Medical Technology: Human Vital Signs

Ms. Anthony

+ Essential Questions:  2 What are the four primary vital signs in humans and how are they measured? What are the normal ranges for various physiological and biochemical indicators of health?  .

often taken by health professionals.  . VS are the most important measurements healthcare professionals will obtain when they evaluate or assess a patient’s condition.+ Vital Signs  3 Vital signs (VS) are measures of various physiological statistics. in order to assess the most basic body functions.

+ Four Primary Vital Signs     4 Heart Rate (Pulse) Blood Pressure Body Temperature Respiration Rate .

+ 5 Major Associated Internal Systems or Organs Lungs Muscular System Brain Liver Heart/Circulatory System .

+ 6 Heart Rate (Pulse)  What exactly is the heart rate or pulse? .

F. . D. C. A wave of blood flow that expands an artery created by a contraction of the heart. G.+ Heart Rate (Pulse)  A. Click HERE to check answers. H. E. Name these pulses. 7 B.

+ 8 Heart Rate (Pulse) Sites (Answers) A. Brachial G. Femoral C. Posterior tibial E. Temporal B. Popliteal D. Dorsalis pedis Back . Radial H. Carotid F.

 Brachial pulse – found in the antecubital space of the arm (the bend of the elbow) in adults. near the thumb.   .+ 9 Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.) Pulse sites most commonly used: Radial pulse – located inside the wrist.

The pulse is found at the apex of the heart.)  10 Pulse Sites (cont. .+ Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.)  Apical pulse – auscultated with a stethoscope on the chest wall.

+ 11 Electrocardiograph (ECG or EKG) .

or BPM.  Counted for 15.  . 20.) Characteristics of the Heart Rate Assessed as beats per minute.+ 12 Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.  Adults: healthy resting HR = 60–80 bpm  (taken while lying down)  Tachycardia – a pulse rate faster than normal (above 100 bpm). 30. or 60 seconds.  Bradycardia – a pulse rate slower than normal (below 60 bpm).

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