You are on page 1of 22

47pt

Mulit-technology Single RANs System Requirements and Solutions


Jena May, 9th 2008 Michael Lemke, PhD
www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 2

Achievements in 2007
UMTS Softswitch GSM

86
(Contracts)

470M+
(Subscribers)

700K+
(TRXs in 2007)

No.1 in 2007 CDMA

No.1 WIMAX

Top 3

240
(Operators)

38
Networks Worldwide

No.1
USD 7 billion contract sales in 2007

Commercial contracts: 86 UMTS/HSPA, 65 EVDO, and 12 WiMAX GSM 700K TRXs shipment in 2007, account for 21 market share
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 3

Preface

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 4

Future Wireless Network

Features of Future Network


Ultra-high data rate and low latency

Vision of Service

Enhancing User All IP Experience Network

Ubiquity

Low cost

Features of Service

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 5

Service Transformation Demands Wider Bandwidth


Bandwidth Improvement : Key techs & smaller coverage
1995 2000 2005 2010+
WCDMA Evolution

OF

DM /M

IMO

Launch HSPA

WCDMA GSM CDMA2K 1G (Analog) IS95 2.4GHz WLAN 5.8GHz WLAN


CDMA2K Evolution

/AA S

802.16e WiMAX 802.16d WiMAX

~14.4kbps

144kbps

384kbps

50Mbps

100Mbps

E2E IP: IP core & IP Transmission

The HSPA brought fast growth in data services, network value has been improved sharply.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 6

Evolution to Future Technologies


2007 2008 2009 2010 2015 2020

Performance
HSDPA DL:14.4Mbps UL: 384kbps HSUPA DL:14.4Mbps UL: 5.76Mbps HSPA+ DL: 40Mbps UL: 10Mbps LTE DL: 100Mbps UL: 50Mbps

>1Gbps

Spectrum
WIMAX / LTE UMTS GSM
GSM phase out?

LTE + +

Broadband era requires more bandwidth Technology neutrality within the available spectrum Multi-technology co-existence / multiple migration options / paths
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential
Page 7

The Challenge(s)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 8

Operator challenges in this evolution?


Quality and Performance Customer Expectations

Operator Multi-standard vs Cost Efficiency Growing Traffic Growing Income

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 9

Single RAN : Managing the challenges!


Current Advantages Disadvantages
Core Network

High CAPEX

Single RAN
GSM / UMTS HSPA / LTE GSM /Expansion
Backhaul

Flexible Business Plan


Buy systems separately

Fast Deployment on Deploy systems separately Demand


High OPEX
-

Sharply reduced OPEX Operate systems separately Outstanding Performance


Bad intersystem coordination High intersystem interference Maintain systems separately

UMTS/HSPA Introduced Current GSM Network GSM Expansion Pressure


UMTS Roll-out Pressure LTE is Approaching

Performance Down High Reliability


-

Convergence
Equipment Level Component Level Transmission Level
LTE in the coming future

Reliability Down
- Fault point & risk increasing - Hard for trouble shooting

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 10

Requirements for Vendors


Clear solution & roadmap
Industry consensus on 4G technologies timeline to market
UMB ? 2009 onwards

WiMAX 1.0 2007

WiMAX 1.x 2009 onwards

WiMAX 2.0 (16m) 2011+ onwards

HSPA+ 2009 onwards

LTE 2010 onwards

2007

2008

2009

2010

Time to Market

The same platform & all IP network architecture should be adopted all RAN technologies
WiMAX BTS eNodeB

IP Core
WiMAX BTS ASN-GW eNodeB SAE-GW

IP Core

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 11

Key Radio Technologies Requirements


System to be 20MHz capable 2G/3G: Multi-TRX / Multi-Carrier 16e: currently main focus on mandatory 5/10MHz, 20MHz optional LTE: 20MHz mandatory (+scalability) System Requirements Radio Unit: wide broadband RF technologies, 20MHz support Baseband Unit: 20MHz processing capability
high transmission power required

System Gain (dB) = EIRP (dBm) RX Sensitivity composite (dBm) + Antenna Configuration Gain (dB) + Cyclic Combining Gain (dB)

Wider channel size, lower sensitivity

advanced antenna required

More transmission power needed: high efficiency Power Amplifier Advanced multiple antenna technologies for additional gain
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 12

High efficient Power Amplifier


PA determines volume, weight, power consummation which directly influence CAPEX Doherty & DPD PA should be adopted in initial network deployment

P
/4

Out

Doherty
Up to >30% power efficiency

In

C RF Output (dBm) A A Saturation DPD Linear Region Saturation FF Linear Region +10 +15 +20 RF Input (dBm) Linear characteristics of FF and DPD
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 13

DPD advantages Better linearity than FF Higher efficiency than FF

+5

Advanced Multiple Antenna Technologies


2T4R and 4T4R could be the main stream for future 4G technologies Capability for future advanced multiple antenna technology evolution
IMT-Adv.(4G) Candidates Multiple Antenna Configuration Requirements
802.16m/Mobile WiMAX R2 Source: IEEE 802.16m
DL: 2x2, 2x4, 4x2, 4x4 MIMO UL: 1x2, 1x4, 2x2, 2x4 MIMO

Feature

3GPP LTE Source: 3GPP TR 25.913

3GPP2 UMB Source: CDG

MIMO Configuration

DL: 2x2, 2x4, 4x2, 4x4 MIMO UL: 1x2, 1x4, 2x2, 2x4 MIMO

DL: 2x2, 2x4, 4x2, 4x4 MIMO UL: 1x2, 1x4, 2x2, 2x4 MIMO

Additional Gain from 2T4R & 4T4R MIMO-BF technologies


Antenna Configuration Downlink Additional Gain Compared to 2T2R 2T4R Uplink 2~4dB 4T4R MIMO-Beam Forming Downlink 4~6dB Uplink 2~4dB

3dB Output gain means, 120% Radius gain, 140% Coverage gain & ~30% Sites reduction
Page 15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Solutions

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 16

Single RAN starts in NodeB


Evolution brings simplicity and multi-technology support
G/U/LTE/Wimax Co-platform Multi-carrier All IP Green Distributed architecture Zero footprint Digital MultiCarrier PA High-performance HSDPA
BBU RRU RRU RFU

Now

DBS
indoor

outdoor

Uni-BTS
BBU

R4 R3 R1

lution o v E n o i ase Stat B i e w a Hu


R2

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 17

Single RAN by Software Defined Radio


Software upgrade to support new technologies or additional capacity GSM
2G

GSM+UMTS
2G 3G

UMTS+LTE
LTE 3G

Antenna

Now

Future Active Antenna

Radio Remote Unit BBU Base Band Unit

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 18

Single RAN High Efficiency Broad-Band PA technology reduce OPEX

1500W

S1/1/1, Typical Configuration

power consumption

800W

60% saving
590W

DPD+ A-Doherty

73% saving
400W

35% saving
520W

Previous Industry Standard Outdoor Macro

Huawei Outdoor Macro

Huawei DNBS

Previous Industry Standard Indoor Macro

Huawei Indoor Macro

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 19

Example: WiMAX Network Switching to LTE


Purely software upgrade to protect investment Same Base Station platform for WiMAX & LTE Same GW platform for WiMAX & LTE

New MME added Software Upgrade to LTE

MME
Software Upgrade to SAE-GW

WiMAX eNodeB BS

IP Bear Network
ASN-GW SAE-GW
Software Upgrade to LTE

CSN DHCP server HA

eNodeB WiMAX BS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 20

Radio Unit Switching Examples


10MHz LTE 10MHz WiMAX
e ad gr p eU

Dual Mode Radio Unit


So ftw ar e

Multiple Carriers WiMAX Radio Units

ar ftw o S

Up gr ad e

LTE(TDD) only Radio Unit

Software Upgrade

2x10MHz WiMAX

20MHz LTE (TDD)

Multiple Carrier support, upgradeable to 20Mhz PA: >30%, DPD & Doherty based high output power Multiple antenna technologies: 2T4R/ 2T2R supported

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 21

Easy Modernization and Evolution solution


1

Convergence

Multi-carrier

G/U/LTE Co-platform Software upgrade to future Smooth Evolution

Same footprint, 3 times capacity 50%+ Power amplifier efficiency

Uni-BTS
4

Smooth Evolution

Green Power Saving Reduction of auxiliary facilities

All IP Pure IP core and interfaces, the way to internet era Transmission savings

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 23

Thank You!

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 24