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PHY 5346 HW Set 6 Solutions – Kimel

3. 4.1 q lm

r l Y l m , x d 3 x q i r l

l Y l

m i , i

i

Using

Y m l , 2l 1 l − m !
4 l m !

P

From the figure we get q lm a l N m P m 0 q 1 1 m 1 i m 0,

l

l

m x e −−m N

l

m P

l

m x e −−m

l

for m

even, so m 2n 1, n 0, 1, 2,

q lm

b) The figure for this system is

2qa l N m P m 0 1 1 n i

l

l Since the sum of the charges equals zero, l 1. q lm qa l Y m l x 1, Y l m x 1,

From the Rodrigues formula for P m x , we see P m 1 0, for m 0. So

qa l N m P m 1 P m 1

l

l

l

l

l

q lm qa l N 0 1 1 l P l 1

l

q lm

c) Using the fact that N

0

l 2l 1
4

0

and Y l

x

l 2

2qa l P l x

r l 1 0
2qa l N
l
2l 1
4

P l

2qa 2

r 3

P 2 x 0 on x-y plane)

x qa 2

r 3 1
1
Let us plot x / −q/a , ie,
r
3
x 3
a
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0.5
1
1.5
x
2
2.5
3
The exact answer on the x-y plane is
2
2
−q
3
4 5
5
35
x −q
3 −
7 −
a
x
a
1 x
1 x
1 x
8
64
1
x
1
x 2
1
2
So let’s plot
,
2 x
x 3
1
x
1
x 2
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
1
2
3 x
4
5

where the smaller is the exact answer. 9
1 x