Technical Training on RF Optimization

Optimization is to • • • • Keep track of network Improve quality of network To provide best network quality using any available spectrum analyzer Accessibility, Retainability, Mobility

The Radio Network Optimization (RNO) is to reasonably adjust the communication network planning and design as per certain criteria so as to enable the network operation more reliable and economical, improve the network service quality and resource utilization, which is of great importance to network carriers. 2G Optimization 1. Coverage Optimization 2. Call drop Optimization 3. Neighbor Optimization 4. Handover Optimization Coverage 2G RX level Good: Rx Lev > -85dbm Radio Ok= -85dbm<Rx Lev<= -95dbm Poor: Rx Lev < -95dbm


connectors & Jumper 2.Receive signal level < -95dbm 2. Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors & handover failure 3. Interference 1. Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev. Call Drop Causes of call drop 1. Check hardware alarm. Coverage Optimization Ways to improve coverage in a network if any of the following issue occurs I. Poor coverage – Low signal strength 2. Antenna tilt Antenna azimuth Antenna height TMA amplifier Antenna type Antenna location New site Poor Coverage due to Missing neighbors Ways to resolve missing neighbors in other to improve coverage • • Check neighbor list from BSS engineer Add missing neighbor cells. Missing Neighbors . Poor coverage due to bad Rx Lev Ways to improve poor coverage • • • • • • • II. Faulty hardware. III. Loss of attenuation check – Feeders .Causes Poor Coverage 1. 4. Handover failure 3.

Interference 5.4. Optimization of Call Drop I. Signalling 2. Ways to Optimize • Avoid Co-channel.Low signal strength Ways to Optimize • • • • • • • II Antenna tilt Antenna azimuth Antenna location Antenna height Antenna type Site location New site Call drop due to Handover failure Ways to optimize handover failure • • • • • Unavailable time slots because of high traffic – Increase time slot Congestion – Increase Capacity Low signal strength and bad quality Check handover margin Hardware problem like TRX or time slot problem II Call drop due to Missing neighbor Ways to optimize handover problem • • • Check neighbor list from BSS engineer Add missing neighbor cells Remove unnecessary neighbor cells III Call drop due to Interference.Same Frequency . Hardware Faulty 6. Call drop due to Poor coverage.

Add missing neighbor cells IV Remove unnecessary neighbor cells. Neighbor relation should be well define to avoid call drop II. Neighbor Optimization I.• • Avoid Adjust Channel – Adjacent frequency Check external interference IV Check hardware Alarm. Check neighbor list from BSS engineer III. 4.Run a Trace in the affected area 3. Signaling . Radio failure and BTS failure V. Handover Optimization Check Handover margin .

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