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The main types of bracketed expressions explored with many examples: single term outside,two pairs of brackets,the difference of two squares,multiplying out squared brackets,simple factorising,factorising quadratics.

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Multiplying Out(expanding) - a pair of brackets with a single term infront

The term outside the brackets multiplies each of the terms in turn inside the brackets.

example:

further examples:

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Algebra Brackets topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Multiplying Out(expanding) - two pairs of brackets

**Think of the two terms in the first bracket as separate single terms infront of a pair of
**

brackets.

example:

Multiply the contents of the 2nd bracket by the 1st term in the 1st bracket.

Multiply the contents of the 2nd bracket by the 2nd term in the 1st bracket.

Add the two results together.

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**

Algebra Brackets topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Example #1

Example #2

Example #3

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**

Algebra Brackets topic notes

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Squared Brackets

note: a common mistake

Difference of Two Squares

**Brackets - Simple Factorising - This involves taking out a common term from each
**

expression and placing it infront of the brackets.

examples:

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**

Algebra Brackets topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Factorising Quadratic Expressions

This is best illustrated with an example:

You must first ask yourself which two factors when multiplied will give 12 ?

The factors of 12 are : ........1 x 12, ..............2 x 6, ...............3 x 4

Now which numbers in a group added or subtracted will give 7 ?

1 : 12 gives 13, 11 ..............2 : 6 gives 8, 4 .....................3 : 4 gives 7, 1

so

which of the '+' & '-' terms makes +12? ........and when added gives -7?

these are the choices: (+3)(+4), (-3)(+4), (+3)(-4) or (-3)(-4)

clearly, (-3)(-4) are the two factors we want

therefore

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**

Algebra Brackets topic notes

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

Example #1

Example #2

Example #3

GCSE Maths Tutor www.gcsemathstutor.com info@gcsemathstutor.com

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