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Trần Việt Dũng-P.KTKT g - May 2011 -
Introduction Preparations Trial project Discussion
Some solutions for reducing TCH congestion What is traditional dual site? g BCCH? What is MBC-Single Why MBC-Single BCCH? Summary of Adv./Disadv. of MBC.
• Service. • Soft solutions: No more HW. • Channel. 4 . • • • • • Dynamic Half Rate Allocation. – RNO. RNO • Coverage.Introduction TCH congestion: Some solutions • Hard solutions: More HW – Add TRXs. – Add BTSs. Dynamic FR/HR Mode Adaptation . Assignment to Another Cell Cell. – Activate features supported by BSS. Cell Load Sharing. Multi-Band Cell (Single-BCCH).
Introduction Introduction of MBC – Multi Band Cell 5 .
SDCCH. SDCCH. PDCH & TCH Cell GSM 900 carries BCCH.Introduction Tranditional Dualband Site: Dual BCCH. 6 . Multi-band Operation (D-BCCH) allows configuring two different frequency bands in the same or different site location using dual BCCH. Cell DCS 1800 carries BCCH. assignment and handovers between different bands. It allows reselection. PDCH & TCH.
SDCCH. z The UL covers the whole cell area. .Introduction What is Single-BCCH? z Single-BCCH: g Common BCCH Cell. SDCCH. For Traffic Load UL(GSM 900) carries BCCH. and TCH channels.PDCH . For Coverage 7 . . Multi-band cell. PDCH & TCH. z Two layers in a cell: UL (900M) and OL (1800M). while OL only y manages the TCH channels. also called GSM900&DCS1800. . . The OL may not match the UL coverage area. OL(DCS 1800) contains only TCH. z UL manages g BCCH.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subcell 1 GSM800 GSM800 GSM800 GSM900 GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 Subcell 2 GSM900 GSM1800 GSM1900 GSM1800 GSM1900 GSM800 GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM1800 GSM1900 8 .Introduction Multi Band Cell Configurations Conf.
these restrictions are removed for that band. Discontinuous Transmission and Frequency Hopping on the BCCH frequency. 9 .Introduction Why Single-BCCH? 1. . By omitting the BCCH from one of the frequency q y bands in a multi band cell. . Improve radio performance: There are several restrictions on the usage of features Dynamic BTS Power Control.
PDCH. and the TCH channels will be increased accordingly.Introduction Why Single-BCCH (cont. For Traffic Load UL(GSM 900) carries BCCH. SDCCH. SDCCH. Improve capability: UL and OL share the BCCH. OL(DCS 1800) contains only TCH. PDCH & TCH.)? 2. For Coverage 10 .
0 42.3 8.2 48.7 .7 41.2 35.3 34.0 1800 TCHs 29 29 29 29 SDCCH Required 2 2 2 2 Erlang B (2% GOS) 21.2 14.0 900 + 1800 Erlang B (2% GOS) 23.3 29.0 21.0 Multi Band Cell 900 TCHs 4 12 19 27 11 1800 TCHs 32 32 32 32 Multi-Band TCH T Total t l 36 44 51 59 SDCCH R Required i d 3 3 4 4 Erlang g B (2% ( GOS) ) 27.0 21.Introduction Example of theoretical capacity gain… Traditional Dual-Band Cell 900 TCHs 6 14 21 29 SDCCH Required 1 1 2 2 Erlang B (2% GOS) 2.0 21.0 21.
12 .Introduction Why Single-BCCH (cont. Simplify network structure: z Reduce number of cells in the network Æ BSC capacity z Reduce number of Location Area Codes z Reduce number of neighboring cells z Simplify multi-layer network into one layer network.)? 3.
...Introduction Multiband Operation – Dual BCCH cells A D F C E B A-B A-C A-D AE A-E A-F B-C B-D BE B-E B-F . CD C-D C-E C-F D-E DF D-F E-F A-B A-C B-A BC B-C C-A C-B Multiband Cell Common BCCH cells A C B 13 .. .
of Dual-BCCH and Single-BCCH 14 .Summary of Adv./Disadv.
• Significant increase in neighbor relations since handovers will be permitted between cells with the same band and between the different bands. • Spectrum to be allocated for BCCH in the two bands. spectrum-limited 15 ./Disadv. of Dual-BCCH ¾Adv. ¾Disadv. • The network optimization becomes easier. • 1800 MHz can provide additional capacity in high density areas. Can be a problem in p markets. A dual band sector needs definition of 2 cells: one cell for each band.Introduction Adv. • 1800 MHz single band mobiles can still be served on the 1800MHz layer.: Adv : • Dual Band mobiles can camp on either band. This could b become a problem bl if th the BSC neighbor i hb relations l ti li limit it i is reached h d and d could ld affect ff t the accuracy of measurement reports sent by the MS.: • Extra cells have to be defined.
• Improve radio performance by DTX./Disadv. f S-BCCH S BCCH ¾Adv.Introduction Ad /Di d of Adv. ¾Disadv. • The number of defined cells and neighbor relations in a BSC is reduced. e network et o opt optimization at o beco becomes es more oed difficult. Reduction in the number of neighbor relations contributes to the accuracy or measurement reports sent by the MS. less inter-cell HO. BTSPC and FH.: • Non-BCCH band single-band mobiles will have no coverage.: • Improve capacity. cu t • The 16 . • Easy O&M. MS • Signaling load on the system eased: No reselection of 900M/1800M cells.
Contents Introduction Preparations Trial Project Discussion 17 .
Preparations Transceiver Group Synchronization Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells Multiband Cell DT Planning Considerations 18 .
Preparations Transceiver Group Synchronization 19 .
Preparations Transceiver Group Synchronization In order to be able to configure a Multi Band Cell. 20 . synchronized by either being located in the same RBS cabinet and/or by using the feature Transceiver Group Synchronizations if the transceivers are located in different RBS cabinets. transceivers for different bands have to be synchronized.
Preparations ESB cable between two RBS 2216 (length 1.6m) – Product Number RPM 119 0158/01600 21 .
refer this document 22 TG synchronization-User Guide .Preparations TT ESB Cable Type 1 2 3 4 5 DB9 ‐ RJ45 DB9 ‐ DB9 Description RBS2206 ‐ RBS2216 Product Number RPM 119 0476/15000 RPM 513 1104/15000 RPT 403 805/01 RNV 899 066/1 RPM 513 904/1+ RBS2206 ‐ RBS2206 Terminator at ESB port of DB9 Terminator RBS2206 Terminator at ESB port of RJ45 Terminator RBS2216 ESB Cable connect from ESB cable 2206 DXU to ESB port For more details.
Preparations Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells DCS1800 Overlay GSM900 Underlay 23 .
When combining two such frequency bands into one cell it is naturally suitable to re-use the subcell structure concept from the feature Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells. cell 24 . The parameter BAND defines the frequency band used within a channel group in a subcell. The feature Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells is a prerequisite for the M lti Band Multi B d Cell C ll.Preparations Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells In multi band networks it can often be assumed that one frequency band has generally "better" coverage than the other. The parameter CSYSTYPE has a different meaning in multi band cells. The Th frequency f b d with band ith "better" "b tt " coverage can be configured in the UL subcell and the other frequency band with "worse" coverage in the OL subcell. as it defines the BCCH frequency band used in the cell.
TA and DTCB (Distance-To-Cell-Border) criteria are re-used to define the coverage limit of the frequency band used in the OL subcell in order to secure continuous service within the cell 25 .Preparations Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont.) The pathloss.
) The traffic load distribution between the two different frequency bands is handled by the Subcell Load Distribution function. 26 . the frequency band in the other subcell.Preparations Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont. fi t and d after ft a certain t i amount t of f traffic has been reached. allowing the frequency band in the preferred subcell (UL or OL as selected by the parameter SCLDSC) to t be b filled fill d first.
or in basements. etc.Preparations Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont. but this is not advisable as this frequency band may experience greater attenuation leading to MS’s not being be g ab able e to re-select e se ect t the e network et o (especially (espec a y inside s de buildings.) It is also possible to configure the BCCH in the Overlaid Subcell which may be the frequency band with the "worse" worse coverage.) 27 .
Preparations Multiband Cell DT Multiband Cell DT.doc 28 .
Preparations Planning Considerations 29 .
Preparations • Synchronization If 900 and 1800 cabinets are combined. it is possible that the default limitation of 1 SDCCH/8 per TRX in each channel group will prove to be a problem. 30 . Æ Activate feature Increase SDCCH/8. their synchronization must t be b kept: k t Error E of f Synch… S h • SDCCH Capacity Limitations Due to the fact that SDCCHs should not be configured in the GSM-1800 Overlaid Subcells.
Preparations • Selection of the BCCH frequency band Assuming that all MSs are multi band. • The preferred subcell: UL or OL 31 . band other issues should be considered: Coverage and frequency planning.
Preparations • Azimuth of the antenna. 32 . To ensure the success rate of service access. swapped • Backup Power. access the coverage direction of 900M and 1800M should be identical whenever possible. Æ The pp antenna is big gp problem.
Contents Basic Principles Preparations Trial Project Discussion 33 .
.Trial Project Preparations completed P.KT: DT. cable. Tối ưu tham số Report Trial completed and Report . bus BTS configuration Trial Project Data configuration Dai VT: HW đấu nối Đài ĐHKT: Khai báo CDD Parameter Tuning DT and Traffic analysis P. .KT: PA trien khai va CDD Dai VT: HW.
Contents Basic Principles Preparations Trial and Implementation Discussion .
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