from grazing. 3. What does the restaurateur John Torode believe? a. That importing food is a more important issue than reducing consumption. b. That global warming is caused by meat consumption. c. That climate change is a very young science. 4. Professor Watson wants... a. the government to introduce laws to reduce meat consumption. b. the government to tell people that eating less meat would be good for them. c. the government to find out which activities have the biggest environmental impact.

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning a group of people who make decisions or judgments. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning the type of place an animal normally lives. (para 2) 4. A verb meaning to look after an animal until it is fully grown. (para 2) 5. A verb meaning to do something to try to stop something bad from becoming worse. (para 4) 6. An adjective meaning loud and with force. (para 5) 7. A two-word expression meaning of the same value as something else. (para 6) 8. An adjective meaning powerful or effective. (para 9)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs from the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. 1. change 2. generate 3. bring about 4. tackle 5. host 6. halve 7. propose 8. lead a. climate change b. consumption c. a campaign d. a solution e. gases f. a reduction g. eating habits h. an event

6 Two-word expressions
Complete the expressions. Note that two words are used twice. Check your answers in the text.

g__________________ gases 2. c__________________ change 3. g__________________ warming 4. e__________________ problems


1.

5. 6. 7. 8.

c__________________ dioxide h__________________ benefits e__________________ impact c__________________ emissions

7 Discussion
Would you be willing to reduce your meat consumption to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions? What other ways could people help to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide, methane and other gases that contribute to global warming?
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. consumption 2. ruminant 3. flatulence 4. graze 5. feasibility 6. gluttony 7. contradictory 8. livestock 9. sacrifice 10. simplistic

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. tackle panel habitat rear combat vociferous equivalent to potent

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. g e f a h b d c

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F F T F F T

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b a a b

6 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. greenhouse climate global environmental carbon health environmental carbon

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Advanced

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

consumption
emission

simplistic guidelines

contradictory benefit

livestock regulate

habitat reduce

1. An ____________________ is a substance, especially a gas, which goes into the air. 2. If you ____________________ something, you make it smaller or less in size or amount. 3. A ____________________ is something positive you get from a particular situation. 4. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is. 5. ____________________ are official instructions or advice about how to do something. 6. If two or more ideas are ____________________, they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. 7. An animals ____________________ is the place it normally lives. 8. If a government decides to ____________________ something, it controls it by making rules or laws. 9. ___________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows, sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. 10. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization what percentage of global greenhouse gas emissions is produced by meat production? 2. How much meat protein does the average person in the UK eat each day? 3. How much is UK meat consumption more than WHO guidelines? 4. Which is the more effective global warming agent methane or carbon dioxide? 5. By what percentage does Compassion in World Farming want to reduce meat consumption by 2020? 6. What percentage of UK emissions is produced by livestock?

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 1 Elementary
is about to publish a new book, John Torodes Beef. I have a little bit of meat and enjoy it, said Torode. Too much meat for any person is just being greedy. But theres a more important question here: where the meat comes from. If we all buy British food and stop buying imported food, we will reduce our carbon emissions dramatically. 6 Pachauri will be speaking at an event organized by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming. The group has calculated that if the average UK home reduced meat consumption by 50% that would reduce emissions more than cutting car use by 50%. The group wants the government to try to reduce meat consumption by 60% by 2020. They also say that eating less meat is good for your health. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50% more than World Heath Organization guidelines. 7 Professor Robert Watson, a government scientific adviser, said the government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat, but it should not regulate. Eating less meat would help, theres no question about that, but there are other things, Watson said. 8 But Chris Lamb, head of marketing for a pig industry group, said it wasnt fair to target the meat industry. He said the industry was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and was trying to reduce those activities. Some ideas were contradictory, he said. For example, one solution was to keep farm animals indoors, but this would be very bad for their health. Climate change is a very young science and we think that some of the solutions which people are proposing are very simplistic, he said. 9 Last year a report on the environmental impact of meat eating said livestock produced 8% of UK emissions but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from animals eating grass. It also said that vegetarian diets included lots of milk, butter and cheese so they would probably not reduce emissions much because dairy cows produce a lot of methane.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 07/09/08
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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Climate expert urges radical shift in diet Industry unfairly targeted farmers Juliette Jowit, environment editor September 7, 2008 1 The worlds main expert on global warming says people should give up meat for one day a week if they want do something that would help stop climate change. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, said that people should then continue to reduce the amount of meat they eat. 2 Dr Pachauri said it was important for people to change their diet because rearing cattle and other animals produced enormous amounts of greenhouse gases. It also caused other environmental problems, including the destruction of animal habitats. He said it was quite easy to change peoples eating habits much easier than changing means of transport, for example. 3 The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has said that meat production causes nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions. These gases are made during the production of animal feeds, for example, while animals such as cows produce methane gas. Methane is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has also said that meat consumption will probably double by the middle of the century. 4 Reducing meat consumption is the best option because we can do it almost immediately and it will reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a short period of time, said Pachauri. Give up meat for one day [a week] at first, and then continue to decrease it, said the Indian economist, who is a vegetarian. However, he also said that other changes in lifestyle would help to stop climate change. We really have to reduce consumption in every sector of the economy, he said. 5 Pachauri can expect some strong opposition from the food industry, but he has received unexpected support from British restaurateur John Torode, who
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NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Reducing meat consumption by 50%... 2. Vegetarian diets do not hep reduce greenhouse gas emissions because... 3. It is easier to change peoples eating habits than... 4. If British people stop buying imported food... 5. Compassion in World Farming wants the government... 6. Other changes in lifestyle... a. ... changing means of transport. b. ... could also help to stop climate change. c. ... to cut meat consumption by 60% by 2020. d. ... would reduce greenhouse gas emissions more than cutting car use by 50%. e. ... carbon emissions will fall dramatically. f. ... they contain a lot of dairy products and dairy cows produce methane.

4 Two-word expressions
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. Check your answers in the text. 1. climate 2. global 3. environmental 4. animal 5. methane 6. imported 7. scientific 8. carbon a. food b. habitats c. dioxide d. adviser e. change f. impact g. gas h. warming
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 1 Elementary
5 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. Check your answers in the text. 1. the every in sector economy of 2. week for day one a 3. meat eat reduce the they of amount 4. the by middle century the of 5. short time of a period in 6. less health good for eating meat is your

6 Word building
Complete the table.

verb

noun

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume emit destroy solve oppose support benefit produce

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. emission 2. reduce 3. benefit 4. simplistic 5. guidelines 6. contradictory 7. habitat 8. regulate 9. livestock 10. consumption

Elementary

4 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e h f b g a d c

5 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. in every sector of the economy for one day a week reduce the amount of meat they eat by the middle of the century in a short period of time eating less meat is good for your health

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 20% 50g 25-50% methane 60% 8%

6 Word building
verb noun
consumption emission destruction solution opposition support benefit production

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. d f a e c b
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume emit destroy solve oppose support benefit produce

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Elementary

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. consumption graze ruminant livestock gluttony flatulence simplistic controversial contradictory habitat

1. An animals ____________________ is the place it normally lives. 2. ____________________ is when a person or animal has too much gas in their stomach or intestines. 3. If two or more ideas are ____________________, they disagree with each other and cannot both or all be true. 4. ____________________ is the process of eating or drinking something. 5. If an idea is ____________________, it causes strong disagreement or disapproval. 6. A ____________________ idea treats something in a way that makes it seem simpler than it really is. 7. When animals ____________________, they eat grass growing in a field. 8. ____________________ is the collective word for animals such as cows, sheep and pigs that are kept on farms. 9. A ____________________ is an animal such as a cow or sheep that brings food back from its stomach into its mouth to chew it a second time. 10. ____________________ is the bad habit of eating more than you need.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. According to the UNs Food and Agriculture Organization how much of global greenhouse gas emissions are produced by meat production? 2. How much meat protein does the average person in the UK eat each day? 3. By what percentage is UK meat consumption above WHO guidelines? 4. Which is the more effective global warming agent methane or carbon dioxide? 5. By what percentage does Compassion in World Farming want to reduce meat consumption by 2020? 6. What percentage of UK emissions is generated by livestock?

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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 2 Intermediate
enjoy it, said Torode. Too much meat for any person is gluttony. But theres a more important question here: where [the meat] comes from. If we all bought British food and stopped buying imported food wed save a huge amount of carbon emissions. 6 Pachauri will be speaking at an event organized by animal welfare group Compassion in World Farming, which has calculated that if the average UK home reduced meat consumption by 50%, that would reduce emissions more than if people cut car use by 50%. The group wants the government to lead campaigns to reduce meat consumption by 60% by 2020. Campaigners have also pointed out the health benefits of eating less meat. The average person in the UK eats 50g of protein from meat a day, equivalent to a chicken breast and a lamb chop a relatively low level for rich nations but 25-50% more than World Heath Organization guidelines. 7 Professor Robert Watson, a government scientific adviser, said the government could help educate people about the benefits of eating less meat, but it should not regulate. Eating less meat would help, theres no question about that, but there are other things, Watson said. 8 However, Chris Lamb, head of marketing for the pig industry group BPEX, said the meat industry had been unfairly targeted and was working hard to find out which activities had the biggest environmental impact and reduce those. Some ideas were contradictory, he said for example, one solution to emissions from livestock was to keep them indoors, but this would damage animal welfare. Climate change is a very young science and our view is there are a lot of simplistic solutions being proposed, he said. 9 Last year a report into the environmental impact of meat eating claimed livestock generated eight per cent of UK emissions but eating some meat was good for the planet because some habitats benefited from grazing. It also said vegetarian diets that included lots of milk, butter and cheese would probably not reduce emissions much because dairy cows produce the potent greenhouse gas methane, which is released through flatulence.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 07/09/08
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UN says eat less meat to curb global warming

Climate expert urges radical shift in diet Industry unfairly targeted farmers Juliette Jowit, environment editor September 7, 2008 1 According to the worlds leading expert on global warming, people should give up meat for one day a week if they want do something that would help tackle climate change. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, said that people should then go on to reduce their meat consumption even further. So far this is the most controversial advice the panel has given on how individuals can help tackle global warming. 2 Dr Pachauri said diet change was important because of the huge greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental problems including habitat destruction associated with rearing cattle and other animals. It was relatively easy to change eating habits compared to changing means of transport, he said. 3 The UNs Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that meat production causes nearly 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions. These gases are generated during the production of animal feeds, for example, while ruminants, particularly cows, emit methane, which is 23 times more effective as a global warming agent than carbon dioxide. The agency has also warned that meat consumption will probably double by the middle of the century. 4 Reducing meat consumption is the most attractive option because it can be done almost immediately and it will bring about reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in a short period of time, said Pachauri. Give up meat for one day [a week] initially, and then continue to decrease it, said the Indian economist, who is a vegetarian. However, he also said that other changes in lifestyle would help to tackle climate change. Thats what I want to emphasize: we really have to reduce consumption in every sector of the economy. 5 Pachauri can expect some strong responses from the food industry to his advice, though he has received unexpected support from restaurateur John Torode, who is about to publish a new book, John Torodes Beef. I have a little bit of meat and
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

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NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. If people reduced car use by 50% it would reduce greenhouse gas emissions more than if they reduced meat consumption by 50%. 2. Dairy cows release methane through flatulence. 3. Meat consumption is expected to double by the middle of the 21st century. 4. The average person in the UK eats less meat than the WHO guidelines recommend. 5. Eating less meat is good for your health. 6. If everyone became vegetarian, greenhouse gas emissions would decrease dramatically.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A verb meaning to make an organized and determined attempt to deal with a problem. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning a group of people who make decisions of judgments. (para 1) 3. An adjective meaning extremely large. (para 2) 4. A phrasal verb meaning to make something happen. (para 4) 5. A phrasal verb meaning to tell someone something. (para 6) 6. A two-word expression meaning of the same value as something else. (para 6) 7. A noun meaning effect. (para 8) 8. An adjective meaning powerful or effective. (para 9)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Two-word expressions
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. greenhouse 2. climate 3. global a. welfare b. benefits c. change d. diet e. impact f. dioxide g. warming h. gases

4. environmental 5. carbon 6. health 7. animal 8. vegetarian

6 Word building
Complete the table.

verb

noun

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume reduce emit destroy solve respond propose advise

7 Discussion
Apart from reducing the amount of meat you eat, what other ways can you reduce energy consumption?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

UN says eat less meat to curb global warming


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. habitat 2. flatulence 3. contradictory 4. consumption 5. controversial 6. simplistic 7. graze 8. livestock 9. ruminant 10. gluttony

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. tackle panel huge bring about point out equivalent to impact potent

5 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. h c g e f b a d

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 20% 50g 25-50% methane 60% 8%

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T T F T F

6 Word building
verb noun
consumption reduction emission destruction solution response proposal advice

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

consume reduce emit destroy solve respond propose advise

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / UN says eat less meat to curb global warming / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

In an inner city area, three young men in jeans and hooded tops are quickly running and jumping over walls, down stairs, across rooftops, through windows. Whats going on? What are they doing and why?

Key words and phrases

Find the word pairs (two words) in the article. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Growing quickly without any outside help: ____________________________. (para 1) A hobby, action or pastime kept secret from the public: ____________________________. (para 2) A first official meeting: ____________________________. (para 3) An older person who has had a long and respected career in a certain area: __________________________. (para 3) To say something quietly and with respect: ____________________________. (para 5) A stealthy act of entering a house in order to steal something: ____________________________. (para 5) When you are playful, full of high spirits, but doing nothing in particular: ____________________________. (para 5) A ruling organization; one that is in charge: ____________________________. (para 11)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 3 Advanced
6 Few underground activities can claim to have made it into the mainstream with such dazzling speed. Many participants trace the birth of freerunning to a BBC ident (a TV stations symbol or logo, often accompanied by music, a jingle or an animation) in 2002, showing a Parkour runner adapting his skills on the rooftops of London. Urban Freeflow, the sports central organization, was founded a year later. Though closely related to Parkour, which originated in the Paris suburbs a decade ago, Parkour prizes speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners. As such, though it is practised worldwide last nights competitors hailed from 17 countries freerunning could reasonably be described as a brand new British sport. Urban Freeflow now trains the Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, as well as organizing workshops in schools, and estimates that 15,000 people now practise the sport in Britain (95% are male). The organization choreographed action sequences for the films Casino Royale, The Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later, and also performs at public events. As the founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of last nights competition, Paul EZ Corkery could be considered the grandfather of freerunning at 34, he considers himself retired. He is in discussions with the 2012 Olympic organizers over how freerunning might be involved, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. The organizers are really eager to collaborate with anything that gets the kids off their arses, he said. Does he see a day when freerunning might be an Olympic sport? I dont really think it fits. Youd need to put in place a national governing body, things like that, and it would kill the sport, really. These guys are my YouTube idols, it means everything to be here with them, said Franck
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Freerunning joins sport establishment


Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station in London, a group of 13 young men gathered for what was, at the time, the biggest meeting of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform balletic leaps and flips using walls, bars and any other street furniture available, was still in its earliest infancy, mushrooming spontaneously across Britain among young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour and wanted to adapt it into a freer and more expressive form. 2 How times change. Last night, the once underground pursuit declared itself firmly in the sporting establishment by holding its first world championships, hosted in one of Londons top venues, sponsored by a major credit card company and filmed by Sky Sports. 3 I never, ever thought wed get to this place so quickly, said John Kerr, or Kerbie, one of the events organizers. Present at that inaugural gathering at Liverpool Street, he finds himself, at 21, one of the sports elder statesmen. 4 He said: We all feel amazingly blessed. Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their properties. 5 Fifty feet above him, one of the events 23 competitors was warming up by balancing in a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box, part of the equipment on which he would later compete, before flipping on to a nearby bar, spinning around it, and dismounting. Below him, his peers those not already performing gainers and loser flips and layout backflips from a lattice of steel poles murmured approvingly. The sport might be said to combine the best qualities of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about, but the skill of the participants is unarguable.

10

11

12

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 3 Advanced
Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com Cali Nelle, from France. Im not really thinking about winning. Its just being here alongside the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? Thats a big event. Thats something for the history books.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com

3 Skim-reading for comprehension


Skim-read the article again to find the answers to the questions. 1. Where was Parkour invented? 2. Where was the first freerunning championships held? 3. What age and sex is a typical freerunner? 4. How has peoples attitude to the sport changed in the last few years? 5. With what and back to when do people associate the birth of freerunning? 6. What is the main difference between Parkour and freerunning? 7. What professional bodies are interested in the sport? 8. What connection does the sport have with the film industry? 9. Is freerunning likely to become an Olympic sport?

4 Vocabulary
Find at least eight movement and action words in the article and definition. Compare them paying particular attention to how and in which situations they can (and cannot) be used. Write an example sentence for each word. E.g. leap and flip ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 3 Advanced
5 Discussion: Debate
A group of freerunners want to hold workshops in your town. Opinion is divided as to whether this is a good thing or not. 1. Brainstorm reasons for or against providing freerunning workshops to male youths. 2. Divide into two teams: A freerunners and B concerned citizens and debate the topic. Decide: Should the workshops be allowed to take place? If yes, what will the organizers do to ensure the safety of citizens and their property? ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................

! Your ideas:

6 Webquest
Compare jumps and moves made by freerunners, Spiderman and flying squirrels by watching online videos, making notes and reporting back. Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the founder of Parkour in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words and phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. mushrooming spontaneously underground pursuit inaugural gathering elder statesman murmured approvingly cat burglary mucking about governing body

4 Vocabulary
possible answers: leap; flip; balancing; handstand, spinning; dismounting; running; jumping; crawling, climbing

3 Skim-reading for comprehension


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. France. London, England. Under 21 and male. See para 4: A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and per form on their properties. A BBC ident in 2002. See para 7: Parkour prizes speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners. The Metropolitan police and Royal Marines. Also some schools (para 8). See para 9: The organization choreographed action sequences for the films Casino Royale, the Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later. No, see para 11: Youd need to put in place a national governing body, and it would kill the sport.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Advanced

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
In the city you see three young men in jeans and hooded sweatshirts running quickly from roof to roof, jumping over walls, through windows and down stairs. What do you think is happening? Are they... a) ... running to catch a bus? b) ... running away from the police? c) ... doing an extreme sport?

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. sequence expressive chasing idol sponsored participants cat burglary mucking about property owners organizers

1. People who take part in an event or competition are called the _____________________. (para 1) 2. When an event is _____________________, someone has given it money in exchange for advertising. (para 2) 3. The people who set up or organize an event are called the _____________________. (para 3) 4. _____________________ is another word for running after someone in order to catch them. (para 3) 5. People who own houses or other buildings are _____________________. (para 3) 6. The secret and quiet crime or act of going into a house to steal something: _____________________. (para 4) 7. When you are playful, having fun, but doing nothing special you are _____________________. (para 4) 8. When you are _____________________ you clearly show what your thoughts or feelings are. (para 6) 9. A part of a film that shows one event is called a _____________________. (para 7) 10. Somebody who you look up to and think is special and great is your _____________________. (para 9)

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 1 Elementary
7 Urban Freeflow now trains the London Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, and organizes workshops in schools. They say that 15,000 people now do the sport in Britain (95% are male). They planned action sequences for the films Casino Royale, the Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later. They also perform at public events. The founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of the competition, 34 year old Paul EZ Corkery, is the grandfather of freerunning. He is talking to the 2012 London Olympic organizers about how freerunning might be involved in the next Olympics, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. These guys are my YouTube idols, it means everything to be here with them, said Franck Cali Nelle, from France. Im not really thinking about winning. Its just being here with the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? Thats a big event. Thats something for the history books.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

Freerunning joins sport establishment


Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station in London, a group of 13 young men met for the biggest meeting, at that time, of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform leaps and flips using walls, bars and anything else that is available, was just beginning. In Britain, it quickly became popular with young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour. 2 In September 2008, freerunning held its first world championships in one of Londons top sports venues. The event was sponsored by a major credit card company, and filmed by TV company, Sky Sports. 3 We all feel amazingly pleased, said John Kerr, or Kerbie, one of the events organizers. Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago the police were chasing us and property owners shouted at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their buildings. 4 Fifty feet above him, one of the events 23 competitors was warming up by doing a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box. Some people say that the sport is a mixture of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about. All the participants are very skilled. 5 Many people say freerunning began when the BBC showed a film clip of a Parkour runner on the rooftops of London in 2002. Urban Freeflow, the sports central organization, began a year later. 6 Freerunning is very similar to Parkour, which began in Paris ten years ago. In Parkour the most important skills are speed and clever movements; freerunning is freer and more expressive. Therefore, although the competitors came from 17 countries, freerunning is a new British sport.

Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Elementary

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Parkour was invented... 2. Freerunning is a kind... 3. The first freerunning championships were held... 4. Many more men than women... 5. Freerunning has become very popular in the... 6. Freerunning will not be a new Olympic sport... 7. Some British police officers and marines... 8. You can see freerunning scenes... 9. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on... ... learn freerunning. ... do freerunning. ... in Hollywood action films. ... last few years. ... of Parkour. ... in France. ... YouTube. ... in London in 2008. ... in 2012.

4 Vocabulary: Action words


Write the best action words to fit into the gaps. climb jump leap flip run crawl

1. Before they can walk most babies ___________________. 2. A ___________________ is a big jump. 3. The Olympic gymnast did a perfect backwards ___________________. 4. Im late! Ill have to ___________________ for the bus. 5. Cats sometimes ___________________ trees to get away from dogs. 6. A flea can ___________________ very high.

5 Webquest and talking: Giving an opinion


Watch one or more of these videos and then complete the sentence in your own words. I think freerunning is ___________________________________________________________________________ because ____________________________________________________________________________________. Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the most famous Parkour/freerunner in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Elementary

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. participants sponsored organizers chasing property owners cat burglary mucking about expressive sequence idol

4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Vocabulary: Action words


crawl leap flip run climb jump

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Parkour was invented in France. Freerunning is a kind of Parkour. The first freerunning championships were held in London in 2008. Many more men than women do freerunning. Freerunning has become very popular in the last few years. Freerunning will not be a new Olympic sport in 2012. Some British police officers and marines learn freerunning. You can see freerunning scenes in Hollywood action films. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on YouTube.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Elementary

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

In an inner city area, three young men in jeans and hooded tops are quickly running and jumping over walls, down stairs, across rooftops, through windows. Whats going on? What are they doing and why?

Key words and phrases

Match the key words from the article with their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. collaborate blessed eager elder statesman mucking about property owners sequence expressive cat burglary unarguable sponsored prize

1. When you are ____________________, you clearly show what your thoughts or feelings are. (para 1) 2. When an event is ____________________, someone has given it money in exchange for advertising. (para 2) 3. An older person who has had a long and respected career in a certain area: ____________________. (para 3) 4. When you feel ____________________, you feel happy and grateful. (para 4) 5. People who own houses or other buildings are ____________________. (para 4) 6. A stealthy act of entering a house in order to steal something: ____________________. (para 5) 7. When you are playful, having fun, but doing nothing in particular: ____________________. (para 5) 8. When something is ____________________, it is true and impossible to disagree with. (para 5) 9. A verb that means to value something: ____________________. (para 7) 10. A part of a film that deals with one event or that has a particular style is called a ____________________. (para 9) 11. When you are very keen to do something, you are ____________________. (para 11) 12. When you to work with someone in order to produce something, you ____________________ with them. (para 11)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 2 Intermediate
speed and efficiency of movement, in contrast to the expressiveness of freerunners. Therefore, although it is practised worldwide last nights competitors came from 17 countries freerunning can be described as a brand new British sport.

Freerunning joins sport establishment


Esther Addley at the Camden Roundhouse September 4, 2008 1 Five years ago, outside Liverpool Street station
in London, a group of 13 young men met for what was, at the time, the biggest meeting of freerunners in history. The sport, in which participants perform leaps and flips using walls, bars and anything else that is available, was just beginning. It quickly became popular across Britain with young people who had seen films of the French urban sport Parkour and wanted to adapt it into a freer and more expressive form. first world championships in one of Londons top sports venues, sponsored by a major credit card company, and filmed by Sky Sports.

Urban Freeflow now trains the Metropolitan police and Royal Marines, as well as organizing workshops in schools. They estimate that 15,000 people now practise the sport in Britain (95% are male). The organization planned action sequences for the films Casino Royale, The Bourne Ultimatum and 28 Weeks Later. They also perform at public events. the competition, 34 year old Paul EZ Corkery could be considered the grandfather of freerunning. He is talking to the 2012 London Olympic organizers about how freerunning might be involved, perhaps in the opening ceremonies, or in workshops. anything that gets the kids off their arses, he said. Does he see a day when freerunning might be an Olympic sport? I dont really think it fits, he said. everything to be here with them, said Franck Cali Nelle, from France. Im not really thinking about winning. Its just being here alongside the best of the best. The first ever freerunning world championships? Thats a big event. Thats something for the history books.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 04/09/08

2 How times change. Last night, freerunning held its

10 The founder of Urban Freeflow and the organizer of

3 I never, ever thought wed get to this place so

quickly, said John Kerr, or Kerbie, one of the events organizers. He was present at that first meeting at Liverpool Street and he finds himself, at 21, one of the sports elder statesmen. Freerunning is so young and so new. A few years ago we were getting chased by police on a regular basis and property owners would shout at us. Now they pay us to come and perform on their properties. competitors was warming up by balancing in a handstand on the edge of an enormous black box, part of the equipment on which he would later compete, before flipping on to a nearby bar, spinning around it, and jumping off. The sport might be said to combine the best qualities of gymnastics, cat burglary and teenage mucking about, but the skill of the participants is unarguable. the mainstream with such dazzling speed. Many participants say freerunning began when the BBC showed a Parkour runner on the rooftops of London in 2002. Urban Freeflow, the sports central organization, was founded a year later. the Paris suburbs a decade ago, Parkour prizes

11 The organizers are really eager to collaborate with

4 He said: We all feel amazingly blessed.

12 These guys are my YouTube idols, it means

5 Fifty feet above him, one of the events 23

6 Few underground activities have made it into

Parkour is the art of moving through your environment using only your body and the surroundings to propel yourself. It can include running, jumping, climbing, even crawling, if that is the most suitable movement for the situation. Source: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/ Freerunning uses the same movements as Parkour but with the emphasis being on aesthetics, fun and creativity. Source: www.UrbanFreeflow.com Freerunning is more expressive and creative in nature, with moves such as acrobatics, flips and spins. Source: www.AmericanParkour.com
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

7 Though closely related to Parkour, which began in

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check

According to the article, are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? Correct any that are false. 1. Parkour was invented in London. 2. The first freerunning championships was held in Paris. 3. More men than women do freerunning. 4. Freerunning has become more popular in the last few years. 5. Freerunning is a kind of Parkour. 6. Freerunning will be a new Olympic sport in 2012. 7. Most freerunners are police officers or marines. 8. You can see examples of freerunning in Hollywood action films. 9. The organizers of the Olympic Games want kids to do more sports. 10. You can watch videos of freerunning and Parkour on a video sharing website.

4 Vocabulary: Action words


Write the action words into the gaps. There are two words left over. Write your own example sentences for these. climb jump leap flip run crawl

1. Before they can walk most babies ________________________. 2. Look before you ________________________ is an old English saying. 3. The Olympic gymnast did a perfect backwards ________________________. 4. Im late! Ill have to ________________________ for the bus. 5. _______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________________________________________

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Freerunning joins sport establishment


Level 2 Intermediate

5 Discussion: Exchanging ideas and opinions


1. Complete the sentence: Freerunning is __________________________________ because ____________________________________. 2. Find someone with a similar sentence to yours and expand your ideas (and your sentences) together. 3. Now find someone with a different sentence or opinion and swap views.

6 Webquest
Watch a Parkour/freerunning sequence in a James Bond 007 film: http://de.youtube.com/ watch?v=IPmJ73XRlUs Watch excellent non-professional freerunners here: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=LIBaVojYCfo Watch the most famous Parkour/freerunner in a TV commercial: http://de.youtube.com/watch?v=5BOUohniyJU Find out further information about Parkour and freerunning at: http://www.misterParkour.com/faq/

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Freerunning joins sport establishment Addiction to Internet is an illness


Level 2 KEY
2 Key words and phrases
1. expressive 2. sponsored 3. elder statesman 4. blessed 5. property owners 6. cat burglary 7. mucking about 8. unarguable 9. prize 10. sequence 11. eager 12. collaborate

Intermediate

4 Vocabulary: Action words


1. 2. 3. 4. crawl leap flip run

3 Comprehension check
1. False 2. False 3. True 4. True 5. True 6. False 7. False 8. True 9. True 10. True

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Freerunning joins sport establishment / Intermediate

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. raffle sidestep slump acre downsize return punter overgrown scam hurdle

1. An ___________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land, equivalent to 4,047 square metres. 2. A ___________________ is someone who risks their money through betting or gambling. It can also mean a customer or someone who uses a particular service. 3. A __________________ is one of several problems you must solve before you can do something successfully. 4. Profit on money you have invested is called your ___________________. 5. If a garden is ___________________, it is covered with plants that have been allowed to grow in an uncontrolled way. 6. A ___________________ is a dishonest plan, especially for getting money. 7. In property, if you ___________________, you move to a smaller house. 8. A ___________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. 9. If you ___________________ something, you avoid it. 10. A ___________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How much will each ticket cost? 2. How much is the property worth? 3. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 4. How much will they get if they sell all the tickets? 5. What are the annual costs of running the property? 6. How long have they lived at the property?

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 3 Advanced
year the Wilshaws reckon the timber lodges yield 25,000 income. Theyve had ticket buyers from Scandinavia, India and the US, and are quietly confident theyll hit the target of 46,000 sold by the December 7 close. 5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can punters be sure this isnt some sort of scam? Wendy pounces on anyone who uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. This isnt a raffle, as its illegal to have prizes above a certain value. After that it becomes a lottery. And this isnt a lottery either. To be eligible to win, you have to answer a skill-based question. Only if you answer the question correctly do you get to enter. The question is: What is the cost of an adult full season coarse fishing licence for 2008/2009? The answer takes a millisecond to find on Google. Its illegal to run a lottery for personal profit, and while competitions can be run for profit they must involve an element of skill. The Wilshaws lawyers have advised them the competition meets legal requirements, but Antoinette Jucker, a gambling law expert with Pinsent Masons, is not so sure. How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. That makes it a game of chance, and therefore an illegal lottery. When the Gambling Act was going through parliament, the clear intention was that the only legal lotteries would be those operated for good causes ... This competition is sidestepping that, she says. The Wilshaws are adamant their scheme is legal. At one stage online payment group PayPal froze their account while lawyers went through the paperwork, but they gave it the thumbs-up. Several people who have tried to raffle their home have been charged by the police. One woman was ordered to pay nearly 8,000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws. But the biggest hurdle is finding punters. One man set up a website to raffle his 110,000 home at 5 a ticket, but sold only 229 tickets, so
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fancy a 1m home for 25?


After failing to find a buyer, a Devon couple are raffling their country estate. Is it a scam, or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6, 2008 1 Is a raffle really the way to sidestep a cooling property market? A five-bedroom house, complete with 9.5 acres of woodland, a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges one lucky person will win it all for 25. The owners, Brian and Wendy Wilshaw, will be winners too. Last year they were struggling to sell the property, marketed at 950,000 just as the housing slump took hold. But after launching an online prize competition on a website, theyve sold 34,000 tickets thats 850,000 and are in sight of their 46,000 target. 2 When all the tickets are sold, the Wilshaws will become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house and make a decent profit. Sales of 46,000 tickets will earn them 1.15m they say the surplus will be used to cover the costs of running the raffle. But it will still leave them with a handsome return in a property market that virtually everywhere else has gone stone cold. 3 Wendy says: We needed to sell. Were getting old. This place doesnt run itself. The idea of selling tickets kind of evolved. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the lottery, its the sort of place theyd buy. Its that that got us thinking. The couple have lived at the estate for 14 years and are downsizing. I want an ordinary family to live here, people who would never normally be able to afford this place, people wholl be given a chance to start over, says Wendy. 4 The winners will get a 2,000 sq ft house and an estate (much of it overgrown) that includes a twoacre lake stocked with fish that Brian reckons are worth 1,000. Council tax and other basic annual running costs are around 6,000, but in a good

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Advanced

Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 3 Advanced
he drew a name from a hat and the winner got 916 after his 20% costs. 9 The Wilshaws say theyll do the same if they dont reach their target. If there isnt a winner by the end of December, then someone gains a cash prize, simple as that, says Wendy. The prize will be the sum theyve collected minus 35% to cover expenses. The most common question they get is how the winning ticket will be selected. It will be done by random number software, overseen by our lawyers and in full view of television cameras and reporters, says Wendy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 06/09/08

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Why are the Wilshaws selling their property by raffle? a. Because they will make a bigger profit. b. Because they think they will have a better chance of selling it this way in the present housing slump c. Because they want to sell it to someone who has stayed there in the past. 2. Why do participants in the raffle have to answer a skill-based question? a. Because this is the best way to choose a winner. b. Because competitions like this are illegal unless they have an element of skill. c. Because the Wilshaws only want fishermen to win the prize. 3. Why does the gambling law expert believe that this may be an illegal lottery? a. Because almost everyone will get the answer to the skill-based question right. b. Because it is illegal to sell houses in this way. c. Because the skill-based question is too easy and anyone can find the answer on Google. 4. What will the Wilshaws do if they dont sell all the tickets? a. They will stay in the house (and not sell it). b. They will accept a reduced price. c. They will give someone a cash prize (minus 35%).
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Find the following words and expressions in the text. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. A two-word expression meaning to become stronger and difficult to stop. (para 1) Two two-word terms that both mean good earnings. (para 2) A phrasal verb meaning to begin doing something again from the very beginning. (para 3) A two word expression meaning to react angrily to. (para 5) An adjective meaning determined not to change your belief or decision about something. (para 7) A verb meaning to legally stop a supply of money being available to someone. (para 7) A phrasal verb meaning to examine something very carefully. (para 7) A four-word expression meaning to give your approval to something. (para 7)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. 1. launch 2. win 3. make 4. hit 5. meet 6. freeze 7. pay 8. break a. compensation b. legal requirements c. the law d. a bank account e. a target f. a competition g. a profit h. the lottery

6 Expressions with prepositions


Fill the gaps in the phrases from the text using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. in sight ____________ the target 2. stocked ____________ fish 3. ____________ personal profit 4. a game ____________ chance 5. ____________ good causes 6. going ____________ parliament 7. charged ____________ the police 8. ____________ the end of December

7 Discussion
Can you think of any other ways of selling a house in difficult market conditions? What other items could you or would you sell by lottery?
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Advanced
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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 3 Advanced KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. acre punter hurdle return overgrown scam downsize raffle sidestep slump

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. take hold decent profit; handsome return start over pounce on adamant freeze go through give the thumbs-up

5 Verb + noun collocations 2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 25 950,000 46,000 1.15m 6,000 14 years 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. f h g e b d a c

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b b a c

6 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. of with for of for through by by

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Advanced

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 1 Elementary
1 Key words
Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. raffle estate slump property scam illegal acre afford lodge compensation

1. A _______________________ is a dishonest plan, especially for getting money. 2. _______________________ is money that someone received because something bad has happened to them. 3. A ______________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. 4. If something is _______________________, it is not allowed by the law. 5. _______________________ is land and all the buildings on it. 6. A _______________________ is a small simple house in the countryside. 7. An _____________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land, equal to 4,047 square metres. 8. A ____________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically. 9. An ______________________ is a very large area of land that belongs to one person. 10. If you can _______________________ something, you have enough money to be able to pay for it.

2 Find the information


Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How much will each ticket cost? 2. How much is the property worth? 3. How many tickets have they sold? 4. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 5. How much money will they get if they sell all the tickets? 6. How much money do the timber lodges provide?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Elementary

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 1 Elementary
5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can people who buy the tickets be sure this isnt some sort of scam? Wendy angrily criticizes anyone who uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. This isnt a lottery. To have a chance of winning, you first have to answer a skill-based question. You can only enter the competition if you answer the question correctly. The question is: What is the cost of a fishing licence for 2008/2009? It takes a second to find the answer on Google. Its illegal to run a lottery for personal profit, and while you can run competitions for profit, they must include an element of skill. The Wilshaws lawyers have told them the competition is legal, but Antoinette Jucker, an expert on gambling law is not so sure. How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. That makes it a game of chance, and therefore an illegal lottery. The intention of the Gambling Act is that the only legal lotteries are ones which operate for good causes. This competition is not doing that, she says. But the Wilshaws say that their scheme is legal. Several people who have tried to sell their home by raffle have been charged by the police. One woman had to pay nearly 8,000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws. But the biggest problem is finding people to buy the tickets. One man set up a website to sell his 110,000 home at 5 a ticket, but sold only 229 tickets, so he drew a name from the hat and the winner got 916. The Wilshaws say theyll do the same if they dont sell all 46,000 tickets. If there isnt a winner by the end of December, then someone will get a cash prize, simple as that, says Wendy. The prize will be the total sum theyve collected minus 35% to cover costs. The most common question they get is how they will choose the winning ticket. We will use random number software in front of television cameras and reporters, says Wendy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 06/09/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fancy a 1m home for 25?


After failing to find a buyer, a Devon couple are raffling their country estate. Is it a scam, or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6, 2008 1 Is a raffle really the best way to sell a house in the middle of a housing slump? A five-bedroom house, together with 9.5 acres of woodland, a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges one lucky person will win all of this for just 25. The owners of the house, Brian and Wendy Wilshaw, will be winners too. Last year they were unable to sell the property at a price of 950,000. But after they started an online prize competition on a website, theyve sold 34,000 tickets thats 850,000 and are not far from their target of 46,000 tickets. 2 When they have sold all the tickets, Mr and Mrs Wilshaw will become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house and make a good profit. If they sell 46,000 tickets they will earn 1.15m they say they will use the extra money to cover the costs of organizing the raffle. But they will still have a nice profit in a property market that is in a slump at the moment. 3 Wendy says: We needed to sell. Were getting old. This place is hard work. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the national lottery, they would buy a place like this. That gave us the idea. The Wilshaws have lived at the estate for 14 years and want to move to a smaller property. I want an ordinary family to live here, people who normally could not afford to buy this place; people who will have a chance to start a new life here, says Wendy. 4 The winners will get a large house and an estate that includes a two-acre lake full of fish. It costs around 6,000 a year to run the estate, but in a good year the timber lodges provide an income of 25,000. The Wilshaws have sold tickets to people from Scandinavia, India and the US, and are sure they will sell all 46,000 tickets by the closing date of December 7.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Elementary

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. The Wilshaws are selling their house by raffle because 2. If they dont reach their target of 46,000 tickets 3. The Wilshaws want to sell their house because 4. If you want to enter the competition,... 5. Some people think the scheme is illegal because... 6. If the Wilshaws sell all the tickets,... a. they will use the extra money to cover their costs. b. it is too big and they want to move to a smaller property. c. you have to answer a question first. d. they say it is a game of chance. e. they were unable to sell it in the normal way because of the housing slump. f. they will give someone a cash prize.

4 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. prize 2. property 3. national 4. closing 5. fishing 6. gambling 7. cash 8. random a. prize b. law c. licence d. number e. competition f. lottery g. owner h. date

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 1 Elementary
5 Numbers and dates
How do you say these numbers and dates from the text? Each one has got a mistake in it. Find the mistake and underline it. In three cases a word is missing. 1. thirty-four thousand of tickets 2. two thousand eight 3. two hundred twenty-nine 4. nine hundreds and sixteen 5. thirty-five per cents 6. nine and half acres

6 Irregular verbs
Complete the table. infinitive
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 tell choose draw paid buy ran told chosen drawn paid sell

past simple
sold won

past participle
won bought run

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Elementary

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Freerunning Fancy a 1m joins home sport for 25? establishment


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. scam compensation raffle illegal property lodge acre slump estate afford

4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Two-word expressions
e g f h c b a d

5 2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 25 950,000 34,000 46,000 1.15 million 25,000 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Numbers and dates


thirty-four thousand tickets (no of) two thousand and eight two hundred and twenty-nine nine hundred and sixteen thirty-five per cent nine and a half acres

6 3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Irregular verbs
infinitive past simple past participle

Comprehension check
e f b c d a
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

sell win buy run tell choose draw pay

sold won bought ran told chose drew paid

sold won bought run told chosen drawn paid

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Elementary

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. raffle return eligible overgrown slump lodge scam adamant acre estate

1. A _____________________ is a small simple house in the countryside. 2. A _____________________ is a dishonest plan, especially for getting money. 3. A _____________________ is a period when the value of the economy or part of the economy falls dramatically. 4. A _____________________ is a competition in which you win a prize if the number on your ticket is selected. 5. If you are _____________________ for something, you are allowed by rules or laws to do something or receive something. 6. If a person is _____________________, they are determined not to change their belief or decision about something. 7. If a garden is _____________________, it is covered with plants that have been allowed to grow in an uncontrolled way. 8. An _____________________ is a very large area of land that belongs to one person. 9. Profit on money you have invested is called your _____________________. 10. An ___________________ is a unit for measuring the surface area of land, equivalent to 4,047 square metres.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How much will each ticket cost? 2. How much is the property worth? 3. How many tickets have they sold? 4. How many tickets are they hoping to sell? 5. How much will they get if they sell all the tickets? 6. How much are the fish worth?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Intermediate

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 2 Intermediate
uses the words raffle or lottery to describe their scheme. This isnt a raffle, as its illegal to have prizes above a certain value. After that it becomes a lottery. And this isnt a lottery either. To be eligible to win, you have to answer a skill-based question. Only if you answer the question correctly do you get to enter.

Fancy a 1m home for 25?


After failing to find a buyer, a Devon couple are raffling their country estate. Is it a scam, or a genuine way to beat the property slump? Patrick Collinson and Ben Steele September 6, 2008 1 Is a raffle really the way to sell a house in a cooling 6
property market? A five-bedroom house, together with 9.5 acres of woodland, a two-acre fishing lake and four separate two-bed holiday lodges one lucky person will win it all for 25. The owners, Brian and Wendy Wilshaw, will be winners too. Last year they were struggling to sell the property, marketed at 950,000 just as the housing slump got worse. But after starting an online prize competition on a website, theyve sold 34,000 tickets thats 850,000 and are in sight of their 46,000 target. become the first property owners to successfully use a raffle to sell a house and make a good profit. If they sell 46,000 tickets, they will earn 1.15m they say the surplus will be used to cover the costs of running the raffle. But it will still leave them with a nice profit in a property market that almost everywhere else has gone stone cold. This place is hard work. So many of the people who have stayed here have said that if they won the lottery, its the sort of place theyd buy. That made us think. The couple have lived at the estate for 14 years and want to move to a smaller property. I want an ordinary family to live here, people who would never normally be able to afford this place, people wholl be given a chance to start a new life here, says Wendy. estate (much of it overgrown) that includes a two-acre lake full of fish that Brian says are worth 1,000. Basic annual running costs are around 6,000, but in a good year the Wilshaws say the timber lodges provide an income of 25,000. Theyve had ticket buyers from Scandinavia, India and the US, and are confident theyll hit the target of 46,000 sold by the December 7 close. people who buy the tickets be sure this isnt some sort of scam? Wendy angrily criticizes anyone who

The question is: What is the cost of an adult full season coarse fishing licence for 2008/2009? The answer takes a millisecond to find on Google. Its illegal to run a lottery for personal profit, and while competitions can be run for profit they must involve an element of skill. The Wilshaws lawyers have told them the competition meets legal requirements, but Antoinette Jucker, a gambling law expert is not so sure. How do you choose a winner when almost everyone gets the answer right? You take their name out of a hat. That makes it a game of chance, and therefore an illegal lottery. When the Gambling Act was going through parliament, the clear intention was that the only legal lotteries would be those operated for a good cause. This competition is not doing that, she says. The Wilshaws are adamant their scheme is legal. At one stage online payment group PayPal froze their account while lawyers went through the paperwork, but they gave it the thumbs-up. Several people who have tried to raffle their home have been charged by the police. One woman was ordered to pay nearly 8,000 compensation after she admitted breaking lottery laws. But the biggest problem is finding people to buy the tickets. One man set up a website to raffle his 110,000 home at 5 a ticket, but sold only 229 tickets, so he drew a name from the hat and the winner got 916. The Wilshaws say theyll do the same if they dont reach their target. If there isnt a winner by the end of December, then someone gains a cash prize, simple as that, says Wendy. The prize will be the sum theyve collected minus 35% to cover expenses. The most common question they get is how the winning ticket will be selected. It will be done by random number software, overseen by our lawyers and in full view of television cameras and reporters, says Wendy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 06/09/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

2 When all the tickets are sold, the Wilshaws will

3 Wendy says: We needed to sell. Were getting old.

4 The winners will get a 2,000 sq ft house and an

5 But is it legal to sell a home this way? And how can

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Intermediate

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Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check

According to the article, are these sentences True (T) or False (F)? 1. The couple are selling the property because they want to move to somewhere bigger. 2. By law competitions must involve an element of skill. 3. It is very difficult to find the answer to the skill-based question in this competition. 4. If they dont reach their target, they will give someone a cash prize. 5. They will use any surplus to cover their costs. 6. It is legal to run a lottery for personal profit.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A noun meaning an area of land filled with trees. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning not far from. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning more of something than is necessary. (para 2) 4. A noun meaning an extremely short period of time. (para 6) 5. A noun meaning an activity in which you risk money in the hope of winning more money. (para 6) 6. A three-word expression meaning an organization, plan or activity that you are willing to support because it provides help to people who need it. (para 7) 7. A phrasal verb meaning to examine something very carefully. (para 7) 8. A four-word expression meaning to give your approval to something. (para 7)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fancy a 1m home for 25? / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fancy a 1m home for 25?


Level 2 Intermediate

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. 1. cover 2. pay 3. make 4. hit 5. meet 6. freeze 7. win 8. break a. compensation b. legal requirements c. the law d. a bank account e. a target f. costs g. a profit h. the lottery

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text. verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 compete see require intend pay compensate win cause noun

7 Discussion
Would you buy an expensive raffle ticket like this if it gave you a chance to win a house worth nearly 1 million? Why? Why not?

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Fancy a 1m home for 25? Addiction to Internet is an illness


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. lodge scam slump raffle eligible adamant overgrown estate return acre

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. woodland in sight of surplus millisecond gambling a good cause go through give it the thumbs-up

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. f a g e b d h c

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 25 950,000 34,000 46,000 1.15m 1,000

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T F T T F

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. competition sight requirement intention payment compensation winner cause

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

Match the terminology with the definitions. 1. DNA 2. gene 3. chromosome 4. genetic marker 5. analysis A single piece of DNA, which contains many genes and other nucleotide sequences. The process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. The basic biological units of inheritance. Composed of DNA. The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. A known DNA sequence which can be used to study the relationship between an inherited disease and its genetic cause. a) domain name accepted b) deoxyribonucleic acid c) details not available

6. What does DNA stand for?

Skim-reading for gist

Skim-read the article to find the answers to these questions. 1. Why and when do scientists think a small group of our ancestors left Africa? 2. In which order (first, second, third) did they reach these continents? Europe, Asia, Australasia? 3. What happened approximately 10,000 years before they left Africa? 4. Which species was wiped out by Homo sapiens? 5. Who are the backers of the genographic project? 6. How much is the project costing? 7. What have the scientists discovered about the Crusaders and Genghis Khan? 8. Which people are genetically the closest to our original ancestors?

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 3 Advanced
Asian coast to reach Australia 50,000 years ago. Only later, about 40,000 years ago, did we enter Europe its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less hospitable while one group of Asians headed farther east over the land bridge that then connected their continent to America. 6 We can also see that just before humans left Africa, about 70,000 years ago, mankind was brought to the brink of extinction when Mount Toba, in Sumatra, erupted, said Wells. It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years and dropped thick ash and killed vegetation across the globe. Our research now shows Homo sapiens numbers dropped alarmingly at this time and we only just hung on as a species. Nevertheless, humanity recovered, evolving new creative and intellectual talents. Since then, waves of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can detect traces of these movements often with intriguing results. One study, by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith, has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. The inference is clear they say: this distinctive Y-chromosome was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon and then settled in the country. A similar sort of genetic legacy has been detected in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many male descendants he produced. As for Africa, it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents, as would be expected of humanitys birthplace. And of those living today, the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest, genetically, to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity, say project scientists.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 31/08/08

The incredible journey taken by our genes


Project maps humanitys voyage out of Africa to new continents and domination of the world Robin McKie, science editor August 31, 2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago, a small group of African men and women took to the Red Sea in tiny boats and crossed the Mandab Strait to Asia. Their journey of less than 20 miles marked the moment Homo sapiens left its home continent. 2 The reason for our ancestors African exodus is not known, though scientists suspect food shortages, triggered by climate change, were involved. However, its impact cannot be overestimated. Two thousand generations later, descendants of these African migrs have settled our entire planet, wiped out all other hominids including the Neanderthals and have reached a population of 6.5 billion. 3 Now scientists are completing a massive study of DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents in order to create the most precise map yet of mankinds great dispersion. Last week, in Tallinn, Estonia, they outlined their most recent results. As the ultimate ancestor begat son, who begat son and so on, they picked up mutations in their DNA that we can now pinpoint by gene analysis, said project leader Dr Spencer Wells. When we look at these markers distributions we can see how our ancestors moved about. 4 Scientists have known for several years that modern humans emerged from sub-Saharan Africa within the past 100,000 years. However, the 25m Genographic project backed by National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation has recently transformed that knowledge by providing a mass of highly detailed information about our African exodus. 5 After emerging into the Arabian Peninsula, some of our ancestors took sea routes along the south

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 3 Advanced
3 Vocabulary: Synonyms
Find a word (or two) in the article that is a synonym of: 1. escape, exit, flight ____________________ (para 2) 2. activated by, set off by ____________________ para 2) 3. affect, result ____________________ (para 2) 4. expatriates, people in exile ____________________ (para 2) 5. scattering, spread ____________________ (para 3) 6. fathered, gave birth to, bred ____________________ (para 3) 7. modifications, variations ____________________ (para 3) 8. appeared, evolved ____________________ (para 4) 9. welcoming, warm, friendly ____________________ (para 5) 10. edge of ____________________ (para 6) 11. remained, stayed alive ____________________ (para 6) 12. clues, remains, evidence ____________________ (para 7) 13. interesting, complicated ____________________ (para 7) 14. assumption, conclusion, deduction ____________________ (para 8) 15. inheritance ____________________ (para 8)

4 Comprehension check
Write four multiple choice comprehension questions about the text and swap them with other students. ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................................
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 3 Advanced
5 Discussion
Would you like to trace your genetic ancestry? Why/Why not? What do you know about your ancestry? Have you (or anyone you know) tried to trace your family tree? How far back could you go? Did you find out anything interesting or surprising?

6 Webquest
Watch videos about the project and discover whats on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic Go to www.dnaancestryproject.com or www.dnaheritage.com to find out how you can trace your ancestry. Can you find any other companies that offer these services? How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 3 Advanced KEY
1 Warmer
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. DNA = The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. gene = The basic biological units of inheritance. Composed of DNA. chromosome = A single piece of DNA, which contains many genes and other nucleotide sequences. genetic marker = A known DNA sequence which can be used to study the relationship between an inherited disease and its genetic cause. analysis = the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. b) deoxyribonucleic acid

3 Vocabulary: Synonyms
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. exodus triggered by impact migrs dispersion begat mutations emerged hospitable brink of hung on traces intriguing inference legacy

2 Skim-reading for gist


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Food shortages triggered by climate change. 60,000 years ago. Asia, Australasia, Europe. Mount Toba erupted and dropped ash and killed vegetation across the globe. The Neanderthals. National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation. 25 million pounds. See paragraph 8. The Khoisan people of southern Africa.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Advanced

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
Who or what are the following? Talk in your own language if necessary. The Crusaders The Red Sea Genghis Kahn National Geographic Neanderthals IBM scientists DNA

Homo sapiens

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. peninsula ancestors shortages gene analysis sponsored genetic marker eruption volunteers descendants diverse

1. The people who came before us (e.g. your great-great-great grandparents): ____________________. (para 2) 2. A word meaning when theres not enough of something: ____________________. (para 2) 3. The people who follow on from us (e.g. your great-great-great grandchildren): ___________________. (para 2) 4. People who do something of their own free will: ____________________. (para 3) 5. The process of studying genetic material so you can understand it better: ____________________. (para 3) 6. When a study is ____________________, people or companies have given it money. (para 4) 7. A long piece of land surrounded by water but joined at one end to a larger piece of land: _____________________. (para 5) 8. The word for what happens when a volcano throws out fire and rocks: ____________________. (para 6) 9. A specific DNA pattern or sequence which can help to diagnose inherited diseases: ____________________. (para 8) 10. A word meaning very different from something else: ____________________. (para 9)

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 1 Elementary
friendly. At the same time, one group went east over the land bridge from Asia to America. 6 We can see that just before humans left Africa about 70,000 years ago, Mount Toba, in Sumatra, erupted, said Wells. It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years. It dropped thick ash and killed plants and trees across the globe. Our research now shows that many Homo sapiens died at this time. Nevertheless, humanity recovered. Since then, groups of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can follow these movements often with interesting and surprising results. One study, by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith, has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. It is a distinctive Y-chromosome that was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon, scientists say. Something similar has been found in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many sons he had. As for Africa, it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents, as you would expect of humanitys birthplace. Today, the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest, genetically, to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity, say project scientists.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 31/08/08

The incredible journey taken by our genes


A new project shows Homo sapiens journey out of Africa Robin McKie, science editor August 31, 2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago, a small group of African men and women got into tiny boats and sailed across the Red Sea to Asia. Their journey of less than 20 miles marked the moment that Homo sapiens left its home continent. 2 The reason our ancestors left Africa is not known, but scientists think that food shortages caused by climate change could be part of the reason. Two thousand generations later, 6.5 billion descendants of these people live across our planet. 3 Now scientists are nearly at the end of a massive study of DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents. With the information from the DNA they have created a map which shows how mankind (Homo sapiens) spread across the globe. Last week, in Tallinn, Estonia, they talked about their latest results. As the first ancestor had a son, who had a son and so on, their DNA changed. Now, with the help of gene analysis, we can see how our ancestors moved about, said the project leader Dr Spencer Wells. 4 Scientists have known for many years that modern humans came out of sub-Saharan Africa in the past 100,000 years. However, the 25m Genographic project sponsored by National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation has provided new information about our journey out of Africa. 5 From the Arabian Peninsula, some of our ancestors took sea routes along the south Asian coast to reach Australia 50,000 years ago. They reached Europe later, about 40,000 years ago its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Homo sapiens left Africa... ... then Europe and America. ... before Homo sapiens travelled there. ... genetically the closest to our original ancestors. ... are sponsoring the genographic project. ... the Crusaders and Genghis Khan in unusual places. ... erupted 70,000 years ago. ... sixty-thousand years ago in small boats.

2. Our ancestors left Africa for Australia,... 3. Neanderthals lived in Europe... 4. Mount Toba, a volcano in Sumatra,... 6. The project is...

5. National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation... ... costing twenty-five million pounds.

7. Scientists have discovered DNA connected to... 8. The Khoisan people of southern Africa are...

4 Vocabulary: Special words


How many special scientific terms can you find in the article? Write them into the word molecule. Write a translation next to each word. Who might need to know these words for their job? Write example sentences for two of the words or terms.

e.g. genetic legacy, project scientist

Word molecule

Example sentences: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion
Draw a simple family tree include your nearest ancestors and descendants. Explain your family tree to a partner. Ask you partner questions about his/her family tree.

My family tree

6 Webquest
Watch videos about the project and discover whats on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic Go to www.dnaancestryproject.com or www.dnaheritage.com to find out how you can trace your ancestry. How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Warmer

The Crusaders: 13th century men who went on the crusades. The Crusades originally had the goal of recapturing Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslim rule. Genghis Kahn: Genghis Khan was the Mongol founder. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed Genghis Khan, he pursued an aggressive foreign policy by starting the Mongol invasions of East and Central Asia. During his life, the Mongol Empire eventually occupied most of Asia. National Geographic: based in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical conservation, and the study of world culture and history. IBM: International Business Machines Corporation, abbreviated to IBM, is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The Red Sea: The Red Sea is a salt water inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. Homo sapiens: us DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): The material inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information. scientists: A person who is an expert on one or more areas of science. Neanderthals: paleoanthropological specimens, species of the Homo genus. They once inhabited Europe and parts of western and central Asia. They disappeared in Asia by 50,000 years ago and in Europe by 30,000 years ago. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ancestors shortages descendants volunteers gene analysis sponsored peninsula eruption genetic marker diverse

2 Key words

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Homo sapiens left Africa sixty-thousand years ago in small boats. Our ancestors left Africa for Australia, then Europe and America. Neanderthals lived in Europe before Homo sapiens travelled there. Mount Toba, a volcano in Sumatra, erupted 70,000 years ago. National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation are sponsoring the genographic project. The project is costing twenty-five million pounds. Scientists have discovered DNA connected to the Crusaders and Genghis Khan in unusual places. The Khoisan people of southern Africa are genetically the closest to our original ancestors.

4 Vocabulary: Special words


possible answers: DNA analysis; genetically diverse; gene analysis; Y-chromosome; DNA samples; genetic marker; project scientist; genographic

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

Match the terminology with the definitions. 1. DNA 2. gene 3. chromosome 4. genetic marker A pattern within a cell that carries information about things we inherit from our parents. It is made up of DNA. A DNA sequence or pattern which can help to diagnose inherited diseases. The material inside cells that carries genetic information. Also called deoxyribonucleic acid. A single piece of DNA, which contains many genes, and other nucleotide sequences.

Key words

Match the key words from the article with their meanings. traces intriguing mutations legacy descendants ancestors hospitable extinction exodus emerged volunteers diverse pinpoint 1. The people who came before us (e.g. your great-great-great grandparents): _____________________. 2. A word meaning escape, exit, flight (also a famous song by Bob Marley): _____________________. 3. The people who follow us (e.g. your great-great-great grandchildren): _____________________. 4. People who do something of their own free will: _____________________. 5. Modifications, variations, differences: _____________________. 6. To discover something and explain it exactly: _____________________. 7. Appeared, evolved, came from: _____________________. 8. Welcoming, warm, friendly: _____________________. 9. Dying out, never to be seen again on this planet: _____________________. 10. Small clues, remains, evidence: _____________________. 11. Interesting, complicated, making us want to know more: _____________________. 12. A kind of inheritance; things left to us by our ancestors: _____________________. 13. Very different from something else: _____________________.

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 2 Intermediate
hospitable at the same time one group of Asians headed farther east over the land bridge that then connected their continent to America.

The incredible journey taken by our genes


A new project maps humanitys journey out of Africa Robin McKie, science editor August 31, 2008 1 Sixty thousand years ago, a small group of African
men and women set off on the Red Sea in tiny boats and crossed the Mandab Strait to Asia. Their journey of less than 20 miles marked the moment that Homo sapiens left its home continent.

2 The reason for our ancestors African exodus is not


known, though scientists think that food shortages, caused by climate change, were involved. However, its importance cannot be overestimated. Two thousand generations later, 6.5 billion descendants of these African emigrants live across our planet. They have wiped out all other hominids including the Neanderthals.

We can also see that just before humans left Africa, about 70,000 years ago, mankind was in danger of extinction when Mount Toba, in Sumatra, erupted, said Wells. It was the most powerful volcanic eruption for two million years and dropped thick ash and killed vegetation across the globe. Our research now shows Homo sapiens numbers dropped alarmingly at this time and we only just remained as a species. Nevertheless, humanity recovered. Since then, groups of men and women have moved round the planet and DNA analysis can show traces of these movements often with intriguing results. One study, by project scientists Pierre Zalloua and Chris Tyler-Smith, has discovered a genetic marker typical of Europeans in modern Lebanese men. It is a distinctive Y-chromosome that was left behind by 11th-century Crusaders when they invaded Lebanon and then settled in the country, scientists say. A similar sort of genetic legacy has been found in regions where Genghis Khan ruled and which has been linked to the many male descendants he produced. As for Africa, it has the most genetically diverse population of all the continents, as would be expected of humanitys birthplace. And of those living today, the Khoisan people of southern Africa are probably the closest, genetically, to the founding mothers and fathers of humanity, say project scientists.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 31/08/08

3 Now scientists are completing a massive study of

DNA samples from a quarter of a million volunteers in different continents in order to create a map showing how mankind spread across the globe. Last week, in Tallinn, Estonia, they described their most recent results. As the ultimate ancestor had a son, who had a son and so on, they developed mutations in their DNA that we can now pinpoint by gene analysis, said project leader, Dr Spencer Wells. When we look at the distribution of these markers we can see how our ancestors moved about.

4 Scientists have known for several years that

modern humans emerged from sub-Saharan Africa within the past 100,000 years. However, the 25m Genographic project backed by National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation has recently provided highly detailed new information about our African exodus.

5 After reaching the Arabian Peninsula, some of

our ancestors took sea routes along the south Asian coast to reach Australia 50,000 years ago. We entered Europe later, about 40,000 years ago its cold and its Neanderthals making it far less
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check

Find the answers to these questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Why and when do scientists think a small group of our ancestors left Africa? In which order (first, second, third) did they reach these continents? Europe, Asia, Australasia? What happened approximately 10,000 years before they left Africa? Which species was wiped out by Homo sapiens? Who are the backers of the genographic project? How much is the project costing? What have the scientists discovered about the Crusaders and Genghis Khan? Which people are genetically the closest to our original ancestors?

4 Vocabulary: Special words


How many scientific terms can you find in the article? Write them into the word molecule. How many of these terms do you think it is important to know and understand? Write example sentences for five of the terms.
e.g. genetic legacy,

project scientist

Word molecule

Example sentences: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate

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The incredible journey taken by our genes


Level 2 Intermediate

5 Discussion
Would you like to trace your genetic ancestry? Why/Why not? What do you know about your ancestry? Have you (or anyone you know) tried to trace your family tree? How far back could you go? Did you find out anything interesting or surprising?

6 Webquest
Watch videos about the project and discover whats on the Globe of Human History on: https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic Go to www.dnaancestryproject.com/ or www.dnaheritage.com/ to find out how you can trace your ancestry. How much do the services cost? What else can DNA tests be used for?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS /The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate

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The incredible journey by our genes Addiction to Internet istaken an illness


Level 2 KEY
1 Warmer
1. 2. 3. 4. DNA: The material inside cells that carries genetic information. Also called deoxyribonucleic acid. gene: A pattern within a cell that carries information about things we inherit from our parents. It is made up of DNA. chromosome: A single piece of DNA, which contains many genes, and other nucleotide sequences. genetic marker: A DNA sequence or pattern which can help to diagnose inherited diseases.

Intermediate

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Food shortages triggered by climate change 60,000 years ago. Asia, Australasia, Europe. Mount Toba erupted and dropped ash and killed vegetation across the globe. The Neanderthals. National Geographic, IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation. 25 million pounds. See paragraph 8. The Khoisan people of southern Africa.

2 Key words
1. ancestors 2. exodus 3. descendants 4. volunteers 5. mutations 6. pinpoint 7. emerged 8. hospitable 9. extinction 10. traces 11. intriguing 12. legacy 13. diverse

4 Vocabulary: Special words


possible answers: DNA analysis; genetically diverse; gene analysis; Y-chromosome; DNA samples; genetic marker; project scientist; genetic legacy; genographic; mutations

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / The incredible journey taken by our genes / Intermediate

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Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. frugality sluggish bankruptcy forage skip reel aperitif baguette obsession brasserie

1. If an economy is __________________, it does not perform as well as usual. 2. If you __________________ from the effects of something, you feel shocked, upset or confused. 3. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. 4. A __________________ is a long, thin loaf of bread made in the French style. 5. __________________ is when people spend very little money and only on things that are really necessary. 6. If you __________________ for food, you search for it in a wide area, but especially in rubbish bins. 7. A __________________ is a restaurant or bar, especially one that serves French food. 8. An __________________ is an emotional state in which something is so important to you that you are always thinking about it in a way that seems extreme to other people. 9. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. 10. If you __________________ a meal, you avoid having it.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are True (T) or False (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The number of international tourists visiting Paris is increasing. 2. French people spend an average of one and a half hours eating a meal in a restaurant. 3. The three-course lunch is a French tradition. 4. Most bankruptcies in France this year have been in the restaurant sector. 5. The number of customers visiting restaurants in France is falling. 6. French restaurant-goers still enjoy a bottle of wine with their lunch.

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Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 3 Advanced
sector has seen the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year, after the construction and building trades, according to the credit insurance group Euler Hermes SFAC. 5 The time French people spend on eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975, a lunch out would take an average of one and a half hours. By 2005, it had fallen to 32 minutes. Danile Deleval, vice president of the UMIH restaurant and hotel union, said: Were very worried. Since the start of the year, the number of restaurant customers has dropped, on average, 20% and were seeing no signs of improvement. Jean Guillaume, owner of Le Bouquet brasserie on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris smart 8th district, said: Lunch customers used to order a main course, dessert, coffee and a bottle of wine. Now theyre limiting themselves to a main course, tap water, and giving up the rest. Of 75 customers in this lunchtime, none had a bottle of wine ... Its the end of a tradition of lunching out and it looks like figures will stay this low for two to three years. The nearby bakery, however, was busy selling take-away baguettes, with queues down the street at midday. Restaurant and bar owners are reeling from a poor summer with fewer international tourists visiting Paris, especially Americans and Japanese. And in Toulouse, cafe owners complained that customers would try to make one drink last as long as possible. Even in French holiday destinations, like Arcachon in the west or the Cte dAzur in the south, restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 24/09/08

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


3,000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months Starters and wine out, baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24, 2008 1 It is seen as the mark of civilized eating, distinguishing well-fed French workers from the English who wolf prawn sandwiches at their desks. But Frances tradition of the three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of being killed off by the economic crisis. Around 3,000 traditional French restaurants, cafs and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and unions predict a further rush of closures as people worry about making ends meet. The number of French restaurants going bankrupt rose by 25% from last year, and cafs forced to close were up by 56%. 2 Le Figaros renowned restaurant critic, Franois Simon, said yesterday that French consumers frugality had changed national eating habits and forced restaurant owners to the brink. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif, avoiding starters, drinking tap water, passing on wine and coffee and at most sharing a pudding. 3 Even the citys smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. In one restaurant near Paris Gare de Lyon, he reported, two couples were asked to leave by a desperate restaurant owner because they would not order starters. The restaurant chain Hippopotamus was now running loyalty deals and special-offer hamburgers, which had become more popular than French steak dishes. Office workers were increasingly buying take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches. 4 Making ends meet with low salaries and rising food prices has become a national obsession as Frances economy continues to be sluggish. Regular TV reports describe the desperation of people forced to eat cheap tinned vegetables or forage in bins at markets. The restaurant

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced

CA

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 3 Advanced

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. The number of people dining in restaurants in France is falling because a. there are fewer international tourists, especially Americans and Japanese. b. there are fewer and fewer restaurants to eat in. c. the economic crisis means people have less money to spend. 2. Why is the summer described as poor? a. Because there were fewer international tourists. b. Because the weather was bad so people stayed at home. c. Because most French people were away on holiday. 3. Why were two couples ordered to leave a restaurant near the Gare de Lyon? a. Because they only wanted to order starters. b. Because they didnt want to order starters. c. Because they asked for tap water with their meal. 4. By how much has the time French people spend on eating restaurant meals fallen since 1975? a. By about one third. b. By about 50%. c. It has shown almost a threefold decrease.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A verb meaning to eat something very quickly. (para 1) 2. A phrasal verb meaning to make something stop or fail completely. (para 1) 3. A two-word expression meaning to become bankrupt. (para 1) 4. A three-word expression meaning to just have enough money to buy the things you need. (para 1) 5. An adjective meaning famous and admired for a special skill or achievement. (para 2) 6. A two-word expression meaning the point in time when something very bad or very good is about to happen. (para 2) 7. A two-word expression meaning a special offer for customers who return to the same shop or restaurant again. (para 3) 8. An adverb meaning more and more over a period of time. (para 3)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 3 Advanced
5 Words + prepositions
Which prepositions follow these words? Check your answers in the text. 1. distinguish _______ 2. impatient _______ 3. limit oneself _______ 4. in danger _______ 5. worry _______ 6. spend time _______ 7. reel _______ 8. pass _______

6 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. restaurant 2. office 3. eating 4. special 5. national 6. main 7. tap 8. holiday a. water b. offer c. course d. habits e. owner f. destination g. obsession h. worker

7 Discussion
How many ways of saving money in difficult economic times can you think of?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. sluggish 2. reel (are reeling) 3. bankruptcy 4. baguette 5. frugality 6. forage 7. brasserie 8. obsession 9. aperitif 10. skip

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. wolf 2. kill off 3. go bust 4. make ends meet 5. renowned 6. the brink 7. loyalty deal 8. increasingly

5 Words + prepositions
1. from 2. with 3. to 4. of 5. about 6. on 7. from 8. on

2 What do you know?


1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. F

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. a 3. b 4. c

6 Two-word expressions
1. restaurant owner 2. office worker 3. eating habits 4. special offer 5. national obsession 6. main course 7. tap water 8. holiday destination

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. skip trade union aperitif tradition baguette go bust discount consumer bankruptcy dessert

1. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. 2. __________________ is the sweet food that you eat after the main course. 3. If you __________________ a meal, you avoid having it. 4. A __________________ is someone who buys and uses goods and services. 5. A __________________ is a long, thin loaf of bread made in the French style. 6. A __________________ is a reduction in the price of something. 7. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. 8. A __________________ is a very old custom. 9. To __________________ is an informal way of saying to go bankrupt. 10. A __________________ is an organization that aims to improve pay and conditions of work.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How many French restaurants, cafs and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008? 2. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 1975? 3. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 2005? 4. What is the percentage increase in restaurants going bankrupt compared to last year? 5. What has the fall in the percentage of restaurant customers been since the start of 2008? 6. What was the percentage loss of business in French holiday destinations?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary

CA

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 1 Elementary
show people eating cheap tinned vegetables or looking through bins at markets for food. The restaurant sector has had the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year, after the construction and building industries, according to one credit insurance group. 5 1 The three-course lunch is a French tradition, a sign of civilized eating. While the English eat sandwiches at their desks, well-fed French workers have always enjoyed their lunch at a local restaurant. But times are changing. The traditional French three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of disappearing for ever because of the world economic crisis. About 3,000 traditional French restaurants, cafs and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and trade unions are predicting that more will close as people worry about money. The number of French restaurants going bust rose by 25% from last year, and the number of cafs closing rose by 56%. 2 A well-known French food writer, Franois Simon, said yesterday that French consumers did not want to spend money. He said this had changed national eating habits and was pushing restaurant owners towards bankruptcy. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif, avoiding starters, drinking tap water, not having wine or coffee and at most sharing a pudding. 3 Even the citys smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. In one restaurant near Paris Gare de Lyon, he reported, an angry restaurant owner asked two couples to leave because they did not want to order starters. The restaurant chain Hippopotamus is now offering discounts to regular customers and special-offer hamburgers, which are now more popular than French steak dishes. Office workers now prefer to buy take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches. 4 As problems in the French economy continue, low salaries and rising food prices are worrying for many French people. Regular TV reports
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


3,000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months Starters and wine out, baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24, 2008

The time French people spend eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975, a lunch out took an average of one and a half hours. By 2005, it was 32 minutes. Danile Deleval, of the French restaurant and hotel union, said: Were very worried. Since the start of the year, the number of restaurant customers has dropped, on average, 20% and were seeing no signs of improvement. Jean Guillaume, owner of Le Bouquet restaurant on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris smart 8th district, said: In the past, lunch customers ordered a main course, dessert, coffee and a bottle of wine. Now theyre just having a main course with tap water, and not ordering the rest. We had 75 customers this lunchtime, but no-one ordered a bottle of wine ... Its the end of a tradition of going out for lunch and it looks like numbers will be this low for two to three years. The nearby bakers shop, however, was busy selling take-away baguettes, and there were long queues outside at midday. It was a bad summer for restaurant and bar owners, with fewer international tourists visiting Paris, especially American and Japanese visitors. And in Toulouse, caf owners complained that customers were trying to make one drink last as long as possible. Even in French holiday destinations, like Arcachon in the west or the Cte dAzur in the south, restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 24/09/08

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary

CA

P H

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 1 Elementary

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings with the endings to make sentences about the text. 1. People are not eating lunch in restaurants because 2. When people eat lunch in restaurants now 3. 30 years ago French people spent more time eating... 4. Since the start of 2008 5. In French holiday destinations the number of people eating in restaurants 6. French workers now prefer take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches a. they only order a main course. b. the number of people eating in restaurants has fallen by 20%. c. fell by 10% this summer. d. they are worried about money. e. to traditional three-course restaurant lunches. f. than they do now.

4 Chunks
Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text.

1. of crisis the economic world because 2. in 2008 months the of three first 3. average hours of an half a and one 4. the since the year of start 5. to years three for two 6. as last possible long as

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 1 Elementary

5 Word building
Complete the table with nouns from the text. verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. own consume dine work write bake visit tour noun

6 Word stress
Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress pattern. sandwich crisis prefer discount report sector market

hotel

dessert A 0 o

midday

average B o 0

well-fed

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. bankruptcy 2. dessert 3. skip 4. consumer 5. baguette 6. discount 7. aperitif 8. tradition 9. go bust 10. trade union

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. because of the world economic crisis 2. in the first three months of 2008 3. an average of one and a half hours 4. since the start of the year 5. for two to three years 6. last as long as possible

5 Word building
verb noun owner consumer diner worker writer baker visitor tourist

2 Find the information


1. about 3,000 2. one and a half hours 3. 32 minutes 4. 25% 5. 20% 6. at least 10%

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

own consume dine work write bake visit tour

3 Comprehension check
1. d 2. a 3. f 4. b 5. c 6. e

6 Word stress
A 0 o
sandwich crisis discount sector average market

B o 0
prefer report hotel dessert midday well-fed

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. bankruptcy brasserie skip critic aperitif discount obsession trade union baguette distinguishes

1. An __________________ is an alcoholic drink that is drunk before a meal. 2. A __________________ is an organization that aims to improve pay and conditions of work. 3. An __________________ is an emotional state in which something is so important to you that you are always thinking about it in a way that seems extreme to other people. 4. A __________________ is a reduction in the price of something. 5. __________________ is a situation in which a company formally admits it has no money and cannot pay what it owes. 6. A __________________ is someone whose job is to write their opinions about books, films or restaurants. 7. If something __________________ one thing from another thing, it highlights the difference or differences between them. 8. A __________________ is a restaurant or bar, especially one that serves French food. 9. If you __________________ a meal, you avoid having it. 10. A __________________ is a long, thin loaf of bread made in the French style.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How many French restaurants, cafs and bars went bankrupt in the first three months of 2008? 2. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 1975? 3. What was the average time people spent on restaurant meals in France in 2005? 4. What is the percentage increase in restaurants going bankrupt compared to last year? 5. What has the fall in the percentage of restaurant customers been since the start of 2008? 6. What was the percentage loss of business in holiday destinations like the Cte dAzur?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate

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P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 2 Intermediate
or look through bins at markets for food. The restaurant sector has experienced the third highest number of bankruptcies in France this year, after the construction and building trades, according to the credit insurance group Euler Hermes SFAC. 5 1 It is seen as a sign of civilized eating, one which distinguishes well-fed French workers from the English who eat sandwiches at their desks. But Frances tradition of the three-course restaurant lunch is in danger of disappearing for ever as a result of the economic crisis. Around 3,000 traditional French restaurants, cafs and bars went bust in the first three months of 2008 and trade unions are predicting that more will close as people worry about making ends meet. The number of French restaurants going bankrupt rose by 25% from last year, and the number of cafs forced to close rose by 56%. 2 Le Figaros well-known restaurant critic, Franois Simon, said yesterday that the unwillingness of French consumers to spend money had changed national eating habits and was pushing restaurant owners towards bankruptcy. Diners were now skipping the traditional aperitif, avoiding starters, drinking tap water, not having wine or coffee and at most sharing a pudding. 3 Even the citys smartest restaurants were getting impatient with smaller orders. In one restaurant near Paris Gare de Lyon, he reported, two couples were asked to leave by an angry restaurant owner because they would not order starters. The restaurant chain Hippopotamus was now offering discounts to regular customers and special-offer hamburgers, which had become more popular than French steak dishes. Office workers were increasingly buying take-away baguettes and supermarket lunches. 4 Making ends meet with low salaries and rising food prices has become a national obsession as problems in the French economy continue. Regular TV reports describe the desperation of people forced to eat cheap tinned vegetables
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


3,000 restaurants and bars go bust in three months Starters and wine out, baguettes and burgers in Angelique Chrisafis in Paris September 24, 2008

The time French people spend on eating meals in restaurants has already gone down: in 1975, a lunch out would take an average of one and a half hours. By 2005, it had fallen to 32 minutes. Danile Deleval, vice president of the UMIH restaurant and hotel union, said: Were very worried. Since the start of the year, the number of restaurant customers has dropped, on average, 20% and were seeing no signs of improvement. Jean Guillaume, owner of Le Bouquet brasserie on Boulevard Haussmann in Paris smart 8th district, said: Lunch customers used to order a main course, dessert, coffee and a bottle of wine. Now theyre just having a main course with tap water, and giving up the rest. Of 75 customers in this lunchtime, none had a bottle of wine ... Its the end of a tradition of lunching out and it looks like figures will stay this low for two to three years. The nearby bakery, however, was busy selling take-away baguettes, with queues down the street at midday. Restaurant and bar owners are still suffering from a poor summer with fewer international tourists visiting Paris, especially Americans and Japanese. And in Toulouse, caf owners complained that customers would try to make one drink last as long as possible. Even in French holiday destinations, like Arcachon in the west or the Cte dAzur in the south, restaurant owners said business was down by at least 10%.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 24/09/08

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate

CA

P H

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 2 Intermediate

3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences True (T) or False (F) according to the text? 1. French people are spending less money on going to restaurants. 2. French people are spending less time eating lunch in restaurants. 3. The tradition of the traditional French three-course meal might disappear for ever. 4. Peoples eating habits are changing because they are worried about their diet. 5. The restaurant sector has experienced the highest number of bankruptcies in France this year. 6. Business at bakeries has also fallen dramatically.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A two-word expression meaning to become bankrupt. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning to just have enough money to buy the things you need. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning a refusal to do something. (para 2) 4. An adverb meaning more and more over a period of time. (para 3) 5. A noun meaning the worry and anger people feel in a bad situation. (para 4) 6. A two-word expression meaning the person occupying the position immediately below the president. (para 5) 7. A noun meaning sweet food that you eat after the main course. (para 6) 8. A noun meaning a place where someone goes or is going. (para 7)

5 Word building
Complete the table. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate

verb close improve predict construct insure complain describe sell

noun

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 2 Intermediate
6 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. special 2. tap 3. eating 4. office 5. national 6. main 7. restaurant 8. holiday a. water b. offer c. course d. habits e. owner f. destination g. obsession h. worker

7 Discussion
Do you often eat in restaurants? What kind of food do you like? How much money would you spend on a restaurant meal?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. aperitif 2. trade union 3. obsession 4. discount 5. bankruptcy 6. critic 7. distinguishes 8. brasserie 9. skip 10. baguette

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. go bust 2. make ends meet 3. unwillingness 4. increasingly 5. desperation 6. vice president 7. dessert 8. destination

5 Word building
verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. close improve predict construct insure complain describe sell noun closure improvement prediction construction insurance complaint description sale

2 Find the information


1. around 3,000 2. one and a half hours 3. 32 minutes 4, 25% 5. 20% 6. at least 10%

3 Comprehension check
1. T 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. F 6. F

6 Two-word expressions
1. special offer 2. tap water 3. eating habits 4. office worker 5. national obsession 6. main course 7. restaurant owner 8. holiday destination

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Au revoir to long lunch as French tighten belts / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

In your country, what information can be obtained from vehicle licence plates? When, if ever, might a vehicle change its licence plate? What are the advantages and disadvantages of personalized licence plates?

Key words

Complete the sentences with words from the text. 1. __________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. (title and para 1) 2. When you __________________ something you use it to get the most out of it even though it may be wrong or unfair to do so. (para 3) 3. __________________ are the basic rights that all people in society should have. (para 4, two words) 4. When you are able to __________________ something, you know exactly where it is. (para 5) 5. The __________________ is the government department that is responsible for protecting the country from terrorist attacks. (para 5, two words) 6. Police cars that look like ordinary cars are called __________________. (para 7, two words) 7. When you are __________________ with something, you have all the necessary things you need for a particular purpose. (para 8) 8. When something is __________________ it is bigger or smaller that it should actually be in comparison to something else. (para 11) 9. A group that monitors the behaviour of other groups is called a __________________. (para 11) 10. When you __________________ someone you put them off; make them not want to do something. (para 14) 11. A set of plans or actions agreed on by a political party, a company or organization are its __________________. (para 15) 12. A __________________ is a supply of something that a company or organization can use when they need to. (para 16)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 3 Advanced
8 Police helicopters have been equipped with infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2,000ft). In four months time, when a nationwide network of cameras is fully operational, the National ANPR Data Centre in Hendon, north London, will record up to 50m licence plates a day.

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15, 2008 1 The police are to expand a car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and store details of millions of daily journeys for up to five years, the Guardian has learned. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to read 50m licence plates a day, enabling officers to reconstruct the journeys of motorists. 3 Police have been encouraged to fully and strategically exploit the database, which is already recording the whereabouts of ten million drivers a day, during their investigations. 4 But it has raised concerns from civil rights campaigners, who question whether the details should be kept for so long. They want clearer guidelines on who might have access to the material. 5 The project relies on automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras to pinpoint the precise time and location of all vehicles on the road. Senior officers had promised the data would be stored for two years. But responding to inquiries under the Freedom of Information Act, the Home Office has admitted the data is now being kept for five years. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across the country have been converted to read ANPR data, capturing peoples movements in cars on motorways, main roads, airports and town centres. 7 Local authorities have since adapted their own CCTV systems to read licence plates on behalf of police, massively expanding the network of available cameras. Mobile cameras have been installed in patrol cars and unmarked vehicles parked by the side of roads.

10 The Home Office said in a letter that the Hendon database would store all ANPR data for five years. Additionally, a photograph of a persons licence plate will, in most cases, be stored for one year. 11 Human rights group Privacy International last night described the five-year record of peoples car journeys unnecessary and disproportionate, and said it had lodged an official complaint with the Information Commissioners Office (ICO), the governments data watchdog. 12 In 2005 the government invested 32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme after police concluded that road traffic cameras could be used for counter-terrorism and everyday criminal investigations. Senior police officers have said they intend the database to be integrated into everyday police work. 13 Half of all police forces in England and Wales have now been connected to the network, which reads between eight and ten million licence plates a day. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. The database will be able to store as many as 18 billion licence plate sightings in 2009. 14 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars, locate illegal duplicate licence plates and track the movements of criminals. The ACPO adds that the database will deter criminals through increased likelihood of detection. 15 Experience has shown there are very strong links between illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime, said
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 3 Advanced
17 Peter Fry, of the CCTV User Group, said that currently licence plate images captured by CCTV are generally retained for 31 days. Theres not a great deal of logic to explain keeping the same images for five years, he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/09/08

Merseyside Polices Assistant Chief Constable, Simon Byrne, who leads Acpos ANPR policy. 16 The director of Privacy International, Simon Davies, said last night the database would give police extraordinary powers of surveillance. This would never be allowed in any other democratic country, he said. This is possibly one of the most valuable reserves of data imaginable.

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Which methods will be used to record details of motorists journeys? a) Special number plate recognition cameras. b) Converted CCTV cameras. c) Infrared cameras in police helicopters. d) All of the above. 2. How long are CCTV images currently kept for? a) Five years. b) Two years. c) 31 days. d) One year. 3. Under the new laws, how long will images of number plates be kept for? a) Five years. b) Two years. c) 31 days. d) One year. 4. Under the new laws, how long will details of motorists journeys be stored? a) Five years. b) Two years. c) 31 days. d) One year. 5. By the end of 2009 the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by... a) ... nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. b) ... two police forces. c) ... the Home Office. d) ... the Merseyside Police.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 3 Advanced
4 Vocabulary: Acronyms
Find an acronym in the text for: 1. a police association _______________ _______________

2. a special kind of surveillance camera

3. a common kind of surveillance camera _______________ 4. a government watchdog/group that monitors the behaviour of others _______________

5 Discussion
Look back at the article and find the advantages and disadvantages of this car surveillance operation. Add further ideas of your own.

Advantages

Disadvantages

............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................

Now discuss the following questions. How do you feel about the British police and government security services being able to trace the movements of motorists in Britain? Would you be for or against a scheme like this being set up in your country?

6 Webquest
Type ANPR or police surveillance into YouTube. Report on the most interesting video you find. Here you can hear a British police officer explain (and show) how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube.com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM For technical information on ANPR go to: http://www.cctv-information.co.uk/cgi-bin/index.cgi?url=http://www.cctv-information.co.uk/constant3/anpr. html
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 3 KEY
2 Key words
1. surveillance 2. exploit 3. civil rights 4. pinpoint 5. Home Office 6. unmarked vehicles 7. equipped 8. disproportionate 9. watchdog 10. deter 11. policy 12. reserve

Advanced

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. d c d a a

4 Vocabulary: Acronyms
1. ACPO 2. ANPR 3. CCTV 4. ICO

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer

In your country, what information can people find out from vehicle licence plates? when the car was made which town or area the car comes from other information _________________

who the vehicle belongs to

What does a typical licence plate look like in your country? Example: Three numbers followed by four letters ...

Key words

Match these key words with the explanations. recognition roadside camera surveillance database reconstruct infrared deter network civil rights campaigner counterterrorism

1. ____________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. (title and para 1) 2. A ____________________ is a system of things that are connected together over a large area. (para 2) 3. When you ____________________ something, you put ideas and information together to try to find out what happened in the past. (para 2) 4. A ____________________ is a machine that takes photographs of vehicles from the side of the road. (para 2, two words) 5. A ____________________ is a large amount of information that is stored in a computer in an organized way. (para 3) 6. A ____________________ is somebody who fights for the basic rights that all people should have. (para 4, three words) 7. ____________________ is the ability to see or take a photo of something and then know what it is. (para 5) 8. An ____________________ camera uses a type of light that cannot be seen. (para 7) 9. ____________________ is the actions and methods of a country that are intended to stop the activities of people who use violence to achieve political aims. (para 11) 10. When you ____________________ someone, you make them not want to do something. (para 13)

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 1 Elementary
9 The government said that the London database would store all ANPR data for five years. Additionally, a photograph of a persons licence plate will be stored for one year.

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15, 2008 1 The British police have a new car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and keep details of millions of daily car journeys for up to five years. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to read 50 million licence plates a day. Then, police officers can reconstruct the journeys of motorists. 3 The police have been told to make use of the database which already records the movements of ten million drivers a day. 4 But civil rights campaigners are worried. They dont think the details should be kept for so long, and they want to know who can have access to the data. 5 The operation needs automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras which can show the exact time and location of all vehicles on the road. Senior police officers had promised the data would be kept for two years. But now, the government has said the data is being kept for five years. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across Britain have been adapted so that they can read ANPR data. This means the cameras can watch peoples movements in cars on motorways, main roads, airports and town centres. 7 There are also mobile cameras in police cars parked by the side of roads, and police helicopters have got new infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2,000ft). 8 In four months time, when the nationwide network of cameras is working, the National ANPR Data Centre in London will record up to 50m licence plates a day.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

10 Human rights group Privacy International last night said that keeping this information for five years is unnecessary. They also said that they had sent an official complaint to the government. 11 In 2005 the British government invested 32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme. This was after police decided that road traffic cameras could be used for counterterrorism and everyday criminal investigations. Senior police officers want the database to be used in everyday police work. 12 Half of all police forces in England and Wales are now connected to the network. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. In 2009, the database will be able to store the details of 18 billion licence plates. 13 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars, to find illegal licence plates and to track the movements of criminals. The ACPO also said that the database will deter criminals as they know that they are more likely to be caught. 14 From experience we know that there are very strong links between the illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime, said Merseyside Polices Assistant Chief Constable, Simon Byrne. 15 The director of Privacy International, Simon Davies, said last night the database would give police extraordinary powers of surveillance. This would never be allowed in any other democratic country, he said. 16 Peter Fry, of the CCTV User Group, said that at the moment CCTV photos and videos of licence plates are usually kept for 31 days. Its not logical to keep them for five years, he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/09/08

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NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Elementary

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match these sentence halves to retell the article. 1. British police can now keep details of... 2. ANPR cameras are special... ... and town centres. ... of car licence plates. ... the surveillance is undemocratic. ... nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. ... cameras that can record details of car licence plates. ... take photos of licence plates. ... peoples car journeys for five years. ... the new surveillance operation will stop terrorism.

3. CCTV watches people in airports...

4. There are mobile cameras in parked police cars which... 5. Police helicopters can also record images...

6. By the end of 2008 the database will be linked to... 7. The police hope that... 8. Civil rights groups think...

4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation
Write these words into the table according to their stress pattern. surveillance assistant motorists illegal oOo database criminals campaigners motorways Ooo recording government

How many other words can you find in the article which have the same stress patterns?

5 Webquest
Type ANPR or police surveillance or CCTV into YouTube. What kinds of crimes can you see? Listen to and watch a British police officer explain how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube.com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 1 Elementary
6 Discussion
Look back at the article and find the advantages and disadvantages of the British car surveillance operation. Complete the sentence below: The advantages of the car surveillance operation are _______________________________________________ but the disadvantages are _______________________________________________. Now complete these sentences with your own words and feelings. I think the scheme is a _____________________________ idea. I would feel _____________________________ if the police in my country kept my car details for five years. Talk about your sentences in class.

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 1 KEY
2 Key words
1. surveillance 2. network 3. reconstruct 4. roadside camera 5. database 6. civil rights campaigner 7. recognition 8. infrared 9. counterterrorism 10. deter

Elementary

4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation
oOo surveillance campaigners recording assistant illegal Ooo motorists database criminals motorways government

3 Comprehension check
1. British police can now keep details of peoples car journeys for five years. 2. ANPR cameras are special cameras that can record details of car licence plates. 3. CCTV watches people in airports and town centres. 4. Police helicopters can also record images of car licence plates. 5. There are mobile cameras in parked police cars which take photos of licence plates. 6. By the end of 2009 the database will be linked to nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. 7. The police and Home Office hope that the new surveillance operation will stop terrorism. 8. Civil rights groups think the surveillance is undemocratic.

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

In your country, what information can people find out from vehicle licence plates? Example: year of manufacture, where the car is registered, ... Are you able to choose your car number plate? Example: to include your birthday or initials? What are the advantages and disadvantages of personalized licence plates?

Key words

Write these key words into the sentences below. Home Office deter duplicate unmarked vehicles equipped locate disproportionate civil rights watchdog surveillance reconstruct motorist

1. __________________ is the process of carefully watching something or someone. (title and para 1) 2. When you __________________ something, you form an idea of what happened in the past by putting ideas and information together. (para 2) 3. A __________________ is someone who drives a motor vehicle such as a car. (para 2) 4. __________________ are the basic rights that all people in society should have. (para 4, two words) 5. The __________________ is the government department that is responsible for protecting the country from terrorist attacks. (para 5, two words) 6. Police cars that look like ordinary cars are called __________________. (para 7, two words) 7. When you are __________________ with something, you have all the necessary things you need for a particular purpose. (para 7) 8. When something is __________________ it is bigger or smaller that it should actually be in comparison to something else. (para 10) 9. A group that monitors the behaviour of other groups is called a __________________. (para 10) 10. __________________ is another word for find. (para 13) 11. A __________________ is an exact copy of something. (para 13) 12. When you __________________ someone you put them off; make them not want to do something. (para 13)

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 2 Intermediate
8 In four months time, when the nationwide network of cameras is fully operational, the National ANPR Data Centre in Hendon, north London, will record up to 50m licence plates a day. The Home Office said in a letter that the Hendon database would store all ANPR data for five years. Additionally, a photograph of a persons licence plate will, in most cases, be stored for one year.

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Database will hold details of millions of journeys for five years Paul Lewis September 15, 2008 1 The British police are to expand a car surveillance operation that will allow them to record and store details of millions of daily car journeys for up to five years, the Guardian has learned. 2 A national network of roadside cameras will be able to read 50 million licence plates a day, which will allow police officers to reconstruct the journeys of motorists. 3 Police have been encouraged to make use of the database, which is already recording the whereabouts of ten million drivers a day, during their investigations. 4 But civil rights campaigners are worried. They question whether the details should be kept for so long, and they want clearer guidelines on who can have access to the material. 5 The project relies on automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) cameras which can show the precise time and location of all vehicles on the road. Senior police officers had promised the data would be stored for two years. But now, the Home Office has admitted the data is now being kept for five years. 6 Thousands of CCTV (closed-circuit television) cameras across Britain have been converted so that they can read ANPR data which show peoples movements in cars on motorways, main roads, airports and town centres. This has massively expanded the network of available cameras. 7 Mobile cameras have been installed in patrol cars and unmarked vehicles parked by the side of roads, and police helicopters have been equipped with infrared cameras that can read licence plates from 610 metres (2,000ft).
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

10 Human rights group Privacy International last night described the five-year record of peoples car journeys unnecessary and disproportionate, and said it had sent an official complaint to the Information Commissioners Office (ICO), the governments data watchdog. 11 In 2005 the government invested 32m to develop the ANPR data-sharing programme after police decided that road traffic cameras could be used for counter-terrorism and everyday criminal investigations. Senior police officers have said they intend the database to be integrated into everyday police work. 12 Half of all police forces in England and Wales have now been connected to the network, which reads between eight and ten million licence plates a day. The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) said the database would be linked to ANPR systems run by all but two police forces by the end of the year. The database will be able to store as many as 18 billion licence plate sightings in 2009. 13 Officers can access the database to find uninsured cars, locate illegal duplicate licence plates and track the movements of criminals. The ACPO adds that the database will deter criminals as they know that they are more likely to be caught. 14 Experience has shown there are very strong links between illegal use of motor vehicles on the road and other types of serious crime, said Merseyside Polices Assistant Chief Constable, Simon Byrne.
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NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate

Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 2 Intermediate
CCTV are generally kept for 31 days. Theres not a great deal of logic to explain keeping the same images for five years, he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/09/08

15 The director of Privacy International, Simon Davies, said last night the database would give police extraordinary powers of surveillance. This would never be allowed in any other democratic country, he said. 16 Peter Fry, of the CCTV User group, said that currently licence plate images captured by

3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Police helicopters are able to capture images of car licence plates. 2. Up to now, CCTV images of car licence plates have been kept for three years. 3. Under the new laws, the images of number plates can be kept for five years. 4. By the end of 2009 the database will be linked to ANPR systems run by nearly all of the police forces in England and Wales. 5. The data will be stored centrally in the City of London. 6. The police and Home Office hope that the new surveillance operation will prevent terrorism. 7. CCTV is already used to watch people in airports and town centres. 8. The director of Privacy International thinks that all democratic countries should implement surveillance systems such as this.

4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation
Write these words into the table according to their stress pattern. surveillance duplicate motorists converted oOo database illegal campaigners criminals Ooo recording motorways

How many other words can you find in the article which have the same stress patterns?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Discussion
Look back at the article and make a note of the advantages and disadvantages of the British car surveillance operation. Can you think of any more advantages or disadvantages?

Advantages

Disadvantages

............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................. Now discuss the following questions: Imagine you live in Britain: How do you feel about the police and government security services being able to trace your movements? Would you be for or against a scheme like this being set up in your country?

6 Webquest
Type ANPR or police surveillance or CCTV into YouTube. What kinds of crimes have been caught on CCTV? Listen to and watch a British police officer explain how ANPR works in practice: http://youtube.com/watch?v=s-4tRWMuLhM For technical information on ANPR go to: http://www.cctv-information.co.uk/cgi-bin/index.cgi?url=http://www.cctv-information.co.uk/constant3/anpr. html

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate

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Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project


Level 2 KEY
2 Key words
1. surveillance 2. reconstruct 3. motorist 4. civil rights 5. Home Office 6. unmarked vehicles 7. equipped 8. disproportionate 9. watchdog 10. locate 11. duplicate 12. deter

Intermediate

4 Vocabulary: Pronunciation
oOo surveillance campaigners recording converted illegal Ooo motorists database criminals motorways duplicate

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. T F T T F T T F

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Fears over privacy as police expand surveillance project / Intermediate

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

crackdown
cumbersome

influx chronicle culprit cap ancillary flock

revenue impoverished

1. If you place a _______________________ on something, you limit its numbers. 2. If you _______________________ something, you make a record of events in the order in which they happened. 3. _______________________ means very poor. 4. An _______________________ is a large number of people coming to a particular place. 5. _______________________ services are connected to a main activity but are less important. 6. If people _______________________ to a place, they gather there in large numbers because there is something interesting to see or do there. 7. A _______________________ is strong action taken by the authorities to stop a particular activity. 8. _______________________ is income from business activities or taxes. 9. A _______________________ system is complicated, slow and ineffective. 10. The _______________________ is the cause of something bad happening.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The Galpagos Islands are situated in the Pacific Ocean. 2. They belong to Peru. 3. No-one lives on the Galpagos Islands. 4. Charles Darwin studied wildlife on the Galpagos Islands. 5. Darwin was born in the 18th century. 6. The Galpagos Islands are home to exotic animals.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Advanced

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 3 Advanced
6 1,000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland in the past year. Another 2,000 have been told to leave within 12 months. If they go, the permanent human population of 30,000 will have been decimated. However, there are no plans to curb the soaring number of tourists mostly well-heeled Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days which this year is set to reach 180,000. Of course the tourist numbers have an environmental impact, but we cannot forfeit the economic opportunity, said Macias. 7 The idea is to maintain the bonanza but lighten its environmental footprint by scaling back ancillary activities which require imported labour. Environmentalists welcomed the initiative, but worried it did not go far enough. The system is currently broken, or certainly strained, said Johannah Barry, president of the Galpagos Conservancy. The problem is not so much the number of tourists as the ancillary economy thats going up around it. It makes sense to limit the strain. 8 What Darwin chronicled in 1835 a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution has been disrupted not so much by people as by the alien species which accompanied them: goats, cats, cattle, pigs, mosquitoes, etc. They challenge local habitats in ways nature never intended. Another culprit is oil leaking from vessels notably the tanker Jessica which ran aground in 2001 and over-fishing. Populations of sharks and sea cucumbers have fallen. Scientists at Galpagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists, saying it is the only way to prevent further damage. 9 The annual revenue of the islands is now estimated at $200m, but much of this goes to tax-paying airlines and tour operators on the mainland. Last month Ecuadors Environment Minister, Marcela Aguiaga said there was no sign that tourism was oversaturated. President Rafael Correa, a self-proclaimed environmentalist, has acknowledged that the Galpagos are at risk and is trying to shake up the notoriously cumbersome and bureaucratic
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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelagos ecology Rory Carroll, Latin America correspondent October 12, 2008 1 The volcanic Galpagos archipelago off South Americas Pacific coast is famous for its exotic wildlife. Charles Darwins observations on the Galpagos Islands inspired his theory of natural selection and turned the islands into a symbol of adaptation and survival. Flightless birds, giant tortoises and marine iguanas all found a home in the lava-scarred landscape. 2 And so, for a time, did a new human arrival: the illegal migrant worker. For decades, thousands flocked from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids, waiters, cleaners and shop assistants. 3 Now, however, the migrants are vanishing targeted in an unprecedented Ecuadorean government crackdown intended to rein in a breakneck tourism boom and save the archipelagos unique ecology. 4 Record numbers of tourist developments have threatened endangered plant and animal species and prompted Unesco, the United Nations cultural agency, to place the Galpagos on its in danger list. The influx is expected to swell for next years 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. 5 Two centuries after Darwin, most of the islands species have survived human settlement, but the authorities have become alarmed and decided to crack down. But only on migrant workers, not the tourists. Checkpoints and patrols have been set up to catch illegal residents who are then marched on to aircraft and flown 600 miles east back to the mainland. It is a policy to send home all those who do not have legal status or the proper documentation, said Carlos Macias, a spokesman for the regional planning agency. We are enforcing the law.
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NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Advanced

Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 3 Advanced
estimated 6,000 undocumented workers, a fifth of the permanent population. 11 Expulsions were a bold start, but further steps were needed to protect the archipelagos ecology, said Henry Nicholls, author of a book on conservation. Kicking people out is one thing, but it would also be sensible to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry. Neither of those decisions is easy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 12/10/08

local government. It was apparently at Correas prompting that Unesco visited the archipelago last year and placed it on its danger list, a decision upheld in July. The government says it is working on a new tourism model to reconcile a continued tourism boom with environmental protection. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new approach. 10 Upon arrival all visitors are now given identity cards to help authorities keep track of movements and departures. Most migrant workers who are obliged to leave do so under their own steam and only a minority are frogmarched to the airport, said Macias, the state official. There are an

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Why is the Ecuadorean government reluctant to limit the number of tourists visiting the Galpagos Islands? a. Because the tourists do not do as much damage as the migrant workers. b. Because they have no environmental impact. c. Because the government earns a lot of money from tourism. 2. What has caused the biggest disruption to flora and fauna on the Galpagos Islands? a. Illegal workers. b. Tourists. c. Alien species. 3. What is the significance of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin for the Galpagos Islands? a. It will greatly increase the number of tourists visiting the islands. b. It will enable Unesco to take the islands off its danger list. c. It will encourage the Ecuadorean government to work on a new tourism model. 4. What is the reaction of conservationists to the expulsion of the illegal migrant workers? a. They are angry about it. b. They welcome it but say it is only a start. c. They think it will solve all the conservation problems experienced on the Galpagos Islands.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Advanced

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A noun meaning a large group of small islands. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning the greatest in size or amount that has ever been known. (para 3) 3. A verb meaning to control or limit something that is harmful. (para 6) 4. A two-word adjective meaning rich. (para 6) 5. A two-word expression used for saying what a particular person describes themselves as, even though other people might not agree. (para 9) 6. A four-word expression meaning without the help of anyone else. (para 10) 7. A verb meaning to force someone to walk somewhere with their arms held tightly. (para 10) 8. An adjective meaning involving a risk. (para 11)

5 Phrasal verbs
Match these phrasal verbs from the text with their meanings. 1. rein in 2. crack down 3. set up 4. scale back 5. shake up 6. kick out a. make something smaller in size than it used to be b. organise or plan something such as an event or system c. make changes in the way something operates so that it is more effective d. limit or control something that has developed too much e. force someone to leave a place f. start dealing with something much more strictly

6 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases in the right-hand column. Check your answers in the text. 1. uphold 2. enforce 3. welcome 4. prevent 5. have 6. forfeit 7. keep 8. protect a. an opportunity b. track of c. an impact d. an initiative e. a decision f. further damage g. the environment/ecology h. the law

7 Discussion
Should tourists be banned from environmentally threatened regions? What are the arguments for and against such an initiative?
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Advanced
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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. cap 2. chronicle 3. impoverished 4. influx 5. ancillary 6. flock 7. crackdown 8. revenue 9. cumbersome 10. culprit

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. archipelago unprecedented curb well-heeled self-proclaimed under ones own steam frogmarch bold

5 Phrasal Verbs
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. d f b a c e

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F F T F T

6 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e h d f c a b g

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. c c a b

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Advanced

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

revenue
expel

cap alien

migrant boom

mainland checkpoint

impoverished flora and fauna

1. ________________________ means from another country. 2. A ________________________ is a place where soldiers or police stop traffic. 3. ________________________ is money you get from business activities or taxes. 4. A ________________________ is a sudden increase in profits in a particular industry. 5. ________________________ are the plants and animals of a region or country. 6. If you place a ________________________ on something, you limit its numbers. 7. ________________________ means very poor. 8. A ________________________ is someone who travels to another country to find work. 9. If you ________________________ someone from a place, you force them to leave. 10. The ________________________ is the mass of land that forms the main part of a country and does not include any islands.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. Where are the Galpagos Islands? 2. Which country are the Galpagos Islands part of? 3. What is the permanent population of the islands? 4. How many tourists will visit the islands this year? 5. How many migrant workers have already returned to the mainland? 6. When was Charles Darwin born? 1808 or 1809?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 1 Elementary
leave within 12 months. If they go, the human population of 30,000 will fall by 10%. But there are no plans to control the growing number of tourists mostly rich Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days which this year will probably reach 180,000. Of course the tourist numbers have an effect on the environment, but we cannot lose this economic opportunity, said Macias. 6 The idea is to keep the tourist boom but reduce activities related to tourism which require imported labour. Environmentalists are pleased the authorities have taken action, but they believe more action is needed. The system is broken, or certainly almost broken, said Johannah Barry, president of the Galpagos Conservancy. The problem is not the number of tourists but the related economy that is growing around tourism. We must try and reduce it. 7 In 1835 Darwin wrote about a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution. It is not people who have changed this living laboratory but the alien species which have accompanied them: goats, cats, cattle, pigs, mosquitoes, etc. They damage local habitats in ways nature never intended. Another problem is oil leaking from ships and over-fishing. Populations of sharks and other sea creatures have fallen. Scientists at Galpagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists, saying it is the only way to stop further damage. 8 The revenue of the islands is around $200m, but most of this goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. President Rafael Correa of Ecuador admits that the Galpagos are at risk and is trying to reform the slow and bureaucratic local government. People believe it was Correa who encouraged Unesco to visit the islands last year and place them on its danger list. The government says it is working on a new tourism model to continue the tourism boom and protect the environment at the same time. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new strategy. 9 When they arrive all visitors now get an identity card so the authorities can follow their movements and departures but there are still around 6,000
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelagos ecology Rory Carroll, Latin America correspondent October 12, 2008 1 The exotic wildlife of the Galpagos Islands off the Pacific coast of South America is famous around the world. Charles Darwin spent some time in the Galpagos in the 19th century and developed his theory of natural selection from what he saw there. The islands became a symbol of adaptation and survival. The Galpagos were home to flightless birds, giant tortoises and marine iguanas. 2 Then a new human arrival came to the islands: the illegal migrant worker. For years thousands came from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids, waiters, cleaners and shop assistants. But now the migrants are leaving as the Ecuadorean government tries to save the unique ecology of the islands by controlling the level of tourist development. 3 Record numbers of tourists have endangered rare plant and animal species and now Unesco, the United Nations cultural agency, has placed the Galpagos on its in danger list. People expect that the number of tourists will increase for next years 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. 4 Two centuries after Darwin, most of the islands species have survived human settlement, but the authorities are worried and have decided to take action. But not on the tourists on the migrant workers. They have set up checkpoints to catch illegal residents who they then put on to aircraft and fly 600 miles east back to the mainland. It is our policy to send home all those who do not have the correct documentation and the right to be here, said Carlos Macias, a spokesman for the regional planning agency. This is the law. 5 In the past year 1,000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland. Another 2,000 have to
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

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NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Elementary

Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 1 Elementary
workers without documents, a fifth of the permanent population. 10 Henry Nicholls, an author of a book on conservation, says that expelling the illegal migrant workers is a good start, but that further steps are needed to protect the ecology of the islands. Expelling people is one thing, but it would also be a good idea to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry. Those are not easy decisions.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 12/10/08

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The number of visitors to the Galpagos Islands will increase next year because 2. The number of migrant workers on the Galpagos Islands is falling because 3. The authorities are not planning 4. Environmentalists believe 5. Most of the money the islands earn from tourism 6. Putting a cap on tourist numbers and reforming the tourist industry a. goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. b. it is the 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. c. will not be easy decisions. d. the authorities are expelling them. e. the authorities should take more action. f. to reduce the number of tourists.

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 1 Elementary
4 Two-word expressions
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. Check your answers in the text. 1. sea 2. migrant 3. local 4. giant 5. tourist 6. tour 7. alien 8. identity a. government b. operator c. card d. industry e. species f. worker g. creatures h. tortoise

5 Expressions with prepositions


Fill the gaps in the phrases from the text using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. jobs _____________ the tourist industry 2. the level _____________ tourist development 3. fly back _____________ the mainland 4. have an effect _____________ the environment 5. activities related _____________ tourism 6. oil leaking _____________ ships 7. _____________ risk 8. part _______ the strategy

6 Word building
Complete the table.

verb

noun

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

select adapt survive develop settle interact evolve depart


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NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Elementary

Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. alien 2. checkpoint 3. revenue 4. boom 5. flora and fauna 6. cap 7. impoverished 8. migrant 9. expel 10. mainland

Elementary

4 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. g f a h d b e c

5 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. in of to on to from at of

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. off the Pacific coast of South America Ecuador 30,000 180,000 1,000 1809

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. b d f e a c

6 Word building
verb noun
selection adaptation survival development settlement interaction evolution departure

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

select adapt survive develop settle interact evolve depart

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Elementary

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. crack down migrant revenue mainland impoverished disrupt archipelago saturated cap expel

1. If you ____________________ something, you interrupt it and prevent it from continuing by causing a problem. 2. If something is ____________________, it is completely full. 3. The ____________________ is the mass of land that forms the main part of a country and does not include any islands. 4. If you place a ____________________ on something, you limit its numbers. 5. If you ____________________ someone from a place, you force them to leave. 6. A ____________________ is someone who travels to another country to find work. 7. ____________________ is income from business activities or taxes. 8. ____________________ means very poor. 9. If the authorities ____________________ on an activity, they start dealing with it much more strictly. 10. An ____________________ is a large group of small islands.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. Where are the Galpagos Islands? 2. Which country are the Galpagos Islands part of? 3. What is the permanent population of the islands? 4. What is the predicted number of tourist visitors this year? 5. How many migrant workers have already returned to the mainland? 6. When did Charles Darwin visit the Galpagos Islands?

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 2 Intermediate
there are no plans to control the growing number of tourists mostly rich Europeans and Americans who visit for a few days which this year will probably reach 180,000. Of course the tourist numbers have an environmental impact, but we cannot lose this economic opportunity, said Macias. 6 The idea is to keep the tourist boom but reduce activities related to tourism which require imported labour. Environmentalists welcomed the initiative, but worried it did not go far enough. The system is currently broken, or certainly almost broken, said Johannah Barry, president of the Galpagos Conservancy. The problem is not so much the number of tourists as the related economy thats going up around it. It makes sense to try and reduce it. 7 What Darwin described in 1835 a living laboratory of flora and fauna whose interactions helped explain evolution has been disrupted not so much by people as by the alien species which accompanied them: goats, cats, cattle, pigs, mosquitoes, etc. They disrupt local habitats in ways nature never intended. Another problem is oil leaking from ships notably the tanker Jessica which ran aground in 2001 and over-fishing. Populations of sharks and other sea creatures have fallen. Scientists at Galpagos National Park have called for a cap on tourists, saying it is the only way to prevent further damage. 8 The revenue of the islands is around $200m, but a lot of this goes to airlines and tour operators on the mainland. Last month Ecuadors Environment Minister, Marcela Aguiaga said there was no sign that tourism was saturated. President Rafael Correa admits that the Galpagos are at risk and is trying to shake up the slow and bureaucratic local government. Apparently it was Correa who encouraged Unesco to visit the archipelago last year and place it on its danger list. The government says it is working on a new tourism model to continue the tourism boom and protect the environment at the same time. Expelling illegal migrant workers is part of the new approach. 9 When they arrive all visitors are now given identity cards to help authorities keep track of movements and departures. Most migrant workers who have to leave go under their own steam and only a few have to be forced to go to the airport, said Macias, the state
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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven

Plants and animals are threatened by the number of visitors to the islands Darwin explored. Now illegal migrant workers in spin-off industries are being expelled to save the archipelagos ecology Rory Carroll, Latin America correspondent October 12, 2008 1 The volcanic Galpagos archipelago off South Americas Pacific coast is famous for its exotic wildlife. Charles Darwins observations on the Galpagos Islands inspired his theory of natural selection and turned the islands into a symbol of adaptation and survival. Flightless birds, giant tortoises and marine iguanas all found a home in the islands. 2 And so, for a time, did a new human arrival: the illegal migrant worker. For years thousands came from the impoverished Ecuadorean mainland and found jobs in the tourist industry as maids, waiters, cleaners and shop assistants. But now the migrants are vanishing as the Ecuadorean government tries to save the archipelagos unique ecology by controlling the level of tourist development on the islands. 3 Record numbers of tourists have threatened endangered plant and animal species and has led to Unesco, the United Nations cultural agency, placing the Galpagos on its in danger list. The number of tourists is expected to increase for next years 200th anniversary of the birth of Darwin. 4 Two centuries after Darwin, most of the islands species have survived human settlement, but the authorities have become worried and have decided to crack down. But only on migrant workers, not the tourists. They have set up checkpoints and patrols to catch illegal residents who are then put on to aircraft and flown 600 miles east back to the mainland. It is a policy to send home all those who do not have legal status or the proper documentation, said Carlos Macias, a spokesman for the regional planning agency. We are enforcing the law. 5 In the past year 1,000 migrant workers have returned to the mainland. Another 2,000 have been told to leave within 12 months. If they go, the permanent human population of 30,000 will fall by 10%. However,
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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 2 Intermediate
official. There are an estimated 6,000 undocumented workers, a fifth of the permanent population. 10 Henry Nicholls, an author of a book on conservation, says that the expulsions are a bold start, but that further steps are needed to protect the archipelagos ecology. Kicking people out is one thing, but it would also be sensible to put a cap on tourist numbers and to reform the tourist industry. Neither of those decisions is easy.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 12/10/08

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. The Ecuadorean government wants to reduce the number of tourists. 2. The number of tourists will probably fall next year. 3. Most of the illegal migrant workers have now left the islands. 4. Most of the money the islands earn goes to the mainland. 5. Most of the tourists come from North America and Europe. 6. Conservationists believe that the expulsion of the migrant workers is enough to protect the ecology of the islands.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A noun meaning a place where traffic can be stopped by soldiers or police. (para 4) 2. A verb meaning to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by people. (para 4) 3. A noun meaning an effect on something. (para 5) 4. A noun meaning an important action that is intended to solve a problem. (para 6) 5. An adjective meaning from a different country. (para 7) 6. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to make changes in the way something operates so that it is more effective. (para 8) 7. A four-word expression meaning without the help of anyone else. (para 9) 8. An adjective meaning involving a risk. (para 10)
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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Two-word expressions
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. tourist 2. migrant 3. legal 4. environmental 5. run 6. tour 7. alien 8. identity a. card b. operator c. aground d. industry e. species f. worker g. impact h. status

6 Word building
Complete the table.

verb

noun

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

expel develop adapt survive settle evolve depart approach

7 Discussion
Should we try to help the environment by reducing air travel and tourism?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Intermediate

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Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. disrupt 2. saturated 3. mainland 4. cap 5. expel 6. migrant 7. revenue 8. impoverished 9. crack down 10. archipelago

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. checkpoint enforce impact initiative alien shake up under their own steam bold

5 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. d f h g c b e a

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. In the Pacific (off the coast of South America) Ecuador 30,000 180,000 1,000 1835

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F F F T T F

6 Word building
verb noun
expulsion development adaptation survival settlement evolution departure approach

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

expel develop adapt survive settle evolve depart approach

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Tourism curbed in bid to save Galpagos haven / Intermediate

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

What is the Man Booker prize? a) An award for the best work of fiction written by a young author (under 40 years old). b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. c) A literary prize for the best international first-time novelist. Can you name any other literary prizes? What advantages are there in winning a literary prize? a) for the author b) for the publishing house c) for the authors agent

Key words

a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. An adjective meaning to behave in an immoral way. _____________________ (title) 2. An adjective meaning first. _____________________ (title) 3. When something is this, everyone (without exception) is in agreement. _____________________ (para 3) 4. An adjective used to describe someone who is behaving in a very self-confident and annoying way. _____________________ (para 4) 5. An adjective used to describe someone or something that is or has become very, very poor. _____________________ (para 5) 6. An adjective to describe someone who has advantages that others do not have because he has money or high social status. _____________________ (para 5) 7. A compound noun meaning the most modern and advanced point in the development of something. _____________________ (para 8) 8. A noun used to describe the prime minister or leader of a country. _____________________ (para 10) 9. Modern and up-to-date. _____________________ (para 10) 10. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something. _____________________ (para 10) b) In paragraph 7, Michael Portillo says that the book knocked his socks off. What does he mean by that? Is the expression positive or negative? Skim-read the article to find out. Give an example of something that has knocked your socks off.
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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 3 Advanced
a common culture between rich and poor, but not anymore. Asked what he would do with the money, he said: The first thing is to find a bank I can put it in. 7 Portillo said that Adiga undertakes an extraordinary task he gains and holds the readers attention with a hero who is an absolute villain. He also praised the works attention to important social issues: the division between rich and poor, and issues on a global scale. And it is extremely readable. The main criterion for the prize, he said, was: Does this book knock my socks off? And this did. The feeling among the judges, Portillo said, was that here was a book on the cutting edge, dealing with a different aspect of India, unfamiliar perhaps to many readers. What set it apart was its originality. The feeling was that this was new territory. Portillo likened the novel to Macbeth. It is about ambition realised through murder, he said, but with a delicious twist. Whereas Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are driven mad by their crime, the hero of this book is only driven mad by the fact that he hesitated and might not have committed his crime. The novel takes the form of seven letters addressed by Balram to the Chinese premier on the eve of a state visit. The unpleasant reality of contemporary Indian society is revealed via sketches of characters, from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunates who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them, catering to their every whim. Kevin Rushby, reviewing the book for the Guardian, called it a witty parable of Indias changing society. Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised partly in Australia. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities, he became a journalist, and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. He lives in Mumbai.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/10/08
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Out of the Darkness: Adigas White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds
Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 prize Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer October 15, 2008 1 After an emotionally draining and closely fought final judging session, Aravind Adiga, one of the two debut novelists on the Man Booker shortlist, was last night awarded the 50,000 prize for The White Tiger, a modern novel about the dark side of the new India. 2 Adiga, 33, was a surprise winner. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize, after Keri Hulme in 1985, Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri, who won in 1991 aged 32. 3 Michael Portillo, the chair of the judges, talked of a final panel meeting characterised by passionate debate. Adigas book won by a sufficient, but by no means unanimous, margin. It was pretty close, said Portillo, and in the last stages it was down to a battle between The White Tiger and one other book. 4 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality of Indias economic miracle. Its antihero and narrator, Balram Halwai, is a cocksure, uneducated young man, the son of an impoverished rickshaw driver. By lying, betraying and using his sharp intelligence, Balram makes his way up into the heady heights of Bangalores big business. 5 The writing of the novel, said Adiga, had come out of his career as a journalist, and his encounters as a relatively privileged middleclass man with members of Indias underclass. Class is a boring topic to write about. Big divides are not what people are interested in. But its the most pressing concern because other things spring out of it, like terrorism and instability, he said. The book has done very well in India. 6 Something extraordinary is happening between the rich and the poor. Once, there was at least
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NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize / Advanced

Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 1. When deciding who would win the prize, the judges ... a) ... had a fight. b) ... had dinner together. c) ... had a hard time. d) ... had an easy job. 2. The youngest ever Man Booker prize winner is ... a) ... Keri Hulme. b) ... Arundhati Roy. c) ... Ben Okri. d) ... Aravind Adiga. 3. The main character in the novel is ... a) ... an upper-class student. b) ... an Indian businessman. c) ... the Chinese premier. d) ... the son of a rickshaw driver. 4. The author of the novel describes himself as ... a) ... a relatively privileged middle-class man. b) ... an absolute villain. c) ... the son of a rickshaw driver. d) ... being from the impoverished underclass. 5. The novel ... a) ... is written in the form of letters. b) ... is about class divisions. c) ... has been likened to a Shakespeare tragedy. d) ... is all of the above. 6: The winner of the Man Booker prize receives ... a) ... a guaranteed increase in sales. b) ... fifty-thousand British pounds. c) ... a handshake from the queen. d) ... fame and glory but nothing else.

4 Vocabulary: Collocations
Match the words to make collocations from the article. 1. emotionally 2. closely 3. passionate 4. sufficient 5. economic 6. pressing 7. extraordinary 8. delicious concern debate miracle task draining twist margin fought

Now write your own example sentences for the collocations.

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 3 Advanced
5 Discussion
What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Who would you recommend it to? Give a rough description of the type of novel you would like to read next. Can anyone recommend you a book? Are there any novels youve read in the past that you can really recommend?

6 Webquest
Find out how much the book, The White Tiger, costs if you order it online. Which online bookshop offers the best price (dont forget to include potential postage costs). If you order the book today, when will you receive it? Is the book available in any other languages? If so which, and how much does the book cost in your preferred language? Read an online synopsis of the book. Does it make you want to read the book? Why / Why not?

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 3 Advanced KEY
1 Warmer
b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. See http://www.themanbookerprize.com/

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c c d a d b

2 Key words
1. villainous 2. debut 3. unanimous 4. cocksure 5. impoverished 6. privileged 7. cutting edge 8. premier 9. contemporary 10. whim

4 Vocabulary: Collocations
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. emotionally draining closely fought passionate debate sufficient margin economic miracle pressing concern extraordinary task delicious twist

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize / Advanced

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 1 Elementary
1 Warmer
What is the Man Booker prize? a) A prize for the best short story by a young author (under 40 years old). b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. c) A prize for the best international first-time novelist.

2 Key words
Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. This will help you understand the text. state visit economic miracle novelist debut underclass villainous sketches originality whim judge instability rickshaw

1. A word meaning behaving in an immoral, bad or criminal way. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (title) 2. An adjective meaning first. _ _ _ _ _ (title) 3. Someone who writes a fictional book. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 1) 4. Someone who decides who will win a competition. _ _ _ _ _ (para 2) 5. A financial wonder. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 3) 6. A small vehicle used for carrying people, usually pulled by someone riding a bicycle. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 3) 7. The people at the very bottom of society. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 4) 8. A worrying situation that keeps changing. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 4) 9. The quality of being new, interesting and unique. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 6) 10. A visit that involves the head or government of a country. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 7) 11. Short written descriptions. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (para 7) 12. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something. _ _ _ _ (para 7)

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 1 Elementary
with a different aspect of India, one perhaps that many readers do not know. What made it different was its originality. 7 The novel takes the form of seven letters written by Balram to the Chinese leader the evening before a state visit. The unpleasant reality of modern Indian society is shown via sketches of characters, from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunate people who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them, catering to their every whim. Kevin Rushby, who reviewed the book for the Guardian, called it a witty story of Indias changing society. Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised partly in Australia. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities, he became a journalist, and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. He lives in Mumbai.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/10/08

Out of the Darkness: Adigas White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds
Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 prize Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer October 15, 2008 1 Aravind Adiga last night won the 50,000 Man Booker prize for The White Tiger, a modern novel about the dark side of the new India. Adiga, 33, was a surprise winner. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize, after Keri Hulme in 1985, Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri, who won in 1991 aged 32. 2 Michael Portillo, one of the judges, said It was pretty close, but in the end it was a battle between The White Tiger and one other book. 3 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality of Indias economic miracle. The main character, Balram Halwai, is an uneducated young man, the son of a poor rickshaw driver. He lies and uses his sharp intelligence to make his way up to the top of Bangalores big business. 4 The decision to write the novel, said Adiga, came from his career as a journalist, and his encounters with members of Indias underclass. Class is a boring topic to write about. Big divides are not what people are interested in. But its important because other things come out of it, like terrorism and instability, he said. The book has done very well in India. 5 Portillo praised the books attention to important social issues: the division between rich and poor, and issues on a global scale. And it is extremely readable even though the hero is an absolute villain. 6 The feeling among the judges, Portillo said, was that here was an up-to-date book, which deals

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Aravind Adiga won ... 2. The winner of the Man Booker prize ... 3. The main character in his novel ... 4. The novel is written in the form of ... 5. The book is about class and ... 6. The author thinks class is a boring ... 7. The book is very ... 8. The White Tiger is Aravind Adigas ... ... receives 50,000. ... letters to the Chinese leader. ... money divisions in Indian society. ... popular in India. ... first work of fiction. ... this years Man Booker prize. ... but important topic to write about. ... is an unpleasant businessman.

4 Vocabulary: Questions
Write questions for these answers using the prompt words below and any other necessary words. question prompts E.g. When / Aravind Adiga / born 1. How much / prize 2. How old 3. What / title / book 4. Where / story / take place 5. What / main characters / father 6. Who / main character / write letters 7. What / Aravind Adigas / job questions When was Aravind Adiga born? answers 1974 50,000 33 The White Tiger India A rickshaw driver The Chinese leader A journalist

5 Discussion
Brainstorm as many book genres as possible, e.g. historical romances, detective stories, ... What type of books do you like to read? What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Would you recommend it to the others in your group?

6 Webquest
How much does the book, The White Tiger, cost from an online bookshop? If you order the book today, when will you receive it? Can you buy the book in your language? If so, how much does it cost?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Freerunning Villainous tale joins of modern sport establishment India wins 50,000 Booker prize
Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Warmer
1. b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. See http://www.themanbookerprize.com/

Vocabulary: Questions

2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. villainous debut novelist judge economic miracle rickshaw underclass instability originality state visit sketches whim

(suggested answers) 1. How much is the prize money? 2. How old is Aravind Adiga? 3. What is the title of the book? 4. Where does the story take place? 5. What does the main characters fathers job? 6. Who does the main character write letters to? 7. What is/was Aravind Adigas job?

3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Comprehension check
Aravind Adiga won this years Man Booker prize. The winner of the Man Booker prize receives 50,000. The main character in his novel is an unpleasant businessman. The novel is written in the form of letters to the Chinese leader. The book is about class and money divisions in Indian society. The author thinks class is a boring but important topic to write about. The book is very popular in India. The White Tiger is Aravind Adigas first work of fiction.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize / Elementary

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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

What is the Man Booker prize? a) A prize for the best short story written by a young author (under 40 years old). b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. c) A prize for the best international first-time novelist. Can you name any other book prizes? What advantages are there in winning a book prize? a) for the author b) for the publishing house c) for the authors agent

Key words

a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. state visit impoverished novelist villainous privileged hesitated instability encounters parable debut whim passionate debate

1. An adjective meaning to behave in an immoral way. ______________________ (title) 2. An adjective meaning first. ______________________ (title) 3. Someone who writes a work of fiction. ______________________ (para 1) 4. An emotional discussion in which people state their opinions. ______________________ (para 2) 5. An adjective used to describe someone or something that is or has become very, very poor. ______________________ (para 3) 6. A noun meaning unplanned meetings. ______________________ (para 4) 7. An adjective to describe someone who has advantages that others do not have because he has money or high social status. ______________________ (para 4) 8. A worrying situation that keeps changing. ______________________ (para 4) 9. A verb meaning to pause before doing something (past participle). ______________________ (para 8) 10. A visit that involves the head or government of a country. ______________________ (para 9) 11. A noun that is used when we get a sudden feeling that we must have or must do something. ______________________ (para 9) 12. A simple story with a moral or (often religious) meaning. ______________________ (para 9) b) In paragraph 6, Michael Portillo says that the book knocked his socks off. What does he mean by that? Is the expression positive or negative? Skim-read the article to find out. Give an example of something that has knocked your socks off.
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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 2 Intermediate
6
Portillo said that Adiga undertakes an extraordinary task he gains and holds the readers attention with a hero who is an absolute villain. He also praised the works attention to important social issues: the division between rich and poor, and issues on a global scale. And it is extremely readable. The main criterion for the prize, he said, was: Does this book knock my socks off? And this did. The feeling among the judges, Portillo said, was that here was an up-to-date book, dealing with a different aspect of India, unfamiliar perhaps to many readers. What set it apart was its originality. The feeling was that this was new territory. Portillo likened the novel to Macbeth. It is about ambition and murder, he said, but with a delicious twist. Whereas Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are driven mad by their crime, the hero of this book is only driven mad by the fact that he hesitated and might not have committed his crime. The novel takes the form of seven letters addressed by Balram to the Chinese leader on the eve of a state visit. The unpleasant reality of modern Indian society is shown via sketches of characters, from millionaires in their air-conditioned tower blocks to the unfortunate people who are trapped in poverty and who live literally below them, catering to their every whim. Kevin Rushby, reviewing the book for the Guardian, called it a witty parable of Indias changing society.

Out of the Darkness: Adigas White Tiger rides to Booker victory against the odds
Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 prize Debut novel now certain to become commercial hit Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer October 15, 2008 1 Aravind Adiga, one of the two debut novelists on the
Man Booker shortlist, was last night awarded the 50,000 prize for The White Tiger, a modern novel about the dark side of the new India. Adiga, 33, was a surprise winner. He is only the fourth first-time novelist to win the prize, after Keri Hulme in 1985, Arundhati Roy in 1997 and DBC Pierre in 2003 and he is the second youngest after Ben Okri, who won in 1991 aged 32.

2 Michael Portillo, one of the judges, said the judges


final meeting was characterised by passionate debate. It was pretty close, said Portillo, and in the end it was down to a battle between The White Tiger and one other book.

3 The White Tiger takes a sharp look at the reality

of Indias economic miracle. The main character, Balram Halwai, is an uneducated young man, the son of an impoverished rickshaw driver. By lying, betraying and using his sharp intelligence, Balram makes his way up to the top of Bangalores big business.

4 The writing of the novel, said Adiga, had come out

of his career as a journalist, and his encounters as a relatively privileged middle-class man with members of Indias underclass. Class is a boring topic to write about. Big divides are not what people are interested in. But its the most important aspect because other things come out of it, like terrorism and instability, he said. The book has done very well in India.

10 Adiga was born in Chennai in 1974 and was raised


partly in Australia. Having studied at Columbia and Oxford universities, he became a journalist, and has written for Time magazine and many British newspapers. He lives in Mumbai.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 15/10/08

5 Something extraordinary is happening between

the rich and the poor. Once, there was at least a common culture between rich and poor, but not anymore. Asked what he would do with the money, he said: The first thing is to find a bank I can put it in.
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Villainous tale of modern India wins 50,000 Booker prize


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check

Are the statements true (T) of false (F) according to the information in the article? 1. Aravind Adiga is the youngest ever Man Booker prize winner. 2. The main character in the novel is an upper-class student. 3. The author of the novel describes himself as a relatively privileged middle-class man. 4. The novel is written in the form of letters. 5. The winner of the Man Booker prize receives a guaranteed increase in sales. 6. The author thinks class is a boring but important topic to write about. 7. The book has not sold very well in India. 8. The books main character is a good, likeable man. 9. The judges thought there were similarities between the book and one of Shakespeares plays. 10. The White Tiger is Aravind Adigas first work of fiction.

4 Vocabulary: Questions
Write questions for the answers.

questions
E.g. When was Aravind Adiga born? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

answers
1974 50,000 33 The White Tiger India A rickshaw driver The Chinese leader A journalist

5 Discussion
Brainstorm as many book genres as possible, e.g. historical romances, detective stories, ... What type of books do you like to read? What book are you reading at the moment / What was the last book you read? Would you recommend it to the others in your group?

6 Webquest
Find out how much the book, The White Tiger, costs if you order it online. Which online bookshop offers the best price (dont forget to include potential postage costs)? If you order the book today, when will you receive it? Is the book available in your language? If so, how much does it cost? Read an online synopsis of the book. Would you like to read the book? Why / Why not?
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Villainousto tale of modern wins 50,000 Booker prize Addiction Internet is an India illness
Level 2 KEY
1 Warmer
b) A prize for a full-length novel written in English by a citizen of the British Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland. See http://www.themanbookerprize.com/

Intermediate

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. F 8. F 9. T 10. T

2 Key words
1. villainous 2. debut 3. novelist 4. passionate debate 5. impoverished 6. encounters 7. privileged 8. instability 9. hesitated 10. state visit 11. whim 12. parable

4 Vocabulary: Questions
Teachers note: There will be many different possible correct ways of writing the questions required in this task. The point is controlled practice in forming questions.

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

shanty town
galvanise

ruthless volatile

imminent impulsive

obesity wizardry

eject charisma

1. A ___________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent. 2. An ___________________ person is one who does things without thinking what will happen as a result. 3. A ___________________ person is one willing to make other people suffer so that he or she can achieve their aims. 4. A ___________________ is an area where very poor people live in badly built houses made of wood or metal or other thin material. 5. If something is ___________________, it is likely or certain to happen very soon. 6. ___________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. 7. ___________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. 8. If you ___________________ someone, you make them leave a place, often using physical force. 9. If you ___________________ people, you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. 10. ___________________ is a very high level of skill at something.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. Diego Maradona is Argentinian. 2. He still plays football. 3. He was voted best player of the 20th century. 4. He was thrown out of the 1994 World Cup after testing positive for drugs. 5. Most England football fans love Maradona. 6. Argentina won the 2006 World Cup.

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 3 Advanced
rein in his famously volatile emotions when he becomes boss. It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team, he said. But I dont want to cry. The national team needs a man who will make people smile, not cry, who will give them something to enjoy, not suffer. 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience which runs to a total of 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club, in the mid 1990s would be no problem. They talk about my inexperience but Ive spent 20-odd years in the Argentina team, he said. Thats why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. 7 But Maradona is impulsive, unpredictable and temperamental. For some in Argentina, it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne, whose personal and professional life has closely mirrored that of Maradona, had taken control of the England team an unthinkable prospect here. 8 Both number 10s were regarded as the greatest footballers of their era but lost control through drink and drugs. Among the Argentine public yesterday there seemed to be limited enthusiasm for Maradonas appointment, despite hopes it might deliver cheer as their economy is struggling again. Online polls for daily newspapers La Nacin and Clarin reported that around threequarters of respondents disapproved. 9 Reflecting Maradonas sometimes volatile character, Carlos Tevez, the Manchester United and Argentina striker who Maradona once described as the Argentine prophet for the 21st century, said: Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that hes coach. 10 If the appointment is confirmed, as expected in Argentina, there appeared to be trouble ahead for one of the teams star players. It was reported that Maradona has previously called Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi too selfish in his play. Messi has been dubbed the new Maradona for his similar build and dribbling wizardry. There will be no problem, said Messi yesterday. He is a great. I admire him for what he has given to
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30, 2008 1 In the shanty towns of Buenos Aires they used to call him el pibe, Argentine slang for the little kid. But yesterday Diego Maradona, the diminutive Argentine footballer whose ball skills and ruthless cunning have granted him almost mythical status in his home country, was on the verge of becoming el maestro with his imminent appointment as manager of the national team. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association, Julio Grondona, marks an astonishing comeback for a controversial player who came close to death in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with respiratory problems following what was thought to have been a cocaine-induced heart attack. 3 Only four years earlier, he had been voted the best footballer of the 20th century in a poll of fans for Fifa. He has also endured hospitalisation with alcohol-induced liver problems and underwent gastric bypass surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. In 1994 he was ejected from the World Cup in the US after he tested positive for ephedrine, a fact that might have been obvious to anyone who saw him run up to a pitchside camera and scream into its lens, eyes bulging unnaturally after he scored his only goal of the tournament against Greece. 4 But with Argentinas two-time World Cup winning side in the doldrums in recent internationals, drawing six in a row earlier this year, Grondona hopes Maradonas presence will galvanise the team. I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979, said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday, following talks with the 48-year-old. In Argentine football there is a before and an after Maradona. 5 Maradona indicated yesterday that he would
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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 3 Advanced
his countrymen, he means more than that. On his 43rd birthday in 2003, fans in Rosario established the Church of Maradona and decided 2003 should be 43DD, despus de Diego or after Diego. Maybe hes risking too much, as always in his life, wrote Daniel Arcucci, a columnist for La Nacin, reflecting on his appointment. Even his status as a myth.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 30/10/08

Argentine soccer. I am optimistic. His charisma will make the players follow him 100%, said Italy coach Marcello Lippi, who lifted the 2006 World Cup. They will listen to him like an oracle. 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the hand of God incident where he scored a goal with his hand to help knock England out of the 1986 World Cup. But he is also respected, alongside Pele, as perhaps the greatest footballer of all time. To some of

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Diego Maradona ... a. ... will definitely be the next manager of Argentina. b. ... is expected to be the next manager of Argentina. c. ... probably wont become the next manager of Argentina. 2. Maradona ... a. ... is regarded as the best footballer of all time. b. ... is regarded as one of the best two footballers of all time. c. ... is regarded as possibly one of the best two footballers of all time. 3. Maradona and Paul Gascoigne are compared in the text because ... a. ... they are both likely to become managers of their national teams. b. ... they both had drink and drugs problems. c. ... they were both great footballers who lost control through drink and drugs. 4. How is the current state of the Argentine national team described? a. They are not playing very well at the moment. b. They are improving rapidly. c. They are playing extremely badly this year.

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. An adjective meaning very short or small. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning related to the process of breathing. (para 2) 3. An adjective meaning large and sticking out. (para 3) 4. A three-word expression meaning in a situation where there is a lack of activity or improvement. (para 4) 5. A phrasal verb meaning to bring under control. (para 5) 6. An adjective used after a number meaning approximately. (para 6) 7. An adjective meaning impossible to imagine. (para 7) 8. A three-word expression meaning a relationship in which your feelings about someone often change from positive to negative. (para 11)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns they go with in the right-hand column. 1. undergo 2. score 3. take 4. lose 5. confirm 6. mark 7. induce 8. draw a. a comeback b. control c. an appointment d. surgery e. control f. a goal g. a game h. a heart attack

6 Expressions with prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. slang ____________ little kid 2. close ____________ death 3. surgery ____________ obesity 4. ____________ the verge of 5. take control ____________ 6. enthusiasm ____________ something 7. obvious ____________ someone 8. lack ____________ experience

7 Discussion
If people have a history of drug-taking or alcoholism, should they be appointed to positions of authority?
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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. volatile 2. impulsive 3. ruthless 4. shanty town 5. imminent 6. charisma 7. obesity 8. eject 9. galvanise 10. wizardry

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. diminutive respiratory bulging in the doldrums rein in odd unthinkable love-hate relationship

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. d f b or e b or e c a h g

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F T T F F

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b c c a

6 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. for to for on of for to of

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

obesity

mythical

galvanise unpredictable

volatile disapprove

poll selfish

charisma depression

1. _____________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. 2. A _____________________ is an occasion when a lot of people are asked their opinion about something. 3. If something is described as _____________________, it is imaginary or not real. 4. An economic _____________________ is a time when there is a lot of unemployment and poverty because there is very little economic activity. 5. If you _____________________ of something, you have a negative feeling towards it. 6. If you _____________________ people, you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. 7. _____________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. 8. A _____________________ person is one who thinks only about himself or herself and not about other people. 9. An _____________________ person is one who changes very often in a way that is impossible to prepare for. 10. A _____________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. Where is Diego Maradona from? 2. In what year was he thrown out of the World Cup? 3. How old is he now? 4. How many games has he been in charge of as a manager? 5. How many years did he spend in the Argentina team? 6. How many times have Argentina won the World Cup?

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 1 Elementary
the Argentina team, he said. Thats why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. 7 But Maradona is volatile and unpredictable. For some people in Argentina, it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne, whose personal and professional life has been similar to Maradonas, had taken control of the England team something that would be impossible in England. 8 Both players were probably the greatest footballers of their time but lost control through drink and drugs. Among the Argentine public there seems to be limited enthusiasm for Maradonas appointment, although some people hope it might make people happy in a time of economic depression. Opinion polls for daily newspapers La Nacin and Clarin reported that around three-quarters of people disapproved. 9 Talking about Maradonas sometimes volatile character, Carlos Tevez, the Manchester United and Argentina striker said: Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that hes coach. 10 If the appointment is confirmed, as expected in Argentina, there may be problems for one of the teams star players. Maradona has said that the Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi is too selfish in his play. Messi has been called the new Maradona for his similar build and football skills. There will be no problem, said Messi yesterday. He is a great. I admire him for what he has given to Argentine soccer. I am optimistic. His charisma will make the players follow him 100%, said Italy coach Marcello Lippi, winning coach at the 2006 World Cup. The players will listen to him. 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the hand of God incident where he scored a goal with his hand against England in the 1986 World Cup. But people also think that, along with Pele, he is probably the greatest footballer of all time. To some people in Argentina, he means more than that. Maybe hes risking too much, as he always does in his life, wrote Daniel Arcucci, a reporter for La Nacin. Even his status is a myth.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 30/10/08

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager

Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30, 2008 1 In the poor districts of Buenos Aires they used to call him the little kid. But now Diego Maradona, the Argentine footballer with an almost mythical status in his home country, might soon become the manager of the national team. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association, Julio Grondona, is an astonishing return for a controversial player who almost died in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with breathing problems following a heart attack caused by cocaine use. 3 Four years before that football fans voted Maradona the best footballer of the 20th century. He has also spent time in hospital with liver problems caused by alcohol and also had surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. In 1994 he was thrown out of the World Cup in the US after a positive drugs test. 4 Argentina have won the World Cup twice but the team is not playing well at the moment. Earlier this year they drew six games in a row. Grondona hopes Maradonas presence will galvanise the team. I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979, said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday, after meeting the 48-yearold former player. In Argentina we talk about football before Maradona and football after Maradona. 5 Maradona said that he would control his volatile emotions when he becomes boss. It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team, he said. But I dont want to cry. The national team needs a man who will make people smile, not cry, who will give them something to enjoy, not suffer. 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience just 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club, in the mid 1990s would be no problem. They talk about my inexperience but Ive spent about 20 years in
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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Maradonas return is astonishing because ... 2. Lionel Messi may have problems because ... 3. Maradona was thrown out of the 1994 World Cup because ... 4. Some people hope Maradonas appointment will make people happy because ... 5. The Italy coach thinks Maradona will be a success because ... 6. England football fans dont like Maradona because ... a. ... the players will listen to him. b. ... he cheated and scored a goal with his hand in a match against England. c. ... he almost died in 2004. d. ... Maradona has described him as selfish. e. ... he tested positive for drugs. f. ... it is a time of economic depression.

4 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. 1. years that before four 2. managerial of lack experience 3. their the greatest time of footballers 4. hate a relationship love 5. test a drugs positive 6. national the the manager team of

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 1 Elementary
5 Opposites
Write the opposites of these words. 1. predictable 2. experience 3. negative 4. limited 5. happy 6. best _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________

6 Two word expressions


Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. national 2. breathing 3. personal 4. daily 5. drugs 6. radio 7. lose 8. economic a. life b. interview c. team d. test e. control f. newspaper g. depression h. problems

8. economic

h. problems

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. charisma 2. poll 3. mythical 4. depression 5. disapprove 6. galvanise 7. obesity 8. selfish 9. unpredictable 10. volatile

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. four years before that lack of managerial experience the greatest footballers of their time a love-hate relationship a positive drugs test the manager of the national team

5 Opposites
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. unpredictable inexperience positive unlimited unhappy worst

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Buenos Aires, Argentina 1994 48 23 about 20 twice

6 Two word expressions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. c h a f d b e g

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c d e f a b

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. cunning galvanise shanty town unthinkable impulsive charisma obesity poll volatile oracle

1. ____________________ is a condition in which someone is too fat in a way that is dangerous for their health. 2. If something is ____________________, you cannot even imagine it happening. 3. If you ____________________ people, you affect them enough to produce a strong and immediate reaction. 4. ____________________ is a strong personal quality that makes other people like you. 5. An ____________________ person is one who does things without thinking what will happen as a result. 6. A ____________________ is an area where very poor people live in badly built houses made of wood or metal or other thin material. 7. An ____________________ is a person who gives the best advice or information. 8. A ____________________ person is one who can quickly become angry or violent. 9. ____________________ is the use of clever methods to get what you want, especially methods that involve tricking or cheating people. 10. A ____________________ is an occasion when a lot of people are asked their opinion about something.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. Where is Diego Maradona from? 2. In what year was he thrown out of the World Cup? 3. How old is he now? 4. How many games has he been in charge of as a manager? 5. What other three footballers are mentioned in the text? 6. How many times have Argentina won the World Cup?

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 2 Intermediate
inexperience but Ive spent about 20 years in the Argentina team, he said. Thats why it makes me laugh when people talk about inexperience. 7 But Maradona is impulsive, unpredictable and temperamental. For some people in Argentina, it is almost as if Paul Gascoigne, whose personal and professional life has been similar to Maradonas, had taken control of the England team an unthinkable idea in England. 8 Both players were regarded as the greatest footballers of their era but lost control through drink and drugs. Among the Argentine public yesterday there seemed to be limited enthusiasm for Maradonas appointment, despite hopes it might make people happy in a time of economic depression. Opinion polls for daily newspapers La Nacin and Clarin reported that around three-quarters of people disapproved. 9 Talking about Maradonas sometimes volatile character, Carlos Tevez, the Manchester United and Argentina striker said: Diego needs to think more with his head than his heart now that hes coach. 10 If the appointment is confirmed, as expected in Argentina, there may be problems for one of the teams star players. It was reported that Maradona has previously called Barcelona midfielder Lionel Messi too selfish in his play. Messi has been called the new Maradona for his similar build and dribbling skills. There will be no problem, said Messi yesterday. He is a great. I admire him for what he has given to Argentine soccer. I am optimistic. His charisma will make the players follow him 100%, said Italy coach Marcello Lippi, who lifted the 2006 World Cup. They will listen to him like an oracle. 11 Most England fans have a love-hate relationship with Maradona after the hand of God incident where he scored a goal with his hand to help knock England out of the 1986 World Cup. But he is also respected, alongside Pele, as perhaps the greatest footballer of all time. To some of his countrymen, he means more than that. Maybe hes risking too much, as always in his life, wrote Daniel Arcucci, a columnist for La Nacin, reflecting on his appointment. Even his status as a myth.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 30/10/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Surprise choice marks astonishing comeback by controversial star Robert Booth and Sam Jones October 30, 2008 1 In the shanty towns of Buenos Aires they used to call him the little kid. But yesterday Diego Maradona, the Argentine footballer whose ball skills and cunning have given him almost mythical status in his home country, was close to becoming the manager of the national team. 2 The decision by the normally conservative president of the Argentina Football Association, Julio Grondona, marks an astonishing comeback for a controversial player who came close to death in 2004 when he spent 10 days in intensive care with respiratory problems following what was thought to have been a heart attack caused by cocaine use. 3 Only four years earlier, he had been voted the best footballer of the 20th century in a poll of fans for Fifa. He has also spent time in hospital with liver problems caused by alcohol and also had surgery for obesity in a Colombian clinic. In 1994 he was thrown out of the World Cup in the US after he tested positive for drugs. 4 But with Argentinas two-time World Cup winning side playing poorly in recent internationals, drawing six in a row earlier this year, Grondona hopes Maradonas presence will galvanise the team. I have wanted Maradona to be coach of the national team since 1979, said Grondona in a radio interview on Wednesday, following talks with the 48-year-old. We talk about football in Argentina before Maradona and after Maradona. 5 Maradona indicated yesterday that he would control his volatile emotions when he becomes boss. It makes me really happy that my parents will see me walk out as coach of the national team, he said. But I dont want to cry. The national team needs a man who will make people smile, not cry, who will give them something to enjoy, not suffer. 6 He also said his lack of managerial experience just 23 games with modest provincial club Deportivo Mandiyu and then Racing Club, in the mid 1990s would be no problem. They talk about my
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008

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NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Maradona nearly died in 2004. 2. Argentina have been playing well in recent international matches. 3. Maradona has had problems with drugs but not with alcohol. 4. England football fans love Maradona. 5. Lionel Messi has been called the new Maradona. 6. Maradona once scored a goal with his hand in a match against England. 7. Opinion polls show that most Argentines want Maradona to be the next manager of their national team. 8. Paul Gascoigne is likely to become manager of the England team

4 Find the word


Find the following words and expressions in the text. 1. A noun meaning a period when someone becomes successful or popular again. (para 2) 2. An adjective meaning related to the process of breathing. (para 2) 3. A verb meaning to get the same score as another team in sport. (para 4) 4. An adjective meaning quite good or successful but not excellent. (para 6) 5. An adjective meaning changing from one mood to another very easily. (para 7) 6. A noun meaning a period of time that has a particular quality or character. (para 8) 7. A three-word expression meaning a relationship in which your feelings about someone often change from positive to negative. (para 11)

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El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Opposites
Match these words from the text with their opposites. volatile 1. liberal 2. stable 3. complete 4. cosmopolitan 5. predictable 6. different similar provincial unpredictable limited conservative

___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

6 Two word expressions


Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. national 2. test 3. take 4. economic 5. intensive 6. opinion 7. star 8. heart a. player b. control c. attack d. poll e. team f. depression g. positive h. care

7 Discussion
Do you think Maradona would make a good manager for Argentinas national team? Give reasons for your answer.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. obesity 2. unthinkable 3. galvanise 4. charisma 5. impulsive 6. shanty town 7. oracle 8. volatile 9. cunning 10. poll

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. comeback respiratory draw modest temperamental era love-hate relationship

5 Opposites
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. conservative volatile limited provincial unpredictable similar

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Argentina 1994 48 23 Paul Gascoigne, Lionel Messi and Pele Twice

6 Two word expressions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e g b f h d a c

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. T F F F T T F F

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / El maestro Maradona: football legend to be Argentina manager / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

What do the Tower of London and the Everglades in Florida have in common? a) They have both won environmental tourism awards. b) They are both up for sale. c) They are both at risk from climate change. Skim-read the beginning of the article to check your answer.

Key words
dwindling burgeoning devastation irrevocably eco-conscious degenerating intriguing merit intact folly derelict vulnerable

1. When something is ___________________, it is in a weak position and in danger. (para 1) 2. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people: ___________________. (para 2) 3. When you are aware of what is happening to the environment and show your concern you can be called ___________________. (para 2) 4. When you ___________________ something, you deserve or are worth it. (para 3) 5. Something that is becoming worse is ___________________. (para 4) 6. Something that is becoming smaller or gradually less until (almost) nothing remains is ___________________. (para 4) 7. Something that is ___________________ is very interesting and a bit strange or mysterious. (para 5) 8. Something that is ___________________ is growing or developing quickly. (para 5) 9. When applied to a building this means old, run-down, not looked after, empty, and in a bad condition: ___________________. (para 6) 10. A ___________________ is a building that has no practical use and is built as decoration. (para 6) 11. Something that is ___________________ is complete, unharmed, all in one piece, despite something negative having happened. (para 7) 12. An adverb meaning no longer possible to change or stop: ___________________. (para 8)

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500 places to see before they die


Level 3 Advanced
dumping by sanitation companies and ships. The Nazca lines in Peru, one of the worlds most intriguing ancient sites, face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. Also under threat is New Yorks Little Italy. Though a small part of the area, made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets, has been preserved, it is being gradually squeezed by the burgeoning Chinatown and SoHo districts. 6 Tourists could also visit some of Britains ancient architectural treasures which, she says, risk becoming derelict because of a lack of funding. Strawberry Hill, Sir Horace Walpoles folly in Twickenham, west London, which sparked the Gothic revival in the early 19th century, is struggling to raise 8m. One of the oldest parish churches in England, St Marys, in Stow in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, needs 3m for renovations. Another London landmark, Battersea power station, becomes more run-down every day as government, developers and local community boards argue over its future. Hughes also urges a trip to Kentish Town, north London, to visit Little Green Street, one of the last intact Georgian streets in London. This perfect slice of Regency London was celebrated by the poet John Betjeman and used as the setting for numerous music and photo shoots. Further north, the Holderness coast, in East Yorkshire, loses nearly 6ft a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference, she said. West points out that the guidebooks message is not all gloom. Some of the destinations are already on the road to being saved, usually because theyve been championed by preservationists, he said. And even in the cases where a site has been lost, or irrevocably damaged, it often has become a rallying point for activists, inspiring them to fight on so that the same mistakes arent made again. The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 26/10/08

500 places to see before they die

A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill, social affairs correspondent October 26 2008 1 The first guidebook of last chance holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. Frommers 500 Places To See Before They Disappear provides a list of sites where it is still possible to see rare and vulnerable animal species, special landscapes and unique cultural sights in their unspoilt glory. 2 Co-author Holly Hughes, a former executive editor of Fodors Travel Publications, said: The devastation brought on by climate change and direct man-made interference is familiar to all of us. But this book is a carefully chosen list of last-chance destinations that eco-conscious travellers can enjoy if they move quickly for possibly the last time. 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West, an award-winning investigative journalist once nominated for a Pulitzer prize, more than 20 of Britains best-loved landmarks and lesser-known gems merit a place in their collection. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum, for example, are at risk from rising sea levels which will lead the River Thames to flood its banks. 4 With 500 threatened destinations to choose from, she suggests heading to the Everglades in southern Florida. Filled with rare species, this ecosystem is degenerating with alarming rapidity. Already half has been lost to agricultural and urban development. Dwindling water levels and pollution have severely compromised what remains. The number of bird species has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain show high mercury levels, said Hughes. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for three more decades. By then, says Hughes, it could be completely dry, because the rivers that feed it are being diverted. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is under severe threat from 7

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Find these ecological words or phrases and make notes on what their connection is with the article. e.g. agricultural and urban developments These are taking away land and are damaging the ecosystem in the Everglades in Florida, USA, negatively affecting rare plants and wildlife that can be found there. a) deforestation _________________________________ b) dwindling water levels _________________________________ c) high mercury levels _________________________________ d) lack of funding _________________________________ e) rising sea levels _________________________________ f) dumping by sanitation companies _________________________________

4 Reading for detail


How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them. Have you been to any of the places that are mentioned? If not, would you like to go to any of the places?

5 Discussion
The guidebook will probably encourage (even) more tourists to visit these destinations. What positive and negative implications might this have? Look back at the article for some suggestions, then expand your opinion as much as possible and try to have a balanced discussion.

6 Webquest
a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and pinpoint it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth.google.com/). b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you get there? e) Where can you stay while youre there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there today?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. vulnerable devastation eco-conscious merit degenerating dwindling intriguing burgeoning derelict folly intact irrevocably

4 Reading for detail


The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Marys Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station, London Little Green Street, London The Holderness coast, East Yorkshire

3 Comprehension check
a) deforestation (para 5) The Nazca lines in Peru, one of the worlds most intriguing ancient sites, face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. dwindling water levels (para 4). Dwindling water levels and pollution have severely compromised what remains of the Everglades. high mercury levels (para 4) The number of bird species has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain show high mercury levels. lack of funding (para 6) Britains ancient architectural treasures which, she says, risk becoming derelict because of a lack of funding e.g. Battersea power station, St Marys Church, in Stow in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, and Strawberry Hill, in Twickenham, west London. rising sea levels (paras 3 & 7) The Holderness coast, in East Yorkshire, loses nearly 6ft a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum, for example, are at risk from rising sea levels which will lead the River Thames to flood its banks. dumping by sanitation companies (para 5) Marine life around the Falkland Islands is under severe threat from dumping by sanitation companies and ships.

Teachers notes
Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. This links directly to the book: http://www.frommers.com/bookstore/047018986X.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www.1000beforeyoudie.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available. If not, it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson.

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer

Where in the world can you find these places? Match each place with a location on the map. Then skim-read the article to check your answers. a) Battersea power station b) The Nazca lines c) The Everglades d) Little Italy e) The Holderness coast South Florida, USA New York, USA East Yorkshire, UK

London, UK

Peru

Key words

Match these key words with the definitions. devastation landmark rare disappear at risk diverted marine life mercury Regency gloom ancient architectural 1. To vanish, to go and never return. (para 1) 2. Opposite of common. Unusual. (para 1) 3. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people. (para 2) 4. A famous building or object that you recognize easily. (para 3) 5. Another way of saying in danger. (para 3) 6. A poisonous silver liquid metal (used in thermometers). (para 4) 7. When the course or way has been changed. (para 5) 8. Things that live in the sea. (para 5) 9. Very old. (para 5) 10. Relating to buildings. (para 6) 11. A period in history the time from 1811 to 1820 before George IV became King of England. (para 7) 12. Bad depressing news, the feeling of having no hope. (para 8)
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500 places to see before they die


Level 1 Elementary
are being built. Many trees are cut down to build the roads and this leads to floods and mudslides. New Yorks Little Italy, which was made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets, is also in danger as the districts around it grow. 6 Tourists should also visit some of Britains ancient architectural treasures which, she says, are in danger of falling down because there is no money to save them. Strawberry Hill, Sir Horace Walpoles building in west London needs 8m. One of the oldest churches in England, St Marys, in Stow in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, needs 3m. Another London landmark, Battersea power station, becomes more run-down every day as government, property developers and the local people argue about its future. Hughes also suggests a trip to Kentish Town, north London, to visit Little Green Street, one of the last complete Regency streets in London. Further north, the Holderness coast, in East Yorkshire, loses nearly 6ft (1.8 metres) a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man, she said. West points out that the guidebooks message is not all gloom. Some of the destinations can be saved, he said. We have to learn from our mistakes because the planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 26/10/08

500 places to see before they die


A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill, social affairs correspondent October 26, 2008 1 The first guidebook of last chance holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. Frommers 500 Places To See Before They Disappear lists places where it is still possible to see rare animals, special landscapes and cultural sights. 2 Holly Hughes, one of the authors and a former executive editor of Fodors Travel Publications, said: We all know about devastation brought on by climate change and humans. But this book is a list of last-chance destinations that travellers can visit if they go soon for possibly the last time. 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West, a journalist, more than 20 of Britains best-loved landmarks have a place in their book. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum, for example, are at risk from rising sea levels which could cause the River Thames to flood. 4 Hughes suggests that tourists go to the Everglades in southern Florida. This ecosystem which is filled with rare animals, birds, fish and plants is disappearing very quickly. Already half has been lost to farms and towns. Low water levels and pollution have put the rest of the Everglades at risk. The number of birds has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who still live there have high mercury levels in their blood, said Hughes. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for another thirty years. By then, says Hughes, it could be completely dry, because the rivers that run into it are being diverted. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is in great danger from pollution. The Nazca lines in Peru, one of the worlds most interesting and mysterious ancient sites, may disappear as too many roads

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to find information from the article. 1. The two authors of the book are ... 2. The book lists the 500 most ... 3. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed ... 4. Fish and alligators in the Everglades ... 5. Little Green Street is a beautiful Regency street ... 6. The Nazca lines in Peru are in danger because ... 7. The Greenwich Maritime Museum ... 8. The Dead Sea could be dry ... 9. There is still hope for many of the places listed ... 10. If you are quick you will still be able ... ... in Little Italy, New York. ... to visit the places mentioned in the book. ... in Florida have too much mercury in their blood. ... within 30 years. ... a journalist and an editor. ... is near the River Thames in London. ... too many new roads have been built. ... in north London. ... endangered tourist destinations. ... in the book.

4 Vocabulary: Prepositions
Put the prepositions into the phrases from the article. from into across of (x3) in (x2) by (x2) 1. ... one ________ the authors 2. ... tourist destinations ________ the world 3. ... the Everglades ________ southern Florida 4. ... has fallen ________ 93 per cent 5. ... the rivers that run ________ it are being diverted 6. ... is also ________ danger 7. ... visit some ________ Britains ancient architectural treasures 8. ... in danger ________ falling down 9. ... rising sea levels caused ________ climate change 10. We have to learn ________ our mistakes ...

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion
How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them. Have you been to any of the places in the article? Which one would you most like to visit?

6 Webquest
a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and find it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth.google.com/). b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you travel there? e) Where can you stay while youre there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there at the moment?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 KEY
a) b) c) d) e)

Elementary
4 Vocabulary: Prepositions
1. of 2. across 3. in 4. by 5. into 6. in 7. of 8. of 9. by 10. from

1 Warmer
London, UK Peru South Florida, USA New York, USA East Yorkshire, UK

2 Key words
1. disappear 2. rare 3. devastation 4. landmark 5. at risk 6. mercury 7. diverted 8. marine life 9. ancient 10. architectural 11. Regency 12. gloom

5 Discussion
The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Marys Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station, London Little Green Street, London The Holderness coast, East Yorkshire

3 Comprehension check
1. The two authors of the book are a journalist and an editor.

2. The book lists the 500 most endangered tourist destinations. 3. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed in Little Italy, New York. 4. Fish and alligators in the Everglades in Florida have too much mercury in their blood. 5. Little Green Street is a beautiful Regency street in north London. 6. The Nazca lines in Peru are in danger because too many new roads have been built. 7. The Greenwich Maritime Museum is near the River Thames in London. 8. The Dead Sea could be dry within 30 years. 9. There is still hope for many of the places listed in the book. 10. If you are quick you will still be able to visit the places mentioned in the book.

Teachers notes
Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. This links directly to the book: http://www.frommers.com/bookstore/047018986X.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www.1000beforeyoudie.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available. If not, it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson.
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Elementary

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500 places to see before they die


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

Where in the world can you find ... a) ... Battersea power station? b) ... the Nazca lines? c) ... the Everglades? d) ... Little Italy? Skim-read the article to check your answers.

Key words

Match these key words with the definitions. interference landmark devastation threatened deforestation degenerating squeezed gloom Regency folly derelict vulnerable

1. When something is __________________ it is in a weak position and in danger. (para 1) 2. Damage and destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people: __________________. (para 2) 3. Becoming involved in a situation although you have no right to do so: __________________. (para 2) 4. Something that is __________________ is in danger of being harmed or destroyed. (para 3) 5. Something that is becoming worse is __________________. (para 4) 6. The process of removing trees from a piece of land: __________________. (para 5) 7. Something that is being __________________ is being pressed or pushed from all sides. (para 5) 8. When applied to a building this means old, run-down, not looked after, empty, and in a bad condition: __________________. (para 6) 9. A __________________ is a building that has no practical use and is built as decoration. (para 6) 10. A famous building or object that you recognize easily: __________________. (para 6) 11. A period in history the time from 1811 to 1820 before George IV became King of England: __________________. (para 7) 12. Bad depressing news, the feeling of having no hope: __________________. (para 8)

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 Intermediate
dumping by sanitation companies and ships. The Nazca lines in Peru, one of the worlds most interesting and mysterious ancient sites, face destruction as roads are built and global warming and deforestation cause floods and mudslides. Also under threat is New Yorks Little Italy. Though a small part of the area, made famous by films such as The Godfather and Mean Streets, has been preserved, it is being gradually squeezed by the rapidly growing Chinatown and SoHo districts. 6 Tourists should also visit some of Britains ancient architectural treasures which, she says, risk becoming derelict because of a lack of money. Strawberry Hill, Sir Horace Walpoles folly in west London is trying to raise 8m. One of the oldest churches in England, St Marys, in Stow in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, needs 3m for renovations. Another London landmark, Battersea power station, becomes more run-down every day as government, property developers and local community boards argue over its future. Hughes also suggests a trip to Kentish Town, north London, to visit Little Green Street, one of the last complete Georgian streets in London. This perfect piece of Regency London was used as the setting for numerous music and photo shoots. Further north, the Holderness coast, in East Yorkshire, loses nearly 6ft (1.8 metres) a year due to rising sea levels caused by climate change and man-made interference, she said. West points out that the guidebooks message is not all gloom. Some of the destinations are already on the road to being saved, he said. And even in the cases where a site has been lost, or irreversibly damaged, it often has become a place where activists meet and plan to fight on so that the same mistakes arent made again. The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 26/10/08

500 places to see before they die


A new guidebook for travellers shows the sites most at risk Amelia Hill, social affairs correspondent October 26, 2008 1 The The first guidebook of last chance holidays will be published tomorrow for travellers who want to visit the most endangered tourist destinations across the world. Frommers 500 Places To See Before They Disappear provides a list of sites where it is still possible to see rare and vulnerable animals, special landscapes and unique cultural sights. 2 Holly Hughes, one of the authors and a former executive editor of Fodors Travel Publications, said: The devastation brought on by climate change and direct man-made interference is familiar to all of us. But this book is a carefully chosen list of last-chance destinations that travellers can enjoy if they go soon for possibly the last time. 3 According to Hughes and co-author Larry West, an award-winning investigative journalist, more than 20 of Britains best-loved landmarks deserve a place in their book. The Tower of London and Greenwich Maritime Museum, for example, are at risk from rising sea levels which will cause the River Thames to flood. 4 With 500 threatened destinations to choose from, she suggests that tourists go to the Everglades in southern Florida. Filled with rare species, this ecosystem is degenerating with alarming rapidity. Already half has been lost to agricultural and urban development. Low water levels and pollution have put what remains at risk. The number of birds has fallen by 93 per cent and many of the fish and even the alligators who remain have high mercury levels, said Hughes. 5 The Dead Sea may only be a tourist destination for three more decades. By then, says Hughes, it could be completely dry, because the rivers that run into it are being diverted. Marine life around the Falkland Islands is in great danger from

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) of false (F) according to the article? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The co-authors of the book are a journalist and an editor. The book lists the 500 most endangered birds and animals. Part of the film The Godfather was filmed in New York. 93% of alligators in the Everglades have high mercury levels in their blood. Little Green Street is a district of New York. The Nazca lines are on the Falkland Islands. The Greenwich Maritime Museum is near the River Thames in London. There is no hope for any of the places mentioned in the book. The Dead Sea could be dry within 20 years. If you are quick you will still be able to visit the places mentioned in the book.

4 Pronunciation oooOo
renovations vulnerable destruction interference architectural sanitation

a) devastation has this pronunciation pattern ooOo - which other 3 words above have the same pattern? _______ _____________ ____________________ ____________________ b) Which word has the same pronunciation pattern as irreversibly ooOoo ____________________ c) Which word has the stress on the first syllable Oooo ? ____________________ d) Which 3-syllable word has the stress on the middle syllable oOo ? ____________________ e) These two nouns from paragraph 1 are pronounced in exactly the same way but their meanings are different. Write (or look up) a definition for each. a site ____________________ a sight ____________________

5 Discussion
a) How many tourist destinations can you find in the article? Underline them. Have you been to any of the places that are mentioned? If not, would you like to go to any of the places? b) Explain the last sentence of the article in your own words: The planet is poorer every time we allow something beautiful to die. Do you agree with this statement?

6 Webquest
a) Choose one of the destinations in the article and find it on Google Earth (weblink: http://earth.google.com/). b) Does the destination have an official website? c) What can you see or do there? d) How could you travel there? e) Where can you stay while youre there? f) How much would a trip to visit this destination cost? g) What is the weather like there at the moment?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate

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P H

500 places to see before they die


Level 1 KEY
1 Warmer
a) London, UK b) Peru c) Florida, USA d) New York, USA

Intermediate

5 Discussion
a) Tourist destinations:
The Tower of London The Greenwich Maritime Museum The Everglades in Florida The Dead Sea The Falkland Isalnds The Nazca Lines in Peru Little Italy in New York Strawberry Hill in London St Marys Church in Stow in Lindsey Battersea power station, London Little Green Street, London The Holderness coast, East Yorkshire

2 Key words
1. vulnerable 2. devastation 3. interference 4. threatened 5. degenerating 6. deforestation 7. squeezed 8. derelict 9. folly 10. landmark 11. Regency 12. gloom

Teachers notes
Here you can see photos of some of the places and wildlife (in Britain) mentioned in the book: http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/gallery/2008/oct/26/endangered-britain-ireland?picture=338973178 You could show the pictures as a warmer or anytime during the lesson. This links directly to the book: http://www.frommers.com/bookstore/047018986X.html The new book title is an homage to / is inspired by the bestseller 1000 Places To See Before You Die: http://www.1000beforeyoudie.com/ The webquest can be done during class time if you have the technology available. If not, it can be set as homework and the students can present their findings in the next lesson. interference

3 Comprehension check
1. T 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. F 6. F 7. T 8. F 9. F 10. T

4 Pronunciation oooOo
a) sanitation b) architectural c) vulnerable d) destruction renovations

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / 500 places to see before they die / Intermediate

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. perch vulture peck claws carcass thump precaution jab bird of prey negligence

1. The sharp, curved parts at the end of some animals toes are known as __________________. 2. A __________________ is the body of a dead animal. 3. If you __________________ someone, you hit them hard with your fist. 4. A __________________ is an informal word for an injection or vaccination. 5. A __________________ is an action taken to protect people or things against possible harm or damage. 6. A __________________ is an area or object that a bird uses for resting on, usually above the ground. 7. __________________ means failure to give care or attention, especially if this causes harm or damage. 8. A __________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. 9. A __________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. 10. When a bird __________________, it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How much is two stone in kilograms? 2. How much is eight feet in metres? 3. How long was the vulture? 4. Why was the attack unusual? 5. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. Apart from vultures, what other birds of prey can be seen at the Jungle Park?

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 3 Advanced
5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus jab. After her wounds were dressed, she was sent back to her hotel in a wheelchair. I was shaking and shaking and shaking, she said. I couldnt speak about it for a few days afterwards. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. Ive never known any shock like it. She said she was hoping to claim compensation from the zoo for what she described as its negligence. A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do, because they are animals. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. Grahame Madge, of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, said: The vultures look like barn doors coming towards you, so its no wonder [the women] were frightened. But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans. They are natures waste disposal units usually they are just carrion feeders. The Jungle Park, in Las Aguilas, south Tenerife, has two birds of prey shows a day, giving visitors the chance to see falcons, vultures and eagles in free flight.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/10/08

Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Helen Pidd October 31, 2008 1 Mary Corcoran had no doubt taken precautions against sunburn and been warned about timeshare touts. But nothing could have prepared her for the attack by a vulture on her Tenerife holiday. The 56-year-old from Ipswich, UK, has spoken of how she feared she was going to be eaten alive when the metre-long griffon vulture pinned her to the ground while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. She was taken to hospital after the vulture swooped down and attacked her and her friend Teresa Largent at Tenerifes Jungle Park zoo. 2 The vulture, which has a wingspan of 2.5 metres (8ft), was eventually punched to the ground by its keeper. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feast on dead animals. The attack happened on Sunday as the womens weeklong holiday was coming to an end. They were watching the show in the parks arena when one vulture flew from its perch and down to where the women were sitting. 3 We had been told not to move, so we sat totally still, but it pecked Teresa and then nicked her programme, said Corcoran, who is retired, yesterday from her home in Kesgrave, Suffolk. Then the bird went for me, and perched on my shoulder, and before I knew it, I was under it. Griffon vultures weigh between six and 13kg (1-2st); the weight of the bird pinned Corcoran down and she began to feel a burning sensation down her back and arm as its claws dug into her skin. 4 The keeper came over and got the bird off but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to thump it really hard to the ground, she said. That is when the real fear and panic set in as I thought it was coming back to eat me. I was freaking out. I thought, Im not a dead carcass!

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Which of these best describes the vulture attack at Jungle Park? a. Such attacks happen quite often. b. Such attacks are extremely rare. c. Such attacks are unprecedented. 2. When did Mrs Corcoran begin to panic? a. When the vulture perched on her shoulder. b. When its claws dug into her skin. c. When the bird attacked her again as she was being taken out of the arena. 3. Griffon vultures ... a. ... are not normally dangerous to humans. b. ... only feed on dead human flesh. c. ... feed on dead animals not dead human flesh. 4. What was the effect of the attack on Mrs Corcoran? a. She was badly injured and hospitalised for a few days. b. She is now confined to a wheelchair. c. She was upset and unable to talk about her experience for a few days.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A two-word expression meaning someone who tries to sell you a share in a holiday property. (para 1) 2. A phrasal verb meaning to eat a lot of a particular food. (para 2) 3. A noun meaning a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. (para 2) 4. An informal verb meaning to steal. (para 3) 5. A verb meaning to rest on a small, narrow or high place. (para 3) 6. A noun meaning a physical feeling. (para 3) 7. An informal two-word expression meaning something very big. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning the decaying flesh of dead animals. (para 7)

5 Phrasal verbs
Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions. 1. swoop down 2. go for 3. pin down 4. dig into 5. come over 6. set in 7. freak out 8. get off a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. hold someone firmly on the ground so they cannot move become so frightened you cannot control yourself stop something touching someone move suddenly downwards through the air approach attack press hard into something start to take effect
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 3 Advanced
6 Verb + noun collocations
Fill the gaps using these verbs from the text. claim receive dress take feel watch

1. ____________ precautions 2. ____________ a show 3. ____________ a sensation 4. ____________ a wound 5. ____________ compensation 6. ____________ hospital treatment

7 Discussion
Do you agree with zoos? What are the arguments for and against keeping animals in captivity?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. claws 2. carcass 3. thump 4. jab 5. precaution 6. perch 7. negligence 8. vulture 9. bird of prey 10. pecks

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. timeshare tout 2. feast on 3. arena 4. nick 5. perch 6. sensation 7. barn door 8. carrion

5 Phrasal verbs
1. d 2. f 3. a 4. g 5. e 6. h 7. b 8. c

2 Find the information


1. 13kg 2. 2.5m 3. one metre 4. vultures normally only eat carcasses 5. antibiotics and a tetanus injection 6. falcons and eagles

3 Comprehension check
1. b 2. c 3. a 4. c

6 Verb + noun collocations


1. take 2. watch 3. feel 4. dress 5. claim 6. receive

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Advanced

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. still keeper carcass pecks bird of prey wingspan vulture carrion claws arena

1. A ___________________ is someone who looks after a group of animals in a zoo. 2. A ___________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. 3. A ___________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. 4. The sharp, curved parts at the end of some animals toes are known as ___________________. 5. When a bird ___________________, it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something. 6. An ___________________ is a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. 7. A ___________________ is the body of a dead animal. 8. ___________________ is the rotting flesh of dead animals. 9. The ___________________ of a bird or plane is the distance from the end of one wing to the end of the other. 10. If you are ___________________, you are not moving at all.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How long was the vulture? 2. Where did the attack take place? 3. What is the wingspan of vultures? 4. How much do vultures weigh? 5. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. What other birds of prey can you see at the Jungle Park?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 1 Elementary
in a wheelchair. I was shaking and shaking and shaking, she said. I couldnt speak about it for a few days afterwards. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. Ive never known any shock like it. 6 A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do, because they are animals. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. Grahame Madge, of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, said: The vultures look enormous coming towards you, so its no wonder [the women] were frightened. But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans usually they just feed on carrion. The Jungle Park, in Las Aguilas, south Tenerife, has two birds of prey shows a day, giving visitors the chance to see falcons, vultures and eagles in free flight.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/10/08

Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Helen Pidd October 31, 2008 1 British tourist Mary Corcoran probably knew about the dangers of sunburn and other problems she might experience on her Spanish holiday. But she probably didnt include an attack by a vulture on her list of possible holiday problems. The 56-year-old woman has spoken of how the metre-long vulture attacked her while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. Mrs Corcoran says she thought the bird was going to eat her alive. She was taken to hospital after the vulture attacked her and her friend, Teresa Largent, at Tenerifes Jungle Park zoo. 2 The birds keeper finally knocked it to the ground and stopped it attacking Mrs Corcoran. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feed on dead animals. The attack happened when the womens week-long holiday was nearly finished. They were watching the show in the parks arena when one vulture flew down to where the women were sitting. 3 They had told us not to move, so we sat totally still, but it pecked Teresa, said Corcoran. Then the bird went for me, and sat on my shoulder, and before I knew it, I was under it. Vultures have a wingspan of 2.5 metres and weigh between six and 13kg; the weight of the bird held her down and it dug its claws into her back and arms. 4 The keeper came over and got the bird off, but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to hit it really hard to the ground, she said. That is when I began to panic as I thought it was coming back to eat me. I was really frightened. I thought, Im not a dead carcass! 5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus injection. After treatment she was sent back to her hotel
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 1 Elementary

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The attack was unusual because ... 2. Mrs Corcoran was frightened because ... 3. She cried for several days afterwards because ... 4. The zoo cannot control what the animals do because ... 5. Vultures usually ... 6. Attacks like this one ... a. ... have only happened twice in the last fifteen years. b. ... she was still shocked. c. ... feed on the carcasses of dead animals. d. ... she thought the vulture was going to eat her alive. e. ... vultures do not normally attack humans. f. ... they are free.

4 Prepositions
Complete the phrases using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. list _______ problems 2. feed _______ 3. weigh _______ 6 and 13 kg 4. take _______ hospital 5. _______ a few days 6. twice _______ fifteen years

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 1 Elementary
5 Irregular past tenses
Complete the table. present tense 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. think dig hold fly begin fed irregular past tense

6 Word stress
Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress pattern. include between alive shoulder A 0 o sunburn treatment island human B o 0 attack control panic towards

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. keeper 2. vulture 3. bird of prey 4. claws 5. pecks 6. arena 7. carcass 8. carrion 9. wingspan 10. still

Elementary

4 Prepositions
1. of 2. on 3. between 4. to 5. for 6. in

5 Irregular past tenses


1. thought 2. dug 3. held 4. flew 5. began 6. feed

2 Find the information


1. one metre 2. at the Jungle Park zoo in Tenerife (Spain) 3. 2.5 metres 4. six to 13kg 5. antibiotics and a tetanus injection 6. falcons and eagles

6 Word stress
A 0 o
sunburn island panic shoulder treatment human

B o 0
include alive attack between control towards

3 Comprehension check
1. e 2. d 3. b 4. f 5. c 6. a

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Elementary

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps using these key words from the text. peck negligence carcass compensation bird of prey precaution vulture retired claws keeper

1. A __________________ is a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals. 2. __________________ means failure to give care or attention, especially if this causes harm or damage. 3. A __________________ is action you take to protect yourself against possible harm. 4. A __________________ is someone who looks after a group of animals in a zoo. 5. __________________ is the money someone receives because something bad has happened to them. 6. A __________________ person no longer works because they have reached the age where they are too old to work. 7. A __________________ is the body of a dead animal. 8. A __________________ is a bird that hunts and eats other animals. 9. The sharp, curved parts at the end of some animals toes are known as __________________. 10. When a bird __________________, it moves its beak quickly forward to hit or bite something.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How much do griffon vultures weigh? 2. What was the wingspan of this vulture? 3. How long was the vulture? 4. Where did the attack take place? 5. What treatment did the victim receive? 6. Apart from vultures, what other birds of prey can be seen at the Jungle Park?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 2 Intermediate
her wounds were dressed, she was sent back to her hotel in a wheelchair. I was shaking and shaking and shaking, she said. I couldnt speak about it for a few days afterwards. Every time someone asked me what happened I started crying. Ive never known any shock like it. She said she was hoping to claim compensation from the zoo for what she described as its negligence. 6 A spokeswoman for Jungle Park said: The animals are free so we cannot control what they will do, because they are animals. I have only heard of this thing happening maybe twice in 15 years. The keepers are working with them every day and have insurance for that. Grahame Madge, of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, said: The vultures look enormous coming towards you, so its no wonder [the women] were frightened. But they are not usually at all dangerous for humans. They are natures waste disposal units usually they just feed on carrion. The Jungle Park, in Las Aguilas, south Tenerife, has two birds of prey shows a day, giving visitors the chance to see falcons, vultures and eagles in free flight.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 31/10/08

Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Helen Pidd October 31, 2008 1 Tourist Mary Corcoran had no doubt taken precautions against sunburn and other problems she might have experienced on her Spanish holiday. But she could never have imagined she would be attacked by a vulture. The 56-year-old from Ipswich, UK, has spoken of how she feared she was going to be eaten alive when the metrelong griffon vulture attacked her while she was watching a birds of prey show on the island. She was taken to hospital after the vulture swooped down and attacked her and her friend, Teresa Largent, at Tenerifes Jungle Park zoo. 2 The vulture, which has a wingspan of 2.5 metres, was eventually knocked to the ground by its keeper. The attack was unusual because vultures normally only feed on dead animals. The attack happened when the womens week-long holiday was nearly over. They were watching the show in the parks arena when one vulture flew down to where the women were sitting. 3 We had been told not to move, so we sat totally still, but it pecked Teresa and then took her programme, said Corcoran, who is retired, yesterday from her home in the UK. Then the bird went for me, and sat on my shoulder, and before I knew it, I was under it. Griffon vultures weigh between six and 13kg; the weight of the bird held her down and she began to feel a burning sensation down her back and arm as it dug its claws into her skin. 4 The keeper came over and got the bird off, but as he was taking me out of the arena it flew back towards me and the keeper had to hit it really hard to the ground, she said. That is when the real fear and panic began as I thought it was coming back to eat me. I was freaking out. I thought, Im not a dead carcass! 5 She was then taken to hospital where she received antibiotics and a tetanus injection. After
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NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 2 Intermediate

3 Comprehension check
Are the following sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Vultures often attack humans. 2. Vultures normally feed on live animals like other birds of prey. 3. Mrs Corcoran did not suffer any injuries in the attack. 4. The attack was completely unexpected. 5. The keeper rescued Mrs Corcoran by hitting the bird. 6. She was unable to speak for a few days after the attack.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A phrasal verb meaning to fly down quickly from the sky. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning the distance from the end of one wing to the end of the other. (para 2) 3. A noun meaning a large area that is surrounded by seats and is used for sports or entertainment. (para 2) 4. An adjective meaning without moving. (para 3) 5. A phrasal verb meaning feeling so frightened that you lose control. (para 4) 6. A two-word expression meaning not a surprise. (para 7) 7. A three-word expression meaning a piece of equipment used for getting rid of waste. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning the decaying flesh of dead animals. (para 7)

5 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. eaten 2. week-long 3. totally 4. claim 5. waste 6. tetanus a. disposal b. still c. compensation d. alive e. injection f. holiday

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 2 Intermediate
6 Prepositions
Complete the phrases using prepositions. 1. take precautions _______ something 2. feed _______ 3. _______ six and 13kg 4. take _______ hospital 5. send back _______ 6. claim compensation _______ something 7. twice _______ fifteen years 8. dangerous _______ humans

7 Discussion
Should animals take part in shows like this?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate

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Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. vulture 2. negligence 3. precaution 4. keeper 5. compensation 6. retired 7. carcass 8. bird of prey 9. claws 10. pecks

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. swoop down 2. wingspan 3. arena 4. still 5. freaking out 6. no wonder 7. waste disposal unit 8. carrion

5 Two-word expressions
1. d 2. f 3. b 4. c 5. a 6. e

2 Find the information


1. between six and 13 kg 2. 2.5 metres 3. one metre 4. at a zoo in Tenerife (The Jungle Park) 5. antibiotics and a tetanus injection (and her wounds were dressed) 6. falcons and eagles

6 Prepositions
1. against 2. on 3. between 4. to 5. to 6. for 7. in 8. for / to

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T 6. F

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Holidaymakers terror at zoo vulture attack / Intermediate

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer: Guess the words

Write down ten words that you would expect to find in a news article about Iceland. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article to see whether your words appear or not.

Key words

Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. GDP (gross domestic product) barely outpost exploiting earner docks plunge stench spending spree privatize saga fundamentals

1. A story about what happens to a group of characters over a long period of time. _______________________ 2. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods. _______________________ 3. A very bad smell, especially of decay. _______________________ 4. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things. _______________________ 5. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business. _______________________ 6. A place far away from the place it belongs to. _______________________ 7. The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. _______________________ 8. To suddenly drop or become much lower. _______________________ 9. An adverb used to say that something almost didnt exist or happen. _______________________ 10. The most basic and important aspects of something. _______________________ 11. Taking advantage of a situation and using it to your benefit. _______________________ 12. A way of bringing in or making money. _______________________

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 3 Advanced
Hamleys, West Ham United football club and US department store chain, Saks Fifth Avenue. 6 Iceland borrowed way too much, piling up debts worth ten times the entire GDP. Iceland borrowed money from abroad, and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be refinanced. Since the Reykjavik stock market has also sunk without trace (it reopened recently after a short closure, and instantly plunged 76%) and inflation is firmly in double-figures, the question is whether the government can bail everyone out. At present, it seems not. Twenty years ago, a world financial crisis might barely have touched Iceland. Today it is suffering more than the rest of us. If a couple of banks go bust in the US, said Icelands Prime Minister, Geir Haarde, its dramatic, but not fatal. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland, this countrys entire financial sector disappears. What Iceland has learned from this frightening experience, he concludes, is that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking. Its going to be very tough for a lot of ordinary people who understand nothing of all this, says Asbjrn Jonsson, a third-generation fisherman. People are afraid. Ordinary, cautious Icelanders invested their savings in bank stocks, thinking theyd be more secure. We know now that money is not made in banks. Its made by real people working hard at real jobs. Iceland might, eventually, be all right. The fundamentals are good, is the mantra repeated on the streets of Reykjavik, and it is, largely, true. At least, Iceland has a real economy. It has spectacular natural resources: fish and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power, heating more than 90% of its homes this way and attracting big investment from energy-intensive industries such as aluminium). The average age is just 37, unemployment currently (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1%, and women account for 46% of the workforce.

Saga of survival in Iceland


Jon Henley November 7, 2008

Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country.

1 Reykjavik docks smell, an overpowering stench of herring, haddock, halibut, whiting and deep sea redfish. Eggert Gudmundsson, boss of Icelands biggest fishing business, HB Grandi, looks at the docks in a philosophical mood as he reflects on his countrys financial crisis. We are hardworking, we Icelanders, but we are also a bit excitable. If we see a way to make quick money, we will jump. Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. We will have to go back to what we know. 2 The artist Jn Saemundur Audarson, in his studio off the main street, says: Theres shame, yes, and humiliation. And anger at the country losing so much, all because a few bankers were playing around with other peoples money. But this whole thing, this long big spending spree, it was just a phase, you know? It hasnt changed Iceland. This could even be good for us. Take us back to what we really are. 3 Palme Vidar, with the wisdom of 73 years, says: We have always swung between feast and famine. There have been terrible times before. When I was a boy, if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet, you could not fish again until the next day, because you had only one pair of trousers. Today people have too many trousers. 4 In 1943, Iceland was still a forgotten outpost of Denmark. In the 1970s, it fought a series of nasty fishing wars with Britain (and won). It had no functioning stock market until 1990. Then, in the mid-1990s, it privatized its banks, slashed corporation tax and a couple of Viking entrepreneurs made a load of money in Russia. 5 Last year Iceland was at the top of the UN Human Development Index of the most developed countries in the world, and it was, per capita, the fifth-richest nation on earth. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop,
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced

10 Its going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this, predicts Finnur Oddsson, managing
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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 3 Advanced
are half of Icelands exports, and this company is 10% of Icelands fishing business: we are responsible for one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. Were a company this country really cannot do without.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 07/11/08

director of the chamber of commerce. But longer term, Iceland is solid. Were only exploiting about 30% of our energy potential right now. Tourism looks like being an important earner: with the krona now worth half what it was in April, interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month. 11 Gudmundsson also has reason to be optimistic. Ive just come from a meeting with the companys employees, he says. They were worried; I told them they neednt be. What Iceland needs above all is a sustainable source of foreign currency, which means exports. Fish

3 Comprehension check
Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 1. HB Grandi is ... a) ... the boss of Icelands biggest fishing business. b) ... Icelands biggest fishing business. c) ... the name of the docks where the fish are unloaded. 2. Palme Vidar says ... a) ... that this is the worst episode in Icelands financial history. b) ... that people have too many clothes and should give them to charity. c) ... that times have been difficult before and that people have become used to luxuries. 3. Iceland borrowed ... a) ... much more money than it is able to repay. b) ... money to buy London shops and football clubs. c) ... money from Russian businessmen. 4. Iceland is currently suffering financially because ... a) ... it tried to take a lead in international financing. b) ... it only had two banks. c) ... its stock market plunged. 5. Iceland has ... a) ... no natural resources. b) ... plenty of aluminium. c) ... plenty of clean environmentally-friendly power. 6. The Icelandic fishing industry is ... a) ... the cause of Icelands problems. b) ... the reason why Brits wont go to Iceland. c) ... a major business in Iceland.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 3 Advanced
4 Vocabulary: Multi-word phrases
Find multi-word phrases (two, three or four words) in the article that mean the following. 1. A time of too much, or a time of not enough. __________________________________ 2. A tax companies pay on their profits. __________________________________ 3. A Latin phrase meaning for each head / for each person. __________________________________ 4. To increase the amount of money that you owe. __________________________________ 5. A current phrase meaning the worldwide cut down on money lending. _______________________________ 6. To help someone out of a difficult situation by giving them money. ________________________________ 7. Go bankrupt, have no money left. __________________________________ 8. To disappear completely and to be forgotten. __________________________________ 9. A branch of manufacture or trade that uses as lot of heat or power. ________________________________ 10. Sources of energy that are considered to be environmentally friendly and non-polluting. __________________________________

5 Discussion: Geysers, midnight sun and the northern lights


Tourism looks like being an important earner: ... interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% ... (paragraph 10) Does a holiday in Iceland appeal to you? Why, why not?

6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt


In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland. http://www.icetourist.is/ http://www.iceland.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland http://www.icelandtouristboard.com/news.php https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.html http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iceland

Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer. Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are!

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words
1. saga 2. docks 3. stench 4. spending spree 5. privatize 6. outpost 7. GDP (gross domestic product) 8. plunge 9. barely 10. fundamentals 11. exploiting 12. earner

4 Vocabulary: Multi-word phrases


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. between famine and feast corporation tax per capita pile up debts global credit squeeze bail (someone) out go bust sink without a trace energy-intensive industry green energy

Teachers notes

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. b c a a c c

You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students dont peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you dont have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. There is a nice 3.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Advanced

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer: Guess the words

You are going to read a news article about Iceland. Write down ten words that you think you will find in the article. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article. Can you find your words?

Key words

Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. GDP (gross domestic product) suffering phase optimistic inflation stock market spending spree global credit squeeze green energy privatize bankrupt saga fatal docks

1. A story about what happens to a group of people over a long period of time. _____________________ (title) 2. A country of state that is _____________________, owes more money than it can ever pay back. (subtitle) 3. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods. _____________________ (para 1) 4. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things. _____________________ (para 2) 5. A particular period of time. _____________________ (para 2) 6. The activities connected with buying and selling shares in companies. _____________________ (para 4) 7. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business. _____________________ (para 4) 8. The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. _____________________ (para 6) 9. A financial term meaning the worldwide cut back on money lending. _____________________ (para 6) 10. An economic process in which prices go up so money becomes less valuable. ____________________ (para 7) 11. Experiencing something very painful or unpleasant. _____________________ (para 7) 12. Deadly; having very serious negative effects. _____________________ (para 7) 13. Environmentally-friendly power (e.g. electricity). _____________________ (para 8) 14. Hopeful and positive about the future. _____________________ (para 10)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 1 Elementary
7 The Reykjavik stock market has disappeared (it reopened recently and immediately fell 76%) and inflation is high, the question is whether the government can help everyone out. At the moment, it seems not. Twenty years ago, a world financial crisis might not have affected Iceland. Today the country is suffering more than the rest of us. If a couple of banks go bust in the US, said Icelands Prime Minister, Geir Haarde, its dramatic, but not fatal. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland, this countrys entire financial sector disappears. Iceland has learned that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking. Iceland might, eventually, be all right. At least, Iceland has a real economy. It has a lot of fish and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power, heating more than 90% of its homes this way). The average age is just 37, at the moment unemployment (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1% and women make up 46% of the workforce. Its going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this, predicts Finnur Oddsson, managing director of Iceland Chamber of Commerce. But in the long term, Iceland is solid. Tourism looks like being an important way to earn money: with the krona now worth half what it was in April, interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month.

Saga of survival in Iceland


Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country. Jon Henley November 7, 2008 1 Reykjavik docks smell of herring, haddock, halibut, whiting and deep sea redfish. Eggert Gudmundsson, boss of Icelands biggest fishing business, HB Grandi, looks at the docks and talks about his countrys financial crisis. We are hardworking, we Icelanders, but if we see a way to make quick money, we will jump. Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. We will have to go back to what we know. 2 The artist Jn Saemundur Audarson, in his studio off the main street, says: Theres anger at the country losing so much, all because a few bankers were playing with other peoples money. But this whole thing, this long big spending spree, it was just a phase. It hasnt changed Iceland. This could even be good for us. Take us back to what we really are. 3 73-year-old Palme Vidar says: There have been bad times before. When I was a boy, if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet, you could not fish again until the next day, because you had only one pair of trousers. Today, people have too many trousers. 4 Iceland had no real stock market until 1990. Then, in the mid-1990s, it privatized its banks, cut business tax and some businessmen made a lot of money in Russia. 5 Last year Iceland was the fifth-richest nation on earth. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop, Hamleys, West Ham United football club and US department store chain, Saks Fifth Avenue. 6 Iceland borrowed too much money, until its debts were ten times the entire GDP. Iceland borrowed money from abroad, and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be repaid.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary

10 Gudmundsson is optimistic. Ive just come from a meeting with the companys employees, he says. They were worried; I told them they neednt be. What Iceland needs above all is foreign money from exports. Fish are half of Icelands exports, and this company is 10% of Icelands fishing business: we bring in one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. Were a company this country cannot do without.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 07/11/08

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Eggert Gudmundsson is the boss of Icelands ... 2. Palme Vidar says that people in Iceland ... ... have become used to luxuries. ... the two major industries in Iceland. ... from exporting fish. ... for people from Britain. ... environmentally-friendly power. ... in the future. ... a job. ... are women. ... biggest fishing business. ... money than it is able to repay.

3. Iceland borrowed much more ... 4. Iceland has a lot of clean ... 5. Fishing and green-energy production are ... 6. Most people in Iceland have ... 7. Nearly half of the Icelandic workforce ... 8. Icelands economy is probably going to be all right again ... 9. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination ... 10. Iceland makes a lot of money ...

4 Vocabulary: Prepositions
Write in the missing prepositions then look at the article to check your answers. from on for about to of (x2) until

1. Reykjavik docks smell ___________ fish. 2. Eggert Gudmundsson talks ___________ his countrys financial crisis. 3. This could be good ___________ us. 4. It had no stock market ___________ 1990. 5. ... the fifth-richest nation ___________ earth. 6. Iceland borrowed money ___________ abroad. 7. ... interest in flights ___________ Iceland from the UK ... 8. Fish are half ___________ Icelands exports.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion: A holiday in Iceland
Write five positive and five negative things about Iceland. Positive 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Negative

Would you like to go to Iceland for your next holiday? Why, why not?

6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt


In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland. http://www.icetourist.is/ http://www.iceland.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland http://www.icelandtouristboard.com/news.php https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.html http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iceland

Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer. Do you remember the W question words? W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ W ... ______________________________________________________________________________________ You can ask questions about people, places, food, sights, weather, etc. Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are!
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary

Freerunning Saga of survival joins insport Iceland establishment


Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. saga bankrupt docks spending spree phase stock market privatize GDP (gross domestic product) global credit squeeze inflation suffering fatal green energy optimistic

4 Vocabulary: Prepositions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Reykjavik docks smell of fish. Eggert Gudmundsson talks about his countrys financial crisis. This could be good for us. It had no stock market until 1990. ...the fifth-richest nation on earth. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. ... interest in flights to Iceland from the UK ... Fish are half of Icelands exports.

6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt


W question words: who, what, where, why, when, which and how

3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Comprehension check
Eggert Gudmundsson is the boss of Icelands biggest fishing business. Palme Vidar says that people in Iceland have become used to luxuries. Iceland borrowed much more money than it is able to repay. Iceland has a lot of clean environmentally-friendly power. Fishing and green-energy production are the two major industries in Iceland. Most people in Iceland have a job. Nearly half of the Icelandic workforce are women. Icelands economy is probably going to be all right again in the future. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination for people from Britain. Iceland makes a lot of money from exporting fish.

Teachers notes You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students dont peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you dont have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. There is a nice 3.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer: Guess the words

Write down ten words that you would expect to find in a news article about Iceland. _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ __________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ Now skim-read the article. Can you find your words?

Key words

a) Write the key words from the article into the sentences below. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. GDP (gross domestic product) go bust shame and humiliation docks outpost exploiting privatize entrepreneur earner saga inflation plunge spending spree fundamentals 1. A story about what happens to a group of characters over a long period of time. ____________________ (title) 2. An enclosed area of water in a port where ships unload their goods. ____________________ (para 1) 3. Nouns to describe the feeling of guilt and embarrassment. __________________________________ (para 2) 4. A short period of time in which people buy a lot of things. ____________________ (para 2) 5. A place far away from the place it belongs to. ____________________ (para 4) 6. To sell a business or industry owned by the government so that it becomes a private business. ____________________ (para 4) 7. Someone who uses money to start businesses and make deals. ____________________ (para 4) 8. The total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year. ____________________ (para 6) 9. To suddenly drop or become much lower. ____________________ (para 7) 10. An economic process in which prices rise so money becomes less valuable. ____________________ (para 7) 11. To go bankrupt, have no money left to be unable to pay your debts. ____________________ (para 7) 12. The most basic and important aspects of something. ____________________ (para 8) 13. Taking advantage of a situation and using it to your benefit. ____________________ (para 9) 14. A way of bringing in or making money. ____________________ (para 9) b) In your own words, explain what you understand by the phrase global credit squeeze.
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 2 Intermediate
7
The Reykjavik stock market has also disappeared (it reopened recently after a short closure, and instantly plunged 76%) and inflation is firmly in double-figures, the question is whether the government can help everyone out. At present, it seems not. Twenty years ago, a world financial crisis might not have touched Iceland. Today the country is suffering more than the rest of us. If a couple of banks go bust in the US, said Icelands Prime Minister, Geir Haarde, its dramatic, but not fatal. If a couple of banks go bust in Iceland, this countrys entire financial sector disappears. What Iceland has learned from this frightening experience, he concludes, is that it is not wise for a small country to take a lead in international banking. Iceland might, eventually, be all right. The fundamentals are good, is the mantra repeated on the streets of Reykjavik, and it is, largely, true. At least, Iceland has a real economy. It has spectacular natural resources: fish, and green energy (it is a world leader in geo-thermal power, heating more than 90% of its homes this way and attracting big investment from energy-intensive industries such as aluminium). The average age is just 37, unemployment currently (though maybe not for much longer) stands at 1%, and women account for 46% of the workforce. Its going to be a long and rocky road getting out of this, predicts Finnur Oddsson, managing director of Iceland Chamber of Commerce. But longer term, Iceland is solid. Were only exploiting about 30% of our energy potential right now. Tourism looks like being an important earner: with the krona now worth half what it was in April, interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% in a month. Ive just come from a meeting with the companys employees, he says. They were worried; I told them they neednt be. What Iceland needs above all is foreign currency from exports. Fish are half of Icelands exports, and this company is 10% of Icelands fishing business: we are responsible for one in every 20 euros Iceland earns. Were a company this country really cannot do without.
Guardian News & Media 2008
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Saga of survival in Iceland


Nobody knows what will happen next in the bankrupt country. Jon Henley November 7, 2008 1 Reykjavik docks smell of herring, haddock,
halibut, whiting and deep sea redfish. Eggert Gudmundsson, boss of Icelands biggest fishing business, HB Grandi, looks at the docks in a philosophical mood as he reflects on his countrys financial crisis. We are hardworking, we Icelanders, but if we see a way to make quick money, we will jump. Now we are all going to have to work very hard together to get ourselves out of this. We will have to go back to what we know. off the main street, says: Theres shame, yes, and humiliation. And anger at the country losing so much, all because a few bankers were playing around with other peoples money. But this whole thing, this long big spending spree, it was just a phase. It hasnt changed Iceland. This could even be good for us. Take us back to what we really are. There have been terrible times before. When I was a boy, if you went to the harbour to fish and you got wet, you could not fish again until the next day, because you had only one pair of trousers. Today people have too many trousers. Denmark. In the 1970s, it fought a series of nasty fishing wars with Britain (and won). It had no real stock market until 1990. Then, in the mid-1990s, it privatized its banks, cut business tax, and a couple of Viking entrepreneurs made a load of money in Russia. Development Index of the most developed countries in the world, and it was, per head, the fifth-richest nation on earth. Icelandic companies bought up London toy shop, Hamleys, West Ham United football club and US department store chain, Saks Fifth Avenue. ten times the entire GDP. Iceland borrowed money from abroad, and now in a global credit squeeze the debts cannot be repaid.

2 The artist Jn Saemundur Audarson, in his studio

3 Palme Vidar, with the wisdom of 73 years, says:

4 In 1943, Iceland was still a forgotten outpost of

10 Gudmundsson also has reason to be optimistic.

5 Last year Iceland was at the top of the UN Human

6 Iceland borrowed way too much, until its debts were

First published in The Guardian, 07/11/08

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate

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P H

Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 2
3

Intermediate

Comprehension check: True or false?

Are the statements true (T) of false (F) according to the information in the article? 1. HB Grandi is Icelands biggest fishing business. 2. Palme Vidar says that people have become used to luxuries. 3. Iceland borrowed much more money than it is able to repay. 4. Iceland is currently suffering financially because it stopped exporting fish. 5. Iceland has plenty of clean environmentally-friendly power. 6. The fishing and green-energy production are the two major industries in Iceland. 7. Iceland currently still has a very low rate of unemployment. 8. Women make up over half of the Icelandic workforce. 9. Icelands economy is likely to recover. 10. Iceland is currently an attractive tourist destination for people from Britain.

4 Vocabulary: Prepositions
Write in the missing prepositions then look at the article to check your answers. 1. Reykjavik docks smell __________ fish. 2. Eggert Gudmundsson reflects __________ his countrys financial crisis. 3. ... anger __________ the country losing so much. 4. This could be good __________ us. 5. ... it fought a series __________ wars ... 6. It had no stock market __________ 1990. 7. ... the fifth-richest nation __________ earth. 8. Iceland borrowed money __________ abroad. 9. Inflation is firmly __________ double-figures. 10. Fish are half __________ Icelands exports.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate

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Saga of survival in Iceland


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Discussion: Geysers, midnight sun and the northern lights
Tourism looks like being an important earner: ... interest in flights to Iceland from the UK alone is up 400% ... (paragraph 9) Does a holiday in Iceland appeal to you? Why, why not?

6 Webquest: An Internet treasure hunt


In pairs or small groups visit all or some of these websites that contain information about Iceland. http://www.icetourist.is/ http://www.iceland.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland http://www.icelandtouristboard.com/news.php https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.html http://www.lonelyplanet.com/iceland

Write ten questions about Iceland for another pair or group to answer. Make sure the answers can be found on the Internet and that you know what the answers are!

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Saga of survival in Iceland Addiction to Internet is an illness


Level 2 KEY
2 Key words
a) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. saga docks shame and humiliation spending spree outpost privatize entrepreneur GDP (gross domestic product) plunge inflation go bust fundamentals exploiting earner

Intermediate

3 Vocabulary: Prepositions
1. Reykjavik docks smell of fish. 2. Eggert Gudmundsson reflects on his countrys financial crisis. 3. ... anger at the country losing so much. 4. This could be good for us. 5. ... it fought a series of wars ... 6. It had no stock market until 1990. 7. ... the fifth-richest nation on earth. 8. Iceland borrowed money from abroad. 9. Inflation is firmly in double-figures. 10. Fish are half of Icelands exports.

b) A current financial phrase meaning the worldwide cut back on money lending.

Teachers notes You could write the warmer question before handing out the photocopies to make sure that the students dont peek at the text before or while deciding which words might appear. Task 6 could be set as a two-part homework task if you dont have enough computers in the classroom connected to the Internet. There is a nice 3.5 minute video with commentary about Reykjavik (before the current financial situation) here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHYIKvahcLA

3 Comprehension check: True or false?


1. T 2. T 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. T 7. T 8. F 9. T 10. T

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Saga of survival in Iceland / Intermediate

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. revenue rancour inundate retribution archipelago flogging broach banishment cuisine skim off

1. _________________ is the act of officially ordering someone to leave a country or a region as a punishment. 2. _________________ is a feeling of hate or anger that lasts for a long time. 3. If someone _________________ wealth or a profit, they remove it and keep it for themselves. 4. _________________ is income from business. 5. _________________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. 6. An _________________ is a large group of small islands. 7. _________________ is a punishment that someone deserves because they have done something very bad. 8. If you _________________ a subject or an idea, you begin discussing it with someone, especially if you feel nervous about doing so because you may upset them. 9. The _________________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food. 10. _________________ means the same as flood.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The Maldives are a group of islands not far from India. 2. The UN forecasts that sea levels are likely to rise by 5.9 metres by the year 2100. 3. The capital of the Maldives, Male, is the most densely populated city in the world. 4. Islam is the only religion in the Maldives. 5. The Maldives has a population of more than one million. 6. The Maldives used to be a democracy but is now a dictatorship.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 3 Advanced
head of international climate change at Friends of the Earth. The Maldives is left to fend for itself. It is a victim of climate change caused by rich countries. 5 1 The Maldives will begin to divert part of the countrys billion-dollar annual tourist revenue into buying a new homeland as an insurance policy against climate change that threatens to turn the 300,000 islanders into environmental refugees, according to the countrys first democratically elected president. Mohamed Nasheed, who has recently taken power in the islands capital, Male, said the chain of 1,200 islands 500 miles from the tip of India is likely to disappear under the waves if the current pace of climate change continues to raise sea levels. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas are likely to rise by up to 59cm by 2100, due to global warming. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1.5m above water. The president said even a small rise in sea levels would inundate large parts of the archipelago. We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land elsewhere. Its an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. After all, the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine, said Nasheed, also known as Anni. 3 The president, a human rights activist who swept to power in elections last month after ousting Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the man who once imprisoned him, said he had already broached the idea with a number of countries and found them to be receptive. He said Sri Lanka and India were targets because they had similar cultures, cuisines and climates. Australia was also being considered because of the amount of unoccupied land available. We do not want to leave the Maldives, but we also do not want to be climate refugees living in tents for decades, he said. 4 Environmentalists say the issue raises the question of what rights citizens have if their homeland no longer exists. Its an unprecedented wake-up call, said Tom Picken,
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2008 NEWS LESSONS / Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland / Advanced

Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland


Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10, 2008

Nasheed said he intended to create a sovereign wealth fund from the dollars generated by importing tourists, in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil. Kuwait might invest in companies; we will invest in land. The 41year-old is a rising star in Asia, where he has been compared to Nelson Mandela. Before taking office the new president asked Maldivians to move forward without rancour or retribution an astonishing call, given that Nasheed had gone to jail 23 times, been tortured and spent 18 months in solitary confinement. We have the latitude to remove anyone from government and prosecute them. But I have forgiven my jailers, the torturers. They were following orders ... I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here, he said. The Maldives is one of the few Muslim nations to make a relatively peaceful transition from autocracy to democracy. The Gayoom sultanate was a dictatorship that ran the police, army and courts, and which banned rival parties. Public flogging, banishment to island gulags and torture were routinely used to suppress dissent and the young pro-democracy movement. Gayoom was elected president six times in 30 years but never faced an opponent. However, public pressure grew and last year he conceded that democracy was inevitable. Upmarket tourism was useful for the dictatorial regime. Gayooms Maldives became the richest country in South Asia, with average incomes reaching $4,600 a year. But the wealth created was skimmed off by Gayooms friends and supporters leaving a huge gap between rich and poor. Speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires lie in the capitals harbour, while official figures show almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. Male is the worlds most densely populated
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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 3 Advanced
university. Its desperate. We are a 100% Islamic country and democracy came from within. Do you want to lose that because we were denied the money to deal with the poverty created by the dictatorship? he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 10/11/08

town: 100,000 people live in just two square kilometres. We have unemployment at 20%. Heroin has become a serious social issue, with crime rising, Nasheed said, adding that the extra social spending he was planning would cost an immediate $243m. He said that without an emergency bailout from the international community, the future of the Maldives as a democracy would be in doubt. 10 To raise cash, his government will sell off state assets, reduce the cabinet and turn the presidential palace into the countrys first

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. What is the Maldives insurance policy against climate change? a. The billion-dollar annual income from tourism b. Buying land in another country c. Importing tourists rather than exporting oil 2. Why are Sri Lanka and India possible destinations for the Maldive islanders? a. Because they are not far from the Maldives. b. Because there is a large amount of unoccupied land available in those two countries. c. Because they have similar cultures, cooking and weather to the Maldives. 3. Why are the Maldives particularly at risk from global warming? a. Because most parts of the archipelago are just 1.5m above sea level. b. Because people there cannot stop global warming on their own. c. Because the pace of global warming is increasing. 4. What distinguishes the Maldives from most other Muslim nations? a. It earns a lot of its revenue from tourism. b. It made a relatively peaceful transition from dictatorship to democracy. c. Rival political parties are banned.

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A three-word expression meaning to win an election by a very large number of votes. (para 3) 2. A verb meaning to remove someone from a position of power, especially in order to take that position. (para 3) 3. A three-word expression meaning a bad experience that warns people to change something, usually the way they behave. (para 4) 4. A three-word expression meaning to look after oneself without help from anyone else. (para 4) 5. A two-word expression meaning a punishment in which a prisoner is kept alone, separate from other prisoners. (para 5) 6. A noun meaning freedom to use your own methods and judgment in doing something. (para 6) 7. An adjective meaning designed for people who have a lot of money. (para 8) 8. A noun meaning financial assistance. (para 9)

5 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns or noun phrases in the right-hand column to make collocations from the text. 1. raise 2. follow 3. make 4. suppress 5. create 6. sell off 7. take 8. broach a. power b. wealth c. a transition d. a question e. assets f. an idea g. dissent h. someones example

6 Prepositions
Complete the phrases using prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. an insurance policy _______ climate change 2. due _______ global warming 3. invest _______ land 4. a peaceful transition _______ autocracy to democracy 5. the gap _______ rich and poor 6. the future of the islands is _______ doubt 7. deal _______ poverty 8. disappear _______ the waves

7 Discussion
If you were president of your country what measures would you take to slow down or even prevent global warming?

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. banishment 2. rancour 3. skims off 4. revenue 5. flogging 6. archipelago 7. retribution 8. broach 9. cuisine 10. inundate

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. sweep to power 2. oust 3. a wake-up call 4. fend for oneself 5. solitary confinement 6. latitude 7. upmarket 8. bailout

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. d 2. h 3. c 4. g 5. b 6. e 7. a 8. f

2 What do you know?


1. T 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. F

6 Prepositions
1. against 2. to 3. in 4. from 5. between 6. in 7. with 8. under

3 Comprehension check
1. b 2. c 3. a 4. b

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 1 Elementary
1 Key words
Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. refugee autocracy cuisine invest flogging torture outcome poverty receptive ban

1. ______________ is extreme physical pain used as a punishment or as a way to make someone say something. 2. If you ______________ something, you say officially that people cannot do it. 3. The ______________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food. 4. An ______________ is a form of government in which one person has complete power. 5. If someone is ______________, they are willing to consider suggestions. 6. ______________ is the noun from poor. 7. ______________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. 8. If you ______________ money, you use it to make a profit in the future. 9. The ______________ is the final result of a process or activity. 10. A ______________ is someone who has to leave their home during a war or a natural disaster.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How far are the Maldives from India? 2. How many islands are there in the Maldives? 3. How many people live in the Maldives? 4. How many times was Mohamed Nasheed sent to jail? 5. What is the unemployment rate in the capital of the Maldives? 6. How many people live in the capital of the Maldives?

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 1 Elementary
Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland
Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10, 2008 1 If climate change continues to raise sea levels, the Maldives, a group of 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean just 500 miles from India, could disappear beneath the waves. Mohamed Nasheed, the countrys new president, says the Maldives will soon spend part of its billiondollar annual tourist income on buying a new homeland. This would be an insurance policy against climate change that could make the 300,000 islanders refugees. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas will probably rise by up to 59cm by 2100, as a result of global warming. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1.5m above sea level. The president said even a small rise in sea levels would cover large parts of the island group. We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land somewhere else. Its an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. After all, the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine, said Nasheed. 3 The president won the election last month after defeating Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the man who once put him in prison. He said he had already discussed buying a new homeland with a number of countries and said they were receptive to the idea. He said Sri Lanka and India were possible targets because they had similar cultures, cuisines and climates. Australia was also a possibility because there was so much unoccupied land there. We do not want to leave the Maldives, but we also do not want to be refugees living in tents for years and years, he said. 4 Nasheed said he was planning to create a wealth fund from the dollars earned by importing tourists, in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil. Kuwait invests in companies; we will invest in land. The 41year-old president is a rising star in Asia, where some people compare him to Nelson Mandela. Before he took office the new president asked Maldivians to look to the future and not the past. This was a surprise because Nasheed had been sent to jail 23 times and been tortured. 5 We can remove anyone from government and prosecute them. But I have forgiven my jailers, the torturers. They were following orders ... I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here, he said. Not many Muslim nations have moved from autocracy to democracy peacefully like the Maldives have. The Gayoom sultanate was a dictatorship that controlled the police, army and courts, and which banned all opposition. Gayoom used public flogging and torture to control the country. Gayoom was elected president six times in 30 years but there was never any opposition. However, public pressure grew and last year he agreed to hold democratic elections. Tourism was very useful for Gayooms government. The Maldives became the richest country in South Asia, with an average income of $4,600 a year. But Gayooms friends and supporters took most of the money and there was a huge gap between rich and poor. The harbour at Male, the capital city, is full of the speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires, while almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. Male, is the worlds most densely populated town: 100,000 people live in just two square kilometres. We have unemployment at 20%. Heroin is a serious social issue, and crime is rising, Nasheed said. He added that he needed an immediate $243m extra to pay for the extra social spending he was planning. He said that the future of the Maldives as a democracy was in doubt without emergency financial help from the international community. To raise money, the government will sell state property, reduce the number of people in the government and turn the presidential palace into
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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 1 Elementary
the countrys first university. Its a very difficult situation. We are a 100% Islamic country and our democracy came from inside. Do you want to lose that because we dont have the money to fight the poverty created by the dictatorship? he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 10/11/08

3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. If global warming continues 2. If the Maldives disappear beneath the sea 3. If the government doesnt fight poverty ... 4. Some people in Asia 5. The government is planning to sell state property 6. The government of the Maldives is planning ... a. to buy a new homeland in another country. b. compare Mohamed Nasheed to Nelson Mandela. c. the Maldives will disappear beneath the sea. d. to raise money. e. the Maldives might lose their democracy. f. the population will move to a new homeland.

4 Chunks
Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text. 1. result warming of as global a 2. above just level 1.5 metres sea 3. 30 six years in times 4. a income an year $4,600 average of 5. rich gap poor and between huge a 6. dollar less a than day a

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 1 Elementary
5 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. climate 2. insurance 3. global 4. sea 5. democratic 6. average 7. capital 8. densely a. city b. level c. income d. election e. policy f. warming g. populated h. change

6 Word building
Complete the table. verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. elect move oppose employ insure raise govern tour noun

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Key words
1. torture 2. ban 3. cuisine 4. autocracy 5. receptive 6. poverty 7. flogging 8. invest 9. outcome 10. refugee

4 Chunks
1. as a result of global warming 2. just 1.5 metres above sea level 3. six times in 30 years 4. an average income of $4,600 a year 5. a huge gap between rich and poor 6. less than a dollar a day

5 Two-word expressions
1. h 2. e 3. f 4. b 5. d 6. c 7. a 8. g

2 Find the information


1. 500 miles 2. 1,200 3. 300,000 4. 23 5. 20% 6. 100,000

6 Word building
1. election 2. movement 3. opposition 4. (un)employment 5. insurance 6. rise 7. government 8. tourist / tour

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. f 3. e 4. b 5. d 6. a

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. pace outcome archipelago unprecedented cuisine receptive flogging autocracy banishment inevitable

1. An _________________ is a form of government in which one person has complete power. 2. If someone is _________________, they are willing to consider suggestions. 3. If something is _________________, it is impossible to avoid or prevent. 4. _________________ is the act of officially ordering someone to leave a country or a region as a punishment. 5. An _________________ event is one that has never happened before. 6. _________________ is a punishment where someone is hit many times with a stick or a whip. 7. The _________________ is the final result of a process or activity. 8. An _________________ is a large group of small islands. 9. _________________ is the speed at which something happens. 10. The _________________ of a particular country or region is its style of cooking food.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How far are the Maldives from the tip of India? 2. How many islands make up the Maldives? 3. How many people live in the Maldives? 4. How far above sea level are most of the Maldives? 5. What was the average income in the Maldives under the previous government? 6. How many people live in the capital of the Maldives?

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 2 Intermediate
itself. It is a victim of climate change caused by rich countries. 5 Nasheed said he was planning to create a sovereign wealth fund from the dollars generated by importing tourists, in the way that Arab states have done by exporting oil. Kuwait might invest in companies; we will invest in land. The 41-year-old president is a rising star in Asia, where he has been compared to Nelson Mandela. Before taking office the new president asked Maldivians to look to the future and not seek revenge for the past. This was an astonishing call as Nasheed had gone to jail 23 times, been tortured and spent 18 months in solitary confinement. We have the ability to remove anyone from government and prosecute them. But I have forgiven my jailers, the torturers. They were following orders ... I ask people to follow my example and leave Gayoom to grow old here, he said. The Maldives is one of the few Muslim nations that has moved from autocracy to democracy relatively peacefully. The Gayoom sultanate was a dictatorship that controlled the police, army and courts, and which banned rival parties. Gayoom used public flogging, banishment and torture to suppress dissent and the young prodemocracy movement. Gayoom was elected president six times in 30 years but never faced an opponent. However, public pressure grew and last year he agreed that democracy was inevitable. Upmarket tourism was useful for the dictatorial regime. Gayooms Maldives became the richest country in South Asia, with the average income $4,600 a year. But Gayooms friends and supporters took much of the wealth and there was a huge gap between rich and poor. The speedboats and yachts of local multimillionaires fill the capitals harbour, while almost half of Maldivians earn less than a dollar a day. The capital of the Maldives, Male, is the worlds most densely populated town: 100,000 people live in just two square kilometres. We have
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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy a new homeland


Randeep Ramesh in Male November 10, 2008 1 Mohamed Nasheed, the new president of the Maldives, a group of 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean, says the country will soon spend part of its billion-dollar annual tourist income on buying a new homeland as an insurance policy against climate change that could turn the 300,000 islanders into environmental refugees. The Maldives, just 500 miles from the tip of India, could disappear under the waves if the current pace of climate change continues to raise sea levels. 2 The UN forecasts that the seas are likely to rise by up to 59cm by 2100, due to global warming. Most parts of the Maldives are just 1.5m above water. The president said even a small rise in sea levels would cover large parts of the archipelago. We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land somewhere else. Its an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome. After all, the Israelis [began by buying] land in Palestine, said Nasheed, also known as Anni. 3 The president swept to power in elections last month after defeating Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the man who once imprisoned him. He said he had already discussed the idea with a number of countries and found them to be receptive. He said Sri Lanka and India were targets because they had similar cultures, cuisines and climates. Australia was also a possibility because of the amount of unoccupied land available. We do not want to leave the Maldives, but we also do not want to be climate refugees living in tents for decades, he said. 4 Environmentalists say the issue raises the question of what rights citizens have if their homeland no longer exists. Its an unprecedented wake-up call, said Tom Picken, head of international climate change at Friends of the Earth. The Maldives is left to fend for
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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 2 Intermediate
government and turn the presidential palace into the countrys first university. Its a very difficult situation. We are a 100% Islamic country and democracy came from inside. Do you want to lose that because we dont have the money to deal with the poverty created by the dictatorship? he said.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 10/11/08

unemployment at 20%. Heroin has become a serious social issue, and crime is rising, Nasheed said. He added that the extra social spending he was planning would cost an immediate $243m. He said that without emergency financial help from the international community, the future of the Maldives as a democracy would be in doubt. 10 To raise money, his government will sell state assets, reduce the number of people in the

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. All of the Maldives will be under water by the year 2100. 2. The Maldives have a similar culture and climate to Australia. 3. Indian cooking is similar to Maldivian cooking. 4. The inhabitants of the Maldives want to leave the islands and settle elsewhere. 5. The Maldives have recently become a democracy. 6. Under the dictatorship the Maldives was the richest country in South Asia.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A three-word expression meaning to win an election by a very large number of votes. (para 3) 2. A noun meaning a period of ten years. (para 3) 3. A three-word expression meaning a bad experience that warns people to change something, usually the way they behave. (para 4) 4. A three-word expression meaning to look after oneself without help from anyone else (para 4) 5. A two-word expression meaning a punishment in which a prisoner is kept alone, separate from other prisoners. (para 5) 6. A verb meaning to say officially that people must not do something. (para 7) 7. A verb meaning to stop an activity, especially by making laws or using your authority. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning strong disagreement with what people in authority think. (para 7)
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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. global 2. climate 3. sea 4. insurance 5. pro-democracy 6. densely 7. social 8. state a. assets b. movement c. change d. populated e. policy f. warming g. level h. issue

6 Word building: Noun endings


Add endings to these words to form nouns. Check your answers in the text. 1. dictator_______ 2. confine_______ 3. environment_______ 4. move_______ 5. jail_______ 6. support_______ 7. employ_______ 8. govern_______

7 Discussion
What can the inhabitants of the Maldives do to save their homeland?

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Paradise almost lost: Maldives seek to buy new homeland


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. autocracy 2. receptive 3. inevitable 4. banishment 5. unprecedented 6. flogging 7. outcome 8. archipelago 9. pace 10. cuisine

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. sweep to power 2. decade 3. a wake-up call 4. fend for oneself 5. solitary confinement 6. ban 7. suppress 8. dissent

5 Two-word expressions
1. f 2. c 3. g 4. e 5. b 6. d 7. h 8. a

2 Find the information


1. 500 miles 2. 1,200 3. 300,000 4. 1.5m 5. $4,600 a year 6. 100,000

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. T

6 Word building: Noun endings


1. ship 2. ment 3. alist 4. ment 5. er 6. er 7. ment 8. ment

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

a) How do people feel when they are disillusioned? b) Why do you think British bankers are feeling disillusioned? Note: In Britain, when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and, in particular, its banking and financial sector.

Key words

Find the key words in the article. 1. To leave a job or stop doing something. _______________________ (title) 2. A verb meaning to make a decision from a choice of possibilities. _______________________ (para 1) 3. A place where traders or stock brokers meet to buy and sell. _______________________ (para 3) 4. When something is acceptable or to your liking, it is _______________________. (para 4) 5. A verb meaning to make up for the loss of something else. _______________________ (para 4) 6. Someone whose job it is to buy and sell shares for other people. _______________________ (para 5) 7. When something is _______________________, it brings in a lot of money. (para 7) 8. A verb meaning to publically promise. _______________________ (para 9) 9. A noun meaning a new member of a company or organization. _______________________ (para 11) 10. An adjective meaning older, but in a positive way. _______________________ (para 11) 11. An adjective meaning fairly good, but not great. _______________________ (para 12) 12. When something is _______________________, it gives you satisfaction and/or pleasure. (para 14)

3 Find the information


Read the article and find the information. 1. Why have science graduates been working in the financial sector instead of in schools? 2. What sort of positions have science graduates been taking up in the City? 3. Which four school subjects have suffered in the recent past from lack of good teachers? 4. Why is Elizabeth Baldwin leaving the City and becoming a teacher? 5. What are the British government doing to encourage science graduates to become teachers? 6. Why, in the past years, have there been fewer scientifically trained people available to work for British industry? 7. Which two common pieces of science laboratory equipment are mentioned in the article? 8. Find the two-word term which describes the current financial situation. 9. Complete this saying, which means that something good is behind everything that at first seems to be bad, with words from the article: Every cloud has a ________________ _________________. 10. Find a two-word expression for the time a woman takes off work when she has a baby.
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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 3 Advanced
the teaching of chemistry, physics and biology. 7 Science teaching has been a cause of considerable concern for education experts for decades. The City has attracted large numbers who are employed, often with lucrative salaries, as business analysts and IT experts. As a result, fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. Physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics classes have suffered and fewer children have been inspired to take up science. Because of this, fewer graduates has meant fewer scientifically trained people available to work for British industry and not enough good graduates available to become teachers. The British government pledged years ago to halt this trend and has introduced a number of ways of doing so, including increased salaries for science teachers compared with those in other subjects. A total of 3,114 science trainees entered colleges during the academic year 2008-09, a rise of 2.5 per cent on the previous year. That is the highest number of science teachers since the TDA began 13 years ago, said Holley. Most of these new recruits have been encouraged by schemes that ensure that salaries start at around 24,000 for science teachers, and can eventually rise to 50,000 for more mature teachers, according to the TDA. It is a reasonable reward, but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City, Baldwin stressed. I will be earning a third of what I would have got had I stayed in the City, she said. But money is not everything. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late, I will get a chance to come home and be with my boys, Matthew and Thomas. My father was a teacher, so I know what to expect and what I will get out of the job. I know teaching wont be easy, but I know as well that it can be very rewarding.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 23/11/08

Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science
Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie, science editor November 23, 2008 1 The thrill of City life appears to be fading for hundreds of investment bankers who are preparing to turn their back on the financial sector and opt for a career in science teaching. 2 The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) has revealed that inquiries about science teaching posts rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. The agency has revealed that formal applications for science teaching posts have reached record levels and that further significant rises are expected next year due to the world financial crisis. Many of those applicants are coming from the City, it says. 3 Among those swapping the trading floor for the school laboratory is Elizabeth Baldwin. The 44year-old worked for almost 20 years for major banks, including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers, until she found, a few months ago, that the excitement of the job was disappearing. 4 I had just had my second child, Thomas, and the thought of going back to the City became less and less palatable, she said. The high pay no longer compensated for the long hours and lack of social life. 5 So the business analyst who has a degree in chemistry and biology from Kings College London quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher. The City is a major employer of science graduates. As it cuts back on jobs, and as more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector, the numbers of science teachers are set to soar as stockbrokers and analysts quit their Ferraris and stock options for test tubes and Bunsen burners, say experts. 6 There is no doubt that the credit crunch has a huge silver lining in terms of science education in Britain, said Graham Holley, the agencys chief executive. It is going to do a great deal of good for

10

11

12

13

14

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 3 Advanced
4 Vocabulary: The language of graphs
a) Put the missing prepositions into these expressions from the article. ... rose ______ a third. ... cut back ______ jobs. ... a rise ______ 2.5% ... can eventually rise ______ 50,000 b) Which other expressions can you find for describing graphs and trends? c) Use some of the vocabulary to describe one of the following by sketching a graph and explaining it to another student. fuel/oil prices the housing market the annual rainfall or temperatures in your country the rise and fall of your enthusiasm for learning English over the years

5 Discussion: Change of career


In your own words, explain Elizabeth Baldwins personal situation and the reasons for her career change. Do you know anyone who has made a dramatic change in their career? Would you like to change your career path? Why / Why not?

6 Webquest: Job search and salaries


a) Type currency converter into a search engine and convert the salaries mentioned in the article to your currency. b) Find job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers. What qualifications are required? What salary is offered? Where is the position available?

c) How do the salaries for investments bankers and science teachers in your country compare with the salaries offered for similar vacancies around the world?

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. quit opt trading floor palatable compensate stockbroker lucrative pledge recruit mature reasonable rewarding

4 Vocabulary: The language of graphs


a) by; on; of; to b) significant rises; soar; increased salaries; earning a third of; fewer graduates; reached record levels

Teachers notes
Some helpful websites for task 6: http://www.careers-in-finance.com/ibsal.htm http://www.careeroverview.com/investment-bankingcareers.html http://investment.banker.jobs.com/ http://www.jobs.ac.uk/ http://www.simplyhired.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively, type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results. There are currently many videos available online about the current world financial situation. One you could use to kick start a discussion of how the credit crunch affects students is The Credit Crunch Song: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_iMS31mqmU This one is particularly nice for class as it has subtitles.

3 Find the information


1. Because the salaries are very much higher in the financial sector. 2. Business analysts, investment bankers and IT experts. 3. Chemistry, physics, biology and mathematics. 4. To spend more time at home with her family and to feel better in herself. 5. Offering good salaries higher than for other subjects. 6. Fewer students have been inspired (by their own teachers) to study science subjects at university and so there have been fewer graduates. 7. Test tubes and Bunsen burners. 8. Credit crunch. 9. Silver lining. 10. Maternity leave.

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 1 Elementary
(to be) disillusioned: (adjective) to be or feel disappointed because you have found out that someone or something is not as good as you had believed Note: In Britain, when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and in particular its banking and financial sector.

Warmer

How many jobs can you find in the article in one minute?

Key words

Find these key words in the article and write them into the definitions below. inquiries lack of expert quit positions laboratory soar earn applications credit crunch graduate rewarding trend salary

1. To leave a job or stop doing something. _____________________ (title) 2. Someone who has finished their studies at a high school, college or university. _____________________ (sub-title) 3. Questions that are asked to get information. _____________________ (para 2) 4. Jobs that are free or available. _____________________ (para 2) 5. Written requests for a job or place at a college or university. _____________________ (para 2) 6. A place where people do scientific research or teaching. _____________________ (para 3) 7. When there isnt enough of something, there is a _____________________ it. (para 4) 8. To quickly increase to a high level. _____________________ (para 5) 9. A two-word term which describes the current difficult financial situation. _____________________ (para 6) 10. Someone who knows a lot about a particular subject. _____________________ (para 6) 11. The fixed amount of money you get every month for your job. _____________________ (para 7) 12. A gradual change or development that leads to a particular result. _____________________ (para 8) 13. A verb meaning to receive money for work you do. _____________________ (para 10) 14. When something is _____________________, it makes you happy or satisfied. (para 11)

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 1 Elementary
7 Science teaching has been a problem for education experts for decades. Large numbers of science graduates are employed in the City, often earning high salaries, as business analysts and IT experts. Because of this, fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. Physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics classes have suffered. The British government wants to stop this trend, and is offering science teachers better salaries compared to teachers of other subjects. Salaries start at around 24,000 for science teachers, and can rise to 50,000. It is a good salary, but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City, Baldwin said.

Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science
Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie, science editor November 23, 2008 1 Hundreds of investment bankers are leaving City life and the financial sector for a career in science teaching. 2 Inquiries about science teaching positions rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. Applications for science teaching jobs have reached record levels and even more applications are expected next year because of the world financial crisis. Many applications are coming from people who work in the City. 3 Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the banking business for the school laboratory. The 44-yearold worked for almost 20 years for major banks, including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers. But a few months ago she realised that her job was no longer exciting. 4 I had just had my second child, Thomas, and going back to the City became less and less attractive, she said. The good money no longer made up for the long hours and lack of social life. 5 So the business analyst who has a degree in chemistry and biology from Kings College London quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher. The City is a major employer of science graduates. As there are now fewer jobs, and more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector, the numbers of science teachers will soar, say experts. 6 There is no doubt that the credit crunch has hidden benefits for science education in Britain, said education expert Graham Holley. It is going to do a lot of good for the teaching of chemistry, physics and biology.

10 I will earn a third of what I got in the City, she said. But money is not everything. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late, I will be able to come home and play with my boys, Matthew and Thomas. 11 My father was a teacher, so I know what to expect. I know teaching wont be easy, but I know as well that it can be very rewarding.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 23/11/08

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to to summarize the article. 1. Many British science graduates work in ... 2. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are ... 3. This year there have been more applications from people ... 4. The British government have decided to pay ... 5. Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to ... 6. Elizabeth Baldwins father and sister are both teachers, ... 7. As a science teacher, she will earn about ... 8. Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is ... ... maths, biology, chemistry and physics. ... who want to become science teachers. ... science teachers more than teachers of other subjects. ... become a science teacher. ... a third of what she earned in the City. ... banking and not in education. ... more important than a high salary. ... so she knows its not an easy job.

4 Vocabulary: Past participles


a) Find the past participles of these verbs in the article and write them into the table. verb rise have work make reach employ get is b) Are the verbs regular or irregular? How do we form a regular past participle in English? Underline all the past participles in the article. How many can you find? c) Write a new sentence for each past participle in 4a. past participle regular / irregular

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion: Change of career
Elizabeth Baldwin has decided to leave banking and become a science teacher so she can spend more time with her family. Do you think this is a good decision? Why / Why not? Would you like to change your job? Why / Why not? What would your dream job be?

6 Webquest: Job search and salaries


a) Type currency converter into a search engine and find out how much 24,000 and 50,000 are in your currency. b) Search for job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers. How high are the salaries in the job ads?

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 1 KEY
1 Warmer
investment banker; business analyst, IT expert, education expert; science teacher, teacher

Elementary
4 Vocabulary: Past participles
rise rose (irregular) have had (irregular) work worked (regular) make made (irregular) reach reached (regular) employ employed (regular) get got (irregular) is was (irregular)

2 Key words
1. quit 2. graduate 3. inquiries 4. positions 5. applications 6. laboratories 7. lack 8. soar 9. credit crunch 10. expert 11. salary 12. trend 13. earn 14. rewarding

Teachers notes Some helpful websites for task 6: http://www.careers-in-finance.com/ibsal.htm http://www.careeroverview.com/investment-bankingcareers.html http://investment.banker.jobs.com/ http://www.jobs.ac.uk/ http://www.simplyhired.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively, type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results.

3 Comprehension check
1. Many British science graduates work in banking and not in education. 2. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are maths, biology, chemistry and physics. 3. This year there have been more applications from people who want to become science teachers. 4. The British government have decided to pay science teachers more than teachers of other subjects. 5. Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to become a science teacher. 6. Elizabeth Baldwins father and sister are both teachers, so she knows its not an easy job. 7. As a science teacher, she will earn about a third of what she earned in the City. 8. Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is more important than a high salary.

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 2 Intermediate
(to be) disillusioned: (adjective) to be or feel disappointed because you have found out that someone or something is not as good as you had believed Note: In Britain, when someone talks or writes about the City they are referring to the City of London and in particular its banking and financial sector.

Warmer

a) Why do you think British bankers are feeling disillusioned? b) All these words appear in the article. Which is the odd word out? Why? test tube laboratory Ferrari Bunsen burner

Key words

Find the key words in the article. recruit inspire maternity leave quit mature attract stockbroker graduate

trading floor thrill

rewarding

credit crunch

1. To leave a job or stop doing something. ____________________ (title) 2. Someone who has finished their studies at a high school, college or university. ____________________ (sub-title) 3. A feeling of being excited or very pleased. ____________________ (para1) 4. A place where traders or stock brokers meet to buy and sell. ____________________ (para 3) 5. Someone whose job it is to buy and sell shares for other people. ____________________ (para 5) 6. A two-word term which describes the current difficult financial situation with a reduction in the availability of loans. ____________________ (para 6) 7. A verb meaning to make someone interested in something. ____________________ (para 7) 8. A verb meaning to give someone the enthusiasm to create or do something. ____________________ (para 7) 9. A noun meaning a new member of a company or organization. ____________________ (para 10) 10. An adjective meaning older, but in a positive way. ____________________ (para 10) 11. When something is ____________________, it gives you satisfaction and/or pleasure. (para 13) 12. A two-word expression for the time a woman takes off work when she has a baby. _____________________ (para 14)

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 2 Intermediate
7 Science teaching has been a problem for education experts for decades. The City has attracted large numbers of science graduates who are employed, often with high salaries, as business analysts and IT experts. As a result, fewer graduates with top degrees have become teachers. Physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics classes have suffered and fewer children have been inspired to take up science. The British government has introduced a number of ways of stopping this trend, including better salaries for science teachers compared with those in other subjects. A total of 3,114 science trainees entered colleges during the academic year 2008-09, a rise of 2.5 per cent on the previous year. That is the highest number of science teachers since the TDA began 13 years ago, said Holley.

Disillusioned bankers quit the City for the rewards of teaching science
Hundreds of university graduates are moving from finance to education Robin McKie, science editor November 23, 2008 1 The thrill of City life appears to be fading for hundreds of investment bankers who are leaving the financial sector for a career in science teaching. 2 The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) has said that inquiries about science teaching positions rose by a third last September compared with the same month in 2007. The agency has said that formal applications for science teaching posts have reached record levels and that further significant rises are expected next year due to the world financial crisis. Many of those applicants are coming from the City, it says. 3 Elizabeth Baldwin is swapping the trading floor for the school laboratory. The 44-year-old worked for almost 20 years for major banks, including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers, until she found, a few months ago, that the excitement of the job was disappearing. 4 I had just had my second child, Thomas, and going back to the City became less and less attractive, she said. The high pay no longer made up for the long hours and lack of social life. 5 So the business analyst who has a degree in chemistry and biology from Kings College London quit and is now applying to join a training course to become a science teacher. The City is a major employer of science graduates. As there are now fewer jobs, and as more people like Baldwin become disillusioned with the financial sector, the numbers of science teachers are set to soar as stockbrokers and analysts quit their Ferraris for test tubes and Bunsen burners, say experts. 6 There is no doubt that the credit crunch has a huge hidden benefit for science education in Britain, said Graham Holley, the agencys chief executive. It is going to do a lot of good for the teaching of chemistry, physics and biology.

10 Most of these new recruits have been encouraged by salaries that start at around 24,000 for science teachers, and which can eventually rise to 50,000 for more mature teachers, according to the TDA. 11 It is a good salary, but it certainly does not match what a science graduate can earn in the City, Baldwin stressed. 12 I will be earning a third of what I would have got had I stayed in the City, she said. But money is not everything. Instead of going to work early and leaving very late, I will get a chance to come home and be with my boys, Matthew and Thomas. 13 My father was a teacher, so I know what to expect and what I will get out of the job. I know teaching wont be easy, but I know as well that it can be very rewarding.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 23/11/08

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct any false sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Many science graduates have been working in the financial sector instead of in schools. The four school subjects that have suffered from lack of good teachers are maths, science, sports and English. This year there have been a third fewer applications from people wanting to become science teachers. The British government have decided to pay science teachers more than teachers of other subjects to encourage science graduates to become teachers. Elizabeth Baldwin is leaving the financial sector to become a teacher. Elizabeth Baldwins father and sister are both teachers. As a science teacher, she will take home about half of what she earned in the City. Elizabeth Baldwin thinks that spending time with her family is more important than a high salary.

4 Writing: A personal profile


a) Write a short profile of Elizabeth Baldwin.
Elizabeth Baldwin Curriculum Vitae

Personal details Age: Sex: Family status: Family background: Qualifications: Current position: Previous position: Reasons for career change: Experience

b) Create a similar profile for yourself or someone else in your class. Change the categories if necessary.

5 Discussion: Change of career


In your own words, explain Elizabeth Baldwins personal situation and the reasons for her career change. Do you know anyone who has made a dramatic change in their career? Would you like to change your career path? Why / Why not?

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 2 Intermediate
6 Webquest: Job search and salaries
a) Type currency converter into a search engine and convert the salaries mentioned in the article to your currency. b) Find job advertisements online for investment bankers and science teachers. What qualifications are required? What salary is offered? Where is the position available?

c) How do the salaries for investment bankers and science teachers in your country compare with the salaries offered for similar vacancies around the world?

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Disillusioned bankers quit the City to teach science


Level 2 KEY
1 Warmer
b) Ferrari is the odd word out.

Intermediate

4 Writing: A personal profile


(possible answers) Age: 44 Sex: female Family status: has two small children Family background: father and sister are both teachers Qualifications: a degree in chemistry and biology from Kings College London Current position: applying to join a training course to become a science teacher Previous position: worked for almost 20 years for major banks, including Merrill Lynch and Lehman Brothers Reasons for career change: to spend quality time at home with her family, to see her home in the daylight, and to regain her social life. Teachers notes Task 4 will work well in a class that doesnt mind sharing personal information. The profiles could be anonymous and students could guess whose they are. If your students do not want to share this information, they can make up information or pretend to be a famous person and give their details instead. Some helpful websites for task 6: http://www.careers-in-finance.com/ibsal.htm http://www.careeroverview.com/investment-bankingcareers.html http://investment.banker.jobs.com/ http://www.jobs.ac.uk/ http://www.simplyhired.com/a/jobs/list/tscience+teacher Alternatively, type in investment banker job (or position) and science teacher job (or position or vacancy) into any search engine to get thousands of up-to-date results.

2 Key words
1. quit 2. graduate 3. thrill 4. trading floor 5. stockbroker 6. credit crunch 7. attract 8. inspire 9. recruit 10. mature 11. rewarding 12. maternity leave

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. T F (biology, physics, chemistry, maths) F (there have been a third more) T T T F (she will earn about a third) T

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

machismo
deride

homophobia bastion

diversity inclusive

come out deter out high-profile

1. If you ______________________, you tell people that you are gay. 2. If you are ______________________, you are an openly gay person. 3. ______________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 4. A ______________________ person is one who is often seen in public, is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television. 5. ______________________ is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man such as being strong and willing to fight. 6. A ______________________ is an organization, community or system that supports and defends a particular way of life, tradition or belief. 7. If something ______________________ you from doing something, it makes you decide not to do it. 8. If you ______________________ someone, you make fun of them by suggesting that they are stupid, unimportant or useless or have some other characteristic you disapprove of. 9. If something is ______________________, it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. 10. ______________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place.

What do you know?

Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. Rugby league is one of the worlds toughest sports. 2. It is normally played in southern England. 3. Many of Englands 350 professional rugby league players are openly gay. 4. Stonewall is an organization that campaigns for gay rights. 5. All heterosexual boys are attracted by the macho culture of rugby league. 6. Around 6% of the population of the UK is believed to be homosexual.

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 3 Advanced
came from the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay, lesbian and bisexual groups. It was not prompted by concerns that spectators or players were homophobic. Rugby league is probably not most peoples idea of a supportive working environment but Im pleased to be able to challenge assumptions by tackling homophobia and creating a genuinely inclusive organization where people can be out in the workplace and where gay, lesbian and bisexual people want to work. She added: The ultimate aim would be if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the population was lesbian or gay it assumed that the community was represented in rugby league as it was in other sports and professions. Summerskill quoted the case of Nigel Owens, from rugby union, who last year became the first openly gay referee to officiate in a world cup. Owens decision to come out helped him earn the title of Stonewalls sportsman of the year 2007. 7 The RFL campaign, which will be officially launched after the start of the season in February, has the potential to reach a large audience. Almost two million people a year attend super league games and around a quarter of a million men, women and children take part in the sport. 8 Stonewall will also be hoping the RFLs involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies particularly the English Football Association to follow suit. The FA has a campaign on tackling homophobia and has a champion on the issue in the former Chelsea and Celtic defender Paul Elliott. There are plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia and the Gay Football Supporters Network has liaison officers in clubs including Aston Villa, which has just launched the countrys first club-level gay fans group.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 28/11/08
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


First major sport to join Stonewall programme Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28, 2008 1 As one of the worlds toughest sports, rugby league is more usually associated with northern English machismo and cauliflower ears than gay rights. But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first national governing body of a major sport to sign up to Stonewalls campaign against homophobia. The sport has joined the groups diversity champions programme, which promotes lesbian, gay and bisexual equality. 2 Posters and logos proclaiming Some people are gay. Get over it! will appear at rugby league grounds and in programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia, and the RFL is setting up a lesbian, gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. Stonewall, the gay rights group, will provide clubs with information packs on how to ensure their culture, policies and practices are fully inclusive, including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sports 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage a British Ian Roberts to come out. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. The rugby league community was overwhelmingly supportive towards Roberts, now 43 and an actor. 4 Ben Summerskill, Stonewalls chief executive, said sport was one of the last great bastions of homophobia. Boys, including those who are heterosexual, can be deterred by the macho culture, while girls can be put off sport because so many leading sportswomen are derided as being lesbian. The vision shown by the RFL is an absolutely ground-breaking step in making sport more accessible. 5 Sarah Williams, the RFLs equality and diversity manager, said the decision to join the campaign
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NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced

Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Why is it surprising that rugby league has become the first English sport to sign up to Stonewalls campaign against homophobia? a. Because there are no gay rugby league players. b. Because players and spectators of the sport are not homophobic. c. Because its a macho sport that is not usually associated with gay rights. 2. How did the Australian rugby league community react to its first openly gay player? a. People reacted very negatively. b. People didnt care one way or the other. c. People reacted very supportively. 3. Why are some boys deterred from playing sports? a. Because sport is one of the last bastions of homophobia. b. Because sport has a very macho culture. c. Because so many leading sportswomen are derided for being lesbian. 4. What percentage of rugby league players can statistically be assumed to be gay? a. 6% b. 12% c. 0%

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A two-word expression describing an injury typical of rugby and boxing. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning stop worrying, complaining or being upset about something. (para 2) 3. A noun meaning a magazine written for and by fans. (para 2) 4. An adverb used to emphasize the amount or strength of something. (para 3) 5. A two-word adjective meaning using new methods or achieving new results. (para 4) 6. A form of rugby in which there are 15 players in a team. (para 6) 7. A two-word expression meaning to conform to someone elses actions. (para 8) 8. A noun meaning someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs, political aims or a group of people. (para 8)
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 3 Advanced
5 Verb + noun collocations
Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions. 1. challenge 2. promote 3. set up 4. seek 5. send 6. launch 7. attend 8. reach a. a campaign b. advice c. a large audience d. a game (a match) e. assumptions f. a forum g. equality h. a message

6 Words followed by prepositions


Fill the gaps in these phrases with prepositions. Check your answers in the text. 1. supportive __________ 2. associated __________ 3. provide __________ 4. take part __________ 5. involvement __________ 6. sign up __________

7 Discussion
Do you think campaigns like this help to change peoples attitudes? Can you think of other ways to promote inclusiveness and diversity?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Advanced

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. come out 2. out 3. homophobia 4. high-profile 5. machismo 6. bastion 7. deters 8. deride 9. inclusive 10. diversity

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. cauliflower ear get over it fanzine overwhelmingly ground-breaking rugby union follow suit champion

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. e g f b h a d c

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. T F F T F T

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. c c b a

6 Words followed by prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. towards with with in in to

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text.

macho

high-profile

forum tackle

diversity homophobia

come out heterosexual

inclusive confidential

1. If something is ______________________, it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. 2. ______________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place. 3. If you ______________________ a problem, you make an organized and determined attempt to deal with it. 4. ______________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 5. If you ______________________, you tell people that you are gay. 6. If you are ______________________, you are sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex. 7. ______________________ behaviour is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man, such as being strong and willing to fight. 8. A ______________________ person is one who is often seen in public, is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television. 9. If something is ______________________, it is secret. 10. A ______________________ is a website where people can express their ideas and opinions.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. What does RFL stand for? 2. What is Stonewall? 3. How many professional rugby league players are there? 4. When did Ian Roberts come out? 5. How many people watch super league matches every year? 6. How many people play rugby league?

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 1 Elementary
5 Sarah Williams, the RFLs equality and diversity manager, said the decision to join the campaign followed the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay, lesbian and bisexual groups. It was not because spectators or players were homophobic. Rugby league is probably not most peoples idea of a supportive working environment but Im pleased to be able to try and fight homophobia and create the kind of organization where people can be openly gay in the workplace and where gay, lesbian and bisexual people want to work. She added: It would be great if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the UK population was lesbian or gay there must be a similar percentage in rugby league as there were in other sports and professions. Summerskill mentioned the case of Nigel Owens, from rugby union, who last year became the first openly gay referee to referee in a world cup. Owens was Stonewalls sportsman of the year in 2007. 7 The RFL campaign, which will officially begin after the start of the season in February, could reach a large audience. Almost two million people a year watch super league matches and around a quarter of a million men, women and children actively play rugby league. 8 Stonewall will also hope the RFLs involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies particularly the English Football Association to do the same. The FA has a campaign to tackle homophobia and there are also plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 28/11/08

Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


First major sport to join Stonewall programme Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28, 2008 1 Rugby league is a macho sport, normally played in the north of England and is one of the toughest sports in the world. It is not a sport that people normally associate with gay rights. But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first major sports organization to join a campaign against homophobia. The sport has joined Stonewalls diversity champions programme, which fights for lesbian, gay and bisexual equality. 2 Posters and logos stating Some people are gay. Get over it! will appear at rugby league grounds and in match programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia, and the RFL is setting up a lesbian, gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. Stonewall, the gay rights group, will provide clubs with information packs which will tell them how to make sure that their working practices are fully inclusive, including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sports 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage a British Ian Roberts to come out. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. Most people in the rugby league community were very supportive towards Roberts. 4 Ben Summerskill, Stonewalls chief executive, said sport was one of the last areas where homophobia is very strong. Boys, including many heterosexual boys, often do not like the macho culture of sport, while girls sometimes also avoid sport because so many famous sportswomen are laughed at for being lesbian. The RFL is taking a very important step in making sport more attractive to gay and lesbian people.

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Posters and logos will appear at rugby league grounds 2. Information packs will provide 3. The campaign wants to make sport 4. The campaign will probably 5. Some boys do not like 6. The campaign also wants to encourage a. reach a large audience. b the macho culture of sport. c. to discourage homophobia. d. more attractive to gay and lesbian people. e. inclusive working practices. f. helpline numbers for people wanting confidential advice.

4 Chunks
Put the words into the correct order to make phrases from the text. 1. toughest one the of world sports the in 2. major first organization the sports 3. attractive more making sport 4. a almost million year two people 5. million a around quarter a of 6. of north in England the

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 1 Elementary
5 Two-word phrases
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. chief 2. working 3. helpline 4. confidential 5. gay 6. information a. pack b. number c. rights d. executive e. advice f. practices

6 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

verb
1 2 3 4 5 6 decide organize advise succeed referee involve

noun

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. inclusive 2. diversity 3. tackle 4. homophobia 5. come out 6. heterosexual 7. macho 8. high-profile 9. confidential 10. forum

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. one of the toughest sports in the world the first major sports organization making sport more attractive almost two million people a year around a quarter of a million people in the north of England

5 Two-word phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. d f b e c a

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Rugby Football League a gay rights group 350 1995 almost two million around a quarter of a million

6 Word building
verb 1 2 3 4 5 6 decide organize advise succeed referee involve noun decision organization advice success referee involvement

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c f d a b e

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Elementary

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. macho inclusive homophobia high-profile diversity tackle come out accessible ridicule heterosexual

1. If you are _____________________, you are sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex. 2. _____________________ behaviour is behaviour that is traditionally considered typical of a man, such as being strong and willing to fight. 3. If you _____________________ someone, you make fun of them in an unkind way. 4. If something is _____________________, it deliberately aims to involve all types of people. 5. _____________________ is the fact that very different types of people exist within a group or place. 6. If something is _____________________, it is easy for anyone to obtain, use or take part in. 7. If you _____________________ a problem, you make an organized and determined attempt to deal with it. 8. If you _____________________, you tell people that you are gay. 9. _____________________ is hate or fear of homosexuals. 10. A _____________________ person is one who is often seen in public, is frequently mentioned in newspapers and regularly appears on television.

Find the information

Look in the text and find the answers to these questions as quickly as possible. 1. What does RFL stand for? 2. What is Stonewall? 3. How many professional rugby league players are there? 4. What percentage of the UK population is believed to be lesbian or gay? 5. How many people watch super league matches every year? 6. How many people actively take part in rugby league?

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 2 Intermediate
came from the success of clubs in Oldham and Salford which had been working with local gay, lesbian and bisexual groups. It was not the result of worries that spectators or players were homophobic. Rugby league is probably not most peoples idea of a supportive working environment but Im pleased to be able to try and fight homophobia and create a genuinely inclusive organization where people can be openly gay in the workplace and where gay, lesbian and bisexual people want to work. She added: The ultimate aim would be if a high-profile coach or player sent a really positive message by coming out. 6 Stonewall said that since an estimated 6% of the population was lesbian or gay there must be an equivalent percentage in rugby league as there were in other sports and professions. Summerskill mentioned Nigel Owens, from rugby union, who last year became the first openly gay referee to referee in a world cup. Owenss decision to come out helped him earn the title of Stonewalls sportsman of the year 2007. 7 The RFL campaign, which will be officially launched after the start of the season in February, has the potential to reach a large audience. Almost two million people a year watch super league matches and around a quarter of a million men, women and children actively take part in the sport. 8 Stonewall will also be hoping the RFLs involvement in its diversity champions programme will encourage other major sporting bodies particularly the English Football Association to do the same. The FA has a campaign on tackling homophobia and has a champion on the issue in the former Chelsea and Celtic defender Paul Elliott. There are plans for an FA film on tackling homophobia and the Gay Football Supporters Network has members in clubs including Aston Villa, which has just launched the countrys first club-level gay fans group.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Observer, 28/11/08

Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


First major sport to join Stonewall programme Forum to be set up for staff and players Jenny Percival November 28, 2008 1 Rugby league is a macho sport, normally played in the north of England and is one of the worlds toughest sports. It is not a sport that people would normally associate with gay rights. But the Rugby Football League (RFL) has just become the first national governing body of a major sport to join a campaign against homophobia. The sport has joined Stonewalls diversity champions programme, which promotes lesbian, gay and bisexual equality. 2 Posters and logos stating Some people are gay. Get over it! will appear at rugby league grounds and in match programmes and fanzines to discourage homophobia, and the RFL is setting up a lesbian, gay and bisexual forum for staff and players. Stonewall, the gay rights group, will provide clubs with information packs on how to ensure their culture, policies and practices are fully inclusive, including helpline numbers for people seeking confidential advice. 3 Neither Stonewall nor the RFL knows of anyone among the sports 350 professional players who is openly gay but they hope the campaign could encourage a British Ian Roberts to come out. Roberts came out as gay in 1995 while playing Australian rugby league. Most people in the rugby league community were very supportive towards Roberts. 4 Ben Summerskill, Stonewalls chief executive, said sport was one of the last areas where homophobia is very strong. Boys, including heterosexual boys, can be put off by the macho culture, while girls can also be put off sport because so many leading sportswomen are ridiculed for being lesbian. The vision shown by the RFL is an absolutely ground-breaking step in making sport more accessible. 5 Sarah Williams, the RFLs equality and diversity manager, said the decision to join the campaign

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. People usually associate rugby league with gay rights. 2. Homophobia is not common in sport. 3. Clubs in Oldham and Salford have been successful in their work with gay and lesbian groups. 4. High-profile coaches and players have already come out in England. 5. The rugby league campaign could reach a large audience. 6. Nigel Owens refereed in the rugby league world cup.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and expressions. The paragraph numbers are given to help you. 1. A two-word expression meaning an official organization that is responsible for making the rules for an organization and for making sure that people follow those rules. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning stop worrying, complaining or being upset about something. (para 2) 3. A noun meaning a magazine written for and by fans. (para 2) 4. An adjective meaning helpful and sympathetic. (para 3) 5. A two-word adjective meaning using new methods or achieving new results. (para 4) 6. An adverb meaning really. (para 5) 7. A form of rugby in which there are 15 players in a team. (para 6) 8. A noun meaning someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs, political aims or a group of people. (para 8)

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Two-word phrases
Match the words from the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make expressions from the text. 1. gay 2. governing 3. information 4. chief 5. working 6. positive 7. macho 8. helpline a. number b. executive c. message d. pack e. culture f. rights g. environment h. body

6 Word building: Adjectives and nouns


Complete the table.

verb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 successful equal diverse

noun
homophobia confidence profession access support

7 Discussion
This is one idea to promote diversity. Can you think of some other ways to discourage homophobia in sport?

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Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. heterosexual 2. macho 3. ridicule 4. inclusive 5. diversity 6. accessible 7. tackle 8. come out 9. homophobia 10. high-profile

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. governing body get over it fanzine supportive ground-breaking genuinely rugby union champion

5 Two-word phrases
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. f h d b g c e a

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Rugby Football League a gay rights group 350 6% almost two million around a quarter of a million

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F F T F T F

6 Word building: Adjectives and nouns


verb noun
diversity homophobia equality confidence profession access support success

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

diverse homophobic equal confidential professional accessible supportive successful

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Rugby league to kick off anti-homophobia campaign / Intermediate

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. downturn cataclysmic gloom rotation underestimate light year galaxy spiral squidgy molecule

1. A _________________ is the distance that light travels in a year. 2. A _________________ is a very small group of atoms that form a particular substance. 3. If you _________________ something, you think that it is smaller or less powerful than it really is. 4. A _________________ event is one that changes a situation in a sudden, violent and unpleasant way. 5. In an economic _________________, there is a significant reduction in business activity. 6. A _________________ shape is one that looks like a set of circles inside each other, made up by one line curving inside itself. 7. _________________ is a feeling of having no hope. 8. If something is _________________, it is very soft. 9. A _________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets. 10. _________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. Does the latest research show that our solar system is travelling faster or more slowly than previously thought? 2. When will the sun burn up the last of its nuclear fuel? 3. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 4. Which galaxy is the Milky Way expected to collide with? 5. Why is there no cause for alarm? 6. How fast is our solar system travelling?

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 3 Advanced
6
The scientists recorded intense radiowaves coming from the galaxys four spiral arms, where new stars are born. Heat from the stars warms up molecules of alcohol in interstellar gas clouds, which release the energy as radiowaves. The measurements showed that our solar system is hurtling along at 600,000mph, 100,000mph faster than thought. These measurements are revising our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy, said Menten. The speedier rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda, around 270bn times the mass of the sun, or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. No longer will we think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy, said Reid. The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach, California. Astronomers believe the crunch to end all crunches could happen around the same time our sun is due to burn up the last of its nuclear fuel, within the next 7bn years. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. Instead the two galaxies will merge to form a new, large galaxy. The galaxies will be dramatically stirred up, but they are very squidgy, so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out, and it will become one huge, dead galaxy, said Gerry Gilmore at the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge university, who was not involved in the study. One thing we dont know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us square on, or whether it will be a glancing blow. If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way, it is expected to be pulled back again for further collisions. The whole collision could take many millions of years. bring forward the date of our galactic demise. The work also sheds fresh light on the nature of dark matter, the invisible substance believed to hold galaxies together. Gilmore said the findings point to more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy that may be colder and more compacted than astronomers thought.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 05/01/09
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Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought
Ian Sample, science correspondent 5 January, 2009 1 If the return to work, grim weather and global

economic downturn were not enough to contend with, astronomers added to the seasonal gloom today by announcing that the Milky Way will crash into a nearby galaxy sooner than they thought. scientists admitted to having grossly underestimated the mass of the Milky Way, and so the gravitational pull it exerts on our cosmic neighbours, including the giant Andromeda galaxy. The oversight means that the two galaxies, which are on a cataclysmic collision course, will slam into one another earlier than scientists had previously predicted. will compress interstellar gas clouds within them, producing a dazzling flourish of newborn stars, in a last heavenly display before the giant wreckage slowly dims and dies out. Fortunately the galactic disaster still lies billions of years in the future.

2 According to their most detailed measurements yet,

3 When the two galaxies meet, powerful shockwaves

4 Our solar system is around 28,000 light years from

the centre of the Milky Way, itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood. The Andromeda galaxy, which is twice as wide, is around 2m light years away. Karl Menten, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Germany, said that while the galactic collision would happen sooner than expected, there was no cause for alarm. We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future, he said. Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics in Massachusetts, used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space. As the galaxy rotates, parts that emit radiowaves move relative to Earth, allowing the researchers to work out how fast the galaxy is spinning.

10 According to Gilmore, the research does more than

5 A team, led by Menten and Mark Reid at the

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Why did scientists believe that the collision between the Milky Way and Andromeda would take place later than they now believe it will take place? a. Because they didnt realize how fast Andromeda was travelling. b. Because they miscalculated the mass of the Milky Way. c. Because they werent sure when the sun would use the last of its nuclear fuel. 2. How did the scientists work out how fast the Milky Way is spinning? a. They compared its position to that of Andromeda. b. They measured the movement of radiowaves relative to Earth. c. They measured its mass in comparison with the sun. 3. What does the research do apart from tell us when our galaxy will come to an end? a. It tells us more about the nature of dark matter. b. It tells us when the sun will use up the last of its nuclear fuel. c. It shows the relationship between dark matter and the end of the universe. 4. Will the planets and stars collide? a. Probably. b. Possibly. c. Almost certainly not.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. 1. An adjective meaning unpleasant and upsetting. (para 1) 2. An adjective meaning between the stars. (para 3) 3. An adjective meaning extremely impressive. (para 3) 4. A verb meaning to become less bright. (para 3) 5. A noun meaning the time when something important or difficult happens or must be decided. (para 8) 6. A two-word expression meaning an indirect hit. (para 9) 7. A noun meaning the time when something stops existing. (para 10) 8. A four-word expression meaning to offer a new explanation for something. (para 10)

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 3 Advanced
5 Phrasal verbs
Match the phrasal verbs in the left-hand column with the definitions in the right-hand column. 1. stir up 2. bring forward 3. slam into 4. work out 5. contend with 6. hurtle along 7. burn up 8. die out a. to travel at an incredibly fast speed b. to crash into at great speed c. to disappear completely d. to have to deal with problems or difficulties e. to consume f. to calculate g. to move around h. to change the date of something so it happens earlier

6 Adjective + noun collocations


Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. 1. economic 2. grim 3. seasonal 4. gravitational 5. nuclear 6. dark 7. solar 8. detailed a. weather b. matter c. downturn d. fuel e. gloom f. system g. measurements h. pull

7 Discussion
Do you think it is important for us to be able to understand the universe and how it is formed?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. light year 2. molecule 3. underestimate 4. cataclysmic 5. downturn 6. spiral 7. gloom 8. squidgy 9. galaxy 10. rotation

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. grim 2. interstellar 3. dazzling 4. dim 5. crunch 6. glancing blow 7. demise 8. shed fresh light on

5 Phrasal verbs
1. g 2. h 3. b 4. f 5. d 6. a 7. e 8. c

2 Find the information


1. faster 2. within the next 7bn years 3. 28,000 light years 4. Andromeda 5. because it wont happen for billions of years 6. 600,000 mph

3 Comprehension check
1. b 2. b 3. a 4. c

6 Adjective + noun collocations


1. c 2. a 3. e 4. h 5. d 6. b 7. f 8. g

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Advanced

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. astronomer rotation light year collision mass precise galaxy solar system squidgy invisible

1. A _________________ is a crash between two moving objects. 2. _________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point. 3. If something is _________________, you cannot see it. 4. _________________ is the amount of material in an object. 5. A _________________ is a star and the planets that go round it. 6. If something is _________________, it is very exact and accurate. 7. An _________________ is a scientist who studies the stars and planets. 8. A _________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets. 9. If something is _________________, it is very soft. 10. A _________________ is the distance that light travels in a year.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 2. How many galaxies are there in our cosmic neighbourhood? 3. How far away is the Andromeda galaxy? 4. How fast is our solar system moving? 5. What is the mass of Andromeda? 6. When will the sun use the last of its nuclear fuel?

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 1 Elementary
changing our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy, said Menten. 6 The faster rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda, around 270bn times the mass of the sun, or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. We will no longer think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy, said Reid. The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach, California. Astronomers believe the crash to end all crashes could happen around the same time our sun uses the last of its nuclear fuel, within the next 7bn years. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. Instead the two galaxies will come together to form a new, large galaxy. There will be a dramatic shake-up in the galaxies, but they are very squidgy, so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out, and it will become one huge, dead galaxy, said Gerry Gilmore of Cambridge University, who did not take part in the study. One thing we dont know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us directly, or whether it will hit us from the side. If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way, the whole collision could take many millions of years. According to Gilmore, the research also gives us more information about the nature of dark matter, the invisible substance that holds galaxies together. Gilmore said the findings indicate there is more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy and that it may be colder and more compacted than astronomers previously believed.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 05/01/09

Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought
Ian Sample, science correspondent 5 January, 2009 1 The world is in the middle of an economic crisis. The weather is awful. People have to go back to work after the winter holidays. And now, along with all that bad news, scientists have some more depressing news for us. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is going to crash into a neighbouring galaxy sooner than they previously thought. 2 According to their most detailed measurements yet, scientists say that they made a serious mistake when they calculated the mass of the Milky Way. It is much greater than they thought and, as a result, its gravity has a much greater effect on our neighbours in space, including the giant Andromeda galaxy. The mistake means that the two galaxies will crash into each other earlier than scientists had previously believed. 3 When the two galaxies meet, the powerful shockwaves will produce hundreds of new stars before the light of the giant galaxy slowly dies out. Fortunately this galactic disaster is billions of years in the future. 4 Our solar system is around 28,000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way, itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood. The Andromeda galaxy, which is twice as wide, is around 2m light years away. Karl Menten, a German astronomer, said that the galactic collision will happen sooner than expected, but there is no reason to be worried. We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future, he said. 5 A team, led by Menten and American Mark Reid, used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space. By measuring radiowaves, the scientists showed that our solar system is moving at 600,000mph, 100,000mph faster than they previously thought. These measurements are
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NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The Milky Way is going to 2. There is no need to worry because 3. Scientists believe the collision 4. They also believe the sun 5. Our solar system 6. The mass of the Milky Way a. is much greater than scientists previously believed. b. will form a new, large galaxy. c. is moving at 600,000 mph. d. crash into the Andromeda galaxy. e. will use up the last of its nuclear fuel around the same time. f. this is going to happen billions of years in the future.

4 Two-word phrases
Match the words in the left-hand column with the words in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. 1. light 2. solar 3. radio 4. dark 5. nuclear 6. Milky 7. detailed 8. dramatic a. Way b. matter c. fuel d. telescope e. year f. measurement g. shake-up h. system

4 Word building
Complete the table. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary

verb collide measure rotate calculate

noun

presentation belief indication expectation


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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 1 Elementary
6 Prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. similar ____________ 2. in the middle ____________ 3. along ____________ 4. according ____________ 5. have an effect ____________ 6. billions of years ____________ the future 7. take part ____________ the study 8. ____________ the centre of

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. collision 2. rotation 3. invisible 4. mass 5. solar system 6. precise 7. astronomer 8. galaxy 9. squidgy 10. light year

Elementary

4 Two-word phrases
1. e 2. h 3. d 4. b 5. c 6. a 7. f 8. g

5 Word building
1. collision 2. measurement 3. rotation 4. calculation 5. present 6. believe 7. indicate 8. expect

2 Find the information


1. around 28,000 light years 2. more than 35 3. around 2m light years 4. 600,000 mph 5. 270bn times the mass of the sun 6. within the next 7bn years

3 Comprehension check
1. d 2. f 3. b 4. e 5. c 6. a

6 Prepositions
1. to 2. of 3. with 4. to 5. on 6. in 7. in 8. at

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Elementary

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. astronomer squidgy light year rotation downturn molecule underestimate collision galaxy merge

1. A __________________ is a very small group of atoms that form a particular substance. 2. If something is __________________, it is very soft. 3. __________________ is a movement in a circle around a fixed central point. 4. An __________________ is a scientist who studies the stars and planets. 5. A __________________ is a crash between two moving objects. 6. A __________________ is an extremely large group of stars and planets. 7. If you __________________ something, you think that it is smaller or less powerful than it really is. 8. A __________________ is the distance that light travels in a year. 9. If two things __________________, they join together to become one, bigger unit. 10. In an economic __________________, there is a significant reduction in business activity.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How far is our solar system from the centre of the Milky Way? 2. How many galaxies are there in our cosmic neighbourhood? 3. How far away is the Andromeda galaxy? 4. How fast is our solar system travelling? 5. What is the mass of Andromeda? 6. How long will the collision between Andromeda and the Milky Way take?

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 2 Intermediate
new stars are born. Heat from the stars warms up molecules of alcohol in interstellar gas clouds, which release the energy as radiowaves. The measurements showed that our solar system is moving at 600,000mph, 100,000mph faster than thought. These measurements are revising our understanding of the structure and motions of our galaxy, said Menten.

Get out of the way! Galactic collision will happen sooner than scientists thought
Ian Sample, science correspondent 5 January, 2009 1 The world is in the middle of an economic downturn.
The weather is awful. People are going back to work after the winter holidays. And now, as if all of that wasnt bad enough, astronomers are telling us that the Milky Way will crash into a nearby galaxy sooner than they thought. yet, scientists admit that they have seriously underestimated the mass of the Milky Way and, as a result, the gravitational pull the Milky Way exerts on our neighbours in space, including the giant Andromeda galaxy. The mistake means that the two galaxies will crash into each other earlier than scientists had previously predicted. will compress interstellar gas clouds inside them, producing hundreds of newborn stars before the light of the giant galaxy slowly grows dim and dies out. Fortunately this galactic disaster still lies billions of years in the future. the centre of the Milky Way, itself one of more than 35 galaxies in our cosmic neighbourhood. The Andromeda galaxy, which is twice as wide, is around 2m light years away. Karl Menten, a German astronomer, said that while the galactic collision would happen sooner than expected, there was no reason to be worried. We still expect it to happen billions of years in the future, he said. Reid, used a radio telescope to make precise measurements of the Milky Way as it moved through space. As the galaxy rotates, parts that emit radiowaves move relative to Earth and this allows the researchers to work out how fast the galaxy is spinning. coming from the four arms of the galaxy where

2 According to their most detailed measurements

The speedier rotation of the galaxy means its mass must be similar to that of Andromeda, around 270bn times the mass of the sun, or 33% greater than earlier calculations have suggested. We will no longer think of the Milky Way as the little sister of the Andromeda galaxy, said Reid. The research was presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Long Beach, California. Astronomers believe the crash to end all crashes could happen around the same time our sun is predicted to burn up the last of its nuclear fuel, within the next 7bn years. It is highly unlikely that planets and stars will collide. Instead the two galaxies will merge to form a new, large galaxy. There will be a dramatic shake-up in the galaxies, but they are very squidgy, so they will stick together and eventually all the stars will die out, and it will become one huge, dead galaxy, said Gerry Gilmore of Cambridge University, who was not involved in the study. One thing we dont know yet is whether Andromeda will hit us square on, or whether it will hit us from the side. If the galaxy strikes the side of the Milky Way, it is expected to be pulled back again for further collisions. The whole collision could take many millions of years. than simply give us the date when our galaxy will come to an end. The work also sheds fresh light on the nature of dark matter, the invisible substance believed to hold galaxies together. Gilmore said the findings indicate there is more dark matter at the centre of the galaxy and that it may be colder and more compacted than astronomers thought.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 05/01/09
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

3 When the two galaxies meet, powerful shockwaves

4 Our solar system is around 28,000 light years from

10 According to Gilmore, the research does more

5 A team, led by Menten and American Mark

6 The scientists recorded intense radiowaves

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate

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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Everyone should be really worried about the news of the collision between the Milky Way and Andromeda. 2. Scientists made an error in calculating the mass of the Milky Way. 3. Scientists dont know how fast the Milky Way is spinning. 4. The mass of the Milky Way is similar to that of Andromeda. 5. The sun will use the last of its nuclear fuel within the next 7 million years. 6. Scientists believe that dark matter holds galaxies together.

4 Find the word


Look in the text and find the following words and phrases. 1. A verb meaning to force into a smaller space. (para 3) 2. An adjective meaning between the stars. (para 3) 3. An adjective meaning less bright. (para 3) 4. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to calculate. (para 5) 5. A verb meaning to change your opinion or judgment of something. (para 6) 6. A two-word noun meaning a dramatic change in the way something is organized. (para 9) 7. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to disappear completely. (para 9) 8. A four-word expression meaning to offer a new explanation for something. (para 10)

5 Adjective + noun phrases


Match the adjectives in the left-hand column with the nouns in the right-hand column. 1. detailed 2. dramatic 3. little 4. gravitational 5. nuclear 6. dark 7. solar 8. economic
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate

a. sister b. matter c. downturn d. fuel e. shake-up f. system g. measurements h. pull


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Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 2 Intermediate
6 World building
Complete the table. verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. collide measure rotate calculate admit involve compress expect noun

7 Discussion
Should money be spent on researching space and the universe? What benefits could such research bring?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Galactic collision: Get out of the way!


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. molecule 2. squidgy 3. rotation 4. astronomer 5. collision 6. galaxy 7. underestimate 8. light year 9. merge 10. downturn

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. compress 2. interstellar 3. dim 4. work out 5. revise 6. shake-up 7. die out 8. shed fresh light on

5 Adjective + noun phrases


1. g 2. e 3. a 4. h 5. d 6. b 7. f 8. c

2 Find the information


1. 28,000 light years 2. more than 35 3. 2m light years 4. 600,000 mph 5. 270bn times the mass of the sun 6. many millions of years

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. F 6. T

6 Word building
1. collision 2. measurement 3. rotation 4. calculation 5. admission 6. involvement 7. compression 8. expectation

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Galactic collision: Get out of the way! / Intermediate

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. posthumous animated sequel bizarre feelgood sombre score downside rejuvenated glitz

1. If something is described as _____________________, it is strange and difficult to explain. 2. If something is described as _____________________, it has become good or effective again. 3. An _____________________ film is a cartoon, a film consisting of a series of drawings. 4. If an event is _____________________, it is serious or sad. 5. A _____________________ award is one given to someone after they have died. 6. _____________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. 7. A _____________________ is a film that continues the story of a previous one. 8. The _____________________ of something represents its negative aspects or disadvantages. 9. A _____________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. 10. The music written for a film is known as its _____________________.

What do you know?

Decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The Oscar ceremony always takes place before the Golden Globes. 2. Kate Winslet is an American actress. 3. Kate Winslets husband is also an actor. 4. The Golden Globes ceremony did not take place in 2008. 5. The Golden Globes ceremony is held in New York. 6. The actor Heath Ledger died last year.

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 3 Advanced
Springsteen winning for best song. Rourke, seen by many as this years comeback kid, dedicated the award to his canine companions, past and present. Its been a very long road back for me, he told the audience. Several years ago I was almost out of this business. Id like to thank all my dogs. Sometimes when a mans alone his dogs are all hes got. 6 The rejuvenated awards ceremony it was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters strike celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz. The red carpet, the frocks and the tearful acceptance speeches were all in attendance as a collection of Hollywood stars turned out for the relatively informal evening at the Beverly Hilton Hotel. One of the biggest surprises of the evening came as Sally Hawkins won the best actress in a comedy or a musical prize for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leighs Happy-Go-Lucky. The British actor beat off strong competition from some famous Hollywood names, including Frances McDormand, Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. The distance from her table to the stage was an indication of the unexpectedness of her victory. The Pixar-Disney collaboration paid off with a win for the robot romance WALL-E in the best animated feature category beating Kung Fu Panda, an attempt to capitalize on last years Olympics-inspired enthusiasm for things Chinese. Another animated feature, the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir, won the best foreign language film award. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war, the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. Speaking backstage after accepting the award, director Ari Folman said that he did not regret the films relevance: Unfortunately, the film is always relevant, he said. Theres only one major statement, which is an antiwar statement, and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago, when we were working on it.
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress Danny Boyles Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12, 2009 1 UK actress Kate Winslet has won the two Golden Globe categories for which she was nominated: best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. 2 In her acceptance speech, Winslet said that she never won awards, a remark picked up later by presenter Ricky Gervais, who remembered telling her: Do a Holocaust movie, the awards come. In an emotional address for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road, Winslet paid tribute to her spectacular co-star, Leonardo DiCaprio, and to her husband, Sam Mendes, who directed the film. 3 Perhaps the most highly anticipated award of the night was the posthumous Golden Globe given to Heath Ledger for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight. Acknowledging his contribution, Christopher Nolan, who directed the Batman sequel, paid tribute: We will miss him, but he will never be forgotten. 4 The Globes are traditionally seen as an indication of form for Oscar night, a month and a half away. Sunday nights awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar, as well as dealing a blow to other hopefuls. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score, Frost/ Nixon failed to pick up a single award, despite being nominated in the best drama, director, actor, screenplay and score categories. Likewise, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt, directed by David Fincher and nominated in five categories, was not a winner on the night. 5 The Wrestler, another Oscar frontrunner, did better, with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce
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NEWS LESSONS /Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 3 Advanced
to designers, the red carpet was rolled up and Steven Spielberg and Rumer Willis had to wait an extra year for their moment in the spotlight. 11 This year amends were made: Spielberg was duly given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement, and la Willis offspring of Bruce Willis and Demi Moore was acknowledged as Miss Golden Globes, an accomplishment reserved for the children of the stars.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 12/01/09

10 The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel represented a turnaround from last years bizarre event. A year ago, in the midst of a writers strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down, the Golden Globes dropped the glamorous prize-giving in favour of a more sombre press conference at which a list of winners was read out. The advantages of last years arrangement were that it was shorter, cheaper and more reflective of the significance of the Globes. The downside was that it deprived Hollywood of one of its primary love-ins of the year as gowns were returned

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. The Golden Globes a. always give awards to the same people that get awards in the Oscars. b. usually give people a good idea of who will do well in the Oscars. c. traditionally give awards to people who do not win Oscars. 2. Why was it surprising that The Curious Case of Benjamin Button didnt win any Golden Globes? a. Because it was clearly the best film. b. Because it starred Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt. c. Because it had been nominated in five different categories. 3. What did the distance from Sally Hawkins table to the stage indicate? a. That she was not an important guest. b. That she was not expected to win an award. c. That she had strong competition from some famous names. 4. How did last years Golden Globes differ from this years? a. The ceremony was followed by a press conference. b. Steven Spielberg was given an award for lifetime achievement last year. c. There was no ceremony at all just a press conference.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 3 Advanced
4 Find the word
Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A two-word expression meaning an important part but not the main part in a film. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning to praise someone publicly. (para 2) 3. A noun meaning the person considered most likely to win a competition. (para 5) 4. An adjective meaning relating to dogs. (para 5) 5. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to succeed in winning or gaining something from an opponent. (para 7) 6. A noun meaning a complete change in a situation. (para 10) 7. An adjective meaning attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. (para 10) 8. A two-word expression meaning to try to make a situation better after you have done something wrong. (para 11)

5 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make two-word expressions from the text. 1. press 2. awards 3. red 4. strong 5. acceptance 6. feelgood 7. lifetime 8. comeback a. kid b. competition c. achievement d. speech e. carpet f. conference g. movie h. ceremony

6 Expressions with prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. pay tribute _______ 2. capitalize _______ 3. enthusiasm _______ 4. in the midst _______ 5. in favour _______ 6. deprive someone _______ 7. _______ the spotlight 8. work _______ a film

7 Discussion
Do you think awards ceremonies like the Oscars and Golden Globes are important or a waste of time? Give your reasons.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. bizarre rejuvenated animated sombre posthumous glitz sequel downside feelgood score

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. supporting actress (actor) pay tribute to frontrunner canine beat off turnaround glamorous make amends

5 Two-word expressions
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. f h e b d g c a

2 What do you know?


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F F F T F T

6 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. to on for of of of in on

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. b c b c

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. feelgood animated tribute glitz award tearful score glamorous posthumous achievement

1. If you pay __________________ to someone, you praise them in public. 2. An __________________ is a prize given to someone who has achieved something. 3. __________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. 4. If someone gives a __________________ speech, they cry a lot during it. 5. An __________________ film is a cartoon, a film consisting of a series of drawings. 6. If you succeed in doing something after a lot of hard work and effort, this is an __________________. 7. The music written for a film is known as its __________________. 8. If something is __________________, it is attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. 9. A __________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. 10. A __________________ award is one given to someone after they have died.

Find the information

Find the answers to the following questions in the text. 1. How many Golden Globe awards did Kate Winslet win this year? 2. Who was her co-star in Revolutionary Road? 3. Who directed Revolutionary Road? 4. When do the Oscars take place? 5. Where did the Golden Globes ceremony take place this year? 6. Which film won the best foreign language film award?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 1 Elementary
5 The Golden Globes ceremony was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters strike. This year it celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz. The red carpet, the dresses and the tearful acceptance speeches were all there as a collection of stars arrived for the ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Hollywood. One of the biggest surprises of the evening was Sally Hawkins winning the best actress in a comedy award for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leighs Happy-Go-Lucky. The British actor won against some strong competition from some famous Hollywood names, including Frances McDormand, Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. An animated feature, the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir, won the best foreign language film award. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war, the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. Speaking after accepting the award, director Ari Folman said that the film was very relevant: Unfortunately, the film is always relevant, he said. Theres only one major statement, which is an antiwar statement, and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago, when we were working on it. The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel was a complete change from last years strange event. A year ago, in the middle of a writers strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down, the Golden Globes cancelled the glamorous prize-giving and simply held a press conference at which a list of winners was read out. The advantages of last years arrangement were that it was shorter and cheaper. The disadvantage was that it Hollywood lost one of its big evenings of the year. This year Steven Spielberg was given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement, and Rumer Willis whose parents are Bruce Willis and Demi Moore was given the Miss Golden Globes award.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 12/01/09
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress Danny Boyles Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12, 2009 1 British actress Kate Winslet has won two awards at the Golden Globes ceremony in Hollywood. She won the award for best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. In an emotional acceptance speech for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road, Winslet paid tribute to her spectacular co-star, Leonardo DiCaprio, and to her husband, Sam Mendes, who directed the film. 2 Heath Ledger, who died last year, was given a posthumous Golden Globe for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight. Christopher Nolan, who directed the film, paid tribute to Ledger: We will miss him, but he will never be forgotten. 3 The Globes are usually an indication of who will win the Oscars a month and a half later. This years awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score, one of the favourites for the Oscars, Frost/Nixon, did not pick up a single award, even though it was nominated in five categories in the best drama, director, actor, screenplay and score. Likewise, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt, directed by David Fincher and also nominated in five categories, was not a winner on the night. 4 The Wrestler, another Oscar favourite, did better, with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce Springsteen winning a Globe for best song. Rourke dedicated the award to his dogs, past and present. Its been a very long road back for me, he told the audience. Several years ago I was almost out of this business. Id like to thank all my dogs. Sometimes when a mans alone his dogs are all hes got.
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NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. Last years Golden Globes ceremony did not take place 2. Steven Spielberg was given 3. Heath Ledger was given 4. Mickey Rourke was given ... 5. Bruce Springsteen was given 6. The Golden Globes are usually ... a. an indication of who will win the Oscars. b. a posthumous award. c. because of the Hollywood writers strike. d. the award for best song. e. the best dramatic actor award. f. a lifetime achievement award.

4 Chunks
Rearrange the words to make phrases from the text. 1. never he forgotten be will 2. half a later month and a 3. surprises the of the one biggest evening of 4. film best the language foreign 5. middle strike a in of the writers 6. the one the evenings of year big of

5 Word building
Complete the table with nouns from the text.

verb
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. achieve produce perform state accept arrange nominate indicate

noun

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 1 Elementary
6 Word stress
Divide these words from the text into two groups according to their stress. award surprise cancel return tribute classic husband foreign drama complete alone arrive

A 0 o

B o 0

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. tribute award glitz tearful animated achievement score glamorous feelgood posthumous

Elementary

4 Chunks
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. he will never be forgotten a month and a half later one of the biggest surprises of the evening the best foreign language film in the middle of a writers strike one of the big evenings of the year

5 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. achievement production performance statement acceptance arrangement nomination indication

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. two Leonardo DiCaprio Sam Mendes one and a half months after the Golden Globes Hollywood Waltz with Bashir

6 Word stress
A 0 o: tribute; husband; drama; cancel; classic; foreign B o 0: award; surprise; alone; return; complete; arrive

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c f b e d a

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Elementary

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. award bizarre sequel animated feelgood glitz score tearful posthumous glamorous

1. The music written for a film is known as its ____________________. 2. A ____________________ award is one given to someone after they have died. 3. If someone gives a ____________________ speech, they cry a lot during it. 4. A ____________________ is a film that continues the story of a previous one. 5. A ____________________ film makes you feel happy and satisfied. 6. ____________________ is a special quality that makes something seem very exciting and attractive even though it has no value. 7. If something is ____________________, it is attractive and interesting in an exciting and unusual way. 8. An ____________________ film is a cartoon, a film consisting of a series of drawings. 9. An ____________________ is a prize given to someone who has achieved something. 10. If something is described as ____________________, it is strange and difficult to explain.

Find the information

Find the answers to the following questions in the text. 1. How many Golden Globes did Kate Winslet win this year? 2. Who was her co-star in Revolutionary Road? 3. Who directed Revolutionary Road? 4. How many awards did Frost/Nixon get? 5. Where did the Golden Globes ceremony take place this year? 6. Who won the lifetime achievement award?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 2 Intermediate
Sometimes when a mans alone his dogs are all hes got. 5 The Golden Globes ceremony, which was cancelled last year because of the scriptwriters strike, celebrated its return with a night of classic Hollywood glitz. The red carpet, the dresses and the tearful acceptance speeches were all there as a collection of stars turned out for the relatively informal evening at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Hollywood. One of the biggest surprises of the evening was Sally Hawkins winning the best actress in a comedy award for her role as a schoolteacher in Mike Leighs Happy-Go-Lucky. The British actor won in the face of some strong competition from famous Hollywood names, including Frances McDormand, Meryl Streep and Emma Thompson. The distance from her table to the stage was an indication of just how unexpected her win was. An animated feature, the Israeli film Waltz With Bashir, won the best foreign language film award. An animated documentary that examines the massacres of Palestinians during the 1982 Lebanon war, the highly political film has received multiple nominations this awards season. Speaking backstage after accepting the award, director Ari Folman said that he did not regret the films relevance: Unfortunately, the film is always relevant, he said. Theres only one major statement, which is an antiwar statement, and it is relevant now and unfortunately it was relevant two years ago, when we were working on it. The ceremony at the Beverly Hilton Hotel represented a complete change from last years bizarre event. A year ago, in the midst of a writers strike that had seen most production in Hollywood shut down, the Golden Globes cancelled the glamorous prize-giving and simply held a press conference at which a list of winners was read out. The advantages of last years arrangement were that it was shorter, cheaper and a better indication of the significance of the Globes. The disadvantage was that it deprived Hollywood of one of its big evenings of the year

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Kate Winslet wins best actress and best supporting actress Danny Boyles Slumdog Millionaire on course for Oscar glory Dan Glaister in Los Angeles January 12, 2009 1 British actress Kate Winslet has won the two Golden Globe categories for which she was nominated: best dramatic actress for Revolutionary Road and best supporting actress for The Reader. In an emotional acceptance speech for her surprise win for Revolutionary Road, Winslet paid tribute to her spectacular co-star, Leonardo DiCaprio, and to her husband, Sam Mendes, who directed the film. 2 Perhaps the most highly anticipated award of the night was the posthumous Golden Globe given to Heath Ledger for his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight. Christopher Nolan, who directed the Batman sequel, paid tribute to Ledger: We will miss him, but he will never be forgotten. 3 The Globes are traditionally seen as an indication of how the Oscars will go in a month and a halfs time. Sunday nights awards made the feelgood movie Slumdog Millionaire one of the favourites for the Oscar. While Slumdog Millionaire also won awards for best script and best score, Frost/ Nixon did not pick up a single award, despite being nominated in the best drama, director, actor, screenplay and score categories. Likewise, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, starring Cate Blanchett and Brad Pitt, directed by David Fincher and nominated in five categories, was not a winner on the night. 4 The Wrestler, another Oscar favourite, did better, with its star Mickey Rourke winning the best dramatic actor award and Bruce Springsteen winning a Globe for best song. Rourke dedicated the award to his dogs, past and present. Its been a very long road back for me, he told the audience. Several years ago I was almost out of this business. Id like to thank all my dogs.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009

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P H

NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 2 Intermediate
as dresses were returned to designers, the red carpet was rolled up and Steven Spielberg and Rumer Willis had to wait an extra year for their moment in the spotlight. 9 This year Spielberg was given the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement, and la Willis whose parents are Bruce Willis and Demi Moore was acknowledged as Miss Golden Globes, an award reserved for the children of the stars.
Guardian News & Media 2008 First published in The Guardian, 12/01/09

3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. The Golden Globes take place after the Oscar awards. 2. No Golden Globes were awarded in 2008. 3. All the favourites for the Oscars won Golden Globes. 4. The best foreign language film was a cartoon. 5. Last years event was cancelled because of the writers strike. 6. This years Golden Globe event was very similar to last years.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A two-word expression meaning an important part but not the main part in a film. (para 1) 2. A three-word expression meaning to praise someone publicly. (para 1) 3. A noun meaning a story someone writes for a film. (para 3) 4. A noun meaning the person considered most likely to win a competition. (para 4) 5. A four-word expression meaning in a situation where you have to deal with something difficult. (para 6) 6. An adjective meaning several. (para 7) 7. An adverb meaning in the area behind the stage in a theatre. (para 7) 8. A four-word expression meaning while something else is happening. (para 8)
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Expressions with prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. pay tribute _______ someone 2. work _______ a project 3. deprive someone _______ something 4. in the face _______ strong opposition 5. in the midst _______ the writers strike 6. win an award _______ something

6 Word building
Complete the table with nouns from the text.

verb
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. perform nominate accept compete indicate state arrange achieve

noun

7 Discussion
Which film and which actors do you think should win Golden Globes? What are your reasons for choosing them?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate

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Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. score posthumous tearful sequel feelgood glitz glamorous animated award bizarre

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. supporting actress (actor) pay tribute to screenplay favourite in the face of multiple backstage in the midst of

5 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. to on of of of for

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. two Leonardo DiCaprio Sam Mendes (Kase Winslets husband) none Hollywood (the Beverly Hilton Hotel) Steven Spielberg

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. performance nomination acceptance competition indication statement arrangement achievement

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F F F T T F

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Brits have the Midas touch at Golden Globe awards / Intermediate

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. flock buoyancy ditch perennial sink eyewitness raft glider stricken bound for

1. If an aircraft is described as __________________, it is seriously damaged. 2. A __________________ problem is one that always exists or never seems to change. 3. A __________________ is a large group of birds flying together. 4. An __________________ is someone who actually sees a crime or an accident. 5. If a plane is __________________ a particular place, that place is its destination. 6. If the pilot __________________ a plane, he lands it on water (in the sea or on a lake or river). 7. If something __________________, it disappears below the surface of the water. 8. A __________________ is a plane without an engine. 9. A __________________ is a simple flat boat. 10. __________________ is the ability of something to float on water.

2 Find the information


Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. Where is LaGuardia airport? 2. Where was flight 1549 flying to? 3. What type of aircraft was flight 1549? 4. How many passengers were on board the flight? 5. How long after take-off was it when the problem happened? 6. How many investigators are looking into the causes of the accident?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 3 Advanced
crash landing on the Hudson. Brace yourself for impact, he told the passengers. Seconds later the plane struck the Hudson, on a line with 48th Street in midtown Manhattan, turning a stretch of waterway normally populated by tourists enjoying a waterside view of the skyscrapers into an astonishing fight for survival. 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop; it looked so controlled that some witnesses mistook it for the landing of a seaplane. I just thought, Why is it so low? And splash, it hit the water, said one witness, Barbara Sambriski. Jeff Kolodjay, one of the passengers, said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. It was pretty scary, man. We got out by the luck of God. I take my hat off to the pilot it was incredible we all made it off alive. Another passenger, Alberto Panero, said: I want to say thank you to that pilot. It was as good a landing as you can make in a river. He said that passengers had begun praying as it came in low over the river, but all had remained calm. The survival of all on board appears to have been thanks to a combination of the plane remaining intact on impact and almost immediate assistance from at least seven water taxis and tugs which swarmed around the jet. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings, and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or stood in line on rafts, or on top of the wings which acted as buoyancy and kept the plane afloat. By the time all had been taken on to the rescue boats, the plane had water up to its windows and was floating rapidly southwards in the outgoing tide. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey, but their injuries were reported to be no more serious than mild hypothermia, shock, cuts and bruises. Normally this isnt the way people arrive in New York, said the citys mayor Michael Bloomberg. But as long as everyone got off safely thats secondary.
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Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York
Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January, 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet managed to avoid disaster and save the lives of all 155 people on board his stricken plane when he ditched into the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New Yorks LaGuardia airport. The extraordinary escape was immediately called the miracle on the Hudson and an example of the ability of New York to cope with disaster in the wake of 9/11. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers, including a baby, five crew and two pilots, and all of them escaped. 2 The captain, named last night as Chesley Sullenberger, has 29 years experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce fighter pilot. With both his twin engines in trouble, one apparently on fire, and with the nearest airport out of range, he calmly brought the plane to land on the river on the west side of Manhattan. Sullenberger then helped passengers escape to rescue boats, and twice walked the length of the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely, before escaping himself. We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson, said the governor of New York, David Patterson. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia bound for Charlotte in North Carolina at 3.26pm. A mere 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook, believed to have been caused by it striking a flock of geese. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was experiencing engine problems and requested to return to ground. The nearest identified airport was in New Jersey, but when it became clear he could not make it, the pilot prepared for a

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 3
10

Advanced
fire, but pilots are usually able to bring a plane into an emergency landing with just one engine working. An air incident investigator, David Gleave, told the BBC that the incident was quite remarkable, but not unique. He said if both engines of the plane had failed, the aircraft would become like a glider.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 16/01/09

A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been dispatched to root out the causes of the plane failure. Witnesses suggested that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese a perennial threat at New York airports as a result of the city lying on a well-used migratory path for birds. One puzzle, though, is why both engines cut out. The left engine appeared to have caught

11

3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. What was the probable cause of the accident? a. engine failure b. pilot error c. bird strike 2. Why didnt the pilot fly to the nearest airport? a. It was too far. b. The runway was too short. c. He didnt have enough fuel. 3. Why did the plane stay afloat on the river? a. The wings acted as buoyancy. b. The plane wasnt full. c. Ships and buoys helped it to stay afloat. 4. Why is bird strike a constant problem in New York? a. Because there are a lot of birds there. b. Because the New York airports are on the paths along which birds migrate. c. Because birds there are not afraid of planes.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A two-word phrasal verb meaning to deal successfully with a difficult situation. (para 1) 2. A four-word expression meaning happening after an event or as a result of it. (para 1) 3. A three-word expression meaning not within a distance which can be reached. (para 2) 4. A two-word expression meaning get ready for something unpleasant. (para 4) 5. A five-word expression used to show admiration or respect for someone because of something impressive they have done. (para 6) 6. A noun meaning a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. (para 8) 7. A noun meaning a serious medical condition in which your body temperature is very low. (para 9) 8. A verb meaning to send someone or something somewhere. (para 10)
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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 3 Advanced
Phrasal verbs 5
Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions. 1. root out 2. swarm around 3. cut out 4. get out 5. take off 6. come in a. (of a plane) leave the ground b. (of a train or plane) approach the destination c. surround something in large numbers d. (of an engine) suddenly stop working e. find something bad or illegal and get rid of it f. escape from inside somewhere

6 Phrases with prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. _______ trouble 2. _______ fire 3. _______ board 4. _______ range 5. thanks _______ 6. bound _______ 7. stand _______ line 8. prepare _______

7 Discussion
Experts believe that flying is the safest form of transport. Do you agree? Compare flying with other means of transport.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. stricken 2. perennial 3. flock 4. eyewitness 5. bound for 6. ditches 7. sinks 8. glider 9. raft 10. buoyancy

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. cope with 2. in the wake of 3. out of range 4. brace yourself 5. I take my hat off 6. tug 7. hypothermia 8. dispatch

5 Phrasal verbs
1. e 2. c 3. d 4. f 5. a 6. b

2 Find the information


1. New York 2. Charlotte, North Carolina 3. Airbus 320 4. 148 5. 30 to 45 seconds 6. 20

6 Phrases with prepositions


1. in 2. on 3. on 4. out of 5. to 6. for 7. in 8. for

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. a 3. a 4. b

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Advanced

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. miracle bruise flock tug sink migrate raft splash eyewitness hypothermia

1. _________________ is a medical condition in which your body temperature is very low. 2. An _________________ is someone who sees a crime or an accident. 3. A _________________ is a simple flat boat. 4. A _________________ is a mark you get on your body if you are hit or you knock into something. 5. A _________________ is the sound or sight of something falling into water. 6. Birds _________________ when they fly from one part of the world to another at a particular time of year. 7. If something _________________, it disappears below the surface of the water. 8. A _________________ is a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. 9. A _________________ is something extremely lucky that would not normally be possible. 10. A _________________ is a large group of birds flying together.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How many people were on the flight? 2. What was the flight number? 3. How many passengers were on the plane? 4. What time did the plane take off? 5. Where did the plane take off? 6. Where was it flying to?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 1 Elementary
controlled that some witnesses thought it was a seaplane. I just thought, Why is it so low? And then there was a splash when it hit the water, said one witness. 6 Jeff Kolodjay, one of the passengers, said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. It was very frightening. We got out by the luck of God. I give my thanks to the pilot it was incredible that we all escaped alive. Another passenger said: I want to say thank you to that pilot. You couldnt make a better landing in a river. He said that passengers had started to pray as the plane flew over the river, but that everyone was calm. The fact that no-one died was probably because the plane did not break up when it hit the water and also because at least seven water taxis and tugs surrounded the plane almost immediately. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings, and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or waited on rafts, or on top of the wings. By the time everyone was in the rescue boats, the plane had water up to its windows and was floating quickly down the river. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey, but their injuries were no more serious than mild hypothermia, shock, cuts and bruises. A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been sent to find the causes of the accident. Witnesses said that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese a constant problem at New York airports because the city lies on a path that birds use when they migrate. One question, though, is why both engines stopped working. It seems that the left engine caught fire, but pilots are usually able to make an emergency landing with just one engine working.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 16/01/09

Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York
Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January, 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet avoided a disaster and saved the lives of all 155 people on board his damaged plane when he landed in the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New Yorks LaGuardia airport. People immediately called the extraordinary escape the miracle on the Hudson. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers, including a baby, five crew and two pilots, and everyone escaped. 2 The pilot, Chesley Sullenberger, has 29 years experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce pilot. He had problems with both engines and one was probably on fire. The nearest airport was too far away. But Sullenberger calmly landed the plane on the river on the west side of Manhattan. He then helped the passengers to escape to rescue boats, and twice walked through the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely, before he escaped himself. We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson, said the governor of New York. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia on its way to Charlotte in North Carolina at 3.26pm. Just 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook, probably as a result of it hitting a flock of geese. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was having engine problems and asked to return to ground. The nearest airport was in New Jersey, but when he realized that he could not reach that airport, the pilot prepared for a crash landing on the Hudson. Get ready for a crash, he told the passengers. Seconds later the plane hit the river. 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop; it looked so

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The plane had to make a crash landing because 2. The pilot couldnt land at the airport in New Jersey because 3. People thought the plane was a seaplane because 4. People are calling it a miracle because 5. No-one died because 6. The cause of the engine trouble ... a. no-one died. b. the plane didnt break up and the rescue boats came quickly. c. both its engines stopped working. d. was probably the plane hitting a flock of birds. e. the landing was so controlled. f. it was too far away.

4 Verb + noun collocations


Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. 1. land 2. avoid 3. save 4. give 5. find 6. catch a. thanks b. someones life c. the cause of something d. a plane e. fire f. a disaster

5 Chunks
Rearrange these words to make phrases from the text. 1. 45 take-off to seconds 30 after 2. 20 a of investigators team 3. was frightening very it 4. the as over plane the river flew 5. of aircraft the at front the 6. accident the of causes the
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 1 Elementary
6 Word grammar
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets. 1. The experience was very _________________. [FRIGHTEN] 2. The pilot landed the plane very _________________.[CALM] 3. He had to make an emergency _________________.[LAND] 4. A team of 20 _________________ will try to find the causes of the accident. [INVESTIGATE] 5. The pilot checked that everyone had got out _________________. [SAFE] 6. The National Transportation and _________________ Board. [SAFE]

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. hypothermia 2. eyewitness 3. raft 4. bruise 5. splash 6. migrate 7. sinks 8. tug 9. miracle 10. flock

Elementary

4 Verb + noun collocations


1. d 2. f 3. b 4. a 5. c 6. e

5 Chunks
1. 30 to 45 seconds after take-off 2. a team of 20 investigators 3. it was very frightening 4. as the plane flew over the river 5. at the front of the aircraft 6. the causes of the accident

2 Find the information


1. 155 2. 1549 3. 148 4. 3.26pm 5. LaGuardia 6. Charlotte, North Carolina

6 Word grammar
1. frightening 2. calmly 3. landing 4. investigators 5. safely 6. safety

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. f 3. e 4. a 5. b 6. d

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Elementary

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 2 Intermediate
1
Key words

Complete the sentences using these key words from the text. flock apparently sink bound for raft survival eyewitness bruise glider hypothermia

1. If something __________________, it disappears below the surface of the water. 2. A __________________ is a plane without an engine. 3. __________________ means continuing to be alive. 4. __________________ is a medical condition in which the temperature of your body becomes very low. 5. If a plane is __________________ a particular place, that place is its destination. 6. A __________________ is a large group of birds flying together. 7. An __________________ is someone who actually sees a crime or an accident. 8. A __________________ is a simple flat boat. 9. __________________ means that something is based only on what you have heard and not on what you are certain is true. 10. A __________________ is a mark you get on your body if you are hit or you knock into something.

Find the information 2


Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How many people were on the flight? 2. What was the flight number? 3. How many passengers were on the plane? 4. What time did the plane take off? 5. How long after take-off was it when the problem happened? 6. How many investigators are investigating the accident?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 2 Intermediate
Miracle on the Hudson: 155 survive crash as jet hits river in New York
Pilot of US Airways plane avoids disaster and saves lives of 155 people after engine catches fire due to suspected bird strike Ed Pilkington in New York 16 January, 2009 1 The pilot of a US Airways jet managed to avoid disaster and save the lives of all 155 people on board his damaged plane when he landed in the icy waters of the Hudson river moments after taking off from New Yorks LaGuardia airport. The extraordinary escape was immediately called the miracle on the Hudson. Flight 1549 was carrying 148 passengers, including a baby, five crew and two pilots, and all of them escaped. 2 The captain, Chesley Sullenberger, has 29 years experience with commercial airlines and is a former US airforce fighter pilot. With both his engines in trouble, one apparently on fire, and with the nearest airport too far away, he calmly landed the plane on the river on the west side of Manhattan. Sullenberger then helped passengers escape to rescue boats, and twice walked through the passenger cabin inside the sinking jet to check that everyone had got out safely, before escaping himself. We have had a Miracle on 34th Street. Now we have a miracle on the Hudson, said the governor of New York, David Patterson. 3 The Airbus 320 took off from LaGuardia bound for Charlotte in North Carolina at 3.26pm. Just 30 to 45 seconds after take-off there was a bang and the aircraft shook, apparently as the result of it striking a flock of geese. 4 The pilot reported to air traffic control that he was experiencing engine problems and requested to return to ground. The nearest airport was in New Jersey, but when it became clear that he could not reach that airport, the pilot prepared for a crash landing on the Hudson. Brace yourself for impact, he told the passengers. Seconds later the plane hit the river. 6 5 Eyewitnesses reported seeing a splash and the plane coming to an immediate stop; it looked so controlled that some witnesses thought it was a seaplane. I just thought, Why is it so low? And splash, it hit the water, said one witness. Jeff Kolodjay, one of the passengers, said that after take-off they had heard a bang and the plane filled with smoke from the left engine. It was pretty frightening. We got out by the luck of God. I take my hat off to the pilot it was incredible we all escaped alive. Another passenger, Alberto Panero, said: I want to say thank you to that pilot. It was as good a landing as you can make in a river. He said that passengers had begun praying as the plane flew over the river, but that everyone was calm. The survival of everyone on board seems to have been the result of a combination of the plane not breaking up when it hit the water and almost immediate assistance from at least seven water taxis and tugs which surrounded the plane. Doors were opened quickly at the front of the aircraft and over the wings, and passengers either stepped straight into the boats or stood in line on rafts, or on top of the wings which kept the plane afloat. By the time everyone had been taken on to the rescue boats, the plane had water up to its windows and was floating rapidly down the river. Several passengers were taken to hospitals in New York and New Jersey, but their injuries were reported to be no more serious than mild hypothermia, shock, cuts and bruises.

10 A team of 20 investigators from the National Transportation and Safety Board has been sent to find the causes of the plane failure. Witnesses suggested that the engine trouble was caused by the plane flying into a flock of geese a constant problem at New York airports because the city lies on a well-used migratory path for birds. One question, though, is why both engines stopped working. The left engine appeared to have caught fire, but pilots are usually able to bring a plane into an emergency landing with just
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 2 Intermediate
one engine working. An air incident investigator, David Gleave, told the BBC that the incident was quite remarkable, but not unique. He said if both engines of the plane had failed, the aircraft would be like a glider.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 16/01/09

3 Comprehension check
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences. 1. The accident was probably / definitely caused by a bird strike. 2. The plane was flying from / to Charlotte, North Carolina. 3. The nearest airport was too far away / too small to land the plane. 4. Some water taxis and tugs surrounded the plane quite soon / almost immediately after the crash landing. 5. Several people were taken to hospital with serious / minor injuries. 6. Birds are a frequent / occasional problem at New York airports.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A noun meaning something extremely lucky that would not normally be possible. (para 1) 2. A two-word expression meaning get ready for something unpleasant. (para 4) 3. A noun meaning the sound or sight of something falling into water. (para 5) 4. An adverb meaning quite or very. (para 6) 5. A five-word expression used to show admiration or respect for someone because of something impressive they have done. (para 6) 6. A noun meaning a small powerful boat used for pulling large boats. (para 8) 7. A three-word expression meaning wait in a queue. (para 8) 8. A two-word expression meaning the route birds take when they fly from one part of the world to another at a particular time of year. (para 10)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 2 Intermediate
Phrases with prepositions 5
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. _______ board 2. _______ fire 3. _______ trouble 4. bound _______ 5. as the result _______ 6. _______ the front of 7. stand _______ line 8. taken _______ hospital

6 Two-word expressions
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text. 1. emergency 2. commercial 3. engine 4. rescue 5. catch 6. passenger a. fire b. trouble c. cabin d. airline e. boat f. landing

7 Discussion
Are you afraid of flying? Why? Why not? What are some of the things that can possibly go wrong with an aircraft?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate

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Miracle on the Hudson


Level 2 Intermediate KEY
1 Key words
1. sinks 2. glider 3. survival 4. hypothermia 5. bound for 6. flock 7. eyewitness 8. raft 9. apparently 10. bruise

4 Find the word


1. miracle 2. brace yourself 3. splash 4. pretty 5. I take my hat off 6. tug 7. stand in line 8. migratory path

5 Phrases with prepositions


1. on 2. on 3. in 4. for 5. of 6. at 7. in 8. to

2 Find the information


1. 155 2. 1549 3. 148 4. 3.26pm 5. 30 to 45 seconds 6. 20

3 Comprehension check
1. probably 2. to 3. too far away 4. almost immediately 5. minor 6. frequent

6 Two-word expressions
1. f 2. d 3. b 4. e 5. a 6. c

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Miracle on the Hudson / Intermediate

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Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Match the following words with the definitions. converging mired expedience adversaries sentiments grave sapped unflinching implicit shuttered sworn in sacrifice harness inauguration oath sombre

1. The day on which a recently elected US president begins his job. _____________________ (title) 2. When a US president has put his hand on a bible and has promised to do his job, we say he has been _____________________. (para 1) 3. Sad, serious, gloomy. _____________________ (para 2) 4. When you are _____________________ in something you are entangled or caught up in it. (para 2) 5. When confidence or energy has been _____________________ it has been made weak. (para 2) 6. The act of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. _____________________ (para 2) 7. A formal promise. _____________________ (para 3) 8. When people are doing this, they are meeting or coming together in one place. _____________________ (para 4) 9. So serious that you feel worried. _____________________ (para 6) 10. Closed, or (here) ceased trading. _____________________ (para 8) 11. Ones enemies or opponents. _____________________ (para 8) 12. Speed, especially when used to get an immediate result. _____________________ (para 9) 13. Not stated directly, but understood from the way people say things. _____________________ (para 10) 14. To get control of something in order to use it for a particular purpose. _____________________ (para 10) 15. An adjective that describes the way you do something without stopping, despite difficulties. _____________________ (para 12) 16. Beliefs or attitudes towards something. _____________________ (para 13)

Find the information

Skim-read the article to find the information. 1. How many previous presidents have there been in the United States? 2. What changes in attitude does Obama expect of the American people? 3. What was the weather like in Washington on 20 January 2009? 4. Where was the crowd of people and how large was it? 5. Which of the current problems facing the USA did Obama mention? 6. What did he say about the environment? 7. What changes does he plan for US policy on Iraq and Afghanistan? 8. Who was the final cheer for?
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced
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Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 3 Advanced
shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him. 7 That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood, he said. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our healthcare is too costly; our schools fail too many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. In one of the few lines to be greeted by enthusiastic applause, he turned to defence, proclaiming we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals. In a thinly-veiled reference to Guantnamo and torture he promised not to abandon the rule of law and human rights for expediences sake. There was further implicit criticism of his predecessors policies in his comments on science and the environment. He vowed to restore science to its rightful place and made several references to climate change, acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future harness the sun and the winds and the soil for energy. On international affairs, he singled out the Muslim world, offering a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect. America would leave Iraq to its people and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. Obamas serious tone and his unflinching acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelts speech at the time of the last serious global depression, in which an incoming president vowed to speak the truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly. The endless crowd listened solemnly to the same sentiments today. They might have come wishing for something more uplifting, but, for many, the
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20, 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama was today sworn in as 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever to have gathered in one place for a single political moment. 2 As many as two million people in Washingtons National Mall heard their new president deliver a sombre 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis mired in wars, its economy struggling and its national confidence sapped. He promised the largely silent crowd that the challenges would be met, but warned it would take time, some sacrifice, a new form of politics and a re-engagement with the world, in which America would recognize that power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. 3 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless azure sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol, which was partly built by slaves. 4 The day, cold enough to freeze breath, had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach, train and on foot as the crowds began converging before dawn. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the obstructions which, at any previous time in history, would have made the election of an African-American president unthinkable. 5 They had come to celebrate and for days they had been doing just that in parties and balls all over town. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincolns Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol, nearly two miles away. 6 But when Obama spoke it was immediately apparent that the tone of this inauguration was grave, addressed as much to the hundreds of millions tuned in around the world as to the

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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 3 Advanced
day reached beyond symbolism to a moment of genuine transformation after which nothing could be the same again. 14 As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony, clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. But there was one final, rousing cheer as the helicopter carrying George W. Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas and out of public life forever.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 20/01/09

3 Language
1. The author uses some almost poetic phrases in the article. Keeping the same meaning, explain or rewrite the phrases below using everyday language. ... a single political moment __________________________________________________ ... the glistening cream dome of the Capitol __________________________________________________ ... cold enough to freeze breath __________________________________________________ The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol __________________________________________________ ... the shimmering sea of upturned faces __________________________________________________ ... the economic hurricane blowing through America __________________________________________________ ... clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky __________________________________________________

2. Why do you think the author used these phrases? Take the following factors into consideration: emotion, style, type of article, importance in history ...

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 3 Advanced
4 Collocations
1. Match the word pairs from the article. Decide which are verb-noun (vn) collocations and which are adjective-noun (an) collocations. unflinching shed mutual harness cloudless swear sombre deliver meet enthusiastic take thinly-veiled forge rousing challenges sky an oath jobs respect applause the wind reference cheer speech acknowledgement a speech time peace

2. Write example sentences for five of the collocations.

5 Discussion
Many people around the world are expecting great things of President Obama. Why do you think this is? Give some examples.

6 Webquest
Watch an online video of Obama delivering his inauguration speech. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect. For example: 1. The words and language structures Obama uses. 2. Obamas use of pauses. 3. Obamas body language. 4. The crowds response. 5. Obamas accent and pronunciation. 6. How loudly or quietly Obama speaks. 7. The emotional aspect. 8. Who Obama is addressing.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 3 Advanced KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. inauguration sworn in sombre mired sapped sacrifice oath converging grave shuttered adversaries expedience implicit harness unflinching sentiments

4 Collocations
verb noun word pairs
deliver a speech meet challenges take time swear an oath shed jobs harness the wind forge peace

adjective noun word pairs


sombre speech cloudless sky enthusiastic applause thinly-veiled reference mutual respect rousing cheer unflinching acknowledgement

Teachers notes
You can watch Obamas whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington

2 Find the information


1. 2. 43 People should recognize that power does not allow them to do what they want. There has to be some sacrifice. (see para 2) Extremely cold and sunny. The crowd stretched between the Capitol and the Lincoln Memorial nearly two miles away. There were probably two million people. (see paras 1, 4, 5, 6) War, violence, a weakened economy, greed, loss of housing & jobs, closing businesses. (see paras 7 & 8) He acknowledged the threat to our planet and spoke about alternative energy resources. (para 10) America would leave Iraq to its people and forge peace in Afghanistan. (see para 11) Former president George W. Bush.

3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Advanced

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Complete the gaps using these key words from the text. The paragraph numbers will help you. confidence acknowledge soil uplifting oath protect grave midst inauguration vowed entitle mutual frankly depression shed shuttered echoed adversaries policies threat

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

start, beginning, first time __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (title) accept, agree or admit __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) middle, centre, deep in __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) belief or faith in yourself __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 2) take care of, look after, keep from harm __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 3) allow, give authority to __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 3) a formal promise __ __ __ __ (para 4) serious, solemn, and worried __ __ __ __ __ (para 7) thrown off, lost __ __ __ __ (para 8) closed, gone out of business, or ceased trading __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 8) enemies or opponents __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 8) programmes, plans, strategies, tactics __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) officially and formally promised __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) danger, risk __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 9) earth, ground __ __ __ __ (para 9) shared, common __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 10) repeated, said again, sounded like __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) economic decline, financially bad times __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) honestly, openly, straightforwardly __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 11) inspiring, inspirational, makes you feel happy __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (para 12)

Find the information

Skim-read the article and decide whether the sentences are true (T) or false (F). 1. There have been more than 50 presidents in the history of the United States. 2. Obama wants the American people to change the way they live. 3. The weather in Washington on 20 January 2009 was cold, sunny and dry. 4. Slaves helped to build the US Capitol building in Washington. 5. Obama talked about war, torture, jobs, housing and guns. 6. Obama said that the Americans must do something about global warming. 7. The speech was positive and uplifting. 8. After the speech, former President George W. Bush flew to Texas.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 1 Elementary
8 That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood, he said. Our nation is at war, our economy is badly weakened ... homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our healthcare is too costly; our schools fail too many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. There was criticism of George W. Bushs policies in his comments on science and the environment. He vowed to restore science to its rightful place and made several references to climate change, acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future use the sun and the winds and the soil for energy. On international affairs, he talked about the Muslim world, offering a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect. America would leave Iraq to its people and make hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. Obamas serious tone and his acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelts speech at the time of the last serious global depression, in which a new president vowed to speak the truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly. The endless crowd might have wanted to hear something more uplifting, but, for many, the day was a moment of real change after which nothing could be the same again. As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony, clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. But there was one final cheer as the helicopter carrying George W. Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas and out of public life forever.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 20/01/09

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20, 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama today became 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever in one place for a single political moment. 2 As many as two million people in Washingtons National Mall heard their new president give a 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis with wars, a poor economy and a weak national confidence. 3 He promised the crowd that the problems would be met, but warned it would take time and a new type of politics, and that America would have to understand that power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. 4 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless blue sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol, which was partly built by slaves. 5 The day, cold enough to freeze breath, had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach, train and on foot as the crowds began arriving before dawn. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the problems in the US which, at any previous time in history, would have made the election of an African American president unthinkable. 6 For days people had been celebrating in parties all over town. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincolns Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol, nearly two miles away. 7 But when Obama spoke it was immediately clear that the tone of this inauguration was grave, addressed as much to the hundreds of millions watching and listening around the world as to the shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him.

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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 1 Elementary
3 Language
The author uses some very nice language in the article. Match the phrases from the article with their meanings in simpler English. 1. ... a single political moment. 2. ... the glistening cream dome of the Capitol, ... 3. ... cold enough to freeze breath, ... 4. The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol, ... 5. ... the shimmering sea of upturned faces ... 6. ... the economic hurricane blowing through America ... 7. ... clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. a. the weather got worse b. one short but important event in history and politics c. extremely cold d. the (sunny) roof of the government building e. the financial crisis in the USA f. the sound was carried all the way down from the front to the back of the crowd g. the people looking up at him (in the sun)

4 Pronunciation
Which of these words from the article have the same pronunciation pattern as the name Obama o0o? Write them into the table. Then write the other words under their pronunciation pattern. confidence acknowledge soil uplifting oath protect grave midst inauguration vowed entitle mutual frankly depression shed shuttered echoed adversaries policies threat

o0o
Obama

0oo

o0oo

What is the pronunciation pattern for inauguration ? __________ Write example sentences for four of the words. ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary

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P H

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion
Do you think that the world will change with Obama as President? Will it be a better or a worse place? Why? Think, for example, about jobs, money, war, and the environment.

6 Webquest
Watch part of an online video of Obama giving his inauguration speech. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect. For example: 1. The words and language structures Obama uses. (E.g. can you hear any of the quotes from the article? What other words do you understand?) 2. When Obama pauses and why. (E.g. before or after important words, to make people listen, etc.) 3. Obamas body language. (E.g. what does he do with his hands?) 4. When the people in the crowd cheer and clap. 5. Obamas accent and pronunciation. 6. When Obama speaks loudly or quietly. (E.g. at the beginning or end of a sentence.) 7. The emotional aspect. (E.g. is anyone smiling, crying, looking worried, etc.?) 8. Who Obama is talking to. (E.g. the crowd, Americans, his family, the world.)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Key words
1. inauguration 2. acknowledge 3. midst 4. confidence 5. protect 6. entitle 7. oath 8. grave 9. shed 10. shuttered 11. adversaries 12. policies 13. vowed 14. threat 15. soil 16. mutual 17. echoed 18. depression 19. frankly 20. uplifting

4 Pronunciation
o0o Obama entitle acknowledge depression uplifting 0oo policies politics confidence president hurricane o0oo adversaries political economy environment Afghanistan

inauguration = ooo0o

Teachers notes
You can watch Obamas whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington Unless your students are interested in watching the whole video, choose a section approximately five minutes long for task 6, the webquest. Students might like to use a synonym dictionary for task 1 either in paper format or online: http://thesaurus.reference.com http://www.synonym.com/synonyms/

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. F T T T F T F T

3 Language
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. b d c f g e a
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Elementary

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Match the following words with the definitions. obstructions struggling transformation shuttered acknowledge expedience oath adversaries inauguration sentiments grave collective failure consequence echoed sacrifice sombre

1. The day on which a recently elected US president begins his job. _____________________ (title) 2. Sad, serious, gloomy. _____________________ (para 2) 3. To accept or admit that something exists, is true, or is real. _____________________ (para 2) 4. Trying hard. Having to fight to keep itself going. _____________________ (para 2) 5. The act of giving up something important or valuable so that you or other people can do or have something else. _____________________ (para 3) 6. A formal promise. _____________________ (para 4) 7. Things that try to prevent someone from doing something or to prevent something from happening. _____________________ (para 5) 8. So serious that you feel worried. _____________________ (para 7) 9. A result or effect of something. _____________________ (para 8) 10. The lack of success of all members of a group, or the people of the country. ____________________ (para 8) 11. Closed, or (here) ceased trading. _____________________ (para 9) 12. Ones enemies or opponents. _____________________ (para 9) 13. Speed, especially when used to get an immediate result. _____________________ (para 10) 14. Expressed the ideas or feelings that someone else has expressed. _____________________ (para 13) 15. Beliefs or attitudes towards something. _____________________ (para 14) 16. A great change or the process by which this happens. _____________________ (para 14)

Find the information

Skim-read the article and decide whether the sentences are true (T) or false (F). 1. There have been 44 previous presidents in the United States. 2. Obama expects the American people to change their behaviour. 3. The weather in Washington on 20 January 2009 was cold, sunny and dry. 4. It is thought that slaves helped to build the US Capitol building in Washington. 5. The central topics of the speech were war, torture, jobs, housing and teenage pregnancies. 6. Obama denied that global warming is a problem. 7. The main tone of the speech was positive and uplifting.
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

8. After the speech, former President George W. Bush left Washington for his home in Texas.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate

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Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 2 Intermediate
tuned in around the world as to the shimmering sea of upturned faces in front of him. 8 That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood, he said. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our healthcare is too costly; our schools fail too many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. In one of the few lines to be greeted by enthusiastic applause, he turned to defence, proclaiming we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals. In a thinly-veiled reference to Guantnamo and torture he promised not to abandon the rule of law and human rights for expediences sake. There was criticism of his predecessors policies in his comments on science and the environment. He vowed to restore science to its rightful place and made several references to climate change, acknowledging the threat to our planet and saying America would in future use the sun and the winds and the soil for energy. On international affairs, he singled out the Muslim world, offering a new way forward based on mutual interest and mutual respect. America would leave Iraq to its people and make hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. Obamas serious tone and his acknowledgement of the economic hurricane blowing through America echoed Roosevelts speech at the time of the last serious global depression, in which an incoming president vowed to speak the truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly. The endless crowd listened to the same sentiments today. They might have wanted to hear something more uplifting, but, for many, the day was a
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Alan Rusbridger in Washington January 20, 2009 1 Barack Hussein Obama today became 44th president of the United States of America in front of quite possibly the largest crowd of people ever to have gathered in one place for a single political moment. 2 As many as two million people in Washingtons National Mall heard their new president deliver a sombre 20-minute speech in which he acknowledged that the country was in the midst of crisis caught up in wars, its economy struggling and its national confidence weakened. 3 He promised the mostly silent crowd that the challenges would be met, but warned it would take time, some sacrifice, a new form of politics and a re-engagement with the world, in which America would recognise that power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. 4 President Obama took the oath just after midday under a crisp and cloudless azure sky in front of the glistening cream dome of the Capitol, which was partly built by slaves. 5 The day, cold enough to freeze breath, had begun with millions of individual journeys by coach, train and on foot as the crowds began arriving before dawn. This was to be the end of the last eight years of Republican rule and of the obstructions which, at any previous time in history, would have made the election of an African-American president unthinkable. 6 They had come to celebrate and for days they had been doing just that in parties all over town. The cheer as Obama swore his oath on Lincolns Bible rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol, nearly two miles away. 7 But when Obama spoke it was immediately clear that the tone of this inauguration was grave, addressed as much to the hundreds of millions
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009

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NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 2 Intermediate
moment of genuine transformation after which nothing could be the same again. 15 As Obama headed back into the Capitol building at the end of the ceremony, clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky. But there was one final, rousing cheer as the helicopter carrying George W Bush rose over the gleaming dome of government and took the former president off to Texas and out of public life forever.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 20/01/09

3 Language
The author uses some very nice language in the article. Look back and find a phrase that means: 1. one short but important event in history and politics (para 1) __________________________________________________ 2. the (sunny) roof of the government building (para 4) __________________________________________________ 3. extremely cold (para 5) __________________________________________________ 4. the sound was carried all the way down from the front to the back of the crowd (para 6) __________________________________________________ 5. the people looking up at him (in the sun) (para 7) __________________________________________________ 6. the financial crisis in the USA (para 13) __________________________________________________ 7. the weather got worse (para 15) __________________________________________________

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 2 Intermediate
4 Collocations
1. Match the word pairs from the article. verb-noun word pairs deliver meet take swear shed challenges time jobs a speech an oath

adjective-noun word pairs sombre cloudless enthusiastic thinly-veiled mutual rousing 2. speech applause reference cheer sky respect

Write example sentences for four of the collocations (two from each set). ............................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................................................................

5 Discussion
Many people around the world are hoping that the world will change with Obama as President. Why do you think this is? Give some examples.

6 Webquest
Watch part of an online video of Obama delivering his inauguration speech. Each student or small group of students should listen to or watch a particular aspect. For example: 1. The words and language structures Obama uses. 2. Obamas use of pauses. 3. Obamas body language. 4. The crowds response. 5. Obamas accent and pronunciation. 6. How loudly or quietly Obama speaks. 7. The emotional aspect. 8. Who Obama is addressing.
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate

Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today


Level 2 Intermediate KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. inauguration sombre acknowledge struggling sacrifice oath obstructions grave consequences collective failure shuttered adversaries expedience echoed sentiments transformation

3 Language
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ... a single political moment .... he glistening cream dome of the Capitol ... cold enough to freeze breath The cheer rippled and roared all the way from the Lincoln Memorial to the Capitol ... the shimmering sea of upturned faces ... the economic hurricane blowing through America ... clouds began rolling over what had until then been a pure blue sky

4 Collocations
verb noun word pairs
deliver a speech meet challenges take time swear an oath shed jobs

adjective noun word pairs


sombre speech cloudless sky enthusiastic applause thinly-veiled reference mutual respect rousing cheer

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. F T T T F F F T

Teachers notes
You can watch Obamas whole 20-minute inauguration speech here: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/20/barackobama-presidential-inauguration-washington Unless your students are interested in watching the whole video, choose a section approximately five minutes long for Task 6, the Webquest.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Obama inauguration: Let the remaking of America begin today / Intermediate

Websites must be saved for history


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer

Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera blog What do you use them for? PC USB stick scanner external hard drive website printer CD/DVD burner Twitter account

Key words

Find key words from the text to complete the sentences. The paragraph numbers will help you. 1. A verb meaning to gradually change and develop over a period of time. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 2. An adjective that describes something that is no longer used because it has been replaced by something newer and more effective. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. Passive form of a verb meaning to make a problem become worse. ___________________ (paragraph 4) 4. A plural noun for things that are useful or fashionable for only a short time. ___________________ (paragraph 5) 5. An adjective used when you want to say that you are lacking something that you need. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 6. The first word of a phrase used for emphasizing that something is true, even though it is opposite to what other people say or believe. ___________________ (paragraph 7) 7. A place where large quantities of things are stored or kept safe. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 8. An address on the Internet. ___________________ (paragraph 9) 9. Notes or items that appear around the edge of a page (used here metaphorically). ___________________ (paragraph 13) 10. An uncountable noun meaning the people who will live in the future after you are dead. ___________________ (paragraph 14)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 3 Advanced
going to leave our grandchildren bereft, Brindley states. I call it personal digital disorder. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that lie hidden on our computers. Few store them, so those who come after us will not be able to look at them. Its tragic. 7 She believes similar gaps could appear in the national memory, pointing out that, contrary to popular assumption, Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving material of this type. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been gathering books, periodicals, newspapers and recordings for centuries. With an interim report from communications minister, Lord Carter, on the future of digital Britain due very soon, Brindley makes the case for the British Library as the repository that will ensure emails and websites are preserved as reliably as manuscripts and books. This vision of a digital Britain must include the critical public service of preserving digital Britains collective memory and digitizing the unrivalled content within the British Library. The library plans to create a comprehensive archive of such notoriously ephemeral material from the UK web domain there are about eight million .uk domain websites, growing at a rate of 15-20% every year. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics.

Websites must be saved for history


The British Librarys head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith, technology correspondent 25 January, 2009 1 Historians face a black hole of lost material unless urgent action is taken to preserve websites and other digital records, the head of the British Library has warned. 2 Just as families store digital photos on computers which might never be passed on to their descendants, so Britains cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet evolves and technologies become obsolete, says Lynne Brindley, the librarys chief executive. 3 Writing in the Observer newspaper, Brindley gives two examples of losses overseas. When Barack Obama became US president, all traces of George Bush disappeared from the White House website, including a booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration, which is no longer accessible. 4 There were more than 150 websites relating to the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, she continues, but these, too, vanished instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia. If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics perhaps exacerbated by the current economic climate that is killing companies the memory of the nation disappears too, Brindley writes. Historians of the future, citizens of the future, will find a black hole in the knowledge base of the 21st century. 5 Historians have become increasingly concerned that while the Domesday Book, written on sheepskin in 1086, is still easily accessible, the software for many decade-old computer files including thousands of government records already makes them unreadable. The ephemera of emails, text messages and online video add to the headache of the 21st-century archivist. 6 Too many of us suffer from a condition that is
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Advanced

10 In 2007 the library worked with Microsoft and the National Archives at Kew to prevent a digital dark age by unlocking millions of unreadable stored computer files. Microsoft installed the Virtual PC 2007, allowing users to run multiple operating systems simultaneously on the same computer and unlock old Microsoft Office formats dating back 15 years or more. 11 The library and national archives have set up projects to capture daily exchanges of information almost entirely now transmitted by emails and texts. Government departments are storing emails and archiving them at Kew, and the library is encouraging individuals to store theirs voluntarily.
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

CA

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Websites must be saved for history


Level 3
12

Advanced
actors or some of the marginalia around the edges of the Sydney Olympics? I dont think we necessarily do. 14 There is already one stark warning from history. The BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986, intended to record the state of the nation for posterity, was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. By 2000 it was obsolete, and was rescued only thanks to a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer, 25/01/09

Historians regard some of todays electronic data as a vital legacy that must be protected. Tristram Hunt, of Queen Mary College, London University, said: Its essential that mainstream institutions such as the National Gallery or the White House or the Ministry of Defence keep email correspondence, and I think theyre quite good about that now. They provide an absolutely essential historical record. Hunt argued that libraries and other institutions need to be selective. On the other hand, were producing much more information these days than we used to, and not all of it is necessary. Do we want to keep the Twitter account of

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3 Comprehension check
Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 1. The way most of us store digital photos means that our grandchildren ... a. ... will easily be able to retrieve the images. b. ... wont know what we look like. c. ... may not be able to see them. 2. The booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration is now ... a. ... only available via George Bushs own website. b. ... linked to from Obamas presidential website. c. ... unavailable. 3. Future historians will be able to find out information from over 150 websites about the 2000 Olympics from ... a. ... the Internet. b. ... a library. c. ... nowhere; the information has been lost forever. 4. An official reports suggests that emails and websites should be saved and archived ... a. ... by the British Library. b. ... by Google. c. ... by volunteers. 5. The information recorded as part of the BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986 ... a. ... has been lost. b. ... may be saved by experts. c. ... was saved by experts.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Advanced

CA

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 3 Advanced
4 Language: Reading between the lines
What is meant by the following terms or phrases from the article? Write or give short explanations. 1. black hole of lost material 2. current economic climate 3. personal digital disorder 4. popular assumption 5. interim report 6. collective memory _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

7. notoriously ephemeral material _______________________________________________________________ 8. digital dark age 9. mainstream institutions _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

5 Discussion
How do you save your digital photos and other electronic data? Do you think people will still be able to look at your photos or read the documents you have written in 10 years time; 50 years time; 100 years time? How does this compare to the way your parents and grandparents stored photos and documents?

6 Webquest
Search the Internet for up-to-date articles on saving digital photos or saving files, data or similar. Give a synopsis of the information and recommendations in the article to your class.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 3 KEY
2 Key words
1. evolve(s) 2. obsolete 3. exacerbated 4. ephemera 5. bereft 6. contrary 7. repository 8. domain 9. marginalia 10. posterity

Advanced

4 Language
Possible answers: 1. black hole of lost material = a period of time from which there is no information available on materials that were once freely available but can no longer be found or retrieved. 2. current economic climate = this talks about the world financial crisis that is causing many companies to close. 3. personal digital disorder (according to Lynne Brindley) = she means that due to our lack of IT knowledge or forward thinking we may be in danger of losing our photos and files. 4. popular assumption = what the majority of people think or assume. 5. interim report = a report that is presented before the final report is ready. This usually provides the information and figures known up to that point in time. 6. collective memory = the things that a large group of people remember. 7. notoriously ephemeral material = material that is widely known to be useful or fashionable only for a short time (e.g. popular videos on YouTube). 8. digital dark age = a period from which we have no electronic information and know little or nothing about. 9. mainstream institutions = organizations, places or institutions that most people have heard of or have knowledge of (e.g. the White House in Washington and the National Gallery in London).

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. c c b a c

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer

Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera PC blog USB stick website scanner printer external hard drive CD/DVD burner

Key words

Write the key words from the text into the sentences. The paragraph numbers will help you. domain store cultural heritage black hole archive rescue collecting archivist accessible selective disorder disappear

1. An area in outer space where light and everything else is pulled into it and nothing can be found or seen again. ___________________ (paragraph 1) 2. A verb meaning to keep or save. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. Things that a society thinks are important to its history and culture. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 4. Easy for anyone to find and use. ___________________ (paragraph 3) 5. To be impossible to find. ___________________ (paragraph 4) 6. Someone whose job is to collect and keep historical documents and records. ___________________ (paragraph 5) 7. An illness or medical condition. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 8. Getting and keeping things because they are interesting or valuable. ___________________ (paragraph 7) 9. A group of historical documents and records. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 10. An address on the Internet. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 11. Careful about what you choose or accept. ___________________ (paragraph 10) 12. Saved (from disappearing). ___________________ (paragraph 11)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Elementary

CA

P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 1 Elementary
6 Too many of us suffer from a condition that is going to leave our grandchildren without information about us, Brindley says. I call it personal digital disorder. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that are hidden on our computers. Few people store them, so those people who come after us will not be able to look at them. Its very sad. She says that Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving digital files. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been collecting books, magazines, newspapers and recordings for centuries. The British Library plans to create an archive of such material from the UK web domain there are about eight million .uk domain websites, and this number is growing by 15-20% every year. The library has set up projects to store emails and texts. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics. Historians believe that some of todays electronic data must be protected. Tristram Hunt, of Queen Mary College, London University, said: Its essential that institutions such as the National Gallery in London or the White House in Washington keep emails as they provide an absolutely essential historical record.

Websites must be saved for history


The British Librarys head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith, technology correspondent 25 January, 2009 1 Historians face a black hole of lost material unless something is done to save websites and other digital records, the head of the British Library has warned. 2 The way many families store digital photos on computers means they might never be seen by their children and grandchildren. In the same way Britains cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet changes and technologies become old and out of date, says Lynne Brindley, the librarys chief executive. 3 In an article in the Observer newspaper, Brindley gives two examples of lost records. When Barack Obama became US president, all the articles and information about George Bush disappeared from the White House website, including a booklet called 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration, which is no longer accessible. 4 There were more than 150 websites about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, she continues, but these, too, disappeared instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia. If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics, the memory of the nation disappears too, Brindley writes. Historians of the future, citizens of the future, will find a black hole in the records about the 21st century. 5 Historians have become more and more worried that although the Domesday Book, written on sheepskin in 1086, is still easily accessible, the software for many 10-year-old computer files including thousands of government records already makes them unreadable. The temporary nature of emails, text messages and online video adds to the headache of the 21st-century archivist.

10 But Hunt also said that libraries and other institutions need to be selective. Were producing much more information these days than we used to, and not all of it is necessary. 11 There is already one clear warning from history. The BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986, which contained information about Britain for people in the future, was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. By 2000 no one could read it. Luckily it could be rescued by a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer, 25/01/09

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Elementary

CA

P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The way we store digital photos will probably mean ... 2. It is no longer possible to find some special information ... a. ... is no longer available on the Internet. b. ... find information about us and what is happening now.

3. Websites with information about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney ... c. ... about George Bush on the White House website. 4. There are new plans to store electronic data ... 5. Google are not collecting and archiving ... 6. People in the future might not be able to ... 7. Official emails need to be saved ... 8. The BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986 ... d. ... that our grandchildren will not be able to see them. e. ... can now only be found in the National Library of Australia. f. ... as they provide a historical record. g. ... our websites, emails and online videos. h. ... connected with the 2012 London Olympics.

4 Language
1. Complete the word wheels with words from the article. head of a library websites
types of electronic data

jobs

2. Now chose four of the words and write one sentence to describe each word. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Elementary

CA

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 1 Elementary
5 Discussion
Complete these sentences and then discuss them in class. I save my digital photos (where/how?) ____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ In 20 years time people will/wont be able to read my emails and text messages because ____________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________

6 Webquest
What advice do big companies such as HP, Kodak or Microsoft give about storing digital photos? www.hp.com www.kodak.com www.microsoft.com

Can you find any other good, easy to understand, advice about saving digital photos on the Internet?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 1 KEY
2 Key words
1. black hole 2. store 3. cultural heritage 4. accessible 5. disappear 6. archivist 7. disorder 8. collecting 9. archive 10. domain 11. selective 12. rescue

Elementary

4 Language
president head of a library historian

jobs

chief executive archivist emails websites

technology correspondent

3 Comprehension check
1. d 2. c 3. e 4. h 5. g 6. b 7. f 8. a

online booklet
types of electronic data

text messages video

digital photos

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer

Which of these things do you have? laptop/notebook digital camera blog PC USB stick scanner external hard drive website printer CD/DVD burner Twitter account

What do you use them for?

Key words

Write the key words from the text into the sentences. The paragraph numbers will help you. bereft tragic archivist posterity trace domain legacy voluntarily obsolete selective heritage descendants

1. The people who will come after you. Relatives of someone who lived in the past. ______________ (paragraph 2) 2. Traditions and beliefs that a society considers important to its history and culture. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 3. An adjective that describes something that is no longer used because it has been replaced by something newer and more effective. ___________________ (paragraph 2) 4. A slight sign that something has happened or existed. ___________________ (paragraph 3) 5. Someone whose job is to collect and store historical documents and records. ________________ (paragraph 5) 6. An adjective used when you want to say that you are lacking something that you need. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 7. Very bad and sad; making you feel upset or angry. ___________________ (paragraph 6) 8. An address on the Internet. ___________________ (paragraph 8) 9. Doing something because you choose to do it, and not because you have to. ________________ (paragraph 9) 10. Something that someone has achieved that continues to exists after they stop working or die. ___________________ (paragraph 10) 11. Careful about what you choose or accept. ___________________ (paragraph 11) 12. An uncountable noun meaning the people who will live in the future after you are dead. ___________________ (paragraph 12)
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Intermediate
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

CA

P H

Websites must be saved for history


Level 2 Intermediate
our computers. Few store them, so those who come after us will not be able to look at them. Its tragic.

Websites must be saved for history


The British Librarys head says that deleting websites will make the job of historians harder David Smith, technology correspondent 25 January, 2009 1 Historians face a black hole of lost material unless
immediate action is taken to save websites and other digital records, the head of the British Library has warned.

She believes similar gaps could appear in the national memory, pointing out that Internet companies such as Google are not collecting and archiving material of this type. It is left instead to the libraries and archives which have been gathering books, magazines, newspapers and recordings for centuries. The British Library plans to create a comprehensive archive of such material from the UK web domain there are about eight million .uk domain websites, growing at a rate of 15-20% every year. It also has a collecting and archiving project for the London 2012 Olympics. The library has set up projects to capture daily exchanges of information transmitted by emails and texts. Government departments are storing emails and archiving them at the National Archives at Kew, in London, and the library is encouraging individuals to store theirs voluntarily. as a vital legacy that must be protected. Tristram Hunt, of Queen Mary College, London University, said: Its essential that institutions such as the National Gallery in London or the White House in Washington keep email correspondence, and I think theyre quite good about that now. They provide an absolutely essential historical record. need to be selective. Were producing much more information these days than we used to, and not all of it is necessary. Do we want to keep the Twitter account of actors or some of the unimportant information around the edges of the Sydney Olympics? I dont think we necessarily do.

2 Just as families store digital photos on computers


which might never be passed on to their descendants, so Britains cultural heritage is at risk as the Internet changes and develops and technologies become obsolete, says Lynne Brindley, the librarys chief executive.

3 Writing in the Observer newspaper, Brindley

gives two examples of lost records. When Barack Obama became US president, all traces of George Bush disappeared from the White House website, including a booklet entitled 100 Things Americans May Not Know About the Bush Administration, which is no longer available. 2000 Olympics in Sydney, she continues, but these, too, vanished instantly at the end of the games and are now stored only by the National Library of Australia. If websites continue to disappear in the same way as those on President Bush and the Sydney Olympics, the memory of the nation disappears too, Brindley writes. Historians of the future, citizens of the future, will find a black hole in the records about the 21st century.

10 Historians regard some of todays electronic data

4 There were more than 150 websites relating to the

11 Hunt argued that libraries and other institutions

5 Historians have become more and more concerned


that while the Domesday Book, written on sheepskin in 1086, is still easily accessible, the software for many 10-year-old computer files including thousands of government records already makes them unreadable. The temporary nature of emails, text messages and online video adds to the headache of the 21st-century archivist. to leave our grandchildren bereft, Brindley states. I call it personal digital disorder. Think of those thousands of digital photographs that lie hidden on

12 There is already one clear warning from history.

6 Too many of us suffer from a condition that is going

The BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986, intended to record the state of the nation for posterity, was recorded on two 12-inch videodisks. By 2000 it was obsolete, and was rescued only thanks to a specialist team working with the only surviving laser disk player.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Observer, 25/01/09
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Intermediate

CA

P H

Websites must be saved for history


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) acording to the article? Correct any sentences that are false. 1. The way we currently store digital photos will likely mean that our grandchildren will not be able to see them. 2. The new White House website makes it still possible to link to the documents put online by George Bushs administration. 3. Websites with information about the 2000 Olympics in Sydney have sadly been lost forever. 4. There are no plans to store electronic data surrounding the 2012 London Olympics. 5. Luckily Google are collecting and archiving our websites, emails and online videos. 6. The British Library is asking people to store their emails and text messages. 7. Government and national institutions have started to keep a record of their email exchanges. 8. The BBCs Doomsday Project of 1986 is easily available for everyone on the Internet.

4 Language: Prepositions
Write in the prepositions to complete the collocations. Then, match them with the things that they refer to in the article. of (x4) at (x2) with to

1. _______ risk 2. traces _______ 3. relating _______ 4. archive _______ 5. growing _______ a rate _______ 6. account _______ 7. working _______

a. emails, text messages and online video b. messages on Twitter written by actors c. the speed of increase in .uk domain websites d. George Bush e. websites about the 2000 Olympics f. the last laser disk player g. Britains cultural heritage

5 Discussion
How do you save your digital photos and other electronic data? Do you think people will still be able to look at your photos or read the documents you have written in 10 years time; 50 years time; 100 years time? How does this compare to the way your parents and grandparents stored photos and documents?

6 Webquest
Search the Internet for up-to-date articles on saving digital photos or saving files, data or similar. Give a synopsis of the main information in the article to your class.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Intermediate

CA

P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Websites must be saved for history


Level 2 Intermediate KEY
2 Key words
1. descendants 2. heritage 3. obsolete 4. trace 5. archivist 6. bereft 7. tragic 8. domain 9. voluntarily 10. legacy 11. selective 12. posterity

4 Language: Prepositions
1. at Britains cultural heritage 2. of George Bush 3. to websites about the 2000 Olympics 4. of emails, text messages and online video 5. at / of the speed of increase in .uk domain websites 6. of messages on Twitter written by actors 7. with the last laser disk player

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. T F F F F T T F

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Websites must be saved for history / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1
1

Advanced

Key words

Find key words from the text to complete the sentences. The paragraph numbers will help you. crucial subdued donor coalition intimidation asset perpetuate revival constitution scepticism embittered 1. Doubts that someone has about something that other people think is true or right. (paragraph 1) _____________________ 2. Quiet and slightly sad or worried; not very loud or bright; low-key. (paragraph 2) _____________________ 3. To make something such as a situation or process continue, especially one that is wrong, unfair, or dangerous. (paragraph 3) _____________________ 4. A temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 5. Deliberately making someone feel frightened, especially so that they will do what you want. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 6. Something that is extremely important because it has a major effect on the result of something. (paragraph 7) _____________________ 7. A major benefit. (paragraph 8) _____________________ 8. A set of basic laws or principles for a country that describe the rights and duties of its citizens and the way in which it is governed. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 9. Angry and unhappy about things that have happened to you in the past. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 10. Someone who gives things such as money or goods to an organization, especially one that helps people. (paragraph 13) _____________________ 11. The process of becoming active, successful, or popular again; to bring back to life. (paragraph 13) _____________________ Source: Macmillan English Dictionary online

Find the information about Zimbabwe

Skim-read the article to find the answers to the questions about Zimbabwe. 1. Who is the prime minister? 2. Who is the president? 3. What is the name of the prime ministers political party? 4. How high is the unemployment rate? 5. How is the rate of inflation described? 6. What fraction of the population relies on foreign food aid? 7. Which are the only currencies accepted in many shops? 8. When are the next elections likely to be held?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced

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P H

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Advanced
7 Authority over home affairs is to be shared. This is seen as crucial to ensuring future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabes supporters in last years ballot. The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries, such as health, which could prove to be an asset if the new government is able to deliver improved services. Tsvangirais main concern will be to put a new constitution in place and to hold new elections within two years when he will rely on embittered voters to reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. For now, the new prime minister faces a myriad of challenges, including 94% unemployment, the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. Tsvangirai said the most important cabinet post for reviving Zimbabwes fortunes was that of the finance minister and named the MDCs secretary general, Tendai Biti, for the job. Biti, a lawyer and the MDCs chief negotiator, is expected to use the power the finance ministry has with its control over budgets to influence Mugabes ministers. His appointment is also likely to help to reassure foreign donors, most importantly Britain and the US, whose money is seen as the key to Zimbabwes revival but who are sceptical over Mugabe remaining president. Britain has taken the highly unusual step of publishing a notice in the Zimbabwean press expressing its concerns about the new administration. While saying that it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything, the notice goes on to say that it regards any administration involving Mugabe as unacceptable. Britain says it wants to see the new administration reverse the political, economic and social decline as a condition for financial aid. The MDC says it cant do that without considerable financial support.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 11/02/09
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11, 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwes prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe amid deep scepticism that the two bitter rivals can work together to pull their country back from economic ruin. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent on the grounds of the presidential palace. In the presence of regional leaders, and as Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV, Tsvangirai, of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party, raised his right hand and declared: I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe, so help me God. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the brief and subdued ceremony. 3 Other African leaders who attended the ceremony had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to accept the power-sharing deal but many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments, including Britain, fear the joint administration is a trap that will only perpetuate Mugabes rule. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe over key cabinet posts, his party compromised and agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry that has left seven million people, twothirds of the population, dependent on foreign food aid. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to deny the MDC power was not a solution but a step towards democratic government. The power struggle is, however, likely to continue in the new administration. 6 Under the coalition agreement, Mugabe remains president, with Tsvangirai overseeing the daily administration of government as prime minister. Cabinet seats are almost equally divided. Mugabe won the struggle to retain control of the principal security ministries, particularly defence and justice, which sceptics fear he will continue to use as tools to attack and intimidate his opponents.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009

10

11

12

13

14

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NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Advanced
3 Language: Collocations / word pairs
Match the words to make words pairs from the article. Then write a sentence containing the collocation. e.g. security ministries The main security ministries are the ministry of defence and the ministry of justice. 1. deep 2. democratic 3. bitter 4. power 5. economic 6. joint 7. widespread 8. cabinet 9. coalition 10. home post violence ruin government affairs scepticism agreement struggle rivals administration _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

4 Vocabulary: Politically-related words


Make a mind map of the political words in the article.

politically-related words mind map

jobs and positions politically-related words

other

ministries and departments

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced

CA

P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Advanced
5 Discussion
Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television, radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people? How are they managing to survive? If possible, watch this partly sub-titled seven-minute film and discuss what you see: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/zimbabwe-secret-film

6 Webquest: Comparisons
1. Compare these two short videos of the swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama. Pay particular attention to spoken language, body language and spectator response. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www.wikipedia.com http://www.nationmaster.com/index.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population average life expectancy currency average income recent rate of inflation resources and industry The USA

2. Complete the table below. Some of the many websites that will help you are:

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Advanced KEY
1 Key words
1. scepticism 2. subdued 3. perpetuate 4. coalition 5. intimidation 6. crucial 7. asset 8. constitution 9. embittered 10. donor 11. revival

3 Language: Collocations / word pairs


1. deep scepticism 2. democratic government 3. bitter rivals 4. power struggle 5. economic ruin 6. joint administration 7. widespread violence 8. cabinet post 9. coalition agreement 10. home affairs

2 Find the information about Zimbabwe


1. Morgan Tsvangirai 2. Robert Mugabe 3. Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) 4. 94% 5. Hyperinflation (recent figures put it at 231 million percent. See http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/ jan/30/zimbabwean-currency-worthless-patrick chinamasa) 6. Two-thirds 7. US dollars and South African rands 8. Within the next two years.
politically-related words mind map
secretary general leader president

4 Vocabulary: Politically-related words


See sample mind map key below

election administration

democratic

coalition jobs and positions politically-related words other government presidential palace

prime minister

cabinet (post/ minister)

ministries and departments

political party

security finance defence social affairs health justice

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Elementary
to be sworn in: to promise publically to do a job, especially a political one

Warmer: mind mapping

Write these politically-related words into the mind map. election security secretary general home affairs coalition justice health defence leader finance prime minister president administration cabinet social affairs government democratic presidential palace political party

politically-related words mind map

jobs and positions politically-related words

other

ministries and departments

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary

CA

P H

N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Elementary
7 Mugabe won control of the main security ministries, particularly defence and justice, which many people fear he will continue to use to attack and intimidate his opponents. Authority over home affairs is to be shared. This will make sure that future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabes supporters in last years elections. The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries, such as health. Tsvangirai hopes that at the next election voters will reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. For now, the new prime minister faces many challenges, including 94% unemployment, the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. Tsvangirai said the most important job in the government was that of the finance minister and named the MDCs secretary general, Tendai Biti, for the job. He is expected to use the power the finance ministry has to influence Mugabes ministers. His appointment as finance minister will also help make foreign donors less worried, especially Britain and the US, whose money is necessary to help Zimbabwe but who are worried about Mugabe remaining president. Britain has taken the highly unusual step of placing a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers which talks about its worries about the new administration. While saying that it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything, the notice also says that any administration involving Mugabe is unacceptable.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 11/02/09

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11, 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwes prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe. Many people though do not believe that the two men, who are bitter rivals, can work together to bring their country back from economic ruin. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent in the garden of the presidential palace. Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV as Tsvangirai, from the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party, raised his right hand and promised: I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe, so help me God. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the short ceremony. 3 Other African leaders had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to build a government with Mugabe. However, many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments, including Britain, are worried that the joint administration is a trap that will only keep Mugabe in power. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe, his party agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry. Seven million people in Zimbabwe, two-thirds of the population, currently rely on foreign food aid. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to stop the MDC gaining power was not a solution but that it was a step towards democratic government. 6 Under the coalition agreement, Mugabe remains president and Tsvangirai will become prime minister. Seats in the new government are almost equally divided between the political parties.

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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary

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Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1
2

Elementary

Key words
1 4 6 7 8 10 11 9 2 3 5

Complete the crossword with key words from the article. The paragraph numbers will help you.

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14

Across: 1. people that compete with one another (paragraph 1) 6. someone who gives money to help people (paragraph 12) 7. to make someone feel frightened so that they will do what you want (paragraph 7) 10. the people who are against you or disagree with you (paragraph 7) 11. attempts to persuade, threaten, or force someone to do something (paragraph 3) 12. to depend on something (paragraph 4) 13. to disagree with an idea, argument, or suggestion (paragraph 9) 14. a situation in which people, groups, or countries join together (paragraph 1) Down: 2. freedom from control by another country or organization (paragraph 10) 3. help (paragraph 4) 4. the loss of all your money or power (paragraph 1) 5. fail, cease to exist (change the verb to the infinitive) (paragraph 4) 8. stop something from happening (paragraph 4) 9. the amount of a crop that is collected (paragraph 10)

3 Comprehension check: Find the information about Zimbabwe


Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct the sentences that are false. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Zimbabwe has a new prime minister. Zimbabwe has a new president. The unemployment rate in Zimbabwe is 90%. The rate of inflation in Zimbabwe is very high. Millions of people in Zimbabwe get food aid from other countries. The shops in Zimbabwe accept Zimbabwean dollars and British pounds. Mugabe and Tsvangirai are good friends. The economic situation in Zimbabwe is very bad. The British and US governments give money to help Zimbabwe. The MDC party has control of all the government ministries.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary

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Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Elementary
4 Discussion
Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television, radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people?

5 Webquest: Comparisons
1. Watch these two short videos of the recent swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama. Can you hear Tsvangirai speak the words quoted in paragraph 2 of the article? Does Obama use the same or similar words? http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www.wikipedia.com http://www.nationmaster.com/index.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population currency recent rate of inflation main resources and industry ... ... The USA

2. Complete the table below. Some of the many websites that will help you are:

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Elementary KEY
1 Warmer: mind mapping
politically-related words mind map
secretary general leader president administration coalition jobs and positions politically-related words prime minister cabinet (post/ minister) presidential palace other government election democratic

ministries and departments

political party

security finance defence social affairs health justice

2 Key words
Across: 1. rivals 6. donor 7. intimidate 10. opponents 11. pressure 12. rely 13. reject 14. unity Down: 2. independence 3. aid 4. ruin 5. collapse 8. prevent 9. harvest

3 Comprehension check: Find the information about Zimbabwe


1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. T 9. T 10. F Teachers notes: The last two lines of the table in task 5.2 are left empty in case you or the students decide to compare any other factors or things between the two countries.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Elementary

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Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1
1

Intermediate

Key words

Write the key words from the text next to their meanings. The paragraph numbers will help you. considerable collapsing constitution coalition reject sceptical sworn in opponents intimidation compromised myriad donor ballot revival 1. To promise publically to do a job: to be _____________________. (title) 2. To doubt and disbelieve something that other people think is true or right. (paragraph 1) _____________________ 3. Made to accept something they dont believe in. (paragraph 4) _____________________ 4. Failing, ceasing to exist. (paragraph 4) _____________________ 5. A temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 6. Making someone feel frightened so that they will do what you want. (paragraph 5) _____________________ 7. The people who are against you or disagree with you. (paragraph 6) _____________________ 8. A secret vote. (paragraph 7) _____________________ 9. A set of basic laws for a country that describe the rights and the way in which it is governed. (paragraph 8) _____________________ 10. To refuse to accept something, to disagree with it, to get rid of something. (paragraph 8) ____________________ 11. Very many; too many to count. (paragraph 9) _____________________ 12. Someone who gives money to help people. (paragraph 12) _____________________ 13. The process of making something successful again; to bring it back to life. (paragraph 12) _____________________ 14. Large in size, amount or degree. (paragraph 14) _____________________ Source: Macmillan English Dictionary online

Find the information about Zimbabwe

Skim-read the article to find the answers to the questions about Zimbabwe. 1. Who is the prime minister? 2. Who is the president? 3. How high is the unemployment rate? 4. How is the rate of inflation described? 5. How many people rely on foreign food aid? 6. Which currencies are accepted in shops?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate

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Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Intermediate
use to attack and intimidate his opponents. 7 Authority over home affairs is to be shared. This is seen as essential to ensure future elections are free after the widespread violence by Mugabes supporters in last years ballot. The MDC has control of the finance ministry and most social affairs ministries, such as health. Tsvangirais main concern will be to put a new constitution in place and to hold new elections within two years. He hopes that at the next election voters will reject Mugabe so clearly that he will be forced to accept defeat. For now, the new prime minister faces a myriad of challenges, including 94% unemployment, the worst harvest since independence and a currency so worthless that shops will only accept US dollars and South African rands. Tsvangirai said the most important cabinet post for reviving Zimbabwes fortunes was that of the finance minister and named the MDCs secretary general, Tendai Biti, for the job. Biti, is a lawyer and the MDCs chief negotiator. He is expected to use the power the finance ministry has with its control over budgets to influence Mugabes ministers. His appointment as finance minister is also likely to help to reassure foreign donors, especially Britain and the US, whose money is seen as the key to Zimbabwes revival but who are sceptical over Mugabe remaining president. Britain has taken the highly unusual step of publishing a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers expressing its concerns about the new administration. While saying that it is not for the United Kingdom to accept or reject anything, the notice also says that any administration involving Mugabe is unacceptable. Britain says it wants to see the new administration reverse the political, economic and social decline as a condition for financial aid. The MDC says it cant do that without considerable financial support.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 11/02/09
CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Chris McGreal in Harare and Mark Tran February 11, 2009 1 Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as Zimbabwes prime minister today joining a government of national unity with President Robert Mugabe. Many people though are sceptical as to whether the two bitter rivals can work together to bring their country back from economic ruin. 2 The two men stood face to face in a white tent on the grounds of the presidential palace. Zimbabweans across the country watched on state TV as Tsvangirai, from the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party, raised his right hand and declared: I will well and truly serve Zimbabwe in the office of prime minister of the republic of Zimbabwe, so help me God. Both men looked relaxed and smiled during the brief ceremony. 3 Other African leaders who attended the ceremony had put heavy pressure on Tsvangirai to accept the deal but many Zimbabweans and some foreign governments, including Britain, fear the joint administration is a trap that will only keep Mugabe in power. 4 Tsvangirai yesterday said that after months of disagreement with Mugabe, his party compromised and agreed to join the government to prevent Zimbabwe collapsing under hyperinflation and the almost total ruin of agriculture and industry. Seven million people in Zimbabwe, two-thirds of the population, are currently dependent on foreign food aid. 5 Tsvangirai said joining a coalition with the man who used violence and intimidation to deny the MDC power was not a solution but a step towards democratic government. 6 Under the coalition agreement, Mugabe remains president and Tsvangirai will oversee the daily administration of government as prime minister. Cabinet seats are almost equally divided between the political parties. Mugabe won control of the main security ministries, particularly defence and justice, which many people fear he will continue to
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009

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NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Intermediate
3 Language: Collocations / word pairs
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct the sentences that are false. 1. Match the words to make words pairs from the article. a. bitter b. economic c. heavy d. democratic e. coalition f. widespread g. home h. highly pressure affairs government ruin violence unusual rivals agreement

2. Now write the word pairs into the sentences to give information from the article. a. Tsvangirais and Mugabes political parties have made a _____________________. b. Morgan Tsvangirai and Robert Mugabe are _____________________. c. Other African leaders had put _____________________ on Tsvangirai to work with Mugabe. d. There has been _____________________ in Zimbabwe and people are scared for their lives. e. The collapse of industry and farming has led to _____________________ in Zimbabwe. f. The Interior ministry usually deals with _____________________. g. The MDC and the people of Zimbabwe are hoping for a _____________________. h. In a _____________________ step, Britain published a notice in the Zimbabwean newspapers expressing its worries about the new administration.

4 Discussion
Have you read any newspaper reports or seen or heard any television, radio or online news about Zimbabwe? What do you know about the current situation in Zimbabwe for normal people? How are they managing to survive? If possible, watch this partly sub-titled seven-minute film and discuss what you see: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/zimbabwe-secret-film

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate

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Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Intermediate
5 Webquest: Comparisons
1. Compare these two short videos of the recent swearing in ceremonies of Morgan Tsvangirai and Barack Obama. Can you hear Tsvangirai speak the words quoted in paragraph 2 of the article? Does Obama use the same or similar words? http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/11/tsvangirai-zimbabwe-sworn-in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hde4s-xBhqE see also http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=97297&newsChannel=topNews https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ http://www.wikipedia.com http://www.nationmaster.com/index.php Zimbabwe country size capital city language(s) population currency recent rate of inflation main resources and industry ... ... The USA

2. Complete the table below. Some of the many websites that will help you are:

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe


Level 1 Intermediate KEY
1 Key words
1. sworn in 2. sceptical 3. compromised 4. collapsing 5. coalition 6. intimidation 7. opponents 8. ballot 9. constitution 10. reject 11. myriad 12. donor 13. revival 14. considerable

3 Language: Collocations / word pairs


1. a. bitter rivals b. economic ruin c. heavy pressure d. democratic government e. coalition agreement f. widespread violence g. home affairs h. highly unusual

2 Find the information about Zimbabwe


1. Morgan Tsvangirai 2. Robert Mugabe 3. 94% 4. Hyperinflation (recent figures put it at 231 million percent. See http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/ jan/30/zimbabwean-currency-worthless-patrick chinamasa) 5. Two-thirds 6. US dollars and South African rands

2. a. coalition agreement b. bitter rivals c. heavy pressure d. widespread violence e. economic ruin f. home affairs g. democratic government h. highly unusual Teachers notes: The last two lines of the table in task 5.2 are left empty in case you or the students decide to compare any other factors or things between the two countries.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Tsvangirai sworn in as prime minister of Zimbabwe / Intermediate

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. knot kevlar update epic endurance cast catamaran feat turbulent log

1. __________________ is a synthetic fibre that is five times stronger than steel. 2. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. 3. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time. 4. To __________________ a distance means to travel a particular number of miles. 5. If something is described as __________________, it is very long and very difficult. 6. A __________________ is a unit for measuring the speed of ships, aircraft and wind, equal to one nautical mile (1,852 metres) per hour. 7. If you give someone an _________________, you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. 8. A __________________ is something impressive that someone manages to achieve. 9. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. 10. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions.

Correct the information

Each of these sentences contains an error. Look in the text and find the correct information. 1. Trinidad is 10,000 miles from the Bahamas. 2. The first woman to swim the English Channel performed the feat in 1936. 3. It is just over 4,000 miles from Cape Cod in the USA to Brittany in France. 4. The record for swimming the Atlantic is 173 days. 5. The record was set in 1898. 6. Jennifer Figges attempt to swim the Atlantic was disrupted by 25 knot winds and 300 foot waves.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 3

Advanced
Iowa. Twenty years later, the son is a racing driver, and she has logged 3,000 miles on foot, and nearly two dozen maritime crossings. On her list of achievements, she claims to have run 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 including the final 60 miles with a cast on her left leg. 5 She has said she was inspired to perform her latest feat by a turbulent trans-Atlantic flight and by Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. Figge said she kept a picture of Ederle on board. We have a few things in common, she said. She wore a red hat and she was of German descent. We both talk to the sea, and neither one of us wanted to get out. For safety she was to make the journey within the confines of a steel and kevlar cage hooked to the rear of a catamaran, Carried Away, with a crew of NASA and Boeing engineers, a doctor, and a diver. An electro-magnetic device in the cage was meant to repel predators. In the event, there were no sharks though among the marine life she did see were a pod of pilot whales, turtles, dolphins and Portuguese men-of-war. Figge intended to swim to the Bahamas, but on January 21 Higden posted an update: Winds of 25 knots and waves as high as 30 feet have wreaked havoc with their movements and Jennifers swimming. They are forced to pursue a different route, in search of more favourable weather. The catamaran is heading south. She arrived at Chacachacare Island on 5 February. Basically [the storm] changed everything, Higden said yesterday. Like anyone who is trying to accomplish a goal, she had to make changes. Benit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998; he travelled the 3,716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself, but was accompanied by a boat and did his swimming for six hours per day. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electromagnetic field to protect him.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 09/02/09

Woman, 56, claims record Atlantic swim


Month-long feat in shark tank towed by catamaran Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast way off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February, 2009 1 An American aged 56 has been hailed as the first woman to swim the Atlantic, after propelling herself across thousands of miles of ocean while inside a six metre by four metre cage to protect her from sharks. Jennifer Figge, an endurance athlete from Aspen, Colorado, said she took nearly a month to make the crossing from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad, propelling herself across 2,000 miles of ocean. 2 But her business manager admitted yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy Figge did not even get into the water, remaining aboard the catamaran which accompanied her epic journey. She swam 19 of 24 days, said David Higden. It turned from an endurance swim into an extreme adventure swim. She didnt get into the water as much as she wanted, because the waves were so high. The weather was so extreme the crew had trouble seeing her in the water. 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. In her defence, Higden said she had never set out to swim the entire distance. Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. Its physically impossible, he said. It would take literally years. The reply left unanswered exactly how many nautical miles Figge had logged during her crossing. A week after she began, Higden announced on her Facebook page that storms forced her to change course.She landed at Trinidad, 1,000 miles from her planned destination, the Bahamas. She told the press on arrival: I wouldnt have had it any other way. 4 Figge first took up endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. Her new habit became extreme sports, starting with a run across the state of
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. Which sentence best describes Jennifer Figges feat? a. She is the first woman to swim all the way across Atlantic Ocean. b. She never planned to swim all the way across the Atlantic and bad weather forced her to spend part of the crossing on the boat. c. It was an extreme adventure swim in which she swam occasionally with whales and dolphins. 2. Why did she take up endurance sports? a. Because she wanted to give up smoking. b. Because her son wanted her to give up smoking. c. Because she wanted to run across Mexico. 3. Why did they have to change course? a. Because they wanted to get to their destination more quickly. b. Because there were a lot of sharks. c. Because there were strong winds and rough seas. 4. Why did she swim inside a steel cage? a. To protect her from possible danger. b. To stop her being carried away by currents. c. To be near the doctor and the diver.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. The paragraph numbers will help you. 1. A verb meaning to say publicly how good or important something is. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning the origin of your parents or of older members of your family. (para 5) 3. A four-word expression meaning inside the borders or edges of something. (para 6) 4. A two-word expression meaning attached to. (para 6) 5. A noun meaning an animal that kills and eats other animals. (para 6) 6. A three-word expression used for saying what happened, especially when it is different from what was expected. (para 6) 7. A two-word expression meaning cause a lot of damage or harm. (para 7) 8. A verb meaning follow. (para 7)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 3 Advanced
5 Verb + noun collocations
Match the verbs in the left-hand column with the nouns and noun phrases in the right-hand column. 1. change 2. take up 3. accomplish 4. have 5. wreak 6. hold 7. make 8. respond to a. something in common b. havoc c. changes d. a challenge e. a goal f. a request g. course h. a record

6 Word building
Fill the gaps with the correct form of the words in brackets. 1. Unfortunately, their question remained ____________________. [ANSWER] 2. The swim quickly turned into an ____________________ test. [ENDURE] 3. Gertrude Ederle was the ____________________ for Jennifer Figges swim. [INSPIRE] 4. It was Figges ____________________ to swim to the Bahamas. [INTEND] 5. Swimming for 19 out of 24 days in such dangerous waters must be regarded as an ____________________. [ACCOMPLISH]

6. The cage provided ____________________ from predators. [PROTECT] 7. Figge has an impressive list of ____________________. [ACHIEVE] 8. Both Figge and Ederle are of German ____________________. [DESCEND]

7 Discussion
Apart from swimming the Atlantic, are there any other great feats of endurance that people have accomplished? Would you like to attempt something like this? Why? Why not?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 3 KEY
1 Key words
1. kevlar 2. catamaran 3. endurance 4. log 5. epic 6. knot 7. update 8. feat 9. cast 10. turbulent

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. hail 2. descent 3. within the confines of 4. hooked to 5. predator 6. in the event 7. wreak havoc 8. pursue

5 Verb + noun collocations


1. g 2. d 3. e 4. a 5. b 6. h 7. c 8. f

2 Correct the information


1. 1,000 2. 1926 3. just under 4,000 miles (3,716 miles) 4. 73 days 5. 1998 6. 30 foot waves

3 Comprehension check
1. b 2. b 3. c 4. a

6 Word building
1. unanswered 2. endurance 3. inspiration 4. intention 5. accomplishment 6. protection 7. achievements 8. descent

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Advanced

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. destination crew update cage endurance catamaran cast turbulent habit route

1. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. 2. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions. 3. A __________________ is something that you do often or regularly. 4. A __________________ is a container made of metal bars that is usually used for keeping animals inside. 5. Your __________________ is the place you are travelling to. 6. Your __________________ is the way you go to get from one place to another. 7. The __________________ are the people who work on a boat, a ship or a plane. 8. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. 9. If you give someone an _________________, you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. 10. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How old is Jennifer Figge? 2. How long did it take her to cross from Cape Verde to Trinidad? 3. How far is it from Trinidad to the Bahamas? 4. When did Gertrude Ederle swim the English Channel? 5. When did Figge arrive in Trinidad? 6. What is the record for swimming the Atlantic?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 1 Elementary
racing driver, and she has covered 3,000 miles on foot, and more than twenty sea crossings. On her list of achievements, she says she ran 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 including the final 60 miles with a plaster cast on her left leg. 5 She said the inspiration for the Atlantic swim was a turbulent transatlantic flight and also Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. Figge said she had a picture of Ederle on board the catamaran. We are the same in many ways, she said. She wore a red hat and she was of German origin. We both talk to the sea, and neither of us wanted to get out of the water. For safety she made the journey inside a steel and plastic fibre cage fixed to the back of a catamaran with a crew of engineers, a doctor and a diver. There was an electro-magnetic device in the cage to keep sharks away. She didnt see any sharks during her swim but she did see whales, turtles and dolphins. Figge planned to swim to the Bahamas, but on January 21 Higden wrote an update on Facebook: Strong winds and ten-metre waves have caused problems for the boat and for Jennifers swimming. They have to follow a different route, where there is better weather. The catamaran is going south. She arrived at Chacachacare Island in Trinidad on 5 February. The storm changed everything, Higden said. She had to make some changes to her plans. Benit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998; he travelled the 3,716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself, but a boat went with him. He swam for six hours per day. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electro-magnetic field to protect him.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 09/02/09

Woman, 56, claims record Atlantic swim


Month-long feat in shark tank pulled by catamaran Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast far off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February, 2009 1 A 56-year old American woman has swum across a large part of the Atlantic Ocean inside a six metre by four metre cage which protected her from sharks. Jennifer Figge, an athlete from Aspen, Colorado, said she took nearly a month to swim from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad, crossing 2,000 miles of ocean. 2 But her business manager said yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy that Figge could not get into the water and had to stay on board the catamaran which went with her on her long journey. She swam 19 of 24 days, said David Higden. It changed from an endurance swim to an extreme adventure swim. She didnt get into the water as much as she wanted, because the waves were so high. The weather was so bad that it was difficult for the crew to see her in the water. 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. In her defence, Higden said she had never planned to swim the whole way. Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. Its physically impossible, he said. It would take years. In his reply he did not say how many nautical miles Figge actually swam during her crossing. A week after she began, Higden announced on Figges Facebook page that storms forced her to change course. She finally landed at Trinidad, 1,000 miles from her planned destination, the Bahamas. 4 Figge first started doing endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. Her new habit became extreme sports, starting with a run across the state of Iowa. Twenty years later, her son is a

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings with the endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The boat and the swimmer had to change their route 2. Jennifer Figge swam inside a metal cage 3. Figge started doing endurance challenges ... 4. The weather was so bad that 5. It took her almost a month ... 6. Benit Lecomte a. to make the Atlantic crossing. b. the crew couldnt see her in the water. c. because of the danger of sharks. d. because of strong winds and big waves. e. holds the record for the fastest crossing by a swimmer. f. because her son asked her to give up smoking.

4 Two-word phrases
Match the words in the left-hand column with those in the right-hand column to make phrases from the text.

1. extreme 2. racing 3. transatlantic 4. English 5. electro-magnetic 6. strong 7. business 8. physically

a. impossible b. winds c. Channel d. sports e. flight f. manager g. device h. driver

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 1 Elementary
5 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text. verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. fly defend cross run achieve inspire response protection noun

6 Prepositions
Complete the sentences using these prepositions. for from to on across in

1. Benit Lecomte swam _______ the Atlantic in 1998. 2. He completed the swim _______ 73 days. 3. A cage protected him _______ sharks. 4. Strong winds and ten-metre waves caused problems _______ the boat and for Jennifers swimming. 5. Her business manager wrote an update _______ Facebook. 6. She had to make some changes _______ her plans.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. catamaran 2. turbulent 3. habit 4. cage 5. destination 6. route 7. crew 8. cast 9. update 10. endurance

Elementary

4 Two-word phrases
1. d 2. h 3. e 4. c 5. g 6. b 7. f 8. a

5 Word building
1. flight 2. defence 3. crossing 4. run 5. achievement 6. inspiration 7. respond 8. protect

2 Find the information


1. 56 2. nearly a month 3. 1,000 miles 4. 1926 5. 5 February 6. 73 days

3 Comprehension check
1. d 2. c 3. f 4. b 5. a 6. e

6 Prepositions
1. across 2. in 3. from 4. for 5. on 6. to

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Elementary

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. cast catamaran knot turbulent destination predator update head endurance accompany

1. __________________ is the ability to continue doing something physically difficult for a long time. 2. A __________________ is an animal that kills and eats other animals. 3. A __________________ is a hard cover used to protect a broken or injured part of the body. 4. If you give someone an __________________, you give them a report containing all the latest news or information. 5. If you are __________________ somewhere, you are travelling in a particular direction. 6. If you __________________ someone, you go with them to a place or an event. 7. __________________ air or water moves suddenly and violently in different directions. 8. A __________________ is a sailing boat that looks like two boats joined together. 9. A __________________ is a unit for measuring the speed of ships, aircraft and wind, equal to one nautical mile (1,852 metres) per hour. 10. Your __________________ is the place you are travelling to.

Find the information

Look in the text and find this information as quickly as possible. 1. How far is it from Trinidad to the Bahamas? 2. Who was the first woman to swim the English Channel? 3. How far is it from Cape Cod in the USA to Brittany in France? 4. What is the record for swimming the Atlantic? 5. How far is it from Cape Verde to Trinidad? 6. How far did Jennifer Figge run in Mexico in 1995?

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 2

Intermediate
state of Iowa. Twenty years later, her son is a racing driver, and she has covered 3,000 miles on foot, and more than twenty sea crossings. On her list of achievements, she says she ran 180 miles across Mexico in 1995 including the final 60 miles with a plaster cast on her left leg. 5 She has said her latest challenge was inspired by a turbulent transatlantic flight and by Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. Figge said she kept a picture of Ederle on board. We have a few things in common, she said. She wore a red hat and she was of German origin. We both talk to the sea, and neither of us wanted to get out of the water. For safety she made the journey inside a steel and plastic fibre cage attached to the back of a catamaran with a crew of engineers, a doctor, and a diver. There was an electro-magnetic device in the cage to repel predators. In the event, there were no sharks though among the marine life she did see were a group of pilot whales, turtles, dolphins, and Portuguese men-of-war. Figge intended to swim to the Bahamas, but on January 21 Higden posted an update: Winds of 25 knots and waves as high as 30 feet have wreaked havoc with their movements and Jennifers swimming. They are forced to follow a different route, in search of more favourable weather. The catamaran is heading south. She arrived at Chacachacare Island on 5 February. Basically [the storm] changed everything, Higden said yesterday. Like anyone who is trying to accomplish a goal, she had to make changes. Benit Lecomte of France holds the record for swimming the Atlantic in 73 days in 1998; he travelled the 3,716 miles from Cape Cod to Brittany himself, but was accompanied by a boat and did his swimming for six hours per day. He had no cage but a device with a 25ft electromagnetic field to protect him.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 09/02/09
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Woman, 56, claims record Atlantic swim


Month-long feat in shark tank towed by catamaran Storm blew extreme sport enthusiast way off course Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington Monday 9 February, 2009 1 An American aged 56 has been hailed as the first woman to swim the Atlantic, after swimming across thousands of miles of ocean while inside a six metre by four metre cage to protect her from sharks. Jennifer Figge, an endurance athlete from Aspen, Colorado, said she took nearly a month to make the crossing from the Cape Verde Islands to Trinidad, crossing 2,000 miles of ocean. 2 But her business manager admitted yesterday that some days the seas were so stormy Figge did not even manage to get into the water, remaining on board the catamaran which accompanied her long journey. She swam 19 of 24 days, said David Higden. It changed from an endurance swim to an extreme adventure swim. She didnt get into the water as much as she wanted, because the waves were so high. The weather was so bad the crew had trouble seeing her in the water. 3 Figge did not respond to requests for comment. In her defence, Higden said she had never planned to swim the entire distance. Nobody could swim across the Atlantic. Its physically impossible, he said. It would take years. The reply did not answer the question of how many nautical miles Figge had actually swum during her crossing. A week after she began, Higden announced on her Facebook page that storms forced her to change course. She landed at Trinidad, 1,000 miles from her planned destination, the Bahamas. 4 Figge first started doing endurance challenges in her 30s when her seven-year-old son asked her to give up smoking. Her new habit became extreme sports, starting with a run across the
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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. Jennifer Figge swam the entire distance of 2,000 miles from Cape Verde to Trinidad. 2. Both Figge and Gertrude Ederle are of German origin. 3. Figges planned final destination was Trinidad. 4. Bad weather forced the catamaran to go further north. 5. Figges son asked her to start doing endurance challenges. 6. A cage protected Figge from predators. 7. Benit Lecomte also used a cage for protection. 8. Ederle was the first woman to swim the English Channel.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. The paragraph numbers will help you.

1. A verb meaning to say publicly how good or important something is. (para 1) 2. A noun meaning the people who work on a boat or a plane. (para 2) 3. An adjective meaning across the Atlantic. (para 5) 4. A verb meaning to keep something away or prevent it from entering somewhere. (para 6) 5. A three-word expression used for saying what happened, especially when it is different from what was expected. (para 6) 6. A verb meaning to put information on the Internet. (para 7) 7. A two-word expression meaning cause a lot of damage or harm. (para 7) 8. A noun meaning the way you use to go from one place to another. (para 7)

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Expressions with prepositions
Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. she ran 180 miles _______ Mexico 2. a six metre _______ four metre cage 3. _______ board the boat 4. attached _______ the back of the boat 5. in search _______ better weather 6. holds the record _______ swimming the Atlantic

6 Word building
Choose the correct form to complete the sentences. 1. Some days the seas were very storm / stormy. 2. Unfortunately, their question remained answered / unanswered. 3. The swim quickly turned into an endurance / enduring test. 4. Gertrude Ederle was the inspire / inspiration for Jennifer Figges swim. 5. It was Figges intention / intend to swim to the Bahamas. 6. They had to seek more favourable / favourite weather.

7 Discussion
Would you like to try something like this? Why? Why not?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate

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Woman claims record Atlantic swim


Level 2 KEY
1 Key words
1. endurance 2. predator 3. cast 4. update 5. heading 6. accompany 7. turbulent 8. catamaran 9. knot 10. destination

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. hail 2. crew 3. transatlantic 4. repel 5. in the event 6. post 7. wreak havoc 8. route

5 Expressions with prepositions


1. across 2. by 3. on 4. to 5. of 6. for

2 Find the information


1. 1,000 miles 2. Gertrude Ederle 3. 3,716 miles 4. 73 days 5. 2,000 miles 6. 180 miles

6 Word building
1. stormy 2. unanswered 3. endurance 4. inspiration 5. intention 6. favourable

3 Comprehension check
1. F 2. T 3. F 4. F 5. F 6. T 7. F 8. T

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Woman claims record Atlantic swim / Intermediate

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer: Brainstorm

1. What do you think of when you read milkman and drug dealer? In five minutes, write as many words as you can onto the word wheels.

milkman

drug dealer

2. Which of the phrases below describes a quantity of drugs, and which one describes a quantity of milk? a pint of gold top ___________ an eighth of hash ___________

Key words and synonyms

Find key words from the text that mean the following. The paragraph numbers will help you. 1. time that someone will have to spend in prison only if they commit another crime within a fixed period (subtitle) ___________________ 2. an electric delivery vehicle (para 1) ___________________ 3. a sticky substance from plants (para 2) ___________________ 4. hidden (para 3) ___________________ 5. admitted (para 6) ___________________ 6. aches and complaints (para 6) ___________________ 7. benefactor, Good Samaritan (para 7) ___________________ 8. extenuation, moderation, reduction, relief (para 8) ___________________ 9. mistaken, erroneous, wrong (para 8) ___________________ 10. doesnt drink alcohol (para 10) ___________________ 11. produced (para 14) ___________________ 12. obviously (para 16) ___________________ 13. excuse, forgive, over look, go along with (para 18) ___________________
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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 3 Advanced
philanthropist, but a drug dealer. Had he been a philanthropist, she said, he would have given it away. However, she had taken into consideration that his wife is suffering from Alzheimers and in a care home, and might not recognise him if he was jailed. 8 Philip Holden, in mitigation, told the court: From the outset there is a particularly peculiar set of circumstances, and it is a bizarre case. He said his client was acting in the misguided belief that he was providing a public service. He suffered from depression and had been extremely frank to police. Holding told the Guardian. I dont think what I was doing was that wrong. A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. I was just giving them something to help. I have had letters of support from all over the country, including one from Scotland. I have had a lot of trouble with the papers and all the lies that have been published.

Pint of gold top and an eighth of hash milkman who also delivered drugs
Suspended sentence over sales to elderly customers 72-year-old said he did it to help their pain relief Helen Carter 6 February, 2009 1 To the casual observer, Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who was attentive to his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints. To the less casual observer specifically, a surveillance team from Lancashire police Holding, 72, turned out to be a drug dealer who was supplying cannabis from his milk float to an elderly clientele. His customers, who smoked the resin to relieve their aches and pains, would leave notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they required. His reputation as a drug dealer spread rapidly among 17 of his customers in Burnley, Lancashire. When detectives searched Holdings home last July they were astonished to find wraps of cannabis resin stashed among the eggs in his milk crates. Holding was given a 36-week jail sentence suspended for a year after he admitted possessing and supplying the drug. The prosecution said Holding would get through a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis resin every three weeks in sales to his customers and would not make a great deal of profit. Sarah Statham, prosecuting, said: He said customers would leave notes saying, Can I have an ounce, or an eighth? He only sold to existing customers who were old and had aches and pains. The court heard Holding immediately confessed to supplying drugs but did not believe he was doing anything wrong. Judge Beverley Lunt said: You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people with ailments. She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful and he was not a

10 Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was no longer with us. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke, he began dealing in cannabis after being horrified to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug. 11 She had arthritis and her husband had MS and was in a wheelchair, he said. They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a fortune. I would sell them an eighth of an ounce for 4.10. The street value is 9. 12 I had an old woman who I used to give a bit of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain. He said he had never been tempted to try it. 13 Cannabis has been shown in studies to help ease pain from arthritis and other conditions but it was upgraded to class B last month after concerns by the government about mental health risks. 14 Acting on tip-offs from concerned residents, Lancashire police launched a discreet surveillance operation, tailing Holding as he completed his round in his milk float. A subsequent search of his home yielded 167g of cannabis.

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 3 Advanced
but he is blatantly breaking the law and has to be dealt with. I would call him an eccentric. 17 A neighbour of Holdings said many residents were supportive of him. To be fair, he did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems, so it is said. Although he acts it, at the end of the day he is not a stupid bloke and he must have realised what he was doing was wrong. 18 The MS Society said it did not condone illegal drug use, although there are clinical trials under way about the benefits of cannabis.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 06/02/09

15 Local police beat manager John Fisher said: This was a good example of community policing after we received information from local residents that he was up to no good. The cannabis was wrapped and ready to go for the next days delivery. Whatever he delivered was left on the doorstep with the milk. 16 He added: However, there is a very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law supplying an illegal substance. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old. He probably thinks he is doing a community service

3 Comprehension check
Chose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 1. Mr Holdings crime was ... a. growing and dealing cannabis. b. smoking and supplying cannabis. c. possessing and supplying cannabis. 2. The cannabis resin was hidden ... a. in the milk bottles. b. in the milk crates. c. on the milk float. 3. Mr Holding ... a. knew what he was doing was very wrong. b. didnt know what he was doing was wrong. c. didnt realize how wrong what he was doing actually was. 4. Mr Holding made ... a. a small profit. b. a large profit. c. no profit at all. 5. His wife ... a. is 92 years old. b. doesnt live with him. c. has MS.

4 Language: Useful phrases


1. Find the common phrases in the text.

a. Para 8, 3 words: collection of facts ______________________ b. Para 10, 4 words: dead ______________________ c. Para 11, 3 words: be very expensive ______________________ d. Para 15, 4 words: doing something wrong or naughty ______________________ e. Para 16, 3 words: do something illegal ______________________ f. Paras 16 and 17, 6 words: finally, or when everything else has been taken into consideration ______________________ 2. One of these is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English. Which one?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 3 Advanced
5 Spoken grammar: would
Look at how the word would is used in paragraphs 2, 4, 5, 11 and 12. 1. Is it used: a. as a conditional? b. to refer to the past? c. to refer to the future? 2. What structure does it replace? a. will b. did c. used to

6 Interview and role play with web link


1. Write down questions that you would like to ask Mr Holding.

Why .............................................................. How .............................................................. Where ............................................................... Who .............................................................. What ............................................................... When ...............................................................

2. Now role play interview situations. Use a minimum of two of the following roles for each role play situation. A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding C = One of his elderly customers D = A concerned neighbour E = A local policeman 3. Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court. What did he say? Were any of the reporters questions the same as yours? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU

7 Discussion
Is it morally acceptable to do something illegal if it helps others?
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced

The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 3 Advanced KEY
2 Key words and synonyms
1. suspended sentence 2. milk float 3. resin 4. stashed 5. confessed 6. ailments 7. philanthropist 8. mitigation 9. misguided 10. teetotal 11. yielded 12. blatantly 13. condone

4 Language: Useful phrases


1. a. set of circumstances b. no longer with us c. cost a fortune d. up to no good e. break the law f. at the end of the day

2. at the end of the day

5 Spoken grammar: would


1. b 2. c

2 Comprehension check
1. c 2. 3. 4. 5. b c a b

Teachers notes
1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3.5 grams. 1 ounce is 28 grams. Use an online converter such as http://www.convert-me.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions.

For further (student-friendly) explanations on the use of would as a past form go to one of the many online grammar forums such as: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/ radio/specials/1837_aae/page6.shtml http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/usedtotext.htm http://www.proz.com/kudoz/english/ linguistics/1054769-used_to_would.html

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Advanced

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer: Brainstorm

1. What do you think of when you read milkman and drug dealer? In five minutes, write as many words as you can onto the word wheels.

milkman

drug dealer

2. Which of the phrases below describes a quantity of drugs, and which one describes a quantity of milk? a pint of gold top ___________ an eighth of hash ___________

2 Key words and synonyms


Write in the key words from the text. The paragraph numbers will help you. prosecution milk float residents care home crate admitted suspended sentence community service teetotal

1. An electric delivery vehicle. __________________ (para 1) 2. A container that is divided into smaller individual sections and used for moving bottles. __________________ (para 3) 3. Time that someone will have to spend in prison - but only if they commit another crime. __________________ (para 3) 4. To freely say that he did the crime. __________________ (para 3) 5. The person in court who tries to prove that someone has done something illegal. __________________ (para 4) 6. A place for old people to live when they are unable to look after themselves, especially people who are old and ill. __________________ (para 7) 7. When you never drink alcohol, you are __________________. (para 9) 8. People who live in a particular or defined area. __________________ (para 12) 9. Work that helps the people in your area. __________________ (para 13)

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Elementary
8

Milkman who also delivered drugs


Helen Carter 6 February, 2009 1

Holding told the Guardian. I dont think what I was doing was that wrong. A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. I was just giving them something to help. Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was no longer with us. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke, he began selling cannabis after being shocked to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug. was in a wheelchair, he said. They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a lot of money.

To most people, Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who looked after his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints of milk. To the others specifically, the Lancashire police Holding, 72, was a drug dealer who was selling cannabis from his milk float to elderly customers. His customers, who smoked the drug to help their aches and pains, left notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they needed. When detectives searched Holdings home last July they were surprised to find cannabis hidden next to the eggs in his milk crates. Holding was given a 36-week suspended sentence after he admitted to selling the drug. The prosecution said Holding sold a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis every three weeks to his customers and would not make a great deal of profit. Sarah Statham, prosecuting, said: He said customers would leave notes saying, Can I have an ounce, or an eighth? He only sold to customers he knew and who were old and had aches and pains. The court heard Holding did not believe he was doing anything wrong. Judge Beverley Lunt said: You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people. She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful. She said that he was a drug dealer. However, she said that his wife has Alzheimers and lives in a care home, and might not recognise him if he was sent to prison.

10 She had arthritis and her husband had MS and

11 I had an old woman who I used to give a bit

of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain. He said he had never tried it. Cannabis has been shown in studies to help reduce pain from arthritis and other conditions. Holding, so they followed him as he delivered the milk. When they searched his home they found 167g of cannabis. very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old. He probably thinks he is doing a community service but he is clearly breaking the law. did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems. At the end of the day he is not a stupid man and Im sure he knew what he was doing was wrong.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 06/02/2009

12 Worried residents told the police about

13 Local policeman John Fisher said, There is a

14 A neighbour of Holdings said, To be fair, he

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the sentence halves to summarize the article. 1. Mr Holding did not 2. The judge gave him 3. He sold illegal drugs what he was doing was wrong. told the police that he was selling drugs. his customers who were old and in pain. have to go to prison. their morning milk. a 36-week suspended sentence. live with him anymore. to old people.

4. He delivered the drugs with 5. Mr Holding wanted to help 6. Mr Holding knew that 8. His wife is ill and cannot 7. Other people in the area

4 Language: A useful phrase


This is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English. Write in the missing prepositions and then find it in the article. How is it used? What does it mean? Is there a similar phrase in your language? ________ the end ________ the day

5 Interview questions, role play, feedback and a web link


1. Write questions that a TV or newspaper reporter might want to ask Mr Holding.

Why .............................................................. How .............................................................. Where ............................................................... Who .............................................................. What ............................................................... When ...............................................................

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Elementary

2. Now work in pairs (A and B) and use your questions to role play an interview situation. A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding 3. Feed back to the rest of your class. Reporters tell the class about the answers you received. Students playing Mr Holding say how you felt when you were being interviewed. 4. Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court. What did he say? Were any of the reporters questions the same as yours? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU

6 Discussion: In my opinion ...


Is it ok to do something illegal if it helps others? The following phrases may help you say what you think: In my opinion ... I think its ok because ... I think its wrong because ... It depends (on) ...

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Elementary KEY
2 Key words and synonyms
1. milk float 2. crate 3. suspended sentence 4. admitted 5. prosecution 6. care home 7. teetotal 8. residents 9. community service

4 Language: A useful phrase


at the end of the day used for saying what you consider is the most important thing about a situation after thinking about it

Teachers notes
1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3.5 grams. 1 ounce is 28 grams. Use an online converter such as http://www.convert-me.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions. Before watching the interview videos with the students, watch them yourself and make sure you can understand Mr Holding. You might want to write down some of his answers to have them ready in case the students dont understand him. If they find him difficult to understand, you could discuss why this is.

3 Comprehension check
1. Mr Holding did not have to go to prison. 2. The judge gave him a 36-week suspended sentence. 3. He sold illegal drugs to old people. 4. He delivered the drugs with their morning milk. 5. Mr Holding wanted to help his customers who were old and in pain. 6. Mr Holding knew that what he was doing was wrong. 7. Other people in the area told the police that he was selling drugs. 8. His wife is ill and cannot live with him anymore.

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who also delivered drugs / Elementary

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1
1

Intermediate

Warmer: Brainstorm

1. In four minutes, write as many connected words as possible onto the word wheels.

milkman

drug dealer

2. Now read the title of the article. Can you find a connection between milkman and drug dealer?

2 Key words and synonyms


Write in the key words from the text. The paragraph numbers with help you. defending teetotal prosecuting ease casual observer confessed existing tip-off condone suspended sentence resin milk float

1. Time that someone will have to spend in prison - but only if they commit another crime. ________________ (subtitle) 2. Someone who is watching, but not very closely or carefully. ________________ (para 1) 3. An electric delivery vehicle. ________________ (para 1) 4. A sticky substance from plants. ________________ (para 2) 5. Trying to prove that someone has done something illegal. ________________ (para 5) 6. Not new, something or someone that was already there. ________________ (para 5) 7. Admitted to a crime. ________________ (para 6) 8. Representing someone who is said to have done something illegal. ________________ (para 8) 9. When you dont drink alcohol, you are ________________. (para 10) 10. To help relieve or make the pain less. ________________ (para 12) 11. A hint or warning. ________________ (para 13) 12. People who live in a particular or defined area. ________________ (para 13)

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Intermediate
and had been honest and open when talking to the police. 9 Holding told the Guardian. I dont think what I was doing was that wrong. A couple of them have got multiple sclerosis (MS) and others have got arthritis. I was just giving them something to help.

Pint of gold top and an eighth of hash milkman who also delivered drugs
Suspended sentence over sales to elderly customers 72-year-old said he did it to help their pain relief

Helen Carter 6 February, 2009 1 To the casual observer, Robert Holding seemed a kindly milkman who was attentive to his elderly customers as he delivered their daily pints. To the less casual observer specifically, a surveillance team from Lancashire police Holding, 72, was a drug dealer who was supplying cannabis from his milk float to elderly customers. 2 His customers, who smoked the resin to relieve their aches and pains, would leave notes with their empty milk bottles to say how much of the drug they needed. 3 When detectives searched Holdings home last July they were astonished to find wraps of cannabis resin hidden among the eggs in his milk crates. Holding was given a 36-week suspended sentence after he admitted possessing and supplying the drug. 4 The prosecution said Holding would get through a 9oz (255g) bar of cannabis resin every three weeks in sales to his customers and would not make a great deal of profit. 5 Sarah Statham, prosecuting, said: He said customers would leave notes saying, Can I have an ounce, or an eighth? He only sold to existing customers who were old and had aches and pains. 6 The court heard Holding immediately confessed to supplying drugs but did not believe he was doing anything wrong. Judge Beverley Lunt said: You justify this by saying you are helping out elderly people. 7 She said Holding was wrong in his belief that cannabis was not harmful and that he was a drug dealer. However, she had taken into consideration that his wife is suffering from Alzheimers and in a care home, and might not recognise him if he was sent to prison. 8 Philip Holden, defending, said: From the beginning there is a particularly peculiar set of circumstances, and it is a bizarre case. He said Mr Holding wrongly thought that he was providing a public service. He suffered from depression
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

10 Holding said his oldest customer had been 92 but was no longer with us. Although he is teetotal and does not smoke, he began dealing in cannabis after being shocked to hear how much one of his elderly customers was paying for the drug. 11 She had arthritis and her husband had MS and was in a wheelchair, he said. They wanted it for the pain relief but it was costing them a fortune. I would sell them an eighth of an ounce for 4.10. 12 I had an old woman who I used to give a bit of cannabis to and she would put it under her tongue for the pain. He said he had never tried it. Cannabis has been shown in studies to help ease pain from arthritis and other conditions but the British government upgraded it to a class B drug last month. 13 Acting on tip-offs from concerned residents, Lancashire police followed Holding as he completed his round in his milk float. A search of his home found 167g of cannabis. 14 Local policeman John Fisher said: This was a good example of community policing after we received information from local residents that he was up to no good. The cannabis was prepared for the next days delivery. Whatever he delivered was left on the doorstep with the milk. 15 He added: However, there is a very serious side to this because at the end of the day he has broken the law. It is certainly unusual in somebody so old. He probably thinks he is doing a community service but he is clearly breaking the law. 16 A neighbour of Holdings said, To be fair, he did know what he was doing was wrong but the people he supplied to all had medical problems. Although he acts it, at the end of the day he is not a stupid man and he must have realised what he was doing was wrong.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 06/02/09

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are the sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the information in the article? Correct any sentences that are false. 1. Mr Holding was sent to prison for 36 weeks. 2. His crime was possessing and supplying illegal drugs. 3. The cannabis resin was hidden in the milk bottles. 4. Mr Holding wanted to help his customers who were old and in pain. 5. Mr Holding didnt know that what he was doing was wrong. 6. Mr Holding didnt make any money from selling the cannabis. 7. Other people in the area told the police that he was selling drugs. 8. His wife doesnt live with him anymore.

4 Language: Useful phrases


1. Find the common phrases in the text that mean the following. a. Para 7, 3 words: keep something in mind when making a decision ___________________________ b. Para 10, 4 words: dead ___________________________ c. Para 11, 3 words: be very expensive ___________________________ d. Para 15, 3 words: do something illegal ___________________________ e. Para 15 and 16, 6 words: finally, or when everything else has been taken into consideration ___________________________ 2. One of these is said to be the most commonly used phrase in spoken English. Which one?

5 Spoken grammar: would


Look at how the word would is used in paragraphs 2, 4, 5, 11 and 12. 1. Is it used: a) as a conditional? b) to talk about the past? c) to talk about the future? 2. What means the same? a) will b) did c) used to
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Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

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The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Intermediate
6 Interview and role play with web link
1. Write down questions that you would like to ask Mr Holding.

Why .............................................................. How .............................................................. Where ............................................................... Who .............................................................. What ............................................................... When ...............................................................

2. Now role play interview situations. Use a minimum of two of the following roles for each role play situation. A = A TV or newspaper reporter B = Mr Holding C = One of his elderly customers D = A concerned neighbour E = A local policeman 3. Then watch Mr Holding being interviewed as he leaves the court. What did he say? Were any of the reporters questions the same as yours? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8LtcRiEOxo&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zU475iiYKtU

7 Discussion
Is it ok to do something illegal if it helps others?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

The milkman who also delivered drugs


Level 1 Intermediate KEY
2 Key words and synonyms
1. suspended sentence 2. casual observer 3. milk float 4. resin 5. prosecuting 6. existing 7. confessed 8. defending 9. teetotal 10. ease 11. tip-off 12. residents

4 Language: Useful phrases


1. a. take into consideration b. no longer with us c. cost a fortune d. break the law e. at the end of the day 2. at the end of the day

5 Spoken grammar: would


1. b 2. c

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. F T F T F F T T

Teachers notes
1/8 of an ounce is approximately 3.5 grams. 1 ounce is 28 grams. Use an online converter such as http://www.convert-me.com/en/convert/weight to make and check further conversions. For further (student-friendly) explanations on the use of would as a past form, go to one of the many online grammar forums such as: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish radio/specials/1837_aae/page6.shtml http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/usedtotext.htm http://www.proz.com/kudoz/english/ linguistics/1054769-used_to_would.html

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / The milkman who delivered drugs / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. preconception podium symposium flagship ensemble panache heritage dearth elite virtuosity

1. An ___________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 2. The ___________________ of a particular country consists of the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that it considers important to its history and culture. 3. The ___________________ is the place where the conductor of an orchestra stands. 4. ___________________ is an impressive way of doing something that shows both great skill and confidence. 5. A ___________________ is an idea or opinion you have about something that you form before you have any information about it or experience of it. 6. A ___________________ is a chronic lack of something. 7. An ___________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power. 8. ___________________ is a high level of skill, especially in playing music. 9. If something is described as a ___________________, it is the biggest, best or most important thing in a group. 10. A ___________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject.

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. How much will tickets for the concert by the Simn Bolvar Brass Ensemble cost? 2. How many musicians are there in the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela? 3. What is the age range of the members of the orchestra? 4. Why was the Sistema set up? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema? 6. How many hours do they study each day?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Advanced
well known in its own right and praised for its unbelievable panache and astonishing virtuosity by Tim Ashley in the Guardian. A family concert on 17 April will be introduced by Dudamel. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. Some of the younger conductors following in Dudamels footsteps will take to the podium. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and maestro Jos Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the visionary founder of the Sistema, the radical music education-cum-social project from which the orchestra springs. Other talks will look at the efforts being made to set up similar education projects in the UK, including Sistema Scotland, a pilot project in Raploch, near Stirling. The Sistema was set up in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the dearth of Venezuelan classical musicians. It was also from the beginning a social project using music as its means stemming from Abreus belief that every child, however poor, should have the opportunity to punch out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able, older children are encouraged to help mentor younger students or to conduct ensembles. Abreu told the Guardian in 2006: The philosophy of el Sistema shows that the vicious circle of poverty can be broken when a child poor in material possessions acquires spiritual wealth through music. Our ideal is of a country in which art is within the reach of every citizen so that we can no longer talk about art being the property of the elite, but the heritage of the people.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Simn Bolvar Orchestra to take Southbank residence Events will sweep aside views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 They have been feted as leading the way towards a new, exciting, impassioned future for classical music; they have brought tears and cheers wherever they have performed. And this spring, the flagship orchestra of what the conductor Sir Simon Rattle has called the most important phenomenon in music today is to take up residence at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simn Bolvar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will, according to Marshall Marcus, the centres head of music, seep like a liquid through every space in the Royal Festival Hall. They will sweep aside every preconception people have about classical music, he said. Anyone who ever thought classical music was not for them this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what weve perhaps been missing in Europe musicians performing out of a sheer, unbridled desire to live the music. 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who is also music director designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately but now the Southbank has unveiled a number of free and low-priced events throughout the residency. The main concerts, which feature works by Stravinsky, Bartk and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas, will also be relayed free in the Festival Hall. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will be a free concert by the 50-strong Simn Bolvar Brass Ensemble

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the best answer according to the text. 1. What best describes the Sistema project? a. It is a music project. b. It is an education, music and social project. c. It is a social project that focuses on music education. a. It will play works by Latin American composers. b. It will play with passion and enthusiasm. c. It will use unusual instruments. a. The work of the orchestra and plans to set up similar schemes in the UK. b. Venezuelan classical music. c. How the Sistema was founded. a. To allow poor children to play music. b. To make art accessible to all the people of the country. c. To prevent the elite from attending concerts.

2. How will the orchestra destroy preconceptions that people have about classical music?

3. What will be discussed in the series of symposiums?

4. What, according to Abreu, is the philosophy of the Sistema?

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. A three-word expression meaning to start to work in an institution as an artist. (para 1) 2. A verb meaning to flow into or out of something through very small holes. (para 2) 3. A phrasal verb meaning to destroy. (para 2) 4. An adjective meaning free and uncontrolled. (para 2) 5. An adjective (used after a noun) that means chosen for a particular job but not yet officially doing that job. (para 3) 6. A two-word expression meaning a piece of work done in only one place or with a few people in order to find out if something will be successful or popular. (para 5) 7. A two-word expression meaning a process in which the existence of a problem causes other problems and this makes the original problem worse. (para 7)

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

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Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Advanced
5 Synonyms
Match the verbs in the left-hand column with their near synonyms in the right-hand column. 1. unveil 2. fete 3. relay 4. demonstrate 5. set up 6. break out 7. mentor 8. acquire a. teach b. show c. escape from d. praise e. gain f. announce g. establish h. transmit

6 Words followed by prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. focus __________ 2. dearth __________ 3. response __________ 4. involved __________ 5. within the reach __________ 6. preconception __________

7 Discussion
If you could play a musical instrument, what instrument would you play and why? If you can already play an instrument, what other instrument would you like to play and why?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. ensemble 2. heritage 3. podium 4. panache 5. preconception 6. dearth 7. elite 8. virtuosity 9. flagship 10. symposium

Advanced

4 Find the word


1. take up residence 2. seep 3. sweep aside 4. unbridled 5. designate 6. pilot project 7. vicious circle

5 Synonyms
1. f 2. d 3. h 4. b 5. g 6. c 7. a 8. e

2 Find the information


1. nothing (they are free) 2. 200 3. 18 to 25 4. as a response to the lack of classical musicians in Venezuela 5. 250,000 6. 4

6 Words followed by prepositions


1. on 2. of 3. to 4. in 5. of 6. about

3 Comprehension check
1. c 2. b 3. a 4. b

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Advanced

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1
1

Elementary

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. symposium composer fusion conduct phenomenon low-priced ensemble radical elite shortage

1. A ______________________ is something that is very impressive or surprising. 2. An ______________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 3. An ______________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power. 4. If something is ______________________, it doesnt cost very much. 5. If something is ______________________, it is new and very different from the past. 6. A ______________________ is someone who writes music, especially classical music. 7. ______________________ is a type of modern music that is a mixture of different styles. 8. If you ______________________ an orchestra, you stand in front of them and direct the way they play. 9. A ______________________ is a lack of something you need. 10. A ______________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject.

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. Where is the Simn Bolvar National Youth Orchestra from? 2. How many musicians are there in the orchestra? 3. How old are the members of the orchestra? 4. When did the Sistema started? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

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Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Elementary
of 50 musicians who play with unbelievable confidence, skill and enthusiasm. Dudamel will also introduce a family concert on April 17. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and leading musician Jos Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the founder of the Sistema, the radical music education and social project which produced the orchestra. Other talks will look at the possibility of introducing similar education projects in the UK. The Sistema was started in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the shortage of classical musicians in Venezuela. It was also from the beginning a social project using music to try to give every child, including those from the poorest families, the opportunity to break out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able to, older children teach younger students or conduct groups of musicians themselves. Abreu said in 2006: The philosophy of el Sistema shows children from poor families can become spiritually rich through music. We want a country in which art is open to all citizens so that we can no longer say that art is the property of the elite, but that it belongs to the people.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Simn Bolvar Orchestra to take Southbank residence Events will completely change views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 People have described them as the new, exciting future of classical music; they have brought tears and cheers everywhere they have performed. And this spring, the leading orchestra in what some people are calling the most important phenomenon in music today will be performing at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simn Bolvar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will perform at the Royal Festival Hall. They will question all the traditional ideas people have about classical music, said the director of music at the Southbank Centre. Anyone who thinks that classical music is not for them this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what weve perhaps been missing in Europe musicians performing out of a total enthusiasm for the music. 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who will also soon become the music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately but now the Southbank has announced a further series of free and low-priced events. In the main concerts the orchestra will play music by Stravinsky, Bartk and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will also be a free concert by Simn Bolvar Brass Ensemble a group 7

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

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Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Elementary
3 Comprehension check
Match the beginnings and endings to make sentences about the text. 1. The musicians of the Brass Ensemble 2. People have described the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela 3. People who think classical music is not for them 4. Some people are planning 5. The Sistema gives 6. The philosophy of the Sistema is a. to make art open to all citizens. b. to introduce similar projects in the UK. c. perform with confidence, skill and enthusiasm. d. should go and see the National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela perform. e. children from the poorest families the chance to break out of the poverty cycle. f. as the new, exciting future of classical music.

4 Expressions with prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. traditional ideas ___________ classical music classical music is not ___________ them a series ___________ symposiums a response ___________ the shortage a shortage ___________ musicians involved ___________ the project open ___________ everyone focus ___________ an idea

5 Word building
Complete the table using words from the text.

adjective
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. poor enthusiastic skilful confident phenomenal short

noun

6 Numbers and dates


Complete the expressions. Check your answers in the text. 1. __________ five days __________ April 2. two hundred 18- __________ 25-year-olds 3. __________ April 17
Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

4. __________ 1975 5. __________ 2pm __________ 6pm each day


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Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. phenomenon ensemble elite low-priced radical composer fusion conduct shortage symposium

Elementary

4 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. about for of to of in to on

5 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. poverty enthusiasm skill confidence phenomenon shortage

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Venezuela 200 18 to 25 1975 250,000

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. c f d b e a

6 Numbers and dates


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. for / in to on in from / to

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Elementary

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1
1

Intermediate

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. symposium composer fusion panache ensemble maestro heritage conductor elite virtuosity

1. ________________________ is a high level of skill, especially in playing music. 2. _______________________ is an impressive way of doing something that shows both great skill and confidence. 3. ________________________ is a type of modern music that is a mixture of different styles. 4. A ________________________ is a meeting where experts discuss a particular subject. 5. A ________________________ is someone who writes music, especially classical music. 6. A ________________________ is a musician who is admired and respected a lot, particularly by the members of an orchestra. 7. An ________________________ is a group of musicians who perform together. 8. A ________________________ is someone who directs the members of an orchestra. 9. The ________________________ of a particular country consists of the art, buildings, traditions and beliefs that it considers important to its history and culture. 10. An ________________________ is a small group of people who have a lot of power.

Find the information

Find the answers to these questions in the article. 1. Where is the Simn Bolvar National Youth Orchestra from? 2. How many musicians are there in the orchestra? 3. What is the age range of the members of the orchestra? 4. When was the Sistema set up? 5. How many children are involved in the Sistema?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Intermediate
well known in its own right and praised for its unbelievable panache and astonishing virtuosity. A family concert on 17 April will be introduced by Dudamel. The orchestra will perform classical works as well as Venezuelan favourites. 5 There will also be a series of symposiums. The first will involve a chance to hear Dudamel, members of the orchestra and maestro Jos Antonio Abreu talk about their work. Abreu is the founder of the Sistema, the radical music education and social project from which the orchestra came. Other talks will look at the efforts being made to set up similar education projects in the UK, including Sistema Scotland, a pilot project in Raploch, near Stirling. The Sistema was set up in 1975 by Abreu partly as a response to the shortage of classical musicians in Venezuela. It was also from the beginning a social project using music as its means based on Abreus belief that every child, however poor, should have the opportunity to break out of the poverty cycle. About 250,000 children are now involved in the Sistema. They study from 2pm to 6pm every day, with work focused on the idea of the orchestra rather than the individual. As soon as they are able to, older children are encouraged to help teach younger students or to conduct ensembles. Abreu said in 2006: The philosophy of el Sistema shows that the vicious circle of poverty can be broken when a child poor in material possessions acquires spiritual wealth through music. Our ideal is of a country in which art is within the reach of every citizen so that we can no longer talk about art being the property of the elite, but the heritage of the people.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 27/02/09

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Simn Bolvar Orchestra to take Southbank residence Events will sweep aside views on classical music Charlotte Higgins, chief arts writer February 27, 2009 1 They have been described as leading the way towards a new, exciting future for classical music; they have brought tears and cheers wherever they have performed. And this spring, the leading orchestra in what has been called the most important phenomenon in music today will be performing at the Southbank Centre in London. 2 The orchestra is the Simn Bolvar National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela. For five days in April it will, according to Marshall Marcus, the centres head of music, fill every space in the Royal Festival Hall. They will question all the traditional ideas people have about classical music, he said. Anyone who ever thought classical music was not for them - this is the one thing they should see. They demonstrate what weve perhaps been missing in Europe musicians performing out of a total unbridled desire to live the music. 3 The orchestra of 200 18- to 25-year-olds had already announced a pair of concerts under its dynamic music director, Gustavo Dudamel, 28, who is also music director designate of the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The concerts sold out immediately but now the Southbank has announced a further series of free and low-priced events. The main concerts, which feature works by Stravinsky, Bartk and Tchaikovsky as well as works by Latin American composers such as Revueltas, will also be relayed free in the Festival Hall. 4 The extra events will include an evening of Latin jazz and fusion featuring members of the orchestra. There will be a free concert by the 50-strong Simn Bolvar Brass Ensemble

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check
Are these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text? 1. The National Youth Orchestra of Venezuela perform classical music in a traditional way. 2. The Sistema is a music education and social project. 3. The Sistema helps young people to break out of the poverty cycle. 4. In the Sistema the individual is more important than the orchestra. 5. Abreu wants to bring art to ordinary people. 6. The orchestra only performs Venezuelan music.

4 Find the word


Find the following words and phrases in the text. 1. An adjective meaning free and uncontrolled. (para 2) 2. An adjective (used after a noun) that means chosen for a particular job but not yet officially doing that job. (para 3) 3. A verb meaning to transmit or broadcast. (para 3) 4. A four-word expression meaning as a result of their own ability. (para 4) 5. An adjective meaning very surprising. (para 4) 6. A two-word expression meaning a piece of work done in only one place or with a few people in order to find out if something will be successful or popular. (para 5) 7. A two-word expression meaning a process in which the existence of a problem causes other problems and this makes the original problem worse. (para 7) 8. A four-word expression meaning available or accessible to people. (para 7)

5 Expressions with prepositions


Complete the phrases from the text using prepositions. 1. classical music is not __________ me 2. music director __________ the LA Philharmonic 3. praised __________ its panache and virtuosity 4. a series __________ symposiums 5. a response __________ the shortage 6. a shortage __________ musicians 7. involved __________ the project 8. focus __________ an idea

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

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N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 Intermediate
6 Word building
Complete the table.
verb 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. perform announce respond believe encourage possess noun

6 Discussion
What kind of music do you like? Do you enjoy classical music? Why? Why not?

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2006 Title text here

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London


Level 1 KEY
1 Key words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. virtuosity panache fusion symposium composer maestro ensemble conductor heritage elite

Intermediate

4 Find the word


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. unbridled designate relay in its (their) own right astonishing pilot project vicious circle within the reach of

5 Expressions with prepositions


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. for of for of to of in on

2 Find the information


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Venezuela 200 18 to 25 1975 250,000

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F T T F T F

6 Word building
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. performance announcement response belief encouragement possession

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Venezuelas vibrant young music stars to wow London / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 3
1

Advanced

Warmer: A five-minute discussion

Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment?

Key words

Fill the gaps with these words from the article. honorary late plunder razed bidder loot rankles merely artefact relics coarsely figure

1. An ___________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. 2. A ___________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. 3. An adjective used before noun when talking about someone who has died, especially recently: ___________________. 4. A verb meaning to steal things from houses or shops during a war or after a disaster such as a fire or flood: ___________________. 5. Another verb meaning to take valuable things from a place using force, sometimes causing a lot of damage: ___________________. 6. ___________________ is an adjective used to emphasize that something is small or unimportant; a synonym of simply. 7. ___________________ are objects that have been kept from the past. 8. When a building or town has been completely destroyed, we can say it has been ___________________. 9. When something ___________________ you, it upsets or annoys you for a long time. 10. An ___________________ job is one you do without getting paid for it. 11. ___________________ is used here to mean be able to know or work something out. 12. The opposite of finely: ___________________.

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 3 Advanced
7 Wang Weiming, one of the heads of Chinas Lost Cultural Relics Recovery Programme the foundation which Cai advises said she was not sure if or when the bronzes would return to China. These national treasures are probably still in France, Wang said. Well have to see how the situation develops. The rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan, the imperial summer residence, until it was razed and looted by French and British troops in 1860. The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still rankles and Pierre Berg Saint Laurents partner and co-owner of a vast art collection further upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the relics without charge if China would give the Tibetans back their freedom.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts


Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was act of patriotism Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2, 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent at a controversial auction has said he will not pay for the treasures, which were looted from a Beijing palace during the opium wars. 2 The relics were sold in Paris last week, to the anger of many in China. The telephone bidder paid 31m (27m) for the two bronze sculptures. 3 The Chinese government warned that the sale would affect auctioneer Christies development in China, and even the action movie star Jackie Chan described the auction as shameful. While a French court ruled that the auction was legal, Beijing argued that the sculptures should be returned to China. 4 Today, the argument took a fresh twist as Cai Mingchao, an adviser to a Chinese foundation which seeks to retrieve plundered treasures, told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. 5 What I need to stress is that this money cannot be paid, he added, describing his bid as a patriotic act. I think any Chinese person would have stood up at that moment. It was just that the opportunity came to me. I was merely fulfilling my responsibilities. 6 Christies had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder, the spokeswoman Yvonne So told the Associated Press. She said that if a bidder couldnt or wouldnt pay, Christies usually worked with the buyer and vendor to find a solution. The auction house said the legal ownership of the pieces had been clearly confirmed, a view upheld by French courts.

10 One Chinese expert said the objects were overpriced. Luo Zhewen, the honorary chairman of the Cultural Artefact Association, told Shanghais Oriental Morning Post that the two heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (103,000). More than that, and the buyer should figure that hes been cheated. 11 He claimed their real value was as criminal evidence of the destruction of the palace, saying that they were coarsely made compared with other imperial artefacts. These days, they can be easily manufactured at small factories in Beijing or Guangzhou, he said. 12 Five of the other fountain heads have been bought by Chinese business figures and repatriated, while experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. Christies three-day sale of Saint Laurents art collection earned a total of more than 373m.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 02/03/09

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 3 Advanced
3 Comprehension check
Choose the correct answer according to the information in the article. 1. When did the Opium wars take place? a. In the early-nineteenth century. b. In the mid-nineteenth century. c. In the mid-eighteenth century. 2. What were the bronze sculptures a part of? a. A temple. b. A throne. c. A fountain. 3. How many heads were on the complete sculpture? a. 2 b. 10 c. 12 4. Under what conditions did YSLs partner offer to return the bronzes to China for free? a. If China allows freedom in Tibet. b. Only if all the other bronze heads are returned. c. Only if China returns stolen French paintings. 5. How much did a Chinese artefact expert say the bronzes were worth? a. 373m b. 1m Yuan (118,000) c. 31m

4 Role play: A solution-finding meeting


In the article, Yvonne So said that Christies usually works with the buyer and vendor to find a solution. Below is a similar (imaginary) situation in which a valuable artefact has been auctioned. Divide these role cards up among groups of four to six students. Take a few minutes to each prepare what you want to say and then have a meeting. Your objective is to find a solution that is acceptable to the majority of the people at the meeting. The auction house representative should chair the meeting.

1. auction house representative You are the Chair of the meeting. You need to make sure that there is a satisfactory solution to the problem and that your auction house doesnt lose money or its good reputation. 4. curator of a museum You believe that artefacts such as these should be kept in a museum for everybody to see. Also you know that the artefacts are safest in your museum as they would be kept in conditions that will ensure their preservation.

2. private collector You were the highest bidder at the auction. You believe you are now the rightful owner of the artefact. You plan to keep the artefact in your private collection which is not open to the public. 5. vendor / seller The artefact has been in your family for many years and you see it as a family heirloom. Unfortunately you are now forced to sell it so that you can finance repairs to your stately home.

3. adviser to the government The artefact originally came from your country and you think it should be returned for free. It was taken from a tomb by foreign archaeologists. It is rumoured that many slaves died whilst building the tomb. 6. another role / wild card This is a wild card. You can bring in a further point of view using this role card. Who are you? What is your opinion?

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 3 Advanced
5 Discussion
Have you ever placed a bid in an auction? What type of auction was it? What did you bid for? Did you win the auction?

6 Webquest
What can you find out about other artefacts from around the world that have been removed from their countries of origin and whose governments are demanding their return? For example: The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles) The bust of Queen Nefertiti Inca relics from Machu Picchu Antique Khmer sculptures

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 3 KEY
2 Key words
1. artefact 2. bidder 3. late 4. loot 5. plunder 6. merely 7. relics 8. razed 9. rankles 10. honorary 11. figure 12. coarsely

Advanced

3 Comprehension check
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. b c c a b

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Advanced

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 1
1

Elementary

Warmer: A five-minute discussion

Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment?

Key words

Fill the gaps with these words from the article. The paragraph numbers will help you. foundation bidder sculpture retrieve destroyed worth elaborate artefact late legal overpriced patriotic

1. A _________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. (title) 2. An _________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. (title) 3. A _________________ is a work of art made from stone, metal or wood. (para 1) 4. An adjective used before noun when talking about someone who has died, especially recently: _________________. (para 1) 5. When something is allowed by law, it is _________________. (para 3) 6. A _________________ is an organization that provides money for things. (para 4) 7. When you _________________ something, you find it and bring it back. (para 4) 8. A _________________ act is one done out of love, respect and duty towards your country. (para 5) 9. _________________ is an adjective we use to talk about something that has a lot of extra details or features that make it special. (para 7) 10. When something has been _________________, it is so badly damaged that there is nothing left. (para 7) 11. When something is far too expensive we can say it is _________________. (para 9) 12. When you say how much something is _________________, you give its value in money. (para 9)

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 1 Elementary
troops in 1860. At the same time many treasures were stolen. 8 The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still makes many people angry. Pierre Berg Yves Saint Laurents partner and co-owner of a huge art collection upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the sculptures for free if China would give the Tibetans back their freedom. One Chinese expert said the sculptures were overpriced. He said that the two bronze heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (103,000). More than that and the buyer has paid too much.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts


Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was patriotic Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2, 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures at an auction has said he will not pay for the treasures, which were taken from a Beijing palace during the opium wars. The sculptures were owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent. 2 Many people in China were angry that the sculptures were sold in Paris last week. The telephone bidder paid 31m (27m) for the two bronze sculptures. 3 Even though a French court said that the auction was legal, the Chinese government in Beijing said that the sculptures should be returned to China. 4 However, then Cai Mingchao, an adviser to a Chinese foundation which tries to retrieve stolen treasures, told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. 5 This money cannot be paid, he said, and described his bid as a patriotic act. I think any Chinese person would have done the same thing. 6 The auction house, Christies, had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder. A spokeswoman said that if a bidder couldnt or wouldnt pay, Christies usually worked with the buyer and seller to find a solution. The auction house and the French courts said the legal ownership of the sculptures had been clearly confirmed. 7 The bronze rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan, the imperial summer residence, until it was destroyed by French and British

10 Five of the other heads from the fountain have been bought by Chinese business people and returned to China. Experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. Christies three-day sale of Saint Laurents art collection made a total of more than 373m.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 02/03/09

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 1 Elementary
3 Find the information
Answer these questions with information from the article 1. Where did the auction take place? 2. What are the sculptures of? 3. What are they made of? 4. Where did the sculptures come from? 5. Who stole the sculptures in 1860? 6. Which French fashion designer owned the sculptures? 7. What was the nationality of the man who won the auction? 8. Was he at the auction?

4 Language: Reporting
Which of these sentences are in the simple past, and which are in the past passive simple? 1. The sculptures were owned by the late fashion designer. 2. Many people in China were angry. 3. He described his bid as a patriotic act. 4. It was destroyed by French and British troops. 5. Many treasures were stolen. 6. Christies three-day sale made more than 373m. Say why these tenses were used for these sentences.

5 Discussion
Have you ever bought anything in an auction? Did you go to the auction house or was it an online auction?

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 1 Elementary
6 Webquest
Search the Internet to complete the table with information about other artefacts from around the world.

artefacts The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles)

Where are they now?

Where did they come from?

The bust of Queen Nefertiti

Inca relics from Machu Picchu

Antique Khmer sculptures

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 1 KEY
2 Key words
1. bidder 2. artefact 3. sculpture 4. late 5. legal 6. foundation 7. retrieve 8. patriotic 9. elaborate 10. destroyed 11. overpriced 12. worth

Elementary

3 Find the information


1. Paris, France 2. a rat head and a rabbit head 3. bronze 4. The Yuanmingyuan, a Chinese summer palace 5. British and French troops 6. Yves Saint Laurent 7. Chinese 8. no (he bid by phone)

4 Language: Reporting
1. past passive simple 2. simple past 3. simple past 4. past passive simple 5. past passive simple 6. simple past

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Elementary

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 2
1

Intermediate

Warmer: A five-minute discussion

Have you been to any art galleries or museums recently? Are there any special exhibitions on in your town or country at the moment?

Key words

Fill the gaps with these words from the article. The paragraph numbers will help you. foundation bidder repatriated looted controversial artefact coarsely relics late patriotic

1. A ____________________ is someone who tries to buy something at an auction. (title) 2. An ____________________ is an object that was made a long time ago and is historically important. (title) 3. An adjective used before a noun when talking about someone who has died, especially recently: ____________________. (para 1) 4. A ____________________ subject, opinion or decision is one that people disagree about or do not approve of. (para 1) 5. A verb meaning to steal things from houses or shops during a war or after a disaster such as a fire or flood: ____________________. (para 1, past tense) 6. ____________________ are objects that have been kept from the past. (para 2) 7. A ____________________ is an organization that provides money for things. (para 4) 8. A ____________________ act is one done out of love, respect and duty towards your country. (para 5) 9. The opposite of finely is ____________________. (para 11) 10. When something has been ____________________ it has been returned to its own country. (para 12)

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 2 Intermediate
7 Wang Weiming, one of the heads of Chinas Lost Cultural Relics Recovery Programme the foundation which Cai advises said she was not sure if or when the bronzes would return to China. These national treasures are probably still in France, Wang said. Well have to see how the situation develops. The rabbit and rat heads were part of an elaborate fountain which stood in the Yuanmingyuan, the imperial summer residence, until it was destroyed and looted by French and British troops in 1860. The destruction of the Old Summer Palace still annoys many people. Pierre Berg Yves Saint Laurents partner and co-owner of a huge art collection further upset Chinese patriots when he offered to return the relics without charge if China would give the Tibetans back their freedom.

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for Yves Saint Laurent-owned artefacts


Art collector says bidding for treasures belonging to late fashion designer was act of patriotism Tania Branigan in Beijing March 2, 2009 1 A Chinese bidder who bought two sculptures owned by the late fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent at a controversial auction has said he will not pay for the treasures, which were looted from a Beijing palace during the opium wars. 2 The relics were sold in Paris last week, to the anger of many people in China. The telephone bidder paid 31m (27m) for the two bronze sculptures. 3 The Chinese government warned that the sale would affect auctioneer Christies development in China, and even the action movie star Jackie Chan described the auction as shameful. Even though a French court ruled that the auction was legal, Beijing argued that the sculptures should be returned to China. 4 Today, the argument took a fresh twist as Cai Mingchao, an adviser to a Chinese foundation which seeks to retrieve stolen treasures, told a news conference that he was the collector who won the auction. 5 This money cannot be paid, he said and described his bid as a patriotic act. I think any Chinese person would have done the same thing at that moment. I was simply fulfilling my responsibilities. 6 Christies had no immediate comment and could not confirm Cai as the bidder, the spokeswoman Yvonne So told the Associated Press. She said that if a bidder couldnt or wouldnt pay, Christies usually worked with the buyer and seller to find a solution. The auction house and the French courts said the legal ownership of the pieces had been clearly confirmed.

10 One Chinese expert said the objects were overpriced. Luo Zhewen, the chairman of the Cultural Artefact Association, told Shanghais Oriental Morning Post that the two heads were worth less than 1m Yuan (103,000). More than that and the buyer should realize that hes been cheated. 11 He claimed their real value was as criminal evidence of the destruction of the palace, saying that they were coarsely made compared with other imperial artefacts. These days, they can be easily manufactured at small factories in Beijing or Guangzhou, he said. 12 Five of the other fountain heads have been bought by Chinese business figures and repatriated, while experts fear the other five may have been destroyed. Christies three-day sale of Saint Laurents art collection earned a total of more than 373m.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 02/03/09

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 2 Intermediate
3 Comprehension check: A summary
Are the sentences true (T) or false (F) according to the article? Correct any sentences that are false. 1. The artefacts were stolen by Chinese troops in the Opium wars. 2. The Opium wars took place in the mid-eighteenth century. 3. The bronze sculptures were part of a fountain in a palace. 4. All the heads from the sculpture have now been returned. 5. YSLs partner offered to return the bronzes to China for free if China allows freedom in Tibet. 6. The Chinese accepted Pierre Bergs offer. 7. A Chinese artefact expert said the bronzes are worth 373m. 8. French courts ruled that YSL was the lawful owner of the sculptures. 9. The bidder cannot pay for the sculptures. 10. The auction house is trying to find a solution to the situation.

4 Role play: A solution-finding meeting


In the article, Yvonne So said that the auction house usually works with the buyer and seller to find a solution. Below is a similar (imaginary) situation in which a valuable artefact has been sold at an auction. Divide these role cards up among groups of four to six students (cards 1-4 are essential, 5 and 6 are optional). Take a few minutes to make notes about what you want to say and then have a meeting. Set a time limit. Your aim is to find a solution that is acceptable to as many people as possible. The auction house representative is the Chair of the meeting. 1. auction house representative You are the Chair of the meeting. You need to make sure that there is a satisfactory solution to the problem and that your auction house doesnt lose money or its good reputation. 4. director of a museum You believe that the artefacts should be kept in a museum for everybody to see. You know that the artefacts will be safe in your museum. 2. private collector You were the highest bidder at the auction. You believe you are now the owner of the artefact. You plan to keep the artefact in your private collection where it will be safe. 5. seller The artefact has been in your family for many years. Unfortunately you now have to sell it. You need the money to repair the roof of your large country home. 3. adviser to the government The artefact originally came from your country and you think it should be returned for free. It was taken from a palace by foreign archaeologists. It is said that many slaves died whilst building the palace. 6. another role / wild card This is a wild card. You can bring in a further point of view using this role card. Who are you? What is your opinion?
N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

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Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 2 Intermediate
5 Discussion
Have you ever placed a bid in an auction? Was it in an auction house or online or somewhere else? What did you bid for? Did you win the auction?

6 Webquest
What can you find out about these other artefacts from around the world? Where are they now and where did they come from? The Elgin Marbles (or Parthenon Marbles) The bust of Queen Nefertiti Inca relics from Machu Picchu Antique Khmer sculptures

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate

CA O N T O FR BE C O DO O M W P W N IA EB LO B SI A L TE DE E D

Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts


Level 2 KEY
2 Key words
1. bidder 2. artefact 3. late 4. controversial 5. looted 6. relics 7. foundation 8. patriotic 9. coarsely 10. repatriated

Intermediate

3 Comprehension check: A summary


1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. F 8. T 9. T 10. T

Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2009 NEWS LESSONS / Chinese bidder refuses to pay for artefacts / Intermediate

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New York store gives away goods for free


Level 3
1

Advanced

Key words

Fill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. goods transaction launch throng proviso browse utopian packed replenish veteran

1. A ___________________ is the action or process of buying or selling something. 2. A ___________________ is a condition attached to an agreement. 3. A ___________________ is someone who was in the armed forces, especially during a war. 4. ___________________ are objects that are produced for sale. 5. If a place is ___________________, it is extremely crowded (informal). 6. A ___________________ is someone who believes that the world can be perfect. 7. If you ___________________ something, you make it full again by replacing what has been used. 8. To ___________________ a business means to start it. 9. If people ___________________ somewhere, a lot of them go there. 10. To ___________________ means to look at things in a shop without being sure whether you want to buy something.

What do you know?

Decide whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). Then check your answers in the text. 1. The site of the Twin Towers destroyed on 9/11 is known as Ground Hero. 2. Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco. 3. Wall Street is in Brooklyn, New York. 4. The movie Breakfast at Tiffanys starred Audrey Hepburn. 5. The words Free Store usually mean the opposite. 6. Disaster tourists are people who cause damage to the environment through their travelling.

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New York store gives away goods for free


Level 3 Advanced
welcome to take whatever they liked, with the only proviso being that they felt they needed it. Each transaction was noted in their records and the customer given a receipt as they would be in any money-based shop. 5 Richard, a travel agent who works in Wall Street, chose a large framed photograph of Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffanys. Its a great time to be cheering people up with gifts, and why not? he said. Weve bailed out the car companies, weve bailed out the banks, so its nice to get something back for once. Kevin walked away with a free copy of a book called Great Sex Trips. So why did he feel he needed a book with a title like that? Why not? Theres always something to be learned. Robles and Stein based their idea for the shop on the free stores that cropped up in San Francisco and New York in 1967. They were set up by the hippy group the Diggers, themselves named after the 17th century English agrarian utopians of the same name. In San Francisco, the Diggers set up two shops in the Haight-Ashbury district called Free Frame of Reference and Trip Without A Ticket. There, returning Vietnam veterans would exchange their uniforms for tie-dyed clothes and feed themselves on vegetable soup known as Digger Stew. The Diggers went so far as to set up free hospitals for those who did not have insurance, not to mention free concerts with bands such as the Grateful Dead. Stein and Robles dont claim to have as expansive ambitions as the 1960s Diggers, and their project leans more towards the artistic, where the Diggers were political and rebellious. But they do plan to keep the store open until the end of March, replenishing the free items with donations from people who use the shop. When we started I was terrified we would run out of stuff, Robles said. But after two days thats no longer a worry as people are bringing in bagfuls of lovely things.
Guardian News & Media 2009 First published in The Guardian, 16/03/09
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