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Line Extender Minimigra Philips

Line Extender Minimigra Philips

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Reference and Installation Manual

2251008

Rev. A 06/01

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MigraMini™ MMLE Series Line Extender

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MigraMini and Power-Doubling are trademarks of Philips Electronics North America Corporation. This manual is produced and copyrighted by Philips Broadband Networks, Inc. Any use or reproduction of the contents of this manual without the prior written consent of Philips Broadband Networks, Inc. is strictly prohibited. Philips Broadband Networks, Inc.’s products conform to applicable regulatory requirements, including USA Federal Communications Commission (FCC), European CENELEC (CE), and various other product safety or electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards. The equipment documented in this manual conforms to the protection requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC, as amended by Council Directive 93/68/EEC, and the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) 89/336/EEC, as amended by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC. Additional compliance testing is performed as necessary, to maintain approvals following product variations or design modifications.

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Doc. 2251008, Rev. A

MigraMini Line Extenders

Table of Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 5 Customer Support ....................................................................................................... 6 Safety Symbols ........................................................................................................... 7 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 9 What is a MigraMini Line Extender?............................................................................ 9 Features and Benefits ............................................................................................... 10 9-LH Series Line Extender Housing............................................................................... Equipment Description ............................................................................................. Model Numbers .................................................................................................... Functional Description............................................................................................... Ports and Points of Connection ................................................................................ Housing Label ...................................................................................................... Specifications for the 9-LH Housing ......................................................................... MMLE Series Line Extender Module.............................................................................. Equipment Description ............................................................................................. Label Description (on faceplate of module) ............................................................... Configuration Numbers (module + housing).............................................................. Functional Description............................................................................................... Forward RF Signal Flow ...................................................................................... Return RF Signal Flow ......................................................................................... Powering .............................................................................................................. Controls and Plug-in Locations ................................................................................. Plug-In Circuits ................................................................................................... Accessories ............................................................................................................... CBR-MMLE-90 Surge Arrestor ............................................................................ Specifications ............................................................................................................ 7-MMLE Series Line Extenders ............................................................................ 7-MMLE Series Line Extenders ............................................................................ Power Supply Efficiency ...................................................................................... Installation ...................................................................................................................... Before You Begin ................................................................................................. Tools and Parts Needed ...................................................................................... Installing the Designed Equalizers and Attenuators ............................................ Installing the Fuses .................................................................................................. Opening the Housing ................................................................................................ Installing the MMLE Module into the Housing ........................................................... Closing the Housing .................................................................................................. Setting up the Forward Cascade.................................................................................... Before You Start ................................................................................................... Tools and Parts Needed ....................................................................................... Setting Up the Cascade ............................................................................................ Preparing the Amplifier for Initial Setup ................................................................ Checking AC Power.............................................................................................. Checking the Input Levels .................................................................................... Checking the Input Equalizer................................................................................ 11 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 19 20 21 22 22 24 25 26 28 28 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
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Checking the Input Attenuator ............................................................................... 45 Setting Up the ALSC ............................................................................................ 45 When You’re Finished .......................................................................................... 45 Setting up the RF Return System ................................................................................... 47 Basic Return-System Concepts............................................................................. 48 About the Headend-Out Return Setup Method ..................................................... 49 Why We Recommend Digital-Level Carriers ........................................................ 50 Before You Start......................................................................................................... 51 Test Equipment Needed ............................................................................................ 52 Tools Needed............................................................................................................. 52 Setting Up an Optical Node (Diamond™Marquise) ................................................... 53 How Return Signal Flows Through the Node ...................................................... 53 How to Set Up a Node (Example) ........................................................................ 54 Setting Up the RF Return Plant (MMLE Line Extenders) ........................................... 57 Points to Remember for the Headend-Out Setup Method .................................... 57 How to Set Up the RF Plant .................................................................................. 58 Checking the Forward Sweep Response........................................................................ 59 Tools and Parts Needed ............................................................................................ 60 Calculating Flatness ................................................................................................... 60 Storing a Sweep Reference ....................................................................................... 61 Sweeping and Adjusting the Amplifiers ...................................................................... 62 Troubleshooting .............................................................................................................. 63 Problems and Possible Field Solutions ...................................................................... 63 Bench Testing ............................................................................................................ 65 Equipment Needed for Bench Tests ..................................................................... 65 Setting Up Test Equipment.................................................................................... 66 Verifying Amplifier Operation at the Bench............................................................ 67 Appendix ......................................................................................................................... 69 Relative Chroma Delay Specifications (NTSC System M) ......................................... 69 Equalizer Insertion Losses ......................................................................................... 70 Determining Values for 7-2E-WC Equalizers ............................................................. 73 Input Equalizers..................................................................................................... 74 Determining Values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Attenuators to Adjust for Return Equalization ............................................................................................................................. 75 Determining Values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Attenuators ......................................... 77 Forward Input Attenuators .................................................................................... 77 Return Output Attenuators .................................................................................... 77 Broadband Level and Slope Chart ............................................................................ 79 Determining the Temperature Offset.......................................................................... 80 Installing ALSC........................................................................................................... 81 Automatic Level & Slope Control (ALSC) Specifications ........................................... 83 Index ............................................................................................................................... 85

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MigraForce Line Extenders

Reference & Installation Manual

Introduction to This Manual
Intro to Manual

Contents
About This Manual ............................................................................................................................................................. 3 About Customer Support .............................................................................................................................................. 4 Your Country’s Representative: The First Place to Call......................................................................................4 Your Region’s Broadband System Center .................................................................................................................4 Europe BSC (Eindhoven, The Netherlands)................................................................................... 4 Asia/Pacific BSC (Singapore).................................................................................................................... 4 Americas BSC (Manlius, New York) ................................................................................................... 5 Safety Symbols....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

Introduction

5 August 2000

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Introduction

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Reference & Installation Manual

About This Manual
This manual begins with “reference,” or descriptive, chapters on the MigraForce series line extender housings and modules. The subsequent chapters are procedural, telling how to install these amplifiers in the field, how to set up a forward cascade, how to set up the RF return system, how to check the system sweep response, and how to troubleshoot problems. (See “Contents of This Manual” on page iv.) This manual assumes that users have some experience with cable technologies and procedures. The documented procedures focus on what’s especially important for the MigraForce line extender. While some safety precautions are reviewed here, this manual assumes that technicians have been trained in safe practices. Users new to cable technologies and servicing procedures should not rely on this manual for comprehensive guidance.
Intro to Manual

Introduction

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About Customer Support
Philips Broadband Networks supports its customers around the world in a variety of ways. Your Country’s Representative: The First Place to Call Call your country’s Philips representative (see listing in the introduction of the Philips Broadband Networks Product Catalog) for any of the following:

• To discuss questions beyond the scope of this manual. • To find out about on-site training for any of our product
and system offerings.

• To arrange for a visit by a field engineer who can assist
your technical staff in troubleshooting a network problem. Your Region’s Broadband System Center If your country has no representative, call your region’s broadband system center (BSC). The three BSCs—Europe, Asia/Pacific, and Americas—were created in January 1998, to enhance support for Philips Broadband Networks customers, attempting to accommodate each region’s time zones, cultures, and languages. Europe BSC (Eindhoven, The Netherlands) The European BSC serves you during office hours at these numbers. Tel: (+31) 40 27 36430 or (+31) 40 27 35554 Fax: (+31) 40 27 36503 Asia/Pacific BSC (Singapore) The Asia/Pacific BSC provides customer designs (including bills of material), on-site field and commissioning support, and assistance with network integration. The Asia/Pacific BSC staff are equipped with up-to-date field and measurement equipment to help our customers. This BSC, colocated with the Asia/Pacific regional sales office in Singapore, can be contacted at +65 351 7060.

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Reference & Installation Manual

For nonemergency technical questions, call any of the numbers below between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. (USA eastern time zone) for a prompt response from our Help Desk. As an Americas BSC customer you also have access to our emergency technical support hotline. When emergency technical questions need to be answered, call any of these numbers to reach our hotline 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. We guarantee a personal response to all calls within two hours. If your emergency demands a field visit, we will arrange to have a field engineer arrive at your site as soon as possible. 1-800-448-5171 (from anywhere within the USA) 1-800-522-7464 (from within NY only) 1-315-682-9105 (from elsewhere in N. or S. America)

Introduction

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Intro to Manual

Your Region’s Broadband System Center (Cont.)

Americas BSC (Manlius, New York)

MigraForce Line Extenders

Reference & Installation Manual

Safety Symbols
To reduce the risk of injury and ensure the safe operation of the equipment, the following symbols may be placed in this manual.

DANGEROUS VOLTAGE A dangerous voltage exists in this area. Use extreme caution.

CAUTION: SENSITIVE ELECTRONIC DEVICES To prevent ESD damage to electrostatic-sensitive components, make sure you are grounded using the wrist strap before touching circuit boards. Leave circuit boards in antistatic bags or boxes until needed. Also, avoid touching card components, since finger oils can contaminate them. Handle the cards by their edges.

ATTENTION Important instructions. This procedure should be performed only by qualified service personnel.

WARNING When powered, optical transmitters generate invisible, high-energy laser beams. Even when the transmitter is not powered, laser beams may be present in the incoming cable. Although you can’t see them, these beams can cause tissue injury, including permanent eye damage. Whenever the optical cable is disconnected from the receiver or patch panel, avoid direct contact with the end of the cable. Be absolutely certain the optical equipment at both ends of the cable is off before performing any procedures.

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Introduction

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Overview
What is a MigraMini Line Extender?
Headend Equipment Optical Station RF Amplifiers

Receiver

MigraMini Line Extenders

Figure 1. MigraMini Line Extenders in a Network The MigraMini Line Extender provides one RF output.

The Philips MigraMini series line extender consists of a 9-LH series housing and an MMLE series line extender module. MigraMini line extenders amplify RF signals and provide slope and gain control for unity gain in both forward and return paths.

Figure 2. MigraMini Line Extender

Overview

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Features and Benefits
MigraMini Line Extenders offer these features and benefits: Feature Wide operating range High gain Benefit The MMLE line extender modules operate up to 870 MHz. The high-gain module maintains existing spacings at the wider range of 37 dB (manual version). Compatibility with 1.0 GHz The MMLE module operates in an 9-LH housing, which housing operates to 1.0 GHz for future upgrades. Plug-in diplex filters The MigraMini Line Extender’s plug-in diplex filters allow frequency bandsplits to be upgraded. Excellent performance These modules provide excellent forward- and return-path performance. The return-path circuitry, installed on the PC board, uses a hybrid amplifier with an improved compression point and bit error rate (BER) for digital-loaded traffic over a discrete amplifier design. “Plug and play” installation These line extenders are set at a specific gain and slope; if a module needs to be replaced in the field, it can be done without rebalancing the system. These line extenders have no user-accessible potentiometers, so the gain and slope cannot be altered from factory settings in an uncontrolled fashion. Current capability MigraForce line extenders can operate while continuously passing 10 Amps of current. They can pass 15 Amps of continuous power for two hours. Plug-ins designed for Field-accessible plug-in equalizers and attenuators, convenience and protection installed during system setup, come with plastic covers that protect their components and help guide them easily into place. Accurate return setup On the return output, an equalizer and an attenuator allow for accurate return path alignment. Return test signals can be injected at the forward output test point. Test points Directional coupler test point isolates the measured forward output signal from the effects of reflections in the cable. Automatic level and slope The MigraMini Line Extender can be configured to include control, single pilot a single-pilot ALSC to maintain forward levels despite fluctuations in cable attenuation due to temperature. Various pilot frequencies are available, including 427.25 MHz and 499.25 MHz. Crowbar circuit for reliability The line extender can be configured to include a crowbar plug-in for additional surge protection over the lifetime of the product.

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Overview

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MigraMini Line Extenders

9-LH Series Line Extender Housing
Equipment Description

Figure 3. 9-LH Housing, Closed View The 9-LH series housing holds an MMLE series line extender module, protecting it from the environment.

The 9-LH housing has one input port and one output port. These cast-in extended ports, which accept pin-type connectors, connect to distribution lines. The 9-LH housing can be mounted various ways: on aerial strand, in a cabinet, on a wall, or in a pedestal. The housing’s patented diagonal cooling fins allow for optimum heat dissipation in all mounting orientations. Models with a chromate-conversion finish protect your equipment from the harshest of environments. Housings perform up to 1.0 GHz.

9-LH Series Line Extender Housing

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Equipment Description (Cont.)

Mesh RFI Gasket

Rubber Weather Gasket

Figure 4. 9-LH Housing, RFI and Weather Gaskets The 9-LH series housing’s RFI gasket provides RF shielding, while a silicone rubber weather gasket helps protect the line extender from the environment.

Wall- or Cabinet-Mount Boss

Wall- or Cabinet-Mount Boss

Figure 5. 9-LH Housing, Back Side The 9-LH series housing offers two bosses, located on its back side, for mounting on a wall or in a cabinet.

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Model Numbers

9-LH/ _
Series 9 (1 GHz or higher platform) Finish— I = With chromate-conversion coating Blank = Without chromate-conversion coating

Line Extender Housing

Figure 6. 9-LH Housing, Model Numbers The 9-LH housings come in a variety of models to accommodate various applications.

Following are some examples of 9-LH model numbers: Housing Model Characteristics Single output 9-LH/ 9-LH/I One output. One output, chromate-conversion finish.

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Functional Description
See Figure 7 on page 15 for port locations. Forward input enters the 9-LH housing at Port P1. The port’s RF seizure mechanism routes the signal to the LE line extender module, which directs the signal to the output port P2 via the corresponding RF seizure mechanisms. Return input enters at port P2. The seizure mechanism for this port routes the signal to the line extender module, which amplifies the signals, then directs the amplified signal to port P1 via the corresponding RF seizure mechanism for transmission back to the headend. AC power may enter the housing at either of the RF ports. The line extender’s power supply converts the AC power into DC power. The module can be powered through or from either port.

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MigraMini Line Extenders

Ports and Points of Connection

RF forward input and return output port

RF forward output and return input port

Housing label

Figure 7. 9-LH Housing, Ports and Points of Connection This illustration of a MigraMini housing shows the ports and the points of connection between the housing and the line extender module.

Designation RF Ports: P1, P2

Description Accept an RF connector from a coaxial cable carrying signals to and from the housing.

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Housing Label

1. Line Extender Identification

3. Line Powering Information 2. Plug-In Values

4. Test Point Signal Levels

Figure 8. 9-LH Housing, Label Located inside the lid of the 9-LH housing, the label gives field technicians a handy place to record useful information about the line extender.

Label Section

Description

Line Extender Identification Used for recording the line extender’s installation or service date, ID number, model number, and location. Plug-In Values Used for recording the values for any plug-ins used. Line Powering Information Used for recording the line power supply number, AC and DC voltages, and power director (fuse) information. Test Point Signal Levels Used for recording the channels/frequencies you’re testing and the levels for each channel at each relevant test point.

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Specifications for the 9-LH Housing
Bandwidth Mechanicala Length Width Height Weight RF Ports Size RF Connections Center Conductor Maximum Diameter Center Conductor Length Final Torque Lid Boltsb Test Port Plugsc Center Conductor Cable Seizure Screws Ambient Operating Temperature Electrical (RF seizure mechanisms) Return Loss (minimum) 5 to 900 MHz 900 MHz to 1.2 GHz 1.2 to 1.5 GHz Insertion Loss (maximum) Current Capacity (any port) Specifications are subject to change without notice.
a. Outermost dimensions of closed housings. b. Use standard 3/8” driver. c. Use standard 1/2” driver.

9-LH Series Housings 5 to 1000 22.6 (8.9) 19.1 (7.5) 14.0 (5.5) 2.5 (5.5) 2 5/8" x 24-thread 0.36 (0.14) 4.1 (1.60) 3.4 to 4.6 (30 to 40 ) 3.4 to 4.6 (30 to 40 ) 10 to 12 (1.1 to 1.4) -40 to +60 -40 to +140

Units MHz cm (in.) cm (in.) cm (in.) kg (lb.)

cm (in.) cm (in.) N•m (in.-lb.) N•m (in.-lb.) N•m (in.-lb.) °C °F

32 30 22 0.3 15

dB dB dB dB Amps

9-LH Series Line Extender Housing

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MigraMini Line Extenders

MMLE Series Line Extender Module
Equipment Description

Figure 9. MMLE Module, Front View The MMLE MigraMini line extender module has one RF output.

MigraMini line extenders provide high-level RF signal at the output port. Integrated into the module is a high-efficiency, AC-to-DC, switched-mode power supply that supplies 24 volts DC to the circuitry of the RF main board.

MMLE Series Line Extender Module

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Label Description (on faceplate of module)

7 – MMLE198/_ _– _ _/_ _-_ _ _
Hybrid Type— 7 = GS-Ultra (GaAs & silicon) Station Gain = 37 dB ALSC Pilot Frequency

MigraMini Line Extender 1 Output Hybrid Series 9 (1 GHz) platform Highest Forward Frequency = 870 MHz Bandsplit (diplex filter)— 26/45 = 5 to 26 MHz, return 45 MHz and up, forward 33/47 = 5 to 33 MHz, return 47 MHz and up, forward 42/54 = 5 to 42 MHz, return 54 Mhz and up, forward 40/51 = 5 to 40 MHz, return 51 MHz and up, forward 55/70 = 5 to 55 MHz, return 70 MHz and up, forward 65/85 = 5 to 65 MHz, return 85 MHz and up, forward

Figure 10. Module, Model Numbers The MigraMini line extender modules come in several models to accommodate various applications.

Examples of model numbers for MigraMini line extender modules appear on page 21.

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Configuration Numbers (module + housing)
AMP0080/001 - _ _ _ _ _

7-MMLE198/37 8 dB of internal tilt (54 MHz to 870 MHz) Diplex filters (for bandsplits) 0 = 0 MHz (all pass, not available) 1 = 26/45 MHz 2 = 33/47 MHz 3 = 42/54 MHz 4 = 40/51 MHz 5 = 55/70 MHz 6 = 65/85 MHz Interstage Attenuator Type 0 = None 1 = 3 dB Thermal Attenuator ALSC (single pilot) 0 = None 1 = ALSC-427.25 2 = ALSC-499.25 Surge Protection 0 = Surge Arrestor (gas tube) 1 = CBR-MMLE Housing Type 0 = None 1 = 9-LH 2 = 9-LH/I

Figure 11. Module With Housing, Configuration Numbers A MigraMini line extender configuration combines a particular line extender module with a particular housing, and specifies various options.

Figure 11 describes the parts of a MigraMini line extender configuration number. An AMP0080/001-31101 (variable elements underlined), for example, would include: Configuration options are updated regularly. Check with your Philips representative for the latest options. • • • • • • 7-MMLE198/37 module (see page 20) 42/54 bandsplit 3 dB thermal attenuator ALSC with pilot frequency of 427.25 MHz Gas-discharge tube for surge protection 9-LH housing (see page 11)

MMLE Series Line Extender Module

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Functional Description

Figure 12. 7-MMLE Module, Functional Block Diagram

This section describes the signal flow through an MMLE module. (Refer to this figure as you read the descriptions.)

Forward RF Signal Flow

RF Input Port (Port 1)
The input port routes forward incoming signal to the line extender. (This port also routes outgoing return signal to the cable.)

Forward Input Test Point
The input test point is a -20 dB resistive coupler. Accessible through a cut-out in the module cover, this test point allows verification of the forward signals at the forward input port without interrupting the module’s operation. (Return output signal also can be measured here.)

Diplex Filter
A plug-in diplex filter consists of a pair of filters, a high-pass and a low-pass, on one circuit board isolating forward and return bands and determining forward and return band edges. The high-pass filter passes forward signals but blocks return signals. The low-pass filter passes return signals but blocks forward signals.

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Line extenders are shipped with the input attenuator and input equalizer positions empty; you must plug both circuits in for the module to work.

Input Attenuator
A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series plug-in attenuator reduces RF levels at the pre-amp input to meet design specifications. Line extenders are shipped with the input attenuator position empty. You’ll need to select and install the appropriate value based on the station’s location in your network.

Input Equalizer
The 7-2E-WC series plug-in equalizer compensates for the effects of cable preceding the line extender. Line extenders are shipped with the input equalizer position empty. You’ll need to select and install the appropriate value based on the station’s location in your network. (6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers.)

Pre-Amplifier
A GaAs input hybrid provides gain. This pre-amplifier sets the line extender’s noise figure.

Interstage Attenuator
A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series interstage attenuator reduces overall line extender gain. A jumper, or “zero” attenuator, is shipped in this slot for circuit continuity. An optional thermal plug-in compensates for changes of attenuation in the cable due to changes in temperature in the line extender.

ALSC Equalizer
If installed, the 6-ALSC series plug-in equalizer alters the slope of the line extender response to compensate by +4/-3 dB for changes in attenuation due to the effects of temperature on the cable and passives preceding the amplifier.

Post-Amplifier
The signal from this Gs Ultra hybrid goes to Port 2.

ALSC Controller
If installed, the 6-ALSC series plug-in controller provides a DC control voltage to the ALSC equalizer. The voltage is proportional to the change in the pilot carrier level due to the effects of temperature on the cable and passives preceding the amplifier.

Diplex Filter
See “Diplex Filter” on page 22.

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The output test point allows access to the return band as well. You can’t measure return signal here, but you can inject return test signals.

Output Test Point
The output test point is a -20 dB directional coupler. Accessible through cut-outs in the module cover, this test point allows verification of the forward signal at the output port without interrupting the line extender’s operation.

RF Output Port (Port 2)
The output port routes forward outgoing signal to distribution cable. (This port also routes incoming return signal to the line extender.) AC and RF separation is fixed. AC power is blocked on the RF path.

Return RF Signal Flow

Return Input Port ( Port 2)
The return input port routes incoming return signal to the line extender. (This port also routes forward outgoing signal to distribution cables.)

Return Test Signal Injection Point (Output Test Point)
Since the forward output test point allows access to the return band, you can inject return test signals here (although you can’t measure return signal).

Diplex Filter
See “Diplex Filter” on page 22.

Return Input Test Point
This -20 dB resistive test point, which is accessible through a cut-out in the module cover, allows verification of the incoming return signal without interrupting the line extender’s operation.

Return Amplifier
This hybrid, which amplifies the return signal, features an improved compression point and bit error rate (BER) for digital-loaded traffic over a discrete amplifier design. Line extenders are shipped with the return output attenuator and return output attenuator for equalization positions empty; you must plug both circuits in for the module to work.

Return Output Attenuator
A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuator reduces signal levels at the return output port (Port 1). Line extenders are shipped with the return output attenuator position empty. You’ll need to select and install the appropriate value based on the station’s location in your network.

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Attenuator for Return Output Equalization
Accessible through a cut-out in the module cover, this 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuator for return output equalization creates an output tilt at the return amplifier that will adjust for a flat input at the next return amplifier or match the reference at the headend. Line extenders are shipped with this attenuator position empty. You’ll need to select and install the appropriate value based on the station’s location in your network.
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Diplex Filter
See “Diplex Filter” on page 22.

Return Output Test Point
This -20 dB resistive test point is used to measure the return signal as it will be sent to the return output port, that is, Port 1. (Forward input signal also can be measured here.)

Return Output Port (Port 1)
The return output port routes outgoing return signal via the cable system back to the previous module. (This port also routes incoming forward signal to the line extender.)

Powering

The line extender’s power supply, an integral subassembly of the module, receives the incoming AC power and converts it into DC power. This high-efficiency, switched-mode power converter supplies 24 volts DC to the circuitry of the line extender. Intended for use in both 60 and 90 VAC networks, the power supply contains stability-enhancement quasi-square-wave circuitry for applications requiring equipment capable of operation over a wide input-voltage range. Surge protection is provided by either a gas-discharge tube or an optional crowbar protection circuit. AC power may enter the housing at either of the RF ports. An AC bypass path provides high impedance to RF signals. For related information elsewhere in this manual, see below: Other information about powering the MMLE How to install the power-director fuses Power supply specifications Page 33 30

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Controls and Plug-in Locations
3. 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Interstage Attenuator

1. 7-2E-WC Input Equalizer

2. ALSC On/Off Switch

4. ALSC Gain Control

17. 24 V LED 16. 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Forward Input Attenuator 5. Output Seizure Screw, Port 2

15. Input Seizure Screw, Port 1

6. -20 dB Forward Output Test Point

14. -20 dB Forward Input Test Point/ Return Output Test Point 13. 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Return Output Attenuator 12. 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Attenuator for Return Output Equalization (see page 25) 11. F1 AC Power Input Fuse 9. F2 AC Power Output Fuse

7. -20 dB Return Input Test Point

8. AC Power/ Crowbar/Jumper

10. Gas-Discharge Surge-Arrestor Tube

Figure 13. MMLE Module, Controls & Connectors This illustration shows the MigraMini line extender module’s controls and points of connection. Callouts are defined in the following table.

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1

Designation
Input Equalizer (7-2E-WC)

Description
Plug-in equalizer compensates for the attenuation of the cable and passives preceding the line extender. (6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers.) Switch located on ALSC circuit board. Turns automatic level and slope control on (automatic mode) or off (manual mode).

2 3

ALSC On/Off Switch

4 5 6

ALSC Gain Control Output Seizure Screw, Port 2 Forward Output Test Point

Potentiometer located on ALSC circuit board. Controls the gain set point in automatic mode (ALSC on). Access point to the output connection seizure screw. -20 dB directional coupler test point. Used to measure the forward output signals at Port 2, without interrupting the line extender’s operation. The output test point allows access to the return band as well. You can’t measure return input signal here, but you can inject return test signals. -20 dB resistive test point. Allows verification of the incoming return signal without interrupting the line extender’s operation. The line extender is shipped with the optional Thru Power Plug installed. When the Thru Power Plug is plugged in, AC passes through to the line extender power supply. Removing the plug prevents power from going to the power supply. For a description of the crowbar, see page 28. 10-Amp automotive-style fuse, directing power to or from output port (Port 2).

7 8

Return Input Test Point AC Power/Crowbar/Jumper

9 10

F2 AC Power Output Fuse

Gas-Discharge Surge-Arrestor Protects the RF components and the power supply from Tube transients and power surge, limiting sustained voltage surges to 220 Volts. F1 AC Power Output Fuse Attenuator for Return Output Equalization (9-A-WC or 10-A-WC) Return Output Attenuator (9-A-WC or 10-A-WC) Forward Input/Return Ouput Test Point 10-Amp automotive-style fuse, directing power to or from input port (Port 1). A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuator for equalization creates an output tilt at the return amplifier that will adjust for a flat input at the next return amplifier or match the reference at the headend. A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuator reduces signal levels at the return output port (Port 1). -20 dB resistive test point. Used to measure the forward input signal without interrupting the module’s operation and the return signal as it will be sent to the return output port (Port 1). Access point to the input connection seizure screw. Plug-in attenuator reduces the input signal uniformly across the spectrum to the correct level for input to the pre-amplifier hybrid. The LED is green when circuitry of RF main board is supplied with 24 Volts DC.

11 12

13 14

15 16

Input Seizure Screw, Port 1 Forward Input Attenuator (9-A-WC or 10-A-WC) 24 V LED

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Interstage Attenuator (9-A-WC A 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuator reduces overall line or 10-A-WC) extender gain. A jumper, or “zero” attenuator, is shipped in this slot for circuit continuity.

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Plug-In Circuits
Other information about these plug-ins Page

Which plug-ins are factory-installed, which required, 28 which optional How signal flows through the plug-ins & how they act 22 on the signal List of procedures related to each plug-in (in index) 85

Accessories
Plug-ins for a MigraMini line extender Factory-Installed Plug-Ins Circuits or jumpers are factory-installed in these positions according to customer or product requirements. • Required Plug-Ins The MMLE is shipped with these positions empty. Install values based on the station’s location. Input Attenuator 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC • Input Equalizer 7-2E-WCa • Return Output Attenuator for Equalization 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC • Return Output Attenuator 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC • ‡ Optional Plug-Ins Jumpers, or “zero” value circuits, may be shipped in these positions. Install different values based on system design. ALSC Equalizer and Controller, under cover 6-ALSC ‡ Thermal Attenuator 7-CT15 ‡ Crowbar-protection circuit (if used, first remove the CBR-MMLE-90 ‡ gas-discharge tube)
a. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers.

Plug-in Series

CBR-MMLE-90 Surge Arrestor

A solid-state crowbar-protection circuit, model number CBR-MMLE-90, is available to replace the gas-discharge tube installed at the factory as the surge-protection device. Customers who prefer crowbar circuits may remove the line extender’s gas-discharge-tube surge arrestor and install this crowbar circuit. This crowbar circuit will perform as required for 60- and 90-VAC-powered line extenders.

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Specifications
7-MMLE Series Line Extenders
7-MMLE198/37 Units Bandwidth 5 to 870 MHz Forward Operating Gain (@ 870 MHz, includes 1 dB loss for equalizer) Manual / Thermal / ALSC 37 / 34 / 30 dB Reverse Operating Gain (@ 42 MHz, includes 1 dB loss for equalizer) 19 dB Response Flatness (manual version, forward and return) ± 0.5 dB Return Loss 5 to 870 MHz, excluding guard bands (75 Ohms, all ports) 16 dB Test Points (forward and return) -20 ± 0.5 dB Forward Spectrum Referenced Output Levels (@ 54 / 550 / 650 / 750 / 870 MHz) 35.5 / 43.1 / 44.6 / 46.2 / 48 dBmV Analog NTSC Channel Loading 112 Channels 96 Channels 79 Channels (M = manual, T = thermal, A = ALSC) M T A M T A M T A Composite Triple Beat -66 -64 -62 -72 -70 -67 -76 -74 -72 dBc Cross Modulation -65 -63 -61 -68 -67 -64 -72 -70 -67 dBc Composite Second Order (fc + 0.75 & 1.25 MHz) -70 -68 -67 -75 -74 -72 -80 -78 -77 dBc Noise Figure (54 MHz / 870 MHz, add 1 dB for equalizer) 7.5 / 9.0 dB Internal Tilt 8 dB Hum Modulation (54 to 870 MHz) @ 8 Amps -65 dBc @ 10 Amps -63 dBc Return Spectrum Referenced Output Levels 6 channels (NTSC System M) +35 dBmV flat out @ +20° C Composite Triple Beat -84 dBc Cross Modulation -75 dBc Composite Second Order -88 dBc Noise Figure 7.5 dB Hum Modulation (5 to 7 MHz / 7 to 42 MHz) @ 8 Amps -60 / -65 dBc @ 10 Amps -60 / -63 dBc AC Bypass Current (continuous) 10 Amps AC Power Consumption Manual mode @ 36 VAC 21 W ALSC mode @ 39 VAC 23.5 W Module Dimensions--excluding housing (length x width x height) 16.38 x 7.62 x 10.41 cm 6.45 x 3.00 x 4.10 in. Operating Ambient Temperature -40 to +60 °C -40 to +140 °F continued Specifications are subject to change without notice.

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7-MMLE Series Line Extenders
7-MMLE198/37 Power Supply Output Voltage DC Output Current (maximum) Efficiency (typical)a AC Requirements Input Frequency Current Requirementb 60 VAC AC power consumption in watts divided by a factor of 43 = Amps required 90 VAC For ≤ 67 VAC: 1.03 x (AC power consumption in watts divided by voltage) = Amps required. For 67 to 90 VAC: AC power consumption in watts divided by 65 = Amps required. Input Voltage Rangec @ 50 Hz Sine wave Quasi-square wave @ 60 Hz Sine wave Quasi-square wave Input Surge Rating (peak-to-peak for 10 seconds) Specifications are subject to change without notice.
a. See “Power Supply Efficiency” graph. b. Factor is based on Philips engineering studies of power supplies. c. At 1 Amp load.

Units VDC Amps

24 ± 0.5 1.00

49 to 61

Hz

46 to 90 46 to 90 46 to 90 46 to 90 400

V RMS V RMS V RMS V RMS V

Power Supply Efficiency
Mean Efficiency
86.0 84.0 Efficiency 82.0 80.0 78.0 76.0 74.0 42 50 60 70 80 90 100 AC Voltage 0.50 Amp DC load 0.75 Amp DC load 1.00 Amp DC load

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Installation
Installing an MMLE module includes installing the designed plug-ins and fuses into the amplifier module, then installing the module into a 9-LH series housing in the field.

Before You Begin

• • • •

cable and passive losses preceding the amplifier location required gain of the amplifier ALSC requirements operating levels, including system operating tilt

Tools and Parts Needed

You will need the following items to install the MMLE modules: • • • • • • 3/8” nut driver torque wrench TORX screwdriver with bits in a variety of sizes alignment tool needle-nose pliers all necessary plug-in circuits in an assortment of values, according to system design

Installation

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Before you begin installing the MMLE modules, review the system design maps, design calculations, and bills of material for the following information:

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Installing the Designed Equalizers and Attenuators
For plug-in locations in MMLE modules, see page 26. Because the system design is normally based on the same gain at each amplifier station, you will normally install the same value interstage attenuator in all amplifiers in the system.

To install the 7-2E-WC equalizers and 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenuators or equalizer/attenuators as specified in the system design (or according to the formulas given in the Appendix), follow these steps: 1. Install the user-changeable equalizers and attenuators. If factory-installed jumpers or zero-value circuits are installed in these positions, remove them as you go. 2. Verify that the amplifier gain (per amplifier specifications) matches the designed gain. If the gains don’t match, use an interstage attenuator. (Interstage attenuators reduce the signal between amplifier stages to minimize the effect on carrier-to-noise, allowing you to customize the amplifier gain to match your system’s designed gain.) To find the value, use this formula: interstage = attenuator value operating gain (from amplifier specifications) – designed gain (system-wide)

You have now installed the designed attenuators and equalizers. Keep in mind that field conditions often vary from the worst case conditions used in system design. You may need to change the values of some of the plug-ins during setup.

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Installing the Fuses

F1 for Input Port F2 for Output Port

Figure 14. Fuse Locations in the MMLE Module The MMLE line extenders offer flexible power routing through 10-Amp automotive-style fuses, also called power directors: F1 and F2. The fuses’ main function is to direct power through the amplifier module.

Before you plug the amplifier module into the housing, remove the fuses as follows: 1. Determine from the system design which ports should have power applied. 2. Install fuses in the corresponding locations. (See Figure 14.)

WARNING
Live power may be applied to the RF amplifiers housings. Before inserting amplifiers into housings, make sure the proper fuses are installed only in the port positions where power is to be directed.

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Opening the Housing

Figure 15. Loosening the 9-LH Housing Bolts Loosening the housing bolts in this order, in two rounds, relieves the pressure on the bolts and gaskets evenly.

To open a 9-LH series housing that has already been installed in the field, follow these steps: 1. Use a 3/8" nut driver to partially loosen all housing bolts in the order shown in Figure 15. If you loosen the bolts fully in this first round, the last bolt will be hard to turn. 2. Fully loosen the bolts in the same order. 3. Open the housing.

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Installing the MMLE Module into the Housing

1

3 4

2

Figure 16. Tightening the MMLE Module Screws Tightening the MMLE screws in three rounds, in the proper order and to the proper torque, seats it properly.

WARNING
Dangerous Voltage! Installing the amplifier module into the housing exposes you to potentially high voltages and should be performed only by qualified technicians experienced with cable and/or telephony technologies. Users new to cable and/or telephony technologies and procedures should not rely on this manual for comprehensive guidance. To install an MMLE into the open housing, follow these steps: 1. Make sure the correct plug-in circuits and fuses are in place in the amplifier module. (See pages 32 and 33.) 2. Press the module firmly into the housing connectors. Following the order shown in Figure 16, tighten the module screws to 20 to 30 in.-lb. (2.3 to 3.4 N•m). Repeat twice more for a total of three rounds. 3. Verify that the input power to the housing is near what the design calls for. Proceed to “Closing the Housing” on page 36 or “Setting up the Forward Cascade” on page 37.

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Closing the Housing

Figure 17. Tightening the 9-LH Housing Bolts Tightening the housing bolts in this order, in several rounds, assures that the gaskets stay seated and the torque is correct.

To close the 9-LH housing, follow these steps: 1. Make sure that the housing is free of moisture and dirt. 2. Make sure that the rubber weather gasket is firmly seated in its groove on the housing lid. The gasket should appear uniform, with no wrinkles or bulges. The edge of the rubber weather gasket that will seal against the housing base should point straight out. If the weather gasket has been disturbed, reposition it. 3. Close the housing. Tighten the bolts just enough to make contact with the lid, following the sequence shown in Figure 17. 4. In the same sequence, tighten the bolts to a torque of 30 to 40 in.-lb. (3.4 to 4.6 N•m). 5. Repeat step 4 to make sure the bolts are still at the proper torque in case they have relaxed.

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Setting up the Forward Cascade
When you set up a forward amplifier cascade, you make sure that each amplifier’s actual input and output levels match those prescribed by the system design. The main idea is to achieve the desired output while maintaining a linear and stable input—in other words, to achieve unity gain. In the forward direction, unity gain means that each amplifier’s gain equals and negates the losses preceding the amplifier (cable and passives). When unity gain is achieved, all amplifiers are operating at maximum efficiency for best distortions and picture quality. When a system fails to meet the required peak-to-valley response, it could be due to attenuators and equalizers that were chosen incorrectly, procedures that were perfo rm ed im properly, cascaded amplifier signatures, or system imperfections. Follow the procedures in this document carefully to avoid unnecessary future visits to the node or cascade. Setting up an amplifier is based on measurements made at the band edges, the defined low-end and high-end frequencies. First you adjust the amplifier output tilt, if necessary, by changing the input equalizer. Then you adjust the signal levels at the defined high-end frequency, if necessary, by changing the input attenuator. In general, once a system is installed, you set it up (or balance it) as described in this chapter. Then, since the setup procedure does not reveal potential cable problem areas, you may sweep the system, as described in the chapter “Checking the Forward Sweep Response,” starting on page 59.

WARNING
Dangerous Voltage! Setting up the forward cascade exposes you to potentially high voltages and should be performed only by qualified technicians experienced with cable and/or telephony technologies. Users new to cable and/or telephony technologies and procedures should not rely on this manual for comprehensive guidance.

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Before You Start

Before you start the setup procedure, do the following: • • Read this entire manual to be familiar with the MMLE line extender and the procedures. From the system design specifications, determine the following: a. the Port 2 output levels for each amplifier at the lowest and highest channels, b. the expected input level at the lowest and highest channels, and c. the frequency points—unscrambled carriers— where you will set and measure those levels. (See “Amplifier Data Log,” starting on page 78, and “Broadband Level and Slope Chart,” starting on page 79.) • • • Review the loss of cable and passives preceding each amplifier location. Review the ALSC requirements for each amplifier. Verify the accuracy of the signals originating from the headend or fiber optic node. (This may be as simple as making a phone call to the headend.) Survey the physical plant to confirm that the network has been constructed according to the system design. Make sure all amplifiers are properly installed in their housings. (See “Installing the MMLE Module into the Housing” on page 35.)

• •

CAUTION
When setting up an amplifier, the succeeding amplifier must be installed, including an input attenuator and input equalizer, to provide proper termination for the amplifier you are setting up. If there is no succeeding amplifier, the amplifier or distribution line must be terminated in 75 Ohms.

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Tools and Parts Needed

You need the following to set up a forward amplifier cascade: • • • • • • • • • • the system design test equipment that accurately measures signal levels at frequencies up to 870 MHz a field signal-level meter or spectrum analyzer for measuring system RF levels with associated cables needle-nose pliers for installing or pulling any non-WC (with cover) plug-ins or jumpers a 3/8" nut driver, torque wrench a socket-type (female) G or F push-on fitting pen or pencil for recording data on the label inside the housing lid a small, nonconducting alignment tool 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuators in an assortment of values 7-2E-WC series equalizers in an assortment of values (6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers)

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Setting Up the Cascade
When your measurements vary slightly from designed levels, you may need to make minor changes to the plug-ins. If the measurements vary significantly from the designed levels, you may need to investigate a system problem. Because field conditions may not match design assumptions, setting up each amplifier in cascade is essential to ensure that the system works properly. Perform this entire set of procedures, in the sequence documented, at the first amplifier in a cascade, then proceed downstream through the rest of the amplifiers. Repeat for each cascade in your system. Once an amplifier is in service, you may perform individual procedures as needed. Remember to account for the 20 dB loss of the RF test points. That is, test point measurements are 20 dB lower than the actual levels, so you may need to add 20 dB to any test point measurement to calculate the true level. Also remember that all field verification must be done with the amplifier set in manual mode (ALSC off). As you go, record information on the housing labels and/or on paper (see page 78), as required by your system.

CAUTION
Once the attenuator and equalizer have been properly set, you shouldn’t need to readjust the amplifier unless the plant or design changes. If loss of level occurs, find and address the problem creating this differential.

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Preparing the Amplifier for Initial Setup
For input equalizer and input attenuator locations in the MMLE module, see “Controls and Plug-in Locations” on page 26.

To prepare the amplifier for setup the first time, follow these steps: 1. Open the 9-LH series housing. (See page 34.) 2. Verify that the design-specified input equalizer and input attenuator are installed in the amplifier you are setting up. If any components other than the design-specified plug-ins are in these positions, remove them and install the designed plug-ins.
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Proceed to “Checking AC Power” on page 42.

Setting up the Forward Cascade

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Checking AC Power

Input Seizure Screw, Port 1

Output Seizure Screw, Port 2

Figure 18. Input and Output Seizure Screws Check for AC power at these seizures.

Checking for AC power in the MMLE entails checking for the presence of AC in the seizures where the LE connector plugs in. If there is AC on the seizure but the LED light is off, the fuse may be blown. If the fuse is not blown but the power supply doesn’t work, check to be sure the correct CBR jumper is installed. Proceed to “Checking the Input Levels” on page 43.

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Checking the Input Levels

To check the input levels, follow these steps: 1. If the amplifier has ALSC, turn it off. 2. Connect the signal-level meter to the amplifier’s input test point. 3. Measure the input levels. Verify that they are near the designed levels for this location. If not, check the network for possible problems. Proceed to “Checking the Input Equalizer” on page 44.
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Checking the Input Equalizer

To check whether the installed input equalizer is correct for the amplifier’s actual operating environment, follow these steps:1 1. Connect the signal-level meter to the amplifier’s Port 2 output test point (TP2). 2. Measure the output levels at the defined low-end and high-end frequencies. Calculate the difference between these levels. If the difference varies significantly from the system design, check the network for possible problems. 3. Compare the amplifier’s Port 2 output measurements with the system design specifications. If the output tilt does not match the system design specifications (within the accuracy of the equipment)2, replace the input equalizer to adjust the tilt response to greater than or equal to the desired tilt. DO NOT SET FOR LESS THAN THIS TILT. Proceed to “Checking the Input Attenuator” on page 45.

1. If there is not enough loss in the high-channel forward path, as may occur when amplifiers are close together, the system design may call for a 7-2E/C-WC series cable simulator in the input equalizer position. These cable simulators are available in 1 dB steps from 1 to 12 dB. For example, 7-2E750/C6L-WC is a 6-dB cable simulator. 2. The MMLE provides 8 dB internal tilt from 54 to 870 MHz.

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Checking the Input Attenuator

To check whether the installed input attenuator is correct for the amplifier’s actual operating environment, follow these steps. 1. Make sure you have checked the input equalizer. (See page 44.) 2. Compare the amplifier’s Port 2 output measurements with the system design specifications, offsetting for temperature (see page 80). If the output RF level at the high-frequency point does not match the system design specifications (within the accuracy of the equipment), replace the input attenuator to obtain the nearest specified output level at the high-frequency point. DO NOT EXCEED THE DESIGNED OUTPUT RF LEVEL (taking into account the temperature offset). See “Determining the Temperature Offset” on page 80. If using ALSC, proceed to “Setting Up the ALSC” below. If not using ALSC, proceed to “When You’re Finished” below.

Setting Up the ALSC
In alternating ALSC cascades, use a 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC interstage attenuator in each non-ALSC station to achieve unity gain (that is, to match the operating gain of the ALSC stations). The attenuator’s value should match the ALSC flat loss, rounded down to the nearest value if necessary. For ALSC flat loss, see page 83.

If you are using automatic level slope control (ALSC), this procedure helps you set it up to compensate for the effects of temperature on the cable span preceding the amplifier. 1. Make sure you have checked the input equalizer (see page 44) and input attenuator (see above). 2. Switch the ALSC control to ON. 3. Measure the defined high-end frequency. 4. Adjust the ALSC GAIN control to achieve the specified output at that high-end frequency. (The ALSC GAIN control may require several turns to effect a change.) With ALSC on, you do not adjust for temperature offset.

When You’re Finished

When you’re finished with the forward setup at a given station, if desired, you may set up the return path for this station (see page 47), or you may sweep this station (see page 59). When all required procedures are finished at this station, close the housing (see page 36). Repeat the forward setup procedure until all of the amplifiers in the cascade have been set up.

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Setting up the RF Return System
The purpose of setting up, or aligning, a return system is the same as in the forward path: to establish unity gain from one station to another. In the return path, unity gain means that the loss of one amplifier spacing, plus the loss of the passive devices in that spacing, equals the gain of the station feeding that spacing. “Unity input” refers to identical input levels to the return amplifiers. (The output of the return amplifiers varies based on the amount of cable and passive losses to compensate for.) We accomplish unity input by feeding the return input of a station with a return test signal and adjusting the gain and slope of that station so that the return test levels at the next station match the input levels at the original station. Again, the output of the station is adjusted to be equal to the loss of the cable and passives in the amplifier spacing upstream of it. To set up a hybrid fiber/coaxial (HFC) return system, you use two procedures: one for the optical nodes (see page 53), and another for the RF amplifiers (see page 57).
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WARNING
Dangerous Voltage! The return setup procedure exposes you to potentially high voltages and should be performed only by qualified technicians experienced with cable and/or telephony technologies. Users new to cable and/or telephony technologies and procedures should not rely on this manual for comprehensive guidance.

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Basic Return-System Concepts
Optical node Amplifier

26 dB Tap +18 dBmV Total return-band drop loss = 6 dB (200-foot drop, one 2-way split)

+44 dBmV

Modem signal out +50 dBmV

Figure 19. Typical Return-Band Insertion Loss In this example, the optical node is feeding a station (amplifier location) connected to a directional coupler or tap (one drop shown). The total return-band drop loss is 6 dB (200-foot drop, one 2-way split).

When setting up or designing a return system containing a headend, nodes, and RF amplifiers, you’ll need to understand the following return system concepts. • Most terminal subscriber devices (such as converters, modems, and telephony devices) have a maximum output capability of +50 to 55 dBmV. This digital output level is one of the most restrictive items when designing a cable plant. Tap values are 26 dB or 29 dB (maximum), although higher values may be found in older designs. The input to the station is not the same as the input to the actual return amplifier elements. There are internal or embedded losses within the station as the signal travels to the return amplifier elements. In the Figure 19 example, the worst-case subscriber drop loss in the return band is 6 dB. In the Figure 19 example, levels to the station are +18 dBmV.

• •

• •

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About the Headend-Out Return Setup Method
Once the reference is set, one person can set up the RF cascade.

This chapter documents the headend-out method of setting up a return system, where you begin at stations nearest the headend and work out toward the subscribers. (The subscriber-in method is not covered here.) Following are some requirements of the headend-out method. • Two people to set the reference level. The headend-out method requires two people to set the headend reference level. One adjusts the return receiver output levels at the headend; the other sets up the return transmitter at the node. Both communicate via cellular phones or mobile radios. Accurate signal injection up to +50 dBmV. You will need to inject carriers or a sweep at known, calibrated levels into various points in the system during setup. You will need to produce return bandwidth signal levels of up to +50 dBmV. Operators choose the exact frequencies to use. Philips recommends a lower carrier at 10 to 12 MHz and an upper carrier at 35 to 40 MHz. Accurate measurement within node and at headend receiver. For node setup, you need to inject two carriers of a known level at a point inside the node and to accurately measure the level of the injected carriers at another point inside the node. You also need to accurately measure the level of the recovered carriers at the optical receiver in the headend. Ability to view the signal received at headend while adjusting the RF amplifiers. When setting up the return plant, the person located at the RF amplifier station must be able to view the signal being received at the headend (that is, two or more discrete carriers, or recovered sweep). When using a sweep system, advanced equipment facilitates the viewing in an automated fashion. A headend unit receives return signals and turns the signals into an image that is sent out over the forward system. The test unit used in the field injects the test signal and deciphers the response data to provide a spectral display. You could also use a TV camera at the headend, viewing a spectrum analyzer screen and sending a picture of the screen out over an unused forward channel. In the field, a small TV monitor displays the spectrum analyzer screen.

• Using a sweep system to set up the node will not allow you to read the test signal at the return transmitter test point.

Regardless of the equipme nt u sed , di sp l ay t he results at ≤ 2 dB/division. Although many new test sets show numerical levels on screen, viewing results at 5 or 10 dB/division makes it difficult to accurately set responses and levels.

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Why We Recommend Digital-Level Carriers

Philips recommends using digital-level carriers as a reference, not video levels, when performing return system setup and alignment. We recommend that the return system alignment be performed using two test carriers equal to the modem RF levels. The examples in this chapter for injecting signals all use digital-level carriers, which are typically set 10 dB lower than video-level carriers. Systems that use video in the return would operate the video at a higher RF level than the modem levels. If video levels are used as the test levels, saturation of devices in the return path (primarily the return laser) could occur in a fully loaded system, shutting down an operational return path. Since we’re adjusting for unity gain, using carriers at a reduced level during setup will provide the same setup results as using carriers at video levels without the risk of clipping the return transmitter. If using a multicarrier generator with more than two video-level carriers, be sure to reduce the injected levels of the carriers. For example, to use five carriers instead of two, reduce the stated input level by 10LOG 5/2, which is about 4 dB.

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Before You Start
Before you start the return setup procedure, do the following: • • Read this entire manual to be familiar with the MMLE line extender and the procedures. Obtain the required output digital carrier level from the optical receivers in the headend from a systems designer or the person in charge of organizing the headend. You’ll use this information when setting up the optical node. Determine the longest return optical link.

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Test Equipment Needed
You will need the following test equipment to set up the return system: • • • a spectrum analyzer a return signal generator capable of generating two RF carriers within the return bandwidth equipment to view the return path signals in the headend from the field: —a video camera and a dedicated modulator in the forward path of an RF return system OR —a sweep system to set up the coaxial portion of the return plant

Tools Needed
You will need the following tools to set up the return system: • • • • 3/8-inch nut driver for opening the housings a small nonconducting alignment tool for adjusting the level-adjust potentiometer on the return transmitter needle-nose pliers for installing and pulling attenuators and equalizers, if not using WC (with cover) plug-ins SMB adapter cable (Philips part number 7200204) for setting the NRT drive level, which is labeled “RF Drive Level Adj.” on return transmitters connectors and cables an assortment of 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC plug-in attenuators (for return output, return input, and return output slope control)

• •

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Setting Up an Optical Node (Diamond™Marquise)
Since this manual can’t cover all amplifiers that might be installed in a node, as an example we’ll use a Philips Diamond Marquise node, which uses a DNA series node amplifier module. This section first describes how return signal flows through a node consisting of a Philips 6-DNA498 node amplifier with an NRT series return transmitter. It then tells how to set up such a node. (See page 54.)
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How Return Signal Flows Through the Node

Figure 20. Diamond Marquise Optical Node Return Path A Philips Diamond Marquise node, which uses a DNA series node amplifier module, has four return input ports. (Nodes using GNA or TNA amplifiers have three return input ports.) The node shown here includes a 6-DNA498 amplifier and an NRT series return transmitter.

Return signals enter an optical node through any of its return input ports. Next, the NRIC combiner board, located under the amplifier module’s cover, combines the return inputs into one signal. (See Figure 20, block A.) Various configurations are possible; see the “Optical Station Overview” chapter in the “Diamond™Net Optical Station Reference Manual,” document 2272061. The combined signal is sent via a flexible cable to the NRIA interconnection board, mounted inside the optical lid. The NRIA board splits the return signal into two equal outputs, which can be used to drive two NRT transmitters. Two additional inputs are coupled into the signals at the NRIA board, allowing injection of local carriers and/or injection of element-management signals (at the FOTO input).

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How to Set Up a Node (Example)
CAUTION
When powered, optical transmitters generate invisible, high-energy laser beams. Even when the transmitter is not powered, laser beams may be present in the incoming cable. Although you can’t see them, these beams can cause tissue injury, including permanent eye damage. Whenever the optical cable is disconnected from the receiver or patch panel, avoid direct contact with the end of the cable. Be absolutely certain the optical equipment at both ends of the cable is off before performing any procedures. The headend return optical receiver on the longest fiber link will most likely provide the lowest maximum gain output level. Keep this in mind to avoid creating a situation where an optical receiver cannot produce as much output level as others in the system. All other receivers should be able to produce at least as much output level as the one on the longest link. To set up an optical node (with one person at the headend to adjust the return receiver output levels, and one person in the field to set up the return transmitter at the node), follow the example procedure given here, beginning with the longest optical link. 1. Make sure all of the DNA node amplifier’s four coaxial cable ports are either used for return signals or terminated. Allowing one or more of the DNA’s four return inputs to remain open (not terminated) during setup can produce reflection-induced ringing, which can alter readings during setup. 2. Verify that the return portion of the DNA is connected properly. (See the “NRIK Return Interface Kit” chapter in the “Diamond™Net Optical Station Reference Manual,” document 2272061.)

CAUTION
When using only one return output, make sure the NRIA board’s second RF output jack, J2, is terminated. (Termination is not necessary in the case of unused return injection jacks, J4 and J5.) Philips recommends using digital-level carriers to set up the return path. The levels used in this document represent a typical setup. The specific levels in your system may vary. 3. Inject two carriers at a level 34 dB greater than the desired input to the NRT into the DNA’s four -20 dB FORWARD test points. This accounts for the -20 dB test point and a total of 14 dB of embedded losses within the DNA module and the NRIA board. For example, if you inject two carriers at +39 dBmV into any of the DNA’s four test points, the resulting input to the NRT is 5 dBmV. This would be the midrange point for drive-level adjustment for digital-level carriers.

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4. With two carriers, each at +39 dBmV, injected at one of the DNA’s four FORWARD test points, monitor the NRT’s RF drive-level test point, and adjust the NRT RF drive-level-adjust potentiometer to achieve 10 dB below the signal level printed on the sticker attached to the NRT. (The sticker level indicates video-level carriers; digital levels are typically 10 dB below video levels.) This sets the laser to its proper operating conditions. 5. Leave two carriers injected at one of the DNA’s FORWARD -20 dB test points. The laser transmitter portion of the optical station is now configured properly. 6. Have an operator at the headend measure received optical power and verify that the optical link is performing properly. Then have the operator measure the levels of the two carriers recovered at the output of the optical receiver in the headend. 7. Have the headend operator set the optical receiver output level to the chosen value. (Optical receiver output level is chosen by the system operator; optical receivers are usually, but not always, adjusted to provide the same output level.) This level becomes the return path setup reference level. You have now aligned the entire optical path. 8. As a check, remove a signal that was injected into the DNA at one of its forward output test points. (We recommend starting at TP1FWD.) Then inject a signal at the remaining forward output test point (TP2FWD). You should still recover proper levels back at the headend, subject to the test-point flatness specifications for the DNA unit.
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How to Set Up a Node (Cont.)

9. If convenient, turn on a sweep to obtain a full spectrum view to check flatness (peak-to-valley) response over the full bandwidth. Follow the test procedure published by the manufacturer of the sweep gear. 10. Note the level recovered at the receiver in the headend for future use. This is the setup reference level, which will be used in one of the following ways:

Whichever instrument you’re using, we strongly recommend that a screen display not exceed 2 dB/ division. Displays of 5 or 10 dB/division make it virtually impossible to align to a chosen reference with any degree of accuracy.

If you are using a return sweep system, now is the time to “normalize” or “set reference.” This means instructing the sending unit in the headend to store the present setup and use it as reference. Now may also be the time to calibrate the companion field unit. The test gear operating instructions largely dictate the specific setup. If you are using a spectrum analyzer at the headend, the unit should be set up with its screen marked for the proper reference level. Use a video camera, or the analyzer’s video output, to send a picture of the spectrum analyzer screen out over an unused forward channel. In this way, a field operator can tell when proper level is achieved by watching the picture on a remote TV.

At this point, the optical node is properly set up such that, when its DNA return inputs are presented with a digital-level carrier at the proper level, you will obtain the proper digital output level from the optical receiver in the headend. All DNA nodes are set up in this way. The RF plant setup now requires you to simply configure each amplifier so that it produces the desired output level seen at the headend. Doing this inherently means that the optical node is presented with its proper input levels. Proceed to “Setting up the RF Return Plant” on the following page.

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Setting Up the RF Return Plant (MMLE Line Extenders)
This section first gives some important reminders about setting up the return plant (below). It then gives the setup procedure (see page 58).

Before you set up a given amplifier, you must set up all amplifiers located upstream from it (between the amplifier and the optical node or headend). The return setup procedure is the same for all MMLE line extenders.

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Points to Remember for the Headend-Out Setup Method

Please review the following points before you start setting up the return plant. (See also “About the Headend-Out Return Setup Method” on page 49.) • Before you set up the RF return plant, you must set up the optical node fed by the RF return equipment. See “Setting Up an Optical Node (Diamond™Marquise)” on page 53.

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How to Set Up the RF Plant

To set up the MMLE line extenders downstream from an optical node, follow these steps. Begin at a station that feeds an optical node (or feeds the headend directly), and work outward in the system, toward subscribers. 1. Accurately calibrate the output level of the carriers or sweep signal you’ll be injecting in this step.

These injected levels are examples; use whatever levels apply for your system.

First, inject into the forward output test point two carriers or return sweep at 22 dB greater than the desired return input, allowing for the -20 dB test point and 2 dB of embedded losses. For example, injecting two carriers into the forward test point at 32 dBmV corresponds to 12 dBmV at the station's return input and 10 dBmV at the return amplifier input. Then, view the signal received at the headend. If using sweep equipment, obtain an automated spectral display of the return spectrum. If using a remote TV set, view a picture of a headend spectrum analyzer sent out on an unused channel in the forward system.

For plu g-in lo cation s i n MMLE modules, see “Controls and Plug-in Locations” on page 26.

2. If the tilt at the headend doesn’t match the established reference (on the display), replace the 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC return output attenuator for equalization until the tilt matches. 3. If the level at the headend doesn’t match the established reference (on the display), replace the 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC return output attenuator until the level matches. Once you have achieved proper levels at the headend, the amplifier is set up. Proceed downstream to the next amplifier. Repeat this procedure, moving one amplifier farther out into the system until you reach the end of the cascade.

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Checking the Forward Sweep Response
As discussed on page 37, setting up (or balancing) amplifiers is based on measurements made at the band edges (the defined low-end and high-end frequencies). On the other hand, sweeping (also called “sweep testing” or “sweep balancing”) provides a thorough evaluation of signal levels across the broadband spectrum. Routine, periodic sweep testing is important to ensure that customers receive consistently high-quality services. Sweeping is not necessary during setup, but it may be done during setup if desired. When attenuators and e q u a l iz e r s a re c h o s e n incorrectly, or procedures are performed improperly, a system may fail to meet the required peak-to-valley response. Follow the procedures in this document carefully to avoid unnecessary future visits to the node or cascade. Sweep testing helps to identify signal quality problems (such as frequency suckouts, bumps, and other excessive peak-to-valley deviations) that occur between the band edges. This process can help you detect problems that need to be addressed: connector flaws, water and corrosion damage, opens, partial shorts, loose connections, and severe cable damage. Alignment within each cascade—the goal of sweeping— requires a reference point to start with. In a hybrid fiber/ coaxial (HFC) network, the optical node is the reference point for the forward sweep procedure. Each amplifier is aligned from band-edge to band-edge with the node reference, which is a “flat” response. (It is actually a tilted output, but the sweep is a comparison of the tilted response at an amplifier station to a tilted response as a reference. The display shows the difference between the two responses, ideally a flat line.) Sweeping includes observing an amplifier’s output on the sweep receiver. The display on the sweep receiver depicts the frequency-selective impact of the span and the amplifier compared with the reference. Sweep testing is used primarily for checking signal amplitude. While sweeping literally refers to the action of the signal generator as it moves through a range of frequencies, this procedure also involves “sweeping” through the amplifiers in your system, making adjustments as necessary to compensate for specific variations in frequency response.

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Tools and Parts Needed
• • • • • • • 3/8" nut driver torque wrench needle-nose pliers alignment tool signal level meter or a spectrum analyzer sweep transmitter and receiver, with manufacturer-recommended accessories 7-2E-WC series equalizers1, and 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuators

CAUTION
A system sweep exposes you to potentially high voltages and should be performed only by qualified technicians experienced with cable/telephony technologies. Users new to cable and/or telephony technologies and procedures should not rely on this manual for comprehensive guidance.

Calculating Flatness
Before you begin your sweep of a given cascade, calculate the flatness you should be able to achieve from the amplifiers in the cascade using the following formula. Keep the resulting number in mind as you sweep the amplifiers in that cascade.
750/870 MHz Systems (Does not include cable and passives.) P/V MGNA, MMLE, MGLE ) = ( ------------------------------------------------2

When normalizing the node output during the sweep, you may find a differential in a peak-to-valley reading. Add any difference in flatness to your calculated total.

For example, to estimate the peak-to-valley response in a cascade of five MMLE line extenders, you would calculate as follows. In this example, the peak-to-valley response of the last amplifier in the cascade should be no greater than 2.5 dB.
P/V = 5/2 = 2.5 dB

Proceed to “Storing a Sweep Reference” on page 61.

1. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers.

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Storing a Sweep Reference
In a hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) network, the optical node is the reference point for the forward sweep procedure. Each new node area needs a new reference. Store the sweep reference for a given node as follows. 1. According to the instructions provided by the sweep system manufacturer, connect the calibrated sweep transmitter to your system with a calibrated test lead, then set up and inject sweep signal. 2. Make sure all parameters supplying the RF section of the node are properly set. This is important, since the sweep reference you will be storing in step 3 will calibrate to assumed true output. If the levels and tilt are incorrect, the reference will be too. To e n s u r e a c c u r a t e results, use the same test cables at each amplifier station that you used to store the reference. 3. Connect the sweep receiver to the main output port of the optical node, and “reference” the output of the node (store a sweep reference). This reference is a normalized flat response line calibrated to the output of the launch amplifier. 4. Add any change in flatness to your calculated total. (See “Calculating Flatness” on page 60.) Proceed to “Sweeping and Adjusting the Amplifiers,” starting on page 62.

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Sweeping and Adjusting the Amplifiers
Once you have stored the sweep reference for a particular node, follow these steps to sweep and adjust the amplifiers in cascade, starting with the first amplifier after the node. 1. Turn off the ALSC (if using an ALSC amplifier). 2. Connect a sweep receiver to Port 2. To ensure accurate results, use the same test cables at each amplifier station that you used to store the reference. 3. Adjust the sweep receiver to accept the sweep test signal. 4. Note any frequency ranges with unacceptable peak-to-valley deviations. If the response meets or exceeds system requirements, skip to step 6. If the response does not meet system requirements, check the input test point for system flatness issues and correct. 5. Adjust the input attenuator as needed to achieve designed output levels. 6. Store a sweep trace for the output test point. 7. Use a signal level meter or a spectrum analyzer to verify actual levels. 8. Switch the ALSC to ON, and adjust the ALSC gain control to match the designed level at the selected carrier. You have now finished adjusting the amplifier. Repeat the procedures from this section at the next amplifier in cascade, then proceed downstream through the rest of the amplifiers. Repeat for each cascade in your system.

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Troubleshooting
Problems and Possible Field Solutions
This section gives some suggestions for things to try in the field if problems arise with an MMLE line extender. Problem Illogical input readings Possible Solutions Check output levels at previous amplifier. Confirm that both an attenuator and an equalizer are installed in the unit to prevent reflections at the input. Confirm that there is no unterminated passive at the input. Look for loose or corroded connectors or passives between amplifiers. Check for loose seizure screw mechanism(s). Check all connectors for correct pin lengths. Check cable and passive loss from previous amplifier. Confirm previous amplifier was not balanced into a reflection at its output. Check for cable cracks or breaks. Check for loose module hold-down or cover screws. Verify input levels. Verify previous amplifier levels. Confirm that all correct plug-in devices have been installed and are in the proper location. If using a directional coupler, confirm the tap and through loss legs. Confirm that the ALSC pilot is active, within correct amplitude, unscrambled, and not on a processed channel. Confirm correct attenuator and equalizer. Confirm that both AC and DC voltages are within acceptable range. Confirm that AC and DC voltage is present. (If not, see “No AC voltage” or “No DC voltage,” below). Confirm RF input. Check for loose seizure screw mechanism at input and output. Confirm that all plug-in areas on module are filled. Check for AC voltage. Possible bad unit; replace.
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High output levels

ALSC not working

No RF output

No DC voltage

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Problem No AC voltage

Possible Solutions

Confirm that AC fuse(s) are good. Check for loose seizure screw mechanism(s) at port(s). Check AC input connector for correct pin length. Confirm that there is not a short on the coaxial cables. Check AC Power/Crowbar/Jumper or CBR. Module has an AC short Replace AC surge arrestor. Confirm that no RF connector pin(s) are shorted. Beats in the amplifier output Confirm that all screws on the aluminum cover are tight. Confirm that the chassis hold down screws are tight. Check for correct plug-in attenuators and equalizers. Confirm that unit is properly set up. Confirm that the peak-to-valley is acceptable at the unit. Amplifier produces incorrect tilt Confirm that the correct equalizers are installed. Set up amplifier at designed band edges and not in-band carriers. Confirm that there is no reflection at the amplifier port(s) output(s). Check for loose seizure screw(s), corroded connectors, and correct pin length(s). Unstable RF levels Verify that the ALSC pilot is not scrambled. Check for loose seizure screw(s) and correct pin length(s). Confirm that carriers are stable at headend output. Check for loose plug-in devices. Confirm that test equipment being used is stable. Check RF test cable(s) on test equipment. Unacceptable peak-to-valley Verify output of previous amplifier. Verify response at input. Confirm that there are no reflections. Check for faulty RF connector, passives, and/or cable. Return injection level problem Confirm that there is a jumper or a 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC equalizer/attenuator in the return output path on the module. Return signals do not pass Confirm that there is a jumper or a 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenuator in the attenuator and equalization position in the return output path on the module. Check that seizure mechanism(s) are tight.

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Bench Testing
This section tells how to set up and verify the operation of an MMLE line extender at a test bench. Keep in mind that you can set up at the bench various ways, depending on your signal source and test equipment. One way, for example, is to use a length of coaxial cable equivalent in attenuation to a typical amplifier spacing in your system. You would connect that cable to the amplifier to simulate field losses. In such setups, you may use a variable attenuator to vary input levels to the amplifier. Another way to set up is to use flat input directly to the amplifier. In a case like this, when input signal doesn’t represent a field input signal after a length of cable, use a zero equalizer or cable simulator in the input equalizer position to achieve correct output levels for testing.

Equipment Needed for Bench Tests

You need the following equipment for a bench test: • • • • • • • • • network analyzer or bench sweep a 60 to 90 VAC power supply necessary connectors, adapters, and test cables, per your test equipment manufacturer’s instructions variable attenuator (to vary input levels to the amplifier) small, nonconducting alignment tool matrix generator or headend signal (to check the ALSC, if present)1 spectrum analyzer (to check the ALSC, if present) appropriate attenuators and equalizers in an assortment of values coaxial cable (to simulate field losses)

1. ALSC needs an unscrambled carrier, which is not present with a bench sweep.

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Setting Up Test Equipment

1. Install the amplifier in the test position. Press the module firmly into the housing connectors. Following the order shown in Figure 16, tighten the module screws to 20 to 30 in.-lb. (2.3 to 3.4 N•m). Repeat two more times for a total of three rounds. 2. Make sure all necessary plug-in circuits are installed. (See “Installing the Designed Equalizers and Attenuators” on page 32.) 3. Remove any plugs at the housing’s input and output ports. 4. Insert an “F” KS adapter (or “pin-to-F” connector) in each port. Tighten the adapters. 5. Tighten the housing’s input and output center conductor seizure screws with a Philips screwdriver. 6. Connect power supply to the amplifier as follows. (Do not apply power yet; you will do that in step 12.) Connect to any port (input or output) through a power inserter (to allow for proper termination). Temporarily remove fuses from all unpowered ports to prevent damage to test equipment. 7. Do not apply supply voltage to test equipment inputs. 8. Adjust the network analyzer output for an RF signal ranging from the lowest forward frequency to a high frequency of 870 MHz. 9. Calibrate your test equipment according to the manufacturer’s instructions. 10. Connect the amplifier station to the test setup according to the test equipment manufacturer’s instructions. 11. If ALSC is installed, switch it OFF. 12. Turn on the bench power supply. The amplifier is now installed into the test setup. Proceed to “Verifying Amplifier Operation at the Bench,” starting on page 67.

Bench testing is effective only after installation of all plug-in circuits required for field operations.

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Verifying Amplifier Operation at the Bench
Keep in mind that if you can’t achieve the proper results in any of these procedures (assuming that the test equipment itself is properly set up), the module may need repair.

Once the test equipment and amplifier are set up to simulate field conditions (see page 66), you may begin verifying amplifier operation. Follow these procedures in order.

Setting the Output Tilt and Level
1. Make sure the input equalizer (or cable simulator) provides the correct output tilt. (See “Checking the Input Equalizer” on page 44.) 2. Make sure the input attenuator provides the correct output level. (See “Checking the Input Attenuator” on page 45.)
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Checking the ALSC
If ALSC is installed, check it as follows, using an unscrambled continuous-wave or modulated carrier at the ALSC frequency, plus sufficient additional carriers or channels to judge the amplifier response across the band. Philips recommends using a matrix generator or a headend signal. Use a spectrum analyzer to measure the amplifier response. 1. Make sure that ALSC is turned off (manual mode) and that you have set the output tilt and level (above). 2. Note the amplifier output signal levels on the spectrum analyzer. 3. Switch the ALSC to the ON (automatic) position and adjust the ALSC control to match the signal levels to the manual settings. 4. To simulate changes in cable attenuation due to temperature, use a variable attenuator to increase and decrease the RF input levels within the ALSC range (±3.8 dB; see page 75). Verify that within ten seconds the RF output level of the ALSC pilot frequency returns to within ±0.5 dB for every 2 dB change in input level (according to recovery accuracy specification).1 You have now verified the operation of the amplifier. At this point you could run other tests if desired. Otherwise, disconnect the amplifier from the test setup.

1. For this test, disregard the high and low ends of the bandwidth. ALSC corrects more at high frequencies than at low frequencies to compensate for the characteristics of coaxial cable, which attenuates high-frequency signals more than low-frequency signals. Since variable attenuators affect all frequencies equally, the output tilt may be skewed during step 4.

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Appendix
Relative Chroma Delay Specifications (NTSC System M)
MMLE Line Extender (worst-case specifications) 40/51 Bandsplit Forwarda 61.25 to 64.83 MHz 67.25 to 70.83 MHz Return 5.0 to 6.5 MHz 7 to 8.5 MHz 10.0 to 11.5 MHz 35.0 to 37.5 MHz 40.5 to 42.0 MHz 55/70 Bandsplit Forwarda 77.25 to 80.83 MHz 83.25 to 86.83 MHz Return 5.0 to 6.5 MHz 10.0 to 11.5 MHz 40.0 to 41.5 MHz 53.5 to 55.0 MHz 65/85 Bandsplit Forwarda 91.25 to 94.83 MHz Return 5.0 to 6.5 MHz 10.0 to 11.5 MHz 40.0 to 41.5 MHz 63.5 to 65.0 MHz All specifications are subject to change without notice.
a. Unstated Channels (maximum) = < +/- 2 ns.

Units

-8 -8 75 25 8 15 30

ns ns ns ns ns ns ns

-30 -10 75 8 8 30

ns ns ns ns ns ns

-10 75 8 8 20

ns ns ns ns ns

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55.25 to 58.83 MHz

-20

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Equalizer Insertion Losses
This section provides the insertion losses (attenuation) associated with the plug-in equalizers (including cable simulators) used in Philips MMLE modules. These are typical loss values to be used for design purposes. Measurements on individual plug-ins may vary.

7-2E862/*L-WC Forward Equalizers
Equalizera Values (dB) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Insertion Loss (Attenuation) in dB 45 MHz 1.3 2.1 2.9 3.7 4.5 5.3 6.1 6.9 7.7 8.4 9.2 10.0 10.8 11.6 12.4 13.5 14.3 15.1 15.8 16.6 17.4 18.2 19.0 19.8 20.6 21.4 54 MHz 1.3 2.0 2.8 3.6 4.4 5.1 5.9 6.7 7.4 8.2 9.0 9.8 10.5 11.3 12.1 13.1 13.9 14.6 15.4 16.2 17.0 17.7 18.5 19.3 20.1 20.8 70 MHz 1.2 2.0 2.7 3.5 4.2 5.0 5.7 6.4 7.2 7.9 8.7 9.4 10.1 10.9 11.6 12.6 13.4 14.1 14.8 15.6 16.3 17.1 17.8 18.6 19.3 20.0 85 MHz 450 MHz 550 MHz 650 MHz 750 MHz 870 MHz 1.2 1.9 2.6 3.4 4.1 4.8 5.5 6.2 6.9 7.6 8.4 9.1 9.8 10.5 11.2 12.2 12.9 13.6 14.3 15.0 15.7 16.5 17.2 17.9 18.6 19.3 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.8 7.1 7.4 7.7 8.0 8.3 8.6 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.3 4.5 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

a. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with the 7-2E-WC series equalizers.

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7-2E750/*L-WC Forward Equalizers
Equalizera Values (dB) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Insertion Loss (Attenuation) in dB 45 MHz 1.3 2.1 2.8 3.6 4.4 5.2 5.9 6.7 7.5 8.3 9.1 9.8 10.6 11.4 12.2 13.2 14.0 14.8 15.5 16.3 17.1 17.9 18.6 19.4 20.2 21.0 54 MHz 1.3 2.0 2.8 3.5 4.3 5.0 5.8 6.5 7.3 8.0 8.8 9.5 10.3 11.0 11.8 12.8 13.6 14.3 15.1 15.8 16.6 17.3 18.1 18.8 19.6 20.3 70 MHz 1.2 1.9 2.7 3.4 4.1 4.8 5.5 6.3 7.0 7.7 8.4 9.1 9.9 10.6 11.3 12.3 13.0 13.7 14.4 15.2 15.9 16.6 17.3 18.0 18.8 19.5 85 MHz 1.2 1.9 2.6 3.3 4.0 4.6 5.3 6.0 6.7 7.4 8.1 8.8 9.5 10.2 10.9 11.8 12.5 13.2 13.9 14.6 15.3 15.9 16.6 17.3 18.0 18.7 450 MHz 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2 550 MHz 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.9 650 MHz 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 750 MHz 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

a. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with the 7-2E-WC series equalizers.

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7-2E862C*L-WC & 7-2E750C*L-WC Cable Simulators
The 862 and 750 models are equivalent except that the 862 has an extended bandwidth.
Simulator Values (dB) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Insertion Loss (Attenuation) in dB 45 MHz 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 54 MHz 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.0 70 MHz 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.3 85 MHz 450 MHz 550 MHz 650 MHz 750 MHz 870 MHz 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 0.7 1.2 1.7 2.2 2.8 3.6 4.2 4.8 5.5 6.2 6.9 7.6 0.8 1.3 1.9 2.5 3.2 4.1 4.8 5.5 6.2 7.0 7.8 8.6 0.8 1.5 2.1 2.8 3.6 4.5 5.3 6.1 6.9 7.8 8.6 9.5 0.9 1.6 2.4 3.1 3.9 5.0 5.8 6.6 7.6 8.5 9.4 10.3 1.0 1.8 2.6 3.4 4.3 5.4 6.3 7.3 8.3 9.3 10.3 11.3

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Determining Values for 7-2E-WC Equalizers
For 7-2E-WC equalizer locations in MMLE modules, see page 26. This section explains how to determine values for 7-2E-WC series equalizers for MMLE modules if you have no system design, or if you want to understand how system-design values are derived.1 The 7-2E WC equalizers plug into the module’s main circuit board to compensate for the frequency-dependent attenuation that coaxial cable imposes on the signal. MMLE line extenders accept 7-2E-WC equalizers or cable simulators in the input position. The following 7-2E-WC equalizers can be used in MMLE modules:
7-2E862/*L-WC or 7-2E750/*L-WC Covered equalizers for 870 or 750 MHz systems, respectively. Available in 1 dB steps from 1 to 26 dB. For example, 7-2E862/3L-WC is a 3 dB equalizer, which compensates for the unequal loss at different frequencies in 3 dB of cable. Covered cable simulators for 870 or 750 MHz systems, respectively. May be used in the input equalizer position (see page 74). Available in 1 dB steps from 1 to 12 dB. For example, 7-2E862/ C6L-WC is a 6 dB cable simulator.

7-2E862/C*L-WC or 7-2E750C*L-WC

1. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers.

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Input Equalizers

When installed in the input position (as required in MMLE modules), the 7-2E-WC equalizer1 compensates for the effects of cable preceding the amplifier module. To find the value, use this formula:2
input equalizer = value cable loss (excluding passive loss) in span preceding amplifier (at highest forward frequency) 10 (equalizer derate for 12.5 dB tilt)

(See also “Equalizer Insertion Losses,” starting on page 70.)

1. 6-2E series equalizers are compatible with 7-2E-WC series equalizers. 2. If the cable loss preceding the amplifier is less than or equal to the equalizer derate (not enough loss in the high-channel forward path), as may occur when amplifiers are close together, use a 7-2E/C-WC series cable simulator in the input equalizer position.

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Determining Values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Attenuators to Adjust for Return Equalization
For locations of the 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC in MMLE modules, see page 26. This section explains how to determine values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuators for return output equalization in MMLE modules if you have no system design or if you want to understand how system-design values are derived. MMLE modules require one 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenuator for return output equalization in the return output path. This attenuator provides an output tilt at the return amplifier that will provide a flat input at the next return amplifier, which should also be flat or match the reference at the headend. The following 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenuators for equalization can be used in MMLE modules:
9-A/*-WC Covered return output attenuator for all bandsplits. Available in 0.5 dB steps. For example, 9-A/2-WC is a 2 dB attenuator to adjust for return equalization. 10-A/*-WC Covered return output attenuator for all bandsplits. Available in 0.5 dB steps. For example, 10-A/2-WC is a 2 dB attenuator to adjust for return equalization.

The following tables provide typical insertion losses (attenuation) and slopes associated with the plug-in attenuators used to adjust slope in the return path.

Typical Return Equalization Losses versus Value of Attenuator (9-A-* or 10-A-*)
Attenuator Values (dB) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Return Equalization Insertion Loss (Attenuation) in dB 5 MHz 0 1.10 2.10 3.10 4.00 4.90 5.80 6.85 7.90 8.90 9.90 10 MHz 0 0.90 1.70 2.50 3.30 4.10 5.00 5.40 6.20 7.00 7.60 30 MHz 0 0.30 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.35 1.55 1.85 2.00 2.30 2.50 42 MHz 0 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.60 0.70 0.90 1.00 1.20 1.30 1.40 55 MHz 0 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.40 0.45 65 MHz 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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Typical Return Equalization Slope versus Value of Attenuator (9-A-* or 10-A-*)
Attenuator Values (dB) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Return Equalization Slope in dB 5 to 65 MHz 0 1.10 2.10 3.10 4.00 4.90 5.80 6.85 7.90 8.90 9.90 5 to 55 MHz 0 1.00 2.00 2.90 3.75 4.65 5.50 6.50 7.50 8.50 9.45 5 to 42 MHz 0 0.90 1.80 2.70 3.40 4.20 4.90 5.85 6.70 7.60 8.50 5 to 30 MHz 0 0.80 1.50 2.30 3.00 3.55 4.25 5.00 5.90 6.60 7.40 10 to 30 MHz 0 0.60 1.10 1.70 2.30 2.75 3.45 3.55 4.20 4.70 5.10

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Determining Values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC Attenuators
For 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenu ator loca tion s in MMLE modules, see page 26. This section explains how to determine values for 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuators for MMLE modules if you have no system design, or if you want to understand how system-design values are derived. MMLE modules accept 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC series attenuators in some or all of the following positions: forward input, interstage, return input, and return output. The following 9-A-WC or 10-A-WC attenuators can be used in MMLE modules:
9-A*-WC Covered attenuators. Available in 0.5 dB steps. For example, a 9-A3-WC attenuator provides 3 dB of attenuation. Covered attenuators. Available in 0.5 dB steps. For example, a 10-A3-WC attenuator provides 3 dB of attenuation.

10-A*-WC

Forward Input Attenuators
Forward input attenuators are likely to vary from amplifier to amplifier in a network.

The forward input attenuator (required) reduces the level of the input signal to the pre-amplifier. To find the value, use this formula, rounding down the result to the next 0.5 dB. (You should attenuate to, but not less than, the designed input.)
input attenuator value designer’s maximum amplifier spacing (or amp operating gain) cable and passive loss in span preceding amplifier

=

Return Output Attenuators

A return output attenuator (required) reduces the return signal at the return output. Find the return output attenuator value by using this formula:
required return output (dBmV) return output attenuator value (dB)

actual output (dBmV)

=

For example, if the design calls for 22 dBmV return input to the next amplifier, and there’s 13 dB of attenuation (cable + passives) between the amplifiers, the required return output is 35 dBmV.

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Amplifier Data Log Tested by: ________________________________ Notes: Date: ________________ Temperature: _________________

For the frequency points (unscrambled carriers), use a low-end bandwidth carrier, a high-end bandwidth carrier, and two carriers in between to verify the whole bandwidth. Use the system design or a slope chart (see page 79) to determine the correct level at

AMP # ______ S/N _______ Type _____ Channel/Frequency Input TP Level Output TP Level, ALSC Off Output TP Level, ALSC On

Input Att ______ Input Eq _______ Ret Out Att _____ Ret Att for Eq______ Interstage Att _____

Desired Levels (low freq/hi freq) Frq _____Frq _____ Lev _____Lev _____

AMP # ______ S/N _______ Type _____ Channel/Frequency Input TP Level Output TP Level, ALSC Off Output TP Level, ALSC On

Input Att ______ Input Eq _______ Ret Out Att _____ Ret Eq _______ Interstage Att _____

Desired Levels (low freq/hi freq) Frq _____Frq _____ Lev _____Lev _____

AMP # ______ S/N _______ Type _____ Channel/Frequency Input TP Level Output TP Level, ALSC Off Output TP Level, ALSC On

Input Att ______ Input Eq _______ Ret Out Att _____ Ret Eq _______ Interstage Att _____

Desired Levels (low freq/hi freq) Frq _____Frq _____ Lev _____Lev _____

AMP # ______ S/N _______ Type _____ Channel/Frequency Input TP Level Output TP Level, ALSC Off Output TP Level, ALSC On

Input Att ______ Input Eq _______ Ret Out Att _____ Ret Eq _______ Interstage Att _____

Desired Levels (low freq/hi freq) Frq _____Frq _____ Lev _____Lev _____

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Broadband Level and Slope Chart

This chart can help you find the following, for example: • The level at which the ALSC pilot carrier should operate to maintain proper signal levels across the spectrum. The proper level for the highest frequency you use (if you run equipment below the highest design frequency possible).

Figure 21. Broadband Level and Slope Chart This chart helps you determine what the output level should be at any specific frequency.

To determine what the output level should be at any specific frequency, make a copy of this chart, and plot the broadband levels and slope you use for your system, as follows: 1. Plot the designed system output level at the lowest designed forward frequency. 2. Plot the designed system output level at the highest designed forward frequency. 3. Draw a straight line between the two points. Points on this line show what the output level should be at any specific frequency.

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Determining the Temperature Offset
Depending on the temperature during field setup, the amplifier output that you set up in the field (with ALSC off) may need to differ from the design goal. To find the temperature offset to use during setup, use the following formula. This formula shows that attenuation increases (or decreases) 1% for every 10°F of temperature increase (or decrease):
Change in cable attenuation due to temperature change
=

1% for each 10° F (1.8% for each 10° C)

The following table shows the calculated offsets for some example temperatures with various cable losses. (Use the formula, above, for temperatures not shown.)
Cable Temperature Offset Losses (dB)* @130°F @100°F @70°F @40°F @10°F 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8 -1.0 -1.3 -1.5 -1.8 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.8 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.8

@-20°F 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.5 1.9 2.3 2.7

* Cable length may vary, but the cable losses stay the same regardless of frequency.

Once you have determined the temperature offset, using the formula or table above, apply the offset as documented on page 44.

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Installing ALSC
Installing or removing ALSC may change the amplifier performance slightly. For optimum performance, order units factory-configured as required. The 6-ALSC-***-MMLE-7.0/75/870 kit for automatic level and slope control consists of two plug-in circuits: an ALSC equalizer and an ALSC controller. Several kit model numbers are available, as shown in Figure 22. Select the model that operates at the desired pilot frequency.

6-ALSC-_ _ _-MMLE-7.0/75/870
Automatic Level & Slope Control Pilot Frequency— 427 = 427.25 MHz 499 = 499.25 MHz Flat Loss Bandwidth % Cable Loss

Figure 22. 6-ALSC-* * *-MMLE-7.0/75/870 Kit, Model Numbers This ALSC kit’s model number tells you the first three digits of the pilot frequency the circuit monitors.

To install a 6-ALSC-* * *-MMLE-7.0/75/870 kit into an MMLE line extender module, follow these steps.

CAUTION SENSITIVE ELECTRONIC DEVICES. This equipment
is static-sensitive. Philips recommends installing the ALSC kit at the bench and using the appropriate ESD equipment. ALSC adds insertion loss (as defined by the flat loss portion of the model number), which reduces the usable gain of the station. 1. Open the 9-LH housing. (See “Opening the Housing” on page 34.) Remove the MMLE module from the housing. 2. Remove the module’s cover screws (in any order), then remove the cover. Place the cover and screws in a safe location.

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ALSC Controller Board Location

ALSC Equalizer Board Location

Figure 23. ALSC Equalizer and Controller Board Locations The ALSC boards plug into the MMLE main circuit board in these locations.

3. Remove any boards or jumpers from the equalizer and controller positions. Then install the ALSC equalizer and controller boards. (See Figure 23.) 4. Replace the MMLE cover, then reinstall the module into the housing. (See “Installing the MMLE Module into the Housing” on page 35.) 5. Switch the ALSC off (manual mode). Perform or verify manual setup. (See “Setting Up the Cascade” on page 40.) 6. Switch the ALSC on, and adjust the ALSC gain control to match the designed level at the specified temperature. (See “Setting Up the ALSC” on page 45.) You have finished installing the ALSC.

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Automatic Level & Slope Control (ALSC) Specifications
Some MMLE line extenders include a 6-ALSC-***-7.0/75/ 870 automatic level and slope control. The 6-ALSC consists of two plug-in circuit boards: an equalizer and a controller. Listed below are the performance specifications for the controller board. For module performance with ALSC installed, see the MMLE specifications (page 29).
6-ALSC-***-7.0/75/870 Controller Board Operating Temperature (external ambient) Supply Voltage Supply Current (maximum, controller only) Pilot Carrier Frequencies 6-ALSC-MMLE-427-7.0/75/870 6-ALSC-MMLE-499-7.0/75/870 Pilot Level Adjustment Range (at controller input) Gain Control Range (@ 870 MHz) Level Stability (at pilot and controller out) Thermal (maximum, reference 25°C, or 77°F) Recovery Accuracy (maximum, within 10 seconds, 2 dB steps) Modulation Loss (typical, white to CW) Picture Content (typical, NTSC bounce) Sensitivity to Adjacent Channel (typical, ±6 MHz, equal RF levels) Effect on Response Flatness (typical; 45 to 600, 45 to 750, or 45 to 870 MHz)
All specifications are subject to change without notice.

-40 to +60 -40 to +140 24.0 ± 0.5 105 427.25 499.25 30 to 50 ± 3.8 ± 1.0 ± 0.5 -0.5 ± 0.1 ± 1.0 ± 0.25

°C °F V mA MHz MHz dBmV dB dB dB dB dB dB dB

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Reference & Installation Manual

Index
6-ALSC. See ALSC. 6-EDB. See Response equalizers. 6-MGLE. See MGLE line extender. 7-2E/C-WC. See Cable simulators. 7-2E-WC. See Equalizers. 7-DC-WC. See Output port selector. 7-MGLE. See MGLE line extender. 7-REF-WC. See Equalizers. 9-A-WC. See Attenuators. 9-MGLH. See Housing.

D
Debumpers. See Response equalizers. Diplex filter kit, 114

E
EDB. See Response equalizers. Embedded losses, 64, 71, 74 Equalizers, 7-2E-WC (forward path) checking input equalizer in forward setup, 58 determining values for, 100–101 insertion losses for, 96 installing the designed equalizers, 42 See also Functional descriptions or Plug-in circuits. Equalizers, 7-REF-WC (return output) checking in return setup, 74 determining values for, 102 insertion losses for, 98–99 installing the designed equalizer, 42 See also Functional descriptions or Plug-in circuits.

A
ALSC (automatic level & slope control) board locations, 109 insertion loss, 25, 108 installing, 108 model number, 108 setting up, 59 specifications (controller board), 110 unity gain in alternating ALSC cascades, 59 Attenuators, 9-A-WC series checking input attenuator in forward setup, 59 checking output attenuator in return setup, 74 determining values for, 103–104 installing the designed attenuators, 42 using interstage attenuators in alternating ALSC cascades, 59 See also Functional descriptions or Plug-in circuits.

F
Features and benefits, 10 Flatness, calculating (formulas), 81 Forward setup before you start, 52 items needed, 53 setting up the cascade, 54 checking AC power, 56 checking output level at port 4, 60 checking the input attenuator, 59 checking the input equalizer, 58 checking the input levels, 57 preparing the amplifier for initial setup, 55 setting up the ALSC, 59 what it means to set up a forward cascade, 51 See also Forward setup chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 49 Functional descriptions MGLE module forward RF signal flow, 26 return RF signal flow, 29 MGLH housing, 17 Fuses checking AC power, 56 installation, 45 locations in amplifier, 45

B
Bandwidth upgrade. See Diplex filter kit. Bench testing an amplifier, 89 Broadband level and slope chart, 106 Broadband System Centers (BSCs). See Customer support.

C
Cable simulators, 7-2E/C-WC series checking in forward setup, 58 determining values for, 101 insertion losses, 98 Configuration numbers MGLE module + housing, 25 See also Model numbers. Controls and connectors, MGLE module, 32–33 Crowbar-protection circuit, 36 Customer support, 4

Index

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G
Gain control. See ALSC (automatic level & slope control.), 59

M
MGLE line extender configuration numbers (module + housing), 25 controls and connectors, 32–33 crowbar-protection circuit, 36 features and benefits, 10 functional description forward RF signal flow, 26 return RF signal flow, 29 general description of MGLE in a network, 9 general description of MGLE module itself, 23 model numbers (module only), 24 plug-in circuits, 34–35 powering, 31 specifications for line extender module, 37 for power supply (built-in), 38 See also MGLE chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 21 Model numbers for 9-MGLH housings, 16 for MGLE modules, 24 See also Configuration Numbers, 24

H
Headend-out return setup method, 65 Housing, 9-MGLH series bypass capability (RF/AC), 15 closing the, 48 equipment description, 13 functional description, 17 gaskets, RFI and weather, 14 installing the amplifier into, 47 label, 19 model numbers for, 16 opening the, 46 ports & points of connection, 18 specifications, 20 See also MGLH chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 11

I
Insertion losses 6-ALSC automatic level & slope control, 25, 108 7-2E862/*L-WC forward equalizers, 96 7-2E862C*L-WC cable simulators, 98 7-REF42/*-WC return equalizers, 98 7-REF55/*-WC return equalizers, 99 7-REF65/*-WC return equalizers, 99 EDB response equalizers, 80 Installation before you begin, 41 closing the housing, 48 installing ALSC, 108 installing designed equalizers and attenuators, 42 installing fuses, 45 installing output port selector, 43 installing the amplifier into the housing, 47 items needed, 41 opening the housing, 46 See also Installation chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 39

O
Output port selector, 7-DC-WC installation for both outputs, 44 installation for one output, 43 Overview of MGLE line extenders, 7

P
Plug and play, 10 Plug-in circuits for MGLE module, 34–35 See also plug-ins listed by name. Powering checking AC power, 56 crowbar-protection circuit, 36 description of built-in power supply, 31 installing fuses (power directors), 45 specifications for built-in power supply, 38

L
Level and slope chart, broadband, 106 Log sheet, amplifier data, 105 Losses, embedded. See Embedded losses.

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Reference & Installation Manual

R
Relative chroma delay specifications, 95 Response equalizers, EDB series important facts about, 80 list of, 80 on-board controls for, 83 Return setup basic return-system concepts, 64 before you start, 67 headend-out method, 65 setting up an optical node, 69 setting up the RF return plant, 73 test equipment needed, 68 tools needed, 68 what it means to set up a return system, 63 why we recommend digital-level carriers, 66 See also Return setup chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 61

U
Unity gain definition of, forward path, 51 definition of, return path, 63 in alternating ALSC cascades, 59 Unity input, definition of, 63 Upgrading bandwidth. See Diplex filter kit.

S
Safety symbols, 6 Setting up the forward cascade. See Forward setup. Setting up the RF return system. See Return setup. Signal flow. See Functional descriptions. Specifications for 9-MGLH housing, 20 for ALSC controller board, 110 for MGLE line extender module, 37 for power supply (built-in), 38 for relative chroma delay, 95 Sweeping the system calculating flatness, 81 facts about EDB response equalizers, 80 items needed, 81 storing a sweep reference, 82 sweeping and adjusting the amplifiers, 83 what it means to sweep the system, 79 See also Sweep chapter’s table of contents & list of figures, 77

T
Temperature offset formula and examples, 107 when checking input attenuator in setup, 59 Troubleshooting, 85

Index

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118

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Index

Migra Mini Line Extender AMP 0080/001
This product new generation, using GaAs technology, is envisaged to be employed in all the types of networks HFC and digital Qam. Its gain on the direct path goes with low consumption of 21 W. The return is optimized for future services such as the interactive TV and data transmission .

SPECIFICATIONS
Operating temperature Protection Safety compliance with Power consumption ( without ALSC) Power consumption ( with ALSC) Remote Supply voltage Input and Output internal RF test points Power on LED display MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS Dimensions H x W x D (mm) With housing 120X225X190 Without housing 105X165X90 -40°C to +60°C IEC 728-1 and EN 50083-2 21 W 24 W 46 to 90 VAC, quasi square wave. F quick (fast) always available

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Frequency range return path forward path Band split ( MHz ) RF Test points

from 5 MHz, up to 870 MHz 33-47, 40-51, 42-54, 55-70, 55-80,65-85, others on request Input forward path : Resistive -20dB (N°2) Output return path : Resistive -20dB (N°2) Output Forward path: Directional coupler -20dB (N°8) Input Return path : Directional coupler -20dB (N°10) 8 Amps Return Path 20 dB +/- 0.5 dB 18 dB 7.5 dB

Current passing capability

Forward Path Gain ( 1 output ) AMP0080/001 54 MHz => 30 dB / 870 MHz => 38 dB Flatness +/- 0.5 dB Return loss 16 dB Noise figure 54 MHz => 7.5 dB / 870 MHz => 9 dB

Specifications are subject to change without notice. Specifications are typical.

INSTALLATION MANUAL

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4

17

16

6

5

7

9

3 1

12

8 10

2

11

13

15

14

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IDENTIFICATION OF THE DIFFERENTS FUNCTIONS
FORWARD PATH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Input

RETURN PATH 1 2
Output

Input test point -20 dB

Output test point -20 dB

Input attenuator

Input equalizer

Inter stage attenuator or thermal PAD

ALSC equalizer

ALSC controller

Output test point -20 dB

Output

9

Input

10 Input test point 11 Output equalizer 12 Output attenuator

AC POWER 13 Fuse IN 14 Fuse OUT 15 Surge arrestor protector 16 Crow-Bar protection 17 LED display power ON

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01/03/21

ATTENUATORS
Type 0dB 1dB 2dB 3dB 4dB 5dB 6dB 7dB 8dB 9dB 10dB Reference PAS 6100/021 PAS 6101/021 PAS 6102/021 PAS 6103/021 PAS 6104/021 PAS 6105/021 PAS 6106/021 PAS 6107/021 PAS 6108/021 PAS 6109/021 PAS 6110/021 Marking 9-A0-WC 9-A1-WC 9-A2-WC 9-A3-WC 9-A4-WC 9-A5-WC 9-A6-WC 9-A7-WC 9-A8-WC 9-A9-WC 9-A10-WC Type 11dB 12dB 13dB 14dB 15dB 16dB 17dB 18dB 19dB Reference PAS 6111/021 PAS 6112/021 PAS 6113/021 PAS 6114/021 PAS 6115/021 PAS 6116/021 PAS 6117/021 PAS 6118/021 PAS 6119/021 Marking 9-A11-WC 9-A12-WC 9-A13-WC 9-A14-WC 9-A15-WC 9-A16-WC 9-A17-WC 9-A18-WC 9-A19-WC

ALSC
AMP 2902/001 6-ALSC 499 - 7.0/75/870 AMP 2902/011 6-ALSC 427 - 7.0/75/870

THERMAL
PAS 0412/001

CROW-BAR (CRB)
AMP 3580/001

EQUALIZERS
Type 0 dB 1 dB 2 dB 3 dB 4 dB 5 dB 6 dB 7 dB 8 dB 9 dB 10 dB 11 dB 12 dB 13 dB 14 dB 15 dB 16 dB 17 dB 18 dB 19 dB 20 dB 21 dB 22 dB 23 dB 24 dB 25 dB 26 dB Reference PAS 0413/001 PAS 0414/011 PAS 0414/021 PAS 0414/031 PAS 0414/041 PAS 0414/051 PAS 0414/061 PAS 0414/071 PAS 0414/081 PAS 0414/091 PAS 0414/101 PAS 0414/111 PAS 0414/121 PAS 0414/131 PAS 0414/141 PAS 0414/151 PAS 0414/161 PAS 0414/171 PAS 0414/181 PAS 0414/191 PAS 0414/201 PAS 0414/211 PAS 0414/221 PAS 0414/231 PAS 0414/241 PAS 0414/251 PAS 0414/261 Marking 7-2E750-0-WC 7-2E862-1-WC 7-2E862-2-WC 7-2E862-3-WC 7-2E862-4-WC 7-2E862-5-WC 7-2E862-6-WC 7-2E862-7-WC 7-2E862-8-WC 7-2E862-9-WC 7-2E862-10-WC 7-2E862-11-WC 7-2E862-12-WC 7-2E862-13-WC 7-2E862-14-WC 7-2E862-15-WC 7-2E862-16-WC 7-2E862-17-WC 7-2E862-18-WC 7-2E862-19-WC 7-2E862-20-WC 7-2E862-21-WC 7-2E862-22-WC 7-2E862-23-WC 7-2E862-24-WC 7-2E862-25-WC 7-2E862-26-WC Slope 870/45 MHz 0 dB 0,8 dB 1,6 dB 2,4 dB 3,2 dB 4,0 dB 4,8 dB 5,6 dB 6,4 dB 7,2 dB 8,0 dB 8,8 dB 9,6 dB 10,4 dB 11,2 dB 12,0 dB 12,8 dB 13,6 dB 14,4 dB 15,1 dB 16,0 dB 16,8 dB 17,6 dB 18,4 dB 19,2 dB 20,0 dB 20,8 dB Slope 870/85 MHz 0 dB 0,7 dB 1,4 dB 2,1 dB 2,9 dB 3.6 dB 4,3 dB 5,0 dB 5,7 dB 6,4 dB 7,2 dB 8,0 dB 8,7 dB 9,4 dB 10,1 dB 10,8 dB 11,5 dB 12,2 dB 12,9 dB 13,6 dB 14,4 dB 15,1 dB 15,9 dB 16,6 dB 17,3 dB 18,0 dB 18,7 dB

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AMP 2902/001 7-ALSC 427 - 7.0/75/870 AMP 2902/011 7-ALSC 499 - 7.0/75/870
Automatic Level Slope Control 2 1 P

1 Auto ON SPECIFICATIONS
Pilot level adjustment range : 30-50 dBmv (input controller). Equivalent to 0-20 dBmv (input amplifier AMP0080/001) Supply voltage +24V Supply current 75mA Effect on response flatness (typical) +/- 0.25dB

ALSC equalizer ALSC controller

Manual OFF

2

ALSC Equalizer Insertion loss : 7dB Bandwidth : 51/870 MHz % cable loss : 75 Supply voltage : 24V Supply current : 75 mA 18V 30 mA

INSTALLATION MANUAL

3911 621 88792 01/05/17

Mettre l’interrupteur en mode manuel. Branchez le spectrum sur le point test de sortie du produit.

Ref.

Repasser l’interrupteur en mode automatic.

Ref.

Ajuster a l’aide du potentiometre P le niveau jusqu’à la référence.

Put the switch in manual mode. Connect the spectrum on the output test point of the product.

Ref.

Pass by again the switch in automatic mode.

Ref.

Adjust using the potentiometer P the level until the reference.

3911 621 88792 01/05/17

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