;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g,@)^#

k|df0fLs/0f / k|s fzg ldlt
@)^#.(.#)
@)^# ;fnsf] P]g g=#^
;fj{hlgs vl/b ;DaGwdf Joj:yf ug{ ag]sf] P]g
k|:tfjgf M ;fj{ hlgs vl/b ;DaGwL sfo{ljlw, k|lqmof tyf lg0f{ onfO{ cem a9L v' nf, kf/bzL{ ,
j:t'lgi7 / ljZj;gLo agfpg,;fj{hlgs vl/b k|lqmofdf k|lt:kwf{ , :jR5tf, O{dfGbf/Ltf,
hjfkmb]xLtf / ljZjzgLotf k|j¢{g u/L ldtJooL tyf ljj]sk"0f{ 9Ëaf6 ;fj{hlgs vr{sf]
clwstd k|ltkmn xfl;n ug{ / ;fj{hlgs lgsfon] lgdf{0f sfo{ ubf{ u/fpFbf, dfn;fdfg, k/fdz{
;]jf tyf cGo ;]j f vl/b ubf{ To:tf] vl/bsf] Joj:yfkg Ifdtf clej[l¢ u/L pTkfbs, laqm]tf,
cfk"lt{stf{, lgdf{0f Joj;foL jf ;]j fk|bfosnfO{ ljgf e]befj ;fj{hlgs vl/b k|lqmofdf ;xefuL
x'g] ;dfg cj;/ ;'lglZrt u/L ;' zf;gsf] k|Tofe"lt ug]{ ;DaGwdf sfg"gL Joj:yf ug{ jf~5gLo
ePsf]n],
k|ltlglw;efsf] 3f]if0ff, @)^# hf/L ePsf] klxnf] jif{d f k|ltlglw;efn] of] P]g agfPsf] 5 .
kl/R5]b–!
k|f/lDes
!=

;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De M -!_ o; P]gsf] gfd æ;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g, @)^#Æ /x]sf] 5 .
-@_ of] P]g t'?Gt k| f/De x'g]5 .

@=

kl/efiff M ljifo jf k|;Ën] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df o; P]gdf,–
-s_

ævl/bÆ eGgfn]] ;fj{ hlgs lgsfon] o; P]g adf]lhd s'g} dfn;fdfg,
k/fdz{ ;]jf jf cGo ;]jf k|fKt ug{] jf s'g} lgdf{0f sfo{ ug{] jf u/fpg]
sfo{ ;Demg' k5{ .

-v_

æ;fj{hlgs lgsfoÆ eGgfn] b]xfosf lgsfo ;Demg' k5{ M–

1

2

-!_

;+j}wflgs cË jf lgsfo, cbfnt, g]kfn ;/sf/sf dGqfno,
;lrjfno, cfof]u , ljefu jf ;f] cGtu{tsf cGo h'g;'s} ;/sf/L
lgsfo jf sfof{no,

-@_

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ jf clwsf+ z :jfldTj jf lgoGq0fdf /x]sf]
;+:yfg, sDkgL, a}+s jf ;ldlt jf k| rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd
;fj{hlgs :t/df :yflkt jf g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f ul7t cfof]u,
;+:yfg, k| flws/0f, lgud, k|lti7fg, af] 8{, s]Gb|, kl/ifb\ / o:t}
k|s[ltsf cGo ;+ul7t ;+: yf,

-#_

g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f ;~rflnt jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ jf clwsf+z
cg'bfg k|fKt ljZjljBfno, dxfljBfno, cg';Gwfg s]Gb| / o:t}
k|s[ltsf cGo k| fl1s jf z}lIfs ;+:yf,

-$_ :yfgLo lgsfo,
-%_ ljsf; ;ldlt P]g, @)!# adf]lhd ul7t ljsf; ;ldlt,
-^_

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] C0f jf cg'bfgdf ;~rflnt ;+:yf, /

-&_

g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;" rgf k|sfzg u/L ;fj{hlgs
lgsfo egL tf]s]sf] cGo ;+:yf .

-u_

ædfn;fdfgÆ eGgfn] rn jf crn h'g;'s} lsl;dsf] j:t' ;Demg' k5{ /
;f] zAbn] To:tf] j:t' cfk"lt{ ug]{ sfo{sf] cfg'iflËs ;] jf ;d]tnfO{
hgfpg]5 .

-3_

ælgdf{0f sfo{ Æ eGgfn] s'g} ;+/rgf jf s'g} s'/fsf] lgdf{0 f ug{], k'gM lgdf{0f
ug{], eTsfpg], dd{t ;Def/ ug{] jf lh0ff]{4f/ ug]{ sfo{;Fu ;DalGwt lgdf{0f
:yn tof/ ug]{, vGg], 78\ ofpg], agfpg], pks/0f jf dfn;fdfg h8fg
ug]{, ;hfpg], cflb h:tf sfo{ ;Demg' k5{ / ;f]] zAbn] gSzf agfpg],
k|of] uzfnf k/LIf0f ug]{, e"pku| xLo kmf]6f] lvRg], e"sDkLo k/LIf0f ug{]
h:tf lgdf{0 f sfo{sf] cfg'iflËs ;]jf ;d]t nfO{ hgfpg]5 .

3

-ª_

æk/fdz{ ;] jfÆ eGgfn] s'g} cWoog, cg';Gwfg, ;e]{If0f, l8hfOg, 8«O{ª,
;'kl/j]If0f, tflnd, k/LIf0f ug]{ sfd, ;ˆ6j] o/sf] ljsf; jf o:t} k|s[ltsf
cGo af}l4s jf k] zfut ;] jf ;Demg' k5{ .

-r_

æcGo ;]j fÆ eGgfn] ;jf/L ;fwg, pks/0f jf dfn;fdfg ef8fdf lng],
9'jfgL ug]{ jf dfn;fdfg dd{t ;Def/ ug]{ sfo{ ;Demg' k5{ .

-5_

æaf]]nkqÆ eGgfn] ;fj{{hlgs lgsfon] vl/bsf nflu k|sfzg u/]sf] ;"rgf
cg'?k ;f] lgsfon] tf]s]sf] 9fFrfdf af]nkqbftfn]] k] z u/]sf] d"No v'Ng]
sfuhft, k|:tfj jf b//]6 ;Demg' k5{ .

-h_

æaf]nkqbftfÆ eGgfn] vl/b sf/afxLdf efu lng af]nkq k]z ug]]{ jf ug{
;Sg] s'g} JolQm, kmd{, ;+:yf jf sDkgL ;Demg' k5{ .

-em_

æaf]nkq ;DaGwL sfuhftÆ eGgfn]] af]nkqbftfn] d"No jf k|:tfj jf b//]6
e/L jf tof/ u/L k] z ug{sf nflu af]nkq cfXjfg ug]{ ;DalGwt
;fj{hlgs lgsfon]] tof/ u/]sf]] lnvt ;Demg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn]
af]nkqbftfnfO{ lbOPsf] lgb]{zg, :k]l;lkms]zg, gS;f, l8hfOg, sfo{If]qut
zt{x? -6d{ ; ckm /]km/]G;_, sfo{ tflnsf, d"N ofÍgsf cfwf/, kl/df0f ;" rL,
;Demf}tfsf zt{ x? / o:t} cGo sfuhft ;d]tnfO{ hgfpg]5 .

-`_

ævl/b ;Demf}tfÆ eGgfn] ;fj{hlgs lgsfo / cfk"lt{stf{ jf lgdf{0f
Joj;foL jf k/fdz{bftf jf ;]jfk|bfosaLr bkmf %@ adf]lhd ePsf] vl/b
;DaGwL] ;Demf}tf ;Demg' k5{ .

-6_

æ;fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{noÆ eGgfn] bkmf ^$ adf]lhd :yflkt
;fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ no ;Demg' k5{ .

-7_

æclwsf/ k| fKt clwsf/LÆ eGgfn] of] P]g jf o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod
adf]lhd vl/b ;DaGwL sfo{ :jLs[t ug{ clwsf/ k|fKt clwsf/L ;Demg'
k5{ .

-8_

æhdfgtÆ eGgfn] s'g} sfd 6' ª\uf] gnfu];Dd ;'/If0f afkt /flvPsf]
;'/If0f hdfgt /sd -l/6]G;g dgL jf cg{]i6 dgL_ ;Demg' k5{ / ;f]

4

zAbn] af] nkq hdfgt jf sfo{;Dkfbg hdfgt jf cGo s'g} sf/0fn]
;'/If0f /fVg' kg]{df ;f] afkt /flvPsf] /sd ;d]tnfO{ hgfpg] 5 .
-9_

æljz]if kl/l:yltÆ eGgfn] ;' Svf, cgfj[li6, cltj[li6, e"sDk, af9L, klx/f],
cfunflu h:tf k| fs[lts jf b}jL k|sf] k tyf cfsl:Dfs jf ck|Toflzt
ljz]if sf/0faf6 ;[lht kl/l:ylt ;Demg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn] o'4 jf cfGtl/s
åGå h:tf kl/l:ylt ;d]t nfO{ hgfpg]5 .

-0f_

æ:yfgLo lgsfoÆ eGgfn] :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g, @)%% adf]lhd ul7t
ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt, gu/kflnsf jf lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt ;Demg' k5{ .

-t_

æ;+o'Qm pkqmd -HjfO06 e]~ r/_Æ eGgfn] b'O{ jf b'O{eGbf a9L sDkgL Jff
kmd{x? ldnL ;+ o'Qm jf 5'§f5'§} bfloTj ;lxt s'g} sfd ug]{ sfo{nfO{
hgfpg]5 .

-y_

æPh]06Æ eGgfn] s'g} :jb]zL jf ljb] zL JolQm, kmd{ jf sDkgLsf] Ph]G ;L
lng] JolQm, kmd{ jf sDkgL ;Demg' k5{ .

-b_

æPs tx dflysf] clwsf/LÆ eGgfn] ;/sf/L lgsfo tk{m sfo{ fno k|d'vsf]
xsdf If]q Lo sfof{no ePsf]df ;f] sfo{ fnosf] k|d'v / If]qLo sfof{ no
gePsf]df ;DalGwt ljefusf] ljefuLo k|d' v, If]qLo k|d' vsf] xsdf
;DalGwt ljefusf] ljefuLo k|d'v, ljefuLo k|d' vsf] xsdf ;DalGwt
dGqfno, ;lrjfno jf cfof]usf] ;lrj, ;lrjsf] xsdf ;DalGwt
ljefuLo dGqL jf /fHodGqL / ;+j}wflgs cË jf lgsfosf] ;lrj jf
k|zf;sLo k|d'vsf] xsdf ;DalGwt ;+j}wflgs cË jf lgsfosf] k|d'v /
cGo ;fj{hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf vl/b ug]{ lgsfoeGbf Ps tx dflysf]
lgsfosf] k|d'v / To:tf] lgsfo gePsf] cj:yfdf To:tf] ;fj{hlgs
lgsfosf] ;~rfns ;ldlt jf o:t} cGo lgsfo ;Demg' k5{ .

-w_

æbft[ kIfÆ eGgfn] låkIfLo jf ax'kIfLo ;Demf}t fåf/f g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{
C0f jf cg'bfgsf] ?kdf j}b]lzs ;xfotf pknAw u/fpg] s'g} ljb]zL
d'n's jf cGt/f{li6«o jf ljb]zL ;+:yf ;Demg' k5{ .

-g_

æ/fzgÆ eGgfn] g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L, ;z:q k|x/L an jf g]kfn
;/sf/n] tf]lslbPsf ;/sf/L sd{rf/L, c:ktfnsf lj/fdL, sf/fuf/sf

k|sf/.Fu c.fdfg.DaGwL Joj:yf $= dfn. .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] vl/b ubf{ o./sf/n] tf]lslbPsf] lhG. ljz]if cfjZostf Jff cGo ljj/0fx? tof/ ug{' kg{]5 .fdfg. kl/R5]b–@ vl/b sfo{sf] lhDd]jf/L / vl/b ljlw .fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ jf cGo . gfd. l8hfOg. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] ljj/0f tof/ ubf{ To:tf dfn. Kofs]lhË.lkms]zg. gSzf. . 6]« 8dfs{.Demg' k5{ .fdfg. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd ljj/0f tof/ ubf{ dfn.f] . l8hfOg. t/ To. k|sf/. pTklQ jf pTkfbssf] gfd pNn]v u/L æ. P]g adf]lhd vl/b ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ . n]alnË jf k'i6Ls/0fsf] k|d f0fkq -sgkm/ld6L . P]g adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw k"/ f u/L vl/b ug'{ kg]{ 5 . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] k|lts"n x'g] u/L ul/Psf] vl/b ab/ tyf cdfGo x'g]5 .fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ jf cGo ./L pNn] v gu/L gx'g] cj:yfdf s'g} vf.Demg' k5{ .Lldt ug]{ u/L ljj/0f. dfls{Ë.]jfsf] ljz]iftfx? :ki6?kdf a'lemg] u/L pNn]v ug]{ csf]{ s'g} pkfo gePsf] cj:yfdf afx]s s'g } vf.lsg]] 5}g . k]6]0 6.DaGwL :k]l.Da4 x'g ] of]U o af]nkqbftfnfO{ vl/b k|lqmofdf . -$_ af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf .Í]t jf zAbfjnL pNn]v ubf{ To:tf] dfn.]jfsf] sfd.fj{hlgs lgsfon] dfn. lgdf{0f sfo{ jf . gfd.l6{lkms]6_ ./xÆ eGg] zAbx? pNn]v ug{ .DaGwL cfwf/ jf .] jf vl/b ug{' cl3 To. a|f08.DaGwdf g]kfn . -k_ ætf]lsPsf]Æ jf ætf]lsP adf]lhdÆ eGgfn] o. a|f08. pTklQ jf pTkfbssf] gfd pNn] v ug{ .]jfsf] k| fljlws jf u'0f:t/hGo ljz]iftfx?sf] ljj/0f / k/LIf0f -6]l:6ª_. l8hfOg.]jfsf] ljj/0f tof/ ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ .]jfsf] .xefuL x'g s'g} lsl. . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf .fdfg. cfwf/. lgdf{0f sfo{ / . #= o. lgdf{0 f sfo{ jf .lsg] 5}g .DaGwL sfuhftdf dfn. k]6]06.lsg]5 .dn] afwf k'¥ofpg] jf cf}lrTo ljgf k|lt:kwf{nfO{ .Da¢ j:t'u t k|fljlws tyf u'0f:t/hGo ljz]iftf / sfdsf] cfwf/df tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 . 6]«8dfs{. of] hgf.Í]t jf zAbfjnL pNn] v ug{ .5 y'g'jf / kz'k+I fL cflbsf] vfgfsf . P]g cGtu{ t ag]sf] lgoddf tf]lsPsf] jf tf]lsP adf]lhd .L .

-v_ .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] tf]lsPsf] . xhf/ ?k} ofF .DaGwL sfuhft :6\of088{ lk|Sjflnlkms]zg 8s'd]06_. . -@_ . -#_ .DalGwt .DaGwL 1fg ePsf] jf tflnd k|fKt u/]sf] sd{rf/Laf6 u/fpg' kg{] 5 .DaGwL sfuhft / vl/b .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ non] tof/ u/]sf] gd"gf af]nkq .f/ x]/km]/ u/L k"j{ of]Uotf .fj{hlgs lgsfon] s'g} klg vl/bsf] nflu tf]lsP adf]lhd nfut cg'dfg tof/ ug{' kg]{5 .Demf}tf .LdfeGbf a9L /sdsf] vl/b ubf{ tf]lsP adf]lhd vl/bsf] u'? of]hgf -df:6/ k|f]So'/d]06 Knfg_ / jflif{s vl/b of]hgf tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 . &= vl/b sfo{sf] lhDd]jf/L M -!_ bkmf ^ adf]lhd vl/b of]hgf tof/ ug]{ tyf o.f/ x]/km]/ u/L k/fdz{ .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] lgwf{/0f u/]sf] of]Uotf ePsf] / vl/b sfo{ .Demf}tf .DaGwL sfuhft. -u_ .DaGwL cGo . gd"gf k"j{ of] Uotf .]j fsf] k|:tfj .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd vl/b . t/ kRrL. gd"gf vl/b .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] tof/ u/]sf] gd"gf k|:tfj dfu .DaGwL sfuhft tof/ ug]{.DaGwL sfuhft -:6\ of088{ sG6«Ø fS6 8s'd]06_ df cfjZostfg'.DaGwL sfuhft -:6\of088{ /]Sj]:6 km/ k|kf]hn_ df cfjZostfg'. P]g adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw k"/f u/L vl/b .DaGwL sfuhft -:6\ of088{ ljl8Ë 8s'd]06_.6 %= nfut cg'dfg tof/ ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ .a} sfo{ ug{] jf u/fpg] lhDDf]jf/L .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd tof/ ePsf] nfut cg'dfg tf]lsP adf]lhd cBfjlws u/L /fVg' kg]{5 .DaGwL sfuhft tof/ ug]{.fj{hlgs lgsfosf] k|d' vsf] x'g]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] b]xfosf] sfd ug{sf] nflu Pp6f vl/b PsfOsf] :yfkgf ug{' kg]{ jf .DaGwL sfo{ ubf{ . ^= vl/b of]hgf tof/ ug'{ kg]{ M . -@_ . af]nkq .Ddsf] vl/b ug{ nfut cg'dfg ug{' kg]{ 5}g .f]sf] lhDd]j f/L tf]Sg' kg{]5 M– -s_ vl/b of]hgf tof/ ug]{ .

]j fsf] k|:tfj :jLs[ltsf] . -h_ k"j{ of]U otfsf] k|:tfj.fj{hlgs ?kdf k|sfzg ug]{."rgf ."rgf lbg]]. lgdf{0f sfo{ jf .DalGwt . -r_ k"j{ of]Uotfsf] k|: tfj. / -7_ tf]lsPsf] cGo sfo{ ug]{ . . -5_ kg{ cfPsf k"j{ of]Uotfsf] k|:tfj. af] nkq jf k/fdz{ . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhdsf] sfd ubf{ jf u/fpFbf vl/b PsfO jf . -#_ l. lgdf{0f sfo{ jf cGo .'/lIft tl/sfn] /fVg].f]sf] lhDd]jf/L tf]lsPsf] PsfOn] .] jf vl/b ug'{ kbf{ M– -!_ cGt/f{li6«o :t/df v'Nnf af] nkq cfXjfg u/L.fj{hlgs lgsfosf] k|d' vsf] :jLs[lt lnO{ ug'{ kg]{5 . af]nkq jf k/fdz{ .DaGwL sfuhft k7fpg].]j fsf] k|: tfj .fj{hlgs lgsfon]] vl/b ubf{ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] cj:yf / vl/b d"Nosf] cfwf/df b] xfosf]] s'g} Ps ljlw ckgfO{ vl/b ug'{ kg]{ 5 . -s_ dfn. -ª_ k"j{ of]U otf .7 -3_ vl/b .]j fsf] u'0f:t/ k/LIf0f ug{] u/fpg].DaGwL sfuhft ljt/0f ug{] jf k/fdz{ .]j fsf] k|:tfj k| fKt ug]{ / To.fdfg. af]nkq jf k/fdz{ .nfO{ . -em_ sfo{ . -`_ vl/b u/]sf] dfn.sf] k/LIf0f u/L . af]nkq .'/lIft tl/sfn] /fVg].DaGwL . -6_ .]j fsf] k|:tfj d"NofÍgsf] nflu d"NofÍg . -@_ /fli6«o :t/df v'Nnf af]nkq cfXjfg u/L.ldltdf k] z ug]{ / d"NoflÍt af]nkq :jLs[ltsf] nflu k]z ug]{.naGbL b/efpkq cfXjfg u/L. *= vl/b ljlw 5gf} 6 ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] dfu u/]sf] hfgsf/L / sfuhft pknAw u/fpg].Dkfbg hdfgt lng] / To.fdfg.DaGwL sfuhft.

hu]8f kf6{ k"hf{sf] pknAwtf.foL."/ u/] afktsf] .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt of] Uotfsf cfwf/.Dej eP. k/fdz{ . ju{s f lgdf{0f . cfk"lt{stf{. -@_ of] P]g / o.Dd v'Nnf ?kdf af] nkq cfXjfg u/L ug'{ kg]{5 / of]U o af]nkqbftfnfO{ To:tf] vl/b k|lqmofdf . k]zfut s.Dkfbg.]j fk|bfosn] dfq efu lng kfpg] jf s'g} vf. k/fdz{b ftf jf .Ifdtf.f]e}m vl/b u/L.xefuL x'g ljgf e]befj .ldlt jf nfeu| fxL .lsg]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] s'g} vl/b ug'{ kbf{ . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd cfwf/ pNn] v ubf{ s'g} vf. laqmLkl5sf] . -%_ pkef]Qmf . -@_ .DaGwL sfuhftdf of]U otfsf cfwf/ pNn] v ubf{ k] zfut / k|fljlws of]U otf.]j fsf] Joj:yf. sfg"gL .xefuL u/fO{. pks/0fsf] pknAwtf. ljutsf] sfo{ . ljQLo ./ k|bfg ug'{ kg]{5 .Demf}t f k| fKt ug{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k"/f u/]sf] x'g' kg]{5 M– -s_ af]nkqbftfn] af] nkq . / -v_ k|:tfjbftfn] k|: tfj . ju{sf lgdf{0 f Joj. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd af]nkq . -^_ -v_ cdfgtaf6 . (= v'Nnf ?kdf af]nkq cfXjfg u/L vl/b ug'{ kg]{ M o.DaGwL sfuhft jf k|:tfj . !)= af]nkqbftf jf k| :tfjbftfsf] of]U otf M -!_ af]nkqbftf jf k|:tfjbftfn] vl/b .| f]t / cj:yf.]j f vl/b ug'{ kbf{ M– -!_ k|lt:kwf{Tds k|: tfj dfu u/L.dfg cj.f]e}m jftf{a f6 .8 -$_ . P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ul/Psf]d f afx]s . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod adf]lhd vl/b ubf{ k|lt:kwf{ .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt of]Uotfsf cfwf/ jf vl/bsf] nflu k"j{ of] Uotf lgwf{/0fsf] sf/afxL rnfOPsf]d f k"j{ of]U otf .d'bfonfO{ .hfo / o:t} cGo cfwf/x? pNn]v ug{ .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt of]U otfsf cfwf/ .Lldt x'g ] u/L 6'qmf 6'qmf kf/L vl/b ug'{ x'Fb}g .

fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt cfwf/ adf]lhd dfq d"NofÍg ug'{ kg]{5 / To:tf cfwf/x? s'g} e]befj ljgf .dodf To:tf] af] nkqbftf jf k|: tfjbftfnfO{ cof]Uo 7x/fpg .lsg]5 .DaGwL ljj/0f tYout ?kdf e'm§f jf .fgfltgf q'l6 ePsf] cj:yfdf .] jfsf] k|:tfj d'N ofÍg ubf{ qmdzM af]nkq .DalGwt af]nkqbftf jf k|: tfjbftfaf6 . k"j{ of]Uotfsf] k|:tfj / k/fdz{ . -$_ af]nkq.DaGwL Joj:yf !!= af]nkqsf k|lqmof / r/0f M -!_ af] nkqåf/f vl/b ug'{ kbf{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof ckgfO{ af]nkq cfXjfg ug{ .lsg]5 .lsg]5 M– -s_ k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0f u/L v'Nnf ?kdf af] nkq cfXjfg ug]{. -#_ bkmf @* sf] pkbkmf -!_ df plNnlvt cj:yfdf af] nkq cfXjfg ug'{ kbf{ b'O { r/0fdf cfXjfg ug{ .dodf 7" nf / hl6n egL lgwf{/0f u/]sf] lgdf{0f sfo{ ug{ jf cf}Bf]lus Knf06 h:tf pRr d"Nosf dfn.f/e"t?kdf ck"/f] ePsf] kfOPdf .DaGwL sfuhft / k| :tfj dfu .f] .DaGwL hfgsf/L dfu u/L .f7L nfv ?k}ofFeGbf sd nfut cg'dfg ePsf] lgdf{0 f sfo{ vl/bdf s'g} of]U otf lgwf{/0f ul/g] 5}g .a} af]nkqbftf jf k|:tfjbftfnfO{ . k/fdz{bftf jf . -^_ af]nkqbftf jf k|:tfjbftfn] k]z u/]sf] of]U otf .]j fk|bfosn] efu lng gkfpg] Joj:yf ug{ .9 Joj.fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] . -@_ v'Nnf ?kdf cfXjfg ul/g] af] nkq Ps jf b'O{ r/0fdf cfXjfg ug{ . -v_ k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0f gu/L v'N nf ?kdf af]nkq cfXjfg ug]{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] s'g} klg .fdfg vl/b ug{ jf of]U o af] nkqbftfsf] klxrfg ug{ .do .lsg]5 .lsg] 5}g . kl/R5]b–# af]nkq . -%_ o. t/ . !@ k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0f ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ .DaGwL sfuhft. cfk"lt{stf{ .Rofpg .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg . k"j{ of] Uotf .foL. bkmfdf cGoq h'g.dfg ?kn] nfu" x'g] 5g\ .Sg] 5 .

DaGwL sfuhft tof/ u/L k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0fsf] nflu k|:tfj k]z ug{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] hfgsf/L lbg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] plrt 7fg]df cGo vl/bsf] nflu . sDkgL.+: yfnfO{ .DaGwL sfuhft tof/ ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ .lkms]zg. . -u_ :ynut lg/LIf0f ug'{ kg]{ Joj:yf eP ./L 5gf}6 ePsf cfj]bssf]] . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] af] nkq .DaGwL sfuhft dfu ug]{ . !#= af]nkq .f]s f] lgwf{/0f . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj k] z ug{ cfjZos k"j{ of]U otf .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] . lbgleq k"j{ of]U otfsf] k|: tfj c:jLs[t ePsf] s'g} cfj]bsn] lghsf] k|:tfj c:jLs[t ePsf]] sf/0fsf] hfgsf/L dfu u/]d f lghnfO{ .dofjlw tyf .f]sf] k| fljlws :k]l. -&_ k"j{ of]U otfsf zt{ tyf . -%_ of]U o cfj]bssf] 5gf}6 pkbkmf -#_ df plNnlvt of]U otfsf] cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{5 ."rgf lbPsf] tL.DalGwt .DaGwL hfgsf/L. .DaGwL sfuhftdf k"j{ of] Uotfsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ of] Uotfsf cfwf/. -#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhdsf] k"j{ of]U otf .10 cfXjfg ug'{ cl3 k"j{ of]Uotf . -@_ . -^_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhdsf] .DaGwL sfuhftdf b]xfosf s'/fx? pNn] v ug{' kg]{5 M– -s_ vl/bsf] k|s[lt.Sg] 5 .fj{hlgs ?kdf cfXjfg ug'{ kg]{ 5 .a} cfj]bsnfO{ k7fpg' kg]{ 5 .d]t k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0f ug{ . o. vl/b ug{ nfUg] .f] . -v_ k"j{ of]Uotf lgwf{/0f gu/L af] nkq cfXjfg ePsf] eP af] nkqbftfsf] bkmf !) adf]lhdsf] of]U otfsf cfwf/x?.fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] sfuhft tf]lsP adf]lhd lbg' kg]{5 .DaGwL sfuhft tof/ ug'{ kg]{ 5 ." rL .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq cfXjfg ug'{ cl3 af]nkq . k|: tfj tof/ ug]{ / k] z ug]{ tl/sf pNn] v ug'{ kg]{5 .a} JolQm.fj{hlgs ?kdf k|sfzg u/L . kmd{.

-7_ af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw.d]t dfu ul/Psf]] cj:yfdf To:tf] ljsNk d"NofÍg ug]{ tl/sf. sfo{. -ª_ af]nkq tof/ ug]{ / k]z ug]{ lgb]{zg. af]nkq t' ngf ug{ k| of] u ul/g] d'b|f / .lkms]zgsf] ljsNksf] k|:tfj . -r_ d"Nosf] . -t_ :jfy{ aflemg] -sGˆnLS6 ckm O{G6«]i6_ ePdf af]nkq pk/ sf/afxL gx'g] jf hfn. -9_ af]]nkq hdfgt dfu ePsf]d f . . af] nkq k] z ug]{ :yfg.DaGwL] Joj:yf.DaGwL hfgsf/L.fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{sf] 5'§ f5'§} .Da4 ljlgdo b/sf] cfwf/ / .Demf}tfsf zt{ x? / .+/ rgf -sDkf]g]06 ckm k| fO.DaGwL hfgsf/L.fdfg / :yfgLo lgdf{0f Joj.foLnfO{ k|fyldstf lbOg] eP . -`_ k|fljlws :k]l.Demf}tf nfu" x'g ] tl/sf. -h_ :jb]zL dfn. lbg a9L cjlwsf] x'g' kg]{ Joxf]/f. af]ncÍsf] nflu pNn]v ug{ . lsl. -0f_ bkmf %@ adf]lhdsf] vl/b . .f]sf] d"NofÍg ug{] tl/sf.do tyf af]nkq vf]Ng] ldlt.f] .do / :yfg. -em_ dfn.f] .lsg] d'b|f jf d'b|fx?. -8_ af]]nkq.fdfg.Dkfbg jf cGo cfjZos s'/fsf] nflu lbg' kg]{ hdfgtsf] /sd. af]nkq k]z ug]{ clGtd ldlt / . dfGo 9fFrf / dfGo cjlw -e]lnl86L lkl/o8_.fhL jf e|i6frf/ u/]df x'g] sfg"gL sf/afxL . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf .d"x / Kofs]h agfO{ vl/b ug'{ kg]{ ePdf To:tf] . -5_ af]nkq d"N ofÍg / af] nkqbftfsf] 5gf}6 ug]{ cfwf/ / tl/sf.11 -3_ af]nkq k] z ug'{ cl3 s'g} a}7s ug'{ kg]{ eP To:tf] a}7s .d. -6_ vl/b ul/g] dfn.] jfsf] s'g} c+ zsf] nflu dfq klg af]nkq k]z ug{ kfO{g] eP To:tf] c+z jf c+ zx?sf] ljj/0f.f] hdfgtsf] cjlw af]nkq dfGo x'g ] cjlweGbf tL._.d"x / Kofs]h / .f]sf] ldlt.

kmd{." rgf s]Gb|Lo :t/sf] .DaGwL sfuhft dfu ug]{ JolQm.DaGwL sfuhft kfO{g] :yfg. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] . .f] lgsfo jf .Ldf.fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{nosf] j]e . .do .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq . . / -w_ .+: yf jf sDkgLnfO{ .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] gfd / 7]u fgf.DaGwL sfuhft pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ nosf] j]e .d]t k|sfzg ug{ . -3_ af]nkq hdfgt cfjZos kg]{ eP af]nkqsf] dfGo x'g] cjlw.dfrf/kqdf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{5 / cGt/f{li6« o :t/sf] af] nkqsf] xsdf cGt/f{li6«o .fdfg cfk"lt{ ug'{ kg]{. -b_ k|fljlws IfdtfnfO{ k|dfl0ft ug]{ sfuhft tyf cfly{s k|:tfj -af] n cÍ_ Pp6} vfddf k] z ug'{ kg]{ Joxf]/f.fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] k"j{ of]U otf jf af] nkq ." rgf /fli6«o :t/sf] b}lgs ."rgf . kmd{.]jf k|bfg ug'{ kg]{ jf lgdf{0 f sfo{ ug'{ kg]{ :yfg.n u/L To:tf] sfuhft dfu ug]{ JolQm. !$= af]nkq cfXjfg M -!_ af]nkq jf k"j{ of]Uotf lgwf{/0fsf] k|:tfj cfXjfgsf] .DaGwL sfuhft jf k"j{ of]U otf ."rgfdf b] xfosf s' /fx? v'nfpg' kg]{5 M– -s_ af]nkq cfXjfg ug]{ .fO{6df /fVg' kg]{5 / lhNnf :t/Lo . k|fKt ug]{ tl/sf / .f] afkt nfUg] b:t'/ .f]s f] /sd / dfGo cjlw. -v_ vl/b sfo{sf] k|s[lt / .Sg] Joj:yf. dfn.DaGwL sf/afxL ubf{ u/]sf] q'l6 jf lg0f{o lj?4 k'g/fjnf]sgsf nflu af] nkqbftfn] lgj]bg lbg .~rf/ dfWoddf .12 -y_ .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] b:t'/ lnO{ af]nkq .lsg]5 .DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v ug'{ kg]{ egL lgwf{/0f u/]sf ljifox? . -u_ af]nkq hdfgt cfjZos kg]{ eP .lsg]5 . -ª_ af]nkq .f] lgsfo jf .fO{6df /fVg . -#_ af]nkq jf k"j{ of]Uotfsf] k|:tfj cfXjfgsf] . -#_ af]nkq cfXjfgsf] .+:yf jf sDkgLnfO{ / vl/b sf/afxLdf efu lng k"j{ of]Uotf cfjZos kg]{ ePdf k"j { of]U otf xfl." rgf adf]lhd af]nkq .fj{ hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf To:tf] . .

lbg / cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0fsf] k|:tfj cfXjfgsf] .DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v ug'{ kg]{5 . af]nkqbftf jf k|:tfjbftfn] . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .Sg]5 / o. :yfg / af]nkq vf]Ng] . -5_ af]]nkq jf k"j{ of] Uotf .fj{hlgs lgsfo.fj{ hlgs lgsfodf To:tf] sfuhft kfO{g] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{5 ./L 3/]n' k|fyldstf lbg] ePdf .'/Iff dfu u/]df .DaGwL k|:tfj vf]Ng] ldlt.do.DaGwL k|: tfj k]z ug{ jf k7fpgsf] nflu s'g} . clGtd ldlt / .DaGwL sfuhft kfO{g] :yfg v' nfpFbf b'O{ jf b'O{eGbf a9L .13 -r_ af]nkq jf k"j{ of]Uotf ."rgf k|sfzg ubf{ /fli6«o :t/sf] af]nkq jf k" j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0fsf] k|:tfj cfXjfgsf] .DalGwt lhNnf k|zf. lbgsf] cjlw lbg' kg]{5 .'/Iffsf] Joj:yf t' ?Gt ldnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . -^_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] v08 -r_ adf]lhd af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf ._ lbg . .DaGwL sfuhft jf k"j{ of]U otf .f] s'/f af]nkq cfXjfgsf] .DaGwL k|:tfj k] z ug]{ jf k7fpg] :yfg.g sfof{ non] clgjfo{? kdf . t/ lgdf{0f sfo{ vl/bsf] xsdf lgdf{0f Joj. -(_ ljb]zL af]nkqbftfn] af] nkq k] z ubf{ g]kfn /fHodf cfˆgf] s'g} Ph]06 lgo'Qm u/] jf gu/]sf] s'/f v'nfpg' kg]{5 . tl/sf. -%_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] v08 -ª_ adf]lhd af]nkq .do." rgf / af]]nkq .lsg]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af]nkq dfk{mt ug]{ vl/bdf g]kfnL pBdL tyf Joj. @)%% sf] bkmf !@ sf] pkbkmf !_ adf]lhd k|fyldstf lbg ." rgfsf] xsdf sDtLdf k}+ tfnL. / -h_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf cGo s'/fx? .dodf af] nkqbftf jf lghsf] clwsf/ k|fKt k|ltlglwnfO{ cfdGq0f ug]{ s'/f."rgfsf] xsdf sDtLdf tL.DaGwL k|:tfj k] z ug]{ jf k7fpg] :yfg v'nfpFbf Pp6} .fj{ hlgs lgsfodf dfq k]z ug]{ jf k7fpg] Joj:yf ug'{ kg]{5 . -&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]l hd af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf . .fo P]g.foLnfO{ tf]lsP adf]lhd 3/]n' k| fyldstf -8f]d]l:6s k|]km/]G. -*_ .

DaGwL .fj{hlgs lgsfon] k|dfl0ft u/]sf]df .dofjlwleq s'g} af]nkqbftfn] cg'/f]w u/]df .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq k] z ug]{ jf k"j{ of]U otfsf] k|: tfj k] z ug]{ clGtd Dofb .lsg]5 .Fu . . lgdf{0 f sfo{ jf cGo .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] dfu cg'?ksf] dfn.DaGwL sfuhftdf ePsf] låljwf af/]sf] hfgsf/L M -!_ af]nkq . -!!_ o.]j f vl/bsf nflu /fli6«o:t/df af]nkq cfXjfg ubf{ s'g} af]nkq gk/L lab]zaf6 k| fKt ug'{ kg]{ ePdf. bkmfdf cGoq h'g.fdfg.+o'Qm pkqmd u/]df To:tf] ljb]zL af] nkqbftfnfO{ k| fyldstf lbg .14 -!)_ pkbkmf -(_ adf]lhd Ph]06 lgo'Qm u/]sf] eP af]nkq k]z ubf{ Ph]06sf] .Fu ePsf] . -@_ o.a} sfuhft c+u|]hL efiffdf pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .f] .Demf}tf adf]lhd j}b]lzs . -v_ dfn.foL.DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt s'g} s'/fdf låljwf eO{ . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] .DaGwdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] ljj/0f ."rgf bkmf !$ sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] j]e . P]g adf]lhd af]nkq cfXjfg ubf{ b]xfosf cj:yfdf cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af]nkq cfXjfg ug{' kg]{5 M– -s_ .DaGwL sfuhft jf k"j{ of] Uotf .dsf] dfn.dfKt x'g' cufj} To:tf] s'/fsf] hfgsf/L .fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ k|lt:kwf{Tds d"Nodf g]kfn /fHoleqsf PseGbf a9L lgdf{0f Joj.fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ vl/b ug'{ kg]{ ePdf.fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ ePsf]n] cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af] nkqaf6 vl/b ug'{ kg]{ egL .DaGWfdf :ki6 ug{ To:tf sfuhftdf pNn] v ePsf] .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg .d]t pNn]v ug{' kg]{5 . !^= af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf .xfotf .foL jf cfk"lt{stf{af6 k| fKt gx'g] ePdf.fO{6df /fVg' kg]{5 .|f]taf6 ljb]zL dfn. !%= cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af]nkq M -!_ o. -3_ ljz]if tyf hl6n lsl.a} af] nkqbftfnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . -u_ bft[kIf."rgf c+u|] hL efiffdf k|sfzg ug'{ kg{]5 / af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf . bkmf adf]lhdsf] cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] af]nkq cfXjfgsf] .fj{hlgs lgdf{0f sfo{ vl/bsf] xsdf ljb]zL af] nkqbftfn] :jb]zL lgdf{0f Joj.

DaGwL k|:tfj k] z ug]{ clGtd cjlw M .DaGwL sfuhftdf s'g} x]/km]/ u/]sf] eP To:tf] x]/km]/ .naGbL u/L af] nkqbftf cfk}mn] jf cfˆgf] k|ltlglw dfk{mt jf x'nfs jf s'l/o/ dfk{mt af]nkq k] z ug'{ kg]{ :yfgdf af]nkq k]z ug]{ clGtd ldlt / .doleq} k] z ug'{ kg]{5 . @)= af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw M -!_ af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw af]nkq .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0fsf] k|:tfj k] z ug]{ clGtd cjlw a9fpg .DaGwL hfgsf/L vl/b sf/afxLdf .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g] 5 . .xL5fk tyf l.DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v eP adf]lhd x'g]5 .15 -@_ .do lbg cfjZos ePdf .naGbL lgj]bg lbg .+zf]wg M -!_ af]nkqbftfn] Ps k6s k]z u/]sf] af]nkq lkmtf{ lng jf . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cjlw gf3L k|fKt ePsf af] nkqx? pk/ s'g} sf/afxL x'g ] 5}g / To:tf af]nkqx? Gfvf] nL . !&= af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf . !*= af]nkq k] z ug]{ tl/sf M -!_ af]nkq lgwf{l/t 9fFrfdf.do kfpg] u/L lgwf{/0f ug'{ kg]{ 5 . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf]] cjlwsf] u0fgf af]nkq k] z ug]{ clGtd ldltaf6 k|f/De x'g]5 .a} af] nkqbftfnfO{ lghn] af]nkq k]z ubf{ jf k"j { of]U otfsf] k|: tfj tof/ ubf{ To:tf] x]/km]/ pk/ .Sg]5 .xefuL ePsf . !(= af]nkq lkmtf{ tyf .Sg]5 .do lgwf{/0f ubf{ bkmf !$ sf] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhdsf] cjlwdf g36\g] u/L / To:tf] af]nkq jf k|: tfj tof/ ug{ jf k] z ug{ af]nkqbftfn] kof{K t . -@_ af]nkq lkmtf{ lng] jf . af] nkqbftf jf lghsf] clws[t k|ltlglwn] /Ltk"j{s .do .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf .dfKt x'g' cufj} l. -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] sfo{sf] nflu af]nkqbftfnfO{ yk .DaGwL k|:tfj k]z ug{] clGtd ldlt / .DaGwL sfuhft jf k"j{ of]U otf .d]t ljrf/ ug{ .DalGwt af]nkqbftfnfO{ lkmtf{ ul/g]5 .do kfpg] u/L lbg' kg]{5 .+zf]wg ug]{ .+zf]wg ug{ af]nkq k]z ug]{ clGtd ldlt / .fj{hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] hfgsf/L / af]nkq .

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k]z u/]sf]] hdfgt b]xfosf] cj:yfdf hkmt x'g] 5 M– -s_ af]nkq k] z ug]{ clGtd ldlt / .fj{hlgs lgsfon] lkmtf{ ug'{' kg]{5 . -#_ bkmf %@ adf]lhdsf] vl/b . -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhdsf] af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw a9fpg d~h'/ ug]{ af]nkqbftfn] af]nkq hdfgtsf] cjlw af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw a9fP hlQs} cjlw a9fpg'' kg]{5 .f/e"t s'/f kl/jt{g u/]df.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg .Demf}tf ug]{ Dofbleq lbg g.fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq k/LIf0fsf] l.+zf]wg ug{ jf lkmtf{ ug{ dfu u/]df.DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt zt{ adf]lhd vl/b .f/ af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw a9fpg . . @!= af]nkq hdfgt M -!_ af]nkqbftfn] af]nkq. -r_ bkmf ^@ adf]lhdsf] cfr/0f ljk/Lt sfd u/]df .s]df.Sg] 5 .DalGwt af]nkqbftfsf] d~h'/L lng' kg]{ 5 . -ª_ .16 -#_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g. -^_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd d~h'/L glbg] af]nkqbftfsf] hdfgt lkmtf{ ug'{ kg]{5 .Dkfbg hdfgt af] nkqbftfn] vl/b .RofOPsf] s'/f af]nkqbftfn] :jLsf/ gu/]df.nl.Demf}tf ug]{ af]nkqbftf tyf pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd hdfgt hkmt ug'{ gkg]{ af]nkqbftfsf] af]nkq hdfgt .DkGg ePkl5 To:tf] vl/b .dokl5 af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlwleq af]nkqbftfn] af]] nkq .fy tf]lsP adf]lhd hdfgt k] z ug'{ kg]{5 . -u_ 5gf}6 ePsf] af]nkqbftfn] af]nkq .Demf}t f gu/]df. -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw a9fpFb f .Demf}t f . -v_ af]nkqdf b]lvPsf] cÍul0ftLo q'l6 .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] af]nkq vf] n]kl5 af]nkq dfGo x'g] cjlw a9fpg' kg]{ ePdf .nfdf bkmf @# sf] pkbkmf $_ adf]lhd dfu u/]sf] s'g} hfgsf/L lbFbf af]nkqbftfn] af]nkqsf] d"No jf .f]sf] sf/0f v' nfO{ cfjZostfg' . -3_ af]nkq .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt sfo{ .

.dfKt ePsf] nuQ} .17 @@= af]nkq vf]Ng] M af] nkq k] z ug]{ clGtd ldlt / .fy hdfgt k]z ug'{ kg]{ eP af]nkq .DaGwL .Demf}t f cfjZos eP . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k] z ePsf] af]nkq d"NofÍg ug'{ cl3 .DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v eP adf]lhdsf] lsl. @#= af]nkq k/LIf0f M -!_ . -v_ af]nkq .do . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd af]nkqsf] k"0 f{tfsf] k/LIf0f ubf{ b]xfosf s'/fx? k/LIf0f ug'{ kg]{ 5 M– -s_ af]nkqbftfsf] clwsf/ k|fKt k|ltlglw jf :yfgLo Ph]06nfO{ lbPsf] clVtof/gfdfsf]] sfuhft k]z eP jf gePsf].+ nUg eP jf gePsf]. -v_ .+nUg vl/b .lkms]zg / .DaGwL sfuhftdf af]nkqbftfnfO{ lbOPsf] lgb]{zg cg'?k af]nkq k"0 f{ eP jf gePsf]] / af]nkqbftf jf lghsf] clwsf/ k|fKt k|ltlglwsf] . cjlw / /sdsf] hdfgt .Demf}tfsf zt{ cg'?k af] nkq .f] xL lbg af]] nkq .fj{hlgs lgsfon] tf]lsP adf]lhd af] nkq vf]Ng' kg]{5 . -3_ af]nkqbftfsf] of]Uotf .xL5fk eP jf gePsf].ldltn] b]xfosf s'/fx? lgSof}{n ug{ af] nkqsf] k/LIf0f ug'{kg]{ 5 M– -s_ af]nkqbftf af]nkq k] z ug{ sfg"g adf]lhd of]U o ePsf]] k'i6\ofO{ ug]{ sfuhftx? k]z eP jf gePsf].+o'Qm pkqmd . -u_ af]nkq .d.ldltdf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .do / :yfgdf .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt .f/e"t?kdf k|efju| fxL eP jf gePsf] .DaGwL cfjZos sfuhft k]z eP jf gePsf].fj{hlgs lgsfon] bkmf @@ adf]lhd vf]n]s f] af] nkq d"N ofÍg .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt k| fljlws :k]l.fdfgsf] u| fXotf -O{lnlhljlnl6_ k|dfl0ft ug]{ sfuhft k]z eP jf gePsf].f] k]z eP jf gePsf].f]xL sfuhftdf .f] . -u_ af]nkqbftfsf] / lghn] pNn]v u/]sf] dfn. -3_ af]nkq .

-&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd of]U otf k/LIf0f ubf{ k"j{ of]U otf cg'?ksf] of]U otf . -*_ o. bkmf adf]lhd af]nkqsf] k/LIf0f ug]{ l.DalGwt af] nkqbftfnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 ./L hfgsf/L lbFbf af]nkqsf] d"N o jf cGo .Rofpg' kg]{5 . -3_ bkmf @# sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd gePsf].fj{hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd dfu u/]sf] hfgsf/L . -r_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf cGo s'/f .Rofpg . -%_ .Fu cfjZos hfgsf/L dfUf ug{ .f]xL b/ adf]lhd s' n /sd .naGbL eO{ gcfPsf].RofOPsf]df To. -u_ bkmf !( adf]lhd lkmtf{ lnPsf] af]nkq.Sg] 5 / To.DalGwt af]nkqbftfn] .fj{hlgs lgsfon] o.fj{hlgs lgsfonfO{ lbg' kg]{5 / To.Sg]5 . @$= af]nkq pk/ sf/afxL gx'g] M b] xfosf] /Lt gk'u]sf] af]nkq pk/ sf/afxL ul/g] 5}g M– -s_ l. -$_ . bkmf adf]lhd af]nkq k/LIf0f ubf{ af] nkqdf s'g} cÍul0ftLo q'l6 kfOPdf ./L q'l6 . -!)_ pkbkmf -*_ jf -(_ adf]lhd q'l6 .18 -ª_ af]nkq .f/e"t?kdf 36L ePsf] kfOPdf To:tf] af] nkqbftfsf] af] nkq /2 ug'{ kg]{5 ./L q'l6 . -^_ k"j{ of]Uotf lgwf{/0f eO{ cfXjfg ePsf] af]nkq k/LIf0f ubf{ af] nkqbftfsf] of]U otf k"j{ of]U otf cg'?ksf] 5 jf 5}g . -v_ Dofbleq k]z x'g gcfPsf].nl.f] k/LIf0f ug'{ kg]{5 .RofpFbf PsfO b/ / s'n /sddf leGgtf ePdf PsfO b/ dfGo x'g]5 / .RofOPsf] hfgsf/L .fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] q'l6 . -(_ af]nkqbftfn] af]nkqdf pNn]v u/]sf] /sd cÍ / cIf/df km/s k/]df cIf/df n]lvPsf] /sd dfGo x'g] 5 .DaGwL sfuhft adf]lhd b/ ljZn]if0f k]z ug'{ kg]{ eP To:tf] b/ ljZn]if0f k]z eP jf gePsf].nfdf af]nkqbftf.lsg] 5}g . .f/e"t s'/f kl/jt{g jf x]/km]/ ug{ .

19 -ª_ bkmf @^ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd cfk.DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt k|fljlws :k]l.f/e"t?kdf ck|e fju|fxL ePsf] dflgg]5 / To:tf] af]nkqnfO{ d"NofÍgdf .dfj] z ug'{ kg]{5 .f]sf] d"No lgsfnL To:tf] d"N o . -^_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd Go"gtd af]n cÍ sa'n ug]{ af]nkqsf] af] nkqbftfsf] of]U otf af]nkq .f/ ug'{ kg]{5 / To./L hfFr ubf{ To:tf] af]nkqbftfsf] of]Uotf af]nkq .fgfltgf km/s kfOPdf .dfj] z ul/g] 5}g .F u tflTjs ?kdf leGg gx'g] km/s .fgfltgf km/sÆ eGgfn] af] nkq . @%= af]nkq d"NofÍg M -!_ bkmf @$ adf]lhd sf/afxL gx'g] egL 5'6\ofOPsf af]nkq afx]s bflvnf ePsf cGo af]nkq d"NofÍgsf] nflu .Fu t' ngf u/L Go"gtd af] n cÍ sa'n ug]{ af] nkq lgwf{/0f ug'{ kg]{5 .Dej eP.DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt of]Uotf d"NofÍgsf cfwf/ cg'?k ePsf] kfOPdf To:tf] af] nkq Go"gtd d"NoflÍt .Dd .dfj]z ul/g] 5}g .lkms]zg. ljj/0f. ljz]iftf cflb h:tf s'/fx?df .dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 . -$_ k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0f u/L af] nkq cfXjfg ul/Psf] cj:yfdf k"j{ of]Uo ePsf af]nkqbftf afx]s cGo af]nkqbftfaf6 k| fKt af]nkqnfO{ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd x'g] d"NofÍgdf . o.DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v ePsf] cfwf/ / tl/sf cg'. bkmfsf] k| of]hgsf] nflu æ./L d"N ofÍg ubf{ k|To]s af]nkqsf] d"NoflÍt /sd csf]{ af]nkqsf] d"NoflÍt /sd. -@_ af]nkq c:jLsf/ ug{' gkg]{ u/L k|fljlws :k]l.df ldn]dtf] u/L bflvnf ePsf af]nkq.lkms]zg. -&_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd Go"gtd af]n cÍ sa'n ug]{ af]nkqsf] af]nkqbftfsf] of]U otf pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd hfFr ubf{ af]nkq .fgfltgf km/ssf] d"No af] nkqbftfsf] af] n cÍsf] kGw| k|ltzteGbf a9L ePdf To:tf] af] nkq .d]t pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd af]nkq d"NofÍg ubf{ . :ki6Ls/0f M o. -%_ af]nkqsf] d"NofÍg af]nkq . ljj/0f cflb h:tf s'/f.Demg' k5{ .DaGwL sfuhftdf plNnlvt of]U otf d"NofÍgsf cfwf/ cg'?k eP gePsf] hfF r ug'{ kg]{5 .f/e"t?kdf k|e fju| fxL af]nkq dflgg]5 . -r_ bkmf @# sf] pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhd /2 ePsf] af] nkq .DaGwL sfuhftdf . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] .

d]t ug'{ kg]{5 ."rgf lbPsf] tL.f/e"t?kdf k|e fju| fxL af]nkqsf] d"NofÍgsf] cfwf/ / tl/sf .]j f cfjZos gePdf . lbgleq s'g} af]nkqbftfn] .]j f jf cGo .Dk"0f{ af]nkq c:jLs[t jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 eO{ k'gM af] nkq cfXjfg ubf{ To.fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] hfgsf/L lbg' kg]{5 ."rgf . nfut cg'dfg tyf vl/b .a} af]nkq c:jLs[t ePsf]] jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 ePsf]] cfwf/sf] hfgsf/L dfu u/]df lghnfO{ . -v_ Go"gtd d"NoflÍt ./L af] nkq c:jLs[t jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 x'gfsf] sf/0fsf] .a} af]nkqbftfnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . -%_ af]nkq cfXjfg ubf{ s'g} af] nkq gk/L jf pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd .DaGwL sfuhft.lsg] 5}g .f/e"t?kdf k|efju| fxL ePsf]] sf/0fn] dfq af]nkq c:jLs[t ug{ jf k'gM af]nkq cfXjfg ug{ .dIf k]z ug'{ kg]{ 5 .f/e"t?kdf a9L ePdf.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg s]xL af] nkqx? jf Pp6f dfq af]nkq .f/e"t?kdf k|efju|fxL af] nkqsf] af]n cÍ nfut cg'dfgeGbf . jf -u_ dfu ul/Psf] dfn.lkms]zg. -*_ d"NofÍg .f/ af]nkq .Sg] 5 M– -s_ s'g} klg af]nkq bkmf @# sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -3_ adf]lhd .f/e"t?kdf k|efju|fxL gePdf.20 plNnlvt d"NofÍgsf cfwf/ cg'?k ePsf] gkfOPdf lghsf] af]nkq d"NofÍgaf6 x6fO qmdzM csf]{ Go"gtd af] n cÍ sa'n ug]{ af] nkqbftfsf] of] Uotfsf] hfF r . @^= af]nkq c:jLs[t ug]{ jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 ug]{ M -!_ . lgdf{0f sfo{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd af]nkq c:jLs[t ePsf] jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 ePsf] sf/0f .fj{ hlgs lgsfo . k|fljlws :k]l. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.dLIff u/L cfjZostfg'. . -#_ . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd .Dk"0f{ af]nkq c:jLs[t ug{ jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 ug{ .ldltn] pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd Go"gtd d"NoflÍt .fdfg.d]t v'Ng] u/L d"NofÍg k|ltj]bg tof/ u/L .lxtsf] . k/fdz{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] b]xfosf] cj:yfdf .Demf}tfsf zt{x?df x]/km]/ .f]xL cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{ 5 .

kl5sf] Go"gtd d"NoflÍt .lsg]5 M– . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] .DalGwt .f]eGbf nuQ} kl5sf] csf]{ Go"gtd d"NoflÍt . To. -^_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhdsf] af]nkqbftf klg sfo{ .f/e"t?kdf k|e fju| fxL af] nkq dfq :jLs[ltsf] nflu 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 ." rgf lbPsf] tL. bkmf adf]lhd vl/b .Dkfbg hdfgt bflvnf u/L bkmf %@ adf]lhdsf] vl/b .Demf}tf ug{sf] nflu sfo{ . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd af]nkq 5gf}6 ePsf] ." rgf lbg' kg]{5 .Demf}t f ug{ ."rgf lbg' kg{]5 .Demf}tf ug{ gcfPdf To."rgf lbg'' kg]{ 5 . @&= af]nkqsf] :jLs[lt / vl/b ./L 5gf}6 ePsf] af]nkqsf] af]nkqbftfsf] gfd.DalGwt af]nkqbftfnfO{ lghsf] af]nkq :jLs[t ug]{ cfzosf] . bkmfdf cGoq h'g.Dkfbg hdfgt bflvnf u/L vl/b .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg s'g} af]nkqbftfn] cfk.f/e"t?kdf k|e fju|fxL af]nkqbftfsf] af]nkq :jLs[t u/L vl/b .Dkfbg hdfgt bflvnf ug{ .d]t lbg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] . -%_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] cjlwleq sfo{ .f/e" t?kdf k| efju| fxL af]nkqbftfsf] af]nkq qmdzM :jLs[t u/L lghnfO{ o. @*= b'O{ r/0fsf] af] nkq M -!_ b]xfosf] cj:yfdf b'O{ r/0fdf af]nkq cfXjfg ug{ .ft lbgleq . 7]ufgf / /sdsf] hfgsf/L cGo af] nkqbftfnfO{ .21 -^_ o.Dkfbg hdfgt bflvnf u/L af] nkqbftf .Demf}tf M -!_ .Demf}t f ug{ gcfPdf lghsf] af]nkqsf] hdfgt /sd hkmt u/L ." rgf lbPsf] .fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] hfgsf/L lbg' kg]{5 .DalGwt af]nkqbftfn] sfo{ . -&_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] .ft lbgsf] cjlwleq s'g} af]nkqbftfn] bkmf $& adf]lhd lgj]bg gu/]df pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd 5gf}6 ePsf] af] nkqbftfsf] af]nkq :jLs[t u/L lghnfO{ kGw| lbgleq vl/b .Demf}tf ug{' kg{]5 . lbgleq af]nkq c:jLs[t ePsf] s'g } af]nkqbftfn] lghsf] af] nkq c:jLs[t ePsf]] sf/0fsf] hfgsf/L dfu u/]df lghnfO{ .df ldn]dtf] u/L af] nkq bflvnf u/]sf] k|dfl0ft ePdf To:tf af] nkqx? /2 x'g]5g\ .Demf}tf ug{' kg{]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] bkmf @% adf]lhd Go"gtd d"NoflÍt . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] cjlwleq .

DaGwL k|:tfj /2 ug]{.DaGwL .DaGwdf l6Kk0fL dfq k]z ug'{ kg]{ s'/f pNn] v ug{' kg]{5 .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] b]xfo adf]lhd ug{ .DaGwdf s'g} jf . . af]nkqbftfsf] of]U otf pNn] v ug'{ kg]{5 / af]nkqbftfn] af]nkqdf d"No vf]Ng' gkg]{.DaGwdf k"/f ug'{ kg{] cfwf/e"t zt{ x? -a]l.fdfg.Dej gePdf.Demf}tfsf] zt{d f x]/km]/ jf .Sg] jf To:tf zt{ x? k"/ f ug{ jf sfo{ .Demf}t fsf] zt{sf .lkms]zg.F u 5nkmn ug{ . -$_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd k| fKt ePsf] af] nkqsf .Demf}tf . k|fljlws k|:tfj / k|:tfljt vl/b .Fu 5nkmn ug{' k/]d f .f]sf ljleGg k| fljlws kIf jf vl/b .DaGwL sfuhftdf vl/bsf] p2]Zo./L .lkms]zg.af6 x'g] kmfO{bfsf .DkGg ug{sf] nflu .22 -s_ vl/b ul/g] dfn.fj{hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd u/]sf] af] nkq cfXjfg adf]lhd k|fKt af]nkqsf .Sg] jf cGo s'g } sdhf]/L eO{ k|e fju| fxL gePsf] af] nkq . df] 6fdf]6L :k]l.Demf}tfsf] zt{ tyf To.dfwfg ug{ .d] tnfO{ ljrf/ u/L .Sg]5 M– -s_ vl/b .s l/Sjfo/d]06_ k"/f ug{ jf Go"gtd sfo{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] .+zf]wg ug{ g.Sg]5 . bkmf adf]lhd k|yd r/0fsf] af]nkq cfXjfg ubf{ af] nkq .Demf}tfsf zt{x? af]nkq cfXjfg ubf{sf avt k"0 f{ ?kdf olsg ug{ . jf -v_ vl/b ul/g] dfn.lsG5 eGg] ljifodf / To:tf k|fljlws kIf / . -@_ o.]jfsf] k|s[lt hl6n eO{ .Dkfbg. cGo df] 6fdf] 6L ljz]i ftf.DaGwdf pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd ePsf] 5nkmn .DkGg ug{ jf lgwf{l/t cjlwleq} sfo{ .DkGg ug{ g.a} af] nkqbftf. -v_ k|lt:kwf{ clej[l4 ug{ k|fljlws :k]l.DaGwdf af] nkqbftf. ck]lIft sfo{ .Dkfbg ug{ jf lgwf{l/t cjlwleq sfo{{ . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf . -#_ .fdfg jf lgdf{0f sfo{ jf .]jfsf] k| fljlws kIf jf vl/b .'wf/ ug]{. -u_ af]nkqbftfaf6 k]z ePsf ljleGg ljsNkx?sf] pko'Qmtf lgwf{/0f ug{ d"NofÍg k4lt lgwf{/0f ug]{ .d:of s] s. d"NofÍgsf] cfwf/ / vl/b .

fj{hlgs lgsfodf pknAw hgzlQmaf6 s'g} sfd x'g g.fj{ hlgs lgsfosf] .| f]taf6 Joxf]l/g] u/L k/fdz{bftfaf6 .Sg] ePdf.fj{hlgs lgsfon] bf]>f] r/0fdf af]nkq cfXjfg ug'{ kg]{5 . P]g adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw k"/f u/L vl/b ug'{' kg]{ 5 .DaGwL sfuhft cg'? k d"No . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k/fdz{ ."rgf . -^_ o. .+: yf jf sDkgLaf6 ."rgf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{ 5 .DaGwL cfzokq .|f] r/0fsf] af]nkq .f] . .DalGwt dGqfnosf] jf .Sg]5 M– -s_ .DaGwL Joj:yf @(= k/fdz{ .]jf lbg OR5's JolQm.} kl/R5]bdf plNnlvt Joj:yf cg'? k ug'{ kg]{ 5 .]j f vl/b ug{ .] jf k|fKt ug'{ kg]{ ePdf .fj{hlgs lgsfon] b]xfosf] cj:yfdf s'g} JolQm. bkmfdf n]lvP afx]s pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd ul/g] bf].DaGwL sf/afxL o.]j f .Demf}tf adf]lhd j}b]lzs . kl/R5]b–$ k/fdz{ .f] xL pkbkmf adf]lhd af]nkq /2 gePsf af]nkqbftfnfO{ kl/dflh{t af]nkq .]jf vl/b ug'{ k/]df.Fusf] . To:tf] af] nkq cfXjfg ubf{ .DalGwt . -#_ b]xfosf cj:yfdf cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] cfzokq dfu ug{' kg]{ 5 M– -s_ tf]lsPsf] /sdeGbf a9L /sdsf] k/fdz{ .lsg]5 . kmd{.lsg] M -!_ .xfotf .+:yf jf sDkgLaf6 k/fdz{ .23 -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhdsf] sfo{ ."rL tof/ ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ tf]lsPsf] /sdeGbf a9L /sdsf] k/fdz{ . kmd{. jf -v_ bft[kIf.]j f vl/b ug{ .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] k/fdz{ .]j f vl/b ug'{ kg]{ ePdf .]jf vl/b ug'{ kbf{ o.fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ nosf] j]e .dfrf/kqdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf s'/fx? v' nfO{ .lxtsf] af]nkq k]z ug{ cfXjfg ug'{ kg]{5 . .+sng ug{ sDtLdf kGw| lbgsf] cjlw lbO{ /fli6«o :t/sf] .+lIfKt . #)= v'Nnf?kdf cfzokq dfu u/L .dfKt ePkl5 .fO{6df /fVg .

do lbO{ lghx?af6 k|: tfj dfu ug'{ kg]{5 ."rL tof/ ePkl5 .]j f k|lt:kwf{Tds d"Nodf g]kfn /fHoleqsf PseGbf a9L k/fdz{bftfaf6 k| fKt x'g g.xfotf .+lIfKt .]j f vl/b ug'{ kbf{ .f]xL . .DaGwL sfuhftdf b]xfosf s'/fx? pNn] v ug'{ kg]{5 M– -s_ .Sg] ePdf.24 -v_ ." rLdf k/]sf cfzokqbftfx?nfO{ k|:tfj .Sg] . .dfj] z ePsf JolQm. -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhdsf] cfzokq dfu ubf{ c+u|] hL efiffdf .DaGwL sfuhft tf]lsP adf]lhd k7fO{ sDtLdf tL.]j fsf] k|s[lt.]j f lbg . lbgsf] .+:yf jf sDkgLx?dWo]af6 tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof k"/ f u/L bkmf #! adf]lhd k|:tfj dfu ug'{ kg]{5 ."rL tof/ ug'{ kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] .+lIfKt . -^_ tf]lsPsf] /sdeGbf sd /sdsf] k/fdz{ . jf -3_ bft[kIf. .]j fsf nflu /fli6«o:t/df k|: tfj dfu ubf{ s'g} k|:tfj gk/L ljb]zL k/fdz{bftfaf6 ."rLdf .+:yf jf sDkgLsf] .| f]taf6 Joxf]l/g] u/L cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] cfzokq dfu u/L k/fdz{bftfaf6 .Sg] JolQm. kmd{."rL tof/ ug{ . -%_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -#_ adf]lhd kg{ cfPsf cfzokq bftfsf]] of]U otf. :yfg.f] .]j f k| fKt ug'{ kg]{ ePdf .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] dfu cg'? ksf] k/fdz{ . kmd{.]j f lbg .]jfsf] sfo{If]qut zt{x?.Fusf] . -v_ vl/b ug'{ kg]{ .fwf/0ftof tLgb]lv 5 cfzokqbftfsf] tf]lsP adf]lhd 5gf}6 u/L .Demf}tf adf]lhd j}b]lzs . .fj{hlgs lgsfon] tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof k"/f u/L To:tf] k/fdz{ ." rgf k|s fzg ug'{ kg{]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] To:tf] k/fdz{ . .DkGg ug'{ kg]{ sfo{ / ck]lIft kl/0ffd. -u_ k|:tfj tof/ ug{ k|: tfjbftfx?nfO{ lgb]{zg.]jf k|bfg ug'{ kg]{ cjlw.d]t d"NofÍg u/L . .Sg]5 / . cg'ej / Ifdtf . #!= k|:tfj dfu ug]{ M -!_ bkmf #) adf]lhd . -u_ k/fdz{ . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj .+lIfKt .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] gfd / 7] ufgf.]jf lng' kg]{ ePdf.

-5_ vl/b .DaGwL sfuhftdf pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -r_ adf]lhd k|:tfj d"NofÍg ug]{ cfwf/x? pNn] v ubf{ k| fljlws k|:tfj d"NofÍg ug]{ b] xfo adf]lhdsf s'g} jf .a} cfwf/ cfjZostf cg'. -ª_ k|fljlws tyf cfly{s d"N ofÍg ef/.Dkfbg ug]{ k|:tfljt tl/sf -d] yf] 8f] nf]hL_ sf] u'0 f:t/.DaGwL sf/afxL ubf{ u/]sf] q'l6 jf lg0f{o lj?4 k'g/fjnf]sgsf nflu k|:tfjbftfn] lgj]bg lbg . -3_ 1fg tyf k|ljlw x:tfGt/0fsf] Joj:yf.Sg] Joj:yf.Demf}tfsf zt{ x?. -r_ k|:tfj d"NofÍg / t' ngf ug]{ cfwf/ / cÍ ef/.fj{hlgs lgsfon] k|:tfj . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj . -h_ k|:tfj k]z ug'{ kg]{] :yfg. -em_ k|:tfj 5gf} 6 ug]{ ljlw. -u_ k|:tfljt d' Vo hgzlQmsf] of]U otf.DaGwL k/fdz{bftfsf]] cg'ej.f] :ki6?kn] pNn] v u/L b'j } k|:tfjnfO{ csf]{ 5'§} vfd aGbL u/L dfu ul/Psf] .]jfsf] ljifo pNn] v ug'{ kg]{ s'/f. . / -7_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf cGo s'/f .do.fhL u/]df x'g] sfg"gL sf/afxL . -`_ :jfy{ aflemg] ePdf k|:tfj pk/ sf/afxL gx'g] s'/f / e|i6frf/ jf hfn. ldlt / .naGbL u/L k|To]s vfdsf] afxL/ s'g k|sf/sf] k|:tfj xf] .25 -3_ k|fljlws / cfly{s k|:tfj cnu cnu vfddf /fvL l. -v_ k/fdz{bftfn] sfo{ . -ª_ cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf]] k|: tfjsf] xsdf sfd .Dkfbg ug{ k|:tfljt d' Vo g]kfnL hgzlQmsf] ljj/0f . -6_ .f/ v'nfpg' kg]{5 M– -s_ k/fdz{bftfn] ug'{ kg]{ sfd .DaGwL hfgsf/L.

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd 5'6\ofOPsf vfdx?dWo] klxn] k| fljlws k|:tfj vf]Ng' kg]{5 / cfly{s k| :tfjsf] vfd gvf]nL . #@= k|:tfj vf]Ng] M -!_ k|:tfj bflvnf ug]{ clGtd Dofb . -v_ u'0f:t/ ljlw.26 -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] k|:tfj . jf -3_ Go"g nfut ljlw .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg vl/b ug'{ kg]{ k/fdz{ .]j fn] /fli6« o cy{tGq jf efjL kl/of]hgfdf pNn]vgLo k|e fj kfg{ .]jfsf] k|s[lt c.DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .dfKt ePkl5 k|:tfjbftfaf6 k| fKt k|:tfjsf] aflx/L vfd vf] nL k|fljlws / cfly{s k|:tfjsf l. -%_ pkbkmf -$_ df h'g. #%= cfly{s k| :tfjsf] d"NofÍg M -!_ bkmf #$ adf]lhd vf]lnPsf] cfly{s k|:tfjsf] d"N ofÍg b]xfo adf]lhd ug'{ kg]{5 M– .naGbL vfd 5' 6\ofpg' kg]{5 .fy 5'§} /fVg' kg]{5 .lsg]5 . -u_ lglZrt ah]6 ljlw.fdfGo ?kn] hl6n ePsf] jf To:tf] . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd 5'6\ofOPsf] cfly{s k|:tfjsf] vfd bkmf ## adf]lhd k| fljlws k|:tfj d"NofÍg u/]kl5 dfq vf]Ng' kg]{5 . ##= k|fljlws k|: tfjsf] d"NofÍg M k| fljlws k|:tfjsf] d"N ofÍg k|:tfj .Sg] cj:yfdf k|:tfjsf] 5gf}6 k"0f{t M u'0f:t/ ljlwsf]] cfwf/df tf]lsP adf]lhd ug{ . #$= cfly{s k|:tfj vf]Ng] M k|fljlws k|:tfjsf] d"NofÍgaf6 of]U o ePsf k|:tfjbftfsf] dfq cfly{s k|:tfj tf]lsP adf]lhd vf]Ng' kg]{5 . -$_ k|fljlws k|:tfj vf]Ng] .f] Joxf]/f pNn] v ug'{ kg]{ 5 M– -s_ u'0f:t/ / nfut ljlw.DaGwL sfuhftdf pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -em_ adf]lhd k|:tfj 5gf}6 ug]{ ljlw pNn]v ubf{ k|:tfjsf] 5gf}6 b] xfo adf]lhdsf ljlwx?dWo] s'g ljlwsf] cfwf/df x'g] xf] .'/lIft.DaGwL sfuhftdf pNn]v ePsf] d"NofÍgsf] cfwf/ adf]lhd ug'{ kg]{ 5 .

-v_ nfut cg'dfg / pknAw ah] 6eGbf 5gf} 6 ePsf]] k|:tfjbftfsf] nfut .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .df ldn]dtf] u/L k|:tfj lbPsf] k|dfl0ft ePdf .f/e"t?kdf k|e fju|fxL gePdf. #&= k|:tfjbftf.f/ .]j f cfjZos gkg]{ ePdf.a}eGbf a9L cÍ k| fKt ug]{ k|:tfjbftfsf] k|:tfj tf]lsP adf]lhd 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{ 5 . jf -3_ k|:tfjbftfn] cfk.fj{hlgs lgsfon] pknAw u/fpg' kg]{ .Fu jftf{ M -!_ bkmf #% adf]lhd 5gf}6 ePsf] k|:tfjbftf. .'ljwfsf ljifodf jftf{ ug{ .27 -s_ k|:tfjsf] 5gf}6 ug{ u'0f:t/ / nfut ljlw ckgfOPsf]d f k| fljlws k|:tfj / cfly{s k|:tfjsf] . -@_ cfly{s k|:tfj d"NofÍg .]j fsf] sfo{If]q .a}eGbf sd nfut ePsf] k|:tfjbftfsf] k|:tfj 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .kmn x'g tf]lsPsf] Go"gtd cÍ k| fKt ug]{ k|:tfjbftfx?dWo] . -3_ k|:tfjsf] 5gf}6 ug{ Go"g nfut ljlw ckgfOPsf]d f k|fljlws k|: tfjdf . .Sg]5 M– -s_ k|fKt .Ldfleq k/L k| fljlws k|: tfjdf pRrtd cÍ k|fKt ug]{ k|: tfjbftfsf] k|:tfj 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] .f/e"t?kdf a9L ePdf. -v_ k|:tfjsf] 5gf} 6 ug{ u'0f:t/ ljlw ckgfOPsf]d f k| fljlws k|: tfjdf pRrtd cÍ k| fKt ug]{ k|:tfjbftfsf] dfq k|:tfj 5gf}6 ug'{ kg]{ 5 . -u_ k|:tfjsf] 5gf}6 ug{ lglZrt ah]6 ljlw ckgfOPsf]df To:tf] ah]6sf] . -u_ k/fdz{ .+ o'Qm d"NofÍg u/L .Fu sfo{ If]qut / k|:tfljt .lsg]5 . k| ult k|ltj]bg. #^= k|:tfj c:jLs[t ug]{ / vl/b sf/afxL /2 ug]{ M -!_ b]xfosf cj:yfdf .LdfeGbf a9L nfut ePsf]] k|:tfj /2 ul/g]5 / To:tf] ah]6sf] .Dk"0 f{ k|:tfj sfo{If]qut zt{ x? cg' . t/ ldn]dtf] gu/]sf k|:tfjbftfsf] k|:tfj pk/ sf/afxL ug{ .Dk"0f{ k|:tfj c:jLs[t ug{ jf vl/b sf/afxL /2 ug{ .lsg]5 .

fdfg. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|:tfj 5gf}6 ePsf] .Demf}tf ug'{ kg]{5 ."rgf .Demf}t f ug'{ kg]{5 / pkl:yt gePdf .ft lbgleq .xdlt xfl.DaGwL cGo Joj:yf $)= l.Sg] 5}g .] jfsf] /sdsf] . bkmf adf]lhd jftf{ ubf{ .Demf}tf ug{ pkl:yt ePdf lghn] bkmf %@ adf]lhdsf] ./L 5gf}6 ePsf] k|:tfj :jLs[t ug]{ cfzosf] .28 -@_ bkmf #% sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -v_ sf] cj:yfdf afx]s cfly{s k|:tfjsf .kl5sf] pRrtd cÍ k| fKt ug]{ / v08 -3_ sf] k|:tfjsf] xsdf To.f]sf] d"NofÍg k|lqmof . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd .Demf}tf ug{ cfpg kGw| lbgsf] cjlw lbO{ . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf cGo .Fu qmd}.naGbL b/efpkq . #(= k/fdz{ .DaGwdf k]zfljb\x?sf] kfl/>lds .kl5sf] . kl/R5]b–% vl/b .xdltdf k'u]sf] k|:tfjbftfsf] k|:tfj :jLs[t ug{sf] nflu 5gf}6 ul/g]5 ."rLdf k/]sf cGo k|:tfjbftfnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .lsg] dfn.ft lbgleq s'g} k|:tfjbftfn] bkmf $& adf]lhd lgj]bg gu/]df pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd 5gf}6 ePsf] k|: tfjbftfsf] k| :tfj :jLs[t ul/g] 5 / lghnfO{ . t/ zf]wegf{ x'g] k|s[ltsf vr{ . -v_ / -u_ sf] k|:tfjssf] xsdf To.DaGwdf jftf{ ug{ . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhdsf] cjlwleq lgh .DalGwt k|:tfjbftfnfO{ / .]jf .Fu jftf{ ug'{ kg]{ 5 .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf M k/fdz{ . -v_ / -u_ sf] k|:tfjssf] xsdf To.Fu qmd}.fj{hlgs lgsfon] bkmf #% sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -s_.Fu bkmf #& adf]lhd jftf{ u/L bkmf %@ adf]lhdsf] .Ldf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .s]df .n x'g g. .a}eGbf sd nfut ePsf] csf]{ k|:tfjbftf. -#_ o.lsg]5 .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .]jf k|fKt ug]{ cGo ljlw tyf .DaGwdf jftf{ x'g . #*= vl/b .Demf}tf ug]{ M -!_ bkmf #& adf]lhd ePsf] jftf{d f .naGbL b/efpkqåf/f vl/b ug{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] bkmf #% sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -s_.fj{ hlgs lgsfo / k|:tfjbftf b'j}nfO{ :jLsfo{ x'g ] .a}e Gbf sd nfut ePsf] csf]{ k|: tfjbftf.kl5sf] pRrtd cÍ k| fKt ug]{ / v08 -3_ sf] xsdf .DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ l."rgf lbg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] To." rgf lbPsf] .

dfj]z gePsf] / z'? .Demf}tfaf6 cnu u/L .]jfk|bfos kl/jt{g u/]df .f]e}m vl/b ug{ jf lgdf{0f sfo{ .do tyf cGo cfjZos s'/fx?sf] ljj/0f :ki6?kdf pNn]v u/L l.naGbL b/efpkq dfu ubf{ /fli6«o jf :yfgLo :t/sf] .]jf vl/b ug'{ k/]df.DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g] 5 .lsPsf] sf/0fn] z'? .+ zf]wg ug{ .f]e}m u/fpg .lsg] 5}g .Fu ePsf] / cGo pko'Qm ljsNk gePdf. -v_ vl/b .fdfg cfk"lt{ ug]{ clwsf/ Pp6f dfq cfk"lt{stf{.DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ o.fdfg.Fu ePdf. -#_ l.naGbL b/efpkq dfu ug'{ cl3 vl/b ug]{ dfn. $!= . kl/df0f. -%_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf zt{ x? k"/f u/L nfut cg'dfgleq k/]sf] Go"gtd d"NoflÍt b/efpkq :jLs[t ug'{ kg{] 5 .naGbL b/efpkq .]jfk|bfos. P]gdf cGoq h'g. -u_ vl/b ul/g] dfn.DaGwL zt{ x? k"/f ug]{ k| fljlws bIftf jf Ifdtf Pp6f dfq cfk"lt{stf{ jf lgdf{0f Joj.foL jf k/fdz{bftf jf . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf cGo .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg b]xfosf] cj:yfdf dfn. cfk"lt{sf zt{ x? / .f]e}m vl/b .Ldfleqsf] k| f]k|fO6/L :j?ksf] cltl/Qm dfn.fdfg jf k/fdz{ .DkGg ug{ k| fljlws jf cfly{s sf/0fn] sl7gfO{ .]j f .fdfg jf .Demf}tfdf . -$_ Psk6s k]z ePsf] l.lsg]5 M– -s_ tf]lsPsf] /sd.Ddfsf] k'm6s/ vl/bdf.]jf jf hl8t . -ª_ k"jf{g'dfg ug{ g.fj{hlgs lgsfodf /x]sf] dfn. -3_ df}h'bf dfn.]jf jf cGo .naGbL b/efpkq lkmtf{ jf .29 -@_ l.lkms]zg.fdfg jf ."rgf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{5 .]jfx? k|lt:yfkg jf lj:tf/ ug{ g.fdfg jf .dfrf/kqdf sDtLdf kGw| lbgsf] cjlw lbO{ .]jfsf] :k]l. u'0 f:t/. -^_ l.fljssf] cfk"lt{stf{ jf k/fdz{bftf jf .]jfk|b fosaf6 tf]lsPsf] .naGbL b/efpkqsf] kmf/fd tof/ ug'{ kg]{ 5 .+oGqsf] kf6{k"hf{sf] k|lt:yfkg jf lj:tf/ ug{ cfk"lt{stf{ jf k/fdz{bftf jf .lsg] s'/f k|d fl0ft eO{ .

Sg]5 .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg .]jf jf cGo .f/ jftf{ u/L vl/b ug{ .DaGwL ljz]if s'/fsf] tf]lsP adf]lhd lnlvt ljj/0f tof/ u/L lnlvt b//]6 jf k|:tfj Ps dfq cfk"lt{stf{ jf lgdf{0f Joj. cfk"lt{sf] zt{ / . jf -r_ ./sf/. bkmfdf cGoq h'g. cy{ dGqfno – .b:o -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd .lrj. $@= /fzg vl/b . dlGqkl/ifb\af6 lg0f{o eP adf]lhd vl/b ug'{ kg]{5 / cGo . kl/df0f.ldltsf] l.kmfl/. t/ o.f]e}m vl/b ug'{ kbf{ .lrj.foL jf k/fdz{bftf jf .jf]{Rr sfo{sf/L lgsfoaf6 lg0f{o eP adf]lhd vl/b ug'{ kg]{5 M– -s_ d'Vo . g]kfn .30 x'g] eO{ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] .b:o -u_ .+ of] hs -v_ .Ldfleqsf] cTofjZos lgdf{0f sfo{{./L vl/b ubf{ o.DalGwt sfdsf] nflu s'g} ljlZfi6 -o'lgs_ of]U otf ePsf] vf./sf/ – . . P]g adf]lhd s'g} clwsf/Laf6 l:js[tL lng' kg]{ ePdf k"j { l:js[tL lnP/ / .DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M -!_ o. -ª_ / -r_ adf]lhd vl/b ubf{ bkmf @ sf] v08 -v_ sf] pkv08 -!_ adf]lhdsf] . -@_ o.fj{hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf .]j f tTsfn cfjZostf ePdf jf .Demf}tf u/]/ dfq vl/b ug'{ kg]{5 . dfn.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -v_.fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{no – .fljssf] k/fdz{bftfaf6 g} .do .fdfg.] jf lng' kg]{ ckl/xfo{ sf/0f ePdf .b:o -ª_ sfof{ no k|d'v.f] lgsfosf] .f]s f] :jLs[lt.] jfk|b fos.sf] cfwf/df g]kfn .F u dfu u/L cfjZostfg'. k/fdz{ . .lrj. .DalGwt dGqfno – . k/fdz{bftfsf] .fj{hlgs lgsfon] /fzg vl/b ubf{ b] xfosf ljifodf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw ckgfpg' kg]{5 M– -s_ nfut cg'dfg / .b:o -3_ dxfn] vf lgoGqs – .fj{hlgs lgsfon] cfˆgf] cfjZostf / u'0f:t/. P]gdf cGoq h'g.fj{ hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf] .]jf vl/b ug'{ k/]df.

DaGwL .lsg]5 . $%= cdfgtaf6 sfd ug{ jf u/fpg .ldlt jf nfeu| fxL ./sf/L .d'bfonfO{ .Sg]5 . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sfd ubf{ jf u/fpFb f k"/f ug'{ kg]{ sfo{ljlw tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 . cled'vLs/0f.]jf k|fKt ubf{ ldtJolotf.lsg]5 .fdfGo k|s[ltsf] d/dt . d" n k|j fxLs/0f h:tf sfo{ u}/ .+:yfaf6 tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof ckgfO{ To:tf] sfo{ u/fpg jf . . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df pNn]v eP afx]ssf cGo sfo{ljlwx? o.31 -v_ d"Noj[l¢.] jf lng .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg .kmfO{ h:tf sfo{ cdfgtaf6 sfd ug{ jf pkef]Qmf .ldlt jf nfeu|fxL .d'bfoaf6 lgdf{0 f sfo{ u/fpFbf jf .]jf s/f/df lng] .Sg]5 . $^= u}/ . k|e fjsf/L / ldtJooL x'g] ePdf . kl/R5]b–^ vl/b sf/afxL jf lg0f{osf] k'g/fjnf]sg . -u_ af]nkqbftfsf] u|fXotf.]j f k| fKt ug{ .jlns/0f. -3_ af]nkq hdfgt.d'bfoaf6 sfd u/fpg .[hgf ug]{ / nfeu|fxL ./sf/L .Def/.lsg] M pkef]Qmf .xefuL u/fpg] ePdf pkef]Qmf .+:yfaf6 sfd u/fpg . -ª_ af]nkqsf] bflvnf. P]gdf cGoq h'g.DaGwL tflnd. u'0f:t/Lotf jf lbuf]kgf clea[l4 x'g] ePdf jf kl/of]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo g} /f] huf/Lsf] .d'bfonfO{ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw k"/f u/L To:tf] sfo{ u/fpg jf .DaGwL Joj:yf .+: yfaf6 u/fpFbf l56f] 5l/tf] . / -r_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] cGo ljifo . P]gdf Joj:yf eP adf]lhd g} x'g]5g\ .fgfltgf lgoldt sfo{ jf .ldlt jf nfeu| fxL .]jf s/f/df lnFbf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw ckgfO{ vl/b ug{ ./sf/L .fj{hlgs lgsfon]] u}/ . $$= pkef]Qmf .lsg] M -!_ . .lsg]] M hg r]tgf ./.f] .ldltaf6 sfd u/fpg .DaGwL Joj:yf M o. $#= 3/hUuf ef8fdf lng] / .fj{hlgs lgsfon] 3/hUuf ef8fdf lnFbf jf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] .

DalGwt .d]t pNn] v ePsf] x'g' kg{]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfosf k|d'v . -&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhdsf] lg0f{odf . -^_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd k|fKt ePsf]] lgj]bgsf .dIf lgj]bg lbg .f] lgj]bg k|fKt ePsf] kfF r lbgleq sf/0f v'nfO{ lnlvt lg0f{o ug{' kg]{5 . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lbg] k'g/fjnf]sgsf] lgj]bg vl/b .Sg]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] kfngf ug'{ kg]{ st{Jo kfngf u/]sf] gb]lvP jf To:Tff] lg0f{o sfg"g ljk/Lt b]lvPdf .DaGwdf eP . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod jf lgb]{lzsfsf] s'g k|fjwfg ljk/Lt 5 eGg] s'/f :ki6?kdf v'nfpg' kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon]] vl/b sf/afxL jf lg0f{o ubf{ s'g} q'l6 u/]sf] jf kfngf ug'{ kg]{ st{Jo kfngf gu/]sf]n] cfk"mnfO{ Iflt k'Ug] jf k'Ug .ldlt .lsg] 5}g .dIf lgj]bg lbg . . P]gdf To:tf] lgj]bg k]z ug{sf] nflu s'g} cjlw tf]lsPsf] eP To:tf] cjlwleq / To.DaGwdf . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgj]bg lbFbf o.fj{ hlgs lgsfon] vl/b sf/afxL . -*_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] lgj]bg tf]lsPsf] /sdeGbf sd /sdsf] vl/b sf/afxLsf .DaGwL q'l6 u/]sf] jf st{Jo kfngf gu/]sf] s'/f af] nkqbftf jf k|: tfjbftfn] yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] . .Demf}tf x'g'eGbf cl3sf] sf/afxLsf .lsg] M -!_ .fj{hlgs lgsfosf k|d'vn] vl/b sf/afxL lgnDag u/L .dIf lgj]bg lbg ./L cufl8 a9fpg] eGg] s'/f .f] vl/b sf/afxL s.fj{hlgs lgsfon] s'g sfd u/]sf] jf gu/]sf] sf/0fn] To:tf] q'l6 x'g uPsf]] xf] jf st{Jo kfngf gePsf] xf] / To:tf] lg0f{ o of] P]g jf o./L cjlw gtf]lsPsf]df .fj{hlgs lgsfosf k|d'v .DaGwdf 5fglag ubf{ vl/b sf/afxLdf s'g} q'l6 b]lvP. -%_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhdsf] cjlw gf3L k| fKt ePsf] k'g/fjnf]sgsf] lgj]bg pk/ s'g} sf/afxL x'g] 5}g .Lldt x'g]5 . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] lgj]bgdf .32 $&= .ft lbgleq lgj]bg lbg' kg]{5 .Sg] sf/0f v' nfO{ s'g} af]nkqbftf jf k|:tfjbftfn] To:tf] q'l6 jf lg0f{ osf] k'g/fjnf]sgsf nflu .fj{ hlgs lgsfosf k|d'vn] pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhd u/]sf] lg0f{o pk/ k'g/fjnf]sgsf] nflu k'g/fjnf]sg .

b:onfO{ b'O{ jif{sf] kbfjlw tf]sL lgo'lQm ug'{ kg]{] 5 .ldlt u7g ug]{5 M– -s_ k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf] GofofwLz jf k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf] GofofwLz eO{ .fj{ hlgs vl/b k'g/fjnf]sg . -%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cWoIf jf . -$_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cWoIf jf .fj{hlgs vl/b .33 $*= k'g/fjnf]sg ./sf/n] cWoIf jf .Sg]5 M– -s_ v/fa cfr/0f u/]df./sf/n] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] cWoIf / . t/ klxnf] k6s . -^_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cWoIf jf ./sf/n] tf]s] adf]lhd x'g]5 .'ljwf g]kfn . -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgo'Qm cWoIf jf . .]j fsf zt{ tyf kfl/>lds / ./sf/sf] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] kbaf6 cjsfz k| fKt JolQmx?dWo]af6 Ps hgf – cWoIf -v_ g]kfn .b:osf] kbfjlw Ps sfo{sfn.fj{hlgs lgsfodf axfn /x]sf] sd{rf/L lgo'lQm ug{ kfOg] 5}g ./sf/ .b:osf] kbfjlw tLg jif{sf] x'g]5 .]jfsf] /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLaf6 cjsfz k| fKt JolQmx?dWo]af6 Ps hgf -u_ – .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{no dfk{mt g]kfn .b:o -@_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -u_ adf]lhdsf] .ldlt M -!_ bkmf $( adf]lhdsf] lgj]bg pk/ k'g/fjnf]sg ug{sf] nflu g]kfn .b:on] cfˆgf] kbdf axfn x'g' cl3 tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] ljj/0fsf] hfgsf/L .b:o /x]sf] .Ddsf] nflu yk ug{ .dIf k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .b:o .b:o lgo'lQm ubf{ .s]sf] JolQm jf g]kfn . -&_ b]xfosf] cj:yfdf g]kfn .Sg] 5 .b:onfO{ Ps jif{ / csf]{ .DaGwL ljifodf cg'ejL tyf lj1 JolQmx?dWo]af6 Ps hgf – .b:o lgo'lQm ubf{ Ps hgf .b:onfO{ lghsf] kbaf6 x6fpg ./sf/sf] g]kfn O{l~hlgo/Lª .b:osf] .

dIf lgj]bg lbg .f] sfuhft .Sg]5 M– -s_ bkmf $& adf]lhd . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgj]bg k|fKt ePsf] tLg lbgleq k'g/fjnf]sg . sfuhftsf cfwf/df / cfjZos eP b'j} kIfnfO{ a'emL pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lgj]bg k|fKt ePsf] tL.+nUg eP .DaGwdf eP u/]sf] sfd sf/afxLsf] hfgsf/L / k|ltlqmof lbg .s]df.dIf lbPsf]] lgj]bg tf]lsPsf] /sdeGbf a9L /sdsf] vl/b sf/afxLsf] . st{Jo kfngf ug{ g.ldltnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 ."/df cbfntaf6 bf]ifL 7xl/Pdf .fy s'g} sfuhft . %)= k'g/fjnf]sgsf] tl/sf M -!_ bkmf $* adf]lhdsf] k'g/fjnf]sgsf] nflu k'g/fjnf]sg . jf -u_ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L s.fj{ hlgs lgsfon] .fy k]z u/]sf] k|d f0f.DaGwL hfgsf/L / k|ltlqmof k'g/fjnf]sg .ldlt .fj{ hlgs lgsfonfO{ To:tf] lgj]bg / lgj]bg . lbgsf] cjlwleq k'g/fjnf]sg . -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd lg0f{ o ubf{ k'g/fjnf]sg . lgj]bsn] lgj]bgsf ."rgf ug{' kg]{5 . . -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhdsf] .ldltn] lg0fo{ ug'{ kg]{5 .ft lbgleq / v08 -v_ sf] xsdf To:tf] .ldlt ." rgf k| fKt u/]sf] tLg lbgleq .ldltn] .f]xL bkmfsf] pkbkmf -^_ df plN]nlvt cjlwleq lg0f{o glbPdf jf lghn] lbPsf] lg0f{odf lgj]bgstf{sf] lrQ ga'em] df. lbgleq k'g/fjnf]sg . $(= k'g/fjnf]sg .DAfGwdf eO{ To:tf] lgsfosf k|d'vn] . -$_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd k|fKt ePsf] hfgsf/L / k|ltlqmof.f] .d]tsf] k|ltlnlk k7fO{ To.dIf lgj]bg lbg .Demf}tfsf] ljifodf .lsg] M af]nkqbftf jf k|: tfjbftfn] b]xfosf] cj:yfdf k'g/fjnf]sgsf] nflu k'g/fjnf]sg .dIf lgj]bg lbg] af]nkqbftf jf k/fdz{b ftfn] bkmf $( sf] v08 -s_ sf] ljifosf] xsdf .ldltn] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] lg0f{o ug{ .ldlt .34 -v_ sfo{Ifdtf jf bIftfsf] cefj eO{ kb cg'.Sg]5 M– .fj{hlgs lgsfo . -v_ bkmf %@ adf]lhd ePsf] vl/b .f] lgj]bgsf .DaGwdf .Demf}tf ePsf] ldltn] tL.f/sf] sfd.DalGwt .ldltdf lgj]bg lbg' kg]{5 .

fj{hlgs lgsfonfO{ cglws[t sfd jf lg0f{ o jf unt sfo{ljlw cjnDag gug{ cfb]z lbg]. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.kmfl/.s]df. -&_ pkbkmf -%_ sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd lgj]bg vf/]h ePsf] cj:yfdf To:tf] hdfgtsf] /sd hkmt x'g]5 .a dflkmssf] /sd lgj]bsnfO{ e'QmfgL ug{ .— -!_ .s]sf] cj:yfdf. -u_ vl/b .DaGwdf k'g/fjnf]sg .s]sf] cj:yfdf To:tf] . -^_ o.fj{hlgs lxtsf] sf/0faf6 vl/b sf/afxL hf/L /fVg h?/L ePsf] s'/f k|dfl0ft u/L . bkmf adf]lhd k'g/fjnf]sgsf] nflu lgj]bg lbg] lgj]bsn] tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] hdfgt /fVg' kg]{]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] vl/b sf/afxL /f] Ssf ug'{ kg]{5 .Demf}tf eO{ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] u/]sf] cglws[t sfo{ jf lg0f{ onfO{ k"0 f{ jf cf+lzs?kdf /2 ug{ cfb]z lbg].Demf}tf eO{ g.ldltaf6 lg0f{ o x'g g.f] lgj]bgsf . %!= vl/b sf/afxL /f]Ssf ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ k'g/fjnf]sgsf] nflu bkmf %) sf] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lbOPsf] lgj]bgsf]] . -@_ .35 -s_ lgj]bg vf/]h ug]{. jf . -v_ vl/b .ldltaf6 lg0f{o geP. ug]{ .fj{ hlgs lgsfonfO{ l.Demf}tf lgj]bsn] kfpg' kYof{] eGg] k'g/fjnf]sg . jf -v_ bkmf %) sf] pkbkmf -$_ sf] cjlwleq k'g/fjnf]sg .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg b]xfosf] cj:yfdf vl/b sf/afxL /f]Ssf ug'{ kg]{ 5}g M– -s_ vl/b sf/afxLdf lglxt dxTjk"0f{ .ldltnfO{ nfu]df lgj]bsnfO{ k/]sf] dsf{ larf/ u/L dgfl.ldltnfO{ hfgsf/L lbPdf.d]t pNn]v u/L k'gM d"NofÍg ug{ cfb]z lbg] . -#_ af]nkq jf k|:tfj d"NofÍgdf s'g} q'l6 b]lvO{ k'gM d"NofÍg ug'{ kg]{ ePdf To:tf] q'l6 .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] k'g/fjnf]sg .Dd ."rgf k|fKt ePkl5 .

fj{hlgs lgsfon] o. -`_ d"No . kmf]g . ug'{ kg]{5 / To:tf zt{x? .dfj] .DaGwL Joj:yf %@= vl/b . gDa/ / . bkmf adf]lhd vl/b .do jf Dofb yk ug{ .f]sf] hfgsf/L k'g/fjnf]sg .Demf}tfdf af]nkq .fdfg. kl/R5]b–& vl/b .DaGwL sfuhft. -h_ k]ZsL e'QmfgL.Demf}tfsf] sfo{ If]q.Demf}t fsf] k|s[lt cg'.f]sf zt{ x? M -!_ .lsg] eP .DaGwL sfuhft jf l. -r_ vl/b . -6_ vl/b . sfo{. P]g adf]lhd k'm6s/ vl/b afx]s cGo vl/b ubf{ o.+zf]wg / e]l/Pzg cfb]z hf/L ug{ .Demf}tfsf] /sd jf .36 -u_ vl/b .Dks{ /fVg] JolQm.Demf}tf sfof{Gjogsf nflu .Demf} tf ug'{ kg]{5 . -em_ sfa"aflx/sf] kl/l:ylt -kmf] z{ d] h/_.naGbL b/efpkq .DaGwL kmf/fddf plNnlvt zt{ x? .f/ b]xfo adf]lhd x'g .Dkfbg ug'{ kg]{ .lsg] g.lsg] Joj:yf.Demf}tfsf kIfx?sf] gfd / 7] ufgf.f]sf] Joj:yf.Demf}tf eO{ .s]sf]df .lsg] eP . lgdf{0f sfo{ jf . -ª_ cfk"lt{ .Sg]5g\ M– -s_ vl/b . k|: tfj .f]sf] Joj:yf. .Dkfbg tflnsf. -#_ . -v_ vl/b .Demf}tf . ljb]zL d'b|fsf] e'QmfgL nufot e'QmfgLsf zt{ / tl/sf.dfof]hg ug{ . -u_ vl/b .f] lgwf{/0f ug]{ tl/sf.]jf :jLsf/ x'g] zt{ x?. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] vl/b .Demf}tfdf /x]sf lnvtx?sf] ljj/0f / k|fyldstfsf] qmd. ˆofS.Demf}tf / . -5_ dfn.ldltnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . -3_ sfo{ .do.Demf}tf .fj{hlgs lgsfon] pkbkmf -@_ sf] v08 -s_ / -v_ adf]lhd vl/b sf/afxL /f]Ssf gu/]df .

-w_ nfu" x'g] sfg"g.lsg] jf g.f]eGbf a9Lsf] e]l/Pzgsf] xsdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw ckgfO{ bkmf @ sf] v08 -v_ sf] pkv08 -!_ adf]lhdsf] .jf]{ Rr sfo{s f/L lgsfoaf6 lg0f{ o eP adf]lhd e]l/Pzg cfb]z hf/L ug{ . -8_ cfjZos kg]{ hdfgt.Dkfbg ePdf lbg] af]g.as06«ØfS6 ug{ .Dkfbg x'g g.Demf}tfdf .Demf}t f sfof{Gjogsf] qmddf .dfof]hg -k|fO.Sg] Joj:yf.DaGwL Joj:yf. t/ bkmf %$ adf]lhd e]l/ozg cfb]z hf/L ubf{ jf bkmf %% adf]lhd d"N o .Demf}tfdf .Ddsf] e]l/Pzgsf] xsdf tf]lsP adf]lhd e]l/Pzg cfb]z hf/L ug{ .+zf]wg ug{ .37 -7_ ljdf cfjZos ePdf .fj{hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf .[hgf ePdf . -0f_ lgwf{l/t cjlweGbf cufl8 g} sfo{ .xdltaf6 vl/b . %$= e]l/Pzg cfb] z M -!_ vl/b ./sf/.fj{hlgs lgsfosf] xsdf g]kfn . P8h:6d]06_ ubf{ vl/b .Demf}t f ubf{sf avt k"jf{g'dfg ug{ g. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cfb]z hf/L ubf{ b] xfo adf]lhd hf/L ug'{ kg]{ 5 M– .DaGwL Joj:yf.Sg] 5 .dfwfgsf] . .Demf}tfdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s vl/b .+zf]wg M sfdsf] cfwf/e"t k|s[tL jf If]q kl/jt{g gx'g] u/L b'j} kIfsf] lnlvt .+ oGq. %#= vl/b .+ zf] wg ug'{ kg]{ 5}g . -b_ ljjfb .s] afktsf] k"j{ lgwf{l/t Ifltk"lt{ lnlSj8]6]8 8\ofd]h]h_.f] . -y_ .Demf}tf /2 ug{ . -t_ vl/b .lsg]5 .Sg] / .f] .lsg] Joj:yf.lsPsf] kl/l:ylt .Demf}tfdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]d f afx]s vl/b . / -g_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf cGo s'/fx? .Demf} tfdf .f]sf] :ki6 sf/0f v' nfO{ clwsf/ k| fKt clwsf/Ln] kGw| k|ltzt. dlGqkl/ifb\af6 lg0f{o eP adf]lhd / cGo . -9_ lgwf{l/t cjlwdf sfo{ .f] lgsfosf] .

f] .38 -s_ .fj{hlgs lgsfon] pknAw u/fpg' kg]{ s'/f pknAw u/fpg g. %%= vl/b . -#_ e]l/Pzg cfb]z hf/L ug]{ .Demf}tfsf] cjlw yk .DaGwL Joj:yf . %^= .Sg] 5 .dfof]hg ul/g]5 .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg vl/b . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.flas d"Nosf] bz k|ltzteGbf a9L 36a9 ePdf To. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.s]sf] cj:yfdf ck|Tofl.fdu|Lsf] d"N o .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g] 5 . t/ .dfof]hg ug{ cfjZos b]lvPdf clwsf/ k| fKt clwsf/Ln] d"No .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg sfa"aflx/sf] kl/l:ylt.Demf}tfdf d"No .Demf}tf k|fKt ug]{ JolQmsf] l9nfO{sf] sf/0faf6 .Demf}tf sfof{Gjog ug{] qmddf d"No . . %&= lan jf ljhssf] e'QmfgL M ./L 36]sf] jf a9]sf] /sddf bz k|ltzt s§f u/L tf]lsP adf]lhd d"N o .DalGwt vl/b .lsg] 5}g .s]df jf cGo dgfl.fj{hlgs lgsfon] lan÷ljhssf] e'QmfgL vl/b .Demf}tfdf plNnlvt cjlwleq . -v_ ah]6sf] Joj:yf ePsf] x'g' kg]{.Demf}tf eO{ .Demf}tfsf] cjlw ga9fO{ gx'g] ePdf .DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ vl/b .dfof]hg ug{ . / -u_ clwsf/ k| fKt clwsf/Lsf] l:js[tL lnPsf] x'g' kg]{ .fj{ hlgs lgdf{0f sfo{ vl/b ubf{ /fli6« o :t/sf] af] nkq cfJxfg eO{ vl/b .DalGwt sfdsf] cfwf/e"t k|s[lt jf If]q kl/jt{g gx'g] u/L ug'{ kg]{.a sf/0faf6 vl/b .do nfu]sf]]d f jf Psd'i6 sfo{ .d s06«fS6_ jf lglZrt ah] 6sf] cfwf/df vl/b .Dkfbg -nDk .Demf}tf adf]lhdsf] sfd .Sg]5 . .DkGg geO{ a9L .dfof]hg ug{ .dfof] hg M -!_ vl/b .Demf}t f ePsf]d f d"No .t ?kdf s'g} lgdf{0f .Demf}tfsf] cwLgdf /xL tf]lsP adf]lhd lbg' kg]{5 .Demf}tf k|fKt ug]{ JolQmsf] lgj]bg adf]lhd clwsf/ k|fKt clwsf/Ln] tf]lsPsf] cfwf/df cjlw a9fpg .Demf}tfsf] cjlw yk .Demf}t fdf pNn] v eP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Demf}tfdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]d f afx]s kGw| dlxgfeGbf a9L cjlwsf] vl/b .

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Demf}tf jf l8hfOg tyf lgdf{0f b'j} sfo{ ug]{ u/L ePsf] vl/b .Demf}tf sfof{Gjog ubf{ .lkms]zg tof/ ug{] jf vl/b sfof{Gjogsf] cg'udg ug]{ lhDd]jf/L kfPsf] af]nkqbftf jf lgh. .f/e"t?kdf kfngf gu/]sf] jf vl/b . ^#= sfnf] .DaGwdf k|e fj kfg]{ p2]Zon] .f] . cfk"lt{stf{ .fj{hlgs lgsfo. kmd{.Demf}tfdf efu lng cof]U o 7xl/g] s'g} kmf}Hbf/L s. -3_ vl/b .Ddsf] cjlwdf af]nkq jf k|:tfjsf . .43 -5_ af]nkq jf k|: tfj vf] n]sf] .Demf}tf ug{ gcfPdf. -#_ s'g} vl/b sfo{sf] af] nkq . k|:tfjbftf.Dd sfnf] . .Demf}tf cg'?ksf] bfloTj .DaGwL sf/afxLdf efu lng .DaGwL sfuhft jf :k]l. k/fdz{bftf. -ª_ of]U otf 9fF 6L jf e'mSofgdf kf/L vl/b .Demf}tfsf xsdf of] Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .dob]lv af]nkq jf k|:tfj :jLs[ltsf] .Fu .+:yf jf sDkgLnfO{ lghsf] sfo{sf] ufDeLo{t fsf] cfwf/df . lgdf{0f Joj. -u_ vl/b .+: yf jf sDkgL jf To:tf] kmd{ jf .Demf}tf adf]lhdsf] sfo{ ."rLdf /fVg .foL jf cGo JolQm.fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] Ps jif{b]lv tLg jif{.f/e"t q'l6 u/]sf] jf ."rgf glbFbf. -v_ :jLs[ltsf] nflu 5gf}6 ePsf] k|: tfjsf] k|:tfjbftf bkmf #* adf]lhd . t/ 6g{sL vl/b ."/df cbfntaf6 bf]ifL 7xl/Pdf. jf -r_ tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] cGo s'g} cj:yfdf .]jfk|b fos.+:yf jf sDkgLdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Ln]] To:tf] vl/bsf] af]nkq .Sg]5 M– -s_ bkmf ^@ adf]lhdsf] cfr/0f ljk/Lt sfd u/]sf] k|dfl0ft ePdf.Demf}tf adf]lhdsf] u'0 f:t/sf] gePsf] s'/f kl5 k|d fl0ft ePdf."rLdf /fVg] / k'ms'jf ug]{ M -!_ b]xfosf] cj:yfdf af]nkqbftf.Demf}t f u/]sf] s'/f k|d fl0ft x'g cfPdf.dn] k|efj kfg]{ sfo{ ug{ .Sg] 5}g .Fu cfj4 /x]sf] s'g} JolQm jf kmd{ jf .Dks{ ug{ jf af]nkqsf] k/LIf0f / d"NofÍgdf jf k|:tfjsf] d"NofÍgdf s'g} lsl.

44 -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sfnf].f/ sfnf] .Sg] 5}g .]jfsf] /fhkqflÍt ljlzi6 >]0fLsf]] sd{rf/L x'g]5 . kmd{ . -#_ o. . .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] tof/ u/]sf] dfkb08 cg' .DaGwdf .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ."rLdf /fv]sf] JolQm. -#_. bkmfdf cGoq h'g."rLaf6 k'ms'jf ug]{ . . kmd{.Sg] 5}g . kl/R5]b–( vl/b sfo{sf] cg'udg ./sf/sf] lghfdtL .+:yf jf sDkgLn] .Dd .DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 ."rLdf sfod /x]sf] cjlw e/ . bkmfdf cGoq h'g. -$_ pkbkmf -@_ jf -#_ adf]lhd ."rLaf6 k'ms'jf ul/g]5 . -%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sfnf] .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg a}+s jf ljQLo .+:yf jf sDkgLn] To:tf] .fj{ hlgs lgsfosf] vl/b sf/afxLdf efu lng ."rLdf /x]sf af]nkqbftf.f]xL cjlw.foL jf cGo JolQm. .DaGwL Joj:yf ^$= .Ddsf] nflu dxfn]vf lgoGqssf] sfof{ non] .fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{nosf] ?kdf sfd ug{ .Sg] JolQm.+:yfsf] C0f glt/L k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd clwsf/ k| fKt lgsfon] sfnf] .]jfk|b fos.fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{no M -!_ vl/b sfo{s f] cg'udg ug{ k| wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{ no cGtu{t Ps .+:yf jf sDkgLnfO{ sfnf] .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] ug]{ vl/bdf efu lnPsf] kfOPdf lghsf] af]nkq jf k|: tfj pk/ s'g} sf/afxL x'g] 5}g . cfk"lt{stf{. .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{nosf] :yfkgf ul/g]5 . -@_. -#_ o. -^_ pkbkmf -!_. k|:tfjbftf."rLdf /fVg] .]j fk|b fos. lgdf{0f Joj.foL jf cGo JolQm.fj{ hlgs vl/b sf/afxLdf efu lng g.fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ no :yfkgf geP. . lgdf{0f Joj. -$_ / -%_ adf]lhd sfnf]. cfk"tL{stf{ .fj{ hlgs vl/b sf/afxLdf efu lng ."rLdf /flvPsf] af]nkqbftf. k/fdz{bftf.Sg]5 . k/fdz{bftf. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sfof{nosf] k|d' v g]kfn . kmd{. kmd{.Dd a9Ldf 5 dlxgf. k|:tfjbftf.+:yf jf sDkgLn] .

'wf/ ug{ g]kfn .fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{nosf] sfd.+nUg ePsf] jf x'g] sd{rf/Lsf] nflu lgoldt k|lzIf0f sfo{qmdsf] Joj:yf ug]{./sf/nfO{ l.dIf k] z ug]{ . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod. -r_ vl/b .45 ^%= .DaGwL n]v /rgf.fj{hlgs lgsfon] vl/b sf/afxL ./sf/ . -h_ vl/b sfo{df .DaGwL j]e. -v_ of] P]g sfof{Gjogsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ k| fljlws dfu{b z{g / lgb]{lzsf Hff/L ug]{. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod jf lgb]{lzsf cg'?k eP jf gePsf] cg'udg jf k|fljlws k/LIf0f ug]{ jf u/fpg].Demf}tf . -ª_ of] P]g jf o.dGjo ug{sf nflu cfjZos kg]{ sfo{ljlw tof/ u/L :jLs[ltsf] nflu g]kfn . / k|:tfj dfu ug]{ .fj{hlgs u/fpg a' n]l6g k|sfzg ug]{.DaGwL sfuhft -:of6G88{ lal8ª 8s'd]06_. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod. ug]{.fdu| L tyf o:t} cGo s'/fx? .kmfl/.~rfng ug]{ .DaGwL sfuhft -:of6G88{ s06« ofS6 8s'd]06_. k"j{ of]U otf .fj{hlgs lgsfoaf6 x'g] jf ePsf] vl/b sf/afxLsf] tYof+s .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] /fo k/fdz{ dfu u/]df /fo k/fdz{ lbg]. P]gdf cGoq Joj:yf ePsf] cltl/Qm . lgb]{lzsf.DaGwL sfuhft l/Sj]:6 km/ k| kf]hn_ sf] :of6G88{ gd"gf tof/ ug]{.~rfng ug{ k| of] u ug{' kg]{ af]nkq .+sng u/L To:tf] sf/afxL of] P]g jf o. . k| fljlws dfu{ lgb]{zg tyf . st{Jo / clwsf/ b] xfo adf]lhd x'g]5 M– -s_ vl/b . .DaGwL gLlt jf k| rlnt sfg"gdf . lgb]{lzsfdf plNnlvt s'g} s'/fsf .sf] .DaGwdf .fO{6 :yfkgf u/L To.fj{ hlgs vl/b .fj{ hlgs vl/b cg' udg sfof{ nosf] sfd. -em_ af]nkqbftf jf vl/b sfo{df . -3_ . -u_ .DaGwL sfuhft -:of6G88{ lk| Sjflnlkms]zg 8s'd]06_ / vl/b . -5_ of] P]g / o. st{Ao / clwsf/ M -!_ o.

fj{ hlgs lgsfonfO{ yk xflg gf]S.DaGwdf pTkGg s'g} ljjfb . -7_ vl/b k|0ffnLnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ / .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ljz]if kl/l:ylt pTkGg eO{ tTsfn vl/b gubf{ . P]gdf cGoq h'g.fj{hlgs lgsfosf k|d'vn] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] kl/l:ylt / tTsfn ug'{ kg]{ vl/b ./sf/ .]jf k|0ffnL k'g/fjnf]sg. cfk"lt{ .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg b]xfosf] cj:yfdf of] P]g adf]lhdsf] vl/b k|lqmof ckgfpg'kg{] 5}g M– .]j f / cGo .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg . P]gdf cGoq h'g. k/fdz{ . -#_ ljz]if kl/l:yltdf vl/b ug]{ .fgL x'g] cj:yf cfO{ k/]df .' emfj lng].fj{ hlgs lgsfon] u/]sf] vl/b k|lqmofdf s'g} lsl. ^&= o.Fu lgoldt ?kdf .DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 . -6_ vl/b Joj:yf k|e fjsf/L agfpg lgdf{0f.f/ sfnf].DaGwL lj:t[t ljj/0fsf] hfgsf/L Ps tx dflysf] clwsf/LnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .+: yf tyf cGo ljb] zL lgsfo.+nUg x'g] jf tT. -#_ .DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ o. P]g adf]lhdsf] vl/b k|lqmof ckgfpg' gkg]{ M -!_ o.xfotf .Fu jf cfjZostfg'.fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{non] bkmf $* adf]lhdsf] k'g/fjnf]sg .ldltnfO{ cfjZos kg]{ ah]6 Joj:yf ug]{ sfd ug'{ kg]{5 .dIf k]z ug{].f/ cGt/f{li6«o . -8_ -9_ vl/b sf/afxLsf] jflif{s k|ltj]bg g]kfn .lrjfnosf] sfd / .dn] . / tf]lsPsf] cGo sfo{ ug]{ . -@_ . ."rLaf6 k'ms'jf ug]{.f] dfkb08 cg'.ldltsf] .dfwfg ug]{ 5}g .DaGwdf cfjZos dfkb08 tof/ ug]{ / . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g.xfotfsf] of] hgf tof/ ug]{ tyf To:tf] .46 -`_ bkmf ^# adf]lhdsf] sfnf] .'wf/ ug{ cfjZos kg]{ :jb]zL jf j}b]lzs .fj{hlgs lgsfon] tTsfn vl/b ug{ jf u/fpg .]jfu|fxL.f] .Sg] 5 ."rLaf6 k'ms'jf ug]{ .ldIff ug]{ / .dGjo ug]{ s]Gb|Lo lgsfosf] ?kdf sfd ug]{. kl/R5]b–!) ljljw ^^= ljz]if kl/l:yltdf vl/b ug]{ .fj{hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{ non] cfˆgf] sfof{ no afx]s cGo .

/sf/ / bft[ kIfaLr ePsf] . af]nkq jf k"j{ of]U otf .DaGwL sfuhft./sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf .~rf/sf] dfWodaf6 vl/b sf/f]af/ x'g ."rgf k|s fzg ug'{ kg]{5 / o. ^(= ljB'tLo .~rf/sf] ljifoj:t'sf] clen]v sfg"gL ?kdf dfGo / . cfzokq dfu u/L . . ./sf/n] lg0f{o u/]df. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd lg0f{o ubf{ g]kfn .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] ljB'lto ./L .fj{hlgs . af]nkq .'/Iff jf k|lt/Iff .f] ljifosf] . .fj{hlgs lgsfon] af]nkqbftf jf k/fdz{bftfnfO{ jf af] nkqbftf jf k/fdz{bftfn] . lg0f{o jf cGo hfgsf/L o." rgf a'emfpg g. ^*= ."rgf hf/L ug{.'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg g]kfn .dfrf/kqdf .Sg] M -!_ o.Sg] Joj:yf ug{ ."rL tof/ ug{. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] .Demf}t fdf plNnlvt s'g} lnvt.~rf/sf] dfWodaf6 k"j{ of]U otf lgwf{/0fsf] k|:tfj dfu ug{. vl/b .fdl/s jf k|lt/Iff . jf -v_ g]kfn . P]gdf cGoq h'g. P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod."rgf k|s fzg u/L .~rf/ dfWoddf . af]nkq." rgf k|sfzg ePsf]df To:tf] JolQmn] /Ltk"j{s . af] nkq cfXjfgsf] ."rgf kfpg] af] nkqbftf jf k/fdz{bftfsf] 7]ufgf kQf gnflu jf cGo s'g} sf/0fn] To:tf] .'/Iff.DaGwL b[li6sf]0faf6 pko'Qm gx'g ] egL g]kfn ./sf/n] vl/b ug'{ kg]{ sf/0f v'nfO{ tT.Sg] 5 .f] kIfsf] vl/b lgb]{lzsf -k| f]Sof]/d]06 ufO{ 8nfOG.]j fsf] k|:tfj dfu ug{.47 -s_ o.DaGwL sfuhft k7fpg. k/fdz{ .+lIfKt ljj/0f pNn]v u/L /fli6« o :t/sf] b}lgs .lsPsf] cj:yfdf .DaGwL 5'§} sfo{ljlw .]j fsf] k|:tfj k|fKt ug{ .DaGwL sfuhft jf vl/b . P]g adf]lhdsf] k|lqmof ckgfO{ ."rgf lbg jf lng .+/lIft x'g] u/L._ cg'?k vl/b ug{' k/]d f . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd .Demf}t f adf]lhd . k|:tfj cfXjfg . k"j{ of]U otfsf] jf k/fdz{ ."rgf k7fpFbf To:tf] .~rf/sf] dfWod k| of]u ubf{ b] xfo adf]lhd k| of] u ug'{' kg]{5 M– -s_ To:tf . P]gdf cGoyf Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s lnlvt?kdf lbg' kg]{5 .Demf}tf ug{ .~rf/sf ljlw M -!_ .d]t lgwf{/0f ug'{ kg]{5 .fj{hlgs lgsfonfO{ lbg' kg]{ egL of] P]g / o." rgf."rgf kfPsf] dflgg]5 . e'QmfgL lbg / cGo .DaGwL vl/b ug{ /fli6«o .+lIfKt .

&!= d"NofÍg .DaGwL sfg"gL Joj:yf of] P]g. . @)$( sf] bkmf !^* sf] k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z vf/]h ul/Psf] 5 . &)= sfg"gL lnvtx? j]e .ldltsf] sfd.fj{hlgs lgsfox?sf vl/b .+zf]wg ePsf] dflgg]5 . -u_ vl/b sf/afxLdf af] nkqbftfsf] kx'F r cg'lrt?kn] lgolGqt gx'g] u/L.Sg]5 .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg bkmf @ sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhdsf . &$= lgod agfpg] clwsf/ M -!_ of] P]gsf] p2]Zo sfof{Gjog ug{ g]kfn . P]g cg's"n x'g] u/L :jtM .Sg]5 .fj{ hlgs vl/b cg'udg sfof{nosf] j]e.Sg]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfon] vl/b sf/afxL . -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf] d"NofÍg . k/fdz{ .]j fsf] cfzokq jf k|:tfj jf l.~rf/ dfWodsf] .+ zf] wg M -!_ .ldlt u7g ug'{ kg]{5 .'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg bkmf @ sf] v08 -v_ sf] pkv08 -!_ df plNnlvt .ldlt u7g ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ k"j{ of]U otfsf] k|:tfj.naGbL b/efpkq k/LIf0f / d"NofÍg ug{ .fj{ hlgs lgsfon] To:tf lgsfo.'/lIft tl/sfn] /fVg' kg]{5 .48 -v_ To:tf] . -@_ k|rlnt sfg"gdf h'g .DaGwL sfuhftsf] clen]v tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] cjlwsf] nflu .fO{6df /fVg' kg]{5 . P]g cGt{ut ag]sf] lgod adf]lhd cfk"mnfO{ k|fKt clwsf/x?dWo] tf]lsP adf]lhdsf clwsf/ afx]s c? clwsf/ s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{ k|Tofof] hg ug{ .Fu aflemPsf] xb. / -3_ of] P]g / o.Dd o.DalGwt P]g. -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g. &@= vl/b sf/afxLsf] clen]v M .j{.'lawfsf] nflu .fj{hlgs lgsfon] tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] d"NofÍg .Fu .jf/L tyf oftfoft Joj:yf P]g.'/Iff kof{Kt?kdf x'g] u/L.fwf/0fsf] hfgsf/L / . st{Ao / clwsf/ tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 . &%= vf/]hL tyf . &#= clwsf/ k| Tofof]hg M clwsf/ k| fKt clwsf/Ln] of] P]g jf o. lgod jf u7g cfb] zsf] cwLgdf /xL cfjZos lgod agfpg .fO{6df /fVg' kg]{ M of]] P]g / o. af] nkq. P]g cGtu{ t ag]sf] lgod / vl/b lgb]{lzsf . P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] lgod / cGo sfg"g ljk/Lt gx'g] u/L] .fj{hlgs lgsfo afx]s cGo ./sf/n] cfjZos lgodx? agfpg .

-$_./sf/L gubL tyf lhG. .} P]g adf]lhd eP u/]sf dflgg]5 . @)%% / .DaGwL P]g.+/If0f ug]{.a} sfd sf/afxL o. @)%^ / bkmf @ sf] v08 -v_ sf] pkv08 -@_. lgod jf u7g cfb]zsf] Joj:yf adf]lhd eP u/]sf vl/b . -%_ / -^_ df plNnlvt . ldGxf lbg] . -#_.g tyf cGo ljljw Joj:yf / tt\.DaGwL cfly{s k|zf.Æ &^= arfp M cfly{s sfo{ljlw P]g.L .~rfng ug]{ w/f}6L.]j f z'Ns lng].DaGwL . lnnfd laqmL ug]{./sf/L sfd sfh tyf cfof]hgf . . k]ZsL lbg] tyf km5\ of}{ 6 ug]{.DklQsf] .§f b]xfosf] bkmf & /flvPsf] 5 M– æ&= vr{ ug]{ sfo{ljlw M . b:t'/.49 -#_ cfly{s sfo{ljlw P]g.DaGwL sfo{ljlw tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .fj{hlgs lgsfosf vl/b .f] P]g cGtu{t ag]sf] cfly{s k| zf. @)%% sf] bkmf & sf] .g .DaGwL lgodfjnL. .

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