Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Basic Window
&
Microsoft Word

Computer Training Manual

Table of Content
To the Learner ................................ 1

Basic Computer Course

1

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

1. Introduction to Computer ...................... 2
2. Fundamental of a Computer .....................
2.1 Hardware and Software ..................
2.2 Mouse ..................................
2.3 Keyboard ...............................
2.4 Drives .................................

4
4
5
6
7

3. Basic Window .................................. 8
3.1 Desktop ................................ 8
3.2 Start Button ........................... 9
ΠShortcut icon ..................... 9
3.3 Floppy A & Files Size ................. 10
3.4 Explorer .............................. 11
ΠFiles/Folders awGudk &SmzdkY ............ 11

Œ
Œ
Œ
Œ

Files/Folders awGudk trnfajymif;zdkY ........ 12
Files/Folders awGudk ae&ma½TUzdkY .......... 12

Fonts install ....................
Folders topfzefwD;zdkY ..................
Recycle Bin ...........................
Calculator ............................
Character Map .........................

12
13
13
14
14

4. Microsoft Word ...............................
ΠMicrosoft Word Window ............
4.1 Lesson 1 Approach to MS Word ..........
4.2 Lesson 2 Drawing Toolbars .............
4.3 Lesson 3 Table ........................
4.4 Lesson 4 Save & Print .................
4.5 Lesson 5 Chart ........................
4.6 About the Menus .......................
ΠFile Menu.......................
ΠEdit Menu.......................
ΠView Menu.......................
ΠInsert Menu.....................
ΠFormat Menu.....................
ΠTools Menu......................
ΠTable Menu......................
ΠWindow Menu.....................
ΠHelp Menu.......................

16
17
20
23
26
28
31
32
33
34
36
37
44
48
51
57
55

3.5
3.6
3.7

5. Fix Problems ................................. 56

Basic Computer Course

2

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

'DrSwfpkawGudk
tajccHuGefjyLwmoifwef;rSmoHk;zdkY&nf½G,fNyD;
jyKpkxm;wmyg/
uGefjyLwmudkifNyD;
toHk;jyK&awmhr,fqdkolawG odoifhwJhtcsuftcsdKUjzpfygw,f/ jynfhpHkwJh rSwfpkwckr[kwfwmawmh aocsmygw,f/
uGefjyLwmeJY &if;ESD;uRrf;0ifNyD;om;olawGtwGuf r[kwfbJ vlopfwef;awGtwGuf &nf½G,fwmyg/
uGefjyLwmavmu[m odyfudkus,fjyefYaeygNyD/ tJ'DavmuBuD;xJ vrf;ovm;zdkYqE´&SdolawGtwGuf 'Dpmtkyfav;u
taxmuftulenf;enf;awmh ay;Edkifr,fvdkY xifwmbJ ... /

þpmtkyfwtkyfvHk;udkjzpfap? wpdwfwydkif;udkjzpfap vGwfvyfpGmul;,ljzefYa0cGifhjyKonf/
More information:
Zulu (kyawcross@gmail.com)

Basic Computer Course

3

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

uGefjyLwmqdkwmbmvJ ... oifodygovm;/

]]a[m'Du uGefjyLwmylylaEG;aEG;}} wJh/ uGefjyLwma&mif;yHku 'DvdkawmifjzpfvmNyDvm;/ 'Davmufr[kwfao;
awmif tawmfudkawmh aygrsm;vmNyDqdkwmuawmh aocsmygw,faemf/ uGefjyLwm 'Davmufaygrsm;vmaewJhtcsdefrSm
uGefjyLwmqdkwm bmrSef;rodao;wJholawG trsm;BuD;&Sdaeygao;w,f/ rodMuwJhtaMumif;uvJ olwdkY&JUvkyfief;eJY
ywfoufrIodyfr&Sdwmu waMumif;jzpfrSmaygh/ udk,feJYrywfoufvdkY rodbl;/ udkifrwwfbl;qdkwmuawmh tjypf
ajymzdkYr&Sdygbl;/ 'gayr,fh tck'DrSma&mufaeolawGuawmh uGefjyLwmudkoHk;zdkY vdktyfw,fqdkvdkY 'Doifwef;udk
a&mufvmMuNyD/ 'DawmholYtaMumif;udk enf;enf;avmufavhvmMunfh&atmif ...
yxrqHk; uGefjyLwm[m 1944 rSmpNyD;ay:cJhygw,f/ IBM1 uxkwfvkyfwmyg/ Main Frame qdkwJh cef;vHk;jynfh
tBuD;pm;BuD;yg/ tJ'DyxrqHk;uGefjyLwm&JUemrnfuawmh Mark 1 jzpfygw,f/ tJ'Day:pwkef;uawmh odyftrsm;BuD;
tvkyfvkyfEdkifwmr[kwfygbl;/ pm&if;Z,m;awGavmuf? tcsuftvufawGpkpnf;ay;wm? &SmazGay;wmavmufygbJ/
'gaMumifh tcsdKUuRrf;usifolawGu cefYrSef;a[mudef; xkwfcJhMuw,f/ aemifqdk&if uGefjyLwmqdkwm wdkuf
tdrfBuD;wvHk;pmavmuf jzpfvmvdrfhr,fwJh/ 'gayr,fh uHaumif;w,fvdkY ajym&r,fxifw,f/ 'DaeY'DacwfrSm uGefjyL
wmawG[m ydkBuD;rvmwJhtjyif ydkvdkYydkvdkYawmif i,fvmaeygw,f/ qefYusif buftaeeJY uGefjyLwm&JU vkyfaqmif
EdkifpGrf;awGuawmh ydkvdkYydkvdkY BuD;rm;vmwmudk awGU&rSmyg/
'DaeYtcsdefrSmawmh toHk;trsm;qHk; uGefjyLwmqdk&if yDpD (PC) vdkYac:wJh pm;yGJwif (Desktop) uGefjyLwmawG
jzpfwmudk awGU&rSmyg/ aemufawmh o,faqmifoGm;EdkifwJh Mobile 2 uGefjyLwmav;awGjzpfwJh vufyfawmh (Laptop)?
wufbfvuf (Tablet)? yD'Dat (PDA) awGudkvnf; toHk;rsm;Muwmudk awGU&rSm yg/

1

International Business Machines Corporation

2

a½GUvsm;Edkifaom

Basic Computer Course

1

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

uGefjyLwmavmurSm IBM eJY Mac qdkNyD; Platform3 ESpfck&Sdygw,f/ IBM-PC uGefjyLwmudk IBM uxkwfwmjzpfNyD;
Mac(Macintosh) udk Apple uxkwfwmjzpfygw,f/ 'DaeYuGefjyLwmtoHk;jyKol trsm;pkuawmh Apple (Mac) udk awGUzl;ol
tawmf&Sm;aeygNyD/ olu awmfawmfhudk aoG;BuD;wmyg/ 'grSr[kwf aps;BuD;wmygvdkY ajym&r,fxifw,f/ Apple (Mac)
[m wu,fawmh uGefjyLwmavmurSm Apple acwfudkESpfaygif;rsm;pGmxlaxmifEdkifcJholyg/ 'DaeYoHk;aeMuwJh icon4 awG
udk wdkuf½dkufzGifhoHk;EdkifwJh GUI5 pepf 'grSr[kwf Window6 pepfeJY Mouse udktoHk;jyKwmawGudk Apple u pNyD;wDxGifcJh
wmyg/ aemufxyf ESpfaygif; 10 ESpfausmfawmhrSbJ Microsoft7 wdkYvdk ukrÜPDawGeJY tjcm;uGefjyLwmxkwfvkyfolawGu
vdkufNyD;wkyxkwfvkyfEdkifcJhwmyg/ Window 95 = Macintosh 84 vdkYurÇmrSm EdIif;,SOfajymcJhMuygw,f/
av&Snfwmvnf;odyfrsm;oGm;NyD/ wdkY&JU uGefjyLwmavhvma&; c&D;udk 'Dae&muae pMunfhMuygpdkY/

2.1.

Hardware & Software
uGefjyLwmwvHk;&JU udkifwG,fxdawGUEdkifwJh tpdwftydkif;awGudk Hardware
uGefjyLwmudk cdkif;aptrdefYay;EdkifwJh udkifwG,fxdawGUr&aom t&mawGudk Software
ƒ

uGefjyLwmwvHk;rSmygwJh tajccHypönf;awGuawmh
Monitor (Output Device8) uGefjyLwmrSmvkyfaqmifaewmawGudk jrif&zdkYtwGufyg/
CPU 9 (I/O Device) uGefjyLwmwckvHk;udk xdef;csKyfqufpyfay;olyg/ Output-D eJY Input-D awGudk
qufoG,fay;r,fholyg/ oludk,fwdkifuawmh O/I Devices ESpfrsdK;vHk;twGuf tvkyfvkyfygw,f/
- Keyboard (Input Device 10 ) olUay:u cvkwfawGudk ESdyf&if;eJY pmawG½dkufzdkY^uGefjyLwmudk cdkif;apzdkY
toHk;jyKygw,f/
-

3

rl&if;t"dyÜg,fuawmhvrf;avQmufoGm;&efae&m? 'grSr[kwf oGm;&efvrf;aMumif;ayghav/ tJ'DvdkbJ
uGefjyLwmtoHk;tEIef;rSmvJ vrf;aMumif; 2-ck&Sdw,fvdkY qdkvdkcsifwmyg/
4
icon qdkwm Program, Disk Drive, Document tp&SdwJh Window elements awGudk udk,fpm;jyKwJh½kyfyHkwckjzpfygw,f/
5
Grapical user interface - system (jrifawGUae&wJh icons (½kyfyHk) awGudk wdkuf½dkufzGifhoHk;EdkifwJhpepf) jzpfygw,f/
6
GUI pepftwdkif; tjriftay:tajccHNyD;wdkuf½dkufzGifhoHk;EdkifwJhpepf
7
'DaeYuGefjyLwmavmu&Jh tBuD;qHk; Software ukrÜPDBuD;wck
8
uGefjyLwmxJu tcsuftvuf? ½kyfyHk pwmawGudk xkwfay;EdkifzdkY&mrSm vdktyfwJht&mawGudk qdkvdkygw,f/
9
Central Processing Unit &Jhtwdkaumuf/ Motherboard/Mainboard/System Unit pojzifh trsdK;rsdK;ac:Muygw,f/
Basic Computer Course

2

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

- Mouse (Input Device) uGefjyLwmudk cdkif;aptrdefYay;zdkYyg/
'gawGtm;vHk;[m udkifwG,fxdawGUEdkifwJh tpdwftydkif;awGjzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh Hardware vdkYac:ygw,f/
'Dt&mawGr&Sd&if uGefjyLwmudk b,fvdkrStvkyfvkyfapEdkifrSmr[kwfyg/
ƒ

'DvdkbJtjcm;wbufrSmvJ Software qdkwm&Sdygw,f/ oluawmh vufeJUudkifwG,f xdawGU vdkYr&/ ...
uGefjyLwmudk rdrdvdktyf&mvdkufNyD;vkyfay;atmif cdkif;aptrdefYay;zdkY y½dk*&rf (Program11) awGjzpfygw,f/
rdrdvdktyfcsufeJYtnD oifhawmfwJh Program awGudk oHk;Mu&rSm jzpfygw,f/
Oyrm- pm&if;Z,m;awGjyKpkzdkYqdk&if Microsoft Excel 12 , Lotus 13 awGudk oHk;r,f/
tpD&ifcHpmawG½dkufzdkYqdk&ifawmh Microsoft Word 14 , Adobe PageMaker 15 pwmawGudk
oHk;r,fayghav/ "gwfyHk? ½kyfyHkawG jyifqifwnf;jzwfzdkY qdk&ifawmh Microsoft Photo suit, Adobe
Photoshop, Corel Photo Paint16 pwmawGudk oHk;&r,faygh/ 'gawG[m Software awGjzpfygw,f/

2.2.

Mouse
Mouse qdkwmuawmh tNrD;wef;vef;eJYawGU&wJh <uufuav;waumifygbJ/ 'D<uufuav;udk txifao;vdkYr&yg/
ol[m 'DaeYuGefjyLwmtoHk;jyKaeolawGtwGuf r&Sdrjzpfrdk;yg/ tJ ... olYudk b,fvdkoHk;&ovJ Munfh&atmif ...
olYrSm yHkrSeftm;jzifhqdk&if b,f^nm Buttons 2-ck&SdwmudkawGU&rSmyg/ tJ'D 2-ck&JUMum;rSmawmh Wheel wck&Sdygr,f/
Wheel toHk;jyKyHkudkawmh MicrosoftWord oifcef;pm (page 17) a&mufrSbJ MunfhMur,f/ tckavmavmq,fawmh
Mouse's Click trsdK;tpm;awGudk MunfhMunfh&atmif/
o Mouse udk ESdyfwJhtcgrSm (3)rsdK;bJ&Sdygw,f/
1. Click ½dk;½dk;uvpfvkyfwmudkajymwmyg/
(wckckudk a½G;cs,fvdkwJhtcgrSm oHk;ygr,f ...)
2. Double Click uvpf 2-csufqufwdkuf jrefjrefvkyf&ygr,f/
(wckckudk zGifhvdkwJhtcgrSm oHk;ygr,f ...)
3. Right Click nmbuftjcrf;udk uvpfvkyf&ygr,f/
Right Click rSm Double r&Sdyg/ (ydkNyD;jrefwJh vkyfaqmifcsufawG &zdkYtwGuf
Pop-menu17 udkac:csifwJhtcgrSm oHk;ygr,f ...)
o aemufxyfvdktyfwJhwcku drag 18 and release 19 vkyfjcif;jzpfygw,f/ usaemfwdkYtae eJY
rMumcP qdkovdk drag vkyfzdkYvdktyfwJhtcg&Sdygw,f/
ƒ yxrwrsdK;uawmh Click & drag vkyfwmyg/

10

uGefjyLwmxJudk tcsuftvufawG xnfhay;EdkifzdkY&mrSm vdktyfwJhud&d,mawGudk qdkvdkygw,f/
wcgw&HrSm Software vdkYvnf; oHk;ygr,f/
12
'DaeYacwfrSm ½Hk;oHk;taeeJY pm&if;Z,m;awGtwGufqdk&if taumif;qHk;vdkYqdkMuygw,f/
13
pm&if;Z,m;awGtwGuf emrnfBuD;y½dk*&rfwck/
14
MS Word uawmh ½Hk;oHk;twGufqdk NydKifbufr&Sdaygh/
15
yHkESdyfxkwfa0a&;twGuft"dutoHk;rsm;ygw,f/ vlBudKuftrsm;qHk;vdkYqdkygw,f/
16
'D 3-ckxJrSmawmh Photoshop u q&mBuD;yg/
17
b,fy½dk*&rfrSmrqdk 'grSr[kwf b,f Window rSmrqdk Right Click vkyfwJhtcg ay:vmr,fh ]]rDEl;}}
18
Mouse udkzdxm;&if; wae&muae tjcm;wae&mudkqGJ,loGm;wm/
19
Mouse zdxm;wmudk vTwfvdkufwm/
11

Basic Computer Course

3

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

icon (odkY) ½kyfyHkwckckay:rSm Mouse udkuvpfvkyfxm;NyD; tjcm;wae&mudk
qGJ,loGm;wmudk
qdkvdkygw,f/
wpHkw&mudk
ae&ma½TUapcsifwJhtcgrSm
'Denf;udkoHk;w,f/
ƒ Right Click & drag uawmh toHk;enf;ygw,f/ tcsdKUy½dk*&rfawGrSm olYudkoHk;&if
ydkjrefwJhvkyfaqmifcsufawG&&SdrSmjzpfygw,f/ Oyrm Microsoft Word, Corel Draw
awGrSm Right Click & drag vkyfr,fqdk&if Copy/Paste udkwNydKifwnf;vkyfvdkY&wJh
vkyfaqmifcsufawG&Sdygw,f/
o Start \ Control Panel \ Mouse udkzGifhvdkuf&if Double Click avhusifhEdkifwmudk awGU&ygr,f/
NyD;awmhtJ'Dae&mrSmbJ Double Click tjrefEIef;udkcsdefn§dEdkifygw,f/
o Mouse udkae&ma½TUMunfhr,fqdk&if jrm;yHkav;[mvnf; ae&mavQmufa½GUaewmudk awGU&ygr,f/
tJ'Djrm;yHkav;udk Pointer 20 vdkYac:Mur,f/ yHkrSeftm;jzifh Pointer vdkYac:ayr,fh
21
22
olY&Jhae&mudkvdkufNyD;awmh
Cursor
'grSr[kwf
Insertion
point
vdkYvnf;ac:&wJhtcgawG&Sdygw,f/ 'gudk Microsoft Word oifcef;pma&muf&if awGU&rSmyg/

Paint program
Mouse eJYydkNyD;&if;ESD;oGm;atmif Window default program wckjzpfwJh Paint udkoHk;NyD; t½kyfuav;awG qGJMunfh&atmif/
y Start \ All Programs \ Accessories \ Paint udkuvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ Paint program wufvm rSmyg/
tJ'DxJrSm ½kyfyHkawGqGJMunfhyg/ ta&mifawGjznfhMunfhyg/

2.3.

Keyboard

uGefjyLwmudk trdefYay;apcdkif;zdkY? pmawG½dkufzdkYtwGuf t"dutoHk;jyK&rSmjzpfvdkY ta&;BuD;ygw,f/ rodrjzpf
odxm;&r,fh Keys awGeJY olwdkY&JUtvkyfvkyfyHkawGudk aocsmrSwfxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/
o yHkrSeftm;jzifh Keyboard awGrSm Key 101-vHk;&Sdygw,f/
Esc = escape key vuf&SdvkyfaewJh vkyfief;wckrS xGufvdkvQif ¤if;udkESdyfyg/
F1, F2, ... = Function Key oD;jcm;aqmif½Gufcsufrsm;twGuf toHk;jyKEdkif/ (F1 = Help)
Tab = pm½dkufwJhtcgrSm tuGmta0;nDnDnmnmjcm;csifwJhtcgrSm oHk;&ygr,f/
Caps Lock = pmvHk;BuD;oufouf½dkufcsifwJhtcgrSm olUudkt&ifESdyfyg/ NyD;rS pm½dkuf& ygr,f/
Shift = pmvHk;BuD;½dkufcsif&if Shift Key udk zdxm;&if; tu©&mpmvHk;udkyg wNydKifwnf; ½dkuf&ygr,f/
Ctrl = Control = ^ = uGefx½dk;vfjzpfygw,f/
Alt = Alternate = atmfvfwmedwfjzpfygw,f/
olwdkYwckckeJY tu©&mwckckeJY wGJNyD;ESdyf&if vkyfaqmifcsufwckudk ydkNyD;jrefjref&apygr,f/
Oyrm- ^Esc = Start Menu
Alt + Tab = Switch Program (tenf;qHk; y½dk*&rf 2-ckzGifhxm;&ygr,f)
^S = Ctrl + S = File Save = zdkifudk odrf;qnf;ay;ygr,f/
Alt F = Alt + F = Open File menu = zdkifrDEl;udk zGifhay;ygr,f/
wcgw&HrSm olwdkYESpfckvHk;udk wGJESdyf&wJhtcgvnf;&Sdygw,f/
Oyrm- ^Alt Del = Ctrl + Alt + Delete = uGefjyLwmudk tpuaejyefNyD; boot vkyfcdkif;
o Space bar = tu©&mwvHk;pmae&mjcm;ay;ygr,f/
o Back Space = Cursor b,fbufu pmvHk;awGudk zsufay;ygr,f/ (ta&SUbuf)

o
o
o
o
o
o

20

Pointer udk ñTefjyolvdkYbmomjyef&iftqifajyrvm;rodbl;/
bmudkqdkvdkrSef; usaemfvJrodyg/
22
pmawG^yHkawGxnfhoGif;r,fhae&m/
21

Basic Computer Course

4

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o Delete = Cursor nmbufu pmvHk;awGudk zsufay;ygr,f/ (taemufbuf)
o Status Lights = Num Lock, Caps Lock awG zGifhxm;^rxm;udk odEdkifzdkYyg/
o Numeric Key = Num Lock rD;vif;aer,fqdk&if 0-1-2---9 pwJh*Pef;awG½dkufEdkif/
rD;rvif;aebl;qdk&if Cursor udk ae&ma½TUay;Edkif/
o Arrow Key = Cursor ae&ma½TUzdkYyg/
o Enter = uGefjyLwmudk qufvuftvkyfvkyf&ef nTefMum;jcif;/ pm½dkufaepOfjzpfvQif aemufwydk'f
topfp½dkufjcif;udk jzpfapygr,f/
o Home/End b,fy½dk*&rfrSmrqdk pm½dkufaewJhtcgrSm Cursor udk pmaMumif;&JU a&SUqHk;^aemufqHk;udk
ydkYay;rSmjzpfygw,f/

2.4.

Drives
ƒ uGefjyLwmxJrSm tcsuftvufawGodkavSmifodrf;qnf;&mae&mjzpfwJh Hard Disk eJY tjcm; Disks
awGtm;vHk;udk Drives awGvdkYbJac:Muygw,f/ Oyrm- A-Drive, C-Drive pojzifhayghav/
ƒ uGefjyLwm&JhtajccH Drives awGuawmh ...
o Floppy Disk
(A)
1.44MB\1.38MB (1,457,664 bytes)
o Local Disk
(C, ...) 10 GB to 80 GB toHk;rsm;ygw,f/
o CD-Drive (D, ...) 700 MB cefY&Sdw,f/
o Removable Disk (E, ... , B) awG &SdEdkifw,f/ (128 MB toHk;rsm;w,f/)
yHkrSeftm;jzifhqdk&if ...
1. Floppy Disk udk tNrJwrf; (Floppy-A) vdkY azmfjyw,f/
2. Local Disks uawmh C wckwnf;? C, D qdkNyD; 2-ck? C, D, E qdkNyD; 3-ck trsdK;rsdK; &SdEdkifygw,f/
yHkaoawmhajymvdkYr&yg/ trsm;qHk;uawmh C, D qdkNyD; 2-ckcGJxm;wmrsm;ygw,f/ Local Disks
jzpfwJhtwGuf
uGefjyLwmuae
jzKwf,loGm;vdkY
r&yg/
jzKwf,loGm;&if
uGefjyLwmtvkyfvkyfvdkYr&awmhyg/
3. CD-Drive uawmh Local Drives awG&JUaemufrS qufNyD; azmfjyr,f/
OyrmLocal-C wckwnf;&Sd&if CD-Drive (D)
Local-C, D jzpf&if CD-Drive (E)
4. Removable Disk uawmh CD-Drive &JU aemufrSazmfjyr,f/
OyrmCD-Drive (D) jzpf&if Removable Disk (E)
CD-Drive (E, F) jzpf&if Removable Disk (G)

Basic Computer Course

5

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Window qdkwm Operation System (OS) wckyg/ ]pufzGifhpepf}vdkYqdkMuygpdkY/ 'DaeYtoHk;rsm;wJh OS awGuawmh Linux,
Window, Solaris awGyg/ tjcm; OS awGvnf;&Sdygao;w,f/ 'DaeYtoHk;rsm;wJh Window qdkwmuawmh Apple (Mac)
1984 &Jh GUI udkwkNyD; Microsoft u 1990 rSm Window 3 udk xkwfvkyfcJhygw,f/ aemufqHk;rSm Window XP
udka&mufvmcJhygNyD/ olUudkbJtajccHNyD; avhvmoGm;Mu ygr,f/ XP qdkwmuawmh eXPerience udkqdkvdkwmyg/

3.1.

Desktop
Monitor Screen udk Desktop vdkYac:ygw,f/
ƒ Desktop &hJ atmufqHk;rSm Start menu bar &Sdw,f/
o Start menu bar qdkwm Start a&;xm;wJh tjyma&miftwef;wckvHk;jzpfygw,f/
o b,fbufa'gifhrSm Start botton &Sdygw,f/ udk,fzGifhcsifwJh y½dk*&rfawGqDudk a&mufatmif
oGm;zdkYtwGuf olUudk uvpfvkyf&ygr,f/
o Start botton &JUab;rSm yHkrSeftm;jzifhawmh Window Media Player eJY tjcm; y½dk*&rftcsdKUudk
awGU&rSmyg/ udk,ftoHk;rsm;r,fxifwJh y½dk*&rfawGudk vG,fvG,feJY jrefjref&,lEdkifatmif
tJ'Dae&mrSmvmNyD;xm;Edkifygw,f/
o tv,fydkif;rSmawmh vuf&SdzGifhxm;wJh y½dk*&rfawGudk azmfjyaeygr,f/
o nmbufa'gifhrSmawmh Day-Date-Time upNyD;awmh toHk;rsm;r,fh? vdktyfr,fh icons awGudk
vG,fvG,fulul,lEdkifzdkY jyxm;wmawGU&ygr,f/
ƒ

tv,fbufrSm icons awG&Sdw,f/
o icon wckudk Double Click ('grSr[kwf Right Click \ Open) vkyfwJhtcgrSm oufqdkifwJh
Application23 wckyGifhvmrSmjzpfygw,f/

3.2.
ƒ

Start Botton (^Esc)
uGefjyLwmudk ydwfzdkY 'grSr[kwf vdkcsifwJh y½dk*&rfwckckudkzGifhzdkYawGudk 'DuaepNyD;vkyf&rSm jzpfygw,f/
o uGefjyLwmudk ydwfcsifw,fqdk&if Start \ 24 Turn off Computer \ Turn off qdkNyD; tqifhqifh
uvpfvkyfay;&ygr,f/ ( 25 Window 95, 26 9X, 27 2K, 28 ME awGjzpfw,fqdk&if awmh Start \ Shut
dowm \ Shut down udktqifhqifhuvpfvkyfoGm;&ygr,f)

23

olYudkb,fvdkajym&r,frSef;awmifrodbl;/ avmavmq,fawmh 'Dtwdkif;bJxm;ygawmh/
XP &Jha&SUu Window awGrSmawmh Shut down vdkYoHk;w,f/ ckrSbmpdwful;aygufNyD; Turn off jzpfoGm;vJrodbl;/
25
odyfNyD;atmifjrifrIr&cJhwJh Window 3, 3.1, 3.11 awG&JhaemufrSm tpqHk; tBuD;tus,fatmifjrifcJhwm Window 95
yg/ 'gayr,fh Window Operation System tppfr[kwfao;yg/ DOS udk oHk;&ygao;w,f/
26
wu,fh Window tppfjzpfvmNyD;awmh atmifjrifrIvnf;ydk&vmygw,f/
24

Basic Computer Course

6

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o vdkcsifwJhy½dk*&rfwckudkzGifhzdkYqdk&ifawmh Start \ All Programs \ ??? ... (?) 'Dae&mrSm udk,fvdkcsifwJh
y½dk*&rfudk vdkuf&SmNyD;awmh uvpfvkyf&ygr,f/ (Window 95, 9X, 2K, ME
awGjzpfw,fqdk&ifawmh Start \ Programs \ ???)
o udk,fzGifhcsifwJh Application icon wck[m Desktop ay:rSm&Sdaer,fqdk&if tJ'D icon udk Double Click
(Right Click \ Open) vkyfNyD;zGifhvdkYvnf; &ygw,f/ Start botton udk oGm;zdkYrvdkawmhbl;aygh/
Short cut icon jyKvkyfjcif;
ƒ udk,ftoHk;rsm;r,fh Application icon awGudk Desktop ay:wifxm;Edkifygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk ac:wifxm;r,fqdk&if
udk,fhtaeeJY ta0;BuD;avQmufoGm;aezdkYrvdkawmhbJ Desktop ay:uaebJ udk,fh&JU Application awGudk
wdkuf½dkufzGifhEdkifawmhrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dawmh Application icon wckudk Desktop ay:b,fvdkwifrvJqdkwm
MunfhMu&atmif/
o Start \ All Programs \ ??? udka&mufatmifoGm;vdkufyg/ udk,fvdkcsifwJh Application udk
awGUNyDqdk&if olUudk Right Click \ Send to \ Deaktop (Creat Short Cut) udk uvpfvkyfvdkufwmeJU
tqifajyoGm;rSmyg/
o 'grSr[kwf udk,fvdkcsifwJh Application udk drag vkyfNyD; Desktop ay:rSm Release vkyfvdkuf½HkygbJ/
'gqdk&if udk,fvdkcsifwJh Application's Short Cut [m Desktop ay:a&mufoGm;ygNyD/

3.3.

Floppy A ESifh File rsm;\ t½G,ftpm;
Floppy (A) topfwck[m 1.44MB &Sdygw,f/ 'gayr,fh oltvkyfvkyfzdkY Space eJeJ,lxm;wJhtwGuf 1.38MB
udkbJusaemfwdkYoHk;vdkY&ygr,f/ 'gaMumifh Floppy-A udk 1.38MB bJ&Sdw,fvdkYajym&ifvJ rrSm;ygbl;/
topfwcku'Davmuf&Sdw,fqdk&if ta[mif;wckua&m used space / free space b,favmuf&SdrvJ/
odcsifw,fqdk&if My Computer udkzGifhyg/ Floppy A udk Right Click vkyfyg/ ay:vmwJh Pop-up menu xJu Properties
udk zGifhMunfhvdkuf&if used space / free space b,favmuf&SdvJqdkwmudk azmfjyay;ygr,f/
Drive A

File

27

98 aemufrSmxyfay:wmwJh Window 2000 / oluawmh Internet orm;awGtwGuft"duxm;w,fvdkYqdkygw,f/
2000 eJY ME eJYudk bmvdkY'DavmuftcsdefeD;eD;uav;twGif;rSmxkwfvkyfa&mif;cswmvJqdkwm tckxduGJuGJjym;jym;
rod&ao;yg/ ME qdkwmuawmh axmifpkESpf Millennium udk qdkvdkwmyg/
28

Basic Computer Course

7

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Used space
toHk;jyKNyD;aom
ae&m

File Size

Free space

zdkift&G,f

tvGwfusefao;
aom ae&m

tjcm; Drives awG&JU used space / free space udkvnf; 'Denf;eJY ppfaq;MunfhEdkifygw,f/
Documents / Folders29 awG&JU Size udkvnf; 'Denf;eJY MunfhEdkifw,f/
Computer \ size unit rsm;
pmwvHk; (odkY) Space bar wcsufvQif 1 bit
8 bit
=
1 byte
1024 bytes
=
1 kilo byte
1024 kilo bytes
=
1 mega byte
1024 mega bytes
=
1 gega byte

3.4.

Explorer30
Files/Folders awGudk jrefjref&SmzdkY
• Explorer udk toHk;jyKjcif;tm;jzifh rdrd&Jh zdkifawGudk &SmazG&mrSm ydkNyD;jrefapygw,f/ Explorer / Window Explorer
pojzifh ac:Muygw,f/
• Start menu udk Right Click vkyfvdkuf&if wbufrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif; pop-menu ay:vmygr,f/
• tJ'DxJu Explorer udk Click vkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if - Explorer Window ay:vmygNyD/

Explorer udk
uvpfvkyfvdkufyg

29

Folder qdkwm pmzdkifawG? t½kyfzdkifawG pwJh zdkifawG? rSwfwrf;awG pkaygif;odrf;qnf;xm;wJh ae&mwckyg/
olY&Jhrl&if;t"dyÜg,fuvnf;tJ'Dtwdkif;-qifwlygbJ/ pm½Gufpmwrf;awGodrf;qnf;zdkY tdwfuav;vdkYqdkygw,f/
30
olYudkawmhbmrSef;rodao;vdkY 'Dtwdkif;bJxm;vdkufOD;r,faemf/ rodvdkYcsefxm;wmawGvJ wckruawmhbl;/
'Dawmhum aemufydkif;us cifAsm;wdkYodvmwJhtcg usaemfhudkjyefajymjyzdkYvnf;rarheJYaemf/
Basic Computer Course

8

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Desktop ay:u Folder icon odkYr[kwf My Computer udk Right Click vkyfNyD; Explorer udk Click vkyf&ifvnf;
Explorer Window ay:vmrSmjzpfygw,f/

Folder View (or)
Directory Tree
jrifuGif; 2-buf
rjrif&&if 'Dae&mudk
uvpfvkyfyg

wcgw&HrSm Explorer udkzGifhvdkufayr,fh jrifuGif; 1-bufbJjrif&wJhtcgawG&Sdygw,f/ 'gqdk&if Folders
vdkYa&;xm;wJh icon udk uvpfvkyfvdkuf&if jrifuGif; 2-bufjrif&rSmjzpfygw,f/ tJ'DvdkjrifuGif; 2bufjrif&wmudk Directory Tree view vdkYac:ygr,f/ (XP, 2K, ME wdkYrSm twlwlygbJ/) tjcm; OS awGrSmawmh
View uwqifh Explorer bar udka½G;yg/ NyD;awmh Folder awGudkuvpfvkyfr,fqdk&if Directory Tree
udk&vmrSmyg/)
• ay:vmwJh Explorer Window &Jh Scroll Bar udk a½TUMunfh&if tay:qHk;rSm
Desktop
Floppy A
My Computer pojzifh awGU&ygr,f/ 'gawGudk uvpfvkyfr,fqdk&if nmbufjcrf;rSm oleJYoufqdkifwJh files
/ folders awGudk awGU&ygvdrfhr,f/ 'gqdk&if Explorer Directory Tree udkoHk;NyD;awmh
udk,fh&hJzdkifawGudk
jrefjrefzGifhEdkifNyDr[kwfvm;/
Files/Folders awGudk trnfajymif;zdkY
Explorer udk oHk;NyD;awmh awGU&SdvmwJh udk,fh&Jh Files/Folder wckckudk Right Click vkyfvdkuf&if pop-menu
wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu Rename udk uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if tJ'D File/Folder trnfudk Select
vkyfNyD;om;jzpfaewmudk awGU&ygr,f/ udk,ftopfjyefay;csifwJh trnfudk uD;bkwfuaewqifh½dkufxnfhyg/
tjyifbufrSm uvpfwcsufjyefvkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if trnfajymif;NyD;om;jzpfoGm;wmudk awGU&ygr,f/
eFiles/Folders awGudk ae&ma½TUzdkY^31Copy-32Paste vkyfzdkY^Font install33 vkyfzdkY
31

wpHkwckudk ul;,lwmyg/
ul;,lxm;wJhwpHkwckudk jyefNyD;]yGm;}vdkufwmudkac:wmyg/
33
uGefjyLwmxJrSmtoHk;jyKvdkY&atmif xnfhoGif;wmudkac:wmyg/
32

Basic Computer Course

9

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

1

2

Explorer udk toHk;jyKNyD; awGU&SdvmwJh udk,fh&Jh Files/Folder wckckudk Mouse zdxm;&if;
ajymif;a½TUxm;csifwJh ae&mudk wdkuf½dkufqGJxnfhvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if tJ'Dzdkifudk ae&ma½TU
vdkYNyD;oGm;ygNyD/
- topfajymif;wJh ae&meJY rlvae&mwdkY[m Drive rwlbl;qdk&if rlvae&mrSm
rl&if;zdkifusefaeygr,f/ topfajymif;wJh ae&mudk Copy tjzpfydkYay;wm jzpfygw,f/
- Drive wlw,fqdk&if rlvae&mrSm rl&if;zdkif rusefawmhyg/ topfajymif;wJh ae&mudk
Copy/Paste yHkpHydkYwmr[kwfbJ Cut/Paste yHkpHydkYay;wm jzpfygw,f/
aemufwenf;uawmh udk,fh&Jh Files/Folder wckckudk Cut vkyfyg/ ajymif;a½TUxm;csifwJh ae&mrSm Paste
jyefvkyfyg/

Font install vkyfzdkY
Fonts qdkwm pmvHk;yHkpHawGyg/ jrefrmpm½dkufcsifw,fqdk&if pufxJrSm jrefrmFont &Sdxm;&ygr,f/ 'DvdkbJ
u&ifpm½dkufcsifw,fqdk&if pufxJrSm u&ifFont &Sdae&ygr,f/
zdkifawGudk ae&ma½TUEdkifovdk tJ'Denf;awGtwdkif;bJ Font awGudkvnf; install vkyfEdkifygw,f/
ƒ Font &SdwJh Drive(A, C, D, ...) wckckudk zGifhNyD; install vkyfcsifwJh Fonts awGudk Copy vkyfyg/
ƒ C \ Window xJrSm Fonts folder &Sdygw,f/ tJ'DxJrSm Paste vkyfvdkuf&if Font install vkyfNyD;oGm;ygNyD/
Fonts folder udk enf; 2-enf;eJYoGm;Edkifygw,f/
1
C \ Window \ Fonts
2
Start \ Control Panel \ Fonts udk tqifhqifhoGm;vdkuf&if &ygNyD/
Folders topfwckzefwD;zdkY
Explorer xJu udk,ftopfxm;csifwJhae&mtvGwfwckrSm Right Click vkyfNyD; Pop-menu xJu New \ Folder udk
a½G;cs,fvdkuf&if Folder topfwck&vmygNyD/ trnfudkvnf; udk,fBudKufwJhtrnf wcgwnf;ay;vdkY &ygw,f/
aemufwenf;uawmh Microsoft / Page Maker wdkY&Jh Open dialog box xJrSmvnf; Folder topfwck
wnfaqmufEdkifygw,f/ File/Open vkyfvdkuf&if ay:vmwJh Box &Jh tay:qHk;wef;rSm Create New Folder icon udk
awGUygr,f/

Cerate New
Folder icon

tJ'D icon udk Click vkyfvdkufNyD; xyfay:vmwJh Box xJrSm File name ½dkufxnfhyg/ OK vkyfyg/ 'gqdk&if New Folder
wck&vmygr,f/

3.5.

Recycle Bin34 (Files/Folders rsm;udk Delete vkyfjcif;)
Files/Folders awGudk Delete vkyfvdkufwmeJY wu,fzsufrSmvm;^r[kwfbl;vm;qdkwmudk uGefjyLwmu ar;ygw,f/
tJ'D Box xJrSm Yes qdk&if zsufygNyD/ No qdk&if rzsufawmhyg/

34

trdIufyHk;vdkYbJ trsm;uac:Muygw,f/

Basic Computer Course

10

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

zsufNyD;oGm;wJh File/Folder awGudk uGefjyLwmuae wcgwnf;tNyD;tydkifzsufypfvdkufwm r[kwfygbl;/ Recycle Bin
vdkYac:wJh trdIufyHk;xJrSm acwåodrf;qnf;xm;ay;ygr,f/ vdktyf&if
Recycle bin udkzGifhNyD; udk,fh&Jhzdkifudk Right Click \ Restore vkyfay;vdkuf&if tJ'Dzdkifrlv&SdwJhae&mudk jyefa&mufoGm;rSm
jzpfygw,f/ 'gqdk&if tJ'Dzdkifudk jyeftoHk;jyKEdkifNyDjzpfygw,f/
aemufwenf;uawmh Recycle bin udkzGifhNyD; udk,fh&Jhzdkifudk Right Click \ Cut vkyfyg/ udk,fjyefxm;csifwJhae&mudk
Explorer uwqifhoGm;NyD;awmh Paste vkyfjcif;eJYvnf; zsufNyD;om;zdkifawGudk jyeftoHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/
zsufNyD;om;zdkifawGudk Recycle Bin xJrSm ,m,Dodrf;qnf;ay;xm;wmjzpfygw,f/ udk,fhuGefjyLwmxJuae
tNyD;tydkifzsufypfcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh Explorer uae Recycle bin udkzGifhvdkufyg/ NyD;awmhrS File \ Empty Recycle Bin
udk uvpfvkyfvdkuf&if tNyD;tydkif zsufypfvdkufawmhrSm jzpfygw,f/

3.6.

Calculator *Pef;wGufpuftoHk;jyKjcif;
Start \ Program \ Accessories \ Calculator udk Click vkyfvdkuf&if Calculator wckay:vmygNyD/

Calculator View 2-ck&Sdygw,f/ yHkrSeftoHk;jyKolawGtwGuf tckjrif&wJhtwdkif; Standard View yg/ yHkrSmjyxm;wJh
View menu atmufu Scientific udk uvpfvdkuf&if ydkNyD;rsm;wJh cvkwfuav;awGudk &&Sdvmygr,f/
tJ'D Calculator udk Mouse toHk;jyKNyD; wGufcsufEdkifovdk Keyboard uaevnf;wGufcsufEdkifygw,f/ taygif;(+)?
tEkwf(-)? tajr§muf(*)? tpm;(/) twGufuawmh twlwlbJjzpfNyD; nDrQcsif;(=)twGuf udkawmh Keyboard rSmqdk&if
Enter key udk oHk;&ygr,f/

3.7.

Character Map aysmufaewJhpmvHk;awG&SmzdkY
Character Map qdkwm Window Setup rSm&SdESifhNyD;om;yg/ toHk;enf;wJhpmvHk;awG&SmzdkYtwGufyg/
usaemfwdkYpm½dkufae&if;eJY
tcsdKUoauFwawG?
tu©&mawG
b,frSm&SdrSef;rodbl;
olUudkoHk;zdkYvdkygr,f/

qdkwJhtcgawGrSm

Start \ Program \ Accessories \ System tolls \ Character Map udk Click vkyfvdkuf&if Character Map box
ay:vmygr,f/ atmufrSmyHkudkjyxm;ygw,f/
tu,fí System tools xJrSm Character Map &Sdraebl;qdk&if ...
Start \ Control Penel \ Add/Remove Programs \ Add/Remove Windows Comopnents \ System tools udkoGm;NyD;awmh
Character Map udk Check vkyfvdkufyg/ NyD;&if Apply vkyf? NyD;awmh OK ESpfBudrfvkyfvdkufr,fqdk&if Character Map
udktoHk;jyKvdkY&ygNyD/

Basic Computer Course

11

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Microsoft Word rSmawmh toHk;odyfvdkr,frxifyg/ Character Map tpm; Insert \ Symbols udkoHk;EdkifvdkYygbJ/ (Insert
menu tcef;rSm&Sif;jyxm;wJh Symbols taMumif;udkMunfhyg/ page 40)

Font udk
'Dae&mrSm&Smyg/

wckckudk Click
vdkufyg/
'Dae&mrSm key udk
azmfjyaeygr,f

Microsoft Word qdkwm Microsoft Office Suite xJu pmpDpm½dkufy½dk*&rfwckyg/ MS Office Suite xJrSm
o Word
pmpDpm½dkuf (½Hk;oHk;)
o Excel
pm&if;Z,m;
o Power Point
Presentation &Sif;vif;wifjyjcif;
o Access
Data base
o Outlook
Email
o Front Page
Create Web pwJh y½dk*&rfawGyg0ifygw,f/

Basic Computer Course

12

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

tJ'DxJrSmrS Word, Excel, Power Point awG[m olUoufqdkif&mtvdkufqdk&if taumif;qHk; Software awGvdkYqdkygw,f/
'DoHk;ck&Jh Command awGtvkyfvkyfyHk? Menu awGwnfaqmufyHkuvnf; odyftuGm jcm;vSBuD;r[kwfygbl;/ 'Dawmh
Word udk tajccHususeJY aumif;aumif;udkifwG,fwwfr,fqdk&if tjcm; y½dk*&rfawGudkvnf; udkifwG,fEdkifrSmyg/
Start \ All Programs \ Microsoft Word udk Click vkyfvdkuf&if uGefjyLwmuaeNyD;awmh MS Word udk Load vkyfaewmudk
awGU&ygr,f/ cPapmifh&ygr,f/ Load vkyfwmNyD;oGm;&ifawmh rlvjrifae&wJh Window Desktop ay:udk MS Word
Window a&mufvmygNyD/

MS Word Window
MS Word Window ay:rSm rjzpfraeoHk;Mu&r,fh^odxm;&r,fh Title bar / Tool bar awGudk avhvmMunfhMu&atmif/
atmufrSm MS Word Window ay:rSm tvkyfvkyfwJh Menu & bars awGudk azmfjyxm;ygw,f/

Title Bar
zdkiftrnfudk
azmfjy

Basic Computer Course

Menu Bar
vkyfaqmifcsuf
rsm;&,l&ef

Toolbars
vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;
tvG,fwul&,l&ef

Minimize
acwåacguf
xm;&ef

Close

Restore
Window

ydwf&ef

tjynfhjyef
vkyf&ef

13

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Horizontal
Ruler

Indent/Tab
Controller

Insertion Point
Vertical
Ruler

View bottons
jrifuGif; 4-rsdK;&Sdygw,f/
Print Layout View udk
trsm;qHk;toHk;jyKygw,f/

pmp½dkufrnfhae&m^pm½dkufvQif
ay:rnfhae&m

Scroll Bar
Document

Status Bar
'Dae&mrSm vuf&Sda&mufaewJh
pmrsufESmudk azmfjyaeygr,f/

udk ae&m
a½TUMunfh&ef

ƒ

Title bar
o vuf&SdzGifhxm;wJh zdkif&Jhemrnfudk azmfjyaeygr,f/ y½dk*&rftm;vHk;rSm 'D Title bar rSm
zdkifemrnfawGazmfjyygw,f/
o nmbufa'gifhrSm Minimize, Restore, Exit - bottons awG&Sdygr,f/ y½dk*&rftm;vHk;rSm 'D bottons
awG&Sdygw,f/
o wpHkwck&Jhemrnfudkodcsifw,fqdk&if olUtay:rSm Mouse udkcPav;wifxm; Munfhyg/
'gqdk&ifolY&Jhemrnfpmwrf;av;ay:vmwmudkawGU&ygr,f/ y½dk*&rf tm;vHk;rSm 'Denf;eJY
udk,frodao;wJh icons awG? elements awG&Jhemrnfudk MunfhEdkifygw,f/

ƒ

Menu bar
o y½dk*&rftm;vHk;rSm Menu bar &Sdygw,f/ File menu uae Help menu txd&Sdyg w,f/
tJ'DrDEl;awGxJrSm udk,fvkyfaqmifcsifwJh Command awGudk,l&rSmjzpfyg w,f/
Toolbars
o Toolbars uawmh Menu bar rSm&SdwJh vkyfaqmifcsuf Command awGxJu toHk;trsm;qHk;
Command awGudk tvG,fwul,loHk;Edkifatmif pkpnf;ay;xm;wm jzpfygw,f/ Toolbars
udkoHk;jcif;tm;jzifh
vkyfaqmifcsufwckckvkyfcsifwJhtcgrSm
Menu
bar
xJ0ifNyD;
tqifhqifhavQmufoGm;aezdkYrvdkawmhyg/
o Tool bar awGtm;vHk;udk tNrJwrf;vdktyfaerSmr[kwfyg/ 'gaMumifh toHk;rvdkao; wJh bar
wcsdKUudk
ydwfxm;r,fqdk&if
udk,fh&Jhwefzdk;&SdvSwJh
Monitor
Screen
udkvnf;
ydkNyD;ae&mus,fus,ftoHk;jyKEdkifygr,f/ b,fvdkydwfrvJ/ ae&m 2-ckuae ydwfEdkifygw,f/
ydwfxm;wJh Tool bars awGudkvnf; tJ'Dae&m 2-ckuaezGifhEkdif ygw,f/

ƒ

Basic Computer Course

14

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

ƒ
ƒ

ƒ
ƒ

ƒ

o yxrwae&muawmh View menu udkzGifhNyD; olYatmufu Toolbars udkqufzGifhyg/ tJ'DrSm
trSwfuav;awGjcpfxm;wmawGuawmh
vuf&SdzGifhxm;wJh
Toolbars
awG
yg/
udk,fvdkcsifwJhwckudk uvpfvkyfvdkuf&if trSwfjcpfNyD;om;jzpfoGm;NyD; wNydKifwnf;rSmbJ
zGifhNyD;om;vnf;jzpfoGm;rSmyg/ ydwfcsifwJhwckudkvnf; uvpfwcsufvkyfvdkuf&if ydwfoGm;rSmyg/
o aemufwae&muawmh Toolbars twef;uae&mvGwfwckckrSm Right Click vkyfyg/ 'gqdk&if Tools
awGtrsm;BuD;xGufvmwmudk awGU&ygr,f/
o yHkrSeftm;jzifhqdk&ifawmh usaemfhtaeeJY Standard eJY Formatting toolbars ESpfckudkbJ
tNrJzGifhxm;avh&Sdygw,f/ usefwmawGudkawmhvdktyfrSzGifhygw,f/
Insertion point
o pmpm½dkuf&if 'Dae&mupNyD;ay:rSmjzpfygw,f/ olYudk Cursor vdkYvnf;ac:ygw,f/
View bottons
o jrifuGif; 4-rsdK;&Sdygw,f/ Print Layout View udktoHk;trsm;qHk;yg/
o tjcm;jrifuGif;xJuawmh
Outline
View
[mvnf;
wcgw&H
toHk;wnfhwJh
jrifuGif;wckjzpfygw,f/
Status bar
o vuf&Sda&mufaewJh pmrsufESm&Jh eHygwfeJY pmaMumif;a&? pmvHk;ta&twGufawGudk
azmfjyaeygr,f/
Scroll bar
o Scroll bar rSm arrow key awGawGUr,fxifygw,f/ tJ'DuD;awGudk Mouse eJY uvpfvkyfr,fqdkif&if
pm½Guf[mvJvdkufNyD;a½GUaerSmyg/
o 'grSr[kwf Scroll bar &Jhtv,frSm&SdwJh botton udk Mouse eJYudkifNyD;a½TU&ifvJ pm½Gufudk
ab;b,fnm^tay:atmuf ae&ma½TUay;rSmjzpfygw,f/
o 'Dae&mrSm
Mouse's
Wheel
tvkyfvkyfyHkudkenf;enf;Munfh&atmif/
pm½Gufudk
ae&ma½TUMunfhzdkYtwGuf Scroll bar udkroHk;bJ Mouse's Wheel udkoHk;Edkifygw,f/ Mouse's Wheel
[moHk;wwf&iftawmftoHk;0ifwJhtwGuf olYudkoD;jcm;atmufrSm qufMunfhMu&atmif/
using Mouse's Wheel
o pm½Gufudkae&ma½TUzdkYtwGufqdk&if Mouse's Wheel udkvSnfhay;½HkeJY&ygNyD/ vSnfhMunfhyg/
pm½Gufa½GUaewmudkawGU&ygr,f/
o Control key udkzdxm;&if;eJY Wheel udkvSnfhMunfhyg/ jrifuGif;tajymif;tvJjzpfae
wmudkawGU&ygr,f/ ta&SUbufudkvSnfh&if Zoom(+) jzpfr,f/ taemufbufudk vSnfh&if Zoom(-)
jzpfaeygr,f/ (y½dk*&rftawmfrsm;rsm;rSm 'DyHkpHeJY jrifuGif; csHKU^csJU Edkifygw,f/)

Basic Computer Course

15

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

yxroifcef;pmtaeeJY odxm;oifhwJh tcsuf 9-csufudk avhvmMunfh&atmif ...

('Dae&mrSmwckjznfhNyD;ajymcsifwm&Sdygw,f/
bmvJqdkawmh
uGefjyLwmeJYqdkifwJh
tac:ta0:awGudk
&if;ESD;uRrf;0ifaeatmifvkyfxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/
bmvdkYvJqdkawmh
tac:ta0:awmfawmfrsm;rsm;udk
usaemfwdkYtckoHk;aewJhbmompum;awGeJYqDavQmfatmif bmomjyefzdkYcufygw,f/ 'Dxufydkajym&r,fqdk&if
uGefjyLwmtoHk;tEIef;awG[m
rlvt*FvdyfpmeJYawmifodyfrwlwmawG
&Sdygw,f/
'DawmholYudk
olYtwkdif;bJac:wm ydkNyD;aumif;r,fjzpfwJhtwGuf &if;ESD;uRrf;0ifaeatmif *½kjyKzdkYvdkygr,f/)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

File - Document - Publication topfwckzGifhr,f? zefwD;r,f/
Document window fit jzpfatmifvkyfr,f/
pm½Guftaetxm; rSef^rrSef udk,fvdkcsifwJhyHkpH [kwf^r[kwf ppfaq;r,f/
pm½Guftaetxm; jyifqifr,f/
yHkrSef - 'grSr[kwf - toHk;rsm;wJh pm½Guftaetxm;/
pdwfBudKuf pm½Guftaetxm;udk Default (yHkao) jzpfatmifb,fvdkvkyfrvJ/
Select vkyfw,fqdkwmbmvJ/ bmaMumifh Select vkyfMu&wmvJ/ Select
ydkNyD;jrefqefvG,fulatmif Shift + arrow key awGudkb,fvdkoHk;rvJ/
8. Text awGudk Align (b,f-nm-A[dk ñ§d) jzpfatmifb,fvdkvkyfrvJ/
9. Text awGudk Style (Bold/Italic/Underline) b,fvdkajymif;rvJ/
10. Line spacing (Leading)35 eJY Paragraph spacing36 qdkwmbmvJ/
'gawGudk 'Doifcef;pmrSm avhvmMu&r,f/

vkyfwJhtcg

Document topfwckzefwD;r,f
Microsoft Word rSm pmawG½dkufzdkYtwGuf
ƒ File \ New udk Click yg/
o pm½GuftvGwfw½GufeJY tJ'Dtay:rSm Insertion Point ay:vmygr,f/ 'gqdk&if pmp½dkufvdkY&ygNyD/
'gayr,fh pm½Guftaetxm;[m udk,fvdkcsifwJh taetxm; [kwf^r[kwf t&ifqHk;
ppfaq;&ygOD;r,f/ 'DtwGuf
ƒ File \ Page Setup37 udk Click yg/
35

pmaMumif;waMumif;eJYwaMumif;&Jh tMum;u tpdwftusJudk ajymwmyg/
pmydk'f wydk'feJYwydk'f tMum;u tpdwftusJ? tuGmta0;udk ajymwmyg/
37
wcsdKUy½dk*&rfawGrSmawmh Document Setup vdkYoHk;ygw,f/ twlwlygbJ/
36

Basic Computer Course

16

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o 'gqdk&if Page Setup Dialog Box38 ay:vmygr,f/ Margin, Paper, Layout qdkNyD;awmh Section 3ckawGU&ygr,f/
o Paper u pm½Guf t½G,ftpm;a½G;zdkYyg/ Paper Size ae&mrSm A4 udk Check vkyfxm;yg/
o Margin u pm½Guf&JY tem; (xuf^atmuf^ab;awG&JY) tusOf;^tus,f a½G;zdkYyg/ Default
Margin u 2.54 – 2.54 – 3.17 – 3.17 cm pifwDrDwm jzpfygw,f/ inches taeeJYuawmh 1 – 1 –
1.25 - 1.25 inches jzpfygw,f/ Orientation rSmawmh Portrait udk Check vkyfxm;yg/
o pdwfBudKufa½G;cs,fNyD;&if OK vkyfyg/
Page Setup Check vkyfwmudk tNrJvdkvdkvkyfzdkYvdktyfygw,f/ txl;ojzifh udk,fhudkifaeusuGefjyLwm r[kwfbJ
tjcm;uGefjyLwmwvHk;rSm tvkyfvkyf&r,fhtcgrsdK;awGrSmyg/

Paper pm½Guf
t½G,ftpm;
a½G;&ef
Margins
pm½Guftem;
rsm;udkñd§&ef

Portrait udk
Check
vkyfxm;yg

a½G;cs,fxm;wJh
pm½Guftaetxm;udk
'Dae&mrSm Preview
jyaeygr,f/

a½G;cs,fxm;wJh
pm½Guftaetxm;[m
pmw½Gufwnf;twGuf
vm;? Document
wckvHk;twGufvm;
qdkwmudk 'DrSm
a½G;cs,f&ygr,f/

38

Dialogue &Jhrlvt"dyÜg,fuawmh tjyeftvSefpum;ajymaqG;aEG;wmudk qdkvdkwmyg/ Box udktrsm;qHk;odMuwm
uawmh aowåmayghaemf/ 'gayr,fhtjcm;t"dyÜg,ftaeeJY oD;jcm;ae&m? ½Hk(vufrSwf½Hk- ticket box) tJ'DvdkoHk;wm
awGvnf;&Sdygw,f/ 'Dawmh Dialog Box udk aqG;aEG;&mae&mvdkYqdk&if oifhavQmfr,fxifygw,f/ wu,fqdk&ifvnf;
udk,fvdkcsifwJh yHkpHrsdK;&zdkYtwGuf udk,feJYuGefjyLwmeJYtjyeftvSefpum;ajymwJhae&mr[kwfvm;/ 'gayr,fh Dialog Box
udk Dialog Box vdkYbJrSwfwmu t&Sif;qHk;jzpfr,fxifygw,f/ Dialog Box eJY cyfqifqifjzpfwJhaemufwrsdK;uawmh
Wizard jzpfygw,f/ olY&Jhrl&if;uawmh arSmfq&m? uRrf;usifol pwJht"dyÜg,f&ygw,f/ udk,fvdkcsifwJhwckck&zdkYtwGuf
udk,fwdkif tptqHk;vkyfzdkYrvdkbJ Wizard awGudk tqifhqifhajz&Sif;ay;oGm;½HkeJY uGefjyLwmuolUbmomolajz&Sif;ay;?
vkyfoGm;ay;rSmjzpfygw,f/
Basic Computer Course

17

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

pmp½dkufzdkYtwGuf Toolbar xJu Font tool rSm udk,ftoHk;jyKvdkwJh Font udk a½G;cs,fxm;yg/ NyD;&if
atmufrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif; ½dkufMunfhMupdkY/ pm½dkufwJhtcgrSm bmudkrS Format39 rvkyfygeJY/ ½dk;½dk;bJ ½dkufoGm;ygr,f/
tm;vHk;NyD;rS udk,fvdkcsifwJh yHkpHudk Format vkyfygr,f/
Original Text
olodoGm;NyD
6-ESpft½G,faumifav;wa,mufu
olYtarudk
idkNyD;vmwdkifygw,f/
nDrav;uolYqHyifudk aqmifhqGJw,fwJh/ taru om;udkacsmhygw,f/ ]]nDrav;udk
pdwfrqdk;ygeJYom;&,f/ olu qHyifqGJ&if emw,fqdkwmrodbl;av}}wJh/
cPaeawmh
idkoHawGxGufvmjyefw,f/
tarajy;vmawmh
nDrav;
oHukef[pfNyD;idkaewmawGU &w,f/
]]tckolodoGm;NyD}} om;uolYtarudkqD;ajymw,f/
Formatted Text
olodoGm;NyD
6-ESpft½G,faumifav;wa,mufu olYtarudk idkNyD;vmwdkifygw,f/ nDrav;u
olYqHyifudk aqmifhqGJw,fwJh/ taru om;udkacsmhygw,f/
]]nDrav;udk
rodbl;av}}wJh/

pdwfrqdk;ygeJYom;&,f/

olu

cPaeawmh
idkoHawGxGufvmjyefw,f/
oHukef[pfNyD;idkae wmawGU&w,f/

qHyifqGJ&if
tarajy;vmawmh

emw,fqdkwm
nDrav;

]]tckolodoGm;NyD}} om;uolYtarudkqD;ajymw,f/
Œ

'Dpmydk'fudk b,fvdk Format vkyfovJqdkwm Munfh&atmif/
o acgif;pOfpmwrf;udk Select vkyfNyD; Align Center (^E) ay;vdkufygw,f/ Style twGufuawmh Bold (Sh^B) eJY
Under line (Sh^U) ESpfckvHk;ay;xm;ygw,f/
o usefwJhpmtm;vHk;udk Select NyD; Align Justify (^J) ay;ygw,f/
o pmydk'fawG&Jha&SUrSm Cursor csNyD; Tab wcsufpD acgufygw,f/
o pmodyfusJaewJhpmaMumif;awGudk taeawmfjzpfoGm;atmifñd§ygw,f/ (usJaewJhpmaMumif; atmufrSm&SdwJh
pmaMumif;&Jha&SUqHk;em;upmvHk;awGxJ oifhawmfr,fhae&mawGrSm Space bar acgufay;½HkygbJ)
o aemufqHk;taeeJY pmtm;vHk;udk Select NyD; Format menu \ Paragraph \ Indent and Spacing \ Spacing xJu
Before ae&mrSm 6pt udk,lxm;vdkufwmyg/ 'gqdk&if pmydk'fwckeJYwcktMum; tuGmta0;[m 6pt
pDjzpfoGm;ygNyD/

'Dacgif;pOfatmufrSm pdwf0ifpm;p&mawGtrsm;BuD;awGU&rSmyg/
1.

39

AutoShape
toifhvkyfNyD;om;jzpfwJh tajccHvdktyfr,fh yHkpHawG ,loHk;Edkifygr,f/

uGefjyLwmrSmawmh pmawG? t½kyfawGudk tpDtpOfcswm? ae&mwuspDpOfwmudk Format vdkYoHk;ygw,f/

Basic Computer Course

18

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

'DtxJrSm Connnectors eJYywfoufvdkY enf;enf;ajymp&m&Sdygw,f/ atmufbufrSm tJ'gudk
oD;jcm;xnfha&;vdkufygw,f/
2. Line, Arrow, Rectangle, Oval
Line(rsOf;aMumif;), Arrow(jrm;), Rectangle40(av;axmifh), Oval41(bJOyHk) Tools awGudk awGU&ygr,f/
udk,fhtaeeJY vdktyfwmawGa&;qGJzdkYtwGuf oufqdkif&m Tool udk,lNyD; tvG,fwul
a&;qGJEdkifygr,f/42
3. Text Box
Text Box 2-rsdK;&Sdygw,f// wrsdK;uawmh yHkrSefygbJ/ aemufwrsdK;uawmh a'gifvdkuf
pmawG½dkufzdkYvkdwJhtcgrSmoHk;zdkYyg/
4. Word Art
pmvHk;'DZdkif;tvSawGvdkcsifw,fqdk&if Word Art43 udkoHk;&rSmaygh/
5. Diagram
tzGJUtpnf;wckb,fvdk
zGJUpnf;wnfaqmufxm;w,fqdkwmrsdK;udk
&Sif;jycsifwJhtcgrSm
'DwckutawmfhudktoHk;0ifygw,f/ vufawGUoHk;MunfhMunfhyg/ (Insert menu \ Picture \ Organization
Chart) eJYqifwlygw,f/ 'gayr,fh 'DrSmutrsdK;tpm;ydkpHkygw,f/
Diagram xJrSm toifh,loHk;EdkifwJherlemyHkpH 6-ckay;xm;ygw,f/ wckckudka½G;cs,fNyD; OK vkyfvdkuf&if
Diagram wckeJY tool box wckay:vmygr,f/
ΠInsert shape udkESdyfNyD;awmh Diagram yHkawGudk xyfwdk;jznfhoGif;Edkifygw,f/
ydkoGm;w,fqdk&if Select vkyfNyD; Delete key udkESdyfyg/
ΠMove shape buttons ESpfckuawmh yHkawGudk ta&SU-taemuf pDpOfzdkYyg/
ΠAuto Format udkzGifhvdkuf&if ydkNyD;rsm;wJh 'DZdkif;rsdK;pHkudkawGU&ygr,f/
Œ pm½dkufzdkYtwGufuawmh Click to add text ae&mawGrSm uvpfvkyfNyD; ½dkuf½HkygbJ/
6.

Clip Art
olYudkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if Clip Art Gallery ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu udk,fBudKuf&myHk awGudk
,loHk;Edkifygw,f/ (Insert menu \ Picture \ Clip Art) eJY twlwlyg/
7. Picture
olvnf;bJ Clip Art eJYruGmygbl;/ uGefjyLwmxJrSm&SdwJh ½kyfyHk? "gwfyHkawGudk xnfhoGif;
vdkwJhtcgrSmoHk;ygr,f/ (Insert menu \ Picture \ From file) eJY twlwlygbJ/
8. Fill Color
Drawing Objects qGJ,lxm;wJh ½kyfyHkwck&Jh twGif;ta&mifudk ajymif;ay;ygr,f/
9. Line Color
Drawing Objects qGJ,lxm;wJh ½kyfyHkwck&Jh abmifvdkif;ta&mif? rsOf;aMumif;awG&Jh ta&mifudk
ajymif;ay;ygr,f/
10. Font Color
40

Rhombus tem; 4-bufnD pwk&ef;yHkvdkcsif&if Ctrl key udkzdxm;NyD; qGJ&ygr,f/
tcsdKU y½dk*&rfawGrSmawmh Ellipes vdkY oHk;ygw,f/ 0dkif;pufaewJh puf0dkif;yHkvdkcsif&if Ctrl key udkzdxm;NyD;
qGJ&ygr,f/
42
tJ'D bottons awGudk uvpfvkyfvdkufwmeJY Box tBuD;BuD;wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSma&;qGJcsifvnf; &ygw,f/
'grSr[kwf tJ'D Box udkrvdkcsifbl; - qdk&ifawmh ^Z vkyf&ygr,f/ 'grS tJ'D Box aysmufoGm;ygr,f/ udk,fvdkcsifwm
udkvnf; qGJvdkY&ygw,f/
43
Word Art botton udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if WordArtGallary dialog box ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu udk,fBudKuf&mwckudk
uvpfvkyfNyD; OK udk uvpfxyfvkyfr,fqdk&if Box wckxyfay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm udk,fBudKuf&m pum;vHk;awG?
eJY pmvHk;yHkpH (Font) awGudk a½G;NyD;oHk;Edkifygw,f/ Text box awGudkoHk;r,fqdkvnf; 'Dtwdkif;ygbJ/ Text box qdkayr,fh
pmawGtjyif ½kyfyHkawGudkvnf; xnfhoGif;Edkifygw,f/
41

Basic Computer Course

19

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

pmvHk;awG&Jhta&mifudk ajymif;ay;ygr,f/
11. Line Style
qGJxm;wJh rsOf;aMumif;awG&Jh txltyg;? yHkpHawGudk 'DrSma½G;,lEdkifygw,f/
12. Dash Style
rsOf;aMumif;waMumif;twGif;rSm
tpufb,fESpfpufygvJ/
tpufawGudk
b,fvdkyHkrsdK;
tpDtpOfcsrvJ qdkwmudk 'Dae&mrSm a½G;,lEdkifygw,f/
13. Arrow Style
jrm;yHkpHawGxJu udk,fBudKufwmudk ,loHk;½HkygbJ/
14. Shadow Style
oluawmh t&dyfusyHkyg/ udk,fqGJvdkufwJh ½kyfyHkwckudk b,fvdkt&dyfusapcsifvJ ..
'DrSmpdwfBudKufjyKjyifEdkifygw,f/
15. 3D Style
udk,fqGJxm;wJh yHkawGudk oHk;bufjrifyHkpHjzpfatmifvkyfay;ygr,f/
Connector udk b,fvdkoHk;rvJ/ (Autoshapes \ Connector)
'DrSmpOf;pm;MunfhzdkYwck&Sdygw,f/ Connector udkbmaMumifhoHk;zdkYvdkovJ/ oHk;zdkYrvdk&if bmvdkYtyifyef;
cHNyD;MunfhaeawmhrvJaemh/
wcgwavrSmawmhwu,fhudkvdkwJhtcgawG&Sdw,f/
vdkvdkYoHk;Munfhawmh
vJ
tqifrajybl;/ olrsm;udkar;Munfhawmh .. olwdkYvJrodbl;/ [kwfw,f/ toHk;enf;awmh odyfrodbl;jzpfoGm;wmyg/
odcJh&ifawmifrS
toHk;enf;awmh
arhoGm;wmaygh/
tckvJ
arh&ifarhoGm;
rSmyg/
'gaMumifh
pmtkyfxJxnfha&;xm;ay;vdkufr,f/ arhoGm;wJhtcgjyefMunfhaygh/
Connector udk oHk;zdkYvdkwmu wae&muae tjcm;wae&mudk qufoG,fñTefjyzdkYyg/ 'DtwGuf atmufrSm
erlemwckqGJMunfh&atmif
uGefjyLwmudk Power on vdkufonf/
yefumrvnfyg/
Power Supply yefumvnfjcif;/

Power Supply ysufjcif;jzpfEdkif/ AC
connector udk aocsmjyefwyfyg/

yefumvnfonf/

Sound Beat toHjrnfjcif;/
toHrrnfyg/
toHjrnfonf/

y yxrqHk; Drawing toolbar xJu Text box udk,lvdkufyg/
box tBuD;BuD;wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSmrSm Text box wckqGJ,lvdkufyg/
pmawG½dkufxnfhvdkufyg/
y aemufxyfvdktyforQ Text box awG xyfNyD;vkyf,lvdkufyg/
y a&;qGJ½dkufxnfhNyD;wJh Text box awGudk ae&mcsyg/
y Drawing Toolbars \ Autoshpae \ Connectors xJu oifhawmfr,fhwckudka½G;,lvdkufyg/
y Text box wck&Jhab;em;rSm Mouse udkcsxm;Munfhyg/
y Text box abmifay:u Mouse eJYeD;wJhae&mrSm tjyma&miftpufuav;awGay:vmr,f/
y tJ'Dae&muae drag qGJNyD;aemufxyf Text box wckay:udk qGJac:vmyg/

Basic Computer Course

20

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

y aemufxyf box rSmvJ tjyma&miftpufuav;awGay:vmNyDqdk&if Mouse Release vkyfyg/
y 'gqdk&if Text box 2-ckudk Connector eJYqufoG,fvdkYNyD;ygNyD/

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Table wckb,fvdk,lxnfhrvJ/
Table column awGudk tusOf;^tus,f b,fvdkvkyfrvJ/
Columns & Rows awGudk nDnDnmnmjzpfatmifb,fvdkñ§drvJ/
Table wckvHk;? Column wck? Row wckudk b,fvdk Select vkyfrvJ/
Align ñd§wmudk b,fvdkvkyfrvJ/
Cell awGudk aygif;Munfhr,f/ cGJMunfhr,f/
Table xJuvdktyfwJhae&mawGrSm ta&mifb,fvdkxnfhrvJ/

Word xJrSm pm&if;Z,m;wck ½dkufzdkYtwGuf
- Table menu eJY
- Tables and Borders tool bar awGudk oHk;&ygr,f/
Document topfwckudk File / New vkyfNyD;zGifhvdkufyg/ File / Page Setup uae pm½Guftaetxm; udk ppfaq;yg/
vdktyfovdk Format vkyfyg/
Table Menu \ Insert \ Table udk Click vkyfvdkufyg/ Dialog Box wckay:vmygr,f/ Dialog Box qdkwm Command
(vkyfaqmifcsuf) wckcktwGuf BudKwifNyD; jyifqifEdkifzdkY twGufyg/
Dialog Box xJrSm

Number of Coloums (Z,m;\a'gifvdkuf) ae&mrSm 6 Coloums ,lyg/
Numbers of Rows (Z,m;\twef;vdkuf) 5 Rows ,lxm;yg/
'gqdk&if Z,m;uGufwck&vmygNyD/ atmufrSm Z,m;uGuf 2-ckudk ,SOfjyxm;ygw,f/ wcku rlv½dkufxm;wJh
Z,m;uGufyg/ aemufwcku Format vkyfxm;wJh Z,m;uGufyg/ b,fvdk Format ovJqdkwmudk
avhvmMunfh&atmif/

Basic Computer Course

21

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Original
Table

Formatted
Table

Z,m;uGufudk jynfhpHkatmif½dkufNyD;oGm;NyDqdk&if
Columns awGudk t&ifn§dyg/
Columns awGMum;xJu Line awGay:rSm Mouse udkwifxm;Munfh&if Cursor
yHkpHwrsdK;ajymif;oGm;wmudk awGU&r,f/ Mouse udk zdxm;NyD; Drag qGJMunfhyg/ Columns’ Line [m
udk,fqGJwJhbufudk vdkufwmygr,f/ tJ'Denf;eJY Columns awG&JU tusOf;^tus,f udk
n§dvdkufyg/

(erlemjyxm;wJh Z,m;udk 'Dvdkn§dxm;ygw,f/)

Column tusOf;tus,f
• yxrtuGufudk usOf;vdkufw,f/
• 'ktuGufudk us,fvdkufw,f/ Remark tuGufudkawmh ajymif;vJrIrvkyfyg/
Column ñd§jcif;
• 3-4-5 tuGufawGudk Select vkyfNyD; Tables\Auto Fit\Distribute Columns Evenly udk
Click vkyfvdkufygw,f/ 'gqdk&if tJ'DtuGuf 3-uGuf[m nDnDnmnm jzpfoGm;wmudk

awGU&ygr,f/

Align ñd§jcif;
• Table wckvHk;udk Center x Center vkyfxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ 'DtwGuf Table wckvHk;udk
Select NyD; Tables and Borders tool bar xJu Cells Alingment xJu Align Center udk
Check vkyfvdkuf&if Cells tm;vHk; Center x Center jzpfoGm;ygr,f/
• *Pef;wef;zdk;azmfjywJhtuGufawG (No., Price, Costs) atmufupmawGudk Select
vkyfyg/ Format menu\Paragraph\Alignment Right udk Check vkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if

nmbufudk tnDn§dxm;NyD;jzpfoGm;ygr,f/
• ½dk;½dk;pmtuGufawGudkawmh Select NyD; Left Align ay;xm;ygw,f/

Cell aygif;jcif;^cGJjcif;
• Total tuGufrSm Insertion Point csxm;yg/ Price tuGuftxdudk Select vkyfxm;yg/
Table\Merge Cell udk Click vkyfvdkuf&if apmapmu Select vkyfxm;wJh tuGufawG

aygif;oGm;wmudk awGU&ygr,f/ tu,fí aygif;NyD;om;udk jyefzsufcsifw,fqdk&if
tJ'DtuGufudk jyefNyD; Select yg/ Table\Split Cell udk Click vkyfvdkuf&if Dialog Box
wckay:vmwmudk awGU&r,f/ tJ'DxJrSm udk,fvdkcsifoavmuf Columns/Rows
ta&twGufudk ½dkufxnfhNyD; OK vkyfvdkuf&if aygif;xm;wJh tuGufawG jyefNyD;uGJoGm;
wmudk awGU&ygr,f/

ta&mifxnfhjcif;
• acgif;pOf? tay:qHk;tuGuf? atmufqHk;tuGufawGudk Select vkyfNyD; Tables and
Borders tool bar\Shading Color xJu ta&mifwck ay;xm;wmygyJ/

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

1.
2.
3.
4.

File Save odrf;qnf;jcif;
Password xnfhjcif;
Header / Footer xnfhjcif;
Print & Print preview

Document wcktm; odrf;qnf;jcif;
Z,m;uGufudk pdwfBudKufjyifqifNyD;wJhtcgrSm File \ Save vkyfvdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh Dialog Box
xJrSm File Name ay;yg/ b,fbuftay:a'gifhrSm&SdwJh Save in ae&mrSm udk,fb,fae&mrSm
odrf;xm;csifovJqdkwmudk
a½G;yg/
(yHkrSeftm;jzifhqdk&if awmh My Document
xJrSmbJxm;MurSmyg/) NyD;&if Save udkESdyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if apmapmu ay;xm;wJh ae&mrSm (My
Document xJrSm) udk,fh&JU Document udk odrf;xm;ay;NyD; jzpfoGm;ygNyD/
Password xnfhoGif;jcif;
o Password xnfhzdkYvdktyf&if File \ Save rvkyfyJeJY? File \ Save as udk a½G;cs,fyg/ ay:vmwJh
Dialog Box xJrSm File Name ay;yg/ b,fbuftay:a'gifhrSm&SdwJh Save in ae&mrSm
udk,fb,fae&mrSm odrf;xm;csifovJqdkwmudk a½G;yg/
o Dialog Box &JU tay:^nmbufrSm&SdwJh Tools xJu Security Option udka½G;vdkufyg/
o Password
to
Open/Password
to
Modify
tuGufawGxJrSm
udk,fh&JUvQdKU0SufeHygwfjzpfap^pmaMumif;jzpfap
½dkufxnfhyg/
½dkufxnfhvdkufwJh
pmawG^eHygwfawG wlonfjzpfap^rwlonfjzpfap - &ygw,f/ ta&;BuD;wmuawmh udk,f&JU
Password udk udk,fhbmom rSwfrdzdkYyg/
o ½dkufNyD;oGm;&if OK vdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh Password to Open Box xJrSm apmapmu Password to
Open ae&mrSm ½dkufxm;wJh[mudkjyef½kdufay;yg/ OK vkyfvdkuf&if Password to Modify Box
jyefay:vmr,f/ tJ'DrSmvnf; apmapmu Password to Modify ae&mrSm ½dkufxm;wmudk
jyef½dkufay;yg/
o NyD;oGm;&if OK vkyfvdkufyg/
o Save vkyfvdkufyg/
Document ta[mif;wcktm;jyef&Smjcif;
o Save vkyfNyD;oGm;wJh Document udk ydwfvdkufyg/ MS Word udkvnf; ydwfvdkufyg/ apmapmu
Document udkjyef&SmMunfh&atmif/
o Desktop \ My Document udkzGifhNyD; apmapmu Document udkjyef&SmMunfhyg/

(udk,fodrf;xm;wJhae&mudk udk,frrSwfrd&ifawmh jyef&Sm&wm jyóemawGUEdkifygw,f/)
o

Open vkyfyg/

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Header/Footer xnfhoGif;jcif;
wcgw&HrSm ½ddkufxm;NyD;om;? Print vkyfxm;NyD;om; Document wckudk usaemfwdkY jyefNyD;&SmzdkY
vdktyfwJhtcgawG&Sdygw,f/ 'gayr,fhtJ'D File udkb,frSm Safe vkyfxm;rSef;rodbl;? NyD;awmh File name
b,fvdkay;xm;rSef;rodbl; ... qdkygawmh ...
'gqdk&if tJ'Dpmzdkifudk tenf;i,fjyefNyD;jyifqifr,f? Print vkyfcsifr,f ... qdkwJhtcgrSm ... tu,fírsm;
File name odr,f? File Path odr,fqdk&if tJ'Dzdkifudk olUae&mrSmoGm;&Sm zGifhvdkuf½HkbJaygh/
'gayr,fh emrnfeJYae&mrodbl;qdkawmhum ... b,fvdkvkyfrvJ ...
aemufxyfwcgjyef½dkuf&rvm; ... [kwfwmaygh/ &SmrawGUawmhbl;qdk&if jyef½dkuf½Hku vGJNyD; bm&SdOD;rvJ ...
tJ'Dvdkrjzpf&atmif udk,f Save vkyfwJhzdkifawGrSm Header/Footer awGxnfhxm;ay;zdkY vdkygw,f/
b,fvdkxnfh&rvJ ... Munfh&atmif ...
o View \ Header and Footer udk Click vdkuf&if Header and Footer View ay:vmygr,f/ Header
and Footer twGuf Tools bar wckvnf;ay:vmr,f/
o Header qdkwmu pm½Guftay:bufutydkif;rSm File Name azmfjyavh&SdwJhtydkif;/
o Footer u pm½Gufatmufbufu File Path (odrf;xm;onfhae&m) Author (pm½dkufol) tJ'gawGudk
azmfjyavh&SdwJhtydkif;yg/
o Header ae&mrSm Tools bar xJu File Name udk,lvdkufyg/ Footer ae&mrSm Page udk
,lvdkufyg/ Footer ae&mrSmbJ File Name and Path udk xyf,lvdkufyg/ NyD;&if Tools bar
udkydwfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if pm½Guftay:bufrSm trnf? atmufbufrSm pmrsufESm eHygwfeJY
trnf? ae&mawGudk xnfhoGif;NyD;oGm;ygr,f/
o 'gqdk&if Print vkyfwJhtcgrSm tJ'D trnfawG? odrf;xm;wJhae&mawGyg pm½GufxJ ygvmrSmaygh/
jyef&SmzdkYvdkwJhtcgrSm vG,foGm;NyDaygh/
o tenf;qHk;taeeJY File name udkawmh Print vkyfr,fhpm½GufrSm xnfhoGif;zdkYvdkygw,f/ Pathodrf;xm;wJhae&mudkrod&ifawmif zdkifemrnfod&if jyef&SmzdkYvG,fw,f r[kwfvm;/
File ta[mif;wckudk jyef&Smcsif&if
o Start \ Search udk uvpfyg/
o ay:vmwJh box xJrSm All files and folders udkuvpfyg/
o All of part of file name udkuvpfyg/ NyD;&ifatmufrSm&SdwJh Search botton udkESdyfvdkufyg/
o 'gqdk&if uGefjyLwmuae zdkifudkvdkuf&Smay;aeygNyD/ cPapmifhyg/ &SmawGUw,f? rawGUbl;qdkwmudk
uGefjyLwmu tpD&ifcHygvdrfhr,f/

Print Preview Munfhjcif;ESifh Print xkwf,ljcif;
o Document wckudk Print xkwf,lzdkYtwGuf File \ Print Previewudk Click yg/ tJ'DrSm Print
vkyf&ifxGufvmr,fh pm½Guftaetxm;udk jrif&ygr,f/ pdwfBudKufjzpfNyDqdk&if
o File \ Print udk Click yg/ ay:vmwJh Dialog Box rSm vdktyfwmawG jyifqifa½G;cs,fNyD;awmh OK
vkyfvdkuf&if&ygNyD/

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

pm½GufeHygwfawGudk
yHkrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif;
(3-4) eHygwfawG&JU
tv,frSm Hyphen
cHNyD; xm;ay;&
ygr,f/

Printer
trsdK;tpm;a½G;&ef

'DxJrSm pm½Guft&G,ftpm;?
taetxm;awG a½G;cs,fEdkif
tpHkb,favmuf Print
csifovJ - a½G;&ef

Document xJu
pm½Guf tukefvHk;
xkwf,lzdkY

Document xJu
a½G;cs,fxm;wJh
pm½GufawGudkbJ
xkwf,lzdkY

atmufuyHkrSmazmfjyxm;wJh *&yfbm; (Chart) wckudk b,fvdkvkyf,l&rvJqdkwm avhvmMunfhMur,f/

Basic Computer Course

25

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Insert \ Picture \ Chart udk Click vdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if atmufrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif; Chart wckeJYtwl Datasheet
wck&vmygr,f/
tJ'D udk Chart xJu vGwfaewJh ae&mwckckrSm Right Click vdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh pop-menu xJrSm
udk,fjyifqifcsifwmawGudk a½G;NyD;jyifqifEdkifygw,f/
vGwfaewJh
ae&mrSm Click
vdkufyg/

ay:vmrnfh
pop-menu

Format Chart Area

'DxJrSm

Chart Type
Chart Option

'DxJrSm
'DxJrSm

1) abmifvdkif; taetxm;udk jyKjyifEdkifygw,f/
2) font udk pdwfBudKufjyifqifEdkifygw,f/
1) yHkpHudk jyifqifEdkifygw,f/
1) Title yHkacgif;pD; wyf&ef/
2) Legend yHktñTef; xnfh&ef/
3) Data lables yHktñTef; xnfh&ef/

3-D View
Data sheet
Clear

'DxJrSm
uawmh
uawmh

3-D yHkpHjzpfatmif vSnfhay;Edkifygw,f/
Data sheet aysmufae&if jyefac:zdkYyg/
rvdktyfwJh t&mawGudk zsufay;ygr,f/

Menu awGudk jyefNyD;avhvmMunfhMuOD;pdkY/ yHkrSeftm;jzifhqdk&ifawmh rDEl;awGudk Mouse Click vkyfNyD; zGifhMuygw,f/
'gayr,fh Mouse udkifp&mrvdkbJeJY Keyboard udkbJoHk;NyD;zGifhEdkifwJhygao;w,f/
Alt key udk udkifxm;vdkufyg/ 'DtcsdefrSm rDEl;bm;udkMunfhvdkufyg/ rDEl;wckpDu pmvHk;wvHk;wvHk;pDudk Under line
wm;xm;wmawGU&ygr,f/
Alt udkzdxm;&if;eJY
tJ'DpmvHk;udk
qufESdyfvdkuf&if
olUoufqdkif
&m

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

rDEl;yGifhvmwmudkawGU&ygr,f/ Oyrm- File menu udkzGifhcsifw,fqdk&if Alt + F udkESdyf&ygr,f/ Table menu
udkzGifhcsifw,fqdk&if Alt + A udkESdyf&ygr,f/
aemufxyfqufNyD;awmh File menu xJu Page Setup udkzGifhcsifw,fqdkygawmh/ apmapmutwdkif;bJ Alt + F
udkESdyfyg/ NyD;awmh U udkESdyfyg/ 'gqdk&if Page Setup box ay:vmwmudkawGU&rSmyg/ bmvdkY U udkqufESdyf&vJqdkawmh
Page Setup pmaMumif;xJrSm U udk Under line ay;xm;vdkYyg/ tjcm;rDEl;awGxJu Command / Dialog box awGudkvJ
'Denf;eJY jrefjrefac:,ltoHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/
'gudkrSwfxm;ygaemf/ ydkNyD;jrefjreftvkyfvkyfEdkifzdkY 'gutrsm;BuD;taxmuftulay;rSmyg/ bmvdkYvJ qdkawmh
y½dk*&rftukefvHk;rSm 'Denf;udktoHk;jyKEdkifvdkYygbJ/ 'gudk usaemfwdkYu Short cut oHk;w,fvdkY ac:ygw,f/ Short cut
awGudk ydkifxm;r,f? tvGwf&xm;r,fqdk&if tvkyfvkyfwJhtcgrSm trsm;BuD; ydkNyD;jrefqefvmrSm aocsmygw,f/
rDEl;xJrSm tcsdKUvkyfaqmifcsufawG[m toHk;rsm;wJhtwGuf oD;jcm; Short cut ay;xm;wmawG &Sdygw,f/ tJ'gawGudk
olUoufqdkifwJhae&mab;rSm a&;xm;wmudkawGUrSmyg/ Oyrm File New qdk&if Ctrl + N vdkYay;xm;ygw,f/
y½dk*&rftm;vHk;rSm zdkiftopfwck&,lzdkYtwGuf 'D Short cut udkbJ oHk;ygw,f/ 'gu Keyboard short cut yg/
Mouse ESdyfNyD;oHk;&r,fh Toolbars ay:rSmusawmh ½kyfyHkav;awGeJYjyygw,f/ tJ'DtwGufudkvJ rDEl;ay:rSm
oufqdkif&mtvdkuf ½kyfyHkav;awGjyxm;wmudkawGU&rSmyg/ Oyrm- Print twGufqdk&if y&ifwmyHkav;
pojzifhayghav/ 'gawGudkvnf; odxm;zdkYvdktyfygw,f/
uJ File menu uaepNyD;MunfhMu&atmif/ 'gayr,fh rDEl;tm;vHk;eJY olUxJu Command awGtm;vHk; udk
MunfhrSmawmhr[kwfyg/ toHk;enf;r,fhtcsdKUudk csefxm;cJhrSmyg/
1. File menu
i. New (Ctrl + N)
File/Document/Publication topfwck&,lzdkYyg/
Π(olYtwGuftao;pdwfudkawmh Lesson 1, page 20 rSmjyefMunfhyg/)
ii. Open (Ctrl + O)
t&if&SdNyD;om; zdkifta[mif;wckckudk zGifhzdkYyg/
iii. Close (Alt + F, C)
zGifhxm;wJhzdkifwckudk ydwfzdkYyg/
ΠActive File Window nmbuftay:a'gifhu MuufajccwfeJY wlwlygbJ/ udk,fydwfr,fhzdkifu Save
rvkyf&ao;bl;qdk&if Save rSmvm;qdkwJh tar;pmwef; eJYtwl Yes, No, Cancel buttons
av;awGygay:vmygr,f/ Yes udkESdyfvdkuf&if 'DzdkifxJrSm jyKjyifajymif;vJxm;orQudk Save
vkyfay;ygr,f/ No qdk&ifawmh jyKjyifajymif;vJxm;wmawG udk Save rvkyfay;awmhygbl;/
Cancel uawmh 'DzdkifudkydwfrSmr[kwfao;ygbl;qdk&if olUudk ESdyfzdkYyg/
iv. Save (Ctrl + S)
jyKjyifajymif;vJjznfhoGif;wmawGudk odrf;qnf;zdkYyg/
Πzdkiftopfwck (odkY) ta[mif;wckrSm udk,fjyKjyifajymif;vJjznfhoGif;xm;wmawG twGuf
rMumcPqdkovdk Save vkyfaezdkYvdkygr,f/ zdkifrDEl;udkzGifhNyD; Save udk oGm;uvpfzdkYrvdkygbl;/
Standard toolbar ay:rSmbJ Floppy vdkyHkpHrsdK;av;eJY xkwfxm;wmawGU&rSmyg/ olUudkuvpf
vkyf½HkeJY jyKjyiforQawGudk rSwfom; odrf;qnf;ay;aerSmyg/ tJ'DxufvG,fwmuawmh
uD;bkwfay:uae Ctrl + S udkESdyfvdkuf½HkygbJ/
v. Save As (F12)
rlvzdkifudk e*dktwdkif;xm;r,f? jyKjyifajymif;vJxm;wmawGudk zdkiftopfrSm yg0ifapcsifw,f qdk&if Save
As udkoHk;ygr,f/ aemufNyD;awmh zdkiftrnfajymif;zdkY^odrf;wJhae&m ajymif; zdkY^Pass word xnfhzdkYqdk&ifvnf;
Save As udkoHk;&ygr,f/

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

ΠzdkifwckudkzGifhNyD; jyKjyifjznfhpGufwmawGvkyfNyD;awmh Save As udkESdyfvdkufyg/ Save As dialog box
ay:vmygr,f/ Box xJrSm zdkifemrnftopfwckajymif; ('grSr[kwf odrf;r,fhae&majymif;)
ay;&ygr,f/ 44 ajymif;ay;NyD;&if Save udkESdyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if trnfopf (odkY) ae&mopfrSm
odrf;qnf;NyD;oGm;wmudkawGU&rSmyg/
ΠPass word twGufudkawmh Lesson 4, Password xnfhoGif;jcif;? page 28 rSm jyefMunfhyg/
vi. Page Setup (Alt + F, U) (Double Click on Ruler)
pm½Guftaetxm;udk udk,fvdkcsifwJh yHkpHjyKjyifzdkYtwGuf Page Setup uaejyifay;&rSmyg/
ΠMargins, Paper, Layout, Doucumet Grid qdkNyD; Section 4-ck&Sdygw,f/
Œ Margins rSm pm½Guf&Jh ab;b,fnm? tay:? atmuf ae&mvGwf tuGmta0;awG udk
pdwfBudKufcsdefñd§Edkifygw,f/ (tao;pdwfudk Lesson 1, page 20 rSmjyefMunfhyg/) Orientation
uawmh pm½Gufa'gifvdkufvm;? tvSJvdkufvm;qdkwmudkajymwmyg/ Portrait u pm½Guf
a'gifvdkuf? Landscape u pm½GuftvSJvdkufyg/ wcsdKYy½dk*&rfawGrSmawmh Tall / Wide
vdkYoHk;ygw,f/
Œ Paper xJrSmawmh pm½Guft½G,ftpm;udk a½G;,lEkdifygw,f/ toHk;trsm;qHk; jzpfrSmuawmh A4
ayghaemf/
ΠLayout rSm Header/Footer &Jh tus,ft0ef;udk owfrSwfay;Edkifygw,f/
vii. Print Preview (Alt + F, V) Ctrl + Alt + I)
pm½GufawGudk Print rvkyfcifrSm udk,fvdkcsifwJhtaetxm; [kwf^r[kwf jyefppfaq;zdkYyg/ (Lesson
4,
page 28 rSmjyefMunfhyg/)
viii. Print (Ctrl + P)
tm;vHk;pdwfBudKufjzpfNyDqdk&if pm½Gufudk y&ifhxkwf,lzdkYyg/ y&ifhrxkwfcifrSm pm½Guftae txm;
rSef^rrSef? y&ifwmtrdsK;tpm; rSef^rrSef pwmawGudk ppfaq;jyKjyifay;&ygr,f/
(Lesson 4, page 28 rSmjyefMunfhyg/)
ix. Exit (Alt + F, X)
Microsoft Word Program xJuaetNyD;tydkifxGufoGm;zdkYyg/ Title bar u teDa&mif Cross eJY twlwlygbJ/
x. Recent Documents
File name wcsdKUudk Exit &Jh tay:rSmuyfvQufazmfjyxm;wmudk awGU&rSmyg/ 'guawmh Word xJrSm
aemufqHk;tvkyfvkyfcJhwJh
zdkifawGudk
azmfjywmjzpfygw,f/
udk,fvdkcsifwJhzdkif
wckudk
ol&SdwJhae&ma&mufwJhtxd tqifhqifhoGm;NyD;zGifhzdkYrvdkbJeJY 'Dae&muaezGifhEdkif ygw,f/
2. Edit menu
i. Undo (Ctrl + Z) / Redo (Ctrl + Y)
udk,fvkyfcJhwJhvkyfaqmifcsufudk rBudKufvdkY jyefNyD;½kyfodrf;csifwJhtcgrSm oHk;ygw,f/
Œ wpHkwckudkzsufypfvdkufNyD;rS rzsufcsifawmhbl;qdk&if Undo udkESdyfvdkuf½Hkyg/ Undo ESdyfNyD;rS
jyefvkyfcsifao;w,fqdk&ifawmh Redo udkESdyf&rSmaygh/
ΠuHaumif;wmwcku Word rSm Undo udktuefYtowfr&Sday;ygw,f/ 45 zdkifwckrSm
pzGifhuwnf;uae
aemufqHk;tcsdeftxd
vkyfxm;wJh
jyKjyifajymif;vJrIawGudk
rBudKufbl;qdkwJhtcgrSm Undo udkqufwdkufwcsufNyD;wcsufESdyfoGm;&if [dk; .. zdkif
ppzGifhcsif;txdudk jyefoGm;ay;rSmjzpfygw,f/

44

bmaMumifhqdkawmh ae&mwckrSm trsdK;tpm;+trnfwlzdkif wckxufydk&SdvdkYr&yg/ Window u tJ'gudk vufrcHyg/
trnf (odkY) ae&mrajymif;bJ Save vkyfr,fqdk&if rlv&SdaewJhzdkifudk zsufypfNyD; zdkiftopfudk xm;ay;rSmjzpfygw,f/
45
CorelDraw tkyfpkawGrSmvJ Undo udktuefYtowfr&Sday;ygw,f/ Macromedia tkyfpkeJY Adobe tkyfpkawGrSmawmh
tuefYtowf&Sdygw,f/ Oyrm- Adobe PageMaker rSmqdk&if Undo 1-csufbJ&ygw,f/ Adobe Photoshop rSmawmh
Undo tcsuf 20 txdvkyfvdkY&ygw,f/ Macromedia Freehand rSm 10-csuf/
Basic Computer Course

28

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

ΠMum;xJu wae&m&mrSm Save vkyfcJhr,fqdk&ifawmh tJ'D Save vkyfcJhwJhae&mtxd bJ
jyefoGm;ay;ygr,f/

ii. Cut (Ctrl + X) / Copy (Ctrl + C) / Paste (Ctrl + V)
pm (odkY) ½kyfyHk wckckudk ul;,lNyD; xyfyGm;zdkY^ae&mtopfudkydkYzdkYyg/ ul;,lzdkYuawmh t&if Select
vkyfxm;&ygr,f/
ΠCut vkyfr,fqdk&ifawmh rlv pm^yHk usefraeawmhygbl;/ oGm;NyD; Paste vkyfr,fhae&mrSm
pmawG^yHkawG jyefay:vmrSmjzpfygw,f/
ΠCopy vkyf&ifawmh rlvae&mrSmvJ usefcJhr,f/ Paste vkyfr,fhae&mopfrSmvJ
xyfNyD;yGm;vmrSmjzpfygw,f/
ΠPaset uawmh Copy/Cut vkyfxm;wmawGudk jyefNyD;ay:vmaprSmjzpfygw,f/ Paste rvkyfcifrSm
Cursor/Insertion point udkt&ifae&mcsxm;&ygr,f/
ΠCopy/Cut udk wBudrfvkyfxm;r,fqdk&if aemufxyftopfwckudk xyfNyD; Copy/Cut rvkyfrcsif;
Window Clipboard rSm&SdaeOD;rSmjzpfygw,f/ tBudrfBudrf xyfNyD; Paste vkyfEdkifygw,f/
iii. Clear
pm^½kyfyHkwckudk zsufypfzdkYyg/ t&if Selet vkyfxm;&ygr,f/ Keyboard ay:u Delet key eJYtwlwlyg/
iv. Select All (Ctrl + A)
Document xJ&SdaewmawGtm;vHk;udk Select vkyfay;ygr,f/
v. Find (Ctrl + F) / Replace (Ctrl + H)
Find u wpHkwckudk &SmazGzdkY? Replace u &SmawGUvmwmawGudk wckckeJY tpm;xdk;ajymif;vJ zdkYjzpfygw,f/
ΠFind udkESdyfvdkufr,fqdk&if Box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm udk,f&SmazGvdkwJh wckckudk
xnfhoGif;ay;NyD; Find Next botton udkuvpfvkyfr,fqdk&if &SmazGay;rSm jzpfygw,f/
pum;vHk;wvHk; 'grSr[kwf pum;vHk;wGJawG? pmvHk;yHkpH? txl;tu©&m pwmawGtrsdK;rsdK;udk
&SmazGay;Edkifygw,f/
ΠReplace udkESdyfvdkufr,fqdk&ifvJ Box wckay:vmygr,f/ tay:bufjcrf;rSm Find What(bmudk&Smay;&rSmvJ)? atmufbufydkif;rSmrS Replace- (tpm;xdk;ay;apcsif wJh wpHkwck)
tJ'gawGudk uD;bkwfuae ½dkufxnfhay;&ygr,f/
o vufawGUwckprf;oyfMunfhEdkifatmifatmufrSmerlemjyxm;ygw,f/
AdkufxJrSm
O,smOfxJrSmwckckudk ajrzdkYaewJh ar&Dudk a*smfeDjrifoGm;w,f/ rsufvHk;awGrdkYNyD; idkxm;yHk
aygufaewJh ar&Dudk pl;prf;csifpdwfeJY olar;Munfhw,f/
]]bmvkyfaewmvJ ar&D}}
]]igha½Tig;av; aooGm;vdkY olUudkajrjr§Kyfaewm}} ar&Du armhrMunfhbJeJYajymw,f/
]]tdk .. [kwfvm;/ a½Tig;av;udk ajrjr§Kyfwm usif;utBuD;BuD;ygvm;}} a*smfeD&JhtoHu
u½kPmoHeJY tHhMo[ef a&mpGufaew,f/
]][kwfw,f/ igha½Tig;u eifhaMumif&JhAdkufxJrSmav}} ar&Du ajrBuD;zdkY&if;eJY ajzvdkuf
w,f/
o tJ'Dpmydk'fxJu ]a*smfeD}qdkwJhemrnfudk ]bDvD}vdkYajymif;csifw,f/ pmydk'fudk Select
vkyfNyD;awmh Replace udkESdyfvdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh Box xJrSm atmuf
rSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif;½dkufxnfhyg/ NyD;&if Replace udkwcsufcsif;ESdyfoGm;yg/ 'gqdk&if
emrnfajymif;oGm;wmudkawGU&ygr,f/

Basic Computer Course

29

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

pmjyif½HkrubJ
o Replace All uenf;enf; tEÅ&m,f&SdwJhtwGuf aocsmwJhtcgrS oHk;apcsifygw,f/
tjcm;tao;pdwf
bmvdkYqdkawmh Document wckvHk;rSm&SdwJhtm;vHk;udk ajymif;ypfvdkufrSmjzpfwJhtwGufyg/
uswmawGjyifcsif&if
'Dae&mrSm
uvpfvkyfyg/vi. Go To (Ctrl + G)
Go To udkoHk;NyD;awmh udk,foGm;vdkwJh pmrsufESmudk tjrefqHk;oGm;Edkifygw,f/ tJ'Dtjyif Line (pmaMumif;)
awG? Bookmark, Footnote, Endnote trsm;BuD;ygbJ/ tJ'Dtm;vHk;udk Go To uwqifh
jrefjrefoGm;Edkifygw,f/
Œ Oyrm- pmaMumif;a& 60-udk oGm;csifw,fqdk&if Go To udkESdyfNyD; Box xJrSm Line udka½G;yg/
NyD;awmh Line number ae&mrSm 60 udk½dkufxnfhyg/ NyD; Go To udkESdyfvdkuf r,fqdk&if pmaMumif;
60-ae&mudka&mufoGm;rSmyg/ pmrsufESmqdk&ifawmh Page udk a½G;? pmrsufESmeHygwfxnfhay;aygh/
vG,fygw,faemf/
3. View menu
i. Print Layout View
yHkrSeftm;jzifh zdkiftopfwckzGifhvdkuf&if ay:vmwJhjrifuGif;yg/
ΠusaemfhtaeeJYqdk&ifawmh 'DwckudkbJtoHk;rsm;ygw,f/ bmvdkYqdkawmh yHkESdyfxkwfwJhtcgrSm
&vmr,fh taetxm; twdkif; azmfjyxm;wJhjrifuGif;rdkYvdkYyg/
Œ wcgwavrSmawmh Table awGqGJwJhtcgrSm jrifuGif; tjyifbufa&mufoGm;NyD; a½TUr&? ñd§r&
BuHK&wJhtcgrSbJ Normal View / Outline View wckckudk,loHk;jzpf ygw,f/ jyefñd§NyD;wmeJY Print
Layout View udkjyefvmvdkufwmygbJ/
ΠMS Word Window &Jh b,fbufatmufa'gifhrSm jrifuGif; 4-rsdK;&Jh bottons av;awG &Sdygw,f/
udk,fjrifcsifwJhjrifuGif;udk uvpfvkyf½HkygbJ/

View bottons

ii.

Toolbars
a&SUydkif;rSm &Sif;jycJhNyD;ygNyD/ Microsoft Word, page 16 rSmjyefMunfhyg/

iii. Header and Footer
a&SUydkif;rSm &Sif;jycJhwmudk jyefMunfhyg/ Lesson 4, page 28 rSmjyefMunfhyg/
iv. Full Screen (Alt + V, U)
jrifuGif;udk Monitor screen tjynfhjrif&rSmjzpfyg/ jyefydwfapcsif&ifawmh Close Full Screen udkESdyfvdkufyg/

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4. Insert menu
i. Break
Break udk &nf½G,fcsuftrsdK;rsdK;twGufoHk;Edkifygw,f/
ΠtJ'DxJu usaemfcPcPoHk;jzpfaewJh wckuawmh Section brak types \ Next page yg/
o pmrsufESm 10 rsufESmavmuf&SdwJh Document wckxJrSm pmrsufESm 1 uae 4/
aemufxyf 1 uae 6/ tJ'Dvdk cGJjcm;NyD; pmrsufESmwyfcsifwJh tcgrsdK;awGrSm
oHk;ygw,f/
o Docu: wckxJrSm Header/Footer awGudk cGJjcm;NyD;wyfcsifwJhtcgrSmvnf; oHk;Edkifygw,f/
Πb,fvdkvJqdkwmydk&Sif;oGm;atmif qufMunfhMu&atmif/
o pmrsufESm
10
avmuf&SdwJh
zdkifwckudkzGifhxm;yg/
pmrsufESmeHygwfawG
wyfxm;NyD;om;jzpfygap/ pmrsufESm 5 rSm Cursor csxm;yg/
o Break udkac:vdkufyg/ atmufrSmjrif&wJhtwdkif; Box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm
udk,fvdkcsifwJhwckudka½G;cs,fxm;yg/ NyD;&if OK udkESdyfyg/
o tckavmavmq,fawmh yHkrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif; Next page udka½G;NyD;awmh OK
vkyfvdkufygr,f/ 'gqdk&if pmrsufESm 5 [m Section topfwckjzpf oGm;ygNyD/

udk,ftoHk;jyKvdkwJhwckudk
Check vkyfxm;yg/

Πtckae pmrsufESmwyfxm;wmawGudk jyefppfaq;Munfhyg/ ajymif;vJrI r&Sdao;ygbl;/

ajymif;vJoGm;atmif b,fvdkvkyfrvJ .../
o Header and Footer udkac:vdkufyg/ ('grSr[kwf pm½GufxJu Header and Footer
&SdwJhae&m?
pmrsufESmeHygwf&SdwJhae&mudk
Double
Click
vkyfvdkufyg/)
atmufrSmjyxm;wJhtwkdif; ay:vmwmudkawGUygr,f/

Format page
number botton

Basic Computer Course

o Page number udk Select vkyfvdkufyg/ NyD;awmh H/F box ay:u Format page number
botton udkzGifhvdkufyg/ box wckxyfay:vmygr,f/
o Number format ae&mrSm eHygwfyHkpHawGudk BudKuf&ma½G;Edkifygw,f/
o Page numbering atmufu Continue from previous section udk Check
vkyfxm;r,fqdk&ifawmh 'D Section &JhpmrsufESmeHygwf[m ta&SUu Section pmrsufESmeJY
wqufwnf;jzpfaerSmyg/

31

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o Start at udk Check vkyfr,fqdk&ifawmh tck Section [m a&SUu Section &Jh
pmrsufESmeHygwfudkquf,lrSmr[kwfbJ eHygwftopfxdk;r,fvdkY qdkvdkwm yg/
o tckavhusifhcef;rSmawmh Start at ae&mrSm '1' udk,lxm;vdkufygr,f/
'gqdk&ifb,fvdkajymif;vJoGm;rvJqdkwm jyefppfaq;Munfhyg/ pmrsufESmeHygwf[m 1
uae 4 txdNyD;awmh 5 qufvmrSmr[kwf awmhbJ 5 tpm; 1 uaebJ
xyfNyD;ay:vmrSmudk awGU&ygr,f/
o tu,fí pmrsufESmwqufwnf;jzpfapcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh Continue from previous
section udk jyef,lxm;&r,f/

pmrsufESmeHygwfyHkpH
a½G;zdkYae&m

Start at – 1
,lxm;vdkufyg

ii. Page Number
pmrsufESmwyfzdkYyg/
ΠInsert \ Page Number udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm
eHygwfwyfcsifwJhae&mudka½G;Edkifygw,f/
ΠatmufqHk;em;av;rSm&SdwJh Format udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&ifawmh apmapmuawGUcJhzl; wJh Page
Number Format box jyefay:vmygvdrfhr,f/

pmrsufESmwyfr,fh
ae&ma½G;zdkY
pmrsufESmeHygwfudk
b,fnm? A[dk
ñ§dcsif&if'DrSma½G;yg
pmrsufESmeHygwfyHkpH
a½G;zdkY
iii. Date and Time
&ufpGJeJYtcsdefawGxnfhoGif;zdkYyg/

Basic Computer Course

32

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

ΠInsert \ Date and Time udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm
udk,fESpfoufwJhyHkpHrsdK;udka½G;,lEdkifygw,f/ a½G;NyD;&if OK udkESdyfvdkufaygh/
ΠyHkrSeftm;jzifhawmh
Header
and
Footer
ae&mxJrSmxnfhavh&Sdygw,f/
tjcm;udk,fxm;csifwJhae&mrSmvJ xm;Edkifygw,f/
ΠatmufqHk;em;av;rSm&SdwJh Update Automatically udk Check vkyfxm;r,fqdk&if awmh tJ'D
tcsdefawG? &ufpGJawG[m zGifhMunfhwJtcsdefwdkif;rSm Update jzpfae ygr,f/
iv. Auto Text
oluawmh toHk;rsm;wJh pum;vHk;? pum;pk? 0gusawGudk rSwfxm;ay;NyD; oifhavQmfw,fvdkY
uGefjyLwmu,lqwJhtcsdefrSm tBuHjyKcsufpmwrf; (Pop menu)wckazmfjyygr,f/ udk,fuBudKufESpfouf
w,fqdk&if Enter acgufvdkuf½HkygbJ/ pum;vHk;? pum;pkudk tptqHk;½dkufp&mrvdkawmh bl;aygh/
Œ Oyrm January udktqHk;xd½dkufzdkYrvdkbJ Pop menu ay:vmwJhtcg Enter acgufvdkuf½HkeJY
pmjynfhpHkoGm;atmifvkyfay;wmrsdK;yg/
Πudk,fcPcPoHk;&r,fhpmwrf;awGudkvJ xnfhoGif;xm;Edkifygw,f/ vkyf&rSmuawmh
vG,fvG,fav;yg/ atmufrSmjyxm;wJh yHkpHxJutwdkif;
o Insert \ Auto Text udkuvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if Auto Correct box ay:vmygr,f/
yHkrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif;
vdkcsifwJhpm½dkufxnfhNyD;
OK
vkyfvdkufr,fqdk&if
usef;rma&;aumif;oGm;ygNyD/
o udk,fvkyfxm;wm tqifajy^rajy jyefppfMunfhyg/ OK rSmyg/

'Dae&mrSm
pm½dkufxnfh
NyD;awmh OK
vkyfvdkufyg/

ΠtJ'gtjyif
v. Symbos

Basic Computer Course

tjcm;odxm;zdkYvdkwmawGtrsm;BuD;&Sdygao;w,f/
xyfNyD;avhvmoGm;zdkYvdkygr,f/

udk,fwdkif

33

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

toHk;enf;wJh
oauFwawG?
tu©&mawGudk
vG,fvG,fululeJY&,lEdkifygw,f/
txl;ojzifh
atmufxyfpmvHk;rsdK;awGudkyg/
ΠInsert \ Symbol udkuvpfvkyfvdkufNyD; ay:vmwJh box xJuudk,ftvdk&SdwJh wckudk
uvpfvkyfyg/
NyD;awmh
Insert
botton
udkESdyfvdkuf&if
pm½GufxJudk
a&mufvmwmawGU&ygvdrfhr,f/
vi. Comment
rSwfom;p&mwckck&Sdr,fqdk&if toHk;wnfhygvdrfhr,f/ Oyrm ΠReport xJrSm wESpfwmvlemOD;a&udkazmfjyzdkYvdktyfw,fqdkygawmh/ Report a&;aewJh
tcsdefrSm pm&if;csKyfrNyD;ao;bl;qdk&if tJ'Dae&mrSm Cursor csNyD;awmh Insert \ Comment
qdkNyD;xnfhxm;ay;zdkYvdkrSmaygh/
pm&if;trSef&wJhtcgrSm
vG,fvG,fululjyef&SmxnfhEdkifoGm;NyDaygh/
vii. Reference
Reference xJu Footnote vdkYac:wJh atmufajc&Sif;vif;csuf xnfhoGif;wmudk cPcPqdkovdk
oHk;Mu&rSmyg/ tck'DrSwfpkxJrSm atmufajc&Sif;vif;csufawG trsm;BuD; ygwmudkawGUrSmyg/ 'g Footnote
ygbJ/
ΠInsert \ Reference \ Footnote udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if Footnote and Endnote dialog box
ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DrSmvdktyfovdkjyifqiftoHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/
Œ Footnotes udka½G;cs,fxm;r,fqdk&if atmufajc&Sif;vif;csufawG[m oufqdkif&m pm½Guf&Jh
atmufajcrSm&Sdaeygvdrfhr,f/
ΠEndnotes udk,lxm;r,fqdk&ifawmh &Sif;vif;csufawG[m Docu: &JhtaemufqHk;rSm
azmfjyygvdrfhr,f/
Œ F-note jzpfap? E-note jzpfap eHygwfawG&JhyHkpH? *Pef;rxnfhbJ ½kyfyHk (bullets) xnfhrSmvm;
pwmawGudk a½G;cs,fEdkifygw,f/
viii. Picture
Picture xJu toHk;trsm;qHk;jzpfrSmuawmh From File eJY Chart wdkYbJjzpfr,fxifygw,f/ From File
udkavhvmMunfh&atmif/ Chart udkawmh Lesson 5, page 29 rSmjyefMunfhyg/
ΠFrom File
o Insert \ Picture \ From File udkuvpfvkyfvdkufr,fqdk&if Insert Picture dialog box
ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJrSm udk,fxnfhoGif;csifwJh zdkifudkvdkuf&SmNyD; Insert botton
udkESdyfvdkuf&if ½kyfyHk[m Docu: xJa&muf vmrSmjzpfygw,f/
o ½kyfyHkeJYtwl Picture toolbar vnf;wygwnf;ay:vmygr,f/ wu,fvdkY ay:rvmcJh&if
½kyfyHkudk wcsufuvpfvkyfvdkufyg/ 'grSr[kwf Right click \ Show Pictue Toolbar qdkNyD;
ac:vdkufvdkYvnf;&ygw,f/

o Picture Toolbar xJrSm
ƒ Insert Picture - ½kyfyHktopf xyfxnfhzdkY
ƒ Color – ta&miftrsdK;tpm;a½G;zdkY (Oyrm- rD;cdk;a&mif? tjzLtrJ)
ƒ More \ Less Contrast – ydkNyD;MunfvifvmapzdkY
ƒ More \ Less Brightness – yHk&Jhta&mifawmufyrIudkcsdefñ§dzdkY
ƒ Crop – yHkudk vdktyfovdk jzwfawmufzdkY

Basic Computer Course

34

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

yHkudk select yg/ Crop tool udk,lyg/ yHk&Jh Handle ae&mrSm Mouse udkcPzdxm;Munfhyg/ Mouse [m T
yHkpHrsdK;jzpfoGm;ygr,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm vdktyfovdk qGJusOf;ay;EdkifygNyD/ 'g[myHk&Jh tcsdK;tpm;udkrxdcdkufapbJ
rvdkwJhtydkif;udk z,fxkwfwJhenf;yg/
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ

Rotate - vSnfhzdkY
Line Style – rsOf;aMumif;awGeJYqGJxm;wJh drawing object jzpfr,fqdk&if
rsOf;awG&Jh txltyg; a½G;cs,fzdkY
Compress Picture - ½kyfyHkudk File Size i,foGm;atmif csHKUay;ygr,f/
yHk&Jht½G,fajymif;oGm;rSmr[kwfyg/
email/internet
awGtwGufqdk&if
toHk;0ifygw,f/

ƒ Text Wrapping - ½kyfyHk&JhywfvnfrSm pmawGxnfhoGif;EdkifzdkY
yHkudk select yg/ Text Wrapping udkzGifhNyD; oifhawmfr,fhwckudka½G;,lyg/ a½G;,lEdkifwmawGuawmh ...
o In Line With Text
½kyfyHkeJY
pmawGeJY[m
wqufwpyfwnf;jzpfaeygr,f/
½kyfyHkudkae&ma½TUvdkYr&yg/
o Square
Wrap jzpfaeygr,f/ ½kyfyHkudkvnf;ae&ma½TUEdkifygr,f/
o Tight
Wrap jzpfaeygr,f/ ½kyfyHkudkvnf;ae&ma½TUEdkifygr,f/
o Behind Text
½kyfyHk[m pm&JhtaemufrSm&Sdygr,f/
o In Front of Text
½kyfyHk[m pm&Jhta&SUrSm&Sdygr,f/
o Top and Botttom
pmawG[m ½kyfyHk&Jh tay:^atmufrSm ae&m,lygr,f/
o Through
pmawG[m ½kyfyHkay:rSm jzwfoGm;ygr,f/
o Edit Wrap Option
owfrSwfxm;NyD;om; Wrap ae&m,lr,fh tus,ft0ef;udk
jyKjyifEdkifygw,f/
olYudkuvpfvkyfNyD;
yHk&Jhtay:jyefvmcJh&if
yHkay:rSm&SdwJh Wrap node awGudk ae&ma½GUay;EdkifwmawGU&
ygr,f/
ƒ

Format Object – drawing object jzpfr,fqdk&if rsOf;txltyg;? ta&mifawG
a½G;cs,fzdkY

ix. Diagram
Lesson 2 Drawing toolbars, page 23 rSmtao;pdwfjyefMunfhyg/
x. Text Box
Lesson 2 Drawing toolbars, page 23 rSmtao;pdwfjyefMunfhyg/
xi. File
vuf&Sd Document xJudk tjcm; Document wckvHk;ul;xnfhzdkYyg/ Insert \ File rvkyfcifrSm wckckudk Select
vkyfxm;wmrsdK;rjzpfygapeJY/ Select vkyfxm;rd&if topfa&mufvmr,fh
Document
u
Select
vkyfxm;wmawGudk Replace vkyfypfvdkufygr,f/
xii. Object
Insert \ Object udkoHk;NyD;awmh tjcm;y½dk*&rfawGrSmvkyfxm;wJh ½kyfyHk? 'DZdkif;? Chart awGudk
ac:,lxnfhoGif;Edkifygw,f/ 'grSr[kwfvnf; tjcm;y½kd*&rfawGudk wdkuf½dkufzGifhoHk;Edkif ygw,f/
o Insert \ Object udkzGifhvdkuf&if Dialog box xGufvmygr,f/ Create New eJY Create from File
qdkNyD;tydkif; 2-ck&Sdygw,f/
o e*dk&SdNyD;om;zdkifwckckudkxnfhoGif;csifw,fqdk&ifawmh Create from File xJu Browse udkESdyfNyD;
udk,fvdkcsifwJhzdkifudkvdkuf&Smyg/ NyD;&if Insert vkyfyg/ Insert rvkyfcifrSm vdktyfr,fqdk&if Link to file
udk Check vkyfxm;yg/ 'gqdk&if rlvzdkifrSmjyKjyifajymif;rI wckck vkyfr,fqdk&if Link
jzpfaewJhtwGuf tvdktavQmufvdkufNyD; ajymif;vJae ygr,f/

Basic Computer Course

35

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o zdkiftopfwckvkyfcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh Create New xJu udk,ftvdk&SdwJh y½dk*&rfwckudk vdkuf&Smyg/
OK vkyfyg/ 'gqdktJ'Dy½dk*&rfyGifhvmygr,f/ udk,fvdkcsifwmawGzefwD;Edkifygr,f/
o Insert \ Object udkoHk;NyD;awmh Calender wckudkvG,fvG,fululeJY&,lEdkifygw,f/ (Problem 4, page
28 rSmMunfhyg/)
xiii. Bookmark
Document xJu pmvHk;^pmaMumif;^pmydk'f wckckudk trnfowfrSwfay;wmudkqdkvdkwmyg/
ΠpmvHk;^pmaMumif;^pmydk'f wckckudk Select vkyfNyD; Insert / Bookmark udkuvpfyg/
Πtrnfay;yg/ Add udkuvpfyg/ 'gqdk&if tJ'DpmaMumif;udk Bookmark owfrSwfNyD; ygNyD/
ΠBookmark owfrSwfxm;wJhae&mawGudk Go To oHk;NyD;awmh jrefjrefoGm;Edkifygw,f/
tJ'gtjyif Hyperlink twGufvnf; Bookmark vdktyfygw,f/
xiv. Hyperlink (Ctrl + K)
vuf&Sda&mufaewJhae&mwckuae
tjcm;ae&mwckudk
tjrefoGm;EdkifzdkYtwGuf
ulnDay;r,fh
vkyfaqmifcsufwckjzpfygw,f/
o Hyperlink
udkoHk;NyD;
Document
xJu
Bookmark
ay;xm;wJhae&mwckudk
tjrefoGm;a&mufEdkifygw,f/
o tJ'Dtjyif tjcm; Document awGudkvnf; tjrefzGifhEdkifygw,f/

ΠpmvHk;^pmaMumif;^pmydk'f wckckudk Select vkyfyg/
ΠInsert / Hyperlink udkuvpfvkyfyg/
Π'gqdk&if Hyperlink box ay:vmygr,f/
Hyperlink udk
tjcm; File awG
zGifhzdkYvkyfcsifw,f
qdk&if

Hyperlink udk
vuf&Sd File
xJrSmvkyf,lzdkY
qdk&if

File-Document
awGudk
'Dae&muae&Smyg

Bookmark udk
uvpfvkyfyg/
udk,fvdkcsifwJh
Bookmark udk&Sm
yg/ uvpfyg/
OK vkyfyg/

File name awG 'Dae&mrSm
ay:aeygr,f/
udk,fvdkcsifwJwckudk
uvpfyg/ OK vkyfyg/

ΠHyperlink udk vuf&SdzdkifxJrSmvkyf,lr,fqdk&if
Bookmark udkuvpfyg/ ay:vmwJh box xJrSm udk,fvdkcsifwJh Bookmark name
udk&SmNyD;uvpfyg/ OK vkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if Hyperlink qufoG,fay;wm NyD;oGm;ygNyD/
ΠHyperlink udk tjcm;zdkifwckzGifhzdkYoHk;csifw,fqdk&if
Look in ae&mrSm zdkifawGudkvdkuf&Smyg/ awGUNyDqdk&if uvpfvkyfyg/ OK vkyfyg/
vkyfNyD;oGm;wJh Hyperlink awGudk jyefprf;oyfMunfhyg/

Basic Computer Course

36

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

5. Format menu
i. Font
Select vkyfxm;wJhpmvHk;^pmaMumif;awGudk 'DtxJrSm yHkpHtrsdK;rsdK;jyKjyifEdkifygw,f/
ΠFormat menu \ Font udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if atmufrSmazmfjyxm;wJh box xGuf vmygr,f/
tJ'DrSm Font – Character Spacing – Text Effect qdkNyD;tydkif; 3-ydkif; &Sdygw,f/
ΠFont tydkif;udkbJMunfhMu&atmif/
Πtjcm;useftydkif; 2-ydkif;u odyfNyD;toHk;jyKjzpfrSmr[kwfyg/ NyD;awmh tydkif; 3-ckvHk;&Jh
toHk;jyKyHkoabmw&m;uvJ twlwlyg/ udk,fhbmomudk,f vufawGU vkyfMunfhvdkuf&if
ydk&Sif;oGm;ygvdrfhr,f/

Font udk 'Dae&mrSm
&Smyg/
tcsdKU Font udkawmh
'Dae&mrSm &Sm&ygr,f/
pmvHk;udk Effects
wckckxnfhay;csifw,f
qdk&if 'Dae&mu box
awGudk Check
vkyfay;yg/
tajymif;tvJvkyforQa
wGudk 'Dae&mrSm
jrifae&ygr,f/
udk,fa½G;cs,fxm;wJh
yHkpHwckckudk yHkaoxm;NyD;
toHk;jyKcsifw,fqdk&if
Default botton udk
uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/
ii. Paragraph
Select vkyfxm;wJh pmydk'fawGudk yHkpHcsay;zdkYyg/
ΠFormat menu \ Paragraph udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckxGufvmygr,f/ tJ'DrSm Idents
and Spacing – Line and Page Break – Asian Typography qdkNyD;tydkif; 3-ydkif; awGU&ygr,f/
ΠIdents and Spacing tydkif;xJu
o General ae&mrSm pmydk'f&Jh Align udkñ§dEdkifygr,f/
o Identation uawmh usaemfwdkY Keyboard ay:u Tab key udkESdyf&if uGma0;oGm;r,fh
tuGmta0;udk ñ§dzdkYyg/
o Spacing ae&mrSmawmh usaemfwdkY Enter acgufwJhtcg pmydk'fwydk'feJY
wydk'fuGma0;oGm;r,fh tuGmta0;udk ñ§dzdkYyg/

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o usaemfwdkYjyKjyifajymif;vJowfrSwforQudk
atmufbufqHk;rSm&SdwJh
Preview
tuGufxJrSmjrifae&ygr,f/
ΠLine and Page Breaks tydkif;xJrSmusawmh Widow/Orphan control box udk Check
vkyfxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/
olu
pmydk'fwydk'f&Jh
aemufqHk;pmaMumif;udk
aemufpmrsufESmtopfudka&mufroGm;zdkYeJY
pmydk'fwydk'f&Jhta&SUqHk;pmaMumif;udk
a&SUpmrsufESm&JhatmufqHk;rSm a&mufraeapzdkY umuG,fay;ygr,f/
iii. Bullets and Numbering
eHygwfpOfvdkufazmfjyzdkYvdktyfwJtcg? tcsuftvufawGudk &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; wcsufpD azmfjycsifwJhtcgrSm
oHk;&ygr,f/
ΠFormat menu \ Bulettes and Numbering udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckxGufvmygr,f/
tJ'DrSm Bulleted – Numbered – Outline Numbered – List Style qdkNyD;tydkif; 4-ydkif;
awGU&ygr,f/
o Bullets
awGxnfhay;csif&if^pdwfBudKufyHkpHa½G;csif&if
Bulleted
tydkif;xJrSm
&SmazGa½G;cs,fEdkifygw,f/ ay;xm;wJhtxJu wckrSrBudKufao;bl;qdk&if Customize
udkESdyfNyD;awmh BudKuf&mudkoGm;a&muf&SmazGEdkifygao;w,f/
o Number
awGxnfhay;csif&if^pdwfBudKufyHkpHa½G;csif&if Numbered tydkif; xJrSm
&SmazGa½G;cs,fEdkifygw,f/ ay;xm;wJhtxJu wckrSrBudKufao;bl; qdk&if Customize
udkESdyfNyD;awmh BudKuf&mudkoGm;a&muf&SmazGEdkifygw,f/
o Outline Numbered
tydkif;uawmh Numbered tydkif;eJY tawmfwlygw,f/
olUrSmydkvmwmu
tqifh
Level
tvdkuf
eHygwfawG
bullets
awGudkae&mcspDpOfay;Edkifwmjzpfygw,f/
o List Style ae&mrSm Outline Numbered tydkif;rSm pdwfBudKufr&- Customize
udkoHk;ayr,fhvnf;
tqifrajywJhtcgrSm
ydkNyD;vG,fulatmif
pDpOfae&mcs
EdkifatmifulnDay;ygr,f/
rlvay;xm;wmawGxJu
wckckudk
jyKjyifjznfh
pGufcsif&if^topfyHkpHwrsdK;xyfxnfhcsif&if
Add
eJY
Modify
wdkYudkoHk;NyD;vkyfaqmifEdkifygw,f/
iv. Border and Shading
pmwaMumif;csif;jzpfap? pmaMumif;trsm;jzpfap? pmydk'ftvdkufjzpfap Select vkyfxm;NyD;jzpfNyDqdk&if
aemufcHta&mifeJY abmifcwfwmawGudk vkyfay;Edkifygw,f/
ΠFormat menu \ Border and Shading udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckxGufvm ygr,f/
tJ'DrSm Border – Page Border – Shading qdkNyD;tydkif; 3-ydkif; awGU& ygr,f/
o Border tydkif;uawmh Select vkyfxm;wJh pmaMumif;pmydk'fawGudk abmifcwfzdkYeJY
aemufcHta&mifxnfhzdkYyg/ abmifvdkif;yHkpHawGudk BudKufovdka½G;cs,ftoHk;jyKEdkifovdk
aemufcHta&mifudkvnf; ESpfouf&m ta&mifa½G;Edkifygw,f/ prf;oyfNyD;oHk;Munfhyg/
Select vkyfxm;NyD; [kwf^r[kwf *½kjyKyg/ Select vkyfrxm;bl;qdk&ifawmh Cursor
csxm;wJh pmydk'fudk effect jzpfygr,f/
o Page Border tydkif;uvnf; Border eJYruGmygbl;/ oluawmh Cursor csxm;wJh
Section wckvHk;udk effect jzpfapygr,f/ udk,fhtaeeJY pm½Gufw½Gufwnf;udkom effect
jzpfapcsif&if tJ'Dpm½Gufudk Section Break oHk;NyD; oD;jcm; Section wcktjzpf
owfrSwfxm;zdkYvdkygr,f/
o Shading tydkif;uawmh aemufcHta&mifa½G;zdkYygbJ/

v. Column

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Document wckvHk; 'grSr[kwf tpdwftydkif;wckrSm aumfvHawGowfrSwfEdkifygw,f/ Default
ay;xm;wJhtwdkif;
aumfvHcGJEdkifovdk
aumfvHtusOf;tus,f^aumfvHta&twGufawGudk
udk,fhpdwfBudKufvnf; jyKjyifEdkifygw,f/
ΠFormat menu \ Column udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckxGufvmygr,f/
Πay;xm;wJh aumfvHta&twGufawGxufydkNyD;vdkcsif&if Number of Columns ae&mrSm
vdkcsifwJh aumfvHta&twGufudk ½dkufxnfhay;vdkuf½HkygbJ/
ΠaumfvHawG&JhMum;rSm rsOf;aMumif;awGxnfhay;Edkifygao;w,f/ Line between rSm Check
vkyfxm;ay;vdkuf&if rsOf;aMumif;awGudk tvdktavQmufxnfh ay;ygvdrfhr,f/
vi. Tabs
Keyboard ay:u Tab key udkESdyfwJhtcgrSm uGma0;oGm;r,fh tuGmta0;udk 'Dae&muae
owfrSwfay;Edkifygw,f/ MS Word taeeJYuawmh yHkrSeftm;jzifh Tab wcsufudk 0.5 inches
owfrSwfay;ygw,f/
vii. Drop Cap
Drop Cap uawmh pmydk'fwydk'f&Jha&SUqHk;pmvHk;udk pmvHk;tBuD;yHkpHrsdK;jzpfatmif vkyfay; wmyg/ Drop Cap
vkyfzdkYtwGuf pmydk'fa&SUqHk;pmvHk;&Jha&SUrSm Cursor csxm;yg/ NyD;awmh Format menu \ Drop Cap
udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckxGufvmygr,f/
Drop Cap twGuf Dropped / In margin
ESpfckxJu BudKuf&mudk uvpfvkyfNyD;
a½G;xm;vdkufyg/
Drop Cap twGuf oD;jcm; Font
owfrSwfEdkifygw,f/ 'DxJrSma½G;,lyg/
Drop Cap pmvHk;&Jht½G,fu pmaMumif;
b,fESpfaMumif;pmt½G,f vJ qdkwmudk
'DrSmowfrSwfyg/
Drop Cap pmvHk;eJY pmydk'fxJupmvHk;awG
Mum;rSm b,favmufjcm;xm;rvJqdkwm
'DrSmowfrSwfyg/

Œ erlemtaeeJY atmufrSm pmaMumif; 2-aMumif;t½G,f Drop Cap wckvkyfjy xm;ygw,f/
xdkifwJhae&m
rareJY om;av; pum;ajymaeMuw,f/ wu,fuawmh om;av;u ararhudk oleJYazaz
aNrdKUxJoGm;wkef;u jzpfcJhwJtjzpftysufwck taMumif; jyefajymjyaewmyg/ ]]arar ...
om;eJY azazeJY um;pD;aewkef; av? azazu aumifrav;wa,mufxdkifzdkY om;udkae&m

Basic Computer Course

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z,fckdif;w,f}} vdkY om;u wdkifajymowJh/ araru om;udkacsmhwmaygh/
]]tJ'gukodkvf&wmaygh
om;av;&,f}}
wJ/
ararujyefajymw,f/
'Dawmhom;jyefajymvdkufwJhpum;
aMumifh
ararhcrsm
yufvufvSefygava&m/
om;av;jyefajymvdkufwmu
]]ararbm
odvdkYvJ
...
tJ'Dtcsdefu
om;uazazhaygifay:xdkifaewm arar&Jh}} [lownf;/
viii. Text Direction
pmvHk;awG? pmaMumif;awG? pmydk'fawGudk Direction ajymif;zdkYyg/ wckowdxm;zdkYvdkwmu udk,fajymif;csifwJh pmvHk;?
pmaMumif;awGudk Select vkyfxm;NyD;^rNyD;yg/ Select vkyfrxm;&if Section wckvHk;? Document wckvHk;udk
ajymif;ypfvdkufrSmjzpfygw,f/
ix. Text Direction
pmvHk;awG? pmaMumif;awG? pmydk'fawGudk Direction ajymif;zdkYyg/ wckowdxm;zdkYvdkwmu udk,fajymif;csifwJh pmvHk;?
pmaMumif;awGudk Select vkyfxm;NyD;^rNyD;yg/ Select vkyfrxm;&if Section wckvHk;? Document wckvHk;udk
ajymif;ypfvdkufrSmjzpfygw,f/
x. Change Case
Select vkyfxm;wJh pmvHk;awG? pmaMumif;awG? pmydk'fawGudk yHkpHajymif;zdkYyg/
6. Tools menu
i. spelling and Grammer
½dkufxm;NyD;wJhpmawGudk pmvHk;aygif;? owfyHkppfaq;zdkYyg/
ΠrSm;aew,fxifwJhpmvHk;awGudk
teDa&mifeJhazmfjyNyD;awmh
atmufbufrSm
tBuHjyKpmvHk;awGudk azmfjyygr,f/
ΠrSm;aewmudk rjyifcsifbJeJY ausmfoGm;apcsifw,fqdk&if Ignore Once udk uvpfvkyfyg/
tJ'DpmvHk;eJYwlnDwJhpmvHk;awGudk
xyfNyD;tBuHray;apcsif&if
awmh Ignore All
udkuvpfvkyfyg/
ΠpmvHk;wvHk;rSm;aevdkY
teDa&mifazmfjyxm;w,f/
atmufzufrSmvJ
tBuHjyKpmvHk;awGawGU&w,f/
tJ'DxJu
wckudka½G;NyD;
Change vkyfvdkuf&if
rlvpmvHk;tpm; pmvHk;topfjzpfoGm;ygr,f/ 'gayr,fh aemufxyftJ'Dvdk pmvHk;xyfNyD;
awGUwJhtcgwdkif;rSm xyfNyD;awmh tBuHjyKaeOD;rSmyg/ tJ'Dvdk rvdkcsifbJ 'DpmvHk;trSm;udk
wcgwnf; tm;vHk;jyifcsifw,fqdk&ifawmh Change All udk uvpfvkyfyg/ 'gqdk&if
'DpmvHk;eJYwlwJhaemufxyfpmvHk;awGudkyg wcgwnf; tm;vHk;jyifypfvdkufrSmjzpfygw,f/
rSm;aew,fvdkYxif&wJh
pmvHk;awGudk
teDa&mifeJhazmfjyygw,f/
rSm;aew,fvdkYxif&wJh
pmvHk;awGtwGuf
tBuHjyKwJh pmvHk;awGudk
'Dae&mrSm azmfjyygw,f/
ESpfouf&mwckudk a½G;Ny?d;

pmvHk;wvHk;udk rjyifcsif
yg/ ausmfoGm;apcsifw,f
qdk&if 'Dae&mrSm uvpf
vkyfyg/

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pmvHk;wvHk;udk rjyifcsif
yg/ oleJYwlwJhtjcm;
pmvHk;tm;vHk;udkvnf;
rjyifyg/ ausmfoGm;apcsif
w,f qdk&if 'Dae&mrSm
uvpf vkyfyg/

rSm;aewJhpmvHk;awGxJu
tckvuf&SdwvHk;udkbJ
jyifr,fqdk&if 'Dae&mrSm
uvpfvkyfyg/

rSm;aewJhpmvHk;tm;vHk;udk
jyifvdkufr,fqdk&if
'Dae&mrSm uvpfvkyfyg/

ii. Protect Document
udk,fh&Jhzdkifwckudk tjcm;olawGvmNyD;jyifqifajymif;vJwmrsdK;udk umuG,fay;ygr,f/
ΠTools menu \ Protect Document udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmygr,f/
wckckudk a½G;xm;yg/

Password ½dkuxnfhay;yg/

Πbox xJrSm Option check box oHk;ckawGU&ygr,f/ tJ'DxJu ESpfouf&mwckudk Check
vkyfxm;yg/ atmufzufu Password ae&mrSm udk,ftoHk;jyKvdkwJh Password
udk½dkufxnfhay;NyD; OK vkyfvdkuf&if aemufxyf box wck xyfay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DrSm
apmapmu½dkufxm;wJh Password udkbJ jyef½dkufay;NyD; OK vkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk&if
udk,fh&Jhzdkifudk olrsm;vma&mufjyifqifrSmawGudk umuG,fay;NyD;jzpfoGm;ygNyD/
ΠOption check box oHk;ckxJu ...
o Tracked
Changes
udk,lxm;r,fqdk&if
jyifqifajymif;vJorQawGudk
teDa&mifpmvHk;ajymif;ay;ygvdrfhr,f/
o Comments udk,lxm;r,fqdk&if pmvHk;topfxyfxnfhwmeJY &SdNyD;pmvHk;awGudk
zsufypfrSmawG vkyfvdkYr&awmhyg/
o Forms udk,lxm;r,fqdk&if Cursor udkae&ma½GUvdkYr&awmhyg/ pmtopf½dkufrSmawG?
zsufcsifwmawG vkyfvdkYr&awmhyg/

ΠProtect Document vkyfxm;wJh zdkifwckudkjyifqifjznfhpGufwmawGvkyfzdkYtwGuf Password
odzdkYvdkygw,f/ zdkifudkzGifhNyD;&if Tools menu \ Unprotect Document udkzGifhyg/ Password
udk½dkufxnfhay;NyD;
OK
vkyfNyD;rS
zdkifudkvdktyfovdk
jyKjyifajymif;vJwmawGvkyfay;vdkY&rSmjzpfygw,f/
iii. Auto Correct Options
pm½dkufwmtrSm;awGygr,fqdk&if
tvdktavQmufjyifqifay;wJh
vkyfaqmifcsufwckyg/
OyrmpmaMumif;wck&Jha&SUqHk;pmvHk;[m Capital Letter jzpfatmifajymif;vJay;wmrsdK;/ aeYemrnfawG?
vemrnfawGudk
tvdktavQmufjyifqifay;Edkifygw,f/
odkYaomfvnf;
u&ifpm?
jrefrmpmawG½dkufwJhtcgrSmawmh tJ'gawGu jyóemay;wwfygw,f/ t*Fvdyfvdkpm½dkufwJhtcgrSmawmh
yxrqHk;pmvHk;[m Capital jzpfzdkYvdkayr,fh u&if^jrefrm usawmh tJ'DvdkrsdK;rvdktyfyg/
u&if^jrefrmpm½kdufzdkYvdkwJhtcgrSm ...

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Tools menu \ Auto Correct Options \ Auto Correct xJu Capitalize first letter of first sentanse eJY Capitalize
first letter of table cell awGudk Uncheck vkyfxm;zdkYvdktyfygr,f/ 'gqdk&if yxrqHk;pmvHk;awG
pmvHk;tBuD;ajymif;roGm;awmhbl;aygh/
aemufxyfwckuawmh '^" ½dkufwJhtcgrSm tqifrajywJhudpöyg/ 'gudkvnf; 'D Auto Correct Options
rSmbJjyif&wmyg/ tao;pdwfudk Problem 3, page 56 rSmoGm;Munfhyg/
iv. Customize
Tools menu \ Customize udkzGifhvdkuf&if ay:vmwJh box xJrSm Toolbars – Commands – Options qdkNyD;
tydkif; 3-ydkif;awGU&ygr,f/
ΠToolbars tydkif;eJY Commands tydkif; 2-ckudkoHk;NyD;awmh rdrdpdwfBudKuf Toolbars
topfvkyf,lEdkifygw,f/
o Tools menu \ Customize udkzGifhyg/
o Customize box xJu Toolbars tydkif;xJrSm New udkuvpfvkyfyg/ ay:vmwJh box
xJrSm MyToolbar odkYr[kwf udk,fBudKuf&memrnfwckay;yg/ OK vkyfyg/
o 'gqdk&if MyTollbar qdkNyD; Toolbar topfwckay:vmwmudk awGU&ygr,f/
o Customize xJu Commands tydkif;udkoGm;yg/ b,fbuftjcrf;rSm File menu – Edit
menu pwmawGudkawGU&ygr,f/ nmbufjcrf;rSmawmh oufqdkif&m rDEl;tvdkuf
Commands awGudk awGU&ygr,f/
o nmbufxJ&SdwJh Commands awGxJu udk,fESpfouf&mawGudk drag qGJNyD;
apmapmutopfvkyfxm;wJh MyToolbar xJudk qGJxnfhay;yg/ jyefjzKwfcsifwm&Sd&ifvJ
drag qGJNyD; jyefjzKwfEdkifygw,f/

ΠCommand tydkif;rSmawmh Insert xJu equation editor udk wcgw&HtoHk;jyKzdkY vdkygvdrfhr,f/
(equation editor twGuftao;pdwfudk Problem 4, page 56 rSmMunfhyg/)
ΠOption tydkif;rSmawmh avmavmq,frSm List font names in their font
wckudkbJMunfhMu&atmif/ olUudk Check vkyfxm;&if Font awGzGifhwJhtcgrSm
yxryHkpHrsdK;jrif&ygr,f/ Uncheck vkyfxm;&ifawmh 'kwd,yHkpHrsdK;jrif&rSmyg/

Fonts awGudk olUyHkpHtvdkufjrif&r,f/

Fonts awGudk emrnftvdkufjrif&r,f/

v. Options
Options xJrSm tydkif;awGtrsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f/ tpOfvdkufMunfhoGm;MupdkY/

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ΠView tydkif;u jrifuGif;eJYqdkifwmawGtwGufyg/ Oyrm

Œ

Œ

Œ
Œ

Œ
Œ

Paragraph Mark udk Check
vkyfxm;vdkufr,fqdk&if pmydk'ftm;vHk;&JhaemufrSm (Enter acgufxm;wJh ae&mtm;vHk;rSm)
Paragraph Mark awGudkazmfjyaeygr,f/ tJ'DtrSwftom;awG[m Print vkyfwJhtcg
ygvmrSmr[kwfyg/ ygapcsif&ifawmh File \ Print \ Option \ Hidden Text udk Check
vkyfay;&ygr,f/
General
tydkif;rSmvJ
a½G;cs,fp&mawGtrsm;BuD;awGU&rSmyg/
tJ'DxJuerlem
wckMunfh&atmif/ Blue background, white text udk Check vkyfxm;r,fqdk&if
pm½Guftm;vHk;
aemufcHtjyma&mifeJh
pmvHk;awGudkawmh
tjzLa&mifyHkpH
jrifuGif;rsdK;vkyfay;ygr,f/
'gayr,fh
tJ'Dvdkajymif;vJNyD;jrif&wm[m
Print
vkyfjcif;eJYroufqdkifygbl;/
Print
vkyfwJhtcgrSm
aemufcHtjzLa&mifeJY
pmvHk;trnf;a&mifbJay:ygvdrfhr,f/
Edit tydkif;rSmawmh Hyperlink eJYoufqdkifwJh Use CTRL+Click to follow hyperlink wckudkbJ
vdktyfovdkajymif;vJay;zdkYvdkygvdrfhr,f/ olUudk Check vkyfxm;r,fqdk&if Hyperlink click
vkyfwJhtcgrSm Ctrl key udkESdyfxm;NyD;rS uvpfvkyfvdkY&ygr,f/ Ctrl key rESdyfcsifbJ
wdkuf½dkuftoHk;jyKvdk&ifawmh Uncheck vkyfxm;ay;yg/ (Hyperlink taMumif;udk page 43
rSmMunfhyg/)
Print tydkif;rSm vdktyfovdk Hidden Text udk Check / Uncheck vkyfxm;ay;yg/
Save tydkif;rSm Save AutoRecover info every udk Check vkyfxm;NyD;awmh olUab;u
rdepftuGufrSm
5-rdepf?
10-rdepf
pwmawGudkxnfhxm;ay;r,f
qdk&if
vuf&SdzGifhoHk;aewJhzdkifudk 5-rdepfjynfhwdkif;? 10-rdepfjynfhwdkif;rSm uGefjyLwmuaeNyD;
tvdktavQmuf Save vkyfay;aeygvdrfhr,f/
Security tydkif;uawmh vdktyf&if Password xnfhoGif;ay;zdkYyg/ (Lesson 4 Save & Print,
page 28 rSmMunfhyg/)
Spelling & Grammer rSmvnf; vdktyfovdkjyifay;&rSmawG&Sdygw,f/ Check Spelling As You
Type udk Check vkyfxm;ay;NyD; pm½dkufwJhtcgrSm trSm;ygw,fqdk&if uGefjyLwmuae
tJ'DpmvHk;trSm;awGudk teDa&mifrsOf; wm;NyD;owday;ygvdrfhr,f/ jyifzdkYvdktyf&if
tJ'DteDa&mifrsOf;wm;cH&wJh pmvHk;ay:rSm Right Click vkyfyg/ ay:vmwJh Pop menu xJrSm
oifhavQmfr,fh pmvHk;awGudk uGefjyLwmuae tBuHjyKygr,f/ udk,fvdkcsifwJhwckudk
uvpfvkyf ay;vdkuf&if tvdktavQmufajymif;vJay;ygr,f/

7. Table menu
Table menu twGuftcsdKUtaMumif;t&mawGudk Lesson 3. Table, page 26 rSmjyefMunfhyg/
i.

Insert
o Table \ Insert \ Table udkuvpfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DrSm udk,fvdkcsifwJh Columns Rows ta&twGufudk½dkufxnfhay;NyD; OK vkyfvdkuf&if Table wck&vmrSmyg/
o Table wck&SdNyD;om;qdk&ifawmh Insert uaewqifh Column – Row - Cell awGudk
xyfNyD;xnfhay;Edkifygw,f/

ii. Delete
o Table \ Delete \ Table qdk&ifawmh Cursor csxm;wJh Table wckvHk;udk zsufypfvdkufygr,f/

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o Table \ Delete uae Row – Column – Cell wckcsif;udkvnf;zsufypfEdkifygw,f/
iii. Merge Cells
o oluawmh Select vkyfxm;wJh tuGufawGudk aygif;ypfvdkufygr,f/
iv. Split Cells
o oluawmh Cursor csxm;wJh tuGufwckudk tuGuftrsm;BuD;jyefcGJay;ygr,f/ olUudkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if
box
wckay:vmygr,f/
tJ'DrSm
udk,fcGJjcm;csifwJh
Columns

Rows
ta&twGufudk½dkufxnfhay;&ygr,f/
v. Table AutoFormat
o Table wckxJrSm Cursor csxm;NyD;awmh Table AutoFormat udkuvpfvkyfvdkuf&if box
wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu Category: ae&mrSm All Table Style udka½G;vdkuf&if Table Styles ae&mrSm
toifhvkyfxm;NyD;om;
erlemyHkpHawGtrsm;BuD;awGU&rSmyg/
tJ'DxJu
wckwckudk
uvpfvkyfoGm;Munfhyg/
atmufbufu
Preview tuGufrSm
erlemyHkpHjrifae&mygr,f/
udk,fESpfoufwJhwckudkawGUNyDqdk&if Apply vkyfvdkuf½HkygbJ/ /
vi. Auto Fit
o Columns tcsdKUudk Select vkyfxm;NyD; Distribute Columns Evenly udkuvpfvdkuf&if tJ'D Columns
awG[m nDnDnmnmjzpfoGm;wmudkawGU&ygr,f/
o Rows awGudkn§dcsif&ifvnf; Select vkyfNyD; Distribute Rows Evenly udkuvpfvdkufwmeJY
usef;rma&;aumif;oGm;rSmyg/
vii. Convert
o Convert Text to Table – Text awGudk Table Z,m;uGufyHkpHajymif;ay;ygr,f/
ΠText tcsdKUudk Select vkyfxm;NyD; Convert Text to Table udkuvpfvdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh box
xJrSm Columns-Rows awGudk vdktyfovdk½dkufxnfhay;yg/
o Convert Table to Text – Table wckudk Text tjzpfjyefajymif;ay;ygr,f/
ΠTable udk Select vkyfNyD; Convert Table to Text udkuvpfvdkufyg/ ay:vmwJh box xJrSm
Paragraph Mark – Tabs pwmawGxJu udk,fhtaetxm;eJY tqifajyr,fh wckckudka½G;NyD; OK
vkyfyg/ Table uae Text yHkpHjyefajymif;oGm;ygr,f/ tajymif;tvJawG&SdcJh&if
vdktyfovdkjyefñ§day;&ygr,f/
viii. Sort
o Table wckudk Select NyD;awmh Sort udkuvpfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu Sort by
ae&mrSm b,faumfvHudkOD;wnfNyD; pDay;&rSmvJqdkwmudk a½G;cs,fay;yg/ 'grSr[kwfvJ Type
ae&mrSma½G;cs,f&ifvnf;&ygw,f/
OK
vkyfNyD;wJhtcgrSm
bmawGajymif;vJoGm;ovJqdkwmjyefppfaq;Munfhyg/

ix. Formula
o Table wckxJu wefbdk;*Pef;awGudk vG,fvG,fulul wGufcsufEdkifzdkYulnDay;ygr,f/
o udk,ftajzxkwfcsifwJhtuGufwae&mrSm Cursor csxm;yg/ (2002 atmufu Total ae&mrSm
uvpfcsyg/)
aygif;jcif;

Basic Computer Course

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Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

o Table \ Formula udkuvpfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmNyD; Formula ae&mrSm "=SUM(ABOVE)"
udkawGU&ygr,f/ OK vkyfvdkufyg/ tajz&vmygr,f/
o 'gayr,fh tJ'Dtajz[m rSm;aeygw,f/ bmvdkYqdkawmh ckESpfouú&mZfjzpfwJh 2002 udkyg
aygif;xm;vdkYyg/ 2002 udkuGefjyLwm *Pef;wvHk;vdkYrSwf,loGm;vdkYjzpfygw,f/
o tJ'Dvdkrjzpf&atmif 2003 tuGufrSmvdk wckckjznfhoGif;ay;xm;zdkYvdkygvdrfhr,f/
o Y 2003 atmufu Total ae&mrSmuvpfcsNyD; Formula \ =SUM(ABOVE) xyfvkyfMunfhyg/
tajzrSefudk&ygvdrfhr,f/
ajr§mufjcif;
o Table \ Formula udkuvpfvdkuf&if box wckay:vmNyD; Formula ae&mrSm "=SUM(ABOVE)" tpm;
"=Product(left) vdkY½dkufxnfhNyD; OK vkyfvdkufyg/ tajz&vmygr,f/
2002
Delivery
1
Post abortion care
2
Pre eclampsia
3
Haemorrhage
4
Prolong
obstructed 5
lTotal
b
2017

Y 2003
2
2
2
2
2
10

2
4

x. Table Properties
o Table wckudk Select vkyfyg/ Table Properties udkzGifhvdkuf&if box ay:vmygr,f/
o box rSm tydkif; 4-ydkif;awGU&ygr,f/
y Table tydkif;u Table wckvHk;eJYoufqdkifygw,f/
ƒ Aligns b,fnmñ§dwmawGvkyfEdkifygw,f/
ƒ Wrap xnfhoGif;ay;Edkifygw,f/
ƒ Size udkvnf; csdefñ§dEdkifygw,f/
y Rows tydkif;u Select vkyfxm;wJh Rows awGeJYoufqdkifygw,f/
ƒ Specify height ae&mrSm wefbdk;*Pef;xnfhoGif;ay;yg/ Oyrm 0.5 cm
xnfhxm;ay;w,fqdkygpdkY/
y Rows height is ae&mrSm At least ay;xm;r,fqdk&if Rows awG[m
tenf;qHk; 0.5 cm &SdNyD;awmh vdktyfwJhtcgrSm tJ'Dxufydk&Sdygr,f/
y Exactly ay;xm;r,fqdk&ifawmh Rows awG[m 0.5 cm twdtus nDnDrQrQ
&SdaeMuygr,f/
y Columns tydkif;rSmvnf; Columns awG&Jh tus,fudk owfrSwfay;Edkifygw,f/
y Cells tydkif;rSmuawmh Select vkyfxm;wJh Cell awG&Jh Aligns awGudkowfrSwfay;Edkifygw,f/
8. Window menu
i. New Window
New Window udk uvpfvdkuf&if vuf&Sd Window rSmygwJht&mtm;vHk;udk aemufxyf Window
wcktjzpfyGm;,lay;ygr,f/
zdkiftopfwckjzpfoGm;jcif;r[kwfyg/
zdkifwckudk
rwlnDwJhjrifuGif;awGeJYEIdif;,SOfMunfhcsifwJhtcgrSm oHk;Edkifygw,f/
Oyrm - zdkifwckudk yxr Window rSm Print Layout View eJYMunfhNyD; 'kwd, Window rSm Normal View
eJYMunfhcsifwJhtcgrSm oHk;Edkifygw,f/

Basic Computer Course

45

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

b,f Window rSmbJjzpfjzpf zdkifudkjyifqifjznfhpGufwmawGvkyfr,fqdk&if aemufxyf Window rSmvnf;
wNydKifwnf;vdkufNyD;ajymif;vJaerSmjzpfygw,f/
ii. Arrange All
Files trsm;BuD;udk wNydKifwnf;zGifhxm;wJhtcsdefrSm Arrange All udkuvpfvdkuf&if zGifhxm;wJhzdkiftm;vHk;udk
Window wckwnf;rSm pkaygif;NyD;azmfjyygr,f/
iii. Split
File wckzGifhxm;csdefrSm Split udkuvpfNyD; Window ESpfckcGJypfEdkifygw,f/
zdkif&JhoD;jcm;tpdwftydkif;awGudk wNydKifwnf;Munfh½IEdkifatmif 'Dvkyfaqmifcsufu ulnDrSmyg/
Oyrm zdkifwckxJrSmbJ yxr Window u pmrsufESm 2 udkMunfhaepOfrSm 'kwd, Window uaeNyD;
pmrsufESm 10 udkMunfh½IEdkifygw,f/
Split vkyfxm;wJh Window udk jyefzsufcsif&if Window menu \ Remove Split udkuvpfvdkuf½Hk ygbJ/
'gqdkusef;rma&;aumif;oGm;rSmyg/

9. Help menu
i. Microsoft Word Help
tcuftcJwpHkw&mawGU&wJhtcgrSm?
ydkNyD;odcsifwmawG&SdwJhtcgrSm
MS Help &JhtultnDudk
&,lEdkifygw,f/ MS Help udkuvpfvdkuf&if Office Assistant
ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DrSm
odvdkwJhar;cGef;awG½dkufxnfhNyD; Search udkuvpfay;yg/
ii. Hide Office Assistant
udk,fh&JhjrifuGif;xJrSm Office Assistant u ½Iyfaew,fvdkYxifw,fqdk&ifawmh Help menu \ Hide Office
Assistant udkuvpfvdkufyg/ ol½IyfEdkifawmhrSmr[kwfygbl;/
iii. What This?
What This? udkuvpfvkyfNyD;,lxm;yg/ NyD;awmh udk,fodvdkwJh wckck&Jhtay:rSm uvpfvkyfvdkufyg/
oufqdkif&m&Sif;vif;csufawGay:vmygvdrfhr,f/

Basic Computer Course

46

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Problem 1
Microsoft Word rSm a&SUupmawG½dkufae&if;eJh aemufupmawGysufysufoGm;w,f/
Status bar ay:u OVR command yGifhaevdkYyg/ olUudk Double Click vkyfvdkuf&if tqifajyoGm;rSmyg/
jyefNyD;ysufapcsifw,fqdk&ifvJ olUudkbJ Double Click xyfvkyfvdkufyg/
Problem 2
Table columns awGudktnDñd§&wm t&rf;cufcJaeygw,f/
Ctrl key udkzdNyD;awmh ñ§dMunfhyg/ usef;rma&;aumif;oGm;rSmyg/
Problem 3

'^" ½dkufvdkYr&yg/ ½dkufwJhtcgrSm tjcm;rqdkifwmawGay:ay:vmw,f/
'^" ½dkufNyD; rqdkifwmawGay:vmwJhtcgrSm Undo (Ctrl Z) vkyfay;yg/ 'gqdk '^" jyefay:vmygvdrfhr,f/
Undo (Ctrl Z) vkyf&wmtvkyf½Iyfw,fxif&ifawmh Auto Correct options rSmoGm;jyifay; &ygr,f/ Tools
menu u Auto Correct options udkzGifhyg/ tJ'DxJrSm Auto format as you type udkqufoGm;yg/ olUxJu
Straight quote with Smart quote box rSm Check vkyfxm;wmudk Uncheck vkyfvdkufyg/ 'gqdk
usef;rma&;aumif;oGm;ygNyD/
Problem 4

ocsFmqdkif&m equation awG½dkuf&wmodyfcufcJwmbJ/
Equation Editor udkoHk;r,fqdk&if cufcJr,frxifygbl;/
y Equation Editor qdkwm MS Word rSmygvmNyD;om;yg/ Tools menu \ Customize \ Commands
udkzGifhyg/
y b,fbufjcrf;rSm Insert udka½G;yg/ nmbufjcrf;rSm Equation Editor udkvdkuf&Smyg/
y drag qGJNyD; Menu bar ab;uae&mvGwfrSm csxm;vdkufyg/ box udkydwfvdkufyg/
'DtcsdefrSm Equation Editor udkoHk;EdkifygNyD/ (Eq: Ed: install rvkyf&ao;wJh uGefjyLwmrSm qdk&if Microsoft
Office Installer CD awmif;ygr,f/ CD Rom xJudk Installer CD xnfhay; NyD;awmh OK vkyfay;vdkufyg/)
y Equation Editor icon udkuvpfvkyfNyD;zGifhvdkufyg/ Eq: Ed: tools box eJYtwl pm½dkufzdkY
tuGufuav;ygay:vmygr,f/
y Eq: Ed: tools box rSm hidden icons awGtrsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f/ jrifae&wJh wckckudk
uvpfvkyfvdkuf&if oleJYoufqdkifwJh tjcm; icons awGyg ay:vmygr,f/ tJ'DxJu
udk,ftvdk&SdwJh
wckckudk
uvpfvdkuf&if
pm½dkuf&r,fh
tuGufrSmvnf;
vdkufNyD;ajymif;vJaewmawGU&ygr,f/
tJ'DtuGufxJrSm
tvdk&SdwJh
nDrQjcif;awG
tydkif;udef;awGudk ½dkufxnfhEdkifygNyD/
Problem 5
Calender wckudk

Insert \ Object oHk;NyD;&,lNyD;ygNyD/

bmrSvkyfvdkYr&bl;jzpfaew,f/

'gayr,fh olYudkwckckajymif;vJcsifwJhtcgrSm

Insert \ Object udkzGifhyg/ Create New xJu Calender Control udka½G;,lyg/ OK vkyfyg/ 'gqdk Calender
av;wckxGufvmygr,f/ veJY ckESpfouú&mZfudk ajymif;csifw,fqdk&if .. .. Toolbars xJu Control

Basic Computer Course

47

Basic Windows & MicrosoftWord

Toolbox udkzGifhvdkufyg/ olU&Jhb,fbufa'gifhqHk;rSm Design Mode icon &Sdygw,f/ tJ'D icon udkuvpfNyD;
Calender ay:rSmjyefvmuvpfvkyfyg/ 'gqdk&if veJY ckESpfouú&mZfudk ajymif;ay;EdkifygNyD/

Basic Computer Course

48

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