From World Development Indicators

The Little Green Data Book

Agriculture Forests and biodiversity Energy Emissions and pollution Water and sanitation Environment and health National accounting aggregates

2007

THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK

Copyright ©2007 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing May 2007 ISBN 0-8213-6967-9

The Little Green Data Book 2007 is a product of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.

Contents
Acknowledgments Foreword Focus: carbon dioxide emissions Data notes 4 5 6 10 Regional tables World East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Income group tables Low income Middle income Lower middle income Upper middle income Low and middle income Europe EMU High income 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Country tables (in alphabetical order)

27

Glossary

236

The Little Green Data Book

2007

3

Acknowledgments
The Little Green Data Book 2007 is based on World Development Indicators 2007 and its accompanying CD-ROM. Defining, gathering, and disseminating international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations. The indicators presented in World Development Indicators are the fruit of decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important contributions. We are indebted to the network of World Development Indicators partners, as detailed in World Development Indicators 2007. The financial assistance of the Government of Sweden is also gratefully acknowledged. The Little Green Data Book 2007 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department. Mehdi Akhlaghi, Richard Fix, Kirk Hamilton, Beat Hintermann, M. H. Saeed Ordoubadi, Giovanni Ruta, and Alexandra Sears contributed to its preparation. Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of Communications Development Incorporated provided design, editing, and layout. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and distribution of the book.

4

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Foreword
Welcome to the 2007 edition of The Little Green Data Book. This year’s edition includes a new Focus section, four introductory pages that focus on a specific issue related to development and the environment—in this edition, carbon dioxide emissions. Public discussion of climate change intensified during 2006 and early 2007. The Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change published the fourth in its series of reports on the current scientific understanding of the impacts of climate change on natural, managed, and human systems; the capacity of these systems to adapt; and their vulnerability. The reports deem human causation of climate change to be very likely. Late 2006 saw the publication of the Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, which emphasizes the major economic costs of climate change under different emission scenarios and suggests that early action to curb emissions will reduce costs substantially. As a response to this renewed attention to climate change, the Focus section of The Little Green Data Book 2007 takes a closer look at carbon dioxide emissions. The Little Green Data Book 2007 is a collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Environment Department of the World Bank. We welcome your suggestions for how to improve future editions and make them more useful.

Shaida Badiee Director Development Data Group

James Warren Evans Director Environment Department

The Little Green Data Book

2007

5

Focus: carbon dioxide emissions
Trends in global carbon dioxide emissions
Emissions worldwide topped 27 billion metric tons in 2003, an increase of 19 percent over 1990 levels. During that time the relative share of emissions coming from high-income and developing countries has changed substantially. Billions of metric tons 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980
Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

High-income countries Upper middle-income countries Lower middle-income countries Low-income countries 1990 2003

Global distribution of carbon dioxide emissions, 2003
In 2003 nearly half the world's carbon dioxide emissions from cement manufacturing and the combustion of fossil fuels came from high-income countries. The largest emitter is the United States. In the developing world China and India are the major emitters. Share of carbon dioxide emissions Rest of world, 11% Rest of South Asia, 1% India, 5% Rest of East Asia & Pacific, 4% Europe EMU, 10% China, 16% Japan, 5% Rest of Europe & Central Asia, 7% Russian Federation, 6%
Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2007, table 3.8. Note: Emissions shown in the figures are from cement manufacturing and fossil fuel combustion. The EMU aggregate in the figures includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

United States, 22%

Rest of high income, 13%

6

2007

The Little Green Data Book

The six largest emitters of carbon dioxide . . .
In 2003, 22 percent of total world emissions originated in the United States, followed by China, with 16 percent. Despite the substantial drop during the 1990s, the Russian Federation is the fourth largest emitter, followed closely by India and Japan. Billions of metric tons 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1990 2003

United States

China

Europe EMU

Russian Federation

India

Japan

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2007, table 3.8.

. . . differ substantially in per capita emissions
Global representation for the top six carbon dioxide emitters is very different once population is taken into account. Metric tons per capita 20 1990 2003

15

10

5

0

United States

China

Europe EMU

Russian Federation

India

Japan

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2007, table 3.8.

Note: Emissions shown in the figures are from cement manufacturing and fossil fuel combustion. The EMU aggregate in the figures includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Green Data Book

2007

7

Focus: carbon dioxide emissions
Kyoto Protocol and the industrialized world
Under the Kyoto Protocol, ratifying countries agreed to cut their 1990 emissions of greenhouse gases by amounts averaging 5.2 percent by 2008–12. Most industrial countries will not meet the target, and the United States never signed the protocol. Change in emissions from Annex 1 countries (millions of metric tons) United States (did not ratify) Europe EMU Japan Rest of high income Russian Federation Rest of Europe & Central Asia –1,000 –750 –500 –250 0 1990–2003 change Change to be achieved by 2012 (Kyoto target) 250 500 750 1,000

Source: World Bank estimates and Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Developing countries and the need for a new regulatory framework
Worldwide, emissions increased 4 billion metric tons between 1990 and 2003. In addition to the emissions coming mainly from industrialized countries, emissions increased substantially from China (1.7 billion metric tons) and India (0.6 billion metric tons). Change in emissions from non–Annex 1 countries

China Rest of East Asia & Pacific India Rest of South Asia Rest of developing countries 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000
Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Note: Emissions shown in the figures are from cement manufacturing and fossil fuel combustion. Annex 1 countries are the developed countries and some transition countries listed in Annex 1 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Annex 1 countries that have ratified the convention's Kyoto Protocol are committed to binding emissions targets to reduce greenhouse gases. Non–Annex 1 countries are developing countries, which have no specific greenhouse gas emissions obligations.

8

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Emissions by source, industrial countries, 2000
Carbon dioxide emissions in industrial countries are linked mainly to the production of electricity and heat, manufacturing and construction, transportation, and other fuel combustion activities.

Millions of metric tons Other, 1,895 Agriculture, 1,403

Electricity and heat, 6,243

Other fuel combustion, 2,202

Transportation, 3,386

Manufacturing and construction, 2,131

Land-use change and forestry, –274
Source: World Resources Institute.

Emissions by source, developing countries, 2000
In the developing world carbon dioxide emissions stem mostly from deforestation and the production of certain agricultural products. Electricity and heat generation is also an increasing source of emissions. Millions of metric tons Other, 2,251 Electricity and heat, 3,842

Land-use change and forestry, 7,887

Manufacturing and construction, 2,106 Transportation, 1,374 Other fuel combustion, 1,386 Agriculture, 3,516

Source: World Resources Institute.

The Little Green Data Book

2007

9

Data notes
The data in this book are for the most recent year available; for details, see the Glossary. Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income economies only. Aggregates for regions and income groups are shown only if data are available for 66 percent of the economies in that group. Symbols used: .. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calculated because of missing data. 0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number rounds to zero at the displayed number of decimal places. $ indicates current U.S. dollars.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The word country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. In keeping with World Development Indicators 2007, this edition of The Little Green Data Book uses terminology in line with the 1993 system of National Accounts (SNA). In particular, gross national product (GNP) is replaced by gross national income (GNI). The selection of indicators in these pages includes some that are being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by 2015—please visit our Web site www.developmentgoals.org or see the other books in the World Development Indicators 2007 series.

10

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage. East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Korea, Dem. Rep., Lao PDR, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Fed. Sts., Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Isle of Man, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, FYR, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovak Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Latin America and the Caribbean Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, RB Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Arab Rep., Iran, Islamic Rep., Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen, Rep. South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Dem. Rep., Congo, Rep., Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Green Data Book

2007

11

World
Population (millions) 6,438 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129,606 GDP ($ billions) 44,645 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,011 48.8 2.2 1.4 38 18.4 1,043 543 30.5 0.1 11.6

4.7 1,793 10.3 2,607 65.9 16.0 0.5 4.3 15.9 54 100 6,794 9.1 70 83 72 95 57 38 80

75 20.8 12.6 4.4 4.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.4 7.4

12

2007

The Little Green Data Book

East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions) 1,885 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,870 GDP ($ billions) 3,040 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

13

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions) 472 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,367 GDP ($ billions) 2,201 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

14

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions) 551 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,127 GDP ($ billions) 2,461 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

15

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions) 306 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,961 GDP ($ billions) 625 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

16

2007

The Little Green Data Book

South Asia
Population (millions) 1,470 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4,781 GDP ($ billions) 1,016 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

17

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions) 743 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,597 GDP ($ billions) 622 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

18

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy is classified as low income, middle income (subdivided into lower middle and upper middle), or high income. Low-and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $875 or less in 2005. Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $875 but less than $10,726. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,465. High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $10,726 or more. The aggregate Europe EMU includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

The Little Green Data Book

2007

19

Low income
Population (millions) 2,352 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28,185 GDP ($ billions) 1,416 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

20

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Middle income
Population (millions) 3,074 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 68,518 GDP ($ billions) 8,554 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

2,647 53.9 2.4 1.1 35 18.5 1,179 593 33.8 0.1 11.7

4.2 1,451 10.5 1,840 70.8 21.5 0.6 3.6 13.3 56 51 8,677 6.3 71 84 72 95 62 42 81

37 30.0 11.0 3.6 12.1 0.9 0.0 1.0 0.7 7.8

21

Lower middle income
Population (millions) 2,475 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 39,306 GDP ($ billions) 4,880 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

22

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Upper middle income
Population (millions) 600 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 29,212 GDP ($ billions) 3,674 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142 13,701 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

23

Low and middle income
Population (millions) 5,427 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96,703 GDP ($ billions) 9,970 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,753 43.5 2.6 1.5 38 20.7 987 560 30.9 0.2 11.2

4.3 1,068 17.5 1,243 71.3 21.8 0.6 2.4 15.7 63 35 6,280 8.8 77 80 71 93 52 35 75

82 29.7 10.7 3.5 11.8 0.9 0.1 1.0 0.7 8.0

24

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Europe EMU
Population (millions) 314 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,455 GDP ($ billions) 9,984 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book 2007

32,098 73.3 0.6 0.4 47 17.0 2,009 176 37.3 –0.8 11.5

6.5 3,990 4.2 6,869 50.3 10.0 0.3 8.2 2.8 24 522 2,959 22.3 38 100 100 100 .. .. ..

5 20.7 13.9 4.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 10.8

25

High income
Population (millions) 1,011 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 32,904 GDP ($ billions) 34,687 GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

26

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Country tables
China Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong, China; Taiwan, China; or Macao, China. Serbia and Montenegro Although Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3, 2006, this edition of The Little Green Data Book lists and shows data for Serbia and Montenegro together; any exceptions are noted. Data for most indicators exclude Kosovo, a territory within Serbia that is currently under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999).

Timor-Leste Data for Indonesia include Timor-Leste through 1999 unless otherwise noted.

The Little Green Data Book

2007

27

Afghanistan
Population (millions) .. Land area (1,000 sq. km) 652.1 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 7.3 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 230 .. .. .. 58 33.8 26 .. 1.3 2.3 0.3 144 12 434 17 3.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 –271.4 46 9 1,842 42.3 98 39 31 63 34 29 49 19.0 20.0 257 23.8 7.6 .. 0.0 .. 1.0 0.1 0.7 ..

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

28

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Albania
Population (millions) 3.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27.4 GDP ($ billions) 8.4 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,570 45.4 1.1 –0.3 41 50.5 612 296 29.0 0.0 2.7 73 1 303 9 0.2 5.9 760 6.3 1,200 1.7 98.3 0.2 1.0 –139.0 56 47 8,595 6.4 62 96 94 99 91 84 99 1.4 7.3 18 15.6 10.7 2.8 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 5.4
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

29

Algeria
Population (millions) 32.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,381.7 GDP ($ billions) 102.3 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,730 63.3 3.0 1.7 17 6.9 130 161 1.0 –1.8 5.0 100 12 372 11 3.0 6.0 1,017 0.2 812 99.2 0.8 0.9 5.1 53.0 88 .. 341 54.2 65 85 80 88 92 82 99 9.0 19.8 39 53.8 11.6 4.5 46.9 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.3 –2.1 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

30

2007

The Little Green Data Book

American Samoa
Population (thousands) 58.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.2 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 .. Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 91.3 .. .. 25 .. .. .. 90.0 0.0 2.5 10 3 36 9 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.1 2.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,019 13,701 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

2007

31

Andorra
Population (thousands) 66.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.5 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 90.6 .. .. 56 .. .. .. 34.2 0.0 7.1 .. 3 .. 0 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28 .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

32

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Angola
Population (millions) 15.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,246.7 GDP ($ billions) 32.8 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,410 53.3 5.2 2.8 46 2.2 5 219 47.4 0.2 10.1 296 11 930 20 9.6 3.3 613 64.7 124 33.5 66.5 0.3 0.6 46.1 91 .. 9,284 0.2 60 53 40 75 31 16 56 8.0 28.4 260 23.4 12.0 3.0 51.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.8 –39.1
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

33

Antigua and Barbuda
Population (thousands) 82.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) 0.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 10,500 Urban population (% of total) 39.1 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.5 1.8 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 32 .. .. 617 20.5 0.0 0.0 8 0 178 2 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 5.0 24.8 11 .. 1,208 .. .. 91 89 95 95 94 98 .. .. 12 17.1 13.2 3.9 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

34

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Argentina
Population (millions) 38.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,736.7 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,470 90.1 1.4 1.2 47 5.4 265 14 12.1 0.4 6.4 375 32 1,038 55 18.5 7.4 1,660 3.3 2,301 60.4 30.4 0.3 3.4 13.9 78 .. 7,123 10.6 74 96 80 98 91 83 92 .. .. 18 24.8 12.1 4.1 10.4 0.4 0.0 0.6 1.6 3.9
2007

183.2 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

35

Armenia
Population (millions) 3.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28.2 GDP ($ billions) 4.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,470 64.1 –1.4 –1.1 49 51.5 228 219 10.0 1.2 10.6 78 9 302 12 0.3 5.6 704 0.0 1,428 30.4 33.1 0.3 1.1 –22.4 69 .. 3,017 32.4 66 92 80 99 83 61 96 8.0 7.8 29 25.7 10.1 3.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.7 1.8 15.3 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

36

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Aruba
Population (thousands) 100.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.2 GDP ($ billions) 1.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 46.6 .. .. 11 .. .. .. .. .. 1.6 4 1 88 1 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.8 14.6 .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

37

Australia
Population (millions) 20.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 7,682.3 GDP ($ billions) 732.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 33,120 Urban population (% of total) 88.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.4 1.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 58 5.3 477 5 21.3 0.2 9.7 376 63 851 60 95.8 4.8 5,762 4.3 11,193 92.3 6.8 0.7 17.8 23.1 16 .. 24,202 4.9 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 6 20.7 15.0 4.8 3.1 3.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 3.9

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

38

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Austria
Population (millions) 8.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 82.5 GDP ($ billions) 306.1 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 37,190 66.0 0.5 0.4 40 0.3 1,504 202 46.8 –0.2 28.5 101 5 412 8 0.3 7.3 4,060 11.3 7,850 35.5 59.1 0.3 8.7 17.9 35 503 6,680 3.8 1 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 24.6 14.3 5.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 15.2
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

39

Azerbaijan
Population (millions) 8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 82.7 GDP ($ billions) 12.6 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,240 51.5 0.8 1.1 58 70.5 96 221 11.3 0.0 4.8 82 11 364 11 0.9 2.5 1,559 0.0 2,437 87.3 12.7 1.0 3.5 –84.2 59 53 966 213.0 68 77 59 95 54 36 73 3.1 21.7 89 34.5 11.6 3.5 60.4 0.0 0.0 2.8 1.1 –37.9 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

40

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Bahamas, The
Population (thousands) 323.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10.0 GDP ($ billions) 5.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 15,800 Urban population (% of total) 90.4 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.1 1.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1 8.3 1,000 402 51.4 0.0 2.1 31 5 316 10 4.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 5.9 –4.3 37 .. .. .. .. 97 86 98 100 100 100 .. .. 15 .. 8.6 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

41

Bahrain
Population (thousands) 726.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.7 GDP ($ billions) 12.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 14,370 Urban population (% of total) 96.5 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 3.2 2.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14 66.7 500 1,272 .. .. 1.1 14 1 196 7 0.0 1.8 10,469 .. 10,857 100.0 .. 1.7 31.0 46.5 65 322 .. .. 57 .. .. 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 11 .. 7.1 4.4 36.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.4 ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

42

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Bangladesh
Population (millions) 141.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 130.2 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 60.0 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 470 25.1 3.6 2.1 69 56.1 1,780 1,335 6.7 0.1 0.5 131 22 604 23 1.6 10.5 164 35.7 140 94.3 5.7 0.2 0.3 55.6 140 .. 740 75.6 96 74 72 82 39 35 51 20.8 6.1 73 28.8 8.2 1.7 3.8 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.5 17.0
2007

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

43

Barbados
Population (thousands) 269.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 52.7 1.4 0.3 44 29.4 507 812 4.7 0.0 0.0 13 0 223 3 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.4 9.5 30 343 371 90.0 22 100 100 100 100 100 99 .. .. 12 7.3 13.5 7.0 0.1 0.0 .. 0.3 0.0 .. 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 3.1 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

44

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Belarus
Population (millions) 9.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 207.5 GDP ($ billions) 29.6 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,760 72.2 0.3 –0.3 43 2.3 1,333 50 38.0 –0.5 6.3 71 6 226 4 0.0 2.4 2,725 4.2 3,144 99.9 0.1 1.1 6.3 –72.4 7 174 3,805 7.5 30 100 100 100 84 61 93 .. .. 12 30.9 11.0 5.5 2.4 0.0 0.0 1.8 .. 21.2
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

45

Belgium
Population (millions) 10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30.2 GDP ($ billions) 370.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 36,140 Urban population (% of total) 97.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.4 0.3 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 46 4.7 3,474 35 22.1 0.1 3.5 92 9 427 10 0.0 5.2 5,536 2.2 8,576 41.1 0.4 0.4 9.9 2.2 25 468 1,145 .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 23.4 15.4 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 10.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

46

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Belize
Population (thousands) 291.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,570 48.3 3.0 2.9 7 2.9 671 203 72.5 0.0 46.3 147 5 544 3 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 2.9 60.1 18 .. 54,832 0.9 20 91 82 100 47 25 71 6.7 11.0 17 8.4 12.6 5.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4
2007

1.1 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

47

Benin
Population (millions) 8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 110.6 GDP ($ billions) 4.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 510 40.1 4.3 3.3 31 0.4 188 181 21.3 1.9 23.9 159 6 485 2 0.2 3.3 303 65.6 67 98.8 1.2 0.3 0.3 65.0 43 .. 1,221 1.3 45 67 57 78 33 11 59 12.0 13.4 150 10.7 8.7 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.4 2.7 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

48

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Bermuda
Population (thousands) 63.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.1 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 100.0 0.3 0.3 20 .. 1,000 0 20.0 0.0 8.0 8 2 235 3 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.9 –18.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

49

Bhutan
Population (thousands) 636.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 47.0 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 0.8 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,250 11.1 3.3 0.4 13 23.5 .. 356 68.0 –0.4 25.6 92 21 625 18 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 66.7 26 12 149,221 0.4 94 62 60 86 70 70 65 .. .. 75 56.0 9.7 4.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.4 0.1 45.6

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

50

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Bolivia
Population (millions) 9.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,084.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,010 64.2 3.1 2.1 34 4.1 45 106 54.2 0.4 19.5 361 26 1,414 30 13.8 4.5 553 14.7 435 48.9 49.0 0.4 0.9 30.3 86 15 33,054 0.5 81 85 68 95 46 22 60 22.0 24.8 65 20.4 10.0 6.3 33.7 1.0 0.0 0.7 1.3 –20.0
2007

9.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

51

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Population (millions) 3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51.2 GDP ($ billions) 9.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,700 45.7 0.4 –0.7 42 0.3 327 212 42.7 0.1 0.5 78 8 312 8 0.4 5.3 1,203 3.9 2,180 53.2 46.8 0.8 4.9 63.9 19 .. 9,086 .. .. 97 96 99 95 92 99 1.5 8.9 15 –1.9 10.3 .. 1.2 0.0 .. 1.5 0.1 .. 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

52

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Botswana
Population (millions) 1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 566.7 GDP ($ billions) 10.3 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,590 57.4 3.5 1.4 46 0.3 122 208 21.1 0.9 30.9 169 6 570 9 1.5 8.6 1,055 24.4 1,325 100.0 .. 0.3 2.3 47.3 69 42 1,360 8.1 41 95 90 100 42 25 57 38.5 6.5 120 49.2 12.9 5.6 0.4 2.1 0.0 0.3 .. 39.1
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

53

Brazil
Population (millions) 186.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,459.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,550 84.2 2.3 1.5 31 4.4 1,302 52 56.5 0.5 18.1 578 74 1,712 120 100.0 6.8 1,114 26.5 1,955 10.8 82.8 0.2 1.6 32.1 28 136 29,066 1.1 62 90 57 96 75 37 83 23.7 13.1 33 23.0 11.9 4.1 4.1 2.4 0.0 0.3 0.3 8.0 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 796.1 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

54

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Brunei Darussalam
Population (thousands) 373.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.3 GDP ($ billions) 6.4 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 73.5 3.2 2.5 5 5.6 .. 708 52.8 0.7 61.5 112 11 455 25 0.1 .. 7,370 0.7 7,616 100.0 .. .. 12.7 –27.9 45 397 22,738 .. .. 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 .. .. 2.8 .. .. .. .. 0.3 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

55

Bulgaria
Population (millions) 7.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 108.6 GDP ($ billions) 26.6 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,450 70.0 –0.4 –0.8 48 16.6 495 73 33.4 –0.6 10.3 106 12 379 11 0.9 3.0 2,434 3.9 3,939 51.7 7.6 0.8 5.6 –71.3 55 314 2,713 50.0 19 99 97 100 99 96 100 .. .. 15 17.0 11.1 3.5 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.3 1.4 4.7 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

56

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Burkina Faso
Population (millions) 13.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 273.6 GDP ($ billions) 5.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 400 18.3 4.8 2.9 40 0.5 4 211 24.8 0.3 15.4 129 6 452 2 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 4.6 94 .. 945 6.4 86 61 54 94 13 6 42 9.0 20.0 191 7.4 8.3 2.4 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.2 1.4 0.0
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

57

Burundi
Population (millions) 7.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25.7 GDP ($ billions) 0.8 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 100 10.0 5.0 1.9 91 1.5 26 644 5.9 3.2 5.7 116 7 597 9 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.0 17.2 39 .. 1,338 2.9 77 79 77 92 36 35 47 13.0 .. 190 8.7 6.7 3.9 0.0 0.1 11.3 0.2 0.1 –5.8 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

58

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Cambodia
Population (millions) 14.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 176.5 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 6.2 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 430 19.7 5.4 2.5 30 7.0 21 305 59.2 1.3 23.5 127 23 521 24 3.9 .. .. .. .. 49.3 1.8 0.0 0.0 15.8 64 25 8,571 3.4 98 41 35 64 17 8 53 20.0 18.9 87 15.0 8.8 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 7.3
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

59

Cameroon
Population (millions) 16.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 465.4 GDP ($ billions) 16.9 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,000 54.6 4.2 2.2 20 0.4 59 125 45.6 0.9 8.0 322 42 936 18 13.3 4.5 433 77.8 207 4.6 95.4 0.1 0.2 54.6 64 .. 16,726 0.4 74 66 44 86 51 43 58 11.0 18.9 149 18.1 9.9 3.2 13.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 –3.4 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

60

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Canada
Population (millions) 32.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,093.5 GDP ($ billions) 1,113.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 32,590 Urban population (% of total) 80.1 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.3 1.0 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7 1.5 572 14 34.1 0.0 6.9 211 16 472 19 22.2 3.4 8,411 4.4 17,156 26.2 57.0 0.6 17.9 26.5 19 561 88,238 1.6 12 100 99 100 100 99 100 .. .. 6 21.7 14.6 5.2 6.8 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 4.6
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

61

Cape Verde
Population (thousands) 506.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4.0 GDP ($ billions) 1.0 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,930 57.3 4.1 2.4 18 6.1 48 465 20.8 –3.0 0.2 26 3 160 4 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.3 41.0 .. .. 592 7.3 91 80 73 86 43 19 61 .. .. 35 8.6 10.8 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 .. .. 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

62

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Cayman Islands
Population (thousands) 45.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.3 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 100.0 .. .. 12 .. .. .. 46.2 0.0 3.1 12 0 209 3 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.1 18.1 20 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

63

Central African Republic
Population (millions) 4.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 623.0 GDP ($ billions) 1.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 38.0 2.2 2.0 8 0.1 3 127 36.5 0.1 16.6 187 11 663 3 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 21.7 48 .. 34,920 0.0 4 75 61 93 27 12 47 10.0 26.5 193 14.0 8.1 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 6.9 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

64

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Chad
Population (millions) 9.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,259.2 GDP ($ billions) 5.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 400 25.3 4.5 3.2 39 0.8 49 191 9.5 0.6 9.5 104 12 531 5 2.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 –21.9 127 .. 1,539 1.5 83 42 43 41 9 4 24 9.2 31.2 208 25.4 10.8 1.4 73.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 –58.4
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

65

Channel Islands
Population (thousands) 149.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) .. GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 30.5 0.2 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

66

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Chile
Population (millions) 16.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 748.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,870 87.6 1.8 1.4 20 82.4 2,296 105 21.5 –0.4 3.6 159 22 445 32 16.2 6.1 1,732 15.4 3,084 51.6 45.4 0.4 3.7 39.6 54 89 54,249 1.4 64 95 58 100 91 62 95 .. .. 10 19.1 13.4 3.9 0.4 13.6 0.0 0.4 0.6 –5.5
2007

115.2 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

67

China
Population (millions) 1,304.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,326.4 GDP ($ billions) 2,234.3 East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,740 40.4 3.5 0.9 59 47.2 3,830 766 21.2 –1.7 11.8 580 80 1,221 82 64.8 4.4 1,242 13.7 1,585 81.5 16.1 0.6 3.2 42.1 72 10 2,156 22.4 68 77 67 93 44 28 69 .. .. 27 50.4 10.2 2.0 6.8 0.8 0.0 1.4 1.4 31.8

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

68

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Colombia
Population (millions) 45.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,109.5 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,290 72.7 2.1 1.8 38 24.0 3,128 621 54.7 0.1 74.4 467 39 1,821 86 57.3 10.9 616 14.9 866 19.1 79.8 0.2 1.3 –2.2 23 .. 46,316 0.5 46 93 71 99 86 54 96 9.6 13.9 21 19.0 11.4 4.9 10.2 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.1 1.1
2007

122.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

69

Comoros
Population (thousands) 600.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.2 GDP ($ billions) 0.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 650 37.0 4.0 2.1 66 .. 38 463 2.2 3.9 .. 15 2 138 10 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.2 25.0 46 .. 1,998 0.8 47 86 82 92 33 29 41 10.1 18.3 71 5.1 9.0 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 –0.1 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

70

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Population (millions) 57.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,267.1 GDP ($ billions) 7.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 120 32.1 3.8 2.8 10 0.1 16 557 58.9 0.3 8.6 430 29 1,148 30 17.0 2.2 296 92.5 93 0.3 99.7 0.1 0.0 –122.1 52 .. 15,639 0.0 31 46 29 82 30 25 42 11.0 22.7 205 14.1 7.0 0.9 4.3 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.6 1.2
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

71

Congo, Rep.
Population (millions) 4.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 341.5 GDP ($ billions) 5.1 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 950 60.2 3.9 3.2 31 0.4 5 309 65.8 0.1 18.0 166 14 597 4 3.4 3.3 274 61.7 131 0.3 100.0 0.4 0.4 14.9 85 .. 55,515 0.0 9 58 27 84 27 25 28 .. .. 108 37.6 12.8 3.8 74.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 –47.3 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

72

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Costa Rica
Population (millions) 4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51.1 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,700 61.7 3.6 2.3 56 20.6 6,736 731 46.8 0.4 23.6 232 13 838 18 11.1 10.0 870 8.2 1,667 1.8 79.0 0.2 1.5 53.9 39 146 25,975 2.4 53 97 92 100 92 97 89 .. .. 12 19.2 6.1 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 16.3
2007

20.0 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

73

Côte d’Ivoire
Population (millions) 18.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 318.0 GDP ($ billions) 16.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 870 45.0 3.2 2.4 63 1.1 330 298 32.7 –0.1 17.1 229 23 702 11 3.9 3.7 388 64.9 176 67.6 32.4 0.2 0.3 5.8 38 .. 4,231 1.2 65 84 74 97 37 29 46 3.7 20.1 195 13.3 9.9 4.6 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 2.1 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

74

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Croatia
Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 55.9 GDP ($ billions) 38.5 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,290 56.5 –0.2 –0.5 48 0.7 1,176 174 38.2 –0.1 6.5 96 7 365 9 0.5 5.6 1,985 4.3 3,316 47.2 52.7 0.5 5.4 –3.3 31 302 8,485 .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. 11.3 7 24.0 12.9 4.1 1.6 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.4 12.5
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

75

Cuba
Population (millions) 11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 109.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 75.5 0.6 0.4 61 23.0 398 90 24.7 –2.1 1.4 65 11 358 18 13.5 .. 950 19.4 1,177 95.3 0.6 .. 2.3 –26.9 19 .. 3,381 21.5 69 91 78 95 98 95 99 .. .. 7 .. .. 8.1 .. .. .. .. 0.1 .. 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 .. Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

76

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Cyprus
Population (thousands) 757.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9.2 GDP ($ billions) 15.4 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 18,430 Urban population (% of total) 69.3 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.0 1.8 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 16 25.6 1,541 233 18.8 –0.5 8.3 21 3 349 11 0.5 5.9 3,535 0.5 6,046 89.1 .. 0.5 10.1 36.2 47 406 1,056 30.0 71 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 .. 14.0 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.9 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

77

Czech Republic
Population (millions) 10.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 77.3 GDP ($ billions) 124.4 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 11,220 Urban population (% of total) 73.5 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) –0.2 –0.1 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 55 0.7 1,202 89 34.3 –0.1 18.7 88 6 386 9 0.1 4.0 4,460 3.3 6,224 63.3 2.4 0.7 11.4 –39.0 23 358 1,290 19.5 2 100 100 100 98 97 99 .. .. 4 25.6 13.6 4.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.1 14.6 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

78

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Denmark
Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42.4 GDP ($ billions) 258.7 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 48,330 Urban population (% of total) 85.6 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.4 0.3 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 61 19.7 1,303 35 11.8 –0.8 25.7 81 4 427 10 0.2 7.9 3,716 11.7 6,631 74.9 0.1 0.4 10.1 8.7 20 360 1,108 21.2 43 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 23.7 15.1 8.1 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 14.2
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

79

Djibouti
Population (thousands) 793.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23.2 GDP ($ billions) 0.7 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,010 86.1 3.2 2.3 73 .. .. 11,488 0.3 0.0 0.4 106 4 312 6 0.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 0.5 4.0 48 .. 378 6.3 16 73 59 76 82 50 88 .. .. 133 18.8 8.6 5.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. 15.3 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

80

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Dominica
Population (thousands) 72.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,800 72.9 0.5 0.0 31 .. 1,086 396 61.3 0.5 26.5 16 1 164 4 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 2.0 57.9 31 .. .. .. .. 97 90 100 84 75 86 .. .. 15 1.4 12.4 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 –7.6
2007

0.3 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

81

Dominican Republic
Population (millions) 8.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,460 66.8 2.8 1.5 76 17.2 818 276 28.4 0.0 24.6 36 5 224 16 6.8 7.6 873 19.3 1,071 88.0 11.5 0.4 2.5 55.1 30 .. 2,361 16.1 66 95 91 97 78 73 81 20.0 20.1 31 20.5 11.9 1.2 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.3 7.5 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 29.5 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

82

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Ecuador
Population (millions) 13.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 276.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,620 62.8 2.6 1.7 27 34.8 1,688 365 39.2 1.4 24.3 341 34 1,515 69 30.0 4.8 773 5.7 687 41.1 58.9 0.5 1.8 28.6 25 32 32,657 3.9 82 94 89 97 89 82 94 57.2 19.9 25 24.9 11.5 1.4 28.1 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1 –14.2
2007

36.5 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

83

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Population (millions) 74.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 995.5 GDP ($ billions) 89.4 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,260 42.8 1.8 1.9 4 99.9 4,322 1,412 0.1 –3.5 5.6 118 6 481 17 3.2 4.9 783 2.5 1,215 87.0 12.5 0.5 2.0 46.0 135 .. 24 3,794.4 86 98 97 99 70 58 86 9.0 18.4 33 21.4 9.8 4.4 17.5 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.9 –4.0 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

84

2007

The Little Green Data Book

El Salvador
Population (millions) 6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20.7 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,450 59.8 3.3 2.0 82 4.9 838 410 14.4 1.4 1.9 137 2 434 3 0.8 7.0 664 32.5 629 45.6 31.2 0.2 1.0 60.0 36 .. 2,587 7.2 59 84 70 94 62 39 77 42.0 19.8 27 11.2 11.1 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.2 1.8
2007

17.0 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

85

Equatorial Guinea
Population (thousands) 503.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28.1 GDP ($ billions) 3.2 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 710 38.9 3.1 2.4 12 .. .. 226 58.2 0.8 16.2 153 17 418 6 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 28.9 12 .. 51,637 0.4 1 43 42 45 53 46 60 .. .. 205 .. 42.4 1.5 .. 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. .. 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

86

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Eritrea
Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 101.0 GDP ($ billions) 1.0 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 170 19.4 3.8 2.5 75 3.7 65 586 15.4 0.3 5.0 70 9 537 7 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.2 100.0 85 .. 636 10.7 97 60 57 74 9 3 32 19.0 23.6 78 10.3 7.6 2.7 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.5 0.7 3.2
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

87

Estonia
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42.4 GDP ($ billions) 13.1 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9,060 69.1 –1.2 –1.0 20 0.7 441 70 53.9 –0.4 21.1 67 4 267 3 0.0 3.5 3,835 11.7 5,484 97.5 0.2 1.1 13.5 –55.5 16 349 9,435 1.2 5 100 99 100 97 96 97 .. .. 7 22.4 13.5 5.1 1.7 0.0 0.2 1.2 0.0 11.0 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.1

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

88

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Ethiopia
Population (millions) 71.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,000.0 GDP ($ billions) 11.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 160 16.0 3.8 2.2 32 2.5 151 524 13.0 0.9 18.6 288 35 839 20 8.5 2.8 303 90.4 33 0.7 99.3 0.1 0.1 59.6 76 1 1,712 4.6 94 22 11 81 13 7 44 12.6 23.6 127 17.3 7.1 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.3 12.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

89

Faeroe Islands
Population (thousands) 48.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.4 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 38.8 .. .. 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 4 251 0 0.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.7 6.7 15 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

90

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Fiji
Population (thousands) 847.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18.3 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 2.7 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,170 50.8 2.4 1.1 25 1.1 615 209 54.7 –0.1 1.4 15 5 112 13 5.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 1.3 27.2 26 .. 33,738 0.0 60 47 51 43 72 55 87 .. .. 18 44.3 11.3 6.6 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.2 38.6
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

91

Finland
Population (millions) 5.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304.6 GDP ($ billions) 193.2 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 37,530 Urban population (% of total) 61.1 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.3 0.3 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7 2.9 1,332 91 73.9 –0.1 9.7 80 3 421 10 0.2 3.8 7,286 20.3 16,780 43.0 17.6 0.5 13.0 24.5 19 446 20,396 2.3 3 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 22.6 16.1 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 12.2

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

92

2007

The Little Green Data Book

France
Population (millions) 60.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 550.1 GDP ($ billions) 2,126.6 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 34,600 Urban population (% of total) 76.7 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.7 0.5 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 54 13.3 2,151 77 28.3 –0.5 3.0 148 16 517 15 3.9 5.9 4,547 4.3 7,900 9.3 10.5 0.2 6.2 3.1 14 495 2,932 22.4 10 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 5 18.0 12.5 5.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 10.5
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

93

French Polynesia
Population (thousands) 256.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 3.7 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 51.7 1.3 1.8 12 4.0 4,347 3,980 28.7 0.0 0.3 21 3 116 33 5.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.8 11.6 .. .. 38,971 .. .. 100 100 100 98 97 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

94

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Gabon
Population (millions) 1.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 257.7 GDP ($ billions) 8.1 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,010 83.6 3.7 2.5 20 1.4 9 73 84.5 0.1 3.4 166 11 632 5 3.4 4.9 1,243 58.8 928 41.4 58.1 0.1 0.9 –389.5 6 .. 118,511 0.1 42 88 47 95 36 30 37 13.0 15.7 91 35.5 13.2 3.3 37.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. –12.5
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

95

Gambia, The
Population (millions) 1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10.0 GDP ($ billions) 0.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 290 53.9 5.5 3.2 78 0.6 25 219 47.1 –0.4 3.5 133 3 535 2 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.2 32.5 95 5 1,977 1.0 65 82 77 95 53 46 72 7.7 21.5 137 15.6 8.2 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.8 7.5 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

96

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Georgia
Population (millions) 4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 69.5 GDP ($ billions) 6.4 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,320 52.2 –1.7 –1.3 43 44.0 355 267 39.7 0.0 4.3 98 11 268 8 0.7 4.1 626 22.8 1,577 12.6 87.4 0.3 0.8 –363.2 45 50 12,985 6.2 59 82 67 96 94 91 96 3.8 6.0 45 20.0 9.9 2.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.1 10.7
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

97

Germany
Population (millions) 82.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 348.8 GDP ($ billions) 2,794.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 34,870 Urban population (% of total) 75.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.4 0.3 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 49 4.0 2,200 172 31.8 –0.2 32.0 126 9 487 14 0.7 6.2 4,218 3.0 7,029 62.3 3.5 0.4 9.8 –21.8 19 546 1,297 44.0 20 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 21.1 14.8 4.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 10.1

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

98

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Ghana
Population (millions) 22.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 227.5 GDP ($ billions) 10.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 450 47.8 4.2 2.4 65 0.5 74 272 24.2 1.7 16.2 249 15 729 8 2.0 5.4 386 69.1 247 12.6 87.4 0.2 0.4 51.3 35 .. 1,370 3.2 66 75 64 88 18 11 27 10.0 17.9 112 22.2 8.7 2.8 0.1 0.5 1.8 0.5 0.1 13.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

99

Greece
Population (millions) 11.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 128.9 GDP ($ billions) 225.2 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 19,840 Urban population (% of total) 59.0 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.6 Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 65 37.9 1,491 173 29.1 –0.9 3.3 118 11 412 14 3.0 7.4 2,755 3.2 5,148 89.7 7.9 0.4 8.7 25.0 41 368 5,223 13.4 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 14.9 8.7 3.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.9 7.7

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

100

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Greenland
Population (thousands) 56.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410.5 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 82.9 0.4 0.2 1 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 33 7 133 0 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.0 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

101

Grenada
Population (thousands) 106.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.3 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,860 30.6 0.5 0.9 38 .. .. 3,622 11.8 0.0 .. 33 1 148 2 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 2.1 45.0 18 .. .. .. .. 95 93 97 96 97 96 .. .. 21 7.0 13.1 5.3 0.0 0.0 .. 0.4 0.1 .. 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 0.5 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

102

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Guam
Population (thousands) 169.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.6 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 94.0 1.8 1.6 36 .. .. 518 47.3 0.0 2.4 10 2 61 6 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.9 44.4 .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 99 98 99 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

103

Guatemala
Population (millions) 12.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 108.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,400 47.2 3.2 2.3 43 6.3 1,307 447 36.3 1.1 23.4 193 7 684 10 8.9 6.4 616 52.9 514 52.9 34.7 0.2 0.9 52.4 67 .. 8,667 1.8 80 95 92 99 86 82 90 18.0 13.3 43 14.8 10.9 1.6 1.5 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.5 2.5 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 31.7 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

104

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Guinea
Population (millions) 9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 245.7 GDP ($ billions) 3.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 420 33.0 3.9 2.8 51 5.4 31 555 27.4 0.6 6.4 215 18 640 10 2.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 24.4 71 .. 24,037 0.7 90 50 35 78 18 11 31 15.0 21.2 160 6.6 8.3 2.0 0.0 3.5 2.0 0.3 0.3 –5.8
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

105

Guinea-Bissau
Population (millions) 1.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28.1 GDP ($ billions) 0.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 180 29.6 3.3 3.0 58 4.5 80 350 73.7 0.4 0.0 101 5 459 1 0.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 0.2 23.0 78 .. 10,086 1.1 82 59 49 79 35 23 57 10.1 31.5 200 7.8 7.6 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.0 0.8 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

106

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Guyana
Population (thousands) 751.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 196.9 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,020 28.2 –0.1 0.2 9 29.4 372 112 76.7 0.0 2.5 237 13 786 3 3.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 2.2 30.6 38 .. 320,812 0.7 98 83 83 83 70 60 86 5.0 .. 63 9.8 10.2 4.8 0.0 6.6 0.0 1.5 0.4 –4.1
2007

0.8 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

107

Haiti
Population (millions) 8.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27.6 GDP ($ billions) 4.3 Latin America & LowCountry Caribbean income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 450 38.8 3.3 1.4 58 8.4 179 664 3.8 0.6 0.3 41 4 271 15 5.8 6.2 262 74.0 31 52.5 47.5 0.1 0.2 42.8 42 .. 1,524 7.6 94 54 56 52 30 14 57 39.0 25.7 120 27.9 8.6 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.5 19.0 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

108

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Honduras
Population (millions) 7.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 111.9 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,120 46.5 3.6 2.6 26 5.6 470 351 41.5 2.5 21.0 201 10 699 6 7.9 4.8 548 40.0 586 51.5 48.1 0.4 0.9 60.1 47 .. 13,311 0.9 80 87 81 95 69 54 87 .. 19.3 40 30.8 10.1 3.5 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.4 22.9
2007

8.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

109

Hong Kong, China
Population (millions) 6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.0 GDP ($ billions) 177.7 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 27,670 100.0 1.3 1.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.7 57 1 306 20 .. 11.5 2,488 0.3 5,699 100.0 .. 0.2 5.6 30.7 .. 53 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 31.9 13.9 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. 21.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

110

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Hungary
Population (millions) 10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 89.6 GDP ($ billions) 109.2 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 10,070 Urban population (% of total) 66.3 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) –0.1 –0.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 65 4.8 1,088 74 22.1 –0.6 9.3 88 7 367 9 0.2 5.9 2,608 3.3 3,680 61.8 0.6 0.4 5.7 –3.2 18 274 595 127.3 32 99 98 100 95 85 100 .. .. 8 16.5 13.6 5.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 7.4
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

111

Iceland
Population (thousands) 296.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 100.3 GDP ($ billions) 15.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 48,570 Urban population (% of total) 92.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.2 1.0 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 23 .. 25,554 305 0.5 –5.6 4.7 33 7 305 0 1.0 2.5 11,976 0.1 28,213 0.0 82.7 0.3 7.6 7.7 18 601 572,873 0.1 6 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 3 12.5 11.9 7.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 8.0

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

112

2007

The Little Green Data Book

India
Population (millions) 1,094.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,973.2 GDP ($ billions) 805.7 South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 730 28.7 2.5 1.7 61 32.9 1,009 489 22.8 –0.4 5.3 422 85 1,180 79 43.9 5.5 531 37.4 457 83.9 12.7 0.4 1.2 46.8 72 6 1,152 51.2 86 86 83 95 33 22 59 19.3 19.2 74 32.2 9.2 4.0 4.8 1.0 0.6 1.3 0.7 18.6
2007

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

113

Indonesia
Population (millions) 220.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,811.6 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 287.2 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,280 48.1 4.4 1.4 26 12.4 1,360 498 48.8 1.6 14.3 667 146 1,604 121 90.0 4.1 800 27.1 478 86.4 8.1 0.4 1.4 49.4 102 .. 12,867 2.9 91 77 69 87 55 40 73 8.0 10.4 36 24.7 10.2 0.9 13.7 2.0 0.0 0.8 1.1 –2.3

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

114

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Population (millions) 68.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,636.2 GDP ($ billions) 189.8 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,600 66.9 2.7 1.5 38 40.2 832 140 6.8 0.0 6.5 158 21 498 18 7.9 3.1 2,166 0.5 2,036 93.5 6.5 0.9 5.7 42.8 58 .. 1,883 56.7 91 94 84 99 .. .. .. 24.0 11.3 36 41.6 11.1 4.4 48.1 0.5 0.0 1.4 0.8 –16.0
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

115

Iraq
Population (millions) .. Land area (1,000 sq. km) 437.4 GDP ($ billions) 12.6 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. .. .. .. 23 58.6 1,111 155 1.9 –0.1 0.0 102 9 396 18 1.7 .. 1,060 0.1 1,126 98.5 1.5 .. 2.7 33.4 138 .. 1,222 121.3 92 81 50 97 79 48 95 7.0 .. 125 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

116

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Ireland
Population (millions) 4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 68.9 GDP ($ billions) 201.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 41,140 60.5 1.5 1.1 61 .. 4,987 135 9.7 –3.4 1.1 63 4 408 8 0.7 9.5 3,738 1.4 6,169 94.5 2.5 0.3 10.4 26.0 19 382 11,781 2.3 0 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6 27.6 10.9 4.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 21.1
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

117

Isle of Man
Population (thousands) 78.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.6 GDP ($ billions) 2.3 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 27,590 Urban population (% of total) 51.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.8 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.8 Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. .. .. .. 5.2 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

118

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Israel
Population (millions) 6.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 21.6 GDP ($ billions) 123.4 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 18,580 Urban population (% of total) 91.6 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.7 2.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 24 45.8 2,330 183 7.9 –0.7 21.3 115 13 534 18 0.9 7.3 3,049 0.0 6,803 99.9 0.1 0.5 10.2 51.5 38 234 116 256.3 62 100 100 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 6 .. 17.6 7.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.5 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

119

Italy
Population (millions) 58.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 294.1 GDP ($ billions) 1,762.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 30,250 Urban population (% of total) 67.6 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.3 0.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 50 25.7 1,729 245 33.9 –1.3 11.0 132 12 478 15 4.4 8.2 3,171 3.3 5,640 77.3 13.5 0.3 7.7 12.6 27 590 3,114 24.3 45 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 4 19.9 13.4 4.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 10.5

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

120

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Jamaica
Population (millions) 2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10.8 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,390 53.1 1.2 0.7 47 8.8 1,287 717 31.3 0.1 16.2 35 5 298 12 4.9 2.5 1,541 11.7 2,455 96.5 1.9 1.1 4.1 25.8 42 135 3,541 4.4 49 93 88 98 80 69 91 3.0 .. 20 19.6 7.6 5.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.8 0.3 14.3
2007

9.6 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

121

Japan
Population (millions) 127.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 364.5 GDP ($ billions) 4,534.0 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 38,950 Urban population (% of total) 65.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.5 0.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 13 54.7 2,906 1,002 68.2 0.0 14.3 171 37 592 53 41.4 6.4 4,173 1.2 8,072 59.4 8.8 0.4 9.6 13.1 31 441 3,365 20.6 62 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 26.2 14.0 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 14.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

122

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Jordan
Population (millions) 5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 88.2 GDP ($ billions) 12.7 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,460 82.3 4.5 3.6 12 28.6 1,718 526 0.9 0.0 11.0 93 7 397 14 0.3 3.6 1,219 0.0 1,602 99.4 0.6 0.8 3.3 40.4 50 71 128 144.3 75 97 91 99 93 87 94 6.0 18.0 26 6.5 10.4 5.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 1.0 0.7 –0.5
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

123

Kazakhstan
Population (millions) 15.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,699.7 GDP ($ billions) 57.1 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,940 57.3 –0.4 –0.5 77 15.7 29 29 1.2 0.2 2.9 145 15 497 23 5.4 1.9 3,651 0.1 3,621 88.0 12.0 1.7 10.7 –81.0 19 80 4,978 46.4 82 86 73 97 72 52 87 3.0 13.4 73 28.5 12.5 4.4 53.6 1.7 0.0 2.5 0.3 –37.6 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

124

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Kenya
Population (millions) 34.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 569.1 GDP ($ billions) 18.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 540 20.7 3.4 2.5 .. 2.0 310 561 6.2 0.3 12.6 407 33 1,103 28 9.9 2.1 506 74.1 140 24.1 51.5 0.3 0.3 33.7 39 9 604 7.6 64 61 46 83 43 41 46 18.0 17.1 120 12.2 8.8 6.6 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.4 0.1 8.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

125

Kiribati
Population (thousands) 99.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.7 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.1 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,210 47.4 4.1 2.1 51 .. .. 2,620 2.7 0.0 .. 1 0 50 5 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 25.0 .. .. .. .. .. 65 53 77 40 22 59 .. .. 65 .. 7.1 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.1 .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

126

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Korea, Dem. Rep.
Population (millions) 22.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 120.4 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 .. Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 61.6 1.2 0.9 25 50.3 986 308 51.4 1.6 2.6 105 12 369 22 0.7 .. 910 5.0 827 43.1 56.9 .. 3.5 –215.8 79 .. 2,979 13.5 55 100 100 100 59 60 58 12.0 .. 55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

2007

127

Korea, Rep.
Population (millions) 48.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 98.7 GDP ($ billions) 787.6 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 15,840 Urban population (% of total) 80.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.4 0.8 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 19 47.6 4,149 567 63.5 0.1 3.6 89 12 423 34 1.8 4.2 4,431 0.8 7,391 62.6 1.2 0.5 9.5 47.1 38 218 1,344 28.6 48 92 71 97 .. .. .. .. .. 5 32.2 13.4 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.6 21.5

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

128

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Kuwait
Population (millions) 2.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 17.8 GDP ($ billions) 80.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 30,630 Urban population (% of total) 98.3 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.2 Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9 72.2 700 287 0.3 –6.7 0.0 23 1 358 12 0.1 1.9 10,212 .. 14,955 100.0 .. 1.6 32.7 42.3 108 349 .. .. 52 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11 .. 12.8 6.9 52.1 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.3 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

129

Kyrgyz Republic
Population (millions) 5.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 191.8 GDP ($ billions) 2.4 Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 450 35.8 0.6 1.0 56 76.0 205 257 4.5 –0.3 3.7 58 6 207 4 1.2 3.3 546 0.1 1,421 6.9 93.1 0.6 1.1 –136.6 24 39 9,041 21.7 94 77 66 98 59 51 75 4.0 17.6 67 5.7 8.8 4.4 1.5 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.3 –1.9 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

130

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Lao PDR
Population (millions) 5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 230.8 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 2.9 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 430 20.6 4.3 2.4 9 16.5 74 470 69.9 0.5 16.2 215 30 704 21 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.2 81.6 47 .. 32,140 1.6 90 51 43 79 30 20 67 1.0 6.2 79 1.7 9.5 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.7 –7.5
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

131

Latvia
Population (millions) 2.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 62.3 GDP ($ billions) 15.8 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6,770 67.8 –1.1 –1.0 28 2.1 514 68 47.2 –0.4 15.6 68 4 325 8 0.0 5.6 1,988 29.9 2,549 31.9 66.4 0.3 2.9 –116.1 16 297 7,259 1.8 13 99 96 100 78 71 82 .. .. 11 22.7 17.8 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.1 9.2 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

132

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Lebanon
Population (millions) 3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10.2 GDP ($ billions) 21.9 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 6,320 86.6 2.0 1.8 32 33.2 2,319 281 13.3 –0.8 0.7 70 5 377 10 0.2 3.5 1,524 2.4 2,499 89.0 11.0 1.0 5.4 52.1 42 .. 1,342 28.8 67 100 100 100 98 87 100 3.5 19.3 30 –0.9 12.3 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.1 –12.5
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

746 13,701 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

133

Lesotho
Population (millions) 1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30.4 GDP ($ billions) 1.5 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 950 18.7 1.4 0.8 77 0.9 342 445 0.3 –4.0 0.2 59 3 311 7 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54 .. 2,897 1.0 20 79 76 92 37 32 61 18.7 .. 132 21.7 7.6 6.7 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.3 19.1 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

134

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Liberia
Population (millions) 3.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96.3 GDP ($ billions) 0.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 130 58.1 4.5 2.9 27 0.5 .. 366 32.7 1.5 15.8 183 20 576 11 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 –0.8 44 .. 60,915 0.1 55 61 52 72 27 7 49 39.0 .. 235 23.0 9.0 .. 0.0 0.0 6.1 0.6 0.5 ..
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

135

Libya
Population (millions) 5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,759.5 GDP ($ billions) 38.8 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,530 84.8 2.5 2.0 9 21.9 341 49 0.1 0.0 0.1 87 5 326 7 1.7 .. 3,169 0.8 2,519 100.0 .. .. 8.9 24.7 98 .. 103 711.3 83 .. .. .. 97 96 97 4.3 16.9 19 .. 12.4 .. 76.9 0.0 0.0 1.0 .. .. 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

746 13,701 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

136

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Liechtenstein
Population (thousands) 34.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.2 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 14.6 .. .. 56 .. .. .. 43.8 –1.1 38.8 56 2 241 1 0.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 34 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

137

Lithuania
Population (millions) 3.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 62.7 GDP ($ billions) 25.6 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,210 66.6 –0.6 –0.5 45 0.4 1,184 60 33.5 –0.5 9.5 71 5 227 4 0.0 4.5 2,666 7.6 3,145 16.3 2.2 0.3 3.7 –92.2 10 383 4,569 1.7 7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9 18.5 12.4 5.7 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2 10.7 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

138

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Luxembourg
Population (thousands) 456.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.6 GDP ($ billions) 36.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 58,050 Urban population (% of total) 82.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.3 1.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 50 .. .. 131 33.6 –0.1 17.0 66 3 284 3 0.0 6.1 10,481 1.2 16,462 92.8 3.0 0.4 22.1 0.3 18 647 2,190 .. .. 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 .. 18.4 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

139

Macao, China
Population (thousands) 460.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.03 GDP ($ billions) 6.7 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 14,010 100.0 1.4 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 0 56 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.1 45.0 46 134 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.5 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

140

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Macedonia, FYR
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25.4 GDP ($ billions) 5.8 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,830 68.9 1.6 0.4 49 9.0 394 112 35.6 0.0 7.9 89 9 291 9 0.2 4.6 1,328 6.3 3,184 77.8 22.2 0.9 5.2 –47.7 20 .. 2,655 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 20.3 11.1 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 0.1 12.4
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

141

Madagascar
Population (millions) 18.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 581.5 GDP ($ billions) 5.0 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 290 26.8 3.7 2.9 47 30.6 31 439 22.1 0.4 3.1 165 49 262 34 31.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.1 59.8 45 .. 18,113 4.4 96 46 35 77 32 26 48 9.0 12.8 119 11.6 7.9 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 5.6 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

142

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Malawi
Population (millions) 12.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 94.1 GDP ($ billions) 2.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 160 17.2 4.7 2.1 47 2.2 839 421 36.2 0.8 20.6 207 7 658 13 3.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 32.0 46 .. 1,250 6.3 80 73 68 98 61 61 62 27.0 17.6 125 –7.6 7.2 5.1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.3 –11.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

143

Malaysia
Population (millions) 25.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 328.6 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 130.3 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,970 67.3 4.3 2.3 24 4.8 6,833 474 63.6 0.4 30.7 337 50 746 40 14.8 4.1 2,279 4.9 3,166 93.0 7.0 0.7 6.4 64.7 29 222 22,882 1.6 62 99 96 100 94 93 95 .. .. 12 37.6 12.4 5.8 20.9 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.2 9.0

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,019 13,701 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

144

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Maldives
Population (thousands) 329.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.3 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 0.8 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,320 29.6 3.7 2.8 47 .. .. 5,581 3.3 0.0 .. 15 0 166 2 1.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.4 65.3 37 6 .. .. .. 83 76 98 59 42 100 22.0 7.9 42 35.8 11.1 6.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.3 30.1
2007

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

145

Mali
Population (millions) 13.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,220.2 GDP ($ billions) 5.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 380 30.5 4.6 2.8 32 4.9 89 196 10.3 0.7 3.8 134 12 624 5 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 0.0 23.8 165 .. 4,438 10.9 90 50 36 78 46 39 59 10.0 18.6 218 12.0 8.7 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.1 4.8 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

146

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Malta
Population (thousands) 403.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.3 GDP ($ billions) 5.6 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 13,610 Urban population (% of total) 95.3 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.1 0.8 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 31 18.2 778 211 .. .. 15.6 34 1 357 10 0.1 7.5 2,263 .. 4,797 100.0 .. 0.4 6.2 9.4 .. 523 248 50.5 20 100 100 100 .. .. 100 .. .. 6 .. 13.5 4.4 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

147

Marshall Islands
Population (thousands) 63.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.2 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.1 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,930 66.7 2.3 2.1 78 .. .. 1,053 .. .. .. 4 1 57 2 1.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87 96 82 82 58 93 .. .. 58 .. 8.6 8.1 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

148

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Mauritania
Population (millions) 3.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,025.2 GDP ($ billions) 1.9 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 580 40.4 2.9 2.8 39 9.8 59 354 0.3 2.4 0.2 94 7 521 5 1.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 0.9 –5.4 103 .. 130 425.0 88 53 44 59 34 8 49 10.0 18.3 125 –5.2 8.6 3.2 0.0 28.1 0.6 1.0 2.5 –42.7
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

149

Mauritius
Population (millions) 1.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.0 GDP ($ billions) 6.3 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 5,250 42.4 0.9 1.1 56 20.8 2,500 716 18.2 0.3 3.3 14 3 137 13 4.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 2.6 53.5 16 96 2,252 21.8 .. 100 100 100 94 94 95 .. .. 15 19.8 11.8 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 .. 11.6 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

150

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Mayotte
Population (thousands) 180.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) .. SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.4 1.1 .. .. 0 .. 3 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

151

Mexico
Population (millions) 103.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,908.7 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,310 76.0 1.7 1.4 56 23.2 690 100 33.7 0.5 5.2 544 72 1,026 57 75.8 5.5 1,622 5.0 1,838 80.6 11.2 0.5 4.1 9.8 39 142 3,967 19.1 77 97 87 100 79 41 91 .. 9.7 27 21.5 12.5 5.3 9.6 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.4 3.6 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 768.4 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

152

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Population (thousands) 110.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.7 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.2 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,300 22.3 –0.1 0.9 67 .. .. 2,114 90.0 0.0 7.3 8 6 97 8 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 94 94 95 28 14 61 .. .. 42 .. 10.1 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.0 .. ..
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

153

Moldova
Population (millions) 4.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 32.9 GDP ($ billions) 2.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 930 46.7 –0.3 –0.2 77 13.9 55 121 10.0 –0.2 1.4 50 4 203 8 0.0 2.0 802 2.3 1,228 98.4 1.6 1.1 1.7 –229.5 39 65 238 231.0 33 92 88 97 68 52 86 7.0 7.4 16 20.8 8.1 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.7 14.4 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

154

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Monaco
Population (thousands) 33.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.002 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 .. .. 4 0 12 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100 .. .. 5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

155

Mongolia
Population (millions) 2.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,566.5 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 1.9 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 690 56.7 1.3 1.3 83 7.0 37 90 6.5 0.7 13.9 140 13 387 22 4.4 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.9 3.2 –25.2 68 26 13,626 1.3 52 62 30 87 59 37 75 2.3 8.0 49 38.2 8.9 5.4 0.0 13.0 0.0 3.6 1.2 16.9

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

156

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Morocco
Population (millions) 30.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 446.3 GDP ($ billions) 51.6 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,740 58.7 2.8 1.5 68 15.4 475 145 9.8 –0.1 1.1 129 12 430 13 4.0 10.3 384 3.9 595 90.6 8.4 0.3 1.3 38.0 20 45 961 43.4 87 81 56 99 73 52 88 12.0 10.4 40 29.1 10.3 6.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.1 23.9
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

157

Mozambique
Population (millions) 19.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 784.1 GDP ($ billions) 6.6 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 310 34.5 5.9 2.6 62 2.6 59 294 24.6 0.2 5.8 228 12 685 23 8.2 2.6 441 84.1 367 0.3 99.7 0.1 0.1 36.4 39 .. 5,068 0.6 87 43 26 72 32 19 53 10.0 20.7 145 4.7 8.6 1.8 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 –3.2 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

158

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Myanmar
Population (millions) 50.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 657.6 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 .. Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 30.6 2.8 1.4 17 17.0 134 345 49.0 1.2 5.4 288 39 1,047 41 10.6 .. 283 73.4 104 63.8 36.2 .. 0.2 54.9 69 .. 17,431 3.8 98 78 77 80 77 72 88 2.0 .. 105 .. .. 0.8 .. .. .. .. 0.6 ..
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

159

Namibia
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 823.3 GDP ($ billions) 6.1 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,990 35.1 4.1 2.5 47 1.0 4 161 9.3 0.8 5.6 192 10 619 18 5.9 10.2 665 13.8 1,389 3.1 96.9 0.2 1.2 99.7 43 42 3,052 4.8 71 87 81 98 25 13 50 18.0 20.6 62 39.2 10.9 7.3 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 34.1 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

160

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Nepal
Population (millions) 27.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 143.0 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 7.4 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 270 15.8 6.2 2.3 30 47.1 378 969 25.4 1.6 18.6 203 29 274 31 2.2 4.0 341 86.8 69 0.2 99.8 0.1 0.1 78.6 39 .. 7,305 5.1 96 90 89 96 35 30 62 23.0 27.5 74 31.0 7.8 2.6 0.0 0.0 2.5 0.3 0.1 23.0
2007

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

161

Netherlands
Population (millions) 16.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33.9 GDP ($ billions) 624.2 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 39,340 Urban population (% of total) 80.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.6 0.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 57 60.2 3,668 356 10.8 –0.4 28.0 95 9 444 11 0.1 5.8 5,045 2.6 6,920 89.4 0.1 0.3 8.7 0.9 34 429 674 72.2 34 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 26.5 15.0 4.9 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.6 14.1

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

162

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Netherlands Antilles
Population (thousands) 182.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.8 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 70.4 –0.1 –0.3 10 .. .. 672 1.3 0.0 .. 41 3 259 4 0.2 .. 9,499 .. 5,208 100.0 .. .. 22.7 70.3 30 261 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

163

New Caledonia
Population (thousands) 234.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18.3 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 63.7 2.7 2.2 14 100.0 1,800 1,393 39.2 0.0 7.4 28 6 150 16 8.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.3 13.7 67 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

164

2007

The Little Green Data Book

New Zealand
Population (millions) 4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 268.0 GDP ($ billions) 109.3 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 25,920 Urban population (% of total) 86.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.3 1.2 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 64 8.5 5,686 37 31.0 –0.5 24.1 73 8 351 74 22.3 5.1 4,344 5.0 8,937 26.7 64.6 0.4 8.7 32.1 16 592 79,778 0.6 42 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6 23.0 13.7 7.2 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 15.1
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

165

Nicaragua
Population (millions) 5.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 121.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 950 59.0 2.5 1.8 58 2.8 279 110 42.7 1.4 23.1 181 6 632 8 3.6 5.2 643 51.1 417 75.2 11.4 0.2 0.8 32.3 31 18 36,840 0.7 83 79 63 90 47 34 56 31.0 14.0 37 12.9 9.6 2.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.1 5.4 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 4.9 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

166

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Niger
Population (millions) 14.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,266.7 GDP ($ billions) 3.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 240 16.8 3.9 3.3 30 0.5 3 75 1.0 2.3 7.7 123 10 493 2 0.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 13.1 144 .. 251 62.3 95 46 36 80 13 4 43 11.8 40.0 256 10.3 7.7 2.3 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.3 0.8 1.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

167

Nigeria
Population (millions) 131.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 910.8 GDP ($ billions) 99.0 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 560 48.2 4.6 2.5 80 0.8 55 221 12.2 2.4 6.0 290 25 899 9 6.6 1.4 769 80.2 104 65.8 34.2 0.4 0.4 13.1 67 17 1,680 3.6 69 48 31 67 44 36 53 10.0 15.3 194 34.1 10.5 0.9 54.4 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.8 –31.4 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

168

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Northern Mariana Islands
Population (thousands) 79.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.5 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 .. Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 94.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 69.2 0.4 2.1 6 2 93 13 1.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 99 97 98 95 96 94 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,019 13,701 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

2007

169

Norway
Population (millions) 4.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304.3 GDP ($ billions) 295.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 60,890 Urban population (% of total) 77.4 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.1 0.6 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3 .. 2,084 122 30.8 –0.2 6.5 83 9 442 6 1.6 5.9 6,024 4.9 24,645 0.4 98.8 0.3 9.9 21.6 12 424 82,625 0.6 11 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 37.1 13.4 7.0 16.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 14.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

170

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Oman
Population (millions) 2.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 309.5 GDP ($ billions) 24.3 Middle Upper East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9,070 71.5 2.8 2.2 3 90.0 3,219 1,931 0.0 0.0 0.1 74 12 483 14 4.4 3.0 4,667 .. 3,836 100.0 .. 0.9 12.8 68.2 120 .. 390 136.0 90 .. .. .. .. .. 97 6.2 6.7 12 .. 13.1 4.2 55.1 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.3 ..
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

746 13,701 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

171

Pakistan
Population (millions) 155.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 770.9 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 110.7 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 690 34.9 3.3 2.4 35 82.0 1,371 477 2.5 1.6 9.5 195 17 625 30 5.1 4.2 489 35.6 425 66.8 30.0 0.4 0.8 40.4 128 10 336 323.3 96 91 89 96 59 41 92 24.0 26.0 99 18.4 8.9 1.6 7.5 0.0 0.4 0.8 1.5 0.9

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

172

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Palau
Population (thousands) 20.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.5 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.1 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,670 69.6 .. .. 20 .. .. .. 87.0 –0.4 0.0 8 3 112 2 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.3 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. 85 94 79 83 52 96 .. .. 11 .. 11.9 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 1.1 .. ..
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,019 13,701 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

173

Panama
Population (millions) 3.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 74.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,630 70.8 3.8 2.0 30 6.2 524 178 57.7 0.1 17.6 241 17 904 20 11.7 8.4 801 16.8 1,466 34.0 65.6 0.3 1.9 48.1 37 76 45,613 0.6 28 90 79 99 73 51 89 .. 12.6 24 10.5 12.6 4.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 15.5 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

174

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Papua New Guinea
Population (millions) 5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 452.9 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 4.9 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 500 13.4 2.5 2.4 2 .. 536 2,179 65.0 0.4 1.6 260 58 720 33 27.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.4 3.2 19 .. 136,059 .. .. 39 32 88 44 41 67 12.6 16.5 74 .. 10.1 .. 12.3 16.5 0.0 0.5 0.0 ..
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

175

Paraguay
Population (millions) 5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 397.3 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,040 58.5 3.5 2.2 63 2.1 507 80 46.5 0.8 4.2 168 11 696 27 3.3 6.4 694 53.8 816 .. 100.0 0.2 0.7 45.3 101 .. 15,936 0.5 71 86 68 99 80 61 94 17.3 16.1 23 16.4 9.8 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.7 9.7 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 7.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

176

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Peru
Population (millions) 28.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,280.0 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,650 72.6 2.0 1.7 17 27.8 741 204 53.7 0.1 16.9 441 46 1,781 94 36.3 10.9 479 17.7 794 27.1 72.3 0.2 1.0 19.6 65 30 57,780 1.2 82 83 65 89 63 32 74 20.4 15.4 27 19.9 11.7 2.9 2.2 3.4 0.0 0.3 0.7 4.5
2007

79.4 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

177

Philippines
Population (millions) 83.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 298.2 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 99.0 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,320 62.7 3.7 2.0 41 14.5 1,268 548 24.0 2.2 8.2 222 50 590 70 33.7 7.9 542 23.9 597 66.3 15.4 0.2 1.0 43.0 32 9 5,767 6.0 74 85 82 87 72 59 80 10.0 7.4 33 28.2 8.1 2.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 20.8

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

178

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Poland
Population (millions) 38.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 306.3 GDP ($ billions) 303.2 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,160 62.1 0.1 0.0 52 0.8 1,162 119 30.0 –0.2 23.1 110 12 424 12 0.6 5.1 2,403 5.0 3,418 97.8 1.4 0.7 8.0 –14.1 38 294 1,404 30.2 8 .. .. 100 .. .. .. .. .. 7 18.2 12.8 5.6 1.7 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.4 7.7
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

179

Portugal
Population (millions) 10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 91.5 GDP ($ billions) 183.3 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17,190 57.6 1.7 0.4 42 27.3 1,255 292 41.3 –1.5 5.1 105 15 501 15 3.8 7.1 2,528 10.9 4,526 71.9 22.0 0.3 5.5 26.5 26 429 3,602 29.6 78 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 13.1 17.1 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 1.0

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

180

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Puerto Rico
Population (millions) 3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8.9 GDP ($ billions) 67.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 10,950 Urban population (% of total) 97.6 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.7 0.7 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 25 36.0 .. 132 46.0 –0.1 3.5 38 2 310 12 3.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 –460.2 20 .. 1,815 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.6 .. 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

181

Qatar
Population (thousands) 812.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 11.0 GDP ($ billions) 42.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 95.4 3.9 3.7 7 61.9 500 208 .. .. 0.0 8 0 151 7 0.1 .. 23,246 0.0 15,853 100.0 .. .. 63.0 73.6 54 377 123 290.0 72 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. 8.8 21 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

182

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Romania
Population (millions) 21.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 230.0 GDP ($ billions) 98.6 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,910 53.7 –0.5 –0.5 63 31.3 348 108 27.7 0.0 2.5 101 15 365 13 .. 4.5 1,778 8.4 2,271 60.9 29.2 0.6 4.2 –70.1 16 149 1,955 54.8 57 57 16 91 .. .. 89 .. .. 19 14.2 11.7 3.2 4.2 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.6
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

183

Russian Federation
Population (millions) 143.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,381.4 GDP ($ billions) 763.7 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,460 73.0 –0.3 –0.2 13 3.7 119 32 49.4 0.0 7.9 296 43 645 47 37.1 2.0 4,460 1.1 5,642 65.3 18.9 1.2 10.3 –51.5 20 140 30,135 1.8 18 97 88 100 87 70 93 .. .. 18 32.7 7.0 3.5 36.8 0.8 0.0 1.6 0.4 –10.4 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

184

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Rwanda
Population (millions) 9.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 24.7 GDP ($ billions) 2.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 230 19.3 10.1 1.6 78 0.6 137 605 19.5 –3.4 7.9 206 13 665 9 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 0.1 12.2 37 .. 1,051 1.6 68 74 69 92 42 38 56 17.1 14.1 203 19.5 7.7 3.5 0.0 0.0 2.6 0.2 0.1 12.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

185

Samoa
Population (thousands) 185.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.8 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.4 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,020 22.4 1.3 0.9 46 .. 583 236 60.4 –2.1 3.2 6 3 49 7 1.9 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.8 17.1 .. .. .. .. .. 88 87 90 100 100 100 .. .. 29 .. 11.2 4.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

186

2007

The Little Green Data Book

San Marino
Population (thousands) 28.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.1 GDP ($ billions) 0.9 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 97.2 .. .. 17 .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 2 6 0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

187

São Tomé and Principe
Population (thousands) 156.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.0 GDP ($ billions) 0.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 440 58.0 3.9 2.0 58 18.2 .. 819 28.1 0.0 .. 14 3 112 9 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 28.0 48 .. 14,055 .. .. 79 73 89 25 20 32 5.0 .. 118 –20.2 8.8 .. 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.1 .. 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

188

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Saudi Arabia
Population (millions) 23.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,000.0 GDP ($ billions) 309.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12,510 81.0 2.7 2.3 .. 42.7 1,059 119 1.4 0.0 41.0 94 9 433 17 3.4 2.0 6,233 0.0 6,571 100.0 .. 1.1 13.7 34.7 133 .. 104 721.7 89 .. .. 97 .. .. 100 .. .. 26 28.5 13.0 7.2 61.4 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.2 –14.9
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

189

Senegal
Population (millions) 11.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 192.5 GDP ($ billions) 8.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 700 41.6 3.0 2.5 42 4.8 136 266 45.0 0.5 11.2 191 11 612 5 1.3 6.5 242 38.9 176 76.8 12.5 0.3 0.4 35.2 76 .. 2,213 8.6 93 76 60 92 57 34 79 6.6 15.1 119 15.8 9.3 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.9 8.8 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

190

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Serbia and Montenegro
Population (millions) 8.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 102.0 GDP ($ billions) 26.2 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,220 52.2 –1.6 –1.8 55 0.9 906 110 26.4 –0.4 3.7 96 10 381 10 .. .. 2,004 4.9 4,029 72.1 27.9 .. 6.2 –30.9 13 181 5,456 .. .. 93 86 99 87 77 97 2.7 8.6 15 9.8 11.3 .. 2.4 0.0 .. 1.4 0.0 ..
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

191

Seychelles
Population (thousands) 84.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.5 GDP ($ billions) 0.7 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8,180 52.9 1.7 1.3 15 .. 170 3,963 87.0 0.0 8.3 25 3 238 13 4.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 6.6 79.2 .. .. .. .. .. 88 75 100 .. 100 .. .. .. 13 –1.9 13.1 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 .. –10.2 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

192

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Sierra Leone
Population (millions) 5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 71.6 GDP ($ billions) 1.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 220 40.7 4.0 2.0 40 4.7 6 546 38.5 0.6 4.5 197 12 626 10 1.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.1 48.9 56 2 28,957 0.2 92 57 46 75 39 30 53 8.7 25.3 282 7.0 7.7 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 0.5 1.1 –3.1
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

193

Singapore
Population (millions) 4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.7 GDP ($ billions) 116.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 27,580 Urban population (% of total) 100.0 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.4 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.4 Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1 .. 24,180 0 2.9 0.0 4.2 73 3 400 10 0.1 4.4 6,034 .. 8,170 100.0 .. 0.5 11.4 5.7 44 99 138 .. .. 100 .. 100 100 .. 100 .. .. 3 40.0 14.6 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.9 27.2

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

194

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Slovak Republic
Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48.1 GDP ($ billions) 46.4 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,950 56.2 0.1 0.1 40 12.7 .. 170 40.1 0.0 22.8 87 7 332 11 0.1 3.9 3,407 2.2 5,088 30.4 13.5 0.6 7.0 –37.0 16 222 2,339 .. .. 100 99 100 99 98 100 .. .. 8 21.2 22.5 4.1 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.0 1.5
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

195

Slovenia
Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20.1 GDP ($ billions) 34.4 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 17,440 51.0 0.1 0.0 25 1.5 4,160 557 62.8 –0.4 14.5 87 7 350 7 0.2 5.4 3,591 6.7 6,835 36.6 26.8 0.4 7.7 –16.9 30 456 9,348 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4 25.2 13.5 5.4 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 16.3

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

196

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Solomon Islands
Population (thousands) 477.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28.0 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.3 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 620 17.0 4.2 2.7 4 .. .. 2,106 77.6 1.4 0.1 72 20 248 21 4.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.4 10.2 36 .. 93,565 .. .. 70 65 94 31 18 98 .. .. 29 .. 8.9 3.8 0.0 0.0 7.2 0.4 0.2 ..
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

197

Somalia
Population (millions) 8.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 627.3 GDP ($ billions) .. SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 35.2 2.5 1.4 70 18.7 5 484 11.4 0.9 0.3 182 15 642 13 6.7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41 .. 729 54.8 100 29 27 32 26 14 48 .. 23.4 225 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

198

2007

The Little Green Data Book

South Africa
Population (millions) 46.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,214.5 GDP ($ billions) 239.5 SubUpper Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,770 59.3 2.8 1.9 82 9.5 654 129 7.6 0.0 6.1 320 29 829 36 23.5 3.7 2,829 10.0 4,885 93.2 0.9 0.8 7.9 21.6 26 92 955 27.9 63 88 73 99 65 46 79 19.0 13.2 68 14.4 12.0 5.3 4.8 1.2 0.2 1.1 0.1 0.3
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 ..

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

5,229 13,701 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

199

Spain
Population (millions) 43.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 499.2 GDP ($ billions) 1,124.6 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 25,250 Urban population (% of total) 76.7 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.9 0.7 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 58 20.4 1,673 74 35.9 –2.2 9.3 132 20 515 20 6.6 6.9 3,331 3.4 5,924 57.6 11.4 0.3 7.4 31.5 33 455 2,562 32.0 68 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 22.6 14.6 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 11.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

200

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Sri Lanka
Population (millions) 19.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 64.6 GDP ($ billions) South Asia group 692 28.5 2.7 1.9 54 39.2 1,042 587 16.8 –0.2 6.0 23.5 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,160 15.1 0.1 1.0 36 38.8 3,103 1,779 29.9 1.2 27.3 123 21 381 16 6.6 8.3 485 52.0 344 63.2 36.8 0.1 0.5 63.5 104 13 2,548 25.2 95 79 74 98 91 89 98 .. 5.0 14 20.5 9.9 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.4 12.1
2007

5.5 486 38.0 414 81.9 14.9 0.4 1.0 46.5 84 6 1,236 51.8 90 84 81 94 37 27 63

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

83 30.1 9.1 3.6 4.9 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 16.4

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

201

St. Kitts and Nevis
Population (thousands) 48.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7,840 32.2 0.4 0.9 28 .. 2,429 451 13.9 0.0 0.0 7 1 132 2 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 2.7 47.1 16 .. .. .. .. 99 99 99 95 96 96 .. .. 20 26.5 14.6 3.7 0.0 0.0 .. 0.2 0.1 .. 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 0.5 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

202

2007

The Little Green Data Book

St. Lucia
Population (thousands) 164.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.6 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,580 27.6 1.0 1.4 33 16.7 3,358 2,901 27.9 0.0 14.6 13 2 162 5 1.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 2.0 50.6 28 .. .. .. 0 98 98 98 89 89 89 .. .. 14 5.7 12.5 5.4 0.0 0.0 .. 0.3 0.2 ..
2007

0.8 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

203

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Population (thousands) 119.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 3,530 45.9 1.4 0.6 41 7.1 3,047 921 28.2 –1.5 11.3 32 2 153 2 1.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 1.6 58.5 34 107 .. .. 0 .. 93 .. .. 96 .. .. .. 20 8.5 12.1 9.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 5.5 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 0.4 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

204

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Sudan
Population (millions) 36.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,376.0 GDP ($ billions) 27.5 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 640 40.8 5.0 2.2 57 10.7 43 125 28.4 0.8 5.2 302 16 952 10 5.5 3.7 497 79.2 92 72.8 27.2 0.1 0.3 40.1 182 .. 828 124.4 97 70 64 78 34 24 50 5.0 29.4 90 18.5 9.9 0.9 18.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 –10.1
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

205

Suriname
Population (thousands) 449.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 156.0 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,540 73.9 1.3 0.7 1 75.0 983 205 94.7 0.0 11.8 203 12 674 0 3.0 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.0 19.1 39 171 195,887 0.8 93 92 73 98 94 76 99 4.0 14.8 39 –15.6 12.7 .. 29.5 1.9 0.0 1.5 0.7 .. 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 1.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108 24,402 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

206

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Swaziland
Population (millions) 1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 17.2 GDP ($ billions) 2.7 SubLower Saharan middleCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,280 24.1 2.9 2.6 81 26.0 393 473 31.5 –1.0 3.5 124 6 490 6 0.1 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.9 55.6 34 40 2,299 40.1 97 62 54 87 48 44 59 10.0 .. 160 16.6 10.6 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 11.9
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

207

Sweden
Population (millions) 9.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410.3 GDP ($ billions) 357.7 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 40,910 Urban population (% of total) 84.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 0.4 0.4 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 8 4.3 1,000 53 67.1 0.0 10.9 85 5 457 9 0.3 4.5 5,998 16.7 15,424 3.4 39.6 0.2 5.9 6.1 12 457 18,949 1.7 9 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 4 23.1 12.1 8.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 18.6

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

208

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Switzerland
Population (millions) 7.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 40.0 GDP ($ billions) 367.0 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 55,320 Urban population (% of total) 75.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.3 0.7 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 38 5.8 2,275 450 30.5 –0.4 29.6 93 4 382 8 0.2 8.3 3,672 6.3 8,204 1.8 53.1 0.2 5.5 –5.7 24 516 5,432 6.4 2 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 5 30.7 13.7 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 21.8
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

209

Syrian Arab Republic
Population (millions) 19.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 183.8 GDP ($ billions) 26.3 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,380 50.6 2.9 2.6 76 24.3 703 193 2.5 –1.6 1.5 82 3 350 11 0.9 3.4 993 0.0 1,317 86.8 13.2 0.8 2.7 26.8 86 12 368 285.0 95 93 87 98 90 81 99 18.0 8.6 15 14.6 10.3 2.6 43.8 0.1 0.0 1.4 0.9 –39.4 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

210

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Tajikistan
Population (millions) 6.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 140.0 GDP ($ billions) 2.3 Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 330 24.7 –0.3 1.4 30 68.3 300 512 2.9 0.0 18.6 76 7 351 9 0.7 2.1 519 .. 2,240 2.3 97.7 0.7 0.7 –404.1 55 .. 10,189 18.0 92 59 48 92 51 45 70 1.4 20.8 71 7.3 8.5 2.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.4 –1.6
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

211

Tanzania
Population (millions) 38.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 883.6 GDP ($ billions) 12.1 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 340 24.2 4.2 2.5 54 3.6 18 707 39.9 1.0 42.4 375 34 1,056 37 15.1 1.3 498 91.6 54 4.9 95.1 0.2 0.1 38.6 28 .. 2,192 6.2 89 62 49 85 47 43 53 8.1 12.6 122 9.3 8.0 2.4 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.2 2.8 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

212

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Thailand
Population (millions) 64.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 510.9 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 176.6 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,720 32.3 1.7 1.1 36 28.2 1,072 305 28.4 0.6 15.7 300 36 971 42 8.0 4.9 1,524 16.4 1,865 93.0 4.8 0.6 3.9 61.1 73 .. 3,269 41.5 95 99 100 98 99 99 98 .. .. 21 30.1 11.2 4.7 3.8 0.0 0.3 1.0 0.4 18.2
2007

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

The Little Green Data Book

213

Timor-Leste
Population (thousands) 975.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 14.9 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.3 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 600 26.5 3.4 1.8 23 .. .. 534 53.7 1.2 12.6 .. 0 1 7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 100.0 .. .. .. .. .. 58 56 77 36 33 66 14.0 .. 61 17.1 5.2 .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

214

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Togo
Population (millions) 6.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 54.4 GDP ($ billions) 2.2 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 40.1 4.8 2.9 67 0.3 68 143 7.1 2.9 11.9 175 7 565 2 0.4 3.1 449 70.6 87 38.9 61.1 0.3 0.4 65.8 43 .. 1,871 1.5 45 52 36 80 35 15 71 9.0 31.1 139 9.9 8.3 2.6 0.0 0.1 2.8 0.6 0.3 0.4
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

215

Tonga
Population (thousands) 102.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.7 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.2 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,750 24.0 0.9 0.5 42 .. .. 517 5.6 0.0 8.6 5 2 46 3 0.6 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 1.1 32.3 .. .. .. .. .. 100 100 100 96 96 98 .. .. 24 28.6 9.2 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

216

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Trinidad and Tobago
Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.1 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 10,300 Urban population (% of total) 12.2 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 2.9 0.5 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 26 3.3 434 1,528 44.1 0.3 4.7 116 1 435 2 2.4 1.3 8,675 0.2 4,658 99.6 .. 2.0 22.1 41.0 114 .. 2,911 8.2 6 91 88 92 100 100 100 3.0 .. 19 30.4 12.4 4.0 57.9 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.2 –23.1
2007

14.4 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

217

Tunisia
Population (millions) 10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 155.4 GDP ($ billions) 28.7 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 2,880 65.3 2.0 1.4 63 8.0 368 125 6.8 –4.3 1.5 78 10 360 9 0.5 8.2 876 12.4 1,157 98.5 1.2 0.3 2.1 36.5 33 83 419 62.9 82 93 82 99 85 65 96 9.0 5.8 24 21.9 11.6 5.9 6.3 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.3 8.7 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

218

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Turkey
Population (millions) 72.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 769.6 GDP ($ billions) 362.5 Europe & Upper Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,750 67.3 2.5 1.7 54 20.0 727 99 13.2 –0.3 2.6 145 15 436 14 6.0 6.2 1,151 6.8 1,782 69.3 30.6 0.5 3.1 33.6 48 75 3,150 16.5 74 96 93 98 88 72 96 29.0 29.7 29 18.5 11.8 3.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5 1.3 7.9
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

11,139 13,701 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

219

Turkmenistan
Population (millions) 4.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 469.9 GDP ($ billions) 8.1 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) .. 46.2 2.0 1.8 70 79.4 529 116 8.8 0.0 4.2 103 12 318 13 2.0 1.3 3,265 .. 1,740 100.0 0.0 .. 9.2 26.2 62 .. 290 1,760.7 98 72 54 93 62 50 77 1.0 3.2 104 36.4 11.0 .. .. 0.0 .. 3.7 1.1 .. 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

220

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Uganda
Population (millions) 28.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 197.1 GDP ($ billions) 8.7 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 280 12.6 4.1 3.2 .. 0.1 18 453 18.4 1.8 32.6 360 29 1,015 15 3.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.0 0.1 52.5 17 .. 1,353 0.8 40 60 56 87 43 41 54 22.0 19.6 136 10.1 8.1 4.0 0.0 0.0 4.6 0.2 0.0 1.1
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

221

Ukraine
Population (millions) 47.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 579.4 GDP ($ billions) 82.9 Europe & Lower Central middleCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,520 67.8 –0.6 –0.6 71 6.6 181 47 16.5 –0.2 3.3 120 14 325 13 0.4 2.0 2,958 0.2 3,152 45.7 6.5 1.3 6.6 –117.5 27 115 1,128 70.7 52 96 91 99 96 93 98 .. .. 17 22.7 10.4 4.4 9.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.7 3.7 4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

222

2007

The Little Green Data Book

United Arab Emirates
Population (millions) 4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 83.6 GDP ($ billions) 129.7 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 23,950 Urban population (% of total) 76.7 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 6.1 6.3 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7 29.9 4,667 1,453 3.7 –1.8 0.2 30 5 268 11 0.2 2.2 10,142 0.0 11,331 100.0 .. 1.5 33.4 59.5 126 .. 44 1,150.0 68 100 100 100 98 95 98 .. .. 9 .. 13.9 .. 31.0 0.0 .. 0.9 1.4 ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

223

United Kingdom
Population (millions) 60.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 241.9 GDP ($ billions) 2,198.8 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 37,740 89.7 0.4 0.3 70 3.0 3,113 108 11.8 –0.6 25.0 103 10 557 10 2.1 7.3 3,906 1.3 6,206 75.9 1.3 0.3 9.4 –1.9 15 451 2,408 6.6 3 100 100 100 .. .. .. .. .. 6 13.9 10.3 5.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 7.1

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

224

2007

The Little Green Data Book

United States
Population (millions) 296.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,161.9 GDP ($ billions) 12,416.5 Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 43,560 Urban population (% of total) 80.8 Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) 1.6 1.1 Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 45 12.5 1,097 33 33.1 –0.1 16.3 468 40 888 71 90.3 4.6 7,920 3.0 13,351 71.4 6.5 0.6 19.9 16.8 23 465 9,446 17.1 41 100 100 100 100 100 100 .. .. 7 13.0 12.2 4.8 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 3.0
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

The Little Green Data Book

225

Uruguay
Population (millions) 3.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 175.0 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,360 92.0 0.9 0.7 85 14.9 941 21 8.6 –4.4 0.4 118 6 414 24 1.4 10.4 832 15.4 1,867 18.4 81.0 0.2 1.3 10.6 134 .. 17,036 5.3 96 100 100 100 100 99 100 .. .. 15 13.1 12.1 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.8 1.3 4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7 16.8 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

226

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Uzbekistan
Population (millions) 26.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 425.4 GDP ($ billions) 14.0 Europe & Central LowCountry Asia income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 520 36.7 1.0 1.6 64 84.9 1,602 343 7.7 –0.5 4.8 91 7 343 16 1.2 0.8 2,088 .. 1,796 87.2 12.8 3.0 4.8 –4.5 76 .. 623 357.9 93 82 75 95 67 61 78 .. 5.3 68 35.1 8.7 9.4 75.4 0.0 0.0 7.1 1.1 –47.9
2007

4,143 63.7 0.1 0.1 27 11.2 349 90 38.3 0.0 7.1

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 2,847 2.4 3,637 65.6 17.4 0.9 6.9 –47.7 30 142 11,139 7.5 59 92 80 99 85 71 93

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

32 23.2 10.6 4.1 16.6 0.4 0.0 1.2 0.5 –2.0

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

227

Vanuatu
Population (thousands) 211.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 12.2 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 0.3 Lower middleincome group 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,560 23.5 3.8 2.3 12 .. .. 785 36.1 0.0 1.5 22 5 108 7 2.2 .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.2 0.4 25.0 22 .. .. .. .. 60 52 86 50 42 78 .. .. 38 .. 10.5 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 .. ..

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

228

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Venezuela, RB
Population (millions) 26.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 882.1 GDP ($ billions) Latin America & Country Caribbean data group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 4,820 93.4 2.7 2.0 25 16.9 1,155 74 54.1 0.6 73.1 353 26 1,392 25 26.8 2.6 2,149 1.0 2,760 29.0 71.0 1.2 5.6 18.5 7 .. 27,185 1.2 47 83 70 85 68 48 71 9.0 .. 21 40.5 12.0 4.4 37.9 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 –6.9
2007

140.2 Upper middleincome group 5,634 72.0 1.2 0.8 26 9.6 469 139 37.2 0.1 9.6

4,045 77.2 2.1 1.5 36 11.4 925 238 45.5 0.4 19.7

6.2 1,186 14.8 1,674 38.2 56.3 0.3 2.4 20.2 38 108

3.7 2,583 4.0 3,454 70.1 18.3 0.7 6.4 –14.2 36 142

24,402 13,701 2.0 71 91 73 96 77 49 86 4.0 54 94 82 98 84 66 91

31 22.9 12.0 4.4 8.9 1.7 0.0 0.4 0.5 3.7

27 23.4 11.4 4.5 14.4 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.5 –0.1

The Little Green Data Book

229

Vietnam
Population (millions) 83.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 310.1 GDP ($ billions) East Asia & Pacific group 1,630 41.5 3.5 1.1 51 .. .. 704 28.4 –0.2 12.1 52.4 Lowincome group 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 620 26.4 3.3 1.5 31 33.7 2,993 927 41.7 –2.5 4.4 279 41 837 41 11.7 4.2 611 47.2 501 61.6 38.4 0.4 0.9 71.9 65 .. 4,409 19.5 68 85 80 99 61 50 92 20.0 11.3 19 34.4 9.2 2.8 17.5 0.0 0.5 1.1 0.6 8.5

4.4 1,124 16.1 1,343 81.6 15.6 0.6 2.7 40.6 72 14 5,019 11.1 74 79 70 92 51 36 72

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

33 44.4 10.3 2.2 7.8 0.8 0.0 1.2 1.2 25.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

230

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Population (thousands) 108.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 0.4 GDP ($ billions) .. Highincome group 35,264 77.6 1.1 0.7 39 11.8 1,202 325 29.4 –0.1 12.9 Country data GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)
The Little Green Data Book

.. 94.2 0.8 0.3 17 .. 3,000 350 28.6 1.1 0.3 11 1 223 2 0.3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 124.3 37.6 39 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
2007

5.2 5,511 3.1 9,609 61.9 11.9 0.5 12.8 16.4 28 457 9,640 10.2 42 100 99 100 100 100 100

7 18.7 13.1 4.6 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 7.7

231

West Bank and Gaza
Population (millions) 3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 6.0 GDP ($ billions) 4.0 Middle Lower East & middleCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 1,230 71.6 4.4 4.1 .. .. .. 962 1.5 .. .. .. 1 .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 .. .. .. 92 88 94 73 61 78 17.0 .. 23 11.6 8.8 .. 0.0 0.0 .. .. .. .. 2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4 1,923 49.5 2.9 1.1 43 24.3 1,691 654 31.2 0.2 13.2

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.5 1,175 13.9 1,448 71.3 23.4 0.6 2.9 28.5 64 27 7,460 7.3 75 82 71 94 57 39 77

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

39 35.0 10.7 2.9 10.4 1.0 0.0 1.1 0.9 13.7

232

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Yemen, Rep.
Population (millions) 21.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 528.0 GDP ($ billions) 15.1 Middle East & LowCountry N. Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 600 27.3 5.5 3.7 34 33.0 75 942 1.0 0.0 0.0 74 6 385 14 3.4 2.8 313 1.2 165 100.0 .. 1.0 0.9 43.8 91 .. 196 161.7 95 67 65 71 43 28 86 24.0 27.5 102 35.4 10.2 .. 52.3 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.8 ..
2007

2,198 57.1 2.7 2.0 23 32.2 835 669 2.4 –0.5 3.4

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

4.2 1,189 1.2 1,289 92.9 7.0 0.7 3.4 43.2 84 .. 746 105.0 89 90 81 96 76 58 92

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

53 30.9 11.0 4.5 35.2 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.6 –13.0

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

233

Zambia
Population (millions) 11.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 743.4 GDP ($ billions) 7.3 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 500 35.0 1.4 2.2 47 2.9 124 140 57.1 0.9 42.0 255 11 770 12 5.0 1.5 605 79.1 692 0.6 99.4 0.2 0.2 –11.4 58 .. 6,873 2.2 76 58 40 90 55 52 59 15.0 21.2 182 10.9 9.5 2.9 0.1 7.9 0.0 0.2 1.0 –4.9 746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3 585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

234

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Zimbabwe
Population (millions) 13.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 386.9 GDP ($ billions) 3.4 SubSaharan LowCountry Africa income data group group GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) Urban population (% of total) Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Population growth (average annual %, 1990–2005) Agriculture Agricultural land (% of land area) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha arable land) Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) Forests and biodiversity Forest area (% of land area) Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2005) Nationally protected area (% of land area) Mammal species, total known Mammal species, threatened Bird species, total known Bird species, threatened GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0–100, 100=maximum) Energy GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) Emissions and pollution CO2 emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2000 PPP $ GDP) CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons) CO2 emissions growth (%, 1990–2003) Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m) Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) Freshwater withdrawal Total (% of internal resources) Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) Access to improved water source (% total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) Rural (% of rural population) Urban (% of urban population) Environment and health ARI prevalence (% of children under age 5) Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under age 5) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) National accounting aggregates Gross savings (% of GNI) Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) Education expenditure (% of GNI) Energy depletion (% of GNI) Mineral depletion (% of GNI) Net forest depletion (% of GNI) CO2 damage (% of GNI) Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 350 35.9 2.8 1.4 53 5.2 342 259 45.3 1.4 14.9 222 8 661 10 2.1 2.6 719 63.8 795 43.2 56.8 0.4 0.9 –45.1 28 44 945 34.2 79 81 72 98 53 47 63 15.8 13.9 132 2.9 8.1 6.9 5.2 2.7 0.0 2.2 0.1 –8.6
2007

746 35.2 4.0 2.5 44 3.6 139 373 26.5 0.6 11.3

585 30.0 3.1 2.0 45 24.3 668 589 23.9 0.5 10.0

2.8 703 55.7 550 75.8 19.5 0.4 0.8 21.4 64 .. 5,229 3.1 87 56 43 80 37 28 53

4.4 513 47.8 375 74.0 23.4 0.4 0.8 29.4 77 .. 3,149 18.9 89 75 70 88 38 28 61

163 17.4 10.7 3.8 15.5 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 –7.3

114 28.1 9.1 3.3 9.8 0.7 0.6 1.1 0.7 9.5

The Little Green Data Book

235

Glossary
Access to an improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as piped water into a swelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well or spring; and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker truck. Reasonable access to an adequate amount is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization; data are for 2004) Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Health Organization; data are for 2004) Acute respiratory infection (ARI) prevalence refers to the percentage of children under age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 1998–2004) Adjusted net savings equal net savings plus education expenditures minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and particulate matter and carbon dioxide damage. (World Bank; data are for 2005) Agricultural land refers to arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Bird species, threatened, are the number of birds classified by the World Conservation Union as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Center and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Bird species, total known, are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. (World Conservation Monitoring Center and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Carbon dioxide damage is estimated at $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2005) Carbon dioxide emissions growth is the cumulative percentage change in emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement between 1990 and 2003. Emissions include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; data are for 1990–2003) Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions divided by midyear population. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and the World Bank and United Nations; data are for 2003)

236

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP are carbon dioxide emissions in kilograms per unit of 2000 GDP in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Bank; data are for 2003) Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production. (United Nations; data are extrapolated from the most recent year available) Deforestation refers to the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development on an average annual basis between 1990 and 2005. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest areas. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2005) Diarrhea prevalence refers to the percentage of children under age five who had diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available during 1998–2004) Education expenditure refers to public current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. (United Nations; data are extrapolated from the most recent year available) Electric power consumption is the production of power plants andcombined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, andtransformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus importsminus exports. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2004) Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of oil, coal, and gas as percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2004) Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2004) Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal. (A wide range of data sources and estimation methods were used to arrive at resource depletion estimates and are described in World Bank, 2006, Where Is the Wealth of Nations? Measuring Capital for the XXI Century, Washington, D.C.; data are for 2005) Energy from biomass products and waste comprises solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of total energy use (International Energy Agency; data are for 2004) Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2004) Fertilizer consumption is the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). The time reference for fertilizer

The Little Green Data Book

2007

237

Glossary
consumption is the crop year, July through June. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2002) Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. (World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2007, Primary data documentation) Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators 2007, Primary data documentation) GDP is gross domestic product and measures the total output of goods and services for final use occurring within the domestic territory of a given country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. GDP at purchaser values (market prices) is the sum of gross value added by all resident and nonresident producers in the economy plus any taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2005) GDP per unit of energy use is the 2000 GDP in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. (International Energy Agency and World Bank; data are for 2004) GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country developed by the Global Environment Facility, based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index shown in the tables has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential) (World Bank; estimates are for 2005) GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI is gross domestic product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and property income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (minus subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GNI per capita is in current U.S. dollars, converted using the World Bank Atlas method (see World Development Indicators 2007, Statistical methods). (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2005) Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption plus net current transfers. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2005)

238

2007

The Little Green Data Book

Internal freshwater resources are internal renewable resources, which include flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country, but do not include river flows from other countries. Freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank’s population estimates. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute; estimates are for 2005) Irrigated land is area purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding. Cropland refers to arable land and land used for permanent crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2003) Land area is a country’s total land area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2005) Mammal species, threatened, are the number of mammal species classified by the World Conservation Union as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Center and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Mammal species, total known, exclude whales and porpoises. (World Conservation Monitoring Center and World Conservation Union; data are for 2004) Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, gold, silver and zinc. (A wide range of data sources and estimation methods used to arrive at resource depletion estimates are described in World Bank, 2006, Where Is the Wealth of Nations? Measuring Capital for the XXI Century, Washington, D.C.; data are for 2005) Nationally protected area is totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated as national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes and seascapes, or scientific reserves. The indicator includes World Conservation Union (IUCN)–protected area categories I–VI. (World Conservation Monitoring Center; data are for most recent years reported in 2004) Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth. If growth exceeds harvest, this figure is zero. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank estimates of natural growth; data are for 2005) Particulate emission damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to reduce the risk of illness and death attributable to particulate emissions. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2005) Particulate matter is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing damage. It is the population-weighted average of all cities in the country with a population greater than 100,000. (World Bank estimates; data are for 2004) Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people including the driver. (International Road Federation; data are for 2004) Population includes all residents who are present regardless of legal status or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.

The Little Green Data Book

2007

239

Glossary
Population growth is the exponential change for the period indicated. (World Bank and United Nations; data are for 2005). Population density, rural, is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is estimated as the difference between the total population and urban population. (See urban population; data are for 2005) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age 5, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United Nations and United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for 2005) Urban population is the share of the midyear population living in areas defined as urban in each country. Urban population growth is the exponential change for the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 2005)

240

2007

The Little Green Data Book

1818 H Street N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433 USA Telephone: 202 473 1000 Fax: 202 477 6391 Web site: www.worldbank.org Email: feedback@worldbank.org
ISBN 0-8213-6967-9

AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA A BARBUDA ARGENTINA ARMENIA ARUBA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN BAHAM BAHRAIN BANGLADESH BARBADOS BELARUS BELGIUM BELIZE BENIN BERMUDA BHUT BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BOTSWANA BRAZIL BRUNEI DARUSSALAM BULGAR BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMBODIA CAMEROON CANADA CAPE VERDE CAYMAN ISLAN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD CHANNEL ISLANDS CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA COMOR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO COSTA RICA CÔTE D'IVOI CROATIA CUBA CYPRUS CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK DJIBOUTI DOMINICA DOMINIC REPUBLIC ECUADOR ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EL SALVADOR EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITR ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FAEROE ISLANDS FIJI FINLAND FRANCE FRENCH POLYNESIA GABON T GAMBIA GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GREENLAND GRENADA GUAM GUATEMA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU GUYANA HAITI HONDURAS HONG KONG, CHINA, HUNGARY ICELA INDIA INDONESIA ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISLE OF MAN ISRAEL ITA JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KIRIBATI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF KOR REPUBLIC OF KOREA KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBL LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG MACA CHINA, FYR MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MAL MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MAYOTTE MEXICO FEDERATED STATES MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIB NEPAL NETHERLANDS NETHERLANDS ANTILLES NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAG NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS NORWAY OMAN PAKISTAN PALAU PANAM PAPUA NEW GUINEA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QAT ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCI SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SINGAPO SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SPAIN SRI LAN ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES SUDAN SURINA SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN TANZAN THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURK TURKMENISTAN UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNIT STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNA U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABW

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful