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MBC-Single g BCCH

Trn Vit Dng-P.KTKT g - May 2011 -


Introduction Preparations Trial project Discussion


Some solutions for reducing TCH congestion What is traditional dual site? g BCCH? What is MBC-Single Why MBC-Single BCCH? Summary of Adv./Disadv. of MBC.

TCH congestion: Some solutions Hard solutions: More HW
Add TRXs. Add BTSs.

Soft solutions: No more HW.

Coverage. Channel. Service.

Activate features supported by BSS.

Dynamic Half Rate Allocation. Dynamic FR/HR Mode Adaptation . Assignment to Another Cell Cell. Cell Load Sharing. Multi-Band Cell (Single-BCCH).


Introduction of MBC Multi Band Cell

Introduction Tranditional Dualband Site: Dual BCCH.

Multi-band Operation (D-BCCH) allows configuring two different frequency bands in the same or different site location using dual BCCH. It allows reselection, assignment and handovers between different bands.
Cell DCS 1800 carries BCCH, SDCCH, PDCH & TCH

Cell GSM 900 carries BCCH, SDCCH, PDCH & TCH.

Introduction What is Single-BCCH?

z Single-BCCH: g Common BCCH Cell, , also called GSM900&DCS1800, , Multi-band cell; z Two layers in a cell: UL (900M) and OL (1800M); z The UL covers the whole cell area, The OL may not match the UL coverage area; z UL manages g BCCH, , SDCCH,PDCH , and TCH channels, , while OL only y manages the TCH channels.
OL(DCS 1800) contains only TCH, For Traffic Load

UL(GSM 900) carries BCCH, SDCCH, PDCH & TCH, For Coverage

Introduction Multi Band Cell Configurations

Conf. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subcell 1 GSM800 GSM800 GSM800 GSM900 GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 Subcell 2 GSM900 GSM1800 GSM1900 GSM1800 GSM1900 GSM800 GSM900 GSM800 AND GSM900 GSM1800 GSM1900

Introduction Why Single-BCCH?

1. Improve radio performance: There are several restrictions on the usage of features Dynamic BTS Power Control, Discontinuous Transmission and Frequency Hopping on the BCCH frequency. By omitting the BCCH from one of the frequency q y bands in a multi band cell, , these restrictions are removed for that band. .


Why Single-BCCH (cont.)?

2. Improve capability: UL and OL share the BCCH, SDCCH, PDCH, and the TCH channels will be increased accordingly.

OL(DCS 1800) contains only TCH, For Traffic Load

UL(GSM 900) carries BCCH, SDCCH, PDCH & TCH, For Coverage


Example of theoretical capacity gain Traditional Dual-Band Cell
900 TCHs 6 14 21 29 SDCCH Required 1 1 2 2 Erlang B (2% GOS) 2.3 8.2 14.0 21.0 1800 TCHs 29 29 29 29 SDCCH Required 2 2 2 2 Erlang B (2% GOS) 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 900 + 1800 Erlang B (2% GOS) 23.3 29.2 35.0 42.0

Multi Band Cell

900 TCHs 4 12 19 27

1800 TCHs 32 32 32 32

Multi-Band TCH T Total t l 36 44 51 59

SDCCH R Required i d 3 3 4 4

Erlang g B (2% ( GOS) ) 27.3 34.7 41.2 48.7


Why Single-BCCH (cont.)?

3. Simplify network structure: z Reduce number of cells in the network BSC capacity z Reduce number of Location Area Codes z Reduce number of neighboring cells z Simplify multi-layer network into one layer network.



Multiband Operation Dual BCCH cells


A-B A-C A-D AE A-E A-F B-C B-D BE B-E B-F ... ... CD C-D C-E C-F D-E DF D-F E-F


Multiband Cell Common BCCH cells


Summary of Adv./Disadv. of Dual-BCCH and Single-BCCH


Adv./Disadv. of Dual-BCCH
Adv.: Adv :

Dual Band mobiles can camp on either band. 1800 MHz can provide additional capacity in high density areas. 1800 MHz single band mobiles can still be served on the 1800MHz layer. The network optimization becomes easier. Disadv.: Extra cells have to be defined. A dual band sector needs definition of 2 cells: one cell for each band. Significant increase in neighbor relations since handovers will be permitted between cells with the same band and between the different bands. This could b become a problem bl if th the BSC neighbor i hb relations l ti li limit it i is reached h d and d could ld affect ff t the accuracy of measurement reports sent by the MS. Spectrum to be allocated for BCCH in the two bands. Can be a problem in p markets. spectrum-limited


Ad /Di d of Adv./Disadv. f S-BCCH S BCCH


Improve capacity. Improve radio performance by DTX, BTSPC and FH, The number of defined cells and neighbor relations in a BSC is reduced. Reduction in the number of neighbor relations contributes to the accuracy or measurement reports sent by the MS. MS Signaling load on the system eased: No reselection of 900M/1800M cells, less inter-cell HO. Easy O&M.

Non-BCCH band single-band mobiles will have no coverage. e network et o opt optimization at o beco becomes es more oed difficult. cu t The


Introduction Preparations Trial Project Discussion



Transceiver Group Synchronization Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells Multiband Cell DT Planning Considerations



Transceiver Group Synchronization


Transceiver Group Synchronization In order to be able to configure a Multi Band Cell, transceivers for different bands have to be synchronized, synchronized by either being located in the same RBS cabinet and/or by using the feature Transceiver Group Synchronizations if the transceivers are located in different RBS cabinets.



ESB cable between two RBS 2216 (length 1.6m) Product Number RPM 119 0158/01600



TT ESBCableType 1 2 3 4 5 DB9 RJ45 DB9 DB9

Description RBS2206 RBS2216

ProductNumber RPM1190476/15000 RPM5131104/15000 RPT403805/01 RNV899066/1 RPM513904/1+

RBS2206 RBS2206 TerminatoratESBportof DB9Terminator RBS2206 TerminatoratESBportof RJ45Terminator RBS2216 ESBCableconnectfrom ESBcable2206 DXUtoESBport

For more details, refer this document


TG synchronization-User Guide


Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells

DCS1800 Overlay

GSM900 Underlay



Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells In multi band networks it can often be assumed that one frequency band has generally "better" coverage than the other. When combining two such frequency bands into one cell it is naturally suitable to re-use the subcell structure concept from the feature Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells. The feature Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells is a prerequisite for the M lti Band Multi B d Cell C ll. The Th frequency f b d with band ith "better" "b tt " coverage can be configured in the UL subcell and the other frequency band with "worse" coverage in the OL subcell. The parameter BAND defines the frequency band used within a channel group in a subcell. The parameter CSYSTYPE has a different meaning in multi band cells, as it defines the BCCH frequency band used in the cell. cell


Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont.) The pathloss, TA and DTCB (Distance-To-Cell-Border) criteria are re-used to define the coverage limit of the frequency band used in the OL subcell in order to secure continuous service within the cell



Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont.) The traffic load distribution between the two different frequency bands is handled by the Subcell Load Distribution function, allowing the frequency band in the preferred subcell (UL or OL as selected by the parameter SCLDSC) to t be b filled fill d first, fi t and d after ft a certain t i amount t of f traffic has been reached, the frequency band in the other subcell.



Dynamic Overlaid/Underlaid Subcells (cont.)

It is also possible to configure the BCCH in the Overlaid Subcell which may be the frequency band with the "worse" worse coverage, but this is not advisable as this frequency band may experience greater attenuation leading to MSs not being be g ab able e to re-select e se ect t the e network et o (especially (espec a y inside s de buildings, or in basements, etc.)



Multiband Cell DT

Multiband Cell DT.doc



Planning Considerations



If 900 and 1800 cabinets are combined, their synchronization must t be b kept: k t Error E of f Synch S h

SDCCH Capacity Limitations

Due to the fact that SDCCHs should not be configured in the GSM-1800 Overlaid Subcells, it is possible that the default limitation of 1 SDCCH/8 per TRX in each channel group will prove to be a problem. Activate feature Increase SDCCH/8.



Selection of the BCCH frequency band Assuming that all MSs are multi band, band other issues should be considered: Coverage and frequency planning. The preferred subcell: UL or OL



Azimuth of the antenna.

To ensure the success rate of service access, access the coverage direction of 900M and 1800M should be identical whenever possible. The pp antenna is big gp problem. swapped

Backup Power.



Basic Principles Preparations Trial Project Discussion


Trial Project
Preparations completed

P.KT: PA trien khai va CDD Dai VT: HW, , cable, , bus

BTS configuration

Trial Project

Data configuration

Dai VT: HW u ni i HKT: Khai bo CDD

Parameter Tuning

DT and Traffic analysis

P.KT: DT, Ti u tham s Report

Trial completed and Report


Basic Principles Preparations Trial and Implementation Discussion