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Table 4.

Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared
with U.S. Trade with Overseas Countries: 1994–2003
(Billions of current U.S. dollars)

Total U.S. Total U.S. Total U.S. Ratio of
international trade with trade with U.S.–NAFTA trade Ratio of U.S.
merchandise NAFTA overseas to all U.S. trade overseas trade to all
trade partners partners (percent) U.S. trade (percent)
1990 889 233 656 26.2 73.8
1991 910 241 670 26.4 73.6
1992 981 264 716 27.0 73.0
1993 1,046 293 753 28.0 72.0
1994 1,176 343 833 29.2 70.8
1995 1,328 380 948 28.6 71.4
1996 1,420 421 999 29.7 70.3
1997 1,560 475 1084 30.5 69.5
1998 1,594 503 1091 31.5 68.5
1999 1,720 559 1161 32.5 67.5
2000 2,000 653 1347 32.7 67.3
2001 1,870 614 1256 32.8 67.2
2002 1,857 604 1253 32.5 67.5
2003 1,983 629 1354 31.7 68.3
% change,
1990–2003 123.1 170.2 106.4
Annual
growth rate 6.4 7.9 5.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on: total
trade, from U.S. International Trade Commission, USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade Dataweb,
available at http://dataweb.usitc.gov/, as of September 15, 2004; all surface modes— U.S.
Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight
Data, as of March 2004.
TABLE 4. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with NAFTA Partners Compared
with U.S. Trade with Overseas Countries: 1994–2003
(Current $, billions)

Overall NAFTA v. overseas Relative percentage shares
Total U.S. U.S. Ratio of
international trade with U.S. trade with U.S.–NAFTA Ratio of U.S.
merchandise NAFTA overseas trade to total U.S. overseas trade to
Year trade partners partners trade total U.S. trade
1990 889 233 656 26.2 73.8
1991 910 241 670 26.4 73.6
1992 981 264 716 27.0 73.0
1993 1,046 293 753 28.0 72.0
1994 1,176 343 833 29.2 70.8
1995 1,328 380 948 28.6 71.4
1996 1,420 421 999 29.7 70.3
1997 1,560 475 1084 30.5 69.5
1998 1,594 503 1091 31.5 68.5
1999 1,720 559 1161 32.5 67.5
2000 2,000 653 1347 32.7 67.3
2001 1,870 614 1256 32.8 67.2
2002 1,857 604 1253 32.5 67.5
2003 1,983 629 1354 31.7 68.3
Percent change,
1990–2003 123.1 170.2 106.4
Average annual
growth rate,
1990-2003 6.4 7.9 5.7

KEY: NAFTA = North American Free Trade Agreement

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on total trade, from U.S.
International Trade Commission, USITC Interactive Tariff and Trade Dataweb, available at http://dataweb.usitc.gov/
as of Sept. 15, 2004.