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# Reading Assignment 5

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Published by: Carmela Marie Beloso on Aug 18, 2013

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# MATH 37 – C

Case 4: Repeated Quadratic Factors

If Q has repeated linear factors, then for each quadratic factors appearing r
times,
( )
2
r
ax bx c + + , write r partial fractions of the form

( ) ( )
1 1 2 2
2 2
2 2
r r
r
A x B A x B A x B
ax bx c
ax bx c ax bx c
+ + +
+ + +
+ +
+ + + +

Example: Evaluate
4 3
5 3
1
2
x x x
dx
x x x
+ + +
+ +
}

Solution: Consider
4 3
5 3
1
2
x x x
x x x
+ + +
+ +
.

( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
4 3
2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2
4 3
2 2
2 2
2
4 3 2 2
1
1
1 1
1 1
1
1 1
1 1 1
x x x A Bx C Dx E
x x
x x x
A x Bx C x x Dx E x
x x x
x x x x
x x x A x Bx C x x Dx E x
+ + + + +
= + +
+
+ +
+ + + + + +
+ + +
=
+ +
+ + + = + + + + + +

If 0 x = ,

( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) ( )( )
2
4 3 2 2
0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 A B C D E + + + = + + + + + +
1 A =

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
4 3 2 2
4 3 4 2 4 2 3 2
1 1 1 1
1 2 1
x x x x Bx C x x Dx E x
x x x x x Bx Bx Cx Cx Dx Ex
+ + + = + + + + + +
+ + + = + + + + + + + +

4
x : 1 1 B = + 0 B ÷ =

3
x : 1 C = 1 C ÷ =

2
x : 0 2 B D = + + 2 D B ÷ = ÷ ÷ 2 D ÷ = ÷
x : 1 C E = + 1 E C ÷ = ÷ 0 E ÷ =
C : 1 1 =

Therefore,
( )
4 3
2 5 3 2
2
1 1 1 2
2 1
1
x x x x
x x x x x
x
+ + +
= + ÷
+ + +
+

( )
4 3
2 5 3 2
2
1 1 1 2
2 1
1
x x x x
dx dx
x x x x x
x
| |
+ + +
|
= + ÷
|
+ + +
+
\ .
} }

For
( )
2
2
2
1
x
dx
x +
}
,

( )
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
x
dx
x
du
u
C
u
C
x
+
=
= ÷ +
= ÷ +
+
}
}

2
Let 1
2
u x
du xdx
= +
=

Hence,
4 3
1
5 3 2
1 1
ln Arctan
2 1
x x x
dx x x C
x x x x
+ + +
= + ÷ +
+ + +
}
.

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