From Africa Development Indicators

The Little Data Book on Africa

Basic indicators National accounts Millennium Development Goals Paris Declaration indicators Private sector development Trade Infrastructure

Human development Agriculture and rural development Labor, migration, and population HIV/AIDS Malaria Capable states and partnership Household welfare

Copyright ©2006 by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street NW Washington DC 20433 U.S.A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing September 2006 ISBN-10: 0–8213–6704–8 ISBN-13: 978-0-8213-6704-9 eISBN: 0-8213-6705-6 DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-6704-9

The Little Data Book on Africa 2006 is a product of the Operational Quality and Knowledge Services Unit and the Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region of the World Bank.

Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Cover design by Grundy & Northedge, London, UK.

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Contents
Acknowledgments Introduction Data notes 5 6 7

Country tables (in alphabetical order) Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo, Rep. Côte d'lvoire Djibouti Egypt, Arab Rep. Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

3

Contents (continued)
Country tables (continued) Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 112

Glossary

114

4

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Africa 2006 was produced by the Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region and the Operational Quality and Knowledge Services in collaboration with the Development Economics Data Group. It was prepared by a team led by Jorge Arbache and Vildan Verbeek-Demiraydin and comprising Rose Mungai, Christophe Rockmore, and Mehdi Akhlaghi. John Page, Chief Economist for the Africa Region, provided overall guidance and supervision.

Communications Development Incorporated provided design, editing, and layout, led by Meta de Coquereaumont and Christopher Trott.

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

5

Introduction
The Little Data Book on Africa 2006 is a pocket edition of Africa Development Indicators 2006. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the Africa Development Indicators 2006 book and CD-ROM. Together they cover about 1,200 indicators on Africa. The country tables in The Little Data Book 2006 present the latest available data for World Bank member countries.

For more information about Africa Development Indicators and The Little Data Book on Africa, please visit our Web site at www.worldbank.org/africa or email us at ADI2006@worldbank.org.

To order the Africa Development Indicators 2006 book or CD-ROM, please visit the publications Web site at www.worldbank.org/publications.

6

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Data notes
Dollars are current U.S. dollars, unless otherwise specified. Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year. Data are for 2004 or 2005, except where otherwise noted. Figures in italics indicate that data are from 2000–03.

.. indicates that data are not available. — is not applicable.

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

7

Algeria
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 32.4 1.5 2,270

North Africa
150.5 .. 1,784

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

35,694 48,640 85,014 279,114 5.2 4.6 1,992 1,879 3.6 2.5 132 99 13.1 6.2 7.4 .. 36 16 26 32
28.1 24.8 14.1 77 24 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,930 .. 1,467 38 34 109 2,314 ..

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 46.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 13.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 81 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 20 Startup procedures for new business 14 Time required to start a business (days) 26 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 52 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 407 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 8 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 504 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 59 Average time to clear customs (days) 22 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 51 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) 35 Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 27 Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) 45 Finance as major constraint (%) 51 Electricity as major constraint (%) 12 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 13 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 26 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 6.9 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 98 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,467 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 41 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 31 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 100 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 620 Remittances received ($ millions) 2,460

8

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 71 .. .. 35 40 96 140 10 81 .. 0.1 1 1.1 94 27 112 90 99 83 37 92 80 82 99 .. .. 215 .. .. 26 .. .. .. 3 2 2 1 2 1 2 313 0.4 10 235 0 78 .. .. — —

North Africa
71 .. .. 30 37 .. 127 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 105 .. .. .. .. 96 84 57 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — — — — — — — — — 2,804 1.2 19 2,036 91 677 .. .. — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

9

Angola
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 15.5 2.9 930

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

15,693 22,361 19,564 528,146 11.1 5.1 799 541 7.9 2.9 158 134 4.2 –2.4 0.2 .. 37 24 49 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 24.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 4.3 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 17 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1 Startup procedures for new business 14 Time required to start a business (days) 146 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 334 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 1,011 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 5 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 656 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 33 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 64 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 26 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2.2 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 522 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 70 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 66 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 134 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 853 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

10

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 41 .. .. 154 260 45 1,700 31 64 2 3.7 30 0.1 .. .. .. 72 .. 92 76 70 40 16 56 .. .. 54 .. .. 11 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2.6 Endorsed 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1,144 5.8 74 1,015 –2 131 317.1 .. No No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

11

Benin
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 8.2 3.2 450

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

36,589 22,361 4,047 528,146 3.1 5.1 324 541 –0.2 2.9 153 134 –8.0 –2.4 –3.7 .. 16 24 47 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 5.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 12.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 Startup procedures for new business 8 Time required to start a business (days) 32 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 50 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 570 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 5 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 270 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 53 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 53 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.4 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 48 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,147 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 14 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 92 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 47 Remittances received ($ millions) 55

12

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 55 .. 36 90 152 66 850 23 85 7 1.8 10 0.0 49 52 99 45 71 87 55 79 60 12 58 50 6 38 9 1 12 32 3.7 .. 3 3 3 2 2 2 3 378 9.3 46 210 0 168 2,868.8 460 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

13

Botswana
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.8 –0.1 4,360

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

15,834 22,361 8,974 528,146 4.9 5.1 3,671 541 5.0 2.9 138 134 9.0 –2.4 –1.8 .. 45 24 6 45
38.2 30.6 13.2 74 6 11 108 .. 69 154 8 140 53 .. 30 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.3 5 .. 241 52 50 98 58 39 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

14

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 35 .. .. 84 116 94 100 13 90 .. 24.1 18 0.4 92 26 104 94 102 69 47 100 90 25 57 .. .. 396 .. .. 34 .. .. .. 6 5 4 4 4 4 4 39 0.4 22 33 –2 8 .. .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

15

Burkina Faso
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 12.8 3.2 350

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

17,631 22,361 4,824 528,146 3.9 5.1 248 541 0.6 2.9 152 134 –9.6 –2.4 –9.1 .. 14 24 41 45
4.8 19.1 10.8 12 1 12 45 .. 107 446 6 270 48 .. 84 .. .. .. .. .. .. 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 2 .. 941 11 23 127 21 50 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

16

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 48 46 40 97 192 38 1,000 38 78 7 2.0 12 0.1 29 49 53 31 76 90 80 82 44 5 45 40 0 37 18 0 4 25 3.8 .. 3 3 2 2 2 3 2 610 12.6 48 331 1 278 1,687.3 930 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

17

Burundi
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 7.3 3.4 90

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

25,862 22,361 664 528,146 4.8 5.1 107 541 1.3 2.9 85 134 –7.2 –2.4 –19.7 .. 20 24 209 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –8.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.7 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 2.7 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 12 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business 11 Time required to start a business (days) 43 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 94 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 433 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 1 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 140 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 174 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 69 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 174 Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 1.5 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 3 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,329 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 9 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 35 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 100 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 0 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

18

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 44 .. .. 114 190 25 1,000 45 75 .. 3.3 13 0.0 33 51 80 73 82 93 93 90 78 35 47 45 0 12 .. .. 3 .. 3.0 .. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 351 52.8 48 184 0 166 1,575.8 1,472 Yes No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

19

Cameroon
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 16.0 1.8 810

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

33,896 22,361 15,775 528,146 3.7 5.1 737 541 1.8 2.9 134 134 –3.4 –2.4 –0.8 .. 15 24 60 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 15.7 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 44 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 5 Startup procedures for new business 12 Time required to start a business (days) 37 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 93 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 585 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 8 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 1,300 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 48 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 56 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 45 Real interest rate (%) 5 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.4 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 35 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,728 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 23 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 96 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 242 Remittances received ($ millions) 11

20

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 46 40 45 87 149 62 730 18 64 .. 5.4 4.6 0.2 63 53 114 .. 87 82 54 84 41 33 63 85 21 103 4 0 10 20

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.3 Endorsed 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 762 4.8 47 572 1 189 245.3 2,800 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

21

Cape Verde
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.5 2.3 1,720

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

235,265 22,361 948 528,146 4.4 5.1 1,292 541 2.0 2.9 148 134 –6.5 –2.4 –7.5 .. 22 24 55 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –12.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 11.6 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 66 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 6 Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 6.1 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 156 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 34 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 66 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 97 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 39 Remittances received ($ millions) 92

22

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 70 .. .. 27 36 .. 150 .. 69 .. .. .. 0.5 95 27 111 .. 100 79 37 86 73 19 61 .. .. 281 .. .. 50 .. 4.1 .. 3 4 4 4 3 4 3 140 14.7 282 91 0 49 602.9 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

23

Central African Republic
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 4.0 1.2 310

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

2,099 22,361 1,307 528,146 1.3 5.1 225 541 0.0 2.9 146 134 –3.1 –2.4 –5.5 .. 8 24 82 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 13.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 4.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 12 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business 10 Time required to start a business (days) 14 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 69 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 660 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 504 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 61 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 76 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.1 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 1 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,042 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 9 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 14 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 78 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 6 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

24

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 39 .. .. 115 193 44 1,100 24 35 .. 10.7 24 0.1 .. .. 64 59 .. 89 71 93 61 12 47 8 0 18 .. .. 2 .. 2.4 .. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 105 8.0 26 55 0 50 649.7 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

25

Chad
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 9.4 3.4 250

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

3,421 22,361 4,307 528,146 29.5 5.1 261 541 25.2 2.9 175 134 –6.0 –2.4 –3.6 .. 11 24 39 45
30.5 24.9 15.3 15 1 19 75 .. 44 526 3 122 51 .. 72 .. .. .. .. .. .. 8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.8 18 .. 671 53 64 100 479 .. 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

26

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 44 .. .. 117 200 14 1,100 37 56 .. 3.5 11 0.0 29 69 71 38 58 77 66 40 32 0 30 9 0 14 .. .. 6 5

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2.9 Endorsed 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 319 7.4 34 162 3 154 1,665.9 260 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

27

Comoros
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.6 2.1 560

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

165,602 22,361 369 528,146 1.9 5.1 378 541 –0.2 2.9 166 134 –2.6 –2.4 –4.4 .. 15 24 83 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –1.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 4.2 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 35 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 0 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,338 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 16 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 29 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 133 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 1 Remittances received ($ millions) 12

28

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 63 .. .. 52 70 62 480 25 73 .. .. .. 0.1 50 35 85 .. 84 87 60 90 96 15 38 52 20 26 .. .. 14 .. 2.4 .. 3 1 3 3 1 1 1 25 6.6 42 14 0 11 757.4 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

29

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 55.9 2.9 110

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

2,925 22,361 6,632 528,146 6.8 5.1 88 541 3.7 2.9 135 134 –5.8 –2.4 –3.8 .. 10 24 179 45
3.9 12.8 10.0 23 .. 13 155 .. 106 909 3 312 135 .. 90 .. .. .. .. .. 18 –4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.1 11 .. 767 31 44 135 435 .. 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

30

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 44 .. .. 129 205 61 990 31 64 1 3.2 90 0.1 .. .. 64 70 .. 91 63 83 29 23 43 .. .. 37 .. .. 1 26

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2.8 Endorsed 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 1,815 27.4 32 1,164 0 650 826.6 10,389 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

31

Congo, Rep.
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 3.9 3.0 760

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

12,717 22,361 4,343 528,146 3.6 5.1 940 541 0.6 2.9 119 134 2.6 –2.4 3.6 .. 32 24 134 45
51.4 24.2 16.6 32 4 8 67 .. 103 560 4 576 67 .. 80 .. .. .. .. .. .. 5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.4 0 .. 806 83 80 172 551 1 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

32

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 52 .. .. 81 108 .. 510 .. 65 .. 5.3 11 0.2 66 83 89 .. 87 87 56 72 17 2 14 .. .. 102 .. .. 9 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2.8 Implementing 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 116 2.7 30 48 0 68 47.9 2,881 — —

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

33

Côte d'lvoire
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 17.9 1.5 760

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

48,663 22,361 15,475 528,146 1.6 5.1 574 541 0.1 2.9 151 134 1.8 –2.4 –2.6 .. 18 24 76 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 20.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 7.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 25 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Startup procedures for new business 11 Time required to start a business (days) 45 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 369 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 525 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 6 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 270 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 47 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 45 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 49 Real interest rate (%) 1 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 1.1 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 109 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,262 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 49 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 45 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 113 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 175 Remittances received ($ millions) 148

34

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 46 .. 45 117 194 68 690 17 49 .. 7.1 65 0.1 43 42 72 61 68 89 40 98 74 23 61 86 23 98 .. .. 17 .. 2.5 .. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 154 1.0 9 196 0 –43 43.6 .. Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

35

Djibouti
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.8 1.8 950

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

23,848 22,361 553 528,146 0.7 5.1 774 541 –2.3 2.9 100 134 –7.7 –2.4 .. .. 22 24 47 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –5.3 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.9 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) .. Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 22 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) .. Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,667 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 48 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 64 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) .. Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 9 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

36

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 53 .. .. 101 126 61 730 .. 60 .. .. 1 0.2 .. 34 39 .. 75 84 55 82 67 27 55 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.1 .. 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 64 12.9 82 39 –3 27 1,419.4 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

37

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 72.6 1.9 1,250

North Africa
150.5 .. 1,784

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

79,157 48,640 78,796 279,114 4.2 4.6 1,615 1,879 2.2 2.5 67 99 4.3 6.2 –3.1 .. 0 16 38 32
28.1 24.8 14.1 77 24 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,930 .. 1,467 38 34 109 2,314 ..

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 16.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.6 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 11.8 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 87 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 29 Startup procedures for new business 13 Time required to start a business (days) 34 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 193 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 410 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 5 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 504 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 32 Average time to clear customs (days) 10 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 53 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 66 Corruption as major constraint (%) 51 Courts as major constraint (%) 27 Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) 82 Finance as major constraint (%) 39 Electricity as major constraint (%) 27 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 28 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 30 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 99.9 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 1,269 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 7,554 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 124 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 252 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

38

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 70 17 34 26 36 69 84 9 97 .. 0.0 1 0.5 95 22 100 .. 94 77 22 100 97 56 84 .. .. 235 45 11 54 .. .. .. 3 3 2 .. 3 2 3 1,458 1.8 20 1,177 20 261 31.7 .. — —

North Africa
71 .. .. 30 37 .. 127 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 105 .. .. .. .. 96 84 57 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — — — — — — — — — 2,804 1.2 19 2,036 91 677 .. .. — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

39

Equatorial Guinea
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.5 2.3 710

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

115,330 22,361 3,235 528,146 10.0 5.1 4,101 541 7.5 2.9 160 134 –2.1 –2.4 23.4 .. 34 24 9 45
.. .. .. 30 3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0 .. .. 83 76 .. –159 .. 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

40

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 43 .. .. 122 204 65 880 19 51 .. .. .. 0.3 50 30 99 95 82 94 52 45 42 46 60 .. .. 106 .. .. 10 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

.. Endorsed 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 30 0.9 60 23 0 7 324.8 .. — —

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

41

Eritrea
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 4.2 4.3 190

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

9,189 22,361 928 528,146 2.0 5.1 174 541 –2.3 2.9 126 134 –11.3 –2.4 –46.0 .. 33 24 73 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –62.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 5.3 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 28 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1 Startup procedures for new business 0 Time required to start a business (days) 91 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 91 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 385 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 4 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 216 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 66 Average time to clear customs (days) 9 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 27 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 65 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 94 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 256 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 184 Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 32 Corruption as major constraint (%) 3 Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) 1 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 31 Finance as major constraint (%) 54 Electricity as major constraint (%) 38 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 5 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 41 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 3.7 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 4 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 217 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 9 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 68 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 72 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 10 Remittances received ($ millions) 3

42

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 54 .. .. 52 82 28 630 40 84 37 2.4 6 0.1 44 47 66 .. 73 91 60 72 54 3 34 81 2 14 11 0 12 .. 2.5 .. 3 2 1 3 1 1 2 260 28.0 61 178 –5 86 668.6 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

43

Ethiopia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 70.0 1.9 110

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

9,731 22,361 9,731 528,146 12.3 5.1 132 541 10.1 2.9 106 134 –5.1 –2.4 –9.4 .. 16 24 68 45 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 4.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 12.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 28 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business 7 Time required to start a business (days) 32 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 56 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 420 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 1 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 52 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 44 Average time to clear customs (days) 14 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 41 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 106 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 131 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 9 Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 39 Corruption as major constraint (%) 39 Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) 10 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 74 Finance as major constraint (%) 40 Electricity as major constraint (%) 43 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 5 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 18 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2.5 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 105 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,253 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 16 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 33 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 69 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 101 Remittances received ($ millions) 133

44

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 42 44 30 110 166 6 850 47 71 2 4.4 120 0.0 51 72 77 .. 73 91 74 81 11 4 19 76 0 8 8 0 2 17 3.4 .. 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1,823 18.7 26 1,026 37 760 1,455.9 3,275 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

45

Gabon
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.4 1.6 4,080

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

28,054 22,361 7,229 528,146 1.4 5.1 3,860 541 –0.2 2.9 137 134 5.5 –2.4 8.4 .. 29 24 57 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 46.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 19.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 50 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 5 Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 1.4 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,641 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 54 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 46 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 144 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) –51 Remittances received ($ millions) 6

46

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 54 .. .. 60 91 86 420 12 55 .. 7.9 5 0.3 66 36 130 .. 96 84 64 95 47 30 37 .. .. 388 17 1 29 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

.. Endorsed 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 38 0.5 28 24 0 14 16.8 .. — —

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

47

Gambia, The
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.5 2.7 280

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

40,061 22,361 401 528,146 5.1 5.1 327 541 2.2 2.9 83 134 –11.8 –2.4 –10.2 .. 21 24 168 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 10.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.1 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 13.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 34 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1 Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 1,118 Real interest rate (%) 10 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.6 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 1 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,123 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 51 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 73 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 89 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 50 Remittances received ($ millions) 8

48

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 56 .. .. 89 122 55 540 17 90 .. 2.4 1 0.1 .. 37 79 .. 85 87 60 95 77 46 72 .. .. 99 .. .. 33 .. 3.1 .. 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 63 15.7 43 12 0 51 217.5 90 Yes No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

49

Ghana
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 21.7 2.1 380

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

37,884 22,361 8,620 528,146 5.0 5.1 275 541 2.8 2.9 145 134 –6.8 –2.4 –1.6 .. 26 24 82 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 11.4 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 16.2 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 42 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 Startup procedures for new business 12 Time required to start a business (days) 81 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 382 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 200 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 7 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 304 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 45 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 34 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 32 Real interest rate (%) 10 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.5 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 31 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,458 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 51 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 116 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 70 Remittances received ($ millions) 82

50

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 57 .. .. 68 112 47 540 22 83 5 2.3 29 0.2 65 32 81 71 91 76 72 93 68 46 74 82 21 93 14 1 17 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.9 Implementing 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 1,358 15.7 63 897 9 451 357.2 3,500 Yes Yes

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

51

Guinea
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 9.2 2.2 410

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

15,365 22,361 3,775 528,146 2.7 5.1 381 541 0.5 2.9 108 134 –6.2 –2.4 –6.3 .. 11 24 94 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 6.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 7.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business 13 Time required to start a business (days) 49 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 104 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 306 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 5 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 416 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 51 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 48 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 5.4 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 3 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,468 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 22 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 100 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 98 Remittances received ($ millions) 42

52

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 54 .. .. 101 155 56 740 33 73 .. 1.5 7 0.1 48 45 79 47 72 89 83 78 38 6 25 54 2 15 .. .. 5 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.0 Endorsed 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 279 7.4 30 178 0 101 276.3 800 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

53

Guinea-Bissau
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.5 3.0 160

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

9,599 22,361 270 528,146 2.2 5.1 134 541 –0.8 2.9 131 134 –3.4 –2.4 –32.3 .. 17 24 283 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –1.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) –6.7 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 18 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 0 Startup procedures for new business .. Time required to start a business (days) .. Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) .. Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) .. Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 4.5 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 2 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,220 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 55 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 81 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. Remittances received ($ millions) 23

54

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 45 .. .. 126 203 35 1,100 25 80 .. .. .. 0.1 27 44 70 .. 65 93 63 79 49 23 57 .. .. 8 .. .. 17 .. 2.7 .. 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 76 28.2 50 29 0 48 457.6 790 Yes No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

55

Kenya
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 33.5 2.2 480

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

28,266 22,361 16,088 528,146 4.3 5.1 427 541 2.0 2.9 113 134 –1.4 –2.4 –1.7 .. 21 24 42 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 12.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 7.5 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 48 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 Startup procedures for new business 12 Time required to start a business (days) 54 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 73 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 360 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 4 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 372 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 68 Average time to clear customs (days) 9 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 28 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 44 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 84 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 81 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 52 Corruption as major constraint (%) 74 Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 51 Crime as major constraint (%) 70 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 68 Finance as major constraint (%) 58 Electricity as major constraint (%) 48 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 23 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 28 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2.0 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 143 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,309 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 33 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 101 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 108 Remittances received ($ millions) 494

56

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 48 .. .. 79 120 42 1,000 20 73 5 6.1 140 0.1 89 40 111 80 94 90 71 89 46 43 56 48 4 85 33 6 45 .. 3.6 .. 2 1 5 1 2 2 1 635 3.9 19 470 –1 166 166.1 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

57

Lesotho
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.8 –0.1 730

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

45,052 22,361 1,367 528,146 3.1 5.1 543 541 3.3 2.9 140 134 –4.3 –2.4 3.4 .. 45 24 56 45
–7.7 41.1 33.9 36 3 9 92 .. 101 285 2 564 38 .. 42 .. .. .. .. .. .. 7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.9 11 .. 936 79 101 121 53 355 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

58

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 36 .. .. 80 112 60 550 18 70 .. 23.2 23 0.0 71 44 131 .. 104 74 49 88 74 32 61 .. .. 109 .. .. 24 .. 3.5 .. 3 3 3 3 3 2 .. 102 7.5 57 35 –1 68 385.1 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

59

Liberia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 3.2 0.6 120

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

5,109 22,361 492 528,146 2.6 5.1 130 541 2.0 2.9 117 134 –13.3 –2.4 –0.3 .. 14 24 550 45
–0.6 12.3 3.9 32 16 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 0 .. 917 25 87 .. 0 .. 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

60

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 42 .. .. 157 235 51 760 27 42 .. 5.9 7 0.0 .. 38 99 .. 73 84 56 72 52 7 49 .. .. 3 .. .. 0 .. .. .. 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 210 42.8 65 162 0 48 9,304.8 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

61

Libya
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 5.7 2.0 4,400

North Africa
150.5 .. 1,784

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

.. 48,640 .. 279,114 .. 4.6 .. 1,879 .. 2.5 .. 99 .. 6.2 .. .. .. 16 .. 32
.. .. .. 104 56 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.9 62 .. 627 .. .. .. .. 10 28.1 24.8 14.1 77 24 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,930 .. 1,467 38 34 109 2,314 ..

62

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 74 .. .. 18 20 .. 97 .. 99 .. 0.3 .. 1.3 .. .. 112 .. 103 82 32 72 68 96 97 .. .. 156 .. .. 36 .. .. .. 2 2 .. 3 2 1 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — —

North Africa
71 .. .. 30 37 .. 127 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 105 .. .. .. .. 96 84 57 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — — — — — — — — — 2,804 1.2 19 2,036 91 677 .. .. — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

63

Madagascar
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 18.1 2.7 290

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

7,504 22,361 4,364 528,146 5.3 5.1 229 541 2.4 2.9 105 134 –10.8 –2.4 –13.0 .. 12 24 79 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 7.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 11.8 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 Startup procedures for new business 13 Time required to start a business (days) 38 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 134 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 280 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 5 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 400 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 59 Average time to clear customs (days) 7 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 59 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 50 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 78 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 54 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 42 Corruption as major constraint (%) 47 Courts as major constraint (%) 35 Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 45 Crime as major constraint (%) 38 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 45 Finance as major constraint (%) 63 Electricity as major constraint (%) 41 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 15 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 31 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 30.6 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 9 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 2,380 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 33 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 51 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 135 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 53 Remittances received ($ millions) 16

64

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 56 .. 47 76 123 51 550 42 59 .. 0.5 3 0.3 45 52 134 70 .. 86 80 75 34 27 49 48 5 19 .. .. 5 .. 3.5 .. 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 1,236 28.3 68 685 –1 552 964.4 1,900 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

65

Malawi
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 12.6 2.2 160

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

20,226 22,361 1,903 528,146 7.1 5.1 154 541 4.8 2.9 98 134 –19.1 –2.4 –20.7 .. 23 24 180 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –9.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.3 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 1.8 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 29 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 0 Startup procedures for new business 10 Time required to start a business (days) 35 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 118 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 277 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 4 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 782 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 57 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 21 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 23 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2.2 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 193 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,095 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 27 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 52 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 90 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 44 Remittances received ($ millions) 1

66

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 40 .. .. 110 175 61 1,800 22 80 36 14.1 78 0.0 58 .. 125 76 98 90 86 96 62 42 66 29 1 25 .. .. 4 .. 3.4 .. 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 476 25.0 38 308 2 166 252.9 1,000 Yes No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

67

Mali
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 13.1 3.0 330

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

4,001 22,361 4,882 528,146 2.2 5.1 237 541 –0.8 2.9 157 134 –4.9 –2.4 –6.6 .. 16 24 68 45
10.7 19.0 11.5 22 2 13 42 .. 44 340 6 270 44 10 66 32 11 51 .. .. 11 6 .. 22 49 17 33 22 37 57 24 4 21 5.0 42 .. 839 29 34 104 62 154 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

68

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 48 .. .. 121 219 41 1,200 33 75 8 1.7 11 0.1 44 52 64 24 74 86 75 76 35 38 59 37 2 36 9 0 4 .. 3.7 .. 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 567 11.6 43 328 –1 241 1,742.8 895 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

69

Mauritania
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 3.0 3.0 530

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

1,496 22,361 1,534 528,146 6.9 5.1 437 541 3.7 2.9 118 134 –35.5 –2.4 –5.2 .. 27 24 150 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –18.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 6.0 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 20 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 Startup procedures for new business 11 Time required to start a business (days) 82 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 49 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 410 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 696 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 76 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 73 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 6 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 9.8 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 3 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 842 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 36 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 79 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 105 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 7 Remittances received ($ millions) 2

70

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 53 46 39 78 125 57 1,000 32 64 .. 0.7 1 0.1 43 45 94 61 96 85 56 63 45 9 64 50 3 135 7 0 5 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.2 Endorsed 5 3 1 3 4 3 2 180 11.7 60 83 1 96 437.1 1,100 Yes Yes

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

71

Mauritius
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.2 1.0 4,640

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

2,974,356 22,361 6,038 528,146 4.4 5.1 4,223 541 3.4 2.9 116 134 1.1 –2.4 –5.7 .. 20 24 38 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 23.6 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.2 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 14.5 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 80 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 17 Startup procedures for new business 6 Time required to start a business (days) 46 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 210 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 367 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 6 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 158 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 38 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 37 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 20.8 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 25 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 3,455 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 57 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 57 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 89 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 35 Remittances received ($ millions) 215

72

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 73 .. .. 14 15 99 24 .. 98 .. .. .. 1.1 100 22 103 95 103 84 46 100 100 99 100 .. .. 700 .. .. 146 .. .. .. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 38 0.6 31 15 –2 25 15.8 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

73

Morocco
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 29.8 3.4 1,570

North Africa
150.5 .. 1,784

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

112,101 48,640 50,031 279,114 4.2 4.6 1,349 1,879 0.7 2.5 124 99 2.2 6.2 –2.3 .. 28 16 35 32
28.1 24.8 14.1 77 24 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,930 .. 1,467 38 34 109 2,314 ..

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.8 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 20.5 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 47 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 11 Startup procedures for new business 5 Time required to start a business (days) 11 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 82 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 240 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 6 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 690 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 55 Average time to clear customs (days) 3 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 60 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 129 Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 15.4 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 399 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,507 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 34 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 42 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 98 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 822 Remittances received ($ millions) 4,221

74

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 70 .. .. 38 43 63 220 10 95 .. 0.1 .. 0.5 75 28 106 70 88 84 29 99 56 31 83 .. .. 357 66 29 117 .. .. .. 3 3 2 .. 3 3 3 706 1.4 24 393 70 242 36.0 .. — —

North Africa
71 .. .. 30 37 .. 127 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 105 .. .. .. .. 96 84 57 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — — — — — — — — — 2,804 1.2 19 2,036 91 677 .. .. — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

75

Mozambique
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 19.4 1.9 270

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

7,540 22,361 5,912 528,146 7.5 5.1 276 541 5.4 2.9 110 134 –14.1 –2.4 –12.0 .. 13 24 79 45
12.3 20.7 11.3 11 1 14 153 .. 42 580 2 230 51 .. 61 .. .. .. .. .. 16 –3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.6 25 .. 941 32 46 89 245 58 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

76

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 42 .. .. 104 152 48 1,000 24 77 4 16.1 140 0.0 29 65 95 .. 82 83 85 76 24 14 51 26 2 27 6 0 7 .. 3.5 .. 3 2 3 3 2 3 .. 1,228 20.8 63 728 4 497 2,099.8 .. Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

77

Namibia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 2.0 1.2 2,380

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

6,938 22,361 5,712 528,146 6.0 5.1 2,035 541 4.7 2.9 140 134 10.3 –2.4 –5.0 .. 30 24 14 45
26.7 25.5 17.9 58 6 10 95 .. 28 270 8 50 44 .. 27 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.0 0 .. 439 47 48 96 246 15 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

78

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 47 .. .. 47 63 76 300 24 70 .. 19.6 17 0.3 81 28 101 92 105 65 49 98 72 14 66 .. .. 206 .. .. 37 .. .. .. 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 179 3.1 89 130 16 34 116.1 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

79

Niger
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 13.5 3.4 210

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

2,410 22,361 3,053 528,146 0.0 5.1 155 541 –3.3 2.9 146 134 –8.0 –2.4 –8.9 .. 11 24 64 45
5.8 15.8 6.8 8 1 13 35 .. 49 330 6 270 49 .. 90 .. .. .. .. .. 8 6 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.5 5 .. 397 16 26 120 18 26 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

80

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 45 .. .. 152 259 16 1,600 40 74 6 1.1 8 0.0 25 44 45 37 71 96 73 80 36 4 43 37 0 13 .. .. 2 37

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.3 Endorsed 2 2 3 2 1 2 3 536 17.6 40 306 0 230 3,496.7 1,190 Yes Yes

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

81

Nigeria
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 128.7 2.2 430

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

79,113 22,361 72,053 528,146 6.0 5.1 402 541 3.7 2.9 139 134 4.6 –2.4 7.7 .. 43 24 50 45
39.6 22.4 13.2 35 10 10 43 .. 274 730 6 1,120 27 18 38 .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. 36 .. .. 97 .. .. 0.8 166 .. 1,057 55 54 125 4,409 2,273 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

82

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 44 .. 44 101 197 35 800 29 35 1 3.9 220 0.3 75 36 99 .. 84 86 47 72 49 30 48 84 28 79 12 2 14 47

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.1 Implementing 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 573 0.8 4 314 0 260 22.1 .. — —

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

83

Rwanda
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 8.9 1.4 210

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

74,373 22,361 1,835 528,146 4.0 5.1 250 541 2.5 2.9 83 134 –3.1 –2.4 –12.1 .. 14 24 90 45
2.4 20.5 12.0 14 3 9 21 .. 371 310 0 168 54 .. 59 .. .. .. .. .. 219 7 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.6 15 .. 984 11 31 55 4 10 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

84

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 44 .. .. 118 203 31 1,400 24 84 4 3.1 21 0.0 37 62 119 78 100 85 82 92 69 38 56 39 1 18 8 0 4 .. 3.5 .. 3 3 1 1 2 2 2 468 25.5 53 217 0 250 2,257.4 1,400 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

85

São Tomé and Principe
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.2 2.3 390

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

59,519 22,361 57 528,146 3.8 5.1 354 541 1.4 2.9 106 134 –62.1 –2.4 –52.3 .. 37 24 634 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –29.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 34.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 15.1 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 39 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 1 Startup procedures for new business 9 Time required to start a business (days) 192 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 51 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 405 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 6 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 1,008 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 27 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 60 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) 4 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 18.2 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) .. Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 2,273 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 44 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 113 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 100 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 9 Remittances received ($ millions) 1

86

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 63 .. .. 75 118 76 .. 13 91 .. .. .. 0.5 75 33 131 .. 94 77 32 89 73 20 32 .. .. 79 .. .. 131 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.0 Implementing 3 2 4 3 1 2 2 33 58.5 218 22 0 12 542.5 200 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

87

Senegal
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 11.4 2.4 630

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

40,385 22,361 7,775 528,146 6.2 5.1 461 541 3.7 2.9 148 134 –6.5 –2.4 –5.5 .. 19 24 51 45
9.8 23.4 12.9 19 5 9 57 .. 114 485 7 696 45 7 64 10 26 11 .. .. 53 5 .. 31 40 13 41 15 51 60 31 16 19 4.8 33 .. 975 29 44 102 109 511 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

88

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 56 .. .. 78 137 58 690 23 57 2 0.9 5 0.1 45 43 76 49 90 84 59 90 54 34 70 69 6 72 .. .. 42 .. 3.8 .. 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1,052 13.5 92 755 1 296 1,166 850 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

89

Seychelles
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 0.1 1.0 8,190

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

1,528,458 22,361 703 528,146 –2.0 5.1 6,688 541 –3.0 2.9 126 134 5.3 –2.4 –0.7 .. 49 24 87 45
21.4 14.7 10.9 112 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 0 .. .. 99 96 100 30 2 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

90

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 73 .. .. 12 14 .. .. .. 99 .. .. .. 1.5 106 14 113 99 97 .. .. 100 75 100 .. .. .. 842 .. .. 239 .. .. .. 4 3 3 .. 3 1 3 10 1.5 124 6 1 3 21.0 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

91

Sierra Leone
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 5.3 4.2 210

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

15,148 22,361 1,085 528,146 9.6 5.1 170 541 5.2 2.9 120 134 .. –2.4 –13.6 .. 12 24 159 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) –4.9 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 10.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 5.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 Startup procedures for new business 9 Time required to start a business (days) 26 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 58 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 305 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 3 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 399 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 164 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 80 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) .. Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 4.7 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 0 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,223 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) .. Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 110 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. Remittances received ($ millions) 25

92

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 41 70 .. 165 283 42 2,000 27 64 .. .. .. 0.0 .. 37 79 48 71 94 58 75 46 30 53 .. .. 27 .. .. 2 ..

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

3.1 Endorsed 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 360 33.2 67 163 1 196 608.6 950 Yes No

23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

93

Somalia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 8.0 3.3 ..

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

.. 22,361 .. 528,146 .. 5.1 .. 541 .. 2.9 .. 134 .. –2.4 .. .. .. 24 .. 45 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.7 1 .. 522 .. .. .. .. ..
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

94

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 47 .. .. 133 225 25 1,100 26 40 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 95 61 32 27 14 47 .. .. 88 .. .. 25 .. .. .. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 191 .. 24 139 1 51 .. .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

95

South Africa
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 45.5 –0.7 3,630

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

176,755 22,361 214,663 528,146 4.5 5.1 3,346 541 5.2 2.9 141 134 –3.2 –2.4 –1.6 .. 24 24 13 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 21.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 14.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 90 15 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business 9 38 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 23 277 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 8 350 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 44 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) 7 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 52 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 5 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 6 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 7 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) 2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 18 Corruption as major constraint (%) 16 Courts as major constraint (%) 9 Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 21 Crime as major constraint (%) 29 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 19 Finance as major constraint (%) 15 Electricity as major constraint (%) 9 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 33 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 36 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 9.5 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 965 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 2,853 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 28 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 132 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) –1,021 Remittances received ($ millions) 521

96

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 45 .. 58 54 67 .. 230 .. 81 .. 18.8 320 0.8 96 34 105 94 101 82 50 98 73 44 86 .. .. 473 .. .. 78 .. .. .. 5 4 4 2 4 4 4 617 0.3 14 460 1 156 .. .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

97

Sudan
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 35.5 1.9 530

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

9,033 22,361 21,463 528,146 6.0 5.1 439 541 4.0 2.9 138 134 –6.2 –2.4 1.5 .. 20 24 90 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.7 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 17.5 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 33 6 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business 10 38 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. 915 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 43 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 10.7 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 69 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 400 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 13 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 24 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 157 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 1,481 Remittances received ($ millions) 1,403

98

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 57 .. .. 63 91 87 590 41 59 0 1.6 34 .. 49 29 60 77 88 73 24 78 64 24 50 .. .. 58 .. .. 32 .. 2.6 .. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 882 4.1 25 745 25 112 280.6 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

99

Swaziland
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 1.1 1.3 1,660

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

146,360 22,361 2,517 528,146 2.1 5.1 1,358 541 0.8 2.9 166 134 1.6 –2.4 –4.7 .. 28 24 19 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 14.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 9.7 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 42 4 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business .. .. Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) .. .. Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) .. .. Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) .. Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) .. Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) 3 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 26.0 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 7 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,160 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 100 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 102 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 109 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 65 Remittances received ($ millions) 89

100

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 42 .. .. 108 156 74 370 10 70 .. 33.4 16 0.2 61 31 101 88 96 75 33 87 42 44 78 .. .. 119 .. .. 32 .. .. .. 3 1 1 3 2 2 1 117 4.6 104 105 0 12 444.2 .. — —

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

101

Tanzania
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 37.6 1.9 320

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

12,801 22,361 11,311 528,146 6.7 5.1 314 541 4.7 2.9 96 134 –12.2 –2.4 –8.5 .. 12 24 69 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 8.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.4 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 11.0 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) .. 1 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business 13 35 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 61 242 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 3 248 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 51 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) 18 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 69 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 44 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 61 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 18 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 77 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) 8 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 32 Corruption as major constraint (%) 51 Courts as major constraint (%) 20 Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 55 Crime as major constraint (%) 26 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 73 Finance as major constraint (%) 53 Electricity as major constraint (%) 59 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 12 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 25 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 3.6 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 7 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,472 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 18 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 106 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 478 Remittances received ($ millions) 11

102

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 46 36 35 78 126 46 1,500 .. 94 11 6.5 140 0.0 57 58 101 78 .. 91 88 92 62 41 54 27 1 32 .. .. 9 38 3.9 .. 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 1,746 15.4 46 1,029 3 714 1,753.0 3,000 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

103

Togo
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 6.0 2.6 310

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

37,893 22,361 2,061 528,146 3.0 5.1 244 541 0.4 2.9 141 134 –8.8 –2.4 1.2 .. 16 24 88 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 4.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 15.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 39 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 4 13 Startup procedures for new business 53 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 212 535 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 4 270 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 51 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 79 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) 5 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.3 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 17 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,058 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 40 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 56 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 103 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 125 Remittances received ($ millions) 149

104

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 55 .. .. 78 140 61 570 .. 70 .. 3.2 9 0.0 66 44 101 74 73 90 52 80 36 15 71 41 2 48 .. .. 37 .. 2.5 .. 3 1 1 2 1 2 1 61 3.0 10 52 0 9 181.2 .. No No

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

105

Tunisia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 9.9 0.9 2,650

North Africa
150.5 .. 1,784

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

181,059 48,640 28,129 279,114 6.0 4.6 2,341 1,879 5.1 2.5 121 99 –2.0 6.2 –2.7 .. 24 16 66 32
28.1 24.8 14.1 77 24 11 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 2 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1,930 .. 1,467 38 34 109 2,314 ..

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 21.5 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.8 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) .. Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 77 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26 Startup procedures for new business 9 Time required to start a business (days) 14 Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 57 Time required to enforce a contract (days) 27 Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 0 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 112 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) 53 Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 54 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) .. Electrical outages for firms (days per year) .. Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) .. Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) 122 Real interest rate (%) .. Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) .. Corruption as major constraint (%) .. Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) .. Crime as major constraint (%) .. Tax rates as major constraint (%) .. Finance as major constraint (%) .. Electricity as major constraint (%) .. Labor regulation as major constraint (%) .. Labor skills as major constraint (%) .. Irrigated land (% of cropland) 8.0 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 102 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,355 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 47 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 54 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 103 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 620 Remittances received ($ millions) 1,432

106

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 73 .. 40 21 25 90 120 4 95 .. 0.1 0 1.3 97 22 111 94 102 78 30 94 60 62 90 .. .. 480 .. .. 84 .. .. .. 5 3 1 3 3 3 3 328 1.2 33 231 1 96 41.3 .. — —

North Africa
71 .. .. 30 37 .. 127 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25 105 .. .. .. .. 96 84 57 89 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. — — — — — — — — — 2,804 1.2 19 2,036 91 677 .. .. — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

107

Uganda
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 27.8 3.5 250

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

34,613 22,361 6,822 528,146 5.6 5.1 262 541 2.0 2.9 93 134 –12.0 –2.4 –10.8 .. 13 24 71 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 9.1 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.5 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 16.9 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 19 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 3 17 Startup procedures for new business 36 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 48 209 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 7 237 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 43 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) .. Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 13 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 26 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 71 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 25 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 53 Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) 19 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 28 Corruption as major constraint (%) 38 Courts as major constraint (%) .. Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 30 Crime as major constraint (%) 27 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 48 Finance as major constraint (%) 53 Electricity as major constraint (%) 45 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 11 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 31 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 0.1 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 9 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,695 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 15 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 30 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 88 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 202 Remittances received ($ millions) 306

108

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 49 38 .. 80 138 39 880 23 91 0 6.7 91 0.1 57 50 125 77 97 88 81 87 52 39 53 44 2 44 15 1 7 .. 3.9 .. 2 2 2 1 2 3 2 1,159 17.0 42 683 2 475 856.5 1,950 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

109

Zambia
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 11.5 1.6 400

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP)

7,295 22,361 5,423 528,146 5.4 5.1 339 541 3.7 2.9 139 134 –10.7 –2.4 –8.4 .. 18 24 134 45
21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 18.2 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.0 Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) 15.4 Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 26 Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2 6 Startup procedures for new business 36 Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) .. Time required to register a property (days) 77 274 Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 10 132 Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) 39 Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) 5 Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 10 Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) 142 Electrical outages for firms (days per year) 30 Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) 55 Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) .. Ratio of paved to total roads (%) .. 2 .. Road density (road km/1,000 km of land area) Real interest rate (%) –2 Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) .. Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) 57 Corruption as major constraint (%) 46 Courts as major constraint (%) 39 Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) 36 Crime as major constraint (%) 49 Tax rates as major constraint (%) 58 Finance as major constraint (%) 68 Electricity as major constraint (%) 40 Labor regulation as major constraint (%) 17 Labor skills as major constraint (%) 36 Irrigated land (% of cropland) 2.9 Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) 65 Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land .. Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,595 Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 38 Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 48 Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 86 Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) 239 Remittances received ($ millions) ..

110

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 38 .. 42 102 182 43 750 23 84 7 17.0 98 0.1 66 49 99 69 93 91 68 90 36 32 68 45 3 34 10 0 20 .. 3.3 .. 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 1,081 19.9 94 745 3 33 575.4 3,900 Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

111

Zimbabwe
Country data
Population (millions) Population growth (%) GNI per capita ($) 12.9 0.6 620

SubSaharan Africa
726.4 .. 600

Economic density ($/km2) GDP ($ millions) GDP growth (%) GDP per capita (2000 $) GDP per capita growth (%) GDP implicit price deflator (annual % change, $ series) Current account balance (% of GDP) Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) Central government revenue (% of GDP) Total external debt (% of GDP) Drivers of growth Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Private sector capital formation (% of GDP) Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Startup procedures for new business Time required to start a business (days) Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) Time required to register a property (days) Time required to enforce a contract (days) Protecting investors disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) Time to prepare and pay taxes (hours) Total tax payable (% of gross profits) Average time to clear customs (days) Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection (days) Electrical outages for firms (days per year) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection (days) Cost of phone call to the US (US cents per 3 min) Ratio of paved to total roads (%) Road density (road km/1,000 km2 of land area) Real interest rate (%) Domestic credit to private sector (% GDP) Policy uncertainty as major constraint (%) Corruption as major constraint (%) Courts as major constraint (%) Courts and property rights as major constraint (%) Crime as major constraint (%) Tax rates as major constraint (%) Finance as major constraint (%) Electricity as major constraint (%) Labor regulation as major constraint (%) Labor skills as major constraint (%) Irrigated land (% of cropland) Fertilizer use (thousands of metric tons) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) Remittances received ($ millions)

12,139 22,361 4,696 528,146 –4.2 5.1 457 541 –4.7 2.9 79 134 –8.9 –2.4 –7.1 .. 34 24 102 45
4.8 12.8 13.4 36 4 10 96 .. .. 350 8 216 49 .. 24 .. .. .. .. .. .. –43 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.2 110 .. 558 43 56 93 9 .. 21.9 18.9 13.3 29 5 11 64 .. 118 439 5 394 58 .. 53 52 51 .. .. .. 125 4 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3.6 2,344 .. 1,095 35 40 121 10,117 7,339

112

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Country data
Participating in growth Life expectancy at birth (years) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line (% of pop.) Gini coefficient Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000) Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) Child malnutrition, underweight (%under age 5) Child immunization, measles (% ages 12–23 mos.) Children sleeping under treated bednets (% under age 5) HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) AIDS deaths (thousands) Physicians per 1,000 people, 1997 Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) Student–teacher ratio, primary Gross primary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) Youth literacy rate, total (% ages 15–24) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school Labor force participation rate, male (% ages 15–64) Labor force participation rate, female (% ages 15–64) Improved water source (% of urban population with access) Improved water source (% of rural population with access) Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) Access to electricity (% of urban population) Access to electricity (% of rural population) Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) Households with own telephone (% of urban households) Households with own telephone (% of rural households) Internet users (per 1,000 people) Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 37 .. .. 79 129 .. 1,100 .. 80 .. 20.1 180 .. 80 39 96 .. 96 85 65 100 74 51 69 87 8 55 .. .. 63 .. 1.8 .. 3 2 1 1 2 2 1 186 4.0 14 165 0 21 72.6 .. Yes Yes

SubSaharan Africa
46 .. .. 100 168 .. 874 .. .. .. 6.1 2,000 .. 62 46 92 .. 84 86 63 82 45 26 55 51 6 84 12 1 19 .. — — — — — — — — — 23,871 4.5 33 15,331 94 8,446 .. 50,282 — —

Capable states CPIA 2005 overall rating Country implementing or endorsed the EITI Corruption Perceptions Index score (0 corrupt to 10 clean) Control of corruption (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Voice and accountability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Political stability (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Government effectiveness (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Regulatory law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Rule of law (quintile 1 low to 5 high) Partnership Net aid ($ millions) Net aid (% of GDP) Net aid per capita from all donors ($) Net aid from DAC donors ($ millions) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid from multilateral donors ($ millions) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative ($ millions) Reached HIPC decision point Reached HIPC completion point

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

113

Glossary
Access to electricity is the percentage of the urban or rural population living in households with access to electricity as a proportion of the total urban or rural population. (Household survey data, supplemented by World Bank Project Appraisal Documents) AIDS deaths are the estimated number of adults and children that have died in a specific year based on the modeling of HIV surveillance data using standard and appropriate tools. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS’ 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic) Average time to clear customs is the number of days to clear an imported good through customs. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations Children's Fund's State of the World's Children 2006) Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenue such as fines, fees, rent, and other income from property sales as a proportion of total gross domestic product (GDP). Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Cereal crop yield includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23 months at the time of survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Child malnutrition, underweight, is the percentage of children under age 5 whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. The reference population, adopted by the World Health Organization in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished. (World Health Organization's Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition, www.who.int/netgrowthdb/) Children sleeping under treated bednets are the percentage of children under age 5 who slept under an insecticide-treated bednet to prevent malaria. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Control of corruption measures the extent of corruption, conventionally defined as the exercise of public power for private gain. It is based on scores of variables from polls of experts and surveys.These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Corruption as major constraint is the percentage of senior managers who ranked corruption as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/)

114

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Corruption Perceptions Index score is a country’s score on Transparency International ’s annual Corruption Perceptions Index, which ranks more than 150 countries in terms of perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys of business people and country analysts. (www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi) Cost of phone call to the US is the cost of a three-minute peak rate call from the country to the United States. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Cost to start a business is the cost to register a business as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) per capita. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Country implementing or endorsed the Extractive Industrial Transparency Initiative (EITI) shows whether a country is implementing or has endorsed the EITI, a multistakeholder approach that includes civil society, companies and government and that requires a work plan with time line and budget to ensure sustainability, independent audit of payments and disclosure of revenues, publication of results in a publicly accessible manner, and that the approach covers all companies and government agencies. (www. eitransparency.org/) Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) 2005 overall rating assesses the quality of a country’s current policy and institutional framework. Quality refers to how conducive that framework is to fostering sustainable, poverty-reducing growth and the effective use of development assistance. The CPIA is conducted annually for all International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and International Development Association borrowers. Table 13.4 of Africa Development Indicators 2006 reports CPIA ratings only for Sub-Saharan African countries. Ratings are based on a set of 16 criteria, grouped into four clusters: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. These criteria seek to capture the key factors that foster pro-poor growth and poverty alleviation, without overly burdening the evaluation process. Country scores reflect a variety of indicators and judgments for each criterion that are based on country knowledge, analytical work, policy dialogue, work done by partners, and relevant publicly available information. The rating scale for each criterion varies from a low of 1 to a high of 6. The ratings are the main indicators of the likely effectiveness of current aid. Improvements in policies and institutions during the course of a year are reflected in the subsequent year’s performance ratings. (World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessment) Courts as major constraint are the percentage of senior managers who ranked courts and dispute resolution systems as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/ EnterpriseSurveys/) Courts and property rights as major constraint are the percentage of senior managers who do not agree with the statement: “I am confident that the judicial system will enforce my contractual and property rights in business disputes.” (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Crime as major constraint is the percentage of senior managers who ranked crime, theft, and disorder as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

115

Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods, services, net income, and net current transfers. (International Monetary Fund’s Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files; World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development estimates of gross domestic product) Debt relief committed under Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative is the amount of debt service relief, calculated at the decision point, that will allow the country to achieve debt sustainability at the completion point. (World Bank) Domestic credit to private sector is financial resources provided to the private sector, such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable, that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. (International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics and data files; World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development gross domestic product estimates; World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Economic density is the total land area divided by gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices in current U.S. dollars. Land area refers to the land surface area of a country, excluding inland waters. GDP at market prices in current U.S. dollars is based on the GDP at market prices in local currency units, which is converted to dollars at the official exchange rate. If the official exchange rate is significantly different from the prevailing market rate or shows extreme volatility, the local currency is converted into U.S. dollars by using an alternative conversion factor. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Electrical outages are the average number of days per year that firms experienced power outages or surges from the public grid. Electricity as major constraint is the percentage of senior managers who ranked electricity as a major or severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Exports of goods and services are merchandise exports divided by gross domestic product (GDP) in current U.S. dollars. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Fertilizer use is the aggregate of nitrogenous, phosphate, and potash fertilizers. (Food and Agriculture Organization’s Fertilizer Yearbook) Finance as major constraint is the average of the percentage of senior managers who ranked access to finance or cost of finance as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Fiscal balance is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the International Monetary Fund’s Government Finance Statistics Manual 1986 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Foreign direct investment, net inflows, is the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

116

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Gini coefficient is the most commonly used measure of inequality. The coefficient varies between 0, which reflects complete equality and 1, which indicates complete inequality (one person has all the income or consumption, all others have none). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Government effectiveness measures the quality of public service provision, the quality of the bureaucracy, the competence of civil servants, the independence of the civil service from political pressures, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to policies. These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total output of goods and services for final use produced by residents and nonresidents, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of “manmade” assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. GDP data are at market prices (also known as purchaser values) and have been converted to U.S. dollars using constant (2000) exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not effectively reflect the rate applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative currency conversion factor has been used. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) growth is the average annual growth rates calculated from GDP at constant 2000 prices. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is calculated by dividing GDP by the corresponding midyear population. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita growth is calculated using GDP per capita. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross domestic savings is calculated by deducting total consumption from gross domestic product (GDP) in current prices. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross fixed capital formation, formerly gross domestic fixed investment, includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross national income (GNI) per capita is GNI divided by midyear population. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross primary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to primary level of education. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

117

Gross secondary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to secondary level of education. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Gross tertiary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to tertiary level of education. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) HIV prevalence is the percentage of people with HIV infection among all people ages 15–49. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Households with own telephone are the percentage of urban or rural households possessing a telephone as a proportion of the total number of urban or rural households. (Demographic and Health Surveys) Imports of goods and services are merchandise imports divided by gross domestic product (GDP) in current U.S. dollars. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Improved sanitation is the percentage of the urban or rural population as a proportion of the total urban or rural population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Improved water source is the percentage of the urban or rural population as a proportion of the total urban or rural population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network, per 1,000 people. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Irrigated land is areas equipped to provide water to the crops. These include areas equipped for full and partial control irrigation, spate irrigation areas, and equipped wetland or inland valley bottoms. (Food and Agriculture Organization’s Production Yearbook and data files) Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the male or female population ages 15–64 that is economically active as a proportion of the total male or female population who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Labor regulation as major constraint is the percentage of senior managers who ranked labor regulations as a major or severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/)

118

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Labor skills as major constraint are the percentage of senior managers who ranked skills of available workers as a major or severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to remain the same throughout its life. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancyrelated causes during pregnancy and childbirth per 100,000 live births. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid ($ millions) is net aid from members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), non-DAC bilateral donors, and multilateral donors. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid (% of central government expenditure) is nominal total net aid divided by central government expenditure. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid (% of GDP) is calculated by dividing nominal total net aid from all donors by gross domestic product (GDP), which reflects current prices and exchange rates. For a given level of aid flows, devaluation of a recipient’s currency may inflate the ratios shown in the table. Thus, trends for a given country and comparisons across countries that have implemented different exchange rate policies should be interpreted carefully. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid from Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors is net aid from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s DAC donors and comprises grants and loans. Ireland and New Zealand are excluded from this compilation because their aid to Africa is negligible. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid from multilateral donors is net aid from multilateral sources, such as the African Development Fund, the European Development Fund for the Commission of the European Communities, the International Development Association, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, Arab and OPEC financed multilateral agencies, and UN programs and agencies. Aid flows from the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Trust Fund and Structural Adjustment Facility are also included. UN programs and agencies include the United Nations Technical Assistance Programme, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Children’s Fund, and the World Food Programme. Arab and OPEC financed multilateral agencies include the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa, the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Islamic Development Bank, the OPEC Fund for International Development, the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development, the Arab Fund for Technical Assistance to African and Arab Countries, and the Islamic Solidarity Fund. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid from non-DAC bilateral donors is net aid from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the former Council for Mutual Economic Assistance countries, and China (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development data). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Net aid per capita from all donors is calculated by dividing nominal total net aid by midyear population. These ratios offer some indication of the importance of aid flows in sustaining per capita income and consumption levels, although exchange rates, aid flows, and other factors vary across countries and over time. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

119

Physicians per 1,000 people are the number of physicians, including generalists and specialists, per 1,000 people. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Policy uncertainty as major constraint is the percentage of senior managers who ranked economic and regulatory policy uncertainty as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank. org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Political stability measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government in power will be destabilized or overthrown by possibly unconstitutional or violent means, including domestic violence and terrorism. These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Population is World Bank estimates, usually projected from the most recent population censuses or surveys (mostly from 1980–2004). Refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum are generally considered to be part of the population of their country of origin. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Population growth is the one-year rate of growth in total population. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Primary completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated as the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Private sector capital formation is gross fixed capital formation for the private sector. Gross fixed capital formation consists of gross domestic fixed capital formation plus net changes in the level of inventories, divided by gross domestic product (GDP), which is obtained by converting national currency GDP series in current prices to U.S. dollars at official annual exchange rates. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Protecting investors disclosure index measures the degree to which investors are protected through disclosure of ownership and financial information. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank. org/DoingBusiness/) Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school. (United Nations Educational Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics) Ratio of paved to total roads is the length of paved roads, which are surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of the length of all the country’s roads. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Reached Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) decision point shows whether a HIPC with an established track record of good performance under adjustment programs supported by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank’ HIPC Debit Initiative has committed to undertaking additional reforms and to developing and implement a poverty reduction strategy. (World Bank)

120

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Reached Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) completion point shows whether a HIPC has successfully completed the key structural reforms agreed on at the decision point, including developing and implementing its poverty reduction strategy and has thus received the bulk of debt relief under the HIPC Debt Initiative without further policy conditions. (World Bank) Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the gross domestic product (GDP) deflator. (International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics and data files, using World Bank data on the GDP deflator) Regulatory law measures of the incidence of market-unfriendly policies such as price controls or inadequate bank supervision, as well as perceptions of the burdens imposed by excessive regulation in areas such as foreign trade and business development. These scores are dividend into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Remittances received comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries by nonresident workers. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Road density is the total length of national road network per 1,000 square kilometers of land area. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Rule of law measures the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society. These include perceptions of the incidence of crime, the effectiveness and predictability of the judiciary, and the enforceability of contracts. These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Rural residents within 2 km of an all-season road are the percentage of rural people who live within 2 kilometers of an all-season passable road as a proportion of the total rural population. (Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program; World Bank) Startup procedures for new business are the number of procedures required to start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to start operations. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru. worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Student-teacher ratio, primary, is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Tax rates as major constraint are the percentage of senior managers who ranked tax rates as a major or very severe constraint. (World Bank Enterprise Surveys, http://rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/) Telephone subscribers are the total mainlines per 1,000 inhabitants plus cellular subscribers per 1,000 inhabitants. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

121

Terms of trade index measures the relative movement of export and import prices. It is calculated as the ratio of a country’s export unit values or prices to its import unit values or prices shows changes over a base year (2000) in the level of export unit values as a percentage of import unit values. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Time for firm to obtain telephone connection is the average actual delay, in days, that firms experience when obtaining a telephone connection, measured from the day the establishment applied to the day they received the service or approval. (World Bank Investment Climate Assessments) Time for firm to obtain electrical connection is the average actual delay, in days, that firms experience when obtaining an electrical connection, measured from the day the establishment applied to the day they received the service or approval. (World Bank Investment Climate Assessments) Time required to enforce a contract is the number of calendar days from the filing of the lawsuit in court until the final determination and, in appropriate cases, payment. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru. worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Time required to register a property is the time required to register property is the number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank. org/DoingBusiness/) Time required to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the procedures to legally operate a business. If a procedure can be speeded up at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is chosen. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Time to prepare and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social security contributions. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru.worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Total external debt is the ratio of total debt (sum of long-term debts in the form of official concessional, official nonconcessional, and private debt plus International Monetary Fund credit and estimates of total short-term debt and interest in arrears on public and publicly guaranteed long-term loans) to gross domestic product (GDP). (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Total tax payable is the total amount of taxes payable by a business (except for labor taxes) after accounting for deductions and exemptions as a percentage of gross profit. (World Bank’s Doing Business project, http://rru. worldbank.org/DoingBusiness/) Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land are the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators) Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. The probability is expressed as a rate per 1,000. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

122

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

Voice and accountability measure various aspects of the political process, civil liberties, political and human rights, and the extent to which citizens of a country are able to participate in the selection of governments. These scores are divided into five groups based on percentile rank and lie between point estimates of –2.5 and 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better outcomes. (Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi, 2005, Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996–2004) Youth literacy rate, total, is the percentage of people ages 15–24 who can, with understanding, both read and write a short, simple statement about their everyday life. (World Bank’s World Development Indicators)

2006 The Little Data Book on Africa

123

ISBN 0-8213-6704-8

ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN SWAZILAND TANZANIA TOGO TUNISIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SENEGAL SEYCHELLES SIERRA LEONE SOMALIA SOUTH AFRICA SUDAN SWAZILAND TANZANIA TOGO TUNISIA UGANDA ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE ALGERIA ANGOLA BENIN BOTSWANA BURKINA FASO BURUNDI CAMEROON CAPE VERDE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD COMOROS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D’IVOIRE DJIBOUTI ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT EQUATORIAL GUINEA ERITREA ETHIOPIA GABON THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU KENYA LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA MADAGASCAR MALAWI MALI MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA NIGER NIGERIA RWANDA

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful