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Lectures on Zechariah 1 Thru 8

Lectures on Zechariah 1 Thru 8

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Published by GLENN DALE PEASE
BY REV. RALPH WARDLAW, D.D.
BY REV. RALPH WARDLAW, D.D.

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Aug 19, 2013
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individual person. And who that individual person is, can-
not be doubtful. It is so appropriated as to have become a
proper name. ot that it is always so used. It is some-
times used without the definite article. This is the case in
Psa. cix. 6 "Let Satan stand at his right hand;" where it
is correctly given on the margin "an adversary," and ought
to have been so in the text. It corresponds, on the principle
of parallelism, to "a wicked man" in the former clause of the
verse: "Set thou a wicked man over him; and let an
enemy stand at his right hand." "The adversary," in the
vision before us, is not Sanballat, or any other of the op-
ponents of the Jewish builders, mentioned by Ezra or ehe-
miah, whether personally or as the representative of their
foes in general, as some have imagined, but the great adver-
sary of God and man. It is he whom the Apostle Peter
calls, speaking to Christians, " your adversary the devil."
It is he who, in the vision of the persecuted church of God,
in the book of Revelation, is described as " the great dragon,
that old serpent, called the devil and Satan;" and over
whose fall the voice of triumph is heard in heaven " ow
is come salvation and strength, and the kingdom of our God,
and the power of his Christ; for the accuser of our brethren
is cast down, who accused them before our God day and
night." *

This "adversary" is seen " standing at Joshua's right hand."
Because it is said to have been the Jewish practice for the
accuser, or, as we should call him, the plaintiff, to stand at
the right hand of the accused, on occasions of judicial trial, it
has by some been conceived that such was the representation
in the vision. And this, it is added, is countenanced further
by Joshua's being represented as standing himself "before
the angel of the Lord;" who thus, it is alleged, occupying
the tribunal or seat of judgment, appears as judge in the

cause between the accuser and the accused. And to this it
has by some been added too, that Joshua's appearing, as we
afterwards find, " in filthy garments" corresponds to the

* Rev. xii. 10.

ZECHARIAH III. 67

Eoman practice of attiring the accused party, when at the
bar, in sordid apparel. But well might we ask What has
a Roman practice, in those ancient times especially, to do in
a Jewish vision 1 ? why are the customs of different countries
to be thus unnaturally mixed up, to make out a case, which,
even with the more plausible addition of Satan being called
" the accuser of the brethren," has not a sufficiency of ground?
It is quite true, that to "stand before the judge" is the com-
mon phrase for the accused person appearing in his presence
for trial It is needless to quote instances; for in truth it
is not easy to suppose how any other could be used. It is
enough to observe, in reply, that the same phrase is in-
variably employed to express the functions of the officiating
high priest; and that it is the high priest that is here
spoken of. For example: "At that time, the Lord sepa-
rated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of
the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister unto him,
and to bless in his name, unto this day : " * " My sons, be
not now negligent; for the Lord hath chosen you to stand
before him, to serve him, and that ye should minister unto
him, and burn incense : " t " But the priests, the Levites, the
sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the
children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near
to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to
offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord God."|
Since it is the high priest, then, that is spoken of, ought we
not to consider him as, in the vision, occupying his official
place and posture ? He " stands before the angel of Je-
hovah." But this angel of Jehovah is Jehovah. And,
along with the proof of this in the following verse, his

very appearing before Him to perform his official func-
tions is a recognition of His divinity. Joshua appears, in
connexion with the prospective rebuilding of the city and
the temple, and the reoccupancy of the holy place by Jeho-
vah, as about to resume bis sacred official duties. And
Satan appears, "to resist him;" not by physical force, but

* Deut. x. 8. f 2 Chron. xxix. 11. J Ezek. xliv. 15.

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